Although changing your diet alone isn’t enough to restore normal thyroid hormone levels, but most dietitian suggest avoiding some foods and eating more of others can improve your body’s absorption of these hormones.
-> Foods to avoid
Many common foods and supplements contain compounds that interfere with thyroid function. In general, it’s best to avoid the following:
Phytoestrogens in soybeans and soy-rich foods may inhibit the activity of an enzyme that makes thyroid hormones.
- Iodine-rich foods
Some forms of hypothyroidism are caused by a lack of sufficient iodine. In such cases, using iodized salt or iodine-enriched foods can be beneficial
- Iron and calcium supplements
Taking iron or calcium supplements can also change the effectiveness of many thyroid medications.
- High-fiber foods
Although a high-fiber diet is usually recommended, too much fiber eaten right after taking thyroid medicines may interfere with their absorption.
- Certain vegetables
Cruciferous vegetables that are rich in fiber, like broccoli, cabbage, spinach, kale, and Brussels sprouts, may inhibit thyroid medication absorption.
-> Foods to eat
Nutrient-rich foods that improve your health may also benefit your thyroid gland. Certain compounds and supplements may help as well. These include:
- Antioxidant-rich fruits and vegetables
Blueberries, tomatoes, bell peppers, and other foods rich in antioxidants can improve overall health and benefit the thyroid gland. Eating foods high in B vitamins, like whole grains, may also help.
Tiny amounts of selenium are needed for the enzymes that make thyroid hormones to work properly. Eating selenium-rich foods, such as sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts, can be beneficial.
This amino acid is used by the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Good sources of tyrosine are meats, dairy, and legumes. Taking a supplement may help, but ask your doctor beforehand.