Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Social Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Social Mobility: The movement or shifting of membership between or within social classes by individuals or by groups.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Social Isolation: The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.WalesSocioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.EnglandScotlandSocial Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Great BritainSocial Adjustment: Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)Social Conditions: The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Social Dominance: Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Social Media: Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Illegitimacy: The state of birth outside of wedlock. It may refer to the offspring or the parents.Hierarchy, Social: Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Fathers: Male parents, human or animal.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.FinlandInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Histocompatibility Antigens Class I: Membrane glycoproteins consisting of an alpha subunit and a BETA 2-MICROGLOBULIN beta subunit. In humans, highly polymorphic genes on CHROMOSOME 6 encode the alpha subunits of class I antigens and play an important role in determining the serological specificity of the surface antigen. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during GRAFT REJECTION and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells.Social Values: Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.Social Problems: Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Histocompatibility Antigens Class II: Large, transmembrane, non-covalently linked glycoproteins (alpha and beta). Both chains can be polymorphic although there is more structural variation in the beta chains. The class II antigens in humans are called HLA-D ANTIGENS and are coded by a gene on chromosome 6. In mice, two genes named IA and IE on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens. The antigens are found on B-lymphocytes, macrophages, epidermal cells, and sperm and are thought to mediate the competence of and cellular cooperation in the immune response. The term IA antigens used to refer only to the proteins encoded by the IA genes in the mouse, but is now used as a generic term for any class II histocompatibility antigen.Social Behavior Disorders: Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.Intelligence: The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Social Security: Government sponsored social insurance programs.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Psychology, Social: The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Social Desirability: A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.LondonGermany, WestSocial Identification: The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Political Systems: The units based on political theory and chosen by countries under which their governmental power is organized and administered to their citizens.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Social Participation: Involvement in community activities or programs.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.IrelandSocial Conformity: Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Psychosocial Deprivation: The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.Family Characteristics: Size and composition of the family.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Single Parent: A natural, adoptive, or substitute parent of a dependent child, who lives with only one parent. The single parent may live with or visit the child. The concept includes the never-married, as well as the divorced and widowed.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Social Facilitation: Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.Social Alienation: The state of estrangement individuals feel in cultural settings that they view as foreign, unpredictable, or unacceptable.Phobic Disorders: Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.DenmarkPoverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.Social Medicine: A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.Social Marketing: Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Respiration Disorders: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Self Concept: A person's view of himself.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Single Person: The unmarried man or woman.Type A Personality: Established behavior pattern characterized by excessive drive and ambition, impatience, competitiveness, sense of time urgency, and poorly contained aggression.Birth Order: The sequence in which children are born into the family.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Mothers: Female parents, human or animal.Family: A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.Adaptation, Psychological: A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Northern IrelandPrejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.SwedenMorbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.United StatesInfant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Crowding: An excessive number of individuals, human or animal, in relation to available space.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Hospitals, State: Hospitals controlled by agencies and departments of the state government.Adoption: Voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be as one's own child, usually with legal confirmation.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Unconscious (Psychology): Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.House Calls: Visits to the patient's home by professional personnel for the purpose of diagnosis and/or treatment.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Ownership: The legal relation between an entity (individual, group, corporation, or-profit, secular, government) and an object. The object may be corporeal, such as equipment, or completely a creature of law, such as a patent; it may be movable, such as an animal, or immovable, such as a building.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Dominance-Subordination: Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Paternal Exposure: Exposure of the male parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Twins: Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Social Determinants of Health: The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (http://www.cdc.gov/socialdeterminants/).Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Confounding Factors (Epidemiology): Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Social Stigma: A perceived attribute that is deeply discrediting and is considered to be a violation of social norms.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Censuses: Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)Friends: Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Schools: Educational institutions.Poisoning: A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.Intelligence Tests: Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Social Work, Psychiatric: Use of all social work processes in the treatment of patients in a psychiatric or mental health setting.Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Emotions: Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.BrazilReinforcement, Social: The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.Personality: Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.Eczema: A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).Bias (Epidemiology): Any deviation of results or inferences from the truth, or processes leading to such deviation. Bias can result from several sources: one-sided or systematic variations in measurement from the true value (systematic error); flaws in study design; deviation of inferences, interpretations, or analyses based on flawed data or data collection; etc. There is no sense of prejudice or subjectivity implied in the assessment of bias under these conditions.Motor Activity: The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.Social Planning: Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.ItalySchizophrenia: A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.Suicide: The act of killing oneself.Body Constitution: The physical characteristics of the body, including the mode of performance of functions, the activity of metabolic processes, the manner and degree of reactions to stimuli, and power of resistance to the attack of pathogenic organisms.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.

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*  All posters for La gata
conditioned by social class difference. Man belongs to the...
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*  .. Shell-shocked: trauma, the emotions and WW1 (Tracey Loughran) .. Post navigation .. Share this:
along lines of social class is an accurate reading of Rivers ... these statements of class prejudice remarkably easily, but not so ... of his primal class identity. This is a knowledge she...
https://ihrconference.wordpress.com/2011/11/23/shell-shocked-madness-the-emotions-and-ww1-tracey-loughran/
*  Cap'n Transit Rides Again: Greenwashing with recreation
, comfort and social class. Posts. Posts. You can email me...
http://capntransit.blogspot.com/2012/09/greenwashing-with-recreation.html
*  .. Archives .. Worst states in the USA for African Americans .. Family Medicine: A dying bre
, Public health , Social determinants of health. Tags:. Family ... , Racial bias , Social Class , Social determinants of health ... Racial bias 14. Social Class 12. Social determinants of ... archives worst states in the usa for african americans tuesday september th at comments off categories health disparities public health social determinants of health tags family medicine a dying breed or a lifeline for u s healthcare sunday august th at comments off categories access to care health disparities health insurance public health racial bias social class social determinants of health women s health tags gun violence a public health threat biggest danger is u s government monday january st at comments off categories public health tags archive for the public health category search this blog recent posts medicare payment policies encourage hospital gaming worst states in the usa for african americans obamacare an insurance card but no guarantee of healthcare service african american men missing persons in...
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*  .. Archives .. CDC report highlights glaring health inequities in United States .. Women’s
, Racial bias , Social Class , Social determinants of health ... : Access to care , Social determinants of health. Tags:. ... Racial bias 14. Social Class 12. Social determinants of ... archives cdc report highlights glaring health inequities in united states friday january th at comments off categories access to care disease health disparities racial bias social class social determinants of health tags women s right to abortion under attack thursday january th at comments off categories access to care tags cuban health brigades battle cholera in haiti monday january rd at comments off categories access to care social determinants of health tags archive for january search this blog recent posts medicare payment policies encourage hospital gaming worst states in the usa for african americans obamacare an insurance card but no guarantee of healthcare service african american men missing persons in medicine family medicine a dying breed or a lifeline for u s healthcare categories access to care disease c...
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*  Middle Class Sociological Definition | RM.com ®
Middle Class Sociological Definition. Middle Class Sociological Definition A selection of articles related to middle class sociological definition. Original articles from our library related to the Middle Class Sociological Definition. How to use the Middle Pillar Meditation So how do we use this system called the Qabalah. In my last essay I gave a meditation called the Middle Pillar. Magick >> Qabalah History of the Egyptian Religion, part IV: Middle Kingdom First Intermediate - Middle Kingdom ca 2181 -1786 bc. Where does Reiki energy come from. Reiki energy comes from the Higher Power, which exists on a higher dimension than the physical... Body Mysteries >> Reiki Meditation and Kaballah II Meditation is one of the most vital elements of occult and esoteric practices, especially in the study of the Kaballah. I've heard it said that prayer is talking to the Divine and meditation is listening for the answers. I've also heard that the answers come... Mind >> Meditation Magick >> Qabalah Meditation and Kaballah...
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*  The importance of childhood socio-economic group for adult health
... Louis. The importance of childhood socio-economic group for adult health. Download info. Author Info. Socio-economic conditions in childhood and their effect on morbidity and mortality in adult life have been discussed frequently during the last 10 years or so. Those experiencing poor conditions early in life are more likely to experience poor conditions later in life and the association between perinatal and childhood factors and adult health is mediated by adult social factors. The variation in general health between childhood socio-economic groups, on the other hand, is significant for women but not for men. It is thus not possible to exclude the possibility that childhood socio-economic conditions have a direct effect on adult health. That childhood socio-economic conditions may be independently related to adult health does not support the hypothesis of 'biological programming'. Download Info. No references listed on IDEAS You can help add them by filling out this form. See general information about ...
https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/socmed/v39y1994i4p553-562.html
*  Socioeconomic status, gender are associated with differences in cholesterol levels -- ScienceDaily
... The researchers found that men in social classes based on occupation with manual jobs had lower cholesterol levels than their counterparts in non-manual social classes. Overall, women were found to have higher total cholesterol levels than men. In men, socioeconomic status was not initially associated with total cholesterol level, but after taking age into account,, men in manual social classes were found to have slightly lower total cholesterol than those in non-manual jobs. In the breakdown of the socioeconomic status factors, the researchers did not expect to see such differences in lipid levels in occupational social class of the women, especially as their social class was based on her partner's occupational social class. They speculate that this may be because men in manual social classes may have more physical activity and no differences in body mass index compared to those in non-manual social classes, whereas women in manual social classes defined by their partners' occupation may not have high p...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140829084251.htm
*  Indian middle class family: Latest News & Videos, Photos about Indian middle class family | The Ec
Indian middle class family: Latest News Videos, Photos about Indian middle class family. The Economic Times. Indiatimes The Times of India The Economic Times More More. FOLLOW ET:. Log In / Join. Indian middle class family. ET Portfolio ET Speed Markets. News. Industry. Small Biz New. Politics. Wealth. MF. Tech. TECH Hardware Software Internet ITeS FOLLOW TECH. Twitter makes it easier to grab onto hot 'Moments'. Twitter made it easier Tuesday to seize hot tweets and high-profile posts from t... Cisco security researchers disable big distributor of "ransomware" Google targets investment Symphony secure messaging Microsoft launches LUMIA 640 4G mobile at Rs 17,399. Jobs. Opinion. NRI. Slideshows. Magazines. Panache Sunday Wealth Brand Equity Corporate Dossier Financial Times FOLLOW PANACHE. More. Newsletters Alerts E-Paper ET intelligence Mobile ET Android App ET iPhone App ET iPad App ET Wealth for iPad ET Blackberry App ET Nokia App ET Markets Android App ET Markets iPhone App Brand Solutions MakeTechHuman Se...
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/Indian-middle-class-family
*  .. Tag Archives: journalists .. Talking with the Press about the Working Class .. Post
 While job loss affects people of all classes these days, readers seem more interested in stories about hedge fund managers losing half their fortune than in profiles of manufacturing or service workers losing their jobs. In part, these attitudes reflect the confusion most Americans have about class.  When asked the open-ended question, “what class do you belong to,” most Americans say they are middle class. But if given four options — lower, working, middle, and upper class — about 45% choose working class, and about the same percentage identify themselves as middle class. I caution reporters that if they use this definition, then the working class seems to be shrinking as more people attend college. While some commentators have suggested that this shift makes the working class less important politically, I argue that this is simply a statistical shift. These days, many working-class people have at least some college education, and the working class continues to matter in American politics. Packer...
https://workingclassstudies.wordpress.com/tag/journalists/
*  "A matter of life and breath: childhood socioeconomic status is related" by Benita Jackson, Laura D
... Browse Collections. Benita Jackson, Harvard University Laura D. Kubzansky, Harvard University Sheldon Cohen, Carnegie Mellon University Follow Scott Weiss, Harvard University Rosalind J. A matter of life and breath: childhood socioeconomic status is related to young adult pulmonary function in the CARDIA study. Background Socioeconomic status SES may contribute to the trajectory of pulmonary function over the life course. Studies suggest that people with lower versus higher SES during childhood subsequently have lower levels of adult pulmonary function. But prospective studies are sparse across young adulthood, an important phase in pulmonary development. Methods Participants were from the Coronary Artery Disease Risk Development in Young Adults CARDIA study: 5113 young adults ages 18–30 at baseline, approximately balanced within centres across gender, self-identified race/ethnicity Black, White, and current SES. Pulmonary function in young adulthood was measured using FEV1 forced expiratory volume in on...
http://repository.cmu.edu/psychology/295/
*  Articles: The Disappearing Middle Class
Karl Marx hated the middle class, or the bourgeoisie, as he called them. Marx stated that people should do things by hand. And the balance between the lower class and their upper-class leaders is upset by the injection of the middle class and its struggles to carve out its niche. was a state where the Ruling Class would own all property in a society. The lower class would work for their uppers, allowed to use the property of the state. student loan program. Same goes for the student loan program. When you punish people for working hard, those people will stop working so hard. True: all these bailouts are transfers of wealth -- not from the rich to the poor, but from the working middle class to both the upper and lower classes. Honest, hardworking middle-class people found it harder to obtain the American Dream as prices skyrocketed. And when the bubble popped, the well- connected upper class looked to their friends in the government to bail them out -- again, with the middle class's money. Everybody won...exc...
http://americanthinker.com/articles/2010/09/the_disappearing_middle_class.html
*  Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class - News - Examiner - I
... ndependence, MO. subscribe. find and save. newsletter. classifieds. Homes. Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Examiner. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. 7, 2014 at 3:12 PM Updated Feb 7, 2014 at 3:12 PM. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. Last year at least 123,000 middle-class jobs died there and only 60 to 80 babies were born to the survivors of that socioeconomic group, raising concerns that this once proud species may be beyond rescue. Richards, a Florida veterinarian and naturalist who has done many hikes in search of the middle class, its dental structure and sexual behavior closely resemble that of the upper class. But in place of trust funds, the middle class has college debt and opportunity, which it uses to chase the American dream. The middle class, Dr. Today, the what remains of the defenseless American middle class is being destroyed primarily by a burdensome and inequitable money-le...
http://examiner.net/article/20140207/NEWS/140209025/10134/OPINION
*  VIDEO: UC Digs Into Realities of Working Class, Middle Class Life in Pompeii
... News. UC News News home. VIDEO: UC Digs Into Realities of Working Class, Middle Class Life in Pompeii. Among U.S.-based efforts, UC researchers currently enjoy exclusive access in terms of the right to excavate at Pompeii. What's more, the UC-led excavation is currently the largest in the history of the site in terms of area and scale of operations. Food and fun among the lower- and middle classes of ancient Pompeii are just part what University of Cincinnati researchers are digging up in their work at the site, which is preserved nearly as it existed in AD 79 because of thick layers of ash and lapilli small volcanic stones that blanketed the city following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Among U.S.-based efforts, UC researchers currently enjoy exclusive access in terms of the right to excavate at Pompeii. And the ongoing UC-led excavation there is the largest excavation at Pompeii. The UC research focuses on every-day life among the lower- and middle classes, including drains for water management, pits ...
http://uc.edu/news/nr.aspx?id=15328
*  Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class - News - PrattTribune
... - Pratt, KS - Pratt, KS. newsletter. classifieds. Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. PrattTribune - Pratt, KS. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. Last year at least 123,000 middle-class jobs died there and only 60 to 80 babies were born to the survivors of that socioeconomic group, raising concerns that this once proud species may be beyond rescue. Richards, a Florida veterinarian and naturalist who has done many hikes in search of the middle class, its dental structure and sexual behavior closely resemble that of the upper class. The middle class, Dr. Today, the what remains of the defenseless American middle class is being destroyed primarily by a burdensome and inequitable money-lending system, the erosion of workplace protections and benefits, overseas outsourcing of jobs, and perhaps even the herbicides used to clear Florida waterways of the aquatic weeds. S...
http://pratttribune.com/article/20140207/NEWS/140209412
*  Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class - News - The Steuben
... Courier Advocate - Bath, NY. CLASSIFIEDS. Bath native to host children's book release party ... Bath native to host children's book release party ... Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. The Steuben Courier Advocate. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. Last year at least 123,000 middle-class jobs died there and only 60 to 80 babies were born to the survivors of that socioeconomic group, raising concerns that this once proud species may be beyond rescue. Richards, a Florida veterinarian and naturalist who has done many hikes in search of the middle class, its dental structure and sexual behavior closely resemble that of the upper class. The middle class, Dr. Today, the what remains of the defenseless American middle class is being destroyed primarily by a burdensome and inequitable money-lending system, the erosion of workplace protections and benefits, overseas outs...
http://steubencourier.com/article/20140207/NEWS/140209649/10088/OPINION
*  Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class - News - Hannibal Cou
... rier - Post - Hannibal, MO - Hannibal, MO. find and save. classifieds. MU Extension boosts local economies by training young business owners ... MU Extension boosts local economies by training young business owners ... Philip Maddocks: Captive breeding may be last hope for dwindling middle class. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Hannibal Courier - Post - Hannibal, MO. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. By Philip Maddocks More Content Now. Posted Feb. Last year at least 123,000 middle-class jobs died there and only 60 to 80 babies were born to the survivors of that socioeconomic group, raising concerns that this once proud species may be beyond rescue. Richards, a Florida veterinarian and naturalist who has done many hikes in search of the middle class, its dental structure and sexual behavior closely resemble that of the upper class. The middle class, Dr. Today, the what remains of the defenseless American middle class is being destroyed primarily by a burdensome and inequitable money-le...
http://hannibal.net/article/20140207/NEWS/140209025/0/features?rssfeed=true
*  Hoyer to GOP: Stop Walking Away From the Middle Class | The Office of Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer
Hoyer to GOP: Stop Walking Away From the Middle Class. The Office of Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer. On the Floor The Daily Whip The Weekly Whip The Nightly Whip. Email Updates RSS Feeds Email the Whip. Hoyer to GOP: Stop Walking Away From the Middle Class. WASHINGTON, DC - House Democratic Whip Steny H. Hoyer MD spoke on the House Floor about Republican intransigence and obstruction, and urged House Republicans to pass an extension of middle class tax cuts to provide certainty for American families. Speaker, this week’s middle class tax cut debate is an unnecessary sequel to December’s fight over extending payroll tax cuts. Republicans campaigned on a pledge to seek bipartisan solutions to our pressing challenges, but, when faced with a bipartisan agreement in December, they chose to walk away. “When it comes to extending tax cuts for the middle class, Democrats and Republicans agree: both believe we ought to do so. So, with millions faced with the uncertainty of whether their taxes will go up next year, why ha...
http://democraticwhip.gov/content/hoyer-gop-stop-walking-away-middle-class?mini=calendar/2013-02
*  Hoyer to GOP: Stop Walking Away From the Middle Class | The Office of Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer
Hoyer to GOP: Stop Walking Away From the Middle Class. The Office of Democratic Whip Steny Hoyer. On the Floor The Daily Whip The Weekly Whip The Nightly Whip. Email Updates RSS Feeds Email the Whip. Hoyer to GOP: Stop Walking Away From the Middle Class. WASHINGTON, DC - House Democratic Whip Steny H. Hoyer MD spoke on the House Floor about Republican intransigence and obstruction, and urged House Republicans to pass an extension of middle class tax cuts to provide certainty for American families. Speaker, this week’s middle class tax cut debate is an unnecessary sequel to December’s fight over extending payroll tax cuts. Republicans campaigned on a pledge to seek bipartisan solutions to our pressing challenges, but, when faced with a bipartisan agreement in December, they chose to walk away. “When it comes to extending tax cuts for the middle class, Democrats and Republicans agree: both believe we ought to do so. So, with millions faced with the uncertainty of whether their taxes will go up next year, why ha...
http://democraticwhip.gov/content/hoyer-gop-stop-walking-away-middle-class?mini=calendar/2013-10
*  China's Middle Class in No Mood to Spend
China's Middle Class in No Mood to Spend. . Home. Browse. Topics. Programs. Content From Sponsors. The Wall Street Journal. Search. . China's Middle Class in No Mood to Spend 3/7/2013 8:56PM. Businesses have been targeting China's growing middle class, but it may be some time before this strategy pays off. The WSJ's Wei Gu tells us why China's middle class isn't in a spending mood. Transcript This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate. ... the the ... all of this Act are getting China's growing middle class but just how many are today ... and are they willing to spend ... I'd ever con Cheney me now is Wall Street Journal column this week ... the gateway is the difference in China between the working class and the middle ... of the ASIC huge difference between what one cars in the middle cause ... working Pasok only the majority of the people ... with Jeff and enough to cover their basic me ... and then fundamental cause who can afford to spend...
http://wsj.com/video/china-middle-class-in-no-mood-to-spend/EFFCD763-0A30-412B-A6AD-23399CBC0572.html
*  Tanzania - Socio-economic differences in health, nutrition, and population (English) | The World Ban
Tanzania - Socio-economic differences in health, nutrition, and population English. This report on the Socio-economic differences in health, nutrition, and population in Tanzania is one in a series that provides basic information about health, nutrition, and population hnp inequalities within fifty-six developing countries. See More + This report on the Socio-economic differences in health, nutrition, and population in Tanzania is one in a series that provides basic information about health, nutrition, and population hnp inequalities within fifty-six developing countries. Doc Name Tanzania - Socio-economic differences in health, nutrition, and population. childhood diseases, Childhood illness, Childhood immunization, Childhood mortality, complementary feeding, Condom, contraception, Contraceptive prevalence, Contraceptive services, delivery care, developing countries, diarrhea, disease, disease Prevalence, Domestic violence, Economic Status, experienced violence, Female circumcision, females, fertility, ferti...
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2007/04/7533878/tanzania-socio-economic-differences-health-nutrition-population
*  Upper Middle Class | Lisa W. Rosenberg
Upper Middle Class. Lisa W. Rosenberg. Lisa W. Rosenberg. Writings on Body Image and Identity. Skip to content. Home. About. Contact. Events. My Articles. My Dancing Past. My Talks. The White Umbrella Project and Survey. Tag Archives: Upper Middle Class. About the Cultural Drive for Thinness Article. Posted on. December 23, 2011. by. Lisa W. Rosenberg. Leave a comment. Eating Disorders and the Forces Behind the Cultural Drive for Thinness: Are African American Women Really Protected? began as a paper I wrote for graduate school, where everything I read about eating disorders seemed to exclude women of color. It was 1996 and I kept opening books on eating disorders to find some statement like the following:. Because the African American community is more accepting of fuller body shapes, eating disorders are rare among black women. Gee, I thought. What about black women who live, work and play primarily in the mainstream or White Community? What about upper middle class black women who share ideals of physical ...
http://lisawrosenberg.com/tag/upper-middle-class/
*  Residental apartments stand opposite an SFR store, a mobile-phone... News Photo | Getty Images
will leave too big a burden on the middle class. Bank of France General Council member Bernard Maris said France will end up restructuring its debt as tax 'optimization' by large companies including Google Inc. will leave too big a burden on the middle class. Bank of France General Council member Bernard Maris said France will end up restructuring its debt as tax 'optimization' by large companies including Google Inc. will leave too big a burden on the middle class. will leave too big a burden on the middle class. will leave too big a burden on the middle class. will leave too big a burden on the middle class. Bank of France General Council member Bernard Maris said France will end up restructuring its debt as tax 'optimization' by large companies including Google Inc. will leave too big a burden on the middle class. Bank of France General Council member Bernard Maris said France will end up restructuring its debt as tax 'optimization' by large companies including Google Inc. will leave too big a burden on th...
http://gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/residental-apartments-stand-opposite-an-sfr-store-a-mobile-news-photo/181301106
*  The Industrial Revolution: Blessing or curse for the working class? (idea) by Noung - Everything2.co
The Industrial Revolution: Blessing or curse for the working class. idea by Noung - Everything2.com. . Near Matches Ignore Exact. Everything 2. The Industrial Revolution: Blessing or curse for the working class. idea See all of The Industrial Revolution: Blessing or curse for the working class., there are 2 more in this node. idea. by. Noung. Wed Dec 10 2003 at 14:24:33. The debate over what happened to the standard of living of the working classes during the Industrial Revolution is contentious and politically-charged. The camps can be divided roughly into pessimists and optimists, both of whom have used a variety of methodological approaches to try and get to the root of the problem. Real wage indexes are beset by problems in their compilation and can never provide a comprehensive picture, and therefore it is helpful to move beyond them and consider other quantitative factors such as heights and total family income, and qualitative factors such as urban disamenities and civil and political rights. 1 Indeed,...
http://everything2.com/user/Noung/writeups/The Industrial Revolution%3A Blessing or curse for the working class%3F
*  Inequalities in the distribution of health and health care and its access, including inequalities re
... lating to social class, gender, culture and ethnicity, and their causes. 4b - Health Care. Chapter 4 – Understanding engagement methods. Chapter 5 – Using engagement methods, P1. Chapter 5 – Using engagement methods, P2. Chapter 7 - Monitoring engagement. Chapter 8 - Evaluating engagement. Chapter 1 - Introduction to PBMA. Chapter 2 - Endorsements Evidence. Chapter 3 - World Class Commissioning. Inequalities in the distribution of health and health care and its access, including inequalities relating to social class, gender, culture and ethnicity, and their causes Equality, Equity and Policy: Inequalities in the Distribution of Health and Health Care and its Access. health outcomes and access to health care both internationally and in the UK. Researchers have documented inequalities in the distribution of health by social class, gender, and ethnicity. Table 2 shows more recent data on the relationship between social class and death,. Social class inequalities in the UK are present at every age and for all...
http://healthknowledge.org.uk/public-health-textbook/medical-sociology-policy-economics/4c-equality-equity-policy/inequalities-distribution
*  Poverty Grown Up: How Childhood Socioeconomic Status Impacts Adult Health - ResearchGate
Children with low-socioeconomic status not only experience greater health problems in childhood but also aspects of their socioeconomic status become biologically incorporated through both critical periods of development and cumulative effects, leading to poor health outcomes as adults. Children with low-socioeconomic status not only experience greater health problems in childhood but also aspects of their socioeconomic status become biologically incorporated through both critical periods of development and cumulative effects, leading to poor health outcomes as adults. Data from the Whitehall studies also assessed the relative impacts of adult and childhood SES on adult health: although adult circumstances are critical, higher social class in adulthood does not com- pletely erase the health impacts of living in a lower social class in childhood.12,13Similarly, a longitudinal study of 1000 children in New Zealand concluded that low SES in childhood was predictive of differences in cardiovascu- lar health, subs...
http://researchgate.net/publication/41419871_Poverty_Grown_Up_How_Childhood_Socioeconomic_Status_Impacts_Adult_Health
*  Stimulus plan benefits members of American lower, middle classes • TimesLedger
Stimulus plan benefits members of American lower, middle classes TimesLedger. Forest Hills Ledger Kew Gardens, Rego Park, Maspeth, Glendale, Middle Village, Woodhaven, Ozone Park, Howard Beach, Ridgewood. Astoria Times Long Island City, Woodside, Corona, Sunnyside, Elmhurst, East Elmhurst, Jackson Heights. Queens on Cue What s happening in Queens Arts & Entertainment. News Crime Sports Entertainment Opinion Politics. The Newsstand Email updates Jobs Classifieds. Jamaica Center for Arts & Learning. February 25, 2009 / News / Opinion / Astoria Times / Letters Stimulus plan benefits members of American lower, middle classes. Share on Twitter Tweet Share on Facebook Subscribe Get our stories in your inbox, free. Like TimesLedger on Facebook. Sinai Woodside: First-time novelist hits it big with story set in Woodside Maspeth: Rockwell painting stolen from Maspeth recovered: Report QueensLine: Second half of Simon and Garfunkel hails from boro Maspeth: Gibbons Home reopens doors as George s legacy College Po...
http://timesledger.com/stories/2009/9/astoria_times_news_letterszmehaek02252009.html
*  Predicting Political Beliefs Among America's Oppressed Middle Class | Atlantic Free Press - Hard Tru
Predicting Political Beliefs Among America's Oppressed Middle Class. Predicting Political Beliefs Among America's Oppressed Middle Class. middle. class. by Peter Stern We demand that big business give the people a square deal; in return we must insist that when anyone engaged in big business honestly endeavors to do right he shall himself be given a square deal. It is like a Two-Party Failure Reality Show, and Lord knows we do not need another reality show — especially in Washington. In many ways, we're doing the same thing in the Middle East. The middle class once held the largest number of American citizens. Obama wants Americans to cross-train into other fields. We should be asking Obama, Why. I also believe that the two-party system is failing most Americans and our economic well-being. If we continue to do little or nothing, the middle class will remain a doomed species, with its extinction in the near future. history 4856 Hits by Peter Stern It is time for the American people to take back their nation f...
http://atlanticfreepress.com/news/1/13209-predicting-political-beliefs-among-americas-oppressed-middle-class.html
*  Influence of Exposure Error and Effect Modification By Socioeconomic Status on the Association of A
... cute Cardiovascular Mortality with Particulate Matter in Phoenix. Environmental Assessment. Jump to main content or area navigation. Contact Us Environmental Assessment. Environmental Assessment. Influence of Exposure Error and Effect Modification By Socioeconomic Status on the Association of Acute Cardiovascular Mortality with Particulate Matter in Phoenix. Influence of Exposure Error and Effect Modification By Socioeconomic Status on the Association of Acute Cardiovascular Mortality with Particulate Matter in Phoenix Report Information Using ZIP code-level mortality data, the association of cardiovascular mortality with PM 2.5 and PM 10-2.5 ,measured at a central monitoring site, was determined for three populations at different distances from the monitoring site but with similar numbers of deaths and therefore similar statistical power. The % risk and statistical significance for the association of mortality with PM 2.5 fell off with distance from the monitor, as would be expected if exposure error inc...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=190689
*  The Contributor | The Five-Step Process to Cheat the Middle Class Worker
The Contributor. The Five-Step Process to Cheat the Middle Class Worker. Become a Contributor. Paul Buchheit The Contributor. The Five-Step Process to Cheat the Middle Class Worker Home. 2 Build up a financial industry that has no maximum wage. The industry's share of corporate profits grew from 16 percent in 1980 to an astonishing 45 percent in 2002. Hedge fund manager John Paulson conspired with Goldman Sachs in 2007 to bundle sure-to-fail subprime mortgages in attractive packages, with just enough time for Paulson to collect other people's money to bet against his personally designed financial instruments. 3 Keep accumulating wealth created by the financial industry. The richest quintile of Americans owns 93 percent of such non-home wealth. In the last 25 years, only the richest 5 [ercemt of Americans have increased their share of non-home wealth, by the impressive rate of almost 20 percent. The richest 400 taxpayers doubled their income in just seven years while cutting their tax rates nearly in h...
http://thecontributor.com/five-step-process-cheat-middle-class-worker
*  Heavy-Handed Bank Regs To Hurt Middle Class - Forbes
... Log in with your social account:. Or, you can log in or sign up using Forbes. New Posts. Most Popular. Dorsey Named Twitter CEO. Lists. MLB's Overpaid Players. Video. Richest People In America. The Little Black Book of Billionaire Secrets. Help. Connect. Sign up. Log in. Michael Pento, Contributor. I examine federal monetary policies and other macroeconomic issues. Follow. Following. Unfollow. 1/25/2010 @ 8:30PM. Heavy-Handed Bank Regs To Hurt Middle Class. comments, called-out. Like many other observers, I am disgusted with the obscene levels of debt financial institutions used going into the recent financial crisis. I am disgusted with the huge bonuses bankers are seeking at a time when the middle class is suffering greatly. That said, I do not think the way to clean up the financial industry now is to pile yet more regulation on it. As long as the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. operates, a certain amount of regulation will be necessary to protect taxpayer-backed deposits. But the real remedy does not...
http://forbes.com/2010/01/25/michael-pento-commentary-personal-finance-gold-standard.html
*  "There's no market for middle-class horses. We raise middle-class horses." - Page 3
There's no market for middle-class horses. We raise middle-class horses. Horse Forums. Horses. The Horse Forum. There's no market for middle-class horses. We raise middle-class horses. User Name. Password. There's no market for middle-class horses. We raise middle-class horses. This is a discussion on There's no market for middle-class horses. We raise middle-class horses. LinkBack Thread Tools. 01-20-2010, 05:57 PM. User. Horses. More upper middle class. 01-21-2010, 07:33 PM. User. Horses. Quote: Originally Posted by trailhorserider. 01-23-2010, 02:19 PM. User. Horses. All of our horses that we have are middle class. 01-23-2010, 05:40 PM. User. Horses. However, I don't see what is wrong with a middle class horse at all. 01-23-2010, 07:09 PM. User. Horses. He had a good market for his horses back in the day, but that didn't change him from being middle class in my opinion. 01-23-2010, 07:30 PM. I don't find it offensive at all....You middle class people are just too sensitive. Quote: I don't find it offensive...
http://horseforum.com/horse-breeds/theres-no-market-middle-class-horses-45514/page3/
*  Bar Graphs on middle-class jobs (and above) 2011. | Wrong Planet Autism Community Forum
AardvarkGoodSwimmer Veteran. Joined: 26 Apr 2009 Age:52 Posts: 6,782 Location: Houston, Texas. 10 Apr 2012, 9:36 pm. Profile Report. 11 Apr 2012, 2:45 am. Profile Report. Sweetleaf Veteran. Joined: 6 Jan 2011 Posts: 21,651 Location: Somewhere in Colorado. 11 Apr 2012, 11:31 am. Hmm if it sucks to be middle class, I guess it really sucks to be below that. Profile Report. ruveyn Veteran. Joined: 21 Sep 2008 Age:79 Posts: 31,726 Location: New Jersey. 11 Apr 2012, 11:32 am. Sweetleaf wrote: Hmm if it sucks to be middle class, I guess it really sucks to be below that. It is Good to be Rich. ruveyn. Profile Report. Sweetleaf Veteran. Joined: 6 Jan 2011 Posts: 21,651 Location: Somewhere in Colorado. 11 Apr 2012, 11:38 am. ruveyn wrote: Sweetleaf wrote: Hmm if it sucks to be middle class, I guess it really sucks to be below that. It is Good to be Rich. ruveyn. Profile Report. Joined: 2 Jan 2012 Age:23 Posts: 1,194 Location: wrongplanet. 11 Apr 2012, 11:40 am. Profile Report. 11 Apr 2012, 11:43 am. Sweetleaf wrote: Hm...
http://wrongplanet.net/forums/viewtopic.php?p=4561382
*  The demographic and social class basis of inequality in self reported morbidity: an exploration usi
... ng the Health Survey for England - ePrints Soton. ePrints Soton Policies Latest Additions Download Statistics Browse by Year Browse by Subject Browse by School. The demographic and social class basis of inequality in self reported morbidity: an exploration using the Health Survey for England. 2004 The demographic and social class basis of inequality in self reported morbidity: an exploration using the Health Survey for England. doi:10.1136/jech.2002.003475. Design: Secondary analysis of the Health Survey for England 1991–1997 using morbidities that are particularly prone to class effects. Only for self reported mental health among women does the social gradient exceed the age gradient. Within the context of a dominating age gradient, social gradients are relatively high for mental health and general health for both sexes. Conclusions: Given variations in the ‘‘relative class effect’’, analysis recognising the distinct contributions of age, sex, and social class to specific morbidities is advocated as a tr...
http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/55396/
*  DailyTech - Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough
... Auto Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough Jason Mick. on Dec 1 at 7:51 PM. government's artificial inflation of corn prices, many small livestock farmers were desperately hoping that the Obama administration s and its appointed leadership at the U.S. will continue to manipulate prices in the fuel department, despite the cost to consumers, the environment, automakers, livestock farmers, and U.S. By Nutzo on 11/19/12, Rating: 5. By Nutzo on 11/19/2012 1:49:34 PM, Rating: 5. So the rich will continue to get richer, and the middle class and poor get poorer, which is always the result of more government. The rich can always afford to work around the higher taxes/regulation, the poorer you are the less flexibility you have, so the poorer you will get. Parent. By YashBudini on 11/19/12, Rating: 2. By YashBudini on 11/19/2012 2:42:42 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. By Spuke on 11/19/12, Rating: 2. By Spuke on 11/19/2012 3:11:10 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. By Spuke on 11/19/12, Rating...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=29217&commentid=821529&threshhold=1&red=5254
*  .. E-DEMOCRACY | Class and race in St. Paul .. By John Slade (E-Democracy issues forums) | October
E-DEMOCRACY. Class and race in St. Paul. By John Slade E-Democracy issues forums. October 3, 2013. Tweet. Print Email. From: John Slade Date: 2:19am, Sep 30. I’ve sat on this thread for a long time wondering how to respond to it. Most people on this list know how racism works, generally. People of color know since they get disadvantaged by it. An increasing number of white people recognize it is a problem, and are working to stop it, but even those that deny racism exists in America get the basic outline of it. But what we have in this discussion is not, primarily, racism; what it is is classism, which people do not understand nearly as well. We’re a classless society, you see. Anyone can rise to the top. We don’t have classes, like ‘peasant’ and ‘noble’. Plus if you DO bring up class, you must be some kind of pinko Marxist, and we can’t have that. Saying there’s no social class in America is totally bogus. We have a strong class system. You can tell people’s class super quickly; there are all sorts of social...
http://tcdailyplanet.net/e-democracy-class-and-race-st-paul/
*  Inequality in America: The rich, the poor and the growing gap between them - Looking Glass NewsUntit
Inequality in America: The rich, the poor and the growing gap between them - Looking Glass News. While those at the top will go on drawing huge salaries, those in the broad middle of the middle class will see their incomes churned. Losing Its Middle-Class Neighborhoods From 1970 to 2000, Metro Areas Showed Widening Gap Between Rich, Poor Sections By Blaine Harden The Washington Post Middle-class neighborhoods, long regarded as incubators for the American dream, are losing ground in cities across the country, shrinking at more than twice the rate of the middle class itself. It found that as a share of all urban and suburban neighborhoods, middle-income neighborhoods in the nation's 100 largest metro areas have declined from 58 percent in 1970 to 41 percent in 2000. Middle-income neighborhoods -- where families earn 80 to 120 percent of the local median income -- have plunged by more than 20 percent as a share of all neighborhoods in Baltimore, Chicago, Los Angeles and Philadelphia. As poor and rich neighborhoo...
http://lookingglassnews.org/viewstory.php?storyid=6471
*  DailyTech - Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough
... Auto Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough Jason Mick. on Dec 1 at 7:51 PM. drought in more than 50 years and skyrocketing food prices are not enough to make EPA act, it falls to Congress to provide relief from our senseless federal support for corn ethanol. will continue to manipulate prices in the fuel department, despite the cost to consumers, the environment, automakers, livestock farmers, and U.S. 2 Hidden Get used to it. By slawless on 11/19/2012 12:40:51 PM, Rating: 3. By Sivar on 11/19/2012 12:50:35 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. 2 Hidden RE: Get used to it. By Nutzo on 11/19/12, Rating: 5. By Nutzo on 11/19/2012 1:49:34 PM, Rating: 5. So the rich will continue to get richer, and the middle class and poor get poorer, which is always the result of more government. The rich can always afford to work around the higher taxes/regulation, the poorer you are the less flexibility you have, so the poorer you will get. Parent. 1 Hidden RE: Get used to it. By YashBudini on 11/1...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=29217&commentid=821471&threshhold=1&red=2834
*  DailyTech - Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough
Auto Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough Jason Mick. on Dec 1 at 7:51 PM. drought in more than 50 years and skyrocketing food prices are not enough to make EPA act, it falls to Congress to provide relief from our senseless federal support for corn ethanol. will continue to manipulate prices in the fuel department, despite the cost to consumers, the environment, automakers, livestock farmers, and U.S. 2 Hidden Get used to it. By slawless on 11/19/12, Rating: 3. By slawless on 11/19/2012 12:40:51 PM, Rating: 3. By Sivar on 11/19/12, Rating: 2. By Sivar on 11/19/2012 12:50:35 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. 2 Hidden RE: Get used to it. By Nutzo on 11/19/12, Rating: 5. By Nutzo on 11/19/2012 1:49:34 PM, Rating: 5. So the rich will continue to get richer, and the middle class and poor get poorer, which is always the result of more government. The rich can always afford to work around the higher taxes/regulation, the poorer you are the less flexibility you have, so the poorer you will...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=29217&commentid=821471&threshhold=1&red=2942
*  DailyTech - Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough
Auto Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough Jason Mick. on Dec 1 at 7:51 PM. drought in more than 50 years and skyrocketing food prices are not enough to make EPA act, it falls to Congress to provide relief from our senseless federal support for corn ethanol. will continue to manipulate prices in the fuel department, despite the cost to consumers, the environment, automakers, livestock farmers, and U.S. 2 Hidden Get used to it. By slawless on 11/19/12, Rating: 3. By slawless on 11/19/2012 12:40:51 PM, Rating: 3. By Sivar on 11/19/12, Rating: 2. By Sivar on 11/19/2012 12:50:35 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. 2 Hidden RE: Get used to it. By Nutzo on 11/19/12, Rating: 5. By Nutzo on 11/19/2012 1:49:34 PM, Rating: 5. So the rich will continue to get richer, and the middle class and poor get poorer, which is always the result of more government. The rich can always afford to work around the higher taxes/regulation, the poorer you are the less flexibility you have, so the poorer you will...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=29217&commentid=821471&threshhold=1&red=3921
*  DailyTech - Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough
Auto Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough Jason Mick. on Dec 1 at 7:51 PM. drought in more than 50 years and skyrocketing food prices are not enough to make EPA act, it falls to Congress to provide relief from our senseless federal support for corn ethanol. will continue to manipulate prices in the fuel department, despite the cost to consumers, the environment, automakers, livestock farmers, and U.S. 2 Hidden Get used to it. By slawless on 11/19/12, Rating: 3. By slawless on 11/19/2012 12:40:51 PM, Rating: 3. By Sivar on 11/19/12, Rating: 2. By Sivar on 11/19/2012 12:50:35 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. 2 Hidden RE: Get used to it. By Nutzo on 11/19/12, Rating: 5. By Nutzo on 11/19/2012 1:49:34 PM, Rating: 5. So the rich will continue to get richer, and the middle class and poor get poorer, which is always the result of more government. The rich can always afford to work around the higher taxes/regulation, the poorer you are the less flexibility you have, so the poorer you will...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=29217&commentid=821471&threshhold=1&red=4130
*  DailyTech - Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough
Auto Obama's EPA to Farmers: No Ethanol Waiver, If You Go Out of Business, Tough Jason Mick. on Dec 1 at 7:51 PM. drought in more than 50 years and skyrocketing food prices are not enough to make EPA act, it falls to Congress to provide relief from our senseless federal support for corn ethanol. will continue to manipulate prices in the fuel department, despite the cost to consumers, the environment, automakers, livestock farmers, and U.S. 2 Hidden Get used to it. By slawless on 11/19/12, Rating: 3. By slawless on 11/19/2012 12:40:51 PM, Rating: 3. By Sivar on 11/19/12, Rating: 2. By Sivar on 11/19/2012 12:50:35 PM, Rating: 2. Parent. 2 Hidden RE: Get used to it. By Nutzo on 11/19/12, Rating: 5. By Nutzo on 11/19/2012 1:49:34 PM, Rating: 5. So the rich will continue to get richer, and the middle class and poor get poorer, which is always the result of more government. The rich can always afford to work around the higher taxes/regulation, the poorer you are the less flexibility you have, so the poorer you will...
http://dailytech.com/article.aspx?newsid=29217&commentid=821471&threshhold=1&red=5216
*  http://www.mzv.cz/jnp/en/issues and press/events and issues/press releases/x2012 09 06 new issue of the visegrad insight the rise and fall of middle class$2548.html?action=setMonth&year=2013&month=11
... => http://www.mzv.cz/jnp/en/issues and press/events and issues/press releases/x2012 09 06 new issue of the visegrad insight the rise and fall of middle class$2548.html?action=setMonth&year=2013&month=11...
http://mzv.cz/jnp/en/issues_and_press/events_and_issues/press_releases/x2012_09_06_new_issue_of_the_visegrad_insight_the_rise_and_fall_of_middle_class$2548.html?action=setMonth&year=2013&month=11
*  at.algebraic topology - The kernel of the map from the handlebody group to Outer automorphisms of a
... free group - MathOverflow. MathOverflow Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. MathOverflow Questions. The kernel of the map from the handlebody group to Outer automorphisms of a free group. The group $H g$ of isotopy classes of diffeomorphisms of $K$ is called the handlebody group. It embeds as a subgroup of the mapping class group of the genus $g$ surface $\partial K$. mapping-class-groups at.algebraic-topology gt.geometric-topology geometric-group-theory 3-manifolds share. Jeffrey Giansiracusa Apr 30 '10 at 6:45. 2 Answers 2 active oldest votes. up vote 4 down vote. Jeffrey Giansiracusa Apr 29 '10 at 16:49. Browse other questions tagged mapping-class-groups at.algebraic-topology gt.geometric-topology geometric-group-theory 3-manifolds or ask your own question. Related 7 A finite index subgroup of the Mapping Class Group 2 Is the Action of the mapping class group transitive on embedded arcs. 3 Kernel of the representation of ...
http://mathoverflow.net/questions/22984/the-kernel-of-the-map-from-the-handlebody-group-to-outer-automorphisms-of-a-free?sort=oldest
*  Medical Xpress - socioeconomic status
... Home socioeconomic status. News tagged with socioeconomic status. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Related topics: heart disease · children · british medical journal. Maternal chronic stress linked to more dental cavities in children. Chronic maternal stress, when measured by biological markers, has been found for the first time to be associated with a higher prevalence of cavities among children, according to a study by King's College London and University ... Sep 17, 2015 71 0. Blacks in all socioeconomic groups have poorer outcomes after heart attack. Black patients and patients with low socioeconomic status have shorter life expectancies after a heart attack. However, the largest racial differences in life expectancy after a heart attack occur in patients with high socioeconomic ... Sep 14, 2015 5 0. Health. Perceptions of health don't translate country to country. Sep 10, 2015 13 0. Socioeconomic status. Socioeconomic status SES is an economic and sociological c...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/socioeconomic status/sort/popular/1m/
*  Relative index of inequality
... the Bengali actress Rii Sen. The 'relative index of inequality' RII is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status SES as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups. 1 The disease outcome is regressed on the proportion of the population that has a higher position in the hierarchy. The RII is particularly valuable when comparing risk factors independent variables that are on very different scales e.g. low SES, low IQ, cigarette smoking. 2 Rank cases on each of the variables For tied ranks and for categorical variables, assign the mean rank Divide the ranks by the sample size, creating a value ranging from 0 to 1. Interpretation of RII Limitations of RII References Further reading External links. Interpretation of RII. The interpretation of RII is similar to the relative risk. It summarizes the relative risk for the most advantaged group at the t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relative_index_of_inequality
*  News | The University of Sydney
NSW primary school children from Middle-Eastern and Asian backgrounds are significantly more overweight than children from English-speaking backgrounds and have lower levels of physical activity and cardiovascular fitness, University of Sydney research has shown. "They need to reach, and be culturally appropriate for, children who are most at risk." The researchers analysed NSW population monitoring survey data for 4898 primary school children to examine if there were socioeconomic status SES differences within two of Australia's largest ethnic groups - Middle Eastern and Asian. It also looked at whether there were differences between Middle Eastern, Asian and English-speaking children from low SES backgrounds. "Almost one in two low SES boys from Asian 45 percent and Middle-Eastern backgrounds 40 percent were overweight or obese, compared with 25 percent of boys from English-speaking backgrounds," Dr Hector said. "Overall, the odds of being inactive, unfit and having a less healthy diet were significantly hi...
http://sydney.edu.au/news/84.html?newscategoryid=47&newsstoryid=11739
*  .. ‘Neo-Suffering of the Nouveau Poor’ Is Big News .. Related
FAIR BLOG. ‘Neo-Suffering of the Nouveau Poor’ Is Big News By. Gabriel Voiles. Noting how “media have been pelting us with heart-wrenching stories about the neo-suffering of the Nouveau Poor”–“Sales of Gulfstream jets declining!”– Barbara Ehrenreich pretends Barbara’s Blog, 3/12/09 to be “tempted to delete ‘class inequality’ from my worry list” before doing some actual reporting:. But hard times are no more likely to abolish class inequality than Obama’s inauguration is likely to eradicate racism. No one actually knows yet whether inequality has increased or decreased during the last year of recession, but the historical precedents are not promising. The economists I’ve talked to–like Biden’s top economic advisor, Jared Bernstein–insist that recessions are particularly unkind to the poor and the middle class. Canadian economist Armine Yalnizyan says, “Income polarization always gets worse during recessions.” It makes sense. But if you’ve just lost an $8 an hour job, you’re looking at no home at all. Reminding...
http://fair.org/blog/2009/03/17/neo-suffering-of-the-nouveau-poor-is-big-news/
*  The Citizens: Misrepresenting Numbers
The Law Talking Guy. Monday, November 10, 2008. Numbers are everywhere. There was post after post on poll numbers and their validity. He has written in Business Week that adolescence "is a 19th century invention of the middle class to keep kids out of sweatshops" and that it is time to make them do real work. I found the March 2008 paper to which Mr. It does say that 1 in 4 young women have one of the 4 most prevalent STDs. When you count four STDs vs. just one, then you will have higher numbers. If you count 10 STDs, then the number will be higher than it is with just 4. He is implying that the middle class in the 19th century was so poor that its children had to go to sweatshops to help put food on the table. Furthermore, if young people are to give up adolescence, if they are to be given a stake in this society, then old people ought to be made to retire and make room for the new generation of leaders. Posted by USWest. If 25% of women have one out of the 4 most prevelant STDs, then more than 25% of women ...
http://thecitizens.blogspot.com/2008/11/misrepresenting-numbers.html
*  Findings: - Everything2.com
lower class abstract class Cornwall Class Frigate class two lever President George W. Bono's Commencement Speech for the Harvard Class of 2001 Executor Class Command Ship Class 53 Formula Windsurfing Class A regiment of intellectual ghosts walks the streets of this working class city, casting dignity, reason, and courage into each soul they pass by projection operator exchange operator class framework class action suit against God Duke Class Frigate class three lever John McCain's Commencement Speech to the VMI Class of 2001 Class relationships within the university setting Class 02 The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes Ptolemy Class Starship CVN 78 Gerald R. Ford class Nuclear Aircraft Carrier Bastard Operator from Hell Operator logo World Class aminoglycoside Don't Use Singleton Classes inner class Sergeant First Class A Touch of Class TOPS locomotive classes Thompson Solutions economy class seating Kiev class aviation cruiser conditional operator relational operator cutting class Intrepid Cl...
http://everything2.com/title/class operator
*  .. Posts Tagged: adam yauch .. RIP MCA, Adam Yauch, Beastie Boy .. Popular .. The Nialler9 Gig Gui
posts tagged adam yauch rip mca adam yauch beastie boy comments about years ago rip beastie boys adam yauch aka mca who died today aged from cancer it s devastating news his passing marks the end of the trio of mike d adrock and mca as a band a unit a rap group we will never see the three of them finish each others rhymes in the flesh ever read more posted on may th tags adam yauch mca rip artists beastie boys share share on twitter popular foals grimes for dublin shows the best songs of september new bands to see at hard working class heroes album of the week girl band â holding hands with jamie alessia cara flips portishead s â glory boxâ the nialler gig guide september th oct th highlights hard working class heroes snarky puppy girls names dtf afterparty r s a g cosmo vitelli we shall overcome laurel halo latest music hot chip huarache lights soulwax remix album of the week girl band â holding hands with jamie nialler txfm radio show playlist listen back the best songs of september hear an unreleased neneh...
http://nialler9.com/tag/adam-yauch/
*  .. Posts Tagged: 500 Days of Summer .. 500 Days of Summer .. Popular .. The Nialler9 Gig Guide ..
posts tagged days of summer days of summer comments about years ago i m sure you ve all heard of the box office hit days of summer starring joseph gordon levitt and zooey deschanel by now this short clip which doesn t appear in the movie makes me want to see it for sure that and the fact that the official culch ie crush zooey deschanel is in it the song read more posted on august th tags days of summer film artists share share on twitter popular the best songs of september new bands to see at hard working class heroes album of the week girl band â holding hands with jamie dah jevu incubus alessia cara flips portishead s â glory boxâ the nialler gig guide september th oct th highlights hard working class heroes snarky puppy girls names dtf afterparty r s a g cosmo vitelli we shall overcome laurel halo latest music album of the week girl band â holding hands with jamie nialler txfm radio show playlist listen back the best songs of september hear an unreleased neneh cherry electronic jam daughter return with doi...
http://nialler9.com/tag/500-days-of-summer/
*  Gac Sanit vol.18 suppl.1; Abstract: S0213-91112004000700012
... . . . Services on Demand. Article. Spanish pdf. Spanish epdf. Article in xml format. Article references. How to cite this article. Automatic translation. Send this article by e-mail. Cited by SciELO. Access statistics. Related links. Similars in SciELO. Share. More. More. Permalink. Gaceta Sanitaria. Print version ISSN 0213-9111. Abstract. GONZALO, Elena and PASARIN, M. Isabel. Health among the elderly. Gac Sanit. 2004, vol.18, suppl.1, pp. 69-80. ISSN 0213-9111. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0213-91112004000700012. We explore gender, class and geographical inequalities in health of the population aged over 65 years in Spain. We gathered data from the 1997 National Health Survey, 1999 hospital discharge data, 1998 mortality data from vital statistics, and from the 1999 National Survey on Disabilities. Health related behaviors tobacco and alcohol consumption, eating disorders and physical activity, self-rated health, chronic health problems, functional capacity, and health service utilization are described b...
http://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S0213-91112004000700012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  The Canterville Ghost Analysis - eNotes.com
... Homework Help. Essay Lab. Study Tools ▻. Literature Guides. Quizzes. eTexts. Textbook Solutions. Research Paper Topics. Teachers ▻. For Teachers. Literature Lesson Plans. Literature Quizzes. Downloads. Sign In. Join. rows eNotes search. Sign In. Join. . Study Guides. The Canterville Ghost. Analysis. The Canterville Ghost by Oscar Wilde. Follow 29 Members Following. rows Navigate Study Guide. Summary. Themes. Characters. Critical Essays ▻. Critical Overview. Essays and Criticism. Analysis. eText ▻. Chapter I. Chapter II. Chapter III. Chapter IV. Chapter V. Chapter VI. Chapter VII. More ▻. Homework Help. The Canterville Ghost Analysis. Historical Context ▻ print Print. document PDF. This Page Only. Entire Study Guide. list Cite. link Link. Oscar Wilde wrote at the end of the Victorian period, named for Queen Victoria. This period marked the rise of a growing middle class in Great Britain. This middle class had gained wealth through the technological advances of the Industrial Revolutio...
http://enotes.com/topics/canterville-ghost/in-depth
*  Business Highlights - Silver City Sun-News
More Americans see middle class status slipping WASHINGTON AP A sense of belonging to the middle class occupies a cherished place in America. Since 2008, the number of people who call themselves middle class has fallen by nearly a fifth, according to a survey in January by the Pew Research Center, from 53 percent to 44 percent. Forty percent now identify as either lower-middle or lower class compared with just 25 percent in February 2008. Lawmakers accuse GM of possible criminal cover-up WASHINGTON AP Lawmakers accused General Motors of a potentially criminal cover-up of its defective ignition switches and fumed at the lack of answers from its new CEO during a second day of hearings Wednesday into why the automaker waited a decade to recall cars with a deadly flaw. Survey: US companies add 191K jobs in March WASHINGTON AP A private survey shows that U.S. Savings and loan figure Charles Keating dies at 90 PHOENIX AP Charles H. When Keating's Phoenix-based home construction company, American Continental Corp., ...
http://archive.scsun-news.com/silver_city-business/ci_25478502?source=rss
*  .. Obesity Emerging As A Protected Class Group .. Like this: .. Related .. Post navigation
Obesity Emerging As A Protected Class Group. The EEOC is at it again. They recently sued a nonprofit employer because they fired a woman allegedly because of her weight. Quite frankly, she was obese, and had some difficulty in performing her job. According to the EEOC press release, “The filing of this suit sends a strong message to employers that they cannot fire disabled employees based on perceptions and prejudice.”. Admittedly, there have been a number of cases when an employer fired an employee because of his size. One worked for a subway as the person who drove the train. He gained weight over the years and could no longer fit in that tiny compartment. Another one was a bus driver who basically had the same type of problem. These situations are actually becoming hotly contested issues. Proponents of anti-weight-bias statutes argue that a person’s weight is largely out of his or her control; they point to the low success rate of diets and the role of genetics in determining weight, as well as persistent ...
https://paalistenup.wordpress.com/2010/11/29/obesity-emerging-as-a-protected-class-group/
*  MINOR Consistent location for CSS classes on CMS tabsets · silverstripe/silverstripe-cms@ce58e55 ·
minor consistent location for css classes on cms tabsets silverstripe silverstripe cms ce e github skip to content sign up sign in this repository explore features enterprise pricing watch star fork silverstripe silverstripe cms code issues pull requests pulse graphs https clone url subversion checkout url you can clone with https or subversion download zip permalink browse files minor consistent location for css classes on cms tabsets loading branch information commit ce e cc f c b de ecd e d c bd parent f chillu authored may unified split showing changed file with addition and deletion xf xf xf xf xf templates includes assetadmin content ss show notes view xf xf xf xf xf templates includes assetadmin content ss div class cms content header tabs ul control tabs li a href id if extraclass class extraclass end if title a li li if extraclass class extraclass end if a href id title a li end control ul div toggle all file notes comments on commit ce e please sign in to comment status api training shop blog about ...
https://github.com/silverstripe/silverstripe-cms/commit/ce58e55
*  .. the tarnac 9 .. Share this: .. Like this:
the tarnac 9. The Tarnac Nine are nine alleged anarchist saboteurs arrested in the village of Tarnac, France in November 2008 in relation to a series of instances of direct action. Around twenty people were arrested on November 11th 2008, and nine of those were charged with “criminal association for the purposes of terrorist activity”. Coupat has also been charged with writing The Coming Insurrection, a popular anti-capitalist text. We accept the necessity of finding money, by whatever means, because it is currently impossible to do without it, but we reject the necessity of working. The sentimental confusion that surrounds the question of work can be explained thus: the notion of work has always included two contradictory dimensions : a dimension of exploitation and a dimension of participation. These two dimensions are perversely confused in the notion of work, which explains workers’ indifference, at the end of the day, to both Marxist rhetoric – which denies the dimension of participation – and mana...
https://roblosricos.wordpress.com/guerilla-warfare/resources-for-prisoners/the-tarnac-9/
*  animal social behaviour | Britannica.com
animal social behaviour. Britannica.com. Shop. School and Library Subscribers. LOGIN. Activate Your Free Trial. Stories. quizzes. galleries. lists. Animal social behaviour. Written by: Walter Koenig Last Updated 6-19-2015. Read. View All Media 24. Table of Contents. Introduction. General characteristics. Categorizing the diversity of social behaviour. The range of social behaviour in animals. A historical perspective on the study of social behaviour. The how and why of social behaviour. Proximate versus ultimate causation. Strong inference and the scientific study of social behaviour. The ultimate causes of social behaviour. Social interactions involving sex. Social interactions involving the costs and benefits of parental care. Social interactions involving the use of space. Social interactions involved in monopolizing resources or mates. Social interactions involving movement. Social interactions involving cooperative breeding and eusociality. Social interactions involving communication. The proximate mecha...
http://britannica.com/topic/animal-social-behaviour
*  social interaction - Frequency
... Sign In Sign Up. Follow @OnFrequency. Guide. social interaction. 2w ago. Top New. Add. Awkward Social Interactions. social interaction 2w ago. Exterion Media - Social Interaction abri's. social interaction 4mo ago. 6 Fun Ways To Turn Any Social Interaction Sexual. social interaction 5mo ago. Social Interaction Trainer. social interaction 5mo ago. Augmenting Social Interactions. social interaction 5mo ago. SOCIAL INTERACTION TRAINER - An Autobiography. social interaction 6mo ago. HOW TO NOT BE SOCIALLY AWKWARD Social Interaction Trainer. social interaction 6mo ago. Log Out and Reach Out: A Social Interaction Campaign. social interaction 6mo ago. Social Interaction Trainer. BE A SOCIALIZER!!. social interaction 8mo ago. Lebendige Beziehungen Teil 1. social interaction 8mo ago. Social Interaction Trainer Joey Rage Quits. social interaction 8mo ago. Social Interaction Trainer. IT'S RUDE TO STARE AT BOOBS. social interaction 10mo ago. Redes 93: Somos supersociales por naturaleza - relaciones sociales. social ...
http://frequency.com/topic/social interaction?cid=5-1271850
*  .. Track your Social Signals in Google Analytics and Webmaster tools .. Related .. Pages .. Recent
Track your Social Signals in Google Analytics and Webmaster tools. June 30, 2011. admin. Leave a comment. Its been a busy couple of weeks for Google, with the launch of their +1 and Google+ set to rival Facebook they are proving to have their finger on the pulse when it comes to becoming more social after appearing to be a little reluctant to jump on the social band wagon. Google Analytics and Google Webmaster Tools have added new tools for tracking the impact of tweets, likes, +1s more on your website’s traffic. Google Webmaster Tools now allows you to report on the impact of the +1 Button and how this can affect your click through rate. You can also view the new “Activity Report” within Webmaster Tools which will help you see how many +1’s your site pages have received. A great new tool launched within Google Analytics is the Social Plugin Tracking tools. This not only tracks +1s but other Social Signals such as Twitter tweets, Facebook Likes and Facebook Sends. Google recently admitted that Social ...
http://karen-heslop.co.uk/2011/06/30/track-your-social-signals-in-google-analytics-and-webmaster-tools/
*  Modeling Social Behavior (R01) | National Sexual Violence Resource Center (NSVRC)
Modeling Social Behavior R01. National Sexual Violence Resource Center NSVRC. Skip to main content. About Us Contact Us My Account. Log In. Search form. Search this site. HOME RESOURCES. News Projects Publications Organizations Experts Library. CONNECT. Conference Calendar Opportunities Blogs Podcasts xCHANGE. eLEARNING. Campus Browse Portal Search Portal Submit Tool. LIBRARY STORE Donate to NSVRC. HOME. CONNECT. OPPORTUNITIES. FUNDING Modeling Social Behavior R01. Modeling Social Behavior R01. Opportunities. Funding Careers Nominations Call for Works Educational. Conference Blogs Calendar Podcasts. Funding Source:. National Institutes of Health. Type of Funding:. federal. Nonprofits, government entities, for-profits, schools. This Funding Opportunity Announcement FOA encourages applications for developing and testing innovative theories and computational, mathematical, or engineering approaches to deepen our understanding of complex social behavior. This research will examine phenomena at multiple scales to ...
http://nsvrc.org/opportunities/funding/modeling-social-behavior-r01?qt-sidebar_qt_1=2&qt-sidebar_qt_2=0
*  The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network Over 32 Years.
... FAS Scholarly Articles View Item. The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network Over 32 Years. The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network Over 32 Years. ; Christakis, Nicholas Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors. Christakis, Nicholas A. The spread of obesity in a large social network over 32 years. Christakis SpreadofObesity.pdf 391.5Kb; PDF. Christakis SpreadofObesitySupplement.pdf 325.0Kb; PDF. Background: The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We used longitudinal statistical models to examine whether weight gain in one person was associated with weight gain in his or her friends, siblings, spouse, and neighbors. Results: Discernible clusters of obese persons body-mass index, 30 were present in the network at all time points, and the clusters extended to three degrees of separation. These clusters did not appear to be solely attributable to the selective formation of social ties among obese persons. A person's cha...
http://dash.harvard.edu/handle/1/3710802
*  Phys.org - social animals(... continued page 3)
Phys.org - social animals ... Home social animals. News tagged with social animals. sort by:. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Man's best friend. People have an innate need to establish close relationships with other people. But this natural bonding behaviour is not confined to humans: many animals also seem to need relationships with others of their kind. Jun 21, 2013 in Plants & Animals. Jun 17, 2013 in Plants & Animals. Spanish and US scientists have successfully identified animal species that can transmit more diseases to humans by using mathematical tools similar to those applied to the study of social networks like Facebook or Twitter. Jun 11, 2013 in Plants & Animals. Social networks could help prevent disease outbreaks in endangered chimpanzees. Phys.org —Many think of social networks in terms of Facebook friends and Twitter followers, but for recent University of Georgia doctoral graduate Julie Rushmore, social networks are too...
http://phys.org/tags/social animals/page3.html
*  Medical Xpress - social interaction
... Home social interaction. News tagged with social interaction. sort by:. Date. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. all. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. all. Related topics: autism · brain · children · autism spectrum disorders · neurons. Sorry, no news articles match your request. Your search criteria may be too narrow. Social interaction. Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals or groups who modify their actions and reactions according to those of their interaction partner s. In other words, they are events in which people attach meaning to a situation, interpret what others are meaning, and respond accordingly. Social interactions can be differentiated into:. In sociological hierarchy, social interaction is more advanced than behavior, action, social behavior, social action and social contact, and is in turn followed by more advanced concept of social relation. In other word...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/social interaction/sort/liverank/1d/
*  Nerds Needing Social Skills.. - Caffeine Lounge | Dream.In.Code
Nerds Needing Social Skills.. - Caffeine Lounge. Dream.In.Code. . Search:. Advanced Forum Search. Forums. Programming. Web Development. Computers. Tutorials. Snippets. Dev Blogs. Jobs. Lounge. Login. Join. Today's Topics. Dream.In.Code. General Discussion. Caffeine Lounge. Nerds needing social skills.. No way!. 3 Pages. 1 2 3. New Topic/Question. Reply. 43 Replies - 2034 Views - Last Post: 31 January 2009 - 08:43 AM. #1. Winstinology. I'm pretty good with a laser mouse.. Reputation: 7. Posts: 958. Joined: 08-May 08. Nerds needing social skills.. Posted 12 January 2009 - 03:22 PM Came across this funny thread on Slashdot today.. According to Reuters, Potsdam University in Germany is now teaching social skills as part of their IT courses. This is intended to 'ease entry into the world of work'. The 440 students enrolled in the master's degree course will learn how to write flirtatious text messages and emails, impress people at parties and cope with rejection s. Have we really become that ba...
http://dreamincode.net/forums/topic/80527-nerds-needing-social-skills/
*  The First Drug that Could Ease Social Withdrawal in Autism | TIME.com
The First Drug that Could Ease Social Withdrawal in Autism. TIME.com. Time.com. MY ACCOUNT SIGN IN SIGN OUT SUBSCRIBE Home. Subscribe Newsletters Feedback Privacy Policy Your California Privacy Rights Terms of Use Ad Choices. 2015 Time Inc. Subscribe. Sign In Subscribe. Autism. The First Drug that Could Ease Social Withdrawal in Autism By Maia Szalavitz @maiasz Sept. An experimental drug showed promising results in treating the key symptom of social withdrawal in people with Fragile X syndrome, the most common known inherited cause of autism with intellectual disability, according to a recent clinical trial. The new study, published in Science Translational Medicine, hints that arbaclofen could be the first drug to treat symptoms of Fragile X and other autism spectrum disorders, and even other conditions involving social avoidance. In previous studies of mice that are missing the FMR1 gene and show autistic symptoms like repetitive behavior and social avoidance, arbaclofen has been able to treat these problem...
http://healthland.time.com/2012/09/20/the-first-drug-that-could-help-social-withdrawal-in-autism/?iid=hl-x-mostpop1
*  Project: Social behavior deficits in autism: Role of amygdala
project social behavior deficits in autism role of amygdala projects home project detail social behavior deficits in autism role of amygdala project description unavailable funder autism speaks fiscal year funding project number principal investigator mooney sandra strategic plan question question how can i understand what is happening biology strategic plan objective o not specific to question objectives federal or private private institution state university of new york upstate medical center state country new york web link no url available web link no url available web link no url available new history related projects social behavior deficits in autism role of amygdala social behavior deficits in autism role of amygdala...
https://iacc.hhs.gov/apps/portfolio-analysis-web-tool/project?projectId=4852&fy=2008
*  .. Is the School Required to Provide Social Skills Training? .. 05/07/12by Wrightslaw
Is the School Required to Provide Social Skills Training. 05/07/12 by Wrightslaw. My daughter with autism needs help with social skills. She gets 90 minutes of social skills counseling a month. I think she needs to learn “hands on” in class, lunch, or recess, not in the “office.”. Is the school required to provide social skills training? Would this be considered a related service. Here’s an easy to read description about social skills. Social skill is not a “service” but a functional skill necessary for daily living activities. Learn what the IDEA, the federal regulations, and the Commentary say about Present Levels of Functional Performance and IEP goals for functional skills. Read Pat Howey’s article What You Need to Know About IDEA: Present Levels of Functional Performance and Functional Goals in IEPs. http://www.wrightslaw.com/howey/iep.functional.perf.htm. Your child’s IEP must include a description of her Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance. If your child has â...
http://wrightslaw.com/blog/?p=6721
*  YaleNews | Sociability may depend upon brain cells generated in adolescence
Sociability may depend upon brain cells generated in adolescence. Yale News. Arts Humanities Business, Law, Society Campus Community Science Health World Environment. Topics Arts Humanities Business, Law, Society Campus Community Science Health World Environment Videos Photos Search. Sociability may depend upon brain cells generated in adolescence. Mice become profoundly anti-social when the creation of new brain cells is interrupted in adolescence, a surprising finding that may help researchers understand schizophrenia and other mental disorders, Yale researchers report. The Yale team decided to explore the function of these new brain cells in mice of different ages. However, adult mice that had neurogenesis blocked during adolescence showed no interest in exploring other adult mice and even evaded attempts made by other mice to engage in social behavior. “These mice acted like they did not recognize other mice as mice,” Kaffman said. Blocking adult neurogenesis had no effect on social behavior, suggesting t...
http://news.yale.edu/2011/10/03/sociability-may-depend-upon-brain-cells-generated-adolescence
*  NjeriChelimo/social stream at documents0.4.7 · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Features. Pricing. Watch. Star. NjeriChelimo. / social stream. forked from ging/social stream. Code Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. Subversion. Social Stream is a core for building social network websites. http://social-stream.dit.upm.es/. 1,823 commits. 6 branches. Fetching contributors. Tag: documents0.4.7. Switch branches/tags. Branches. Tags. It provides a robust and flexible core with social networking features and activity streams for building websites. Social networking platforms stand among the most popular websites, while many content oriented applications are supporting social networking features in order to improve engagement, enhance user awareness and stimulate communities around the website. Social Stream is based on social network analysis SNA concepts and methods, including social entities actors, ties and relations. Social Stream is so flexible that you can define custom actors gr...
https://github.com/NjeriChelimo/social_stream/tree/documents0.4.7
*  NjeriChelimo/social stream at base0.9.24 · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. Star. NjeriChelimo. / social stream. forked from ging/social stream. Code Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. Subversion. Social Stream is a core for building social network websites. http://social-stream.dit.upm.es/. 1,727 commits. 6 branches. Fetching contributors. Tag: base0.9.24. Switch branches/tags. Branches. Tags. It provides a robust and flexible core with social networking features and activity streams for building websites. Social networking platforms stand among the most popular websites, while many content oriented applications are supporting social networking features in order to improve engagement, enhance user awareness and stimulate communities around the website. Social Stream is based on social network analysis SNA concepts and methods, including social entities actors, ties and relations. Social Stream is so flexible that you can define custom a...
https://github.com/NjeriChelimo/social_stream/tree/base0.9.24
*  The scope of social attention deficits in autism: Prioritized orienting to people and animals in sta
Page 1 Neuropsychologia 48 2010 51–59 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Neuropsychologia journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/neuropsychologia The scope of social attention deficits in autism: Prioritized orienting to people and animals in static natural scenes Joshua J. Chawarska, Klin, Volkmar, 2003 but not in others Ristic et al., 2005, children with ASD cer- tainly have significant impairments in interpreting the meaning and social significance of the ‘language of the eyes’ Baron-Cohen, Joliffe, Mortimore, Robertson, 1997; Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, etal.,1997 .Inamoreabstractrealm,childrenwithASDfailtospon- taneously attribute the social meanings that typically developing children automatically ascribe to displays of simple moving geo- metric shapes Abell, Happé, Frith, 2000; Klin, 2000; Rutherford, Pennington, Rogers, 2006 and they fail to efficiently process social information in point-light displays Blake, Turner, Smoski, Pozdol, Stone, 2003; Klin, Jones, Schultz, Volkmar, 2003; Klin, Lin,...
http://researchgate.net/publication/26747837_The_scope_of_social_attention_deficits_in_autism_Prioritized_orienting_to_people_and_animals_in_static_natural_scenes
*  .. DIY Brainless Robots Exhibit Collective Behavior .. About Tessel Renzenbrink
DIY Brainless Robots Exhibit Collective Behavior. By Tessel Renzenbrink on March 19, 2013 Posted in: technology Tags: BristleBots, mechanical intelligence, robots, swarm behavior, swarm intelligence, swarm robotics. We’ve all seen the amazing capabilities of flocks of birds and schools of fish to move seemingly as one. A lot of research is going into figuring out how swarm behavior works in order to mimic nature’s capabilities in swarm robotics. The ability of an individual agent to participate in collective behavior is often linked to cognition and social interaction implying that swarmbots require computational power and a sensor to function. But now scientists of Harvard university have demonstrated that brainless robots self-organize into coherent collective motion. The robots used in the experiment are BristleBots Bbots. These are very simple robots anyone can build for $5 from a toothbrush, a pager motor and a battery. When the brush head is pressed to the ground, the angled bristles give it forwar...
http://techthefuture.com/technology/diy-brainless-robots-exhibit-collective-behavior/
*  The Visualisation of Spatial Social Structure - Statistics Views
... The Visualisation of Spatial Social Structure. How do you draw a map of 100,000 places, of more than a million flows of people, of changes over time and space, of different kinds of spaces, surfaces and volumes, from human travel time to landscapes of hopes, fears, migration, manufacturing and mortality. The visualization of spatial social structure means, literally, making visible the geographical patterns to the way our lives have come to be socially organised, seeing the geography in society. To a statistical readership visualization implies using data. The Visualization of Spatial Social Structure introduces the reader to new ways of thinking about how to look at social statistics, particularly those about people in places. 2 People, spaces and places 31 2.1 Which people. 34 2.3 What are spaces. 9 Volume visualization 251 9.1 The third dimension 251 9.2 Spaces, times and places 252 9.3 Spacetime continuum 259 9.4 Three-dimensional graphs 262 9.5 Flows through time 275 9.6 Volume rendering 279 9.7 Int...
http://statisticsviews.com/details/book/2487241/The-Visualisation-of-Spatial-Social-Structure.html
*  social skills with emotional trama | LD OnLine
social skills with emotional trama. LD OnLine. Skip over navigation. Home. About Us. Contact Us. Newsletter. Search LD OnLine:. Home. Getting Started. LD Basics. ADHD Basics. Questions + Answers. Glossary. LD Topics. Multimedia. Teaching Kids with LD. Home-to-School Connection. Kids' Voices. Finding Help. Expert Advice. LD Resources. Yellow Pages. NJCLD. LearningStore. Support Us. Features. IDEA. Contributors. Personal Stories. Newsletters. Calendar. En español. Forums About Us. advertisement. You are here:. Features. LD OnLine Discussion Boards. Behavior: Social Skills, Self Esteem social skills with emotional trama. Previous Topic. Next Topic. Print this topic You are not subscribed. Return to main forum list. Behavior: Social Skills, Self Esteem social skills with emotional trama. Forum Jump Please select forum --------------------. Teaching Students with LD and ADHD Parenting a Child with LD or ADHD Postsecondary Education Adults with LD or ADHD Events and Announcements Behavior: Social Skills, Self Estee...
http://ldonline.org/xarbb/topic/11262
*  Farm Social Groupings
... Social Groupings within farm animals The social behaviour of farm animals is an important aspect of their sentience. Farm animals in natural conditions have quite complex social lives and social conventions. Living in groups requires awareness and understanding of the behaviour of others, and the ability to manage social interactions. Animal behaviour scientists have studied and compared the social lives of farm animals in natural, semi-natural and intensive farming conditions. In spite of thousands of years of domestic use, and decades of intensive breeding and farming, experts agree that the basic behaviour patterns and motivation of farm animals has changed little compared to their wild ancestors. Farmed pigs and chickens can revert to wild behaviour without difficulty. Cattle, pigs, sheep and chickens naturally live in herds or flocks. Many commercial farming methods cause social problems by joining unnaturally large numbers of animals together, changing or splitting up groups and mixing them with ot...
http://animalliberationfront.com/Philosophy/Morality/Speciesism/FarmSocialGroupings.htm
*  Social - Caffeine Lounge | Dream.In.Code - Page 3
Social - Caffeine Lounge. Programming. Web Development. Tutorials. Snippets. Caffeine Lounge. Social Life doesnt not revolve around just technical skill, but soft skill to. New Topic/Question. Reply. Reputation: 180. Posts: 2,641. Joined: 30-December 07. Re: Social Posted 26 June 2008 - 03:14 PM What's a soft skill. Was This Post Helpful. Back to top. MultiQuote. Quote + Reply. Reputation: 4562. Posts: 28,447. Joined: 21-March 01. Re: Social Posted 26 June 2008 - 03:23 PM whiskey dick. Was This Post Helpful. Back to top. MultiQuote. Quote + Reply. Reputation:. Re: Social Posted 26 June 2008 - 04:22 PM Ya know... Was This Post Helpful. Back to top. MultiQuote. Quote + Reply. Kaida. New D.I.C Head. Reputation: 0. Posts: 34. Joined: 19-June 08. Re: Social Posted 26 June 2008 - 06:23 PM so how is it like to spot a nerd.. guys, nerds are nerds.. you're a man right... i think a man dating a nerd would do him good... cos the girl shouldnt always be the one thinking what to do .. Was This Post Helpful. Back t...
http://dreamincode.net/forums/topic/55918-social/page__st__30
*  Having Fun in Az Social Group (Tempe, AZ) - Meetup
Having Fun in Az Social Group Tempe, AZ - Meetup. a Meetup Group Start a Meetup Group. Having Fun in Az Social Group. Home Members. Welcome to Havingfuninaz Social Group. We are a group of fun Professionals from all over the Valley comprised of members from 21 and up to 60's that want to have fun with diverse backgrounds including singles and couples whose goal is to meet new people, try new things, to have their social calendar filled. Join us and be the first to know when new Meetups are scheduled. 4 going. I will be there at 12:30 It is Sunday so that means you do not have to pay the meters for parking, Learn more Hosted by: cyndi Social Butterfly The group Founder. 80 s Party Cystic Fibrosis fundraisier Sat Oct 10 8:30 PM. 132 going. 4341 N 75th St, Scottsdale, AZ map. Learn more Hosted by: cyndi Social Butterfly The group Founder, and Corina Co-Organizer. 37 going. 4341 N 75th St, Scottsdale, AZ map. Learn more Hosted by: cyndi Social Butterfly The group Founder, and Fara. Free Fitness in The District - ...
http://meetup.com/having-fun-in-az/?page_start=1353104343959
*  .. Social CRM Transformation Demands CIO Leadership .. Learn More .. Follow CustomerThink .. Featur
Both CIOs and IT managers have scarce, valuable knowledge and experience about the best way to employ technology to make the business run better. Enter social CRM, which involves overlaying social networking capabilities onto traditional customer-focused marketing, sales, and service activities. CIOs See Social CRM Way Forward. When it comes to social CRM — as with cloud-based aka SaaS CRM — businesses need their CIOs and IT managers to help drive them forward, for two primary reasons:. Technology acumen: Today, social CRM technology Salesforce.com, Jive, Lithium varies wildly. Accordingly, businesses need technology experts who can help them evaluate the options, and think through how technical capabilities will map to solving discrete business challenges. Meanwhile, here’s a similar message for CIOs and IT managers: Step forward to help manage your business’s social CRM adoption strategy. When it comes to using social networks to solve discrete business challenges, it’s worth noting that beyond just technol...
http://customerthink.com/social_crm_transformation_demands_cio_leadership/
*  NIF | Searching in Literature
NIF. Searching in Literature. SciCrunch relies heavily on JavaScript. Many functions on the site will not work if you continue with JavaScript disabled. Login. Register. NIF LinkOut Portal. About. Add a Resource. Literature. Go. X. Sign In. Log In. X Forgot Password. If you have forgotten your password you can enter your email here and get a temporary password sent to your email. Send. X. Leaving Community. Are you sure you want to leave this community. Leaving the community will revoke any permissions you have been granted in this community. No. Yes. Literature. Home Literature. Synaptic dysfunction and abnormal behaviors in mice lacking major isoforms of Shank3. SHANK3 is a synaptic scaffolding protein enriched in the postsynaptic density PSD of excitatory synapses. Small microdeletions and point mutations in SHANK3 have been identified in a small subgroup of individuals with autism spectrum disorder ASD and intellectual disability. SHANK3 also plays a key role in the chromosome 22q13.3 microdeletion syndro...
https://scicrunch.org/21558424/resource/nif-0000-34000
*  Diagnosis
... sponsored by diagnosis the diagnosis of autism is made on the basis of three main types of behavior abnormal social behavior and the presence of repetitive unimaginative activities within the first years of life the diagnosis of autism is based on observation of the individual s communication behavior and developmental levels and should be done by a number of professionals it is suggested that a team of professionals diagnose a child with autism within the first three years including a developmental pediatrician a psychologist or psychiatrist and a speech pathologist all with experience in the field ideally a multidisciplinary team would be established including in addition to those already mentioned a neurologist and a learning consultant the information provided by parents care givers provide a true picture of the behaviors and abilities of the individual if autism is not recognized and acknowledged a lack of services to meet the needs of the individual with autism will result often autism can be misdi...
http://angelfire.com/sc2/autism/diagnosis.html
*  The ASMR Experiment: ASMR and social grooming
... The ASMR Experiment. ASMR and social grooming. In previous posts I described a theory of ASMR check out the ASMR theory tag on the right side of this page ; my conclusion is that ASMR is primarly drived by triggers' precision, which leads us to a state of physical and mental stillness : a condition whose importance is often ignored in the West, but widely recognized by traditional cultures. Now it's time to look at a phenomenon which can sometimes lead to ASMR: grooming. Note: linking ASMR to biology may sound strange, as I previously supported a theory which explains this phenomenon in terms of acoustics and brain waves. Social grooming. Grooming is - according to etologists - the way members of some animal species take care of each other, primarly for igienic purposes; in some species, however, grooming becomes an important social activity. The first example is massage; even in this case the ASMR effect is not directly connected to the task, and it only takes place when a massage is "tingle-oriented" b...
http://theasmrexperiment.blogspot.com/2013/06/asmr-and-social-grooming.html
*  Factors influencing overnight loss of body mass in the communal roosts of a social bird - Research P
... ortal. Lancaster University. Faculties & Departments. Current Students. Current Staff. Quick Links A-Z index About Us Contact Getting Here Current Staff Current Students Faculties Departments Feedback Job Opportunities My eLearning News Media Sitemap Term Dates The Colleges. Find a course. Factors influencing overnight loss of body mass... Research at Lancaster. Departments Centres. Aegithalos caudatus, long-tailed tit, WINTER, FATTENING STRATEGIES, LONG-TAILED TITS, PREDATION RISK, PARUS-MAJOR, social organization, cooperative breeding, roosting behaviour, HUDDLING BEHAVIOR, nocturnal hypothermia, body mass regulation, ENERGETIC SIGNIFICANCE, FAT RESERVES, DAY LENGTH, NOCTURNAL HYPOTHERMIA. Factors influencing overnight loss of body mass in the communal roosts of a social bird. mark Journal publication date /mark 04/2009. mark Journal /mark Functional Ecology. is a social species that lives in flocks during the non-breeding season, forming linear roosting huddles in which individuals compete to avoid occ...
http://research.lancs.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/factors-influencing-overnight-loss-of-body-mass-in-the-communal-roosts-of-a-social-bird(811cbc14-920e-4f33-a1a9-4f245e72d9de).html
*  Paediatric Illness: The Role of Social Context in Childhood Cancer - eResearch
... qmu home. prospective students. current students. alumni and friends. business and industry. community. the university. schools and subjects. services. research. media relations. library services. Login. eResearch. Home. About. FAQ. Browse by Year. Browse by Name. Browse by School or Department. Browse by Theme. User Menu. Login. Create Account. Research News. Latest research news. Research Support. External Links. OpenDOAR. OAIster. SHERPA RoMEO. Paediatric Illness: The Role of Social Context in Childhood Cancer. Connolly, John F 2008 Paediatric Illness: The Role of Social Context in Childhood Cancer. The Irish Psychologist, 34 9. pp. 267-270. ISSN 07904789 Preview. PDF 918.pdf. Download 409kB. . Abstract The impact and interaction of paediatric illness on child, family and the broader social context represent key areas of concern for both researcher and practitioner. The prevalence of paediatric chronic illness has been estimated at as high as 19% Newacheck Stoddard, ...
http://eresearch.qmu.ac.uk/918/
*  Procter & Gamble OLAY REGENERIST UV LOT SPF-50 Size: 1.7 OZ - Compare Prices and Reviews on Procter
Procter Gamble OLAY REGENERIST UV LOT SPF-50 Size: 1.7 OZ - Compare Prices and Reviews on Procter Gamble 01332944000 Masks at PriceGrabber. Procter & Gamble OLAY REGENERIST UV LOT SPF-50 Size: 1.7 OZ MPN: 01332944000 Overview. Compare Prices. Product Details. Reviews. $26.34 - $30.47 Set Price Alert. Store Store Rating Price. See all-time ratings 86 Reviews. $26.34 Tax: $1.21 Shipping: $4.97. See all-time ratings 86 Reviews. $26.34 Tax: $1.21 Shipping: $4.97. See all-time ratings 12 Reviews. $30.47 Tax: None Shipping: $5.48. Compare All 3 Stores. Write a review. Write a review. Write a review. Write a review. Product Details Description SPF 50. Advanced anti-aging. Regenerist UV Defense Regenerating Lotion with SPF 50 UVA/UVB sunscreen combines powerful UVA/UVB SPF 50 sunscreen with our exclusive Peptide + B3 complex and Olay moisture to help protect from damaging UV rays while moisturizing and regenerating skin s appearance. skincare uses anti-aging. Reviews. Write a Review. Expert Reviews. Olay Regenerist U...
http://pricegrabber.com/health-beauty/masks procter-gamble-olay-regenerist-uv-lot-spf-50-size-1-7-oz/m-723152544/?ut=36907ec36d66a6a6
*  American Sociological Association: 2007 Press ReleasePrint Friendly Version
... Printer Friendly Version Of American Sociological Association: 2007 Press Release http://www.asanet.org/press/20071213.cfm ASA Press Releases Contact: Jackie Cooper or Lee Herring E-mail: pubinfo@asanet.org Phone: 202 247-9871. Obese adults are admitted to the hospital more frequently and for more days than adults who are normal weight, finds a new study that looks at how being obese leads to a need for more health care services. The study also finds that duration of obesity—how long an adult has been obese—has a direct impact on length of hospitalization. “A somewhat surprising result in our study was the fact that the length of time a person has been obese makes a much bigger impact than how severe the obesity actually is.” The study appears in the December issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior, a peer-reviewed scientific publication of the American Sociological Association. On average, obese adults had about 3.22 hospital stays in a 20-year period compared with 2.47 stays for the normal-w...
http://asanet.org/printpage.cfm?page_ID=251
*  .. Social Club for ASD kids .. Responses .. Categories .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related
September 16, 2012 Social Club for ASD kids. Tags: Advice, Autism, social club, social interaction. By: myautisticmuslimchild on September 16, 2012 at 4:58 am Reply. By: myautisticmuslimchild on September 20, 2012 at 10:47 pm Reply. Allah bless you, and bless our kids. By: myautisticmuslimchild on September 25, 2012 at 1:58 am Reply. Hi I live in an area in england with one of the highest levels of autism in the uk we have lots of so called facilities and professionals but nothing in the way of treatment facilities, I was told after diagnosis that there is no cure, no way forward which I found pretty depressing, reading about your lack of even a social interaction group has made me feel even more strongly that we need as mothers to help our children ourselves and take treatment, therapies, and our children’s social needs into our own capable hands thanks you are an inspiration and your strength shines through I believe God in his infinite wisdom has blessed me with my autistic son he is a constant joy and has...
https://myautisticmuslimchild.wordpress.com/2012/09/16/social-club-for-asd-kids/
*  Voting to expel a group member
... Home. Help. Cart. Division 49 APA Website. Leadership. Early Career. Students. Publications. Membership. Awards. About. Home //. Division 49 //. Publications //. Newsletter // Voting to expel a group member. EMAIL. PRINT. The Group Psychologist. April 2012. IN THIS ISSUE Voting to expel a group member The author recalls a group intervention experience involving an individual who's outside behavior was in direct conflict with his group behavior, thus jeopardizing his true progress. By John Breeskin, PhD, ABPP. The event that I am writing about has happened to me three times in 50 years of running groups and, as far as I'm concerned, this is three times too many. I do wish, however, to provide guidance to my colleagues in terms of the issues involved in order to give them a systematic way of looking at this possible event. Eric, a mid-20s young man, was a member of my men's group. He sought our help in order to respectfully terminate a relationship that he felt was no longer viable. His soon-to-be ex-wife ...
http://apadivisions.org/division-49/publications/newsletter/group-psychologist/2012/04/voting-to-expel.aspx
*  Social disease
... redirect sexually transmitted infection...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_disease
*  92 Percent of American Babies Have a Social Networking Presence
......
http://gawker.com/5659122/92-percent-of-american-babies-have-a-social-networking-presence?tag=social-not-working
*  http://www.105.net/sezioni/657/105-night-express?from=social&redir=true
... => http://www.105.net/sezioni/657/105-night-express/2280;url=?refresh ce...
http://105.net/sezioni/657/105-night-express?from=social&redir=true
*  Comments on How's Your Social Life?
MO Arthritis http://www.moarthritis.org/ 2013-08-27T23:34:19Z TypePad...
http://moarthritis.org/2013/08/hows-your-social-life/comments/atom.xml
*  Positive social support at work shown to reduce risk of diabetes -- ScienceDaily
... Positive social support at work shown to reduce risk of diabetes. Date: May 9, 2013 Source: American Friends of Tel Aviv University Summary: Low levels of social support and high levels of stress in the workplace accurately predict the development of diabetes over the long term -- even in employees who appear to be healthy otherwise. Sharon Toker of Tel Aviv University's Faculty of Management has found that low levels of social support and high levels of stress in the workplace can accurately predict the development of diabetes over the long term -- even in employees who appear to be healthy otherwise. American Friends of Tel Aviv University. "Positive social support at work shown to reduce risk of diabetes." ScienceDaily. American Friends of Tel Aviv University. Positive social support at work shown to reduce risk of diabetes. Retrieved October 4, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130509123641.htm American Friends of Tel Aviv University. "Positive social support at work shown to reduce ris...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130509123641.htm
*  support network - Symptoms, Treatments and Resources for support network
... Health Tools. Full Site. Login. Communities Health Tools Information My MedHelp Login or. Diabetes Type 1. General Health Diet and Fitness. Women's Health. Heart Heart Disease. Pregnancy 18 - 24 years old. 35+ years old. All Communities. Android Apps. iPhone and iPad Apps. Women's Health. Diet and Fitness. Heart Disease. Mental Health. support network Information, Symptoms, Treatments and Resources. Posts on support network 2253. Support Network UK - Addiction: Alcohol/Drug Rehab Community - Nov 25, 2012 Anybody interested in seriously setting up a Support Network. support network. end stage liver level 6 Support network - Hepatitis C Community - Nov 03, 2009 I have massive pain and my hep c is now End Stage Liver Disease. HCV Network Bulletin Board - Hepatitis C Community - Sep 17, 2004 HCV Network--> www.gmwebs.net/schepc/ needs everyone from the HCV community to come join an... Need WD support network this week - can you help. - Addiction: Substance Abuse Community - Jun 24, 2010 Hello everyone, I am ...
http://medhelp.org/tags/show/84019/support-network
*  Social Support
... . Published on Taking Charge of Your Health Wellbeing http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu Home. Explore Healing Practices Social Support Social Support Social Support. scr0025.jpg jpg, 8.82 KB. Related Pages Get Help from Others. Interview with James Lynch. Interview with Susan Frampton. Mind-Body Therapies. Nurture Your Relationships. scr0025.jpg jpg, 8.82 KB. No. The term "social support" often appears in discussions of relationships. Social support means having friends and other people, including family, to turn to in times of need or crisis to give you a broader focus and positive self-image. Social support enhances quality of life and provides a buffer against adverse life events. Social support can take different forms: Emotional. sometimes called non-tangible support refers to the actions people take to make someone else feel cared for. Instrumental support refers to the physical, such as money and housekeeping. Informational support means providing information to help someone. One of the earliest...
http://takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/print/349
*  Social Support
... . Published on Taking Charge of Your Health Wellbeing http://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu Home. Explore Healing Practices Social Support Social Support Social Support. scr0025.jpg jpg, 8.82 KB. Related Pages Get Help from Others. Interview with James Lynch. Interview with Susan Frampton. Mind-Body Therapies. Nurture Your Relationships. scr0025.jpg jpg, 8.82 KB. No. The term "social support" often appears in discussions of relationships. Social support means having friends and other people, including family, to turn to in times of need or crisis to give you a broader focus and positive self-image. Social support enhances quality of life and provides a buffer against adverse life events. Social support can take different forms: Emotional. sometimes called non-tangible support refers to the actions people take to make someone else feel cared for. Instrumental support refers to the physical, such as money and housekeeping. Informational support means providing information to help someone. One of the earliest...
http://takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/print/explore-healing-practices/social-support
*  Beyond the “I” in the Obesity Epidemic: A Review of Social Relational and Network Interventions
Angelopoulos et al., 2009 Social support Student workbook and teacher manual including motivational method and strategies change social influence through modeling, mobilizing social support — Theory of planned behavior Individual/ interpersonal/ organizational Resource. Stolley et al., 2009 Social support Activities to promote group cohesion ice breaker, potluck dinners, outside activities, and inclusion of friends and family Social support for eating and exercise questionnaire Social cognitive theory, health belief model Individual Resource. Kiernan et al., 2012 Social support Friend and family support for healthy eating and PA Support subscales and sabotage subscales; general supportive and strained interactions with family and friends subscales; qualitative question on social support Social support measurement Individual Resource. Bjelland et al., 2011 i Social support; ii social capital Classmate interaction to facilitate social cohesion and support i Perceived social support from parents, friends,...
http://hindawi.com/journals/jobe/2013/348249/tab1/

Relative index of inequality: The relative index of inequality (RII) is a regression-based index which summarizes the magnitude of socio-economic status (SES) as a source of inequalities in health. RII is useful because it takes into account the size of the population and the relative disadvantage experienced by different groups.Genetics of social behavior: The genetics of social behavior is an area of research that attempts to address the question of the role that genes play in modulating the neural circuits in the brain which influence social behavior. Model genetic species, such as D.The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better: The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do BetterUK Hardback edition: The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better. London, Allen Lane, 5 March 2009.North Wales Narrow Gauge RailwaysRed Moss, Greater Manchester: Red Moss is a wetland mossland in Greater Manchester, located south of Horwich and east of Blackrod. (Grid Reference ).Dundee Royal Infirmary: Dundee Royal Infirmary, often shortened to DRI, was a major teaching hospital in Dundee, Scotland. Until the opening of Ninewells Hospital in 1974, Dundee Royal Infirmary was Dundee’s main hospital.Fritz Heider: Fritz Heider (February 19, 1896 – January 2, 1988)American Psychologist., "Fritz Heider (1896 - 1988)".National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Brendan Gahan: Brendan Gahan is an American social media marketer, public speaker, and YouTube marketing expert. He is the former Director of Social Media for the creative agency Mekanism where he was responsible for creating viral campaigns for clients including Pepsi, Virgin Mobile, Axe, and 20th Century Fox.Urban Services Department: Urban Services Department () was a government department in Hong Kong. It carried out the policies and managed the facilities of the former Urban Council.Philip Stanhope (diplomat): Philip Stanhope (2 May 1732 – 16 November 1768) was the illegitimate son of Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield to whom the famous Letters to His Son were addressed. His mother was a French governess, Madelina Elizabeth du Bouchet.Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies: Anglo-Saxon royal genealogies refer collectively to the genealogies of the pre-Viking Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of Britain. These trace the royal families through legendary kings and heroes and usually an eponymous ancestor of their clan, and in most cases converge on the god-hero of the Anglo-Saxon peoples, Woden.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Female education: Female education is a catch-all term for a complex set of issues and debates surrounding education (primary education, secondary education, tertiary education, and health education in particular) for girls and women. It includes areas of gender equality and access to education, and its connection to the alleviation of poverty.Vinnytsia Institute of Economics and Social Sciences: Vinnytsia Institute of Economics and Social Sciences – structural unit of Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine” (OIUHD “Ukraina”).Self-rated health: Self-rated health (also called Self-reported health, Self-assessed health, or perceived health) refers to both a single question such as “in general, would you say that you health is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor?” and a survey questionnaire in which participants assess different dimensions of their own health.Injustice SocietyRehetobel: Rehetobel is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland.Mortality rate: Mortality rate, or death rate, is a measure of the number of deaths (in general, or due to a specific cause) in a particular population, scaled to the size of that population, per unit of time. Mortality rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 1,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 9.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Social history of England: The social history of England evidences many social changes the centuries. These major social changes have affected England both internally and in its relationship with other nations.Okurigana: are kana] suffixes following [[kanji stems in Japanese written words. They serve two purposes: to inflect adjectives and verbs, and to force a particular kanji to mean a specific idea and be read a certain way.Neighbourhood: A neighbourhood (Commonwealth English), or neighborhood (American English), is a geographically localised community within a larger city, town, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members.Australia–Finland relations: Australia–Finland relations are foreign relations between the Australia and Finland. Diplomatic relations were established on 31 May 1949.Birth weight: Birth weight is the body weight of a baby at its birth.Definitions from Georgia Department of Public Health.National Healthy Homes Hero Award: National Healthy Homes Hero Award is an award presented by a consortium of agencies at the United States' National Healthy Homes Conference. The first year this award was presented was in 2011.Antigen presentation: Antigen presentation describes a vital process of the immune system. Immune cells cannot "see inside" other cells, which may be infected with viruses or bacteria, and thus rely on information conveyed by fragments of intracellular components being presented on major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules on the cell surface.Swadeshi Jagaran Manch: The Swadeshi Jagaran Manch or SJM is an economic wing of Sangh Parivar that again took the tool of Swadeshi advocated in India before its independence to destabilize the British Empire. SJM took to the promotion of Swadeshi (indigenous) industries and culture as a dote against LPG.MHC class IIEvolution of human intelligence: The evolution of human intelligence refers to a set of theories that attempt to explain how human intelligence has evolved and are closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.Supplemental Security Income: Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a United States government program that provides stipends to low-income people who are either aged (65 or older), blind, or disabled.(SSA "Supplemental Security Income (SSI)" p.List of social psychology theoriesWaterladder pumpFreiwirtschaft: (German for "free economy") is an economic idea founded by Silvio Gesell in 1916. He called it (natural economic order).Royal London Hospital for Integrated MedicineWest Germany at the 1976 Winter Paralympics: The West Germany competed at the 1976 Winter Paralympics in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden from February 21 to 28, 1976. The team finished first out of the sixteen competing nations in the medal table and won twenty eight medals: ten gold, twelve silver and six bronze.Circular flow of income: The circular flow of income or circular flow is a model of the economy in which the major exchanges are represented as flows of money, goods and services, etc. between economic agents.Parent structure: In IUPAC nomenclature, a parent structure, parent compound, parent name or simply parent is the denotation for a compound consisting of an unbranched chain of skeletal atoms (not necessarily carbon), or consisting of an unsubstituted monocyclic or polycyclic ring system.Poverty trap: A poverty trap is "any self-reinforcing mechanism which causes poverty to persist."Costas Azariadis and John Stachurski, "Poverty Traps," Handbook of Economic Growth, 2005, 326.Vernacular Press Act: The Vernacular Press Act was passed in 1878 under the Governor Generalship and Viceroyalty of Lord Lytton, for better control of Indian language newspapers. The purpose of the Act was to control the printing and circulation of seditious material, specifically that which could produce disaffection against the British Government in India in the minds of the masses.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Sunshine Social Welfare Foundation: Sunshine Social Welfare Foundation (Chinese: 陽光社會福利基金會) is a charity established in 1981 in Taiwan to provide comprehensive services for burn survivors and people with facial disfigurement.Royal College of Surgeons in IrelandStressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Killing Aurora: Killing Aurora is a novel by Helen Barnes about a girl with anorexia. It was published in 1999 by Penguin Books.List of lighthouses in Spain: This is a list of lighthouses in Spain.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Jean-Baptiste-Maximien Parchappe de Vinay: Jean-Baptiste-Maximien Parchappe de Vinay (October 21, 1800 – March 12, 1866) was a French psychiatrist who was a native of Épernay, Marne.Claustrophobia: Claustrophobia is the fear of having no escape and being in closed or small space or room It is typically classified as an anxiety disorder and often results in panic attack, and can be the result of many situations or stimuli, including elevators crowded to capacity, windowless rooms, and even tight-necked clothing. The onset of claustrophobia has been attributed to many factors, including a reduction in the size of the amygdala, classical conditioning, or a genetic predisposition to fear small spaces.Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences (Aarhus University): The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences is a faculty of Aarhus University. The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences became a reality after Aarhus University was divided into four new main academic areas which came into effect on 1 January 2011.Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: The Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health is a peer-reviewed public health journal that covers all aspects of epidemiology and public health. It is published by the BMJ Group.Social marketing: Social marketing seeks to develop and integrate marketing concepts with other approaches to influence behaviors that benefit individuals and communities for the greater social good. It seeks to integrate research, best practice, theory, audience and partnership insight, to inform the delivery of competition sensitive and segmented social change programs that are effective, efficient, equitable and sustainable.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingBehavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.

(1/5512) Socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population: the contribution of working conditions.

BACKGROUND: The aim was to study the impact of different categories of working conditions on the association between occupational class and self-reported health in the working population. METHODS: Data were collected through a postal survey conducted in 1991 among inhabitants of 18 municipalities in the southeastern Netherlands. Data concerned 4521 working men and 2411 working women and included current occupational class (seven classes), working conditions (physical working conditions, job control, job demands, social support at work), perceived general health (very good or good versus less than good) and demographic confounders. Data were analysed with logistic regression techniques. RESULTS: For both men and women we observed a higher odds ratio for a less than good perceived general health in the lower occupational classes (adjusted for confounders). The odds of a less than good perceived general health was larger among people reporting more hazardous physical working conditions, lower job control, lower social support at work and among those in the highest category of job demands. Results were similar for men and women. Men and women in the lower occupational classes reported more hazardous physical working conditions and lower job control as compared to those in higher occupational classes. High job demands were more often reported in the higher occupational classes, while social support at work was not clearly related to occupational class. When physical working conditions and job control were added simultaneously to a model with occupational class and confounders, the odds ratios for occupational classes were reduced substantially. For men, the per cent change in the odds ratios for the occupational classes ranged between 35% and 83%, and for women between 35% and 46%. CONCLUSIONS: A substantial part of the association between occupational class and a less than good perceived general health in the working population could be attributed to a differential distribution of hazardous physical working conditions and a low job control across occupational classes. This suggests that interventions aimed at improving these working conditions might result in a reduction of socioeconomic inequalities in health in the working population.  (+info)

(2/5512) Socioeconomic inequalities and disability pension in middle-aged men.

BACKGROUND: The issue of inequalities in health has generated much discussion and socioeconomic status is considered an important variable in studies of health. It is frequently used in epidemiological studies, either as a possible risk factor or a confounder and the aim of this study was to analyse the relation between socioeconomic status and risk of disability pension. METHODS: Five complete birth year cohorts of middle-aged male residents in Malmo were invited to a health survey and 5782 with complete data constituted the cohort in this prospective study. Each subject was followed for approximately 11 years and nationwide Swedish data registers were used for surveillance. RESULTS: Among the 715 men (12%), granted disability pension during follow-up, three groups were distinguished. The cumulative incidence of disability pension among blue collar workers was 17% and among lower and higher level white collar workers, 11% and 6% respectively. With simultaneous adjustment for biological risk factors and job conditions, the relative risk for being granted a disability pension (using higher level white collar workers as reference) was 2.5 among blue collar workers and 1.6 among lower level white collar workers. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status, as defined by occupation, is a risk factor for being granted disability pension even after adjusting for work conditions and other risk factors for disease.  (+info)

(3/5512) Permanent work incapacity, mortality and survival without work incapacity among occupations and social classes: a cohort study of ageing men in Geneva.

BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the burden of disability and death in men, from middle age to age of retirement, among occupational groups and classes in Geneva. METHODS: Men were included if they resided in the Canton of Geneva, were 45 years of age in 1970-1972, and were not receiving a disability pension at the start of the follow-up. The cohort of 5137 men was followed up for 20 years and linked to national registers of disability pension allowance and of causes of death. RESULTS: There was a steep upward trend in incidence of permanent work incapacity with lower social class for all causes as well as for the seven causes of disability studied. Compared with professional occupations (social class I), the relative risk (RR) of permanent work incapacity was 11.4 for partly skilled and unskilled occupations (class IV+V) (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.2-28.0). The social class gradient in mortality was in the same direction as that in work incapacity although much less steep (RR class IV+V to class I = 1.6, 95% CI : 1.1-2.2). Survival without work incapacity at the time of the 65th birthday ranged from only 57% in construction workers and labourers to 89% in science and related professionals. Unemployment in Geneva was below 1.5% during almost all the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Medically-ascertained permanent work incapacity and survival without work incapacity have shown considerably greater socioeconomic differentials than the mortality differentials.  (+info)

(4/5512) Socioeconomic differences in childhood consultation rates in general practice in England and Wales: prospective cohort study.

OBJECTIVE: To establish how consultation rates in children for episodes of illness, preventive activities, and home visits vary by social class. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data from the fourth national survey of morbidity in general practice, carried out between September 1991 and August 1992. SETTING: 60 general practices in England and Wales. SUBJECTS: 106 102 children aged 0 to 15 years registered with the participating practices. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mean overall consultation rates for any reason, illness by severity of underlying disease, preventive episodes, home visits, and specific diagnostic category (infections, asthma, and injuries). RESULTS: Overall consultation rates increased from registrar general's social classes I-II to classes IV-V in a linear pattern (for IV-V v I-II rate ratio 1.18; 95% confidence interval 1.14 to 1. 22). Children from social classes IV-V consulted more frequently than children from classes I-II for illnesses (rate ratio 1.23; 1.15 to 1.30), including infections, asthma, and injuries and poisonings. They also had significantly higher consultation rates for minor, moderate, and serious illnesses and higher home visiting rates (rate ratio 2.00; 1.81 to 2.18). Consultations for preventive activities were lower in children from social classes IV-V than in children from social classes I-II (rate ratio 0.95; 0.86 to 1.05). CONCLUSIONS: Childhood consultation rates for episodes of illness increase from social classes I-II through to classes IV-V. The findings on severity of underlying illness suggest the health of children from lower social classes is worse than that of children from higher social classes. These results reinforce the need to identify and target children for preventive health care in their socioeconomic context.  (+info)

(5/5512) The impact of genetic counselling on risk perception and mental health in women with a family history of breast cancer.

The present study investigated: (1) perception of genetic risk and, (2) the psychological effects of genetic counselling in women with a family history of breast cancer. Using a prospective design, with assessment pre- and post-genetic counselling at clinics and by postal follow-up at 1, 6 and 12 months, attenders at four South London genetic clinics were assessed. Participants included 282 women with a family history of breast cancer. Outcome was measured in terms of mental health, cancer-specific distress and risk perception. High levels of cancer-specific distress were found pre-genetic counselling, with 28% of participants reporting that they worried about breast cancer 'frequently or constantly' and 18% that worry about breast cancer was 'a severe or definite problem'. Following genetic counselling, levels of cancer-specific distress were unchanged. General mental health remained unchanged over time (33% psychiatric cases detected pre-genetic counselling, 27% at 12 months after genetic counselling). Prior to their genetics consultation, participants showed poor knowledge of their lifetime risk of breast cancer since there was no association between their perceived lifetime risk (when they were asked to express this as a 1 in x odds ratio) and their actual risk, when the latter was calculated by the geneticist at the clinic using the CASH model. In contrast, women were more accurate about their risk of breast cancer pre-genetic counselling when this was assessed in broad categorical terms (i.e. very much lower/very much higher than the average woman) with a significant association between this rating and the subsequently calculated CASH risk figure (P = 0.001). Genetic counselling produced a modest shift in the accuracy of perceived lifetime risk, expressed as an odds ratio, which was maintained at 12 months' follow-up. A significant minority failed to benefit from genetic counselling; 77 women continued to over-estimate their risk and maintain high levels of cancer-related worry. Most clinic attenders were inaccurate in their estimates of the population risk of breast cancer with only 24% able to give the correct figure prior to genetic counselling and 36% over-estimating this risk. There was some improvement following genetic counselling with 62% able to give the correct figure, but this information was poorly retained and this figure had dropped to 34% by the 1-year follow-up. The study showed that women attending for genetic counselling are worried about breast cancer, with 34% indicating that they had initiated the referral to the genetic clinic themselves. This anxiety is not alleviated by genetic counselling, although women reported that it was less of a problem at follow-up. Women who continue to over-estimate their risk and worry about breast cancer are likely to go on seeking unnecessary screening if they are not reassured.  (+info)

(6/5512) Socioeconomic status and determinants of hemostatic function in healthy women.

Hemostatic factors are reported to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). Socioeconomic status (SES) is 1 of the determinants of the hemostatic profile, but the factors underlying this association are not well known. Our aim was to examine determinants of the socioeconomic differences in hemostatic profile. Between 1991 and 1994, we studied 300 healthy women, aged 30 to 65 years, who were representative of women living in the greater Stockholm area. Fibrinogen, factor VII mass concentration (FVII:Ag), activated factor VII (FVIIa), von Willebrand factor (vWF), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) were measured. Educational attainment was used as a measure of SES. Low educational level and an unfavorable hemostatic profile were both associated with older age, unhealthful life style, psychosocial stress, atherogenic biochemical factors, and hypertension. Levels of hemostatic factors increased with lower educational attainment. Independently of age, the differences between the lowest (mandatory) and highest (college/university) education in FVII:Ag levels were 41 microg/L (95% confidence interval [CI], 15 to 66 microg/L, P=0.001), 0.26 g/L (95% CI, 0.10 to 0.42 g/L, P=0.001) in fibrinogen levels, and 0.11 U/mL (95% CI, 0.09 to 0.12 U/mL, P=0.03) in levels of vWF. The corresponding differences in FVIIa and PAI-1 were not statistically significant. With further adjustment for menopausal status, family history of CHD, marital status, psychosocial stress, lifestyle patterns, biochemical factors, and hypertension, statistically significant differences between mandatory and college/university education were observed in FVII:Ag (difference=34 microg/L; 95% CI, 2 to 65 microg/L, P=0.05) but not in fibrinogen (difference=0.03 g/L; 95% CI, -0.13 to 0.19 g/L, P=0.92) or in vWF (difference=0.06 U/mL; 95% CI, -0.10 to 0.22 U/mL, P=0.45). An educational gradient was most consistent and statistically significant for FVII:Ag, fibrinogen, and vWF. Age, psychosocial stress, unhealthful life style, atherogenic biochemical factors, and hypertension mediated the association of low educational level with elevated levels of fibrinogen and vWF. Psychosocial stress and unhealthful life style were the most important contributing factors. There was an independent association between education and FVII:Ag, which could not be explained by any of these factors.  (+info)

(7/5512) Alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, problem drinking, and socioeconomic status.

In general, a lower socioeconomic status (SES) is related to a lower health status, more health problems, and a shorter life expectancy. Although causal relations between SES and health are unclear, lifestyle factors play an intermediate role. The purpose of the present study was to obtain more insight into the relation between SES, alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and problem drinking, through a general population survey among 8000 people in Rotterdam. Odds ratios were calculated using educational level as independent, and alcohol consumption, alcohol-related problems, and problem drinking as dependent variables. Abstinence decreased significantly by increasing educational level for both sexes. For men, excessive drinking, and notably very excessive drinking, was more prevalent in the lowest educational group. For women, no significant relation between educational level and prevalence of excessive drinking was found. After controlling for differences in drinking behaviour, among men the prevalence of 'psychological dependence' and 'social problems' was higher in intermediate educational groups, whereas prevalence of 'drunkenness' was lower in intermediate educational groups. For women, a negative relation was found between educational level and 'psychological dependence'; prevalence of 'symptomatic drinking' was higher in the lowest educational group. Prevalence of problem drinking was not related to educational level in either sex. It is concluded that differences exist between educational levels with respect to abstinence, but only limited differences were found with respect to excessive drinking. Furthermore, there is evidence for higher prevalences of alcohol-related problems in lower educational levels, after controlling for differences in drinking behaviour, in both sexes.  (+info)

(8/5512) Family factors affecting child development.

In a large, geographically defined population of children a number of family factors in addition to social class, determined by the father's occupation, were recorded by health visitors and school nurses with routine responsibility for these children. The quality of the children in normal schools was assessed in terms of nonverbal IQ and height at the ages of 5 and 10 years, and of behavior as reported by the teacher at the age of 10 years. By analysis of variance the sum of the independent effects of the other family factors greatly outweighed that of occupational social class, except in the case of the IQ at 10 years. The most important of the other family factors was the quality of the mother's care of her child during the first 3 years of life.  (+info)


How does social class affect access to health services?


You would think in a place like the UK, with free health care at the piont of need, that access to health care wouldn't be affected by social class, but apparently, according to the Black Report it is.  Why?
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You first have to define Social Class? People having the same social, economic, or educational status. So if for example you have a child, who attends education up to the age of ten and then dodges school, finds a male and ends up pregnant, would the teenager have the education to realize that the weight gain is due to being pregnant? While many adults attend Doctors to have the pregnancy monitored, if you do not know how babies are made, how would you know you are pregnant and why would you think you should see a Doctor? Likewise, a cold is just a cold, could be flu, but unless you are aware that the same symptoms can be linked to other more serious conditions, you will just think it is a cold.  Then you have the fear of the Social Services! A bruise can be just a bruise, but it can also be a sign of child abuse! Their are many reasons why people do not see a Doctor. We have a case here, sad, but true. A Mother with MS, who was living with her Partner. The Partner died and the Mother went into depression, returned to live with her daughter and her Partner, plus children. The Mother with MS, refused food, refused to allow her daughter to call a Doctor and when she went into a Coma and the daughter called an Ambulance, the Mother with MS weighed six stone and died in hospital. What happened next? Well the Health Services had a big investigation, this person had MS, so who was her Community Nurse, Social Worker, who gave her medical support? Then they charged the daughter and her partner will 'Neglect!' They have been taken to Court and their Lawyer has demanded the documentation from the Health Service investigation! Some one or some system had a serious system failure, so they are trying to pin the blame on the daughter! I have Rheumatoid Arthritis, have a community nurse, social welfare officer, occupational therapist, all who visit me, just to make sure I am able to look after myself. If I cannot for example cook my meals, then they can arrange for someone to do it for me. However, this lady with MS, seems to have slipped through the system, but rather than the system hold its hand up, they are trying to shift the blame onto the daughter!
Trying to access HELP, be it Community Nurse, Social Welfare Office, Home Help, is a minefield and I have a University education. I ponder how those who cannot read or write, let alone those who do not know of service available, manage this mine field? The simple answer, they cannot! You have a health problem, you see your Physician and the Physician does not know what services are available. You go to Citizens Advice and they point you in the right direction, on arrival you are given so many forms to fill in, it takes you days to fill them in! The system needs to be simplified, your Physician knows your health problem so they should be able to contact Community Nurse and get the ball rolling? However that would be in breach of confidentiality let alone several other laws. So while the law is their to protect you, it also means it is a mine field to negotiate! Best of Luck


Girls, would you ever marry a guy of a different social class?


Men do it all the time. What about women? I understand that most women marry up, which makes me wonder why.

Now I don't believe male gold diggers exist at all, unlike the opposite which heavily applies for the younger generation.

So girls or women, would you ever marry someone of a different social class?
Sleepy Cat, I am not gay!
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Well... If he was really low, I would make sure he's not using me for money. But if he really loves me and I love him back, I don't care too much for his social class. But there's this guy in our school, he's from some uber-high class family... He has a crush on me since I came to school. He buys me roses and is really polite. We are good friends but I'm 14 so I say that I won't go out with him (not in a mean way) he says that he will just wait. There was another guy who asked me out, he came from slams. I rejected him like 6 times and he called me a b!tch in the end... 

So it depends from the guy really.


Why do they serve oysters at high class social events?


arent oysters slimy and stinky and messy? wouldnt that be avoided at high class social events? please help
well, still why serve them at social events? they seem like a messy food
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They are not messy or stimky at all. The shell is like a little plate that holds the flesh. Most people put a little mignonette or lemon juice on it, and there you go. They have a clean, slightly briney flavor. The reason why fresh oysters are so expensive is because they have to be used within 48 hours of being taken from the sea. So as you can imagine most of the cost is in the shipping and refrigeration fees. I think alot of people are intimidated by oysters, because they're raw and aren't particularly pretty to look at. They do have a "slimy" texture to them, but their refreshing flavor and coldness make them a staple at cocktale parties.


Are children from working class more likely to get spankings than one´s from higher social classes?


If I understood them right in his study of the 70-s M. L. Kohn and some other researchers before have found that children from working class are more likely to get spankings as punishments than children from middle class or upper class. What do you think of this, is there any truth in that statement? 
Could you also tell about your own experiences?
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I think that they were more likely to get spankings from a parent, yes.  Upper class kids probably got spanked just as often, but since the majority of their time was spent in the care of a nanny or day care provider, this is probably where the spanking came from.


Are you raising your child in a different social class from which you were raised?


What differences do you see and do you think "class" is primarily defined by economics or actions and interests?
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As a sociologist, I lean toward an economic definition  of "class," because financial position determines a lot in life (who your peers are, your lifestyle. what opportunities you and your children will get, your power and influence in the community,  admiration of others, etc.)

My children definitely grew up in a different class than I did.  My parents were blue-collar, working class, and traditional. We weren't poor, but we had very few luxuries and very few educational opportunities.  We didn't participate in organized activities or take lessons of any kind.  My parents could not contribute a penny to my college education, but they did co-sign my loans. I even paid the entire bill for my wedding.   

My husband and I are both professionals with enough income to pay the bills plus give our kids a few experiences and opportunities.  We  did that by letting them enroll in every class or activity that they wanted, traveling a little, and helping them with their college tuition.   I think those experiences enriched their lives far above what we had as children.  Those social opportunities gave them a sense of confidence and competence when dealing with other people.   That's something I still don't have, even though I may have a middle class lifestyle.  When I used to get together with other parents from more privileged backgrounds, it was always clear that they shared something that I did not.  I was always a little bit of an outsider.  I don't think my kids will feel that way around others as adults. 

That's not to say that class is all that important. Here in the U.S. it's about as low on the radar as anywhere.  But it still exists, and money still buys opportunities.


How does Emphysema correlate with social class?


Its for sociology and i just need some suggestions on it.
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generally the people on the lower socioeconomic class have limited funds for appropriate health care also tend to be lower educated and tend to smoke cigarettes cigars pipes not realizing the risks involved with their actions also these people work around things that have negative effects on their health factory workers etc -- example mesotheleoma -- i am not sure if i spelled this correctly spell checker did not recognize this word


how to overcome social anxiety and go to class?


I have a really bad social anxiety issue along with other mood problems.....i have skipped the first week of school but really want to go in to class tomorrow but i know as soon as i get there i will freak out and bail.....is there anything i can do to make it through class? i can't miss anymore class (in adult school so we only go for 7 weeks not a year) im turing 20 soon really want to fix this
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take any valium or sedation antihistamine, such as a travel sickness pill and go willingly, stay relaxed, look at the others eyes and faces and breathe deep and slow all the time


Is social class primarily defined by what brand of beer you drink?


Aren't u just klassier if you're in a small house drinking a pint Guinness than in a big house guzzlin' a can of Natty Ice?
Really want Zorro and K answers on this one...
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So would Blue Moon =  upper middle class? Because, yeah, I can get behind this reasoning...