Impact of rabeprazole, a new proton pump inhibitor, in triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection-comparison with omeprazole and lansoprazole. (9/641)

BACKGROUND: A recent trend in curative therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection is the so-called triple therapy, which consists of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two different antimicrobials. Various regimens employing this triple therapy have been reported. However, little is known about the effectiveness of rabeprazole, a recently developed proton pump inhibitor, when used in the triple therapy. AIM: To validate its usefulness by comparing rabeprazole with omeprazole and lansoprazole, in combination with amoxycillin and clarithromycin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 221 H. pylori-positive patients with peptic ulcer disease were randomized to receive one of three different proton pump inhibitor/amoxycillin-clarithromycin (PPI/AC) regimens for 7 days. (i) OAC regimen (n = 75): omeprazole 20 mg b.d., amoxycillin (AMOX) 500 mg t.d.s. and clarithromycin (CAM) 200 mg b.d.; (ii) LAC regimen (n = 74): lansoprazole 30 mg b.d. , AMOX 500 mg t.d.s. and CAM 200 mg b.d.; and (iii) RAC regimen (n = 72): rabeprazole 20 mg b.d., AMOX 500 mg t.d.s. and CAM 200 mg b.d. Cure of the infection was determined by the 13C urea breath test 1 month after completion of the treatment. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat based cure rates for OAC, LAC and RAC regimens were 85% (95% CI, 75-92), 84% (95%, CI 73-91) and 88% (95% CI, 78-94), respectively, and per protocol based cure rates of these regimens were 88% (95% CI, 78-94), 91% (95%, CI 82-99) and 93% (95% CI, 84-98), respectively. Adverse effects in the entire study population, which included diarrhoea, glossitis or skin rash, were reported by 15% of the patients, and complete compliance was achieved in 95% of these patients. CONCLUSION: 1-week proton pump inhibitor/AC regimens for H. pylori infection were effective in the Japanese population. Rabeprazole can be considered as equivalent to omeprazole and lansoprazole in the PPI/AC triple therapy.  (+info)

Impact of clarithromycin resistance on the effectiveness of a regimen for Helicobacter pylori: a prospective study of 1-week lansoprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin in active peptic ulcer. (10/641)

BACKGROUND: Clarithromycin is a key antimicrobial in the combinations used to cure Helicobacter pylori infections, so there is a need to define the impact of in vitro resistance on in vivo results. METHODS: A prospective trial was designed to study the effectiveness of the 1-week combination of lansoprazole, clarithromycin and amoxycillin in 102 consecutive patients with active peptic ulcer. The pre-treatment and post-treatment sensitivity to amoxycillin, metronidazole and clarithromycin were studied by E-test, and H. pylori status was defined by histology, culture and urease test at diagnosis and one month after treatment, and by urea-breath test 2 months after treatment. RESULTS: The eradication rate (intention-to-treat analysis) was 77% (95% CI: 69-86). No clinical factor was found to be different between eradicated and non-eradicated patients. Clarithromycin-resistant strains were found in 10 (10%; CI: 5-17) patients. The eradication rate was 20% (CI: 3-56) in these patients vs. 83% (CI: 75-91) in patients harbouring clarithromycin-sensitive strains (P < 0.001). A logistic-regression analysis confirmed clarithromycin resistance as the only factor associated with treatment failure. CONCLUSIONS: Clarithromycin resistance significatively impairs the effectiveness of the combination of lansoprazole, amoxycillin, and clarithromycin. The 80% efficacy goal will be difficult to reach in areas with high (>10%) primary clarithromyicin resistance, if currently recommended proton pump inhibitor-triple therapies are used.  (+info)

Lansoprazole in the treatment of heartburn in patients without erosive oesophagitis. (11/641)

BACKGROUND: This randomized, double-blind, multicentre study compared lansoprazole with placebo for symptomatic relief of patients with non-erosive gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD). METHODS: 214 patients with symptomatic, non-erosive GERD (moderate to severe daytime and/or night-time heartburn greater than half the days over the past 6 months and during the 7- to 10-day pre-treatment period) were randomized to either lansoprazole 15 mg or lansoprazole 30 mg, or placebo o.d. for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Daily diary data indicated that on the first treatment day a statistically significantly smaller percentage of lansoprazole patients reported daytime and night-time heartburn and antacid usage, compared with placebo patients. Lansoprazole patients also reported statistically significant less severe daytime and night-time heartburn on the first treatment day. During 0-4, 4-8, and 0-8 weeks of therapy, a statistically significant smaller percentage of days and nights with heartburn, less severe daytime and night-time heartburn, and less antacid usage were observed in the lansoprazole group compared to the placebo group. The percentages of patients with adverse reactions were similar in the lansoprazole and placebo groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that lansoprazole is an appropriate therapy for patients with symptomatic non-erosive GERD.  (+info)

Lansoprazole is superior to ranitidine as maintenance treatment for the prevention of duodenal ulcer relapse. (12/641)

AIM: To compare lansoprazole 30 mg once daily, lansoprazole 15 mg once daily and ranitidine 150 mg once nightly in the prevention of duodenal ulcer relapse in patients whose duodenal ulcers had been previously healed with lansoprazole 30 mg once daily or ranitidine 300 mg nightly. METHODS: A double-blind, parallel group, randomized multicentre study conducted in 33 centres in the UK, Eire, Sweden and Australia. Two hundred and nineteen patients with a duodenal ulcer were randomized to receive lansoprazole 30 mg and 217 to receive ranitidine 300 mg for 8 weeks. Patients were then re-randomized to receive lansoprazole 30 mg (122 patients), lansoprazole 15 mg (121 patients) or ranitidine 150 mg (116 patients) for 12 months. All patients had an endoscopically-proven duodenal ulcer at baseline and were considered suitable for long-term maintenance therapy to prevent relapse. RESULTS: Significantly more patients were healed on lansoprazole (98%) compared to ranitidine (89%) (P < 0.001, Fisher's exact test). Lansoprazole provided more rapid symptom relief than ranitidine. Lansoprazole 30 mg and lansoprazole 15 mg increased the probability of not relapsing in comparison to ranitidine (P = 0.001 and 0.06, respectively, life-table analysis). Relapse rates over the 12 months were lower in the lansoprazole treatment groups (lansoprazole 30 mg, 5%; lansoprazole 15 mg, 12%; and ranitidine, 21%; lansoprazole 30 mg vs. ranitidine 150 mg, P = 0.002). Symptoms were well controlled in both groups during the maintenance phase. All treatments were well tolerated with no major differences seen in adverse event profiles between treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: Both doses of lansoprazole (30 mg and 15 mg) were superior to ranitidine 150 mg in the prevention of duodenal ulcer relapse. Lansoprazole was superior to ranitidine in terms of symptom control and duodenal ulcer healing. Both treatments were well tolerated.  (+info)

Short-term triple therapy with lansoprazole 30 mg or 60 mg, amoxycillin and clarithromycin to eradicate Helicobacter pylori. (13/641)

BACKGROUND: We investigated the efficacy of 30 vs. 60 mg lansoprazole daily in a 1-week triple therapy for eradication of Helicobacter pylori in a prospective randomized study. METHODS: Two hundred and fifteen consecutive out-patients with peptic ulcer disease or non-ulcer dyspepsia, in whom H. pylori infection was confirmed by histology and/or a urease biopsy test, were randomly assigned to a 1-week treatment with either 15 mg lansoprazole b.d. (LAC15 group) or 30 mg lansoprazole b.d. (LAC30 group) in combination with 1 g amoxycillin b.d. and 500 mg clarithromycin b.d. RESULTS: Eradication of H. pylori was successful in 87% (per protocol) and 82% (intention-to-treat) of the patients with LAC15 and in 94% (per protocol) and 87% (intention-to-treat) of the patients with LAC30. The difference was not significant. In both treatment groups, all peptic ulcers were healed at the check-up. Adverse effects were seen in 11 patients of the LAC15 group and 10 patients of the LAC30 group: they caused discontinuation of the therapy in four of the LAC15 group and two patients of the LAC 30 group. CONCLUSIONS: A 7-day triple therapy using lansoprazole (LAC15) is an efficient and economical regimen for the eradication of H. pylori.  (+info)

Comparison of two 3-day Helicobacter pylori eradication regimens with a standard 1-week regimen. (14/641)

BACKGROUND: The duration of Helicobacter pylori eradication regimens has decreased to 1 week with cure rates of over 90%. This can be attributed to the use of triple drug regimens including potent inhibitors of gastric acid secretion and clarithromycin. There is no theoretical reason why shorter regimens should not be possible. AIM: To compare two 3-day, low-dose, twice daily regimens with 1 week of omeprazole 20 mg b.d., clarithromycin 250 mg b.d., and metronidazole 400 mg b.d. (OCM) METHODS: Outpatients referred for gastroscopy were screened by biopsy urease test. H. pylori-positive patients were randomized to receive either lansoprazole 30 mg b.d., tri-potassium dicitrato bismuthate one tablet b.d., clarithromycin 250 mg b.d., and amoxycillin 1 g b.d. for 3 days (LTdbCA), or ranitidine bismuth citrate 400 mg b.d., clarithromycin 250 mg b.d. and amoxycillin 1 g b.d. for 3 days (RbcCA) or omeprazole 20 mg b.d., clarithromycin 250 mg b.d. and metronidazole 400 mg b.d. for 1 week (OCM). They were not pre-treated with a gastric acid inhibitor. After 8 weeks, H. pylori status was assessed by 13C urea breath test. RESULTS: 974 out of 1114 patients referred for gastroscopy were screened by biopsy urease test. 140 patients were not screened either because they were anticoagulated or for technical reasons. 334 patients were H. pylori-positive: 154 were excluded mostly because of allergy to penicillin and personal reasons but 180 were randomized to treatment All regimens were well tolerated. For LTdbCA (n=60), RbcCA (n=59), and OCM (n=61) the H. pylori cure rates (95% CI) were 23% (12-34), 14% (5-23) and 87% (79-95), respectively, using intention-to-treat analysis and 25% (14-36), 15% (6-24) and 88% (80-96), respectively, if analysed per protocol. OCM was significantly superior to LTdbCA and RbcCA (P < 0.001) but there was no significant difference between regimens LTdbCA and RbcCA. CONCLUSIONS: OCM is an extremely effective H. pylori eradication regimen. The 3-day regimens tested both have poor cure rates. Pre-treatment with a proton pump inhibitor, higher doses or more frequent dosing may be necessary to increase the cure rate of short duration regimens. However, this could make them less acceptable than the H. pylori eradication regimens currently available.  (+info)

Double-blind comparison of lansoprazole 15 mg, lansoprazole 30 mg and placebo as maintenance therapy in patients with healed duodenal ulcers resistant to H2-receptor antagonists. (15/641)

BACKGROUND: Maintenance antisecretory therapy is often used to prevent duodenal ulcer recurrence and control symptoms. This study compared the efficacy and safety of lansoprazole 15 mg and 30 mg daily with placebo in preventing ulcer recurrence in patients with a recent history of duodenal ulcer disease. METHODS: Fifty-six patients were treated with either lansoprazole 15 mg, 30 mg or placebo o.m. RESULTS: Within 1 month of study initiation, 27% (four out of 15) of placebo-treated patients experienced ulcer recurrence as compared to 13% (two out of 15) and 6% (one out of 18) of lansoprazole 15 mg and 30 mg treated patients, respectively. Median time to first ulcer recurrence was > 12 months in lansoprazole patients. At Month 12, significantly (P < 0.001) more lansoprazole 15 mg patients (70%) and lansoprazole 30 mg patients (85%) remained healed. Eighty-two per cent of lansoprazole 15 mg and 76% of lansoprazole 30 mg patients remained asymptomatic during the entire study period. All placebo patients became symptomatic, experienced ulcer recurrence, or withdrew from the study by month six. The incidence of adverse events was comparable among the three treatment groups. CONCLUSIONS: Lansoprazole safely and effectively reduces duodenal ulcer recurrence and ulcer-related symptoms.  (+info)

The role of endogenous gastrin in the development of enterochromaffin-like cell carcinoid tumors in Mastomys natalensis: a study with the specific gastrin receptor antagonist AG-041R. (16/641)

We examined the effects of a newly synthesized gastrin receptor antagonist, AG-041R, on the growth of enterochromaffin-like (ECL) carcinoid tumors in Mastomys natalensis both in vitro and in vivo. AG-041R was as potent as the well known gastrin antagonist L365,260 in inhibiting not only the gastrin-induced release of histamine from but also histidine decarboxylase (HDC) gene expression in the ECL carcinoid tumor cells. AG-041R also inhibited gastrin-induced DNA synthesis and c-fos gene expression in the tumor cells. Furthermore, AG-041R significantly inhibited the growth of the transplanted Mastomys ECL carcinoid tumors in vivo. From these data, it is concluded that endogenous gastrin is involved in the growth of ECL carcinoid tumors in Mastomys natalensis. Moreover, AG-041R is shown to have a potential as an anti-neoplastic agent for ECL carcinoid tumor of the stomach.  (+info)