Idiopathic azygos vein aneurysm: a rare cause of mediastinal mass.
Venous aneurysm of the azygos arch is a very rare cause of mediastinal mass and is usually an incidental finding on chest radiography. Nowadays the diagnosis is made by non-invasive tests such as thoracic CT scanning and/or magnetic resonance imaging. The case is described of an asymptomatic woman in whom a mediastinal mass due to an azygos vein aneurysm was diagnosed by non-invasive procedures, the aetiology of which, in all probability, was idiopathic. (+info)
Prenatal diagnosis of interrupted inferior vena cava as an isolated finding: a benign vascular malformation.
We report two cases of interrupted inferior vena cava with azygous continuation diagnosed as an isolated finding during routine prenatal scans. Visualization of the venous vasculature of the abdomen and thorax in the mid-sagittal plane failed to visualize the segment of the inferior vena cava between the kidneys and the liver. A vessel with venous flow was observed parallel, adjacent and posterior to the aorta between the kidney and the right atrium. This blood vessel connected with the superior vena cava. Axial planes of the thorax confirmed the presence of two vessels running paravertebrally. A detailed ultrasound examination of the fetal anatomy failed to demonstrate other anomalies. The neonatal course of both fetuses was uneventful. Isolated interruption of the inferior uena cava can be a vascular malformation without known pathological consequences. (+info)
Isolated azygos continuation of the inferior vena cava in the elderly.
A 70-year-old woman with the isolated anomaly of azygos continuation of the inferior vena cava is presented. The interest in this anomaly lies in its presentation as a mediastinal mass on the chest roentgenogram. This article reviews the embryogenesis and the diagnostic testing of this venous anomaly. (+info)
Occlusion of azygos vein via direct percutaneous puncture of innominate vein following cavopulmonary anastomosis.
A 2-year-10-month-old boy was diagnosed with a complex congenital heart disease: right atrial isomerism, left superior vena cava (LSVC), complete atrioventricular septal defect, secundum type atrial septal defect, transposition of the great arteries with pulmonary atresia, patent ductus arteriosus, absence of a right superior vena cava (RSVC), and dextrocardia. He had received a left Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt at the age of 3 months and a left bidirectional Glenn shunt one year after BT shunt. Progressive cyanosis was noted after the second operation and cardiac catheterization showed a functional Glenn shunt with an engorged azygos vein, which was inadvertently skipped for ligation. Because of the absence of RSVC, transcatheter occlusion of the azygos vein was performed successfully via direct puncture of the innominate vein. (+info)
Giant aneurysm of the azygos anterior cerebral artery--case report.
A 77-year-old female presented with a giant aneurysm of the azygos anterior cerebral artery (ACA) manifesting as acute onset of akinetic mutism caused by enlargement of the aneurysm resulting from rapid thrombus formation within the aneurysmal sac. Thrombus removal to obtain decompression of the aneurysmal bulk and tension was performed before parent artery occlusion to prevent thromboembolic events. The aneurysmal neck was completely clipped with preservation of the parent artery and all branches. This strategy for direct neck clipping of a giant thrombosed distal ACA aneurysm can reduce the possibility of ischemic sequelae. (+info)
Transcatheter coil occlusion of a thoracic arteriovenous fistula in an infant with congestive heart failure.
An 8-week-old baby boy presented at our institution with a continuous murmur and congestive heart failure. Echocardiography showed normal cardiac anatomy. Catheterization revealed the presence of a large thoracic arteriovenous fistula between the descending thoracic aorta and the hemiazygous system, with eventual drainage into the azygous vein and the innominate vein. Coil occlusion was performed successfully with a Gianturco coil. (+info)
Screw-in atrial lead in a sick sinus syndrome patient with anomalous inferior vena cava.
Anomalous inferior vena cava without intracardiac anomaly is an unusual condition. Herein, we report a 48-year-old female with left-sided inferior vena cava and azygous continuation. accompanied by sick sinus syndrome. This anomaly resulted in difficulty in implanting a traditional hook-on atrial lead. Atrial lead dislodgment occurred repeatedly soon after implanting the pacemaker because of an anomalous zygous vein draining into the superior vena cava, making a giant connection with the right atrium, thus eliminating the space of the atrial appendage for lead lodgment. Finally, we attempted to utilize a screw-in atrial lead in this patient and she is currently doing well. We therefore suggest that a screw-in atrial lead should be taken into account for such patients in order to obtain a stable fixation. (+info)
Segmental aplasia of the caudal vena cava in a dog.
Ultrasonography, angiography, magnetic resonance imaging, and exploratory laparotomy of a 2-year-old wheaten terrier with lethargy, exercise intolerance, and ascites revealed segmental aplasia of the caudal vena cava with azygos continuation, complicated by thrombus formation. Surgeries were performed on the blind-ended vessel to remove thrombi, enhancing shunting of blood through the azygos vein. (+info)