Furazolidone-containing short-term triple therapies are effective in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection.
BACKGROUND: A furazolidone-containing therapeutic regimen for Helicobacter pylori infection has attracted special interest in the face of a rising world-wide metronidazole resistant H. pylori, and the expense of currently used antimicrobial regimens. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of furazolidone-containing regimens in eradicating H. pylori. METHODS: One-hundred and forty H. pylori positive patients with endoscopically confirmed duodenal ulcer or functional dyspepsia received one of four different regimens to eradicate H. pylori. In the first trial, the patients were randomly assigned to receive a 1-week course of furazolidone 100 mg b.d. and clarithromycin 250 mg b.d., with either tripotassium dicitrato bismuthate (TDB) 240 mg b.d. (FCB group) or lansoprazole 30 mg daily (FCL group). In the second trial, the patients were randomly assigned to receive a 1-week course of clarithromycin 250 mg b.d. and omeprazole 20 mg daily, with either furazolidone 100 mg b.d. (FCO group) or metronidazole 400 mg b.d. (MCO group). Endoscopy was repeated 4 weeks following completion of therapy with re-assessment of H. pylori status on gastric biopsies by histology and culture. RESULTS: Four patients (1 in FCB, 1 in FCO and 2 in MCO groups) dropped out because they refused a follow-up endoscopy. Eradication rates of H. pylori on an intention-to-treat basis in the FCB, FCL, FCO and MCO groups were 91% (32/35, 95% CI: 82-99%), 91% (32/35, CI: 82-99%), 86% (30/35, CI: 74-97%) and 74% (26/35, CI: 60-89%) (all P > 0.05), respectively. Mild side-effects occurred in 15% of the 140 patients. In MCO group, the eradication rate in the patients infected with metronidazole-sensitive isolates of H. pylori was 86%, but dropped to 67% in those with metronidazole-resistance strains (P = 0.198). CONCLUSION: One-week regimens containing furazolidone and clarithromycin in combination with TDB or a proton pump inhibitor fulfil the criteria for successful H. pylori therapy. (+info)
Low-dose lansoprazole provides greater relief of heartburn and epigastric pain than low-dose omeprazole in patients with acid-related dyspepsia.
AIM: To compare the relative efficacies of lansoprazole 15 mg o.m. and omeprazole 10 mg o.m. in relieving heartburn and epigastric pain in patients with acid-related dyspepsia. In addition, the study compared the safety profiles of the two treatments. METHODS: This double-blind, parallel group, randomised, multicentre study was conducted in 52 general practices in the UK. A total of 609 patients was recruited, 562 of whom were eligible for inclusion in the intention-to-treat analysis. All of the patients had experienced at least mild heartburn or mild epigastric pain persistently on at least 4 of the previous 7 days; patients with severe symptoms were excluded. 283 patients received lansoprazole 15 mg and 279 received omeprazole 10 mg, both for 4 weeks. The main efficacy measure was relief of symptoms, based on physician assessments. RESULTS: In the intention-to-treat population, a complete relief of overall primary symptoms of dyspepsia was achieved after 2 weeks in 53% of patients receiving lansoprazole and in 41% of patients receiving omeprazole (P = 0.007). After 4 weeks, 59% of the lansoprazole group and 51% of the omeprazole group had achieved complete symptom relief (P = 0. 078). Antacids were taken for additional relief of symptoms in fewer patients given lansoprazole compared to the omeprazole group in the third and fourth weeks (P = 0.035) and also significantly fewer antacids were taken by patients in the lansoprazole group compared with patients in the omeprazole group (P = 0.033). The proportion of patients reporting adverse events was similar in both groups. CONCLUSION: Low-dose lansoprazole is more effective than low-dose omeprazole in the treatment of patients with mild heartburn or epigastric pain in general practice. (+info)
Polaprezinc, a mucosal protective agent, in combination with lansoprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin increases the cure rate of Helicobacter pylori infection.
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of polaprezinc, a mucosal protective agent, in combination with a 7-day triple therapy containing lansoprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin, as a treatment for Helicobacter pylori. METHODS: Sixty-six consecutive patients suffering from dyspeptic symptoms with H. pylori infection were randomly allocated to one of two regimens: one group (LAC; n = 31) received lansoprazole 30 mg b.d., amoxycillin 500 mg b.d. and clarithromycin 400 mg b.d. for 7 days. The other group (LACP; n = 35) received the LAC regimen plus polaprezinc 150 mg b.d. for 7 days. H. pylori status was evaluated by rapid urease test, histology and culture at entry and 4 weeks after treatment. RESULTS: Five patients did not complete the treatment: no follow-up endoscopy was performed on two patients in the LAC group; one patient in the LAC group and two in the LACP group had their treatment stopped due to severe diarrhoea. By per protocol analysis, H. pylori eradication was achieved in 24 of the 28 evaluable patients (86%; 95% CI: 72-100%) after LAC therapy, and in 33 of the 33 evaluable patients (100%) after LACP therapy (P < 0.05). On intention-to-treat analysis, the rates of eradication were 24 of 31 patients (77%; 95% CI: 62-93%) in the LAC group, and 33 of 35 patients (94%; 95% CI: 86-100%) in the LACP group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: A 7-day triple therapy with lansoprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin is effective in H. pylori eradication, but this regimen is significantly improved by the addition of polaprezinc. (+info)
The optimal antibiotic combination in a 5-day Helicobacter pylori eradication regimen.
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for Helicobacter pylori eradication recommend 7 days of a proton-pump inhibitor, clarithromycin (C), and either metronidazole (M) or amoxycillin (A). A shorter course would be cheaper and could be as effective. AIM: This study was designed to investigate the efficacy of three 5-day regimens based on lansoprazole (L). METHODS: 168 dyspepsia patients with H. pylori infection were randomized to receive a 5-day course of either LCM, LAC or CALM, and a 13C-urea breath test was performed after 4 weeks to assess eradication. RESULTS: 160 patients completed the study. Intention-to-treat eradication rates were as follows: LCM 81%, LAC 59%, CALM 88%. LCM and CALM gave significantly better eradication rates than LAC. There was no significant difference in adverse events across the three groups. Logistical regression analysis showed that the specific regimen used and the age of the patient were the only factors influencing eradication outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Five days of CALM yields acceptable eradication rates, and is cheaper than conventional 7-day proton pump inhibitor-triple therapy. It appears to offer good results in metronidazole-resistant strains of H. pylori. A randomized trial comparing 5-day CALM with conventional 7-day therapy is needed before this regimen can be recommended for routine use. (+info)
Treatment of H. pylori infection: the reality.
Despite the wide dissemination of information on Helicobacter pylori, there is still a great deal of variation in how general practitioners treat the infection and in which circumstances they prescribe eradication therapy for H. pylori. Specialty societies have developed consensus guidelines that recommend a strategy to test and treat dyspeptic patients for H. pylori infection although the data to support these recommendations are weak at the present time. As a result, there is still confusion about the indications for treatment and the treatment regimens that are likely to be effective in routine clinical practice. (+info)
The effect of Helicobacter pylori eradication on intragastric pH during dosing with lansoprazole or ranitidine.
BACKGROUND: The antisecretory effect of omeprazole on intragastric pH is decreased in the absence of Helicobacter pylori. AIM: To investigate the effect of H. pylori eradication on intragastric pH during lansoprazole or ranitidine dosing in 41 asymptomatic H. pylori-positive subjects. METHOD: Two groups of healthy H. pylori-positive volunteers were investigated. One group was dosed with lansoprazole 30 mg at 08.00 hours for at least 8 days, before and after 2 weeks of placebo-controlled double-blind eradication therapy using ranitidine bismuth citrate 400 mg b.d. and clarithromycin 500 mg b.d. The other group was dosed with ranitidine 300 mg at 23.00 hours for at least 8 days using the same trial design. An upper endoscopy was performed to establish H. pylori status by rapid urease test, culture and histology before both periods of dosing. Twenty-four hour intragastric pH recording was performed on the final day of all periods of dosing. RESULTS: H. pylori eradication significantly decreased the intragastric pH reached during lansoprazole treatment throughout all periods of the day. Intragastric pH during ranitidine treatment was not affected by H. pylori eradication, except for the late-night period. CONCLUSION: H. pylori eradication has a more pronounced effect on the acid-inhibiting properties of lansoprazole than on those of ranitidine. (+info)
Impact of rabeprazole, a new proton pump inhibitor, in triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection-comparison with omeprazole and lansoprazole.
BACKGROUND: A recent trend in curative therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection is the so-called triple therapy, which consists of a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) and two different antimicrobials. Various regimens employing this triple therapy have been reported. However, little is known about the effectiveness of rabeprazole, a recently developed proton pump inhibitor, when used in the triple therapy. AIM: To validate its usefulness by comparing rabeprazole with omeprazole and lansoprazole, in combination with amoxycillin and clarithromycin. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 221 H. pylori-positive patients with peptic ulcer disease were randomized to receive one of three different proton pump inhibitor/amoxycillin-clarithromycin (PPI/AC) regimens for 7 days. (i) OAC regimen (n = 75): omeprazole 20 mg b.d., amoxycillin (AMOX) 500 mg t.d.s. and clarithromycin (CAM) 200 mg b.d.; (ii) LAC regimen (n = 74): lansoprazole 30 mg b.d. , AMOX 500 mg t.d.s. and CAM 200 mg b.d.; and (iii) RAC regimen (n = 72): rabeprazole 20 mg b.d., AMOX 500 mg t.d.s. and CAM 200 mg b.d. Cure of the infection was determined by the 13C urea breath test 1 month after completion of the treatment. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat based cure rates for OAC, LAC and RAC regimens were 85% (95% CI, 75-92), 84% (95%, CI 73-91) and 88% (95% CI, 78-94), respectively, and per protocol based cure rates of these regimens were 88% (95% CI, 78-94), 91% (95%, CI 82-99) and 93% (95% CI, 84-98), respectively. Adverse effects in the entire study population, which included diarrhoea, glossitis or skin rash, were reported by 15% of the patients, and complete compliance was achieved in 95% of these patients. CONCLUSION: 1-week proton pump inhibitor/AC regimens for H. pylori infection were effective in the Japanese population. Rabeprazole can be considered as equivalent to omeprazole and lansoprazole in the PPI/AC triple therapy. (+info)
Impact of clarithromycin resistance on the effectiveness of a regimen for Helicobacter pylori: a prospective study of 1-week lansoprazole, amoxycillin and clarithromycin in active peptic ulcer.
BACKGROUND: Clarithromycin is a key antimicrobial in the combinations used to cure Helicobacter pylori infections, so there is a need to define the impact of in vitro resistance on in vivo results. METHODS: A prospective trial was designed to study the effectiveness of the 1-week combination of lansoprazole, clarithromycin and amoxycillin in 102 consecutive patients with active peptic ulcer. The pre-treatment and post-treatment sensitivity to amoxycillin, metronidazole and clarithromycin were studied by E-test, and H. pylori status was defined by histology, culture and urease test at diagnosis and one month after treatment, and by urea-breath test 2 months after treatment. RESULTS: The eradication rate (intention-to-treat analysis) was 77% (95% CI: 69-86). No clinical factor was found to be different between eradicated and non-eradicated patients. Clarithromycin-resistant strains were found in 10 (10%; CI: 5-17) patients. The eradication rate was 20% (CI: 3-56) in these patients vs. 83% (CI: 75-91) in patients harbouring clarithromycin-sensitive strains (P < 0.001). A logistic-regression analysis confirmed clarithromycin resistance as the only factor associated with treatment failure. CONCLUSIONS: Clarithromycin resistance significatively impairs the effectiveness of the combination of lansoprazole, amoxycillin, and clarithromycin. The 80% efficacy goal will be difficult to reach in areas with high (>10%) primary clarithromyicin resistance, if currently recommended proton pump inhibitor-triple therapies are used. (+info)