Diagnostic accuracy and pitfalls in fine-needle aspiration interpretation of Warthin tumor. (9/66)

BACKGROUND: Despite its well-defined histologic appearance, the often variegated cytomorphologic appearance of Warthin tumor (WT) on fine-needle aspiration (FNA) may lead to an erroneous cytopathologic interpretation. In this study, the authors analyzed the potential sources of diagnostic errors and overall accuracy of FNA diagnosis of WT. METHODS: A retrospective search of The Johns Hopkins Hospital Surgical Pathology files (1985-2001) revealed 97 patients with WT, including 31 patients who underwent prior FNA. A comprehensive review of cytopathologic material was undertaken to calculate the overall accuracy of FNA and to identify sources of diagnostic error. RESULTS: All tumors presented in the parotid gland. Four tumors (13%) were deemed inadequate for interpretation due to insufficient material. The FNA diagnosis of WT was rendered in only 20 tumors (74%). The remaining 7 tumors (26%) were misdiagnosed on FNA as consistent with or suspicious for carcinoma or some other neoplastic process. A retrospective review of the tumors, which were over-called on FNA, showed a predominance of necrotic or cellular debris (n = 6 tumors; 22%), significant epithelial metaplasia with atypia (n = 4 tumors; 15%), background inflammation suspicious for tumor diathesis (n = 3 tumors; 11%), spindle cells (n = 1 tumor; 4%), and abundant mucin with keratinized squamous cells (n = 1 tumor; 4%). CONCLUSIONS: FNA is moderately accurate for diagnosing WT, with a 74% accuracy rate in the current series. Cytologic misinterpretation may occur due to a lack of characteristic cytomorphologic features of WT and overabundance of one or more of the following: squamous metaplasia/atypia, mucoid/mucinous background, spindle-shaped cells, and cystic/inflammatory debris. An adequate awareness of these potential sources of erroneous diagnoses, coupled with appropriate clinical findings, may result in a higher accuracy rate.  (+info)

Use of botulinum toxin type A in a case of persistent parotid sialocele. (10/66)

Sialocele is an uncommon complication of parotidectomy. Most cases resolve after conservative therapy consisting of repeated aspiration and pressure dressing. The condition is, however, occasionally resistant to such therapy. We report on a 52-year-old Chinese man who had a 10-year history of right parotid swelling. Following fine-needle aspiration cytology, Warthin's tumour was diagnosed, but after elective parotidectomy, a swelling developed and parotid sialocele was diagnosed. Botulinum toxin type A was given after the sialocele had persisted for almost 3 weeks after surgery, and after conservative management had been tried; the sialocele disappeared after two doses of treatment. Botulinum toxin therapy was thus an effective method of treating persistent sialocele.  (+info)

Adenolymphoma of the salivary gland. (11/66)

Adenolymphoma of the salivary glands (here reported for the first time in two brothers whose father also might have had the disease) is typically a benign neoplasm for which excision is the treatment of choice. Incomplete excision may be followed by regrowth, which in some cases has been eliminated by roentgen therapy. Most such tumors are single and uninodular, but they may be multiple and bilateral.  (+info)


In a collection of 11 cases, the benign lymphoepithelial lesion presented clinically in every case as a tumour of a salivary gland. In eight cases the parotid was affected, in two a palatal salivary gland, and in one the submandibular gland was affected. Microscopically the lesion consisted of a mixture of lymphoid and epithelial components and, although the appearances in several cases suggested lymphosarcoma or reticulosarcoma, the arrangement of the epithelial component in characteristic islands (epi-myoepithelial islands) indicated the benign nature of the lesion. In one case incomplete excision of a lesion of the palate was followed by a recurrence that was cured by a radium mould. The microscopical appearances of the benign lymphoepithelial lesion were identical with those of the salivary lesions of Sjogren's syndrome but in all the cases the lesion was an isolated one and the sicca syndrome was absent.  (+info)

A study of MECT1-MAML2 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma and Warthin's tumor of salivary glands. (13/66)

The t(11;19)(q21;p13) chromosomal translocation has been described in two distinct types of salivary gland neoplasms: mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) and Warthin's tumor (WT). Since this translocation has been recently shown to generate a MECT1-MAML2 fusion gene, we evaluated 10 primary MEC and seven primary WT to further define the molecular association of these two entities using cytogenetic, as well as in situ hybridization (ISH) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analyses directed against the fusion gene. A karyotype was established in all neoplasms except for two MEC cases. Of the eight karyotyped MECs, five showed the t(11;19)(q21;p13), two had a normal karyotype, and one case presented a -Y and +X. Three of the WT revealed a normal karyotype and four had several abnormalities which did not involve chromosomes 11 and 19. ISH analysis performed in cytogenetic suspension and/or in tumor paraffin sections demonstrated MAML2 rearrangement in 7 of 10 cases of MEC: all five cases with t(11;19), one case with normal karyotype, and one unkaryotyped case. RT-PCR analysis confirmed the expression of the MECT1-MAML2 gene in all MEC cases that were positive by ISH analysis. Neither the t(11;19) nor MECT1-MAML2 was detected in any case of WT, nor in control samples from polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma, acinic cell carcinoma, or normal parotid gland tissue. We have demonstrated that ISH and RT-PCR are sensitive methods for detecting MECT1-MAML2 in MEC. In contrast, we did not detect the t(11;19) nor MECT1-MAML2 expression in seven cases of WT.  (+info)

Warthin tumor of the parotid gland: diagnostic value of MR imaging with histopathologic correlation. (14/66)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to describe the MR imaging appearance of Warthin tumors multiple MR imaging techniques and to interpret the difference in appearance from that of malignant parotid tumors. METHODS: T1-weighted, T2-weighted, short inversion time inversion recovery, diffusion-weighted, and contrast-enhanced dynamic MR images of 19 Warthin tumors and 17 malignant parotid tumors were reviewed. MR imaging results were compared with those of pathologic analysis. RESULTS: Epithelial stromata and lymphoid tissue with slitlike small cysts in Warthin tumors showed early enhancement and a high washout rate (> or =30%) on dynamic contrast-enhanced images, and accumulations of complicated cysts showed early enhancement and a low washout ratio (< 30%). The areas containing complicated cysts showed high signal intensity on T1-weighted images, whereas some foci in those areas showed low signal intensity on short tau inversion recovery images. The mean minimum signal intensity ratios (SIRmin) of Warthin tumor on short tau inversion recovery (0.29 +/- 0.22 SD) (P < .01) and T2-weighted images (0.28 +/- 0.09) (P < .05) were significantly lower than those of malignant parotid tumors (0.53 +/- 0.19, 0.48 +/- 0.19). The average washout ratio of Warthin tumors (44.0 +/- 20.4%) was higher than that of malignant parotid tumors (11.9 +/- 11.6%). The mean apparent diffusion coefficient of Warthin tumors (0.96 +/- 0.13 x 10(-3)mm2/s) was significantly lower (P < .01) than that of malignant tumors (1.19 +/- 0.19 x 10(-3)mm2/s). CONCLUSION: Detecting hypointense areas of short tau inversion recovery and T2-weighted images or low apparent diffusion coefficient values on diffusion-weighted images was useful for predicting whether salivary gland tumors were Warthin tumors. The findings of the dynamic contrast-enhanced study also were useful.  (+info)

Significance of preserving the posterior branch of the great auricular nerve in parotidectomy. (15/66)

OBJECTIVE: Sensory disturbance due to excision of the great auricular nerve in patients who have undergone parotidectomy sometimes causes discomfort to the patients. In order to reduce the postoperative discomfort of the pinna, we tried to preserve the posterior branch of the great auricular nerve. METHODS: Forty patients with parotid tumor were included in this study. Twenty-one of these patients had pleomorphic adenoma, 16 had adenolymphoma and 3 had a low grade malignant tumor. Sensations of the pinna and the quality of life (QOL) after parotidectomy were evaluated using a 0-100 Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) assessed at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months and 6 months after parotidectomy. RESULTS: The posterior branch of the great auricular nerve was preserved in 26 out of 40 patients (65%). No difference was observed in the incidence of complications except sensory disturbance of the pinna with this surgical procedure as compared to the surgical technique where the great auricular nerve was excised. The VAS score for the sensation was significantly higher in the group of patients whose great auricular nerve was preserved at 2 months (35.0+/-20.8 vs. 18.5+/-9.2), 3 months (64.4+/-18.3 vs. 26.4+/-13.8) and 6 months (66.9+/-16.2 vs. 26.6+/-11.4) after parotidectomy. The VAS score for the QOL was also significantly higher in the group of patients whose great auricular nerve was preserved at 2 months (50.3+/-21.8 vs. 35.1+/-14.5), 3 months (69.5+/-27.5 vs. 45.9+/-22.6) as well as 6 months (71.9+/-24.1 vs. 45.7+/-19.1) after parotidectomy. CONCLUSION: Preservation of the posterior branch of the great auricular nerve during parotidectomy is valuable in order to reduce the postoperative sensory disturbance of the pinna that follows conventional surgery. It further helps to improve the QOL of these patients after parotidectomy.  (+info)

Epidermoid carcinoma arising in Warthin's tumor. (16/66)

Warthin's tumor is a well-defined salivary gland neoplasm consisting of benign epithelial and lymphoid components. However, malignant transformation is extremely rare and the differential diagnosis of metastasis from an epidermoid carcinoma in Warthin's tumor is important. We present a case with epidermoid carcinoma arising in Warthin's tumor of parotid gland in a 48-year-old woman, and differential diagnosis is discussed.  (+info)