No data available that match "Smoking"



*  Smokehouse Flavours - Get the depth of flavour that only Smoke can provide.
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*  lolo19: NAME: LAUREN AGE: 16 HOBBiES: SOFTBALL, AND VOLLEYBALL SiNGLE AND LOOKEN LUV JESUS CHRiS
i hate people who smoke i luv to sing but dunt no if im good...
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*  Girl Suspended for Taping Chaos in Classroom | NBC 7 San Diego
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*  Diy Tutorial
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*  Smoke Health Advisory Is Issued – AzJournal.com
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*  Study: Pot smokers less obese than non-users | WOPULAR
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*  Swanville home damaged in fire Monday — Midcoast — Bangor Daily News — BDN Maine
with thick acrid smoke leaving the tv on the porch the two ... to disperse the smoke there was minor fire and smoke damage...
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*  Seeking woman Any Challenger11 Oldenburg Germany | International dating service
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No data available that match "Smoking"



(1/22632) Comparative total mortality in 25 years in Italian and Greek middle aged rural men.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Mortality over 25 years has been low in the Italian and very low in the Greek cohorts of the Seven Countries Study; factors responsible for this particularity were studied in detail. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: 1712 Italian and 1215 Greek men, aged 40-59 years, cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, representing over 95% of the populations in designated rural areas. DESIGN: Entry (1960-61) data included age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), smoking habits, total serum cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, vital capacity (VC), and forced expiratory volume in 3/4 seconds (FEV); the same data were obtained 10 years later. Multivariate Cox analysis was performed with all causes death in 25 years as end point. MAIN RESULTS: Italian men had higher entry levels of SBP, arm circumference, BMI, and VC; Greek men had higher cholesterol levels, smoking habits, and FEV. Mortality of Italian men was higher throughout; at 25 years cumulative mortality was 48.3% and 35.3% respectively. Coronary heart disease and stroke mortality increased fivefold in Italy and 10-fold in Greece between years 10 and 25. The only risk factor with a significantly higher contribution to mortality in Italian men was cholesterol. However, differences in entry SBP (higher in Italy) and FEV (higher in Greece) accounted for, according to the Lee method, 75% of the differential mortality between the two populations. At 10 years increases in SBP, cholesterol, BMI, and decreases in smoking habits, VC, FEV, and arm circumference had occurred (deltas). SBP increased more and FEV and VC decreased more in Italy than in Greece. Deltas, fed stepwise in the original model for the prediction of 10 to 25 years mortality, were significant for SBP, smoking, arm circumference, and VC in Greece, and for SBP and VC in Italy. CONCLUSION: Higher mortality in Italian men is related to stronger positive effects of entry SBP and weaker negative (protective) effects of FEV; in addition 10 year increases in SBP are higher and 10 year decreases in FEV are larger in Italy. Unaccounted factors, however, related to, for example, differences in the diet, may also have contributed to the differential mortality of these two Mediterranean populations.  (+info)

(2/22632) Serum triglyceride: a possible risk factor for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the relationship between ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and serum concentrations of lipids and apolipoproteins. METHODS: A cohort of 21 520 men, aged 35-64 years, was recruited from men attending the British United Provident Association (BUPA) clinic in London for a routine medical examination in 1975-1982. Smoking habits, weight, height and blood pressure were recorded at entry. Lipids and apolipoproteins were measured in stored serum samples from the 30 men who subsequently died of ruptured AAA and 150 matched controls. RESULTS: Triglyceride was strongly related to risk of ruptured AAA. In univariate analyses the risk in men on the 90th centile of the distribution relative to the risk in men on the 10th (RO10-90) was 12 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 3.8-37) for triglyceride, 5.5 (95% CI: 1.8-17) for apolipoprotein B (apoB) (the protein component of low density lipoprotein [LDL]), 0.15 (95% CI : 0.04-0.56) for apo A1 (the protein component of high density lipoprotein [HDL]), 3.7 (95% CI: 1.4-9.4) for body mass index and 3.0 (95% CI: 1.1-8.5) for systolic blood pressure. Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) was not a significant risk factor (RO10-90 = 1.6, 95% CI: 0.6-3.0). In multivariate analysis triglyceride retained its strong association. CONCLUSION: Triglyceride appears to be a strong risk factor for ruptured AAA, although further studies are required to clarify this. If this and other associations are cause and effect, then changing the distribution of risk factors in the population (by many people stopping smoking and adopting a lower saturated fat diet and by lowering blood pressure) could achieve an important reduction in mortality from ruptured AAA.  (+info)

(3/22632) Respiratory symptoms and long-term risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes in Swedish men.

BACKGROUND: Depressed respiratory function and respiratory symptoms are associated with impaired survival. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between respiratory symptoms and mortality from cardiovascular causes, cancer and all causes in a large population of middle-aged men. METHODS: Prospective population study of 6442 men aged 51-59 at baseline, free of clinical angina pectoris and prior myocardial infarction. RESULTS: During 16 years there were 1804 deaths (786 from cardiovascular disease, 608 from cancer, 103 from pulmonary disease and 307 from any other cause). Men with effort-related breathlessness had increased risk of dying from all of the examined diseases. After adjustment for age, smoking habit and other risk factors, the relative risk (RR) associated with breathlessness of dying from coronary disease was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.16-1.77), from stroke 1.77 (95% CI: 1.07-2.93), from any cardiovascular disease 1.48 (95% CI : 1.24-1.76), cancer 1.36 (95% CI : 1.11-1.67) and from any cause 1.62 (95% CI: 1.44-1.81). An independent effect of breathlessness on cardiovascular death, cancer death and mortality from all causes was found in life-time non-smokers, and also if men with chest pain not considered to be angina were excluded. An independent effect was also found if all deaths during the first half of the follow-up were excluded. Men with cough and phlegm, without breathlessness, also had an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer, but after adjustment for smoking and other risk factors this was no longer significant. However, a slightly elevated independent risk of dying from any cause was found (RR = 1.18 [95% CI: 1.02-1.36]). CONCLUSION: A positive response to a simple question about effort related breathlessness predicted subsequent mortality from several causes during a follow-up period of 16 years, independently of smoking and other risk factors.  (+info)

(4/22632) Body mass decrease after initial gain following smoking cessation.

BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is strongly associated with subsequent weight gain, it is not clear whether the initial gain in weight after smoking cessation remains over time. METHOD: Cross-sectional analyses were made, using data from periodic health examinations for workers, on the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the length of smoking cessation. In addition, linear regression coefficients of BMI on the length of cessation were estimated according to alcohol intake and sport activity, to examine the modifying effect of these factors on the weight of former smokers. RESULTS: Means of BMI were 23.1 kg/m2, 23.3 kg/m2, 23.6 kg/m2 for light/medium smokers, heavy smokers and never smokers, respectively. Among former smokers who had smoked > or = 25 cigarettes a day, odds ratio (OR) of BMI >25 kg/m2 were 1.88 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.05-3.35), 1.32 (95% CI : 0.74-2.34), 0.66 (95% CI: 0.33-1.31) for those with 2-4 years, 5-7 years, and 8-10 years of smoking cessation, respectively. The corresponding OR among those who previously consumed <25 cigarettes a day were 1.06 (95% CI: 0.58-1.94), 1.00 (95% CI: 0.58-1.71), and 1.49 (95% CI: 0.95-2.32). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that although heavy smokers may experience large weight gain and weigh more than never smokers in the few years after smoking cessation, they thereafter lose weight to the never smoker level, while light and moderate smokers gain weight up to the never smoker level without any excess after smoking cessation.  (+info)

(5/22632) Post-shift changes in pulmonary function in a cement factory in eastern Saudi Arabia.

This cross-sectional study was conducted in 1992 in the oldest of three Portland cement producing factories in Eastern Saudi Arabia. The respirable dust level was in excess of the recommended ACGIH level in all sections. Spirometry was done for 149 cement workers and 348 controls, using a Vitalograph spirometer. FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC% and FEF25-75% were calculated and corrected to BTPS. A significantly higher post-shift reduction FEV1, FEV1/FVC% and FEF25-75% was observed in the exposed subjects. Multiple regression analysis showed a significant relationship between post-shift changes and exposure to cement dust but failed to support any relationship with smoking. These findings may indicate an increase in the bronchial muscle tone leading to some degree of bronchoconstriction as a result of an irritant effect induced by the acute exposure to cement dust.  (+info)

(6/22632) Respiratory symptoms among glass bottle workers--cough and airways irritancy syndrome?

Glass bottle workers have been shown to experience an excess of respiratory symptoms. This work describes in detail the symptoms reported by a cohort of 69 symptomatic glass bottle workers. Symptoms, employment history and clinical investigations including radiology, spirometry and serial peak expiratory flow rate records were retrospectively analyzed from clinical records. The results showed a consistent syndrome of work-related eye, nose and throat irritation followed after a variable period by shortness of breath. The latent interval between starting work and first developing symptoms was typically 4 years (median = 4 yrs; range = 0-28). The interval preceding the development of dysponea was longer and much more variable (median = 16 yrs; range = 3-40). Spirometry was not markedly abnormal in the group but 57% of workers had abnormal serial peak expiratory flow rate charts. Workers in this industry experience upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms consistent with irritant exposure. The long-term functional significance of these symptoms should be formally investigated.  (+info)

(7/22632) Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and associated risk factors in American Indians: the Strong Heart Study.

Studies of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in minority populations provide researchers with an opportunity to evaluate PAD risk factors and disease severity under different types of conditions. Examination 1 of the Strong Heart Study (1989-1992) provided data on the prevalence of PAD and its risk factors in a sample of American Indians. Participants (N = 4,549) represented 13 tribes located in three geographically diverse centers in the Dakotas, Oklahoma, and Arizona. Participants in this epidemiologic study were aged 45-74 years; 60% were women. Using the single criterion of an ankle brachial index less than 0.9 to define PAD, the prevalence of PAD was approximately 5.3% across centers, with women having slightly higher rates than men. Factors significantly associated with PAD in univariate analyses for both men and women included age, systolic blood pressure, hemoglobin A1c level, albuminuria, fibrinogen level, fasting glucose level, prevalence of diabetes mellitus, and duration of diabetes. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to predict PAD for women and men combined. Age, systolic blood pressure, current cigarette smoking, pack-years of smoking, albuminuria (micro- and macro-), low density lipoprotein cholesterol level, and fibrinogen level were significantly positively associated with PAD. Current alcohol consumption was significantly negatively associated with PAD. In American Indians, the association of albuminuria with PAD may equal or exceed the association of cigarette smoking with PAD.  (+info)

(8/22632) Different factors influencing the expression of Raynaud's phenomenon in men and women.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk profile for Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is different between men and women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 800 women and 725 men participating in the Framingham Offspring Study, the association of age, marital status, smoking, alcohol use, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia with prevalent RP was examined in men and women separately, after adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: The prevalence of RP was 9.6% (n = 77) in women and 5.8% (n = 42) in men. In women, marital status and alcohol use were each associated with prevalent RP (for marital status adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.3, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.4-3.9; for alcohol use OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.0-5.2), whereas these factors were not associated with RP in men (marital status OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.6-3.5; alcohol use OR 1.0, 95% CI 0.2-4.4). In men, older age (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.0-5.2) and smoking (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.3) were associated with prevalent RP; these factors were not associated with RP in women (older age OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.4-1.6; smoking OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.4-1.1). Diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were not associated with RP in either sex. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that risk factors for RP differ between men and women. Age and smoking were associated with RP in men only, while the associations of marital status and alcohol use with RP were observed in women only. These findings suggest that different mechanisms influence the expression of RP in men and women.  (+info)


smoking????


A lot of times when I smoke, I gag.  Sometimes I end up puking too.  Is this bad, or just the way my body reacts to cigarettes?

I've been smoking for almost a year now.  This has happened the whole time.  I'm trying to quit, I'm really sick of puking my guts out.

So, is there something really wrong?

And, do any of you have tips on quitting smoking?

Thanks! :)
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Contact the Quitline and join a Quit Smoking Clinic.


Smoking...?


Whats the best way of stopping smoking, besides nicotene patches and gum.  Anything anyone know that people wouldnt know?
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I was a smoker myself. Not cigarettes but worst-pipe smoking.  It was so delicious to taste different type of pipe tobacco mixtures and exchange ideas. It was a matter of pride to be pipe smoker.

So you can see what smokers are. They suffer from a certain inferiority complex and want to cover it up by smoking. The young boys feel adulthood creeping in, having a cigarette in their lips. Young smokers are usually from a weak family background.

Grown up smokers, smoke because they got addicted to it, and reflect a weak background. Remember the guys who act tough have a very weak base.  It is well said that Empty vessels make much noise

Now that you know the background of smoking, decide and be firm to give it up. Nothing is impossible, the first few weeks would be difficult and then you wll get used to no-smoking.

Just take a decision and take no more of cigarettes. I did the same, one fine evening I turned my pipe upside down and that was it.

Now I smoke a cigarette, may be once in a month, but just for company sake, not as a necessity.

Anti-smoking Medicines may help but are not the right approach, the willpower is better than any antismoking drug. Beleive me, its my sincere advice


SMoKING....?


health pro: make a slide show (anti-smoking)
sooo....anybody know any songs that fits?
or any haunting/sad songs
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When I feel like picking up a cigarette , I watch this.
It really shows smoking in a haunting light , and the song is stirring.


SMOKING!??!?!?!?!????


so i have to right a essay for english (EWWW) and its about smoking. i want 2 say how much it costs for cigarettes monthly but....i dnt know how much......thats where u come in!!!!!!! please help a girl out
(:
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Before I quit a pack of popular brand cigarettes were about $5.00 and I smoked a pack a day on work days and 2 a day on weekends give or take.

I'd say about $200.00 a month.

I quit cold turkey after 14 years of smoking. Have not had one in 2 years :)


SmOkInG!!!!!?


Im 13. i smoke every once in a while. Is that enough to stunt my growth or is it just if you do it like every day..
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U will die


How much does smoking a couple of cigarettes a week actually harm me?


I've never been a regular smoker in my life but I enjoy smoking a couple of cigarettes when I go out for a drink. I may also smoke a cigarette if I'm really depressed or stressed. I often go for weeks of months without smoking and in general I don't find smoking more than a couple of cigarettes enjoyable. I have been smoking like that for about 4 years. How much does that habbit actually harm my health?
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Everyone if different.  George Burns was a very heavy smoker (actor who died at age 100)    Others die young of lung cancer ---some who have never smoked (due to their own smoking or second hand smoke.)  

Smoking is also a dirty habit.  It makes you smell as well as your clothes.  Let's not forget the cost-  wow.  It also annoys most around you.  It will also be the cause of more expensive health ins. It makes you less efficient at work and that and the effects on your health can cause you not to get hired.  Quite a few employers feel this way as health ins. is already outrageously expensive.

If you're a guy try sucking on a pipe.  Guys and gals go for gum.  Amazingly chewing gum has a few health benefits.  Even if it has sugar in it it still helps to clean your teeth.

You can get mega hooked on them any time.  For guys it damages your sperm,  for gals it causes birth defects especially slow and inadequate growth.  It damages other parts of your innards too.  The damage is NOT easily corrected if at all.


How do you quit smoking when your spouse smokes?


I really want to stop smoking before it takes a toll on me in any way.  I hate the smell of cigarettes on my clothes and the transfer from my sheets to my bedding.  We don't smoke in our home except the bathroom.  The main problem is I've tried to quit before (I smoke half a pack a day)  but my DH smokes two packs a day and when he smokes when he gets home it makes it hard for me to quit.  What do I do and/or what's the best way to quit?
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First thing is give  yourself some self confidence to quit the smoking. After that you should know what are the problem when smoking and advantages of quitting smoking, then say the way. Some easy way is to use whenever willing to smoke means chewwing gum, and tablet is available it gives the effect of smoking. Take herbal anti smoking products. When mind is ask to smoke take small pencil and imagine that it is cigarrete and smoke it. Definitely you will stop the smoking habit. ok all the best try these tips now itself my dear friend.
For more anti smoking tips, visit this site: http://health-sex-money.com/GeneralHealth.html


What can smoking a pack of cigarettes every 2 weeks do?


Can it make me become addicted to smoking? Like sometimes I smoke 3 times in one day, but the next day not smoke at all, then smoke 1, etc. Can you get hooked that way?
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In my honest opinion
no one is really hooked on smoking
they just make themselves believe they are...
you want a cigarette have a cigarette just be aware of the risks is all i say
I mean if you can stop having them at any point youll be fine, once you find it hard to quit, then your mentality is wrong
dont live to enjoy a cigarette but enjoy a cigarette to live get it :D