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(1/40) Distribution of yttrium 90 ferric hydroxide colloid and gold 198 colloid after injection into knee.

Thirteen knees were injected with yttrium 90(90Y) ferric hydroxide colloid, and 12 with gold 198(198Au) colloid for treatment of persistent synovitis. Retention in the knee and uptake in lymph nodes and liver were measured by a quantitative scanning technique. There was no significant difference in the retention in the knee of the two different colloids. A tendency towards higher lymph node uptake was observed with 198Au compared with 90y. The inflammatory activity of the knee at the time of treatment may have influenced the subsequent lymph node uptake of 198Au, but not that of the 90Y, nor the overall leakage of either from the knee. 90Yferric hydroxide colloid was retained in the treated knee at least as well as other colloids which have been used for this purpose.  (+info)

(2/40) Treatment of persistent knee effusions with intra-articular radioactive gold.

Patients with a total of 112 chronic knee effusions unresponsive to the usual conservative methods of therapy were treated with intra-articular injections of radioactive gold and followed from 6 months to 5 years. Most patients in the study had rheumatoid arthritis but others had ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, intermittent hydrathrosis and undiagnosed synovitis. After 6 months 81% showed improvement. This figure diminished to approximately 70% at 1 and 2 years, 60% at 3 and 4 years and 50% at 5 years. The mose beneficial results were seen in patients with intermittent hydrarthrosis. Twelve patients with a synovial cyst and/or rupture improved. Patients with thin synovia and anatomic stage I or II disease did best, but those with stage III disease also did well. After the injection 33% of the patients had a reactive synovitis. A variable amount of radioactive material escaped from the knee to the regional lymph nodes and general circulation.  (+info)

(3/40) Scintigraphy in a case of pseudocyst of liver: case report.

Pseudocyst of the liver resulting from bile leakage into subcapsular region from undetermined cause is described. Liver scintigraphy was correlated with the operative findings.  (+info)

(4/40) False-positive liver scan in a patient with hepatic amyloidosis: case report.

A case of secondary hepatic amyloidosis exhibiting a large liver and multiple defects on the radiocolloid scintigraph is presented. Biopsy and angiographic studies indicated that the areas of reduced colloid uptake represented heavy amyloid deposition, and the area of the left lobe with contrasting high activity most probably represented compensatory hypertrophy.  (+info)

(5/40) Liver scan in Budd-Chiari syndrome.

Seventeen liver scans were performed in seven patients with occulsion of hepatic veins: the Budd-Chiari syndrome. When some, but not all liver veins were occluded, markedly diminished uptake over the affected segments was usually seen (absence of uptake may occur in acute infarction and in chronic cases). When all major liver veins are occluded, markedly diminished uptake is seen over the peripheral parts of the right and left lobes with a triangular midline area of normal or excessive activity. The latter effect is probably caused by uptake in segments surrounding the inferior vena cava (frequently the caudate lobe) that have direct venous drainage. This liver-scan appearance is characteristic enough to warrant consideration of the Budd-Chiari syndrome as the first diagnosis. Good correlation existed between selective venography and liver-scan findings. The usefulness of liver scans in the followup after portocaval shunting is illustrated in one patient.  (+info)

(6/40) Survey of radioactive agents for in vitro labeling of phagocytic leukocytes. II. Particles.

When various radioactive particles are incubated and tumbled in concentrated suspensions of blood phagocytes at body temperature for 1 hr, they bind to the phagocytic cells with a labeling yield of 30-40%. In vitro experiments show that, for some radioactive colloids, a sizeable fraction of the total cellular binding results from nonspecific surface adsorption to other cells and from reversible surface adsorption to phagocytes without engulfment. No completely satisfactory in vitro methods have been found for separating leukocytes with completely engulfed particles from those with surface-adherent particles; nonetheless, surface adherence can be partially reversed by 20% acid citrate dextrose (ACD) solution or by an excess of nonradioactive colloid. Gelatinization of colloidal particles tends to increase their binding to phagocytic cells but also increases the degree of nonspecific adherence to other cells. Technetium-99m-millimicrospheres, 0.5-2 mum in diameter, are optimal in size for phagocytosis by neutrophils, and their non-specific adherence to other cells is minimal. Because of the microspheres' poor stability in aqueous suspension, however, it is technically difficult to separate free from phagocytosed radioactivity after cell incubation. The highly stable small-particle colloids (less than 0.1 mum), such as 198Au-colloid or 111In-colloid without iron carrier, are phagocytosed poorly or not at all by neutrophils, although they are engulfed by mononuclear cells.  (+info)

(7/40) Transport of particles of colloidal gold within and from rat lung after local deposition by alveolar microinjection.

Because inhalation and intratracheal instillation deposit particles throughout the respiratory tract, these methods of administration give little information on the movement of particles within the lung and no direct information on the clearance kinetics from locally defined sites within alveolar tissue. Approximately 0.05 microL of 195Au-labeled gold colloid was administered to 32 rats by microinjection into a small volume of subpleural alveoli. Its fate was studied by whole-body counting and serial sacrifice over 15 months. The kinetics of clearance from the subpleural deposition site showed that there was no rapid removal of particles, and the main clearance process was defined by an exponential term with a half-time averaging 583 days. There was a wide variation between individual animals. The distribution of 195Au at sacrifice showed that the gold colloid was nearly all retained within the respiratory tract. The particles were not appreciably redistributed throughout the lung volume, so most of the material not cleared from the lung remained close to the deposition site. At the later times after microinjection, much of the gold colloid was associated with thickened pleura and adjoining septae.  (+info)

(8/40) DETECTION OF PERICARDIAL EFFUSION BY RADIOISOTOPE HEART SCANNING.

A marked difference between the cardiac silhouette on the six-foot chest roentgenogram and the cardiac blood pool, determined by radioisotope scanning, has been shown to be consistent with pericardial effusion and/or thickening. It has also been observed that the cardiac blood pool is separated from the liver margin by the interposition of pericardial fluid and/or thickening. This separation was not demonstrated in the presence of a normal pericardium. To appreciate these features, 400 muc. of radioiodinated human serum albumin and 50 muc. of colloidal radiogold were used for scanning. The former outlind the blood pool and the latter demonstrated the position of the liver.  (+info)