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  • Anatomie 93 questions
  • Organismes 37 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 166 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
    • Infections Bactériennes Et Mycoses 20 questions Infections caused by bacteria and fungi, general, specified, or unspecified.
    • Maladies Virales 5 questions Terme général pour désigner les maladies dues à des virus.
    • Maladies Parasitaires 4 questions Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.
    • Tumeurs 12 questions Neoplasms composed of squamous cells of the epithelium. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Locomoteur 3 questions Maladies des muscles et de leurs ligaments et tissus conjonctifs associés ainsi que des os et des cartilages, considérés dans leur ensemble.
    • Maladie De L'Appareil Digestif 9 questions Diseases in any part of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT or the accessory organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
      • Maladie Des Voies Biliaires 2 questions Diseases in any part of the BILIARY TRACT including the BILE DUCTS and the GALLBLADDER.
      • Malformations De L'Appareil Digestif 0 questions Anomalies structurelles congénitales de l'appareil digestif.
      • Fistule Digestive 1 question An abnormal passage communicating between any components of the digestive system, or between any part of the digestive system and surrounding organ(s).
      • Tumeurs De L'Appareil Digestif 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
      • Maladies Gastro-Intestinales 3 questions Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
        • Anastomotic Leak 0 questions
        • Maladies De L'Oesophage 0 questions Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.
        • Gastroentérite 1 question INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
        • Hémorragie Gastro-Intestinale 0 questions Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
        • Tumeurs Gastro-Intestinales 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
        • Maladies Intestinales 2 questions Pathological processes in any segment of the INTESTINE from DUODENUM to RECTUM.
          • Maladies Du Caecum 0 questions Pathological developments in the CECUM.
          • Maladies Du Côlon 0 questions Pathological processes in the COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
            • Chilaiditi Syndrome 0 questions
            • Colite 0 questions Inflammation du colon.
            • Troubles Fonctionnels Du Côlon 0 questions Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.
            • Tumeurs Colorectales 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
            • Diverticulose Colique 0 questions Condition pathologique caractérisée par la présence d'un nombre important de diverticules du côlon. Sa pathogénie est multifactorielle, incluant un vieillissement du côlon, un dysfonctionnement moteur, une augmentation de la pression intraluminale, ou une carence en fibres alimentaires.
              • Diverticulite Colique 0 questions Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.
            • Mégacôlon 0 questions Dilatation of the COLON, often to alarming dimensions. There are various types of megacolon including congenital megacolon in HIRSCHSPRUNG DISEASE, idiopathic megacolon in CONSTIPATION, and TOXIC MEGACOLON.
            • Maladies Du Sigmoïde 0 questions Pathological processes in the SIGMOID COLON region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
          • Maladies Du Duodénum 1 question Pathological conditions in the DUODENUM region of the small intestine (INTESTINE, SMALL).
          • Dysenterie 0 questions Acute inflammation of the intestine associated with infectious DIARRHEA of various etiologies, generally acquired by eating contaminated food containing TOXINS, BIOLOGICAL derived from BACTERIA; PROTOZOA; or other microorganisms. Dysentery is characterized initially by watery FECES then by bloody mucoid stools. It is often associated with ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and DEHYDRATION.
          • Entérite 0 questions Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.
          • Entérocolite 0 questions Inflammation of the MUCOSA of both the SMALL INTESTINE and the LARGE INTESTINE. Etiology includes ISCHEMIA, infections, allergic, and immune responses.
          • Entéropathie Associée Au Sida 0 questions Diarrhée chronique et bien établie (persistant plus d'un mois) sans cause infectieuse identifiée après évaluation complète, chez un individu positif au VIH. On pense qu'elle proviendrait d'effets directs ou indirects du VIH sur la muqueuse intestinale. L'entéropathie VIH est un diagnostic d'exclusion qui peut être fait seulement après que d'autres formes de maladie diarrhéique aient été éliminées.
          • Maladies De L'Iléon 0 questions Pathological development in the ILEUM including the ILEOCECAL VALVE.
          • Maladies Inflammatoires Intestinales 0 questions Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
          • Atrésie Intestinale 0 questions Congenital obliteration of the lumen of the intestine, with the ILEUM involved in 50% of the cases and the JEJUNUM and DUODENUM following in frequency. It is the most frequent cause of INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION in NEWBORNS. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
          • Parasitoses Intestinales 0 questions Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PROTOZOA or PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
          • Fistule Intestinale 0 questions An abnormal anatomical passage between the INTESTINE, and another segment of the intestine or other organs. External intestinal fistula is connected to the SKIN (enterocutaneous fistula). Internal intestinal fistula can be connected to a number of organs, such as STOMACH (gastrocolic fistula), the BILIARY TRACT (cholecystoduodenal fistula), or the URINARY BLADDER of the URINARY TRACT (colovesical fistula). Risk factors include inflammatory processes, cancer, radiation treatment, and surgical misadventures (MEDICAL ERRORS).
          • Tumeurs De L'Intestin 0 questions Tumors or cancer of the INTESTINES.
          • Occlusion Intestinale 1 question Any impairment, arrest, or reversal of the normal flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS toward the ANAL CANAL.
          • Perforation Intestinale 0 questions Opening or penetration through the wall of the INTESTINES.
          • Polypose Intestinale 0 questions Croissance des polypes intestinaux. Les processus de croissance incluent les néoplasiques (adénome et épithélioma) et les non-néoplasiques (hyperplasiques, muqueux, inflammatoires et les autres polypes).
          • Maladies Du Jéjunum 0 questions Pathological development in the JEJUNUM region of the SMALL INTESTINE.
          • Syndromes De Malabsorption 0 questions General term for a group of MALNUTRITION syndromes caused by failure of normal INTESTINAL ABSORPTION of nutrients.
          • Occlusion Vasculaire Mésentérique 0 questions Obstruction of the flow in the SPLANCHNIC CIRCULATION by ATHEROSCLEROSIS; EMBOLISM; THROMBOSIS; STENOSIS; TRAUMA; and compression or intrinsic pressure from adjacent tumors. Rare causes are drugs, intestinal parasites, and vascular immunoinflammatory diseases such as PERIARTERITIS NODOSA and THROMBOANGIITIS OBLITERANS. (From Juergens et al., Peripheral Vascular Diseases, 5th ed, pp295-6)
          • Pneumatose Kystique De L'Intestin 0 questions Maladie caractérisée par la présence de kystes multiples remplis de gaz dans la paroi intestinale, dans la sous-muqueuse et/ou la sous-séreuse de l'INTESTIN. La plupart des kystes se trouvent dans le JEJUNUM et dans l'ILEUM.
          • Entéropathie Exsudative 0 questions Pathological conditions in the INTESTINES that are characterized by the gastrointestinal loss of serum proteins, including SERUM ALBUMIN; IMMUNOGLOBULINS; and at times LYMPHOCYTES. Severe condition can result in HYPOGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA or LYMPHOPENIA. Protein-losing enteropathies are associated with a number of diseases including INTESTINAL LYMPHANGIECTASIA; WHIPPLE'S DISEASE; and NEOPLASMS of the SMALL INTESTINE.
          • Maladies Du Rectum 0 questions Pathological developments in the RECTUM region of the large intestine (INTESTINE, LARGE).
          • Syndrome De Zollinger-Ellison 0 questions A syndrome that is characterized by the triad of severe PEPTIC ULCER, hypersecretion of GASTRIC ACID, and GASTRIN-producing tumors of the PANCREAS or other tissue (GASTRINOMA). This syndrome may be sporadic or be associated with MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA TYPE 1.
        • Ulcère Gastroduodénal 0 questions Ulcer that occurs in the regions of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT which come into contact with GASTRIC JUICE containing PEPSIN and GASTRIC ACID. It occurs when there are defects in the MUCOSA barrier. The common forms of peptic ulcers are associated with HELICOBACTER PYLORI and the consumption of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).
        • Maladies De L'Estomac 0 questions Pathological processes involving the STOMACH.
        • Tuberculose Gastro-Intestinale 0 questions TUBERCULOSIS that involves any region of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, mostly in the distal ILEUM and the CECUM. In most cases, MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS is the pathogen. Clinical features include ABDOMINAL PAIN; FEVER; and palpable mass in the ileocecal area.
        • Prolapsus Viscéral 0 questions The prolapse or downward displacement of the VISCERA.
      • Maladies Du Foie 2 questions Pathological processes of the LIVER.
      • Maladies Du Pancréas 0 questions Pathological processes of the PANCREAS.
      • Maladies Du Péritoine 1 question Pathological processes involving the PERITONEUM.
    • Maladies Du Système Stomatognathique 2 questions Maladies générales ou non-spécifiques du système stomatognathique, comprenant la bouche, les dents, les mâchoires et le pharynx.
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Respiratoire 8 questions
    • Maladies Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiques 0 questions General or unspecified diseases of the ear, nose, and throat.
    • Maladies Du Système Nerveux 10 questions Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
    • Maladies De L'Oeil 3 questions
    • Maladies Urogénitales De L'Homme 6 questions Maladies de l
    • Maladies De L'Appareil Urogénital Féminin Et Complications De La Grossesse 6 questions Pathological processes of the female URINARY TRACT, the reproductive system (GENITALIA, FEMALE), and disorders related to PREGNANCY.
    • Maladies Cardiovasculaires 7 questions Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
    • Hémopathies Et Maladies Lymphatiques 2 questions Ensemble des maladies hématologiques et des maladies du système lymphatique. Les hémopathies comprennent des troubles impliquant les éléments figurés (Agrégation hématie par exemple) et les composants chimiques (par exemple, anomalie protéine sang); les maladies lymphatiques comprennent les troubles concernant la lymphe, les ganglions lymphatiques et les lymphocytes.
    • Malformations Et Maladies Congénitales, Héréditaires Et Néonatales 1 question Maladies existantes à la naissance et souvent auparavant ou qui se développent durant le premier mois de vie (Nouveau-né, maladies), toutes causalités confondues. Parmi ces maladies, celles caractérisées par des difformités structurelles sont désignées par le terme malformations.
    • Maladies De La Peau Et Du Tissu Conjonctif 7 questions A collective term for diseases of the skin and its appendages and of connective tissue.
    • Maladies Métaboliques Et Nutritionnelles 2 questions A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
    • Maladies Endocriniennes 1 question Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.
    • Maladies Du Système Immunitaire 0 questions Disorders caused by abnormal or absent immunologic mechanisms, whether humoral, cell-mediated, or both.
    • Troubles Liés 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Maladies Animales 1 question
    • Signes Et Symptômes, 6 questions Les états anormaux, anatomiques ou physiologiques et les manisfestations objectives ou subjectives d'une maladie, qui ne sont pas classifiés comme maladie ou syndrome.
    • Maladies Professionnelles 0 questions Maladies dues à des facteurs liés à l'emploi d'une personne. (Tiré de Dorland, 28th ed)
    • Troubles Liés2 0 questions Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.
    • Plaies Et Lésions Traumatiques 1 question Dommages infligés au corps résultatant, directement ou indirectement, d'une force extérieure, avec ou sans rupture de la continuité structurelle.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 68 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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