Benign prostatic hyperplasia: when to 'watch and wait,' when and how to treat. (25/97)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a clinical diagnosis. While BPH is a common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in men, LUTS can signify a number of other disease states. For this reason, the patient evaluation, which includes a digital rectal examination, and careful differential diagnosis are crucial in men with LUTS. Many men with BPH are asymptomatic, and many others are not bothered by their symptoms; watchful waiting is appropriate management for these patients. When symptoms affect quality of life, pharmacologic therapy should be an option; choices include an alphablocker, a 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor, or, for men with larger prostates, a combination of the two. Surgical intervention is indicated when BPH leads to other medical complications, including urinary retention and renal insufficiency.  (+info)

Post-coital gross hematuria: an unusual presentation of benign prostatic hyperplasia. (26/97)

AIM: To describe an unusual symptom of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). METHODS: A patient presented to our urology clinic having experienced post-coital gross hematuria for 2 years. He had not experienced lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A series of examinations were performed to determine the source of bleeding. RESULTS: The prostate was defined as the active bleeding source responsible for the patient's post-coital hematuria. Endoscopic fulguration did not alleviate the symptom. The use of dutasteride, a dual inhibitor of 5alpha-reductase, solved the problem. CONCLUSION: This study reports for the first time that post-coital gross hematuria is one of the clinical presentations of BPH, which can be successfully treated with 5alpha-reductase inhibitor.  (+info)

Update on the use of dutasteride in the management of benign prostatic hypertrophy. (27/97)

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a frequent cause of lower urinary symptoms, with a prevalence of 50% by the sixth decade of life. Hyperplasia of stromal and epithelial prostatic elements that surround the urethra cause lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), urinary tract infection, and acute urinary retention. Medical treatments of symptomatic BPH include; 1) the 5alpha-reductase inhibitors, 2) the alpha1-adrenergic antagonists, and 3) the combination of a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor and a alpha1-adrenergic antagonist. Selective alpha1-adrenergic antagonists relax the smooth muscle of the prostate and bladder neck without affecting the detrussor muscle of the bladder wall, thus decreasing the resistance to urine flow without compromising bladder contractility. Clinical trials have shown that alpha1-adrenergic antagonists decrease LUTS and increase urinary flow rates in men with symptomatic BPH, but do not reduce the long-term risk of urinary retention or need for surgical intervention. Inhibitors of 5alpha-reductase decrease production of dihydrotestosterone within the prostate resulting in decreased prostate volumes, increased peak urinary flow rates, improvement of symptoms, and decreased risk of acute urinary retention and need for surgical intervention. The combination of a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor and a alpha1-adrenergic antagonist reduces the clinical progression of BPH over either class of drug alone.  (+info)

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oral testosterone enanthate plus dutasteride for 4 weeks in normal men: implications for male hormonal contraception. (28/97)

Oral administration of testosterone enanthate (TE) and dutasteride increases serum testosterone and might be useful for male hormonal contraception. To ascertain the contraceptive potential of oral TE and dutasteride by determining the degree of gonadotropin suppression mediated by 4 weeks of oral TE plus dutasteride, 20 healthy young men were randomly assigned to 4 weeks of either 400 mg oral TE twice daily or 800 mg oral TE once daily in a double-blinded, controlled fashion at a single site. All men received 0.5 mg dutasteride daily. Blood for measurement of serum luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), testosterone, dihydrotesterone (DHT), and estradiol was obtained prior to treatment, weekly during treatment, and 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 13, 14, 16, 20, and 24 hours after the morning dose on the last day of treatment. FSH was significantly suppressed throughout treatment with 800 mg TE once daily and after 4 weeks of treatment with 400 mg TE twice daily. LH was significantly suppressed after 2 weeks of treatment with 800 mg TE, but not with 400 mg TE. Serum DHT was suppressed and serum estradiol increased during treatment in both groups. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol was suppresed during treatment, but liver function tests, hematocrit, creatinine, mood, and sexual function were unaffected. The administration of 800 mg oral TE daily combined with dutasteride for 28 days significantly suppresses gonadotropins without untoward side effects and might have utility as part of a male hormonal contraceptive regimen.  (+info)

Role of 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors in the management of prostate cancer. (29/97)

Prostate cancer is one of the most complex and enigmatic oncologic problems in medicine. It is highly prevalent, particularly in elderly males. Unfortunately, its generally protracted and variable clinical course and high association with treatment-related morbidity raise serious questions about the ideal treatment strategy for the individual patient. 5 alpha-reductase (5AR) inhibitors have a dramatic effect on benign prostatic disease with low toxicity. Thus, there is much interest in the potential role of 5AR inhibitors in the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. Finasteride is the only agent that has been shown in a randomized clinical trial to decrease the risk of prostate cancer with a reduction of almost 25%. Additionally, a recent analysis of the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (PCPT) has found that finasteride improves the performance characteristics of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test as a screening tool for prostate cancer, for both cancer detection as well as for detection of high risk disease. Finally, 5AR inhibitors have been studied as a component of multimodal therapy for all stages of prostate cancer, with the goal of improving oncologic outcomes while avoiding the toxicity of medical and surgical castration.  (+info)

Nanomilled oral testosterone plus dutasteride effectively normalizes serum testosterone in normal men with induced hypogonadism. (30/97)

Oral androgen development has been hampered by the rapid metabolism of orally administered testosterone (T) and low bioavailibility. The addition of the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor dutasteride (D) to oral T in oil dramatically improves concentrations of serum T. In this study we evaluate the absorption of oral T+D, comparing nanomilled T (NmT+D) vs T dissolved in oil (Capmul; CpT+D), as nanomilling might offer a simpler, more practical means of oral T administration, given the limited solubility of T in oil. Twelve healthy men were administered leuprolide on Day -14 to suppress endogenous T biosynthesis and were pretreated with D to block 5alpha-reductase. Once hypogonadal, subjects were sequentially administered 200- and 400-mg doses of CpT+D and NmT+D in the fasted and fed states. Serum T and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) were measured: before dose and at 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hours after each dose. Two weeks after leuprolide administration, T levels were below the normal range. A 400-mg dose of either formulation of oral T+D increased mean serum T above the lower limit of the normal range for 8-10 hours. Food had a minimal effect on the pharmacokinetic parameters of the NmT+D formulation but decreased the maximum observed concentration after dosing (C(max)) for CpT+D. Serum DHT remained below the normal range throughout the study period with both formulations. No significant changes in liver function tests or other adverse events were observed. A 400-mg dose of either oral T+D formulation normalized serum T for 8-10 hours and suppressed DHT. NmT allows for tablet formulation, and its pharmacokinetics were not affected by food, demonstrating the feasibility of oral nanomilled T as a promising and practical twice-daily therapy for the treatment of male hypogonadism.  (+info)

The rationale for inhibiting 5alpha-reductase isoenzymes in the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. (31/97)


Antipsychotic-like properties of 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors. (32/97)