(33/80) Wenxinia marina gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel member of the Roseobacter clade isolated from oilfield sediments of the South China Sea.

An aerobic and heterotrophic, Gram-negative bacterial isolate, strain HY34(T), was isolated from sediment of an oilfield in the South China Sea, China. The taxonomy of strain HY34(T) was studied by phenotypic and phylogenetic methods. Strain HY34(T) formed faint-pink colonies on marine agar 2216. Cells of strain HY34(T) were non-motile, ovoid or short rods. Strain HY34(T) was positive for catalase and oxidase, and nitrate was reduced to nitrite. The nearly complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain HY34(T) was obtained and sequence analysis showed that it, together with the genus Rubellimicrobium, formed a distinct clade close to some members of the Roseobacter clade in the family Rhodobacteraceae, and it showed highest sequence similarities to Oceanicola granulosus HTCC2516(T) (93.8 %), Silicibacter lacuscaerulensis ITI-1157(T) (93.3 %), Dinoroseobacter shibae DFL 12(T) (93.3 %) and Rubellimicrobium thermophilum C-lvk-R2A-2(T) (92.2 %). Bacteriochlorophyll a was not detected. The ubiquinone system was Q-10. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and an unidentified glycolipid. The major fatty acids (>10 %) were C(18 : 1) omega 7c and C(16 : 0). The DNA G+C content of this strain was 69.4 mol%. A polyphasic analysis supported the conclusion that this strain represents a novel genus and species, which we designated Wenxinia marina gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of Wenxinia marina is HY34(T) (=CGMCC 1.6105(T) =JCM 14017(T)).  (+info)

(34/80) Thalassococcus halodurans gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel halotolerant member of the Roseobacter clade isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria panicea at Friday Harbor, USA.

A Gram-negative, non-pigmented, ovoid-shaped, strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive and highly halotolerant bacterial strain that was devoid of swimming and gliding motility, designated UST050418-052(T), was isolated from the surface of the marine sponge Halichondria panicea at Friday Harbor, WA, USA. Strain UST050418-052(T) required NaCl for growth and could tolerate salt concentrations of up to 18 %. The primary respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-10 and the DNA G+C content was 57.8 mol%. The predominant fatty acids were the saturated fatty acids 16 : 0 and 18 : 0 and the monounsaturated fatty acids 18 : 1 omega 7c and 18 : 1 omega 9c, altogether representing 82.9 % of the total. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence placed UST050418-052(T) in a distinct lineage within the Roseobacter clade in the family Rhodobacteraceae, with 95.0-95.8 % sequence similarity to members of the nearest genus Thalassobius. The DNA-DNA relatedness between UST050418-052(T) and Thalassobius gelatinovorus IAM 12617(T) was 9 %. Strain UST050418-052(T) could be differentiated from closely related members of the Roseobacter clade by a number of chemotaxonomic and phenotypic characteristics such as its distinct fatty acid profile, ability to reduce nitrate to nitrite and inability to utilize citrate, succinate, L-arginine and pyruvate. Based on the phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and phenotypic evidence presented in this study, we suggest that strain UST050418-052(T) represents a novel genus in the family Rhodobacteraceae. The name Thalassococcus halodurans gen. nov., sp. nov., is thus proposed. The type strain of Thalassococcus halodurans is UST050418-052(T) (=JCM 13833(T) =NRRL B-41465(T)).  (+info)

(35/80) Genetic dissection of tropodithietic acid biosynthesis by marine roseobacters.

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(36/80) Cultivation and ecosystem role of a marine roseobacter clade-affiliated cluster bacterium.

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(37/80) Diverse bacterial PKS sequences derived from okadaic acid-producing dinoflagellates.

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(38/80) Roseophage RDJL Phi1, infecting the aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Roseobacter denitrificans OCh114.

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(39/80) Mameliella alba gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium of the Roseobacter clade in the order Rhodobacterales.

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(40/80) Surface colonization by marine roseobacters: integrating genotype and phenotype.

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