Prognostic significance of extent of disease in bone in patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of a bone scan index (BSI) based on the weighted proportion of tumor involvement in individual bones, in relation to other factors and to survival in patients with androgen-independent prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Baseline radionuclide bone scans were reviewed in 191 assessable patients with androgen-independent disease who were enrolled onto an open, randomized trial of liarozole versus prednisone. The extent of skeletal involvement was assessed by scoring each scan using the BSI and independently according to the number of metastatic lesions. The relationship of the scored bone involvement to other known prognostic factors was explored in single- and multiple-variable analyses. RESULTS: In single-variable analyses, the pretreatment factors found to be associated with survival were age (P = .0446), performance status (P = .0005), baseline prostate-specific antigen (P = .0001), hemoglobin (P = .0001), alkaline phosphatase (P = .0002), AST (P = .0021), lactate dehydrogenase (P = .0001), and treatment (P = .0098). The extent of osseous disease was significant using both the BSI (P = .0001) and the number of lesions present (P = .0001). In multiple-variable proportional hazards analyses, only BSI, age, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase, and treatment arm were associated with survival. When the patient population was divided into three equal groups, with BSI values of < 1.4%, 1.4% to 5.1%, and > 5.1%, median survivals of 18.3, 15.5, and 8.1 months, respectively, were observed (P = .0079). CONCLUSION: The BSI quantifies the extent of skeletal involvement by tumor. It allows the identification of patients with distinct prognoses for stratification in clinical trials. Further study is needed to assess the utility of serial BSI determinations in monitoring treatment effects. The BSI may be particularly useful in the evaluation of agents for which prostate-specific antigen changes do not reflect clinical outcomes accurately. (+info)
Increased renal retention of 99mTc-methylene diphosphonate after nephron-sparing surgery.
Nephron-sparing surgery has become established as an effective treatment for localized renal cell carcinoma when preservation of renal function is necessary. The surgery usually requires temporary renal artery occlusion and may induce ischemic renal damage. In this study, we retrospectively evaluated renal activity on bone scintigraphy after nephron-sparing surgery. METHODS: Eleven patients who underwent nephron-sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma and had a normal contralateral kidney were studied. A total of 12 bone scintigraphy images with 99mTc-labeled methylene diphosphonate were obtained within 1 y after surgery in these patients to assess skeletal metastasis. Activity in the spared renal parenchyma was compared visually with that in the contralateral normal kidney. RESULTS: The tumor was successfully resected in every patient, and no clinically significant complications occurred. Activity in the spared renal parenchyma was elevated in six of seven examinations performed within 21 d after surgery. In three examinations, the increase in renal activity was heterogeneous, being relatively prominent near the surgical margin. Increased renal activity was not observed on five examinations performed 3 mo or more after surgery. CONCLUSION: Renal retention of bone-seeking agents is elevated in the early period after nephron-sparing surgery, probably as a result of ischemic insult during the surgical procedure. Bone scintigraphy may aid in evaluating the presence and degree of ischemic damage of the spared renal parenchyma. (+info)
Bone agent localization in hepatic metastases.
We present the bone scintigrams of two patients, which demonstrate diffuse extraosseous uptake of a bone agent in metastatic masses in the liver, one from a primary lung tumor and one from a primary breast tumor. The bone imaging agent did not localize in the brain metastases in these patients. CTs of the abdomen in both patients showed massive metastases in the liver with multiple areas of tumor necrosis. The CT of the abdomen of the breast cancer patient showed multiple small hepatic calcifications. Autopsy revealed massive tumor necrosis with calcifications in the enlarged liver. In routine bone scintigraphy, diffuse uptake of bone agents in the liver of a patient with a known malignancy should be considered suggestive of massive hepatic metastases. (+info)
Multiple extra-bone accumulations of technetium-99m-HMDP.
Bone scintigraphy was performed on a woman 2 y and 10 mo after surgery for rectal cancer. Intense extra-bone accumulations of 99mTc-HMDP were visible in an aortic atherosclerosis lesion and in a metastatic liver tumor. Uptake in the metastatic lesion was confirmed by x-ray CT. Uptake in the aortic lesion was shown as typical calcification by x-ray CT. (+info)
Unexpected stomach uptake of technetium-99m-MDP.
Two pediatric cases are described in which the results of each patient's bone scan demonstrated abnormal stomach uptake. There have been a number of reports in the literature describing stomach uptake of bone agents, however, it is an uncommon finding. (+info)
Localization of a bone imaging agent in a calcified hematoma.
A patient with chronic renal failure and secondary hyperparathyroidism had iliac bone biopsy. The procedure was complicated by a soft-tissue hematoma, which had calcified. A 3-4-cm palpable mass was visible in the lower left abdominal wall. Intense uptake of 99mTc-HMDP corresponded with the location of the calcified hematoma in this patient. (+info)
Myositis ossificans demonstrated by positive gallium-67 and technetium-99m-HMDP bone imaging but negative technetium-99m-MIBI imaging.
Gallium-67-citrate and 99mTc-diphosphate bone imaging agents are localized in myositis ossificans, a tumor-like benign soft-tissue mass that makes it impossible to differentiate between malignant tumor and the infection/inflammatory process. We present such a myositis ossificans patient whose bone and 67Ga-citrate imagings showed increased uptake in the left thigh and two foci of the right gluteal region leading to inconclusive results. Technetium-99m-MIBI imaging showed the absence of substantial uptake in these regions. ACT scan confirmed myositis ossificans. The lack of 99mTc-MIBI uptake in myositis ossificans means that 99mTc-MIBI imaging may be useful in the differential diagnosis. (+info)
Bone scintigraphy in chronic knee pain: comparison with magnetic resonance imaging.
OBJECTIVE: To compare increased bone uptake of 99Tcm-MDP and magnetic resonance (MR) detected subchondral lesions, osteophytes, and cartilage defects in the knee in middle aged people with long-standing knee pain. METHODS: Fifty eight people (aged 41-58 years, mean 50) with chronic knee pain, with or without radiographic knee osteoarthritis, were examined with bone scintigraphy. The pattern and the grade of increased bone uptake was assessed. On the same day, a MR examination on a 1.0 T imager was performed. The presence and the grade of subchondral lesions, osteophytes, and cartilage defects were registered. RESULTS: The kappa values describing the correlation between increased bone uptake and MR detected subchondral lesions varied between 0.79 and 0.49, and between increased bone uptake and MR detected osteophytes or cartilage defects the values were < 0.54. The kappa values describing the correlation between the grade of bone uptake and the grade of the different MR findings was < 0.57. CONCLUSIONS: Good agreement was found between increased bone uptake and MR detected subchondral lesion. The agreement between increased bone uptake and osteophytes or cartilage defects was in general poor as well as the agreement between the grade of bone uptake and the grade of the MR findings. (+info)