The Transverse Myelitis Association advocates for people who have Transverse Myelitis, Recurrent Transverse Myelitis, Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO or Devic’s Disease); Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM) and Optic Neuritis - and their caregivers. People with these disorders and their families are members of The Transverse Myelitis Association. Multiple sclerosis is also a neuroimmunologic disorder of the central nervous system. All of these conditions are neuroimmunologic disorders of the central nervous system (brain, spinal cord and optic nerves). Each of these disorders occurs when a person experiences an inflammatory attack at some location in their central nervous system. In patients with these disorders, the immune system, which is supposed to keep a person free of infections, attacks parts of the nervous system by mistake.. The inflammatory attacks are also referred to as demyelinating attacks because the immune system attacks and destroys myelin, the insulating material that surrounds nerves.
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