ASFV DNA polymerse X is extremely error-prone under diverse assay conditions and within multiple DNA sequence contexts.
We previously demonstrated that the DNA repair system encoded by the African swine fever virus (ASFV) is both extremely error-prone during the single-nucleotide gap-filling step (catalyzed by ASFV DNA polymerase X) and extremely error-tolerant during the nick-sealing step (catalyzed by ASFV DNA ligase). On the basis of these findings we have suggested that at least some of the diversity known to exist among ASFV isolates may be a consequence of mutagenic DNA repair, wherein damaged nucleotides are replaced with undamaged but incorrect nucleotides by Pol X and the resultant mismatched nicks are sealed by ASFV DNA ligase. Recently, this hypothesis appeared to be discredited by Salas and co-workers [(2003) J. Mol. Biol. 326, 1403-1412], who reported the fidelity of Pol X to be, on average, 2 orders of magnitude higher than what we previously published. In an effort to address this discrepancy and provide a definitive conclusion about the fidelity of Pol X, herein we examine the fidelity of Pol X-catalyzed single-nucleotide gap-filling in both the steady state and the pre-steady state under a diverse array of assay conditions (varying pH and ionic strength) and within different DNA sequence contexts. These studies corroborate our previously published data (demonstrating the low fidelity of Pol X to be independent of assay condition/sequence context), do not reproduce the data of Salas et al., and therefore confirm Pol X to be one of the most error-prone polymerases known. These results are discussed in light of ASFV biology and the mutagenic DNA repair hypothesis described above. (+info)
Recombinant antigen targets for serodiagnosis of African swine fever.