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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
      • Kystes 5 questions Toute cavité ou sac fermée remplie de fluide qui est délimitée par un épithélium. Les kystes peuvent être de tissus normaux, anormaux, non-néoplasiques ou néoplasiques.
      • Hamartomes 0 questions A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
      • Tumeurs Par Type Histologique 4 questions A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
      • Tumeurs Par Siège 2 questions A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
        • Tumeurs De L'Abdomen 0 questions
        • Tumeurs De La Glande Périanale 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the anal gland.
        • Tumeurs Des Os 0 questions Tumeurs ou cancer localisés dans le tissu osseux ou aux os spécifiques.
        • Tumeurs Du Sein 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
        • Tumeurs De L'Appareil Digestif 1 question Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
        • Tumeurs Des Glandes Endocrines 0 questions Tumeurs ou cancer des glandes endocrines
        • Tumeurs De L'Oeil 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
        • Tumeurs De La Tête Et Du Cou 1 question Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
        • Tumeurs Hématologiques 0 questions Neoplasms located in the blood and blood-forming tissue (the bone marrow and lymphatic tissue). The commonest forms are the various types of LEUKEMIA, of LYMPHOMA, and of the progressive, life-threatening forms of the MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES.
        • Tumeurs Mammaires De L'Animal 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the MAMMARY GLAND in animals (MAMMARY GLANDS, ANIMAL).
        • Tumeurs Du Système Nerveux 0 questions Benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges. Included in this category are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
          • Tumeurs Du Système Nerveux Central 0 questions Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the brain, spinal cord, or meninges.
            • Tumeurs Du Cerveau 0 questions Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
              • Tumeurs Des Ventricules Cérébraux 0 questions Tumeurs situées aux ventricules cérébrales, comprenant les deux ventricules latérales, la troisième et la quatrième ventricule. Les tumeurs ventriculaires peuvent être primitives (tumeur plexus choroïde et gliome sous épendymaire), ou métastasées depuis des organes distants, elles peuvent également survenir en extension de tumeurs invasives localement depuis des structures cérébrales adjacentes.
              • Tumeurs Sous-Tentorielles 0 questions Tumeurs intracrâniennes ayant leur origine dans la région du cerveau inférieure à la tente du cervelet qui comprend le cervelet, le quatrième ventricule, l'angle ponto-cérebelleux, le tronc cérébral et les structures liées. Les tumeurs primaires de cette région sont plus fréquentes sont plus fréquentes chez les enfants et peuvent se présenter avec de l'ataxie, des maladies des nerfs crâniens, des vomissements, des céphalées, de l'hydrocéphalie et d'autres signes de dysfonction neurologique. Les sous-types histologiques comprennent le tératome, le médulloblastome, le glioblastome multiforme, l'astrocytome, l'épendymome, le craniopharyngiome et le papillome du plexus choroïde (papillome plexus choroïde).
                • Tumeurs Du Tronc Cérébral 0 questions Tumeurs intra-axiales bénignes et malignes du tronc cérébral, mésencéphale, protubérance annullaire ou bulbe rachidien. Des tumeurs primaires et métastatiques peuvent survenir à cet endroit. Les signes cliniques comprennent l'ataxie, des neuropathies cranienne (voir Nerfs crâniens, maladies), des nausées, l'hémiparésie (voir Hémiplégie), la quadriplégie. Les tumeurs primaires du tronc cérébral sont plus fréquentes chez les enfants. Les sous-types histologiques comprennent le gliome, l'hémangioblastome, le ganglioglome et l'épendymome.
                • Tumeurs Du Cervelet 0 questions Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)
              • Neurocytome 0 questions A benign brain tumor composed of neural elements which most often arise from the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM and the walls of the lateral ventricles. Immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy evaluations may reveal expression of neuron specific enolase and synaptophysin and cells containing microtubuli, neurosecretory granules, and presynaptic vesicles. (From Acta Med Port 1994 Feb;7(2):113-9)
              • Pinéalome 0 questions Neoplasms which originate from pineal parenchymal cells that tend to enlarge the gland and be locally invasive. The two major forms are pineocytoma and the more malignant pineoblastoma. Pineocytomas have moderate cellularity and tend to form rosette patterns. Pineoblastomas are highly cellular tumors containing small, poorly differentiated cells. These tumors occasionally seed the neuroaxis or cause obstructive HYDROCEPHALUS or Parinaud's syndrome. GERMINOMA; CARCINOMA, EMBRYONAL; GLIOMA; and other neoplasms may arise in the pineal region with germinoma being the most common pineal region tumor. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, p2064; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p670)
              • Tumeurs Sus-Tentorielles 0 questions Primary and metastatic (secondary) tumors of the brain located above the tentorium cerebelli, a fold of dura mater separating the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM from the cerebral hemispheres and DIENCEPHALON (i.e., THALAMUS and HYPOTHALAMUS and related structures). In adults, primary neoplasms tend to arise in the supratentorial compartment, whereas in children they occur more frequently in the infratentorial space. Clinical manifestations vary with the location of the lesion, but SEIZURES; APHASIA; HEMIANOPSIA; hemiparesis; and sensory deficits are relatively common features. Metastatic supratentorial neoplasms are frequently multiple at the time of presentation.
            • Kystes Du Système Nerveux Central 0 questions Congenital or acquired cysts of the brain, spinal cord, or meninges which may remain stable in size or undergo progressive enlargement.
            • Tumeurs Des Méninges 0 questions Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
            • Tumeurs De La Moelle 0 questions Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.
          • Tumeurs Des Nerfs Crâniens 0 questions Benign and malignant neoplasms that arise from one or more of the twelve cranial nerves.
          • Syndromes Neurologiques Paranéoplasiques 0 questions Degenerative or inflammatory conditions affecting the central or peripheral nervous system that develop in association with a systemic neoplasm without direct invasion by tumor. They may be associated with circulating antibodies that react with the affected neural tissue. (Intern Med 1996 Dec;35(12):925-9)
          • Tumeurs Du Système Nerveux Périphérique 0 questions Neoplasms which arise from peripheral nerve tissue. This includes NEUROFIBROMAS; SCHWANNOMAS; GRANULAR CELL TUMORS; and malignant peripheral NERVE SHEATH NEOPLASMS. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp1750-1)
        • Tumeurs Du Bassin 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
        • Tumeurs De La Peau 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
        • Tumeurs Des Tissus Mous 0 questions Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
        • Tumeurs Spléniques 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the SPLEEN.
        • Tumeurs Du Thorax 0 questions
        • Tumeurs De L'Appareil Urogénital 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
      • Tumeurs Expérimentales 0 questions Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
      • Tumeurs Hormonodépendantes 0 questions Certain tumors that 1, arise in organs that are normally dependent on specific hormones and 2, are stimulated or caused to regress by manipulation of the endocrine environment.
      • Tumeurs Primitives Multiples 0 questions Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously. The neoplasms are histologically different and may be found in the same or different sites.
      • Tumeurs Post-Traumatiques 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms caused by or resulting from trauma or other non-radiation injuries.
      • Tumeurs Radio-Induites 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
      • Seconde Tumeur Primitive 0 questions Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
      • Processus Néoplasiques 0 questions The pathological mechanisms and forms taken by tissue during degeneration into a neoplasm and its subsequent activity.
      • Syndromes Néoplasiques Héréditaires 0 questions Condition de prédisposition aux tumeurs malignes au sein d'une famille, dont tous les membres ne présentent pas nécessairement la même tumeur. De façon caractéristique, la tumeur a tendance à survenir avant l'âge moyen. Plus d'une tumeur primaire peuvent apparaître et elles peuvent être multicentriques. Habituellement plus de 25 pourcent des personnes en lignée directe avec le proposant sont affectées et la prédisposition au cancer dans ces familles se comporte comme un trait autosomal dominant d'une pénétrance de 60 pourcent.
      • Syndromes Paranéoplasiques 0 questions Chez les patients présentant des maladies néo-plasiques une grande variété d'images cliniques qui sont des effets indirects et généralement éloignés des effets des métabolites des cellules tumorales ou d'autres produits.
      • Precancerous Conditions 0 questions Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
      • Complications Tumorales De La Grossesse 0 questions Cancers survenant durant la grossesse ou une grossesse survenant au cours d
      • Infections 0 questions Infections with bacteria of the species YERSINIA PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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