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  • Anatomie 89 questions
    • Régions Du Corps 3 questions Anatomical areas of the body.
    • Appareil Locomoteur 7 questions The MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body.
    • Système Digestif 15 questions A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
    • Appareil Respiratoire 5 questions The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
    • Appareil Urogénital 13 questions All the organs involved in reproduction and the formation and release of URINE. It includes the kidneys, ureters, BLADDER; URETHRA, and the organs of reproduction - ovaries, UTERUS; FALLOPIAN TUBES; VAGINA; and CLITORIS in women and the testes; SEMINAL VESICLES; PROSTATE; seminal ducts; and PENIS in men.
    • Système Endocrine 2 questions The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.
    • Système Cardiovasculaire 4 questions Le coeur et les vaisseaux sanguins par lesquels le sang est pompé et circule à travers le corps.
    • Système Nerveux 2 questions The entire nerve apparatus, composed of a central part, the brain and spinal cord, and a peripheral part, the cranial and spinal nerves, autonomic ganglia, and plexuses. (Stedman, 26th ed)
    • Organes Des Sens 3 questions
    • Tissus 3 questions Collections of differentiated CELLS, such as EPITHELIUM; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; MUSCLES; and NERVE TISSUE. Tissues are cooperatively arranged to form organs with specialized functions such as RESPIRATION; DIGESTION; REPRODUCTION; MOVEMENT; and others.
    • Cellules 3 questions Endocrine cells found throughout the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and in islets of the PANCREAS. D cells secrete SOMATOSTATIN that acts in both an endocrine and paracrine manner. Somatostatin acts on a variety of tissues including the PITUITARY GLAND; gastrointestinal tract; pancreas; and KIDNEY by inhibiting the release of hormones, such as GROWTH HORMONE; GASTRIN; INSULIN; and RENIN.
    • Liquides Et Sécrétions Biologiques 2 questions Liquid substances produced by living organisms to fulfill specific functions or excreted as waste. Secretions do not include hormones or enzymes.
    • Anatomie Animale 3 questions Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
      • Sacs Aériens 0 questions Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
      • Sac Anal 0 questions A pair of anal glands or sacs, located on either side of the ANUS, that produce and store a dark, foul-smelling fluid in carnivorous animals such as MEPHITIDAE and DOGS. The expelled fluid is used as a defensive repellent (in skunks) or a material to mark territory (in dogs).
      • Animal Fins 1 question
      • Animal Shells 0 questions
      • Arthropod Antennae 0 questions
      • Bec 1 question In some animals, the jaws together with their horny covering. The beak usually refers to the bill of birds in which the whole varies greatly in form according of the food and habits of the bird. While the beak refers most commonly to birds, the anatomical counterpart is found also in the turtle, squid, and octopus. (From Webster, 3d ed & Storer, et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p491, 755)
      • Bourse De Fabricius 0 questions Excroissance épithéliale du cloaque chez les oiseaux comparable au thymus chez les mammifères. Il s'atrophie dans les 6 mois à compter de la naissance et reste à l'état fibreux chez les oiseaux adultes. Il se compose de tissu lymphoïde et avant l'involution, est le site de la maturation des lymphocytes B.
      • Cloaque 0 questions The common chamber into which the intestinal, urinary and genital tracts discharge in birds, reptiles, amphibians and many fishes; also a phylogenetically related embryonic structure in mammals.
      • Crêtes Et Barbillon 0 questions
      • Compound Eye, Arthropod 0 questions
      • Corpora Allata 0 questions Paired or fused ganglion-like bodies in the head of insects. The bodies secrete hormones important in the regulation of metamorphosis and the development of some adult tissues.
      • Jabot 0 questions
      • Coquille De L'Oeuf 0 questions
      • Organe 0 questions In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)
      • Embryons D'Espèces Non Mammifères 0 questions Embryon des espèces autres que les mammifères. Pour les poulets, utilisez le terme spécifique EMBRYON POULET.
      • Corps Gras 0 questions A nutritional reservoir of fatty tissue found mainly in insects and amphibians.
      • Plumage 0 questions
      • Membre Thoracique 0 questions A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)
      • Ganglions Des Invertébrés 0 questions Clusters of neuronal cell bodies in invertebrates. Invertebrate ganglia may also contain neuronal processes and non-neuronal supporting cells. Many invertebrate ganglia are favorable subjects for research because they have small numbers of functional neuronal types which can be identified from one animal to another.
      • Branchies 0 questions
      • Glande De Harder 0 questions A sebaceous gland that, in some animals, acts as an accessory to the lacrimal gland. The harderian gland excretes fluid that facilitates movement of the third eyelid.
      • Head Kidney 0 questions
      • Hémolymphe 0 questions The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.
      • Hépatopancréas 0 questions A primitive form of digestive gland found in marine ARTHROPODS, that contains cells similar to those found in the mammalian liver (HEPATOCYTES), and the PANCREAS.
      • Noyau Hvc 0 questions Nucleus in the NEOSTRIATUM of bird brains that sends signals for song production and receives auditory input. In some adult SONGBIRDS, research has shown that the size of this nucleus changes seasonally and that it exhibits neurogenesis.
      • Membre Pelvien 0 questions Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)
      • Sabot Et Griffe 0 questions
      • Cornes 0 questions
        • Andouillers 0 questions The horn of an animal of the deer family, typically present only in the male. It differs from the HORNS of other animals in being a solid, generally branched bony outgrowth that is shed and renewed annually. The word antler comes from the Latin anteocularis, ante (before) + oculus (eye). (From Webster, 3d ed)
      • Imaginal Discs 0 questions
      • Glande Interrénale 0 questions Structures in fishes homologous to the cortical tissue of the mammalian adrenal gland; they are in close proximity to or imbedded in the kidney.
      • Système De La Ligne Latérale 0 questions Aquatic vertebrate sensory system in fish and amphibians. It is composed of sense organs (canal organs and pit organs) containing neuromasts (MECHANORECEPTORS) that detect water displacement caused by moving objects.
      • Tubes De Malpighi 0 questions Slender tubular or hairlike excretory structures found in insects. They emerge from the alimentary canal between the mesenteron (midgut) and the proctodeum (hindgut).
      • Glandes Mammaires Animales 0 questions MAMMARY GLANDS in the non-human MAMMALS.
      • Glande Métriale 0 questions Collection of granular epithelial cells in the uterine muscle beneath the placenta that develop during pregnancy in certain species of animals.
      • Corps Pédonculés 0 questions Prominent lobed neuropils found in ANNELIDA and all ARTHROPODS except crustaceans. They are thought to be involved in olfactory learning and memory.
      • Nematocyst 0 questions
      • Membrane Nictitante 0 questions A fold of the mucous membrane of the CONJUNCTIVA in many animals. At rest, it is hidden in the medial canthus. It can extend to cover part or all of the cornea to help clean the CORNEA.
      • Optic Lobe, Nonmammalian 0 questions
      • Oviductes 0 questions Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.
      • Glandes Périanales 0 questions
      • Photoreceptor Cells, Invertebrate 0 questions
      • Glande 0 questions A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)
      • Glandes 0 questions Exocrine glands in animals which secrete scents which either repel or attract other animals, e.g. perianal glands of skunks, anal glands of weasels, musk glands of foxes, ventral glands of wood rats, and dorsal glands of peccaries.
      • Sensilla 0 questions
      • Estomac D'Oiseau 0 questions
      • Estomac De Ruminant 0 questions
      • Queue 0 questions
      • Corps Ultimobranchial 0 questions A diverticulum from the fourth pharyngeal pouch of an embryo, regarded by some as a rudimentary fifth pharyngeal pouch and by others as a lateral thyroid primordium. The ultimobranchial bodies of lower vertebrates contain large amounts of calcitonin. In mammals the bodies fuse with the thyroid gland and are thought to develop into the parafollicular cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
      • Vibrisses 0 questions Stiff hairs projecting from the face around the nose of most mammals, acting as touch receptors.
      • Laine 0 questions The hair of SHEEP or other animals that is used for weaving.
    • Système Stomatognathique 4 questions The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.
    • Systèmes Sanguin Et Immunitaire 1 question Organs involved in the production of BLOOD, including the cellular and the molecular components essential in providing defense against foreign organisms or substances.
    • Structures Embryonnaires 1 question The anatomical parts that make up an organism in the early stages of development.
    • Système Tégumentaire 0 questions The outer covering of the body composed of the SKIN and the skin appendages, which are the HAIR, the NAILS; and the SEBACEOUS GLANDS and the SWEAT GLANDS and their ducts.
    • Plant Structures 2 questions
    • Fungal Structures 0 questions
    • Bacterial Structures 2 questions
    • Viral Structures 0 questions
  • Organismes 29 questions Any living biological entity, such as an animal, plant, fungus, or bacterium.
  • Maladies 155 questions Any impairment of normal physiological function affecting all or part of an organism, esp a specific pathological change caused by infection, stress, etc, producing characteristic symptoms; illness or sickness in general.
  • Produits chimiques et pharmaceutiques 79 questions Any substance used in or resulting from a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules, especially one derived artificially for practical use and any synthetic, semisynthetic, or natural chemical substance used in the treatment, prevention, or diagnosis of disease, or for other medical reasons.
  • Techniques et équipements analytiques, diagnostiques et thérapeutiques 36 questions
  • Psychiatrie et psychologie 13 questions The branches of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and the scientific study of all forms of human and animal behaviour, sometimes concerned with the methods through which behaviour can be modified.
  • Phénomènes et processus 16 questions
  • Disciplines et professions 9 questions
  • Anthropologie, enseignement, sociologie et phénoménes sociaux 4 questions
  • Technologie, industrie et agriculture 1 question
  • Sciences humaines 6 questions
  • Sciences De L'Information 1 question Champ de la connaissance, théorie, et technologie, traitant de la collection de faits et de calculs, ainsi que des processus et des méthodes impliqués dans leur manipulation, stockage, diffusion, publication, et recherche. Il inclut la communication, l'édition, la bibliothéconomie, et l'informatique.
  • Individus 5 questions
  • Santé 51 questions
  • Caractéristiques d'une publication 2 questions
  • Lieux géographiques 9 questions The study of the natural features of the earth's surface, including topography, climate, soil, vegetation, etc, and man's response to them.
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