Characterization of Fowl adenovirus serotype 4 isolated from chickens with hydropericardium syndrome based on analysis of the short fiber protein gene. (25/57)

The sequences of short fiber genes of the Fowl adenovirus serotype 4 (FAdV-4), including isolates from chickens with hydropericardium syndrome (HPS), in Japan, India, and Pakistan were compared. By phylogenetic analysis based on complete nucleotide sequences of this gene, FAdV-4 strains from HPS (HPS-FAdV-4) in Japan, India, and Pakistan fell into a different cluster from FAdV-4 strains not derived from HPS. Hydropericardium syndrome-FAdV-4 isolates were differentiated from other FAdV-4 strains by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis using the enzyme the Alu I. The use of PCR-RFLP analysis of short fiber genes may be useful to distinguish among FAdV-4 strains.  (+info)

Some adenovirus DNA is associated with the DNA of permissive cells during productive or restricted growth. (26/57)

We have investigated the association of viral DNA with cell DNA in chicken embryo kidney (CEK) cells productively infected with chicken embryo lethal orphan (CELO) virus and in human (HEK) cells infected with mutants ts36 and ts125 of human adenovirus type 5 under permissive and restrictive conditions. Cell and viral DNA molecules were separated after CELO virus infection of CEK cells by alkaline sucrose gradient centrifugation, network formation, and CsCl density gradient centrifugation, methods that rely on different properties of the DNA. The cell DNA was then tested for viral sequences by DNA reannealing kinetics. Between 500 and 1,000 viral genome equivalents per cell were found at 36 h postinfection associated with cell DNA purified by each method. These values greatly exceeded the amount of free viral DNA found contaminating cell DNA prepared by the same methods from uninfected cells to which CELO virus DNA had been added. Quantitative agreement in the amounts of viral DNA found associated with cell DNA purified by these different methods suggests that CELO virus DNA is integrated into chick cell DNA during lytic infection. Similar experiments in HEK cells using mutants ts36 and ts125 of adenovirus type 5 at both restrictive and permissive temperatures showed that the same proportion of viral DNA is associated with cell DNA in the absence of viral DNA replication, and this suggests that the difference in the frequency with which cells are transformed by these mutants is not due to a difference in the frequency integration.  (+info)

Comparative study of experimental inclusion body hepatitis of chickens caused by two serotypes of avian adenovirus. (27/57)

Twenty 1-day-old specific-pathogen-free chickens each were given an intraabdominal inoculation of either a type-8 avian adenovirus, [AMG 5 (2a], or a type-5 avian adenovirus, inclusion body hepatitis virus (IBHV). The diseases produced were similar. High (60-100%) mortality and statistically significant depression of body weights occurred in both infections. There were necrotizing hepatitis and pancreatitis, lymphoid depletion in the spleen, bursa of Fabricius and thymus, hydropericardium, nephritis and enteritis. Intranuclear inclusions occurred in affected organs. Fluorescent-antibody staining, the Feulgen reaction for deoxyribonucleic acid and electron microscopic studies, as well as studies from the literature, indicated that basophilic inclusions consisted of assembled adenovirions.  (+info)

Immunization trials with an avian chlamydial MOMP gene recombinant adenovirus. (28/57)


Duplex PCR assay for the detection of avian adeno virus and chicken anemia virus prevalent in Pakistan. (29/57)


Full genome analysis of a novel adenovirus from the South Polar skua (Catharacta maccormicki) in Antarctica. (30/57)


Fowl adenoviruses isolated from chickens with inclusion body hepatitis in Japan, 2009-2010. (31/57)

Nine fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) isolated from chickens with inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) in Japan from 2009 to 2010 were characterized serologically and genetically. These isolates were all neutralized by antisera against the SR-48 strain (FAdV-2). Phylogenetic analysis based on the part of the hexon gene that included the L1 region revealed that all isolates were almost identical except one isolate in 2009. This suggests a common ancestor for the FAdVs obtained from chickens with IBH in Japan in 2010.  (+info)

Evolution of an Eurasian avian-like influenza virus in naive and vaccinated pigs. (32/57)