Resveratrol tetramers with a C6-C3 or a C1 unit from Upuna borneensis.
Investigation of the chemical constituents in the stem of Upuna borneensis (Dipterocarpaceae) resulted in the isolation of three new resveratrol derivatives, upunaphenols L (1), M (2) (resveratrol tetramers with a C(6)-C(3) unit) and N (3) (resveratrol tetramer with a C(1) unit). The structures have the same partial structure as vaticanol B (4). Upunaphenols L and M are new complex polyphenol compounds, lignostilbene. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis including two dimensional NMR. Upunaphenol M was found to be an artifact generated by silica gel catalyzed methanolysis of 1. (+info)
Antidiabetogenic constituents from the Thai traditional medicine Cotylelobium melanoxylon.
The methanolic extracts from the wood and bark of Cotylelobium melanoxylon were found to inhibit plasma glucose elevation after sucrose loading in rats and triglyceride elevation after olive oil loading in mice. A new stilbene dimer, melanoxylin A, together with the known stilbene dimers [(+)-ampelopsin F, (+)-isoampelopsin F, and (+)-epsilon-viniferin] and a trimer (vaticanol G) and a lignan [(+)-lyoniresinol] were isolated from the wood extract, and a new stilbene trimer, melanoxylin B, together with the known stilbene dimers [(+)-epsilon-viniferin and cis-(+)-epsilon-viniferin] and trimers (vaticanols A, E, and G) were isolated from the bark extract of C. melanoxylon. The principal constituents, vaticanols A, E, and/or G, inhibited plasma glucose and triglyceride elevation after sucrose loading in rats and olive oil loading in mice, respectively. In addition, vaticanols A, E, and/or G inhibited the enzyme activities of rat intestinal alpha-glucosidase, porcine pancreatic lipase, and rat lens aldose reductase. (+info)
Two new resveratrol tetramers from Upuna borneensis.
Phytochemical investigation of an acetone extract of Upuna borneensis (Dipterocarpaceae) resulted in the isolation of two new resveratrol tetramers, upunaphenols O (1) and P (2). The structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis including NMR experiments. (+info)
Inhibition of HIV-1 entry by extracts derived from traditional Chinese medicinal herbal plants.