The association between atrophic glossitis and protein-calorie malnutrition in old age. (1/25)

AIM: To examine the relationship between atrophic glossitis (absence of papillae in more than 50% of the tongue) and nutritional status. DESIGN: A randomized population survey. SETTING: The medical department of Aker University Hospital, and people living at home. PARTICIPANTS: 310 old people recently admitted to hospital and 106 randomly selected elderly people at home. MEASURES: The presence of atrophic glossitis and nutritional indices. RESULTS: Atrophic glossitis occurred in 13.2% of men and 5.6% of women at home and in 26.6% of men and 37% of women in hospital. The atrophic glossitis was related to reduced weight, body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, arm-muscle circumference, muscular strength, activities of daily living and serum concentrations of cholesterol, ascorbic acid, cholecalcidiol and B12, but not to levels of zinc or folate. In a multiple logistic regression model, atrophic glossitis was related only to cholesterol (P = 0.032), muscular strength (P = 0.018) and activities of daily living (P = 0.03). CONCLUSION: Atrophic glossitis is common in elderly people and is a marker for malnutrition and reduced muscle function.  (+info)

Topical administration of a doxorubicin-specific monoclonal antibody prevents drug-induced mouth apoptosis in mice. (2/25)

One of the most severe side effects of anti-tumour chemotherapy is mucositis due to drug toxicity for rapidly dividing cells. We show here that anti-DXR monoclonal antibodies can prevent DXR-induced damage. Indeed, apoptosis, confined to the proliferative compartment of the basal mucosa, observed in the tongue of DXR-treated mice was completely inhibited by topical application of the anti-DXR antibodies.  (+info)

Immunohistochemical and ultrastructural identification of Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum in bovine fatal necrotizing glossitis. (3/25)

A 37-day-old male Japanese black calf showing marked salivation and leucocytosis died and was examined the tissues histologically. Histological lesions were characterized by severe focal necrotic glossitis on the ventral side of the root of the tongue. Immunohistochemically, Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum antigen was detected in the necrotic tissues and its distribution corresponded to that of the gram-negative, nonsporeforming, long filamentous organisms. Ultrastructural similarities between the organism and F. necrophorum subsp. necrophorum, but not subsp. funduliforme were observed. These findings clearly demonstrated that the fatal necrotic glossitis was caused by F. necrophorum subsp. necrophorum. This is the first report of bovine fatal necrotizing glossitis with leucocytosis caused by F. necrophorum subsp. necrophorum infection, and this organism may be an important fatal pathogen in calves with glossal lesions.  (+info)

Kaposi's sarcoma of the tongue associated with median rhomboid glossitis in a non-AIDS patient. A case report. (4/25)

Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) of the tongue is extremely rare in immunocompetent patients. We report a case of KS of the tongue associated with a median rhomboid glossitis. The main clinical, pathological and immunohistochemical features allowed the differential diagnosis.  (+info)

Granulomatous glossitis: a case report. (5/25)

A 50-year-old man was admitted to our clinic with a complaint of lingual enlargement. Detection of non-caseous epithelioid granuloma on histopathological examination led to a diagnosis of a granulomatous glossitis. Extensive investigation for the presence of associated disorders yielded negative results. Metranidazole and clofazimine were totally ineffective and tetracycline led to a minimal improvement. No associated disorder was detected at a 4-year follow-up examination. The position of granulomatous glossitis within the spectrum of orofacial granulomatous conditions is discussed.  (+info)

Rhomboid glossitis in atypical location: case report and differential diagnosis. (6/25)

Median rhomboid glossitis (MRG) is an uncommon benign abnormality of the tongue, most frequently affecting men. It is typically located around the midline of the dorsum of the tongue, anterior to the lingual "V", appearing as a reddish, rhomboid area, depapillated, flat maculate or mamillated and raised by 2 - 5 mm. This paper reports a case of rhomboid glossitis in a 61-year-old man who consulted for a painless raised lesion on the dorsum of the tongue, in left paramedial (not medial) location. Histopathological findings were compatible with rhomboid glossitis. Other diagnoses considered but ruled out on the basis of the clinical and histopathological findings were haemangioma, pyogenic granuloma, amyloidosis, granular cell tumour, and squamous cell carcinoma. This case confirms that rhomboid glossitis may occur in paramedial locations.  (+info)

Pachyonychia congenita associated with median rhomboid glossitis. (7/25)

A 3-year-old girl presented with subungual hyperkeratosis and nail plates with increased transverse curvature, distal elevation, yellow-brown discoloration, and mild thickening. The changes, which affected all 20 nails, had developed during the first year of life. Mucocutaneous examination showed the presence of median rhomboid glossitis. The patient's mother had similar nail changes, which had been present since infancy as well as a focal plantar keratoderma and hyperhidrosis. The patient's clinical presentation and history were compatible with a diagnosis of pachyonychia congenita, a rare heritable disease that affects the nails, skin, oral and laryngeal mucosae, teeth, and hair. Dominant-negative mutations in four keratin genes (K6a, K6b, K16, and K17) lead to keratinocyte fragility and the resultant pachyonychia congenita phenotype. Successful targeted therapies are currently lacking for this oftentimes disabling disorder. Although oral manifestations are a common feature of PC, to our knowledge, this represents the first report of median rhomboid glossitis in association with PC.  (+info)

Extracutaneous sporotrichosis in a patient with liver cirrhosis. (8/25)

We report an unusual case of disseminated cutaneous sporotrichosis with oral mucous and tracheal involvement in a forty-year-old male with a history of heavy drinking and liver cirrhosis. We also review the literature and other similar published cases.  (+info)