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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
      • Maladies Des Bronches 1 question
      • Troubles De La Motilité Ciliaire 0 questions Disorders characterized by abnormal ciliary movement in the nose, paranasal sinuses, respiratory tract, and spermatozoa. Electron microscopy of the CILIA shows that dynein arms are missing. The disorders manifest as KARTAGENER SYNDROME, chronic respiratory disorders, chronic sinusitis, and/or chronic otitis.
      • Granulome De L'Appareil Respiratoire 0 questions Troubles granulomateux affectant un ou plusieurs sites du trajet respiratoire.
      • Maladies Du Larynx 0 questions Disorders of the larynx, general or unspecified.
      • Maladies Pulmonaires 0 questions
        • Acute Chest Syndrome 0 questions
        • Déficit En Alpha 1-Antitrypsine 0 questions Carence de l
        • Malformation Congénitale Kystique Adénomatoïde Du Poumon 0 questions A developmental anomaly that usually becomes apparent in the neonatal period with progressive respiratory distress. This malformation is a focal pulmonary dysplasia characterized by a multicystic mass of terminal bronchiolar structures. CCAM is classified into 3 separate types (I, II, III) depending on cyst size.
        • Mucoviscidose 0 questions An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
        • Hémoptysie 0 questions Bronchial hemorrhage manifested with spitting of blood.
        • Syndrome Hépatopulmonaire 0 questions Syndrome se composant de la triade suivante : dysfonctionnement hépatique, dilatation vasculaire pulmonaire et oxygénation artérielle anormale, en l'absence d'une maladie intrinsèque décelable des poumons et du coeur.
        • Hypertension Artérielle Pulmonaire 0 questions Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
        • Abcès Du Poumon 0 questions Complication d
        • Mycoses Pulmonaires 0 questions
        • Lung Diseases, Interstitial 0 questions
          • Alvéolite Allergique Extrinsèque 0 questions Conditions in which inhalation of organic dusts results in hypersensitivity reactions at the alveolar level, associated with the production of precipitins.
            • Maladie Des 0 questions Nom historique donné à la scrofule. Une croyance prétendait qu'elle pouvait être guérie par le contact d'un roi. Ce terme est seulement employé pour les articles historiques et est à différencier de la scrofule (en tant que tuberculose ganglionnaire), dans la médecine clinique moderne.
            • Poumon Du Fermier 0 questions Systemic and pulmonary reactions resulting from inhalation of dust from moldy hay, threshing dust, or moldy straw, by persons who have become hypersensitive to antigens in the dust. It is most often associated with inhalation of spores of Micromonospora faeni or Thermoactinomyces vulgaris. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
            • Pneumopathie Des Ensileurs 0 questions Pneumonia or bronchiolitis caused by inhalation of nitrogen dioxide released by silage.
            • Trichosporonosis 0 questions
          • Maladie Des Anticorps Antimembrane Basale Glomérulaire 0 questions Glomérulonéphrite, d
          • Histiocytose 0 questions Group of disorders characterized by monoclonal proliferation of CD1+ HISTIOCYTES. The demonstration of the LANGERHANS CELLS Birbeck granules is the gold standard of the phenotype. EOSINOPHILIC GRANULOMA makes up 60-80% of all the cases.
          • Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias 0 questions
          • Pneumoconiose 0 questions Condition characterized by permanent deposition of substantial amounts of particulate matter in the lungs, usually of occupational or environmental origin, and by the tissue reaction to its presence.
          • Pneumopathie Radique 0 questions Effets nuisibles de la radiothérapie sur les poumons. Il y a trois phases de réaction des poumons aux dommages dus au rayonnement: une phase aiguë survenant 1 à 2 mois après exposition, une phase subaiguë 2 à 9 mois après exposition, et une phase chronique ou fibrotique plus de 9 mois après exposition. Dans la phase aiguë il y a des dommages vasculaires, congestion, oedème, et infiltration mononucléaire des cellules; dans la phase subaiguë les murs alvéolaires sont infiltrés par des cellules inflammatoires mononucléaires et des fibroblastes ; dans la phase chronique, la fibrose alvéolaire et la sclérose capillaire interviennent. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p2343)
          • Sarcoïdose Pulmonaire 0 questions Sarcoidosis affecting predominantly the lungs, the site most frequently involved and most commonly causing morbidity and mortality in sarcoidosis. Pulmonary sarcoidosis is characterized by sharply circumscribed granulomas in the alveolar, bronchial, and vascular walls, composed of tightly packed cells derived from the mononuclear phagocyte system. The clinical symptoms when present are dyspnea upon exertion, nonproductive cough, and wheezing. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p431)
          • Granulomatose De Wegener 0 questions A multisystemic disease of a complex genetic background. It is characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels (VASCULITIS) leading to damages in any number of organs. The common features include granulomatous inflammation of the RESPIRATORY TRACT and kidneys (GLOMERULONEPHRITIS). Most patients have measurable autoantibodies (ANTINEUTROPHIL CYTOPLASMIC ANTIBODIES) against neutrophil proteinase-3 (WEGENER AUTOANTIGEN).
        • Bronchopneumopathies Obstructives 0 questions Tout trouble marqué par l
        • Parasitoses Pulmonaires 0 questions Infections of the lungs with a parasite. They are caused most commonly by nematodes (roundworms).
        • Lung Injury 0 questions
        • Tumeurs Du Poumon 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
        • Granulome 0 questions A pseudotumor of the lung composed of inflammatory cells and showing complete maturity of fibroblastic components with a striking lack of mitosis. It is also called postinflammatory pseudotumor and pseudoneoplastic pneumonitis. (Surg Gynecol Obstet 1983 Jan;156(1):89-96)
        • Pneumopathie Infectieuse 0 questions Inflammation des poumons
        • Protéinose Alvéolaire Pulmonaire 0 questions Maladie pulmonaire chronique caractérisée par une dyspnée, une toux productive, une douleur thoracique, une hémoptysie, et par un remplissage des alvéoles distales par une substance plipoprotéinacée, empêchant une ventilation correcte de la zone.
        • Pulmonary Atelectasis 0 questions
        • Oedème Pulmonaire 0 questions
        • Embolie Pulmonaire 0 questions Embolism in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches.
        • Emphysème Pulmonaire 0 questions A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by anatomic alterations of the lungs, such as the enlargement of airspaces and destruction of alveolar walls.
        • Poumon 0 questions A disease characterized by pulmonary infiltrations of eosinophils and blood eosinophilia.
        • Fibrose Pulmonaire 0 questions Chronic inflammation and progressive fibrosis of the pulmonary alveolar walls, with steadily progressive dyspnea, resulting finally in death from oxygen lack or right heart failure.
        • Maladie Veino-Occlusive Pulmonaire 0 questions Obstruction des veines pulmonaires de petits et de moyens calibres du fait d'une prolifération fibreuse de l'intima et de la media, ou par thrombose, ou les deux.
        • Syndrome De Détresse Respiratoire De L'Adulte 0 questions A syndrome of life-threatening progressive pulmonary insufficiency in the absence of known pulmonary disease, usually following a systemic insult such as SURGERY or major TRAUMA.
        • Syndrome De Détresse Respiratoire Du Nouveau-Né 0 questions A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
        • Syndrome Du Cimeterre 0 questions An anomalous pulmonary venous return in which the right PULMONARY VEIN is not connected to the LEFT ATRIUM but to the INFERIOR VENA CAVA. Scimitar syndrome is named for the crescent- or Turkish sword-like shadow in the chest radiography and is often associated with hypoplasia of the right lung and right pulmonary artery, and dextroposition of the heart.
        • Solitary Pulmonary Nodule 0 questions
        • Tuberculose Pulmonaire 0 questions Tuberculosis of the lungs.
      • Maladies Du Nez 0 questions Disorders of the nose, general or unspecified.
      • Maladies De La Plèvre 3 questions
      • Troubles Respiratoires 0 questions Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
      • Hypersensibilité Respiratoire 0 questions Forme d'hypersensibilité affectant l'appareil respiratoire. Elle inclut l'asthme et le rhume des foins.
      • Malformations De L'Appareil Respiratoire 0 questions Anomalies structurelles congénitales de l'appareil respiratoire.
      • Fistule De L'Appareil Respiratoire 0 questions An abnormal passage communicating between any component of the respiratory tract or between any part of the respiratory system and surrounding organs.
      • Infections De L'Appareil Respiratoire 3 questions
      • Tumeurs De L'Appareil Respiratoire 0 questions
      • Maladies Du Thorax 1 question Disorders affecting the organs of the thorax.
      • Maladie De La Trachée 0 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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