Spinal extradural angiolipoma: report of two cases and review of the literature. (17/36)

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Non-infiltrating angiolipoma of the cheek: a case report and review of the literature. (18/36)

Angiolipoma, spindle cell lipoma, mylelolipoma, chondrolipoma and myxolipoma are histologic variants of lipomas arising from fat tissue. Although angiolipoma is the most common tumor in the trunk and extremities of young people, it occurs infrequently in the head and neck region. The authors present the clinical and histological features of a non-infiltrating angiolipoma excised from the cheek of a 22-year old man. Clinical examination showed a soft, mobile, approximately 4 x 3 cm mass that could be palpated anterior to the masseter muscle. The mass was removed by an intraoral approach. Angiolipoma was confirmed on histopathologic evaluation. Lipomas represent about 1 to 5% of all neoplasms of the oral cavity. They are usually painless, soft, round and mobile. The diagnosis is based on both clinical and histologic characteristics. The treatment is surgical excision.  (+info)

Tri-filial presentation of familial tuberous sclerosis with renal tumors. (19/36)

Tuberous sclerosis is a rare neuro-cutaneous syndrome with autosomal dominant penetrance. Only some organs are involved, e.g., skin (earthy skin thickenings, ash leaf patches), cerebral cortex (hamartomatous nodules) and kidneys, (angiolipoma, adenocarcinoma). These hamar-tomatous swellings resemble potatoes and hence, referred to as tubers. We herein report on three patients (all familial), father, son and granddaughter, with this rare involvement, from the eastern part of India. The father and son had involvement of only the skin (i.e. nose) and kidneys while the disease penetrated further in the subsequent filial generations with son and granddaughter having skin, brain and bilateral kidney involvement. This kind of tri-filial progression has not till date, been reported from this region, making it an interesting case presentation.  (+info)

Angiofibrolipoma of the buccal mucosa: a case report. (20/36)

Angiofibrolipoma is a rare histopathological variant of lipoma, characterized by mature adipocytes, blood vessels and dense collagenous tissue. It is seldom seen in the oral and maxillofacial region. Clinically, as it shares macroscopic similarity with lipoma and fibroma, the diagnosis of angiofibrolipoma is only possible based on its histopathological features. The aim of this report is to present an unusual case of a 59-year-old female patient, who reported a pathological soft mass in the buccal mucosa of the left cheek which was present for 20 years. After excisional biopsy and histopathological evaluation of the sample, the diagnosis of angiofibrolipoma was made.  (+info)

Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a malignant disease. (21/36)

BACKGROUND: Renal angiomyolipomas are recognized as clonal neoplasms with clonal chromosomal aberrations and a common progenitor cell, the perivascular epithelial cell (PEC). The epithelioid variant is a recently identified entity, characterized by predominance of PEC and a unique morphologic and immunohistochemical profile. There is accumulating evidence suggesting that renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma (REA) is a malignant disease. METHODS: We searched the literature for descriptions of clinical behavior of REA. A Pubmed search was performed using the following key words: angiomyolipoma, epithelioid, perivascular epithelial cell or/and renal tumors. We reviewed a case of fatal REA at our institution. A pathologist reviewed slides to confirm the diagnosis. RESULTS: Upon review of 140 articles, 37 eligible articles were found including 10 articles describing the clinical course of REA. Almost all of the patients described, for whom there was a follow-up available, died of neoplastic progression of the disease, with liver, lung and bone metastases. Four cases were reclassified after retrospective pathology review, and they were fatal. Three of these had been misdiagnosed as renal cell carcinoma (RCC), while 1 was diagnosed as classic angiomyolipoma. CONCLUSION: Unlike commonly benign classic angiomyolipoma, REA behaves aggressively. It is crucial for the clinician to be aware of and identify this epithelioid variant as a malignant disease. It should be carefully differentiated from RCC. Resection alone may not be curative, and adjuvant therapy should be considered. A multimodality treatment approach needs to be explored for this newly recognized malignant variant renal angiomyolipoma.  (+info)

Hamartomatous angiolipoma of the parotid gland (sialoangiolipoma). (22/36)

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Angiolipomatous mesenchymal hamartoma (angiolipomatosis) of the sigmoid mesocolon. (23/36)

BACKGROUND: Primary mesenteric tumors are exceedingly rare and may thus pose a diagnostic challenge. They encompass both benign and malignant neoplasms as well as reactive and idiopathic tumefactive fibroinflammatory lesions. METHOD AND RESULTS: A 70-year-old man who was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer was found to have a large non-homogeneous predominantly fatty retroperitoneal soft tissue mass on computerized tomography (CT) scan. The mass was attached to the aorta and have encased the inferior mesenteric artery and extended into the sigmoid mesocolon. Histological examination of the mass showed ill-defined lipoma-like mature fatty tissue traversed by paucicellular fibrous septa entrapping small nerves and containing remarkably increased venous blood vessels reminiscent of soft tissue angiomatosis without evidence of malignancy. The histological features were consistent with an angiolipomatous hamartomatous mesenchymal proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: Angiolipomatous hamartoma might be histogenetically related to soft tissue angiomatosis. To our knowledge, this case represents the first well documented lesion of this type at this location and must be distinguished from other fat-containing masses, particularly angiomyolipoma, sclerosing mesenteritis and mesenteric liposarcoma.  (+info)

Spinal angiolipoma--case report. (24/36)

A 69-year-old male presented with a rare spinal angiolipoma manifesting as history of back pain, and numbness in both lower limbs, which progressed over a period of 5 years. Total T10-T12 laminectomy was performed and the tumor was removed en bloc. The symptoms gradually improved postoperatively. Spinal angiolipoma is an uncommon benign extradural tumor of spine, which accounts for 0.14-1.2% of all spinal tumors and is a rare cause of spinal cord compression. Recognition of this entity is crucial as a benign and curable cause of paraplegia and back pain.  (+info)