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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
      • Kystes 5 questions Toute cavité ou sac fermée remplie de fluide qui est délimitée par un épithélium. Les kystes peuvent être de tissus normaux, anormaux, non-néoplasiques ou néoplasiques.
      • Hamartomes 0 questions A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
      • Tumeurs Par Type Histologique 4 questions A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
        • Maladies Histiocytaires Malignes 0 questions Distinctive neoplastic disorders of histiocytes. Included are acute monocytic leukemias, malignant histiocytosis (HISTIOCYTOSIS, MALIGNANT), and true histiocytic lymphomas.
        • Leucémies 0 questions A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. It is classified according to degree of cell differentiation as acute or chronic, and according to predominant type of cell involved as myelogenous or lymphocytic. (Dorland, 28th ed)
        • Tumeurs Des Vaisseaux Lymphatiques 0 questions Neoplasms composed of lymphoid tissue, a lattice work of reticular tissue the interspaces of which contain lymphocytes. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in lymphatic vessels.
        • Lymphomes 0 questions Terme général pour diverses maladies néoplasiques du tissu lymphoïde.
        • Tumeurs Complexes Et Mixtes 0 questions Neoplasms composed of more than one type of neoplastic tissue.
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Conjonctif Et Des Tissus Mous 2 questions Neoplasms developing from some structure of the connective and subcutaneous tissue. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in connective or soft tissue.
          • Tumeurs Du Tissu Adipeux 0 questions Neoplasms composed of fatty tissue or connective tissue made up of fat cells in a meshwork of areolar tissue. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in adipose tissue.
          • Tumeurs Du Tissu Conjonctif 2 questions Neoplasms composed of connective tissue, including elastic, mucous, reticular, osseous, and cartilaginous tissue. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in connective tissue.
            • Chondroblastome 0 questions Tumeur généralement bénigne composée de cellules originaires des chondroblastes ou de leurs précurseurs, qui tendent de se différentier en des cellules cartilagineuses. Apparaît premièrement dans les épiphyses des adolescents. Relativement rare, représentant moins de 2% de la totalité des tumeurs osseuses. La pointe de l'incidence est dans la 2e décade de vie ; deux fois plus fréquent chez les hommes que chez les femmes.
            • Chondrome 0 questions Néoplasme bénin dérivé des cellules mésodermiques qui forment le cartilage. Peut rester dans la substance du cartilage ou de l'os (vrai chondrome ou enchondrome) ou peut apparaître sur la surface d'un cartilage (ecchondrome ou ecchodrose).
            • Chondrosarcome 0 questions Néoplasme malin à croissance lente, dérivé des cellules cartilagineuses et survenant le plus souvent dans les os pelviens ou près des extrémités des longs os chez les personnes âgées. La majorité des chondrosarcomes surviennent de novo mais ils peuvent aussi apparaître sur une lésion cartilagineuse bénigne préexistante chez les patients avec ENCONDROMATOSE.
            • Tumeurs Du Stroma Endométrial 0 questions Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
            • Tumeurs Stromales Gastro-Intestinales 0 questions Toutes les tumeurs du TRACTUS GASTRO-INTESTINAL ayant comme origine les cellules mésenchymateuses (MESODERME) à l'exception de celles des cellules des muscles lisses (LEIOMYOME) ou des CELLULES DE SCHWANN (NEURINOME). 70% des tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales apparaissent dans l'ESTOMAC, représentant 1-3% de toutes les affections malignes gastriques. Elles tendent à avoir une croissance lente et asymptomatique avant d'atteindre des dimensions assez grandes. Parmi les symptômes : HEMORRAGIE GASTRO-INTESTINALE ; DYSPEPSIE ; et des obstructions. La plupart sont le résultat des mutations du gène KIT codant un récepteur de la protéine-tyrosine kinase (PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINE C-KIT).
            • Tumeurs 0 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
            • Mastocytose 0 questions A heterogenous group of disorders characterized by the abnormal increase of MAST CELLS in only the skin (MASTOCYTOSIS, CUTANEOUS), in extracutaneous tissues involving multiple organs (MASTOCYTOSIS, SYSTEMIC), or in solid tumors (MASTOCYTOMA).
            • Myofibrome 0 questions Tumeur bénigne qui correspond à une prolifération dégénérative d'éléments fibreux conjonctifs et de tissu musculaire lisse.
            • Myxome 0 questions A benign neoplasm derived from connective tissue, consisting chiefly of polyhedral and stellate cells that are loosely embedded in a soft mucoid matrix, thereby resembling primitive mesenchymal tissue. It occurs frequently intramuscularly where it may be mistaken for a sarcoma. It appears also in the jaws and the skin. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
            • Myxosarcome 0 questions A sarcoma, usually a liposarcoma or malignant fibrous histiocytoma, with an abundant component of myxoid tissue resembling primitive mesenchyme containing connective tissue mucin. (Stedman, 25th ed)
            • Tumeurs Du Tissu Osseux 1 question Tumeurs composés de tissu osseux, qui peut être normal ou du tissu mou ossifié. Le terme ne se réfère pas aux néoplasmes localisés dans les os.
              • Fibrome Ossifiant 1 question A benign, relatively slow-growing, central bone tumor, usually of the jaws (especially the mandible) which is composed of fibrous connective tissue within which bone is formed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
              • Tumeur Osseuse 0 questions A bone tumor composed of cellular spindle-cell stroma containing scattered multinucleated giant cells resembling osteoclasts. The tumors range from benign to frankly malignant lesions. The tumor occurs most frequently in an end of a long tubular bone in young adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
              • Ostéoblastome 0 questions A benign, painful, tumor of bone characterized by the formation of osteoid tissue, primitive bone and calcified tissue. It occurs frequently in the spine of young persons. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
              • Ostéochondrome 0 questions A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
              • Ostéome 0 questions A benign tumor composed of bone tissue or a hard tumor of bonelike structure developing on a bone (homoplastic osteoma) or on other structures (heteroplastic osteoma). (From Dorland, 27th ed)
              • Ostéosarcome 0 questions A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
                • Ostéosarcome Juxtacortical 0 questions A form of osteogenic sarcoma of relatively low malignancy, probably arising from the periosteum and initially involving cortical bone and adjacent connective tissue. It occurs in middle-aged as well as young adults and most commonly affects the lower part of the femoral shaft. (Stedman, 25th ed)
                • Sarcoma, Ewing 0 questions
            • Tumeurs Du Tissu Fibreux 1 question Neoplasms composed of fibrous tissue, the ordinary connective tissue of the body, made up largely of yellow or white fibers. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in fibrous tissue.
            • Sarcome 0 questions A sarcoma characterized by the presence of small cells, cells measuring 9-14 micrometers with a faint or indistinct rim of cytoplasm and an oval-to-elongated nucleus with relatively dense chromatin. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
            • Sarcome2 0 questions A sarcoma characterized by the presence of small cells, cells measuring 9-14 micrometers with a faint or indistinct rim of cytoplasm and an oval-to-elongated nucleus with relatively dense chromatin. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
            • Sarcome Synovial 0 questions A malignant neoplasm arising from tenosynovial tissue of the joints and in synovial cells of tendons and bursae. The legs are the most common site, but the tumor can occur in the abdominal wall and other trunk muscles. There are two recognized types: the monophasic (characterized by sheaths of monotonous spindle cells) and the biphasic (characterized by slit-like spaces or clefts within the tumor, lined by cuboidal or tall columnar epithelial cells). These sarcomas occur most commonly in the second and fourth decades of life. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1363)
          • Tumeurs Du Tissu Musculaire 0 questions Neoplasms composed of muscle tissue: skeletal, cardiac, or smooth. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in muscles.
          • Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms 0 questions
          • Sarcomes 0 questions A connective tissue neoplasm formed by proliferation of mesodermal cells; it is usually highly malignant.
        • Tumeurs Embryonnaires Et Germinales 0 questions Neoplasms composed of primordial GERM CELLS of embryonic GONADS or of elements of the germ layers of the EMBRYO. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the gonads or present in an embryo or FETUS.
        • Tumeurs 0 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Gonadique 0 questions Neoplasms composed of tissues of the OVARY or the TESTIS, not neoplasms located in the ovaries or testes. Gonadal tissues include GERM CELLS, cells from the sex cord, and gonadal stromal cells.
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Nerveux 0 questions Neoplasms composed of nerve tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the nervous system or its component nerves.
        • Neoplasms, Plasma Cell 0 questions
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Vasculaire 1 question Neoplasms composed of vascular tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in blood vessels.
        • Naevus Et Mélanomes 0 questions A collective term for the various types of nevi and melanomas.
        • Tumeurs Odontogènes 0 questions Neoplasms produced from tooth-forming tissues.
      • Tumeurs Par Siège 2 questions A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
      • Tumeurs Expérimentales 0 questions Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
      • Tumeurs Hormonodépendantes 0 questions Certain tumors that 1, arise in organs that are normally dependent on specific hormones and 2, are stimulated or caused to regress by manipulation of the endocrine environment.
      • Tumeurs Primitives Multiples 0 questions Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously. The neoplasms are histologically different and may be found in the same or different sites.
      • Tumeurs Post-Traumatiques 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms caused by or resulting from trauma or other non-radiation injuries.
      • Tumeurs Radio-Induites 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
      • Seconde Tumeur Primitive 0 questions Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
      • Processus Néoplasiques 0 questions The pathological mechanisms and forms taken by tissue during degeneration into a neoplasm and its subsequent activity.
      • Syndromes Néoplasiques Héréditaires 0 questions Condition de prédisposition aux tumeurs malignes au sein d'une famille, dont tous les membres ne présentent pas nécessairement la même tumeur. De façon caractéristique, la tumeur a tendance à survenir avant l'âge moyen. Plus d'une tumeur primaire peuvent apparaître et elles peuvent être multicentriques. Habituellement plus de 25 pourcent des personnes en lignée directe avec le proposant sont affectées et la prédisposition au cancer dans ces familles se comporte comme un trait autosomal dominant d'une pénétrance de 60 pourcent.
      • Syndromes Paranéoplasiques 0 questions Chez les patients présentant des maladies néo-plasiques une grande variété d'images cliniques qui sont des effets indirects et généralement éloignés des effets des métabolites des cellules tumorales ou d'autres produits.
      • Precancerous Conditions 0 questions Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
      • Complications Tumorales De La Grossesse 0 questions Cancers survenant durant la grossesse ou une grossesse survenant au cours d
      • Infections 0 questions Infections with bacteria of the species YERSINIA PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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