Mandibulofacial dysostosis (Treacher Collins syndrome): a case report.
Mandibulofacial dysostosis, also known as Treacher Collins syndrome, is a rare congenital anomaly that must be identified in infancy to prevent irrevocable developmental impairment. Information is sparse in the current medical literature concerning this rare syndrome. This article reports a case of Treacher Collins syndrome with the presence of a scarring alopecia and acne keloidalis nuchae, which are possibly coincidental symptoms, but have not been previously described clinically in this malady. (+info)
Acne keloidalis in females: case report and review of literature.
Acne keloidalis, also known as folliculitis nuchae, is a form of chronic scarring folliculitis characterized by fibrotic papules and nodules of the nape of the neck and the occiput. It particularly affects men of African descent and is rarely ever seen in women. We here report the clinical findings of two Nigerian women who developed acne keloidalis. This report also reviews the pathogenesis of this disease. (+info)
Efficacy of diode laser for treating acne keloidalis nuchae.
Acne keloidalis nuchae is usually treated with oral antibiotics, local antiseptics or intralesional steroids but with limited success. I assessed the efficacy of diode laser for treating the inflammatory and keloidal papules of acne keloidalis nuchae in two cases. The lesions in both the cases showed about 90 to 95% clearance after 4 treatment sessions at one to one and half month intervals. No new lesions were observed during the follow up period of six months after the last laser treatment. Thus, after clearing bacterial infection, laser hair epilation can be used as the first line of therapy for treating papules of acne keloidalis nuchae. This is the first attempt at treating acne keloidalis nuchae with a diode laser. (+info)
Hypertrophic scarring of the neck following ablative fractional carbon dioxide laser resurfacing.
Dermatologic conditions in skin of color: part II. Disorders occurring predominately in skin of color.
Several skin conditions are more common in persons with skin of color, including dermatosis papulosa nigra, pseudofolliculitis barbae, acne keloidalis nuchae, and keloids. Dermatosis papulosa nigra is a common benign condition characterized by skin lesions that do not require treatment, although several options are available for removal to address cosmetic concerns. Pseudofolliculitis barbae occurs as a result of hair removal. Altering shaving techniques helps prevent lesions from recurring. In acne keloidalis nuchae, keloidal lesions are found on the occipital scalp and posterior neck. Early treatment with steroids, antibiotics, and retinoids prevents progression. A key part of the management of keloids is prevention. First-line medical therapy includes intralesional steroid injections. The distinct structure of the hair follicle in blacks results in hair care practices that can lead to common scalp disorders. For example, chemical relaxers decrease the strength of hair and may cause breakage. Better patient education, with early diagnosis and treatment, often leads to better outcomes. (+info)