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  • benign
  • Real-time imaging with the sonographic contrast agent SonoVue: differentiation between benign and malignant hepatic lesions. (medscape.com)
  • Uptake
  • Andia-Waltenbaugh, A.M., Lam, A. Hummel, L. and Friedmann, N. Characterization of the hormone-sensitive Ca 2+ uptake activity of the hepatic endoplasmic reticulum. (springer.com)
  • scan
  • Brain imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and computed tomography (CT) scan help to differentiate hepatic encephalopathy from other causes of encephalitis and brain damage. (news-medical.net)
  • metabolic
  • Conversion of Sugar to Fat: Is Hepatic de Novo Lipogenesis Leading to Metabolic Syndrome and Associated Chronic Diseases? (jaoa.org)
  • One important pathway that may link these metabolic diseases to sugar consumption is hepatic conversion of sugar to fat, a process known as de novo lipogenesis (DNL). (jaoa.org)
  • chronic
  • More commonly, especially in chronic liver disease, hepatic encephalopathy is triggered by an additional cause, and identifying these triggers can be important to treat the episode effectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, we randomly assigned 299 patients who were in remission from recurrent hepatic encephalopathy resulting from chronic liver disease to receive either rifaximin, at a dose of 550 mg twice daily (140 patients), or placebo (159 patients) for 6 months. (nih.gov)
  • pregnancy
  • Hepatic infarcts in pregnancy are mostly secondary to APS (Anti-Phospholipid Syndrome), HELLP syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) and preeclampsia. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • confusion
  • A feature of first-stage hepatic encephalopathy is an inverted sleep-wake pattern, while the second stage is characterized by changes in personality and lethargy and the third stage by increased confusion. (news-medical.net)
  • The University of Maryland Medical Center notes that excess protein intake can increase levels of ammonia in the blood, leading to a condition called hepatic encephalopathy, which causes confusion and disorientation. (livestrong.com)
  • blood
  • The brain-blood barrier disturbances, changes in neurotransmission, neuroinflammation, oxidative stress, GABA-ergic or benzodiazepine pathway abnormalities, manganese neurotoxicity, brain energetic disturbances, and brain blood flow abnormalities are considered to be involved in the development of hepatic encephalopathy. (hindawi.com)
  • Your doctor may choose to widen the affected hepatic vein to improve blood flow. (healthline.com)
  • Prof. Bernardi said: "Hepatic encephalopathy is an insidious disease that's caused by an accumulation of toxins in the blood that are normally removed by the liver. (redorbit.com)