Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.United StatesDiabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Diabetes Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.JapanPregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System: Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Cholesterol, HDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.BrazilPopulation Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Hypercholesterolemia: A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.Homocysteine: A thiol-containing amino acid formed by a demethylation of METHIONINE.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Dyslipidemias: Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Polymorphism, Genetic: The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Hyperlipidemias: Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.IndiaUrban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.TriglyceridesAfrican Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.Cholesterol, LDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.FinlandCerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.GermanyTunica Media: The middle layer of blood vessel walls, composed principally of thin, cylindrical, smooth muscle cells and elastic tissue. It accounts for the bulk of the wall of most arteries. The smooth muscle cells are arranged in circular layers around the vessel, and the thickness of the coat varies with the size of the vessel.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.SwedenMass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Arteriosclerosis: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.IranCalcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.TurkeyVascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.ItalyExercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Age of Onset: The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Causality: The relating of causes to the effects they produce. Causes are termed necessary when they must always precede an effect and sufficient when they initiate or produce an effect. Any of several factors may be associated with the potential disease causation or outcome, including predisposing factors, enabling factors, precipitating factors, reinforcing factors, and risk factors.Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide: A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Carotid Arteries: Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Diabetic Angiopathies: VASCULAR DISEASES that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS.Hyperhomocysteinemia: Condition in which the plasma levels of homocysteine and related metabolites are elevated (>13.9 µmol/l). Hyperhomocysteinemia can be familial or acquired. Development of the acquired hyperhomocysteinemia is mostly associated with vitamins B and/or folate deficiency (e.g., PERNICIOUS ANEMIA, vitamin malabsorption). Familial hyperhomocysteinemia often results in a more severe elevation of total homocysteine and excretion into the urine, resulting in HOMOCYSTINURIA. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, osteoporotic fractures and complications during pregnancy.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Overweight: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".Tunica Intima: The innermost layer of an artery or vein, made up of one layer of endothelial cells and supported by an internal elastic lamina.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Heart Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Risk Reduction Behavior: Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Insulin Resistance: Diminished effectiveness of INSULIN in lowering blood sugar levels: requiring the use of 200 units or more of insulin per day to prevent HYPERGLYCEMIA or KETOSIS.Thrombophilia: A disorder of HEMOSTASIS in which there is a tendency for the occurrence of THROMBOSIS.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Kidney Diseases: Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.TaiwanFamily Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.CaliforniaLipoprotein(a): A lipoprotein that resembles the LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS but with an extra protein moiety, APOPROTEIN (A) also known as APOLIPOPROTEIN (A), linked to APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100 on the LDL by one or two disulfide bonds. High plasma level of lipoprotein (a) is associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Venous Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.Great BritainContinental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Peripheral Vascular Diseases: Pathological processes involving any one of the BLOOD VESSELS in the vasculature outside the HEART.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Waist-Hip Ratio: The waist circumference measurement divided by the hip circumference measurement. For both men and women, a waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) of 1.0 or higher is considered "at risk" for undesirable health consequences, such as heart disease and ailments associated with OVERWEIGHT. A healthy WHR is 0.90 or less for men, and 0.80 or less for women. (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2004)Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Gene Frequency: The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Metabolic Diseases: Generic term for diseases caused by an abnormal metabolic process. It can be congenital due to inherited enzyme abnormality (METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS) or acquired due to disease of an endocrine organ or failure of a metabolically important organ such as the liver. (Stedman, 26th ed)Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.NorwayDenmarkKorea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Fibrinogen: Plasma glycoprotein clotted by thrombin, composed of a dimer of three non-identical pairs of polypeptide chains (alpha, beta, gamma) held together by disulfide bonds. Fibrinogen clotting is a sol-gel change involving complex molecular arrangements: whereas fibrinogen is cleaved by thrombin to form polypeptides A and B, the proteolytic action of other enzymes yields different fibrinogen degradation products.Brain Ischemia: Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.Kidney Transplantation: The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).EuropeGlomerular Filtration Rate: The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.Hepatitis C: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.CreatinineAnti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Albuminuria: The presence of albumin in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: A measurement of the thickness of the carotid artery walls. It is measured by B-mode ULTRASONOGRAPHY and is used as a surrogate marker for ATHEROSCLEROSIS.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Confounding Factors (Epidemiology): Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Wounds and Injuries: Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.Intensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Malaysia: A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)Atrial Fibrillation: Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Minnesota

*  Switching Antipsychotics Reduces Cardiovascular Risk Factors | The Carlat Psychiatry Report
Cardiovascular Risk Factors. The Carlat Psychiatry Report ... Cardiovascular Risk Factors If patients are stable on ... that has a lower risk of causing such effects. But would ... The Carlat Psychiatry Report. The Carlat Psychiatry Report. Purchase a subscription To view the full content, you need to purchase a subscription. Purchase Subscription - Complimentary 1 year TCPR $0.00. A la Carte. About TCPR CME/CE. A la Carte. What is A la Carte. Purchase A la Carte. Medication Fact Book. The Carlat Psychiatry Report. The Carlat Child Psychiatry Report. The Carlat Behavioral Health Report. The Carlat Addiction Treatment Report. Sleep Disorders, TCPR, September 2015. - Choose a Topic - Addiction ADHD Antidepressants Antipsychotics Anxiety Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder Benzodiazepines Bipolar Disorder Brain Devices Child Psychiatry Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Computers in Psychiatric Practice Cultural Competence Dementia Depressive Disorder Diagnostic Testing DSM Eating Disorders End of Life Care Free A...
http://thecarlatreport.com/index.php?q=research/switching-antipsychotics-reduces-cardiovascular-risk-factors&order=sell_price&sort=asc&page=%2C3%2C6
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*  Causes and Risk Factors of Heart Attack | Everyday Health
Causes and Risk Factors of Heart Attack. Explore Everyday ... Attack Causes and Risk Factors. Coronary heart disease causes ... heart attacks. Some risk factors for heart disease, including...
http://everydayhealth.com/heart-attack/guide/causes/
*  Search Tag: risk factors | HealthManagement.org
Cardio Search Tag: risk factors. Read more. The largest risk ... a modest impact on risk factors for heart disease and did not ... and heart disease risk factors could be decreased within a...
https://healthmanagement.org/tag/risk factors
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bitcoin login of risk factors present those who had three or ... loggin risk factors showed a 5 repetition rate, whereas...
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*  Addis Ababa University Libraries Electronic Thesis and Dissertations: AAU-ETD!: NEONATAL SEPSIS: BAC
pattern risk factors bacterial pathogens clinical features ... and environmental risk factors have contributed for the ... and neonatal risk factors responsible for neonatal septicemia ... Addis Ababa University Libraries Electronic Thesis and Dissertations: AAU-ETD!: NEONATAL SEPSIS: BACTERIAL ETIOLOGIC AGENTS AND THEIR ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN IN TIKUR ANBESSA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA. Addis Ababa University Libraries Electronic Thesis and Dissertations: AAU-ETD. Title: NEONATAL SEPSIS: BACTERIAL ETIOLOGIC AGENTS AND THEIR ANTIBIOTIC SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN IN TIKUR ANBESSA UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL, ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA. Keywords: Ethiopia antimicrobial susceptibility pattern risk factors bacterial pathogens clinical features Neonatal sepsis. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine the pattern of bacterial agents causing neonatal sepsis and to assess their susceptibility pattern to various antimicrobial agents in the Ethiopian setting. Out of the 302 neonates, 57.3% were...
http://etd.aau.edu.et/dspace/handle/123456789/2217
*  West Nile Virus Risk Factors Identified | TheHorse.com
West Nile Virus Risk Factors Identified. TheHorse.com. ... West Nile Virus Risk Factors Identified. West Nile Virus WNV ... of environmental factors might be related to West Nile virus...
http://thehorse.com/(S(smpt2bj45fnwnwm4we3rsoxj))/articles/24737/west-nile-virus-risk-factors-identified
*  Clinical Trials Search Results - National Cancer Institute
and Prevention Risk Factors The Genetics of Cancer Cancer ... Causes Prevention. Risk Factors. Genetics. Cancer Prevention ... Cancer Statistics Causes and Prevention Risk Factors The Genetics of Cancer Cancer Prevention Overview Cancer Prevention Overview–for health professionals Research Cancer Screening Cancer Screening Overview Cancer Screening Overview–for health professionals Screening Tests Research Diagnosis and Staging Symptoms Diagnosis Staging Prognosis Questions to Ask about Your Diagnosis Research Cancer Treatment Types of Treatment Side Effects Clinical Trials Information for Patients and Caregivers A to Z List of Cancer Drugs Complementary & Alternative Medicine CAM Questions to Ask about Your Treatment Research Coping with Cancer Feelings and Cancer Adjusting to Cancer Self Image & Sexuality Day-to-Day Life For Family & Friends Survivorship Questions to Ask About Cancer Research Advanced Cancer Choices for Care Talking about Advanced Cancer Coping with Your Feelings Planning for Advanced ...
http://cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/clinical-trials/search/results?protocolsearchid=10141093
*  Health Library | Health and Wellness | Wellmont Health System
lead to cancer. Risk Factors Factors that may increase your risk of cervical cancer include: Infection ... with HPV—the main risk factor for cervical cancer History of ... Cervical Cancer Cancer of the Cervix Definition Cervical cancer is a disease in which cancer cells grow in the cervix. Cervical Cancer. Treatment After cervical cancer is found, more tests are done to find out if the cancer has spread beyond the cervix, and, if so, to what extent. The doctor may remove only the tumor and nearby normal tissue if the tumor is contained within the cervix. Radiation Therapy Radiotherapy Radiation therapy is the use of radiation to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation may be given in two ways: External radiation therapy—radiation directed at the tumor from a source outside the body Internal radiation therapy—radioactive materials placed in or near the cancer cells. HPV vaccines —The vaccines protect you against some types of HPV. One vaccine, called Gardasil, is used to prevent cervical cancer by p...
http://wellmont.org/Health-And-Wellness/Health-Library/?eid=11969&lang=1033&db=
*  Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex (Mac) Lung Disease in HIV-(-) Adults|
Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex Mac ... Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex ... Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex ... Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex Mac Lung Disease in HIV- - Adults. Grantee Research Project Results. Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex Mac Lung Disease in HIV- - Adults. Grantee Research Project Results Grantee Research Project Results. Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex Mac Lung Disease in HIV- - Adults EPA Grant Number: FP916956 Title: Environmental Risk Factors for Mycobacterium avium Complex Mac Lung Disease in HIV- - Adults Investigators:. Recipients Lists Research Category: Academic Fellowships Description: Objective: This project will be a population-based case-control study of lung disease caused by members of the Mycobacterium avium complex MAC. Some clinical and biologic traits of the host have been identified as risk-factors, but...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncer_abstracts/index.cfm/fuseaction/display.abstractDetail/abstract/8879
*  Waist Size and Body Mass Index Are Important Risk Factors for Sleep Disordered Breathing in Child
... ren - American Academy of Sleep Medicine AASM. SLEEP 2014. Waist Size and Body Mass Index Are Important Risk Factors for Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children. A study in the June 1 issue of the journal SLEEP found that waist circumference and body mass index BMI are consistent, independent risk factors for all severity levels of sleep disordered breathing SDB in children, suggesting that as with adult SDB, metabolic factors are important risk factors for childhood SDB. Results indicate that BMI and waist circumference, but not neck circumference, were significant and strong predictors of SDB at all severity levels primary snoring, mild SDB and moderate SDB. Nasal anatomic factors such as chronic sinusitis, rhinitis and nasal drain were significant predictors of mild SDB; minority status was associated with primary snoring and mild SDB. Overall, 1.2 percent of children had moderate SDB an apnea/hypopnea index of five or more breathing pauses per hour of sleep, 25 percent had mild SDB AHI of at least one ...
http://aasmnet.org/articles.aspx?id=1296
*  New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered | dailyRx
New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered. dailyRx. New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered. Alzheimer's disease risk higher for people with high blood levels of ceramide. dailyRx News Looking for biomarkers of Alzheimer s disease AD may lead scientists to new treatments. Recent research discovered a new biomarker for AD ceramides in the blood. High levels of ceramides may mean higher risk of AD. The test looked at levels of ceramide in the blood. Researchers placed the women into categories based on the level of ceramide in their blood test low, middle and high levels of ceramide. Then they followed the women for up to nine years after the initial blood test and looked for how many women developed dementia or AD. Women with low levels of ceramide were eight times less likely to develop AD than those with the middle level of cermide. They were 10 times less likely to develop AD than women with the high level of ceramide. The researchers concluded that this easy, low-cost blood test could help in early detection...
http://dailyrx.com/alzheimers-disease-risk-higher-people-high-blood-levels-ceramide
*  JAMA Network | JAMA | Comparison of Novel Risk Markers for Improvement in Cardiovascular Risk Ass
Context Risk markers including coronary artery calcium, carotid intima–media thickness, ankle-brachial index, brachial flow–mediated dilation, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein CRP , and family history of coronary heart disease CHD have been reported to improve on the Framingham Risk Score FRS for prediction of CHD, but there are no direct comparisons of these markers for risk prediction in a single cohort. Objective We compared improvement in prediction of incident CHD/cardiovascular disease CVD of these 6 risk markers within intermediate-risk participants FRS 5%- 20% in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis MESA. Conclusions Coronary artery calcium, ankle-brachial index, high-sensitivity CRP, and family history were independent predictors of incident CHD/CVD in intermediate-risk individuals. Risk markers that have shown promise in improving risk discrimination include carotid intima–media thickness CIMT , coronary artery calcium CAC scores, brachial flow–mediated dilation FMD , ankle-brachial index AB...
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1352110
*  ADIPOGENIX, INC. | SBIR.gov
The STTR Program STTR Mission and Program Goals STTR Participating Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business STTR Policy Directive Tibbetts Awards and Hall of Fame. PROGRAM/PHASE AWARD AMOUNT $ NUMBER OF AWARDS SBIR Phase I $499,560.00 6 SBIR Phase II $1,325,815.00 2. SBIR Phase I 1999 Department of Health and Human Services N/A Amount: $99,930.00 N/A. SBIR Phase I 2000 Department of Health and Human Services Anti-obesity drug development using human preadipocytes Amount: $0.00 N/A. SBIR Phase I 2001 Department of Health and Human Services Anti-obesity drug development using human preadipocytes Amount: $602,471.00 N/A. SBIR Phase II 2001 Department of Health and Human Services SECRETED PROTEIN FROM ADIPOCYTES AND PREADIPOCYTES Amount: $99,820.00 DESCRIPTION provided by applicant : Obesity is a well-established risk factor for a number of diseases, including type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. SBIR Phase I 2002 Department of Health and Human Services New Agents That Inhibi...
https://sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/72185?quicktabs_award-display-style=1
*  WHO | Biological risk factors and hazards
WHO. Biological risk factors and hazards. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Occupational health. Menu Occupational health. Topics. Activities. Collaborating centres network. Publications. Regions and partners. Links. . Biological risk factors and hazards Related sites Protecting health-care workers - preventing needlestick injuries tool kit. Joint WHO/ILO guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis PEP to prevent HIV infection. HIV/AIDS site. Stop TB. Tuberculosis and HIV. AIRBORNE - A journey into the challenges and solutions to stopping MDR-TB and XDR-TB. SARS site. Injection safety pdf, 81kb. Guiding principles to ensure injection device security pdf, 99kb. Injection safety - SIGN. ...
http://who.int/occupational_health/topics/risks_biological/en/
*  Determining the Role of Subclinical Disease Testing in Patients at Intermediate Risk - NHLBI, NIH
... NHLBI Trials At NIH Clinical Center. Determining the Role of Subclinical Disease Testing in Patients at Intermediate Risk. TABLE OF CONTENTS. Background Review of Previous Recommendations Subclinical CVD and the Framingham Risk Score Subclinical Disease Testing: Study Design Review of Subclinical Disease Measures Clinical Screening Algorithms Population Considerations Interventions Outcomes Recommendations and Remaining Issues References Working Group Roster Planning Group Roster. The objective of the Working Group was to provide advice to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute about research that is currently needed to inform clinical guidelines for the use of subclinical cardiovascular disease testing to identify persons at high risk for CVD and to target intervention. that is, a 10-year risk for coronary heart disease of 6-20%. Back to Table of Contents. Persons at intermediate risk have the greatest likelihood of having their estimated risk altered by subclinical disease testing. Coronary calc...
http://nhlbi.nih.gov/research/reports/2004-subclinical
*  The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary hear
... t disease and stroke events - DRO. Home. Library. DRO home. . You are not logged in. Submit research. Contact DRO. DRO. The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events Vartiainen, Erkki, Laatikainen, Tiina, Philpot, Benjamin, Janus, Edward, Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie and Dunbar, James 2011, The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events, Medical journal of Australia, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 10-15. Attached Files. Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads. Title. The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events. Author s. Vartiainen, Erkki Laatikainen, Tiina Philpot, Benjamin Janus, Edward Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie Dunbar, James. Journal name. Medical journal of Australia. Volume number. 194. Issue number. 1. Start page. 10. End page. 15. Publisher. Australasian Medical Publi...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30032116
*  .. .. Health Library .. Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases .. Primary risk factors for chronic dis
Health Care Home / Health Information / Library / Diseases Conditions / Adult Health Library /. At the top of the CDC's list of primary risk factors for all chronic diseases are: smoking, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle. Sticking to a heart-healthy diet. Following an appropriate exercise program. Eliminate all tobacco products. As soon as you stop smoking, your body begins to heal itself from the devastating effects of tobacco. Adhere to a heart-healthy diet. One aspect of managing your heart attack risk factors includes eating a heart-healthy diet, including appropriate levels of the following:. The food plate can help you eat a variety of foods while encouraging the right amount of calories and fat. To find more information about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 and to determine the appropriate dietary recommendations for your age, sex, and physical activity level, visit the Online Resources page for the links to the ChooseMyPlate.gov and 2010 Dietary Guidelines sites. M...
http://healthcare.utah.edu/healthlibrary/library/diseases/adult/doc.php?type=85&id=P00708
*  Other possible heart disease risk factors | womenshealth.gov
Other possible heart disease risk factors. womenshealth.gov. A project of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health Skip Navigation. Skip top navigation Home. A-Z Health Topics. ePublications. News. About Us. Contact Us. Text size. Print. Skip left navigation Heart Health and Stroke. Heart disease and stroke prevention. Heart disease: Know your risk. Heart disease risk factors you can control. Heart disease risk factors you can't control. Other possible heart disease risk factors. Stroke: Know your risk. Signs of a heart attack. Signs of a stroke. Government in action on heart health and stroke. Heart Health and Stroke in Spanish en español. Subscribe to Heart Health and Stroke email updates. Enter email address. Submit. . Home. Heart Health and Stroke. Heart disease: Know your risk Heart Health and Stroke. Other possible heart disease risk factors. Related information Depression fact sheet. Stress and your health fact sheet. Depression, stress, and anxiety. Not enough sleep. L...
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*  Psychological risk factors in patients with myocardial infarction
... redirect myocardial infarction risk factors...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_risk_factors_in_patients_with_myocardial_infarction
*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. What are risk factors for heart disease. Learn what conditions and behaviors might put you at risk. The Heart Truth. Posted: 11:16 AM EST Dec 29, 2011. Updated: 11:46 AM EST Jan 13, 2010. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. They can also increase the chances that an existing disease will get worse. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. High blood pressure. High blood cholesterol. Being physically inactive. Having a family history of early heart disease. Age 55 or older for women. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. For women, age becomes a risk factor at 55. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to d...
http://wfmz.com/lifestyle/healthy-heart/What-are-risk-factors-for-heart-disease/7223982?view=print
*  Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in São Paulo, Brazil - Full
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in S o Paulo, Brazil - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in S o Paulo, Brazil This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02055651 First received: January 24, 2014 Last updated: July 1, 2015 Last verified: July 2015 History of Changes. Objective: Evaluate Bayer employees' cardiovascular health according to the AHA definition and the acceptance to engage in lifestyle change programs. If the employee accepts to participate, after providing a written informed consent, he will be evaluated according to the AHA cardiovascular health metrics. After medical evaluation, employees will receive a printed feedback with their cardiovascular health score and will be referred to indicated lifestyle change programs healthy weight, smoking cessation, diabetes control, high blood pressure control, dyslipi...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02055651?term="High Blood Pressure"&lup_s=01/29/2014&lup_d=14&show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14
*  Increases in heart disease risk factors may decrease brain function
... News and Press Release Distribution, Since 1995. Deliver Your News to the World. Sign In Create a Free Account. Home. News. How We Work. Compare Services. FAQ. All. WebPost. WebPost PPC. WebRelease. Targeted Media. Wire Service. Increases in heart disease risk factors may decrease brain function. WEBWIRE. Thursday, May 02, 2013 NewMediaWire via Webwire Study Highlights: Increases in heart disease risk factors may decrease brain function. The association between the two was noted in young and middle-age adults as well as the elderly. Smoking and diabetes were especially linked with reduced brain function. EMBARGOED UNTIL 3 p.m. CT/4 p.m. ET, Thursday, May 2, 2013 DALLAS, May 2, 2013 — Brain function in adults as young as 35 may decline as their heart disease risk factors increase, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke. “Young adults may think the consequences of smoking or being overweight are years down the road, but they aren’t,” said Hanneke Joosten, M.D., lead auth...
http://webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=174087
*  Heart disease risk factors - Heart - Body & Health
... Body Health Home. What is heart disease. Causes of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease. Heart attack: Know the symptoms. Heart disease risk factors. Heart disease risk factors There are several risk factors that increase the risk of developing heart disease or the risk that heart disease will worsen. Some risk factors are things you can change: they are called modifiable risk factors. Things you can change include: Smoking : Smoking, including exposure to second-hand smoke, plays a role in the buildup of plaque in the arteries, reduces the oxygen in the blood, increases blood pressure, and increases the risk of heart disease. Physical inactivity : Low levels of physical activity are associated with a higher risk of heart disease. High blood pressure : High blood pressure - over 140/90 mm Hg for most people or over 130/80 mm Hg for those with diabetes - is associated with an increased risk for heart disease. High cholesterol : If you do not have cholesterol levels at target especially bad cholesterol...
http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_section_details.asp?text_id=5400&channel_id=2104&relation_id=85907
*  Saturated Fat and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: a Fres
... h Look at the Evidence - Springer. Saturated Fat and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: a Fresh Look at the Evidence. Keywords Cardiovascular disease Diabetes mellitus Diet Nutrition Saturated fatty acids Fatty acids. CrossRef. PubMed. Am J Clin Nutr 77 5 :1146–1155. PubMed. Eur J Clin Nutr 63 Suppl 2 :S22–S33. CrossRef. PubMed. Micha R, Mozaffarian D 2009 Trans fatty acids: effects on metabolic syndrome, heart disease and diabetes. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. Diabetes Care 27 3 :813–823. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. Rasmussen BM et al 2006 Effects of dietary saturated, monounsaturated, and n-3 fatty acids on blood pressure in healthy subjects. Christiansen E et al 1997 Intake of a diet high in trans monounsaturated fatty acids or saturated fatty acids: effects on postprandial insulinemia and glycemia in obese patients with NIDDM. Salmeron J et al 2001 Dietary fat intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Hardin...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11745-010-3393-4
*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. View full site. Family. Weird News. Sports. SoFlo TASTE. Technology. Traffic. Travel. Submit a Tip. Email Sign-Up. Healthy Heart. What are risk factors for heart disease. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. High blood cholesterol. Having a family history of early heart disease. Age 55 or older for women. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. For women, age becomes a risk factor at 55. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to develop heart disease as women of the same age who have not yet gone through menopause. Another reason for the increasing risk is that middle ...
http://m.local10.com/healthy-heart/What-are-risk-factors-for-heart-disease/7223982
*  .. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke in People with Diabetes?
Emilia.Cure. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke in People with Diabetes. stumble. 31. 23. 12. 10. Get New Treatments Alerts:. Sign Up. The risk factors for heart disease and stroke for diabetic people include smoking, hypertension etc. According to the scientific studies, the risk of getting heart disease and stroke is as high as twice for those with diabetes than those without non-diabetics. Statistically, the ratio has been recorded as 2 persons for getting affected with these two ailments in every 3 diabetic patients. So, you can see that the risk is really high. On top of this, there are several other risk factors which aggravate the situation and result into critical consequences. These risk factors can be categorized as modifiable risk factors and non-modifiable risk factors. The modifiable risk factors are the ones, which you can control to enjoy a better health condition, whereas the non-modifiable risk factors are normally out of your control. The non-modifiable risk factors will ...
http://trialx.com/curetalk/2011/01/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-people-with-diabetes/
*  What are the risk factors for thymus cancer?
What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Asian Pacific Languages. How can we help you. Learn About Cancer. Stay Healthy. Find Support & Treatment. Find Local ACS. Learn About Cancer. Thymus Cancer. What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Share this Page Close. Push escape to close share window. Share. Save Saved this Article Close Push escape to close saved articles window. My Saved Articles. My ACS. Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention TOPICS Document Topics What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Do we know what causes thymus cancer. Can thymus cancer be prevented. What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Do we know what causes thymus cancer. Can thymus cancer be prevented. Previous Topic What are the key statistics about thymus cancers. Next Topic Do we know what causes thymus cancer. What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. For example, exposing the s...
http://cancer.org/cancer/thymuscancer/detailedguide/thymus-cancer-risk-factors
*  Heart Disease Risk Factors News, Photos and Videos - Livebetteramerica.com
Heart Disease Risk Factors News, Photos and Videos - Livebetteramerica.com. FITNESS. FOOD. RECIPES. RELATIONSHIPS. VIDEO. Heart Disease Risk Factors. 6 Good Reasons To Lose Weight That Most People Never Consider. Posted 02.20.2013. Read More: Preventing Diabetes, Dieting Tips, Weight Loss Success, Preventing Obesity, When to Go on a Diet, Dieting Success, Weight Loss Success Stories, Heart Disease Risk Factors, Diet Inspiration, Video, Dieting, Losing Weight After 50, Obesity Cancer Risks, Diabetes Risks, Weight Loss, Heart Disease, Diabetes, Cancer, Causes of Diabesity, Reasons to Lose Weight, Diabetes Prevention, Losing Weight, Weight Loss Inspiration, Cancer Prevention, Heart Disease Risks, Obesity, Breast Cancer Risks, Diabesity, Preventing Heart Disease, Livebetteramerica-Fitness, Cancer Risks, Diabetes Risk Factors, News. Oh, it feels so good to lose weight. Read Whole Story. Why I Still Smoke. Posted 03.25.2013. Read More: Quitting Smoking Genetics, Cigarette Health Effects, Smoking, Relapse, Heart...
http://livebetteramerica.aol.com/tag/heart-disease-risk-factors/1
*  Impact of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors on long-term cardiovascular outcome in adu
... lt survivors of childhood cancer: A report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Oncolink - Cancer Resources. Toggle navigation. Cancer Types. Cancer Types. Bone Cancers. Brain Tumors. Breast Cancer. Carcinoid & Neuroendocrine Tumors. Endocrine System Cancers. Gastrointestinal Cancers. Gynecologic Cancers. Head and Neck Cancers. Leukemia. Lung Cancers. Lymphomas. Metastatic Cancer. Multiple Myeloma. OncoLink Vet. Pediatric Cancers. Penile Cancer. Pheochromocytoma. Prostate Cancer. Sarcomas. Skin Cancers. Testicular Cancer. Thyroid Cancer. Urinary Tract Cancers. Patients. Cancer Treatment. Biologic Therapy. Bone Marrow Transplants. Chemotherapy. Clinical Trials. Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Gene Therapy. Getting Treatment. Start Here. Hormone Therapy. Hospital Helpers. Interventional Radiology. Procedures & Diagnostic Tests. Proton Therapy. Radiation. Surgery. Targeted Therapies. Vaccine Therapies. Risk and Prevention. Diet, Alcohol and Cancer. Environmental Factors UV Exposure, Radon, Radia...
http://oncolink.org/conferences/article.cfm?c=3&s=67&ss=346&id=2138
*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. Back To Mobile Site. Back To Mobile Site. Back To Mobile Site. Sign Up for Email Newsletters. RSS. More Local News. Seen on Local 10. Call Christina. Family. Local. › Healthy Heart. What are risk factors for heart disease. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to develop heart disease as women of the same age who have not yet gone through menopause. Another reason for the increasing risk is that middle age is a time when women tend to develop risk factors for heart disease. Family history of ...
http://local10.com/thats-life/healthy-heart/What-are-risk-factors-for-heart-disease/7223982
*  worried about high risk exposure
... ABOUT HIV/AIDS. What is HIV/AIDS. POZ Community Forums. HIV Prevention and Testing. worried about high risk exposure. HIV Prevention and Testing Am I Infected. Stats Total Posts: 675714 Total Topics: 52424 Online Today: 166 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Welcome to the "Am I Infected?" POZ forum. Anyone who needs to post more than three messages in the "Am I Infected?" forum -- including past, present and future POZ Forums members -- will need to subscribe, with secure payments made via PayPal. NOTE: HIV testing questions will still need to be posted in the "Am I Infected?" forum; attempts to post HIV symptoms or testing questions in any other forums will be considered violations of our rules of membership and subject to time-outs and permanent bans. so with that and me having zero symptoms i am aware symptoms or lack there of don t mean much what is the likely i got hiv from the exposure 2 years ago. Re: worried about high risk exposure Reply #1 on: July 04, 2013, 05:41:31 PM. Here s wh...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=49332.0
*  REASONS FOR INDIA’S GROWING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE EPIDEMIC PINPOINTED IN LARGEST-EVER RISK FACTOR
... STUDY | World Heart Federation. Press contacts REASONS FOR INDIA’S GROWING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE EPIDEMIC PINPOINTED IN LARGEST-EVER RISK FACTOR STUDY 19.04.2012 22:55 REASONS FOR INDIA’S GROWING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE EPIDEMIC PINPOINTED IN LARGEST-EVER RISK FACTOR STUDY. Dubai 20 April 2012 : The Indian Heart Watch IHW study has revealed the truth behind the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of key risk factors that are driving the country’s growing cardiovascular disease CVD epidemic, in a first-of-a-kind presentation of data at the World Congress of Cardiology today. Seventy-nine per cent of men and 83 per cent of women were found to be physically inactive, while 51 per cent of men and 48 per cent of women were found to have high fat diets. Some 60 per cent of men and 57 per cent of women were found to have a low intake of fruit and vegetables, while 12 per cent of men and 0.5 per cent of women smoke. Overweight and obesity was reported in 41 per cent of men and 45 per cent of women....
http://world-heart-federation.org/press/releases/detail/article/reasons-for-indias-growing-cardiovascular-disease-epidemic-pinpointed-in-largest-ever-risk-factor/
*  Moffitt Cancer Center: Risk Factors
... Cancers We Treat. Find a Doctor. Clinical Trials Research. Patient Family. Cancers. Lung Cancer. Risk Factors. Risk Factors. Clinical Trials. Radiation Therapy. Lung Cancer Screening and Surveillance Program. Insurance Financial Information. Lung Cancer Risk Factors Through dedicated research, scientists have identified several risk factors for lung cancer. While some of these factors, like a patent’s genetics, can’t be changed, others can be diminished through lifestyle adjustments. Smoking is the number one risk factor for lung cancer. Cigarettes contain a number of carcinogens, and smoking introduces those toxins into the lungs. Inhaling another person’s smoke secondhand smoke exposure is also a known risk factor. While a person’s lung cancer risk goes up with the number of cigarettes they smoke per day and the number of years they have smoked, their risk can go down if they are able to stop smoking. Other lung cancer risk factors include: Exposure to radon, air pollution or other environmental hazard...
https://moffitt.org/cancers/lung-cancer/risk-factors/
*  .. Breast Cancer: Who Is at Risk?
← Join Our 2012 Denton Heart Walk Team. How Diabetes Affects Heart Health →. Breast Cancer: Who Is at Risk. October 8, 2012. Posted by. laicos. Some women are at higher risk for developing breast cancer than others. Anyone can get cancer, but some people have risk factors that may increase their chances. Certain risk factors, such as gender, are out of your control, and they do not necessarily mean you will get the disease. Even so, it is important to understand if you are at risk. According to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Some of the women had several risk factors but it’s still hard to know just how much they contributed. Risk Factors that are Out of Your Control. Breast cancer risk factors that women cannot change include:. Gender. Women are more likely to develop breast cancer than men. Age. The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. Race / ethnicity. Family history of breast cancer. Age of first period and onset of menopaus...
http://blog.dentonregional.com/2012/10/08/breast-cancer-who-is-at-risk/
*  Phys.org - risk factors(... continued page 15)
Phys.org - risk factors ... Home risk factors. News tagged with risk factors. heart disease · patients · women · heart attack · cardiovascular disease. Patients at risk for complications after coronary artery fistula closure. Mar 23, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Infertile men have an increased risk of developing high grade prostate cancer, which is more likely to grow and spread quickly. Mar 22, 2010 in Cancer. Mar 16, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Mar 15, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Mar 03, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Individuals who were identified as being at increased risk of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events based on screening for low ankle brachial index, a type of pressure measurement used in the diagnosis of peripheral artery ... Mar 01, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Nearly 40 different inherited risk factors which predispose to the disease have now been identified. Blacks more likely to have undiagnosed key stroke risk factor, have hi...
http://phys.org/tags/risk factors/page15.html
*  Go Red in February — Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camd
Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camdenton, MO. Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. By Jennifer Bethurem. The Lake News Online. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM Lake area. Go Red in February Part 7: Know your family history. Go Red in February Part 5: Controlling blood pressure... Lake Regional forum will address heart attacks, risk factors. There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. Using tobacco increases your risk of heart disease, and the likelihood that you would not survive a heart attack. Stay active, eat hea...
http://lakenewsonline.com/article/20130204/LIFESTYLE/130209619/0/ENTERTAINMENTLIFE
*  Go Red in February — Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camd
Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camdenton, MO. newsletter. Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. By Jennifer Bethurem. The Lake News Online. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM Lake area. Go Red in February Part 7: Know your family history. Go Red in February Part 5: Controlling blood pressure... Lake Regional forum will address heart attacks, risk factors. There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. Using tobacco increases your risk of heart disease, and the likelihood that you would not survive a heart attack. Stay act...
http://lakenewsonline.com/article/20130204/LIFESTYLE/130209619/0/Events
*  socioeconomic risk factors: Topics by WorldWideScience.org
Socioeconomic disparities in risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Conclusions Among Korean adults, men and women in lower socioeconomic position, as denoted by education, income, and somewhat less by occupation, experience significantly higher levels of morbidity and lower self-reported health status, even after controlling for standard behavioral risk factors. Science.gov United States Goulden, R; Ibrahim, T; Wolfson, C 2015-06-01 High socioeconomic status SES is generally associated with better health outcomes, but some research has linked it with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis MS. 2015-01-01 Background Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality can be explained by different groups of risk factors. Results Contextual variables associated with CVD risk factors included: remoteness of village with higher blood pressure and fasting blood sugar, high proportion of Yi minority with drinking, high literacy rate with a lower rate of smoking and a lower mean waist-hip ratio, and high average income with l...
http://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/s/socioeconomic risk factors.html
*  NewYork-Presbyterian/Queens - Heart Disease Prevention - Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease
... Heart Center Heart Disease Prevention - Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease According to the American Heart Association AHA, diseases caused by smoking kill more than 440,000 people in the United States each year; of that number, more than 135,000 deaths are cardiovascular related. Smokers not only have increased risk for lung disease, including lung cancer and emphysema, but also have increased risk for heart disease, stroke, and oral cancer. In posing health risks on the body's cardiovascular system, smoking: Causes immediate and long-term increases in blood pressure Causes immediate and long-term increases in heart rate Reduces cardiac output and coronary blood flow Reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the body's tissues Changes the properties of blood vessels and blood cells allowing cholesterol and other fatty substances to build up Contributes to higher blood pressure and increased risk for blood clot formation Damages blood vessels Doubles the risk for ischemic stroke reduced blood flow to the...
http://nyhq.org/diw/content.asp?PageID=P06598&More=EVC&language=Korean
*  Study: 2 in 5 adults at risk for diabetes | WNOR FM99
Study: 2 in 5 adults at risk for diabetes. WNOR FM99. Listen Live. Search. Facebook. Twitter. Instagram. YouTube. RSS. Email. SMS. Tunein. Menu Home Media Photos. Stream FM99. Listen Live. Babe of the Day. Rumble Rumble on Demand. Stupid News. Videos. The Reach Around. Shelley s Puppies. On Air Rumble in the Morning. Shelley s Lunch Box. Eric Afternoons. Nikki Sixx. News Military. Music. Sports. Weird. Viral Videos. National. Entertainment. Events All Events. Helping Hand. Contests See All Contests. Football Challenge. Military Hero. Contest Rules. Connect Contact Us. Facebook. YouTube. Twitter. Text Club. FM99 Emails. Signup. Preferences. About Advertise with us. Contact Us. Jobs at FM99. Christmas Wish. Helping Hand. Home. News. Story. News Study: 2 in 5 adults at risk for diabetes. in National. DIABETES: Heidi Elbarky draws blood from a finger of her son, Omar, 8, to test his sugar level using OneTouch Ping that transfers the sugar level to Omar's insulin pump. More than 29 million people in the United Sta...
http://fm99.com/news/030030-study-2-in-5-adults-at-risk-for-diabetes/
*  Novel Risk Factors and the Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities
Diabetes care. Page 1 Novel Risk Factors and the Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities ARIC Study L.A. For prediction analyses, we started with a simple or basic prediction model,previouslyvalidatedinARIC 25, that includes age, parental history of di- abetes, race/ethnicity, fasting glucose, fasting triglycerides, systolic blood Table 1dBaseline characteristics mean or percentage of the total ARIC cohort by incident type 2 diabetes status Type 2 diabetes N = 1,457 No type 2 diabetes N = 10,820 P value Basic risk factors Age years Parental history of diabetes % Race African American, % Systolic blood pressure mmHg Waist circumference cm Height cm Fasting triglycerides mg/dL HDL-C mg/dL Fasting glucose mg/dL Novel risk factors WBC count 1,000/mm3 Fibrinogen mg/dL Albumin g/dL vWF % aPTT s Factor VIII % Magnesium mg/dL FEV1 L FVC L Hematocrit % Heart rate bpm Low-frequency-power heart rate variability ms Leg length cm Hip circumference cm Blood viscosity centipoise Genetic risk...
http://researchgate.net/publication/230763240_Novel_Risk_Factors_and_the_Prediction_of_Type_2_Diabetes_in_the_Atherosclerosis_Risk_in_Communities_(ARIC)_Study
*  .. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease? .. Stay Informed! .. Learn Reflexology Free! .. He
What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease. By. Dee Braun. on February 8, 2013 in. Heart, Blood, Circulatory. There are two types of risk factors for heart disease, those that are controllable and those that you cannot control. The main risk factors for heart disease are being male, becoming older, a family history of heart disease, being a post-menopausal woman, and being African American, American Indian, or being Mexican American. These risk factors are the ones that you cannot control. The risk factors for heart disease that you can control are smoking, having high LDL cholesterol or low HDL cholesterol, whether you are physically active or not, obesity, and having uncontrolled diabetes, or a high C-reactive protein, and also having uncontrolled stress or anger. Heart Disease Risk Factors You Can Control. You can lower your risk for heart disease by making lifestyle changes that will lower those risks that you can control. You can make lifestyle changes that will improve your eating habits or you can bec...
http://natural-holistic-health.com/risk-factors-heart-disease/
*  .. Diabetes and risk of cardiovascular disease .. Interesting Times .. About me/this blog .. Rece
“OBJECTIVE—To compare the risk of cardiovascular disease CVD death and the impact of hyperglycemia on the risk of CVD mortality associated with type 1 diabetes to that associated with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS—During an 18-year follow-up, 86 participants with type 1 diabetes, 567 participants with type 2 diabetes, and 252 nondiabetic participants died. CVD mortality rates per 1,000 person-years were 23.1 95% CI 16.9–31.9 in type 1 diabetic, 35.3 30.8–40.4 in type 2 diabetic, and 4.6 3.8–5.7 in nondiabetic participants. CONCLUSIONS—The impact of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on CVD mortality was similar. The effect of increasing hyperglycemia on the risk of CVD mortality was more profound in type 1 than in type 2 diabetic subjects.”. “At baseline type 1 diabetic participants, when compared with nondiabetic participants, were leaner and had higher HDL cholesterol and lower diastolic blood pressure, but they had a slightly higher prevalence of hypertension, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher cont...
https://econstudentlog.wordpress.com/2010/08/07/
*  Your Health Information Library: Adults & Kids Health Topics
Browse all Community health services and other services. Awards and honors. Community Heart and Vascular Hospital. Health Services. Community Home Health. Health Information Library. Sports Medicine. Programs. Emergency Medical Services. Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases Primary risk factors for chronic disease: At the top of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC list of primary risk factors for all chronic diseases are: smoking, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle. This includes the following: eliminating all tobacco products adhering to a heart-healthy diet following an appropriate exercise program. Eliminate all tobacco products: You should be aware that all tobacco products are included as risk factors for chronic illness, not just cigarettes. One aspect of managing your heart attack risk factors includes eating a heart-healthy diet, including appropriate levels of the following: calories cholesterol fat fiber sodium. To find more information about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 20...
https://ecommunity.com/health/index.aspx?pageid=P00708
*  Risk Factors Influencing Antibody Responses to Kaposi's Sarc... : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immun
Text sizing: A. Analysis of HIV-related factors and coinfections based on ANY serostatus revealed a higher seropositivity rate in patients with CD4 T cells/mm 3 less than 200 than greater than 200 53% versus 33%; OR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.37-4.02; P = 0.002, HIV copies/mL greater than 400 than less than 400 42% versus 32%; OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.09-2.65; P = 0.019, with than without syphilis 56% versus 34%; OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.28-4.79; P = 0.007, and with than without hepatitis 47% versus 33%; OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.07-2.90; P = 0.027 Table 1. The results thus far indicated an association of CD4 T cell count, HIV load, or duration of HIV infection with ORF65 but not LANA serostatus. However, detection rate of latent antibodies was lower in those with CD4 T cells/mm 3 less than 200 than greater than 200 35% versus 67%; OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.11-0.61; P = 0.002, CD8 T cells/mm 3 less than 400 than greater than 400 28% versus 64%; OR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.07-0.67; P = 0.007, and duration of HIV infection greater than 15 years than ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2011/01010/Risk_Factors_Influencing_Antibody_Responses_to.13.aspx
*  Heart Attack Prevention Overview: Follow These Tips
Pill Identifier. Kulick received his undergraduate and medical degrees from the University of Southern California, School of Medicine. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease. What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease. Well-known risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks are: Elevated levels of LDL cholesterol the "bad" cholesterol in the blood; Family history of early coronary heart disease, including a heart attack or sudden death before age 55 in the father or other male first-degree relative, or before age 65 in the mother or other female first-degree relative; Cigarette smoking; Diabetes mellitus; High blood pressure; Low levels of HDL the "good" cholesterol in the blood; and Sedentary lifestyle. Less recognized but just as important risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis ...
http://rxlist.com/heart_attack_and_atherosclerosis_prevention/page6.htm
*  .. Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors .. RELATED CONDITIONS .. WEEKLY NEWSLETT
Type 2 Diabetes Home Type 2 Diabetes Journey Risks, Symptoms, and Tests After Your Diagnosis Doctors and Other Health-Care Support Monitoring Your Blood Sugar Eating Healthy Weight Loss and Exercise Living With Diabetes Non-Insulin Drugs If You Need Insulin Complications of Diabetes. News Headlines. RELATED CONDITIONS. Heart Disease Depression High Cholesterol Men's Sexual Dysfunction Heart Attack. WEEKLY NEWSLETTER Free Healthy Living Email Newsletter Get the latest health, fitness, anti-aging, and nutrition news, plus special offers, insights and updates from Health.com. Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors August 11, 2014. By Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter. MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 HealthDay News — Chronic diseases that can increase a person’s risk of heart attack or stroke appear to hit women and blacks the hardest, a new population-based study found. Diabetes and high blood pressure in particular, contribute to an ongoing gender and race gap in heart disease risk, researchers report on...
http://news.health.com/2014/08/11/women-blacks-hit-harder-by-heart-disease-risk-factors/
*  Risk Factors for Heart Attack - Kendall Regional Medical Center | Miami, FL
Risk Factors for Heart Attack - Kendall Regional Medical Center. Lawnwood Medical Center & Heart Institute. Women's Health. H2U - health to you. Health Library. It is possible to have a heart attack with or without the risk factors listed below. People who continue to smoke in the presence of established cardiovascular disease are at increased risk for repeated heart attacks and sudden cardiac arrest. It also helps reduce the chance of other heart attack risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Drinking too much alcohol can increase blood pressure and lead to other heart problems. Testosterone Therapy Men aged 65 years and older who are taking testosterone therapy are more likely to have a heart attack. Talk to your doctor about your risk of heart attack if you are taking testosterone therapy medications. If you have hypertension and are not keeping your blood pressure in a specific target range, you have an increased risk of having a heart attack. It also adds to your chances of dev...
http://kendallmed.com/your-health/?/20336/Other-Treatments-for-Heart-Attack~Risk-Factors
*  What are the Evidence Based Public Health Interventions for Prevention and Control of NCDs in Relati
... on to India. What are the Evidence Based Public Health Interventions for Prevention and Control of NCDs in Relation to India. Interventions influencing behavioral risk factors like unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol consumption through policy, public education, or a combination of both have been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the NCD risk in populations as well as in individuals. Policy interventions are also effective in reducing the levels of several major biological risk factors linked to NCDs high blood pressure; overweight and obesity; diabetes and abnormal blood cholesterol. In this review, we discuss the evidence for public health interventions in reducing NCD burden from both developed and developing countries and describe how such interventions can be contextualised to the Indian perspective. 4, 5 Since risk factors exert a steadily rising effect on the risk of disease and interact with each other to increase the overall risk, strategies for prevention must attempt...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3354911/?lang=en-ca
*  Primary care practice structure affects control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among pat
... ients with diabetes. Primary care practice structure affects control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among patients with diabetes Research Activities, September 2009. Primary care practices that have teams with well-defined leadership and effective teamwork, where the appointment and visit systems are well structured, and where followup and coordination of care after the visit are well planned, seemed to be better at controlling risk factors for cardiovascular CV disease among patients with diabetes, concludes a new study. Kaissi, Ph.D., of Trinity University, found that a primary care practice's community connections and its actual delivery of care during a patient's visit were linked to good control of three CV risk factors among patients with diabetes: glycosylated hemoglobin or A1C a measure of blood-sugar level, blood pressure BP, and low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol. Clinicians in each clinic completed the Assessment of Chronic Illness Care survey about use of the six Chron...
http://archive.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/research-activities/sep09/0909RA18.html
*  Belly Fat Is Culprit in Stroke Gender Gap
... Symptoms. Health A-Z. See what your medical symptoms could mean, and learn about possible conditions. WebMD Pain Coach Track your pain levels, triggers, and treatments. FDA Approves Diet Pill Belviq. FDA Delays Decision on Blood Thinner Eliquis WebMD Mobile Drug Information App Drug, supplement, and vitamin information on the go. Living Healthy. Diet, Food Fitness Diet Weight Management. Oral Care Living Well Women's Health. Men's Health. Your Birth Control Options. Food Fitness Planner: Personalize Your Weight Loss Plan WebMD Allergy App for iPhone Fight allergies with daily forecasts, local alerts, and personalized tips. Family Pregnancy. Family and Pregnancy Centers Pregnancy. Featured Topics Know the Signs of Early Pregnancy. WebMD Vaccine Tracker: Manage Vaccinations for Your Entire Family WebMD Pregnancy App for iPhone The big day is coming. News Experts. Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox. WebMD Health Experts and Community. WebMD Communities Connect with peop...
http://webmd.com/women/news/20100225/belly-fat-culprit-stroke-gender-gap
*  The ageing brain | OUPblog
The Oxford Comment. Do vascular risk factors such as high blood pressure and smoking make us forgetful. Cognitive ageing, such as symptoms of forgetfulness, is increasingly seen as the result of the joint effect of several vascular disease risk factors, including high blood pressure, BMI, cholesterol levels, and smoking. However, the combined influence of these on cognitive decline is less commonly explored among older adults at increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline. In a recent paper, we looked at Framingham stroke and cardiovascular risk scores a measure used to assess an individual’s probability of developing stroke or cardiovascular disease over a 10-years period and investigated their association with cognitive decline in older adults. Participants with the highest risk of future stroke or cardiovascular events, based on their risk factors values, were found to perform more poorly on tests of memory and executive functioning after a four year period. This adds weight to the ...
http://blog.oup.com/2012/12/ageing-high-blood-pressure-forgetfulness/
*  DCCPS: BRP: BBPSB: Key Initiatives
... Key Initiatives. Basic Biobehavioral and Psychological Sciences Branch. Basic Biobehavioral and Psychological Sciences Branch BBPSB Key Initiatives: The Complex Patient and Co-Morbid Conditions. Strategy Text-only description appears below Many risk factors that contribute to disease: biological risks e.g. obesity , behavioral risks e.g. smoking, sedentary lifestyle , psychological risks e.g. These include Sympathetic Nervous System SNS activity, Parasympathetic Nervous System PNS activity, the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal HPA axis, Inflammation and the Immune response. The "complex patient" has a "co-morbid condition," meaning they have two or more physical diseases or they have one chronic disorder and develops another due to common risk factors or iatrogenic effects of treatment for the first. The combination of cancer and cardiovascular disease CVD is a common co-morbid condition. The shared risk factors of Cancer and CVD include smoking, obesity and sedentary lifestyle. There are a...
http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/bbpsb/complex.html
*  Study identifies 10 risk factors linked to 90% of strokes | News | Nursing Times
Study identifies 10 risk factors linked to 90% of strokes. News. Nursing Times. Skip to main content. Skip to navigation. FAQs. Contact. About. Marketing & Advertising. Events. Group Access. Recruitment. Subscribe. Register. Sign in. By continuing to use the site you agree to our Privacy Cookies policy. Your browser seems to have cookies disabled. For the best experience of this website, please enable cookies in your browser. Close. Accept. 'Nurses key to success of new care models'. Steve Ford, news editor. SPEAK OUT SAFELY CAMPAIGN. Search the site. Home. Nursing Practice. Nursing Times Learning. Opinion. Student Nursing Times. Jobs. Subscribe. Your browser is no longer supported For the best possible experience using our website we recommend you upgrade to a newer version or another browser. Close. Study identifies 10 risk factors linked to 90% of strokes 7 May, 2014. By The Press Association. Ten risk factors are associated with 90% of strokes, according to preliminary findings from a study presented for ...
http://nursingtimes.net/study-identifies-10-risk-factors-linked-to-90-of-strokes/5070601.article
*  Multilevel modeling versus cross-sectional analysis for assessing the longitudinal tracking of cardi
... ovascular risk factors over time. Article Multilevel modeling versus cross-sectional analysis for assessing the longitudinal tracking of cardiovascular risk factors over time. We focus on cardiovascular epidemiological research where investigators are often interested in quantifying the relations between clinical risk factors and outcome measures X and Y, respectively, where X and Y are measured repeatedly over time, for example, using serial observations on participants attending multiple examinations in a longitudinal cohort study. In this tutorial, we describe the application of multilevel modeling to cardiovascular risk factors and outcome data using serial echocardiographic data as an example of an outcome. ABSTRACT: To elucidate the hospital characteristics associated with hospital performance and time trends in acute myocardial infarction AMI care using multilevel multivariable analysis of longitudinal data. The following factors were significantly associated with time trends of improvement in perf...
http://researchgate.net/publication/240306579_Multilevel_modeling_versus_cross-sectional_analysis_for_assessing_the_longitudinal_tracking_of_cardiovascular_risk_factors_over_time
*  Low risk for heart attack? Could an ultrasound hold the answer?
Low risk for heart attack. Could an ultrasound hold the answer. Home. Medicine Health. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. November 11, 2008 Low risk for heart attack. Could an ultrasound hold the answer. November 11, 2008 By adding the results of an imaging technique to the traditional risk factors for coronary heart disease, doctors at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston found they were able to improve prediction of heart attacks in people previously considered low risk. The findings are being presented today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions in New Orleans. Researchers used ultrasound imaging to view the carotid intima media thickness C-IMT, or thickness of the artery walls. "The ultrasound added another dimension to the risk factor score and showed us that those with thick arteries in the higher end of low risk group actually are at intermediate risk for coronary heart disease," said Dr. Vijay Nambi, assistant professor of medicine - atherosclerosis and vascular medicine at BCM and le...
http://phys.org/news/2008-11-heart-ultrasound.html
*  Protein May Be Heart Risk Factor - NYTimes.com
... campaign: nyt2014 bar1 digihd regi BAU -- 268632, creative: nyt2015 bar1 digihd BAU 4JQ88 4JQ8F 4JQ8J 4JQ8L -- 399712, page: www.nytimes.com/archive/article/us, targetedPage: www.nytimes.com/archive/article/us, position: Bar1. The protein appears to mark a particular risk for white men and women under 65. It is also not known what can or should be done to reduce elevated blood levels of Lp a. However, the association between Lp a and heart disease may help to explain why heart attacks occur in some people who have otherwise low cholesterol levels and who have no other major coronary risk factors. The study, published in the current issue of Circulation, a journal of the American Heart Association, found an increased coronary risk associated with high blood levels of Lp a in women both before and after menopause. Among the 292 women who had heart attacks or angina, blood levels of Lp a averaged 38 percent higher than among 292 healthy women who were otherwise comparable in age and other coronary risk fact...
http://nytimes.com/1997/01/29/us/protein-may-be-heart-risk-factor.html?src=pm
*  Incredible Discoveries - Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime with Iampur - Incredible Discoveries
... Oceans 2003 Navigating the Ocean we call business -. Home. About Us. Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime with Iampur. On 03.07.12, In Health, Health and Wellness, Marketing, Media, by IncredibleDiscoveries The following segment aired on Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime Television. Joining Incredible Discoveries was Iampur. to discuss Iampur Relief. Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime Television Guest: Phil Hudson. Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime Television: One out of every three adults has arthritis or joint pain, and it can ruin your daily life. There is a smart, natural solution to deal with this on-going pain problem Iampur- relief. As seen on Incredible Discoveries, Iampur-relief was professionally formulated to provide fast-acting and long-lasting pain relief, so you can enjoy life to the fullest. It s that simple. To relieve your aches, you simply apply Iampur-relief directly to the site of pain, and the natural ingredients will produce an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Iampur-relief s...
http://oceans2003.org/incredible-discoveries-iampur/
*  .. .. Health Library .. Understanding Cancer Statistics .. Cancer facts and figures .. Centers, P
Statistics are often used in cancer to help guide decision-making about identifying people at risk for getting cancer and identifying the best test or treatment. Relative risk. The relative risk compares the risk of people getting a cancer with certain risk factors family history or certain behaviors like smoking with a similar group of people without those risk factors. For example, it was estimated that 604 men and 456 women per 100,000 people in Massachusetts had cancer between 2001 and 2005. For example, 238 men and 166 women per 100,000 people in Massachusetts and 206 men and 151 women per 100,000 in California were estimated to have died of cancer between 2001 and 2005. All of this information can help people make decisions about changing behaviors, taking tests or treatments, and overall outlook. Breast Cancer Overview. Study Refutes Notion That Diabetes Drug Actos Raises Bladder Cancer Risk. Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Worsen Patient's Prognosis: Study. Genes Linked to Breast, Ovarian Canc...
http://healthcare.utah.edu/healthlibrary/related/doc.php?type=34&id=24227-1
*  New study challenges current thinking on risk factors for contrast induced nephrotoxicity
... May 1, 2012 New study challenges current thinking on risk factors for contrast induced nephrotoxicity May 1, 2012 Contrary to current belief, a new study finds that patients with a history of diabetes are not one of the most at risk for contrast induced nephrotoxicity. Instead, the study found that patients with a history of renal disease, hypertension and/or heart disease are more likely to suffer from renal insufficiency, putting them at greater risk for contrast induced nephrotoxicity. The study, done at Northwestern Memorial Hospital-Northwestern University in Chicago, included 2,404 patients. "Since all patients underwent the eGFR test, we had an unusual opportunity to see if the traditional risk factors truly predict reduced renal function, said Vahid Yaghmai, MD, one of the authors of the study. The study found that "patients with history of renal disease, hypertension and heart disease had significantly higher odds of having abnormal eGFR," said Dr. Many facilities ask patients to fill out a surv...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-05-current-factors-contrast-nephrotoxicity.html
*  Logos - VCU Massey Cancer Center
VCU Massey Cancer Center. Anatomy Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment. Types of brain tumors Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Long-term outlook. Anatomy of the brain Types of brain tumors Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Long-term outlook. Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment. Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment. Causes, risk factors and prevention Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Long-term outlook. Causes and risk factors Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment Long-term outlook. Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment Other types of liver cancer. Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment. Causes and risk factors Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment Long-term-outlook. Causes and risk factors Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and ...
http://massey.vcu.edu/news/identity/logos/
*  SMW - Swiss Medical Weekly - 21293981
BACKGROUND: The burden of abdominal obesity AO and its association with other cardiovascular risk factors is not known in coronary artery disease CAD patients attending cardiac rehabilitation CR. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the prevalence of AO and differences in cardiovascular risk factors between AO and non-AO patients. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the prevalence of AO in a large cohort of CAD patients attending CR and to evaluate differences in cardiovascular risk factors in AO and non-AO patients, thus sensitising physicians to this medical entity. The SF-36 is a health survey designed to assess health-related quality of life that is not disease-, treatment- or age-specific. The association of AO with other cardiovascular risk factors is shown in table 2. AO was associated significantly with diabetes p = 0.003 and hypertension p 0.001, whereas BMI equal or higher than 30 kg/m 2 was only associated with diabetes p = 0.036, not shown in the table. In contrast...
http://smw.ch/content/smw-2011-13153/
*  Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors | Newsday
Newsday. Subscribe to Newsday. Newsday Fun Book. Top Stories. Top Stories. Top Stories. Top Stories. Top Stories. Get unlimited digital access $14.99 A MONTH Join Now To continue reading, Newsday subscribers log in To continue reading, Newsday subscribers log in or register. The study evaluated the combined and individual impact of five major risk factors for heart disease -- high cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes. The combined risk from all five factors remained the same in blacks over a 10-year period, causing a steady 67 percent increased risk of heart disease. Combined heart disease risk fell for women during the same 10 years, decreasing from 68 percent increased risk to 58 percent. But their risk still remained higher than that of men, whose combined risk decreased from 51 percent to 48 percent during the study period. Diabetes and high blood pressure emerged as the two factors that continue to drive up the risk of heart attack and stroke, particularly in women and blacks. ...
http://newsday.com/news/health/women-blacks-hit-harder-by-heart-disease-risk-factors-1.9030508
*  291 diseases and injuries + 67 risk factors + 1,160 non-fatal complications = 650 million estimates
... of how we age, sicken, and die. 291 diseases and injuries + 67 risk factors + 1,160 non-fatal complications = 650 million estimates of how we age, sicken, and die December 14, 2012 11:08 AM. From the team for the massive Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010. In addition to the data visualizations, the IHME provides GBD 2010 publication summaries : Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Healthy life expectancy for 187 countries, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Age‐specific and sex‐specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global ...
http://metafilter.com/122905/291-diseases-and-injuries-67-risk-factors-1160-nonfatal-complications-650-million-estimates-of-how-we-age-sicken-and-die
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Internal Medicine | "Successful Aging": Effect of Subclinical Cardiovascul
"Successful Aging": Effect of Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease. Previous Article Next Article. The authors have no relevent financial interest in this article. Article. COMMENT. ARTICLE INFORMATION. Figures in this Article. To determine whether subclinical vascular disease and CVD risk factors were associated with more years free of physical and cognitive disability when not combined with the incident CVD outcome, we modeled separately ADL difficulty and a combined physical and cognitive disability, using the predictors identified in the successful aging models, with and without adjustment for intervening CVD. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. Proportion of Men and Women With Successful Aging by Age, Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease CVD, and Selected Risk Factors. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. Within each age group, the participants with subclinical dis...
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=216217
*  MO Arthritis: Self-Management
... MO Arthritis. Home. About Arthritis. Find a Class. Course Registration. Arthritis Links. Leader Resources. Partner Resources. Self-Management Toolkit. Sustainability Project. Find a RAC. Contact Us. Self-Management. Did you know that February is American Heart Month. Did you know that February is American Heart Month. Million Hearts ® and The Heart Truth ® are two campaigns that help support American Heart Month here in the United States. Million Hearts® is a national initiative that works to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017, while The Heart Truth® is a 28-day challenge during the month of February that encourages women to take action to lower their risk for heart disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC states that there are three key risk factors tied to heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol LDL, and smoking. 49% of Americans have one or more key risk factors linked back to heart disease. It’s not too late to make the decision to change. If you would...
http://moarthritis.org/self-management/page/4/
*  Risk Factors for Heart Attack | Blake Medical Center | Bradenton, FL
Risk Factors for Heart Attack. Blake Medical Center. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Find A Doctor. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. H2U - health to you. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Doctor of the Year Ballot. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. H2U - health to you. Blake Medical Center @BlakeMedCenter October is #BreastCancerAwareness Month. It is possible to have a heart attack with or without the risk factors listed below. It also helps reduce the chance of other heart attack risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Talk to your doctor about your risk of heart attack if you are taking testosterone therapy medications. If you have hypertension and are not keeping your blood pressure in a specific target range, you have an increased risk of having a heart attack. It also adds to your chances of developing high blood pressure, h...
http://blakemedicalcenter.com/hl/?/20336/Diagnosis-of-Heart-Attack~Risk-Factors
*  CDC - Podcasts
Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure, is the leading cause of death in the U.S. The audio file can be found at Audio Download. Save This File 6MB. A CUP OF HEALTH WITH CDC Heart Health American Heart Month – February 2014 Recorded: February 25, 2013; posted: February 27, 2013. is caused by cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure; it’s the leading cause of death. Fleetwood Loustalot is a researcher with CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. He’s joining us today to discuss ways to prevent cardiovascular disease. Leading risk factors include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, being overweight or obese, smoking, lack of physical activity, and an unhealthy diet, including consuming too much sodium in your diet. Fleetwood, what lifes...
http://www2c.cdc.gov/podcasts/player.asp?f=8631495
*  USMLE Step 2 - Cardiovascular Flashcards - Cram.com
Shuffle Toggle On Toggle Off Alphabetize Toggle On Toggle Off Front First Toggle On Toggle Off Both Sides Toggle On Toggle Off Read Toggle On Toggle Off. Leading cause of M M in US Clinically - SOB DOE arrhythmias stable unstable angina MI heart failure sudden death risk factors - age gender hypercholesterolemia DM HTN smoking family Hx. RF = risk factor 0-1 RF - treat: by diet if LDL 160 by meds if LDL 190 2 RFs - treat: by diet if LDL 130 by meds if LDL 160 CHD or MI or angina or DM - treat: by diet if LDL 100 by meds if LDL 130. ■ Admit monitor by EKG/telemetry ■ acute Sxs - O2 sublingual nitroglycerin ASA IV B-blockers Ca2+ channel blockers - if can't tolerate B-blockers ticlopidine or clopidogrel - if allergic to ASA ■ chronic Sxs - nitrates B-blockers ASA risk factors' reduction stress test lipid panel statins ■ pain inc. Vasospasm of coronary vessels happens at rest early morning young women Dx - angiography clean coronary arteries Tx - Ca2+ channel blockers. ■ Lifestyle mod - init Tx for stages 1 2 ■ ...
http://cram.com/flashcards/usmle-step-2-cardiovascular-493218
*  Avoiding risk factors ensures longer survival in men - Nutrition Express Articles
... Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Article Index > Newsletters > 2007 Newsletters > November 2007 Avoiding risk factors ensures longer survival in men by Newsletter Editor Avoiding midlife risk factors ensures longer survival in men. For men, healthy survival has been linked to lifestyle choices. In a 40-year-long study of 5,820 Japanese men, overall survival rates compared to exceptional survival rates were shown to be linked to healthy lifestyle factors and higher education. Out of all the subjects, 58% died before the age of 85, 31% survived to 85 with disease or disability and 11% survived to 85 without 6 major chronic diseases and without cognitive or physical impairment. The probability of exceptional survival was 60% with no risk factors and less than 10% with 6 or more risk factors. Therefore, aiming to reduce multiple risk factors such as being overweight, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, smoking and excessive drinking while maintaining healthy body weight may improve the pro...
http://nutritionexpress.com/article index/newsletters/2007 newsletters/november 2007/showarticle.aspx?articleid=876
*  Browsing Epidemiology by Title
... → Browsing Epidemiology by Title. Browsing Epidemiology by Title. Abnormalities of glucose metabolism, such as impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes, have been associated with increased risk of multiple types of cancers. Alcohol intake, viral hepatitis B infection, viral hepatitis C infection, and the risk of primary liver cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis . Accurate estimation of the contribution of major risk factors of liver cancer namely, alcohol intake and viral hepatitis infection, is essential ... Background: Pediatric HIV is associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental deficits. In serodiscordant couples, provision of antiretroviral therapy ART to the HIV-infected partner significantly decreases risk of sexual HIV transmission of HIV. Background: Aortic sclerosis is associated with increased ... Area-level socioeconomic status and cancer outcomes: Is there an association and can it be explained by behavior. Increasingly, area-level socioeconomic status SES is recognized as...
https://digital.lib.washington.edu/researchworks/handle/1773/4918/browse?type=title
*  Vytorin Bad, Statins Good? : Disease Proof:
Vytorin Bad, Statins Good. : Disease Proof:. Disease Proof Posted at 8:40 AM on April 1, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese Vytorin Bad, Statins Good. Vytorin is a bust, so, doctors are urging people to turn back to statins. Yeah, great idea. More from the Associated Press : Millions of Americans already take the drug or one of its components, Zetia. But doctors were stunned to learn Vytorin failed to improve heart disease, even though it worked as intended to reduce three key risk factors. People need to turn back to statins, said Yale University cardiologist Dr. We know that statins are good drugs. The study tested whether Vytorin was better than Zocor alone at limiting plaque buildup in the arteries of 720 people with super high cholesterol because of a gene disorder. Fuhrman explains: The known side effects for various statins the most popular and effective medications to lower cholesterol include hepatitis, jaundice, other liver problems, gastrointestinal upsets, muscle problems and a variety of blood complications...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/cardiovascular-disease-vytorin-bad-statins-good-print.html
*  Human Resources News
Obesity Alone Raises Risk of Fatal Heart Attack, Study Finds. Obese men face a dramatically higher risk of dying from a heart attack, regardless of whether or not they have other known risk factors for cardiovascular disease, a new study reveals. The finding stems from an analysis involving roughly 6,000 middle-aged men, and it suggests that there is something about carrying around excess weight that contributes to heart disease independent of risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and arterial disease. "Obese, middle-aged men have a 60 percent increased risk of dying from a heart attack than non-obese middle-aged men, even after we cancel out any of the effects of cholesterol, blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors," noted study author Jennifer Logue, a clinical lecturer of metabolic medicine with the British Heart Foundation's Cardiovascular Research Centre at the University of Glasgow, in Scotland. What's more, even after also accounting for risk factors such as ...
http://wku.edu/hr/news/index.php?view=article&articleid=814&return=archive
*  Info Center - EMC.org
Guleria : There are certain risk factors that we know are greater than others: total cholesterol that is higher than 240; systolic blood pressure greater than 160 or diastolic pressure greater than 100; if a person smokes or has diabetes, or has a close relative with history of heart attack or cardiovascular disease. There are also established risk scores that patients and doctors can use to help determine their likely risk for a heart attack, including the Reynolds Risk Score for women, and the Framingham Risk Score. Shaver: Another risk factor is the metabolic syndrome. Guleria, tell us about metabolic syndrome. These are the people who have abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, triglycerides greater than 150, low HDL high-density lipoprotein, good cholesterol, fasting blood glucose greater than 100. Shaver: In terms of body fat, is all fat the same when it comes to risk factors. If there is less LDL cholesterol formed in the liver, then the LDL receptor in the liver attracts cholesterol circulating in th...
http://emc.org/info-center/?xyzpdqabc=0&action=detail&dataRef=1509&source=511&issue=554&format=pdf&template=basic
*  .. Know Your Risk
know your risk as a woman the single most important thing you can do to safeguard your heart health is to educate yourself about your unique risk factors studies show that most women in canada donâ t realize that heart disease and stroke is a leading cause of death for women in canada in fact heart disease and stroke kills seven times more women than breast cancer becoming aware of your health profile and learning how to recognize the warning signs of heart disease and stroke will allow you to take preventive action and control your risk factors learn more about heart disease and your risk profile and find your path to heart health by exploring this section of the website what is heart disease and stroke evaluate your risk women heart health warning signs prevention treatment for heart disease stroke living with heart disease stroke questions to ask your doctor...
http://thehearttruth.ca/know-your-risk/
*  Whole Health Source: August 2008
... Posted by. Stephan Guyenet. at 1:19 PM. 8 comments:. Email This. BlogThis. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Pinterest. Labels: diabetes, overweight, Pima. Posted by. Stephan Guyenet. 11 comments:. Email This. BlogThis. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Pinterest. Tuesday, August 26, 2008. 69% of their calories come from carbohydrate, 21% from fat and 10% from protein. There are examples of cultures that were/are healthy eating high-fat diets, high-carbohydrate diets and everything in between. Leptin is secreted by adipose fat tissue, and its blood levels are proportional to fat mass. This isn't surprising, since leptin levels track with fat mass and the Kitavans are very lean average male BMI = 20, female BMI = 18. These data show that exercise can not explain Kitavans' low insulin levels. We can guess that total fat, saturated fat and carbohydrate do not cause hyperinsulinemia, based on data from the Inuit, the Masai and the Kitavans, respectively. Judging by these numbers, Kita...
http://wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2008_08_01_archive.html
*  .. Booster Shots .. Researchers find a way to subtract 12 years from your life .. Oddities, musings
Business. Sports. Entertainment. Health. Travel. Opinion. Booster Shots Oddities, musings and news from the health world. Previous Post. Booster Shots Home. Next Post. Researchers find a way to subtract 12 years from your life April 26, 2010. 1:01 pm You know that smoking is bad for your health. Ditto heavy drinking, a slovenly lifestyle or a preference for chili cheese fries over fruits and vegetables. Epidemiologists have linked each of these behaviors to increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Giske Ursin – studied the effect of all four bad behaviors at once. Smokers fill that bill, while nonsmokers and former smokers did not. Men who consumed more than 21 8-gram servings of alcohol and women who drank more than 14 servings of alcohol were considered to have poor drinking behavior. Anyone who got less than 120 minutes of exercise each week was defined as having poor physical activity, and bad diets were those that contained fewer than 3 fruits or vegetables each day. After tracking nearly 5,...
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/booster_shots/2010/04/risk-of-death-from-drinking-smoking-unhealthy-eating-poor-exercise.html
*  The Mermaid's Tale: Who, me? I don't believe in single-gene causation! (or do I?). Part I. What
I don't believe in single-gene causation. I don't believe in single-gene causation. Ken Weiss. genes 'for' a trait is still on. Single gene causation does exist, at least sometimes doesn't it. There are well-documented single risk factors, genetic and otherwise, that everyone accepts 'cause' some disease in a very meaningful sense. Examples are some alleles variant states of the CFTR gene and Cystic Fibrosis CF , BRCA1 and 2 variants and breast cancer, or smoking and lung cancer. Gene X doesn't cause the disease after all. Or disease and none of the known causal mutations. If you have a dysfunctional BRCA1 genotype, you are at risk of some one breast cell acquiring a set of mutations that don't get detected and repaired. Gene X plus time plus environmental risk factors cause the disease. Though, we all believe it's a single gene, BRCA1 or 2, that causes cancer. The obvious non-genetic instance, smoking and lung cancer, is similar but not exactly the same. The reason the risk is probabilistic -- that is, a smo...
http://ecodevoevo.blogspot.com/2013/05/who-me-i-dont-believe-in-single-gene.html
*  Popular Blogs for heart disease | SparkPeople
Join Now for Free. Healthy Cooking. Healthy Heart. Healthy Home. Posted 1/23/2014 12:00:00 AM By: Jen Mueller : 2 comments 15,276 views Read More. Posted 8/5/2013 12:00:00 PM By: SparkPeople Guest Blogger : 7 comments 15,649 views Read More. DailySpark: What are the top lifestyle changes women can make to ensure their hearts stay healthy. Desvigne-Nickens: Most heart disease risk factors are preventable or controllable by making healthy lifestyle changes, including: stopping smoking, being physically active, following a healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy weight. Additional risk factors that you can prevent and control include: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and high blood sugar or diabetes. High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and high blood sugar are often treatable with healthy lifestyle but may require medical prescriptions. You can reduce your risk for heart disease by over 80% by controlling risk factors and a healthy lifestyle. Posted 2/22/2013 12:00:00 PM By: Stepfanie Romine ...
http://sparkpeople.com/blog/blog_topics.asp?topic=heart_disease
*  Family history (medicine)
Family history medicine. Family history medicine. In medicine, a 'family history' consists of information about disorders from which the direct blood relatives of the patient have suffered. Genealogy typically includes very little of the medical history of the family, but the medical history could be considered a specific subset of the total history of a family. 1 Accurate knowledge of a patient's family history may identify a predisposition to developing certain illnesses, which can inform clinical decisions and allow effective management or even prevention of conditions. Uses Consequences Definitions References. cardiovascular disease s, autoimmune disorder s, mental disorders, diabetes, cancer to assess whether a person is at risk of developing similar problems. Some medical conditions are carried only by the female line such as X-linked conditions and some Mitochondrial diseases. Tracing female ancestors can be difficult in societies that change the woman's family name when she marries. Death records of...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Family_history_(medicine)
*  Rate ratio
... a rate ratio sometimes called an incidence density ratio in epidemiology is a relative difference measure used to compare the incidence rate s of events occurring at any given point in time a common application for this measure in analytic epidemiologic studies is in the search for a causal association between a certain risk factor and an outcome text rate ratio frac text incidence rate text incidence rate http www ctspedia org do view ctspedia rateratio where incidence rate is the occurrence of an event over person time for example person years text incidence rate frac text events text person time note the same time intervals must be used for both incidence rates see also ratio risk ratio odds ratio references category biostatistics category epidemiology category rates...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rate_ratio
*  .. Can You Be Fat and Healthy? Depends Where You Are Fat .. RELATED CONDITIONS .. WEEKLY NEWSLETTE
Heart Disease Home Heart Disease Journey Perspectives On Heart Disease Risks and Symptoms Heart Tests Heart Attack Coronary Artery Disease Arrhythmia Diet and Exercise Depression and Heart Disease Statins and Other Drugs Heart Surgery. Diabetes Type 2 Obesity Cholesterol Heart Failure Depression Stress Management. Can You Be Fat and Healthy. Just like force-fed geese develop fatty livers that are used to make foie gras, excess calories may lead to fat infiltration of the human liver, says Wylie-Rosett, who is a coauthor of the second study in the journal. “We don’t yet know what the longer term risks are, but we assume that it may then lead to scarring, and what we are now talking about is nonalcoholic liver disease,” says Wylie-Rosett. “It’s an area of tremendous concern particularly as younger people are becoming heavier and heavier and appear to be getting some of these fatty infiltrations in the liver.”. They found a cluster of high-risk symptoms—elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, and b...
http://news.health.com/2008/08/11/fat-and-healthy/2/
*  METeOR
... Cardiovascular disease clinical DSS Identifying and definitional attributes. Metadata item type: Data Set Specification. METeOR identifier: 273052. Registration status: Health, Superseded 15/02/2006. DSS type: Data Set Specification DSS. Scope: The collection of cardiovascular data CV-Data in this metadata set is voluntary. The definitions used in CV-Data are designed to underpin the data collected by health professionals in their day-to-day practice. They relate to the realities of a clinical consultation and the ongoing nature of care and relationships that are formed between doctors and patients in clinical practice. The data elements specified in this metadata set provide a framework for: promoting the delivery of high quality cardiovascular disease preventive and management care to patients, facilitating ongoing improvement in the quality of cardiovascular and chronic disease care predominantly in primary care and other community settings in Australia, and supporting general practice and other prima...
http://meteor.aihw.gov.au/content/index.phtml/itemId/273052/pageDefinitionItemId/tag.MeteorPrinterFriendlyPage
*  risk - What approaches are there for stress testing a portfolio? - Quantitative Finance Stack Exchan
risk - What approaches are there for stress testing a portfolio. - Quantitative Finance Stack Exchange. Quantitative Finance. Quantitative Finance Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Quantitative Finance beta. Questions. Quantitative Finance Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for finance professionals and academics. Extreme event : hypothesize the portfolio's return given the recurrence of a historical event. Current positions and risk exposures are combined with the historical factor returns. Risk factor shock : shock any factor in the chosen risk model by a user-specified amount. The factor exposures remain unchanged, while the covariance matrix is used to adjust the factor returns based on their correlation with the shocked factor. External factor shock : instead of a risk factor, shock any index, macro-economic series e.g., oil prices, or custom series e.g., exchange rates. risk var stress share...
http://quant.stackexchange.com/questions/174/what-approaches-are-there-for-stress-testing-a-portfolio/179
*  Shows A-Z - to be fat like me on lifetime | TheFutonCritic.com
shows a z to be fat like me on lifetime thefutoncritic com or titles people articles view all related dvds view all related news view all related listings date day time network episode title mo pm lifetime n a to be fat like me lifetime broadcast history status telefilm mini series in the can visit the official web site missed an episode been wanting to catch up this series is also available on description from lifetime s web site everyone knows high school can be tough but when you re an overweight teen it can be the longest few years of your life fortunately for aly a popular and athletic junior she s never had that problem but the teen gets a taste of the flip side when she dons a fat suit and goes undercover at a rival high school you ll be shocked by what her hidden camera reveals in this movie based on a true story principal cast information caroline rhea kaley cuoco crew information allan krasnick as ep doug barr as dir michael givens as ep michael jacobs jr as ep michael shepard as prod michelle lovre...
http://thefutoncritic.com/moviewatch/to-be-fat-like-me/listings/
*  .. Share this article .. Garey
Previous post I Like Simple Tests When Bad Things Happen Next post. by Garey. in Brain Health, Fish Oil, Heart Health, Latest News, Mind State. W e have been working hard on keeping the higher DHA Omega-3 in stock. This product is not from Calamarine but from South American fish. Each capsule of 1000 mg contains 500 mg of DHA and 250 mg of EPA. Most oils except for Calamarine naturally contain a higher concentration of EPA. So what’s the big deal about which Omega-3 molecule DHA or EPA is higher. DHA is harder to make in the body. It’s 22 carbons compared to 20 carbons in EPA. So for our bodies to take an ALA molecule or a EPA molecule and try to manufacture DHA is very hard to do. To begin with your brain cells are structurally made from DHA. Certain hormones are made in the body from DHA.Â. What happens if you need to make some brain cells and your body’s lacking in DHA molecules. Your body will subsitute other fats and try to make the cell membranes anyway. As you know, not all fats are the same. But for...
http://optimalhealthbridge.com/special-offer-on-omega-3/
*  Estrogel - Uses, Side Effects, Interactions - Drugs - Body & Health
... Medications and your Health. How should I use Estrogel. Who should NOT take Estrogel. What other drugs could interact with Estrogel. When estradiol gel is applied to your skin, it releases estradiol into your blood through your skin. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. To obtain a daily dose, press firmly on the pump to dispense the dose of the gel into the palm of your hand. It is recommended to apply the contents of one pump press of the gel to the outside of one arm from wrist to shoulder. The number of times you press the pump will depend on the dose recommended by your doctor. If your dose is two pump presses, then repeat the process and apply the contents of the second press to the other arm. Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and oth...
http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/drug_info_details.asp?brand_name_id=1115
*  .. ADHD .. ADHD In Childhood May Feed Obesity In Adults
ADHD. NPR food. ADHD In Childhood May Feed Obesity In Adults. By Nancy Shute. May 20, 2013....
http://ww2.kqed.org/bayareabites/tag/adhd/
*  Survey shows rising rates of treated disease prevalence increase health care costs in U.S
... Published on May 7, 2013 at 9:40 AM. The increasing proportion of the population that received treatment for a specific medical condition - called treated disease prevalence -- along with higher spending per treated case accounted for most of the rise in health care spending in the U.S. Thorpe, PhD, chair of the Department of Health Policy and Management at Emory's Rollins School of Public Health, analyzed data from the National Medical Expenditure Survey and the Medical Expenditure Panel Surveys from 1987-2009 to investigate the roles that the rise in treated disease prevalence, spending per treated case, obesity, and increased treatment intensity played in the increase in health care spending. Thorpe determined that 50.8 percent of the rise in health care spending among adults ages 18 years and older was associated with rising rates of treated disease prevalence, while 39.0 percent of that rise was associated with rising spending per treated case. Pre-birth arsenic exposure associated with early pu...
http://news-medical.net/news/20130507/Survey-shows-rising-rates-of-treated-disease-prevalence-increase-health-care-costs-in-US.aspx
*  .. Olympics Themed Ad Highlights Autism Prevalence Figures .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related
Home. Awareness Olympics Themed Ad Highlights Autism Prevalence Figures Olympics Themed Ad Highlights Autism Prevalence Figures February 24, 2010. Autism Speaks. Leave a comment. Go to comments. A new ad constrasting the odds of a child becoming an Olympic athlete contrasting the odds of a child being diagnosed with autism has been created as part of Autism Speaks’ award-winning “Odds” campaign. Many thanks to our friends at the Ad Council and BBDO for this fabulous addition to our awareness campaign. Autism prevalence figures are growing and we need answers. Share this:. Facebook Google Twitter Email LinkedIn Reddit Print. Like this:. Like Loading... Related. Categories: Awareness. Tags: Ad Council, autism, BBDO, Olympics. Autism in the News – Wednesday, 2.24.10. 5|25: Celebrating Five Years of Autism Science Day 24: Early Intervention for Toddlers with Autism Spectrum Disorders. RSS feed Google. Youdao. Xian Guo. Zhua Xia. My Yahoo. newsgator. Bloglines. iNezha. Twitter. Search for:. Join us on Face...
http://blog.autismspeaks.org/2010/02/24/did-you-know/
*  .. What is Causing the Increase in Autism Prevalence? .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related .. J
Autism Speaks. that approximately 26% of the rise in autism caseload between 1992 and 2005 could be directly attributed to changes in diagnostic criteria, specifically the shift from mental retardation diagnoses to autism diagnoses. In other words, 1 in 4 children diagnosed with autism in California today would not have been diagnosed using older diagnostic criteria. the California sample in an effort to quantify the influence of autism awareness on the rise in autism prevalence. The investigators found that children living in close proximity to another child that had been previously diagnosed with autism had a better chance of being diagnosed with autism themselves. The proposed explanation is information diffusion, or parents talking to and educating other parents about autism resulting in an increased likelihood of their children being diagnosed. It is estimated that 16% of the increase in autism prevalence over time in California was due to social influence and increased awareness., that older mothers...
http://blog.autismspeaks.org/2010/10/22/got-questions-answers-to-your-questions-from-the-autism-speaks’-science-staff-2/?like=1&source=post_flair&_wpnonce=20ee2ea151
*  .. What is Causing the Increase in Autism Prevalence? .. Share this: .. Like this: .. Related .. J
Autism Speaks. that approximately 26% of the rise in autism caseload between 1992 and 2005 could be directly attributed to changes in diagnostic criteria, specifically the shift from mental retardation diagnoses to autism diagnoses. In other words, 1 in 4 children diagnosed with autism in California today would not have been diagnosed using older diagnostic criteria. the California sample in an effort to quantify the influence of autism awareness on the rise in autism prevalence. The investigators found that children living in close proximity to another child that had been previously diagnosed with autism had a better chance of being diagnosed with autism themselves. The proposed explanation is information diffusion, or parents talking to and educating other parents about autism resulting in an increased likelihood of their children being diagnosed. It is estimated that 16% of the increase in autism prevalence over time in California was due to social influence and increased awareness., that older mothers...
http://blog.autismspeaks.org/2010/10/22/got-questions-answers-to-your-questions-from-the-autism-speaks’-science-staff-2/?like=1&source=post_flair&_wpnonce=7ebcc2514d
*  Symptom Prevalence in the Last days of Life in Germany: The Role of Place of Death - ResearchGate
... Article Symptom Prevalence in the Last days of Life in Germany: The Role of Place of Death. Remove suggestion. Remove suggestion. Kirsten Isabel Zepf. Kirsten Isabel Zepf. Remove suggestion. Remove suggestion. Remove suggestion. Impact Factor: 1.38. ABSTRACT Investigations have shown that symptom prevalence varies according to the place of death. We sought to assess the symptom prevalence of chronically ill people in Germany and how this prevalence differs depending on the place of death. DOI:10.1007/s00520-012-1587-4 2.36 Impact Factor Source Available from: europepmc.org. Dying With Dementia Symptom Burden, Quality of Care, and Place of Death. Kirsten Isabel Zepf. ABSTRACT: No detailed information has been available until now about the care setting, circumstances and place of death, symptom burden, and quality of care of persons with end-stage dementia in Germany. Data were obtained in this way for 310 persons with dementia and 931 persons without dementia. 42.4% of the persons with dementia died at ho...
http://researchgate.net/publication/51773673_Symptom_Prevalence_in_the_Last_days_of_Life_in_Germany_The_Role_of_Place_of_Death
*  Systematic Review of the Literature Regarding the Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea: Summary of Evidence Repo
... rt/Technology Assessment No. Systematic Review of the Literature Regarding the Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea. Return to Contents Findings All Studies: PSG 71 studies 7,572 patients, mean evidence score = 20.6 range, 16 to 34. Partial Channel PSGs 3 studies of partial channel PSGs 213 patients, mean evidence score = 17.7 range, 17 to 19. Sensitivity ranged from 82 percent to 94 percent and specificity from 82 percent to 100 percent. Sensitivity ranged from 32 percent to 100 percent and specificity from 33 percent to 100 percent. Mean sensitivity and mean specificity are 87.4 percent range, 36 percent to 100 percent and 64.9 percent range, 23 percent to 99 percent, respectively. Partial Time PSGs 7 studies of partial time PSGs 505 patients, mean evidence score = 18.6 range, 17 to 20. Mean sensitivity at AI/AHI threshold of 5 was 69.7 percent range, 66 percent to 93 percent, and at threshold of 10, 79.5 percent range, 42 percent to 89 percent. Specificity at AI/AHI threshold of 5 was 87.4 percent range, 50 percen...
http://archive.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcsums/apneasum.htm
*  SEER*Stat Prevalence Exercise 1: Limited-Duration Prevalence
... Race / Sex. Age at Diagnosis or Death. For Researchers Datasets and Software Datasets SEER Data. Standard Population Data. More Data Software. Statistical Software SEER*Stat. Documentation Recodes Behavior Recode for Analysis. Cause of Death Recode. Incidence Site Recode Variables. Data Documentation Variable Recodes. Tutorials SEER*Stat Prevalence Exercise 1: Limited-Duration Prevalence. Datasets SEER Data 1973-2012. Standard Population Data. Estimates Used in SEER*Stat Software. SEER*Stat Prevalence Exercise 1: Limited-Duration Prevalence Cancer prevalence is defined as the number or percent of people alive on a certain date in a population who previously had a diagnosis of the disease. SEER makes the assumption that these cancers are malignant, as is true of the majority of SEER cancers. Thus, if the first SEER-registered tumor is coded as the person's second or later tumor any others were non-SEER cancers this person's cancers are excluded using this option. The prevalence estimates calculated in thi...
http://seer.cancer.gov/seerstat/tutorials/prev1/webprint/
*  Selected Behaviors That Increase Risk for HIV Infection, Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and U
... nintended Pregnancy Among High School Students -- United States, 1991. Selected Behaviors That Increase Risk for HIV Infection, Other Sexually Transmitted Diseases, and Unintended Pregnancy Among High School Students -- United States, 1991 Since the 1970s, sexual activity has increased among adolescents in the United States 1 ; at the same time, rates of sexually transmitted diseases STDs 1, unintended pregnancy 2, and -- beginning in the 1980s -- human immunodeficiency virus HIV infection 3,4 also have increased among adolescents. Of students participating in the state and local surveys, 33%- 79% median: 55%; national prevalence: 54% reported ever having had sexual intercourse Table 1 ; 54%-78% median: 70%; national prevalence: 69% reported being currently sexually active i.e., having had sexual intercourse during the 3 months preceding the survey ; and 8%-46% median: 20%; national prevalence: 19% reported having had sexual intercourse with four or more partners during their lifetime. Among the state and...
http://cdc.gov/MMWR/preview/mmwrhtml/00018150.htm
*  Herpes Prevalence NHANES 2010
... Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. CDC A-Z Index. CDC A-Z. Genital Herpes. STDs Home Page. Genital Herpes. HIV/AIDS & STDs. Human Papillomavirus HPV. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease PID. STDs & Infertility. STDs & Pregnancy. Other STDs. CDC Analysis of National Herpes Prevalence. Some recent media reports have questioned the accuracy of CDC’s latest report on national herpes prevalence herpes simplex virus type 2, or HSV-2. The latest HSV-2 data – announced at CDC’s National STD Conference in Atlanta on March 9, 2010, and published today in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report MMWR – indicates that overall national HSV-2 prevalence remains high 16.2% and that the disease continues to disproportionately burden African-Americans 39.2% prevalence, particularly black women 48.0% prevalence, who face a number of factors putting them at greater risk, including higher community prevalence an...
http://cdc.gov/std/herpes/herpes-NHANES-2010.htm
*  JAMA Network | JAMA | Smoking and Mental Illness: A Population-Based Prevalence Study
Results Current smoking rates for respondents with no mental illness, lifetime mental illness, and past-month mental illness were 22.5%, 34.8%, and 41.0%, respectively. + View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. We also estimated the proportion of all cigarettes smoked in the United States that were consumed by persons with mental illness via the following calculation: M C 1 / { N C 2 + M C 1 }, where M = the number of current smokers with mental illness in the past month; C 1 = the mean peak consumption of cigarettes per day by current smokers with mental illness in the past month; N = the number of current smokers without mental illness in the past month, which includes persons with and without lifetime mental illness; and C 2 = the mean peak consumption of cigarettes per day by current smokers without mental illness in the past month. The demographic characteristics of persons with a lifetime history of mental illness and persons with mental illness in the past month are sho...
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=193305
*  Frequently Asked Questions | International Diabetes Federation
IDF Europe Publications. IDF gathers information from peer-reviewed journals, national health statistics reports, reports from international agencies such as the CDC and WHO including STEPwise approach to surveillance reports, and from personal communication with investigators within the IDF network. These studies are then judged for quality and used to generate the estimates for diabetes found in the IDF Diabetes Atlas. Estimates for mortality and health expenditures rely on IDF prevalence data and other WHO figures to estimate the number of deaths and the medical costs attributable to diabetes. The national prevalence is a percentage of the number of adults 20 – 79 years who have diabetes in the given year either 2014 or 2035 in a country or region. In order to compare these countries, we take the national prevalence and make an adjustment to estimate what the prevalence would be for that country if the distribution of the population in different ages were different. The distribution that is used for this c...
http://idf.org/diabetesatlas/FAQs?language=fr

QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Nested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.HeartScore: HeartScore is a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management tool developed by the European Society of Cardiology, aimed at supporting clinicians in optimising individual cardiovascular risk reduction.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Global Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.HypertensionClassification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingList of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus: A newly identified and potentially treatable form of monogenic diabetes is the neonatal diabetes caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene, which codes for the Kir6.2 subunit of the beta cell KATP channel.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Aortic pressure: Central aortic blood pressure (CAP or CASP) is the blood pressure at the root of aorta. Studies have shown the importance of central aortic pressure and its implications in assessing the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment with respect to cardiovascular risk factors.List of kanji by stroke count: This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes. Currently, there are 2,186 individual kanji listed.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Niigata UniversityPrenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Outline of diabetes: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to diabetes:Epidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.National Cholesterol Education Program: The National Cholesterol Education Program is a program managed by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, a division of the National Institutes of Health. Its goal is to reduce increased cardiovascular disease rates due to hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol levels) in the United States of America.CADgene: CADgene is a database of genes involved in coronary artery disease (CAD) .CholesterolUniversity of CampinasProportional reporting ratio: The proportional reporting ratio (PRR) is a statistic that is used to summarize the extent to which a particular adverse event is reported for individuals taking a specific drug, compared to the frequency at which the same adverse event is reported for patients taking some other drug (or who are taking any drug in a specified class of drugs). The PRR will typically be calculated using a surveillance database in which reports of adverse events from a variety of drugs are recorded.Lipid droplet: Lipid droplets, also referred to as lipid bodies, oil bodies or adiposomes, are lipid-rich cellular organelles that regulate the storage and hydrolysis of neutral lipids and are found largely in the adipose tissue.Mobilization and cellular uptake of stored fats and triacylglycerol (with Animation) They also serve as a reservoir for cholesterol and acyl-glycerols for membrane formation and maintenance.Blood glucose monitoring: Blood glucose monitoring is a way of testing the concentration of glucose in the blood (glycemia). Particularly important in the care of diabetes mellitus, a blood glucose test is performed by piercing the skin (typically, on the finger) to draw blood, then applying the blood to a chemically active disposable 'test-strip'.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Gene polymorphismTamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityNon-communicable disease: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.TriglycerideDisease registry: Disease or patient registries are collections of secondary data related to patients with a specific diagnosis, condition, or procedure, and they play an important role in post marketing surveillance of pharmaceuticals. Registries are different from indexes in that they contain more extensive data.Tumor progression: Tumor progression is the third and last phase in tumor development. This phase is characterised by increased growth speed and invasiveness of the tumor cells.Australia–Finland relations: Australia–Finland relations are foreign relations between the Australia and Finland. Diplomatic relations were established on 31 May 1949.Silent strokeAfrican-American family structure: The family structure of African-Americans has long been a matter of national public policy interest.Moynihan's War on Poverty report A 1965 report by Daniel Patrick Moynihan, known as The Moynihan Report, examined the link between black poverty and family structure.Waist-to-height ratio: A person's waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), also called waist-to-stature ratio (WSR), is defined as their waist circumference divided by their height, both measured in the same units. The WHtR is a measure of the distribution of body fat.Behavior: Behavior or behaviour (see spelling differences) is the range of actions and [made by individuals, organism]s, [[systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether [or external], [[conscious or subconscious, overt or covert, and voluntary or involuntary.Budic II of Brittany: Budic II (; or ; ), formerly known as Budick, was a king of Cornouaille in Brittany in the late 5th and early 6th centuries. He was the father of Hoel Mawr and is probably to be identified with the Emyr Llydaw ("Emperor of Brittany") and King Nentres who appear in Arthurian legend.Nathan W. LevinBaden, Lower Saxony: Baden is a town near Bremen, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is known to Africanists and Phoneticians as the place where Diedrich Hermann Westermann was born and died.

(1/106621) Does risk factor epidemiology put epidemiology at risk? Peering into the future.

The multiple cause black box paradigm of the current risk factor era in epidemiology is growing less serviceable. This single level paradigm is likely to be displaced. The signs are that the growing strength of molecular epidemiology on the one side, and of a global epidemiology based on information systems on the other, will come to dominate epidemiology and segregate it into separate disciplines. At the same time, the links with public health interests grow weaker. A multilevel ecoepidemiology has the potential to bind these strands together.  (+info)

(2/106621) Comparative total mortality in 25 years in Italian and Greek middle aged rural men.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Mortality over 25 years has been low in the Italian and very low in the Greek cohorts of the Seven Countries Study; factors responsible for this particularity were studied in detail. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: 1712 Italian and 1215 Greek men, aged 40-59 years, cohorts of the Seven Countries Study, representing over 95% of the populations in designated rural areas. DESIGN: Entry (1960-61) data included age, systolic blood pressure (SBP), smoking habits, total serum cholesterol, body mass index (BMI), arm circumference, vital capacity (VC), and forced expiratory volume in 3/4 seconds (FEV); the same data were obtained 10 years later. Multivariate Cox analysis was performed with all causes death in 25 years as end point. MAIN RESULTS: Italian men had higher entry levels of SBP, arm circumference, BMI, and VC; Greek men had higher cholesterol levels, smoking habits, and FEV. Mortality of Italian men was higher throughout; at 25 years cumulative mortality was 48.3% and 35.3% respectively. Coronary heart disease and stroke mortality increased fivefold in Italy and 10-fold in Greece between years 10 and 25. The only risk factor with a significantly higher contribution to mortality in Italian men was cholesterol. However, differences in entry SBP (higher in Italy) and FEV (higher in Greece) accounted for, according to the Lee method, 75% of the differential mortality between the two populations. At 10 years increases in SBP, cholesterol, BMI, and decreases in smoking habits, VC, FEV, and arm circumference had occurred (deltas). SBP increased more and FEV and VC decreased more in Italy than in Greece. Deltas, fed stepwise in the original model for the prediction of 10 to 25 years mortality, were significant for SBP, smoking, arm circumference, and VC in Greece, and for SBP and VC in Italy. CONCLUSION: Higher mortality in Italian men is related to stronger positive effects of entry SBP and weaker negative (protective) effects of FEV; in addition 10 year increases in SBP are higher and 10 year decreases in FEV are larger in Italy. Unaccounted factors, however, related to, for example, differences in the diet, may also have contributed to the differential mortality of these two Mediterranean populations.  (+info)

(3/106621) Physician advice and individual behaviors about cardiovascular disease risk reduction--seven states and Puerto Rico, 1997.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) (e.g., heart disease and stroke) is the leading cause of death in the United States and accounted for 959,227 deaths in 1996. Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend that, as part of a preventive health examination, all primary-care providers counsel their patients about a healthy diet and regular physical activity. AHA also recommends low-dose aspirin use as a secondary preventive measure among persons with existing CVD. To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke.  (+info)

(4/106621) Risk of major liver resection in patients with underlying chronic liver disease: a reappraisal.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation of patient age, status of liver parenchyma, presence of markers of active hepatitis, and blood loss to subsequent death and complications in patients undergoing a similar major hepatectomy for the same disease using a standardized technique. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Major liver resection carries a high risk of postoperative liver failure in patients with chronic liver disease. However, this underlying liver disease may comprise a wide range of pathologic changes that have, in the past, not been well defined. METHODS: The nontumorous liver of 55 patients undergoing a right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma was classified according to a semiquantitative grading of fibrosis. The authors analyzed the influence of this pathologic feature and of other preoperative variables on the risk of postoperative death and complications. RESULTS: Serum bilirubin and prothrombin time increased on postoperative day 1, and their speed of recovery was influenced by the severity of fibrosis. Incidence of death from liver failure was 32% in patients with grade 4 fibrosis (cirrhosis) and 0% in patients with grade 0 to 3 fibrosis. The preoperative serum aspartate transaminase (ASAT) level ranged from 68 to 207 IU/l in patients with cirrhosis who died, compared with 20 to 62 in patients with cirrhosis who survived. CONCLUSION: A major liver resection such as a right hepatectomy may be safely performed in patients with underlying liver disease, provided no additional risk factors are present. Patients with a preoperative increase in ASAT should undergo a liver biopsy to rule out the presence of grade 4 fibrosis, which should contraindicate this resection.  (+info)

(5/106621) Use of wood stoves and risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract: a case-control study.

BACKGROUND: Incidence rates for cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract in Southern Brazil are among the highest in the world. A case-control study was designed to identify the main risk factors for carcinomas of mouth, pharynx, and larynx in the region. We tested the hypothesis of whether use of wood stoves is associated with these cancers. METHODS: Information on known and potential risk factors was obtained from interviews with 784 cases and 1568 non-cancer controls. We estimated the effect of use of wood stove by conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption and for other sociodemographic and dietary variables chosen as empirical confounders based on a change-in-estimate criterion. RESULTS: After extensive adjustment for all the empirical confounders the odds ratio (OR) for all upper aero-digestive tract cancers was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 2.2-3.3). Increased risks were also seen in site-specific analyses for mouth (OR = 2.73; 95% CI: 1.8-4.2), pharyngeal (OR = 3.82; 95% CI: 2.0-7.4), and laryngeal carcinomas (OR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.2-4.7). Significant risk elevations remained for each of the three anatomic sites and for all sites combined even after we purposefully biased the analyses towards the null hypothesis by adjusting the effect of wood stove use only for positive empirical confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The association of use of wood stoves with cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract is genuine and unlikely to result from insufficient control of confounding. Due to its high prevalence, use of wood stoves may be linked to as many as 30% of all cancers occurring in the region.  (+info)

(6/106621) Helicobacter pylori infection, garlic intake and precancerous lesions in a Chinese population at low risk of gastric cancer.

BACKGROUND: Cangshan County of Shandong Province has one of the lowest rates of gastric cancer (GC) in China. While intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS) are less common in Cangshan than in areas of Shandong at high risk of GC, these precursor lesions nevertheless affect about 20% of adults age > or = 55. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: In order to evaluate determinants of IM and DYS in Cangshan County, a low risk area of GC a survey was conducted among 214 adults who participated in a gastroscopic screening survey in Cangshan County in 1994. METHOD: A dietary interview and measurement of serum Helicobacter pylori antibodies were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of H. pylori was lowest (19%) among those with normal gastric mucosa, rising steadily to 35% for superficial gastritis (SG), 56% for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), 80% for IM, and 100% for DYS. The prevalence odds of precancerous lesions were compared with the odds of normal histology or SG. The odds ratio (OR) or CAG associated with H. pylori positivity was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.7-10.0), while the OR of IM/DYS associated with H. pylori positivity was 31.5 (95% CI: 5.2-187). After adjusting for H. pylori infection, drinking alcohol was a risk factor for CAG (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.1-9.2) and IM/DYS (OR = 7.8, 95% CI: 1.3-47.7). On the other hand, consumption of garlic showed non-significant protective effects and an inverse association with H. pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that infection with H. pylori is a risk factor and garlic may be protective, in the development and progression of advanced precancerous gastric lesions in an area of China at relatively low risk of GC.  (+info)

(7/106621) Precancerous lesions in two counties of China with contrasting gastric cancer risk.

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide and shows remarkable geographical variation even within countries such as China. Linqu County in Shandong Province of northeast China has a GC rate that is 15 times higher than that of Cangshan County in Shandong, even though these counties are within 200 miles of each other. METHOD: In order to evaluate the frequency of precancerous gastric lesions in Linqu and Cangshan Counties we examined 3400 adults in Linqu County and 224 adults in Cangshan County. An endoscopic examination with four biopsies was performed in each individual of the two populations. RESULTS: The prevalence of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS) was 30% and 15.1%, respectively, in Linqu compared to 7.9% and 5.6% in Cangshan (P < 0.01). Within these histological categories, advanced grades were found more often in Linqu than in Cangshan. The prevalences of IM and DYS were more common at each biopsy site in Linqu, where the lesions also tended to affect multiple sites. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study support the concept that IM and DYS are closely correlated with risks of GC and represent late stages in the multistep process of gastric carcinogenesis.  (+info)

(8/106621) Serum triglyceride: a possible risk factor for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the relationship between ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and serum concentrations of lipids and apolipoproteins. METHODS: A cohort of 21 520 men, aged 35-64 years, was recruited from men attending the British United Provident Association (BUPA) clinic in London for a routine medical examination in 1975-1982. Smoking habits, weight, height and blood pressure were recorded at entry. Lipids and apolipoproteins were measured in stored serum samples from the 30 men who subsequently died of ruptured AAA and 150 matched controls. RESULTS: Triglyceride was strongly related to risk of ruptured AAA. In univariate analyses the risk in men on the 90th centile of the distribution relative to the risk in men on the 10th (RO10-90) was 12 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 3.8-37) for triglyceride, 5.5 (95% CI: 1.8-17) for apolipoprotein B (apoB) (the protein component of low density lipoprotein [LDL]), 0.15 (95% CI : 0.04-0.56) for apo A1 (the protein component of high density lipoprotein [HDL]), 3.7 (95% CI: 1.4-9.4) for body mass index and 3.0 (95% CI: 1.1-8.5) for systolic blood pressure. Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) was not a significant risk factor (RO10-90 = 1.6, 95% CI: 0.6-3.0). In multivariate analysis triglyceride retained its strong association. CONCLUSION: Triglyceride appears to be a strong risk factor for ruptured AAA, although further studies are required to clarify this. If this and other associations are cause and effect, then changing the distribution of risk factors in the population (by many people stopping smoking and adopting a lower saturated fat diet and by lowering blood pressure) could achieve an important reduction in mortality from ruptured AAA.  (+info)


What are some risk factors for type 1 and type 2 diabetes?


What are some risk factors for type 1 and type 2 diabetes? What went wrong with the insulin production and how does that affect the body’s ability to fuel itself with blood sugar? This is a bit confusing to me so I would appreciate any help. Thank you.
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Type 1: In majority of cases, the causes is unknown (idiopathic diabetes). In other cases, immune disorders can cause type 1 diabetes. Factors that precipitate the diabetes onset include certain bacteria, viruses and some food chemical toxins. Other factors include: family history; ethnicity (non-Hispanic population such as Americans, Caucasians); auto-immune disorder (celiac or thyroid diseases); when your mom has stopped breastfeeding you in the first three months; being a men. 

In this case your body recognizes its cells as "stranger" and begins to fight them. Therefore, beta cells of pancreas are destroyed and cannot produce anymore insulin. 

Type 2: Risk factors are divided in a) those you can control (weight; diet; alcohol intake; smoking; stress; malnutrition), and b) those you can't control (family history; age; being part of high-risk population).

In this case, beta cells of pancreas can still produce insulin; however for the above-mentioned factors, this insulin is not effective in the periphery (muscle or fat cells). 

In both cases (type 1 and 2 diabetes); what we have inherited in our genes is a major factor.


What are the primary and other risk factors that may or may not be related to basal cell carcinoma?


This is for my Anatomy class and is a clinical case study. I ask.com'd it but that none of the sites really helped me on determining the primary and other risk factors.
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Basal Cell Carcinoma Risk Factors

Some common risk factors for basal cell carcinoma include: 

Chronic sun exposure mainly to UVB radiation but also UVA 
A history of repeated sunburns or childhood exposure to the sun 
A suppressed immune system 
HIV disease 
Ionizing radiation used for acne in the 1940's 
Fair skin and the propensity to freckle or burn rather than tan 


Some rare risk factors for basal cell carcinoma include:


Exposure to arsenic 
A condition called granuloma inguinale 
Scarred or previously damaged skin, especially radiation damage 
Rare genetic diseases such as xeroderma pigmentosa, nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, and albinism


What are the risk factors for type 1 diabetes and age of onset?


What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes and age of onset? Please explain in detail!
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Here i s an excellent site with some wonderful options for you. It will definitely help you. Have a look.  http://webmd2.notlong.com/AAedJjP


What are the risk factors for a young mother and an older father?


Mother is 19 and father is 34...my daughter has septo optic dysplasia. i just wondered what the risk factors were for us since there is such a gap in between our ages. I know i read about it in a book while I was pregnant but I cannot remember.
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well my Father in law just had a baby.. he is 59 and his wife is 29 and their baby is healthy or should i say my Sister in law.. lol


What are risk factors at home that could lead to depression/mental health problems?


I'm writing about a student who appears to have mental health problems leading up to exams. I have to include what risk factors could be found at home that could add to this problem - any suggestions?
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One thing not yet mentioned by the posters is genetics. If you have mentally ill parents it is more likely that you will be mentally ill. 
Losses at home, recent death of parent or sibling.
Abuse of all types.
Being a child of an alcoholic causes depression, and addictions.
Insufficient sleep, nutrition, safety can contribute to poor mental health.
So if you live in a home that has drug dealers coming and going and guns, and cops breaking in and out, you will not be a normal kid.


What are the risk factors in a diabetic patient and oral surgery?


My father has type 2 diabetes.  He's appointed to have all his remaining upper teeth removed to be replaces by a denture and also a  few mandibular extractions which will only leave him with his canines to hold a partial.  These appliances are in process.  In the meantime my father had a 2nd opinion and was told that it was too aggresive of a treatment, to not have th extracted because of the risk factors.  We know my father has periodontal disease with major bone loss, and that eventually he'll loose these teeth.  My question is, what are the risk factors in oral surgery and prosthetic appliances in a type 2 diabetic as opposed to waiting for each tooth to hurt and get infected?
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Type 2 Diabetes here. 
The main concern my dentist had was whether or not my diabetes was under control, and that my blood pressure was normal (I also have hbp). He gave me an antibiotic prier to the extractions (8 teeth total, front lower).. and set in a lower (temp) denture the day of the extractions. We watched for any signs of infection, and everything went fine. 
I will add here, that the dentist did stick me with a pointed instrument both in front and behind my gums, to check how long I might bleed. Everything there was fine. 
How old is your father, and is his diabetes under control? 
Infected teeth can cause more complications.. you don't want to go there. 
Make sure his doctor knows what's going on. 
Good luck..


what are the common risk factors for myocardial infarction?


I'm preparing a speech, and I just want to be sure I've included the most common risk factors for heart attack; both inherited and acquired.
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Death, dying cardiac tissue, pain, shortness of breath, possibility of further clots moving through the heart to the lungs, up to the head (strokes) or down to the legs.  If the victim survives the incident, the scar tissue that occurred contracts in two weeks and sluffs off causing a blow-out followed by a bleed out that is very very difficult to stop. 98% fatal.
Study done on autopsy of many people without HX of cardiac problems indicated that these people had infarts never reported in life.  Silent MI's are very common, or people just ignored the symptoms.Risk factors; genetics, disease, inactivity, diet, stress, environment.


What are some risk factors of using IUD?


My GF has been using IUD for about 3 years now. Recently, she has been feeling pain and some bleeding after intercourse. Is this normal? Is the IUD the cause and what risk factors are there? I'm afraid that the IUD could be cutting her and that is causing the bleeding? Will this cause any damage to her reproductive system? Im hoping all my guesses are wrong.
Thanks in advance.
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IUDs as with anything can wear out. If it has been in for three years it may be worth having it replaced, or having it removed for around one month and then a new one put in. As they wear out they tend to move around a bit, so this could be causing the bleeding, as it would be scratching her insides.