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  • Anatomie 93 questions
    • Régions Du Corps 3 questions Anatomical areas of the body.
    • Appareil Locomoteur 7 questions The MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body.
    • Système Digestif 15 questions A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Appareil Respiratoire 5 questions The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
    • Appareil Urogénital 13 questions All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
    • Système Endocrine 2 questions The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.
    • Système Cardiovasculaire 4 questions Le coeur et les vaisseaux sanguins par lesquels le sang est pompé et circule à travers le corps.
    • Système Nerveux 2 questions The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)
    • Organes Des Sens 3 questions
    • Tissus 3 questions Collections of differentiated CELLS, such as EPITHELIUM; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; MUSCLES; and NERVE TISSUE. Tissues are cooperatively arranged to form organs with specialized functions such as RESPIRATION; DIGESTION; REPRODUCTION; MOVEMENT; and others.
    • Cellules 3 questions Endocrine cells found throughout the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and in islets of the PANCREAS. D cells secrete SOMATOSTATIN that acts in both an endocrine and paracrine manner. Somatostatin acts on a variety of tissues including the PITUITARY GLAND; gastrointestinal tract; pancreas; and KIDNEY by inhibiting the release of hormones, such as GROWTH HORMONE; GASTRIN; INSULIN; and RENIN.
      • Acinar Cells 0 questions
      • Cellules Productrices D'Anticorps 0 questions Cellules des lignées lymphoïdes qui peuvent réagir avec l'antigène pour produire les substances spécifiques de ces cellules appelés des anticorps. De diverses sous-populations de cellules, souvent lymphocytes B, peuvent être définies, basées sur les différentes classes des immunoglobulines qu'elles synthétisent.
      • Cellules Présentatrices D'Antigène 0 questions Groupe hétérogène de cellules immunocompétentes qui induisent l'immuno-réaction cellulaire en traitant et en présentant des antigènes au récepteur des cellules T. Les cellules de présentation de l'antigène traditionnelles incluent des macrophages; des cellules dendritiques; des cellules de langerhans ; et des lymphocytes B. Des cellules dendritiques folliculaires (cellule folliculaire dentritique) sont également considérées comme des cellules de présentation de l'antigène par quelques auteurs.
      • Blastomères 0 questions The undifferentiated cells produced by early cleavages of the fertilized egg (ZYGOTE) inside the intact ZONA PELLUCIDA. Blastomeres are formed during the MORULA and the BLASTULA stages of the preimplantation EMBRYO.
      • Cellules Sanguines 2 questions
      • Cellules De La Moelle Osseuse 0 questions Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES), STROMAL CELLS, MEGAKARYOCYTES, and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
      • Cellules Cancéreuses En Culture 0 questions Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
      • Cellules Immobilisées 0 questions Microbial, plant, or animal cells which are immobilized by attachment to solid structures, usually a column matrix. A common use of immobilized cells is in biotechnology for the bioconversion of a substrate to a particular product. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
      • Structures Cellulaires 0 questions Components of a cell.
        • Membrane Cellulaire 0 questions The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
        • Prolongements Cytoplasmiques 0 questions Specialized structures of the cell that extend the cell membrane and project out from the cell surface.
        • Paroi Cellulaire 0 questions The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
        • Chromosomes 0 questions In a prokaryotic cell or in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, a structure consisting of or containing DNA which carries the genetic information essential to the cell. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
          • Chromosome Archéen 0 questions Structures within the nucleus of archaeal cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.
          • Chromosomes Artificiels 0 questions DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, elements such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, that are required for successful replication, propagation to and maintenance in progeny cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.
          • Chromosomes Artificiels De Bactérie 0 questions DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, a REPLICATION ORIGIN, for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance as an extra chromosome in bacteria. In addition, they can carry large amounts (about 200 kilobases) of other sequence for a variety of bioengineering purposes.
          • Chromosomes De Champignon 0 questions Structures within the nucleus of fungal cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.
          • Chromosomes, Insect 0 questions
          • Chromosomes Artificiels De Mammifère 0 questions DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, that are required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny mammalian cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.
            • Chromosomes Artificiels De Mammifère 0 questions DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, that are required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny mammalian cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.
            • Chromosome X Humain 0 questions Chromosome sexuel humain féminin existant dans tous les gamètes féminins et seulement dans la moitié des gamètes masculins.
              • Chromosomes Artificiels De L'Homme 0 questions DNA constructs that are composed of, at least, all elements, such as a REPLICATION ORIGIN; TELOMERE; and CENTROMERE, required for successful replication, propagation to and maintainance in progeny human cells. In addition, they are constructed to carry other sequences for analysis or gene transfer.
              • Chromosomes Humains 1-3 0 questions The large, metacentric human chromosomes, called group A in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 1, 2, and 3.
              • Chromosomes Humains 4-5 0 questions The large, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group B in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 4 and 5.
              • Chromosomes Humains 6-12 Et X 0 questions The medium-sized, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group C in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 and the X chromosome.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 16 0 questions A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 17 0 questions A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 18 0 questions A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 19 0 questions A specific pair of GROUP F CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
                  • Chromosome Philadelphie 0 questions Forme anormale du chromosome humain 22 caractérisée par la translocation de matériel génétique du chromosome 22, habituellement sur les bras longs du chromosome 9. Elle est présente dans les cellules de moelle osseuse chez 80 à 90 pour cent des patients présentant une leucémie myelocytique chronique.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 10 0 questions A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 11 0 questions Une paire spécifique de chromosomes humains du groupe C de la classification humaine des chromosomes.
                • Chromosomes Humains De La Paire 12 0 questions A specific pair of GROUP C CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
                • Chromosome X Humain 0 questions Chromosome sexuel humain féminin existant dans tous les gamètes féminins et seulement dans la moitié des gamètes masculins.
              • Chromosomes Humains 13-15 0 questions Chromosomes acrocentriques humains de taille moyenne, appelés groupe D dans la classification des chromosomes humains. Ce groupe se compose des paires 13, 14, et 15.
              • Chromosomes Humains 16-18 0 questions The short, submetacentric human chromosomes, called group E in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 16, 17, and 18.
              • Chromosomes Humains 19-20 0 questions Les chromosomes métacentriques courts, nommé le groupe F dans la classification chromosomique humaine. Ce groupe consiste des paires chromosomiques 19 et 20.
              • Chromosomes Humains 21-22 Et Y 0 questions The short, acrocentric human chromosomes, called group G in the human chromosome classification. This group consists of chromosome pairs 21 and 22 and the Y chromosome.
          • Chromosomes De Plante 0 questions Complex nucleoprotein structures which contain the genomic DNA and are part of the CELL NUCLEUS of PLANTS.
          • Isochromosomes 0 questions Metacentric chromosomes produced during MEIOSIS or MITOSIS when the CENTROMERE splits transversely instead of longitudinally. The chromosomes produced by this abnormal division are one chromosome having the two long arms of the original chromosome, but no short arms, and the other chromosome consisting of the two short arms and no long arms. Each of these isochromosomes constitutes a simultaneous duplication and deletion.
          • Chromosomes En Anneau 0 questions Chromosomes anormaux sans extrémités.
          • Chromosomes Sexuels 0 questions The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
        • Espace Extracellulaire 0 questions Interstitial space between cells, occupied by INTERSTITIAL FLUID as well as amorphous and fibrous substances. For organisms with a CELL WALL, the extracellular space includes everything outside of the CELL MEMBRANE including the PERIPLASM and the cell wall.
        • Corps D'Inclusion 0 questions A generic term for any circumscribed mass of foreign (e.g., lead or viruses) or metabolically inactive materials (e.g., ceroid or Mallory bodies), within the cytoplasm or nucleus of a cell. Inclusion bodies are in cells infected with certain filtrable viruses, observed especially in nerve, epithelial, or endothelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
        • Espace Intracellulaire 0 questions Secteur à l'intérieur des CELLULES.
        • Fractions Subcellulaires 0 questions Components of a cell produced by various separation techniques which, though they disrupt the delicate anatomy of a cell, preserve the structure and physiology of its functioning constituents for biochemical and ultrastructural analysis. (From Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2d ed, p163)
      • Cellules Chromaffines 0 questions Cells that store epinephrine secretory vesicles. During times of stress, the nervous system signals the vesicles to secrete their hormonal content. Their name derives from their ability to stain a brownish color with chromic salts. Characteristically, they are located in the adrenal medulla and paraganglia (PARAGANGLIA, CHROMAFFIN) of the sympathetic nervous system.
      • Cellules Du Tissu Conjonctif 0 questions A group of cells that includes FIBROBLASTS, cartilage cells, ADIPOCYTES, smooth muscle cells, and bone cells.
      • Endocrine Cells 0 questions
      • Cellules 0 questions Endocrine cells found throughout the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and in islets of the PANCREAS. D cells secrete SOMATOSTATIN that acts in both an endocrine and paracrine manner. Somatostatin acts on a variety of tissues including the PITUITARY GLAND; gastrointestinal tract; pancreas; and KIDNEY by inhibiting the release of hormones, such as GROWTH HORMONE; GASTRIN; INSULIN; and RENIN.
      • Cellules2 0 questions Endocrine cells found throughout the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and in islets of the PANCREAS. D cells secrete SOMATOSTATIN that acts in both an endocrine and paracrine manner. Somatostatin acts on a variety of tissues including the PITUITARY GLAND; gastrointestinal tract; pancreas; and KIDNEY by inhibiting the release of hormones, such as GROWTH HORMONE; GASTRIN; INSULIN; and RENIN.
      • Cellules Eucaryotes 0 questions Cells of the higher organisms, containing a true nucleus bounded by a nuclear membrane.
      • Cellules Germinales 0 questions The reproductive cells in multicellular organisms.
      • Cellules Géantes 0 questions Multinucleated cells (fused macrophages), characteristic of granulomatous inflammation, which form around exogenous material in the skin. They are similar in appearance to Langhans giant cells (GIANT CELLS, LANGHANS), but foreign-body giant cells have more abundant chromatin and their nuclei are scattered in an irregular pattern in the cytoplasm.
      • Hepatic Stellate Cells 0 questions
      • Mesophyll Cells 0 questions
      • Cellules Musculaires 0 questions Mature contractile cells, commonly known as myocytes, that form one of three kinds of muscle. The three types of muscle cells are skeletal (MUSCLE FIBERS), cardiac (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC), and smooth (MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE). They are derived from embryonic (precursor) muscle cells called MYOBLASTS.
      • Cellules Myéloïdes 0 questions The classes of BONE MARROW-derived blood cells in the monocytic series (MONOCYTES and their precursors) and granulocytic series (GRANULOCYTES and their precursors).
      • Myoblastes 0 questions Embryonic (precursor) cells of the myogenic lineage that develop from the MESODERM. They undergo proliferation, migrate to their various sites, and then differentiate into the appropriate form of myocytes (MYOCYTES, SKELETAL; MYOCYTES, CARDIAC; MYOCYTES, SMOOTH MUSCLE).
      • Neoplastic Cells, Circulating 0 questions
      • Névroglie 0 questions The non-neuronal cells of the nervous system. They not only provide physical support, but also respond to injury, regulate the ionic and chemical composition of the extracellular milieu, participate in the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER and BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER, form the myelin insulation of nervous pathways, guide neuronal migration during development, and exchange metabolites with neurons. Neuroglia have high-affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitters, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is unclear.
      • Neurones 0 questions The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
      • Cellules Oxyphiles 0 questions Large cells with small irregular nuclei and dense acidophilic granules due to the presence of abundant MITOCHONDRIA. Oxyphil cells, also known as oncocytes, are found in oncocytomas of the kidney, salivary glands, and endocrine glands. In the thyroid gland, oxyphil cells are known as Hurthle cells and Askenazy cells.
      • Pancreatic Stellate Cells 0 questions
      • Péricytes 0 questions Slender, contractile, mesenchymal-like cells found in close association with capillary walls. They are relatively undifferentiated and may become fibroblasts, macrophages, or smooth muscle cells. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
      • Phagocytes 0 questions
      • Plant Cells 0 questions
      • Cellules Procaryotes 0 questions Cells, such as those of bacteria and the blue green algae, which lack a nuclear membrane so that the nuclear material is either scattered in the cytoplasm or collected in a nucleoid region.
      • Protoplastes 0 questions
      • Cellules De Reed-Sternberg 0 questions Large cells of unknown origin, usually multinucleate, whose presence is the common histologic characteristic of HODGKIN DISEASE.
      • Sphéroplastes 0 questions Cells, usually bacteria or yeast, which have partially lost their cell wall, lost their characteristic shape and become round.
      • Spores 0 questions Eléments reproducteurs des organismes inférieurs, tels que les bactéries, les protozoaires, les champignons et les plantes cryptogamiques.
      • Cellules Souches 0 questions Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.
      • Thymocytes 0 questions
    • Liquides Et Sécrétions Biologiques 2 questions Liquid substances produced by living organisms to fulfill specific functions or excreted as waste. Secretions do not include hormones or enzymes.
    • Anatomie Animale 3 questions Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
    • Système Stomatognathique 4 questions The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
    • Systèmes Sanguin Et Immunitaire 1 question Organs involved in the production of BLOOD, including the cellular and the molecular components essential in providing defense against foreign organisms or substances.
    • Structures Embryonnaires 1 question The anatomical parts that make up an organism in the early stages of development.
    • Système Tégumentaire 0 questions The outer covering of the body composed of the SKIN and the skin appendages, which are the HAIR, the NAILS; and the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and the SWEAT GLANDS and their ducts.
    • Plant Structures 2 questions
    • Fungal Structures 0 questions
    • Bacterial Structures 2 questions
    • Viral Structures 0 questions
  • Organismes 38 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 170 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 14 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 17 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 10 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 5 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 69 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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