Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Sanitary Engineering: A branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and maintenance of environmental facilities conducive to public health, such as water supply and waste disposal.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Chlorine: A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Drinking: The consumption of liquids.Chlorine Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain chlorine as an integral part of the molecule.Water Wells: Constructions built to access underground water.Toilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Lesotho: A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Trihalomethanes: Methanes substituted with three halogen atoms, which may be the same or different.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Cryptosporidiosis: Intestinal infection with organisms of the genus CRYPTOSPORIDIUM. It occurs in both animals and humans. Symptoms include severe DIARRHEA.Water Pollution, Chemical: Adverse effect upon bodies of water (LAKES; RIVERS; seas; groundwater etc.) caused by CHEMICAL WATER POLLUTANTS.Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Water SofteningRivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Giardia: A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Grindelia: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain triterpenoid sapogenins.Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Legionnaires' Disease: An acute, sometimes fatal, pneumonia-like bacterial infection characterized by high fever, malaise, muscle aches, respiratory disorders and headache. It is named for an outbreak at the 1976 Philadelphia convention of the American Legion.Water Pollution, RadioactiveGarbage: Discarded animal and vegetable matter from a kitchen or the refuse from food preparation. (From Random House College Dictionary, 1982)Legionella: Gram-negative aerobic rods, isolated from surface water or thermally polluted lakes or streams. Member are pathogenic for man. Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent for LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE.Giardiasis: An infection of the SMALL INTESTINE caused by the flagellated protozoan GIARDIA LAMBLIA. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact.Legionella pneumophila: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is the causative agent of LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE. It has been isolated from numerous environmental sites as well as from human lung tissue, respiratory secretions, and blood.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Perilla frutescens: A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that is an ingredient of Banxia Houpu (DRUGS, CHINESE HERBAL).Nyctaginaceae: A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Cryptosporidium parvum: A species of parasitic protozoa that infects humans and most domestic mammals. Its oocysts measure five microns in diameter. These organisms exhibit alternating cycles of sexual and asexual reproduction.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Water Deprivation: The withholding of water in a structured experimental situation.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Fluoride PoisoningEnterobacteriaceae: A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.Agricultural Irrigation: The routing of water to open or closed areas where it is used for agricultural purposes.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Prosopis: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of prosopis gum.Dracunculiasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus Dracunculus. One or more worms may be seen at a time, with the legs and feet being the most commonly infected areas. Symptoms include pruritus, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or asthmatic attacks.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Legionellosis: Infections with bacteria of the genus LEGIONELLA.Cercozoa: A group of amoeboid and flagellate EUKARYOTES in the supergroup RHIZARIA. They feed by means of threadlike pseudopods.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Simazine: A triazine herbicide.Amoebozoa: A supergroup (some say phylum) of ameboid EUKARYOTES, comprising ARCHAMOEBAE; LOBOSEA; and MYCETOZOA.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Dracunculus Nematode: A genus of nematode parasites which inhabit the body cavity, serous membranes, and connective tissues of vertebrates. The parasitic species in humans is Dracunculus medinensis.Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.Larrea: A plant genus of the family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE. It is sometimes called chaparral but that is a generic word which is used with a number of other plants. Members contain NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC ACID.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Schistosomiasis: Infection with flukes (trematodes) of the genus SCHISTOSOMA. Three species produce the most frequent clinical diseases: SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM (endemic in Africa and the Middle East), SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI (in Egypt, northern and southern Africa, some West Indies islands, northern 2/3 of South America), and SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUM (in Japan, China, the Philippines, Celebes, Thailand, Laos). S. mansoni is often seen in Puerto Ricans living in the United States.BrazilRain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Oocysts: Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.Aluminum: A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.Geological Phenomena: The inanimate matter of Earth, the structures and properties of this matter, and the processes that affect it.City Planning: Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.Atrazine: A selective triazine herbicide. Inhalation hazard is low and there are no apparent skin manifestations or other toxicity in humans. Acutely poisoned sheep and cattle may show muscular spasms, fasciculations, stiff gait, increased respiratory rates, adrenal degeneration, and congestion of the lungs, liver, and kidneys. (From The Merck Index, 11th ed)Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Aeromonas: A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs singly, in pairs, or in short chains. Its organisms are found in fresh water and sewage and are pathogenic to humans, frogs, and fish.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Perchlorates: Compounds that contain the Cl(=O)(=O)(=O)O- structure. Included under this heading is perchloric acid and the salts and ester forms of perchlorate.Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Geology: The science of the earth and other celestial bodies and their history as recorded in the rocks. It includes the study of geologic processes of an area such as rock formations, weathering and erosion, and sedimentation. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Aquaporins: A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Nitrates: Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Chemical analysis based on the phenomenon whereby light, passing through a medium with dispersed particles of a different refractive index from that of the medium, is attenuated in intensity by scattering. In turbidimetry, the intensity of light transmitted through the medium, the unscattered light, is measured. In nephelometry, the intensity of the scattered light is measured, usually, but not necessarily, at right angles to the incident light beam.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Microcystins: Cyclic heptapeptides found in MICROCYSTIS and other CYANOBACTERIA. Hepatotoxic and carcinogenic effects have been noted. They are sometimes called cyanotoxins, which should not be confused with chemicals containing a cyano group (CN) which are toxic.Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Communicable DiseasesDecontamination: The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Hand Disinfection: The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.Hookworm Infections: Infection of humans or animals with hookworms other than those caused by the genus Ancylostoma or Necator, for which the specific terms ANCYLOSTOMIASIS and NECATORIASIS are available.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Asbestos: Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.Typhoid Fever: An acute systemic febrile infection caused by SALMONELLA TYPHI, a serotype of SALMONELLA ENTERICA.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Private Sector: That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.EnglandDNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Endemic Diseases: The constant presence of diseases or infectious agents within a given geographic area or population group. It may also refer to the usual prevalence of a given disease with such area or group. It includes holoendemic and hyperendemic diseases. A holoendemic disease is one for which a high prevalent level of infection begins early in life and affects most of the child population, leading to a state of equilibrium such that the adult population shows evidence of the disease much less commonly than do children (malaria in many communities is a holoendemic disease). A hyperendemic disease is one that is constantly present at a high incidence and/or prevalence rate and affects all groups equally. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed, p53, 78, 80)Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)VietnamCampylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.WalesParasite Egg Count: Determination of parasite eggs in feces.RNA, Ribosomal, 18S: Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.IndiaInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Nigeria: A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Schistosoma mansoni: A species of trematode blood flukes of the family Schistosomatidae. It is common in the Nile delta. The intermediate host is the planorbid snail. This parasite causes schistosomiasis mansoni and intestinal bilharziasis.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Gastrointestinal Diseases: Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.Equipment and Supplies, Hospital: Any materials used in providing care specifically in the hospital.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.United StatesEpidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.DNA, Ribosomal: DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Hospitals: Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). 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Calpeda NGX NGXM high quality self priming jet pumps for domestic water supply. For drawing water from a well, with suction lifts up to 9 metres. For increasing water pressure. Calpeda NGX NGXM high quality self priming jet pumps for domestic water supply. For drawing water from a well, with suction lifts up to 9 metres. For increasing water pressure. Calpeda NGX NGXM high quality self priming jet pumps for domestic water supply. For drawing water from a well, with suction lifts up to 9 metres. For increasing water pressure. Calpeda NGX NGXM high quality self priming jet pumps for domestic water supply. For drawing water from a well, with suction lifts up to 9 metres. For increasing water pressure. Calpeda NGX NGXM high quality self priming jet pumps for domestic water supply. For drawing water from a well, with suction lifts up to 9 metres. For increasing water pressure. Calpeda NGX NGXM high quality self priming jet pumps for domestic water supply. For drawing water from a well, with suction lifts up to 9 m...
http://pumps-shop.co.uk/CALPEDA_PUMPS/NGX_range/
*  Fragility Analysis of Water Supply Systems: MCEER-08-0009
... MCEER Home. Catalog Search Home. Browse the Catalog. Emergency Response and Recovery. Geotechnical Engineering. Nonstructural Components. Seismic Hazards and Seismology. Subscribe Stay Current Receive notice of new reports and other news from MCEER. Fragility Analysis of Water Supply Systems Free Download. Keywords: Water supply systems. Fragility analyses. Seismic performance. Hazard models. Pipelines. Fault displacements. Damage. Abstract: This report describes a procedure to assess the seismic performance of water supply systems. Methodologies to obtain the fragility of a given pipeline are developed, including several hazard conditions: continuous and jointed pipelines subjected to seismic waves, pipelines subjected to permanent ground deformation PGD hazards, and pipelines subjected to fault displacements. Fragility information for other components of the water supply system is obtained from several published sources. These parameters are integrated into an algorithm that uses Monte Carlo simulation...
http://mceer.buffalo.edu/publications/catalog/reports/Fragility-Analysis-of-Water-Supply-Systems-MCEER-08-0009.html
*  WHO | Water safety planning for small community water supplies
WHO. Water safety planning for small community water supplies. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Water Sanitation Health. Menu. Water sanitation and health Drinking-water quality Bathing waters Water resources Water supply and sanitation monitoring Water supply, sanitation and hygiene Water-related diseases Wastewater use Healthcare waste Emerging issues Water, health and economics Household water treatment Publications. Water safety planning for small community water supplies Step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities. Share Email Twitter Facebook Google Delicious LinkedIn. More... Print. Publication details. Editors : WHO Number of page...
http://who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2012/water_supplies/en/
*  WHO | Water safety planning for small community water supplies
WHO. Water safety planning for small community water supplies. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Water Sanitation Health. Menu. Water sanitation and health Drinking-water quality Bathing waters Water resources Water supply and sanitation monitoring Water supply, sanitation and hygiene Water-related diseases Wastewater use Healthcare waste Emerging issues Water, health and economics Household water treatment Publications. Water safety planning for small community water supplies Step-by-step risk management guidance for drinking-water supplies in small communities. Share Email Twitter Facebook Google Delicious LinkedIn. More... Print. Publication details. Editors : WHO Number of page...
http://who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/2012/water_supplies/en/
*  Public water system
Image: Water tower s are used to store water at a height sufficient to pressurize a water supply distribution system 'Public water system' is a regulatory term used in the United States and Canada, referring to certain utilities and organizations providing drinking water. United States Subcategorization. Water-related diseases and contaminants in public water systems. United States. 1 The term "public" in "public water system" refers to the people drinking the water, not to the ownership of the system. Eight percent of the community water systems—large municipal water systems—provide water to 82 percent of the US population. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 2013-04-04. Community Water System CWS : A public water system that supplies water to the same population year-round. Non-Transient Non-Community Water System NTNCWS : A public water system that regularly supplies water to at least 25 of the same people at least six months per year, but not year-round. There are approximately 155...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_water_system
*  Is the earth of the water service faucet effective?
Is the earth of the water service faucet effective. Is the earth of the water service faucet effective. . Measurement of earth resistance of water service faucet that I made. The method of seeing the standard whether grounded with the tester includes the method of simply measuring the power supply side of 100V and the voltage between earths. Internal resistance of the tester Because it is 8k OHM*120=960k OHM, and the ground resistance of this water service is 40k OHM, 96V is values the same as the calculation. This value becomes and the ground resistance of this water service earth becomes about 10k OHM even 99V. If it is a ground resistance of 1k OHM or more, if internal resistance of the tester is adjusted to about 10k OHM About 10k OHM resistance is obtained for the tester in parallel, it is possible to measure it simply. When the ground resistance was similarly measured with the tester, it was about 2.5k OHM The ground resistance seems to fall if still buried in the soil even a little. Resistance in the v...
http://as76.net/en/asn/earth_jaguti.php
*  Part 01100 - Water Supply Systems | 2010 City of Portland Special Provisions | The City of Portland,
Part 01100 - Water Supply Systems. 2010 City of Portland Special Provisions. The City of Portland, Oregon. Skip to Main Content View Text-Only The City of Portland, Oregon. Advanced Search. City Home Government Bureaus & Offices of the City of Portland. Sign In. Username or Email. Password. Remember me. Forgot your username or password. Not signed up. Create an Account. Increase Text Size. Decrease Text Size. Reset Text Size. Portland Bureau of Transportation. Phone: 503-823-5185. Fax: 503-823-7576. 1120 SW Fifth Ave, Suite 800, Portland, OR 97204 More Contact Info. Bureau Home. News. Services. Maintenance. Projects. Plans. Active Transportation. Inside PBOT. Services Design + Construction 2010 City of Portland Special Provisions. Part 00100 - General Conditions. Part 00200 - Temporary Features and Appurtenances. Part 00300 - Roadwork. Part 00400 - Drainage and Sewers. Part 00500 - Bridges. Part 00600 - Bases. Part 00700 - Wearing Courses. Part 00800 - Permanent Traffic Safety and Guidance Devices. Part 00900...
http://portlandoregon.gov/transportation/article/357633
*  OPUS: Pair: Water Service : PVC Pipe
... Feedback / OPUS Improvements. OPUS. Materials. Feedback / OPUS Improvements. Water Service: PVC Pipe Image provided by Plastic Pipe and Fittings Association. Water service systems include the connection, piping and associated valves and accessories that... Polyvinyl Chloride PVC piping is the most widely used plastic piping material. PVC piping has been in use for over 70 years for water service installations. PVC piping systems are recognized as acceptable for use in water service systems in all major model plumbing codes. System Application and Material Usage For water service applications solid walled PVC pipe of either Schedule 40 or constant pressure rated is used. Schedule and SDR designations indicate the pressure capacity of the pipe. Solvent cementing is the most commonly used method of joining these piping systems. PVC pipe may be used above or below ground. For aboveground installations of PVC pipe, solvent cementing is used almost exclusively. Schedule 40 and SDR pipe cannot be directly threa...
http://opuspiping.org/pair.aspx?appID=-1649905031680184627&materialID=5617435305915729269
*  Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System impr
... ovements :: Arizona-related Federal Publications. Skip to main content A service of Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records, a division of the Secretary of State. Searching collections:. Arizona Related Federal Publications. Add or remove collections. Arizona-related Federal Publications Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System... Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System improvements. TITLE Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System improvements. SUBJECT Environmental impact analysis--Arizona--Huachuca City ; Sewage disposal plants--Environmental aspects--Arizona--Huachuca City ; Water--Distribution--Management. Maps. Material Collection Federal Documents. Mexico Border 2012 webpage for 2012 Border Infrastructure Projects, Huachuca City Water Distribution System Improvements on June 23, 2011 http://www.epa.gov/Border2012/infrastructur...
http://azmemory.azlibrary.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/feddocs/id/1900/rec/16
*  Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System impr
... ovements :: Arizona-related Federal Publications. Skip to main content A service of Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records, a division of the Secretary of State. Searching collections:. Arizona Related Federal Publications. Add or remove collections. Arizona-related Federal Publications Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System... Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System improvements. TITLE Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System improvements. SUBJECT Environmental impact analysis--Arizona--Huachuca City ; Sewage disposal plants--Environmental aspects--Arizona--Huachuca City ; Water--Distribution--Management. Maps. Material Collection Federal Documents. Mexico Border 2012 webpage for 2012 Border Infrastructure Projects, Huachuca City Water Distribution System Improvements on June 23, 2011 http://www.epa.gov/Border2012/infrastructur...
http://azmemory.azlibrary.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/feddocs/id/1900/rec/18
*  Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System impr
... ovements :: Arizona-related Federal Publications. Skip to main content A service of Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records, a division of the Secretary of State. Searching collections:. Arizona Related Federal Publications. Add or remove collections. Arizona-related Federal Publications Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System... Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System improvements. TITLE Final environmental assessment for the proposed Town of Huachuca City Water Distribution System improvements. SUBJECT Environmental impact analysis--Arizona--Huachuca City ; Sewage disposal plants--Environmental aspects--Arizona--Huachuca City ; Water--Distribution--Management. Maps. Material Collection Federal Documents. Mexico Border 2012 webpage for 2012 Border Infrastructure Projects, Huachuca City Water Distribution System Improvements on June 23, 2011 http://www.epa.gov/Border2012/infrastructur...
http://azmemory.azlibrary.gov/cdm/singleitem/collection/feddocs/id/1900/rec/28
*  Tap water
... Background Potable water supply Hot water supply Fixtures and appliances Pipe materials History. Copper. Plastics. Potable water supply. Potable water. Modern indoor plumbing delivers clean, safe, potable water to each service point in the distribution system. Hot water supply. Hot water system. Copper plumbing is bacteriostatic, which means that bacteria can't easily grow in copper pipes. Plastic supply pipes have become increasingly common, with a variety of materials and fittings employed. Plumbing codes define which materials may be used, and all materials used in the US must be proven by ASTM, UL, and/or NFPA testing. Galvanized steel potable water supply and distribution pipes are commonly found with nominal pipe size s from 3/8" to 2". Copper. Copper pipe and tubing was widely used for domestic water systems in the latter half of the twentieth century. Plastics. Plastic pipe. thumb|150px|right|Plastic piping placed for a sink Plastic pipe is in wide use for domestic water supply and drain-waste-ve...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tap_water
*  Improving TTHM Reduction Processing and Operational Efficiencies in Potable Water Distributions
... Systems Using Solar-Powered Circulation with Diffused, Near-Surface Aeration. Research Project Database. NCER. ORD. US EPA. Jump to main content US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. Research Grants/Fellowships/SBIR Contact Us. You are here: EPA Home. Research. Research Grants / Fellowships / SBIR. Grantee Research Project Results. Improving TTHM Reduction Processing and Operational Efficiencies in Potable Water Distributions Systems Using Solar-Powered Circulation with Diffused, Near-Surface Aeration. Project Research Results Final Report. Grantee Research Project Results Grantee Research Project Results. Improving TTHM Reduction Processing and Operational Efficiencies in Potable Water Distributions Systems Using Solar-Powered Circulation with Diffused, Near-Surface Aeration EPA Contract Number: EPD12015 Title: Improving TTHM Reduction Processing and Operational Efficiencies in Potable Water Distributions Systems Using Solar-Powered Circulation with Diffused, Near-Surface ...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.abstractDetail/abstract/9650/report/0
*  Water Utilities | Irving, TX - Official Website
Water Utilities. Irving, TX - Official Website. Email Page. Contact Us. Government. Government. Departments I - W Water Utilities. Water Utilities Water Conservation Reminder. However, as part of the City’s ongoing water conservation plan, year-round efficient irrigation measures are now in effect. 2014 Water Quality Report Summary To learn more about the sources of the city’s water supply as well as detailed information on the substances contained therein, review the City of Irving’s 2014 Water Quality Report in its entirety. 30 Wastewater Collection Wed Nov. 11 - Fri Nov. 13 Water Distribution Wed Dec. /Calendar.aspx. The Water Utilities Department is responsible for ensuring that Irving residents have access to safe and clean drinking water at a reasonable volume and cost. Other duties include constructing and maintaining city water lines, sewage lines, water pumps and associated facilities. Department Divisions The Water Utilities Department works to manage water resources in the region and educate the co...
http://cityofirving.org/632/Water-Utilities
*  Recent Drinking Water Regulations
... Drinking Water Systems. Recent Drinking Water Regulations. Recently Adopted Drinking Water Regulations Last Update: June 19, 2014 See all regulations and drinking water-related statutes in the Drinking Water Law Book. Listed below are recently adopted drinking water regulations: Regulations effective in 2014. Hexavalent Chromium Maximum Contaminant Level MCL DPH-11-005 -- effective July 1, 2014. For more information on hexavalent chromium in drinking water, click here. Regulations effective in 2013 Long Term 1 and 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rules DPH-09-014 -- effective July 1, 2013. Related to these regulations, please see the Drinking Water Program's memorandum to all public water systems that use surface water or groundwater under the direct influence of surface water PDF .. Regulations effective in 2012 Disinfectant Residual, Disinfection Byproducts, and Disinfection Byproduct Precursors DPH-09-004 -- effective June 21, 2012. Regulations effective in 2011 Point of Entry Treatment DPH-10-011E ...
http://cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/Recentregs.aspx
*  Water Filters and Giardia - Removal from Municipal Water Supplies | GORP.com
Water Filters and Giardia - Removal from Municipal Water Supplies. Water Filters and Giardia. Water Filters and Giardia. Removal from Municipal Water Supplies. Water Filters and Giardia. Removal from Municipal Water Supplies. This does not mean, however, that chlorine does not work at all. 4 Chlorine contact time: the longer Giardia cysts are exposed to chlorine,the more likely it is that the chemical will kill them. In the case ofGiardia-contaminated water, it might be possible to produce safe drinkingwater with a chlorine concentration of 1 mg per liter and a contact timeas short as 10 minutes if all the other variables were optimal i.e., pHof 7.0, water temperature of 25 deg C, and a total organic content of thewater close to zero. On the other hand, if all of these variables wereunfavorable i.e., pH of 7.9, water temperature of 5 deg C, and high organic content, chlorine concentrations in excess of 8mg per liter with several hours of contact time may not be consistentlyeffective. Therefore,the use of chlo...
http://gorp.com/weekend-guide/travel-ta-water-filters-and-giardia-sidwcmdev_053503.html
*  Water Supply Companies and Suppliers in Sweden on environmental
... SIGN IN TO XPRT Email. Air Climate Water Wastewater Soil Groundwater Waste Recycling Environmental Management Health Safety Energy Renewables Monitoring Testing Solutions Solutions. Products Products. Services Services. Software Software. Training Training. Applications Applications. Companies Companies. News News. Events Events. Jobs Jobs. Publications Publications. Articles Articles. Journals Journals. Videos Videos. Xprts Xprts. / Companies /. Sweden / water supply ... water supply Companies in Sweden Serving Sweden. Contact now / Request quote. This portfolio services covers direct sewage and waste management services, as well as all services for project realization from planning, financing and construction all the way to the operation of the constructed systems and infrastructure. Contact now / Request quote. Contact now / Request quote. Contact now / Request quote. Contact now / Request quote. In water supply and wastewater sanitation, the AdP Group ... Contact now / Request quote. Once a regional ...
http://environmental-expert.com/companies/keyword-water-supply-378/location-sweden
*  Water supply network
Water abstraction and raw water transfer Water treatment Water distribution network Topologies of water distribution networks Water network maintenance Sustainable urban water supply Population growth. Optimizing the water supply network Single-objective optimization. Multi-objective optimization. Water distribution network. Image:Arizona cap canal.jpg thumb|right|150px|Most treated water distribution happens through underground pipes thumb|right|150px|Pressurizing the water is required between the small water reserve and the end-user The product, delivered to the point of consumption, is called potable water if it meets the water quality standards required for human consumption. Sustainable urban water supply. Sustainable development is of increasing importance for the water supply to urban areas. Many of the urban water supply networks in developing countries face problems related to population increase, water scarcity, and environmental pollution. However, the least cost approach normally results in a 'min...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_supply_network
*  Water Supply Systems - Riesel, TX Accredited Businesses
... Central, Coastal, Southwest Texas and the Permian Basin - Corporate Office Change Location x Close Name. Category Clear Location Search My current location Filter: Businesses. Businesses. Source: BBB Accredited Business Directory. BBB Accredited Business Directory. BBB Accredited Only. BBB Business Reviews. Request a Quote. Search Accredited Business Directory. Customer Reviews. Request a Speaker. BBB Business Reviews. BBB AUTO LINE. Advertising Review Services. Request A Quote. For Businesses. Customer Reviews. Request A Speaker. × Close Change Your Location. Central, Coastal, Southwest Texas and the Permian Basin Home / Accredited Business Directory / Water Supply Systems. Member Pages Directory Businesses you can trust in Central, Coastal, Southwest Texas and the Permian Basin Water Supply Systems. map 512-251-2000 http://www.discountwatersoftener.net BBB Accredited since 2008. map 512-968-7560 http://www.coxwatersolutions.com BBB Accredited since 2015. map 512-413-6735 http://www.brookswater.com BBB ...
http://bbb.org/central-texas/accredited-business-directory/water-supply-systems-11/3988/riesel-tx
*  McMahon's Water Services Alfred, ME, 04002 - YP.com
... Find People. Find People. Featured Collections. Advertise with YP or call 888-367-2194. Home Water Filtration Purification Equipment near Alfred, ME McMahon's Water Services. In mybook : Home Collection. We took this business out of your home collection. send to phone McMahon's Water Services. Alfred, ME 04002 207 324-7377. Add a Photo. Visit Website Add to mybook This listing has been added to mybook. This listing has been removed from mybook. Business details Reviews Business Details. Hours: Do you know the hours for this business. http://www.mcmahonswaterservices.com Categories:. Cancel Save Thanks. Thanks for posting your review of McMahon's Water Services. FEATURED COLLECTION NEW. 9 businesses in this collection View All Featured Collections Sponsored By. Ad Budget Water USA 6. Atlantic Water Solutions 95 Carpenter Hill Rd, Alfred, ME Yankee Water Systems Inc 95 Carpenter Hill Rd, Alfred, ME Budget Water USA. Send to Phone McMahon's Water Services Alfred, ME 04002 207 324-7377. Send this business li...
http://yellowpages.com/alfred-me/mip/mcmahons-water-services-470704057
*  Water Supply | JLC Online
Water Supply. JLC Online. Foundations. Framing. Exteriors. Roofing. Electrical. Plumbing. HVAC. Insulation. Projects. Energy Efficient. Products/Tools. Kitchen. Foundations & Framing. Energy & HVAC. Exteriors & Roofing. Plumbing & Electrical. Hand Tools. Power Tools. Air Tools. Business. Forums. Foundations. Framing. Exteriors. Roofing. Electrical. Plumbing. HVAC. Insulation. Subscribe. Water Supply. Domestic Hot Water. Plumbing. Water Supply. Water Supply. Water Supply. JLC Field Guide Plumbing codes divide a house's water supply into two parts: the water service and the water distribution. Water Supply Featured Articles. Posted on April 01, 2002. Getting Water From a Well. By Rex Cauldwell. Dependable rural water supply starts with sizing the pump and using high-quality fittings. Read more. Posted on March 01, 2002. Sizing Domestic Water Pipes. A master plumber provides a step-by-step method for sizing water supply pipes, based on code and common sense. Read more. Tags: Codes and Standards, Fixtures, Water ...
http://jlconline.com/how-to/plumbing/water-supply
*  List Expenses by Vendor/Payee: open book: budget: City of Fort Collins
... Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $513.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $635.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Jan-08-2014 $1,311.00. Consulting Services Utilities Water Systems Engr Div Jan-06-2014 $1,687.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-24-2013 $2,338.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $2,451.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $3,695.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $3,968.50. Consulting Services Utilities Water Systems Engr Div Jan-24-2014 $4,246.56. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $5,828.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Jan-08-2014 $6,516.00. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engineering Oct-23-2013 $9,066.47. Engineering Services Utilities Water Utilities Engi...
http://fcgov.com/openbook/?action=match-vendor&vendor=ANDERSON CONSULTING ENGINEERS&from=MAY-01-2012&to=JAN-31-2014
*  BS EN ISO 1452-3:2009 - Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground
... drainage and sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized poly vinyl chloride PVC U. Fluid systems and components for general use. Fluid systems and components for general use. Plastics pipes. Water supply systems. Plastics pipes. Water supply systems. BS EN ISO 1452-3:2009 Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized poly vinyl chloride PVC U. Title Plastics piping systems for water supply and for buried and above-ground drainage and sewerage under pressure. Unplasticized poly vinyl chloride PVC U. Descriptors Plastics, Pipework systems, Pipes, Plastic pipelines, Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride, Polyvinyl chloride, Water, Water supply, Water supply buildings, Water supply and waste systems building, Sewerage, Drainage, Sewers, Drainpipes, Potable water, Pressure, Pressure pipes, Temperature, Size, Dimensions, Classification systems, Colour codes, Marking, Pipe fittings, Pipe couplings, Adhesive-bonded joints, Spigot-and-socket jo...
http://shop.bsigroup.com/ProductDetail/?pid=000000000030168685
*  Drinking Water Regulations (Water and Wastewater - Water Regulations) Companies and Suppliers in Geo
Drinking Water Regulations Water and Wastewater - Water Regulations Companies and Suppliers in Georgia US on environmental-expert.com. Sign In Sign In Sign Up Free. Create Company Profile. SIGN IN TO XPRT Email. Password Forgot password. Sign in Need an account. Subscribe Advertising Options. Home Go back home. Air Climate Water Wastewater Soil Groundwater Waste Recycling Environmental Management Health Safety Energy Renewables Monitoring Testing Solutions Solutions. Products Products. Services Services. Software Software. Training Training. Applications Applications. Companies Companies. Latest Latest. News News. Events Events. Jobs Jobs. Publications Publications. Articles Articles. Books Books. Journals Journals. Downloads Downloads. Videos Videos. Xprts Xprts. / Companies /. Georgia US. / Water & Wastewater /. Water Regulations / drinking water regulations. 1 2. 3. 4. 5. drinking water regulations Companies in Georgia US Serving Georgia US. Office in Georgia US. Near Georgia US. 173 Results found. Current...
http://environmental-expert.com/water-wastewater/water-regulations/companies/keyword-drinking-water-regulations-12649/location-usa-georgia
*  Watering the Vegetable Garden With City Water - Veggie Gardener
... Home Forum Articles Vegetable Gardening Tips Discover How-to Growing Tomatoes Product Reviews. Home. Vegetable Gardening Tips. Watering the Vegetable Garden With City Water Watering the Vegetable Garden With City Water Posted on April 6, 2011 by veggiegardener in Vegetable Gardening Tips // 0 Comments. Tweet. Most vegetable gardeners that live within city limits, like myself, rely on city water for watering the vegetable garden when there isn t much rain. Even with the use of rain barrels and other systems for capturing rain water, city water may need to be used when those systems run dry. But using city water for watering the vegetable garden might have some undesirable effects on plants and the soil. If you use city water to water your vegetable garden, here are a few things you may want to consider before doing so. Is City Water Bad for Vegetable Gardens and Soil. It is widely known that cities add chlorine and fluoride to the public drinking water for sanitation reasons. While this is essential for k...
http://veggiegardener.com/watering-vegetable-garden-city-water/
*  Barwon Water
... About Barwon Water. Community. Residential customers Permanent Water Saving Plan applies. Your bill. Emergencies and faults. Permanent Water Saving Plan. Water quality. Saving water. Recycled water. Your bill. Emergencies and faults. Saving water. Permanent Water Saving Plan. Recycled water. Learning centre Water storages. Your water supply. Water Plan. Saving water. Our projects Colac water supply upgrade. Aireys Inlet and Fairhaven water supply upgrade. Learning Centre. Surface water Surface water For more than 100 years, we have relied on rainfall to fill our dams and reservoirs. The West Barwon Reservoir in the Otway ranges remains one of our most important water sources. What is surface water. Throughout our history we relied on rainfall for our water supply, and built dams to collect and store this rain. Surface water will always be an essential part of our water supply system, but is now part of an integrated system incorporating groundwater, stormwater, recycled water and saving water. Our surfac...
http://barwonwater.com.au/learning/water-for-a-liveable-region/surface-water
*  Water supply in Afghanistan
42% in rural areas, 78% in urban areas 2010. Ministry of Urban Development Affairs urban areas, Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development rural areas. about 15 in urban areas, thousands of Community Development Councils in rural areas. the expansion of rural water supply infrastructure with the active participation of communities as part of the National Solidarity Program; the successful expansion of water supply in the city of Herat and towns such as Kunduz ; and a reform of the institutional framework for urban water supply through the decentralization of service provision from an ineffective national agency to local utilities managed on the basis of commercial principles. Service provision in urban areas. Service provision in rural areas. Access and service quality. In urban areas, an estimated 78% had access to an improved water source. About 45 percent of the population in the service area of the water company had access to piped water supply, including 85 percent in the city itself and around 30 ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_supply_in_Afghanistan
*  Maximum Contaminant Levels (Safe Drinking Water Act)
Maximum Contaminant Levels Safe Drinking Water Act. REGULATIONS. Federal Regulatory Program Lists. List: Maximum Contaminant Levels Safe Drinking Water Act. Description The Safe Drinking Water Act SDWA was enacted to protect the quality of drinking water in the United States. SWDA requires the U.S. EPA to establish primary drinking-water regulations for contaminants in public water systems that may have adverse effects on people's health. Such regulations typically include a media quality standard that defines legally allowable concentrations of toxic chemicals, called maximum contaminant levels MCLs. MCLs are established to be as close to a level that is without known or anticipated adverse health effects as is technically or economically feasible. All contaminants that may have any adverse health effects and may occur in public water systems are covered by SDWA, but both Congress and the U.S. EPA have found it necessary to establish priorities for developing drinking-water regulations, given the large numbe...
http://scorecard.goodguide.com/chemical-groups/one-list.tcl?short_list_name=mcl
*  Variety Water Services, Apopka | Citiservi
Variety Water Services, Apopka. Citiservi. Find companies. Request your budget. Offers and discount coupons. Ask the experts. Find businesses, offers, quotes... Find customers Login or Sign Up. Find companies. Request your budget. Offers and discount coupons. Ask the experts. Citiservi. companies. Home. Wells & Pumps. Wells & Pumps in Florida. Wells & Pumps in Apopka. Variety Water Services. Variety Water Services 4079209259. 4079209259. Wells & Pumps. 522 hunt club blvd #314 32703 Apopka Florida. Apopka, Florida Show complete address. Wrong data. Are you the owner of the business. We do not have more information about this company Variety Water Services provides the following services: Wells & Pumps Lawn Irrigation Pool & Spa Service Water Softeners. Request Quotes What you need. More details of your Quote. Are you looking for a Pool & Spa Service company in Florida. Tell us what you need. The companies will contact you and send you their budgets. You choose the professional you prefer. See budgets of Pool &...
http://citiservi.com/florida/variety-water-services-apopka__163626_7972.html
*  Drinking water quality legislation of the United States
... The Safe Drinking Water Act SDWA is the principal federal law. Federal requirements National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations implementation. National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations. The Safe Drinking Water Act SDWA is the principal federal law concerning drinking water. Parts 141, 142, and 143 regulate primary contaminants, implementation by states, and secondary contaminants. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations implementation. Generally, a state must incorporate the requirements of the National Primary Drinking Water Regulations into the state's own regulations. National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations. "National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations: Purpose." Although not federally enforceable, some states regulate the secondary contaminants. 'National Interim Primary Drinking Water Regulations' NIPDWR Promulgated 1975-1981 Contained 7 contaminants Targeted: trihalomethane s, arsenic, and rad...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drinking_water_quality_legislation_of_the_United_States
*  National Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Requirements; Proposed
national primary drinking water regulations enhanced surface water treatment requirements proposed rule us epa national primary drinking water regulations enhanced surface water treatment requirements proposed rule jump to main content water recent additions contact us search all epa this area you are here epa home water online publications national primary drinking water regulations enhanced surface water treatment requirements proposed rule title index epa number audience type document type keyword index office new publications title keyword all about ordering national primary drinking water regulations enhanced surface water treatment requirements proposed rule epa number z date of publication july pages audience concerned citizens industry publication comments available from wrc web http nepis epa gov exe zypurl cgi dockey sxk txt ntis pb ordering information epa is proposing to amend the surface water treatment rule to provide additional protection against disease causing organisms pathogens in drinking ...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/water/owrcCatalog.nsf/e673c95b11602f2385256ae1007279fe/2e158dda467c929c85256b060072425e!OpenDocument
*  .. Drinking Water System Repair and Training at Pillai Colony, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu
Drinking Water System Repair and Training at Pillai Colony, Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu. Pillai Colony is currently facing severe problems with its water supply because the surrounding sources have become saline. While climate change and water consumption habits are increasing the stress on the available water resources, the AdaptCap project will repair and renovate the existing water infrastructure and set up a water management program. Fresh water is scarce and the population has to rely on external piped water supply for all of its drinking water needs as surrounding sources of water have become increasingly scarce or saline. Additional water stress is expected from climate change. The project will assist the Panchayat with checking and repairing the existing water pipes, renovating the taps, tank base, and drainage system around the taps. However, training will be required for proper use of the renovated water system and proper maintenance to keep it from deteriorating again. Therefore, AdaptCap wil...
http://adaptcap.in/projects/pillai-colony-adaptation-project/
*  AB Bait Company Expands Distribution Network - PCT - Pest Control Technology
... Your source for industry news and technology. September 2015 Subscribe. Recent Issues. Customer Service. Advertise. News. International. People. Regulatory. Training. Safety. Products. Pests. Rodents. Birds & Wildlife. Public Health Pests. Stored Product Pests. Bed Bugs. Cockroaches. Ants. Flies. Business. Business Topics. Management. Customer Service. Top 100 Issue. Technician of the Year. Media. Podcasts. Advertise. Media Kit. Magazine. Recent Issues. Current Issue. Digital Edition. Media Kit. Subscribe. Customer Service. Advertise. PCT Canada. QA Magazine. Training. Subscribe. AB Bait Company Expands Distribution Network Wildlife Control Supplies of East Granby, Conn., has been added to the company's distribution network. October 24, 2011. BETHLEHEM, PA. — AB Bait Co ., supplier of the Brigand Rodenticide lines, announced the addition of Wildlife Control Supplies of East Granby, CT to its distribution network. According to AB Bait Co., WCS will greatly add to the availability of Brigand Soft Bait ...
http://pctonline.com/article/AB-Bait-Company-Adds-Wildlife-Control-Supplies
*  Trojan/Badlib identified as malware distribution network - Infosecurity Magazine
... By browsing Infosecurity Magazine, you agree to our use of cookies. News. Infosecurity Magazine Home » News » Trojan/Badlib identified as malware distribution network. Trojan/Badlib identified as malware distribution network. Trojan.Badlib, says Lau, acts like a malware distribution network whose purpose is to deliver a range of malware onto suitable computers to carry out specific tasks. When it is first installed on a computer, it will check whether the computer has an internet connection, he says, adding that if there is one, it will to contact a control server from a list of addresses hard-coded into the malware. In the event that the primary command-and-control domains are unavailable the trojan also has a default list of IPs that it can try and, when initially contacted, Lau and his team report that the remote servers will register the infection and respond with details of additional software. Another piece of malware that it may download to the computer is Infostealer.Badface, which steals user ac...
http://infosecurity-magazine.com/news/trojanbadlib-identified-as-malware-distribution/
*  .. Tag Archives: Drinking Water Test Kit .. What’s in your Water: City Water versus Well Wate
Tag Archives: Drinking Water Test Kit. What’s in your Water: City Water versus Well Water. Posted on. June 18, 2012. by. Kory. Reply. Generally speaking, there are two ways people get their drinking water: through city water and well water. But what are they and what is the difference between them. City Water. City water is typically river water. While this type of water has a lot of pollutants and contaminants to begin with, it is put through an assortment of cleaning processes and purity tests before entering your home. By law, city water is treated on a daily basis and often has chemicals added to it such as chlorine and fluoride. Bringing in city water requires changing the pipes in and around your home. Also, you have the added cost of a monthly water bill. Despite daily testing, there is the risk of contamination from old pipe lines that need upgrading. If you doubt the safety of your water, you can do research and find various water test kits that have been done to ensure water quality. Oftentimes, t...
https://filtersfast.com/blog/index.php/tag/drinking-water-test-kit/
*  Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply | WMOT
Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply. WMOT. Live Music/Events. Live Music/Events. Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply By. Originally published on September 16, 2013 9:32 am A 4-year-old child who died of a rare brain infection in early August has led Louisiana health officials to discover that the cause is lurking in the water pipes of St. Officials are pumping more chlorine into the municipal water supply to kill the bugs and advising the parish's 40,000 residents how to avoid infection. But it won't be the last, he says — because health officials are now trying to pin down the cause of previously unexplained encephalitis cases. About 40 percent of cases of this dangerous brain inflammation have no known cause. "Five years ago, we would never have known that this recent case was caused by the amoeba," Ratard says. Bernard Parish — died of amoebic encephalitis after using tap water to rinse their nasal passages, using a popular device called a neti pot. Health ...
http://wmot.org/post/deadly-amoeba-found-first-time-municipal-water-supply
*  Basic Information about Nitrate in Drinking Water | Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water
Basic Information about Nitrate in Drinking Water. Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants. Contact Us Water: Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants. You are here: Water Drinking Water Drinking Water Contaminants Basic Information about Regulated Drinking Water Contaminants Basic Information about Nitrate in Drinking Water Basic Information about Nitrate in Drinking Water. Drinking Water Contaminants Home. Basic Information about Drinking Water Contaminants. Maximum Contaminant Level Goal MCLG = 10 mg/L or 10 ppm. Nitrate may cause health problems if present in public or private water supplies in amounts greater than the drinking water standard set by EPA. What are nitrate's health effects. What are EPA's drinking water regulations for nitrate. EPA's private drinking water wells website Water Systems Council website. What are nitrate's health effects. What are EPA's drinking water regulations for nitrate. This law requires EPA to determine the level of contaminants...
http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/basicinformation/nitrate.cfm
*  Autocalibration of dynamic bacterial growth model for water distribution system using GA - ePrints
... @IISc. Latest Additions. Advanced Search. Contact. Help. Login. Create Account. Autocalibration of dynamic bacterial growth model for water distribution system using GA. Munavalli, GR and Kumar, Mohan MS 2011 Autocalibration of dynamic bacterial growth model for water distribution system using GA. In: Journal of Water Supply: Research Technology - Aqua, 60 4. Full text not available from this repository. Official URL: http://www.iwaponline.com/jws/060/jws0600240.htm Abstract The presence of residual chlorine and organic matter govern the bacterial regrowth within a water distribution system. The bacterial growth model is essential to predict the spatial and temporal variation of all these substances throughout the system. The parameters governing the bacterial growth and biodegradable dissolved organic carbon BDOC utilization are difficult to determine by experimentation. In the present study, the estimation of these parameters is addressed by using simulation-optimization procedure. The optimal solution ...
http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/38407/
*  Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply | WVAS
Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply. WVAS. skip to main content. Site Menu. Donate. Menu. Listen. Home. Programs. News. WVAS Local. WVAS Awards Entries. Jazz. Blues. Archives. People. Staff. Hosts. Support WVAS. About Us. About Us. Contact Us. Search. Menu. Listen. Home. Programs. News. WVAS Local. WVAS Awards Entries. Jazz. Blues. Archives. People. Staff. Hosts. Support WVAS. About Us. About Us. Contact Us. Search. Listen Live WVAS. BAMA STATE RADIO. ASU RADIO. Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply By. Richard Knox. Sep 15, 2013 Share Twitter Facebook Google+ Email. Kali Hardig, 12, was released from a hospital in Little Rock, Ark., on Sept. 11 after surviving a brain infection caused by amoebas. Danny Johnston Associated Press. Originally published on September 16, 2013 10:32 am A 4-year-old child who died of a rare brain infection in early August has led Louisiana health officials to discover that the cause is lurking in the water pipes of St. Bernard Parish,...
http://wvasfm.org/post/deadly-amoeba-found-first-time-municipal-water-supply
*  Can a public water system composite monitoring samples to determine compliance with the maximum cont
... aminant levels MCLs. Jump to main content. Advanced Search. Water. Water. By Topic. Compliance. Regulations. About EPA. Can a public water system composite monitoring samples to determine compliance with the maximum contaminant levels MCLs. States may allow the use of compositing to reduce the total number of samples that must be analyzed for both inorganic and organic chemicals. Compositing of samples must be done in the laboratory 40 CFR 141.23 a 4 and 40 CFR 141.24 f 14. For organic chemicals, compositing of samples must be analyzed within fourteen days of sample collection 40 CFR 141.24 f 14. Federal regulations are available by visiting the Government Printing Office Web site www.gpoaccess.gov/ecfr or by visiting http://water.epa.gov/lawsregs/rulesregs/sdwa/currentregulations.cfm. Frequent Questions. Water Utility PWS Compliance/Issues. Regulations. Frequent Questions. Consumer Concerns. General Questions. Health Concerns. Frequently Asked Questions by Consumers. Frequently Asked Questions by CWS. Pr...
http://safewater.supportportal.com/link/portal/23002/23015/Article/14961/Can-a-public-water-system-composite-monitoring-samples-to-determine-compliance-with-the-maximum-contaminant-levels-MCLs
*  The Tidal Wave of Bottled Water | Wesley Medical Center
Wesley Medical Center. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors. Wesley Medical Center. Because, in addition to natural sources, such as artesian, spring, mineral, purified, and sparkling water, approximately half of all bottled waters originate in municipal water supplies. The US Food and Drug Administration FDA classifies bottled water as a food and regulates it according to standards from the US Environmental Protection Agency EPA and the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Private water supplies: In some areas, especially rural areas, tap water is supplied by private sources, which may not test their water as stringently as cities, towns, and other municipalities do. Since most bottled water companies do not add fluoride to their water, some health professionals fear that the dental health of children who drink mainly bottled water will be compromised. Taste: Some plastic containers for bottled water can give the water a plastic taste and odor. These systems, which are more economical than bottled water, gen...
http://wesleymc.com/hl/?/13911/bottled-water
*  Battelle, Winner Water Services To Clean Polluted Water For O&G Industry Use
... Solutions. Well Completion. Instrumentation. Flow Measurement Control. Pumps Controls. Treatment Systems. News Community. News. March 24, 2014. Battelle, Winner Water Services To Clean Polluted Water For O&G Industry Use. Two birds. One stone. Roots of the idiom can be traced to an ancient Chinese parable, Greek mythology and philosopher Thomas Hobbes. But whoever said it, Battelle and Winner Water Services are doing it thanks to a grant from the United States Department of Energy DOE and the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development DCED. Here s the throw: In Pennsylvania, more than 300 million gallons of polluted water called acid mine drainage AMD exists in and springs out of abandoned coal mines every day, impacting more than 3,000 miles of streams. And the oil and gas O G industry requires hundreds of millions of gallons of water to perform resource extraction using hydraulic fracturing. Battelle and its venture company Winner Water Services will use a $1.2M grant from DOE to cle...
http://oilandgasonline.com/doc/battelle-winner-water-clean-polluted-water-industry-use-0001?atc~c=771 s=773 r=001 l=a
*  NM EPHT Drinking Water Quality: Private Wells
... New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking. Air Quality Data. Drinking Water Quality ». Drinking Water: Arsenic. Drinking Water: Uranium. Private Wells ». Private Wells Testing. Private Wells Treatment. Private Wells Arsenic Data. Drinking Water Data 2008. Drinking Water Interactive Table 2008. Data Query ». Interactive Data Query. Interactive Data Query User Guide. Frequently Asked Questions FAQ. Contact Us. Skip Navigation Home Site Map F A Q Help Complaints Feedback Other shortcut keys available via CTRL-ALT include E : Switch to Environment tab. 1 thru 7 : Switch to a category within a tab, counting downward from the first M : Switch to the map view C : Switch to the chart view T : Switch to the metadata view R : Switch to the report view. Drinking Water Quality Private Wells Testing Private Wells Treatment Resources Interactive Data Query. Unlike public drinking water systems, drinking water quality from private wells is not regularly checked. Protecting Your Drinking Water Water Testing Well W...
https://nmtracking.org/en/environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells/
*  National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New Source
... Contaminants Monitoring. US EPA. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring Jump to main content. Water. Recent Additions. Contact Us Search: All EPA This Area. You are here: EPA Home. Water Online Publications National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring. Title Index. EPA Number. Audience Type. Document Type. Keyword Index. Office. New Publications. Title Keyword All. About Ordering. National Primary Drinking Water Regulations; Arsenic and Clarification to Compliance and New Source Contaminants Monitoring. EPA Number: 815Z01003. Date of Publication: July, 2001. Pages: 16. Audience teachers, concerned citizens, industry. Publication Comments. Available from:. WEB http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=200023D2.txt. No abstract available at this time. Keywords: Drinking Water Water Quality Information Water Quality Protection National Primary D...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/water/owrcCatalog.nsf/e673c95b11602f2385256ae1007279fe/bda0223fe9bc478685256b650072e451!OpenDocument
*  | US EPA Single Keyword
EPA# 817K06001 Active and Effective Water Security Programs: A Summary Report of the National Drinking Water Advisory Council Recommendations on Water Security. EPA# N/A Community Water Supply Study: Analysis of National Survey Findings. EPA# 812B95001 Consolidated Summary of State Reporting Requirements for the Safe Drinking Water Information System SDWIS. EPA# 832R75104 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Municipal Wastewater Reuse: Water Quality Management Guidance. EPA# 816F05011 Fact Sheet: Drinking Water Quality in Indian Country: Protecting Your Sources. EPA# 823F03013 Fact Sheet: Proposed Water Quality Standards for Puerto Rico. EPA# 908R03001 Ground Water in Region 8 States: A Report on the Status of Ground-Water Management and Protection. EPA# 815R07019 Ground Water Rule Source Water Monitoring Guidance Manual. EPA# N/A Ground Water Supply Survey: Summary of Volatile Organic Containment Occurrence Data. EPA# 816S97001 Initial Summary of Current State Capacity Development Activities. EPA# 430974009 Manual...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/water/owrccatalog.nsf/SingleKeyword?Openview&Keyword=Water Supply&count=2000
*  New analysis of drinking water-related gastrointestinal illness
... Earth. September 12, 2012 New analysis of drinking water-related gastrointestinal illness September 12, 2012. The distribution system piping in U.S. public water systems that rely on non-disinfected well water or "ground water" may be a largely unrecognized cause of up to 1.1 million annual cases of acute gastrointestinal illness AGI, involving nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, scientists are reporting. Their new analysis of the risk of AGI from these well-based water supply systems concluded that contamination of distribution system piping may be responsible for 470,000 to 1.1 million cases of AGI every year. Explore further: In Brief: Drinking water fund tops $9 billion More information: "Risk of Viral Acute Gastrointestinal Illness from Nondisinfected Drinking Water Distribution Systems" Environ. DOI: 10.1021/es3015925 Abstract Acute gastrointestinal illness AGI resulting from pathogens directly entering the piping of drinking water distribution systems is insufficiently understood. UV was intended to el...
http://phys.org/news/2012-09-analysis-water-related-gastrointestinal-illness.html
*  Re: PEX vs. PE for water service from meter to house
... Contact. Toilet Reviews. Sale on Toilets. New Posts. Re: PEX vs. PE for water service from meter to house Posted by Dale's Plumbing Service on March 21, 1999 at 01:48:43: In response to Re: PEX vs. PE for water service from meter to house. : We have a bid from a plumbing company to replace our water service from meter to house. The bid is to use polyethylene tubing rated at 160 PSI. The diameter wasn't specified. Not knowing anything about this, I checked alt.home.repair and other places and read that cross-linked polyethylene, or PEX, is great stuff. I don't think the product being proposed is PEX; it's from Wesflex and the literature the plumber left me doesn't mention "cross-linked." Is PEX better for the main service, or is regular polyethylene good enough. Does it work, or will they just wind up trenching anyway. : The bid is around $5000. : Finally, I had always thought copper was the way to go. If I don't want plastic of any kind because of health concerns, am I stuck with trenching. what i meant ...
http://terrylove.com/wwwboard/messages/3501.html
*  Water service should be back to normal in southeast Erie - GoErie.com - Erie, PA
... Subscribe. Customer Service. Local. Local Home. Erie Times-News. Erie Living. Erie Living Home. Her Times. Weekly Ads. Subscribe. Customer Service. Water service should be back to normal in southeast Erie By Valerie Myers valerie.myers@timesnews.com January 27, 2013 01:01 AM. By Valerie Myers valerie.myers@timesnews.com January 27, 2013 01:01 AM. Water service in portions of southeast Erie and Belle Valley affected by the break has returned to normal, an Erie Water Works operations officer said Saturday. Customers had been without water or had low water pressure since the main broke Wednesday morning. Mercyhurst University closed its Erie campus Thursday afternoon because parts of the campus were without water. Mark Catholic Center reopened Friday morning after water service was restored. The water main break also affected the Erie Veterans Affairs Medical Center, on East 38th Street at Old French Road, but the medical center remained open. Water was provided for drinking, washing hands and flushing Thur...
http://goerie.com/article/20130127/NEWS02/301269901/Water-service-should-be-back-to-normal-in-southeast-Erie
*  Monitoring nitrosamines in large water distribution systems and their removal using cyclodextrin po
... lyurethanes. UJDigispace Repository Monitoring nitrosamines in large water distribution systems and their removal using cyclodextrin polyurethanes. Login. UJDigispace Home → Theses and Dissertations → Department of Chemistry ETDs → View Item. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Monitoring nitrosamines in large water distribution systems and their removal using cyclodextrin polyurethanes. Mhlongo, Sthembile Hlengiwe. URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10210/3170. Date: 2009. Abstract:. The disinfection of drinking water is an important step in the water treatment process. However, toxic unwanted disinfection by-products DBPs are often produced during the disinfection of drinking water. One such group of DBPs are the nitrosamines such as N-Nitrosodimethylamine NDMA. Nitrosamines, particularly NDMA, are highly carcinogenic, mutagenic and teratogenic. The US Environmental Protection Agency USEPA placed these compounds into the grou...
https://ujdigispace.uj.ac.za/handle/10210/3170
*  Remarks at Northern Distribution Network Conference
... Department of State Diplomacy in Action. United States Please choose a country or other area, Region, or U.S. State. Remarks. Daily Press Briefings. Press Releases & Special Briefings. Remarks, Testimony by Senior Officials. Foreign Press Center. Parental Child Abduction. Foreign Service Officer. International Organizations. Business. Commercial and Business Affairs Office. Key Officers of Foreign Service Posts. Trade Policy and Programs. Global Youth Issues. Youth Exchange Programs. Diplomacy Center. Elliott Deputy Assistant Secretary, Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs. Today, my remarks will touch on the Northern Distribution Network as well as our vision for a New Silk Road linking Afghanistan to Central and South Asia and beyond. In a relatively short period, we have successfully developed a network of land, sea and air routes that approach Afghanistan from the north the Northern Distribution Network or NDN. The products shipped across these transit routes stand to improve trade and therefore...
http://state.gov/p/sca/rls/rmks/2012/189499.htm
*  Emergency Long Term Water Storage | Water Supply Boxes
Emergency Long Term Water Storage. Water Supply Boxes. Emergency Food. Gluten Free. Survival Kits. Water Storage. Best Value Food Storage. Food Storage Servings. Emergency Survival Fuel. Emergency Water Storage. Water Storage and Filtration Systems Long Term Emergency Water Supply Boxes with Fill Hose and Treatment Kit. Long Term Emergency Water Supply Boxes with Fill Hose and Treatment Kit. +FREE Shipping. Perhaps the most important part of your long-term emergency storage will be a supply of clean drinking water, experts recommend 1 gallon per day per person. With water supply boxes you can utilize your storage space and have an emergency water supply that you can take with you. Store long-term potable water in 5-gallon Mylar bags, Aquamira water treatment included. Heavy-duty Stackable Water Boxes Aquamira 2 Part Water Treatment Filling Hose. Water Storage Boxes for Long Term Emergency Supply Long-term emergency water storage has never been simpler. Compile your supply of Aquamira-treated water into heavy-...
http://buyemergencyfoods.com/long-term-emergency-water-supply-boxes-with-fill-hose-and-treatment-kit/
*  NM EPHT Drinking Water Quality: Private Wells Testing
... New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking. Air Quality Data. Drinking Water Quality ». Drinking Water: Arsenic. Drinking Water: Nitrates and Health. Drinking Water: Uranium. Private Wells ». Private Wells Testing. Private Wells Treatment. Private Wells Arsenic Data. Private Well Nitrate Data. Drinking Water Data 2008. Drinking Water Interactive Table 2008. Data Query ». Interactive Data Query. Interactive Data Query User Guide. Frequently Asked Questions FAQ. Contact Us. Skip Navigation Home Site Map F A Q Help Complaints Feedback Other shortcut keys available via CTRL-ALT include E : Switch to Environment tab. 1 thru 7 : Switch to a category within a tab, counting downward from the first M : Switch to the map view C : Switch to the chart view T : Switch to the metadata view R : Switch to the report view. Private Wells Well Water Fairs/Free Tests Water Treatment Well Resources Interactive Data Query. The best way to know if drinking water from a private drinking well is safe to drink is by testing ...
https://nmtracking.org/en/environ_exposure/water-qual/private-wells/private-wells-testing/
*  H2ouse.org : Take Action : On-Demand Hot Water System Water Savings
... Water Savings Bathtub. Clothes Washer. Cooling Misters. Dishwasher. Evaporative Cooler. Faucet. Greywater and/or Dual Plumbing System. Home Water Treatment. Irrigation Systems. Lawn. Low Water Use Garden. On-Demand Hot Water System. Outdoor Cleaning. Pool & Spa. Rain Harvest System. Showerhead. Toilet. Water Feature. Water Meter. A graphic-based tool to navigate around the house for info. Directly connect to all info available around the house. Read Your Meter. Glossary. Library. Bookstore. Links. Highlights, events of interest and other relevant info. Feedback. See if we have the info you're looking for. Take Action. Water Savings. On-Demand Hot Water System Water Savings. On-Demand Hot Water System Water Savings. Print Page. There are several types of on demand hot water systems including: recirculating systems, demand type pump systems, thermo-siphon systems, and point-of-use water heaters. These systems may or may not save water in your home depending, upon your specific situation and the type of sys...
http://h2ouse.org/action/details/action_element_contents.cfm?actionID=78FA9A8B-2756-4B2E-88D58A48310FAA76&elementID=3E2076E2-253A-4AC4-BDFD339B8BDE767B
*  Wholesale results for 331473 kingston brass freestanding water supplies stop 1061520 - DollarDays
Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061520. Single unit case As low as log in to see prices. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061521. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061519. Single unit case As low as log in to see prices. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061517. Single unit case As low as log in to see prices. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061536. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061535. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061530. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061528. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061527. Single unit case As low as log in to see prices. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061526. Wholesale Freestanding Water Supplies with Stop SKU #1061525. Wholesale baby care supplies - toys, feeding, grooming, bath, pacifiers, rattles, baby bibs, baby bottles, baby wipes and more wholesale baby prod...
https://dollardays.com/sitesearch.aspx?pg=1&terms=331473 kingston brass freestanding water supplies stop 1061520
*  Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply | MTPR
Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply. MTPR. Montana News. NPR News. Montana News. NPR News. Originally published on September 16, 2013 8:32 am A 4-year-old child who died of a rare brain infection in early August has led Louisiana health officials to discover that the cause is lurking in the water pipes of St. Officials are pumping more chlorine into the municipal water supply to kill the bugs and advising the parish's 40,000 residents how to avoid infection. But it won't be the last, he says — because health officials are now trying to pin down the cause of previously unexplained encephalitis cases. Bernard Parish — died of amoebic encephalitis after using tap water to rinse their nasal passages, using a popular device called a neti pot. Health officials assumed that contaminated tap water was the source of the infection, but it was never proved. This summer the amoeba infected the brains of two other US children – a 12-year-old Florida boy, who died, and a 12-year-old Arkansas girl, ...
http://mtpr.org/post/deadly-amoeba-found-first-time-municipal-water-supply
*  What is the Total Coliform Rule Distribution System Advisory Committee (TCRDSAC)?
What is the Total Coliform Rule Distribution System Advisory Committee TCRDSAC. Jump to main content. By Topic. About EPA. What is the Total Coliform Rule Distribution System Advisory Committee TCRDSAC. The Total Coliform Rule Distribution System Advisory Committee was established to provide advice and make recommendations to EPA on revisions to the Total Coliform Rule, and on what information about distribution systems is needed to better understand the public health impact from the degradation of drinking water quality in distribution systems. For the revision effort, the Advisory Committee will advise EPA on how the Rule could be revised to improve implementation and strengthen public health protection. For distribution system issues, the Committee will help EPA evaluate available data and research on aspects of distribution systems that may create risks to public health and consider how to address the risks. In selecting nominees for a balanced committee, EPA will consider candidates from EPA; state and l...
http://safewater.supportportal.com/link/portal/23002/23015/Article/23158/What-is-the-Total-Coliform-Rule-Distribution-System-Advisory-Committee-TCRDSAC
*  Basic Expeditionary Airfield Resources (BEAR) Water System - Water Distribution System for Military
Basic Expeditionary Airfield Resources BEAR Water System - Water Distribution System for Military Use - JGB Enterprises, Inc. sales@jgbhose.com. ABOUT JGB. About JGB. JGB Overview. Take a tour of JGB Liverpool, NY. PRODUCTS. Hoses by Application. Hoses by Vendor. Couplings by Types. Couplings by Vendor. Valves by Vendor. JGB Catalogs. JGB Brochures. JGB Product Spec Sheets. Contact JGB. Become a JGB Supplier. Find hose by Chemicals Enter the chemical you wish to transfer into the search box here REQUEST A QUOTE. Oilfield Products. Large Diameter Hose Products. Industrial Rental Products. Lay Flat Water Transfer. J-Flex Hydraulic Hose Solutions. Specialty Hoses. Accessories. Basic Expeditionary Airfield Resources BEAR Water System JGB Enterprises, Inc. is proud to announce that we have been chosen to supply the US Military with the Basic Expeditionary Airfield Resources BEAR Water System. The BEAR Water System is a complex water distribution system having the ability to draw water from virtually any source and...
http://jgbhose.com/products/bear.asp
*  Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply | WHQR
Deadly Amoeba Found For First Time In Municipal Water Supply. WHQR. ClassicalHQR. Classical Music with Gina Gambony. Classical Music with Pat Marriott. Gina Gambony Bio. Pat Marriott Bio. News. Local News. NPR Classical Live. About WHQR. People. Donate to WHQR. ClassicalHQR. Classical Music with Gina Gambony. Classical Music with Pat Marriott. Gina Gambony Bio. Pat Marriott Bio. News. Local News. NPR Classical Live. Originally published on September 16, 2013 10:32 am A 4-year-old child who died of a rare brain infection in early August has led Louisiana health officials to discover that the cause is lurking in the water pipes of St. Officials are pumping more chlorine into the municipal water supply to kill the bugs and advising the parish's 40,000 residents how to avoid infection. But it won't be the last, he says — because health officials are now trying to pin down the cause of previously unexplained encephalitis cases. "Five years ago, we would never have known that this recent case was caused by the amoe...
http://whqr.org/post/deadly-amoeba-found-first-time-municipal-water-supply
*  Polypipe
The piping systems are used for a variety of applications including drainage, plumbing, water supply, water management, cable management, heating and ventilation. 1980: Polypipe formed in Doncaster, UK 1988: Full range of plastic drainage products available for the residential construction marketing 1996: Polypipe moves into mainland Europe construction market with manufacturing facilities in France 1997: Entry into the civils and infrastructure market 1998: Plastic hot and cold water plumbing and heating systems launched as a direct alternative to copper. They include above and below ground drainage, plastic plumbing and underfloor heating systems, ventilation solutions, water supply systems, sewerage pipe systems for water authorities, land drainage products for agricultural use, surface water drainage, cable protection and sustainable urban drainage solutions SUDS. Above Ground Drainage Systems Below Ground Drainage Systems Water Supply Systems Water Management Solutions Plastic Plumbing Systems Underfloor...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polypipe
*  TAMILNADU WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE BOARD Untitled Page
TAMILNADU WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE BOARD. Untitled Page. A -. A A +. A A. TWAD BOARD TamilNadu Water Supply And Drainage Board. About Us. About Us. Board Of Directors. Organisation Chart. Establishment. Documents. TWAD Board Act and Regulations. Policy Notes. Announcements. TWAD Schedule of Rates. Model Bid Documents. Delegation of power at various levels. Tender Transparency Act. Norms Followed. Schemes. Major Water Supply Schemes. Rural Water Supply Schemes. Urban Water Supply Schemes. Combined Water Supply Schemes. Under Ground Sewerage Schemes. Deposit Works. Maintenance Schemes. Project Formulation. Tsunami Relief Measures. Hognekkal WS & FMP. Finance. Centage Charges. Tariff. Funding Sources. Support Activities. Hydrogeology. Water Quality. IT initiatives. Training. CCDU. Maps. Blocks. Contaminated Sources. Flouride affected. Nitrate affected. Iron affected. Faecal colliform. Achievements. Ramnad Mega Drinking Water Supply Scheme. Water Supply Schemes. Under Ground Sewerage Schemes. Awards-IT initiativ...
http://twadboard.gov.in/twad/shedule_rates.aspx
*  Bossier City Water Plant | Shreveporttimes | shreveporttimes.com
Bossier City Water Plant. APARTMENTS. News. USA Today. Archives. Search Search in News Archives Local Deals Yellow Pages. Bossier City Water Plant. Company info: Bossier City Water Plant 1401 Hamilton Road Bossier City Discharge Waters: Red River Daily output in gallons : 130,080 to 230,080 latest report filter backwash water Chemicals: 903 primary polymer clarifying agent used to help solids clumb together 1912 polymer aid clarifying agent Recoverable iron Chlorides. The Bossier City Water Treatment Plant was built in 1958. Recent additions include new raw water pumps, ozone treatment, clearwell and pumps, filters, computer process control, and a sludge treatment facility. The Bossier Water Plant is the first facility in the state of Louisiana to receive the Directors Award for water quality excellence from the AWWA. Email this article Bossier City Water Plant The Bossier City Water Treatment Plant was built in 1958. EVERY THURSDAY - MUSICIANS OPEN JAM - ELECTRIC/ACOUSTIC - ALL WELCOME!. Back to Back Bar @ B...
http://shreveporttimes.com/article/99999999/SPECIALPROJECTS0502/81103093/Bossier-City-Water-Plant
*  public distribution system | Latest news on public distribution system | public distribution system
public distribution system. Latest news on public distribution system. public distribution system photos - Rediff Realtime News Search. What do you think of Realtime News. About 1020 results for "public distribution system". The Hindu, Times of India...and 1 other sources. The Hindu, Times of India...and 1 other sources. 35 images for public distribution system. The Hindu, 3 weeks ago. IndiaTV News, 3 months ago. 35 images for public distribution system. All city ration depots to be computerised by 2016 In a bid to check malpractices in the public distribution system, all ration depots in the national capital will be computerised by next year, a senior Delhi government official said on Tuesday. Public distribution system. The Hindu, 3 weeks ago. 'All ration shops in Delhi to be computerised by next year'. All Ration Shops in Delhi to be Computerised by 2016. Biyani's Future to manage ration shops in Raj. Prokerala, 1 month ago. Rediff.com, 1 month ago. Economic Times, 2 months ago. Times of India, 2 months ag...
http://realtime.rediff.com/news/public-distribution-system
*  Water Regulations Guide from WRAS - Wholebuild UK
... Energy and Utility Provision. Drainage and Waste Disposal. Building Facades and Cladding Systems. Insulation. Minor Buildings. Structural Walls and Building Frames. Water and Damp Proofing for Structural Walls Frames. Heating. Landscaping. Part A Structural Safety. Part G Sanitation, Hot Water Safety and Water Efficiency. Part H Drainage and Waste Disposal. Part M Access to and Use of Buildings. Water Regulations. Building and Construction Specialists. Builders and Construction Contractors. Cladding Contractors. Drainage and Waste Disposal Contractors. Insulation Contractors. Landscape and Garden Designers. Structural Engineers. Internal Fit-Out Contractors. Heating and Plumbing Engineers. Insulation Specialists. Kitchen Designers and Installers. Dedicated Section to: Project Stage Preconstruction Energy and Utility Provision. The Water Supply Water Fittings Regulations 1999 replaced the Water Supply Byelaws in England and Wales on the 1st July 1999. Similar requirements were adopted in Scotland as the W...
http://wholebuild.co.uk/building-product/energy-and-utility-provision/publications/water-regulations-guide
*  .. Monitoring .. Post navigation .. Sustaining rural water supply using the pri
Monitoring. Sustaining rural water supply using the principles of collective Impact. By. editor. November 12, 2014. Leave a comment. Collective impact is the commitment of a group of actors from different sectors to a common agenda for solving a complex social problem. Samantha King describes in a blog post how IRC and its partners in Ghana are applying many of the principles of collective impact in the process and actions to address the water. Framework of service delivery indicators for assessing and monitoring rural and small town water supply services in Ghana. By. editor. September 16, 2014. Leave a comment. The rural water and sanitation sub sector of Ghana is on a positive trajectory towards establishing an inventory of rural and small-towns water systems across the country and a continuous service monitoring process that will enable the sector to measure and report on access, functionality and sustainability of service levels. Sustainability tools for hygiene, sanitation and water. By. editor. July 4,...
https://waterservicesthatlast.wordpress.com/category/topics/monitoring/
*  Rainwater quality from roofs, tanks and hot water systems at Figtree Place | NOVA. The University of
Rainwater quality from roofs, tanks and hot water systems at Figtree Place. NOVA. The University of Newcastle's Digital Repository. NOVA. The University of Newcastle's Digital Repository. Show Quick Collection. Highlights + Most Accessed Items Most Accessed Authors Recent Additions. Search History Clear Session Help About. Change Site View + Default Site Research Data Theses. Advanced Search Browse + By Title By Author/Creator By Keyword By Date By Resource Type. List Of Titles Rainwater quality from roofs, tanks and hot water systems at Figtree Place. Add to Quick Collection. Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1959.13/29532. Title Rainwater quality from roofs, tanks and hot water systems at Figtree Place Creator Coombes, Peter J. Description Figtree Place is a water sensitive urban redevelopment consisting of 27 residential units located in Hamilton, an inner suburb of Newcastle, NSW, Australia. The site uses rainwater stored in tanks to supply hot water and toilet...
http://nova.newcastle.edu.au/vital/access/manager/Repository/uon:2580?exact=creator:"Kalma, Jetse D."
*  Water Information for Public Officials & Municipal Employees - NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservati
Water Information for Public Officials Municipal Employees - NYS Dept. Training Opportunities and Materials ;. Regulations and Guidance ;. Proposed Regulations, Emergency, and Recently Adopted Regulations - A listing and brief description of Proposed Regulations and their available comment periods, Pending Regulations, Emergency Regulatory Actions, and Recently Adopted Regulations previous twelve months. Pesticides Applicator Requirements - Information on requirements and training for certification as a pesticides applicator. Water Withdrawal Permits for Non-Agricultural Facilities - Information regarding permitting of water withdrawals for non-agricultural water withdrawals. Water Withdrawals for Agricultural Facilities - Depending on several factors, agricultural facilities may be required to register, obtain permits, and/or report water withdrawals annually. Stormwater Program Construction Stormwater Permit and Forms - General Permit for Stormwater Discharges from Construction Activity and the necessary fo...
http://dec.ny.gov/chemical/51159.html
*  Potable water diver
... A 'potable water diver' works in a potable water tank performing inspection and cleaning tasks. Image:Harveysburg Water tower.jpg Certified commercial divers can inspect water storage tanks, towers and clearwells without draining them or taking them out of service. SCUBA certification alone is insufficient, and additional training is required. The American Water Works Association publishes a technical standard, C652, that outlines recommendations for divers in potable water facilities. American Water Works Association, 'Disinfection of Water-Storage Facilities', ANSI/AWWA C652-11, section 4.4.5 The diver is totally encapsulated no part of the divers body touches the water in a sealed drysuit and then washed down with a 200ppm chlorine solution prior to entry into the tank. All diving dress is to be used exclusively in drinking water. This meets American Water Works Association AWWA standards for entering a public water system. AWWA recommends removing sediment accumulations over 1/2" deep from the floor ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potable_water_diver
*  Renegade Water Services, LLC
renegade water services llc renegade water services llc n eliseo felix jr way avondale az http www renegadewater com this company offers residential water treatment systems reverse osmosis water softeners and de chlorinators n eliseo felix jr way avondale az get directions bizzcam video phone number date joined the bbb contact us type s of business chlorinators water filtration purification equipment water softening conditioning equipment service supplies water treatment equipment service supplies loc loc loc loc loc copy renegade water services llc...
http://ethicalaz.com/renegadewaterservices/
*  AWWA/AwwaRF Symposium Offers Latest in Distribution System Research | Water Quality Products
AWWA/AwwaRF Symposium Offers Latest in Distribution System Research. Water Quality Products. Newsletters Subscribe Advertise Contact. Current Issue Products Storefronts Dealer of the Month Tech Reviews Events Webinars. Archives Buyer s Guide Dealers Commercial Industrial Disinfection Groundwater Water Reuse. AWWA/AwwaRF Symposium Offers Latest in Distribution System Research. The American Water Works Association AWWA and the Awwa Research Foundation’s AwwaRF 2007 Research Symposium provides a forum for the exchange of the latest distribution system research. The symposium will be held March 2-3, 2007 in Reno, Nev. Topics covered at the 2007 Research Symposium will be distribution system asset management, research needs for the future, infrastructure issues, water loss control and leak management, corrosion control, water quality related health issues and disinfection -including alternative disinfectants and their impact on water quality. At the 2007 Research Symposium, water professionals involved in research...
http://wqpmag.com/awwaawwarf-symposium-offers-latest-distribution-system-research
*  ADEQ: Water Quality Division: Engineering Review: Application Fees
... Calendar. Contact Us. Help Air Quality. Air Pollution Information and Prevention. Asbestos. Assessment. Compliance. Forecasting/Pollution Advisories. Natural and Exceptional Events. Permits. Planning SIPs. Regional Haze and Visibility. Smoke Management. Vehicle Emissions. Waste Programs. Cleanups. Community Involvement. Hazardous Waste Management. Pollution Prevention. Recycling. Solid Waste. Superfund/WQARF. Underground Storage Tanks. Water Quality. Data Management. Engineering Review. Groundwater Programs. Groundwater for Businesses. Permits. Safe Drinking Water. Surface Water for Businesses. Surface Water Programs. Water Quality Standards. . Our mission is to protect and enhance public health and the environment. Home. About Us. ADEQ Job Openings. Assistance. Complaint. Compliance. Databases. Laws, Rules & Policies. Newsroom. Permits. Procurement. Programs. Public Notices & Hearings. Publications & Forms. QuickPay. Water Quality Division: Engineering Review: Application Fees. There are various fees fo...
http://azdeq.gov/environ/water/engineering/fees.html
*  Nokia water supply contamination
... Image:Nokia.sijainti.suomi.2007.svg|thumb|150px|Location of Nokia in Finland. 'Nokia water supply contamination' refers to the events on November 28–29, 2007, when large parts of the water supply in Nokia, Finland, were contaminated when sewage water with solids removed became mixed with fresh water., November 30, 2007 The contamination, affecting an area with some 12,000 inhabitants, caused an epidemic with thousands of cases of diarrhea and vomiting primarily due to Norovirus and Campylobacter infection. Hundreds of inhabitants were hospitalised and the town was forced to temporarily ban all use of water., December 5, 2007. The cause for the contamination was revealed to be combination of different events. A maintenance man in the Nokia waterworks had opened a valve between fresh water and sewage water pipes to let some fresh water flush out the sewage pipe. Because of pressure differences, the water flowed in the opposite direction, contaminating the fresh water supply. Only after two days an official...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nokia_water_supply_contamination
*  Water | City of Kingsport Tennessee Public Works Department
City of Kingsport Tennessee Public Works Department. Have you ever wondered how the water that flows down the South Fork of the Holston River is transformed into high quality potable water and delivered as a reliable water source to your home or business. It begins by being pumped from the South Fork of the Holston River to the Water Treatment Plant where it undergoes physical and chemical treatment processes to produce high quality potable water. Next, the water is then pumped from the plant into the Distribution System that consists of water tanks, pump stations, transmission lines, service lines, meters, etc. Reactive work such as repairing breaks, resonding to customer complaints, etc., and proactive work such as line replacement, water quality programs and capitol improvement projects, provide you with reliable and high quality water service. The City of Kingsport Water Services Division consists of the following support divisions that work together to transform and deliver reliable and high quality wate...
http://publicworks.kingsporttn.gov/water
*  Midway Residents Question City Water Supply
... October 5, 2015 Contact Us. WCTV2. News. News. Georgia. CBS News Live Feed. National. Sports. Sports. Health. Health. Politics. Politics. National Politics. The Usual Suspects. Finance. Finance. Finance. Pets. WCTV Cares. Tallahassee Nights Live with Howard Hewett Concert Ticket Giveaway. Pro Football Challenge. Pets. TV. TV. Midway Residents Question City Water Supply Updated: Sat 8:31 PM, Jun 05, 2004. Many say the water may be contaminated, but Talquin officials deny that claim. "He should inform all the citizens of Midway because that's a great concern for our health and we're drinking that water and last night it was reinforced again that we should be drinking water and still today the citizens are not informed.” But the city manager denies making that comment. Paul Piller, Midway city manager, says, "To the best of my knowledge the water is not contaminated. The short term solution is for Talquin to plow the water out more often than they do." Talquin officials say the copper colored water is just ...
http://wctv.tv/home/headlines/813842.html?site=mobile
*  WHO | Water resources
WHO. Water resources. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Water Sanitation Health. Menu. Water sanitation and health Drinking-water quality Bathing waters Water resources Water supply and sanitation monitoring Water supply, sanitation and hygiene Water-related diseases Wastewater use Healthcare waste Emerging issues Water, health and economics Household water treatment Publications. Water resources An important fraction of the burden of water-related diseases in particular: water-related vector-borne diseases is attributable to the way water resources are developed and managed. In many parts of the world the adverse health impacts of water pollution, dam construction, irrigation deve...
http://who.int/water_sanitation_health/resources/en/
*  On-Site Water Supply | Wilson County, NC - Official Website
On-Site Water Supply. Wilson County, NC - Official Website. Create an Account - Increase your productivity, customize your experience, and engage in information you care about. Sign In. Our County. Government. Doing Business. Notify Me. Report a Concern. Calendar. Contact Us. Government. Health Department. Environmental Health On-Site Water Supply. On-Site Water Supply Private Drinking Water Well Program. On July 1, 2008, a Private Drinking Water Well Program was implemented in Wilson County and also Statewide. Under this program, all new wells will be required to be properly located away from sources of contamination, properly constructed, and sampled prior to being placed into operation. Environmental Health will take water samples to test for bacterial and chemical contamination. Water samples will not be taken unless the well head appears to be properly constructed and protected from contamination. If a well is not properly grouted, it can become contaminated. On-Site Water Resources. Permitting and Inspe...
http://wilson-co.com/253/On-Site-Water-Supply
*  Newman Water Services | San Antonio & Texas Hill Country
Newman Water Services. San Antonio Texas Hill Country. Links. Home About Us Contact Us Water Softeners RO Drinking Water Systems Iron Sulfur Removal Storage Tanks Pumps Carbon Whole House Filtration Rainwater collection Commercial / Ranch. Home. Storage Tanks Pumps. Storage tanks and cisterns are seen throughout the Texas Hill Country and can bring peace of mind to your home or business. Storage tanks provide water for irrigation, during drought conditions, and well outages. A tank provides fire protection, aeration of water to remove sulfur, and can supply multiple homes. In addition, a storage tank can increase the lifespan of your well pump by preventing short cycling, which is turning on and off too frequently. We specialize in rural water storage systems. Contact Us for more info. Tan Tanks Are Here!. No light penetration, 100% virgin material, NSF approved for potable water, water stays cooler, neutral color blends with home. We also have a new light green color along with dark green as well. Come out t...
http://newmanh2o.com/storagetanks
*  291 F3d 1262 Moongate Water Co Inc v. Butterfield Park Mutual Domestic Water Association | OpenJuris
291 F3d 1262 Moongate Water Co Inc v. Butterfield Park Mutual Domestic Water Association. 3d 1262 - Moongate Water Co Inc v. Butterfield Park Mutual Domestic Water Association. 291 F3d 1262 Moongate Water Co Inc v. Butterfield Park Mutual Domestic Water Association 291 F.3d 1262. BUTTERFIELD PARK MUTUAL DOMESTIC WATER ASSOCIATION, also known as Butterfield Park Mutual Domestic Water Consumers and Mutual Sewage Works Association, Defendant-Appellee. Moongate Water Co., Inc. v Butterfield Park Mutual Domestic Water Association, 125 F.Supp.2d 1304 D.N.M.2000. Town of Muldrow, 191 F.3d 1192, 1197 10th Cir.1999, which sets forth the requisite elements to muster § 1926 b 's protection, a qualified water association must, first, have a continuing indebtedness to the FmHA, and, second, have provided or made available service to the disputed area, the district court concluded Butterfield is entitled to § 1926 b protection to its service area. This analysis is the undercurrent of the Fourth Circuit's holding ...
http://openjurist.org/291/f3d/1262/moongate-water-co-inc-v-butterfield-park-mutual-domestic-water-association
*  WHO | Nutrients in drinking-water
Nutrients in drinking-water. Water Sanitation Health. Water sanitation and health Drinking-water quality Bathing waters Water resources Water supply and sanitation monitoring Water supply, sanitation and hygiene Water-related diseases Wastewater use Healthcare waste Emerging issues Water, health and economics Household water treatment Publications. Nutrients in drinking-water. The World Health Organization assembled a diverse group of nutrition, medical and scientific experts in Rome in November 2003, at the WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, to address a number of questions relating to the nutrient composition of drinking water and the possibility that drinking water could in some circumstances contribute to total dietary nutrition. What is the potential contribution of drinking water to human nutrition. Which substances are found in drinking water that can contribute significantly to health and well-being. Under what conditions can drinking water become a significant contribution to the total d...
http://who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/nutrientsindw/en/
*  .. Fighting Fluoride
It was commissioned to assess the EPA’s 4 ppm parts per million maximum contaminant level goal, along with its 2 ppm secondary maximum contaminant level, a level set to keep children from having unsightly dental fluorosis, where white specks form on teeth, and with further fluoride exposure become confluent and turn brown. The American Medical Association AMA says, “The AMA recognizes the important public health benefits of drinking properly fluoridated water and encourages its member physician and medical societies to work with local and state health departments, dental societies, and concerned citizens to assure optimal fluoridation of community drinking water.” The American Dental Association ADA , in its statement on the subject, reminds us that “Studies conducted throughout the past sixty years have consistently indicated that fluoridation of community water supplies is safe and effective in preventing dental decay in both children and adults.” The American Heart Association assures us that “...
http://aaronsenvironmental.com/2010/11/fighting-fluoride/
*  NWA 2011 : Melbourne : Line Item Notes : 19.4 Delivery to urban water system users
Potable water for residential, commercial, industrial and municipal use The item represents the quarterly metered volume of potable water supplied for residential use. Non-potable water for residential, commercial, industrial and municipal use The item represents the quarterly some large users are monthly metered volume of potable water supplied for commercial, industrial and municipal use. This value is the total non-residential water use Recycled water for residential, commercial, industrial, municipal, agricultural and individual irrigation This item represents the quarterly metered volume of recycled water supplied for residential, commercial, industrial and municipal use. Uncertainty Information Potable and non-potable water for residential, commercial, industrial and municipal use. This item represents the total metered volume of recycled water supplied from Melbourne Water's Western Treatment Plant to Southern Rural Water. Potable water for residential, commercial, industrial and municipal use : This i...
http://bom.gov.au/water/nwa/2011/melbourne/statement/notes_s19_4.shtml
*  Reyco Granning Expands Aftermarket Distribution Network - TopNews - Aftermarket - TopNews - Truck
... ingInfo.com. Videos. Archives. Blogs. Events. Newsletter. Advertise. Trucking Info - The web site of Heavy Duty Trucking magazine. Follow Trucking Info on Twitter. Follow Trucking Info on Google +. News. Equipment. Fleet Management. Maintenance. Aftermarket. Aftermarket Reyco Granning Expands Aftermarket Distribution Network April 24, 2013 SHARING TOOLS. Reyco Granning announced that The Universal Group headquartered in Pennsauken, N.J., has become its newest authorized aftermarket distributor. The Universal Group has more than 25 years servicing the light-, medium-, and heavy-duty truck, trailer and motorhome markets. Tags: Reyco Granning, Aftermarket. Recommended For You Heavy Duty Aftermarket Canada Added to HDAW Committee. VHD Equipment Network to Merge With Power Heavy Duty. Is Your Business Ready for the ELD Mandate. Newsletter We offer e-newsletters that deliver targeted news and information for the entire fleet industry. Got Questions. sponsored by. Lubricants The expert, Mark Betner from CITGO, w...
http://truckinginfo.com/channel/aftermarket/news/story/2013/04/reyco-granning-expands-its-aftermarket-distribution-network.aspx
*  EWG Tap Water Database 2009
Oh/Am Mansfield System 6 Utilities - Mansfield, OH. Serves 405 people Dibromoacetic acid Dibromoacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water. This Drinking Water System. Test Days Exceeding Health Guidelines Definition of what this is 0 days. Test Days Exceeding Legal Limits Number of days in which the samples taken in that day exceed the Maximum Contaminant Level Depending on the contaminant and its MCL, that may or may not trigger an MCL violation. Test Days Number of days in which this chemical has reported results in the data we received from the State 1 days. Tests Conducted Number of individual tests done for this contaminant 1 tests. Testing Summary Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested       -Detected       -Over Health Guidelines       -Over Leg...
http://ewg.org/tap-water/whatsinyourwater/OH/OhAmMansfieldSystem6/7005612/Dibromoacetic-acid/2454/
*  City of Longmont, Colorado : Water Line Flushing
... Community. Departments. Recreation Services Special Events. Community. Longmont’s new resident brochure provides all the information that new and current residents need about government services including utility billing, Longmont Power & Communications, trash and recycling, recreation, senior services, library and public safety. Business Resources. Business License. Longmont Area Economic Council. Online Services. Business License. Online Recreation Account. Special Event Permit. Contact City Staff. Facility Directory. Service Request. Staff Contact Directory. Departments. City Council. City Council Meetings. City Council Members. Departments » Departments N-Z » Water » Drinking Water Water Line Flushing Print Feedback. Water Annual Water Main Line Flushing Program Each spring, the City of Longmont water staff flush the main water lines to keep water quality at its highest level and to ensure that fire hydrants are operational. If you lose water service while the flushing operation is occurring in your ...
http://longmontcolorado.gov/departments/departments-n-z/water/drinking-water/water-line-flushing
*  Home
... Email address :. Password :. Wednesday Oct 7, 2015. Login | . Register. Modify. Logout. Text Size. Search IPPmedia. Home. News. Business. Sport. Entertainment. Editorial. Columnist. Features. Badilisha Lugha KISWAHILI. Hot Topics ::. Parliament. BREAKING NEWS. Home. News. Penalise heads of these water utilities, minister tells boards. By Devota Mwachang`a. 9th May 2012. Email. Print. Comments. Deputy Water minister Dr Binilith Mahenge has said failure by five regional water utilities to get clean certificates for three consecutive years has been tarnishing the images of those water supply bodies. In the circumstances, he has told the responsible boards to take appropriate measures for the water authorities heads. The water authorities are Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Corporation Dawasco and Dar es Salaam Water and Sewage Authority Dawasa, Mtwara Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Authority Mtuwasa, Musoma Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Authority Muwasa and Songea Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Aut...
http://ippmedia.com/frontend/index.php/hl=23tion=com_content.com/29rontend/_fron.pnd/.nde2h4372tl=.3tion=com_content.com/el=2301208dll/function.mysql-select-db?l=41374
*  Title 16
CESSPOOLS, PRIVY WELLS, DRAINAGE SYSTEMS AND WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS. a The Department of Health and Social Services may regulate and prescribe the manner in which all cesspools, privy wells and other drainage systems shall be constructed within the limits of all incorporated towns and at any place within 1 mile from the water supply thereof. The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct any changes in the construction of any cesspool or privy well or other drainage already constructed and used on any property in any incorporated town or within 1 mile of the water supply of the town which it deems necessary for the protection of the health of the inhabitants of the town or for the protection of the water supply thereof. The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct that the owner of any property on which there is a cesspool or privy well and all other drainage already in use in any incorporated town or within 1 mile from the water supply of the town shall so change and con...
http://delcode.delaware.gov/title16/c015/index.shtml
*  Title 16
CESSPOOLS, PRIVY WELLS, DRAINAGE SYSTEMS AND WATER SUPPLY SYSTEMS. a The Department of Health and Social Services may regulate and prescribe the manner in which all cesspools, privy wells and other drainage systems shall be constructed within the limits of all incorporated towns and at any place within 1 mile from the water supply thereof. The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct any changes in the construction of any cesspool or privy well or other drainage already constructed and used on any property in any incorporated town or within 1 mile of the water supply of the town which it deems necessary for the protection of the health of the inhabitants of the town or for the protection of the water supply thereof. The Department of Health and Social Services may order and direct that the owner of any property on which there is a cesspool or privy well and all other drainage already in use in any incorporated town or within 1 mile from the water supply of the town shall so change and con...
http://delcode.delaware.gov/title16/c015/index.shtml
*  October City Water Maintenance Successful | KSAM 101.7
October City Water Maintenance Successful. KSAM 101.7. About Us Listen Online 101.7 KSAM Live Stream. 104.9 The Hits Live Stream. Personalities 101.7 KSAM Air Personalities. 104.9 The Hits Air Personalities. Pictures Submit Birthdays Contact Us. Subscribe to our Feed. Follow @KSAM1017. Home News Entertainment News. Local News. Local Sports Community Events Weather KSAM Events Contests One in a Million. Submit Birthdays. KSAM 101.7 / News / Local News / October City Water Maintenance Successful. October City Water Maintenance Successful. Written by Larry Crippen. Posted in Local News , News. Tagged: burn , City , Huntsville , October. Published on November 06, 2013 by Larry Crippen. The City of Huntsville conducted a successful maintenance process on its water distribution system during October, and the staff would like to thank all residents for their cooperation and patience during the process. According to Water Services Superintendent Joyce Hubbard, the disinfectant adjustment, which primarily ...
http://ksam1017.com/2013/news/october-city-water-maintenance-successful/
*  Water Service - Pocono FAQ's - poconorecord.com - Stroudsburg, PA
... 0 of 3 Premium Clicks used this month. SUBSCRIBE Print + Online Subscriber Activation. Register. x Username *. usually your email address Password *. Forgot Password. Need an Account. e-edition. subscribe. newsletter. Advertise. Classifieds. Jobs. Autos. Real Estate. FEATURED. NEWS NOW. Beating the 26 million to 1 odds: Two local golfers hit back-to-back hole-in-ones ... Woman accused of injecting 14-year-old daughter with heroin ... Lawsuit claims Kathleen Kane retaliated against top lawyer ... Beating the 26 million to 1 odds: Two local golfers hit back-to-back hole-in-ones ... Woman accused of injecting 14-year-old daughter with heroin ... Lawsuit claims Kathleen Kane retaliated against top lawyer ... Water Service. poconorecord.com. Writer. Posted Oct. 6, 2015 at 12:01 AM. Posted Oct. 6, 2015 at 12:01 AM. Social News. Some Pocono homeowners have private water companies that supply their water, but most have individual wells on their properties that no one will check or maintain unless they are hired ...
http://poconorecord.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/99999999/LIVING01/70806034/-1/LIVING100304
*  Water board
A 'water board' Dutch: 'waterschap' or 'hoogheemraadschap', Flanders and Northern France: ' watringue ', France: ' agence de l'eau ', German: 'Wasserverband' is a regional or national organisation that has very different functions from one country to another. The functions range from flood control and water resources management at the regional or local level the Netherlands, Germany, water charging and financing at the river basin level France, bulk water supply South Africa, regulation of pricing and service quality of drinking water supply at the national level Kenya or the coordination of water resources policies between various Ministries and agencies at the national level together with the regulation of drinking water supply the Philippines. Germany Kenya Netherlands Philippines Sri Lanka South Africa United Kingdom United States Minnesota. In Germany water boards Wasserverbände or Wasserwirtschaftsverbände, also sometimes translated as water associations, are organizations set up under public law for di...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_board
*  Shasta Lake, CA - Official Website - Water Treatment
... You are here:. Home. Departments > Water Treatment. Water Treatment RESIDENTIAL WATER CONSERVATION REBATE AVAILABLE. Residential Water Conservation Rebate Application Form. Overview Contact Tony Thomasy Water Treatment Operator Email. 1650 Stanton Drive Shasta Lake, CA 96019 Ph: 530 275-7450 Fx: 530 275-7451 Hours Monday - Friday 7:00 am - 4:00 pm. The Fishermen Point Treatment Plant was completed in 1989 and serves the City's population of nearly 10,000. The plant feeds the water through a distribution system with approximately 3800 connections. The plants maximum output is approximately 6.7 million gallons per day MGD. The source of raw untreated water feeding the plant comes from Shasta Lake through two intake ports located in Shasta Dam. These ports are at different depths on the dam to allow for selection of the cleanest lowest turbidity water. Four large pumps are used to push the water up hill to the plant site through a 16" line. The pumps can be selected in any order to deliver the required flow...
http://ci.shasta-lake.ca.us/index.aspx?NID=913
*  foodconsumer.org - Drinking Water: Celebrate the Essential
... Cooking Dining. Drinking Water: Celebrate the Essential. Drinking Water: Celebrate the Essential. Learn more about the vital role safe water plays in our lives and what CDC is doing to address challenges to our water supply. Access to public water sources that are safe and reliable is crucial for the health and prosperity of a society. May 1 7, 2011 is Drinking Water Week. Following the theme "Water: Celebrate the Essential," Drinking Water Week provides an opportunity for the public to recognize the vital role that safe water plays in our daily lives 1. With the implementation of disinfection methods for drinking water, there has been a drastic decline in cases of typhoid fever in the United States. Water treatment and disinfection have made U.S. In 1908, Jersey City, New Jersey, was the first city in the United States to begin routine disinfection of a municipal drinking water supply 3. For example, in 1900 there were approximately 100 cases of typhoid fever for every 100,000 persons living in the Unit...
http://foodconsumer.org/newsite/mobile/Environment/drinking_water_celebrate_the_essential_0503110707.html
*  EWG Tap Water Database 2009
4 Health Standard Exceedences Chemicals detected at concentrations above the legal limit, the Maximum Contaminant Level MCLs established by the U.S. Pollutants Found The total number of contaminants detected since 2004, according to data provided by the state water agency. 8 Tests Conducted The total number of number of water quality tests conducted by water utilities and recorded in data provided by the state water agency. Contaminants Exceeding Health Guidelines Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested       -Detected       -Over Health Guidelines       -Over Legal Limit*. 1.83 ppm 1.83 ppm Yes 1 ppm Yes 1 ppm. * Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level MCL. Other Detected Contaminants Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested       -Detected       -Over Health Gu...
http://ewg.org/tap-water/whatsinyourwater/AK/Pt-Mackenzie-Correctional-Farm/2225281/system_contam.php?contam=1005
*  EWG Tap Water Database 2009
4 Health Standard Exceedences Chemicals detected at concentrations above the legal limit, the Maximum Contaminant Level MCLs established by the U.S. Pollutants Found The total number of contaminants detected since 2004, according to data provided by the state water agency. 8 Tests Conducted The total number of number of water quality tests conducted by water utilities and recorded in data provided by the state water agency. Contaminants Exceeding Health Guidelines Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested       -Detected       -Over Health Guidelines       -Over Legal Limit*. 6.64 ppm 10.4 ppm Yes 10 ppm Yes 10 ppm. 189.54 ppb 479 ppb Yes 300 ppb No 1000 ppb. : 0 ppb No. * Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level MCL. Other Detected Contaminants Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested &nb...
http://ewg.org/tap-water/whatsinyourwater/IA/Lost-Nation-Water-Supply/2346047/system_contam.php?contam=1040
*  EWG Tap Water Database 2009
... National Drinking Water Database. Drinking Water Quality: Policy Gaps. What's in your water. Get a Water Filter. Tips for Safe Water. EWG Needs Your Help. As little as $5 can help. Dibromoacetic acid in Ohio. Dibromoacetic acid is a disinfection byproduct regulated by EPA as one of five haloacetic acids that are formed when chlorine, chloramines or other disinfectants react with organic and inorganic matter in water. The Most Polluted Communities in Ohio 593 water utilities reported detecting Dibromoacetic acid in tap water since 2004, according to EWG's analysis of water quality data supplied by state water agencies Ranked by highest average Dibromoacetic acid level Rank System Population Served Positive test results of total reported tests Average Level Range 1 Hartville Meadows Hartville, OH 102 5 of 7 13.56 ppb 0 to 49.3 ppb. 2 Pleasant City, Village O Pleasant City, OH 750 1 of 1 13.4 ppb 13.4 ppb. 3 Village of Cumberland Cumberland, OH 470 9 of 9 10.89 ppb 6.7 to 16.4 ppb. 4 Georgetown Water Distri...
http://ewg.org/tap-water/whatsinyourwater/2454/OH/Ohio/Dibromoacetic-acid/?file=highest_systems&contamcode=2454&rankby=population&stateabbr=OH
*  SEV215 - Water Systems Unit details
... International students. Search. Language: English. Future students Course search. Return to previous page SEV215 - Water Systems Unit details Year 2016 unit information. Students must attend and participate in mandatory activities at the Geelong Waurn Ponds Campus on the particular scheduled day during the trimester intensive week. This includes: Water supply systems - types of water supply systems, assessment of water demand, sources of water; Elements of hydrology - hydrological cycle, surface water hydrology, groundwater hydrology; Water collection and distribution - surface water collection, groundwater collection, water transmission systems, water distribution systems; pipeline and valves - hydraulics of pipelines, network of pipelines, valves and appurtenances, pumps and pumping installations; Wastewater collection systems collection of sewage and stormwater; sewer materials and appurtenances; flow measurements in sewers; sewer installations and testing; Hydraulics of sewer systems quantities of wa...
http://deakin.edu.au/future-students/courses/unit.php?unit=SEV215&return_to=/future-students/courses/course.php?course=S460&stutype=international
*  Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics : An Introductory Text 3rd Edition | 9781844071906 |
Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics : An Introductory Text 3rd Edition. eCampus.com. FREE SHIPPING on orders over $59. HELP DESK. Search FREE SHIPPING on orders over $59. CART 0 items. Buy Textbooks. FREE SHIPPING OVER $59. Your order must be $59 or more, you must select US Postal Service Shipping as your shipping preference, and the "Group my items into as few shipments as possible" option when you place your order. Bulk sales, PO's, Marketplace Items, eBooks, Apparel, and DVDs not included. Environmental Health Engineering in the Tropics : An Introductory Text by Cairncross, Sandy. Edition: 3rd. What is included with this book. Summary This fully updated third edition of a classic book, widely cited as the most important and useful volume for health engineering and disease prevention, describes infectious diseases in tropical and developing countries, and the measures that may be used effectively against them. The infections described include the diarrheal diseases, the common gut worms, guinea ...
http://ecampus.com/environmental-health-engineering-tropics/bk/9781844071906
*  Science Inventory | US EPA
EPA Science Inventory Contact Us. You are here: EPA Home » Science Inventory » COST FOR WATER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM REHABILITATION. COST FOR WATER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM REHABILITATION. Contact National Risk Management Research Laboratory http://www2.epa.gov/aboutepa/about-national-risk-management-research-laboratory-nrmrl. COST FOR WATER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM REHABILITATION., JOURNAL OF WATER RESOURCES PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT. Description: A major challenge for the society in the twenty-first century will be design, rehabilitation, replacement, and optimal management of drinking water distribution systems. Given the cost and disruption caused by replacing distribution system pipe using conventional open trench technology, utilities are beginning to increase the application of rehabilitation or trenchless replacement technologies to extend the life of existing pipes. This paper presents cost models and representative costs that can be used by utility managers to estimate rehabilitation and repla...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/si/si_public_record_report.cfm?dirEntryId=64627
*  Openwell Submersible Pumpset (SM & OS) - Crompton Greaves Pumps & Motors Dealer India
Openwell Submersible Pumpset SM & OS - Crompton Greaves Pumps & Motors Dealer India. home products send enquiry suppliers our profile clients contact us Crompton Greaves Pumps >> Agriculture >> Openwell Submersible Pumpset SM & OS. Openwell Submersible Pumpset SM & OS. Crompton Greaves Openwell Submersible pumpsets are specially designed for its robustness and for its applications under the submerged condition. Features : Suitable for operation under submerged condition in water. Specially designed to withstand wide voltage fluctuations in 1Ph as well as 3Ph. S Suitable for applications where wide water level fluctuations take place in suction side. All 1Ph pumpsets are supplied with 10 metres PVC insulated cable and with Control Panel and all 3 Ph pumpsets are supplied with 5 metres PVC insulated cable. More Features SM Series OS Series. Bush Material Carbon GM. Bearing Material Ceramic vs Carbon SS vs Carbon. Seal Mechanical Seal 25mm Oil Seal 38x55x7. Cable Gland Brass NBR. Pump Side 'O' Ring NBR Paper. Im...
http://nationaltradingnasik.com/submersible_pumpset_openwell_crompton_greaves.html
*  Programme
... ACTUI2004. Programme Please find details of the programme below or click here to view a printable format .xls. Session Session No Time start Time finish Author Paper Title. Wednesday 24th March. Coffee and Registration. 9.00 9.30. Welcome. 9.30 9.40. 1 Optimisation Techniques We11 9.40 10.00 Hohnstein Optimal Control of an Activated Sludge process. We12 10.00 10.20 Bartolin A General Procedure Based on GraphTheory and GA to Calibrate WDS Including Regulating Valves. We13 10.20 10.40 Keedwell Beyond the GA: From Metaheuristic to Heuristic Techniques. Coffee. 10.40 11.10. 2 Operational Aspects WeK1 11.10 11.50 Ostfeld Optimal Simultaneous Design and Operation of Multi-Quality Water Distribution Systems under Unsteady Hydraulics. We21 11.50 12.10 Ulanicki A dynamic optimisation approach for operational scheduling of water distribution systems. We22 12.10 12.30 Malafaya-Baptista Decision Procedures in Water Supply Systems Design and Operation. Discussion of Simulation Results of Pipe Failure. We23 12.30 12.5...
http://projects.exeter.ac.uk/ACTUI2004/programme.htm
*  EWG Tap Water Database 2009
Exceed Health Guidelines Tests showing chemicals at concentrations above health guidelines established by federal and state health agencies. Pollutants Found The total number of contaminants detected since 2004, according to data provided by the state water agency. 8 Tests Conducted The total number of number of water quality tests conducted by water utilities and recorded in data provided by the state water agency. Contaminants Exceeding Health Guidelines Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested       -Detected       -Over Health Guidelines       -Over Legal Limit*. : 0 ppb No 10 ppb. * Water utilities are noted as exceeding the legal limit if any test is above the maximum contaminant level MCL. Other Detected Contaminants Contaminant Average/ Maximum Result Health Limit Exceeded Legal Limit Exceeded Testing History -Tested       -Detected       -Over Health Guidelines       -...
http://ewg.org/tap-water/whatsinyourwater/AZ/DS-Water-Company/0408072/

Public water systemOutline of water: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to water:Fecal coliform: A fecal coliform (British: faecal coliform) is a facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped, gram-negative, non-sporulating bacterium. Coliform bacteria generally originate in the intestines of warm-blooded animals.Jardine Water Purification PlantUnited States regulation of point source water pollution: Point source water pollution comes from discrete conveyances and alters the chemical, biological, and physical characteristics of water. It is largely regulated by the Clean Water Act (CWA) of 1972.Sanitation: Sanitation is the hygienic means of promoting health through prevention of human contact with the hazards of wastes as well as the treatment and proper disposal of sewage or wastewater. Hazards can be either physical, microbiological, biological or chemical agents of disease.Water fluoridation in the United StatesBulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Water quality law: Water quality laws govern the release of pollutants into water resources, including surface water, ground water, and stored drinking water. Some water quality laws, such as drinking water regulations, may be designed solely with reference to human health.Tissue hydration: Tissue hydration is the process of absorbing and retaining water in biological tissues.Plumbing fixture: A plumbing fixture is an exchangeable device which can be connected to a plumbing system to deliver and drain water.Dental fluorosisPercent active chlorine: Percent active chlorine is a unit of concentration used for hypochlorite-based bleaches. One gram of a 100% active chlorine bleach has the same bleaching power as one gram of chlorine.Full mouth disinfection: Full mouth disinfection typically refers to an intense course of treatment for periodontitis typically involving scaling and root planing in combination with adjunctive use of local antimicrobial adjuncts to periodontal treatment such as chlorhexidine in various ways of application. The aim is to complete debridement of all periodontal pocket areas within a short time frame such as 24 hours, in order to minimize the chance of reinfection of the pockets with pathogens coming from another oral niches like the tongue, tonsils and non-treated periodontal pocket.Chlorine dioxideCasing hanger: In petroleum production, the casing hanger is that portion of a wellhead assembly which provides support for the casing string when it is lowered into the wellbore. It serves to ensure that the casing is properly located.Restroom Access Act: The Restroom Access Act, also known as Ally's Law, is legislation passed by several U.S.Hygiene: Hygiene is a set of practices performed for the preservation of health.Trihalomethane: Trihalomethanes (THMs) are chemical compounds in which three of the four hydrogen atoms of methane (CH4) are replaced by halogen atoms. Many trihalomethanes find uses in industry as solvents or refrigerants.Fluoride toxicityCryptosporidiosisAlpha SerpentisFabric softener: A Fabric softener (also called fabric conditioner) is a chemical compound that is typically applied to laundry during the rinse cycle in a washing machine. Fabric softeners are available as solutions and solids, and may also be impregnated in dryer sheets used in a clothes dryer.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.National Outbreak Reporting System: ==The National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS)==Darwinia squarrosaMedia filter: 250px|thumb|Peat-Sand Filter in [[United States. The filter treats stormwater runoff from a residential area.Mordru the Merciless: "Mordru the Merciless" is a story arc that was published by DC Comics, and was presented in Adventure Comics #369-370 (June–July 1968). It was written by Jim Shooter, pencilled by Curt Swan and inked by Jack Abel.Garbage disposal unit: A garbage disposal unit or waste disposal unit is a device, usually electrically powered, installed under a kitchen sink between the sink's drain and the trap. The disposal unit shreds food waste into pieces small enough—generally less than —to pass through plumbing.Legionella micdadei: Legionella micdadei is a Gram-negative bacterium from the genus Legionella which stains acid-fast. It stains weakly, but loses this trait upon being grown in culture.Giardia: Giardia ( or ) is a genus of anaerobic flagellated protozoan parasites of the phylum Sarcomastigophora that colonise and reproduce in the small intestines of several vertebrates, causing giardiasis. Their life cycle alternates between an actively swimming trophozoite and an infective, resistant cyst.Legionella pneumophila: Legionella pneumophila is a thin, aerobic, pleomorphic, flagellated, non-spore forming, Gram-negative bacterium of the genus Legionella. L.Index of soil-related articles: This is an index of articles relating to soil.Thomas BrittonLoutra, Rethymno: Loutra () is a medieval village of central Crete, Rethymno regional unit, Arkadi municipal unit. It is situated 2 km from the Bay of Rethymno and 8 km from the town of Rethymno.Angang Sewage Disposal Plant: The Angang Sewage Disposal Plant is a sewage treatment plant located in the city of Gyeongju, North Gyeongsang province, South Korea. It began operating in April, 2005 by the co-investment of the Government of North Gyeongsang and Gyeongju City with a fund of 44,300,000,000 won to install the facilities to prevent the pollution of Hyeongsan River which is a main water source for Gyeongju and Pohang residents.Cryptosporidium parvum: Cryptosporidium parvum is one of several protozoal species that cause cryptosporidiosis, a parasitic disease of the mammalian intestinal tract.Viral gastroenteritis: Viral gastroenteritis (Gastro-Enter-eye,tiss),http://www.merriam-webster.Congenital chloride diarrhea: Congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD, also congenital chloridorrhea or Darrow Gamble syndrome) is a genetic disorder due to an autosomal recessive mutation on chromosome 7. The mutation is in downregulated-in-adenoma (DRA), a gene that encodes a membrane protein of intestinal cells.Easy Gardener Products, Inc.: Easy Gardener Products, Inc. headquartered in Waco, Texas, is a leading marketer and producer of branded gardening products with a leading market position in several garden care categories.Four Seasons Baltimore and Residences: Four Seasons Hotel Baltimore is currently a 22 story highrise hotel complex building which opened on November 14, 2011. The building's construction began back in 2007 and went through several changes.Irrigation District Act of 1916 (Smith Act): The Irrigation District Act of 1916 (Irrigation Smith Act) authorized the federal government to serve as the guarantor of debt obligations entered into by local governments to finance the acquisition, extension, or operation of irrigation, drainage, and flood control projects or to develop power generation facilities or water resources.Mesquite: Mesquite is the common name for several species of small trees. They are native to the southwestern United States and Mexico (except for creeping mesquite, which is invasive in southern California).DracunculiasisVirkon: Virkon is a multi-purpose disinfectant. It contains oxone (potassium peroxymonosulfate), sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate, sulfamic acid, and inorganic buffers.List of Pontiac vehicles: ==Past Models==PotometerHydraulic action: Hydraulic action is erosion that occurs when the motion of water against a rock surface produces mechanical weathering. Most generally, it is the ability of moving water (flowing or waves) to dislodge and transport rock particles.Postage stamps and postal history of the Danish West Indies: [Danish West Indies 1866 3c.jpg|thumb|120px|right|3 cent stamp, 1866]Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.SimazineFree-living Amoebozoa infectionArsenic biochemistry: Arsenic biochemistry refers to biochemical processes that can use arsenic or its compounds, such as arsenate. Arsenic is a moderately abundant element in Earth's crust, and although many arsenic compounds are often considered highly toxic, a wide variety of organoarsenic compounds are produced biologically and various organic and inorganic arsenic compounds are metabolized by numerous organisms.Phreatobius dracunculus: Phreatobius dracunculus is a species of catfish in the genus Phreatobius.Groundwater model: Groundwater models are computer models of groundwater flow systems, and are used by hydrogeologists. Groundwater models are used to simulate and predict aquifer conditions.Larrea tridentataSchistosomiasisUniversity of CampinasThe Rain Rain Rain Came Down Down Down: "The Rain Rain Rain Came Down Down Down" is a narrative song from the Walt Disney musical film featurette, Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day. The song is also incorporated into the 1977 musical film The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh which is an amalgamation of three Winnie-the-Pooh featurettes including "Blustery Day".Permissive temperature: The permissive temperature is the temperature at which a temperature sensitive mutant gene product takes on a normal, functional phenotype.http://www.Chilalo Agricultural Development Union: Chilalo Agricultural Development Union (CADU) is the first comprehensive package project established in Arsi Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia to modernize traditional subsistence agriculture. The major components of the package programmes include fertilizers, ameliorated seeds, farm credits, marketing facilities, better tools and implements, and improved storage facilities.Breeding for drought stress toleranceNational Healthy Homes Hero Award: National Healthy Homes Hero Award is an award presented by a consortium of agencies at the United States' National Healthy Homes Conference. The first year this award was presented was in 2011.Rum Jungle, Northern Territory: Rum Jungle is an area in the Northern Territory, Australia where a uranium deposit was found and recognised as such in 1949. It is about 105 kilometres south of Darwin on the East Branch of the Finniss River.Aluminium toxicity in dialysis patients: Aluminium toxicity is a problem for patients on haemodialysis. The dialysis process does not efficiently remove excess aluminium from the body, so it may build up over time.List of geological phenomena: A geological phenomenon is a phenomenon which is explained by or sheds light on the science of geology.Atrazine chlorohydrolase: Atrazine Chlorohydrolase (AtzA) is an enzyme (E.C.List of shipwrecks in March 1918: The list of shipwrecks in March 1918 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during March 1918.Glot-Up: A Glot-Up is type of dental equipment, something in between a mouth guard and an adult-sized pacifier.Meramec Conservation AreaGlobal Handwashing Day: Global Handwashing Day (GHD) is a campaign to motivate and mobilize people around the world to improve their handwashing habits by washing their hands with soap at critical moments throughout each day. It takes place on 15 October of each year.Dental cariesDispomix Technology: The Dispomix Technology is used for the homogenization of a chemical sample.Aeromonas aquariorum: Aeromonas aquariorum is a Gram-negative bacterium first isolated from aquariums in Portugal in 2005. The species is globally distributed in aquatic environments, like other species in the Aermonas genus.Social determinants of obesity: While genetic influences are important to understanding obesity, they cannot explain the current dramatic increase seen within specific countries or globally. It is accepted that calorie consumption in excess of calorie expenditure leads to obesity, however what has caused shifts in these two factors on a global scale is much debated.Sodium perchlorateLucas paradox: In economics, the Lucas paradox or the Lucas puzzle is the observation that capital does not flow from developed countries to developing countries despite the fact that developing countries have lower levels of capital per worker.}}Intestinal parasite

(1/2621) Legionnaires' disease on a cruise ship linked to the water supply system: clinical and public health implications.

The occurrence of legionnaires' disease has been described previously in passengers of cruise ships, but determination of the source has been rare. A 67-year-old, male cigarette smoker with heart disease contracted legionnaires' disease during a cruise in September 1995 and died 9 days after disembarking. Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1 was isolated from the patient's sputum and the ship's water supply. Samples from the air-conditioning system were negative. L. pneumophila serogroup 1 isolates from the water supply matched the patient's isolate, by both monoclonal antibody subtyping and genomic fingerprinting. None of 116 crew members had significant antibody titers to L. pneumophila serogroup 1. One clinically suspected case of legionnaires' disease and one confirmed case were subsequently diagnosed among passengers cruising on the same ship in November 1995 and October 1996, respectively. This is the first documented evidence of the involvement of a water supply system in the transmission of legionella infection on ships. These cases were identified because of the presence of a unique international system of surveillance and collaboration between public health authorities.  (+info)

(2/2621) Needs assessment following hurricane Georges--Dominican Republic, 1998.

Hurricane Georges struck the Carribean Islands in September 1998, causing numerous deaths and extensive damage throughout the region. The Dominican Republic was hardest hit, with approximately 300 deaths; extensive infrastructure damage; and severe agricultural losses, including staple crops of rice, plantain, and cassava. Two months after the hurricane, the American Red Cross (ARC) was asked to provide food to an estimated 170,000 families affected by the storm throughout the country. To assist in directing relief efforts, CDC performed a needs assessment to estimate the food and water availability, sanitation, and medical needs of the hurricane-affected population. This report summarizes the results of that assessment, which indicate that, 2 months after the disaster, 40% of selected families had insufficient food > or =5 days per and 28% of families reported someone in need of medical attention.  (+info)

(3/2621) Comparison of large restriction fragments of Mycobacterium avium isolates recovered from AIDS and non-AIDS patients with those of isolates from potable water.

We examined potable water in Los Angeles, California, as a possible source of infection in AIDS and non-AIDS patients. Nontuberculous mycobacteria were recovered from 12 (92%) of 13 reservoirs, 45 (82%) of 55 homes, 31 (100%) of 31 commercial buildings, and 15 (100%) of 15 hospitals. Large-restriction-fragment (LRF) pattern analyses were done with AseI. The LRF patterns of Mycobacterium avium isolates recovered from potable water in three homes, two commercial buildings, one reservoir, and eight hospitals had varying degrees of relatedness to 19 clinical isolates recovered from 17 patients. The high number of M. avium isolates recovered from hospital water and their close relationship with clinical isolates suggests the potential threat of nosocomial spread. This study supports the possibility that potable water is a source for the acquisition of M. avium infections.  (+info)

(4/2621) High-performance liquid chromatography column switching applied to the trace determination of herbicides in environmental and drinking water samples.

A selective and sensitive coupled-column high-performance liquid chromatographic method is developed for the simultaneous determination of 5 phenylurea herbicides (monuron, linuron, isoproturon, monolinuron, and diuron) in environmental and drinking water samples. Sample clean-up is performed automatically by means of a column switching technique. Using 2 octadecyl silica columns connected via two programmable 6-port valves and ultraviolet detection at 244 nm, the aforementioned compounds can be determined at the low concentration levels required for pesticide residue analysis in water samples. A mobile phase consisting of a mixture of methanol-water (55:45, v/v) is pumped at 1 mL/min. For the 5 phenylureas, high recoveries ranging from 94.9 to 101.6%, good reproducibility with relative standard deviations lower than 5%, and wide linear ranges up to 20 micrograms/L are observed with determination limits of 0.05 microgram/L. The method is successfully applied to the screening of different environmental water samples such as surface, ground, rain, and drinking water.  (+info)

(5/2621) Tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water in Massachusetts and the risk of colon-rectum, lung, and other cancers.

We conducted a population-based case-control study to evaluate the relationship between cancer of the colon-rectum (n = 326), lung (n = 252), brain (n = 37), and pancreas (n = 37), and exposure to tetrachloroethylene (PCE) from public drinking water. Subjects were exposed to PCE when it leached from the vinyl lining of drinking-water distribution pipes. Relative delivered dose of PCE was estimated using a model that took into account residential location, years of residence, water flow, and pipe characteristics. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for lung cancer were moderately elevated among subjects whose exposure level was above the 90th percentile whether or not a latent period was assumed [ORs and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), 3.7 (1.0-11.7), 3.3 (0.6-13.4), 6.2 (1.1-31.6), and 19.3 (2.5-141.7) for 0, 5, 7, and 9 years of latency, respectively]. The adjusted ORs for colon-rectum cancer were modestly elevated among ever-exposed subjects as more years of latency were assumed [OR and CI, 1.7 (0.8-3.8) and 2.0 (0.6-5.8) for 11 and 13 years of latency, respectively]. These elevated ORs stemmed mainly from associations with rectal cancer. Adjusted ORs for rectal cancer among ever-exposed subjects were more elevated [OR and CI, 2.6 (0. 8-6.7) and 3.1 (0.7-10.9) for 11 and 13 years of latency, respectively] than were corresponding estimates for colon cancer [OR and CI, 1.3 (0.5-3.5) and 1.5 (0.3-5.8) for 11 and 13 years of latency, respectively]. These results provide evidence for an association between PCE-contaminated public drinking water and cancer of the lung and, possibly, cancer of the colon-rectum.  (+info)

(6/2621) The role of humic substances in drinking water in Kashin-Beck disease in China.

We conducted in vitro and in vivo assays in a selenium-deficient system to determine if organic matter (mainly fulvic acid; FA) is involved in a free radical mechanism of action for Kashin-Beck disease. Cartilage cell culture experiments indicated that the oxy or hydroxy functional groups in FA may interfere with the cell membrane and result in enhancement of lipid peroxidation. Experiments with rats demonstrated that toxicity from FA was reduced when the hydroxy group was blocked. Induction of lipid peroxidation by FA in liver and blood of rats was similar to that exhibited by acetyl phenyl hydrazine. FA accumulated in bone and cartilage, where selenium rarely concentrates. In addition, selenium supplementation in rats' drinking water inhibited the generation of oxy-free radicals in bone. We hypothesized that FA in drinking water is an etiological factor of Kashin-Beck disease and that the mechanism of action involves the oxy and hydroxy groups in FA for the generation of free radicals. Selenium was confirmed to be a preventive factor for Kashin-Beck disease.  (+info)

(7/2621) Eradicating guinea worm without wells: unrealized hopes of the Water Decade.

At the start of the United Nations International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade in the 1980s, guinea worm disease was targeted as the major indicator of the success of the Decade's efforts to promote safe water. By the late 1980s, most of the guinea worm endemic countries in Africa and South Asia had established guinea worm eradication programmes that included water supply as one of their main technical strategies. By surveying the water supply situation in Ifeloju Local Government Area (LGA) in Oyo State, Nigeria, in June 1996, as a case study, it was possible to determine the role that water supply has played in the eradication effort. Although two major agencies, the former Directorate for Food, Roads and Rural Infrastructure and UNICEF, provided hand dug and bore-hole wells respectively in many parts of the LGA, coverage of the smaller farm hamlets has been minor compared to efforts in the larger towns. This is ironic because the farm hamlets served as a reservoir for the disease in the 1980s, such that when the piped water system in the towns broke down, guinea worm was easily reintroduced into the towns. The survey of 188 ever-endemic hamlets with an estimated population of 23,556 found that 74.3% of the people still drink only pond water. Another 11.3% have wells that have become dysfunctional. Only 14.4% of this rural population has access' to functioning wells. Guinea worm was eliminated from 107 of the hamlets mainly by the use of cloth filters and chemical treatment of ponds. While this proves that it is possible to eradicate guinea worm, it fails to leave behind the legacy of reliable, safe water supplies that was the hope of the Water Decade.  (+info)

(8/2621) Criteria for successful sanitation programmes in low income countries.

In the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade (1981-90), the development of a consensus on the concept of sanitation and the planning and implementation of effective and efficient sanitation programmes was not emphasized. Yet lack of good sanitation is a growing burden and environmental threat. Significant improvement of human health cannot be achieved without good environmental sanitation conditions and practices. A consensus on what makes a sanitation programme successful can help to conserve limited funds and spend those available more wisely. It will also help to reduce the increasing flows of waste poisoning precious sources of drinking water. This article was written to stimulate discussion on what attributes can be taken as characteristic of good environmental sanitation programmes, and on which indicators can be used to assess those attributes in actual sanitation programmes.  (+info)


Is fluoride in our water supply safe and effective against tooth decay?


I've heard fluoride can be harmful to the body.  How can anyone know how much water I drink each day to decide how much to put in the water supply?
----------

As usual, the medical "group" is here spouting off their indoctrinated talking points, but have no clue what the truth is.  Fluoride in drinking water is safe?  Really?  Do you actually believe what you are saying?  And on what information are you relying to make such a statement?  

Much of the fluoride added to municipal water supplies across the United States is imported from China, and is contaminated with heavy metals, according to a warning by Bernard Miltenberger, president of the Pure Water Committee of Western Maryland.

In a letter published in the Cumberland Times-News, Miltenberger notes that he first became aware of the issue in an engineering report for the city of Boulder, Colo. The report noted that the fluoridation chemicals used for the city's water had been evaluated, and were found to contain lead levels of 40 milligrams per bag and arsenic levels of 50 milligrams per bag. The bags were being imported from China under no regulatory monitoring of acid or salt content.

Miltenberger then visited the Frostburg Water Filtration Plant in Maryland and noticed that the fluoride bags were not labeled with any importation information. He contacted the plant's chemical supplier, Univar USA, and was then referred to Sovay fluorides. Sovay informed him that the fluoride had been manufactured by Shanghai Minthchem Development in China.

"This type of trade from a country with a track record of lead paint on toys to antifreeze in cough syrup medicine is completely unacceptable," Miltenberger writes. 

Heavy metal contamination is only the latest concern to emerge over the practice of water fluoridation, which has been controversial since its inception. Fluoride is a well-known toxic chemical, as Miltenberger notes:

"The material safety data sheets from Solvay fluorides show that a teaspoon amount of five grams of sodium fluoride can be fatal to an average size man of 70kg. ... chronic toxicity by oral route may cause skeletal and dental fluorosis, thyroid, testes, kidney, liver, ambiguous carcinogenic and mutagenic effects, fetotoxic and fertility effects."

Miltenberger also notes that fluoride toothpaste contains a warning that anyone who consumes more than a pea-size amount should contact a poison control center at once. This amount of toothpaste contains as much fluoride as just eight ounces of fluoridated water. A prescription-strength fluoride supplement marketed by Colgate warns that children under the age of six should not consume doses regularly added to municipal water.

Political protection for fluoride is not new. The Spin Doctors of fluoridation routinely minimize the peer-reviewed documented scientific research by setting up biased review committees, which then publish their own opinion claiming that fluoridation is safe, without regard to the original findings. The US Public Health Service has been accused of scientific fraud by the National Federation of Federal Employees over the cover-up of the cancer/fluoride link.
After the NJ Department of Health documented a dramatic increase in bone cancers in young men who resided in their fluoridated cities, New Jersey Assemblyman John V. Kelly asked the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the evidence they relied upon in approving prescription fluoride drops and tablets.

The FDA responded that no application for approval, or studies of safety or effectiveness, had ever been submitted and that they were not in possession of any such evidence. Ask yourself for another example of a prescription drug on the United States market (30 plus years) for which no FDA Application has ever been submitted.

When pressured as to why he did not remove the drops and tablets from the market Frank R. Fazzari, Chief of Prescription Drug Compliance reportedly expressed concern for his position and recommended Assemblyman Kelly sue him in order to have a Federal Judge make him comply with congressional law.

Anyone that believes any amount of fluoride in the water is safe needs to free themselves of the lies they believe.  Who establishes the amount being put into water.  The man that drinks huge amounts of water that works outdoors in the hot sun is somehow supposed to be considered in that decision?  The person on kidney dialysis is supposed to trust that fluoride in the water won't affect the outcome of his kidney issues?  What kind of medical training tells you that is just fine?  If you believe THAT LIE, then why has the National Kidney Foundation changed their position and opposed fluoridation of water?  These are "Your people."

On June 3, 2008, Ellijay, GA., the Kidney Foundation Admits Kidney Patients Should be Notified of Potential Risk from Fluorides and Fluoridated Drinking Water.

"A new position paper from the National Kidney Foundation concludes that individuals with chronic kidney disease should be notified of the potential risk from exposure to fluorides. The document acknowledges gaping holes in research concerning kidney impacts from fluorides, lending new ammunition to the growing numbers of cities, health professionals, water agencies, and citizens who question industry and government assertions that water fluoridation has been proven safe.

The statement formally cancels NKF’s previous position paper on water fluoridation and recommends that kidney patients be notified of the risks via the organization’s web site. 

Opponents of fluoridation believe the statement is a step in the right direction, but say that the document still does not go far enough and is not reaching the millions of average kidney patients – perhaps due to an apparent conflict of interest the National Kidney Foundation has in receiving grant funding from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the federal government’s largest promoter of water fluoridation.

Fluoridated water is acknowledged to be potentially harmful to patients on dialysis machines. The position paper lists cases where dialysis patients died or were fluoride-poisoned when filtration systems on the machines allowed fluoride into the bodies of the patients. 

Stockin points out, “Fluoride must be removed from water used for dialysis, but people with kidney stones, transplants, or other kidney issues ingest it in drinking water, foods, drugs, and from other sources without anyone knowing their total fluoride dose. Sounds a little like someone’s not telling the whole story of Fluoride-Gate,” he says.

“The kidneys are exposed to significant amounts of toxic fluoride as they try to eliminate it from the body,” he continues. “How many kidney patients could have avoided dialysis – or perhaps sadly even death from chronic kidney disease – if they had been told the whole story about fluoride toxicity?”

The revised fluoride statement from the National Kidney Foundation can be viewed at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/pdf/Fluoride_Intake_in_CKD.pdf and the attorney’s letter sent to NKF that initiated NKF’s re-look at fluoridation can be found at: http://www.fluoridealert.org/NKF_letter01.pdf."

good luck to you


How to STOP my Borough Council from Fluoridating the Municipal Water Supply?


I have heard from health activists that my local borough council in the UK, are considering fluoridating the water supply! Most of the sheeple at the last meeting at the town hall, went along with the BS of fluoride being good for teeth. 

I did not know about this meeting, their is another one coming up, How can I stop them...
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That's a tough one. On the one hand, fluoride does harden tooth enamel and help prevent decay. But it should never be swallowed due to it's high toxicity. The problem is, enlightening your neighbours sufficiently enough to where they have the balls to tell the town council to shove it. In order to do that, it will require the involvement of the local media. Otherwise, it's a door to door campaign on the part of you and your fellow enlightened folks.


How harmful is the excess fluoride being dumped in Americas water supply?


What are the bad effects, any you may know. Also if you know any brands of water or other drinks that don't use or have fluoride in them, please list them. Just anything you know about the situation or any opinion i'd like to hear it. Maybe it could just be propaganda?              Apparently the nazis put it in the water given to people in concentration camps, still that doesn't prove whether it's good or bad, but really, dumping it in our water supply to prevent tooth decay seems like a bullshit reason. are there any effects to mental health? it's probably just propaganda though, neither here nor there.
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You are right, too much fluoride can be harmful to your health.

This is an example of dental fluorosis due to excess fluoride:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_fluorosis

It can also affect the bones (i.e., the entire skeletal system).

The bones become very brittle.

However, the fluoridation of water is done with strict measurements:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_fluoridation


Do you think the mains water supply should be fluoridated?


The controversial question that is ‘Should the mains water be fluoridated?’ is a topic that concerns all of us. Fluoridation of the mains water supply is a form of the government medicating the population without choice with many advantages, such as reduced dental decay, but increased risks of children developing dental fluorosis.

Fluoridation is the addition of fluoride ions to water.

Please can you tell me your opinion on the matter. I would highly appreciate it.
Thank you.

Note: Other highly poisonous halogens like Chlorine is used in the water system.
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People get these two confused.    

Calcium Fluoride is naturally occurring, but Sodium Fluoride, the one they put in our water, is a toxic waste which is scrubbed out of the inside of industrial smokestack chimneys (mainly aluminium mining and fertilizer industries processing plants).

It is a corrosive poison that can eat through concrete, and a very dangerous neurotoxin. It is not allowed to be disposed of in rivers or the sea as it kills all animal and plant life.  

Sodium Fluoride is more poisonous than lead, and slightly less poisonous than arsenic.  Most countries have now completely BANNED water fluoridation as it has been proven to cause: Arthritis  Bone Diseases;  Lowered I.Q.;  Cancer ; Dental Fluorosis;  Gastrointestinal;  Immune System;  Kidney;  Pineal Gland; Reproductive and Thyroid Gland problems. And most recently last month, hardening of the arteries so Heart Attacks.

I say NO, the mains water supply should NOT be fluoridated.

Here's a pretty map of communities that have already, or are in the process of, rejecting fluoridation. 
http://www.fluoridealert.org/communities.aspx


Should we put birth control in the water supply to keep stupid people from procreating?


I think we should add a birth control compound to the water supply and provide non-birth control water only through a licensing and application process so that stupid people can't procreate. Thoughts?
dear jeff,

every male member of my family since the civil war has either been an attorney or a surgeon.... except for my uncle. he was an astronaut. Go back to your cookie cutter house and dwindling 401k. I have a degree from Yale to finish.
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wow!


how do i continue to serve safe food if my water supply is interrupted?


how do i serve safe food if my water supply is interrupted?
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hmmmm ahh maybe use milk


Do you think the mains water supply should be fluoridated?


The controversial question that is ‘Should the mains water be fluoridated?’ is a topic that concerns all of us. Fluoridation of the mains water supply is a form of the government medicating the population without choice with many advantages, such as reduced dental decay, but increased risks of children developing dental fluorosis. 

Fluoridation is the addition of fluoride ions to water.

Please can you tell me your opinion on the matter. I would highly appreciate it.
Thank you.
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No it should not. The sodium fluoride they add is a waste product from the fertilizer industry. It is not food grade or safe, but a way for the fertilizer industry to dispose of their toxic waste. 

Your body does not need fluoride, and the fluoride added to toothpaste, dental rinses, and so on, though "safer" is still fluoride. 

Fluoride has been shown to lower IQ in children and cause dental fluorosis, which permanently pits and stains the teeth. Fluoride also causes bone disease (skeletal fluorosis) and increased fracture risk, cancer (bone and bladder), and thyroid disorders.

The history of fluoride is all about greed and not at all about protecting our teeth.


Removing oestrogen in the water supply?


First of all is it true there is oestrogen added to the water supply? If there is how might one remove it? I'm fed up with my moobs!!
Moobs are man boobs! :D I blame the water, nothing to do with the doughnuts!
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What on earth are moobs?  There is no estrogen in water, what a waste of taxpayers money that would be!