Malignant fibrothecomatous tumour of the ovary: diagnostic value of anti-inhibin immunostaining.
Malignant ovarian tumours of the fibrothecoma group are rare. The clinicopathological features of a case of ovarian malignant fibrothecoma in which there was metastatic disease in the small intestine and peritoneum at presentation are described. A number of differential diagnoses were considered but positive immunohistochemical staining of the resected ovarian and small intestinal neoplasms with anti-inhibin was of value in confirming a sex cord-stromal tumour and in excluding other lesions. The two tumours were also ultrastructurally identical. Classical malignant fibrothecomas are said to show four or more mitotic figures per 10 high power fields (HPF). Although the intestinal secondary was mitotically active, the primary ovarian tumour contained only one to two mitoses per 10 HPF, showing that formal mitotic counts are not an absolute indicator of malignant behaviour in this group of tumours. (+info)
Small intestinal ulceration secondary to carcinoid tumour arising in a Meckel's diverticulum.
A solitary small intestinal ulcer associated with a carcinoid tumour in a nearby Meckel's diverticulum was found in a 77 year old man presenting with massive rectal bleeding. Angiography and a radioisotope study localised the bleeding to the ileum. At operation, the Meckel's diverticulum was identified, with bleeding from an ulcer just distal to it. Pathological examination revealed a small carcinoid tumour confined to the Meckel's diverticulum. Close to the opening of the diverticulum, within the ileum, a well demarcated ulcer was present. Histology showed a non-specific ulcer which eroded a large blood vessel. This is the first documented occurrence of solitary small intestinal ulceration in association with a carcinoid tumour. Carcinoid tumour should be added to the list of possible causes of small intestinal ulceration. The ulceration may be secondary to release of cytokines by the tumour. (+info)
A case of ureteric obstruction, retroperitoneal fibrosis, and carcinoid tumour.
We report the incidental finding at surgery for retroperitoneal fibrosis of a carcinoid tumour causing complete right ureteric obstruction. Retroperitoneal fibrosis is an uncommon inflammatory disease that leads to extensive fibrosis throughout the retroperitoneum. It can occur at any age, peak incidence being in patients between 40 and 60 years of age. Carcinoid tumours arise from enterochromaffin or amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation cells that occur in gastrointestinal tract. Carcinoid tumours are an uncommon clinical entity and incidence varies with gender and age. No association between retroperitoneal fibrosis and carcinoid tumour has been previously reported in the English literature, although one case has been reported in a French journal. (+info)
Biclonal lymphoplasmacytic immunocytoma associated with Crohn's disease.
A 33-year-old man with a 4-year history of Crohn's disease presented with marked ascites and an abdominal tumor. Two M-protein peaks, immunoglobulin (Ig) G-kappa and IgA-kappa, were detected in the serum. Neoplastic lymphoplasmacytic cells were infiltrated in the bone marrow and ascites. Histological examination of the abdominal tumor showed marked proliferation of lymphoplasmacytic cells that were positive for either IgG or IgA. Moreover, DNA sequences of the expressed IgG and IgA genes were different in the complementarity-determining region 3. These results suggest that chronic inflammation in Crohn's disease contributes to the simultaneous development of biclonal lymphoplasmacytic immunocytoma of the small intestine. (+info)
Descriptive epidemiology of small intestinal malignancies: the German Cancer Registry experience.
In the first population-based analysis of certain epidemiologic features of primary malignancies of the small intestine in Germany, we used data from the Saarland Cancer Registry (1982-1993) and from the former National Cancer Registry of the German Democratic Republic (1976-1989). The age-standardized incidence rates for ages 0-74 years is 3.3-6.2 per million per year. The average incidence rates of the federal state Saarland are for men about 1.3 times and for women about 1.4 times the rate of the former German Democratic Republic. After the age of 30 years, the incidence rates increased with increasing age. Incidence rates for carcinoids levelled off after the age of 54 years. Rates for men were 35-40% higher than for women after adjusting for age. The risk for carcinomas, malignant carcinoids and malignant lymphoma were higher for men than for women. (+info)
Morphological-histochemical study of intestinal carcinoids and K-ras mutation analysis in appendiceal carcinoids.
Intestinal carcinoids are potentially malignant neoplasms. Their histogenesis and pathogenesis are currently uncertain. The morphological and histochemical characteristics of twenty intestinal carcinoids are studied. The primary sites of three mucin-producing tumors were examined by electron microscope. Furthermore 11 appendiceal carcinoids were analysed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of ras and p53 point mutations. Microscopically all carcinoids were of mixed type. Focal mucin production was evident in three carcinoids that metastasised to regional lymph nodes. HID-Alcian blue staining proved that mucin in both primary and secondary foci did not belong to the sulphated group. The secretory granules and mucin droplets found in a single neoplastic cell suggest that carcinoids of the small intestine and some of the appendix arise from the endoderm. Neither ras nor p53 mutations were detected. It seems that ras oncogenes are probably not involved in the pathogenesis of appendiceal carcinoids. (+info)
Carcinoid constrictive pericarditis.
A 78 year old man presented with diarrhoea, anorexia, and progressive lower limb oedema. He was in atrial fibrillation and had a right pleural effusion and ascites. Ultrasound of the abdomen and 24 hour urinary hydroxyindoleacetic acid output indicated metastatic carcinoid syndrome. Cardiac catheterisation revealed pericardial constriction, and pericardial exploration showed a greatly thickened pericardium with no evidence of tumour invasion. The patient died within 24 hours of surgery. Necropsy findings were consistent with a diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis secondary to metastatic carcinoid syndrome. (+info)
Laparoscopic-assisted resection of a bleeding gastrointestinal stromal tumor.
The authors report a case of a 29-year-old male patient with a severe lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage in whom a successful laparoscopic diagnosis and resection (assisted) of an ileal gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) was performed. Laparoscopy can be very useful in the diagnosis and treatment of selected cases of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. (+info)