The inferior capsular shift operation for instability of the shoulder. Long-term results in 34 shoulders. (1/392)

We reviewed 26 patients with 34 shoulders treated by the inferior capsular shift operation for inferior and multidirectional instability. The mean follow-up was 8.3 years. In total, 12 shoulders showed voluntary subluxation. Eight operations used an anterior and posterior approach, 11 were by the posterior route, and 15 shoulders had an anterior approach. In 30 shoulders (85%) the outcome was satisfactory and 20 (59%) scored good or excellent results on the Rowe system. Instability had recurred in nine shoulders (26%) from three months to three years after the operation. Six of the 12 shoulders with voluntary subluxation (50%) had recurrence, as against three of the other 22 (14%), a statistically significant difference. The operation is therefore not indicated for voluntary subluxation. The 19 shoulders which had been assessed in 1987 at a mean of 3.5 years after surgery, were also reviewed in 1995 and found to have no significant changes in instability or Rowe score. This shows that the capsular shift appeared to have maintained its tension over an eight-year period. After the use of a posterior approach, 64% of the shoulders showed a posterolateral defect on radiographs of the humerus.  (+info)

Genotyping for disease associated HLA DR beta 1 alleles and the need for early joint surgery in rheumatoid arthritis: a quantitative evaluation. (2/392)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of HLA DR beta 1 disease associated epitope (DAE) and erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR) in predicting the need for major joint replacement in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Sixty five RA patients who had undergone hip, knee or shoulder arthroplasty within 15 years of disease onset and 65 who had not. HLA DR beta 1 genotype was determined by polymerase chain reaction. ESR at first hospital visit was noted. RESULTS: Significantly more patients with two DAE required surgery, (32% v 9%), chi 2 = 13.9, p = 0.001, odds ratio = 5.4 (95% CI: 1.8, 16). Sensitivity was poor, 32%, specificity high, 91%. Presentation ESR was higher in surgery patients compared with non-surgery patients, 52 mm 1st h v 25 mm 1st h, p < 0.001, but was independent of DAE status. Sensitivity of an ESR of 30 mm 1st h was 75%, specificity 53%. CONCLUSION: The presence of two DAE is a risk factor for major joint surgery in RA and is independent of ESR, whereas in those with one or no DAE, a high ESR is an important predictor.  (+info)

Debridement for osteoarthritis of the elbow in athletes. (3/392)

The results of surgical treatment for osteoarthritis of the elbow in athletes were investigated. Athletic activities consisted mainly of judo wrestling and baseball; and included 26 elbows. The mean age was 32 years. The radiological changes were mild in most cases. Debridement consisted of resecting osteophytes and removing loose bodies. Pain scores were improved, and the range of movement was improved by an average of 24 degrees with an average follow-up of 4 years and 2 months. Recurrence of mild symptoms occurred in most cases.  (+info)

Colonna capsular arthroplasty: a 33-year follow-up of four patients. (4/392)

We evaluated the results of Colonna capsular arthroplasty in 4 patients with unilateral congenital dislocation of the hip. All of these patients were female, aged 10-14 years at the time of surgery, and 42-50 years at the time of follow-up. The most striking finding in this study was the good ability to walk. Although radiographs showed considerable joint degeneration, all of these patients had only mild to moderate pain in the hip.  (+info)

Trapeziectomy for basal thumb joint osteoarthritis: 3- to 19-year follow-up. (5/392)

A consecutive series of 40 trapeziectomies in 30 patients with basal thumb joint osteoarthritis was reviewed. Sixteen thumbs had pan-trapezial and 24 thumbs trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis. Simple excision without soft tissue interposition was performed by the same surgeon using an identical surgical technique. Twenty-eight patients were female (mean age 57 years) with a mean follow-up of 11 (3-19) years. Twenty-eight patients were satisfied with their operation, with 26 thumbs being pain free. Thumb pinch strength was improved by 40% compared to preoperative values, but still remained 22% weaker than the non-operated side.  (+info)

Treatment of the mobile, painful arthritic elbow by distraction interposition arthroplasty. (6/392)

Between 1986 and 1994, 13 patients with mobile painful arthritic elbows were treated by distraction interposition arthroplasty using fascia lata. The mean period of follow-up was 63 months. An elbow distractor/fixator was applied for three to four weeks to separate the articular surfaces and to protect the fascial graft. Nine of the 13 patients (69%) had satisfactory relief from pain; eight (62%) had an excellent or good result by the objective criteria of the Mayo Elbow Performance score. Four have required revision to total elbow arthroplasty at a mean of 30 months with good results to date. Instability of the elbow, both before and after surgery, was found to be associated with unsatisfactory results. The rate of success when the procedure was performed for inflammatory arthritis was similar to that for post-traumatic arthritis, about 67%. Eight complications occurred in six patients, all in the group with post-traumatic arthritis. Two of these required further surgical procedures such as transposition of the ulnar nerve or repair of hernia of the fascia lata. Although less reliable than prosthetic replacement, distraction interposition arthroplasty is a useful option in the treatment of young, high-demand patients with arthritis of the elbow. It is rarely indicated in the presence of generalised inflammatory arthritis, but may be of value in those patients in whom the disease is limited primarily to the elbow.  (+info)

Volar plate arthroplasty of the thumb interphalangeal joint. (7/392)

The fibrocartilaginous volar plate of the thumb interphalangeal joint is anatomically quite similar to the volar plate of the digital proximal interphalangeal joint. Due to this similarity, Eaton's technique of volar plate arthroplasty may also be utilized in fracture-dislocations of the thumb interphalangeal joint.  (+info)

Reconstructive surgery in primary malignant and aggressive benign bone tumor of the proximal humerus. (8/392)

Primary malignant bone tumors of the proximal humerus have traditionally been treated by forequarter amputation. However, with the increased interest in limb salvage operations, efforts have been made to improve reconstructive surgery and some methods have become available for tumor control and preservation of a useful distal limb. This report describes three reconstructive techniques used for reconstruction of the humerus following primary tumor excision. We followed 11 patients treated by reconstructive surgery following tumor excision for primary malignant and aggressive benign bone tumors in the proximal humerus. The average follow-up period was 35.6 months. The histologic diagnosis included osteosarcoma (9), chondrosarcoma (1) and giant cell tumor (1). The options for reconstructive surgery following tumor excision were six prosthetic arthroplasties with low heat treated autobone, four arthroplasties with Ender nail and bone cement, and one arthroplasty with custom-made tumor prosthesis. We performed a retrospective analysis regarding functional status, as well as local recurrence, distant metastasis and complication. The functional status at final follow-up averaged 16 points (53.3%) overall: 17 points (56.7%) in the six prosthetic arthroplasties with low heat treated autobone; 15 points (50.0%) in two of four arthroplasties with Ender nail and bone cement (the two others died); and 16 points (53.3%) in the one arthroplasty with custom-made tumor prosthesis. Local recurrence was not observed in any of the cases. The complications noted were one nonunion between reimplanted, low heat treated autobone and the normal distal humerus and two metal failures. Each of these techniques for reconstructive surgery resulted in a relatively good outcome, although somewhat better results were found in the case of prosthetic arthroplasty with low heat treated autobone.  (+info)