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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 38 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 170 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
      • Kystes 5 questions Toute cavité ou sac fermée remplie de fluide qui est délimitée par un épithélium. Les kystes peuvent être de tissus normaux, anormaux, non-néoplasiques ou néoplasiques.
      • Hamartomes 0 questions A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
      • Tumeurs Par Type Histologique 4 questions A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
        • Maladies Histiocytaires Malignes 0 questions Distinctive neoplastic disorders of histiocytes. Included are acute monocytic leukemias, malignant histiocytosis (HISTIOCYTOSIS, MALIGNANT), and true histiocytic lymphomas.
        • Leucémies 0 questions A progressive, malignant disease of the blood-forming organs, characterized by distorted proliferation and development of leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow. It is classified according to degree of cell differentiation as acute or chronic, and according to predominant type of cell involved as myelogenous or lymphocytic. (Dorland, 28th ed)
        • Tumeurs Des Vaisseaux Lymphatiques 0 questions Neoplasms composed of lymphoid tissue, a lattice work of reticular tissue the interspaces of which contain lymphocytes. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in lymphatic vessels.
        • Lymphomes 0 questions Terme général pour diverses maladies néoplasiques du tissu lymphoïde.
        • Tumeurs Complexes Et Mixtes 0 questions Neoplasms composed of more than one type of neoplastic tissue.
          • Adénolymphome 0 questions A benign tumor characterized histologically by tall columnar epithelium within a lymphoid tissue stroma. It is usually found in the salivary glands, especially the parotid.
          • Adénome Pléomorphe 0 questions A benign, slow-growing tumor, most commonly of the salivary gland, occurring as a small, painless, firm nodule, usually of the parotid gland, but also found in any major or accessory salivary gland anywhere in the oral cavity. It is most often seen in women in the fifth decade. Histologically, the tumor presents a variety of cells: cuboidal, columnar, and squamous cells, showing all forms of epithelial growth. (Dorland, 27th ed)
          • Adenomyoepithelioma 0 questions
          • Adénomyome 0 questions Néoplasme bénin musculaire (d
          • Adénosarcome 0 questions A malignant neoplasm arising simultaneously or consecutively in mesodermal tissue and glandular epithelium of the same part. (Stedman, 25th ed)
          • Carcinome Adénosquameux 0 questions A mixed adenocarcinoma and squamous cell or epidermoid carcinoma.
          • Carcinosarcome 0 questions A malignant neoplasm that contains elements of carcinoma and sarcoma so extensively intermixed as to indicate neoplasia of epithelial and mesenchymal tissue. (Stedman, 25th ed)
          • Composite Lymphoma 0 questions
          • Hépatoblastome 0 questions A malignant neoplasm occurring in young children, primarily in the liver, composed of tissue resembling embryonal or fetal hepatic epithelium, or mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tissues. (Stedman, 25th ed)
          • Mésenchymome 0 questions A mixed mesenchymal tumor composed of two or more mesodermal cellular elements not commonly associated, not counting fibrous tissue as one of the elements. Mesenchymomas are widely distributed in the body and about 75% are malignant. (Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1866)
          • Tumeur Mixte Maligne 0 questions A malignant tumor composed of more than one type of neoplastic tissue. (Dorland, 27th ed)
          • Tumeur Mixte Mésodermique 0 questions A sarcoma of the body of the uterus arising in older women, composed of more than one mesenchymal tissue, especially including striated muscle cells. It is associated with previous pelvic radiation exposure in 20% of patients. (Stedman, 25th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1702)
          • Tumeur Mixte Mullérienne 0 questions A tumor, basically a carcinoma with a single sarcoma such as leiomyosarcoma or angiosarcoma or multiple sarcomas of uterine origin. The role of estrogen has been postulated as a possible etiological factor in this tumor. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1703)
          • Myoépithéliome 0 questions A usually benign tumor made up predominantly of myoepithelial cells.
          • Tumeur De Wilms 0 questions A malignant kidney tumor, caused by the uncontrolled multiplication of renal stem (blastemal), stromal (STROMAL CELLS), and epithelial (EPITHELIAL CELLS) elements. However, not all three are present in every case. Several genes or chromosomal areas have been associated with Wilms tumor which is usually found in childhood as a firm lump in a child's side or ABDOMEN.
          • Néphrome Mésoblastique 0 questions Une tumeur maligne du rein à composante essentiellement myofibroblastique (cellules myofibroblastiques rangées en paquets ou en couches) ayant tendance à s'infiltrer dans le rein et par l'intermédiaire de la capsule, dans les tissus périrénaux.
          • Blastome Pulmonaire 0 questions A malignant neoplasm of the lung composed chiefly or entirely of immature undifferentiated cells (i.e., blast forms) with little or virtually no stroma. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
          • Tumeur Rhabdoïde 0 questions A rare but highly lethal childhood tumor found almost exclusively in infants. Histopathologically, it resembles RHABDOMYOSARCOMA but the tumor cells are not of myogenic origin. Although it arises primarily in the kidney, it may be found in other parts of the body. The rhabdoid cytomorphology is believed to be the expression of a very primitive malignant cell. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p2210)
          • Sarcome Du Stroma Endométrial 0 questions A highly malignant subset of neoplasms arising from the endometrial stroma. Tumors in this group infiltrate the stroma with a wide range of atypia cells and numerous mitoses. They are capable of widespread metastases (NEOPLASM METASTASIS).
          • Thymome 0 questions A neoplasm originating from thymic tissue, usually benign, and frequently encapsulated. Although it is occasionally invasive, metastases are extremely rare. It consists of any type of thymic epithelial cell as well as lymphocytes that are usually abundant and probably not neoplastic. Malignant lymphomas that involve the thymus, e.g., lymphosarcoma, Hodgkin's disease (previously termed granulomatous thymoma), should not be regarded as thymoma. (Stedman, 25th ed)
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Conjonctif Et Des Tissus Mous 2 questions Neoplasms developing from some structure of the connective and subcutaneous tissue. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in connective or soft tissue.
        • Tumeurs Embryonnaires Et Germinales 0 questions Neoplasms composed of primordial GERM CELLS of embryonic GONADS or of elements of the germ layers of the EMBRYO. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the gonads or present in an embryo or FETUS.
        • Tumeurs 0 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Gonadique 0 questions Neoplasms composed of tissues of the OVARY or the TESTIS, not neoplasms located in the ovaries or testes. Gonadal tissues include GERM CELLS, cells from the sex cord, and gonadal stromal cells.
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Nerveux 0 questions Neoplasms composed of nerve tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the nervous system or its component nerves.
        • Neoplasms, Plasma Cell 0 questions
        • Tumeurs Du Tissu Vasculaire 1 question Neoplasms composed of vascular tissue. This concept does not refer to neoplasms located in blood vessels.
        • Naevus Et Mélanomes 0 questions A collective term for the various types of nevi and melanomas.
        • Tumeurs Odontogènes 0 questions Neoplasms produced from tooth-forming tissues.
      • Tumeurs Par Siège 2 questions A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
      • Tumeurs Expérimentales 0 questions Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
      • Tumeurs Hormonodépendantes 0 questions Certain tumors that 1, arise in organs that are normally dependent on specific hormones and 2, are stimulated or caused to regress by manipulation of the endocrine environment.
      • Tumeurs Primitives Multiples 0 questions Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously. The neoplasms are histologically different and may be found in the same or different sites.
      • Tumeurs Post-Traumatiques 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms caused by or resulting from trauma or other non-radiation injuries.
      • Tumeurs Radio-Induites 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
      • Seconde Tumeur Primitive 0 questions Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
      • Processus Néoplasiques 0 questions The pathological mechanisms and forms taken by tissue during degeneration into a neoplasm and its subsequent activity.
      • Syndromes Néoplasiques Héréditaires 0 questions Condition de prédisposition aux tumeurs malignes au sein d'une famille, dont tous les membres ne présentent pas nécessairement la même tumeur. De façon caractéristique, la tumeur a tendance à survenir avant l'âge moyen. Plus d'une tumeur primaire peuvent apparaître et elles peuvent être multicentriques. Habituellement plus de 25 pourcent des personnes en lignée directe avec le proposant sont affectées et la prédisposition au cancer dans ces familles se comporte comme un trait autosomal dominant d'une pénétrance de 60 pourcent.
      • Syndromes Paranéoplasiques 0 questions Chez les patients présentant des maladies néo-plasiques une grande variété d'images cliniques qui sont des effets indirects et généralement éloignés des effets des métabolites des cellules tumorales ou d'autres produits.
      • Precancerous Conditions 0 questions Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
      • Complications Tumorales De La Grossesse 0 questions Cancers survenant durant la grossesse ou une grossesse survenant au cours d
      • Infections 0 questions Infections with bacteria of the species YERSINIA PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 10 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 69 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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