Enhanced pulsatile pressure accelerates vascular smooth muscle migration: implications for atherogenesis of hypertension.
Metal movement within the plant: contribution of nicotianamine and yellow stripe 1-like transporters.
Nicotianamine and histidine/proline are, respectively, the most important copper chelators in xylem sap of Brassica carinata under conditions of copper deficiency and excess.
Renoprotective effect of azelnidipine in rats.
(52/140)To assess whether azelnidipine (AZN) exerts renoprotective effects, 20-week-old adult male stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRsp) were treated with AZN 10 mg/kg/d (n=6), olmesartan (OLM) 3 mg/kg/d (n=4), hydralazine (HYD) 20 mg/kg/d (n=3), or water (control; n=5). Each test agent was administered by oral gavage for 12 weeks. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured every 2 weeks and urinary protein excretion (UproV) every 3 weeks. At the age of 32 weeks, the rats were sacrificed and blood and kidneys collected for biochemical, histological, and immunohistochemical studies. All drug treatments significantly (p<0.05) reduced SBP, UproV, and blood biochemical parameters such as creatinine, total cholesterol, and blood urea nitrogen. Masson trichrome staining and immunohistochemical staining revealed significant (p<0.05) reductions of interstitial fibrosis, collagen type III, nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide/nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase, and p22(phox) and p47(phox) components expression in the AZN- and OLM-treated groups in comparison with rats treated with HYD and control animals. ED1, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), and heat shock protein (HSP)-47 expression was also reduced in the AZN- and OLM-treated groups versus in HYD and control animals. These results indicate that not only OLM but also AZN exerts renoprotective effects through inhibition of macrophage infiltration and antioxidant activity in SHRsp model of renal injury. (+info)
Rice OsYSL15 is an iron-regulated iron(III)-deoxymugineic acid transporter expressed in the roots and is essential for iron uptake in early growth of the seedlings.
Increased sensitivity to iron deficiency in Arabidopsis thaliana overaccumulating nicotianamine.
The cytosolic protein response as a subcomponent of the wider heat shock response in Arabidopsis.
Analysis of intracellular feline leukemia virus proteins II. Generation of feline leukemia virus structural proteins from precursor polypeptides.
(56/140)The synthesis and processing of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) polypeptides were studied in a chronically infected feline thymus tumor cell line, F-422, which produces the Rickard strain of FeLV. Immune precipitation with antiserum to FeLV p30 and subsequent sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) were used to isolate intracellular FeLV p30 and possible precursor polypeptides. SDS-PAGE of immune precipitates from cells pulse-labeled for 2.5 min with [35S]methionin revealed the presence of a 60,000-dalton precursor polypeptide (Pp60) as well as a 30,000-dalton polypeptide. When cells were grown in the presence of the proline analogue L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid, a 70,000-dalton precursor polypeptide (Pp70) was found in addition to Pp60 after a 2.5-min pulse. The cleavage of Pp60 could be partially inhibited by the general protease inhibitor phenyl methyl sulfonyl fluoride (PMSF). This partial inhibition was found to occur only if PMSF was present during pulse-labeling. Intracellular Pp70 and Pp60 and FeLV virion p70, p30, p15, p11, and p10 were subjected to tryptic peptide analysis. The results of this tryptic peptide analysis demonstrated that intracellular Pp70 and virion p70 were identical and that both contained the tryptic peptides of FeLV p30, p15, p11, and p10. Pp60 contained the tryptic peptides of FeLV P30, P15, and P10, but lacked the tryptic peptides of P11. The results of pactamycin gene ordering experiments indicated that the small structural proteins of FeLV are ordered p11-p15-p10-p30. The data indicate that the small structural proteins of FeLV are synthesized as part of a 70,000-dalton precursor. A cleavage scheme for the generation of FeLV p70, p30, p15, p11, and p10 from precursor polypeptides is proposed. (+info)