(41/341) Type II endoleak after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a conservative approach with selective intervention is safe and cost-effective.

OBJECTIVES: The conservative versus therapeutic approach to type II endoleak after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) has been controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and cost-effectiveness of the conservative approach of embolizing type II endoleak only when persistent for more than 6 months and associated with aneurysm sac growth of 5 mm or more. METHODS: Data for 486 consecutive patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed for incidence and outcome of type II endoleaks. Spiral computed tomography (CT) scans were reviewed, and patient outcome was evaluated at either office visit or telephone contact. Patients with new or late-appearing type II endoleak were evaluated with spiral CT at 6-month intervals to evaluate both persistence of the endoleak and size of the aneurysm sac. Persistent (>or=6 months) type II endoleak and aneurysm sac growth of 5 mm or greater were treated with either translumbar glue or coil embolization of the lumbar source, or transarterial coil embolization of the inferior mesenteric artery. RESULTS: Type II endoleaks were detected in 90 (18.5%) patients. With a mean follow-up of 21.7 +/- 16 months, only 35 (7.2%) patients had type II endoleak that persisted for 6 months or longer. Aneurysm sac enlargement was noted in 5 patients, representing 1% of the total series. All 5 patients underwent successful translumbar sac embolization (n = 4) or transarterial inferior mesenteric artery embolization (n = 4) at a mean follow-up of 18.2 +/- 8.0 months, with no recurrence or aneurysm sac growth. No patient with treated or untreated type II endoleak has had rupture of the aneurysm. The mean global cost for treatment of persistent type II endoleak associated with aneurysm sac growth was US dollars 6695.50 (hospital cost plus physician reimbursement). Treatment in the 30 patients with persistent type II endoleak but no aneurysm sac growth would have represented an additional cost of US dollars 200000 or more. The presence or absence of a type II endoleak did not affect survival (78% vs 73%) at 48 months. CONCLUSIONS: Selective intervention to treat type II endoleak that persists for 6 months and is associated with aneurysm enlargement seems to be both safe and cost-effective. Longer follow-up will determine whether this conservative approach to management of type II endoleak is the standard of care.  (+info)

(42/341) Evaluation of the permeability of the furcation area of deciduous molars conditioned with Er:YAG laser and cyanoacrylate.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the dentin permeability of the deciduous pulp chamber floor after employing 2-octyl cyanoacrylate and Er:YAG laser. Twenty four deciduous molars were used, divided into four groups. After chemical-surgical preparation each group received a different treatment: Group 1 - control, without treatment; Group 2 - the floor of the pulp chamber was covered with a fine layer of 2-octyl cyanoacrylate; Group 3 - the floor of the pulp chamber was irradiated with Er:YAG laser (250 mJ, 10 Hz for 30 seconds, 80 J of energy and 320 pulses), and covered with a fine layer of 2-octyl cyanoacrylate; and Group 4 - the floor of the pulp chamber was irradiated with Er:YAG laser set at the parameters already described. After that the specimens received application of 0.5% methylene blue, for 15 minutes. The teeth were cut, photographed, and the digitalized images were analyzed using the ImageLab program. The results obtained were submitted to statistical analysis. Group 4 (Er:YAG) presented the largest averages in percentage of dye penetration area (19.5%), followed by Group 1 (11.1%), Group 3 (1.4%) and Group 2 (0.2%). The experimental model allowed to conclude that the specimens conditioned with 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (Group 2) and Er:YAG laser associated to 2-octyl cyanoacrylate (Group 3) presented a decrease in permeability, and the specimens treated with Er:YAG laser (Group 4) presented an increase in permeability of the analyzed area.  (+info)

(43/341) Octylcyanoacrylate skin closure in laparoscopy.

OBJECTIVES: Octylcyanoacrylate (Dermabond) is a dermal bond useful in closing surgical skin incisions. We compared skin octylcyanoacrylate with subcuticular skin sutures to close laparoscopic trocar sites. METHODS: A randomized, double-armed, prospective study was performed with 59 patients, in whom 228 trocar sites were closed. Twenty-nine patients underwent subcuticular closure of laparoscopic incisions, and 30 patients received closure with octylcyanoacrylate. Sutured trocar sites were closed with subcuticular 4-0 absorable suture. Octylcyanoacrylate wounds received closure in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer (Ethicon, Somerville, NJ). The number of sutures or vials of octylcyanoacrylate used, closure times, and postoperative wound problems were recorded. Wounds were assessed 2 weeks postoperatively for healing complications. Closure costs were estimated using published operating room time per hour plus the cost of octylcyanoacrylate or suture. The Student paired t test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The overall mean time for skin closure using octylcyanoacrylate and suture was 3.7 minutes and 14 minutes, respectively (P<0.00001). An average of 2.2 packets of suture were used to close all port sites, while those closed with octylcyanoacrylate required an average of 3.4 vials per patient. Wound complications consisted of subcuticular seroma with skin separation. No difference was noted in complication rates between the 2 groups. Overall average cost per closure using octylcyanoacrylate was 198 dollars while cost for closure using suture was 497 dollars (P<0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic port-site skin closure with octylcyanoacrylate is rapid and effective. Closure with octylcyanoacrylate yields cost savings and a decrease in operative time of more than 9 minutes per case.  (+info)

(44/341) In vivo rabbit eyecup preparation for use in retinal research.

PURPOSE: To develop an in vivo rabbit eyecup preparation that preserves neuronal and vascular connections with normal posterior segment contour, permitting direct access to the retina and facilitating retinal microsurgical and neuroscience research. METHODS: Cyanoacrylate glue was applied to the anterior sclera of six Dutch-belted rabbits before open-sky vitrectomy. The glue was used to harden the compliant scleral wall and to fix it to the surrounding periorbital tissues. RESULTS: A normal contour of the posterior segment was retained in all cases. Vitrectomy under air was successfully accomplished and an extensive removal of the vitreous gel was achieved. Fluorescein angiography revealed normal vascular patency of the retinal vessels after vitrectomy. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed modification of the rabbit eyecup retains the normal neurovascular connections and configuration of the retina, making it suitable for retinal microsurgical maneuvers or any procedures in which easy access to anatomically undisturbed retina is required.  (+info)

(45/341) Fibrin glue is useful in preventing early dialysate leakage in children on chronic peritoneal dialysis.

OBJECTIVE: To assess if application of fibrin glue sealant to the peritoneal cuff suture is useful in the prevention of early dialysate leakage in children with end-stage renal disease on chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD). DESIGN: Single-center, open-label, prospective randomized study. SETTING: University Pediatric Hospital. METHODS: 52 catheters were implanted in 45 children (mean age 6.2 +/- 4.5 years). Catheters were randomly assigned to either the control group or the sealant group. In the latter group, 1 mL of fibrin glue sealant was applied to the peritoneal cuff suture. 18 catheters were used for the first time within 5 days after implantation (early-used catheters). Leakage, exit-site or tunnel infection, peritonitis, and adverse secondary effects were evaluated during the initial 60 days after implantation. RESULTS: No adverse secondary effects were seen after the application of the fibrin glue sealant. The incidence of exit/tunnel infection and peritonitis was similar in the two groups. The incidence of leakage was significantly lower in the sealant group (p < 0.02). In the early-used catheters, leakage was detected in 9% of the catheters in the sealant group and in 57% of the control group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The application of 1 mL of fibrin glue to the peritoneal cuff suture prevented early dialysate leakage without secondary adverse effects in children on CPD.  (+info)

(46/341) Carcinoma arising in the pleural cavity following pneumonectomy for hydatid disease.

We report a case of carcinoma following 42 years of chronic empyema in a patient who underwent surgery for a hydatid cyst at the age of 3. At the time of diagnosis, an esophageal fistula was observed and treated with cyanoacrylate. We hypothesize that chronic inflammation of the pleura, caused by decades of empyema, associated with the presence of heterotopic squamous epithelium due to a long-standing esophago-pleural fistula, led to neoplastic transformation.  (+info)

(47/341) Fibrin glue used successfully in peritoneal dialysis catheter leakage in children.

BACKGROUND: Acute renal failure in infants and small children is generally treated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). Dialysis has to be started immediately after catheter implantation. Early dialysate leakage can complicate the effectiveness of dialysis. Fibrin glue applied to the external part of the tunnel may stop dialysate leakage and eliminate the need for surgical intervention. The use of fibrin glue in the treatment of PD catheter leakage in children was studied. METHODS: Fibrin glue was used in 8 children (age 0.8 - 57 months) on PD in whom dialysate leakage was seen during the first 24 to 48 hours after catheter insertion. The dialysis volume initially administered was 20 mL/kg body weight. Fibrin glue (1 mL) was applied to the external part of the subcutaneous catheter tunnel through the exit site, as close to the cuff as possible. The occurrence of dialysate leakage and complications such as exit-site or tunnel infection and peritonitis were evaluated. RESULTS: Nine single-cuff straight Tenckhoff catheters were implanted in 8 children. In 5 cases, no subcutaneous tunnel was created. One child had catheter replacement due to obstruction of the catheter; on both occasions, catheter leakage was seen and treated with fibrin glue. In all 8 patients, no relapse of dialysate leakage was seen after application of the fibrin glue. During the time of PD, exit-site infections, tunnel infections, and peritonitis did not occur. CONCLUSION: Fibrin glue is a successful, simple, and safe substance for the treatment of peritoneal dialysate leakage in infants and small children with acute renal failure treated with PD.  (+info)

(48/341) Cut and paste: a no suture, small incision approach to pterygium surgery.

AIM: Evaluation of the benefits of a new technique for pterygium surgery with respect to postoperative pain and surgery time. METHODS: A prospective randomised clinical trial was carried out in 43 patients. 43 eyes were operated for primary nasal pterygium. Autologous conjunctival graft taken at the superotemporal limbus was used to cover the sclera after pterygium excision. After randomisation, in 20 patients the transplant was attached to the sclera with a fibrin tissue adhesive (Tisseel Duo Quick) and in 23 patients with absorbable sutures (7-0 Vicryl Rapid). The Mann-Whitney test was used as statistical analysis. Postoperative pain was graded according to the visual analogue scale (VAS) twice daily during the first week after surgery. Surgery time was noted from the first incision until the lid speculum was removed. RESULTS: The average pain was significantly lower when glue had been used, p<0.05. Average surgery time was 9.7 minutes (range 6-13) for glue and 18.5 minutes (range 12-30) for sutures, p<0.001. No complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Using glue instead of sutures when attaching the conjunctival transplant in pterygium surgery causes significantly less postoperative pain and shortens surgery time significantly.  (+info)