In vitro whole-virus binding of a norovirus genogroup II genotype 4 strain to cells of the lamina propria and Brunner's glands in the human duodenum. (33/55)


Giant Brunner's gland adenoma of the duodenal bulb presenting with ampullary and duodenal obstruction mimicking pancreatic malignancy. (34/55)

CONTEXT: Brunner's gland adenoma is a rare benign duodenal neoplasm. It usually presents with luminal obstruction or gastrointestinal bleeding. In rare cases, it may mimic a pancreatic malignancy and may present with obstructive jaundice. CASE REPORT: A 65-year-old female presented with a two-month history of abdominal pain, early satiety and retrosternal burning pain. Liver function tests showed elevated enzymes with normal bilirubin. Imaging studies revealed a large mass in relation to the uncinate process of the pancreas and the distal duodenum along with the dilated common bile duct and the main pancreatic duct. Initial endoscopic evaluation failed to make a correct diagnosis. Repeat endoscopic evaluation combined with endoscopic sonography, however, revealed a large polypoid mass arising from the duodenal bulb. The patient underwent a transduodenal polypectomy. A diagnosis of Brunner's gland adenoma was made on histopathological examination. CONCLUSION: Giant Brunner's adenoma may have unusual presentations. It may present with the features of ampullary obstruction mimicking periampullary or pancreatic malignancies. Extensive preoperative evaluation is required to reach a correct diagnosis in order to avoid more extensive surgery.  (+info)

An immunohistochemical study of endocrine cells in the proximal duodenum of eight marsupial species. (35/55)

The proximal duodenum of eight marsupial species, (koala, common brushtail possum, ring-tailed possum, common wombat, great grey kangaroo, parma wallaby, short-nosed bandicoot and tiger cat) were investigated immunohistochemically using 12 specific antisera for gut hormones. Several types of immunoreactive cells were seen on the intestinal villi and in crypts of these species: 9 types in the koala; 8 types in the common brushtail possum; 7 types in the common wombat; 6 types in the short-nosed bandicoot and 5 types in the ringtailed possum, great grey kangaroo, parma wallaby and tiger cat. Gastrin-, somatostatin-, motilin- and serotonin-immunoreactive cells were seen in all species examined. A few BPP-, enteroglucagon-, CCK-, secretin-, GIP- and neurotensin-immunoreactive cells were seen but only in few species. A few substance P-immunoreactive cells were detected only in the koala. Immunoreactive cells were also seen in Brunner's glands: 5 types in the parma wallaby; 3 types in the great grey kangaroo and tiger cat; 2 types in the koala and common wombat; 1 type in the short-nosed bandicoot. No immunoreactive cells were found in Brunner's glands of the common brushtail possum.  (+info)

Duodenal intussusception of Brunner's gland adenoma mimicking a pancreatic tumour. (36/55)

Brunner's gland adenoma is a rare benign tumour of the duodenum. It is usually asymptomatic but may occasionally present with gastrointestinal haemorrhage and obstruction. We report a 40-year old lady, presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and was found to have prolapsed and intussuscepted Brunner's gland adenoma of the duodenum, which mimicked the appearance of a tumour in the head of pancreas.  (+info)

Rare presentation of Brunner's gland adenoma: another differentiation in patients with recurrent "idiopathic" pancreatitis. (37/55)

BACKGROUND: Brunner's gland adenoma (BGA) is an unusual benign neoplasm arising from Brunner's glands in the duodenum. When symptomatic it presents either with duodenal obstruction or bleeding. However, pancreatitis secondary to ampullary obstruction from a BGA is very rare. METHODS: A 23-year-old female presented with recurrent episodes of "idiopathic" pancreatitis. She was extensively investigated and was found to have a large polypoid BGA, intermittently obstructing the ampulla. This created a ball-valve effect causing secondary intermittent obstruction of the pancreatic duct resulting in pancreatitis. The condition was cured surgically, through transduodenal excision of the BGA. We reviewed the surgical literature pertaining to these unusual and similar causes of obstructive pancreatitis, not related to gallstones. RESULTS: BGA of the duodenum is a rare cause of pancreatitis. Extensive investigations should be carried out in all cases of unexplained pancreatitis before classifying the condition as "idiopathic". Discovery of a lesion of this nature gives an opportunity to provide a permanent surgical cure. CONCLUSIONS: BGA adds an unusual etiology for pancreatitis. All patients with pancreatitis should undergo extensive investigations before being termed "idiopathic". Surgical excision of the BGA provides a definitive curative treatment for the adenoma and pancreatitis.  (+info)

Brunner's glands hyperplasia: diagnosis with EUS-FNA for suspected pancreatic tumor involving the duodenum. (38/55)


The phospholipase activity of sheep pancreatic juice. (39/55)

Sheep pancreatic juice was found to contain at least two enzymes which hydrolysed biliary lecithin. One enzyme was heat and acid labile and hydrolysed the fatty acid from position 1 (phospholipase A1); the other was heat and acid stable hydrolysing the fatty acid at position 2 (phospholipase A2). Lysophospholipase activity was also present. The phospholipases were active at pH values greater than 4.2, and would therefore function in the acid conditions (pH 3-6) of the sheep small intestine. The activity of the pancreatic phospholipases, and A2 in particular, was dramatically stimulated by the presence of the secretions of Brunner's glands which could be important in accelerating the hydrolysis of biliary lecithin in the lumen of the intestine. Phospholipase A1 was sensitive to acid in the range pH 2.5-3.5 and could therefore be partially inactivated by abomasal digesta; but phospholipase A2 was resistent to acid treatment.  (+info)

Regulated traffic of anion transporters in mammalian Brunner's glands: a role for water and fluid transport. (40/55)