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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
      • Maladies Osseuses 0 questions Diseases of BONES.
        • Kystes Osseux 0 questions Benign unilocular lytic areas in the proximal end of a long bone with well defined and narrow endosteal margins. The cysts contain fluid and the cyst walls may contain some giant cells. Bone cysts usually occur in males between the ages 3-15 years.
        • Dysplasies Osseuses 0 questions
        • Maladies Osseuses Endocriniennes 0 questions Diseases of the bones related to hyperfunction or hypofunction of the endocrine glands.
        • Infections Osseuses 0 questions Bone diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms.
        • Maladies Osseuses Métaboliques 0 questions
        • Mauvais Alignement Osseux 0 questions Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.
        • Tumeurs Des Os 0 questions Tumeurs ou cancer localisés dans le tissu osseux ou aux os spécifiques.
        • Résorption Osseuse 0 questions Bone loss due to osteoclastic activity.
        • Coxa Valga 0 questions
        • Granulome 0 questions A pseudotumor of the lung composed of inflammatory cells and showing complete maturity of fibroblastic components with a striking lack of mitosis. It is also called postinflammatory pseudotumor and pseudoneoplastic pneumonitis. (Surg Gynecol Obstet 1983 Jan;156(1):89-96)
        • Epiphyses, Slipped 0 questions
        • Genu Valgum 0 questions
        • Genu Varum 0 questions
        • Hyperostose 0 questions Increase in the mass of bone per unit volume.
        • Ostéite 0 questions
        • Maladie De Paget Des Os 0 questions A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.
        • Pachydermopériostose 0 questions Pathologie principalement caractérisée par un épaississement de la peau des extrémités principales et distales, des plis profonds et des sillons de la peau du front, des joues, et du cuir chevelu, une séborrhée, une hyperhydrose, une périostose des os longs, une syndactylie, et un agrandissement en largeur des mains et des pieds. Elle est plus répandue chez l'homme, et est habituellement mise en évidence à l'adolescence. On pense qu'elle est transmise de façon héréditaire dominante autosomale.
        • Ostéoarthropathie Hypertrophiante De Pierre Marie 0 questions Ostéite symétrique des quatre membres, principalement localisée aux phalanges et aux épiphyses terminales des os longs de l'avant-bras et de la jambe, se prolongeant parfois aux extrémités proximales des membres et des os plats, et accompagnée d'une cyphose dorsale et d'entorses des articulations. Elle est souvent secondaire à des affections chroniques des poumons et du coeur.
        • Ostéochondrite 0 questions Inflammation of bone and cartilage.
        • Ostéochondrite2 0 questions Inflammation of bone and cartilage.
        • Ostéonécrose 0 questions Death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.
        • Maladies Du Rachis 0 questions
          • Intervertebral Disc Degeneration 0 questions
          • Intervertebral Disc Displacement 0 questions
          • Ossification Du Ligament Longitudinal Postérieur 0 questions A calcification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spinal column, usually at the level of the cervical spine. It is often associated with anterior ankylosing hyperostosis.
          • Platybasie 0 questions A developmental deformity of the occipital bone and upper end of the cervical spine, in which the latter appears to have pushed the floor of the occipital bone upward. (Dorland, 27th ed)
          • Ostéophytose Vertébrale 0 questions Outgrowth of immature bony processes from the vertebrae, reflecting the presence of degenerative disease and calcification. It includes cervical and lumbar spondylosis.
          • Déviations Du Rachis 0 questions Deviations of the spine from its normal direction or position. (Dorland, 28th ed)
          • Tumeurs Du Rachis 0 questions
          • Spinal Osteochondrosis 0 questions
          • Ostéophytose Vertébrale2 0 questions Outgrowth of immature bony processes from the vertebrae, reflecting the presence of degenerative disease and calcification. It includes cervical and lumbar spondylosis.
          • Sténose Du Canal Vertébral 0 questions Narrowing of the spinal canal.
          • Spondylite 0 questions Inflammation of the vertebrae. This includes both arthritic and non-arthritic conditions.
            • Discite 0 questions Inflammation of an intervertebral disk or disk space which may lead to disk erosion. Until recently, discitis has been defined as a nonbacterial inflammation and has been attributed to aseptic processes (e.g., chemical reaction to an injected substance). However, recent studies provide evidence that infection may be the initial cause, but perhaps not the promoter, of most cases of discitis. Discitis has been diagnosed in patients following discography, myelography, lumbar puncture, paravertebral injection, and obstetrical epidural anesthesia. Discitis following chemonucleolysis (especially with chymopapain) is attributed to chemical reaction by some and to introduction of microorganisms by others.
            • Spondylarthrite 0 questions Arthritis of the spine, specifically involving the intervertebral articulations.
              • Osteoarthritis, Spine 0 questions
              • Spondylarthropathies 0 questions Heterogeneous group of arthritic diseases sharing clinical and radiologic features and presence of the HLA-B27 ANTIGEN.
                • Arthrite Psoriasique 0 questions Syndrome au cours duquel le psoriasis est associé à une arthrite affectant essentiellement les articulations des phalanges terminales. Le facteur rhumatoïde n'est en général pas retrouvé dans le sérum des individus affectés.
                • Arthrite Réactionnelle 0 questions An abacterial form of arthritis developing after infection at a site distant from the affected joint or joints. The causative bacteria cannot be cultured from synovial specimens but bacterial antigens have been demonstrated in cells from the synovial fluid and membrane. It often follows Yersinia infection.
                • Spondylarthrite Ankylosante 0 questions The form of rheumatoid arthritis affecting the spine. It occurs predominantly in young males and produces pain and stiffness as a result of inflammation of the sacroiliac, intervertebral, and costovertebral joints. Etiology is unknown.
            • Tuberculose Vertébrale 0 questions Ostéite ou caries des vertèbres, survenant en général comme une complication de la tuberculose pulmonaire.
          • Ostéophytose Vertébrale3 0 questions Outgrowth of immature bony processes from the vertebrae, reflecting the presence of degenerative disease and calcification. It includes cervical and lumbar spondylosis.
      • Maladies Du Cartilage 0 questions
      • Fasciite 0 questions Inflammation of the fascia. There are three major types: 1, Eosinophilic fasciitis, an inflammatory reaction with eosinophilia, producing hard thickened skin with an orange-peel configuration suggestive of scleroderma and considered by some a variant of scleroderma; 2, Necrotizing fasciitis (FASCIITIS, NECROTIZING), a serious fulminating infection (usually by a beta hemolytic streptococcus) causing extensive necrosis of superficial fascia; 3, Nodular/Pseudosarcomatous /Proliferative fasciitis, characterized by a rapid growth of fibroblasts with mononuclear inflammatory cells and proliferating capillaries in soft tissue, often the forearm; it is not malignant but is sometimes mistaken for fibrosarcoma.
      • Anomalies Morphologiques Du Pied 0 questions Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot.
      • Maladies Du Pied 1 question Anatomical and functional disorders affecting the foot.
      • Anomalies Morphologiques De La Main 1 question Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand.
      • Maladies De La Mâchoire 0 questions
      • Maladies Articulaires 1 question
      • Maladies Musculaires 0 questions Acquired, familial, and congenital disorders of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL) and smooth muscle (MUSCLE, SMOOTH).
      • Malformations De L'Appareil Locomoteur 0 questions Anomalies ou déformations congénitales structurelles de l'appareil locomoteur.
      • Rhumatismes 0 questions Disorders of connective tissue, especially the joints and related structures, characterized by inflammation, degeneration, or metabolic derangement.
      • Tennis Elbow 0 questions A condition characterized by pain in or near the lateral humeral epicondyle or in the forearm extensor muscle mass as a result of unusual strain. It occurs in tennis players as well as housewives, artisans, and violinists.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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