(73/341) Left ventricular free wall rupture in acute myocardial infarction: a case report and literature review.

We describe a case of subacute left ventricular free wall rupture during acute myocardial infarction in a 68-year-old man. The diagnosis was confirmed by echocardiography. The patient was supported by an intra-aortic balloon pump until the ruptured wall could be successfully repaired by suturing and gluing a pericardial patch over the defect and bypassing the left anterior descending coronary artery with a vein graft. This case demonstrates that left ventricular free wall rupture is not always fatal and that early diagnosis and institution of intra-aortic balloon pump support in such patients can allow successful bridging to definitive emergency surgical therapy.  (+info)

(74/341) Comparison of four techniques for the fixation of a collagen scaffold in the human cadaveric knee.

OBJECTIVE: Four fixation techniques for a fibrinogen and thrombin coated collagen fleece, used as a scaffold in the cartilage repair, were compared simulating the initial postoperative period in the cadaveric knee joints. METHODS: Full-thickness chondral lesions were made on the medial femoral condyles of seven human cadaveric inferior extremities. Four scaffolds without seeded chondrocytes were implanted into each lesion using four fixation techniques consecutively: self-adhesion without additional material (SA), fibrin sealant (FS), bone sutures (BS), and periosteal cover (PC). After each implantation 150 cycles of continuous passive motion (CPM) were performed. Two cases were additionally exposed to 50 cycles of 10 and 20 kg loading each after the completion of CPM. The scaffolds were evaluated after every 30 cycles, and the fixation strength was tested after the motion was completed. RESULTS: All the SA scaffolds were detached before 60 cycles. The other scaffolds remained stable throughout the testing with only minor disruptions. The endpoint fixation strength was higher for BS and PC than for the FS scaffolds. The FS scaffolds were detached as a result of additional load cycles, while the BS and PC scaffolds showed substantial deformations. CONCLUSION: SA of tested scaffold did not provide sufficient fixation. The FS fixation was easy to perform and assured satisfactory scaffold stability. BS and PC provided excellent scaffold stability, but the techniques were difficult and caused additional injuries. Regardless of the fixation technique used, the tested collagen scaffold may not be exposed to loading in the initial postoperative period.  (+info)

(75/341) Endovascular treatment of intracerebral arteriovenous malformations: procedural safety, complications, and results evaluated by MR imaging, including diffusion and perfusion imaging.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endovascular embolization is an increasingly common method to treat intracerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). To date, however, published data are rather scarce, especially with regard to true procedure-related complications and their causes. The purpose of our study was to evaluate treatment safety and correlate anatomic results with clinical outcome by using MR imaging, including diffusion-weighted (DWI) and perfusion imaging (PI). METHODS: We performed 50 endovascular procedures in 21 patients. Most AVMs were supratentorial, Spetzler-Martin grades II-IV. MR imaging was scheduled within 1 week before and 3 days after each treatment. MR imaging findings were correlated to digital subtraction angiography, procedure reports, and the clinical course. Outcome was graded according to the modified Rankin scale (mRS) 3-6 months after treatment. RESULTS: In this study, 104 MR imaging examinations were performed; mean interval between the endovascular procedure and posttreatment MR imaging was 28 hours. Nine adverse events occurred in 7 patients during 8 procedures (16%), one causing a permanent deficit. New lesions were noted on MR imaging after 22/50 procedures. Ischemic lesions in 22% of the procedures, frequently located perinidally. Most lesions were small, frequently asymptomatic, and reversible (18/23). Four hematomas were found. Subacute hemorrhages developed from a vasogenic edema on 2 occasions. New lesions, including hematomas, developed between treatments in 4 patients, mainly because of progressive occlusion of the nidus or draining veins. PI overestimated the AVM nidus on most occasions, and transient worsening of the PI pattern was noted in 2 patients. Treatment-related mortality and morbidity were 0% and 14.2%, respectively (mRS 1-2). CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular procedures are rather safe but are associated with more ischemic events and followed by less hemodynamic disturbances than previously understood. Adverse procedural events and new MR imaging lesions were generally asymptomatic and most often transient, if symptomatic. Most lesions would not have been verified without MR imaging. DWI and PI were most useful to detect and understand the cause of various complications. The most clinically important complications were caused by late venous occlusions.  (+info)

(76/341) Adal-1 bioadhesive for sutureless recession muscle surgery: a clinical trial.

AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and biotolerance of the Adal-1 adhesive for muscle sealing in strabismus surgery. METHODS: 27 eyes were included in the study: 17 in the control group and 10 in the study group. Surgery was performed on the recession of the horizontal rectus muscles. In the control group the muscle was joined to the sclera by a Vicryl 7/0 suture. In the study group, the Adal-1 adhesive was used instead. The efficacy of the sealing of the muscle to the sclera and the biotolerance of the surrounding tissues were evaluated. RESULTS: The muscular recession in the control group was 8.17 (SD 2.38) with displacement of the sealing point of 0.02 (1.7) mm. In the group sealed with adhesive, the muscular recession was 9.09 (3.08) and the displacement was 0.15 (1.56) mm, with no significant differences between the techniques (p<0.05). The inflammation of the surrounding tissues in the immediate postoperative period was greater with the suture technique (p>0.05), but there were no differences in the other postoperative periods (Mann-Whitney U test). CONCLUSION: Adal-1 was an effective and safe alternative to sutures in muscle recession for strabismus surgery in this study.  (+info)

(77/341) A comparison of three methods of wound closure following arthroplasty: a prospective, randomised, controlled trial.

We carried out a blinded prospective randomised controlled trial comparing 2-octylcyanoacrylate (OCA), subcuticular suture (monocryl) and skin staples for skin closure following total hip and total knee arthroplasty. We included 102 hip replacements and 85 of the knee.OCA was associated with less wound discharge in the first 24 hours for both the hip and the knee. However, with total knee replacement there was a trend for a more prolonged wound discharge with OCA. With total hip replacement there was no significant difference between the groups for either early or late complications. Closure of the wound with skin staples was significantly faster than with OCA or suture. There was no significant difference in the length of stay in hospital, Hollander wound evaluation score (cosmesis) or patient satisfaction between the groups at six weeks for either hips or knees. We consider that skin staples are the skin closure of choice for both hip and knee replacements.  (+info)

(78/341) Bleeding gastric varices: results of endoscopic injection with cyanoacrylate at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital.

AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gastric varices injection with cyanoacrylate in patients with gastric variceal bleeding. METHODS: Twenty-four patients (15 males, 9 females) with gastric variceal bleeding underwent endoscopic treatment with cyanoacrylate injection. Successful hemostasis, rebleeding rate, and complications were retrospectively reviewed. Followed up endoscopy was performed and repeat cyanoacrylate injection was given until gastric varices were obliterated. RESULTS: Seventeen patients achieved definite hemostasis. Of these, 14 patients had primary success after initial endoscopic therapy. Ten patients developed recurrent bleeding. Repeated cyanoacrylate injection stopped rebleeding in three patients. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) was performed to control rebleeding in one patient which occurred after repeat endoscopic therapy. Six patients died (three from uncontrolled bleeding, two from sepsis, and one from mesenteric vein thrombosis). Minor complications occurred in 11 patients (six epigastric discomfort and five post injection ulcers). Cyanoacrylate embolism developed in two patients. One of these patients died from mesenteric vein thrombosis. The other had pulmonary embolism which resolved spontaneously. Advanced cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were major risk factors for uncontrolled bleeding. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic treatment for bleeding gastric varices with cyanoacrylate injection is effective for immediate hemostasis. Repeat cyanoacrylate injection has a lower success rate than the initial injection. Cyanoacrylate embolism is not a common serious complication.  (+info)

(79/341) The use of a surgical sealant (CoSeal) in cardiac and vascular reconstructive surgery: an economic analysis.

AIM: We designed a study to estimate the economic impact of CoSeal Surgical Sealant for the prevention of anastomotic bleeding in cardiac and vascular surgery. We also explored the potential economic value of CoSeal as a means of inhibiting the formation of pericardial tissue adhesions. METHODS: A Delphi panel of 6 expert vascular and cardiac surgeons provided the assumptions and estimates needed to develop a decision analysis model to assess the impact of sealant on the costs associated with low- and high-risk forms of cardiac (valve replacement/reconstruction) and vascular (abdominal aortic aneurysm [AAA] repair, femoral bypass grafting) surgery. The primary outcome was incremental cost per patient. RESULTS: For valve repair/replacement surgery, sealant was expected to confer cost-savings in high-risk but not low-risk procedures. Predicted cost savings for high-risk AAA repairs were substantial, but minimal in the overall AAA group. Cost-savings were predicted for sealant use in all femoral-popliteal ePTFE bypass grafts, but in high-risk femoral-femoral ePTFE bypass grafts only. CONCLUSIONS: According to our decision analysis model, routine use of surgical sealant in select subgroups may confer considerable economic benefits to health service budgets. Future research should aim at testing this model in a real-world hospital setting. Assessment of the value of CoSeal in the prevention of postsurgical adhesions showed that expert surgeons see a need for effective prophylaxis. Further research into the clinical and economic benefit of this intervention is required.  (+info)

(80/341) Medial meniscus transplantation using cyanoacrylate in rabbits.

PURPOSE: To evaluate meniscal transplantation using as fixation method a synthetic glue derived from cyanoacrylate acid. METHODS: Twenty rabbits were used, of which 10 for autologous transplantation and 10 for homologous transplantation. For the autologous transplantation the meniscus was removed, and then transplanted in the same animal, using the synthetic glue. For the homologous transplantation, the study was divided into two stages: 1--Removal of the meniscus which was maintained at a temperature of 73 C. 2--Use of cyanoacrylate acid-derived surgical adhesive for meniscal retransplantation in a different rabbit 30 days after the transplant. RESULTS: Due to complications, euthanasia had to be anticipated to the 15th day in the homologous group and to the 18th day in the autologous group. Macroscopically, knees submitted to transplantation presented whitish secretions from the surgical incision up to deep planes. Necrosis was observed in both groups. Statistical analysis has shown that mild (p=0.043) and moderate (p=0.001) complications emerged in a significantly earlier way in the homologous group, where euthanasia was also performed earlier (p=0.005). CONCLUSION: Synthetic surgical adhesives derived from cyanoacrylate acid promoted cortical to medullary bone necrosis bone in both groups.  (+info)