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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
    • Eukaryota 3 questions
      • Alveolata 0 questions
      • Amoebozoa 0 questions
      • Animaux 0 questions Unicellular or multicellular, heterotrophic organisms, that have sensation and the power of voluntary movement. Under the older five kingdom paradigm, Animalia was one of the kingdoms. Under the modern three domain model, Animalia represents one of the many groups in the domain Eukarya.
      • Choanoflagellata 0 questions
      • Cryptophyta 0 questions A division (some say phylum or class) of the ALGAE, characterized by biflagellated cells and found in both freshwater and marine environments. Pigmentation varies but only one CHLOROPLAST is present. Unique structures include a nucleomorph and ejectosomes.
      • Diplomonadida 0 questions An order of protozoa characterized by the presence of one or two karyomastigonts and either two-fold rotational or mirror symmetry.
      • Euglenozoa 0 questions
      • Champignons 2 questions A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
        • Agricultural Inoculants 0 questions
        • Ascomycota 0 questions A phylum of fungi which have cross-walls or septa in the mycelium. The perfect state is characterized by the formation of a saclike cell (ascus) containing ascospores. Most pathogenic fungi with a known perfect state belong to this phylum.
        • Basidiomycota 0 questions A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
          • Agaricales 0 questions Vaste ordre de champignons basidiomycètes dont les corps fructifères sont appellés communément champignons.
            • Agaricus 0 questions A basidiomycetous fungal genus of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales, which includes the field mushroom (A. campestris) and the commercial mushroom (A. bisporus).
            • Agrocybe 0 questions
            • Amanita 0 questions A genus of fungi of the family Agaricaceae, order Agaricales; most species are poisonous.
            • Armillaria 0 questions
            • Coprinus 0 questions Genre de champignons basidomycétes aux spores noirs de la famille Coprinaceae, ordre Agaricales ; quelques espèces sont comestibles.
            • Agaricales 0 questions Vaste ordre de champignons basidiomycètes dont les corps fructifères sont appellés communément champignons.
            • Cyathus 0 questions
            • Flammulina 0 questions
            • Grifola 0 questions A member of the AGARICALES known for edible MUSHROOMS.
            • Hebeloma 0 questions
            • Laccaria 0 questions
            • Lentinula 0 questions A genus of fungi of the family Tricholomataceae, order AGARICALES. The commonly known SHIITAKE MUSHROOMS are Lentinula edodes (also seen as Lentinus edodes).
              • Champignons Shiitake 0 questions Mushrooms in the order AGARICALES containing B vitamins, cortinelin, and the polysaccharide LENTINAN.
            • Marasmius 0 questions
            • Pholiota 0 questions
            • Pleurotus 0 questions A genus of basidiomycetous fungi, family POLYPORACEAE, order POLYPORALES, that grows on logs or tree stumps in shelflike layers. The species P. ostreatus, the oyster mushroom, is a choice edible species and is the most frequently encountered member of the genus in eastern North America. (Alexopoulos et al., Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, p531)
            • Psilocybe 0 questions
            • Schizophyllum 0 questions A genus of fleshy shelf basidiomycetous fungi, family Schizophyllaceae, order POLYPORALES, growing on woody substrata. It is pathogenic in humans.
            • Termitomyces 0 questions
            • Tricholoma 0 questions
            • Volvariella 0 questions
          • Polyporales 0 questions An order of fungi in the phylum BASIDIOMYCOTA having macroscopic basidiocarps. The members are characterized by their saprophytic activities as decomposers, particularly in the degradation of CELLULOSE and LIGNIN. A large number of species in the order have been used medicinally. (From Alexopoulos, Introductory Mycology, 4th ed, pp504-68)
          • Ustilaginales 0 questions An order of basidiomycetous fungi; some species are parasitic on grasses (POACEAE) and maize.
        • Blastocladiomycota 0 questions
        • Pathogènes Transmissibles Par Le Sang 0 questions Organismes infectieux présents dans le sang, dont l'intérêt médical essentiel est la contamination des objets souillés : draps, serviettes, vêtements, compresses, bandes, aiguilles, scalpels et autres objets pointus d'usage médical ou dentaire auxquels les professionnels (sains) sont exposés. Ce concept est complètement différent des concepts cliniques de BACTEREMIE, VIR
        • Chytridiomycota 0 questions A phylum of fungi that was formerly considered a subdivision of Phycomycetes. They are the only fungi that produce motile cells at some stage in their life cycle. Most are saprobes but they also contain examples of plant, animal and fungal pathogens.
        • Champignons Non Classifiés 0 questions Fungi whose taxonomic relationships have not been authoritatively established.
        • Glomeromycota 0 questions
        • Lichens 0 questions Any of a group of plants formed by a mutual combination of an alga and a fungus.
        • Microsporidia 0 questions A phylum of fungi comprising minute intracellular PARASITES with FUNGAL SPORES of unicellular origin. It has two classes: Rudimicrosporea and MICROSPOREA.
        • Fungi Imperfecti 1 question A large and heterogenous group of fungi whose common characteristic is the absence of a sexual state. Many of the pathogenic fungi in humans belong to this group.
        • Mycorrhizae 0 questions Symbiotic combination (dual organism) of the MYCELIUM of FUNGI with the roots of plants (PLANT ROOTS). The roots of almost all higher plants exhibit this mutually beneficial relationship, whereby the fungus supplies water and mineral salts to the plant, and the plant supplies CARBOHYDRATES to the fungus. There are two major types of mycorrhizae: ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae.
        • Neocallimastigomycota 0 questions
        • Levures 1 question A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.
      • Haptophyta 0 questions
      • Mésomycétozoaires 0 questions A class of parasitic and saprophytic microorganisms whose origins can be traced near the animal-fungal divergence. Members of the class are typically pathogens of FISHES, but there are exceptions. There are two recognized orders: Icthyophonida and Dermocystida.
      • Oxymonadida 0 questions
      • Parabasalidea 0 questions
      • Plantes 1 question Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of the kingdom Plantae. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alteration of haploid and diploid generations.
      • Retortamonadidae 0 questions
      • Rhizaria 0 questions
      • Stramenopiles 0 questions
    • Archéobactéries 0 questions One of the three domains of life (the others being BACTERIA and Eukarya), formerly called Archaebacteria under the taxon Bacteria, but now considered separate and distinct. They are characterized by: (1) the presence of characteristic tRNAs and ribosomal RNAs; (2) the absence of peptidoglycan cell walls; (3) the presence of ether-linked lipids built from branched-chain subunits; and (4) their occurrence in unusual habitats. While archaea resemble bacteria in morphology and genomic organization, they resemble eukarya in their method of genomic replication. The domain contains at least four kingdoms: CRENARCHAEOTA; EURYARCHAEOTA; NANOARCHAEOTA; and KORARCHAEOTA.
    • Bactéries 14 questions Bactéries, gram-positif, formant des endospores. Elles comprennent les genres suivants : BACILLUS ; CLOSTRIDIUM ; MICROMONOSPORA ; SACCHAROPOLYSPORA et STREPTOMYCES.
    • Virus 2 questions Petits agents infectieux aux génomes constitués, soit d'ADN, soit d'ARN (jamais des deux), sans métabolisme propre et dans l'incapacité de se multiplier en dehors des cellules vivantes.
    • Organism Forms 0 questions
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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