Spinal Cord Injuries: Penetrating and non-penetrating injuries to the spinal cord resulting from traumatic external forces (e.g., WOUNDS, GUNSHOT; WHIPLASH INJURIES; etc.).Spinal Cord: A cylindrical column of tissue that lies within the vertebral canal. It is composed of WHITE MATTER and GRAY MATTER.Paraplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in the lower extremities and lower portions of the trunk. This condition is most often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, although BRAIN DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause bilateral leg weakness.Quadriplegia: Severe or complete loss of motor function in all four limbs which may result from BRAIN DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or rarely MUSCULAR DISEASES. The locked-in syndrome is characterized by quadriplegia in combination with cranial muscle paralysis. Consciousness is spared and the only retained voluntary motor activity may be limited eye movements. This condition is usually caused by a lesion in the upper BRAIN STEM which injures the descending cortico-spinal and cortico-bulbar tracts.Spinal Cord Diseases: Pathologic conditions which feature SPINAL CORD damage or dysfunction, including disorders involving the meninges and perimeningeal spaces surrounding the spinal cord. Traumatic injuries, vascular diseases, infections, and inflammatory/autoimmune processes may affect the spinal cord.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Spinal Cord Compression: Acute and chronic conditions characterized by external mechanical compression of the SPINAL CORD due to extramedullary neoplasm; EPIDURAL ABSCESS; SPINAL FRACTURES; bony deformities of the vertebral bodies; and other conditions. Clinical manifestations vary with the anatomic site of the lesion and may include localized pain, weakness, sensory loss, incontinence, and impotence.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Nerve Regeneration: Renewal or physiological repair of damaged nerve tissue.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Autonomic Dysreflexia: A syndrome associated with damage to the spinal cord above the mid thoracic level (see SPINAL CORD INJURIES) characterized by a marked increase in the sympathetic response to minor stimuli such as bladder or rectal distention. Manifestations include HYPERTENSION; TACHYCARDIA (or reflex bradycardia); FEVER; FLUSHING; and HYPERHIDROSIS. Extreme hypertension may be associated with a STROKE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp538 and 1232; J Spinal Cord Med 1997;20(3):355-60)Spinal Cord Neoplasms: Benign and malignant neoplasms which occur within the substance of the spinal cord (intramedullary neoplasms) or in the space between the dura and spinal cord (intradural extramedullary neoplasms). The majority of intramedullary spinal tumors are primary CNS neoplasms including ASTROCYTOMA; EPENDYMOMA; and LIPOMA. Intramedullary neoplasms are often associated with SYRINGOMYELIA. The most frequent histologic types of intradural-extramedullary tumors are MENINGIOMA and NEUROFIBROMA.Spinal Cord Regeneration: Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic: Dysfunction of the URINARY BLADDER due to disease of the central or peripheral nervous system pathways involved in the control of URINATION. This is often associated with SPINAL CORD DISEASES, but may also be caused by BRAIN DISEASES or PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES.Spinal Cord Ischemia: Reduced blood flow to the spinal cord which is supplied by the anterior spinal artery and the paired posterior spinal arteries. This condition may be associated with ARTERIOSCLEROSIS, trauma, emboli, diseases of the aorta, and other disorders. Prolonged ischemia may lead to INFARCTION of spinal cord tissue.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Paralysis: A general term most often used to describe severe or complete loss of muscle strength due to motor system disease from the level of the cerebral cortex to the muscle fiber. This term may also occasionally refer to a loss of sensory function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p45)Wheelchairs: Chairs mounted on wheels and designed to be propelled by the occupant.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Contusions: Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.Injections, Spinal: Introduction of therapeutic agents into the spinal region using a needle and syringe.Spinal Injuries: Injuries involving the vertebral column.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Motor Neurons: Neurons which activate MUSCLE CELLS.Brain Injuries: Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Axons: Nerve fibers that are capable of rapidly conducting impulses away from the neuron cell body.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Pressure Ulcer: An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.Muscle Spasticity: A form of muscle hypertonia associated with upper MOTOR NEURON DISEASE. Resistance to passive stretch of a spastic muscle results in minimal initial resistance (a "free interval") followed by an incremental increase in muscle tone. Tone increases in proportion to the velocity of stretch. Spasticity is usually accompanied by HYPERREFLEXIA and variable degrees of MUSCLE WEAKNESS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p54)Myelitis: Inflammation of the spinal cord. Relatively common etiologies include infections; AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES; SPINAL CORD; and ischemia (see also SPINAL CORD VASCULAR DISEASES). Clinical features generally include weakness, sensory loss, localized pain, incontinence, and other signs of autonomic dysfunction.Laminectomy: A surgical procedure that entails removing all (laminectomy) or part (laminotomy) of selected vertebral lamina to relieve pressure on the SPINAL CORD and/or SPINAL NERVE ROOTS. Vertebral lamina is the thin flattened posterior wall of vertebral arch that forms the vertebral foramen through which pass the spinal cord and nerve roots.Spinal Nerve Roots: Paired bundles of NERVE FIBERS entering and leaving the SPINAL CORD at each segment. The dorsal and ventral nerve roots join to form the mixed segmental spinal nerves. The dorsal roots are generally afferent, formed by the central projections of the spinal (dorsal root) ganglia sensory cells, and the ventral roots are efferent, comprising the axons of spinal motor and PREGANGLIONIC AUTONOMIC FIBERS.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Spinal Nerves: The 31 paired peripheral nerves formed by the union of the dorsal and ventral spinal roots from each spinal cord segment. The spinal nerve plexuses and the spinal roots are also included.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Neuralgia: Intense or aching pain that occurs along the course or distribution of a peripheral or cranial nerve.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Pyramidal Tracts: Fibers that arise from cells within the cerebral cortex, pass through the medullary pyramid, and descend in the spinal cord. Many authorities say the pyramidal tracts include both the corticospinal and corticobulbar tracts.Cordotomy: Any operation on the spinal cord. (Stedman, 26th ed)Chondroitin ABC Lyase: An enzyme that catalyzes the eliminative degradation of polysaccharides containing 1,4-beta-D-hexosaminyl and 1,3-beta-D-glucuronosyl or 1,3-alpha-L-iduronosyl linkages to disaccharides containing 4-deoxy-beta-D-gluc-4-enuronosyl groups. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Reperfusion Injury: Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.Lumbosacral Region: Region of the back including the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, SACRUM, and nearby structures.Spasm: An involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Spasms may involve SKELETAL MUSCLE or SMOOTH MUSCLE.Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Urinary Catheterization: Passage of a CATHETER into the URINARY BLADDER or kidney.Posterior Horn Cells: Neurons in the SPINAL CORD DORSAL HORN whose cell bodies and processes are confined entirely to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. They receive collateral or direct terminations of dorsal root fibers. They send their axons either directly to ANTERIOR HORN CELLS or to the WHITE MATTER ascending and descending longitudinal fibers.Anterior Horn Cells: MOTOR NEURONS in the anterior (ventral) horn of the SPINAL CORD which project to SKELETAL MUSCLES.Neck Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the neck. It includes injuries to the skin, muscles, and other soft tissues of the neck.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)Gait Disorders, Neurologic: Gait abnormalities that are a manifestation of nervous system dysfunction. These conditions may be caused by a wide variety of disorders which affect motor control, sensory feedback, and muscle strength including: CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES; or MUSCULAR DISEASES.Ganglia, Spinal: Sensory ganglia located on the dorsal spinal roots within the vertebral column. The spinal ganglion cells are pseudounipolar. The single primary branch bifurcates sending a peripheral process to carry sensory information from the periphery and a central branch which relays that information to the spinal cord or brain.Spinal Canal: The cavity within the SPINAL COLUMN through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Myelin Sheath: The lipid-rich sheath surrounding AXONS in both the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS and PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The myelin sheath is an electrical insulator and allows faster and more energetically efficient conduction of impulses. The sheath is formed by the cell membranes of glial cells (SCHWANN CELLS in the peripheral and OLIGODENDROGLIA in the central nervous system). Deterioration of the sheath in DEMYELINATING DISEASES is a serious clinical problem.Spinal NeoplasmsOligodendroglia: A class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system. Oligodendroglia may be called interfascicular, perivascular, or perineuronal (not the same as SATELLITE CELLS, PERINEURONAL of GANGLIA) according to their location. They form the insulating MYELIN SHEATH of axons in the central nervous system.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Anesthesia, Spinal: Procedure in which an anesthetic is injected directly into the spinal cord.Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory: The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by stimulation along AFFERENT PATHWAYS from PERIPHERAL NERVES to CEREBRUM.Neuroprotective Agents: Drugs intended to prevent damage to the brain or spinal cord from ischemia, stroke, convulsions, or trauma. Some must be administered before the event, but others may be effective for some time after. They act by a variety of mechanisms, but often directly or indirectly minimize the damage produced by endogenous excitatory amino acids.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Respiratory Paralysis: Complete or severe weakness of the muscles of respiration. This condition may be associated with MOTOR NEURON DISEASES; PERIPHERAL NERVE DISEASES; NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES; SPINAL CORD DISEASES; injury to the PHRENIC NERVE; and other disorders.Hyperalgesia: An increased sensation of pain or discomfort produced by mimimally noxious stimuli due to damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve.Neuroglia: The non-neuronal cells of the nervous system. They not only provide physical support, but also respond to injury, regulate the ionic and chemical composition of the extracellular milieu, participate in the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER and BLOOD-RETINAL BARRIER, form the myelin insulation of nervous pathways, guide neuronal migration during development, and exchange metabolites with neurons. Neuroglia have high-affinity transmitter uptake systems, voltage-dependent and transmitter-gated ion channels, and can release transmitters, but their role in signaling (as in many other functions) is unclear.Spinal DiseasesAstrocytes: A class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system - the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes (from "star" cells) are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with "end feet" which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and "reactive astrocytes" (along with MICROGLIA) respond to injury.Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein: An intermediate filament protein found only in glial cells or cells of glial origin. MW 51,000.Urinary Bladder: A musculomembranous sac along the URINARY TRACT. URINE flows from the KIDNEYS into the bladder via the ureters (URETER), and is held there until URINATION.Umbilical Cord: The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Neurologic Examination: Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.Myelography: X-ray visualization of the spinal cord following injection of contrast medium into the spinal arachnoid space.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Rehabilitation Centers: Facilities which provide programs for rehabilitating the mentally or physically disabled individuals.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Spinal Stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal.Ossification, Heterotopic: The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Gliosis: The production of a dense fibrous network of neuroglia; includes astrocytosis, which is a proliferation of astrocytes in the area of a degenerative lesion.Physical Stimulation: Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Urodynamics: The mechanical laws of fluid dynamics as they apply to urine transport.Afferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Reflex, Abnormal: An abnormal response to a stimulus applied to the sensory components of the nervous system. This may take the form of increased, decreased, or absent reflexes.Sensation: The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Microglia: The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Cicatrix: The fibrous tissue that replaces normal tissue during the process of WOUND HEALING.Forelimb: A front limb of a quadruped. (The Random House College Dictionary, 1980)Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal: A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.Epidural Space: Space between the dura mater and the walls of the vertebral canal.H-Reflex: A monosynaptic reflex elicited by stimulating a nerve, particularly the tibial nerve, with an electric shock.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Leg Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the leg.Efferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a nerve center toward a peripheral site. Such impulses are conducted via efferent neurons (NEURONS, EFFERENT), such as MOTOR NEURONS, autonomic neurons, and hypophyseal neurons.Spinal Cord Stimulation: Application of electric current to the spine for treatment of a variety of conditions involving innervation from the spinal cord.Urethra: A tube that transports URINE from the URINARY BLADDER to the outside of the body in both the sexes. It also has a reproductive function in the male by providing a passage for SPERM.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Urination: Discharge of URINE, liquid waste processed by the KIDNEY, from the body.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Lung Injury: Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Peripheral Nerve Injuries: Injuries to the PERIPHERAL NERVES.Evoked Potentials, Motor: The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.Mice, Inbred C57BLPhrenic Nerve: The motor nerve of the diaphragm. The phrenic nerve fibers originate in the cervical spinal column (mostly C4) and travel through the cervical plexus to the diaphragm.Exercise Therapy: A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Myelin Proteins: MYELIN-specific proteins that play a structural or regulatory role in the genesis and maintenance of the lamellar MYELIN SHEATH structure.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Neurons, Afferent: Neurons which conduct NERVE IMPULSES to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Ejaculation: The emission of SEMEN to the exterior, resulting from the contraction of muscles surrounding the male internal urogenital ducts.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Syringomyelia: Longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord, most often in the cervical region, which may extend for multiple spinal levels. The cavities are lined by dense, gliogenous tissue and may be associated with SPINAL CORD NEOPLASMS; spinal cord traumatic injuries; and vascular malformations. Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). Lower extremity spasticity and incontinence may also develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1269)Muscle Relaxants, Central: A heterogeneous group of drugs used to produce muscle relaxation, excepting the neuromuscular blocking agents. They have their primary clinical and therapeutic uses in the treatment of muscle spasm and immobility associated with strains, sprains, and injuries of the back and, to a lesser degree, injuries to the neck. They have been used also for the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions that have in common only the presence of skeletal muscle hyperactivity, for example, the muscle spasms that can occur in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p358)Physical Therapy Modalities: Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.Wounds, Stab: Penetrating wounds caused by a pointed object.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Tibial Nerve: The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.Orthotic Devices: Apparatus used to support, align, prevent, or correct deformities or to improve the function of movable parts of the body.Nerve Fibers, Myelinated: A class of nerve fibers as defined by their structure, specifically the nerve sheath arrangement. The AXONS of the myelinated nerve fibers are completely encased in a MYELIN SHEATH. They are fibers of relatively large and varied diameters. Their NEURAL CONDUCTION rates are faster than those of the unmyelinated nerve fibers (NERVE FIBERS, UNMYELINATED). Myelinated nerve fibers are present in somatic and autonomic nerves.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Nociceptors: Peripheral AFFERENT NEURONS which are sensitive to injuries or pain, usually caused by extreme thermal exposures, mechanical forces, or other noxious stimuli. Their cell bodies reside in the DORSAL ROOT GANGLIA. Their peripheral terminals (NERVE ENDINGS) innervate target tissues and transduce noxious stimuli via axons to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Gait: Manner or style of walking.Peripheral Nerves: The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Ergometry: Any method of measuring the amount of work done by an organism, usually during PHYSICAL EXERTION. Ergometry also includes measures of power. Some instruments used in these determinations include the hand crank and the bicycle ergometer.Pain Threshold: Amount of stimulation required before the sensation of pain is experienced.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Eye Injuries: Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.Muscular Atrophy, Spinal: A group of disorders marked by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in weakness and muscular atrophy, usually without evidence of injury to the corticospinal tracts. Diseases in this category include Werdnig-Hoffmann disease and later onset SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD, most of which are hereditary. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)Sacrum: Five fused VERTEBRAE forming a triangle-shaped structure at the back of the PELVIS. It articulates superiorly with the LUMBAR VERTEBRAE, inferiorly with the COCCYX, and anteriorly with the ILIUM of the PELVIS. The sacrum strengthens and stabilizes the PELVIS.Methylprednisolone: A PREDNISOLONE derivative with similar anti-inflammatory action.Central Nervous System: The main information-processing organs of the nervous system, consisting of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges.Robotics: The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Cell Transplantation: Transference of cells within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.Thoracic Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.Movement Disorders: Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.Urinary Bladder Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.Stem Cell Transplantation: The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.Sciatic Nerve: A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.Spinal Fractures: Broken bones in the vertebral column.Acute Lung Injury: A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Wallerian Degeneration: Degeneration of distal aspects of a nerve axon following injury to the cell body or proximal portion of the axon. The process is characterized by fragmentation of the axon and its MYELIN SHEATH.Electrodes, Implanted: Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.Interneurons: Most generally any NEURONS which are not motor or sensory. Interneurons may also refer to neurons whose AXONS remain within a particular brain region in contrast to projection neurons, which have axons projecting to other brain regions.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Ependyma: A thin membrane that lines the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES and the central canal of the SPINAL CORD.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Leg: The inferior part of the lower extremity between the KNEE and the ANKLE.Neural Stem Cells: Self-renewing cells that generate the main phenotypes of the nervous system in both the embryo and adult. Neural stem cells are precursors to both NEURONS and NEUROGLIA.Nerve Tissue ProteinsNeural Conduction: The propagation of the NERVE IMPULSE along the nerve away from the site of an excitation stimulus.Ischium: One of three bones that make up the coxal bone of the pelvic girdle. In tetrapods, it is the part of the pelvis that projects backward on the ventral side, and in primates, it bears the weight of the sitting animal.Pain, Intractable: Persistent pain that is refractory to some or all forms of treatment.Neural Pathways: Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate: A water-soluble ester of METHYLPREDNISOLONE used for cardiac, allergic, and hypoxic emergencies.Animals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Nerve Degeneration: Loss of functional activity and trophic degeneration of nerve axons and their terminal arborizations following the destruction of their cells of origin or interruption of their continuity with these cells. The pathology is characteristic of neurodegenerative diseases. Often the process of nerve degeneration is studied in research on neuroanatomical localization and correlation of the neurophysiology of neural pathways.Neural Prostheses: Medical devices which substitute for a nervous system function by electrically stimulating the nerves directly and monitoring the response to the electrical stimulation.Abdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Analgesics: Compounds capable of relieving pain without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS.Stilbamidines: STILBENES with AMIDINES attached.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.DislocationsAccidentsHyperesthesia: Increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimulation due to a diminished threshold or an increased response to stimuli.Cauda Equina: The lower part of the SPINAL CORD consisting of the lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal nerve roots.Acute Kidney Injury: Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.Man-Machine Systems: A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.Arm Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the arm.Neurotrophin 3: A neurotrophic factor involved in regulating the survival of visceral and proprioceptive sensory neurons. It is closely homologous to nerve growth factor beta and BRAIN-DERIVED NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR.GAP-43 Protein: A nervous tissue specific protein which is highly expressed in NEURONS during development and NERVE REGENERATION. It has been implicated in neurite outgrowth, long-term potentiation, SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION, and NEUROTRANSMITTER release. (From Neurotoxicology 1994;15(1):41-7) It is also a substrate of PROTEIN KINASE C.Cell Count: The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.Urinary Bladder Calculi: Stones in the URINARY BLADDER; also known as vesical calculi, bladder stones, or cystoliths.Schwann Cells: Neuroglial cells of the peripheral nervous system which form the insulating myelin sheaths of peripheral axons.Evoked Potentials: Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.

*  Life With a Spinal Cord Injury Video - ABC News
Life With a Spinal Cord Injury
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/comments?type=story&id=3516086
*  Spinal Cord Injury Articles Posted by Manouli - Page 3
One-Stop Center for Spinal Cord Injury Patients Ope State's First Comprehensive Care, One-Stop Center for Spinal Cord Injury ... of functional recovery in National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study II from results modeled in National Acute Spinal Cord Injury ... New program for spinal injuries aims to expand care now, find cure in future New program for spinal injuries aims to expand ... Good spinal cord injury web site with up-to-date links and articles. By Wise Young in forum Web Links ...
http://sci.rutgers.edu/forum/showthread.php?159815-Spinal-Cord-Injury-Articles-Posted-by-Manouli/page3&s=b8b1b35a9984d470a3faf3599fb41cad
*  Ten frequently asked questions concerning cure of spinal cord injury - Page 64
If a cure means eradication of spinal cord injury, I think that it is unlikely in my lifetime. If a cure means complete ... Please ask and comment... 1. Will there be a cure for spinal cord injury? • The answer to this question of course depend on ... restoration of all function to 'normal' or pre-injury levels for all people with ... Nevertheless, I think that my prediction of some therapies restoring function to people with chronic spinal cord injury in 8 ...
http://sci.rutgers.edu/forum/showthread.php?19747-Ten-frequently-asked-questions-concerning-cure-of-spinal-cord-injury/page64&s=b8b1b35a9984d470a3faf3599fb41cad
*  Percutaneous Translumbar Spinal Cord Compression Injury in a Dog Model That...
... because the models create spinal cord injury and the spinal cord care is similar regardless of how the injury was created. ... Models for spinal cord injury research have historically most frequently involved surgical exposure of the spinal cord. The ... BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous animal models for spinal cord injury required laminectomy and exposure of the spinal cord to ... Experimental study on MRI evaluation of the course of cervical spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 1999;37:580-584. ...
http://ajnr.org/content/24/2/177
*  Idiopathic Thoracic Spinal Cord Herniation: Retrospective Analysis Supporting a...
Idiopathic Thoracic Spinal Cord Herniation: Retrospective Analysis Supporting a Mechanism of Diskogenic Dural Injury and ... Idiopathic Thoracic Spinal Cord Herniation: Retrospective Analysis Supporting a Mechanism of Diskogenic Dural Injury and ... Idiopathic Thoracic Spinal Cord Herniation: Retrospective Analysis Supporting a Mechanism of Diskogenic Dural Injury and ... Idiopathic Thoracic Spinal Cord Herniation: Retrospective Analysis Supporting a Mechanism of Diskogenic Dural Injury and ...
http://ajnr.org/content/early/2011/12/08/ajnr.A2730
*  Head and spinal cord injury in North Carolina :: State Publications
Head--Wounds and injuries--North Carolina--Statistics. Spinal cord--Wounds and injuries--North Carolina--Statistics. North ... Head and spinal cord injury in North Carolina. Page 5. Previous. 5 of 24. Next ...
http://digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/compoundobject/collection/p249901coll22/id/158964/show/158944/rec/1
*  Practice Areas: Injury Lawyers - Spinal Cord and Personal http://martingschulz.com/practice-areas/
*  Brain & Spinal Cord Injury | Injur
Spinal Cord Injury Claims. Whether you or a loved one has suffered a spinal cord injury, a traumatic brain injury, or a ... Ontario Injury Lawyers will assist you and your family in accessing the wide variety of medical and rehabilitation resources ... Contact Ontario Injury Lawyers now so we can start helping you recover immediately. ... while ensuring that your claims for compensation for the injuries and losses sustained are properly and effectively advanced. ...
http://ontarioinjured.com/areas-of-practice/brain-spinal-cord-injury/
*  Project Walk Spinal Cord Injury Recovery
Copyright © SCI Business Solutions, Inc. - Project Walk - 2013. All Rights Reserved. - Terms & Conditions - Privacy Policy ...
http://projectwalk.com/?cat=3
*  Spinal Cord Injury Cell Therapy - IntelliHealthPlus
Spinal Cord Injury Cell Therapy. Spinal cord injury (SCI), in most cases is a result of a traumatic hit or injury to the spinal ... Stem Cell for Spinal Cord Injury Treatment. Stem cells are known to have various uses in treatment of Spinal Cord Injury. Stem ... After the spinal cord injury there are some patients which recover from the injury and there are also other cases which results ... SPINAL CORD INJURY TREATMENT RESULTS:. Most SCI patients treated with the combination of stem cells therapy and
http://ihplus.com/spinal-cord-injury-cell-therapy/
*  Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Types: Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury - Avvo.com
Spinal Cord Injury SCI Types: Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury - Avvo.com. Lawyer Directory Personal Injury Lawyers by Location Reviews and ratings of local lawyers. Find a Personal Injury lawyer near you. Read article Not looking for Personal Injury lawyers. Legal Topics Personal Injury Start researching Personal Injury advice. Types of personal injuries. Work-related personal injuries All Personal Injury topics Not looking for Personal Injury information. Ask a question Post a question and get free legal advice from attorneys. Search topic Lawyers Legal advice. Spinal Cord Injury SCI Types: Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Edit Posted August 7, 2009 6:15pm by attorney R. Find out all about incomplete spinal cord injury. What is the Spinal Cord. The Vertebrae Spinal Cord Injury Location A spinal cord injury is identified based on the vertebra location where the injury occurs. Incomplete ...
http://avvo.com/legal-guides/ugc/spinal-cord-injury-sci-types-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
*  Pharmacological Therapy for Acute Spinal Cord Injury : Neurosurgery
Pharmacological Therapy for Acute Spinal Cord Injury. ABBREVIATIONS: ASIA, American Spinal Injury Association MP, Methylprednisolone NASCIS, National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study SCI, spinal cord injury. Article Outline RECOMMENDATIONS Level I * Administration of methylprednisolone MP for the treatment of acute spinal cord injury SCI is not recommended. Article Outline SEARCH CRITERIA A National Library of Medicine PubMed computerized literature search from 1966 to 2011 was undertaken using Medical Subject Headings of “steroids,” “methylprednisolone,” and “GM-1 ganglioside” in combination with “spinal cord injury” and “neurological deficit.” Approximately 680 000 citations were acquired. Certainly the most widely recognized studies are the National Acute Spinal Cord Injury Study NASCIS II and III published between 1990 and 1998. 11 Only 17 patients with incomplete spinal cord injuries received MP ...
http://journals.lww.com/neurosurgery/Fulltext/2013/03002/Pharmacological_Therapy_for_Acute_Spinal_Cord.12.aspx
*  Midwest Regional Spinal Cord Injury Model System center - Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago
... Spinal Cord Injuries What is a Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Model System Center An "SCIMS" Center is a federally designated "Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems" Center. To be an SCIMS Center, a program must offer complete care for patients with spinal cord injuries, including emergency medical service, acute medical and trauma care, psychosocial counseling, rehabilitation care, long-term follow-up and community integration, and collaborative and site-specific research see more below. There are only 14 federally designated Spinal Cord Injury Model System locations in the United States, and the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago RIC is. THE ONLY Midwest* Regional Spinal Cord Injury Model System Center, one of the original five Model System Centers partnering with Northwestern University and Northwestern Memorial Hospital designated in 1972. Department of Education's National Institute ...
http://ric.org/conditions/spinal-cord/what-is-an-scims-center/
*  Managing Acute Spinal Cord Injuries | Vetlearn
Managing Acute Spinal Cord Injuries. Managing Acute Spinal Cord Injuries. Although considerable controversy exists over the most appropriate way to manage acute spinal cord injuries, early surgical intervention or decompression remains the best treatment option in managing acute compressive injuries in veterinary patients. 2-4 Many animals with SCI secondary to trauma have other injuries that can alter the prognosis and course of treatment. Studies in dogs have also failed to establish the clinical efficacy of MPSS, although no blinded clinical trial has been done. 45 Both bone marrow stromal cells and freshly collected bone marrow have been shown in human clinical trials to be safe and to show partial improvement of function in patients with SCI. 23,36,70 However, human clinical trials did not show a significant improvement in outcome with naloxone treatment, and the reported effects are likely secondary to the improvement in ...
http://vetlearn.com/compendium/managing-acute-spinal-cord-injuries
*  .. Incomplete Verses Complete Spinal Cord Injury .. Real Life Examples of Incomplete vs Complete ..
Incomplete Verses Complete Spinal Cord Injury A key component of initial hospital examinations and treatment is the diagnosis of a spinal cord injury as incomplete or complete. Incomplete means some sensory feeling or motor muscle function exists below the neurological level of injury, including the lowest sacral segment S4-S5. Incomplete means some Complete means none Diagnosis of a spinal cord injury as incomplete verses complete is made by locating the neurological level of injury and determining which myotomes and dermatomes remain intact. To understand the broader implications of incomplete verses complete spinal cord injury we first need to consider the following real life examples. Incomplete and complete translate into being able to achieve a sustainable erection or not, having sensation in forearms or not, having wrist extension or not, to name but three examples. Real Life Examples of Incomplete vs Complete. Sexual expression and sustainable ...
http://streetsie.com/incomplete-vs-complete-spinal-cord-injury/
*  Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Children | Health Information | MedCentral Health System
Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Children. Acute Spinal Cord Injury in Children. What is an acute spinal cord injury. Acute spinal cord injury SCI is due to a traumatic injury that either results in a bruise also called a contusion, a partial tear, or a complete tear called a transection in the spinal cord. What causes an acute spinal cord injury. There are many causes of SCI in children. What are the symptoms of an acute spinal cord injury. The location of the injury on the spinal cord will determine how severe the injury will be. An injury to a lower part of the spinal cord that causes paralysis and loss of function in the legs and lower body is called paraplegia. A complete injury means that there is no movement or feeling below the level of the injury. A lower injury, in the lumbar vertebrae, may affect nerve and muscle control to the bladder, bowel, and legs. loss of voluntary muscle ...
http://medcentral.org/Main/StayWellProducts.aspx?iid=90_P02590
*  Hair Loss Following Spinal Cord Injury :( - Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues - Quadriplegic and Para
Hair Loss Following Spinal Cord Injury : - Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/15585-hair-loss-following-spinal-cord-injury/
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - What does the spinal cord do?
UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - What does the spinal cord do. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. What does the spinal cord do. What is a spinal cord injury. What causes spinal cord injury. More What does the spinal cord do. The brain and spinal cord are your body’s central nervous system. The brain is the command center for your body, and the spinal cord is the pathway for messages sent by the brain to the body and from the body to the brain. The central nervous system and peripheral nervous system work together to allow your brain to control your body’s many functions, which includes 3 important areas Diagram : Motor Functions - directs your body’s voluntary muscle movements. See Resources Understanding Spinal Cord Injury: Part 1 - The Body Before and After Injury PDF. en español This fact sheet is intended to be a ...
http://uab.edu/medicine/sci/faqs-about-spinal-cord-injury-sci/what-does-the-spinal-cord-do
*  Does Your Local Doctor Understand Your Condition? - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Pa
- Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Post Injury Bladder Function. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Research And Surveys. Spinal Cord Injury Surveys. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Start new topics and reply to others Subscribe to topics and forums to get email updates Get your own profile page and ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/4988-does-your-local-doctor-understand-your-condition/
*  Acute Spinal Cord Injury - NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital
... Health Library Acute Spinal Cord Injury What is an acute spinal cord injury. What causes an acute spinal cord injury. For example, an injury that damages the cervical spine in the neck area can cause loss of muscle function or strength in all four extremities arms and legs. An injury to a lower part of the spinal cord that causes paralysis and loss of function in the legs and lower body is called paraplegia. Initially after a spinal cord injury, the patient may experience spinal shock, which causes loss or decrease in feeling, muscle movement, and reflexes. A lower injury, in the lumbar vertebrae, may affect nerve and muscle control to the bladder, bowel, and legs. The following are the most common symptoms of acute spinal cord injuries. Symptoms may include: Muscle weakness Loss of voluntary muscle movement in the chest, arms, or legs Breathing problems Loss of feeling in the chest, arms, or legs Loss of ...
http://nyp.org/library/showDocument.php?contentTypeId=85&contentId=P00770&subtopicId=Neurology&heading=Acute Spinal Cord Injury
*  What Is The Highest Level Of Education You Earned? - Page 2 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriple
What Is The Highest Level Of Education You Earned. - Page 2 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Bladder Management. Bowel Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Research And Surveys. Spinal Cord Injury Surveys. Javascript Disabled Detected You currently have javascript disabled. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/19102-what-is-the-highest-level-of-education-you-earned/page-2
*  Healthy Diet For A Quadriplegic - Weight Control & Nutrition Following Spinal Cord Injuries - Quadri
... plegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord Syndrome. Muscle Spasticity. Myotomes. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/25129-healthy-diet-for-a-quadriplegic/
*  Spinal Cord Injury Accessible Gym - Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthenin
... g Exercises - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord Syndrome. Muscle Spasticity. Myotomes. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/22490-spinal-cord-injury-accessible-gym/
*  Kidney Stones? - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
Kidney Stones. - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Create Account. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Bladder Management. Post Injury Bladder Function. Bladder Management Techniques. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Types of Pain Medication. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues. Bladder & Bowel. Javascript Disabled Detected You currently have javascript ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/26568-kidney-stones/
*  What Undergarments Do You Prefer To Wear - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic
... Spinal Cord Injuries. Search Advanced. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Post Injury Bladder Function. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Research And Surveys. Spinal Cord Injury Surveys. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an ...
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*  Advice On Chances Of Recovery - Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthening Ex
... ercises - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Post Injury Bladder Function. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthening Exercises. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Start new topics and reply to others Subscribe to topics and forums to get email updates Get your own profile page and ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/7937-advice-on-chances-of-recovery/
*  Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
... Spinal Cord Injury. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Post Injury Bladder Function. Bowel Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues. Bladder & Bowel. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an account. Start new topics and reply to others Subscribe to topics and forums to get email updates Get your ...
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*  Walking After Sci - Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Forum - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord In
Walking After Sci - Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Forum - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury Forum. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Start new topics and reply to others Subscribe to topics and forums ...
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*  Spinal Corrective Surgery - Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Co
Spinal Corrective Surgery - Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Start new topics ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/29752-spinal-corrective-surgery/
*  Fundraising Ideas - Spinal Cord Injury Discussions - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injurie
Fundraising Ideas - Spinal Cord Injury Discussions - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord Syndrome. Muscle Spasticity. Myotomes. ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/13385-fundraising-ideas/
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Walking
... . Search ... Go. UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Research. Información En Español. Daily Living Topics. Adjustment. Assistive Adaptive Technology. Caregiving. Family Relationships. Health Management. Home Modification. Leisure. Mobility. Driving. Positioning. Transfers. Walking. Wheelchair Seating. Nutrition. Sexuality Sexual Function. School. Veteran's Resources. Work Vocational. . More Walking. Mobility A chapter from the Spinal Cord Injury Patient – Family Teaching Manual published by the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley RSCICDV at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and Magee Rehabilitation Hospital. ...
http://uab.edu/medicine/sci/daily-living/mobility/walking
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Walking
... UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Daily Living Topics. Health Management. Mobility. Walking. More Walking. Mobility A chapter from the Spinal Cord Injury Patient – Family Teaching Manual published by the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley RSCICDV at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and Magee Rehabilitation Hospital. Spanish Gait Training and Spinal Cord Injury This consumer factsheet was produced through a collaboration between the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center MSKTC and the Spinal Cord Injury SCI Model Systems. Understanding Spinal Cord Impairments and Functional Goals This ...
http://uab.edu/medicine/sci/daily-living/mobility/130-walking
*  Should The Negative Reputation Button Remain? - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Parapl
Should The Negative Reputation Button Remain. - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord Syndrome. Muscle ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/21609-should-the-negative-reputation-button-remain/
*  How To Exercise A Spastic Leg? - Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthening E
How To Exercise A Spastic Leg. - Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthening Exercises - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/16803-how-to-exercise-a-spastic-leg/
*  Longest Living Quadriplegic - Complete Quadriplegic (Tetraplegic) Spinal Cord Injury Discussions - Q
Longest Living Quadriplegic - Complete Quadriplegic Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury Discussions - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/19802-longest-living-quadriplegic/
*  Methylprednisolone and acute spinal cord injury: an update of the randomized evidence. - ResearchGat
... e. Article Methylprednisolone and acute spinal cord injury: an update of the randomized evidence. Impact Factor: 2.3. This evidence base is used to evaluate the current status of methylprednisolone MPSS in the early treatment of acute spinal cord injury. Five randomized controlled trials were identified that evaluated high-dose MPSS for acute spinal cord injury. Meta-analysis of the final result of three trials comparing 24-hour high-dose MPSS with placebo or no therapy indicates an average unilateral 4.1 motor function score improvement 95% confidence interval 0.6-7.6, P = 0.02 in patients treated with MPSS. The safety of this regimen of MPSS is evident from the spinal cord injury trials and a systematic review of 51 surgical trials of high-dose MPSS. High-dose MPSS given within 8 hours of acute spinal cord injury is a safe and modestly effective therapy that may result in important clinical recovery for some patients. Psychological ...
http://researchgate.net/publication/11552808_Methylprednisolone_and_acute_spinal_cord_injury_an_update_of_the_randomized_evidence
*  Spinal Cord Injury
... Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size Font Size. Our Hospital. Is a Rehabilitation Hospital Right for Me. Hospital Programs. Rehabilitation Programs. Team Approach. Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury. Team Approach. Spinal Cord Injury. And spinal cord tissue is damaged. Some spinal injury victims can expect full recovery with rehabilitation. Our hospital has all the resources needed for specialized spinal cord injury care. Spinal Cord Injury. At any level, complete or incomplete, rehabilitation plays a critical role in quality of life after a spinal cord injury. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, motor vehicles are the leading cause of spinal cord injury SCI in the United States for people under age 65 and falls are the leading cause of SCI for people 65 and older. Sports- and recreation-related spinal cord injuries primarily ...
http://healthsouthaustin.com/en/our-approach/conditions-we-treat/spinal-cord-injury
*  Bmi Ibw Charts For Sci - Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthening Exercises
... - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Physiotherapy Exercises & Muscle Strengthening Exercises. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Talk to others in real time in the Chat Room Don't forget to follow the latest spinal cord injury news articles on our Facebook and Twitter feeds. Simon Forum Administrator. Apparelyzed. Apparelyzed. Admin/Moderator/That ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/94-bmi-ibw-charts-for-sci/
*  What Is Spinal Cord Trauma? - Spinal Cord Injury - HealthCommunities.com
What Is Spinal Cord Trauma. - Spinal Cord Injury - HealthCommunities.com. Health Topics Body and Mind. Allergies & Asthma. Bones, Joints & Muscles. Brain & Nerves. Dental Health. Diabetes. Eye Health. Foot Health. Heart Health. Sexual Health. Diet/Nutrition & Recipes. Alternative Medicine. Health Topics. Browse Topics by Specialty Body and Mind Allergies & Asthma. Bones, Joints & Muscles. Brain & Nerves. Dental Health. Diabetes. Eye Health. Foot Health. Heart Health. Sexual Health. Living Well Diet/Nutrition & Recipes. Health Topics. Brain & Nerves. Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Basics What Is Spinal Cord Trauma. Spinal Cord Injury Complications. Spinal Cord Injury Overview, Types of Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Risk Factors & Causes, Prevention, Signs & Symptoms, Diagnosis. Spinal Cord Injury Research. What Is ...
http://healthcommunities.com/spinal-cord-injury/what-is-spinal-cord-trauma.shtml
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Transfers
... Search ... Go. UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Research. Información En Español. Daily Living Topics. Adjustment. Assistive Adaptive Technology. Caregiving. Family Relationships. Health Management. Home Modification. Leisure. Mobility. Driving. Positioning. Transfers. Walking. Wheelchair Seating. Nutrition. Sexuality Sexual Function. School. Veteran's Resources. Work Vocational. . More Transfers. Mobility A chapter from the Spinal Cord Injury Patient – Family Teaching Manual published by the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center of the Delaware Valley RSCICDV at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital and Magee Rehabilitation Hospital. ...
http://uab.edu/medicine/sci/daily-living/mobility/77-transfers
*  Chicago Spinal Cord Injury Attorney - Malman Law
... Construction Accidents. Spinal Cord Injuries. Brain Injuries. Car Accidents. Workers Compensation. Injuries. Brain Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury REQUEST FREE CONSULTATION Email Us Call Now. Chicago, IL Spinal Cord Injury Lawyer. What can cause spinal cord injuries. Many originate from slips and falls, car accidents, and personal injury accidents. According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, common causes of spinal cord injury are:. A spinal cord injury is a life-changing event and can be particularly traumatic if it occurs as an accident caused by another party. In spinal cord injury lawsuits, damages typically include compensation that goes above and beyond reimbursement for medical expenses and pain and suffering. ongoing health care and rehabilitation the cost of assistive devices and technology modifications to the injury victim ...
http://malmanlaw.com/lawyer-attorney/chicago-spinal-cord-injuries-illinois/
*  Cleaning Up After Accidents.. - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
... Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord Syndrome. Muscle Spasticity. Myotomes. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Types of Neuropathic Pain. Musculoskeletal Pain. Types of Pain ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/10419-cleaning-up-after-accidents/
*  Xanax For Nerve Pain - Pain Management - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
... Jump to content Sign In. Create Account. 1. Search Advanced. Search section:. This topic. Forums. Members. Help Files. Calendar. View New Content Forum Rules. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Members. Calendar. Chat. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Management. Function of the Urinary System. Post Injury Bladder Function. The Reflex and Flacid Bladder. Reasons for Bladder Management Program. Bladder Management Techniques. Urinary System Complications. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. The Reflex and Flacid Bowel. Methods of Bowel Management. Bowel Complications. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Dermatome Chart. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Anterior Cord Syndrome. Brown-Séquard Syndrome. Central Cord Syndrome. Muscle Spasticity. Myotomes. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Types of Neuropathic Pain. Musculoskeletal Pain. Types of ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/5558-xanax-for-nerve-pain/
*  Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the Brai
... n and in the Spinal Cord Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury :: UMBC Electronic Theses and Dissertations. UMBC Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Add or remove collections. UMBC Electronic Theses and Dissertations Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the... Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the Brain and in the Spinal Cord Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. Description Title Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the Brain and in the Spinal Cord Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. Keywords Brain Injury ; Finite Element Method ; Heat Transfer ; Hypothermia ; Spinal Cord Injury. Tcool = 20�C, the temperature in the CSF and the spinal cord is reduced by more than 2.5�C. The spinal cord temperature is ...
http://contentdm.ad.umbc.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/ETD/id/24377/rec/11228
*  Spinal Cord Injury Information
... Spinal Cord Injury SCI. Injuries / Prognosis. At Risk Activities. Treatment Options. Coping with the Injury. Rehabilitation. Clinical Trials. At Risk Activities. SUV Rollovers SCI. Financial Assistance. Spinal Injury Resources. Search for information:. Match: any search words all search words Click Here for a Free Information Packet FOR MORE INFORMATION Please call 1-800-913-6370 We will gladly answer your questions and send a free packet with additional information on: New treatment options New clinical trials Doctors Research Financial Assistance. Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injuries Overview This website was created to help Spinal Cord Injury patients and their families and friends with up-to-date information about spinal cord injuries SCI. Spinal Cord Injuries SCI occurs when a traumatic event results in damage to cells within the spinal cord or severs the ...
http://spinal-cord.org/
*  Have You Accepted Your Injury? - Page 2 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic S
Have You Accepted Your Injury. - Page 2 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Research And Surveys. Spinal Cord Injury Surveys. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Have You Accepted Your Injury. 204 member s have cast votes Just as every spinal cord injury is different, so are everyones ways of coping. I have adjusted to ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/2000-have-you-accepted-your-injury/page-2
*  Specialized Rehabilitation for Spinal Cord Injury at HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospitals
... Home /. Experience HealthSouth /. Conditions We Treat / Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, Treatment and Recovery. Spinal cord injuries generally result from trauma to the spinal column. The force can fracture or dislocate vertebrae the bone segments in the back. And spinal cord tissue is damaged. A wide range of symptoms can be experienced, depending on the severity and location. Some spinal injury victims can expect full recovery with rehabilitation. Other injuries are more serious and can result in paralysis. In either case, rehabilitation is important to treatment and repair. In addition to limiting mobility, spinal cord injuries can result in additional issues, such as respiratory problems. HealthSouth has all the resources needed for specialized spinal cord injury care. The team approach puts the right experts and therapies together for the best possible ...
http://healthsouth.com/en/experience-healthsouth/conditions-we-treat/spinal-cord-injury?sc_lang=en
*  Spinal Cord Injury
... Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size Font Size. Our Hospital. Is a Rehabilitation Hospital Right for Me. Hospital Programs. Rehabilitation Programs. A Higher Level of Care. Team Approach. Committed to Quality. Spinal Cord Injury. A Higher Level of Care. Brain Injury. Spinal Cord Injury. Team Approach. Committed to Quality. Spinal Cord Injury. And spinal cord tissue is damaged. Some spinal injury victims can expect full recovery with rehabilitation. Our hospital has all the resources needed for specialized spinal cord injury care. Spinal Cord Injury. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, motor vehicles are the leading cause of spinal cord injury SCI in the United States for people under age 65 and falls are the leading cause of SCI for people 65 and older. Sports- and recreation-related spinal cord injuries primarily affect people under the age of ...
http://healthsouthaltoona.com/en/our-approach/conditions-we-treat/spinal-cord-injury
*  Rubrospinal neurons after chronic cervical spinal cord injury
... Retrospective Theses and Dissertations, 1919-2007 View Item Rubrospinal neurons after chronic cervical spinal cord injury. Rubrospinal neurons after chronic cervical spinal cord injury. UBC Retrospective Theses Digitization Project. My hypothesis was that that axonal regeneration can be achieved by chronically injured CNS neurons with the appropriate administration of neurotrophic factors The findings can be summarized as follows: Two months after cervical axotomy, rubrospinal neurons undergo significant atrophy and exhibit limited expression of GAP-43 and Tα1 tubulin, genes thought to be important for axonal regeneration. They appear to maintain full length TrkB receptors on their cell bodies, and while their uninjured axons within the cervical spinal cord also contain TrkB receptors, the injured axons at the level of the spinal cord axotomy do not. Consistent with this, BDNF applied to the spinal cord injury ...
https://circle.ubc.ca/handle/2429/17092
*  Bladder Flush - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
... Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Bladder Management. Bowel Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Bladder & Bowel. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an account. Member Members. Gender: Female. Country: Us. Spinal Injury Level: c5-c6. Injury Date: 06-05-2003. Posted 22 February 2012 - 11:32 PM Hi guys ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/22519-bladder-flush/
*  Spinal Cord Injuries in the Developing World | International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation
Spinal Cord Injuries in the Developing World. Spinal cord injury rehabilitation services in the developing world. Pre Hospital trauma care, first aid at site and infrastructure for transport of spinal trauma patients are inadequate in most of the developing countries Solagberu et al. Spinal cord injury rehabilitation services in the developing world SCI management doesn't end with spinal instrumentation or a decision to pursue a conservative management regime. Spinal Cord Injury Medicine is established as a subspecialty in many parts of the developed world. The number of specialists trained in rehabilitation medicine or in spinal cord injury management is very small in many developing countries and in many places they don't exist Haig et al. Endogenous risk factors for deep-vein thrombosis in patients with acute spinal cord injuries. Incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury in ...
http://cirrie.buffalo.edu/encyclopedia/en/article/141/
*  What Kind Of Car Do You Drive? - Page 3 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic S
- Page 3 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Spinal Cord Injury Research And Surveys. Spinal Cord Injury Surveys. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an account. Start new topics and ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/5325-what-kind-of-car-do-you-drive/page-3
*  Spinal Cord Injury Forums, Chat, Message Boards & Newsgroups
Spinal Cord Injury Forums, Chat, Message Boards Newsgroups. SCI Health Issues Autonomic Dysreflexia. Skin Management. Skin Pressure Sores. Skin Pressure Sores II. Other Health Issues. Help Assistance Support Financial Help. Spinal Cord Injury Studies. Message Boards Newsgroups. Other Health Resource Sites. Personal SCI Sites. Site Information Contact Me. Other Resources. Spinal Cord Injury Forums, Chat, Message Boards Newsgroups Apparelyzed Spinal cord injury life experiences and peer support, with a popular discussion forum discussing all aspects of living with a spinal cord injury. CareCure Community SpineWire This site is a successor to the highly successful SpineWire and Cando web sites. The new site provides information and discussion forums for the spinal cord injury community. Also contains articles, lectures and other resources that might be of interest to people with a spinal cord injury. The site is ...
http://sci-info-pages.com/forum.html
*  Functional electrical stimulation cycling promotes recovery in chronic spinal cord injury -- Science
... Daily. Functional electrical stimulation cycling promotes recovery in chronic spinal cord injury. Date: March 4, 2013 Source: Kennedy Krieger Institute Summary: A new study finds that long-term lower extremity functional electrical stimulation cycling, as part of a rehabilitation regimen, is associated with substantial improvements in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury. A new study by Kennedy Krieger Institute's International Center for Spinal Cord Injury Epub ahead of print finds that long-term lower extremity functional electrical stimulation FES cycling, as part of a rehabilitation regimen, is associated with substantial improvements in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury SCI. Twenty-five patients with chronic SCI were assigned to the FES cycling group at the Washington University Spinal Cord Injury Program, where Dr. In the retrospective analysis conducted by Kennedy Krieger researchers, improved motor function was ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130304151854.htm
*  Bleeding After Cathing - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
... Spinal Cord Injury. Bladder Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Bladder & Bowel. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an account. Spinal Injury Level: Wife/Caregiver C5/C6. Back to top. Top. Posted 01 November 2010 - 09:44 PM Hello everyone I need some help. First off my husband has been a quad for over 3 ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/17009-bleeding-after-cathing/
*  .. Spinal Cord Attorney Randy Rozek: 414-374-4444 .. Types of Spinal Cord Injury .. Treatment of Sp
Spinal Cord Injury Attorney Milwaukee, Wisconsin SCI. Randy Rozek 2015-08-03T19:07:33+00:00. Spinal injury attorney in Milwaukee, Wisconsin attorney Randy Rozek, personal injury lawyer Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Spinal Cord Attorney Randy Rozek: 414-374-4444. Spinal Cord Injury Attorney Milwaukee, Wisconsin – Spinal Cord Injury or SCI is defined as trauma to the spinal cord which results in some loss of function. It is protected by the Spinal Column, which is made up of the cervical spine, thoracic spine and lumbar spine. Usually Spinal Cord Injuries are due to trauma to the Spinal Column, which then causes damage to the nerves within the Spinal Cord. The approximate location of most Spinal Cord Injuries are as follows:. Cervical Spinal Cord Injury – 50% Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury – 30% Lumbar and Sacral Spinal Cord Injury – ...
http://rozeklaw.com/wisconsin-spinal-cord-injury.html
*  How Did You Get Your Sci - Page 2 - Spinal Cord Injury Surveys - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal
... Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Research And Surveys. Spinal Cord Injury Surveys. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an account. Start new topics and reply to others Subscribe to topics and forums to get email updates Get your own profile page ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/5108-how-did-you-get-your-sci/page-2
*  Spinal Cord Injury
... Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size Font Size. Our Hospital. Is a Rehabilitation Hospital Right for Me. Hospital Programs. Rehabilitation Programs. A Higher Level of Care. Team Approach. Spinal Cord Injury. A Higher Level of Care. Brain Injury. Spinal Cord Injury. Team Approach. Spinal Cord Injury. And spinal cord tissue is damaged. Some spinal injury victims can expect full recovery with rehabilitation. Our hospital has all the resources needed for specialized spinal cord injury care. Spinal Cord Injury. At any level, complete or incomplete, rehabilitation plays a critical role in quality of life after a spinal cord injury. According to the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, motor vehicles are the leading cause of spinal cord injury SCI in the United States for people under age 65 and falls are the leading cause of SCI for people 65 and older. Sports- and ...
http://healthsouthdeaconess.com/en/our-approach/conditions-we-treat/spinal-cord-injury
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Sleep Apnea
... . Search ... Go. UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Research. Información En Español. Daily Living Topics. Adjustment. Assistive Adaptive Technology. Caregiving. Family Relationships. Health Management. Secondary Medical Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Kidneys. Bowel. Cardiovascular Disease. Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT. Depression. Heterotopic Ossification. Hypotension. Influenza Pneumonia. Obesity. Osteoporosis. Pain. Pressure Ulcers Skin. Pulmonary Embolism. Sexual Dysfunction. Sleep Apnea. Respiratory Management: Clinical Practice Guidelines. Spasticity. Substance Abuse. Syringomyelia Syrinx. Type 2 Diabetes. Urinary Tract Infection UTI. ...
https://uab.edu/medicine/sci/daily-living/managing-personal-health/secondary-medical-conditions/sleep-apnea
*  Organising a Care Package and Independent Living - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
... Spinal Cord Injury. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Independent Living, Disability Benefits, Education & Employment. Organising a Care Package and Independent Living. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Be apart of our spinal cord injury support community by signing in or creating an account. Organising a Care Package and Independent Living. Advice on organising a care assistant or ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/forum/68-organising-a-care-package-and-independent-living/
*  Spinal cord injury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Spinal cord injury. Spinal cord injuries. B indicates an "incomplete" spinal cord injury where sensory but not motor function is preserved below the neurological level and includes the sacral segments S4-S5. This is typically a transient phase and if the person recovers any motor function below the neurological level, that person essentially becomes a motor incomplete, i.e. C indicates an "incomplete" spinal cord injury where motor function is preserved below the neurological level, and MORE than half of key muscles below the single neurological level of injury have a muscle grade less than 3 i.e. D indicates an "incomplete" spinal cord injury where motor function is preserved below the neurological level and at least half of the key muscles more than 50 percent of the key muscles below the neurological level have a muscle grade of 3 or more I.e. An "incomplete" spinal cord injury involves preservation of motor or ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinal_injury
*  Living With a Spinal Cord Injury - Alamance Regional - Burlington, NC
Living With a Spinal Cord Injury Skip to the navigation Topic Overview What is a spinal cord injury. A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord. What causes a spinal cord injury. What happens after a spinal cord injury. These tests help the doctor know how severe the injury is and how likely it is that you could get back some feeling and movement. The rehab team will help you to learn how to: Prevent problems like pressure sores and know when you need to call a doctor. What is life like with a spinal cord injury. A saying among people who have a spinal cord injury is, "Before your injury, you could do 10,000 things. What is a spinal cord injury. What happens when you have a spinal cord injury. What happens in rehabilitation for a spinal cord injury. How do I care for bladder problems. How do I care for pressure sores. For the family and caregivers ...
http://armc.com/armc-main/wellness/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=ug2580
*  Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cervical Spine and Sp... : Neurosurgery
... Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cervical Spine and Sp... Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries: 2013 Update Walters, Beverly C. In 2002, an author group selected and sponsored by the Joint Section on Spine and Peripheral Nerves of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons and Congress of Neurological Surgeons published the first evidence-based guidelines for the management of patients with acute cervical spinal cord injuries SCIs. Article Outline SUMMARY The 2013 update on the “Guidelines for the Management of Acute Cervical Spine and Spinal Cord Injuries” is meant to help the practicing neurosurgeon in his or her efforts to provide up-to-date, evidence-based care to patients with acute SCIs. 1 Guidelines for management of acute cervical spinal injuries: introduction. Methodology of the guidelines for the management of acute cervical spine and spinal cord ...
http://journals.lww.com/neurosurgery/Fulltext/2013/08001/Guidelines_for_the_Management_of_Acute_Cervical.24.aspx
*  2011 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 952.15 : T7-t12 level spinal cord injury unspecified
... Home > 2011 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Codes > Injury And Poisoning 800-999 > Injury To Nerves And Spinal Cord 950-957 > Spinal cord injury without evidence of spinal bone injury 952-. 2011 ICD-9-CM Diagnosis Code 952.15. T7-t12 level spinal cord injury unspecified. Short description: T7-t12 spin cord inj NOS. ICD-9-CM 952.15 is a billable medical code that can be used to indicate a diagnosis on a reimbursement claim, however, 952.15 should only be used for claims with a date of service on or before September 30, 2015. For claims with a date of service on or after October 1, 2015, use an equivalent ICD-10-CM code or codes. You are viewing the 2011 version of ICD-9-CM 952.15. More recent version s of ICD-9-CM 952.15 : 2012 2013 2014 2015. Convert to ICD-10-CM : 952.15 converts approximately to: 2015/16 ICD-10-CM S24.103A Unspecified injury at T7-T10 level of thoracic spinal cord, initial encounter Or:. 2015/16 ICD-10-CM S24.104A Unspecified ...
http://icd9data.com/2011/Volume1/800-999/950-957/952/952.15.htm
*  Imaging of acute spinal injury.
... BioPortfolio. Topics. All Topics Biotechnology Biotech Business Biotech Products Cancer Cardiovascular Dermatology Drug Discovery Endocrinology Gastroenterology Immunology Infectious Diseases Mental Health Neurology Obstetrics Orthopedics Public Health Respiratory Rheumatology Urology Track topics Track topics important to you. Publish Your News On BioPortfolio. Search News On BioPortfolio. Latest News. Search PubMed Research Papers. Research Papers by Journal. Search Life Science Channels Database. Search Clinical Trials. Latest Clinical Trials. Topics. All Topics Biotechnology Biotech Business Biotech Products Cancer Cardiovascular Dermatology Drug Discovery Endocrinology Gastroenterology Immunology Infectious Diseases Mental Health Neurology Obstetrics Orthopedics Public Health Respiratory Rheumatology Urology Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you. Imaging of acute spinal injury. BioPortfolio. Home » Topics » Patient Monitoring » Research » Imaging of acute ...
http://bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/73751/Imaging-Of-Acute-Spinal-Injury.html
*  Acute Spinal Cord Injury: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment in Children | St. Louis Children
Acute Spinal Cord Injury: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment in Children. Louis Children s Hospital. Children's Hospital • St. Louis. Our Services Diseases Conditions Health Resources For Health Care Professionals Ways to Give About Us. Our Services Diseases & Conditions Patients & Families Health Resources For Health Care Professionals Ways to Give About Us Employment Media Center. Conditions We Treat Meet the Team Meet Our Patients In The News Our Videos Message From the Director Visiting: What to Expect Surgery: What to Expect Center for Foot Disorders Skeletal Dysplasia Clinic Orthopedics/ID Clinic Tendon Lengthening Following Dorsal Rhizotomy Surgery Torticollis Clinic Spina Bifida Clinic The Center for Spinal Disorders Sports Medicine Program Resources for Families Teaching Tools. Acute Spinal Cord Injury What is an acute spinal cord injury. An injury to a lower part of the spinal cord that causes paralysis and loss of function in ...
http://stlouischildrens.org/zh-hans/our-services/orthopedics/conditions-we-treat/acute-spinal-cord-injury
*  NewYork-Presbyterian/Queens - Spinal Cord Injury
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Spinal Cord Injury What is an acute spinal cord injury. These vertebrae function to stabilize the spine and protect the spinal cord. The more common injuries occur when the area of the spine or neck is bent or compressed, as in the following: Birth injuries, which usually affect the spinal cord in the neck area Falls Motor vehicle accidents. At first, the patient may experience spinal shock, which causes loss of feeling, muscle movement, and reflexes below the level of injury. Spinal cord injury rehabilitation Rehabilitation of the patient with a SCI begins during the acute treatment phase. The success of rehabilitation depends on many variables, including the following: Level and severity of the SCI Type and degree of resulting impairments and disabilities Overall health of the patient Family support. Areas covered in spinal cord injury rehabilitation programs may ...
http://nyhq.org/diw/content.asp?PageID=P01180&More=DIW
*  Mucus following bowel routine? - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries
- Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Bladder Management. Post Injury Bladder Function. Bowel Management. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Bladder & Bowel. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Start new topics and reply to others Subscribe to topics and forums to get email updates Get your own profile page and make new friends Send personal messages to other members. 16 replies to this topic #1. Member ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/4656-mucus-following-bowel-routine/
*  Acupuncture for Treatment of Acute Spinal Cord Injury: an Exploratory/Developmental Study - Full Tex
... t View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Learn About Clinical Studies. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Acupuncture for Treatment of Acute Spinal Cord Injury: an Exploratory/Developmental Study This study has been completed. Sponsor: Craig Hospital Information provided by: Craig Hospital. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00432289 First received: February 5, 2007 Last updated: June 10, 2010 Last verified: June 2010 History of Changes. Specific Aim: to implement and evaluate a research protocol for demonstrating the efficacy of Acupuncture Therapy to improve neurological recovery after incomplete SCI compared to a control protocol. Hypothesis: acupuncture treatment results in greater neurological recovery than a control treatment after an incomplete SCI. Spinal Cord Injury. Official Title: Acupuncture for Treatment of Acute Spinal Cord Injury. Further study details as provided by Craig Hospital:. Primary Outcome Measures: ASIA Standards for Neurological Classification ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00432289
*  .. Van Matre awarded spinal cord injury rehabilitation certification
Health Fitness Living. Van Matre awarded spinal cord injury rehabilitation certification. November 13, 2013. Staff. 28 Views. Online Staff Report. Van Matre HealthSouth Rehabilitation Hospital in Rockford has earned certification for disease-specific care in spinal cord injury rehabilitation. The Joint Commission’s Gold Seal of Approval was awarded to the hospital for its compliance with the organization’s national standards for health care quality and safety for spinal cord injury rehabilitation. “ In achieving Joint Commission certification, Van Matre has demonstrated its commitment to the highest level of care for its patients that suffered from a spinal cord injury,” said Ricardo Knight, M.D., MBA, spinal cord program medical director, Van Matre HealthSouth. “Certification is a voluntary process, and I commend our staff for successfully undertaking this challenge to elevate our standard of care and instill confidence in the ...
http://rockrivertimes.com/2013/11/13/van-matre-awarded-spinal-cord-injury-rehabilitation-certification/?administer_redirect_69=https:/facebook.com/bobredmondforsheriff/
*  Spinal Cord Injury -- American Academy of Neurology
... Treatment Improved emergency care for people with spinal cord injuries and aggressive treatment and rehabilitation can minimize damage to the nervous system and even restore limited abilities. Respiratory complications are often an indication of the severity of spinal cord injury About one-third of those with injury to the neck area will need help with breathing and require respiratory support. Prognosis Spinal cord injuries are classified as either complete or incomplete. An incomplete injury means that the ability of the spinal cord to convey messages to or from the brain is not completely lost. Research The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINDS conducts spinal cord research in its laboratories at the National Institutes of Health NIH and also supports additional research through grants to major research institutions across the country. Advances in research are giving doctors and patients hope ...
https://patients.aan.com/disorders/index.cfm?event=view&disorder_id=1068
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Reproductive Health for Women with SCI Video Series
... UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. UAB-SCIMS Information. SCI Fact Sheets. Secondary Conditions of SCI Health Education Video Series. Reproductive Health for Women with SCI Video Series. Smoking's Effects on Secondary Complications of SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. More Reproductive Health for Women with Spinal Cord Injury Video Series. Women with spinal cord injury SCI have unique health care issues related to their obstetric and gynecological needs. This video series was created to educate women and healthcare professionals on specific medical issues and care of women with SCI. Part II - Pregnancy Delivery : This video follows a woman with C5 spinal cord ...
https://uab.edu/medicine/sci/uab-scims-information/reproductive-health-for-women-with-spinal-cord-injury-video-series
*  Spinal Cord Injury Network
... Contact Us. RESEARCH CLINICAL TRIALS. Research Showcase. About Clinical Trials. Our Clinical Trials. Clinical Trials Database. Kevin Hortle Scholarship Fund. Travel Grants in Memory of Rosalind Nicholson. 2015 Australian Spinal Cord Injury Network Travel Grants. Students Page. Get Involved. Spinal Units Contacts. Resources. FAQs. NEWS EVENTS. Latest News. Media Releases. Photo Gallery. GET INVOLVED. Join the Network. A spinal cord injury can happen to anyone at any time. Our vision is to promote recovery from spinal cord injury and ultimately work towards a cure. Our Perth event will include presentations from some of the best researchers and clinicians in the field on Riluzole clinical trial for spinal cord injury in Australia, better management of obstructive sleep apnoea, how Immediate Cooling and Early Decompression ICED can save the spine, and the latest results from research happening in Western Australia. Get Involved. Join a sporting ...
http://spinalnetwork.org.au/
*  UAB - School of Medicine - News - DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012
UAB - School of Medicine - News - DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012. Search... UAB Quicklinks. UAB Home Academic Calendar Accessibility AdminSystems Apply AskIT Blazer Express BlazerNET Campus Calendar Campus Map Canvas Departments Directory Email Emergency/B-Alert Employee Resources Employment Give to UAB Research Administration UAB UAB eLearning. Home. Stories by Topic. Calendar. Faces. Giving. Contact Us. UAB Medicine. News. Department of Surgery. Brief. DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012. August 15, 2013. DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012. A paper authored by Michael DeVivo, Dr.PH., director emeritus of the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, was the most-cited paper published in Spinal Cord in 2012. Written by Bob Shepard. font size. decrease font size. increase font size. Print. Email. A paper authored by Michael DeVivo, Dr.PH., director emeritus of the National ...
https://uab.edu/medicine/news/department-of-surgery/item/206-devivo-spinal-cord-injury-paper-most-cited-in-2012
*  UAB - School of Medicine - News - DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012
UAB - School of Medicine - News - DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012. Search... UAB Quicklinks. UAB Home Academic Calendar Accessibility AdminSystems Apply AskIT Blazer Express BlazerNET Campus Calendar Campus Map Canvas Departments Directory Email Emergency/B-Alert Employee Resources Employment Give to UAB Research Administration UAB UAB eLearning. Home. Stories by Topic. Calendar. Faces. Giving. Contact Us. UAB Medicine. News. Bob Shepard. Brief. DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012. August 15, 2013. DeVivo spinal cord injury paper ‘most cited’ in 2012. A paper authored by Michael DeVivo, Dr.PH., director emeritus of the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, was the most-cited paper published in Spinal Cord in 2012. Written by Bob Shepard. font size. decrease font size. increase font size. Print. Email. A paper authored by Michael DeVivo, Dr.PH., director emeritus of the National Spinal ...
http://uab.edu/medicine/news/bob-shepard/item/206-devivo-spinal-cord-injury-paper-most-cited-in-2012
*  Performance of the Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems' Program
... Skip to main content. About Us. Contact Us. FAQs. Language Assistance. English. español. 中文: 繁體版. Việt-ngữ. 한국어. Tagalog. Русский. U.S. Department of Education. Search for:. Toggle navigation. U.S. Department of Education. Student Loans. Grants. Laws. Data. Programs. Spinal Cord Injuries Model Systems Program. Purpose. Funding Status. Eligibility. Laws, Regs, & Guidance. Applicant Info. Resources. Awards. FAQs. Performance. Contacts. Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Home. Performance of the Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems' Program. Note: The National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research NIDILRR approach to performance measurement, and performance reporting is described in the performance section of the main entry for NIDILRR. Printable view. Last Modified: 04/01/2015. How Do I Find... Student loans, forgiveness. College accreditation. No Child Left Behind. FERPA. FAFSA. 2015 Budget Proposal. More >. ...
http://www2.ed.gov/programs/sci/performance.html?exp=0
*  Mount Sinai Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
mount sinai spinal cord injury model system icahn school of medicine at mount sinai health system hospital contact us levy library alumni careers make a gift find a faculty visiting us about the school dean s office diversity quick facts for faculty visiting us news and events alumni contact us media contacts hess center sinainnovations academic affiliates education medical education graduate school residencies fellowships continuing medical education student life and resources office of postdoctoral affairs bioethics the arnhold global health institute enrollment and orientation patient care find a doctor faculty practice research institutes centers and programs laboratories grant application resource center how do i clinical trials sinainnovations resources departments institutes home research programs mount sinai spinal cord injury model system mount sinai spinal cord injury model system about us projects and grants team community outreach frequently asked ...
http://icahn.mssm.edu/research/programs/mount-sinai-spinal-cord-injury-model-system
*  Stem Cell Clinical Trials for Spinal Cord Injury: Readiness, Reluctance, Redefinition - Springer
... Stem Cell Clinical Trials for Spinal Cord Injury: Readiness, Reluctance, Redefinition. Affiliated with Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, National Core for Neuroethics, University of British Columbia. Affiliated with National Core for Neuroethics, University of British Columbia. Abstract A wealth of scientific and clinical research has focused on the use of stem cells as a potential therapy for spinal cord injury SCI, culminating most recently in the initiation of clinical trials. About This Journal. Share Share this content on Facebook Share this content on Twitter Share this content on LinkedIn. Related Content. Journal of Neurotrama. PubMed. CrossRef. Stem cell therapies for spinal cord injury. PubMed. CrossRef. Health Law Review, 16 2, 9–84. Qualitative Health Research, 15 10, 1310–1328. PubMed. CrossRef. CrossRef. Autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cell therapy for spinal cord injury: a phase I/II clinical safety and ...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12015-011-9259-1
*  NextGenLog: #MEDICAL: "Spinal Cord Injuries Can Be Repaired"
... NextGenLog. Next-Generation Electronics and Related Technology News. ENERGY. WIRELESS. MEMS. CHIPS. ALGORITHMS. #MEDICAL: "Spinal Cord Injuries Can Be Repaired". The École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne EPFL, France claims to have repaired severed spinal cord injuries in rats, and is planning to adapt the technology for use in humans. Colin Johnson. Here is that EPFL says about restoring spinal cord injuries: Rats with spinal cord injuries and severe paralysis are now walking and running thanks to researchers at EPFL. Published in the June 1, 2012 issue of Science, the results show that a severed section of the spinal cord can make a comeback when its own innate intelligence and regenerative capacity what lead author Grégoire Courtine of EPFL calls the "spinal brain" is awakened. Colin Johnson. Colin Johnson. About the Author:. R Colin Johnson. Next-generation electronics and technology news ...
http://nextgenlog.blogspot.com/2012/05/medical-spinal-cord-injuries-can-be.html
*  Spinal Cord Injury: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (
Spinal Cord Injury: Hope Through Research: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINDS. Skip Navigation. En Espa ol Search this site:. Disorders A - Z: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z You are here: Home. Disorders A - Z. Spinal Cord Injury. Skip secondary menu. Home. Disorders A - Z. Spinal Cord Injury Information Page Publications Organizations News Research literature. Other related groups Organizations Professional Societies Government Resources NINDS Clinical Trials En Espa ol Order Brochures. News From NINDS. Funding Information. Research Programs. Training Career Awards. Enhancing Diversity. Find People. About NINDS. Spinal Cord Injury: Hope Through Research See a list of all NINDS Disorders Get Web page suited for printing Email this to a friend or colleague Request free mailed brochure Lesi n de la M dula Espinal. Table of Contents click to jump to sections. Introduction How does the spinal ...
http://ninds.nih.gov/disorders/sci/detail_sci.htm
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Medications
... . Search ... Go. UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Research. Información En Español. Daily Living Topics. Adjustment. Assistive Adaptive Technology. Caregiving. Family Relationships. Health Management. Secondary Medical Conditions. Patient/Doctor Interaction. Medications. Exercise Fitness. Nutrition. Insurance. Complementary Alternative Medicine. Home Modification. Leisure. Mobility. Nutrition. Sexuality Sexual Function. School. Veteran's Resources. Work Vocational. . More Medicine Management. From Ambien to Zanaflex: Making Your Medications Work for You This is an educational video program of a forum for persons with SCI and their friends, family members and ...
https://uab.edu/medicine/sci/daily-living/managing-personal-health/managing-medications
*  Help Bring Back Spinal Cord Injury Research Funding - Burke Rehabilitation Center
... Burke Rehabilitation & Research. Help Bring Back Spinal Cord Injury Research Funding Help Bring Back Spinal Cord Injury Research Funding Published March 19, 2013. Update: We just received terrific news that the New York State Senate not only included the full $8.5 million for the Spinal Cord Injury Research Trust Fund but also also adopted stronger language so that the funds, which have been directed to other purposes since 2010, can't be taken away again in the future. Please reach out to the following people TODAY with a call or by faxing a letter: Assembly Speaker: Sheldon Silver: 518-455-3791; fax 518-455-5459 Chair, Ways and Means Committee: Herman Farrell: 518-455-5491; fax 518-455-5776 Chair, Health Committee: Richard Gottfried: 518-455-4941; fax 518-455-5939 Also reach out to your Assembly member. Please tell them: “I want $8.5 million for the Spinal Cord Injury Research Trust and the language from the Senate One House bill included in the ...
http://burke.org/media/news/2013/03/help-bring-back-spinal-cord-injury-research/67
*  Vaporized Cannabis and Spinal Cord Injury Pain - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... Find Studies Study Record Detail. Vaporized Cannabis and Spinal Cord Injury Pain This study has been completed. Sponsor: Barth Wilsey Collaborators: VA Northern California Health Care System University of California, San Diego National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA Information provided by Responsible Party : Barth Wilsey, University of California, Davis. This study will demonstrate that vaporized marijuana results in antinociception when compared to placebo in subjects with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord Injuries. Drug: Cannabis Drug: Placebo. Official Title: The Effect of Vaporized Cannabis on Neuropathic Pain in Spinal Cord Injury. Further study details as provided by University of California, Davis:. Drug: Cannabis 7.0% THC. Other Name: Vaporized Marijuana, 7.0% THC. Experimental: Cannabis, Low Dose Low Dose: 3.55% THC. Drug: Cannabis 3.55% THC. Other Name: Vaporized Marijuana, 3.55% THC. Drug: Placebo 0% THC. Detailed Description: ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01555983
*  Bladder Prob. Docs Stumped...please Help - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord
Docs Stumped...please Help - Bladder & Bowel - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Post Injury Bladder Function. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Spinal Cord Injury Health Issues. Bladder & Bowel. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support forum. Start ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/23178-bladder-prob-docs-stumpedplease-help/
*  Involvement of the choroid plexus in the inflammatory response after acute spinal cord injury in dog
... s: an immunohistochemical study. Document Detail. Involvement of the choroid plexus in the inflammatory response after acute spinal cord injury in dogs: an immunohistochemical study. MedLine Citation:. The choroid plexus CP is increasingly recognized as an important contributor to central nervous system CNS inflammation by recruitment of inflammatory cells and release of inflammatory cytokines. Here we investigate the role of the CP epithelium CPE as a source of three pro-inflammatory molecules of potential importance in inflammation after acute spinal cord injury SCI : IL-1β, TNF-α, and hsp70. Immunohistochemical IHC staining for these three proteins was performed on 4th ventricular CPE from 4 dogs euthanized 12-48 h after spontaneous acute SCI, and from 4 neurologically normal dogs euthanized for other reasons. IHC staining in the CPE of dogs with acute SCI was 2.2, 1.6 and 1.5 times higher than that of normal dogs, for IL-1β, TNF-α, and hsp70, respectively. These findings ...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Involvement-choroid-plexus-in-inflammatory/22840733.html
*  Reeve-Irvine Research Center - Spinal Cord Injury Research
... Reeve-Irvine Research Center The Reeve-Irvine Research Center is a world renowned basic science research center devoted to the study of repair, regeneration, and recovery of function after spinal cord injury. RIRC scientists were amongst the first to test the potential of stem cells for spinal cord injury therapy, and research by RIRC scientists formed the basis for the first two clinical trials testing stem cell therapies in people with spinal cord injuries. Our Mission The mission of the RIRC is to find new treatments for spinal cord injury through the collaborative research and educational efforts of prominent scientists and clinicians both at the University of California, Irvine and around the world. Research The RIRC is a basic science research facility devoted to studying cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie the response of the nervous system to injury, exploring innate and therapeutic regenerative capabilities and ...
http://reeve.uci.edu/
*  Spinal Cord Injury Website,Spinal Cord Injury & Life with SCI,tetraplegia and paralysis
spinal cord injury website spinal cord injury life with sci tetraplegia and paralysis my account of life with a spinal cord injury and paralysis on july th my life took a dramatic turn i had a low speed fall from a mountain bike which left me with a broken neck at the c and vertebrae and total body paralysis i was completely paralysed from the neck down fighting for my life i was now destined to spend my life as a quadriplegic or tetraplegic with none of the body and muscle movements i used to take for granted spinal cord injury was going to become a central point of my life spinal injuries occur suddenly and in most cases without warning each day hundreds of people worldwide and their families and friends are coming to terms with a new spinal injury and paralysis this website is intended to help other spinally injured persons and people close to them after their lives are affected by this devastating disability however i ...
http://andylee.freeuk.com/
*  Wheelchair Camera Mount - Accessible Daily Living Activities and Universal Design - Quadriplegic and
... Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. This topic. Members. Spinal Cord Injury. Members. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Bladder Management. Post Injury Bladder Function. Bowel Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Accessible Daily Living Activities and Universal Design. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create Account Welcome to Apparelyzed, an active and vibrant spinal cord injury and cauda equina syndrome support ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/11460-wheelchair-camera-mount/
*  Elderly spinal cord injuries increase five-fold in 30 years, Jefferson neurosurgeons find ( admissio
Elderly spinal cord injuries increase five-fold in 30 years, Jefferson neurosurgeons find admissions for SCI at Jefferson's Spin... Home. Biology. Medicine. Technology. Products. News. Definition. Dictionary. Movies. Links. Tags. Search. RSS Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary. HOME >> BIOLOGY >> NEWS. Elderly spinal cord injuries increase five-fold in 30 years, Jefferson neurosurgeons find admissions for SCI at Jefferson's Spinal Cord Injury Center have incr... This increase is likely a result of an aging population and propensi...Geriatric patients also appear prone to traumatic spinal cord injuries...It is also believed that these older patients have an increased risk o...Mortality both during hospitalization and the first year after injury... ...
http://bio-medicine.org/biology-news/Elderly-spinal-cord-injuries-increase-five-fold-in-30-years--Jefferson-neurosurgeons-find-4799-2/
*  Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the Brai
... n and in the Spinal Cord Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury :: UMBC Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Skip to main content. Home Browse. Help. English. English Engish-Pirate 한국어. Search. Advanced Search. Find results with:. error div Add another field Search by date. Search by date:. from after before on. from:. to. to:. Searching collections:. UMBC Electronic Theses and Dissertations. Add or remove collections. Home. UMBC Electronic Theses and Dissertations Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the... Reference URL Share. Add tags Comment. To link to this object, paste this link in email, IM or document. To embed this object, paste this HTML in website. Theoretical and Experimental Evaluation of a Simple Cooling Pad for Inducing Hypothermia in the Brain and in the Spinal Cord Following Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury. View Description. Print. This item is restricted to only allow viewing of ...
http://contentdm.ad.umbc.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/ETD/id/24377/rec/11108
*  Spinal cord trauma - Penn State Hershey Medical Center
... Library Home. Find A Physician. Find A Practice. Request An Appointment. Search Clinical Studies. Classes and Support Groups. Ask A Health Librarian. Subscribe to eNewsletters. Bone and Joint. Cancer. Children. Heart. Men. Neurology. Pregnancy. Seniors. Women. • Encyclopedia Home. • Diseases A-Z. • Printer-friendly version. Penn State Hershey Services • Neurology. • Find a Physician. Images. Vertebrae. Cauda equina. Vertebra and spi... . Care Points • Preventing pressure ulcers... Read More • Rheumatoid arthritis. • Osteoporosis - overview. • Urinary incontinence. • Urinary tract infection - a... • Chronic. • Obstructive uropathy. • Bowel incontinence. • Erection problems. • Deep venous thrombosis. • Shock. In-Depth Reports • Rheumatoid arthritis. • Osteoporosis. • Urinary incontinence. . Spinal cord trauma Definition Spinal cord trauma is damage to the spinal cord. It may result from direct injury to the cord itself or indirectly from disease of the ...
http://pennstatehershey.adam.com/content.aspx?productId=117&pid=1&gid=001066
*  Neuralstem gets FDA nod for spinal cord trial - BioSpectrum Asia
... Sign In Here Email Id:. Password field is Required. Email field is Required Valid Email is Required Password:. Password field is Required. Subscribe. BioTech. Stem Cells. Illumina join hands with Amoy Diagnostics... China. Japan. Singapore. Stem Cells. Neuralstem gets FDA nod for spinal cord trial. Neuralstem gets FDA nod for spinal cord trial. Updated on 17 January 2013 US FDA approves Neuralstem's phase I safety trials of its lead candidate, NSI-566, using human spinal stem cell transplantation methodologies in the treatment of chronic spinal cord injury patients. Hope for chronic spinal cord injury patients - Neuralstem's phase I stem cell transplantation safety trials of its lead candidate NSI-566 gets FDA nod. Singapore: Neuralstem received approval from the US FDA to start phase I safety trials of its lead cell therapy candidate, NSI-566, in chronic spinal cord injury patients. The primary objective of the study is to ...
http://biospectrumasia.com/biospectrum/regulatory/159318/neuralstem-fda-nod-spinal-cord-trial?WT.rss_f=Biotech&WT.rss_a=Neuralstem gets FDA nod for spinal cord trial
*  Acute Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) - Spine Center - Northwestern Medicine
Acute Spinal Cord Injury SCI - Spine Center - Northwestern Medicine. Cervical Spine. Acute Spinal Cord Injury SCI. Symptoms of an Acute SCI. A lower injury, in the lumbar vertebrae, may affect the nerve and muscle control to the bladder, bowel and legs. The following are the most common symptoms of acute spinal cord injuries. Symptoms may include: Muscle weakness Loss of voluntary muscle movement in the chest, arms or legs Breathing problems Loss of feeling in the chest, arms or legs Loss of bowel and bladder function. The following are the main classifications: Quadriplegia tetraplegia : involves loss of movement and sensation in all four limbs arms and legs ; it affects the chest muscles and may require a mechanical breathing machine for the patient. Cervical Near the Neck Injuries. When spinal cord injuries occur near the neck, symptoms can affect both the arms and the legs: Breathing difficulties from paralysis of the breathing ...
http://spinecenter.nm.org/acute-spinal-cord-injury-sci.html?utm_source=nmh.org/nm/acute-spinal-cord-injury&utm_medium=301re&utm_campaign=nm
*  .. Botox to treat urinary incontinence in spinal cord injury? .. Statistics .. Polls .. Spinal Cord
News Updates. Sign up to receive updates on new spinal cord related articles and find out what's new on the Spinal Cord Injury Zone. Articles By Month. August 2015 17. June 2015 25. April 2015 26. March 2015 21. February 2015 24. January 2015 29. December 2014 18. November 2014 28. October 2014 26. Articles By Year. October 2015. Front Page About Featured News Information Answers Videos Links A-Z Community Search Email Updates Contact. News. Answers. Videos. Links. Featured. Statistics. 4,150 Posts. 1,518 Tags. My Blog Statistics. Polls. View Results. Loading ... View More Polls... Spinal Cord Injury Tag Cloud. Brain Stem Stroke C-1 C-2 C-3 C-4 C-5 C-6 C-7 Cerebral Palsy Complete Incomplete L-1 L-2 L-3 Multiple Sclerosis Muscular Dystrophy Paraplegia Quadriplegia Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy S-1 S-2 S-3 S-4 Spina Bifida Spinocerebellar Degeneration Syringomyelia T-1 T-2 T-3 T-4 T-5 T-6 T-7 T-8 T-9 T-10 T-11 T-12 Transverse Myelitis. Keyword Tag Cloud. Accessibility ...
http://spinalcordinjuryzone.com/tag/irish-medicines-board
*  .. Repaving Old Roads After Spinal Cord Injury .. Post navigation .. Share this: .. Like this: ..
 An incomplete spinal cord injury is sufficient to cause severe motor impairments. In a new study published in Science Translational Medicine , researchers set out to reactivate the inactive networks below a spinal cord injury in rats with chronic, severe, and incomplete SCI.  Deep brain stimulation in the mesencephalic locomotor region MLR of rats with severe spinal cord injury immediately improved locomotor performance in the previously paralytic hindlimbs.  Parkinson’s patients have severe gait disturbances and reduced activity in the supraspinal motor circuits; they also demonstrate severe neuron loss in the MLR motor region.  The results of this study suggest that excitatory stimulation in the MLR by deep brain stimulation could be key to improving gait disturbances in Parkinson’s patients.  Unraveling the overlap between motor impairments in neurodegeneration and spinal cord injury may lead to a new therapeutic approach for ...
http://knowingneurons.com/2013/12/04/repaving-old-roads-after-spinal-cord-injury/
*  Analysis of the Risk Factors for Tracheostomy in Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury.
... To determine the risk factors that have a statistically significant association with the need of tracheostomy in the patients with cervical spinal cord injury CSCI at the acute stage.Summary of Background Data. Although several risk factors for tracheostomy have been postulated in these patients, no definitive factors have yet been established according to a multivariate analysis. The use of vital capacity was considered as a single global measure of respiratory function in spinal cord injury patients but there are very few studies in which the forced vital capacity was investigated as a risk factor for tracheostomy.Methods. We analyzed the factors postulated to increase the risk for tracheostomy, including patient age, neurological impairment scale grade and level, smoking history, preexisting medical comorbidites, respiratory diseases, Injury severity score ISS , force vital capacity FVC , and percentage of vital capacity to the predicted value %VC using a multiple ...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Analysis-Risk-Factors-Tracheostomy-in/22996266.html
*  Vacations Designed For The Disabled - Wheelchair Accessible Holiday Advice And Destinations - Quadri
... plegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Bladder Management. Post Injury Bladder Function. Bladder Management Techniques. Bowel Management. Methods of Bowel Management. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disabled Living Spinal Cord Injuries. Wheelchair Accessible Holiday Advice And Destinations. Javascript Disabled Detected You currently have javascript disabled. Welcome to the Apparelyzed Spinal Cord Injury and Cauda Equina Syndrome Support Forum. Create ...
http://apparelyzed.com/forums/topic/10912-vacations-designed-for-the-disabled/
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Help Us Improve Our Website
uab spinal cord injury model system help us improve our website search go uab scims quicklinks sci fact sheets sci health education videos reproductive health videos for women with sci smoking s effects on sci video pushin on enewsletter rehab tip sheets sci resources in alabama about the uab scims contact the uab scims uab spinal cord injury model system newly injured health daily living consumer groups professional groups research información en español information for the newly injured faqs about spinal cord injury sci emergency medical services hospital acute care rehabilitation more help us improve our website make suggestions the uab scims information network is devoted to making it easier for you to find useful up to date information from reliable sources and we want to hear from you let us know if you find a downed link within our website want to suggest a link to add to our website report a downed link within our website or suggest a link to add invalid ...
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uab spinal cord injury model system help us improve our website search go uab scims quicklinks sci fact sheets sci health education videos reproductive health videos for women with sci smoking s effects on sci video pushin on enewsletter rehab tip sheets sci resources in alabama about the uab scims contact the uab scims uab spinal cord injury model system newly injured health daily living consumer groups professional groups research información en español information for the newly injured faqs about spinal cord injury sci emergency medical services hospital acute care rehabilitation more help us improve our website make suggestions the uab scims information network is devoted to making it easier for you to find useful up to date information from reliable sources and we want to hear from you let us know if you find a downed link within our website want to suggest a link to add to our website report a downed link within our website or suggest a link to add invalid ...
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*  Synergy Seat For Sale ( Usa) - Disability Classifieds - Equipment - Secondhand Wheelchairs - For Sal
Synergy Seat For Sale Usa - Disability Classifieds - Equipment - Secondhand Wheelchairs - For Sale / Wanted - Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury. Forums. Spinal Cord Injury Conditions. Bladder Management. Post Injury Bladder Function. Bowel Management. Function of the Bowel. Cauda Equina Syndrome. Incomplete Spinal Cord Injuries. The Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury. Pain Management. Introduction to Spinal Cord Injury Pain. Types of Pain Medication. Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic/Tetraplegic Spinal Cord Injury. The Spinal Cord. Spinal Cord Injury. Quadriplegic and Paraplegic Spinal Cord Injuries. Disability Equipment. Disability Classifieds - Equipment - Secondhand Wheelchairs - For Sale / Wanted. Javascript Disabled Detected You currently have javascript disabled. Welcome to the ...
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*  New Understanding of Nerve Damage Caused by Spinal Cord Injury Could Improve Treatment Design
... 03 January 2013 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., Publishers More than half of traumatic spinal cord injuries SCI in humans are cervical lesions, resulting in chronic loss of limb function. A better understanding of the link between the neurologic damage caused by SCI, spontaneous motor function recovery, and long-term motor deficits would lead to better therapeutic approaches, as discussed in an article in Journal of Neurotrauma , a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free on the Journal of Neurotrauma website at http://www.liebertpub.com/neu. In the article "Dynamic Motor Compensations with Permanent, Focal Loss of Forelimb Force after Cervical Spinal Cord Injury," they propose that a premotoneuronal system in the cervical spine may be involved in the production and chronic nature of limb impairment, which could have important implications for the design of future treatment methods. "This paper is important to the ...
http://alphagalileo.org/ViewItem.aspx?ItemId=127298&CultureCode=en
*  .. Miracles Do Exist for Spinal Cord Injuries .. Statistics .. Polls .. Spinal Cord Injury Tag Clou
News Updates Sign up to receive updates on new spinal cord related articles and find out what's new on the Spinal Cord Injury Zone. Articles By Month. September 2015 19. August 2015 17. July 2015 25. June 2015 25. May 2015 25. April 2015 26. March 2015 21. February 2015 24. January 2015 29. December 2014 18. November 2014 28. October 2014 26. Articles By Year. 2015. 2014. 2013. 2012. 2011. 2010. 2009. 2008. 2007. 2006. 2005. 2004. 2003. 2002. 2001. 2000. October 2015. S M T W T F S. « Sep. . 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. Pages. Front Page About Featured News Information Answers Videos Links A-Z Community Search Email Updates Contact. Categories. News Information Answers Videos Links Featured. Statistics. Total Stats. 4,150 Posts 1,518 Tags. My Blog Statistics. Polls. What Level is Your Spinal Cord Injury. C1 - C3 C4 - C7 T1 - T6 T7 - T12 L1 - S5 No Spinal Injury. View Results. Loading ...
http://spinalcordinjuryzone.com/news/2161/miracles-do-exist-for-spinal-cord-injuries
*  Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury
... Functional electrical stimulation. Post-discharge rehabilitation therapy Functional independence. The rehabilitation process following a spinal cord injury typically begins in the acute care setting. Functional electrical stimulation. Treadmill training, over ground training, and functional electrical stimulation can all be used to improve walking or locomotor activity. Though rehabilitation interventions are performed during the acute phase, recent literature suggests that 44% of the total hours spent on rehabilitation during the first year after spinal cord injury, occur after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. Whether patients are placed in inpatient rehabilitation or discharged, occupational therapists attempt to maximize functional independence at this stage. Literature has shown that participants with spinal cord injuries that had massage therapy added into their rehabilitation had significant improvement observed by physical therapist in ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rehabilitation_in_spinal_cord_injury
*  Spasticity management for spinal cord injury Research - Mayo Clinic
... All Mayo Clinic Topics. Patient Care & Health Info. Healthy Lifestyle. Diseases & Conditions A-Z. Tests & Procedures A-Z. Appointments. Patient & Visitor Guide. Patient Online Services. Quality Care Find out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care. About Mayo Clinic. Meet the Staff Find a directory of doctors and departments at all Mayo Clinic campuses. Find Clinical Trials. Research and Clinical Trials See how Mayo Clinic research and clinical trials advance the science of medicine and improve patient care. Mayo Medical School. Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education. Professional Services Explore Mayo Clinic’s many resources and see jobs available for medical professionals. Products & Services. Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Medical Products. Giving to Mayo Clinic. Give to Mayo Clinic Help set a new world standard in care for people everywhere. Appointments at Mayo Clinic. Tests and Procedures Spasticity management for spinal cord injury. Care at Mayo Clinic. Why choose ...
http://mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/spasticity-management/care-at-mayo-clinic/research/prc-20021778
*  .. Search News Summaries For: .. WHO Releases Report On Global Spinal Cord Injuries .. recent repo
facebook twitter email print home global health policy kaiser daily global health policy report december who releases report on global spinal cord injuries dec the says as many as people suffer spinal cord injuries every year voa news reports decapua people with spinal cord injuries are two to five times more likely to die prematurely with worse survival rates in low and middle income countries says a new report released monday rtt news writes adding the report titled international perspectives on spinal cord injury summarizes the best available evidence on the causes prevention care and lived experience of people with spinal cord injury according to the report males are most at risk of spinal cord injury between the ages of years and years and older while females are most at risk between the ages of years and years and older up to percent of spinal cord injury cases are due to ...
http://kff.org/news-summary/who-releases-report-on-global-spinal-cord-injuries/
*  Spinal Cord Injury Update: Understanding SCI pain
... Spinal Cord Injury Update. Understanding pain and spinal cord injury As anyone with SCI knows only too well, chronic pain is a frequent problem after SCI and often causes more disability than the paralysis itself. Because chronic SCI pain is such a widespread problem and so difficult to treat, this issue of SCI Update is devoted to pain after SCI: understanding it, treating it and living with it. Types and causes of SCI pain People with SCI often experience many different types and locations of pain, and this is one of the things that makes pain after SCI so difficult to treat. Neuropathic pain This is the most common type of chronic pain in the SCI population and the hardest to treat. Neuropathic pain is usually felt at or below the injury level, but can also occur above the level of injury. Your physician may order an X-ray or MRI magnetic resonance imaging of your spine to make sure there is no bone or spinal cord abnormality such as a syrinx a cavity that ...
http://sci.washington.edu/info/newsletters/articles/09_spr_understanding_pain.asp
*  JCSM - Sleep Disordered Breathing in Chronic Spinal Cord Injury
... 1 Sleep Disordered Breathing in Chronic Spinal Cord Injury .65-72 Abdulghani Sankari, M.D., Ph.D.; Amy Bascom, M.S.; Sowmini Oomman, M.D., Ph.D.; M. SCI patients had SDB AHI 5 events/h in 77% of the cases using the new AASM scoring criteria compared to 65% using standard conventional criteria p 0.05. Decreased V I and increased P ET CO 2 during sleep in patients with cervical SCI relative to thoracic SCI suggests that sleep related hypoventilation may contribute to the pathogenesis SDB in patients with chronic cervical SCI. Inclusion criteria were as follows: non-ventilator dependent subjects with chronic SCI 6 months post-injury, American Spinal Injury Association grade A, B, C, or D, spanning the spectrum from cervical to thoracic levels T6 and above. Mean values of % predicted forced vial capacity FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC of 26 SCI participants during upright gray bars and supine white bars positions. Figure 1 Mean values of % predicted forced vial capacity FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC ...
http://aasmnet.org/jcsm/ViewAbstract.aspx?pid=29297
*  New Device Helps Victims of Spinal Cord Injury - latimes
... Advertisement. New Device Helps Victims of Spinal Cord Injury. AMY BETH GRAVES. CLEVELAND — A new device that was surgically implanted into a spinal cord injury victim allows him to talk easier and breathe without a bulky ventilator. There's nothing like this in the world," said Tom Conlan, 36, who injured his spinal cord in a swimming accident in 1998 and is a quadriplegic. Now I don't." Doctors at University Hospitals and Case Western Reserve University developed the device, which they described as being less risky and less expensive than previous surgical implants. About 10,000 Americans suffer spinal cord injuries every year, according to the National Institutes of Health. Of that number, about 500 people suffer injuries that require them to use a ventilator, said Dr. Raymond Onders, who performed surgery on Conlan last year. Doctors surgically implanted the device in Conlan in an outpatient procedure by placing electrodes ...
http://articles.latimes.com/2001/mar/18/news/mn-39189
*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Help Us Improve Our Website
... Search ... Go. UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Research. Información En Español. Daily Living Topics. Adjustment. Assistive Adaptive Technology. Caregiving. Family Relationships. Health Management. Secondary Medical Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Kidneys. Bowel. Neurogenic Bowel Management: Clinical Practice Guidelines. Cardiovascular Disease. Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT. Depression. Obesity. Osteoporosis. Sexual Dysfunction. Urinary Tract Infection UTI. Patient/Doctor Interaction. Medications. Exercise Fitness. Nutrition. Nutrition. Sexuality Sexual Function. Veteran's Resources. . More Help Us Improve Our Website. Make Suggestions. The UAB-SCIMS ...
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*  UAB - Spinal Cord Injury Model System - Help Us Improve Our Website
... Search ... Go. UAB-SCIMS Quicklinks SCI Fact Sheets. SCI Health Education Videos. Reproductive Health Videos for Women with SCI. Smoking's Effects on SCI Video. Pushin' On eNewsletter. Rehab Tip Sheets. SCI Resources in Alabama. About the UAB-SCIMS. Contact the UAB-SCIMS. UAB Spinal Cord Injury Model System. Newly Injured. Health. Daily Living. Consumer Groups. Professional Groups. Research. Información En Español. Daily Living Topics. Adjustment. Assistive Adaptive Technology. Caregiving. Family Relationships. Health Management. Secondary Medical Conditions. Autonomic Dysreflexia. Bladder Kidneys. Bowel. Cardiovascular Disease. Deep Vein Thrombosis DVT. Depression. Heterotopic Ossification. Hypotension. Influenza Pneumonia. Obesity. Osteoporosis. Pain. Pressure Ulcers Skin. Pulmonary Embolism. Sexual Dysfunction. Sleep Apnea. Spasticity. Substance Abuse. Syringomyelia Syrinx. Type 2 Diabetes. Urinary Tract Infection UTI. Patient/Doctor Interaction. Medications. Exercise Fitness. ...
http://uab.edu/medicine/sci/daily-living/managing-personal-health/secondary-medical-conditions/pain/17-uab-scims-information/uab-scims-information/35-help-us-improve

Rehabilitation in spinal cord injury: When treating a person with a spinal cord injury, repairing the damage created by injury is the ultimate goal. By using a variety of treatments, greater improvements are achieved, and, therefore, treatment should not be limited to one method.Neuromere: Neuromeres are morphologically or molecularly defined transient segments of the early developing brain. Rhombomeres are such segments that make up the rhombencephalon or hindbrain.List of people with paraplegia: This is a list of people who have or had paraplegia.Upper-limb surgery in tetraplegia: Upper-limb surgery in tetraplegia includes a number of surgical interventions that can help improve the quality of life of a patient with tetraplegia.Canine degenerative myelopathy: Canine degenerative myelopathy, also known as chronic degenerative radiculomyelopathy, is an incurable, progressive disease of the canine spinal cord that is similar in many ways to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Onset is typically after the age of 7 years and it is seen most frequently in the German shepherd dog, Pembroke Welsh corgi, and boxer dog, though the disorder is strongly associated with a gene mutation in SOD1 that has been found in 43 breeds as of 2008, including the wire fox terrier, Chesapeake Bay retriever, Rhodesian ridgeback, and Cardigan Welsh corgi.Cervical fractureNeuroregeneration: Neuroregeneration refers to the regrowth or repair of nervous tissues, cells or cell products. Such mechanisms may include generation of new neurons, glia, axons, myelin, or synapses.National Center for Injury Prevention and Control: The U.S.HyperreflexiaSpinal tumorUpper motor neuron lesion: An upper motor neuron lesion (also known as pyramidal insufficiency) is a lesion of the neural pathway above the anterior horn cell of the spinal cord or motor nuclei of the cranial nerves. This is in contrast to a lower motor neuron lesion, which affects nerve fibers traveling from the anterior horn of the spinal cord or the cranial motor nuclei to the relevant muscle(s).Clay-shoveler fracture: Clay-shoveler's fracture is a stable fracture through the spinous process of a vertebra occurring at any of the lower cervical or upper thoracic vertebrae, classically at C6 or C7. In Australia in the 1930s, men digging deep ditches tossed clay 10 to 15 feet above their heads using long handled shovels.Flaccid paralysisMotorized wheelchair: A motorized wheelchair, powerchair, electric wheelchair or electric-powered wheelchair (EPW) is a wheelchair that is propelled by means of an electric motor rather than manual power. Motorized wheelchairs are useful for those unable to propel a manual wheelchair or who may need to use a wheelchair for distances or over terrain which would be fatiguing in a manual wheelchair.Walker (BEAM): In BEAM robotics, a walker is a walking machine that has a driven mode of locomotion by intermittent ground-contacting legs. They usually possess 1 to 12 (generally, three or less) motors.Cerebral contusionPeripheral nerve injury classification: Classification of peripheral nerve injury assists in prognosis and determination of treatment strategy. Classification of nerve injury was described by Seddon in 1943 and by Sunderland in 1951.Sensory stimulation therapy: Sensory stimulation therapy (SST) is an experimental therapy that aims to utilize neural plasticity mechanisms to aid in the recovery of somatosensory function after stroke or cognitive ageing. Stroke and cognitive ageing are well known sources of cognitive loss, the former by neuronal death, the later by weakening of neural connections.Renshaw cell: Renshaw cells are inhibitory interneurons found in the gray matter of the spinal cord, and are associated in two ways with an alpha motor neuron.Brain injury: A brain injury is any injury occurring in the brain of a living organism. Brain injuries can be classified along several dimensions.Gross pathology: Gross pathology refers to macroscopic manifestations of disease in organs, tissues, and body cavities. The term is commonly used by anatomical pathologists to refer to diagnostically useful findings made during the gross examination portion of surgical specimen processing or an autopsy.Axon guidance: Axon guidance (also called axon pathfinding) is a subfield of neural development concerning the process by which neurons send out axons to reach the correct targets. Axons often follow very precise paths in the nervous system, and how they manage to find their way so accurately is being researched.Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk: The Braden Scale for Predicting Pressure Ulcer Risk, is a tool that was developed in 1987 by Barbara Braden and Nancy Bergstrom.LaminectomySacral anterior root stimulator: An implantable medical device enabling patients with a spinal cord lesion to empty their bladders.Superior cluneal nerves: The superior cluneal nerves innervate the skin of the upper part of the buttocks. They are the terminal ends of lateral rami of the posterior rami of lumbar spinal nerves (L1, 2, 3).Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingNeuropathic painAging movement control: Normal aging movement control in humans is about the changes on the muscles, motor neurons, nerves, sensory functions, gait, fatigue, visual and manual responses, in men and women as they get older but who do not have neurological, muscular (atrophy, dystrophy...) or neuromuscular disorder.CordotomyCancer pain: Pain in cancer may arise from a tumor compressing or infiltrating nearby body parts; from treatments and diagnostic procedures; or from skin, nerve and other changes caused by a hormone imbalance or immune response. Most chronic (long-lasting) pain is caused by the illness and most acute (short-term) pain is caused by treatment or diagnostic procedures.SpasmWithdrawal reflex: The withdrawal reflex (nociceptive or flexor withdrawal reflex) is a spinal reflex intended to protect the body from damaging stimuli. It is polysynaptic, causing stimulation of sensory, association, and motor neurons.Urinary catheterizationHopkins syndrome: Hopkins syndrome is a neurological disorder. Its cause has not been established, but its association with asthma exacerbations (usually with a respiratory infection as a trigger) has led to suspicion that the initial viral insult that causes the respiratory infection is also implicated in the subsequent paralysis.HSD2 neurons: HSD2 neurons are a small group of neurons in the brainstem which are uniquely sensitive to the mineralocorticosteroid hormone aldosterone, through expression of HSD11B2. They are located within the caudal medulla oblongata, in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS).Remyelination: Remyelination is the process of propagating oligodendrocyte precursor cells to form oligodendrocytes to create new myelin sheaths on demyelinated axons in the CNS. This is a process naturally regulated in the body and tends to be very efficient in a healthy CNS.Homeostatic plasticity: In neuroscience, homeostatic plasticity refers to the capacity of neurons to regulate their own excitability relative to network activity, a compensatory adjustment that occurs over the timescale of days. Synaptic scaling has been proposed as a potential mechanism of homeostatic plasticity.Spinal anaesthesia: Spinal anaesthesia (or spinal anesthesia), also called spinal analgesia, spinal block or subarachnoid block (SAB), is a form of regional anaesthesia involving injection of a local anaesthetic into the subarachnoid space, generally through a fine needle, usually 9 cm long (3.5 inches).Neuroprotection: Neuroprotection refers to the relative preservation of neuronal structure and/or function. In the case of an ongoing insult (a neurodegenerative insult) the relative preservation of neuronal integrity implies a reduction in the rate of neuronal loss over time, which can be expressed as a differential equation.Cortical stimulation mapping: Cortical stimulation mapping (often shortened to CSM) is a type of electrocorticography that involves a physically invasive procedure and aims to localize the function of specific brain regions through direct electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex. It remains one of the earliest methods of analyzing the brain and has allowed researchers to study the relationship between cortical structure and systemic function.Opioid-induced hyperalgesia: Opioid-induced hyperalgesia or opioid-induced abnormal pain sensitivity, also called paradoxical hyperalgesia is a phenomenon associated with the long term use of opioids such as morphine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, and methadone. Over time, individuals taking opioids can develop an increasing sensitivity to noxious stimuli, even evolving a painful response to previously non-noxious stimuli (allodynia).Brain healing: Brain healing is the process that occurs after the brain has been damaged. If an individual survives brain damage, the brain has a remarkable ability to adapt.Cervical spine disorder: Cervical Spine Disorders are illnesses that are relatively detrimental to ones physical health. These ailments exist in the cervical spine which is made up of the upper first seven vertebrae, encasing and shielding the Spinal cord.Astrocyte: Astrocytes (Astro from Greek astron = star and cyte from Greek "kyttaron" = cell), also known collectively as astroglia, are characteristic star-shaped glial cells in the brain and spinal cord. The proportion of astrocytes in the brain is not well defined.Glial fibrillary acidic protein: Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is a protein that is encoded by the GFAP gene in humans.Bladder augmentation: Bladder augmentation is a surgical alteration of the urinary bladder. It involves removing strips of tissue from the intestinal tract and adding this to the tissue of the bladder.Umbilical cord compressionWalking on a Dream (song)Interbody fusion cage: An interbody fusion cage (colloquially known as a "spine cage") is a prosthesis used in spinal fusion procedures to maintain foraminal height and decompression. They are cylindrical or square-shaped devices, and usually threaded.Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital: The Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital is a bilingual hospital center offering general and specialized services dedicated to rehabilitation. Located in Laval, Canada, the Jewish Rehabilitation Hospital is the regional center in physical rehabilitation for adult and pediatric clients in the region.Pain scale: A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features. Pain scales are based on self-report, observational (behavioral), or physiological data.Spinal stenosis: Spinal stenosis is an abnormal narrowing (stenosis) of the spinal canal that may occur in any of the regions of the spine. This narrowing causes a restriction to the spinal canal, resulting in a neurological deficit.Progressive osseous heteroplasia: Progressive osseous heteroplasia is a cutaneous condition characterized by cutaneous or subcutaneous ossification.Myokine: A myokine is one of several hundred cytokines or other small proteins (~5–20 kDa) and proteoglycan peptides that are produced and released by muscle cells (myocytes) in response to muscular contractions.Bente Klarlund Pedersen , Thorbjörn C.Bergmann gliosis: Bergmann gliosis is hyperplasia of Bergmann glia (in the cerebellum) due to Purkinje cell death, as may occur in a hypoxic-ischemic insult or peritumoral compression.Urodynamic testingPrimitive reflexes: Primitive reflexes are reflex actions originating in the central nervous system that are exhibited by normal infants, but not neurologically intact adults, in response to particular stimuli. These reflexes are absent due to the development of the frontal lobes as a child transitions normally into child development.FormicationHyperintensityEpidural space: In the spine, the epidural space (from Ancient Greek ἐπί, "on, upon" + dura mater also known as "epidural cavity", "extradural space" or "peridural space") is an anatomic space that is the outermost part of the spinal canal. It is the space within the canal (formed by the surrounding vertebrae) lying outside the dura mater (which encloses the arachnoid mater, subarachnoid space, the cerebrospinal fluid, and the spinal cord).Philip Hoffman (surfing): Philip Rube "Flippy" Hoffman (January 24, 1930 – November 10, 2010) was a legendary big wave surfing pioneer and businessman.

(1/4276) Adenoviral gene transfer into the normal and injured spinal cord: enhanced transgene stability by combined administration of temperature-sensitive virus and transient immune blockade.

This study characterized gene transfer into both normal and injured adult rat dorsal spinal cord using first (E1-/E3-) or second (E1-/E2A125/E3-, temperature-sensitive; ts) generation of replication-defective adenoviral (Ad) vectors. A novel immunosuppressive regimen aimed at blocking CD4/CD45 lymphocytic receptors was tested for improving transgene persistence. In addition, the effect of gene transfer on nociception was also evaluated. Seven days after treatment, numerous LacZ-positive cells were observed after transfection with either viral vector. By 21 days after transfection, beta-galactosidase staining was reduced and suggestive of ongoing cytopathology in both Ad-treated groups, despite the fact that the immunogenicity of LacZ/Adts appeared less when compared with that elicited by the LacZ/Ad vector. In contrast, immunosuppressed animals showed a significant (P < or = 0.05) increase in the number of LacZ-positive cells not displaying cytopathology. In these animals, a concomitant reduction in numbers of macrophages/microglia and CD4 and CD8 lymphocytes was observed. Only animals that received LacZ/Adts and immunosuppression showed transgene expression after 60 days. Similar results were observed in animals in which the L4-L5 dorsal roots were lesioned before transfection. Gene transfer into the dorsal spinal cord did not affect nociception, independent of the adenovirus vector. These results indicate that immune blockade of the CD4/CD45 lymphocytic receptors enhanced transgene stability in adult animals with normal or injured spinal cords and that persistent transgene expression in the spinal cord does not interfere with normal neural function.  (+info)

(2/4276) Complete compensation in skilled reaching success with associated impairments in limb synergies, after dorsal column lesion in the rat.

Each of the dorsal columns of the rat spinal cord conveys primary sensory information, by way of the medullary dorsal column nucleus, to the ventrobasal thalamus on the contralateral side; thus the dorsal columns are an important source of neural input to the sensorimotor cortex. Damage to the dorsal columns causes impairments in synergistic proximal or whole-body movements in cats and distal limb impairments in primates, particularly in multiarticulated finger movements and tactile foviation while handling objects, but the behavioral effects of afferent fiber lesions in the dorsal columns of rodents have not been described. Female Long-Evans rats were trained to reach with a forelimb for food pellets and subsequently received lesions of the dorsomedial spinal cord at the C2 level, ipsilateral to their preferred limb. Reaching success completely recovered within a few days of dorsal column lesion. Nevertheless, a detailed analysis of high-speed video recordings revealed that rotatory limb movements (aiming, pronation, supination, etc.) were irreversibly impaired. Compensation was achieved with whole-body and alternate limb movements. These results indicate the following: (1) in the absence of the dorsal columns, other sensorimotor pathways support endpoint success in reaching; (2) sensory input conveyed by the dorsal columns is important for both proximal and distal limb movements used for skilled reaching; and (3) detailed behavioral analyses in addition to endpoint measures are necessary to completely describe the effects of dorsal column lesions.  (+info)

(3/4276) Effects of spinal cord injury on spermatogenesis and the expression of messenger ribonucleic acid for Sertoli cell proteins in rat Sertoli cell-enriched testes.

The study was an examination of the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI) on spermatogenesis and Sertoli cell functions in adult rats with Sertoli cell-enriched (SCE) testes. The effects of SCI on the seminiferous epithelium were characterized by abnormalities in the remaining spermatogenic cells during the first month after SCI. Three days after SCI, serum testosterone levels were 80% lower, while serum FSH and LH levels were 25% and 50% higher, respectively, than those of sham control SCE rats. At this time, the levels of mRNA for androgen receptor (AR), FSH receptor (FSH-R), and androgen-binding protein (ABP) were normal whereas those for transferrin (Trf) had decreased by 40%. Thereafter, serum testosterone levels increased, but they remained lower than those of the sham control rats 28 days after SCI; and serum FSH and LH levels returned to normal. The levels of mRNA for AR, ABP, and Trf exhibited a biphasic increase 7 days after SCI and remained elevated 28 days after SCI. FSH-R mRNA levels were also elevated 90 days after SCI. Unexpectedly, active spermatogenesis, including qualitatively complete spermatogenesis, persisted in > 40% of the tubules 90 days after SCI. These results suggest that the stem cells and/or undifferentiated spermatogonia in SCE testes are less susceptible to the deleterious effects of SCI than the normal testes and that they were able to proliferate and differentiate after SCI. The presence of elevated levels of mRNA for Sertoli cell FSH-R and AR, as well as of that for the Sertoli cell proteins, in the SCE testes during the chronic stage of SCI suggests a modification of Sertoli cell physiology. Such changes in Sertoli cell functions may provide a beneficial environment for the proliferation of the stem cells and differentiation of postmeiotic cells, thus resulting in the persistence of spermatogenesis in these testes.  (+info)

(4/4276) Disabling injuries of the cervical spine in Argentine rugby over the last 20 years.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and risk factors of disabling injuries to the cervical spine in rugby in Argentina. METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases reported to the Medical Committee of the Argentine Rugby Union (UAR) and Rugby Amistad Foundation was carried out including a follow up by phone. Cumulative binomial distribution, chi 2 test, Fisher test, and comparison of proportions were used to analyse relative incidence and risk of injury by position and by phase of play (Epi Info 6, Version 6.04a). RESULTS: Eighteen cases of disabling injury to the cervical spine were recorded from 1977 to 1997 (0.9 cases per year). The forwards (14 cases) were more prone to disabling injury of the cervical spine than the backs (four cases) (p = 0.03). Hookers (9/18) were at highest risk of injury (p < 0.01). The most frequent cervical injuries occurred at the 4th, 5th, and 6th vertebrae. Seventeen of the injuries occurred during match play. Set scrums were responsible for most of the injuries (11/18) but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.44). The mean age of the injured players was 22. Tetraplegia was initially found in all cases. Physical rehabilitation has been limited to the proximal muscles of the upper limbs, except for two cases of complete recovery. One death, on the seventh day after injury, was reported. CONCLUSIONS: The forwards suffered a higher number of injuries than the backs and this difference was statistically significant. The chance of injury for hookers was statistically higher than for the rest of the players and it was particularly linked to scrummaging. However, the number of injuries incurred in scrums was not statistically different from the number incurred in other phases of play.  (+info)

(5/4276) Energy cost of propulsion in standard and ultralight wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injuries.

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Wheelchair- and subject-related factors influence the efficiency of wheelchair propulsion. The purpose of this study was to compare wheelchair propulsion in ultralight and standard wheelchairs in people with different levels of spinal cord injury. SUBJECTS: Seventy-four subjects (mean age=26.2 years, SD=7.14, range=17-50) with spinal cord injury resulting in motor loss (30 with tetraplegia and 44 with paraplegia) were studied. METHOD: Each subject propelled standard and ultralight wheelchairs around an outdoor track at self-selected speeds, while data were collected at 4 predetermined intervals. Speed, distance traveled, and oxygen cost (VO2 mL/kg/m) were compared by wheelchair, group, and over time, using a Bonferroni correction. RESULTS: In the ultralight wheelchair, speed and distance traveled were greater for both subjects with paraplegia and subjects with tetraplegia, whereas VO2 was less only for subjects with paraplegia. Subjects with paraplegia propelled faster and farther than did subjects with tetraplegia. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION: The ultralight wheelchair improved the efficiency of propulsion in the tested subjects. Subjects with tetraplegia, especially at the C6 level, are limited in their ability to propel a wheelchair.  (+info)

(6/4276) Heart rate during exercise with leg vascular occlusion in spinal cord-injured humans.

Feed-forward and feedback mechanisms are both important for control of the heart rate response to muscular exercise, but their origin and relative importance remain inadequately understood. To evaluate whether humoral mechanisms are of importance, the heart rate response to electrically induced cycling was studied in participants with spinal cord injury (SCI) and compared with that elicited during volitional cycling in able-bodied persons (C). During voluntary exercise at an oxygen uptake of approximately 1 l/min, heart rate increased from 66 +/- 4 to 86 +/- 4 (SE) beats/min in seven C, and during electrically induced exercise at a similar oxygen uptake in SCI it increased from 73 +/- 3 to 110 +/- 8 beats/min. In contrast, blood pressure increased only in C (from 88 +/- 3 to 99 +/- 4 mmHg), confirming that, during exercise, blood pressure control is dominated by peripheral neural feedback mechanisms. With vascular occlusion of the legs, the exercise-induced increase in heart rate was reduced or even eliminated in the electrically stimulated SCI. For C, heart rate tended to be lower than during exercise with free circulation to the legs. Release of the cuff elevated heart rate only in SCI. These data suggest that humoral feedback is of importance for the heart rate response to exercise and especially so when influence from the central nervous system and peripheral neural feedback from the working muscles are impaired or eliminated during electrically induced exercise in individuals with SCI.  (+info)

(7/4276) M2 receptors in genito-urinary smooth muscle pathology.

In vitro bladder contractions in response to cumulative carbachol doses were measured in the presence of selective muscarinic antagonists from rats which had their major pelvic ganglion bilaterally removed (denervation, DEN) or from rats in which the spinal cord was injured (SCI) via compression. DEN induced both hypertrophy (505+/-51 mg bladder weight) and a supersensitivity of the bladders to carbachol (EC50=0.7+/-0.1 uM). Some of the SCI rats regained the ability to void spontaneously (SPV). The bladders of these animals weighed 184+/-17 mg, significantly less than the bladders of non voiding rats (NV, 644+/-92 mg). The potency of carbachol was greater in bladder strips from NV SCI animals (EC50=0.54+/-0.1 uM) than either bladder strips from SPV SCI (EC50=0.93+/-0.3 microM), DEN or control (EC50=1.2+/-0.1 microM) animals. Antagonist affinities in control bladders for antagonism of carbachol induced contractions were consistent with M3 mediated contractions. Antagonist affinities in DEN bladders for 4-diphenlacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP, 8.5) and para fluoro hexahydrosilodifenidol (p-F-HHSiD, 6.6); were consistent with M2 mediated contractions, although the methoctramine affinity (6.5) was consistent with M3 mediated contractions. p-F-HHSiD inhibited carbachol induced contraction with an affinity consistent with M2 receptors in bladders from NV SCI (pKb=6.4) animals and M3 receptors in bladders from SPV SCI animals (pKb=7.9). Subtype selective immunoprecipitation of muscarinic receptors revealed an increase in total and an increase in M2 receptor density with no change in M3 receptor density in bladders from DEN and NV SCI animals compared to normal or sham operated controls. M3 receptor density was lower in bladders from SPV SCI animals while the M2 receptor density was not different from control. This increase in M2 receptor density is consistent with the change in affinity of the antagonists for inhibition of carbachol induced contractions and may indicate that M2 receptors or a combination of M2 and M3 receptors directly mediate smooth muscle contraction in bladders from DEN and NV SCI rats.  (+info)

(8/4276) Primary afferent fibers that contribute to increased substance P receptor internalization in the spinal cord after injury.

Upon noxious stimulation, substance P (SP) is released from primary afferent fibers into the spinal cord where it interacts with the SP receptor (SPR). The SPR is located throughout the dorsal horn and undergoes endocytosis after agonist binding, which provides a spatial image of SPR-containing neurons that undergo agonist interaction. Under normal conditions, SPR internalization occurs only in SPR+ cell bodies and dendrites in the superficial dorsal horn after noxious stimulation. After nerve transection and inflammation, SPR immunoreactivity increases, and both noxious as well as nonnoxious stimulation produces SPR internalization in the superficial and deep dorsal horn. We investigated the primary afferent fibers that contribute to enhanced SPR internalization in the spinal cord after nerve transection and inflammation. Internalization evoked by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve was examined in untreated animals, at 14 days after sciatic nerve transection or sham surgery and at 3 days after hindpaw inflammation. Electrical stimulation was delivered at intensities to excite Abeta fibers only, Abeta and Adelta fibers or A and C fibers as determined by the compound action potential recorded from the tibial nerve. Electrical stimuli were delivered at a constant rate of 10 Hz for a duration of 5 min. Transection of the sciatic nerve and inflammation produced a 33.7 and 32.5% increase in SPR and immunoreactivity in lamina I, respectively. Under normal conditions, stimulation of Adelta or C fibers evoked internalization that was confined to the superficial dorsal horn. After transection or inflammation, there was a 20-24% increase in the proportion of SPR+ lamina I neurons that exhibited internalization evoked by stimulation of Adelta fibers. The proportion of lamina I SPR+ neurons that exhibited internalization after stimulation of C-fibers was not altered by transection or inflammation because this was nearly maximal under normal conditions. Moreover, electrical stimulation sufficient to excite C fibers evoked SPR internalization in 22% of SPR+ lamina III neurons after nerve transection and in 32-36% of SPR+ neurons in lamina III and IV after inflammation. Stimulation of Abeta fibers alone never evoked internalization in the superficial or deep dorsal horn. These results indicate that activation of small-caliber afferent fibers contributes to the enhanced SPR internalization in the spinal cord after nerve transection and inflammation and suggest that recruitment of neurons that possess the SPR contributes to hyperalgesia.  (+info)


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