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  • Anatomia 170 domande A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
  • Organismi 54 domande Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Malattie 335 domande Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infezioni Batteriche E Micotiche 35 domande Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Malattie Virali 16 domande A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
    • Malattie Parassitarie 1 quesito Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Neoplasie 24 domande New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
      • Cisti 4 domande Any fluid-filled closed cavity or sac that is lined by an EPITHELIUM. Cysts can be of normal, abnormal, non-neoplastic, or neoplastic tissues.
      • Amartoma 1 quesito A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
      • Neoplasie Secondo Il Tipo Istologico 10 domande A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
      • Neoplasie Secondo La Localizzazione 5 domande A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
      • Neoplasie Sperimentali 0 domande Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
      • Neoplasie Ormonodipendenti 0 domande Certain tumors that 1, arise in organs that are normally dependent on specific hormones and 2, are stimulated or caused to regress by manipulation of the endocrine environment.
      • Neoplasie Multiple Primitive 0 domande Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously and presumed to be of separate origin. The neoplasms may be histologically the same or different, and may be found in the same or different sites.
      • Neoplasie Post Traumatiche 0 domande Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms caused by or resulting from trauma or other non-radiation injuries.
      • Neoplasie Indotte Da Radiazioni 0 domande Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
      • Seconda Neoplasia Primaria 0 domande Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
      • Processi Neoplastici 1 quesito The pathological mechanisms and forms taken by tissue during degeneration into a neoplasm and its subsequent activity.
      • Sindromi Neoplastiche Ereditarie 0 domande The condition of a pattern of malignancies within a family, but not every individual's necessarily having the same neoplasm. Characteristically the tumor tends to occur at an earlier than average age, individuals may have more than one primary tumor, the tumors may be multicentric, usually more than 25 percent of the individuals in direct lineal descent from the proband are affected, and the cancer predisposition in these families behaves as an autosomal dominant trait with about 60 percent penetrance.
        • Poliposi Del Colon 0 domande A polyposis syndrome due to an autosomal dominant mutation of the APC genes (GENES, APC) on CHROMOSOME 5. The syndrome is characterized by the development of hundreds of ADENOMATOUS POLYPS in the COLON and RECTUM of affected individuals by early adulthood. The lifetime risk of colorectal cancer in these patients reaches 100 percent by age 60.
        • Sindrome Basocellulare Del Nevo 0 domande Hereditary disorder consisting of multiple basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, and multiple skeletal defects, e.g., frontal and temporoparietal bossing, bifurcated and splayed ribs, kyphoscoliosis, fusion of vertebrae, and cervicothoracic spina bifida. Genetic transmission is autosomal dominant.
        • Birt-Hogg-Dube Syndrome 0 domande Autosomal dominant neoplastic syndrome characterised by genodermatosis, lung cysts, spontaneous and recurrent PNEUMOTHORAX; and RENAL CANCER. It is associated with mutations in the folliculin protein gene (FLCN protein).
        • Neoplasie Del Colon E Del Retto, Non Poliposi Ereditaria 0 domande A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.
        • Sindrome Del Nevo Displastico 0 domande Clinically atypical nevi (usually exceeding 5 mm in diameter and having variable pigmentation and ill defined borders) with an increased risk for development of non-familial cutaneous malignant melanoma. Biopsies show melanocytic dysplasia. Nevi are clinically and histologically identical to the precursor lesions for melanoma in the B-K mole syndrome. (Stedman, 25th ed)
        • Esostosi Multipla Ereditaria 0 domande Hereditary disorder transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene and characterized by multiple exostoses (multiple osteochondromas) near the ends of long bones. The genetic abnormality results in a defect in the osteoclastic activity at the metaphyseal ends of the bone during the remodeling process in childhood or early adolescence. The metaphyses develop benign, bony outgrowths often capped by cartilage. A small number undergo neoplastic transformation.
        • Sindrome Da Amartoma Multiplo 0 domande A hereditary disease characterized by multiple ectodermal, mesodermal, and endodermal nevoid and neoplastic anomalies. Facial trichilemmomas and papillomatous papules of the oral mucosa are the most characteristic lesions. Individuals with this syndrome have a high risk of BREAST CANCER; THYROID CANCER; and ENDOMETRIAL CANCER. This syndrome is associated with mutations in the gene for PTEN PHOSPHATASE.
        • Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Syndrome 0 domande Autosomal dominant HEREDITARY CANCER SYNDROME in which a mutation most often in either BRCA1 or BRCA2 is associated with a significantly increased risk for breast and ovarian cancers.
        • Sindrome Di Li-Fraumeni 0 domande Rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by mesenchymal and epithelial neoplasms at multiple sites. MUTATION of the p53 tumor suppressor gene, a component of the DNA DAMAGE response pathway, apparently predisposes family members who inherit it to develop certain cancers. The spectrum of cancers in the syndrome was shown to include, in addition to BREAST CANCER and soft tissue sarcomas (SARCOMA); BRAIN TUMORS; OSTEOSARCOMA; LEUKEMIA; and ADRENOCORTICAL CARCINOMA.
        • Neoplasia Endocrina Multipla 0 domande A group of autosomal dominant diseases characterized by the combined occurrence of tumors involving two or more ENDOCRINE GLANDS that secrete PEPTIDE HORMONES or AMINES. These neoplasias are often benign but can be malignant. They are classified by the endocrine glands involved and the degree of aggressiveness. The two major forms are MEN1 and MEN2 with gene mutations on CHROMOSOME 11 and CHROMOSOME 10, respectively.
        • Sclerosi Tuberosa 0 domande Autosomal dominant neurocutaneous syndrome classically characterized by MENTAL RETARDATION; EPILEPSY; and skin lesions (e.g., adenoma sebaceum and hypomelanotic macules). There is, however, considerable heterogeneity in the neurologic manifestations. It is also associated with cortical tuber and HAMARTOMAS formation throughout the body, especially the heart, kidneys, and eyes. Mutations in two loci TSC1 and TSC2 that encode hamartin and tuberin, respectively, are associated with the disease.
        • Tumore Di Wilms 0 domande A malignant kidney tumor, caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of renal stem (blastemal), stromal (STROMAL CELLS), and epithelial (EPITHELIAL CELLS) elements. However, not all three are present in every case. Several genes or chromosomal areas have been associated with Wilms tumor which is usually found in childhood as a firm lump in a child's side or ABDOMEN.
        • Neurofibromatosi 0 domande A group of disorders characterized by an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance with high rates of spontaneous mutation and multiple neurofibromas or neurilemmomas. NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 1 (generalized neurofibromatosis) accounts for approximately 95% of cases, although multiple additional subtypes (e.g., NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2, neurofibromatosis 3, etc.) have been described. (From Neurochirurgie 1998 Nov;44(4):267-72)
        • Sindrome Di Peutz-Jeghers 0 domande A hereditary disease caused by autosomal dominant mutations involving CHROMOSOME 19. It is characterized by the presence of INTESTINAL POLYPS, consistently in the JEJUNUM, and mucocutaneous pigmentation with MELANIN spots of the lips, buccal MUCOSA, and digits.
      • Sindromi Paraneoplastiche 0 domande In patients with neoplastic diseases a wide variety of clinical pictures which are indirect and usually remote effects produced by tumor cell metabolites or other products.
      • Condizioni Precancerose 1 quesito Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
      • Gravidanza Complicata Da Neoplasie 0 domande The co-occurrence of pregnancy and NEOPLASMS. The neoplastic disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
      • Infezioni Da Virus Oncogeni 0 domande Infections produced by oncogenic viruses. The infections caused by DNA viruses are less numerous but more diverse than those caused by the RNA oncogenic viruses.
    • Malattie Del Sistema Muscoloscheletrico 22 domande Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
    • Malattie Dell'Apparato Digerente 7 domande Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Malattie Stomatognatiche 5 domande General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.
    • Malattie Delle Vie Respiratorie 20 domande
    • Malattie Otorinolaringoiatriche 7 domande Pathological processes of the ear, the nose, and the throat, also known as the ENT diseases.
    • Malattie Del Sistema Nervoso 21 domande Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Malattie Dell'Occhio 11 domande Diseases affecting the eye.
    • Malattie Urologiche E Dell'Apparato Genitale Maschile 15 domande Pathological processes of the male URINARY TRACT and the reproductive system (GENITALIA, MALE).
    • Malattie Dell'Apparato Genitale Femminile E Complicanze Della Gravidanza 8 domande Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Malattie Del Sistema Cardiovascolare 15 domande Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Malattie Del Sistema Ematico E Linfatico 8 domande Hematologic diseases and diseases of the lymphatic system collectively. Hemic diseases include disorders involving the formed elements (e.g., ERYTHROCYTE AGGREGATION, INTRAVASCULAR) and chemical components (e.g., BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS); lymphatic diseases include disorders relating to lymph, lymph nodes, and lymphocytes.
    • Malattie Ed Anomalie Neonatali 5 domande Diseases existing at birth and often before birth, or that develop during the first month of life (INFANT, NEWBORN, DISEASES), regardless of causation. Of these diseases, those characterized by structural deformities are termed CONGENITAL ABNORMALITIES.
    • Malattie Della Pelle E Del Tessuto Connettivo 12 domande A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Malattie Del Metabolismo E Della Nutrizione 7 domande A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Malattie Endocrine 6 domande Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Malattie Del Sistema Immunitario 2 domande Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Disturbi Di Origine Ambientale 1 quesito Disorders caused by external forces rather than by physiologic dysfunction or by pathogens.
    • Malattie Degli Animali 0 domande
    • Segni E Sintomi Di Condizioni Patologiche 19 domande Abnormal anatomical or physiological conditions and objective or subjective manifestations of disease, not classified as disease or syndrome.
    • Malattie Professionali 0 domande Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
    • Disturbi Da Uso Di Sostanze 1 quesito Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, or toxin exposure.
    • Ferite E Lesioni 13 domande Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
  • Sostanze chimiche e Farmaci 208 domande Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Tecniche ed apparecchiature analitiche, diagnostiche e terapeutiche 109 domande
  • Psichiatria e Psicologia 15 domande The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Scienze biologiche 31 domande
  • Scienze naturali 16 domande
  • Antropologia, Formazione, Sociologia e fenomeni sociali 3 domande
  • Tecnologia, Industria, Agricoltura 7 domande
  • Discipline umanistiche 0 domande The study of literature, philosophy, and the arts.
  • Scienza dell'informazione 0 domande The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.
  • Gruppi di persone 9 domande
  • Assistenza sanitaria 44 domande
  • Caratteristiche della Pubblicazione 4 domande
  • Luoghi geografici 9 domande The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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