Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Divorce: Legal dissolution of an officially recognized marriage relationship.Consanguinity: The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.Extramarital Relations: Voluntary SEXUAL INTERCOURSE between a married person and someone other than the SPOUSE.Spouses: Married persons, i.e., husbands and wives, or partners. Domestic partners, or spousal equivalents, are two adults who have chosen to share their lives in an intimate and committed relationship, reside together, and share a mutual obligation of support for the basic necessities of life.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Premarital Examinations: Medical tests taken by couples planning to be married in order to determine presence of genetic and contagious diseases.Reproductive Behavior: Human behavior or decision related to REPRODUCTION.Marital Therapy: A form of psychotherapy involving the husband and wife and directed to improving the marital relationship.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Single Person: The unmarried man or woman.Widowhood: The state of having lost a marital partner by death.Religion and SexPersonal Satisfaction: The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.Wills: Legal documents that are declarations of individuals' wishes regarding the disposal of their property or estate after death; esp: written instruments, legally executed, by which dispositions are made of estates. LIVING WILLS are written declarations regarding prolongation of life by extraordinary means.Family Conflict: Struggle or disagreement between parents, parent and child or other members of a family.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Child Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of children; frequently through a legal process.Fertility: The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Coitus: The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Poetry as Topic: Literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.LebanonSexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.IndiaHuman Rights Abuses: Deliberate maltreatment of groups of humans beings including violations of generally-accepted fundamental rights as stated by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Precipitating Factors: Factors associated with the definitive onset of a disease, illness, accident, behavioral response, or course of action. Usually one factor is more important or more obviously recognizable than others, if several are involved, and one may often be regarded as "necessary". Examples include exposure to specific disease; amount or level of an infectious organism, drug, or noxious agent, etc.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Birth Rate: The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.Islam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Reproductive Rights: Reproductive rights rest on the recognition of the basic right of all couples and individuals to decide freely and responsibly the number, spacing and timing of their children and to have the information and means to do so, and the right to attain the highest standard of sexual and reproductive health. They also include the right of all to make decisions concerning reproduction free of discrimination, coercion and violence.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Arabs: Members of a Semitic people inhabiting the Arabian peninsula or other countries of the Middle East and North Africa. The term may be used with reference to ancient, medieval, or modern ethnic or cultural groups. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Genes, Recessive: Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.Cultural Evolution: The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Family Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.United StatesRural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.PakistanSexual Abstinence: Refraining from SEXUAL INTERCOURSE.Child, Orphaned: Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Gender Identity: A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.Ethiopia: An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.Medicine in ArtMen: Human males as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.NepalQuestionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Cultural Characteristics: Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Dependency (Psychology): The tendency of an individual or individuals to rely on others for advice, guidance, or support.Morocco: A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Turkey