Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)United States Environmental Protection Agency: An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Toxicity Tests: An array of tests used to determine the toxicity of a substance to living systems. These include tests on clinical drugs, foods, and environmental pollutants.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Toxicology: The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Ecotoxicology: The study of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION and the toxic effects of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS on the ECOSYSTEM. The term was coined by Truhaut in 1969.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Nursing Assessment: Evaluation of the nature and extent of nursing problems presented by a patient for the purpose of patient care planning.Animal Testing Alternatives: Procedures, such as TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUES; mathematical models; etc., when used or advocated for use in place of the use of animals in research or diagnostic laboratories.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.United StatesMaximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Carcinogens, Environmental: Carcinogenic substances that are found in the environment.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Carcinogenicity Tests: Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.Carcinogens: Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level: The highest dosage administered that does not produce toxic effects.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Toxicogenetics: The study of existing genetic knowledge, and the generation of new genetic data, to understand and thus avoid DRUG TOXICITY and adverse effects from toxic substances from the environment.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Dioxins: Chlorinated hydrocarbons containing heteroatoms that are present as contaminants of herbicides. Dioxins are carcinogenic, teratogenic, and mutagenic. They have been banned from use by the FDA.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Xenobiotics: Chemical substances that are foreign to the biological system. They include naturally occurring compounds, drugs, environmental agents, carcinogens, insecticides, etc.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Consumer Product SafetyPublic Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Genetic Testing: Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.Genetic Counseling: An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)Trichloroethylene: A highly volatile inhalation anesthetic used mainly in short surgical procedures where light anesthesia with good analgesia is required. It is also used as an industrial solvent. Prolonged exposure to high concentrations of the vapor can lead to cardiotoxicity and neurological impairment.Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Hazardous Waste: Waste products which threaten life, health, or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, disposed of, or otherwise managed.Pharmacokinetics: Dynamic and kinetic mechanisms of exogenous chemical and DRUG LIBERATION; ABSORPTION; BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT; TISSUE DISTRIBUTION; BIOTRANSFORMATION; elimination; and DRUG TOXICITY as a function of dosage, and rate of METABOLISM. LADMER, ADME and ADMET are abbreviations for liberation, absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination, and toxicology.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Air Pollutants: Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Practice Guidelines as Topic: Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Mutagenicity Tests: Tests of chemical substances and physical agents for mutagenic potential. They include microbial, insect, mammalian cell, and whole animal tests.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Great BritainEnvironment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Pesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Animals, LaboratoryUncertainty: The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Skin Absorption: Uptake of substances through the SKIN.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Endpoint Determination: Establishment of the level of a quantifiable effect indicative of a biologic process. The evaluation is frequently to detect the degree of toxic or therapeutic effect.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Genetic Predisposition to Disease: A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Petroleum Pollution: Release of oil into the environment usually due to human activity.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Evidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Consensus: General agreement or collective opinion; the judgment arrived at by most of those concerned.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.EuropeGovernment Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Threshold Limit Values: Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Ethylene Oxide: A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.MiningTetrachlorodibenzodioxin: A chemical by-product that results from burning or incinerating chlorinated industrial chemicals and other hydrocarbons. This compound is considered an environmental toxin, and may pose reproductive, as well as, other health risks for animals and humans.Obstetric Nursing: A nursing specialty involving nursing care given to the pregnant patient before, after, or during childbirth.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Body Burden: The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Forensic Psychiatry: Psychiatry in its legal aspects. This includes criminology, penology, commitment of mentally ill, the psychiatrist's role in compensation cases, the problems of releasing information to the court, and of expert testimony.Hydrobiology: The study of aquatic life inhabiting bodies of water, including growth, morphology, physiology, genetics, distribution, and interactions with other organisms and the environment. It includes MARINE HYDROBIOLOGY.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Decision Trees: A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Pressure Ulcer: An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic: A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)Epidemiologic Studies: Studies designed to examine associations, commonly, hypothesized causal relations. They are usually concerned with identifying or measuring the effects of risk factors or exposures. The common types of analytic study are CASE-CONTROL STUDIES; COHORT STUDIES; and CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Osteoporotic Fractures: Breaks in bones resulting from low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration characteristic of OSTEOPOROSIS.Endocrine Disruptors: Exogenous agents, synthetic and naturally occurring, which are capable of disrupting the functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM including the maintenance of HOMEOSTASIS and the regulation of developmental processes. Endocrine disruptors are compounds that can mimic HORMONES, or enhance or block the binding of hormones to their receptors, or otherwise lead to activating or inhibiting the endocrine signaling pathways and hormone metabolism.Primary Prevention: Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.International Agencies: International organizations which provide health-related or other cooperative services.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Containment of Biohazards: Provision of physical and biological barriers to the dissemination of potentially hazardous biologically active agents (bacteria, viruses, recombinant DNA, etc.). Physical containment involves the use of special equipment, facilities, and procedures to prevent the escape of the agent. Biological containment includes use of immune personnel and the selection of agents and hosts that will minimize the risk should the agent escape the containment facility.Biological Assay: A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Conservation of Energy Resources: Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.Violence: Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.Methylene Chloride: A chlorinated hydrocarbon that has been used as an inhalation anesthetic and acts as a narcotic in high concentrations. Its primary use is as a solvent in manufacturing and food technology.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Endocrine System: The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Air Pollution: The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Dermatitis, Allergic Contact: A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.Aircraft: A weight-carrying structure for navigation of the air that is supported either by its own buoyancy or by the dynamic action of the air against its surfaces. (Webster, 1973)Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Area Under Curve: A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.CaliforniaFuzzy Logic: Approximate, quantitative reasoning that is concerned with the linguistic ambiguity which exists in natural or synthetic language. At its core are variables such as good, bad, and young as well as modifiers such as more, less, and very. These ordinary terms represent fuzzy sets in a particular problem. Fuzzy logic plays a key role in many medical expert systems.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.

*  Water Testing East Midlands Water Analysis East Midlands Water Consultants East Midlands Testing Wat
Consultants. Water Risk Assessment. Testing for Legionella. ... out water systems Risk Assessment for the Prevention of ... in minimising the risk of Legionellosis. Former Medical...
http://gbwater.co.uk/
*  Toxicology Services and Risk Assessment - News and Events - NSF International
Services and Risk Assessment - News and Events - NSF International. ... Services and Risk Assessment News Check out the latest news and ... Services and Risk Assessment. Aerospace Automotive Building Products...
http://nsf.org/newsroom/news-cat/category/toxicology-risk-assessment?type=audio
*  CDC - NIOSH Program Portfolio : Cancer, Reproductive, and Cardiovascular Diseases : Products
Occupational Risks. Economic Factors. National Research ... examples include:. Risk Assessments NIOSH history in cancer risk assessment extends back to 1987. Since ... CDC - NIOSH Program Portfolio : Cancer, Reproductive, and Cardiovascular Diseases : Products. Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Search NIOSH Cancel. Search NIOSH Cancel. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health NIOSH. NIOSH Program Portfolio Cancer, Reproductive,and Cardiovascular Diseases. National Research Agenda NORA. NIOSH Homepage. Workplace Safety & Health Topics. CANCER, REPRODUCTIVE, AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES. Outputs: Products The CRC has many types of products utilized to enhance and promote research and awareness of occupational health problems related to cancer, reproductive health, and cardiovascular, renal, and neurologic disease. Internet Pages Within the National Occupational Research Agenda NORA...
http://cdc.gov/niosh/programs/crcd/products.html
*  Imaging Services | Research Medical Center | Kansas City, MO
Library. Health Risk Assessments. Nurses On-Call. RealAge ... Library. Health Risk Assessments. ‘Stroke Princess’ helps ... Imaging Services. Research Medical Center. Kansas City, MO. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Find A Doctor. Services. All Services. Breast Care. Imaging Services. Health Education. Health Education Health Education. Our Brookside Campus. Our Psychiatric Campus. Careers. Careers Careers. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Find A Doctor. Services. Services All Services. Health Education. Our Imaging Center offers advanced technology to look inside the body without surgery to aid in the diagnosis of disease or to see an injury. The Imaging Center at Research Medical Center is accredited by the American College of Radiology and includes:. Breast Imaging through our Breast Center provides comprehensive services, including screening and diagnostic Digital Mammography. Research Medical Center is the first hospital in the area to offer leading-edge MR Elastography MRE , advanced technology that pro...
http://researchmedicalcenter.com/service/imaging-services
*  Dr. Sam Bander Launches Ground-breaking Cavity Prevention Program That Can Lower Decay Rates by 74%
Management by Risk Assessment. It requires the dental professional to ... assess each and every patient’s risk factors ... lower their risk. The CariFree diagnostic tools leverage ... Dr. Sam Bander Launches Ground-breaking Cavity Prevention Program That Can Lower Decay Rates by 74%. Put PRWeb on your site. Dr. Sam Bander Launches Ground-breaking Cavity Prevention Program That Can Lower Decay Rates by 74%. Dr. Sam Bander. This system is changing the way we practice dentistry for the better. For Dr. Sam Bander and his team those statistics are no longer daunting. They have taken the top caries research in the world and implemented a cavity prevention program developed by CariFree that is shown to decrease incidents of tooth decay by up to 74%. The system is known as CAMBRA or Caries Management by Risk Assessment. It requires the dental professional to assess each and every patient’s risk factors for the disease and then develop a personalized treatment plan to systematically lower their risk. The CariFree d...
http://prweb.com/releases/2014/03/prweb11629582.htm
*  Quantitative risk assessment of rabies entering Great Britain from North America via cats and dogs
... - Strathprints. primary navigation skip to secondary navigation. Quantitative risk assessment of rabies entering Great Britain from North America via cats and dogs. 2005 Quantitative risk assessment of rabies entering Great Britain from North America via cats and dogs. Risk Analysis, 25 3. Request a copy from the Strathclyde author Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2005.00613.x Abstract Great Britain has been rabies-free since 1922, which is often considered to be in part due to the strict laws requiring that imported cats and dogs be vaccinated and quarantined for 6 months immediately on entry into the country. Except for two isolated incidents, this quarantine policy has contributed to ensuring that Great Britain has remained free of rabies. In 2000, amendments to the UK quarantine laws were made and the Pet Travel Scheme PETS was launched for companion animals traveling from European Union countries and rabies-free islands. Since its introduction, it has been proposed that other coun...
http://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/4582/
*  Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk Assessments of Pathogens in Land-Applied Biosolids (Final
Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk Assessments of Pathogens in Land-Applied Biosolids Final Report. Environmental Assessment. US EPA. Jump to main content or area navigation. Where should we search. All EPA. This Area. Advanced Search. What are you looking for. Learn the Issues. Science Technology. Laws Regulations. About EPA. Contact Us Environmental Assessment. You are here: EPA Home. Research. Environmental Assessment. Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk Assessments of Pathogens in Land-Applied Biosolids Final Report. Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk Assessments of Pathogens in Land-Applied Biosolids Final Report Notice EPA is announcing the release of the final report, Problem Formulation for Human Health Risk Assessments of Pathogens in Land-Applied Biosolids. Report Information Millions of tons of treated sewage sludges or “biosolids” are applied annually to farms, forests, rangelands, mine lands and other types of land in the United States. Biosolids are defined by the U.S. Enviro...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=231964
*  Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool
... Skip to content National Cancer Institute. www.cancer.gov. at the National Institutes of Health. Last modified date: 05/16/2011 Skip navigation. Get Started with the Risk Tool. About the Tool. Breast Cancer Risk Factors. Download Source Code. Breast Cancer Home Page. Breast Cancer: Prevention, Genetics, Causes. Current Clinical Trials: Breast Cancer In Situ: Treatment. Current Clinical Trials: Breast Cancer Prevention. Current Clinical Trials: Breast Cancer Screening. Breast Cancer Risk in American Women. The Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool is an interactive tool designed by scientists at the National Cancer Institute NCI and the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project NSABP to estimate a woman's risk of developing invasive breast cancer. See About the Tool for more information. The Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool may be updated periodically as new data or research becomes available. Risk Tool. Does the woman have a medical history of any breast cancer or of. ductal carcinoma in situ DC...
http://cancer.gov/bcrisktool/
*  Breast Cancer Risk Assessment and Risk Perception on Nurses... : Cancer Nursing
... Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Cancer Nursing Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. Open Access. CE. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. Home. May/June 2006 - Volume 29 - Issue 3. Breast Cancer Risk Assessment and Risk Perception on Nurses... Previous Abstract. Next Abstract. Text...
http://journals.lww.com/cancernursingonline/Abstract/2006/05000/Breast_Cancer_Risk_Assessment_and_Risk_Perception.13.aspx
*  Risk Assessment | US EPA
Risk Assessment. US EPA. EPA. Risk Assessment. What is a human health risk assessment. A human health risk assessment is the process to estimate the nature and probability of adverse health effects in humans who may be exposed to chemicals in contaminated environments. What is an ecological risk assessment. An ecological risk assessment is the process for evaluating how likely it is that the environment may be impacted as a result of exposure to one or more environmental stressors such as chemicals, land change, disease, invasive species and climate change. EPA uses risk assessment to characterize the nature and magnitude of health risks to humans and ecological receptors from chemical contaminants and other stressors, that may be present in the environment.. Risk Assessment. Conducting a Human Health Risk Assessment. Human Health Risk Assessment Guidelines. Human Health Risk Assessment Tools and Databases. Human Health Risk Assessment Products and Publications. Ecological Risk Assessment Tools and Databases....
http://www2.epa.gov/risk
*  .. Human Health Risk Assessment .. A Message to IRIS Program Stakeholders: We Want to Hear From You
Human Health Risk Assessment, Integrated Risk Information System, IRIS, IRIS Public Meetings, transparency. Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author. Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content to EPA or the author. Apr 3, 2014 Human Health Risk Assessment—What it’s all about dose-response assessment, environmental risk, exposure assessment, hazard identification, Human Health Risk Assessment, Integrated Risk Information System, IRIS, National Center for Environmental Assessment, risk characterization. Editor's Note: The opinions expressed here are those of the author. They do not reflect EPA policy, endorsement, or action. If you do make changes, don't attribute the edited title or content ...
https://blog.epa.gov/blog/tag/human-health-risk-assessment/
*  Atherotech VAP Lipid Panel demonstrates accuracy in personalized heart disease risk assessment
... Published on November 8, 2012 at 6:35 AM. Researchers using the Atherotech VAP Lipid Panel demonstrated the comprehensive lipid profile's accuracy in risk stratification through subclass measurement in two abstracts presented today at the American Heart Association AHA Scientific Sessions 2012. The VAP Lipid Panel measured cholesterol subclasses in Framingham and TRIUMPH populations, highlighting the lipid panel's accuracy and potential for improved outcomes in personalized heart disease risk assessment compared to the standard lipid panel, which is inadequate and inaccurate in select patients. These findings from TRIUMPH indicate that the more granular assessment of HDL subclasses adds important information beyond that provided by total HDL cholesterol levels alone The poster abstract #18939 Impact of LDL Pattern on Risk for CHD in the Framingham Offspring Population presented by study lead author Peter P. Toth, M.D., demonstrated that LDL pattern B small, dense LDL particles as measured by the ...
http://news-medical.net/news/20121108/Atherotech-VAP-Lipid-Panel-demonstrates-accuracy-in-personalized-heart-disease-risk-assessment.aspx
*  Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging tests is low for most children; more complex tests may raise
... risk. American Heart Association. Welcome to the AHA / ASA Newsroom Search Newsroom. Lifetime cancer risk from heart imaging tests is low for most children; more complex tests may raise risk American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report June 09, 2014 Categories: Heart News. ET Monday, June 9, 2014 DALLAS, June 9, 2014 Radiation from standard X-rays is relatively low and doesn t significantly raise lifetime cancer risks for most young children, according to research in the American Heart Association journal Circulation. The study is the first in which researchers quantified cumulative radiation doses in child heart patients and predicted lifetime cancer risks based on the types of exposures. However, some children with complex heart disease can be exposed to large cumulative doses that increase the estimated lifetime risk of cancer up to 6.5 percent above baseline. The study found: Lifetime cancer risk increases ranged from 0.002 percent for chest X-rays to 0.4 percent for complex CT scans and ca...
http://newsroom.heart.org/news/lifetime-cancer-risk-from-heart-imaging-tests-is-low-for-most-children;-more-complex-tests-may-raise-risk?preview=321a
*  DOE Letter Transmitting Peer Review of Waste Treatment Plant Quantitative Risk Assessment of Hydroge
... n events in piping and vessels conducted through the doe s risk assessment technical experts working group dnfsb home doe letter transmitting peer review of waste treatment plant quantitative risk assessment of hydrogen events in piping and vessels conducted through the doe s risk assessment technical experts working group search faq dnfsb defense nuclear facilities safety board about who we are what we do and where we work board activities recommendations to the department of energy and other reports careers use your technical skills to improve safety at doe defense nuclear facilities search this website...
http://dnfsb.gov/board-activities/letters/doe-letter-transmitting-peer-review-waste-treatment-plant-quantitative-risk
*  Heart Disease Risk Assessment
... Schedule an Appointment. Vascular Surgery. Heart Disease Risk Factors. Risk Assessment. Home / Education Prevention / Risk Assessment. To search Houston doctors, please select a specialty submit your Zip Code below. Select a specialty Cardiac Electrophysiology Cardiology Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery Cardiovascular diseases Cardiovascular surgery Clinical cardioelectrophysiology Heart and Vascular Services Interventional cardiology Pediatric cardiology Pediatric cardiothoracic surgery Thoracic surgery Vascular surgery. To schedule an appointment online, select provider type, service and submit your ZIP code below. Select a Service Cardiac Electrophysiologist Cardiologist Heart Doctor Cardiothoracic Surgeon Interventional Cardiology Primary Care Doctor Vascular Surgeon. Select a Service Cardiac Electrophysiologist Cardiologist Heart Doctor Cardiothoracic Surgeon Interventional Cardiology Primary Care Doctor Thoracic Surgeon Vascular Surgeon. Heart Disease Risk Assessment. Heart Disease Risk Factors....
http://heart.memorialhermann.org/prevention-diagnosis/risk-assessment/
*  Polyxyethylene Polyoxypropylene Mono Ether: Human Health Risk Assessment to Support Proposed Exempti
polyxyethylene polyoxypropylene mono ether human health risk assessment to support proposed exemption from the requirement of a tolerance when used as inert ingredients in pesticide formulations regulatory economic analyses publications ncee us jump to main content national center for environmental economics contact us search all epa ncee you are here epa home op home ncee publications regulatory economic analyses title polyxyethylene polyoxypropylene mono ether human health risk assessment to support proposed exemption from the requirement of a tolerance when used as inert ingredients in pesticide formulations polyxyethylene polyoxypropylene mono ether human health risk assessment to support proposed exemption from the requirement of a tolerance when used as inert ingredients in pesticide formulations quick links epa office ref number document type title downloadable title assessment topic descripto rs date reference p availability yes epa office office of prevention pesticides and toxic substances office su...
http://yosemite1.epa.gov/ee/epa/ria.nsf/vwT/86111182195C4182852576120042ADB8
*  Health Assessments
... AriaHealth.com. 1-877-808-ARIA. Quick Links. Find a Doctor. Make an Appointment. Campus Locations. Careers. Wellness Programs. Health Assessments. Heart Disease Risk Assessment. Breast Cancer Risk Assessment. Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment. Domestic Violence Risk Assessment. GI Condition Risk Assessment. STD Risk Assessment. Health Assessments. Heart Disease Risk Assessment. Breast Cancer Risk Assessment. Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment. Domestic Violence Risk Assessment. Gastrointestinal Risk Assessment. GI Condition Risk Assessment. Osteoporosis Risk Assessment. STD Risk Assessment. Community Health Screenings. EatWell Series. GetFit Series. Holistic Living Series. LiveWell Series. Programs & Special Events. Workshops. Support Groups. Helpful Links. Aria's Behavioral Health Program. Heart Health at Aria. Diabetes Education Program. Care for High-Risk Conditions. Find out about evaluation and interventions at Aria's Comprehensive Center for Bariatric Surgery. Learn More. Heart Disease Risk Factors....
https://ariahealth.org/wellness-programs/health-assessments
*  Facility TB risk assessment tool | Global Health Delivery Online: Improving health care delivery thr
Facility TB risk assessment tool. Global Health Delivery Online: Improving health care delivery through global collaboration. TB Infection Control. Global Health Delivery GHD Project at Harvard University. Terms of Use GHDonline is part of the Global Health Delivery Project at Harvard University. TB Infection Control. Facility TB risk assessment tool By Moses Bateganya. Does anybody have a Facility TB Risk Assessment tool adapted for high TB Burden countries or or low resource settings. Metrics Assessment Tools Reply to this discussion. Recommend Permalink. Would there be an additional tol similar to one in the 1994 MMWR CDC guidelines which classifies facilities into minimal risk No TB patients in the facility or community, Low risk Fewer than 3 patients admitted in last year, medium risk 3-6 patients admitted in last year and ongoing risk 6. There is also a good WHO assessment tool issued in 2009 WHO policy on TB infection control in health-care facilities, congregate settings and households. Recommend Perm...
http://ghdonline.org/ic/discussion/facility-tb-risk-assessment-tool/
*  Health Assessments
You are here: Home > Services > Center for Prevention Genetics > Health Assessments. Center for Prevention & Genetics Health Assessments. Alcohol Use Assessment. Breast Cancer Risk Assessment. Cervical Cancer Risk Assessment. Colorectal Cancer Risk Assessment. Coronary Artery Disease Assessment. Depression Risk Assessment. Osteoporosis Risk Assessment for Women. Ovarian Cancer Risk Assessment. Postpartum Depression Assessment. Type 2 Diabetes Risk Assessment. Understanding Your Response to Stress. Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women other than skin cancer. This short assessment will help you determine if you have major risk factors for breast cancer. Excluding skin cancers, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in both men and women in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths, according to the American Cancer Society ACS. Take this simple assessment to learn about your risks for colorectal cancer. Coronary Artery...
http://altru.staywellsolutionsonline.com/
*  The Department of Labor's Secret Risk-Assessment Rule | Defending Science
The Department of Labor s Secret Risk-Assessment Rule. Defending Science. Skip to main content area. Contact Us. Defending Science. Search form. Main menu Home. About Us. Contact Us. Case Studies. Synergist Commentaries by Franklin Mirer, PhD. A Case of Regulatory Failure - Popcorn Workers Lung. ACGIH Threshold Limit Values. Battles Over Bisphenol A. Beryllium - Science or Public Relations. Diesel Particulate Case Study. Hexavalent Chromium Case Study. NIOSH Letter In Support of Annual Respirator Fit Testing. OSHA Sampling Data FOIA Case. Perfluorooctanoic Acid. Phenylpropanolamine. The Department of Labor s Secret Risk-Assessment Rule. News. Resources. Science in the Courts. Science in Government Decision-Making. Conversations with Scientists. Coronado Conference Papers. The Pump Handle Blog. The Department of Labor s Secret Risk-Assessment Rule. On July 7, 2008 a most curious item appeared on the White House's Office of Management and Budget's OMB webpage, signaling that the Department of Labor is proposing...
http://defendingscience.org/case-studies/department-labors-secret-risk-assessment-rule
*  WHO | Methods for chemicals assessment
WHO. Methods for chemicals assessment. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. International Programme on Chemical Safety. Menu. IPCS Home Health impacts of chemicals Tools for assessing chemical risks Poisons information, prevention and management Chemical incidents and emergencies Capacity building Chemical risk assessment network Publications. Methods for chemicals assessment IPCS work in the field of methodology aims to promote the development, harmonization and use of generally acceptable, scientifically sound methodologies for the evaluation of risks to human health from exposure to chemicals. The results of such work enhance sharing of risk assessment products and avoid duplicatio...
http://who.int/ipcs/methods/en/
*  CAVADIS | developing diagnostic tests for cardiovascular disease - Home
CAVADIS. developing diagnostic tests for cardiovascular disease - Home. ROUTE CONTACT. HOME PRODUCTS R & D PARTNERING INVESTORS ABOUT US NEWS. Novel biomarkers for cardiovascular risk assessment Novel biomarkers for cardiovascular risk assessment read more. We develop diagnostic tests for cardiovascular diseases We develop diagnostic tests for cardiovascular diseases read more. Biomarkers predictive for. cardiovascular events. Biomarkers predictive for. cardiovascular events. read more. Your partner in cardiovascular biomarker discovery and validation Your partner in cardiovascular biomarker discovery and validation read more. About Cavadis. Cavadis CA V DIS is a Dutch biomedical company active in the field of cardiovascular risk assessment. We develop prognostic tests to identify patients at risk of cardiovascular disease. The company identified several novel biomarkers predictive for cardiovascular events. It is our goal is to develop clinically meaningful risk stratification tools that will help personaliz...
http://cavadis.com/
*  Breast Cancer Risk Assessment Tool
... atypical hyperplasia ay tip i kul hy per play zha a benign noncancerous condition in which cells look abnormal under a microscope and are increased in number...
http://cancer.gov/BCRISKTOOL/def-ah.html
*  Health Risk Assessment
... Asian Liver Center. Search This Site Only. Stanford Medical Sites. Ways to Give. Find a Person. Alumni. Lane Library. Ways to Give. Find a Person. HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT. CHRONIC CARE. SCREENING. WHAT IS HEP B. Health Risk Assessment. Participation in this health risk assessment is meant to help you determine your risk for hepatitis B. Your answers will remain confidential and no information reported will ever identify you based on your answers. Click here to take the Health Risk Assessment. Stanford Medicine. School of Medicine. Asian Liver Center. Information Resources. Site Navigation: Home. About ALC. Contact the Center. About Peking ALC. Education. Peking ALC Family. Contact Us. About Hep B. What is Hep B. Screening. Chronic Care. Health Risk Assessment. Hep B Free. Hep B Moms. Youth. Screening Sites. Education Training. Online Training. Professional Guides. Community Research. Chronic Hepatitis B Decision Tool. News Media. Media Coverage. JoinJade. Health Care. Find a doctor Adult-care doctor. Pedi...
http://liver.stanford.edu/Public/hra.html
*  Health Risk Assessments - WakeMed Health & Hospitals - Raleigh, NC
health risk assessments wakemed health hospitals raleigh nc home about us for our providers for our employees contact us careers charitable giving classes events employment at wakemed our locations volunteer opportunities health risk assessments general risk assessment career burnout assessment diet nutrition assessment emotional health assessment fitness assessment sleep health assessment stress anxiety assessment work life balance assessment allergy assessment cancer assessment depression assessment diabetes assessment heart attack assessment menopause assessment pain assessment stroke assessment contact us find a doctor patient billing patients visitors our care services our locations wakemed physicians home health risk assessments health risk assessments your browser does not support iframes please click here to view page content wakemed health hospitals raleigh nc...
https://wakemed.org/bodyhra.cfm?id=1853
*  Editorials: Evidence for Global CHD Risk Calculation: Risk Assessment Alone Does Not Change Outcomes
... - American Family Physician. Advertisement. Previous article Next article. Aug 1, 2010 Issue. Editorials Evidence for Global CHD Risk Calculation: Risk Assessment Alone Does Not Change Outcomes. FREE PREVIEW. AAFP members and paid subscribers: Log in to get free access. All others: Purchase online access. FREE PREVIEW. Purchase online access to read the full version of this article. PETER HAM, MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 1;82 3 :236. Related Article. To prevent heart attack, stroke, or death, the American Heart Association recommends estimating patients’ absolute risk of having a coronary heart disease CHD event in 10 years. 1 As Drs. Viera and Sheridan point out in this issue of American Family Physician, 2 the use of global risk estimates is based on consensus opinion Strength of Recommendation = C 3. The article also suggests that calculators prevent harm from daily aspirin use in low-risk patients, in whom the number of bl...
http://aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p236.html
*  Health Risk Assessment (HRA)
Health Risk Assessment HRA. Rapid, sustained cost control and savings through better health, use and quality of care. Home Services Results About News Contact Jobs. Services. Wellness Management System • WMS. Health Risk Assessment HRA. Core Wellness Screenings. Core Trainings. Financial Wellness. Health Coaching. Clinical Preventive Support. Boosting Engagement. Evaluation Metrics Support. Consulting/Delivery Support. Design Insights. Security & Privacy. Health Risk Assessment HRA. A catalyst for health improvement starts with identifying the right risks Health Risk Assessments HRAs are an important tool for assessing health, reducing risks for many illnesses, conditions and injuries, as well as tracking and analyzing population health trends. However, this success depends on what questions are asked, the design of the personal reports and the follow-up support provided. Our Health Power Assessment HRA assesses over 65 controllable actions, factors and risk measures for each person spanning: Heart Health and...
https://hpn.com/sitemaps/services/14898
*  Natalie Nokoff
... add edit you are here scientific experts nokoff natalie nokoff research topics hla antigens autoantibodies genetic predisposition to disease natalie nokoff summary publications pathogenesis of type diabetes lessons from natural history studies of high risk individuals natalie nokoff department of pediatrics university of colorado school of medicine aurora co usa ann n y acad sci collaborators marian rewers detail information publications pathogenesis of type diabetes lessons from natural history studies of high risk individuals natalie nokoff department of pediatrics university of colorado school of medicine aurora co usa ann n y acad sci current risk stratification models for t d take into account genetic risk factors and autoantibodies in the future metabolic profiles epigenetics as well as environmental risk factors may be included in such models labome org all rights researved princeton new jersey usa last updated february...
http://labome.org/expert/nokoff/natalie-nokoff-2240971.html
*  Federal Register, Volume 75 Issue 180 (Friday, September 17, 2010)
Table --Summary of Toxicological Doses and Endpoints for S-metolachlor for Use in Human Health Risk Assessment ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Point of Departure and Exposure/Scenario Uncertainty/Safety RfD, PAD, LOC for Risk Study and Toxicological Factors Assessment Effects ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Acute dietary NOAEL = 300 milligrams/ Acute RfD = 3.0 mg/kg/ Developmental Toxicity General population including women kilograms/day mg/kg/ day Study - Rat and children. EPA determines whether quantitative cancer exposure and risk assessments are appropriate for a food-use pesticide based on the weight of the evidence from cancer studies and other relevant data. The Agency used screening level water exposure models in the dietary exposure analysis and risk assessment for S-metolachlor in drinking water. For acute exposures EDWCs are estimated to b...
http://gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2010-09-17/html/2010-23130.htm
*  Quantitative Microbiological Risk Assessment
... qmra is the process of estimating the risk from exposure to microorganisms the process involves measuring known microbial pathogens or indicators and running a monte carlo simulation to estimate the risk of transfer if a dose response model is available for the microbe this can then be used to estimate the probability of infection qmra has expanded to be used to estimate microbial risk in many fields but is particularly important in assessments of food water supply and human faeces wastewater safety thumb risk assessment relative to the other activities of risk analysis qmra to assess safety of sanitation systems the world health organisation s guidelines for the safe use of wastewater excreta and greywater in agriculture suggest that qmra should be used to determine possible risk levels which can be achieved by sanitation systems references links category microbiology category risk management...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantitative_Microbiological_Risk_Assessment
*  Cardiovascular risk estimation: important but may be inaccurate | The BMJ
Cardiovascular risk estimation: important but may be inaccurate. The BMJ. The BMJ logo Site map Search Search form Search Search. Research Cardiovascular risk... Cardiovascular risk estimation: important but may be inaccurate. Research Commentary Cardiovascular risk estimation: important but may be inaccurate BMJ 2006 ; 332 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.38849.517257.DE Published 15 June 2006. Article. Vishnu Madhok , medical student 1 , Tom Fahey , professor of primary care medicine. 1 Some would argue that the results of Manuel and colleagues' study are not surprising, as the outcome for their study—death from coronary heart disease—was calculated by applying the Framingham or SCORE risk score, an example of internal validity assessment. 1 2 Equally, uncritical application of absolute risk assessment for primary prevention of coronary heart disease should be discouraged. This article was posted on bmj.com on 31 May 2006: http://bmj.com/cgi/doi/10.1136/bmj.38849.517257.DE References 1. BMJ 2006 ; 332 : 1...
http://bmj.com/content/332/7555/1422.1.full
*  Updated Revised Preliminary Risk Assessment: Propetamphos. - Regulatory Economic Analyses | Publicat
updated revised preliminary risk assessment propetamphos regulatory economic analyses publications ncee us epa jump to main content national center for environmental economics contact us search all epa ncee you are here epa home op home ncee publications regulatory economic analyses title updated revised preliminary risk assessment propetamphos updated revised preliminary risk assessment propetamphos quick links epa office ref number document type title downloadable title assessment topic descripto rs date reference p availability yes epa office office of prevention pesticides and toxic substances office suboffice office of risk characterization and analysis branch office division health effects division epa author knizner steven a document type risk assessment contractors document status not reported pages local navigation ncee home publications careers internships grants funding events internet links about ncee epa home privacy and security notice contact us jump to main content...
http://yosemite1.epa.gov/ee/epa/ria.nsf/vwT/85C7EC1C2EDC83E885256F0E0044B2EA
*  Ecology and Society: Viability and Risk Assessment in Species Restoration: Planning Reintroductions
ecology and society viability and risk assessment in species restoration planning reintroductions for the wild boar a potential disease reservoir...
http://ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art6/
*  霾 - 维基百科,自由的百科全书
2008年前的德国路标, Verkehrsverbot bei Smog 雾霾情况禁止开车. The Catalytic Hydrolysis of Isocyanic Acid HNCO in the Urea-SCR Process, PhD Thesis. Environmentalism in 1306. Environmental Graffiti. Clearing the Air. The Surface Transportation Policy Project. 19 August 2003. EPA Tools Available as Summer Smog Season Starts, 新聞稿. Boston, Massachusetts: United States Environmental Protection Agency. 30 April 2008. Sprawl Report 2001: Measuring Vehicle Contribution to Smog. Smog - Causes. The Environment: A Global Challenge. Smog — Who Does It Hurt. What You Need to Know About Ozone and Your Health EPA-452/K-99-001 PDF. United States Environmental Protection Agency. July 1999. State and County Emission Summaries: Carbon Monoxide. Air Emission Sources. United States Environmental Protection Agency. 25 October 2013. Motor vehicle pollution. Queensland Government. 4 April 2013. Health. Nitrogen Dioxide. United States Environmental Protection Agency. The Regional Transport of Ozone: New EPA Rulemaking on Nitrogen Oxide Emissions EPA...
https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/烟霞
*  198 F3d 930 Lignite Energy Council, et al. v. United States Environmental Protection Agency | OpenJu
v United States Environmental Protection Agency. v United States Environmental Protection Agency. Federal Reporter, Third Series. v United States Environmental Protection Agency 198 F.3d 930 D.C. Petitioners challenge EPA's new source performance standards for nitrogen oxides emissions from utility and industrial boilers. These standards reflect the level of NOx emissions achievable by what EPA considers to be the "best demonstrated system" of emissions reduction: the use of selective catalytic reduction SCR in combination with combustion control technologies. Petitioners respond that there are reasons to expect SCR to perform less adequately on boilers burning high-sulfur coals, but EPA collected continuous emissions monitoring data on two high-sulfur coal-fired utility boilers that showed that the .15 lb/MMBtu standard was achievable, and supplemented this study with similar evidence from foreign utility boilers. Petitioners offer a broader challenge to EPA's .20 lb/ MMBtu standard for industrial boilers, c...
http://openjurist.org/198/f3d/930/lignite-energy-council-et-al-v-united-states-environmental-protection-agency
*  SAB Federal Register Notices by Project | EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) | US E
Lead Integrated Science Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards Review. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Plan for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Review Plan for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Science Assessment for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Policy Assessment for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Risk and Exposure Assessments for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Risk/Exposure Methods for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Oxides Integrated Review Plan for Primary Health-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. N...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/WebFRNoticesbyProjectCASAC!OpenView&Start=1&Count=800&Collapse=63
*  U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on Pinterest
... Sign up. Log in. Discover and save creative ideas. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Follow. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. www.epa.gov. . EPA’s mission is to protect human health and the environment. 31 Boards. 397 Pins. 0 Likes. 639 Followers. 79 Following. Emergency Response to August 2015 Release from Gold King Mine. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 25. Follow. Clean Power Plan. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 24. Follow. Act On Climate. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 75. Follow. EPA Tips. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 25. Follow. Local Foods, Local Places. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 8 Follow. Pets. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 6 Follow. Poison Prevention. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 4 Follow. EPA and Schools. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 3 Follow. Earth Day, Every Day. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 5 Follow. Healthy Heart. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 1 Follow. Save Energy, Save Money. U.S. Environmental Pro...
https://pinterest.com/epagov/
*  Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) - Additional CASAC Advice | EPA Clean Air Scien
Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS - Additional CASAC Advice. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {PAGE NAME}. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. . You are here:. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. fedrgstractivites. Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS - Additional CASAC Advice Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS - Additional CASAC Advice. EPA Designated Federal Officer DFO : Fred Butterfield. Responsible Committee/Panel: Ozone Review Panel 2005-2008. See EPA s PDF page to learn more about PDF files. BACKGROUND. PROCESS FOR COMMITTEE/PANEL FORMATION. ADVISORY MEETINGS AND REPORT DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT S. AGENCY RESPONSE. After the CASAC Ozone Review Panel Ozone Panel provided a review requested by EPA of the Agency s 2nd Draft Ozone Staff Paper EPA-CASAC-07-001, the CASAC ...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/368203f97a15308a852574ba005bbd01/ddf7e619389384598525725e00700c62!OpenDocument
*  National Ambient Air Quality Standards
... thumb|300px|Counties in the United States where one or more 'National Ambient Air Quality Standards' are not met, as of October 2015. The 'National Ambient Air Quality Standards' 'NAAQS' are standards established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under authority of the Clean Air Act 42 U.S.C. Primary standards are designed to protect human health, with an adequate margin of safety, including sensitive populations such as children, the elderly, and individuals suffering from respiratory diseases. Secondary standards are designed to protect public welfare from any known or anticipated adverse effects of a pollutant. A district meeting a given standard is known as an "attainment area" for that standard, and otherwise a "non-attainment area". Standards Air quality control region See also References External links. Standards. Primary. 1-hour. Secondary. 3-hour. Particulate matter#Health effects. Primary and Secondary. 24-hour. Particulate matter#Health effects. Primary. Secondary. Primary a...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Ambient_Air_Quality_Standards
*  CSE welcomes new National Ambient Air Quality Standards
... Published on Centre for Science and Environment http://www.cseindia.org Home. Air Pollution. Air Quality and Public Health CSE welcomes new National Ambient Air Quality Standards CSE welcomes new National Ambient Air Quality Standards By admin Created 11/18/2009 - 14:47. New Delhi, November 18, 2009: Centre for Science and Environment CSE has welcomed the newly notified Revised National Ambient Air Quality Standards, which were announced here today by Jairam Ramesh, the minister of state independent charge for environment and forests. CSE welcomes new National Ambient Air Quality Standards, as the first uniform health-based standards in India. * Welcomes the government s move to accord priority to public health through these norms. New Delhi, November 18, 2009: Centre for Science and Environment CSE has welcomed the newly notified Revised National Ambient Air Quality Standards, which were announced here today by Jairam Ramesh, the minister of state independent charge for environment and forests. However,...
http://cseindia.org/print/329
*  Federal Register Notice | EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) | US EPA{PAGE NAME} |
Federal Register Notice. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {PAGE NAME}. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. . You are here:. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. Federal Register Notices CASAC. Federal Register Notice Federal Register Notice. Text of Federal Register Notice: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2008-06-26/pdf/E8-14511.pdf. Title Request for Nominations for Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Ozone Review Panel. Publication Date 06/26/2008. Citation: Vol 73 Number 124 Pages 36319-36321. Type: Request for Nominations. Advisory Activity Information:. Ozone Integrated Plan for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Review. Ozone Policy Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards. Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Ai...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/d9e7c7c4a88c4dd78525724200004dff/11b2cc5f08a98052852574720071932f!OpenDocument
*  RESOLUTION NO. RS2012-363
... A resolution accepting a grant from the United States Environmental Protection Agency to The Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, acting by and through the Metropolitan Board of Health, for the implementation of a permanent near-road Nitrogen Dioxide monitoring station to support compliance with National Ambient Air Quality Standards. WHEREAS, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has awarded a grant in an amount not to exceed $200,000.00 with no cash match required to The Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County, acting by and through the Metropolitan Board of Health, for the implementation of a permanent near-road Nitrogen Dioxide monitoring station to support compliance with National Ambient Air Quality Standards; and, WHEREAS, it is to the benefit of the citizens of The Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County that this grant be accepted. NOW, THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED BY THE COUNCIL OF THE METROPOLITAN GOVERNMENT OF NASHVILLE AND DAVIDS...
https://nashville.gov/mc/resolutions/term_2011_2015/rs2012_363.htm
*  CASAC Comments on EPA's Proposed Revisions for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for
CASAC Comments on EPA's Proposed Revisions for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard NAAQS for NO2. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {PAGE NAME}. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. . You are here:. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. Advisory Activities by Topic CASAC. CASAC Comments on EPA's Proposed Revisions for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard NAAQS for NO2 CASAC Comments on EPA's Proposed Revisions for the National Ambient Air Quality Standard NAAQS for NO2. EPA Designated Federal Officer DFO : Angela Nugent 202-564-2218 nugent.angela@epa.gov. Responsible Committee/Panel: Oxides of Nitrogen Primary NAAQS Review Panel A list of members can be found in the final report included in the Advisory Activity linked to this panel or committee. See EPA s PDF page to learn more about PDF files. BACKGROUND. PROCE...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/264cb1227d55e02c85257402007446a4/adcf2c6ae3c4d2fb852575ee0063fd1d!OpenDocument&TableRow=2.4
*  US EPA (2002) Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual. United States Environmental Protection
US EPA 2002 Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC.|Reference|Scientific Research Publish. Scientific Research An Academic Publisher OPEN ACCESS Journal Book Conference. Journals. Journals by Subject. Journals by Title. Earth & Environmental Sciences. Free SCIRP Newsletter. - Open Access - Peer-reviewed - Rapid publication - Lifetime hosting - Free indexing service - Free promotion service - More citations - Search engine friendly. Contact Us. Article citations. US EPA 2002 Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Cost Analyses for the Treatment Options of Food Waste and Human Excrement AUTHORS:. KEYWORDS: Food Waste Disposer, Food Waste Drying Machine, Composting, Biogasification, Automatic Vacuum Waste Collection System JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol.5 No.7, May 28, 2014 ABSTRACT: This study suggested environmental and economi...
http://scirp.org/reference/ReferencesPapers.aspx?ReferenceID=1191886
*  Bureau of Evaluation and Planning
State Implementation Plan SIP Revisions for the Attainment and Maintenance of the 8-Hour Carbon Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard, the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard, and Fine Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standard; and the 2002 Periodic Emission Inventory New Jersey finalized its revisions to several State Implementation Plans SIP that cover the attainment and maintenance of the 8-Hour Carbon Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard, the 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard, and the Annual Fine Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standard. ITEM DESCRIPTION DOWNLOADABLE FILES Final SIP Revision State Implementation Plan SIP Revisions for the Attainment and Maintenance of the 8-Hour Carbon Monoxide National Ambient Air Quality Standard, 1-Hour Ozone National Ambient Air Quality Standard, and Fine Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standard; and the 2002 Periodic Emission Inventory 2005SIP Adoption.pdf. Proposed SIP ...
http://nj.gov/dep/baqp/sip/Prop05_SIPRev.htm
*  Kentucky: Cabinet for Health and Family Services - References
... Ky. gov An Official Website of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Governor Steve Beshear. Search Terms. Search CHFS Kentucky.gov. Jump to Main Content About CHFS. Contact Us. Forms and Documents. Información en Español. Home. Department for Public Health. Maternal and Child Health. References. Jump to Main Content. Early Childhood Development. Child and Family Health Improvement. Links to Local Health Departments. Nutrition Services. Overview. Health Promotion Branch. References. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Managing Elevated Blood Levels Among Young Children: Recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention. Atlanta: CDC, 2002. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Lead Poisoning Among Young Children: A Statement by the Centers for Disease Control. Atlanta: CDC, Oct. 1991. Environmental Protection Agency. Lead Poisoning and Your Children. EPA 747-K-00-003, Oct. 2000. Rabin, Richard. “There You Go Again…”. Child Lead Poisoning and the Lead Indu...
http://chfs.ky.gov/dph/mch/ref.htm
*  Right to know
It is embodied in federal law in the United States as well as in local laws in several states. United States. Use on federal land is managed by United States Environmental Protection Agency and. The Department of Transportation is responsible for transportation safety and for maintaining the list of hazardous materials. The Environmental Protection Agency is responsible for maintaining lists of specific hazardous materials. The is responsible for maintaining the list of hazardous materials within the United States. This is in addition to requirements by other federal agencies, like the United States Environmental Protection Agency, and Occupational Safety and Health Administration. The United States Department of Defense manages environmental safety independent of OSHA and EPA. Product label requirements are established by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act under the authority of the United States Environmental Protection Agency. A Material Safety Data Sheet is required under the authorit...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_to_know
*  40 CFR Part 51, Subpart T - Conformity to State or Federal Implementation Plans of Transportation Pl
GPO FDSys: XML. Additional Documents. type regulations.gov. EPA-HQ-OAR-2013-0711. FRL-9928-18-OAR. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. GPO FDSys: XML. Additional Documents. type regulations.gov. EPA-HQ-OAR-2015-0414. 80 FR 12264 - Implementation of the 2008 National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Ozone: State Implementation Plan Requirements. Environmental Protection Agency EPA is establishing a final rule for implementing the 2008 ozone national ambient air quality standards NAAQS the “2008 ozone NAAQS” that were promulgated on March 12, 2008. Summary This action finalizes changes to the Environmental Protection Agency s EPA emissions inventory reporting requirements. Summary The Environmental Protection Agency EPA is announcing a public hearing to be held for the proposed rule titled, “Fine Particulate Matter National Ambient Air Quality Standards: State Implementation Plan Requirements” which published in the Federal Register on March 23, 2015. Summary The Environmental Protection Agency EPA is proposing r...
https://law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/40/part-51/subpart-T?qt-cfr_tabs=1
*  Health effects of radon
... 1 According to a 2003 report 'EPA's Assessment of Risks from Radon in Homes' from the United States Environmental Protection Agency, epidemiological evidence shows a clear link between lung cancer and high concentrations of radon, with 21,000 radon-induced U.S. Health effects Cancer in miners. Health risks. Because radon is a product of the radioactive decay of uranium, underground uranium mines may have high concentrations of radon. Many uranium miners in the Four Corners region contracted lung cancer and other pathologies as a result of high levels of exposure to radon in the mid-1950s. In recent years, the average annual exposure of uranium miners has fallen to levels similar to the concentrations inhaled in some homes. The risk of lung cancer caused by smoking is much higher than the risk of lung cancer caused by indoor radon. Epidemiologic radon studies have found trends to increased lung cancer risk from radon with a no evidence of a threshold, and evidence against a threshold above high as 150 Bq/...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_effects_of_radon
*  Slow sand filter
... s differ from all other filters used to treat drinking water in that they work by using a complex biological film that grows naturally on the surface of the sand. The Metropolis Water Act introduced the regulation of the water supply companies in London, including minimum standards of water quality for the first time. Slow sand filters work through the formation of a gelatinous layer or biofilm called the hypogeal layer or ' Schmutzdecke ' in the top few millimetres of the fine sand layer. The surface biofilm is the layer that provides the effective purification in potable water treatment, the underlying sand providing the support medium for this biological treatment layer. Unlike other filtration methods, slow sand filters use biological processes to clean the water, and are non-pressurized systems. Unlike other water filtration technologies that produce water on demand, slow sand filters produce water at a slow, constant flow rate and are usually used in conjunction with a storage tank for peak usage. U...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Slow_sand_filter
*  Toxics Release Inventory
... thumb|right|250px|'TRI-ME', the TRI computer reporting program The 'Toxics Release Inventory' TRI is a publicly available database containing information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities in the United States. Revisions to reporting requirements Accessing TRI data See also References External links. The database is available from the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA and contains information reported annually by some industry groups as well as federal facilities. If the company treats, recycles, disposes, or releases more than 500 pounds of that chemical into the environment as opposed to just handling it, then they must provide a detailed inventory of that chemical's inventory. Companies were previously required to disclose any release over 2000 pounds 907 kg on a more detailed "Form R" rather than the less detailed "Form A." With the new regulations, the minimum reporting requirements for Form R have been increased to 5000 pounds 2268 kg, thus reducing the...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toxics_Release_Inventory
*  .. A “First” Not Worth Striving For
Silva and Richard Atwater. Silva is former Assistant Administrator for the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Water. Richard Atwater is the Executive Director of the Southern California Water Committee. In its quest to be the first to set a standard for hexavalent chromium, also known as Chromium 6, California, unlike the United States Environmental Protection Agency U.S. Not to be outdone, and in the face of facts to the contrary, on August 28 of this year, California’s Department of Health Services proposed a maximum contaminant level MCL for hexavalent chromium of 10 parts per billion. And the basis of their decision was a risk assessment by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment which was based upon a controversial 2006 study by the National Toxicology Program that many experts have deemed outdated. To begin, treating for Chromium 6 requires a very low level of acidity pH in the water. Neutralizing the acidity to extremely low levels requires large amo...
http://foxandhoundsdaily.com/2013/10/first-worth-striving/
*  POL 428 Politics of Regulation - POL 428 Politics of Regulation - Library Guides at Purdue Universit
... y Libraries. Skip to main content. . Menu. Hours. Databases. Ask a Librarian. My Account. Purdue Libraries. Library Guides. Course Guides. POL 428 Politics of Regulation. POL 428 Politics of Regulation. Enter Search Words. Search. POL 428 Politics of Regulation: POL 428 Politics of Regulation POL 428 Politics of Regulation. POL 428 Politics of Regulation. Legal. Reference. Regulatory. U.S. Government. POL 428. POL 428: Politics of Regulation Library Research Guide. A number of resources are available in HSSE Library and online to conduct research on the regulatory policies of U.S. federal agencies. Useful databases for searching for scholarly political science journal articles are:. PAIS International. Worldwide Political Science Abstracts. Records from these databases will contain links to the Purdue Libraries Online Catalog so you can see if we have paper or electronic copies of these articles. You can find books on government agencies and organizations, including histories of these agencies and organiz...
http://guides.lib.purdue.edu/govdocsinstpol428
*  SB2239
SECTION 1. The legislature finds that phthalates, a class of chemicals used in polyvinyl chloride plastic to improve flexibility and in cosmetics to bind fragrance to the product, are also used in many products intended for use by infants and young children, including teethers, toys, and soft plastic books. There is extensive scientific literature reporting the hormone-disrupting effect of phthalates and substantial evidence that levels of the phthalates of concern are found in humans at levels associated with adverse effects. The purpose of this Act is to prohibit the manufacture, sale, or distribution of certain toys and child care articles containing bisphenol-A or specific types of phthalates in concentrations exceeding 0.1 per cent and to require manufacturers to use safer alternatives when replacing phthalates in their products. Phthalates or phthalate esters means the group of chemical compounds that are mainly used to plasticize soft plastic polyvinyl chloride bath toys, teething rings, bath books, an...
http://capitol.hawaii.gov/session2008/bills/SB2239_.htm
*  Paraquat
These properties led to paraquat being used in the development of no-till farming. 9 Weed resistance management. Problems with herbicide resistant weeds may be addressed by applying herbicides with different modes of action, along with cultural methods such as crop rotation, in integrated weed management IWM systems. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 58, 265–271 Before planting a crop, weeds are sprayed with glyphosate first, then followed seven to ten days later by a paraquat herbicide. Although twice as expensive as using a single glyphosate spray, the "Double Knock" system is an important resistance management strategy widely relied upon by farmers. Nevertheless, herbicide resistance has been seen for both herbicides in Western Australia. A computer simulation showed that with alternating annual use between glyphosate and paraquat, only one field in five would be expected to have glyphosate-resistant annual ryegrass Lolium rigidum after 30 years, compared to nearly 90% of fields sprayed only wit...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraquat
*  Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment (First External Review Draft) for National Ambient Air Quality Standa
Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. Advisory Activities by Topic CASAC. Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Designated Federal Officer DFO : Aaron Yeow 202-564-2050 yeow.aaron@epa.gov. Responsible Committee/Panel: Ozone Review Panel. See EPA s PDF page to learn more about PDF files. PROCESS FOR COMMITTEE/PANEL FORMATION. ADVISORY MEETINGS AND REPORT DEVELOPMENT. AGENCY RESPONSE. Federal Register Notices Announcing Public Meetings:. Publication Date Notification of...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/264cb1227d55e02c85257402007446a4/bace682f1b6d26428525774a0070526e!OpenDocument&TableRow=2.2
*  Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment (First External Review Draft) for National Ambient Air Quality Standa
Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {PAGE NAME}. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. . You are here:. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. Advisory Activities by Topic CASAC. Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Ozone Risk/Exposure Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Designated Federal Officer DFO : Aaron Yeow 202-564-2050 yeow.aaron@epa.gov. Responsible Committee/Panel: Ozone Review Panel. See EPA s PDF page to learn more about PDF files. BACKGROUND. PROCESS FOR COMMITTEE/PANEL FORMATION. ADVISORY MEETINGS AND REPORT DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT S. AGENCY RESPONSE. CASAC Review of the EPA s He...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/264cb1227d55e02c85257402007446a4/bace682f1b6d26428525774a0070526e!OpenDocument&TableRow=2.3
*  environmental protection agency | Latest news on environmental protection agency | environmental pro
environmental protection agency. Latest news on environmental protection agency. environmental protection agency photos - Rediff Realtime News Search. About 946 results for "environmental protection agency". EPA announces more testing to catch cheaters like Volkswagen - Popsci.com.au, 6 days ago Volkswagen Could Avoid Criminal Charges for Environmental Pollution - Sputnik, 4 days ago More from:. 1,480 images for environmental protection agency. FOX 5 KVVU-TV, 1 day ago. FOX 5 KVVU-TV, 1 day ago. FOX 5 KVVU-TV, 1 day ago. FOX 5 KVVU-TV, 1 day ago. 1,480 images for environmental protection agency. EPA sets new ozone standard, disappointing all sides Lubbock Online, 1 day ago. Volkswagen used software to mask emissions for diesel cars US lawmakers requested documents from Volkswagen and the US Environmental Protection Agency EPA regarding the aurtomaker's illegal software used to mask emissions for certain models of its diesel cars. US calls for VW documents over emissions software. When the Environmental Protec...
http://realtime.rediff.com/news/environmental-protection-agency
*  Ozone Integrated Science Assessment (First External Review Draft) for National Ambient Air Quality S
Ozone Integrated Science Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards Review. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {PAGE NAME}. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. . You are here:. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. fedrgstractivites. Ozone Integrated Science Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards Review Ozone Integrated Science Assessment First External Review Draft for National Ambient Air Quality Standards Review. EPA Designated Federal Officer DFO : Holly Stallworth 202-564-2073 stallworth.holly@epa.gov. Responsible Committee/Panel: Ozone Review Panel. See EPA s PDF page to learn more about PDF files. BACKGROUND. PROCESS FOR COMMITTEE/PANEL FORMATION. ADVISORY MEETINGS AND REPORT DEVELOPMENT. FINAL REPORT S. AGENCY RESPONSE. CASAC comments ...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/fedrgstr_activites/Ozone ISA!OpenDocument&TableRow=2.3
*  CAREX Canada
7 Vermiculite produced by the Libby Mine in Montana from the 1920s-1990 and sold as Zonolite® Attic Insulation may contain amphibole asbestos 8, and potential exposures may occur in homes where Zonolite® insulation is disturbed. Presence of asbestos fibres in indoor and outdoor air in the city of Thetford Mines: Estimation of lung cancer and mesothelioma risks. Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec. Asbestos Fibres in Indoor and Outdoor Air: The Situation in Quebec. Institut National de Sante Publique du Quebec. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health. Journal of Environmental Protection. Unites States Environmental Protection Agency Region 9 website: http://www.epa.gov/region09/toxic/noa/clearcreek/index.html 8. Health Canada. Vermiculite Insulation Containing Amphibole Asbestos – It’s Your Health. Available data sources regarding Canadian imports of vermiculite include: 1 general information on all imports to Canada from South Africa or the United States reported in mineral ye...
http://carexcanada.ca/en/asbestos/environmental_estimate/
*  Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
... Address outstanding solid and hazardous waste management concerns and participate, as appropriate, in the national deliberations on reauthorization of the hazardous waste program. Utilize creative means to address the priority needs for clean and safe water in Illinois and participate, as appropriate, in the national deliberations on reauthorization of the water programs. History Structure External links See also References. This was the same year that the United States Environmental Protection Agency was created. 'Bureau of Air'. Division of Air Pollution Control - '"to improve air quality by identifying air pollution problems, proposing appropriate regulations to control or reduce air contaminants, conducting inspections and reviewing permit applications to assure compliance with existing air pollution regulations"' Division of Mobil Source Programs - '"to enforce vehicle emission limitations"'. Division of Land Pollution Control - '"to ensure that hazardous and nonhazardous wastes are managed in an en...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Illinois_Environmental_Protection_Agency
*  Catalog | EPA National Library Network | US EPA
EPA National Library Network. US EPA. Jump to main content. EPA. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Search. Search. EPA National Library Network. Facebook. Twitter. OLS : Record. RECORD NUMBER: 34 OF 45. Main Title. Superfund record of decision RSR Corporation Superfund Site, Operable Unit 2, Dallas, TX. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response},. {Washington, D.C. Report Number. EPA/ROD/R06-95/096. Stock Number. PB95-964205. OCLC Number. Superfund; Hazardous materials; Waste management; Arsenic; Lead Metal ; Soils; Debris; Site characterization; Remedial action;. Texas ; Record of Decision;. Dallas Texas ;. Dallas County Texas. Hazardous waste sites-- Texas. Library. Call Number. PB95-964205. NERL/ESD-LV Library/Las Vegas,NV. NTIS. PB95-964205. Most EPA libraries have a fiche copy filed under the call number shown. Check with individual libraries about paper copy. NTIS. Th...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ols/catalog/advanced_display.cfm?FIELD1=SUBJECT&INPUT1=Dallas Texas&TYPE1=EXACT&LOGIC1=AND&COLL=&SORTFIELD=YR&SORTORDER=DESC&item_count=34
*  Review Completed in 2012 - Policy Assessments | TTN NAAQS | US EPA
Contact Us Technology Transfer Network National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Nitrogen Dioxide NO 2 and Sulfur Dioxide SO 2 Secondary Standards Review Completed in 2012 - Policy Assessments. Nitrogen Dioxide NO 2 and Sulfur Dioxide SO 2 Secondary Standards - Documents from Review Completed in 2012 - Policy Assessments. Policy Assessment for the Review of the Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen and Oxides of Sulfur- Main Body Feb 2011. Policy Assessment for the Review of the Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen and Oxides of Sulfur- Appendices Feb 2011. Transmittal Memo of the Policy Assessment for the Review of the Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen and Oxides of Sulfur to CASAC Feb 2011. Policy Assessment for the Review of the Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Oxides of Nitrogen and Oxides of Sulfur: January 14, 2011 Version - Main Body Jan 2011. Policy Assessment for the Revi...
http://www3.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/no2so2sec/cr_pa.html
*  Applied Math and Science Education Repository - Search Results
search:. Resources. Bulletins. Search Results. Relevance Title Alternate Title Url Rights Date Issued Date Last Modified Cumulative Rating Date Of Record Release Full Record Views Resource URL Clicks. Descending Hi*Lo. Searched for: Publisher is United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Costal Watersheds. From the United States Environmental Protection Agency comes this web site titled "Coastal Watershed Factsheets." Containing information on beaches, near shore waters, coral reefs and estuaries this page is a valuable... http://water.epa.gov/type/oceb/factsheet index.cfm more info. Using a Secchi Disk or Transparency Tube. This United States Environmental Protection Agency website provides instructions for using Secchi disks and transparency tubes to measure water clarity. http://water.epa.gov/type/rsl/monitoring/155.cfm more info. Natural Attenuation of Hexavalent Chromium in Groundwater and Soils. This is a scientific paper in PDF format from the US Environmental Protection Agency. The paper is on at...
https://amser.org/amser/index.php?P=AdvancedSearch&Q=Y&F19==United States. Environmental Protection Agency
*  Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Science Assessment for Secondary (Welfare-based) Nati
Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Science Assessment for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. {PAGE NAME}. {WEB AREA NAME}. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. . You are here:. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. Advisory Activities by Topic CASAC. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Science Assessment for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Integrated Science Assessment for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Designated Federal Officer DFO : Kyndall Barry. Responsible Committee/Panel: Oxides of Nitrogen NOx and Sulfur Oxides SOx Secondary Review Panel A list of members can be found in the final report included in the Advisory Activity linked ...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/264cb1227d55e02c85257402007446a4/e5a3408a7ad5318f852572fb0065d761!OpenDocument
*  City of Evansville Clean Water Act Settlement | Enforcement | US EPA
City of Evansville Clean Water Act Settlement. Enforcement. US EPA. Jump to main content We are improving our website to help you find what you're looking for. During this transition some URLs may change. Learn more... EPA. United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. Search. . Enforcement Share. Facebook. Twitter. Google+. Pinterest. . Contact Us. You are here: EPA Home » Enforcement » City of Evansville Clean Water Act Settlement City of Evansville Clean Water Act Settlement WASHINGTON - January 6, 2011 The city of Evansville, Indiana., has agreed to make extensive improvements to its sewer systems that will significantly reduce the city's longstanding sewage overflows into the Ohio River in a comprehensive Clean Water Act settlement with federal and state governments, the Justice Department, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA, and the state of Indiana announced today. The agreement would resolve allegations made in a lawsuit filed by the United States and Indiana in September 2009 agains...
http://www2.epa.gov/enforcement/city-evansville-clean-water-act-settlement
*  New Source Performance Standard
'New Source Performance Standards' 'NSPS' are pollution control standards issued by the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA. The term is used in the Clean Air Act Extension of 1970 CAA to refer to air pollution emission standards, and in the Clean Water Act CWA referring to standards for discharges of industrial wastewater to surface water s. Clean Air Act. These standards are authorized by Section 111 of the CAA United States. Clean Air Act, section 111,. Environmental Protection Agency EPA. "Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources." 'Code of Federal Regulations,'. Coal Mining EPA, Coal Mining Point Source Category Effluent Guidelines and Standards. Dairy Products EPA, Dairy Products Processing Point Source Category Effluent Guidelines and Standards. Inorganic Chemicals Manufacturing including a zero discharge requirement for several subcategories EPA, Inorganic Chemicals Manufacturing Point Source Category Effluent Guidelines and Standards. Iron and Steel Manufacturing EPA, Iron an...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Source_Performance_Standard
*  Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency
... Supreme Court case decided 5-4 in which twelve states and several cities of the United States brought suit against the Environmental Protection Agency EPA to force that federal agency to regulate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas es GHGs as pollutants. In response to the Court's statement that, "If the scientific uncertainty is so profound that it precludes EPA from making a reasoned judgment as to whether greenhouse gases contribute to global warming, EPA must say so," Scalia responds that EPA has done precisely that, in the form of the National Research Council panel that researched climate-change science. On remand, EPA found that six greenhouse gases “in the atmosphere may reasonably be anticipated both to endanger public health and to endanger public welfare.” On February 16, 2010, the states of Alabama, Texas, and Virginia and several other parties sought judicial review of EPA's determination in the U.S. 3 FindLaw The three-judge panel unanimously upheld the EPA's central finding that GHG su...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massachusetts_v._Environmental_Protection_Agency
*  Lead Links - Dartmouth Toxic Metals Superfund Research Program
ToxFAQs for Lead This site on lead, in a "frequently asked questions" format, was produced by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry ATSDR, a division of the U.S. Nutrition and Childhood Lead Poisoning Fact Sheet Ohio State Extension Service This fact sheet distributed by the Ohio State Extension Service gives a variety of ways to avoid high blood lead levels in children through nutrition. Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development hosts this page that lists Simple Steps to Protect Your Family From Lead Hazards, symptoms of lead poisoning, information about why children are more at-risk than adults and links to other pages about lead in the home. Environmental Protection Agency This site by the United States Environmental Protection Agency provides general information about why lead is a problem, the sources of lead poisoning, how to reduce the risk of lead poisoning, and suggested reading and references for further research. Lea...
http://dartmouth.edu/~toxmetal/toxic-metals/more-metals/lead-links.html
*  Medical Xpress - environmental protection agency
... Home environmental protection agency. News tagged with environmental protection agency. sort by:. 6 hours. 12 hours. 1 day. 3 days. Rank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. LiveRank. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Popular. Last day. 1 week. 1 month. Related topics: greenhouse gas emissions · water · power plants · air pollution · barack obama. Health. Fine particulate matter associated with slight increased mortality in Houston. Fine particulate matter released from a variety of sources in Houston was associated with slight increased mortality risk from 2000 to 2011, according to research from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston ... Sorry, no news articles match your request. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Environmental Protection Agency EPA or sometimes USEPA is an agency of the federal government of the United States charged to regulate chemicals and protect human health by safeguarding the natural environment: air, water, and land. The EPA was proposed by President Richard Nix...
http://medicalxpress.com/tags/environmental protection agency/sort/popular/1m/
*  Greenpoint oil spill
Located around Newtown Creek in the Greenpoint neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City, between 17and of oil and petroleum products have leaked into the soil from crude oil processing facilities over a period of several decades. 1 History of the area Discovery of the spill Cleanup efforts and seepage mitigation Litigation References External links., ' United States Environmental Protection Agency ', September 12, 2007. 2 In 2007 a report by the United States Environmental Protection Agency on the spill raised the estimated size of the contaminated area to 100acre and the estimated spillage volume to 30e6USgal, three times larger than the Exxon Valdez spill. According to an Environmental Protection Agency study, "the American Petroleum Institute 2002 indicates that 40% to 80% of a product spill may be retained in soils as residual product". The Department of Environmental Conservation's website states that petroleum companies participating in the cleanup have used a Free Product Recovery System for groundwater...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenpoint_oil_spill
*  Nationwide Urban Runoff Program
... The 'Nationwide Urban Runoff Program' 'NURP' is a research project conducted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA between 1979 and 1983. It was the first comprehensive study of urban stormwater pollution across the United States. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. Study objectives Findings About "NURP Ponds" See also References External links. Examine the water quality aspects of urban runoff, and a comparison of results across various urban sites Assess the impact of urban runoff on overall water quality Implement stormwater management best practices. concentrations do not appear to be high in comparison with other possible discharges." " Oxygen demanding substances are present in urban runoff at concentrations approximating those in secondary treatment plant discharges." "The physical aspects of urban runoff, e.g. recharge devices are capable of providing very effective removal of pollutants in urban runoff." " Wet basins designs which maintain a permanent water pool h...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nationwide_Urban_Runoff_Program
*  Current Review - Planning Documents | TTN NAAQS | US EPA
Current Review - Planning Documents. TTN NAAQS. US EPA. Jump to main content or area navigation. A-Z Index. Advanced Search. What are you looking for. Learn the Issues. Science Technology. Laws Regulations. About EPA. Contact Us Technology Transfer Network National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. You are here: EPA Home. TTNWeb - Technology Transfer Network. National Ambient Air Quality Standards. Nitrogen Dioxide NO 2 Primary Standards Current Review - Planning Documents. Nitrogen Dioxide NO 2 Primary Standards - Documents from Current Review - Planning Documents From the listing below, find the file you would like to download. The document may be available in one or more file formats, as represented by the icons on the righthand side of the listing. Click on the icon that represents the format you wish to receive. For details on TTNWeb's file type icons, standard file formats, and how to use them, see the TTNWeb File Types page. File Description File Date File Types. Review of the Primary National Ambie...
http://www3.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/nox/s_nox_2012_pd.html
*  National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants
... The 'National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants', also using the acronym 'NESHAP', are emissions standards set by the United States Environmental Protection Agency—EPA. Pollution sources See also References External links. Acetophenone Methyl Phenyl Ketone. Bis chloromethyl ether. Chloromethyl methyl ether. Cresol s/Cresylic acid isomers and mixture. For all listings above which contain the word "compounds" and for glycol ethers, the following applies: Unless otherwise specified, these listings are defined as including any unique chemical substance that contains the named chemical i.e., antimony, arsenic, etc. For example KCN or Ca CN 2 Includes mono- and di- ethers of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, and triethylene glycol R- OCH 2 CH 2 n -OR' where :n = 1, 2, or 3 :R = alkyl C7 chain of 7 carbon atoms or less; or phenyl or alkyl substituted phenyl :R' = H or alkyl C7 or less; or OR' consisting of carboxylic acid ester, sulfate, phosphate, nitrate, or sulfonate. Polymers are excluded f...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Emissions_Standards_for_Hazardous_Air_Pollutants
*  Air Pollutant : Oxygen | Company Newsroom of masque visage maison
Air Pollutant : Oxygen. Company Newsroom of masque visage maison. Air Pollutant : Oxygen. Oxygen as an air pollutant As the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA declares carbon dioxide to be a pollutant, concomitant concern increases over the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere. Oxygen as an air pollutant must be c. April 18, 2014 Newswire - Oxygen as an air pollutant. As the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA declares carbon dioxide to be a pollutant, concomitant concern increases over the concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere. Oxygen as an air pollutant must be considered. Damage caused by unregulated oxygen gasses are startling. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration and the National Association of Corrosion Engineers calculates that corrosion in general costs the US economy 279 billion per year, or about 3% of the Gross Domestic Product GNP. Formation of Carbon Dioxide. Carbon is a highly stable element that exists in several different forms such ...
http://newswire.com/air-pollutant-oxygen/271051
*  Secondary spill containment
... 'Secondary spill containment' is the containment of hazardous liquids in order to prevent pollution of soil and water. Common techniques include the use of spill berms to contain oil-filled equipment, fuel tanks, truck washing decks, or any other places or items that may leak hazardous liquids. In the electrical utility industry Portable spill containment References External links. In the electrical utility industry. thumbnail|A Typical SorbWeb Secondary Oil Containment United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure SPCC guidelines require that facilities that store large quantities of petroleum products must have a plan in place to contain a spill. Within the electric utility industry, oil-filled transformer s are often in need of secondary containment. Outdated secondary containment techniques such as concrete catch-basins are quickly losing ground to modern solutions that offer more cost-effective cleanup in case of a spill or leak. One example of a mor...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Secondary_spill_containment
*  Catalog | EPA National Library Network | US EPA
EPA National Library Network. US EPA. Jump to main content. EPA. United States Environmental Protection Agency. Search. Search. EPA National Library Network. Share. Facebook. Twitter. Google+. Pinterest. Contact Us. OLS : Record. RECORD NUMBER: 3 OF 24. Main Title. Arsenic removal from drinking water by adsorptive media EPA demonstration project at Lead, South Dakota : final performance evaluation report / :. Author. Wang, Anbo. Publisher. National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,. Place Published. Cincinnati, Ohio. Year Published. 2010. Report Number. EPA/600/R-10/179. OCLC Number. 697842625. Subject Added Ent. Water--Purification--Arsenic removal--South Dakota--Lead.; Water--Purification--Adsorption--South Dakota--Lead. Internet Access. Description. Access URL. http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/publications.html. http://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPURL.cgi?Dockey=P1009J41.txt. Holdings. Library. Call Number. Additional Info. Date Modified. Interne...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ols/catalog/catalog_display.cfm?FIELD1=AUTHOR&INPUT1=Wang AND Lili.&TYPE1=ALL&item_count=3
*  Article: Vitamin C Is Best for Removing Chloramines from Water
Current research by the Environmental Protection Agency EPA found that L-Ascorbic acid Vitamin-C reacts rapidly with chlorine molecules. Additional information follows: Ascorbic acid reduction of residual active chlorine in potable water prior to halocarboxylate determination JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 2 3 : 253-256 2000 Urbansky ET, Freeman DM, Rubio FJ United States Environmental Protection Agency US EPA, Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Water Supply and Water Resources Division, 26 W Martin Luther King Dr, Cincinnati, OH 45268 USA Abstract : In studies on the formation of disinfection byproducts DBPs, it is necessary to scavenge residual active oxidizing chlorine in order to rx the chlorination byproducts such as haloethanoates at a point in time. Ascorbic acid reduction of active chlorine prior to determining Ames mutagenicity of chlorinated natural organic matter NOM JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 2 2 : 161-163 2000 Urbansky ET, Schenck KM Un...
http://inspiredliving.com/chloramine-filters/vitamin-c-removes-chloramines.htm
*  Pork Producers are Disappointed by EPA Denial of Corn Ethanol Waiver
... We’ve been waiting for this news…but this was not the outcome most pork producers were hoping to hear about the Renewable Fuels Standard RFS. The National Pork Producers Council NPPC had been one of the organizations requesting a waiver of the RFS based on the outcome of this year’s severe drought and the resulting impact on feed availability and prices. In spite of the pleas from livestock producers, the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA announced today that the agency has not found evidence to support a finding of severe “economic harm” that would warrant granting a waiver of the RFS. We ve been waiting for this news but this was not the outcome most pork producers were hoping to hear about the Renewable Fuels Standard RFS. The National Pork Producers Council NPPC had been one of the organizations requesting a waiver of the RFS based on the outcome of this year s severe drought and the resulting impact on feed availability and prices. In spite of the pleas from livestock producers, the ...
http://nationalhogfarmer.com/print/blog/pork-producers-are-disappointed-epa-denial-corn-ethanol-waiver
*  Carbofuran
... {{chembox Watchedfields = changed verifiedrevid = 443498211 ImageFileL1 = Carbofuran-from-xtal-2D-skeletal.svg ImageSizeL1 = 120px ImageNameL1 = Carbofuran ImageFileR1 = Carbofuran-from-xtal-3D-balls.png ImageSizeR1 = 120px ImageNameR1 = Carbofuran IUPACName = 2,2-Dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate OtherNames = Furadan, Curater, Furacarb Section1={{Chembox Identifiers Abbreviations = ChemSpiderID Ref =. 'Carbofuran' is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticide s. It is marketed under the trade names 'Furadan', by FMC Corporation and 'Curater', among several others. Chemistry Bans Toxicity to vertebrates Toxicity to humans. In 2008, the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA announced that it intends to ban carbofuran., the sole US manufacturer of carbofuran, announced that it had voluntarily requested that the United States Environmental Protection Agency cancel all but six of the previously allowed uses of that chemical as a pesticide. Toxicity to vertebrates. Carbofuran i...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbofuran
*  .. Tag Archives: Iodine-131 .. Sustained Radiation Spike in Washington.Video. .. Radioa
Beta particle, Boise Idaho, Drinking water, Health, Iodine-131, Japan, Radioactivity, Richland Washington, united States, United States Environmental Protection Agency, US. RICHLAND — The Environmental Protection Agency EPA has found radiation in Richland tap water. Boston, DigitalGlobe, Fukushima, Iodine-131, Jamaica Plain, Japan, Massachusetts, Nuclear explosion, Public health, United States Environmental Protection Agency, US, US Radioactivity. Radioactive iodine-131 believed to be from the Fukushima facility was found in low levels in a rainwater sample taken in Boston. Low levels of radioactive iodine linked to the nuclear disaster in Japan were detected in a sample of rainwater in Massachusetts, state health officials announced yesterday. http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2011/03/28/state steps up monitoring after radioactivity found in rainwater/?rss id=Boston.com+–+Local+news. Fukushima, Fukushima Nuclear Reactor, Iodine-131, Japan, japan nuclear explosion, Japan Radioactivity, n...
https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/tag/iodine-131/
*  Water quality
... The most common standards used to assess water quality relate to health of ecosystems, safety of human contact and drinking water. Environmental water quality. Sampling and measurement Sample collection. Chemical analysis. Drinking water indicators. Environmental indicators. Water quality standards and reports World Health Organisation guideline. International standards. United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA. Natural water bodies will vary in response to environmental conditions. The United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA limits the amounts of certain contaminants in tap water provided by US public water systems. Environmental water quality. Water quality standards for surface waters vary significantly due to different environmental conditions, ecosystems, and intended human uses. Sample collection. The water sample may dissolve part of the sample container and any residue on that container, or chemicals dissolved in the water sample may sorb onto the sample container and remain th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_quality
*  Ems Recommendations - Term Paper - 2053 Words
Ems Recommendations United States Environmental Protection Agency, Clean Air Act United States, Compact fluorescent lamp. Read full document Please sign up to read full document. Topics in this document United States Environmental Protection Agency, Clean Air Act United States, Compact fluorescent lamp, Volatile organic compound, Air pollution, Environmental law, Efficient energy use, Environmental policy, Sustainability, Regulatory compliance, Best practice, Audit, Goal, Pollution, Ultrafiltration, Reputation, Incandescent light bulb, Sustainable business, Energy Star. {"essaysImgCdnUrl":"\/\/images-study.netdna-ssl.com\/pi\/","thumb default size":"160x220","thumb ac size":"80x110","isPayOrJoin":false,"essayUpload":false,"site id":1,"autoComplete":true,"logPixelPath":"\/\/www.smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","tracking url":"\/\/www.smhpix.com\/pixel.gif","essay":{"essayId":63845197,"categoryName":"Organizations","categoryParentId":"3","currentPage":1,"format":"text","pageMeta":{"text":{"startPage":1,"endPage":7,"pageR...
http://studymode.com/essays/Ems-Recommendations-63845197.html
*  Waste management law
'Waste management laws' govern the transport, treatment, storage, and disposal of all manner of waste, including municipal solid waste, hazardous waste, and nuclear waste, among many other types. Waste determination Disposal standards Around the world International law. United States. EPA OSWER 5305W, "'Is my waste a hazardous waste regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA ?' This is one of the most common and basic RCRA questions and is the key to the RCRA hazardous waste program. For example, in the United States, non-hazardous municipal solid waste may be sent to a landfill, U.S. One such program is the United States Environmental Protection Agency 's Land Disposal Restrictions under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Subtitle C hazardous waste management program. Landfills, for example, may be required to meet location restrictions to avoid geological faults or wetlands; to install liner systems and collection systems to minimize groundwater contamination from leachate; to a...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_management_law
*  Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Risk/Exposure Methods for Secondary (Welfare-based) National Amb
Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Risk/Exposure Methods for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. US EPA. US EPA. Jump to main content. US EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency Search. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC Contact Us. EPA Home. EPA Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee CASAC. Advisory Activities by Topic CASAC. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Risk/Exposure Methods for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide Risk/Exposure Methods for Secondary Welfare-based National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS. Responsible Committee/Panel: Oxides of Nitrogen NOx and Sulfur Oxides SOx Secondary Review Panel A list of members can be found in the final report included in the Advisory Activity linked to this panel or committee. See EPA s PDF page to learn more about PDF files. FINAL REPORT S. EPA s Office of Air and Radiation has...
http://yosemite.epa.gov/sab/sabproduct.nsf/264cb1227d55e02c85257402007446a4/d9f7b1bfd2dbe10e8525734c005290ca!OpenDocument
*  AERMOD
The 'AERMOD' atmospheric dispersion modeling system is an integrated system that includes three modules: Prater, E.T. and Midgley, C., 'A new air dispersion modeling system is helping create more accurate industrial source models', Environmental Protection, Vol. AERMOD was developed by the AERMIC American Meteorological Society AMS / United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA Regulatory Model Improvement Committee, a collaborative working group of scientists from the AMS and the EPA. Initial model formulation Developmental evaluation Internal peer review and beta testing Revised model formulation Performance evaluation and sensitivity testing External peer review Submission to the EPA for consideration as a regulatory model. On April 21 of 2000, the EPA proposed that AERMOD be adopted as the EPA's preferred regulatory model for both simple and complex terrain. Source types: Multiple point, area and volume sources Source releases: Surface, near surface and elevated sources Source locations: Urban or rur...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AERMOD
*  TOXMAP
'TOXMAP' is a geographic information system GIS from the United States National Library of Medicine NLM that uses maps of the United States to help users explore data from the United States Environmental Protection Agency 's EPA Toxics Release Inventory TRI and Superfund programs with visual projections and maps. TOXMAP helps users create nationwide, regional, or local area maps showing where TRI chemicals are released on-site into the air, water, ground, and by underground injection, as reported by industrial facilities in the United States. Maps also can show locations of Superfund sites on the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry National Priorities List NPL, which lists all chemical contaminants present at these sites. There are two versions of TOXMAP available from its home page: the classic version of TOXMAP released in 2004 and, a newer version released in 2014 that is based on Adobe Flash / Apache Flex technology. Census population information, income figures from the Bureau of Economic An...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TOXMAP
*  Ιωδομεθάνιο - Βικιπαίδεια
141,94 amu. MeI Halon 10001. InChI. C-H: 108,4 pm C-I: 213,2 pm. Δείκτης διάθλασης, n D. Το ιωδομεθάνιο έχει εγκριθεί για χρήση ως ζιζανιοκτόνο από το Γραφείο Προστασίας του περιβάλλοντος των ΗΠΑ United States Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Το Τμήμα Κανονισμών Παρασιτοκτόνων της Καλιφόρνιας California Department of Pesticide Regulation, DPR κατέληξε ωστόσο ότι το ιωδομεθάνιο είναι «...εξαιρετικά τοξικό ώστε κάθε προβλεπόμενο σενάριο για τη γεωργική ή δομική χρήση υποκαπνισμού αυτού του μέσου θα μπορούσε να οδηγήσει σε έκθεση σε κίνδυνο ενός μεγάλου αριθμού από το κοινό, και ως εκ τούτου θα έχει σημαντικές αρνητικές επιπτώσεις για τη δημόσια υγεία». "Maker of methyl iodide scraps controversial pesticide" San Jose Mercury News March 20, 2012 ↑ Ασκήσεις και προβλήματα Οργανικής Χημείας Ν. Sulikowski, Gary A.; Sulikowski, Michelle M.; Haukaas, Michael H.; Moon, Bongjin 2005. "Efficient methylation of carboxylic acids with potassium hydroxide/methyl sulfoxide and iodomethane". «Efficient methylation of carb...
https://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ιωδομεθάνιο
*  Children's Environmental Exposure Research Study
... the fictional television show Cheers. The 'Children's Environmental Exposure Research Study' or 'CHEERS' was a study conducted by the United States Environmental Protection Agency designed to examine how children may be exposed to pesticide s and other chemicals used in U.S. households, such as phthalate s, brominated flame retardant s, and perfluorinated compound s PFOS, PFOA, PFNA, and others. The two-year study began in the summer of 2004, but was halted that November by Stephen L. Johnson who was then Assistant Administrator of the EPA Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances and later became Administrator. On April 8, 2005, Johnson cancelled the study while he was awaiting Senate confirmation as EPA Administrator after the program was criticized. Johnson himself was also heavily criticized for his record of supporting the use of human test subjects in pesticide experiments when he was EPA's Assistant Administrator for Toxic Substances. The study took place in Duval County, Florida, a re...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children's_Environmental_Exposure_Research_Study
*  Decision to sound sirens in Waukesha County being examined | Waukesha County - WISN Home
Decision to sound sirens in Waukesha County being examined. Waukesha County - WISN Home. Back To Mobile Site. Back To Mobile Site. On TV. / Local News. / Waukesha County. Decision to sound sirens in Waukesha County being examined. National Weather Service doesn't decide when sirens sound. The decision Wednesday to sound weather sirens in Waukesha County led to a lot of confusion and calls to WISN 12 News. Horny Goat Pub to close at end of the... Tuma was reacting to a particularly ominous warning from the National Weather Service after the storm with 70 mph-plus winds roared through Columbia County and had Waukesha County in its sights. "Any winds in excess of 58 mph can cause significant damage, and so we have a policy in place that if those winds head into the county or are in the county, we'll set off the sirens," Tuma said. WISN 12 News went to the National Weather Service Office in Sullivan to ask what made this storm appear so serious despite the lack of a tornado. "The way the system was evolving, the ...
http://wisn.com/news/south-east-wisconsin/waukesha/decision-to-sound-sirens-in-waukesha-county-being-examined/20563134?item=0
*  Cadmium Toxicity - Aventura Hospital | Aventura, FL
Cadmium Toxicity - Aventura Hospital. Services Hospital Services A-Z. At Aventura Hospital Medical Center we treat the most important health concerns - yours. H2U - health to you. Patient Rights and Responsibilities and Patient Visitation Rights. Health Info. Health Info Health Library. Video Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Health Library. Our health library gives you the information you need to take charge of your health. Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high levels of cadmium from the air, or eats food or drinks water containing high levels of cadmium. If you suspect you have been exposed to cadmium, contact your doctor right away. Improper waste disposal and spills at hazardous waste sites may cause cadmium to leak into nearby water and soil. Having skin contact with cadmium is not known to cause health problems, but the following exposures to cadmium can cause serious health problems:. Breathing air that contains high levels of...
http://aventurahospital.com/your-health/?/120796/sp
*  SB 496 Text
A BILL to amend and reenact 22-5-19 of the Code of West Virginia, 1931, as amended, relating to the Department of Environmental Protection s requirements to inventory emissions of greenhouse gases; eliminating unneeded provisions; and allowing reporting of greenhouse gases under the United States Environmental Protection Agency's Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule to satisfy greenhouse gas reporting requirements in West Virginia. Inventory of greenhouse gases. b To inventory greenhouse gas emissions, a The secretary shall establish a program for the reporting and, where information already exists or is reported to the department or other state or federal agency, the collection of to inventory greenhouse gas emissions information from all major sources that emit greater than a de minimis amount of greenhouse gases on an annual basis. De minimis shall mean emissions from an individual facility that are equal to or less than ten thousand tons per year for carbon dioxide, four hundred seventy-six tons p...
http://legis.state.wv.us/bill_Status/bills_text.cfm?billdoc=sb496 intr.htm&yr=2012&sesstype=RS&i=496
*  Green cleaning
... 'Green cleaning' refers to using cleaning methods and products with environmentally friendly ingredients and procedures which are designed to preserve human health and environmental quality. Green cleaning techniques and products avoid the use of products which contain toxic chemicals, some of which emit volatile organic compounds causing respiratory, dermatological and other conditions. Green cleaning can also describe the way residential and industrial cleaning products are manufactured, packaged and distributed. If the manufacturing process is environmentally friendly and the products are biodegradable, then the term "'green'" or "' eco-friendly '" may apply. thumb|right|General chemical structure of an alkyl polyglucoside, a biodegradable surfactant, derived from sugars and fats, used in some detergents. Alkyl polyglycosides APGs Product labeling programs See also References External links. Alkyl polyglycosides APGs. Illustrative of green cleaning agents are APGs, a class of non-ionic surfactant s wi...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_cleaning
*  Pollutant Standards Index
... The 'Pollutant Standards Index', or 'PSI', is a type of air quality index, which is a number used to indicate the level of pollutants in air. Initially PSI was based on five air pollutants, but since 1 April 2014 it has also included fine particulate matter PM 2.5. In addition to the PSI derived by averaging data collected for the past 24 hours, Singapore also publishes a 3h-PSI based on PM 2.5 concentrations for the past 3 hours. 1-hr PM 2.5 concentrations are also published every hour. 1 Besides Singapore, some other countries also use air quality indices. 2 Different countries also use different names for their indices such as Air Quality Health Index, Air Pollution Index and Pollutant Standards Index. History Definition of the PSI used in Singapore Record values of the PSI. The PSI is based on a scale devised by the United States Environmental Protection Agency USEPA to provide a way for broadcasts and newspapers to report air quality on a daily basis. The PSI has been used in a number of countries i...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollutant_Standards_Index
*  Catalog | EPA National Library Network | US EPA
EPA National Library Network. US EPA. EPA. United States Environmental Protection Agency. EPA National Library Network. Facebook. Twitter. Contact Us. Assessing contaminant sensitivity of endangered and threatened species: effluent toxicity tests. Author. Dwyer, F. Biological Resources Div.;National Health and Environmental Effects Research Lab., Gulf Breeze, LA. Gulf Ecology Div. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,. Report Number. EPA 600/R-99/099. OCLC Number. Endangered species; Chemical effluents; Aquatic animals; Toxicity; Test methods; Fish; Water pollution effects Animals ; Survival; Growth rates; Risk assessment; Bioassay; Exposure; Bioavailability; Sensitivity; Aquatic ecosystems; Ammonia; Carbaryl; Copper; Pentachlorophenol. Library. EPA 600/R-99-099. Region 2 Library/New York,NY. EPA 600/R-99-099. Region 3 Library/Philadelphia, PA. EPA 600-R-99-099. Headquarters Library/Washington,DC. EPA 600-R-99-099. Headquarters Library/Washington,DC. EPA/600/R-99/0...
http://cfpub.epa.gov/ols/catalog/catalog_display.cfm?FIELD1=AUTHOR&INPUT1=Henke AND C. AND E.&TYPE1=ALL&item_count=4
*  MyEnvironment
is an application built by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to help the public get a sense of environmental indicators in their neighborhood. By keying in a geography, the application comes back with information about the local land, air and water. Within the context of MyEnvironment - shout outs are a means of crowdsourcing inspirational environmental activities that are happening at the neighborhood-level. Water quality Good water quality is a key concern of the EPA. The is the cornerstone of surface water quality protection in the United States. Ecological indicators EPA and others rely on the study of ecological as a means of understanding when our environmental health or that of our surroundings may be in jeopardy. Regulated Facilities Facility Registry System from Envirofacts EPA collects information from each state about all facilities that either store, handle or emit pollutants to land, air or water. EPA stores the locational information about these regulated facilities in a database...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MyEnvironment
*  Lipari Landfill
... The 'Lipari Landill' is an inactive landfill on a 6acre former gravel pit in Mantua Township, New Jersey, USA, that was used from 1958 to 1971 as a dump site for household and industrial wastes., United States Environmental Protection Agency. Accessed January 14, 2009. The site has been identified as the worst toxic dump in the United States and was ranked at the top of the United States Environmental Protection Agency 's Superfund eligibility list., ' The New York Times ', September 27, 1987. Accessed January 14, 2009. During the period from 1958 until 1971, the landfill accepted 46,000 barrels of chemicals, containing approximately 2.7e6USgal of chemical and industrial waste, that were placed in trenches that had been excavated in the gravel pit. 12 thousand tons of solid industrial waste were also dumped at the site. The toxic materials came from several different companies, with Philadelphia -based Rohm and Haas accounting for most of the material. Toxic material dumped at the site also came from the...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lipari_Landfill
*  EPA Region 5 Water: Guidelines for Monitoring Wells at Class I Injection Facilities
... Jump to main content. Region 5 Water. Serving Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin and 35 Tribes Contact Us Search:. All EPA. This Area. You are here: EPA Home. About Region 5. Water. Water. Underground Injection Control Guidelines for Monitoring Wells at Class I Injection Facilities. Supplemental Guidelines for Plans and Operations of Monitoring Wells at Class I Injection Facilities UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY REGION V. February 28, 1991 Contents. Introduction. Purpose. Selection of a Monitored Zone. Well Development. Measurement of Formation Pressure. Detection of Multiple Phases. Purging and Step Rate Pump Testing. Collection of Ground-Water Samples. Well Sampling Associated with Tests Performed During Drilling. Quality Assurance. Statistical Analysis of Data. Detection versus Compliance Monitoring. Monitoring Reports. Sources of Additional Information Attachment A: Suggested Outline for Monitoring Plans Attachment B: Delineation of Monitored Zones Selection of Tub...
http://epa.gov/region5/water/uic/r5guid/supp_monitor_well.htm
*  Title 38, §1691: Definitions
Chemical of concern. 3 Chemical of high concern. "Chemical of high concern" means a chemical identified by the department pursuant to section 1693-A. "Chemical of low concern" means a chemical for which adequate toxicity and environmental data are available to determine that it is not a chemical of high concern, a chemical of concern, a chemical of potential concern or a chemical of unknown concern. 5 Chemical of potential concern. "Chemical of unknown concern" means a chemical for which insufficient data are available to classify it as a chemical of high concern, a chemical of concern, a chemical of potential concern or a chemical of low concern. 8 Consumer product. "Consumer product" does not include a food or beverage or an additive to a food or beverage, a tobacco product or paper or forest products or a pesticide regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency. "Consumer product" also does not include a drug or biologic regulated by the United States Department of Health and Human Services...
http://mainelegislature.org/legis/Statutes/38/title38sec1691.html
*  Hexachlorobutadiene
ChemSpiderID = 6635 KEGG Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}} KEGG = C11091 InChI = 1/C4Cl6/c5-1 3 7 8 2 6 4 9 10 InChIKey = RWNKSTSCBHKHTB-UHFFFAOYAT ChEMBL Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}} ChEMBL = 389950 StdInChI Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider StdInChI = 1S/C4Cl6/c5-1 3 7 8 2 6 4 9 10 StdInChIKey Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChIKey = RWNKSTSCBHKHTB-UHFFFAOYSA-N CASNo Ref = cascite|correct|CAS CASNo = 87-68-3 PubChem = 6901 UNII Ref = fdacite|correct|FDA UNII = CQ8AAO9MO1 SMILES = Cl/C Cl =C \Cl C \Cl =C /Cl Cl. "Chlorinated Hydrocarbons," Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, 2006, Kenric A. Marshall, "Chlorocarbons and Chlorohydrocarbons, Survey," Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, John Wiley & Sons Inc, 2003,. "Chlorine," Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co, 2006,. One of the primary applications of hexachlorobutadiene is as a solvent for chlorine, a good illustration of the common aphorism "like dis...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hexachlorobutadiene

Global Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.National Ambient Air Quality Standards: The National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) are standards established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency under authority of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.Highly hazardous chemical: A highly hazardous chemical is a substance classified by the American Occupational Safety and Health Administration as material that is both toxic and reactive and whose potential for human injury is high if released. Highly hazardous chemicals may cause cancer, birth defects, induce genetic damage, cause miscarriage, injury and death from relatively small exposures.ToxicityJournal of Medical Toxicology: The Journal of Medical Toxicology is a peer-reviewed medical journal on medical toxicology and the official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology. It publishes original articles, illustrative cases, review articles, and other special features that are related to the clinical diagnosis and management of patients with exposure to various poisons.Ecotoxicology: Ecotoxicology is the study of the effects of toxic chemicals on biological organisms, especially at the population, community, ecosystem level. Ecotoxicology is a multidisciplinary field, which integrates toxicology and ecology.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.International Life Sciences Institute: The International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI) is a nonprofit [501c3]IRS 501c3 Definition1985 IRS ILSI Tax Code Determination science organization founded in 1978 and headquartered in Washington, DC. It is a member organization whose members are primarily food and beverage, agricultural, chemical, and pharmaceutical companies.Risk governance: Risk governance refers to the institutions, rules conventions, processes and mechanisms by which decisions about risks are taken and implemented. It can be both normative and positive, because it analyses and formulates risk management strategies to avoid and/or reduce the human and economic costs caused by disasters.Occupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Bresle methodAssay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Bachelor of Environmental Science: A Bachelor of Environmental Science is an undergraduate bachelor's degree awarded for courses taken in the study of environmental science or related disciplines, such as sustainable resource development, environmental health, or ecological sustainability, and may also be known as a Bachelor of Environmental Science and Management degree in some schools.Carcinogen: A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that is an agent directly involved in causing cancer. This may be due to the ability to damage the genome or to the disruption of cellular metabolic processes.SAFE FOODSGreat Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory: right|300px|thumb|Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory logo.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Noel Derecki: Noel Christopher Derecki See Noel Derecki at the IMDb Movie Database (born December 12, 1968) in New York City, NY, USA is former child actor whose work in television, film, and the stage was primarily during the 1980s and 1990s. Noel was featured as one of the gang in the film Billy Bathgate (1991) and as musician Tony Vandelo in Heartbreak Hotel (1988).AcheiropodiaPesticides in the United States: Pesticides in the United States are used predominantly by the agricultural sector,Kellogg RL, Nehring R, Grube A, Goss DW, and Plotkin S (February 2000), Environmental indicators of pesticide leaching and runoff from farm fields. United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingDioxins and dioxin-like compounds: Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) are by-products of various industrial processes, and are commonly regarded as highly toxic compounds that are environmental pollutants and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). They include:Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Dewar benzeneVon Neumann regular ring: In mathematics, a von Neumann regular ring is a ring R such that for every a in R there exists an x in R such that . To avoid the possible confusion with the regular rings and regular local rings of commutative algebra (which are unrelated notions), von Neumann regular rings are also called absolutely flat rings, because these rings are characterized by the fact that every left module is flat.PyromorphiteConcentration effect: In the study of inhaled anesthetics, the concentration effect is the increase in the rate that the Fa(alveolar concentration)/Fi(inspired concentration) ratio rises as the alveolar concentration of that gas is increased. In simple terms, the higher the concentration of gas administered, the faster the alveolar concentration of that gas approaches the inspired concentration.Xenobiotic: A xenobiotic is a foreign chemical substance found within an organism that is not normally naturally produced by or expected to be present within that organism. It can also cover substances which are present in much higher concentrations than are usual.Consumer Product Safety Act: The Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSA) was enacted in 1972 by the United States Congress. The act established the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) as an independent agency of the United States federal government and defined its basic authority.Public Health Act: Public Health Act is a stock short title used in the United Kingdom for legislation relating to public health.Cancer screeningNational Society of Film Critics Awards 1977: 12th NSFC AwardsPrenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Matrix model: == Mathematics and physics ==Plant breeders' rights: Plant breeders' rights (PBR), also known as plant variety rights (PVR), are rights granted to the breeder of a new variety of plant that give the breeder exclusive control over the propagating material (including seed, cuttings, divisions, tissue culture) and harvested material (cut flowers, fruit, foliage) of a new variety for a number of years.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Inverse probability weighting: Inverse probability weighting is a statistical technique for calculating statistics standardized to a population different from that in which the data was collected. Study designs with a disparate sampling population and population of target inference (target population) are common in application.European Union climate and energy package: The European plan on climate change consists of a range of measures adopted by the members of the European Union to fight against climate change. The plan was launched in March 2007, and after months of tough negotiations between the member countries, it was adopted by the European Parliament on December 2008.Biostimulation: Biostimulation involves the modification of the environment to stimulate existing bacteria capable of bioremediation. This can be done by addition of various forms of rate limiting nutrients and electron acceptors, such as phosphorus, nitrogen, oxygen, or carbon (e.WHO collaborating centres in occupational health: The WHO collaborating centres in occupational health constitute a network of institutions put in place by the World Health Organization to extend availability of occupational health coverage in both developed and undeveloped countries.Network of WHO Collaborating Centres in occupational health.HeartScore: HeartScore is a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management tool developed by the European Society of Cardiology, aimed at supporting clinicians in optimising individual cardiovascular risk reduction.Bio Base EuropeList of Superfund sites in the United States: These are lists of Superfund sites in the United States, designated under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980. Superfund sites are polluted locations requiring a long-term response to clean up hazardous material contaminations.Drug action: The action of drugs on the human body is called pharmacodynamics, and what the body does with the drug is called pharmacokinetics. The drugs that enter the human tend to stimulate certain receptors, ion channels, act on enzymes or transporter proteins.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.P-AnisidineNational Clinical Guideline CentreDental cariesPublic water systemPolarized light pollution: Polarization is a property of light waves that describes the orientation of their oscillations. Polarized light pollutionGábor Horváth, György Kriska, Péter Malik, Bruce Robertson.Hungarian Food Safety Office: The Hungarian Food Safety Office (HFSO) was established as the Hungarian partner institution of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in 2003 in conformity with the EU requirements. One of its priority aims is to assess the health risks derived from food and indirectly from feed, to liaise with international and Hungarian authorities, and to communicate with the public on food safety issues.Mutagen: In genetics, a mutagen is a physical or chemical agent that changes the genetic material, usually DNA, of an organism and thus increases the frequency of mutations above the natural background level. As many mutations can cause cancer, mutagens are therefore also likely to be carcinogens.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Evolution in Variable EnvironmentPesticide residues in New Zealand: Pesticide residues are of concern in New Zealand and foods are regularly checked to see if they are within set limits.Circulation plan: A circulation plan is a schematic empirical projection/model of how pedestrians and/or vehicles flow through a given area, like, for example, a neighborhood or a Central Business District (CBD). Circulation plans are used by city planners and other officials to manage and monitor traffic and pedestrian patterns in such a way that they might discover how to make future improvements to the system.Model risk: In finance, model risk is the risk of loss resulting from using models to make decisions, initially and frequently referring to valuing financial securities. However model risk is more and more prevalent in industries other than financial securities valuation, such as consumer credit score, real-time probability prediction of a fraudulent credit card transaction to the probability of air flight passenger being a terrorist.The Final Decision: The Final Decision is an episode from season 1 of the animated TV series X-Men Animated Series.Breast cancer classification: Breast cancer classification divides breast cancer into categories according to different schemes, each based on different criteria and serving a different purpose. The major categories are the histopathological type, the grade of the tumor, the stage of the tumor, and the expression of proteins and genes.Value of control: The value of control is a quantitative measure of the value of controlling the outcome of an uncertainty variable. Decision analysis provides a means for calculating the value of both perfect and imperfect control.Absorption (skin): Skin absorption is a route by which substances can enter the body through the skin. Along with inhalation, ingestion and injection, dermal absorption is a route of exposure for toxic substances and route of administration for medication.

(1/30946) Does risk factor epidemiology put epidemiology at risk? Peering into the future.

The multiple cause black box paradigm of the current risk factor era in epidemiology is growing less serviceable. This single level paradigm is likely to be displaced. The signs are that the growing strength of molecular epidemiology on the one side, and of a global epidemiology based on information systems on the other, will come to dominate epidemiology and segregate it into separate disciplines. At the same time, the links with public health interests grow weaker. A multilevel ecoepidemiology has the potential to bind these strands together.  (+info)

(2/30946) Hepatitis B--are surgeons putting patients at risk?

The 1993 Department of Health guidelines permit a surgeon who is hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive but e-antigen (HBeAg) negative to perform exposure prone procedures, unless demonstrated to have infected patients. However, there is increasing evidence of transmission of hepatitis B to patients from health care workers in this supposedly low infectivity category. The Occupational Physician must decide whether existing guidelines represent an adequate risk assessment and indeed whether this is an acceptable risk for patients. If an NHS Trust continues to follow these guidelines it may be in breach of its duty of care to patients. Yet refusing to allow such carriers to operate without testing for additional serological markers may be unlawful discrimination. Further research is clearly needed as well as an urgent review of the guidelines.  (+info)

(3/30946) Contact dermatitis in Alstroemeria workers.

Hand dermatitis is common in workers in the horticultural industry. This study determined the prevalence of hand dermatitis in workers of Alstroemeria cultivation, investigated how many workers had been sensitized by tulipalin A (the allergen in Alstroemeria) and took stock of a wide range of determinants of hand dermatitis. The 12-month period prevalence of major hand dermatitis amounted to 29.5% whereas 7.4% had minor dermatitis. Of these workers, 52.1% were sensitized for tulipalin A. Several personal and work-related determinants played a role in the multifactorial aetiology of hand dermatitis. Factors which showed a significant relationship with major hand dermatitis were: female sex, atopic dermatitis, chapped hands and the frequency of washing hands. It may be concluded that the Alstroemeria workers are a population at risk of developing contact dermatitis and it might be useful to carry out an educational campaign to lower the high prevalence.  (+info)

(4/30946) Irritant contact dermatitis due to 1-bromo-3-chloro-5,5-dimethylhydantoin in a hydrotherapy pool. Risk assessments: the need for continuous evidence-based assessments.

A physiotherapist working in hydrotherapy presented to occupational health with irritant contact dermatitis. Subsequent investigation revealed that the likely causative agent was 1-bromo 3-chloro 5,5 dimethylhydantoin which was used to disinfect the hydrotherapy pool. A COSHH risk assessment had been performed which failed to take full account of current knowledge and this agent had been introduced into the workplace. The development of adverse health effects among staff and other pool users lead to a review of this risk assessment and eventually a return to less hazardous chlorine-based disinfection. Had an evidence-based approach been combined with an appropriate COSHH assessment prior to and following changes in the workplace then unnecessary risk to employees would not have occurred.  (+info)

(5/30946) Validation of the Rockall risk scoring system in upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

BACKGROUND: Several scoring systems have been developed to predict the risk of rebleeding or death in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). These risk scoring systems have not been validated in a new patient population outside the clinical context of the original study. AIMS: To assess internal and external validity of a simple risk scoring system recently developed by Rockall and coworkers. METHODS: Calibration and discrimination were assessed as measures of validity of the scoring system. Internal validity was assessed using an independent, but similar patient sample studied by Rockall and coworkers, after developing the scoring system (Rockall's validation sample). External validity was assessed using patients admitted to several hospitals in Amsterdam (Vreeburg's validation sample). Calibration was evaluated by a chi2 goodness of fit test, and discrimination was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Calibration indicated a poor fit in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (p<0.0001, Vreeburg; p=0.007, Rockall), but a better fit for the prediction of mortality in both validation samples (p=0.2, Vreeburg; p=0.3, Rockall). The areas under the ROC curves were rather low in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (0.61, Vreeburg; 0.70, Rockall), but higher for the prediction of mortality (0.73, Vreeburg; 0.81, Rockall). CONCLUSIONS: The risk scoring system developed by Rockall and coworkers is a clinically useful scoring system for stratifying patients with acute UGIB into high and low risk categories for mortality. For the prediction of rebleeding, however, the performance of this scoring system was unsatisfactory.  (+info)

(6/30946) Risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon.

OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for injuries and other health problems occurring during or immediately after participation in a marathon. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was undertaken of participants in the 1993 Auckland Citibank marathon. Demographic data, information on running experience, training and injuries, and information on other lifestyle factors were obtained from participants before the race using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Information on injuries and other health problems sustained during or immediately after the marathon were obtained by a self administered questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were undertaken to identify significant risk factors for health problems. RESULTS: This study, one of only a few controlled epidemiological studies that have been undertaken of running injuries, has identified a number of risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. Men were at increased risk of hamstring and calf problems, whereas women were at increased risk of hip problems. Participation in a marathon for the first time, participation in other sports, illness in the two weeks before the marathon, current use of medication, and drinking alcohol once a month or more, were associated with increased self reported risks of problems. While increased training seemed to increase the risk of front thigh and hamstring problems, it may decrease the risk of knee problems. There are significant but complex relations between age and risk of injury or health problem. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified certain high risk subjects and risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. In particular, subjects who have recently been unwell or are taking medication should weigh up carefully the pros and cons of participating.  (+info)

(7/30946) Factors influencing tackle injuries in rugby union football.

OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of selected aspects of lifestyle, personality, and other player related factors on injuries in the tackle. To describe the detailed circumstances in which these tackles occurred. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was undertaken in which the tackling and tackled players ("the cases") involved in a tackle injury were each matched with "control" players who held the same respective playing positions in the opposing teams. A total of 964 rugby matches involving 71 senior clubs drawn from all districts of the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) were observed by nominated linkmen who administered self report questionnaires to the players identified as cases and controls. Information on lifestyle habits, match preparation, training, and coaching experience was obtained. A validated battery of psychological tests assessed players' trait anger and responses to anger and hostility. The circumstances of the tackles in which injury occurred were recorded by experienced SRU coaching staff in interviews with involved players after the match. RESULTS: A total of 71 tackle injury episodes with correct matching of cases and controls were studied. The following player related factors did not contribute significantly to tackle injuries: alcohol consumption before the match, feeling "below par" through minor illness, the extent of match preparation, previous coaching, or practising tackling. Injured and non-injured players in the tackle did not differ in their disposition toward, or expression of, anger or hostility. Some 85% of tackling players who were injured were three quarters, and 52% of injuries occurred when the tackle came in behind the tackled player or within his peripheral vision. Either the tackling or tackled player was sprinting or running in all of these injury episodes. One third of injuries occurred in differential speed tackles--that is, when one player was travelling much faster than the other at impact. The player with the lower momentum was injured in 80% of these cases. Forceful or crunching tackles resulting in injury mostly occurred head on or within the tackled player's side vision. CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be focused on high speed tackles going in behind the tackled player's line of vision. Comparative information on the circumstances of the vast majority of tackles in which no injury occurs is required before any changes are considered to reduce injuries in the tackle.  (+info)

(8/30946) Rider injury rates and emergency medical services at equestrian events.

BACKGROUND: Horse riding is a hazardous pastime, with a number of studies documenting high rates of injury and death among horse riders in general. This study focuses on the injury experience of cross country event riders, a high risk subset of horse riders. METHOD: Injury data were collected at a series of 35 equestrian events in South Australia from 1990 to 1998. RESULTS: Injury rates were found to be especially high among event riders, with frequent falls, injuries, and even deaths. The highest injury rates were among the riders competing at the highest levels. CONCLUSION: There is a need for skilled emergency medical services at equestrian events.  (+info)


What goes under human factors in a risk assessment?


I have to compile a risk assessment in college for a pub, i have to come up with hazards under several headings like physical, biological, chemical, psychosocial and Human Factors. What the hell goes in Human factors? google wont tell me sh** about it. Thanks for the help!
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Could it be to do with health and safety at work. Like the person has to follow health and safety guidelines properly ie. lifting properly, following procedure. So a possible risk would be that they don't follow the rules. As prevention I think you'd put training, which most places give their staff.


What needs to be considered when carrying out a risk assessment?


I'm doing a 'Monitor and maintain health and safety practice in the salon - Unit 302' assignment in Level 3 VRQ Women's Hairdressing, and one of the things I need to have in it is 'what needs to be considered when carrying out a risk assessment?' I've looked at my notes and looked on Google but cant find anything.. Any help would be great, thanks! (:
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Ground conditions ie wet floor or trip hazards. Electrical equipment ie if  it has been callibrated and safe to use. Noise of machines. Water hazards close to electrical equipment such as straightners or hair driers. Loads of other risks to take into consideration to. Just have a think


"The Elderly suffer falls easily but falls can be prevented with proper risk assessment. What RISKs to OLD ?


Name the Proper Risk Assessment, if you can.
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so many risks - too many to list in this short answer series. shall limit myself to risks of FALLING down.
IN THE HOME: the bath room, the stair case, the front steps. in the bath room, slippery floors, few hand grips, electric shocks. these are identified risks. can be prevented by proper design, non-slip floors, etc. the stair case - redesign tread and rise, so that risk of fall is reduced. carpet the area with shock absorbent material so that injury if one falls is minimized.
elderly women run risks in the kitchen. electric shock - proper earthing; and safety measures. gas leaks - insensitive nose. visible warning signs to be provided. safety measures to be tightened.
OUTSIDE THE HOME.
fall from the pavement on to road - the margins should be graded better. fall as one crosses the road - main crossings should be manned by volunteers who will take the old across.
fall when getting into/out of buses - steps should be more even; conductors should be trained to help the elderly in and out of buses.
a number of old people in india are killed as they cross railway lines - they may not hear the approaching train, and run away in time. the general public should be sensitized, and prevent them from exposing themselves to such dangers. 

by the way: old people are generally divided into: the YOUNG old - below 70; the AGING old - 70 to 80; and the OLD old - above 80.


Explain how a risk assessment prevents injury?


How can a risk factor such as a risk assessment BE minimized by utilization of preventative measures (such as the risk assessment) 

Thanks.
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The point of a risk assessment is to consider all the possible hazards that may be present in a certain environment or situation. By way of example - consider a construction site. Potential hazards to peoples health here would include falling objects, working with hazardous machinery, chemical burns from cement usage, danger of the public entering the site and being badly hurt.

Once these hazards have been identified, the next step is to put in place protocols and measures to minimize the hazard to an acceptable level. In the above example: safety helmets may be made mandatory on the site and nets erected around the upper levels of a building project, minimizing the risk from falling items. Machinery operators must be trained and certified in the safe use of their equipment, and perhaps be required to wear personal protective equipment (PPE) such as heavy duty gloves and goggles. First aid facilities must be present to deal with any chemical burns, and workers educated on the dangers of these chemicals and required to wear appropriate PPE. Finally, the site must be adequately cordoned off from the public, and locked down at night to prevent intruders.

Thus, a risk assessment identifies potential hazards and enables protocols to be put in place to eliminate or minimize the risk posed. It prevents injury, but not directly.


Risk Assessment - Caring for someone in their home?


I have not got much information to answer the question need help?

What is a Risk Assessment?
When do you use 'risk assessment'?
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It is a tool that enables you to problem solve wether it be a busines propositon or identifing a hazard to persons or places.

It is a four step plan that works in a cycle and is often looked and and improved upon with regularity

Assess = what is the problem

Plan = How to solve it

Implement = carry out the plan

Evaluate = Check it solved the problem if not start again if so update at periodic intervals
 

A risk assessment is usually a scored form that the interviewer (who is most normally a professional in thier field) asks preset questions and depending on the answer scores the questions.

You would use this to minmise potential problems before they arise and effect the solution that would have most benifit to the person.

The score achieved determines the action that is required

In your example 
Caring for some one in their own home 

This would all depend on the age, wieght, sex, health,  ill health issues, mental health issues, mobility, living environment and avilavility of family or other help, financial staus sometimes has a bearing to play

To illustrate I will give you a scenario

Woman, 74, lives alone, house with stairs, tiolet upstairs no stair lift.  Hard of hearing and wears glasses, just released from hospital after operation to fix broken hip, disorientated to time and place occaisionally at night , suffering long term depression on medication and mild night time sedative, has a history of fluctuating hypotension (low blood pressure), continent. 

Now the hospital nurse before she has been discharched can use one or more risk assessments (scoring tool) to determine whether this lady needs a referral to social services, district nurse input, occupational health services Physio input, Community psychiatric nusre input, or others. 

From the above information the all professionals can determine whether this lady is at risk from any undue harm when she returns home and what assisstance or equipment can be offered.  

Each of the Professionals will have a risk assessment form that will be tailored to thier own area of expertize. This hopefully will aid in the lady being able to return to her own home and with assisstance lead an independant life as far as she is able

Hope that helps.  


Who makes the decision that you return to work, occupational health or your doctor?


Just seen occupational health and they say that they make the decision when I should return to work after months off with work related stress, is this right I thought it would be my doctor. 

A risk assessment is going to be done beforehand by my line manager and HR as approved by occupational health but who will make the final decision, can anyone help?
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You dont say who the Occupational health person is from -- your company? out patient?  hospital?  HR?

Ultimately, yes it is your doctor who makes the decision.  However, his or her decision may be based on recommendations from Occupational health evaluation if he/she requests it.  Irregardless of your doctors determination though, your company might like to do their own evaluation to reassess your fitness for their job and decide on possible job readjustments.  Generally though, it is your doctor who states whether you are fit or not to work.


How did your employer help during your pregnancy ?


When did you inform them and how long did it take them to do a risk assessment. DId they stop you carrying out certain tasks
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5 weeks pregnant and im scared my job is too risky?


I work As a cleaner and my jobs involve lifting trays (clearing tables) but the trays are heavy! And I've had to lift lots of heavy rubbish bags around today. Im really worried that this is going to be a big risk to my baby as it certainly can't be healthy. I've told my boss im pregnant and she is filling in risk assessment forms with me next week, but in the mean time im worried about over doing it. 

Am I just worrying too much or should this be something to worry about?
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You're not supposed to bend over and lift things that are too heavy, or over 20 lbs, because it usually puts strain. Putting strain can actually cause a miscarriage. Also, reaching up, like trying to get something off a high shelf for example, is also bad. It can wrap the umbilical cord around the baby's neck. I'd find an easier job, or ask them to let you on leave for a while. I know that some people do all of this and the baby is fine, but why would you continue to risk that? You never know, and the others just gt lucky. There are a lot of people that continue to do this, and things happen. There are always chances. You should talk to your doctor about it, though, your doctor has more precise answers to everything.

Good luck!