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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
      • Kystes 5 questions Toute cavité ou sac fermée remplie de fluide qui est délimitée par un épithélium. Les kystes peuvent être de tissus normaux, anormaux, non-néoplasiques ou néoplasiques.
      • Hamartomes 0 questions A focal malformation resembling a neoplasm, composed of an overgrowth of mature cells and tissues that normally occur in the affected area.
      • Tumeurs Par Type Histologique 4 questions A collective term for the various histological types of NEOPLASMS. It is more likely to be used by searchers than by indexers and catalogers.
      • Tumeurs Par Siège 2 questions A collective term for precoordinated organ/neoplasm headings locating neoplasms by organ, as BRAIN NEOPLASMS; DUODENAL NEOPLASMS; LIVER NEOPLASMS; etc.
        • Tumeurs De L'Abdomen 0 questions
        • Tumeurs De La Glande Périanale 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the anal gland.
        • Tumeurs Des Os 0 questions Tumeurs ou cancer localisés dans le tissu osseux ou aux os spécifiques.
        • Tumeurs Du Sein 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
        • Tumeurs De L'Appareil Digestif 1 question Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
        • Tumeurs Des Glandes Endocrines 0 questions Tumeurs ou cancer des glandes endocrines
          • Tumeurs De La Surrénale 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the ADRENAL GLANDS.
          • Néoplasie Endocrinienne Multiple 0 questions A group of autosomal dominant diseases characterized by the combined occurrence of tumors involving two or more ENDOCRINE GLANDS that secrete PEPTIDE HORMONES or AMINES. These neoplasias are often benign but can be malignant. They are classified by the endocrine glands involved and the degree of aggressiveness. The two major forms are MEN1 and MEN2 with gene mutations on CHROMOSOME 11 and CHROMOSOME 10, respectively.
          • Tumeurs De L'Ovaire 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
          • Tumeurs Du Pancréas 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
          • Syndromes Endocriniens Paranéoplasiques 0 questions Syndromes resulting from inappropriate production of HORMONES or hormone-like materials by NEOPLASMS in non-endocrine tissues or not by the usual ENDOCRINE GLANDS. Such hormone outputs are called ectopic hormone (HORMONES, ECTOPIC) secretion.
          • Tumeurs De La Parathyroïde 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the PARATHYROID GLANDS.
          • Tumeurs De L'Hypophyse 0 questions Neoplasms which arise from or metastasize to the PITUITARY GLAND. The majority of pituitary neoplasms are adenomas, which are divided into non-secreting and secreting forms. Hormone producing forms are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. Pituitary adenomas may also be characterized by their staining properties (see ADENOMA, BASOPHIL; ADENOMA, ACIDOPHIL; and ADENOMA, CHROMOPHOBE). Pituitary tumors may compress adjacent structures, including the HYPOTHALAMUS, several CRANIAL NERVES, and the OPTIC CHIASM. Chiasmal compression may result in bitemporal HEMIANOPSIA.
            • Adénome 0 questions Tumeur bénigne localisée d
              • Syndrome De Nelson 0 questions A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.
            • Adénome Hypophysaire 0 questions A pituitary tumor that secretes GROWTH HORMONE. In humans, excess HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE leads to ACROMEGALY.
            • Prolactinome 0 questions A pituitary adenoma which secretes PROLACTIN, leading to HYPERPROLACTINEMIA. Clinical manifestations include AMENORRHEA; GALACTORRHEA; IMPOTENCE; HEADACHE; visual disturbances; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID RHINORRHEA.
          • Tumeurs Du Testicule 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the TESTIS. Germ cell tumors (GERMINOMA) of the testis constitute 95% of all testicular neoplasms.
          • Tumeurs De La Thyroïde 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.
        • Tumeurs De L'Oeil 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the EYE.
        • Tumeurs De La Tête Et Du Cou 1 question Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
        • Tumeurs Hématologiques 0 questions Neoplasms located in the blood and blood-forming tissue (the bone marrow and lymphatic tissue). The commonest forms are the various types of LEUKEMIA, of LYMPHOMA, and of the progressive, life-threatening forms of the MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES.
        • Tumeurs Mammaires De L'Animal 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the MAMMARY GLAND in animals (MAMMARY GLANDS, ANIMAL).
        • Tumeurs Du Système Nerveux 0 questions Benign and malignant neoplastic processes arising from or involving components of the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, cranial nerves, and meninges. Included in this category are primary and metastatic nervous system neoplasms.
        • Tumeurs Du Bassin 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the pelvic region.
        • Tumeurs De La Peau 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
        • Tumeurs Des Tissus Mous 0 questions Neoplasms of whatever cell type or origin, occurring in the extraskeletal connective tissue framework of the body including the organs of locomotion and their various component structures, such as nerves, blood vessels, lymphatics, etc.
        • Tumeurs Spléniques 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the SPLEEN.
        • Tumeurs Du Thorax 0 questions
        • Tumeurs De L'Appareil Urogénital 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the UROGENITAL SYSTEM in either the male or the female.
      • Tumeurs Expérimentales 0 questions Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
      • Tumeurs Hormonodépendantes 0 questions Certain tumors that 1, arise in organs that are normally dependent on specific hormones and 2, are stimulated or caused to regress by manipulation of the endocrine environment.
      • Tumeurs Primitives Multiples 0 questions Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously. The neoplasms are histologically different and may be found in the same or different sites.
      • Tumeurs Post-Traumatiques 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms caused by or resulting from trauma or other non-radiation injuries.
      • Tumeurs Radio-Induites 0 questions Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
      • Seconde Tumeur Primitive 0 questions Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
      • Processus Néoplasiques 0 questions The pathological mechanisms and forms taken by tissue during degeneration into a neoplasm and its subsequent activity.
      • Syndromes Néoplasiques Héréditaires 0 questions Condition de prédisposition aux tumeurs malignes au sein d'une famille, dont tous les membres ne présentent pas nécessairement la même tumeur. De façon caractéristique, la tumeur a tendance à survenir avant l'âge moyen. Plus d'une tumeur primaire peuvent apparaître et elles peuvent être multicentriques. Habituellement plus de 25 pourcent des personnes en lignée directe avec le proposant sont affectées et la prédisposition au cancer dans ces familles se comporte comme un trait autosomal dominant d'une pénétrance de 60 pourcent.
      • Syndromes Paranéoplasiques 0 questions Chez les patients présentant des maladies néo-plasiques une grande variété d'images cliniques qui sont des effets indirects et généralement éloignés des effets des métabolites des cellules tumorales ou d'autres produits.
      • Precancerous Conditions 0 questions Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
      • Complications Tumorales De La Grossesse 0 questions Cancers survenant durant la grossesse ou une grossesse survenant au cours d
      • Infections 0 questions Infections with bacteria of the species YERSINIA PSEUDOTUBERCULOSIS.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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