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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
    • Eukaryota 3 questions
      • Alveolata 0 questions
      • Amoebozoa 0 questions
      • Animaux 0 questions Unicellular or multicellular, heterotrophic organisms, that have sensation and the power of voluntary movement. Under the older five kingdom paradigm, Animalia was one of the kingdoms. Under the modern three domain model, Animalia represents one of the many groups in the domain Eukarya.
      • Choanoflagellata 0 questions
      • Cryptophyta 0 questions A division (some say phylum or class) of the ALGAE, characterized by biflagellated cells and found in both freshwater and marine environments. Pigmentation varies but only one CHLOROPLAST is present. Unique structures include a nucleomorph and ejectosomes.
      • Diplomonadida 0 questions An order of protozoa characterized by the presence of one or two karyomastigonts and either two-fold rotational or mirror symmetry.
      • Euglenozoa 0 questions
      • Champignons 2 questions A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
        • Agricultural Inoculants 0 questions
        • Ascomycota 0 questions A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
        • Basidiomycota 0 questions A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
        • Blastocladiomycota 0 questions
        • Pathogènes Transmissibles Par Le Sang 0 questions Organismes infectieux présents dans le sang, dont l'intérêt médical essentiel est la contamination des objets souillés : draps, serviettes, vêtements, compresses, bandes, aiguilles, scalpels et autres objets pointus d'usage médical ou dentaire auxquels les professionnels (sains) sont exposés. Ce concept est complètement différent des concepts cliniques de BACTEREMIE, VIR
        • Chytridiomycota 0 questions A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile cells at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also contain examples of plant, animal and fungal pathogens.
        • Champignons Non Classifiés 0 questions Fungi whose taxonomic relationships have not been authoritatively established.
        • Glomeromycota 0 questions
        • Lichens 0 questions Any of a group of plants formed by a mutual combination of an alga and a fungus.
        • Microsporidia 0 questions A phylum of fungi comprising minute intracellular PARASITES with FUNGAL SPORES of unicellular origin. It has two classes: Rudimicrosporea and MICROSPOREA.
        • Fungi Imperfecti 1 question A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
          • Acremonium 0 questions Genre fongique mitosporulé avec de nombreux téléomorphes ascomycétes. Les antibiotiques de type céphalorporines sont dérivés de ce genre.
          • Alternaria 0 questions Genre fongique mitosporulé Loculoascomycète comprenant plusieurs pathogènes de plantes et au moins une espèce produisant un très puissant antibiotique phytotoxique. Son téléomorphe est Lewia.
          • Aspergillus 0 questions A genus of mitosporic fungi containing about 100 species and eleven different teleomorphs in the family Trichocomaceae.
          • Beauveria 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus. Teleomorphs are found in the family Clavicipitaceae and include Cordyceps bassiana. The species Beauveria bassiana is a common pathogen of ARTHROPODS and is used in PEST CONTROL.
          • Blastomyces 0 questions A genus of onygenacetous mitosporic fungi whose perfect state is Ajellomyces (see ONYGENALES). The species Blastomyces dermatitidis (perfect state Ajellomyces dermatitidis) causes blastomycosis.
          • Botrytis 0 questions A mitosporic Leotiales fungal genus of plant pathogens. It has teleomorphs in the genus Botryotina.
          • Brettanomyces 0 questions
          • Candida 1 question A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
          • Chrysosporium 0 questions A mitosporic Onygenaceae fungal genus which causes adiaspiromycosis, a pulmonary mycosis of man and rodents. One of its teleomorphs is Ajellomyces.
          • Cladosporium 0 questions Genre fongique mitosporulé Loculoascomycète comprenant plusieurs parasites de plantes, importants du point de vue économique. Parmi les téléomorphes se trouvent Mycoshaerella et Venturia.
          • Coccidioïdes 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus which causes COCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
          • Colletotrichum 0 questions A genus of mitosporic Phyllachoraceae fungi which contains at least 40 species of plant parasites. They have teleomorphs in the genus Glomerella (see PHYLLACHORALES).
          • Cryptococcus 0 questions A mitosporic Tremellales fungal genus whose species usually have a capsule and do not form pseudomycellium. Teleomorphs include Filobasidiella and Fidobasidium.
          • Duddingtonia 0 questions
          • Epidermophyton 0 questions A fungal genus which grows in the epidermis and is the cause of TINEA.
          • Exophiala 0 questions A normally saprophytic mitosporic Chaetothyriales fungal genus. Infections in humans include phaeohyphomycosis, peritonitis, and chromoblastomycosis. Exophiala jeanselmei (previously Phialophora jeanselmei) is an etiological agent of maduromycosis.
          • Fusarium 0 questions Genre fongique mitosporulé Hypocreales, dont les différentes espèces sont des parasites importants des plantes et de divers vertébrés. GIBBERELLA compte parmi les téléomorphes.
          • Geotrichum 0 questions A mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungal genus, various species of which have been isolated from pulmonary lesions. Teleomorphs include Dipodascus and Galactomyces.
          • Gliocladium 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus occurring in soil or decaying plant matter. It is structurally similar to Penicillium.
          • Helminthosporium 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus including both saprophytes and plant parasites.
          • Histoplasma 0 questions A mitosporic Onygenales fungal genus causing HISTOPLASMOSIS in humans and animals. Its single species is Histoplasma capsulatum which has two varieties: H. capsulatum var. capsulatum and H. capsulatum var. duboisii. Its teleomorph is AJELLOMYCES capsulatus.
          • Kloeckera 0 questions
          • Lacazia 0 questions
          • Madurella 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus that causes MADUROMYCOSIS (mycetoma) in humans. Madurella grisea and M. mycetomatis are the etiological agents.
          • Malassezia 0 questions Champignon mitosporique (levure) responsable de la survenue de dermatoses. Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) est à l'origine du Pityriasis versicolor.
          • Metarhizium 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus in the family Clavicipitaceae. It has teleomorphs in the family Nectriaceae. Metarhizium anisopliae is used in PESTICIDES.
          • Microsporum 0 questions A mitosporic Oxygenales fungal genus causing various diseases of the skin and hair. The species Microsporum canis produces TINEA CAPITIS and tinea corporis, which usually are acquired from domestic cats and dogs. Teleomorphs includes Arthroderma (Nannizzia). (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th edition, p305)
          • Neotyphodium 0 questions
          • Paecilomyces 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus occasionally causing human diseases such as pulmonary infections, mycotic keratitis, endocarditis, and opportunistic infections. Its teleomorph is Byssochlamys.
          • Paracoccidioides 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus. P. brasiliensis (previously Blastomyces brasiliensis) is the etiologic agent of PARACOCCIDIOIDOMYCOSIS.
          • Penicillium 0 questions A mitosporic Trichocomaceae fungal genus that develops fruiting organs resembling a broom. When identified, teleomorphs include Eupenicillium and TALAROMYCES. Several species (but especially PENICILLIUM CHRYSOGENUM) are sources of the antibiotic penicillin.
            • Penicillium Chrysogenum 0 questions A mitosporic fungal species used in the production of penicillin.
          • Phialophora 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus. Phialophora verrucosa is a cause of chromomycosis (CHROMOBLASTOMYCOSIS). Ophiobolus is the teleomorph of Phialophora.
          • Pyricularia grisea 0 questions
          • Rhizoctonia 0 questions A mitosporic Ceratobasidiaceae fungal genus that is an important plant pathogen affecting potatoes and other plants. There are numerous teleomorphs.
          • Rhodotorula 0 questions A red yeast-like mitosporic fungal genus generally regarded as nonpathogenic. It is cultured from numerous sources in human patients.
          • Scedosporium 0 questions Genre fongique mitosporulé connu avant sous le nom de Monosporium. PSEUDALLESCHERIA est un de ces téléomorphes.
          • Scopulariopsis 0 questions
          • Sporothrix 0 questions A mitosporic Ophiostomataceae fungal genus, whose species Sporothrix schenckii is a well-known animal pathogen. The conidia of this soil fungus may be inhaled causing a primary lung infection, or may infect independently via skin punctures.
          • Stachybotrys 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus including one species which forms a toxin in moldy hay that may cause a serious illness in horses.
          • Trichoderma 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
          • Trichophyton 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus and an anamorphic form of Arthroderma. Various species attack the skin, nails, and hair.
          • Trichosporon 0 questions Champignon mitosporique pouvant provoquer des infections opportunistes, des endocardites, une fongémie, et une piedra blanche.
          • Verticillium 0 questions A mitosporic fungal genus commonly isolated from soil. Some species are the cause of wilt diseases in many different plants.
        • Mycorrhizae 0 questions Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
        • Neocallimastigomycota 0 questions
        • Levures 1 question A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.
      • Haptophyta 0 questions
      • Mésomycétozoaires 0 questions A class of parasitic and saprophytic microorganisms whose origins can be traced near the animal-fungal divergence. Members of the class are typically pathogens of FISHES, but there are exceptions. There are two recognized orders: Icthyophonida and Dermocystida.
      • Oxymonadida 0 questions
      • Parabasalidea 0 questions
      • Plantes 1 question Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of the kingdom Plantae. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alteration of haploid and diploid generations.
      • Retortamonadidae 0 questions
      • Rhizaria 0 questions
      • Stramenopiles 0 questions
    • Archéobactéries 0 questions One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.
    • Bactéries 14 questions Bactéries, gram-positif, formant des endospores. Elles comprennent les genres suivants : BACILLUS ; CLOSTRIDIUM ; MICROMONOSPORA ; SACCHAROPOLYSPORA et STREPTOMYCES.
    • Virus 2 questions Petits agents infectieux aux génomes constitués, soit d'ADN, soit d'ARN (jamais des deux), sans métabolisme propre et dans l'incapacité de se multiplier en dehors des cellules vivantes.
    • Organism Forms 0 questions
  • Maladies 167 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 69 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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