Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases of the eye or of vision disorders.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.Automation: Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Tomography, Optical Coherence: An imaging method using LASERS that is used for mapping subsurface structure. When a reflective site in the sample is at the same optical path length (coherence) as the reference mirror, the detector observes interference fringes.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Photography: Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Translations: Products resulting from the conversion of one language to another.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Respiratory-Gated Imaging Techniques: Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the breathing cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts. The images are used diagnostically and also interventionally to coordinate radiation treatment beam on/off cycles to protect healthy tissues when they move into the beam field during different times in the breathing cycle.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Anatomic Landmarks: Reference points located by visual inspection, palpation, or computer assistance, that are useful in localizing structures on or within the human body.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Electrophoresis, Capillary: A highly-sensitive (in the picomolar range, which is 10,000-fold more sensitive than conventional electrophoresis) and efficient technique that allows separation of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and CARBOHYDRATES. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Automation, Laboratory: Controlled operations of analytic or diagnostic processes, or systems by mechanical or electronic devices.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Methods: A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Gene Expression Profiling: The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Nerve Fibers: Slender processes of NEURONS, including the AXONS and their glial envelopes (MYELIN SHEATH). Nerve fibers conduct nerve impulses to and from the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Pathology, Clinical: A subspecialty of pathology applied to the solution of clinical problems, especially the use of laboratory methods in clinical diagnosis. (Dorland, 28th ed.)Language: A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Glaucoma: An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Optic Disk: The portion of the optic nerve seen in the fundus with the ophthalmoscope. It is formed by the meeting of all the retinal ganglion cell axons as they enter the optic nerve.Limit of Detection: Concentration or quantity that is derived from the smallest measure that can be detected with reasonable certainty for a given analytical procedure.Photogrammetry: Making measurements by the use of stereoscopic photographs.Chromatography, Liquid: Chromatographic techniques in which the mobile phase is a liquid.Autoanalysis: Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.Tomography: Imaging methods that result in sharp images of objects located on a chosen plane and blurred images located above or below the plane.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Capillary Electrochromatography: A separation technique which combines LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY and CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS.Corneal Pachymetry: Measurement of the thickness of the CORNEA.Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Laboratory Proficiency Testing: Assessments aimed at determining agreement in diagnostic test results among laboratories. Identical survey samples are distributed to participating laboratories, with results stratified according to testing methodologies.Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Blood Chemical Analysis: An examination of chemicals in the blood.Pathology: A specialty concerned with the nature and cause of disease as expressed by changes in cellular or tissue structure and function caused by the disease process.Chemistry Techniques, Analytical: Methodologies used for the isolation, identification, detection, and quantitation of chemical substances.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Proteomics: The systematic study of the complete complement of proteins (PROTEOME) of organisms.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Biosensing Techniques: Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.Tonometry, Ocular: Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Electrodes: Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.Macula Lutea: An oval area in the retina, 3 to 5 mm in diameter, usually located temporal to the posterior pole of the eye and slightly below the level of the optic disk. It is characterized by the presence of a yellow pigment diffusely permeating the inner layers, contains the fovea centralis in its center, and provides the best phototropic visual acuity. It is devoid of retinal blood vessels, except in its periphery, and receives nourishment from the choriocapillaris of the choroid. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Artifacts: Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.Microchemistry: The development and use of techniques and equipment to study or perform chemical reactions, with small quantities of materials, frequently less than a milligram or a milliliter.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.Arthrometry, Articular: Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Fourier Analysis: Analysis based on the mathematical function first formulated by Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Fourier in 1807. The function, known as the Fourier transform, describes the sinusoidal pattern of any fluctuating pattern in the physical world in terms of its amplitude and its phase. It has broad applications in biomedicine, e.g., analysis of the x-ray crystallography data pivotal in identifying the double helical nature of DNA and in analysis of other molecules, including viruses, and the modified back-projection algorithm universally used in computerized tomography imaging, etc. (From Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Bacterial Typing Techniques: Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine: A type of imaging technique used primarily in the field of cardiology. By coordinating the fast gradient-echo MRI sequence with retrospective ECG-gating, numerous short time frames evenly spaced in the cardiac cycle are produced. These images are laced together in a cinematic display so that wall motion of the ventricles, valve motion, and blood flow patterns in the heart and great vessels can be visualized.Cone-Beam Computed Tomography: Computed tomography modalities which use a cone or pyramid-shaped beam of radiation.Analytic Sample Preparation Methods: Use of various chemical separation and extraction methods, such as SOLID PHASE EXTRACTION; CHROMATOGRAPHY; and SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION; to prepare samples for analytical measurement of components.Indicator Dilution Techniques: Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Seveso Accidental Release: 1976 accidental release of DIOXINS from a manufacturing facility in Seveso, ITALY following an equipment failure.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Oxygen Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of oxygen that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. O atoms with atomic weights 13, 14, 15, 19, and 20 are radioactive oxygen isotopes.ComputersWeights and Measures: Measuring and weighing systems and processes.Breath Holding: An involuntary or voluntary pause in breathing, sometimes accompanied by loss of consciousness.Anatomy, Cross-Sectional: Descriptive anatomy based on three-dimensional imaging (IMAGING, THREE-DIMENSIONAL) of the body, organs, and structures using a series of computer multiplane sections, displayed by transverse, coronal, and sagittal analyses. It is essential to accurate interpretation by the radiologist of such techniques as ultrasonic diagnosis, MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING, and computed tomography (TOMOGRAPHY, X-RAY COMPUTED). (From Lane & Sharfaei, Modern Sectional Anatomy, 1992, Preface)Tandem Mass Spectrometry: A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Fundus Oculi: The concave interior of the eye, consisting of the retina, the choroid, the sclera, the optic disk, and blood vessels, seen by means of the ophthalmoscope. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Plethysmography: Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.Moire Topography: A method of three-dimensional morphometry in which contour maps are produced from the overlapping interference fringes created when an object is illuminated by beams of coherent light issuing from two different point sources.Gated Blood-Pool Imaging: Radionuclide ventriculography where scintigraphic data is acquired during repeated cardiac cycles at specific times in the cycle, using an electrocardiographic synchronizer or gating device. Analysis of right ventricular function is difficult with this technique; that is best evaluated by first-pass ventriculography (VENTRICULOGRAPHY, FIRST-PASS).Interferometry: Measurement of distances or movements by means of the phenomena caused by the interference of two rays of light (optical interferometry) or of sound (acoustic interferometry).Perfusion Imaging: The creation and display of functional images showing where the blood flow reaches by following the distribution of tracers injected into the blood stream.Healthy Volunteers: Persons with no known significant health problems who are recruited to participate in research to test a new drug, device, or intervention as controls for a patient group. (from http://clinicalcenter.nih.gov/recruit/volunteers.html, accessed 2/14/2013)Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Biological Assay: A method of measuring the effects of a biologically active substance using an intermediate in vivo or in vitro tissue or cell model under controlled conditions. It includes virulence studies in animal fetuses in utero, mouse convulsion bioassay of insulin, quantitation of tumor-initiator systems in mouse skin, calculation of potentiating effects of a hormonal factor in an isolated strip of contracting stomach muscle, etc.Colorimetry: Any technique by which an unknown color is evaluated in terms of standard colors. The technique may be visual, photoelectric, or indirect by means of spectrophotometry. It is used in chemistry and physics. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon: A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.Technetium Tc 99m Mertiatide: A technetium diagnostic aid used in renal function determination.Conductometry: Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Technetium Tc 99m Diethyl-iminodiacetic Acid: A nontoxic radiopharmaceutical that is used in the clinical evaluation of hepatobiliary disorders in humans.Microcomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.Tomography, Emission-Computed: Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.Indicators and Reagents: Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Ophthalmology: A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.Software Validation: The act of testing the software for compliance with a standard.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Anterior Chamber: The space in the eye, filled with aqueous humor, bounded anteriorly by the cornea and a small portion of the sclera and posteriorly by a small portion of the ciliary body, the iris, and that part of the crystalline lens which presents through the pupil. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed, p109)Automatic Data Processing: Data processing largely performed by automatic means.Smiling: A facial expression which may denote feelings of pleasure, affection, amusement, etc.DNA Fingerprinting: A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Lasers: An optical source that emits photons in a coherent beam. Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation (LASER) is brought about using devices that transform light of varying frequencies into a single intense, nearly nondivergent beam of monochromatic radiation. Lasers operate in the infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or X-ray regions of the spectrum.Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques: Laboratory techniques that involve the in-vitro synthesis of many copies of DNA or RNA from one original template.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Radiographic Magnification: Use of optic and geometric techniques to enhance radiographic image quality and interpretation. It includes use of microfocal X-ray tubes and intensifying fluoroscopic screens.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Blood Pressure Determination: Techniques for measuring blood pressure.Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.X-Ray Intensifying Screens: Screens which absorb the energy in the x-ray beam that has penetrated the patient and convert this energy into a light pattern which has as nearly as possible the same information as the original x-ray beam. The more light a screen produces for a given input of x-radiation, the less x-ray exposure and thus shorter exposure time are needed to expose the film. In most film-screen systems, the film is sandwiched between two screens in a cassette so that the emulsion on each side is exposed to the light from its contiguous screen.Pulsatile Flow: Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.Gonioscopy: Examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye with a specialized optical instrument (gonioscope) or a contact prism lens.Intraocular Pressure: The pressure of the fluids in the eye.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Photometry: Measurement of the various properties of light.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Paraffin Embedding: The infiltrating of tissue specimens with paraffin, as a supporting substance, to prepare for sectioning with a microtome.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Protein Array Analysis: Ligand-binding assays that measure protein-protein, protein-small molecule, or protein-nucleic acid interactions using a very large set of capturing molecules, i.e., those attached separately on a solid support, to measure the presence or interaction of target molecules in the sample.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Tissue Fixation: The technique of using FIXATIVES in the preparation of cytologic, histologic, or pathologic specimens for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure of all the constituent elements.Proteome: The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.Enzymes, Immobilized: Enzymes which are immobilized on or in a variety of water-soluble or water-insoluble matrices with little or no loss of their catalytic activity. Since they can be reused continuously, immobilized enzymes have found wide application in the industrial, medical and research fields.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Cardiac-Gated Imaging Techniques: Timing the acquisition of imaging data to specific points in the cardiac cycle to minimize image blurring and other motion artifacts.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.BrazilMandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Perinatology: The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Cyclopentolate: A parasympatholytic anticholinergic used solely to obtain mydriasis or cycloplegia.Fluorine Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of fluorine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. F atoms with atomic weights 17, 18, and 20-22 are radioactive fluorine isotopes.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.

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*  National Sunflower Association : Sunflower Magazine
... AIDS Drug from Sunflowers. AIDS Drug from Sunflowers. February 2006 Sunflower can produce a substance which prevents the AIDS pathogen HIV from reproducing, at least in cell cultures. This is the result of research carried out by scientists at the University of Bonn www.uni-bonn.de/index_en.shtml in cooperation with the Caesar Research Centre, both in Bonn, Germany. In the last few years, hopes for a completely new group of AIDS drugs have been pinned to what is known as dicaffeoyl quinic acid, or DCQA for short – a highly prized prototype for a new group of AIDS drugs. Claudio Cerboncini of the Caesar Foundation and Ralf Theisen University of Bonn are principal investigators in the research. The sunflower-AIDS drug connection began when Cerboncini was investigating anti-fungal properties that the sunflower plant uses to fight off Sclerotinia sclerotiorum – this is the same type of Sclerotinia that has been problematic for sunflower produced in North America and around the world. Theisen explains that res...
http://sunflowernsa.com/magazine/details.asp?ID=422&Cat=19
*  Recipe Browse Results | Epicurious.com
Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My ... CAKE. Recipe Browse Results. browsing by: Low Sodium. Currant. ... . search within results go. advanced search. browse. 3 recipes...
http://epicurious.com/tools/browseresults?att=175&type=browse&att2=125&att1=447&threshold=50
*  Recipe Browse Results | Epicurious.com
Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My ... Recipe Browse Results. Low Sodium. Soup/Stew 5. browse. 69...
http://epicurious.com/tools/browseresults?att=122&attributeType=com.amg.condenet.epi.attribute.domain.DishTypeAttribute&type=browse&att1=175&threshold=50
*  Recipe Browse Results | Epicurious.com
Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My ... Recipe Browse Results. browsing by: Low Sodium. Poach. Ice ... name. search within results go. advanced search. browse. 1 recipes ... Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My Recipes 0. Log in. Sign Up. Hi epicurious user. The Best Recipe for Crispy Potato Wedges. 7 Tricks From a Restaurant Pasta Station. Does Quinoa Need to Be Rinsed. 6 Ways to Un-Cinnamon Your Cinnamon Rolls. Browse Recipes. Log In. Sign Up Hi epicurious user. Epicurious. Recipes Menus Expert Advice Ingredients Holidays Events Community Video. OKTOBERFEST. Recipe Browse Results. browsing by: Low Sodium. Poach. Ice Cream. refine by. sort by best match. rating. recipe name. search within results go. advanced search. browse. 1 recipes found for: Low Sodium + Poach + Ice Cream. rating photo recipe name at a glance. Pears Poached in Red Wine, Cardamom and Orange Bon App tit, March 1997. 1 result found. Connect with Epicurious Like Epicurious on Facebook. Follow Ep...
http://epicurious.com/tools/browseresults?att=175&type=browse&att2=662&att1=135&threshold=50
*  Tenth Grade Science Fair Project Ideas Page 9 | Education.com
reproducing the results of past experiments. Grade Kindergarten ... reproducing the results of past experiments. Sign In I have...
http://education.com/science-fair/tenth-grade/?page=9
*  Recipe Browse Results | Epicurious.com
Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My ... Recipe Browse Results. browsing by: Low Sodium. First Course ... . search within results go. advanced search. browse. 2 recipes ... Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My Recipes 0. Log in. Sign Up. Hi epicurious user. The Best Recipe for Crispy Potato Wedges. 7 Tricks From a Restaurant Pasta Station. Does Quinoa Need to Be Rinsed. 6 Ways to Un-Cinnamon Your Cinnamon Rolls. Browse Recipes. Log In. Sign Up Hi epicurious user. Epicurious. Recipes Menus Expert Advice Ingredients Holidays Events Community Video. OKTOBERFEST. Recipe Browse Results. browsing by: Low Sodium. First Course. Vegetable. refine by Type of Dish. Soup/Stew 2. Cuisine. Season / Occasion. Recipe Category. Preparation Method. sort by best match. rating. photo. recipe name. quick and easy. . search within results go. advanced search. browse. 2 recipes found for: Low Sodium + First Course + Vegetable. rating photo recipe name at a glance. Spiced Carrot Cauliflo...
http://epicurious.com/tools/browseresults?att=175&type=browse&att2=115&att1=120&threshold=50
*  Recipe Browse Results | Epicurious.com
Recipe Browse Results. Epicurious.com. Browse Recipes. My ... CAKE. Recipe Browse Results. browsing by: Cocktail Party. Bean. ... easy. search within results go. advanced search. browse. 57 recipes...
http://epicurious.com/tools/browseresults?att=144&attributeType=com.amg.condenet.epi.attribute.domain.DietaryConsiderationAttribute&type=browseMember&att1=81&threshold=50
*  Knapp dribbles | The Pilot News
older polls results this week s deals brass rail...
http://thepilotnews.com/content/knapp-dribbles?mini=calendar-date1/2014-02
*  Intersession
... Skip Navigation OU Homepage. Search OU. OU Social Media. The University of Oklahoma. Intersession Home. December Session. August Session. Enroll/Add/Drop. Contact Us. How to Enroll Ozone Desire 2 Learn Back to OU Outreach Home. LOOKING FOR A CHALLENGE A WAY TO EARN CREDIT HOURS. Through Intersession, University Outreach offers a convenient way to obtain college credit through a variety of courses spanning a three to four week period. Our courses compress 16 week courses into a shorter time frame. These intensive, accelerated courses are offered two times per year: December and August. December counts towards Flat-rate tuition August can be used with your banked hours. SAME COST, SAME CLASSES, LESS TIME. Meeting the requirements of Flat Rate Tuition in the Fall OR Using Your Banked Hours In Summer Please contact the Bursar's Office for details. Gaining credit hours to balance your semester work load Free up the majority of your summer for an internship, working or studying abroad. REGISTRATION FOR AUGUST ...
http://ou.edu/outreach/intersession
*  Generalizability theory
... It is used to determine the reliability i.e., reproducibility of measurements under specific conditions. Facets are similar to the “factors” used in analysis of variance, and may include persons, raters, items/forms, time, and settings among other possibilities. These facets are potential sources of error and the purpose of generalizability theory is to quantify the amount of error caused by each facet and interaction of facets. From one rater to a larger number of raters. In most cases, the object of measurement will be the person to whom a number/score is assigned. By employing simulated D studies, it is therefore possible to examine how the generalizability coefficients similar to reliability coefficients in Classical test theory would change under different circumstances, and consequently determine the ideal conditions under which our measurements would be the most reliable. The focus of classical test theory CTT is on determining error of the measurement. Although 'e' could represent many different ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalizability_theory
*  Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown & Sharpe® Coordinate Mea
Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown Sharpe Coordinate Measuring Machine U. View Item. LoboVault Home. Engineering. Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Technical Reports. View Item. LoboVault Home. Engineering. Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Technical Reports View Item. Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown Sharpe Coordinate Measuring Machine U. dc.date.available 2011-08-01T20:19:55Z. dc.description.abstract In engineering at LANL, everything relies on the quality of a product or process. Currently LANL s main processes for dimensional inspection on hemi-shells are conducted on uniquely designed machines - Sheffield or Shell Measuring Machine SMM. Coordinate Measuring Machines CMM are a staple in the manufacturing engineering realm at LANL. A Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility GR R study is utilized to ensure that the PMM-C LANL currently has in production is measuring correctly by utilizing measured dat...
https://repository.unm.edu/handle/1928/12926?show=full
*  Mplus Discussion >> Modeling unreliability of a categorical predictor
Mplus Discussion Modeling unreliability of a categorical predictor. Mplus Home. Topics Last Day Last 3 Days Last Week Tree View. Edit Profile. Search Help. Modeling unreliability of a categoric... Mplus Discussion Categorical Data Modeling. Message/Author. Jim Prisciandaro posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 2:35 am. Hello, I am interested in testing the predictive ability of a categorical diagnosis (i.e., 0 = doesn't have disorder, 1 = has disorder). I would like to incorporate the unreliability of the diagnosis (e.g., inter-rater reliability) into my model. How would I attempt such a thing. Thanks, Jim. Jim Prisciandaro posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 3:38 am. Almost forgot, let's say that my estimate of the diagnostic category's reliability is in the form of kappa (because that's probably what's available in the literature). Jim. bmuthen posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 1:34 pm. That's a tricky one. You could try to work with a binary latent class v...
http://statmodel.com/cgi-bin/discus/discus.cgi?pg=prev&topic=23&page=748
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);access:(free)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Walker K. A.);pers:(Jones N.);spr:eng&f=&g=&m=10&p=1&d=swepub&s=r&t=v
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(De Maziere M.);spr:eng;pers:(Duchatelet P.);pers:(Murtagh Donal P. 1959);pers:(Senten C.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);spr:eng;pers:(Senten C.);pers:(Dupuy E.);pers:(Mikuteit S.);pers:(Coffey M.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the satelli...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Wolff M.A.);pers:(Tétard C.);spr:eng;pers:(Glatthor N.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing -- ScienceDaily
... Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing. Date: February 24, 2014 Source: International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Summary: Routine testing with both fluorescent in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry may enhance the detection of ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, new research suggests. The findings of a recent study indicate that routine testing with both fluorescent in situ hybridization FISH and immunohistochemistry IHC may enhance the detection of ALK -positive non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC. As such, the use of FISH or IHC alone would have missed approximately 25% of ALK-positive cases. Most discordant results were FISH-positive/IHC-negative 36 cases ; FISH-negative/IHC-positive results were found in 19 cases, and FISH-noncontributive/IHC-positive results were found in 15 cases. International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. "Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing." ScienceDaily. International Association ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140224124117.htm
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
We have compared the CO partial columns with ground-based measurements using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and millimeter wave radiometry, and the volume mixing ratio profiles with airborne both high-altitude balloon flight and airplane observations. The ACE-FTS and MAESTRO NO2 volume mixing ratio VMR profiles agree with the profiles from other satellite data sets to within about 20% between 25 and 40 km, with the exception of MIPAS ESA for ACE-FTS and SAGE II for ACE-FTS sunrise and MAESTRO and suggest a negative bias between 23 and 40 km of about 10%. Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Between 6 and 30 km, the m...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?r=;pers:(Dupuy E.);lar1:(cth)&d=swepub&q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&f=&g=&t=v
*  1.3.3.26. Scatter Plot
1 Exploratory Data Analysis 1.3. A scatter plot Chambers 1983 reveals relationships or association between two variables. Such relationships manifest themselves by any non-random structure in the plot. Various common types of patterns are demonstrated in the examples. Sample Plot: Linear Relationship Between Variables Y and X. This sample plot reveals a linear relationship between the two variables indicating that a linear regression model might be appropriate. A scatter plot is a plot of the values of Y versus the corresponding values of X : Vertical axis: variable Y --usually the response variable Horizontal axis: variable X --usually some variable we suspect may ber related to the response. Questions Scatter plots can provide answers to the following questions: Are variables X and Y related. Are variables X and Y linearly related. Are variables X and Y non-linearly related. Strong linear positive correlation. Strong linear negative correlation. Exact linear positive correlation. The conditioning plot, also...
http://itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/eda/section3/scatterp.htm
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Vertical profiles of NO2 and NO have been obtained from solar occultation measurements by the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment ACE, using an infrared Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS and for NO2 an ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared spectrometer, MAESTRO Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation. The ACE-FTS and MAESTRO NO2 volume mixing ratio VMR profiles agree with the profiles from other satellite data sets to within about 20% between 25 and 40 km, with the exception of MIPAS ESA for ACE-FTS and SAGE II for ACE-FTS sunrise and MAESTRO and suggest a negative bias between 23 and 40 km of about 10%. Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Catoire V.);pers:(Toohey M.);spr:eng;lar1:(cth)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  Ongoing reliability test
... the ongoing reliability test ort is a hardware test process usually used in manufacturing to ensure that quality of the products is still of the same specifications as the day it first went to production or general availability the products currently in the manufacturing line are randomly picked every day with a predefined percentage or numbers and then put in a environmental chamber that provides the stress profile of thermal cycling elevated temperature or combined environmental stresses to induce fatigue damage the profile should stimulate the precipitation of latent defects that may be introduced from the manufacturing process but not remove significant life from the product or introduce flaws to risk failure during its intended mission highly accelerated stress test is a ongoing reliability test that uses the empirical operational limits as the reference for the combined vibration thermal cycling and other stress applied to find latent defects quality of the products is then measured with the result...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ongoing_reliability_test
*  Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures - Dhamma Wheel
... Unanswered posts. Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures. 43 posts. Posts: 2852. Joined: Sun Mar 01, 2009 11:12 pm. Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is. Top. Sanghamitta. Posts: 1614. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Sanghamitta. Wed Nov 04, 2009 10:05 am Good advice, follow it AND get the vaccination. Bhikku Bodhi. Top. Site Admin Posts: 17312. Contact:. Contact Ben. Website. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Ben. Top. Sanghamitta. Posts: 1614. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Sanghamitta. Wed Nov 04, 2009 10:42 am Similar advice has been given out officially here in the UK Ben. Bhikku Bodhi. Top. Site Admin Posts: 17312. Wed Nov 04, 2009 8:42 pm Sanghamitta wrote: The advice we are giving out in leaflet form at the NHS Trust in which I work covers most of those points Ben. Wed Nov 04, 2009 9:38 pm catmoon wrote: Sanghamitta wrote:...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=31&t=2651&start=0
*  Stochastic measurement procedure
Because of this uncertainty with respect to the future outcome of the measurement process, it is generally impossible to determine the true value of the measurand. Consequently, the measurement process is represented by a variable 'X' which is called a random variable. It is impossible to determine the true value of the measurand by means of the measurement process because of randomness. Such a set constitutes the measurement result and it is called "correct" if it contains the true value of the measurand and wrong if not. A measurement procedure is specified by the measurand given by the deterministic variable 'D', a measurement device that defines the admitted measurement range denoted \mathfrak{D} and the measurement process represented by the random variable 'X', and finally the measurement function C D { \beta } which assigns to each observation \{x\} with respect to the random variable 'X' an measurement result C D { \beta } \{x\}. In traditional metrology, "measurement precision" and "measurement accur...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stochastic_measurement_procedure
*  New ATA Paper Questions CSA Reliability Scores - TopNews - Drivers - TopNews - TruckingInfo.com
... Trucking Info - The web site of Heavy Duty Trucking magazine. Follow Trucking Info on Twitter. Follow Trucking Info on Google +. Fleet Management. Safety. Drivers. Drivers New ATA Paper Questions CSA Reliability Scores December 09, 2013 SHARING TOOLS. The American Trucking Associations has just issued a white paper on the reliability of scores from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration s Compliance, Safety, Accountability program in evaluating the safety of individual trucking companies. However, data and methodology problems continue to plague the system and the accuracy and reliability of companies scores. In its paper, ATA examined data and research on the connection between CSA scores and crash risk, as well as how problems with the data and methodology produce an imperfect and unreliable measure of a carrier s safety record. It may make sense for FMCSA to use scores in those categories that correlate positively with crash risk to prioritize companies for enforcement review, Graves said. Ac...
http://truckinginfo.com/channel/drivers/news/story/2013/12/new-ata-paper-questions-csa-reliability-scores.aspx
*  Comparison Between Point of Care Device and Venous Blood International Normalized Ratio Measurements
... - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Find Studies. How to Find Results of Studies. How to Read a Study Record. About Clinical Studies. Learn About Clinical Studies. Submit Studies. How to Edit Your Study Record. ClinicalTrials.gov Background. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Comparison Between Point of Care Device and Venous Blood International Normalized Ratio Measurements. insufficient enrollment Sponsor: University of Rochester Information provided by: University of Rochester. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00288808 First received: February 6, 2006 Last updated: April 24, 2015 Last verified: April 2015 History of Changes. How to Read a Study Record. Investigate the validity of Hemosense System in pediatric patients on anticoagulation therapy. Device: Hemosense PT/InR point of care device. Official Title: Comparison Between Point of Care Device and Venous Blood International Normalized Ratio Measurements for Pediatric Patients on Anticoagulation Therapy. Further study details as provided by Unive...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00288808?recr=Open&cond="Blood"&rank=4
*  Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider? - Page 4
Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Forum. New Posts. Mark Forums Read. Today's Posts. Forum. LF Forums. Lenses Lens Accessories. Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Thread: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Bob Salomon. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Join Date Sep 1998 Posts 8,824. Re: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Originally Posted by paulr. Reply With Quote. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Visit Homepage. Join Date Aug 2004 Location brooklyn, nyc Posts 5,777. Re: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. My friend at Schneider told me two years ago that they were the only company making aspherical elements for LF lenses. Reply With Quote. Bob Salomon. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Join Date Sep 1998 Posts 8,824. Re: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Originally Posted by paulr. My friend at Schneider told me two years ago that they were the only company making aspherical elements for LF lenses....
http://largeformatphotography.info/forum/showthread.php?74013-Any-real-difference-between-Rodenstock-and-Schneider/page4
*  .. Correlation Coefficients: Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient .. How to Find Pearson’s
Correlation Coefficients: Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient. Regression Analysis Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. How to Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. How to test a correlation coefficient. How to Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. Correlation coefficients are used in statistics to measure how strong a relationship is between two variables. There are several types of correlation coefficient: Pearson’s correlation or Pearson correlation is a correlation coefficient commonly used in linear regression. Sample question : Find the value of the correlation coefficient from the following table:. Subject Age x Glucose Level y. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Our result is 0.5298 or 52.98%, which means the variables have a moderate positive correlation. Sample problem : test the significance of the correlation coefficient r = 0.565 using the critical values fo...
http://statisticshowto.com/how-to-compute-pearsons-correlation-coefficients/
*  RePub, Erasmus University Repository: Sustained informal care: The feasibility, constr
... uct validity and test-retest reliability of the CarerQol-instrument to measure the impact of informal care in long-term care. Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg iBMG. Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg iBMG /. Aging Mental Health /. Sustained informal care: The feasibility, construct validity and test-retest reliability of the CarerQol-instrument to measure the impact of informal care in long-term care Aging Mental Health, Volume 15 - Issue 8 p. Objectives: This study analyses feasibility, construct validity and test-retest reliability of the Care-related Quality of Life CarerQol -instrument among informal caregivers of long-term care LTC users. The CarerQol measures the impact of informal care by assessing happiness CarerQol-VAS and describing burden dimensions CarerQol-7D. Percentages of complete agreement between CarerQol scores at test and retest, Cohen's kappa coefficients kappa value and Intraclass Correlation Coefficients ICCs were used to assess reliability. The percentage ...
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/31862/
*  fMRI reliability in subjects with stroke - ResearchGate
... For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article fMRI reliability in subjects with stroke. Teresa Jacobson Kimberley. Teresa Jacobson Kimberley University of Minnesota Twin Cities Message author. Remove suggestion. Gauri Khandekar. Gauri Khandekar. Remove suggestion. Michael Robert Borich. Michael Robert Borich Emory University Message author. Remove suggestion. Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Program in Physical Therapy/Rehabilitation Science, University of Minnesota, MMC 388, 426 Church St. SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Experimental Brain Research. Impact Factor: 2.04. 04/2008; 186 1 :183-90. DOI: 10.1007/s00221-007-1221-8 Source: PubMed. ABSTRACT Functional MRI fMRI has become one of the most commonly used neuroimaging tools to assess the cortical effects associated with rehabilitation, learning, or disease recovery in subjects with stroke. Despite this, there has been no sy...
http://researchgate.net/publication/5788613_fMRI_reliability_in_subjects_with_stroke
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. The reservoir gases HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 are three of the key species provided by the primary instrument, the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS. This paper describes the ACE-FTS version 2.2 data products, including the N2O5 update, for the three species and presents validation comparisons with available observations. We have compared volume mixing ratio VMR profiles of HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 with measurements by other satellite instruments SMR, MLS, MIPAS, aircraft measurements ASUR, and single balloon-flights SPIRALE, FIRS-2. Partial columns of HNO3 and ClONO2 were also compared with measurements by ground-based Fourier Transform Infrared FTIR spectrometers. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are gene...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Kasai Y.);conttype:(refereed);pers:(Jones N.);mspu:(article);pers:(Hannigan J.);pers:(McElroy C. T.);pers:(Mahieu E.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Clarmann T. von)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. The reservoir gases HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 are three of the key species provided by the primary instrument, the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS. This paper describes the ACE-FTS version 2.2 data products, including the N2O5 update, for the three species and presents validation comparisons with available observations. We have compared volume mixing ratio VMR profiles of HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 with measurements by other satellite instruments SMR, MLS, MIPAS , aircraft measurements ASUR , and single balloon-flights SPIRALE, FIRS-2. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kramer I.);pers:(Mahieu E.);pers:(Kasai Y.);pers:(Clarmann T. von)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. The reservoir gases HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 are three of the key species provided by the primary instrument, the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS. This paper describes the ACE-FTS version 2.2 data products, including the N2O5 update, for the three species and presents validation comparisons with available observations. We have compared volume mixing ratio VMR profiles of HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 with measurements by other satellite instruments SMR, MLS, MIPAS, aircraft measurements ASUR, and single balloon-flights SPIRALE, FIRS-2. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 3...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Walker K. A.);pers:(Kramer I.);pers:(Jucks K.);pers:(Murtagh Donal P. 1959);spr:eng&f=&g=&m=10&p=1&d=swepub&s=r&t=v
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. The reservoir gases HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 are three of the key species provided by the primary instrument, the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS. This paper describes the ACE-FTS version 2.2 data products, including the N2O5 update, for the three species and presents validation comparisons with available observations. We have compared volume mixing ratio VMR profiles of HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 with measurements by other satellite instruments SMR, MLS, MIPAS, aircraft measurements ASUR, and single balloon-flights SPIRALE, FIRS-2. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 3...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Kasai Y.);conttype:(refereed);pers:(Jones N.);mspu:(article);pers:(Hannigan J.);pers:(McElroy C. T.);pers:(Mahieu E.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Höpfner M.)&f=&g=&m=10&p=1&d=swepub&s=r&t=v
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. The reservoir gases HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 are three of the key species provided by the primary instrument, the ACE Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS. This paper describes the ACE-FTS version 2.2 data products, including the N2O5 update, for the three species and presents validation comparisons with available observations. We have compared volume mixing ratio VMR profiles of HNO3, ClONO2, and N2O5 with measurements by other satellite instruments SMR, MLS, MIPAS, aircraft measurements ASUR, and single balloon-flights SPIRALE, FIRS-2. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 3...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Senten C.);spr:eng;pers:(Kasai Y.)&d=swepub&q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&f=&g=&t=v
*  Test–retest repeatability of self-reported environmental exposures in Parkinson's disease cases a
... nd healthy controls. QUT ePrints. QUT Home Contact. Home Browse About Login. Test–retest repeatability of self-reported environmental exposures in Parkinson's disease cases and healthy controls. Gartner, Coral E., Battistutta, Diana, Dunne, Michael P., Silburn, Peter A., Mellick, George D. 2005 Test–retest repeatability of self-reported environmental exposures in Parkinson's disease cases and healthy controls. Parkinsonism Related Disorders, 11 5, pp. 287-295. View at publisher. Abstract There is substantial disagreement among published epidemiological studies regarding environmental risk factors for Parkinson's disease PD. Differences in the quality of measurement of environmental exposures may contribute to this variation. The current study examined the test–retest repeatability of self-report data on risk factors for PD obtained from a series of 32 PD cases recruited from neurology clinics and 29 healthy sex-, age- and residential suburb-matched controls. Exposure data were collected in face-to-face in...
http://eprints.qut.edu.au/10003/
*  Microsoft Outlook: Set a Recurring Meeting at Different Times on Different Days - Question Defense
... . Categories Code Snippets Errors Insights Labs Security. Pages Backtrack Linux Consulting Contact Documentation Kali Linux Tags Tools. Sponsors. Home. Insights. Microsoft Outlook: Set a Recurring Meeting at Different Times on Different Days. Microsoft Outlook: Set a Recurring Meeting at Different Times on Different Days. alex. April 21, 2009. Insights. 9 Comments Tweet Setting up a meeting request in Outlook to occur at different times on different days is not especially user friendly so there are two different methods to take. You can either set up a appointment and then modify the specific days or you can configure multiple meeting requests. The first method should be used if there are a set number of meetings for instance every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday for the next two weeks. The second method should be used if the meetings are scheduled with no end date. First Method:. Open New Appointment: For the first method we will configure a new appointment by clicking on New in the top navigation bar fol...
http://question-defense.com/2009/04/21/microsoft-outlook-set-a-recurring-meeting-at-different-times-on-different-days
*  Breast Cancer Prevention (PDQ®): Prevention - Health Professional Information [NCI] - North Kans
Breast Cancer Prevention PDQ : Prevention - Health Professional Information. Breast Cancer Prevention PDQ® : Prevention - Health Professional Information. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Cohort or case-control studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Cohort, case-control studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Cohort or case-control studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Case-control and cohort studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Case-control and cohort studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Case-control and cohort studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Study Design: Case-control and cohort studies. Internal Validity: Good. External Validity: Good. Magnitude of effect: After 6.8 years, incidence was 23% lower in women treated with estrogen in...
https://nkch.org/patients-visitors/health-library/healthwise-document-viewer/?id=ncicdr0000062779
*  The Dog Zombie: Why do other measurements of stress suck worse than cortisol?
The Dog Zombie: Why do other measurements of stress suck worse than cortisol. The Dog Zombie. Dogs. Science. Tuesday, July 13, 2010. Cortisol is a messenger used by the HPA hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, for the brain to send a message about stress levels out to the body, for the body to pass that message along to the organs that need to change their operations as a result, and for the body to then report back to the brain that the message has been received, so the brain can stop yelling about it. The hormone that the pituitary gland releases as part of the HPA axis is ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone, or the hormone that makes the adrenal cortex change. The owners of your hospitalized dogs aren t going to be happy if you tell them you need to draw blood from their dogs for your study. The body uses CBG as a way of regulating the stress response. This axis works much more quickly than the HPA. If you had a very controlled population of animals, with catheters already placed that they were used to, so th...
http://dogzombie.blogspot.com/2010/07/why-do-other-measurements-of-stress.html
*  Application Notes | Novacap
Application Notes. Novacap. Products. Application Specific. Capacitor Assemblies. Certified Safety Capacitors. Commercial Chips. DSCC Approved. High Reliability Chips. High Temperature. Leaded Capacitors. Non Magnetic Chips. Pulse Energy And Detonator. RF Class II. Technical Info. Product Catalog. Technical Brochure. Quality Policy. Reliability Data. Application Notes. Certificate Approvals. Cross Reference Guide. Dielectric Characteristics. Packaging. Chip Marking. Sales Rep. Distributors. Stock Check. News. Contact Us. About Us. Contact Form. Knowles Regional sales. RFQ Form. Sample Request Form. Technical Question Form. Career Opportunities. Technical Info. Application Notes. :: Application Notes. Application Notes. MLCC Storage Guidelines. High Temperature Soldering Recommendations. :: Technical Info. Product Catalog. Technical Brochure. Quality Policy. Reliability Data. Application Notes. Certificate Approvals. Cross Reference Guide. Dielectric Characteristics. Packaging. Chip Marking. :: Product Search ...
http://knowlescapacitors.com/novacap/en/gn/technical-info/application-notes
*  [BioC] Limma with block and replicate measurement
Limma with block and replicate measurement. Limma with block and replicate measurement Yanyan Li yli at mail.jci.tju.edu. Fri Dec 1 17:52:37 CET 2006. Previous message: webbioc install on linux redhat FC4 Next message: analyzing genomic hybridization data with limma. Messages sorted by:. Hi Bioconductors: I am doing Random Block Design for single-color arrays, consider the following target frame: FileName Exp Trt 1 1 A 2 1 B 3 1 C 4 1 D 5 2 A 6 2 B 7 2 C 8 2 D 9 3 A 10 3 B 11 3 C 12 3 D Each mRNA has 3 replicates same y location and different x location, I am not a biology person, I hope I could express clearly. Now I want to compare pairwise groups across the 3 experiments, treat Exp as block factor random and each mRNA is repeated. How to incorporate random and repeated effects to lmFit command and also contrast. Is anyone deal with similar situation or any other suggestions. I appreciate all your help. Thanks a lot yanyan The documents accompanying this transmission may contain confidential health or busin...
https://stat.ethz.ch/pipermail/bioconductor/2006-December/015184.html
*  Clinical Methods - NCBI Bookshelf
... Clinical Methods, 3rd edition The History, Physical, and Laboratory Examinations Editors: H Kenneth Walker, MD, W Dallas Hall, MD, and J Willis Hurst, MD. Excerpt The goal of this book is to "be your guide" and say "see here and see there" as the reader becomes skilled in the techniques and analysis of clinical data. This third edition of Clinical Methods has undergone substantial revision based upon feedback from students and other users of the first two editions. These changes enhance the usefulness of the book and help us to achieve our goal of providing clinicians and students with the best current knowledge of the techniques of collecting and using clinical data. The Case of Richard Cabot Charles Stewart Roberts. References. Chapter 1. The Origins of the History and Physical Examination H. Kenneth Walker. Sydenham: The Nosology of Disease, 1666. The Clinical History. Clinical Methods in the United States. Conclusion. References. Chapter 2. Collecting and Analyzing Data: Doing and Thinking David A. H...
http://ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK201/
*  precise quantification of genomic DNA
... HARDIES at THORIN.UTHSCSA.EDU HARDIES at THORIN.UTHSCSA.EDU. Previous message: Site directed mutagenesis kit Next message: transgenic mice Messages sorted by:. Freeman writes: Need Help: I have problem in quantification of genomic DNA from different cell lines. The DNA samples have been treated with RNase A, phenol-chloroform, and the OD260/280 are higher than 1.8. Loading the same amount of DNA based on OD260 measuring from different samples in agarose gel, however, gives a significantly different fluorecent intensity. Should I trust the result from OD measuring or from agarose gel. 1 RNAse converts RNA to small oligos and nucleotides. These absorb light even more strongly than the RNA did, and with the same spectrum as RNA or DNA. So unless you do something to physically remove the RNA or the digestion products, your OD will still be inflated. Typically people rely on ethanol precipitation for removal of the digestion products, but this often leaves a considerable residue of RNA oligos. 3 If the spectr...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/methods/1994-December/022301.html
*  Comprehensive clinical assessment in community setting: Applicability of the MDS-HC - Kent Academi
... c Repository. Comprehensive clinical assessment in community setting: Applicability of the MDS-HC. 1997 Comprehensive clinical assessment in community setting: Applicability of the MDS-HC. The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. OBJECTIVE: To describe the results of an international trial of the home care version of the MDS assessment and problem identification system the MDS-HC, including reliability estimates, a comparison of MDS HC reliabilities with reliabilities of the same items in the MDS 2.0 nursing home assessment instrument, and an examination of the types of problems found in home care clients using the MDS-HC. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Reliability data from dual assessments of 241 randomly selected clients of home care agencies in five countries, all of whom volunteered to test the MDS-HC. MEASUREMENTS: The array of MDS-HC assessment items included measures in the follo...
https://kar.kent.ac.uk/18200/
*  Sulfated Ash Test Method: Limitations of Reliability and Reproducibility
... Automotive. Login My SAE. 0 in Papers. Publications Technical Papers. Learn Articles. Standards. Training/Education. Technical Paper. Sulfated Ash Test Method: Limitations of Reliability and Reproducibility. Paper #:. Nadkarni, R., Ledesma, R., and Via, G., "Sulfated Ash Test Method: Limitations of Reliability and Reproducibility," SAE Technical Paper 952548, 1995, doi:10.4271/952548. Exxon Research & Engineering Co. Sulfated ash test method ASTM D 874 has long been used as a quantitative measure of the ash forming metallic constituents in the lubricating oils and additives. Because of the complexity of the salts that are formed, it is not possible to predict the sulfated ash values from the elemental compositions for the additive packages which are based on the newer technology. Thus, unless the product sulfated ash specifications are based on experimentally obtained values, there is a high probability that there will be continuous disagreements between the manufactures who make their product based on s...
http://papers.sae.org/952548/
*  3 Fat Chicks on a Diet Weight Loss Community - View Single Post - Topic 11 - Overall Assessment
fat chicks on a diet weight loss community view single post topic overall assessment thread topic overall assessment view single post pm faithbw member join date jan location ohio posts s c g height i know this is old but i just finished reading the book and i thought it was interesting not depressing at all it definitely enlightened me on why so many people in my family both sides especially women are fat all the stories reminded me so much of my family and it made me empathize with them more i ve always been the thin one in my family i m close to now and my high weight was lbs i m ashamed to admit that sometimes i use to think why don t they try harder when it was always kinda easy for me to lose some weight if i exercise rigorously and watch what i eat it s really not that easy to just lose weight though i m sure we all know that it made me reflect on all of the fat shaming we do in this society i m not just talking about fat jokes which are pretty obvious but even things like staring at a fat person when ...
http://3fatchicks.com/forum/2644413-post24.html
*  Initial Test Results to Determine Window of Infection - Forum on Understanding Your Labs -- TheBody.
... com. Advertisement. Ask the Experts About. Understanding Your Labs Understanding Your Labs. Rollover images to visit our other forums. 0 Email. Glossary. Ask the Experts > Forum on Understanding Your Labs > Q & A Initial Test Results to Determine Window of Infection May 16, 2010. 2 questions: 1 In my initial test tests, I was mid-seroconversion acute HIV Infection, I tested negative for antibodies Western Blot/ELISA, but had a viral load of 940k and a CD4 count of 575. I had a fairly acute reaction to the virus at that point, 102 degree fever, characteristic rash, etc. My doc knew exactly what was going on... Based upon these results, is it possible to determine approximately when infection occurred or how long I'd been carrying the virus. Phrased another way, is there a natural curve to viral load growth over time post infection. 2 Is there any correlation between the strength of the symptoms/severity of acute HIV infection and either anticipated immune response or the potency of the particular viral...
http://thebody.com/Forums/AIDS/Labs/Q208593.html
*  Temporary changes in train timings | Track Changes | Secunderabad Station | Ghatkesar | Train Delay
Temporary changes in train timings. Track Changes. Secunderabad Station. Ghatkesar. Train Delay. Gorakhpur Express Delay. Home News. Sports. Technology Gallery Videos Business Fun Jokes Life style. Gallery. Videos. NAV links News. Entertainment. Sports. Other links Wallpapers. Hot Buzz. Hot Buzz. Love Relationship. Home News World Temporary changes in train timings Temporary changes in train timings. Temporary changes in train timings Posted: 07/13/2012 09:30 AM IST. The South Central Railways, which has its headquarters in Secunderabad, has said that several trains between Bibinagar and Ghatkesar have been diverted temporarily due to the track repair works. While some trains are diverted, a few have been cancelled. The changes will be applicable to the following trains: • Guntur-Secunderabad: The Golkonda Express would be halted at Bhuvanagiri itself. From Bhuvanagiri, a passenger has to board Bhagyanagar Express to reach Hyderabad. Bhagyanagar Express with train number 172334 runs between Balharshah and Sec...
http://bangalorewishesh.com/home/news-and-world/28409:temporary-changes-in-train-timings.html
*  A set of eight G proteins Rab7 wt, Rac wt, Rac act, Ras wt, Ras act, Rho wt, Cdc42 wt, Cdc42 act are arrayed under conditions of non-chelator buffer. Dose response experiments reported here include one multiplex format for: Rab7 wt, H-Ras wt, H-Ras consti
http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/assay/assay.cgi?aid=588479&q=expdata_xmldisplay
*  Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect ?
Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. October 04, 2015, 10:15:32 AM. Luminous Landscape Forum > Equipment & Techniques > Cameras, Lenses and Shooting gear > Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. Author Topic: Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. Simpson Full Member. Offline Posts: 242. Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. on: September 09, 2013, 02:05:29 PM. What reliability can we reasonably expect from ‘professional’ equipment – fair wear-and-tear allowed for. Logged. Member. Offline Posts: 530. Re: Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. Reply #1 on: September 09, 2013, 02:24:27 PM. Member. Offline Posts: 1692. Re: Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. Reply #2 on: September 09, 2013, 02:35:28 PM. Logged. Member. Offline Posts: 8850. Re: Camera Equipment Reliability – What Can We Reasonably Expect. Reply #3 on: September 09, 2013, 03:28:18 PM. Quote from: Simon J.A...
http://forum.luminous-landscape.com/index.php?topic=82004.msg668654
*  R-value
r value r value r value or rvalue may refer to in computer science a value considered independently of its storage location r value insulation in building engineering the efficiency of insulation of a house r value soils in geotechnical engineering the stability of soils and aggregates for pavement construction r factor crystallography a measure of the agreement between the crystallographic model and the diffraction data in statistics the pearson product moment correlation coefficient or simply correlation coefficient in ophthalmic optics the distance between the segment optical center and the segment top in solid mechanics the lankford coefficient see also r rating disambiguation l value disambiguation...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R-value
*  What is the 6d actually good at (*positive* fact list)?
What is the 6d actually good at *positive* fact list. Welcome, Guest. Please login or register. CanonRumors. Forum Home. Help. Search. Login. Register. October 07, 2015, 06:25:35 AM. canon rumors FORUM. Gear Talk. EOS Bodies - For Stills. What is the 6d actually good at *positive* fact list. previous next Print. Pages: 2 3. Author Topic: What is the 6d actually good at *positive* fact list. Read 33698 times. Marsu42 Canon EF 600mm f/4L IS II. Posts: 6402 Canon Pride. What is the 6d actually good at *positive* fact list. on: December 01, 2012, 03:14:17 PM. With most of the threads about what s wrong with the 6d and what a €2000 camera doesn t do that a €3000 does, I d like to assemble a short. comprehensive list of 6d characteristics that are positive and, if these are required, might make the 6d a good purchase after all over the 7d, 5d2 or even 5d3: We all know that Nikon has more bang for the buck, and more expensive gear is better. I also could rave about what Canon audaciously cut from the 6d. But that s ...
http://canonrumors.com/forum/index.php?topic=11309.msg202274
*  .. M220 Focused-ultrasonicator™ .. DNA Shearing for Next-Generation Sequencing .. Tubes and ve
The M220 runs a variety of DNA shearing protocols with Covaris SonoLab 7 software and uses both the Covaris microTUBE™ miniTUBE™. DNA Shearing for NGS with the M220 Focused-ultrasonicator. It includes DNA shearing protocols for 50 and 130 μl sample and for fragment size distribution ranging from 100 to 5,000 bp as well as Chromatin shearing protocols. Versatile DNA Shearing Performance Figure 1 demonstrates M220 DNA shearing performance for fragment lengths from 150bp to 1.5kb in the microTUBE, and to 2, 3 and 5 kbp in the miniTUBE. High reproducibility at 300bp DNA Shearing Figure 2 displays the reproducibility of the M220 when shearing multiple DNA fragments to a fragment length of 300bp by the same M220. Consistent 3kb Fragment Length DNA Shearing Figure 3 demonstrates M220 shearing performance a fragment length of 3kb. microTUBE AFA Fiber Snap-Cap  PN 520045 for 130 µl volume – from 150bp to 1,500bp fragments Order online. microTUBE-50 AFA Fiber Screw-Cap  PN 520166  for 50 µl volume – from ...
http://covarisinc.com/products/afa-ultrasonication/m-series/
*  FlowRNA Technology
Support Products. Technical Support. Terms Conditions. Privacy Statement. PrimeFlow RNA Assay Variability. Assay Variability. Intra-assay Variability To assess intra-assay variability, samples from stimulated and unstimulated human peripheral blood monnuclear cells PBMC were divided into seven tubes and assessed for expression of RPL13a, a positive control gene expressed in all PBMCs, and IFN , induced only upon stimulation in a subset of lymphocytes. Assessing intra-assay variability A single sample of stimulated or unstimulated human PBMC was divided into 7 tubes and assessed for expression of RPL13a mRNA in total lymphocytes figure on the right or IFN mRNA in IFN + events figure on the left. Assessing variability from target probe dilutions Splenocytes from C57Bl/6 mice were assessed for expression of several positive control genes. For each technician, the CV% of the mean fluorescence intensity MFI of triplicate samples was less than 6%, consistent with previous data for intra-assay variability. Assessing...
http://ebioscience.com/knowledge-center/application/flowrna/technology.htm
*  ASTM Standards for Drinking Water Safety
How Safe Is Your Drinking Water Supply. The Role of ASTM Standards in Monitoring Ground-Water Quality. It is critical to ensure that the samples have not been biased during sample collection, which can easily occur when the very low detection limits for critical water-quality parameters are considered. Simple things, like poor housekeeping practices followed during sampling events, can result in the introduction of surface contaminants into monitoring wells and into samples, which can result in the detection of artificially high contaminant levels in samples positive bias. The guides and practices produced by D18.21 help ground-water sampling field personnel avoid introducing error and bias into the ground-water sampling process. Once in the field, samplers who do not follow correct field practices can introduce negative and/or positive bias to samples being collected in virtually every step of the sampling process. To assist in making critical decisions regarding how wells should be purged of water prior to ...
http://astm.org/SNEWS/MAY_2003/nielsen_may03.htm
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Table
... Table 1. Comparative measurement range of five physical function instruments with 90% reliability. PF-10. HAQ. PROMIS PF-10. PROMIS PF-20. PROMIS PF CAT-10. Floor. -2.5. -4.5. -2.9. -4.5. -4.5. Ceiling. -0.2. -0.4. 0.2. 0.2. 1.2. Range. 2.3. 4.1. 3.1. 4.8. 5.7. Each unit below zero the population mean is scored as a negative of standard deviations toward the floor, and each unit above zero the population mean is a standard deviation in the direction of the ceiling "range" as the algebraic sum of standard deviations of positive and negative. 1 Instruments: PF-10 - 10-item physical function scale of the SF-36. ; HAQ - 20-item Health Assessment Questionnaire. ; PROMIS PF-10 - PROMIS PF-10, 10-item Physical Function assessment form. ; PROMIS PF-20 - PROMIS PF-20, 20-item physical function assessment form. ; PROMIS PF CAT-10 - PROMIS PF 10-item Computerized Assessment Testing. Bruce et al. Arthritis Research Therapy 2013 15 :R144 doi:10.1186/ar4327....
http://arthritis-research.com/content/15/5/R144/table/T1
*  Patent US20060215739 - System and method for making correlation measurements utilizing pulse shape .
A correlation subsystem for a receiver that receives spread-spectrum signals, including: an array of complex accumulation registers that over multiple code chips accumulate correlation measurements that correspond to samples of the received signal, the complex accumulators being associated with code chip ranges that span all or a portion of one or more code chips; a code phase decoder that controls the complex accumulation registers to direct respective correlation measurements to the complex accumulation registers that are associated with the code chip ranges from which the samples are taken, the code phase decoder decoding values that correspond to estimated code phase times of the samples; and a processor for selectively combining the accumulated values from two or more accumulation registers to produce correlation values for use in one or more correlation techniques, multipath mitigation techniques or both. A computer generated method for tracking a spread spectrum signal the method including the steps of...
http://google.com/patents/US20060215739?ie=ISO-8859-1&dq=7,007,239
*  www.genomebiology.com - Figure 3
www genomebiology com figure resolution standard high figure relationship of calculated binding energy to relative hybridization intensity for each of the oligonucleotides shown in figure a binding energy kcal mol to the perfect match sequence was calculated using arrayoligoselector and plotted against relative hybridization intensity the pearson correlation coefficient r indicates a strong correlation between the calculated binding energy and hybridization performance bozdech et al genome biology r doi gb r...
http://genomebiology.com/2003/4/2/R9/figure/F3
*  HealthBoards - View Single Post - Mono / Ebv for the second time -really bad! Anyone else have it m
healthboards view single post mono ebv for the second time really bad anyone else have it more than once thread mono ebv for the second time really bad anyone else have it more than once view single post pm tetianainto senior member female join date apr location toronto on canada posts re mono ebv for the second time really bad anyone else have it more than once hi sorry to hear about your symptoms i had a virus last year that lasted months not mono but some wierd mutated bug that wouldn t let go of my glands and throat i also thought i was dying from some terrible disease who has a sore throat for months and i wonder how much the anxiety played into this virus anyways some of your symptoms sound familiar weak fatigue light headed this can be all anxiety as for the racing heart it is also likely a symptom of anxiety but someone once told me that being dehydrated could elevate your heart rate too sounds strange but are u drinking enough hope you feel better soon i know how hard it is to be responsible of takin...
http://healthboards.com/boards/3463636-post4.html
*  Samyang 24mm f/1.4 ED AS UMC Nikon mounted on Nikon D3X : Tests and Reviews
... WHAT IS DxOMark. Samyang 24mm f/1.4 ED AS UMC Nikon mounted on Nikon D3X : Tests and Reviews Tweet. Samyang 24mm f/1.4 ED AS UMC Nikon. mounted on: Nikon D200 Nikon D3 Nikon D300s Nikon D3200 Nikon D3300 Nikon D3s Nikon D3X Nikon D4 Nikon D40X Nikon D5000 Nikon D5200 Nikon D5300 Nikon D60 Nikon D600 Nikon D610 Nikon D70 Nikon D700 Nikon D7000 Nikon D7100 Nikon D750 Nikon D800 Nikon D800E Nikon D810 Nikon D90 Nikon Df. View how the Samyang24mm f/1.4 ED AS UMC Nikon lens rates at the DxOMark Score. Sigma 24mm F1.4 DG HSM A Nikon lens review: Best model for Nikon users. Read on to find out how well this new wide-angle model performs. Nikon 20mm f/1.8G ED Review: Great results from Nikon’s latest wide-angle prime. We weigh up the DxOMark lens scores of Nikon’s latest 20mm wide-angle prime against some of the competition. We’ve tested the new 24-Mpix Nikon D3300 with more than 140 Nikkor and third-party prime and zoom models to assess image quality. Read onto find out which of these lenses have the best image...
http://dxomark.com/Lenses/Samyang/Samyang-24mm-f-14-ED-AS-UMC-Nikon
*  Are high sample rates better for DSP? - Hydrogenaudio Forums
Ethan Winer. View Member Profile. Jun 10 2012, 20:13 Post #1. Group: Members Posts: 248 Joined: 12-May 09 From: New Milford, CT Member No.: 69730. --Ethan. View Member Profile. Jun 10 2012, 20:46 Post #2. Group: Members Posts: 570 Joined: 1-November 06 Member No.: 37047. View Member Profile. Jun 10 2012, 20:56 Post #3. View Member Profile. Jun 10 2012, 21:17 Post #4. Yes, many filters work better with higher sampling rates. View Member Profile. Jun 11 2012, 01:37 Post #5. View Member Profile. Jun 11 2012, 01:46 Post #6. Group: Members Posts: 1426 Joined: 9-January 05 From: In the kitchen Member No.: 18957. View Member Profile. Jun 11 2012, 02:30 Post #7. Group: Members Posts: 409 Joined: 15-August 09 Member No.: 72330. View Member Profile. Jun 11 2012, 08:00 Post #8. Group: Members Posts: 384 Joined: 3-August 08 From: UK Member No.: 56644. QUOTE knutinh Jun 10 2012, 20:46. QUOTE extrabigmehdi Jun 11 2012, 02:30. View Member Profile. Jun 11 2012, 08:30 Post #9. Group: Members Posts: 570 Joined: 1-Novem...
https://hydrogenaud.io/forums/index.php?s=17d475fce00729edfb39ebdd1b68ac8d&showtopic=95472&st=0&p=798502
*  Apparent infection rate
... is an estimate of the rate of progress of a disease based on proportional measures of the extent of infection at different times firstly a proportional measure of the extent of infection is chosen as the disease extent metric for example the metric might be the proportion of leaf area affected by mildew or the proportion of plants in a population showing dieback lesions measures of disease extent are then taken over time and a mathematical model is fit the model is based upon two assumptions the progress of the infection is constrained by the amount of tissue that remains to be infected and if it were not so constrained the extent of infection would exhibit exponential growth there is a single model parameter r which is the apparent infection rate it can be calculated analytically using the formula r frac t t log e left where r is the apparent infection rate t is the time of the first measurement t is the time of the second measurement x is the proportion of infection measured at time t x is the proporti...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apparent_infection_rate
*  .. Lying to the man behind the counter
Lying to the man behind the counter. Posted on. July 18, 2011 by. shifty. Sometimes it is just easier to lie. Especially when you are wrenchin’ on something unusual – a Wartburg, an ancient Datsun or any car that has had an engine swap. At most chain parts stores, the first thing they do is punch in the year, make and model of your car. No matter what you are asking for. And the pimply-faced kid behind the counter has no concept of simple mechanics. Say you just need a set of spark plugs. After all the info is punched in, you might be asked with a straight face, “Is that a diesel or gas motor?” Which usually stuns me into silence, an un-uttered “Ummmmmmmmm…” just waiting to escape from my dropped jaw. If you are mixing and matching parts from different manufacturers, be ready for that sideways head-turn and dog-like look of confusion. “You need a set of pads for an ’85 Volvo 245 and front rotors for a ’93 Nissan Altima, for a ’67 Datsun What. Who makes that, Toyota?” Parts guy paralysis sets in, and he has no...
http://shiftco.com/car-guys/lying-to-the-man-behind-the-counter/
*  www.biomedcentral.com - Figure
... Resolution: standard / high Figure 3. Scatter plot showing association between the country's total immunization publications and selected country-level variables. Wiysonge et al. BMC Medicine 2013 11 :66 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-66 Download authors' original image....
http://biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/11/66/figure/F3
*  Estee Lauder Beyond Paradise Enticing Fantasy by Estée Lauder, Fragrance Review
Estee Lauder Beyond Paradise Enticing Fantasy by Est e Lauder, Fragrance Review. expert advice. unbiased reviews. Reviews. Beauty Advice. Diet+Health. Beauty Awards. Review. buying guide. Worst Drugstore Body Lotions. 20 Best Drugstore Beauty Products. 13 Awful-Smelling Fragrances. 21 Best Body Washes. browse by. Makeup Remover. Night Cream. Oral Care. + Makeup. Makeup Tools. Powder. + Hair. Hair + Scalp Treatments. + Body. Body Lotion. Body Powder. Body Scrubs. Body Wash + Shower Gel / Foam. Fragrance. Hand, Foot + Nail Treatments. Intimate Care. Nail Tools. 13 Awful-Smelling Fragrances Exclusively from the editors at Total Beauty Get the Buying Guide to see these top-rated products. I got a gift set containing perfume, travel size perfume and the body lotion. 16 Best Perfumes Exclusively from the editors at Total Beauty Get the Buying Guide to see these top-rated products. 7 hawaiian bliss this perfume makes me feel like a beautiful lady......it just gives you a pretty feeling. Write a review of this produc...
http://totalbeauty.com/reviews/product/6017101/estee-lauder-beyond-paradise-enticing-fantasy
*  .. Recent Reviews .. Patterns › Simplicity › 1634 Play shorts and
http://sewing.patternreview.com/patterns/43325
*  WHO | Disability after encephalitis: development and validation of a new outcome score
Redundancy in the score questions In the Malaysian cohort, Cronbach’s α for the 15-question outcome score was 0.927 for all observers and children combined and 0.894 for children who had had Japanese encephalitis. Inter- and intra-observer agreement In the Malaysian cohort, there was very good inter-observer agreement Κ = 0.714 on the outcome score when children were classified according to the severity of their sequelae; the intra-observer agreement was also very good Κ = 0.943. a final outcome score of III, IV or V, inter-observer agreement was very good Κ = 0.942 and intra-observer agreement was perfect Κ = 1.000. In the Indian cohort, inter-observer agreement was moderate Κ = 0.584 and intra-observer agreement was good Κ = 0.799 when the severity of sequelae was examined and inter- and intra-observer agreement were good Κ = 0.786 and very good Κ = 0.902, respectively, when the dichotomous outcome was examined. Inter-observer agreement a for new 15-question outcome score for assessing post-encephalitis dis...
http://who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/8/09-071357/en/
*  Interobserver reproducibility of histopathologic prognostic variables in primary cutaneous melanomas
... - DRO. Contact DRO. Interobserver reproducibility of histopathologic prognostic variables in primary cutaneous melanomas Scolyer, Richard A., Shaw, Helen M., Thompson, John F., Colman, Marjorie H., Lo, Sing Kai, McCarthy, Stanley W., Palmer, A. Allan, Nicoll, Katherine D., Dutta, Bish, Slobedman, Eric, Watson, Geoff W. 2003, Interobserver reproducibility of histopathologic prognostic variables in primary cutaneous melanomas , American journal of surgical pathology , vol. Interobserver reproducibility of histopathologic prognostic variables in primary cutaneous melanomas. Lo, Sing Kai McCarthy, Stanley W. Dutta, Bish Slobedman, Eric Watson, Geoff W. Journal name. American journal of surgical pathology. melanoma pathology mitotic rate prognosis reproducibility precision observer variation quality control kappa statistics. Background : The prognosis for patients with localized primary cutaneous melanoma is known to depend principally on tumor thickness, and to a lesser extent on ulcerative state and Clark l...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30009324
*  ParlInfo - BILLS : Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment Bill 2011 : Second Reading
... House of Representatives. Committees. Committees. Parliamentary Business. Bills and Legislation. Committees. House of Representatives. Employment. Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment Bill 2011. Stage Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment Bill 2011. BILLS Defence Legislation Amendment Bill 2011 First Reading. Second Reading Smith, Stephen, MP. Second Reading Shorten, Bill, MP. BUSINESS Orders of the Day Albanese, Anthony, MP. Rearrangement Albanese, Anthony, MP. BILLS Live Animal Export Restriction and Prohibition Bill 2011 Second Reading Wilkie, Andrew, MP. Live Animal Export Slaughter Prohibition Bill 2011 Second Reading Bandt, Adam, MP. BILLS Customs Amendment Anti-dumping Improvements Bill 2011 Second Reading Marino, Nola, MP. BILLS Indigenous Affairs Legislation Amendment Bill 2011 Second Reading Andrews, Kevin, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Carbon Pricing Abbott, Tony, MP, Gillard, Julia, MP. QUESTIONS TO THE SPEAKER Questions in Writing Hartsuyker, Luke, MP, Jenkins, Harry, MP. CONSTITUENCY ...
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*  ParlInfo - BILLS : Wheat Export Marketing Amendment Bill 2012 : Second Reading
... Parliamentary Business. Employment. Wheat Export Marketing Amendment Bill 2012. Second Reading. BILLS Clean Energy Amendment International Emissions Trading and Other Measures Bill 2012, Clean Energy Charges Excise Amendment Bill 2012, Clean Energy Charges Customs Amendment Bill 2012, Excise Tariff Amendment Per-tonne Carbon Price Equivalent Bill 2012, Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Import Levy Amendment Per-tonne Carbon Price Equivalent Bill 2012, Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Manufacture Levy Amendment Per-tonne Carbon Price Equivalent Bill 2012, Clean Energy Unit Issue Charge Auctions Amendment Bill 2012 Second Reading Burke, Anna, MP. Division. Burke, Anna, MP. Division. Combet, Greg, MP. Hunt, Greg, MP. Combet, Greg, MP. BILLS Dental Benefits Amendment Bill 2012 Report from Federation Chamber. BILLS Air Services Aircraft Noise Amendment Bill 2011 Second Reading Burke, Anna, MP. PRIVATE MEMBERS' BUSINESS Goods and Services Tax Oakeshott, Robert, MP. Wheat Export Marketi...
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*  Interobserver Agreement of Centers for Disease Control and P... : Critical Care Medicine
... Critical Care Medicine Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Interobserver Agreement of Centers for Disease Control and P... A A You could be reading the full-text of this article now if you... If you have access to this article through your institution, you can view this article in. Interobserver Agreement of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Criteria for Classifying Infections in Critically Ill Patients* Klouwenberg, Peter M. C Klein MD, PharmD 1,2 ; Ong, David S. Y MD, PharmD 1,2 ; Bos, Lieuwe D. MD, PhD 5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention criteria are most commonly used for this purpose, but the robustness of these definitions in critically ill patients is not known. The observed diagnostic agreement for source of infection was classified as partial i.e., matching on organ system or site or complete i.e., matching on specific diagnostic terms, for plausibility as partial 2-point scale or complete 4-point scale, and for causative pathogens as an approximate or exact pathogen match. Agreement ...
http://journals.lww.com/ccmjournal/Abstract/2013/10000/Interobserver_Agreement_of_Centers_for_Disease.13.aspx
*  ParlInfo - ACIS ADMINISTRATION BILL 1999 : Second Reading
... House of Representatives. Bills and Legislation. House of Representatives. Second Reading. Second Reading Moore, John, MP. ACIS UNEARNED CREDIT LIABILITY BILL 1999 First Reading. Second Reading Moore, John, MP. CUSTOMS TARIFF AMENDMENT ACIS IMPLEMENTATION BILL 1999 First Reading. Second Reading Moore, John, MP. Second Reading Hockey, Joe, MP. A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE BILL 1999 A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE CONSEQUENTIAL AND RELATED MEASURES BILL NO. 1 1999 A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE CONSEQUENTIAL AND RELATED MEASURES BILL No. Tertiary Education: Equity Scholarships Lee, Michael, MP, Howard, John, MP. A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE BILL 1999 A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE CONSEQUENTIAL AND RELATED MEASURES BILL NO. 1 1999 A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE CONSEQUENTIAL AND RELATED MEASURES BILL No. A NEW TAX SYSTEM FAMILY ASSISTANCE CONSEQUENTIAL AND RELATED MEASURES BILL No. OZONE PROTECTION AMENDMENT BILL 1998 Second Reading Jenkins, Harry, MP. Department of Family and Co...
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*  ParlInfo - BILLS : International Tax Agreements Amendment Bill 2012 : Second Reading
... House of Representatives. Committees. Documents. Senate. Committees. Documents. Bills and Legislation. Committees. Contacting Senators and Members News & Events. Senate. House of Representatives. Second Reading. Database Senate Hansard. Source Senate. Speaker Farrell, Sen Don. BILLS Renewable Energy Electricity Amendment Excessive Noise from Wind Farms Bill 2012 Second Reading Macdonald, Sen Ian. Di Natale, Sen Richard. McEwen, Sen Anne. Ludlam, Sen Scott. Division. COMMITTEES Legal and Constitutional Affairs References Committee Reporting Date McEwen, Sen Anne. COMMITTEES Environment and Communications References Committee Reference McEwen, Sen Anne. BILLS Therapeutic Goods Amendment Pharmaceutical Transparency Bill 2013 First Reading Di Natale, Sen Richard. COMMITTEES Environment and Communications Legislation Committee Reporting Date Cameron, Sen Doug. Regulations and Ordinances Committee Delegated Legislation Monitor McEwen, Sen Anne. BILLS Offshore Petroleum and Greenhouse Gas Storage Amendment Comp...
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*  ParlInfo - Main Committee : BILLS : Appropriation Bill (No. 1) 2011-2012 : Second Reading
ParlInfo - Main Committee : BILLS : Appropriation Bill No. 1 2011-2012 : Second Reading. House of Representatives. Parliamentary Business. House of Representatives. Employment. BILLS. Second Reading. Electorate Stirling. Second Reading Snowdon, Warren, MP. COMMITTEES Economics Committee Report Thomson, Craig, MP. Ciobo, Steven, MP. BILLS Social Security Amendment Parenting Payment Transitional Arrangement Bill 2011 Second Reading Ellis, Kate, MP. Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2011 Second Reading Ley, Sussan, MP. CONDOLENCES Jones, Lance Corporal Andrew Gordon, Case, Lieutenant Marcus Sean Gillard, Julia, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Carbon Pricing Abbott, Tony, MP, Gillard, Julia, MP. BILLS Aged Care Amendment Bill 2011 Second Reading Dutton, Peter, MP. So, just for those failed programs, every household in Stirling is going to have to stump up $567 to pay for that gross waste. This is a terrible indictment on the performance of the Rudd-Gillard government and it...
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*  Luke J Haseler, Griffith University, School of Rehabilitation Sciences - ResearchGate
Luke J Haseler. Are you Luke J Haseler. Article:. Article:. Akira Yamada Luke J Haseler. DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.00917.2014 3.84 Impact Factor. Article:. Results: Global LS measured by the expert strain reader demonstrated high intraobserver measurement reproducibility rest: ICC = 0.95, absolute difference = 5.5 ± 4.9%; low dose: ICC = 0.96, absolute difference = 5.7 ± 3.7%; peak dose: ICC = 0.87, absolute difference = 11.4 ± 8.4%. Global LS measured by the novice strain reader also demonstrated high intraobserver reproducibility rest: ICC = 0.97, absolute difference = 4.1 ± 3.4%; low dose: ICC = 0.94, absolute difference = 5.4 ± 5.9%; peak dose: ICC = 0.94, absolute difference = 6.1 ± 4.8%. Global LS also showed high interobserver agreement between the expert and novice readers at all stages of DSE rest: ICC = 0.90, absolute difference = 8.5 ± 7.5%; low dose: ICC = 0.90, absolute difference = 8.9 ± 7.1%; peak dose: ICC = 0.87, absolute difference = 10.8 ± 8.4%. DOI:10.1016/j.echo.2014.04.016 4.06 Impact Factor....
http://researchgate.net/researcher/39746206_L_J_Haseler
*  ParlInfo - NATIVE TITLE AMENDMENT (TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS) BILL 2007 : Second Reading
ParlInfo - NATIVE TITLE AMENDMENT TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS BILL 2007 : Second Reading. Senate. Senate. Title NATIVE TITLE AMENDMENT TECHNICAL AMENDMENTS BILL 2007. Speaker Ludwig, Sen Joe. 3 BILL 2007 TAX LAWS AMENDMENT SMALL BUSINESS BILL 2007 In Committee Murray, Sen Andrew. Sherry, Sen Nick. Sherry, Sen Nick. Murray, Sen Andrew. INDIGENOUS EDUCATION TARGETED ASSISTANCE AMENDMENT 2007 BUDGET MEASURES BILL 2007 Second Reading Carr, Sen Kim. HEALTH INSURANCE AMENDMENT DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING ACCREDITATION BILL 2007 Second Reading McLucas, Sen Jan. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Telecommunications McGauran, Sen Julian, Coonan, Sen Helen. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Former Senator Ian Campbell Sterle, Sen Glenn, Ellison, Sen Chris. Renewable Energy Milne, Sen Christine, Minchin, Sen Nick Leader of the Government in the Senate, Minchin, Sen Nick. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE: ADDITIONAL ANSWERS Climate Change Minchin, Sen Nick Leader of the Government in the Senate. HEALTH INSURANCE AMENDMENT DIAGNOSTIC IMAGING ACCREDITATION BILL 200...
http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;db=CHAMBER;id=chamber/hansards/2007-06-13/0139;query=Id:"chamber/hansards/2007-06-13/0000"
*  ParlInfo - Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas (Import Levy) (Transitional Provisions) Bil
ParlInfo - Ozone Protection and Synthetic Greenhouse Gas Import Levy Transitional Provisions Bill 2013. ParlInfo Search v1.26.0. House of Representatives. Committees. Documents. Senate. Committees. Documents. Parliamentary Business. Bills and Legislation. Chamber documents. Committees. Opening of the 44th Parliament Senators and Members. Senators. Members. Contacting Senators and Members News & Events. Watch Parliament. Events Calendar. Senate. House of Representatives. Parliamentary Departments. International Program. Sitting Calendar Visit Parliament. Virtual Tours of Parliament House. Visitor Events. Parliament House Art Collection. Photo gallery. Text of bill. Explanatory memoranda. Second reading speeches. Proposed amendments. Schedules of amendments. Bills Digest. Bills of the current Parliament Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of bills homepages, the authoritative sources for verifying the progress of bills are the House of Representatives Votes and Proceedings and the Journals of t...
http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:"legislation/billhome/r5139"
*  Clinical Decision Tools - Lane Medical Library - Stanford University School of Medicine
... Lane Medical Library Hours : 8 AM – 10 PM. 650-723-6831. Live Chat. Ask Us. MyLane login. Guest Access. Lane Search Clinical/PICO Pediatrics Bioresearch Bio-Image Search Bassett Anatomy Textbooks × Need Help. Search Tools. Dynamed. PubMed. UpToDate. Clinical Decision Tools #. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Lane Catalog. All. 223 to 333 of 443 titles. All titles. View by page A-Z 10 year CVD risk calculator — Confidence interval of a ratio of proportions 111. Confidence interval of a ratio of ratios — InterProScan 111. Iron replacement parenteral dosing for iron deficiency — Predicting TB in patients being considered for respiratory isolation 111. Pregnancy calculator — Zung self-rating depression scale 110. ALL Iron replacement parenteral dosing for iron deficiency STAT!Ref. Lane Catalog record Irritable bowel syndrome diagnostic criteria Manning criteria STAT!Ref. Lane Catalog record IV infusion rate Lane Catalog record Jones criteria for diagnosis of rheumatic fever STAT!Ref. Lane ...
http://lane.stanford.edu/biomed-resources/cc.html?a=all&page=3&proxy-links=true
*  Aphasiology - A preliminary evaluation of the reliability and validity of a self-reported communicat
... ive functioning item pool. A preliminary evaluation of the reliability and validity of a self-reported communicative functioning item pool Hula, William D. A preliminary evaluation of the reliability and validity of a self-reported communicative functioning item pool. Abstract Background: Item banking, an approach to test development based in item response theory IRT, is beginning to be applied to the measurement of communicative functioning in aphasia. This approach involves calibrating a set of test items responding to a particular latent trait to a common measurement scale. Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of magnitude estimation ME procedures for validating item banks containing self-reported functional performance items, and to make a preliminary analysis of the validity of a proposed item pool for measuring self-reported communicative functioning in aphasia. Methods Procedures: A total of 14 raters made ME ratings of physical and communicative functioning items. These rati...
http://aphasiology.pitt.edu/archive/00001823/
*  ParlInfo - COMMITTEES : Public Works Committee : Reference
... House of Representatives. Committees. Senate. Committees. Parliamentary Business. Bills and Legislation. Chamber documents. Committees. Senate. House of Representatives. Employment. Public Works Committee. Speaker Stone, Dr Sharman, MP. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. NATIONAL HEALTH AMENDMENT IMMUNISATION PROGRAM BILL 2005 First Reading. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. HEALTH LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2005 First Reading. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. 2 2005 First Reading. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. COMMITTEES Public Works Committee Approval of Work Stone, Dr Sharman, MP. TRADE PRACTICES AMENDMENT PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATH BILL 2004 Second Reading Fitzgibbon, Joel, MP. TRADE PRACTICES AMENDMENT PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATH BILL 2004 Second Reading Tuckey, Wilson, MP. HIGHER EDUCATION LEGISLATION AMENDMENT WORKPLACE RELATIONS REQUIREMENTS BILL 2005 Second Reading Macklin, Jenny, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Workplace Relations Beazley, Kim, MP, Vaile, Mark, MP. QUESTIONS TO THE SPEAKER House of R...
http://open.bu.edu/handle/2144/971/browse?order=ASC&rpp=20&sort_by=-1&etal=-1&offset=70&type=subject
*  ParlInfo - COMMITTEES : Public Works Committee : Reference
... House of Representatives. Committees. Senate. Committees. Parliamentary Business. Bills and Legislation. Chamber documents. Committees. Senate. House of Representatives. Employment. Public Works Committee. Speaker Stone, Dr Sharman, MP. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. NATIONAL HEALTH AMENDMENT IMMUNISATION PROGRAM BILL 2005 First Reading. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. HEALTH LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2005 First Reading. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. 2 2005 First Reading. Second Reading Pyne, Chris, MP. COMMITTEES Public Works Committee Approval of Work Stone, Dr Sharman, MP. TRADE PRACTICES AMENDMENT PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATH BILL 2004 Second Reading Fitzgibbon, Joel, MP. TRADE PRACTICES AMENDMENT PERSONAL INJURIES AND DEATH BILL 2004 Second Reading Tuckey, Wilson, MP. HIGHER EDUCATION LEGISLATION AMENDMENT WORKPLACE RELATIONS REQUIREMENTS BILL 2005 Second Reading Macklin, Jenny, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Workplace Relations Beazley, Kim, MP, Vaile, Mark, MP. QUESTIONS TO THE SPEAKER House of R...
http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;db=CHAMBER;id=chamber/hansardr/2005-09-14/0052;query=Id:"chamber/hansardr/2005-09-14/0000"
*  ParlInfo - BILLS : Live Animal Export Restriction and Prohibition Bill 2011 : Second Reading
... Bills and Legislation. Employment. PRIVATE MEMBERS' BUSINESS Private Members' Motions Reference to Main Committee Jenkins, Harry, MP. PETITIONS Murphy, John, MP. COMMITTEES Public Accounts and Audit Committee Report Oakeshott, Robert, MP. Social Policy and Legal Affairs Committee Report Perrett, Graham, MP. BILLS Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Amendment Fair Protection for Firefighters Bill 2011 First Reading Bandt, Adam, MP. Air Services Aircraft Noise Amendment Bill 2011 First Reading Moylan, Judi, MP. 2 Bill 2011, Corporations Amendment Improving Accountability on Director and Executive Remuneration Bill 2011, Tax Laws Amendment 2011 Measures No. 1 2011, Acts Interpretation Amendment Bill 2011, Midwife Professional Indemnity Legislation Amendment Bill 2011, Social Security Legislation Amendment Job Seeker Compliance Bill 2011, Social Security Amendment Parenting Payment Transitional Arrangement Bill 2011, Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs and Other Legislation Amend...
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*  ParlInfo - Start of Business
House of Representatives. Committees. Committees. Parliamentary Business. Committees. House of Representatives. Employment. Electorate. MOTIONS Minister for Climate Change and Energy Efficiency Censure Hunt, Greg, MP. Second Reading Macklin, Jenny, MP. Second Reading Kelly, Mike, MP. Second Reading Bradbury, David, MP. Second Reading Bradbury, David, MP. BILLS National Health Reform Amendment National Health Performance Authority Bill 2011 Second Reading Oakeshott, Robert, MP. Australian Energy Market Amendment National Energy Retail Law Bill 2011, Industrial Chemicals Notification and Assessment Amendment Inventory Bill 2011 Reference to Main Committee Fitzgibbon, Joel, MP. Social Security and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2011 Second Reading Andrews, Kevin, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Carbon Pricing Abbott, Tony, MP, Gillard, Julia, MP. QUESTIONS TO THE SPEAKER Questions in Writing Southcott, Dr Andrew, MP, Jenkins, Harry, MP. MOTIONS Parliament House: Energy Use Consideration of Senate Message Bandt, A...
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*  City Clerk « Council Packets « CityDocs
City of Fort Collins Public Records. view PDF 144 KB SEP-19-2006 06 SECOND READING OF ORDINANCE NO. 127, 2006, APPROPRIATING UNANTICIPATED GRANT REVENUE IN THE NATURAL AREAS FUND AND AUTHORIZING THE TRANSFER OF EXISTING APPROPRIATIONS IN THE NATURAL AREAS FUND TO BE USED TO GATHER INFORMATION NECESSARY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOAPSTONE PRAIRIE NATURAL AREA MANAGEMENT PLAN. view PDF 102 KB SEP-19-2006 07 SECOND READING OF ORDINANCE NO. 128, 2006, APPROPRIATING UNANTICIPATED GRANT REVENUE IN THE GENERAL FUND FOR THE OPERATION OF THE FORT COLLINS WELCOME CENTER. view PDF 177 KB SEP-19-2006 08 SECOND READING OF ORDINANCE NO. 129, 2006, APPROPRIATING UNANTICIPATED REVENUE IN THE CAPITAL PROJECTS FUND - WATER CRAFT COURSE CAPITAL PROJECT TO BE USED FOR A FEASIBILITY STUDY, DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF A WATER CRAFT COURSE ALONG A SECTION OF THE CACHE LA POUDRE RIVER NEAR THE OLD POWER PLANT. view PDF 175 KB SEP-19-2006 09 SECOND READING OF ORDINANCE NO. view PDF 528 KB SEP-19-2006 10 SECOND READING OF ORDINANCE NO...
http://citydocs.fcgov.com/?cmd=show_related&vid=72&dt=SUMMARY AGENDA&rid=SEP-19-2006
*  ParlInfo - Horse Disease Response Levy (Consequential Amendments) Bill 2008
ParlInfo - Horse Disease Response Levy Consequential Amendments Bill 2008. ParlInfo Search v1.26.0. LIVE. House of Representatives. Committees. Documents. Live. Senate. Committees. Documents. Parliamentary Business. Bills and Legislation. Chamber documents. Committees. Senate Estimates. Petitions. Opening of the 44th Parliament Senators and Members. Senators. Members. Contacting Senators and Members News & Events. Watch Parliament. Events Calendar. Senate. House of Representatives. Parliamentary Departments. International Program. Employment. Education Resources. Parliamentary Friendship Groups. Sitting Calendar Visit Parliament. Media Rules. Tours. Virtual Tours of Parliament House. Visitor Events. Parliament House Art Collection. Photo gallery. Second reading speeches. Proposed amendments. Schedules of amendments. Bills Digest. Bills of previous Parliaments Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of bills homepages, the authoritative sources for verifying the progress of bills are the House of ...
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*  [R] stratified kappa (measure agreement or interrater reliability)?
stratified kappa measure agreement or interrater reliability stratified kappa measure agreement or interrater reliability david winsemius dwinsemius at comcast net fri oct cet previous message stratified kappa measure agreement or interrater reliability next message problem of running r console from java on linux box messages sorted by on oct at pm fd wrote hi all could anyone point me to a package that can calculate stratified kappa my design is like this raters types of diagnosis scores patients each rater will rate each patient for each type of diagnosis score the rater s value is nominal i know i can measure the agreement between raters for each type of diagnosis score e g calculate out kappa values my problem is i want to have an overall agreement measure a single value and its significance over chance could anyone help me with this i am not a statistician or a psychometrician so have no experience with any of these packages a google search on produced this link http www mail archive com r help stat math...
https://stat.ethz.ch/pipermail/r-help/2008-October/178492.html
*  ParlInfo - SAFETY, REHABILITATION AND COMPENSATION AND OTHER LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2000 : Secon
... d Reading. House of Representatives. Committees. Senate. Committees. Parliamentary Business. Bills and Legislation. Committees. Senate. House of Representatives. Employment. Title SAFETY, REHABILITATION AND COMPENSATION AND OTHER LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2000. Second Reading. Speaker Bevis, Arch, MP. Context Bills. Second Reading Abbott, Tony, MP. Second Reading Abbott, Tony, MP. 1 2001 First Reading. Second Reading Slipper, Peter, MP. Second Reading McGauran, Peter, MP. TRADE MARKS AND OTHER LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2001 First Reading. COMMUNICATIONS AND THE ARTS LEGISLATION AMENDMENT BILL 2000 Second Reading Smith, Stephen, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Goods and Services Tax: Interest Rates Crean, Simon, MP, Costello, Peter, MP. QUESTIONS WITHOUT NOTICE Interest Rates: Levels Cameron, Ross, MP, Costello, Peter, MP. Goods and Services Tax: Small Business Fitzgibbon, Joel, MP, Macfarlane, Ian, MP. Education: Funding for Government Schools Lee, Michael, MP, Howard, John, MP. QUESTIONS TO MR SPEAKER Que...
http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/search/display/display.w3p;query=Id:"chamber/hansardr/2001-04-04/0148"
*  Re: Kohler Toilets only fair?
Re: Kohler Toilets only fair. Home. Contact. Toilet Reviews. Sale on Toilets. New Posts. Re: Kohler Toilets only fair. Posted by Terry Love on March 06, 19100 at 00:37:14: In response to Re: Kohler Toilets only fair. : I was checking out the "consumer reports" section of this website and it listed the Kohler Wellworth as only fair. A relative of mine who is a retired plumber suggested I buy a Kohler because he liked them. This Wellworth model has an elongated bowl. The number on the bowl box is 4276-0. It will be installed in the basement where there is a 36" straight run to where the sewage pump resides. I DO NOT want a poor performing toilet. I don't mind flushing twice once in a while but I don't want to be plunging all the time either. Should I return the toilet. If so, could you list some good replacements that cost around $150 and are available at home improvement stores like Menard's. Thanks for your help. The model you have is the Wellworth K3422 A toilet you could find at Menard's. See if they have t...
http://terrylove.com/wwwboard/messages/8483.html
*  doiSerbia - Issue
Full text 242 KB DOI:10.2298/SARH0504134J Slip of the T tube within the common bile duct: A little known complication of the T tube drainage Čolović Radoje, Radak Vladimir, Grubor Nikica, Matić Slavko Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo, 2005 133 3-4 :138-141 Details Full text 262 KB DOI:10.2298/SARH0504138C Radiographic signs of scaphoid union after bone grafting: The analysis of inter-observer agreement and intra-observer reproducibility Mirić Dragan, Vučković Čedo, Đorđević Zoran Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo, 2005 133 3-4 :142-145 Details Full text 144 KB DOI:10.2298/SARH0504142M Epidemiological characteristics of hip fractures in Belgrade from 1990 to 2000 Lešić Aleksandar, Jarebinski Mirjana S., Pekmezović Tatjana D., Spasovski Duško, Bumbaširević Marko Srpski arhiv za celokupno lekarstvo, 2005 133 3-4 :146-151 Details Full text 185 KB DOI:10.2298/SARH0504146L Arterial hypertension frequency in urban and rural population of children Pavićević Mirjana, Pavićević Dragana, Milošević Bojan, Stojanović...
http://doiserbia.nb.rs/(X(1)A(NC4vsf010QEkAAAAODc5ZWQ4MTItNzczZi00YWJmLWJiNDQtYzViOTM2ZDRmN2NhHJalycm5ecH2Sc11EcWQxoheQ5I1))/issue.aspx?issueid=608&AspxAutoDetectCookieSupport=1
*  Scott's Pi
... 'Scott's pi' named after William A. Scott is a statistic for measuring inter-rater reliability for nominal data in communication studies. Textual entities are annotated with categories by different annotators, and various measures are used to assess the extent of agreement between the annotators, one of which is Scott's pi. Since automatically annotating text is a popular problem in natural language processing, and goal is to get the computer program that is being developed to agree with the humans in the annotations it creates, assessing the extent to which humans agree with each other is important for establishing a reasonable upper limit on computer performance. Scott's pi is similar to Cohen's kappa in that they improve on simple observed agreement by factoring in the extent of agreement that might be expected by chance. However, in each statistic, the expected agreement is calculated slightly differently. Scott's pi makes the assumption that annotators have the same distribution of responses, which ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scott's_Pi
*  TiagoCardoso1983/association observers · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Explore. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. 1. Star. 2. Fork. 1. TiagoCardoso1983. / association observers. Code Issues. Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. . HTTPS or. . Subversion. Download ZIP. Implementation of the Observer pattern for model association. 104 commits. 5 branches. 8 releases. Fetching contributors Ruby 100.0%. Ruby. Branch: master. Switch branches/tags. Branches. Tags. 0.0.4. 0.0.5. 0.0.6. 0.0.7. master. Nothing to show. v0.0.6. v0.0.5. v0.0.4. v0.0.3. 0.0.4. 0.0.3. 0.0.2. 0.0.1. Nothing to show. association observers. / Fetching latest commit…. Cannot retrieve the latest commit at this time. Permalink. Failed to load latest commit information. lib. my rvm works again, and i could debug the curry backport. I gave up a…. Apr 25, 2013. spec. .gitignore. .pryrc. .rspec. .travis.yml. Gemfile. LICENSE.txt. README.md. Rakefile. association observers.gemspec. database.yml. README.md. As...
https://github.com/TiagoCardoso1983/association_observers
*  LPVs for CCD observers
... Published on AAVSO http://www.aavso.org Home. Long Period Variables LPVs. LPVs for CCD observers LPVs for CCD observers Dear LPV observers,. I would like to suggest two exciting objects for the CCD observers among you: RU Vul and T UMi. Both strongly decreased their pulsation period and amplitude in the past decades, and are therefore candidates for having undergone a helium shell flash aka thermal pulse in the recent past. RU Vul used to be an SRa variable with P~155d and a full amplitude of 2mag when it was discovered, but the period and amplitude decreased substaintaly in the past decades. Nowadays the amplitude is too low to be detected by visual observations, so it would be required to be observed with a CCD camera to safely detect its light variation pulsation. The last detected period was 108 days, so one observation every five days would be required to get a good light curve. At the moment, its light variation can still be detected by visual observations, but if the amplitude decreases further, i...
http://aavso.org/print/lpvs-ccd-observers
*  HIFI Observers' Manual
... APM, DT. Update for changes made for the OT2 call including in-flight calibration information updates. Revision version 2.3. APM, DT. Update for changes made for the GT2 call including HSpot 5.3 updates. Revision version 2.2. APM, DT. Update for changes made for the GT2 call. Revision version 2.1. APM, DT. Update for changes made starting OT1 observations. Revision version 2.0. APM, DT. Update for initial Open Time call OT1. Revision version 1.1. APM, DT. Update for initial Open Time Key Projects. Revision version 1.0. APM, DT. Initial version. The HIFI Instrument Observer's Manual. HIFI Instrument Description. What is HIFI. How Does HIFI Work. HIFI Focal Plane Unit. The Common Optics Assembly. The Beam Combiner Assembly Diplexer Unit. HIFI Mixers. The Focal Plane Chopper. The Calibration Source Assembly. HIFI Spectrometers. The Wide Band Spectrometer WBS. The High Resolution Spectrometer HRS. HIFI Scientific Capabilities and Performance. What Science Is Possible With HIFI. HIFI's Scientific Objectives. ...
http://herschel.esac.esa.int/Docs/HIFI/html/hifi_om.html
*  aemoncannon/as3-observer · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Explore. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. 2. Star. 7. Fork. 0. aemoncannon. / as3-observer. Code Issues. Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. . HTTPS or. . Subversion. Download ZIP. A library inspired by the C# Rx framework. 4 commits. 1 branch. 0 releases. Fetching contributors ActionScript 100.0%. ActionScript. Branch: master. Switch branches/tags. Branches. Tags. master. Nothing to show. Nothing to show. as3-observer. / Add another example. latest commit 23a9a5c0bf. aemoncannon authored Aug 3, 2009. Permalink. Failed to load latest commit information. bin. lib. src/com/aemon/ observer. Passing early test of mouse drag event. Jul 31, 2009. MIT-LICENSE. README. Rakefile. README. An AS3 library inspired by the C# Rx framework. Just a proof of concept so far. Here's how you might synthesize a mouseDrag event: var circle:Sprite = new Sprite ; var mouseDown:IObservable = Obs.es circle, "onMouseDown" ...
https://github.com/aemoncannon/as3-observer/tree/master
*  Weekly plan
... search weekly plan to ascanews athena gsfc nasa gov ascanewsjp astro isas ac jp subject weekly plan from fumiaki nagase nagase astro isas ac jp date thu nov gmt dear asca team members and asca users i am sending the following weekly plan again as there were some confusion in transmission and the maneuver start time in the table fumiaki dear asca team members and asca users i am sending an observation plan for the week november hereafter we will clarify in the table an isas duty scientist of the week who is responsible to contact with an individual observer and a goddard duty scientist to confirm the pointing position observation modes etc the duty contact scientist of this week is m ishida ishida astro isas ac jp regards fumiaki nagase a s c a weekly observation plan date mnv target tag exp observation start name cat ks cat pri ppi november isas contact scientist m ishida ishida astro isas ac jp cyg x bin pv n white asca team cyg x bin pv sis cal sis team iras agn jpn a fabian pi uma star us s drake vv p...
http://heasarc.gsfc.nasa.gov/mail_archive/ascanews/msg00017.html
*  A simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of 32P-labeled oligonucleotides
... Add publications. Advanced Home. Publications. A simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of 32P-labeled oligonucleotides. Guido Volckaert. and Walter Fiers UGent. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY. Google Scholar find title. SFX find at UGent. Please use this url to cite or link to this publication: http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1927146. Cite this. Guido Volckaert. and Walter Fiers UGent. Department of Biochemistry. alternative title Simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of P-32-labeled oligonucleotides year 1974 type journalArticle original publication status published subject. journal title. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY Anal. volume 62 issue 2 pages 573 - 583 Web of Science type Article ISSN. 0003-2697 DOI. A1 id 1927146 handle. http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1927146 date created 2011-10-13 11:16:04 date last changed 2013-01-30 09:44:26. @article{1927146, author = {Volckaert, Guido and Fiers, Walter}, issn = {0003-2697}, journal = {ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY}, language = {eng...
https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1927146
*  ALLDATAdiy.com - 2009 Nissan-Datsun Altima V6-3.5L (VQ35DE) - Pinout Values and Diagnostic Parameter
alldatadiy com nissan datsun altima v l vq de pinout values and diagnostic parameters welcome guest leading source of online diagnostic repair information buy it now help search contact exit your vehicle nissan datsun altima v l vq de vehicle instrument panel gauges and warning indicators audible warning device testing and inspection pinout values and diagnostic parameters pinout values and diagnostic parameters information combination meter bcm body control module reference value terminal layout physical values buy it now help contact exit alldata llc all rights reserved trademarks privacy policy terms and conditions...
http://alldatadiy.com/alldatadiy/DIY~G~C45827~R0~OD~N/0/138181779/138629620/138629625/138629629/34853741/34867294/34867295/34867302/124213505
*  Tuberculosis Test Unreliable
... View mobile site. HuffPost's QuickRead... Loading... Afghanistan. iOS app Android app. Desktop Alerts. Log in Create Account. Profile. Settings. Logout. October 4, 2015. Edition: U.S. AR عربي Arabic. AU Australia. BR Brasil. CA Canada. DE Deutschland. ES Espa a. FR France. GR Ελλάδα Greece. IN India. IT Italia. JP 日本 Japan. KR 한국 Korea. MG Maghreb. UK United Kingdom. US United States. . Follow. FRONT PAGE. Politics. Wednesday's Morning Email: Jeb Goes After Trump. Go to Politics. More in Politics. Pollster. Politics Blog. Off The Bus. Election Maps. Trail To The Chief. You might also like. WorldPost. Green. Black Voices. Latino Voices. Gay Voices. Business. These Often-Overlooked Tips Will Revolutionize Your Online Job Hunting. Go to Business. More in Business. Small Biz. Money. You might also like. WorldPost. Tech. Media. Arts. Sports. Weird News. Smarter Ideas. Urban Progress. Entertainment. The Mad-Genius Effect: How 9 Legendary Minds Rate On The Sanity Scale. Go to Enterta...
http://huffingtonpost.com/news/tuberculosis-test-unreliable/

Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Image fusion: In computer vision, Multisensor Image fusion is the process of combining relevant information from two or more images into a single image.Haghighat, M.Certified reference materials: Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) are ‘controls’ or standards used to check the quality and metrological traceability of products, to validate analytical measurement methods, or for the calibration of instruments.Volume rendering: 250px|thumb| A volume rendered cadaver head using view-aligned [[texture mapping and diffuse reflection]]Analytical quality control: Analytical quality control, commonly shortened to AQC refers to all those processes and procedures designed to ensure that the results of laboratory analysis are consistent, comparable, accurate and within specified limits of precision.analytical quality control (AQC) program to ensure the highest level of confidence in reported data Constituents submitted to the analytical laboratory must be accurately described to avoid faulty interpretations, approximations, or incorrect results.Electron Microscopy Center: The Electron Microscopy Center is a scientific user facility at Argonne National Laboratory. The EMC works to solve materials problems using their unique capabilities for electron beam characterization.CalibrationXAP Home Automation protocol: xAP is an open protocol used for home automation and supports integration of telemetry and control devices primarily within the home. Common communications networks include RS232, RS485, Ethernet& wireless.HyperintensityClonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Coherence theory: In physics, coherence theory is the study of optical effects arising from partially coherent light and radio sources. Partially coherent sources are sources where the coherence time or coherence length are limited by bandwidth, by thermal noise, or by other effect.Outline of photography: The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to photography:Bioline Reagents: Bioline Reagents is a primary manufacturer and developerBioline: The PCR Company | Company Profile of a wide range of specialised molecular biology products for the life science industry and research markets. It manufactures reagents including ultra-pure nucleotides, DNA polymerases and mixes, DNA markers, competent cells, products for RNA analysis and other general reagents for molecular biology.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingBeta encoder: A beta encoder is an analog to digital conversion (A/D) system in which a real number in the unit interval is represented by a finite representation of a sequence in base beta, with beta being a real number between 1 and 2. Beta encoders are an alternative to traditional approaches to pulse code modulation.Superficial velocity: Superficial velocity (or superficial flow velocity), in engineering of multiphase flows and flows in porous media, is a hypothetical (artificial) flow velocity calculated as if the given phase or fluid were the only one flowing or present in a given cross sectional area. Other phases, particles, the skeleton of the porous medium, etc.Feasibility Study (The Outer Limits): "Feasibility Study" is an episode of The Outer Limits television show. It was first broadcast on 11 July 1997, during the third season.Imaging phantom: Phantom}}Mac OS X Server 1.0Cellular microarray: A cellular microarray is a laboratory tool that allows for the multiplex interrogation of living cells on the surface of a solid support. The support, sometimes called a "chip", is spotted with varying materials, such as antibodies, proteins, or lipids, which can interact with the cells, leading to their capture on specific spots.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Capillary electrophoresis–mass spectrometry: Capillary electrophoresis–mass spectrometry (CE-MS) is an analytical chemistry technique formed by the combination of the liquid separation process of capillary electrophoresis with mass spectrometry. CE-MS combines advantages of both CE and MS to provide high separation efficiency and molecular mass information in a single analysis.Journal of Laboratory Automation: The Journal of Laboratory Automation is a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal published by the Society for Laboratory Automation and Screening in partnership with SAGE Publications. The journal's editor-in-chief is Dean Ho (University of California Los Angeles).Dense artery sign: In medicine, the dense artery sign or hyperdense artery sign is a radiologic sign seen on computer tomography (CT) scans suggestive of early ischemic stroke. In earlier studies of medical imaging in patients with strokes, it was the earliest sign of ischemic stroke in a significant minority of cases.Gene signature: A gene signature is a group of genes in a cell whose combined expression patternItadani H, Mizuarai S, Kotani H. Can systems biology understand pathway activation?High-performance liquid chromatography: High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture. It relies on pumps to pass a pressurized liquid solvent containing the sample mixture through a column filled with a solid adsorbent material.Schering AGNerve fiber layer: The retinal nerve fiber layer (nerve fiber layer, stratum opticum, RNFL) is formed by the expansion of the fibers of the optic nerve; it is thickest near the porus opticus, gradually diminishing toward the ora serrata.Eggs per gram: Eggs per gram (EPG) is a laboratory test that determines the number of eggs per gram of feces in patients suspected of having a parasitological infection, such as schistosomiasis. EPG is the primary diagnostic method for schistosomiasis, as opposed to a blood test.Daniel Kane (linguist): Daniel Kane is an Australian linguist, one of the world's foremost authorities on the extinct Jurchen and Khitan languages and their scripts.Thermal cyclerCharles D. Phelps: Charles Dexter Phelps (September 16, 1937 – September 13, 1985) was a prominent American medical doctor, professor, and researcher in the field of ophthalmology. The clinical studies he oversaw contributed to significant advances in the scientific understanding and surgical and pharmacological treatment of glaucoma.Optic disc: The optic disc or optic nerve head is the point of exit for ganglion cell axons leaving the eye. BecausePhotogrammetry: Photogrammetry is the science of making measurements from photographs, especially for recovering the exact positions of surface points. Moreover, it may be used to recover the motion pathways of designated reference points located on any moving object, on its components and in the immediately adjacent environment.Kodak DCS 300 series: The Kodak DCS 300 series comprised two cameras, the DCS 315 and DCS 330. They were professional-level digital SLR cameras built by Eastman Kodak's Kodak Professional Imaging Solutions division.Electrical impedance tomography: Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) is a non-invasive medical imaging technique in which an image of the conductivity or permittivity of part of the body is inferred from surface electrode measurements. Electrical conductivity depends on free ion content and differs considerably between various biological tissues (absolute EIT) or different functional states of one and the same tissue or organ (relative or functional EIT).Avid Radiopharmaceuticals: Avid Radiopharmaceuticals is an American company, founded by Dr. Daniel Skovronsky, and based at the University City Science Center research campus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Capillary electrochromatography: Capillary electrochromatography (CEC) is a chromatographic technique in which the mobile phase is driven through the chromatographic bed by electroosmosis. Capillary electrochromatography is a combination of two analytical techniques, High performance liquid chromatography and capillary electrophoresis.Atomic mass: right |thumb|200px|Stylized [[lithium-7 atom: 3 protons, 4 neutrons, & 3 electrons (total electrons are ~1/4300th of the mass of the nucleus). It has a mass of 7.Cephalogram: A cephalogram is an X-ray of the craniofacial area. A cephalometric analysis could be used as means for measuring growth in children.Knee pain: Knee pain is a common complaint for many people. There are several factors that can cause knee pain.Brain positron emission tomography: Positron emission tomography (PET) measures emissions from radioactively labeled metabolically active chemicals that have been injected into the bloodstream. The emission data are computer-processed to produce multi-dimensional images of the distribution of the chemicals throughout the brain.Regularized canonical correlation analysis: Regularized canonical correlation analysis is a way of using ridge regression to solve the singularity problem in the cross-covariance matrices of canonical correlation analysis. By converting \operatorname{cov}(X, X) and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) into \operatorname{cov}(X, X) + \lambda I_X and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) + \lambda I_Y, it ensures that the above matrices will have reliable inverses.Proteomics Standards Initiative: The Proteomics Standards Initiative (PSI) is a working group of Human Proteome Organization. It aims to define data standards for proteomics in order to facilitate data comparison, exchange and verification.Cable fault location: Cable fault location is the process of locating periodic faults, such as insulation faults in underground cables, and is an application of electrical measurement systems. In this process, mobile shock discharge generators are among the devices used.DBFS: Decibels relative to full scale, commonly abbreviated dBFS, measures decibel amplitude levels in digital systems such as pulse-code modulation (PCM) which have a defined maximum available peak level.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Fluorescent glucose biosensor: Fluorescent glucose biosensors are devices that measure the concentration of glucose in diabetic patients by means of sensitive protein that relays the concentration by means of fluorescence, an alternative to amperometric sension of glucose. No device has yet entered the medical market,No fluorescent biosensor has yet entered the medical market, however, in the market for research tools several fluorescent biosensors are present, such as a kit using [Vibrio fischeri] but, due to the prevalence of diabetes, it is the prime drive in the construction of fluorescent biosensors.Imbert-Fick law: The Imbert-Fick "law" was invented by Hans Goldmann (1899–1991) to give his newly marketed tonometer (with the help of the Haag-Streit Company) a quasi-scientific basis; it is mentioned in the ophthalmic and optometric literature, but not in any books of physics. According to Goldmann,Goldmann H.Reference electrode: A reference electrode is an electrode which has a stable and well-known electrode potential. The high stability of the electrode potential is usually reached by employing a redox system with constant (buffered or saturated) concentrations of each participants of the redox reaction.EEGLAB: EEGLAB is a MATLAB toolbox distributed under the free GNU GPL license for processing data from electroencephalography (EEG), magnetoencephalography (MEG), and other electrophysiological signals. Along with all the basic processing tools, EEGLAB implements independent component analysis (ICA), time/frequency analysis, artifact rejection, and several modes of data visualization.Dental radiographyGoniometerAbdominal ultrasonographyDemodulation: Demodulation is the act of extracting the original information-bearing signal from a modulated carrier wave. A demodulator is an electronic circuit (or computer program in a software-defined radio) that is used to recover the information content from the modulated carrier wave.Fourier operator: The Fourier operator is the kernel of the Fredholm integral of the first kind that defines the continuous Fourier transform.Riding-like sittingCine Capari: The Cine Capari is a domesticated breed of sheep originating from Aydin Province in Turkey. In 1998, there were 300 Cine Capari and the population was decreasing.PlanmecaCatalytic cycle: A catalytic cycle in chemistry is a term for a multistep reaction mechanism that involves a catalyst.Kinetics of catalytic reactions 2005 M.Calculator: An electronic calculator is a small, portable electronic device used to perform both basic operations of arithmetic and complex mathematical operations.

(1/49462) Highly sensitive quantitation of methamphetamine by time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay using a new europium chelate as a label.

A simple and highly sensitive time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay of methamphetamine (MA) using a new fluorescent europium chelate (BHHCT-Eu3+) as a label is described. Two variations of competitive immunoassay were attempted. In the first (one-step) assay, microtiter plates coated with anti-MA were used, and the new label was bound to a conjugate of bovine serum albumin and N-(4-aminobutyl)-MA (MA-BSA). In the second (two-step) assay, instead of the labeled MA-BSA, biotinylated MA-BSA and BHHCT-Eu3+-labeled streptavidin-BSA were used. The lowest measurable concentrations of MA for the one-step and the two-step methods were 1 ng/mL (25 pg/assay) and 1 pg/mL (25 fg/assay), respectively. These were 10 to 1000 times superior to the detection limits of MA in any other immunoassay. Intra-assay coefficient of variation was approximately 2-8% at eight different concentrations (n = 4). Analysis of 34 urine samples with the new method and conventional gas chromatography showed a good correlation (r = 0.954). The high detectability of the present assay also enabled segmental hair analysis with a few centimeters of a hair.  (+info)

(2/49462) Urinary lithium: distribution shape, reference values, and evaluation of exposure by inductively coupled plasma argon-emission spectrometry.

Inductively coupled plasma argon-emission spectrometry (ICPAES) was used to evaluate the lithium content of undiluted urine samples. The method can be performed with 1 mL of urine in a single tube using a routine ICPAES analysis for rapid and convenient assessment of lithium exposure in humans. Urine samples obtained from male workers (n = 86) who had not been exposed to lithium were used for the determination of this element by ICPAES. The obtained concentrations were corrected using a specific gravity of 1.024. The particular frequency distribution resulted in a log-normal distribution diagram for anatomical spread. Geometric mean value for urinary lithium in the nonexposed male workers was 23.5 microg/L, and the confidence interval from a log-normal distribution was 11.0 to 50.5 microg/L. Taking into consideration a short biological half-life and the massive urine excretion of lithium, urinary lithium was considered to be a useful index for monitoring of exposure. Calibration curves obtained for lithium standards had good sensitivity and linearity. Good reproducibility was assessed by lithium addition to urine samples. It was concluded that the obtained lithium reference values would be useful for the early diagnosis of lithium intoxication or in the assessment of the degree of exposure to lithium in subjects at risk.  (+info)

(3/49462) Transient and permanent deficits in motion perception after lesions of cortical areas MT and MST in the macaque monkey.

We examined the nature and the selectivity of the motion deficits produced by lesions of extrastriate areas MT and MST. Lesions were made by injecting ibotenic acid into the representation of the left visual field in two macaque monkeys. The monkeys discriminated two stimuli that differed either in stimulus direction or orientation. Direction and orientation discrimination were assessed by measuring thresholds with gratings and random-dots placed in the intact or lesioned visual fields. At the start of behavioral testing, we found pronounced, motion-specific deficits in thresholds for all types of moving stimuli, including pronounced elevations in contrast thresholds and in signal-to-noise thresholds measured with moving gratings, as well as deficits in direction range thresholds and motion coherence measured with random-dot stimuli. In addition, the accuracy of direction discrimination was reduced at smaller spatial displacements (i.e. step sizes), suggesting an increase in spatial scale of the residual directional mechanism. Subsequent improvements in thresholds were seen with all motion stimuli, as behavioral training progressed, and these improvements occurred only with extensive behavioral testing in the lesioned visual field. These improvements were particularly pronounced for stimuli not masked by noise. On the other hand, deficits in the ability to extract motion from noisy stimuli and in the accuracy of direction discrimination persisted despite extensive behavioral training. These results demonstrate the importance of areas MT and MST for the perception of motion direction, particularly in the presence of noise. In addition, they provide evidence for the importance of behavioral training for functional recovery after cortical lesions. The data also strongly support the idea of functional specialization of areas MT and MST for motion processing.  (+info)

(4/49462) Comparative efficacy of positron emission tomography with FDG and computed tomographic scanning in preoperative staging of non-small cell lung cancer.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of positron emission tomography with 2-fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (PET-FDG) in the preoperative staging (N and M staging) of patients with lung cancer. The authors wanted to compare the efficacy of PET scanning with currently used computed tomography (CT) scanning. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Results of whole-body PET-FDG imaging and CT scans were compared with histologic findings for the presence or absence of lymph node disease or metastatic sites. Sampling of mediastinal lymph nodes was performed using mediastinoscopy or thoracotomy. RESULTS: PET-FDG imaging was significantly more sensitive, specific, and accurate for detecting N disease than CT. PET changed N staging in 35% and M staging in 11% of patients. CT scans helped in accurate anatomic localization of 6/57 PET lymph node abnormalities. CONCLUSION: PET-FDG is a reliable method for preoperative staging of patients with lung cancer and would help to optimize management of these patients. Accurate lymph node staging of lung cancer may be ideally performed by simultaneous review of PET and CT scans.  (+info)

(5/49462) Permanent work incapacity, mortality and survival without work incapacity among occupations and social classes: a cohort study of ageing men in Geneva.

BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the burden of disability and death in men, from middle age to age of retirement, among occupational groups and classes in Geneva. METHODS: Men were included if they resided in the Canton of Geneva, were 45 years of age in 1970-1972, and were not receiving a disability pension at the start of the follow-up. The cohort of 5137 men was followed up for 20 years and linked to national registers of disability pension allowance and of causes of death. RESULTS: There was a steep upward trend in incidence of permanent work incapacity with lower social class for all causes as well as for the seven causes of disability studied. Compared with professional occupations (social class I), the relative risk (RR) of permanent work incapacity was 11.4 for partly skilled and unskilled occupations (class IV+V) (95% confidence interval [CI]: 5.2-28.0). The social class gradient in mortality was in the same direction as that in work incapacity although much less steep (RR class IV+V to class I = 1.6, 95% CI : 1.1-2.2). Survival without work incapacity at the time of the 65th birthday ranged from only 57% in construction workers and labourers to 89% in science and related professionals. Unemployment in Geneva was below 1.5% during almost all the study period. CONCLUSIONS: Medically-ascertained permanent work incapacity and survival without work incapacity have shown considerably greater socioeconomic differentials than the mortality differentials.  (+info)

(6/49462) A method for calculating age-weighted death proportions for comparison purposes.

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a method for calculating age-weighted death proportions (wDP) for comparison purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodological study using secondary data from the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1980-1994) was carried out. First, deaths are weighted in terms of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years. Then, in order to eliminate distortion of comparisons among proportions of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years (pYPLL-100), the denominator is set to that of a standard age distribution of deaths for all causes. Conventional death proportions (DP), pYPLL-100, and wDP were calculated. RESULTS: Populations in which deaths from a particular cause occur at older ages exhibit lower wDP than those in which deaths occur at younger ages. The sum of all cause-specific wDP equals one only when the test population has exactly the same age distribution of deaths for all causes as that of the standard population. CONCLUSION: Age-weighted death proportions improve the information given by conventional DP, and are strongly recommended for comparison purposes.  (+info)

(7/49462) Comparison of active and cancer registry-based follow-up for breast cancer in a prospective cohort study.

The authors compared the relative effectiveness of two distinct follow-up designs in prospective cohort studies--the active approach, based on direct contact with study subjects, and the passive approach, based on record linkages with population-based cancer registries--utilizing available information from the New York University Women's Health Study (WHS) and the New York State Cancer Registry (NYSCR). The analyses were limited to breast cancer cases identified during the period 1985-1992, for which follow-up was considered reasonably complete by both the WHS and the NYSCR. Among 12,947 cohort members who reported a New York State address, 303 pathologically confirmed cases were identified through active follow-up and 284 through record linkage. Sixty-three percent of cancers were identified by both sources, 21% by the WHS only, and 16% by the NYSCR only. The agreement was appreciably better for invasive cancers. The percentage of cases identified only by the NYSCR was increased among subjects whose active follow-up was incomplete, as well as among nonwhites, obese patients, and parous patients. This suggests that relying on either type of follow-up alone may introduce certain biases in evaluating risk factors for breast cancer. Combining both approaches appears to be a better strategy in prospective cohort studies.  (+info)

(8/49462) Reliability of information on physical activity and other chronic disease risk factors among US women aged 40 years or older.

Data on chronic disease risk behaviors and related variables, including barriers to and attitudes toward physical activity, are lacking for women of some racial/ethnic groups. A test-retest study was conducted from July 1996 through June 1997 among US women (n = 199) aged 40 years or more who were white, black, American Indian/Alaska Native, or Hispanic. The sample was selected and interviews were conducted using a modified version of the methods of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. For behavioral risk factors such as physical inactivity, smoking, and low fruit and vegetable consumption, group prevalences were generally similar between interviews 1 and 2. However, kappa values for selected physical activity variables ranged from 0.26 to 0.51 and tended to be lower for black women. Discordance was low for variables on cigarette smoking and exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (kappa = 0.64-0.92). Discordance was high (kappa = 0.33) for low consumption of fruits and vegetables. Additional variables for barriers to and access to exercise ranged widely across racial/ethnic groups and in terms of measures of agreement. These methods illustrate an efficient way to sample and assess the reliability of data collected from women of racial/ethnic minority groups.  (+info)


How long does it take for Lab Corp to find out the results of your drug test.?


I know they do not tell you the results, and that's not my question. My question is how does it take them to test your urine, and come up with the results to give to your potential employer? Do they have to send the urine out to be tested or are they equipped to test it in their office?
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Most labs (like Lab Corp in my area) will have the results within one to two days...depending on what they are testing for...I believe the testing is done on-site..(that is what they DO...they would not be a lab who used another lab...know what I mean?)....
When I had my drug test for my employer, I never heard one way or the other...but since I don't do drugs, I never thought about it...and I have been at my current position over a year now...
If you have no illegal drugs or prescription drugs not prescribed to you in your system, then you have nothing to worry about...


What condition results from an obstruction that totally blocks the flow of blood in a coronary artery?


What condition results from an obstruction that totally blocks the flow of blood in a coronary artery?

   A. Headache 
   B. Heart attack 
   C. Stroke 
   D. Blindness
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Answer is B. Heart attack (Myocardial infarction).
Acute coronary syndromes result from acute obstruction of a coronary artery. Consequences depend on degree and location of obstruction and range from unstable angina to non-ST-segment elevation MI (NSTEMI), ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI), and sudden cardiac death. Symptoms are similar in each of these syndromes (except sudden death) and include chest discomfort with or without dyspnea, nausea, and diaphoresis. Diagnosis is by ECG and the presence or absence of serologic markers. Treatment is antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants, nitrates, β-blockers, and, for STEMI, emergency reperfusion via fibrinolytic drugs, percutaneous intervention, or, occasionally, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.


How long does it take to see results when using ProActiv solution?


I tried ProActiv solution a few years ago. I used it faithfully for a month and I didn't see any results as far as acne goes, but my skin did get a lot softer. So I decided to give up on it and try some other things. My acne isn't HORRIBLE. Sometimes my skin looks almost perfect, but then I get a big breakout and it ruins my esteem. I want the breakouts to go away. I'm willing to try ProActiv again because I've seen amazing results on people in my own school, and if it can do that for ME, I will be ecstatic. I know it doesn't work on everyone, but how long does it take to determine whether or not it's working?
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I used it for three months, and my acne just got worse. But like you, my skin did get softer. I would recomend Neutrogeuna (or however you spell it), much cheaper and I have seen better results than I ever imagined.

HIH!


How can remain motivated if nothing resulting from my efforts are fulfilling to me?


Good results don't feel fulfilling to me anymore. I get depressed about the bad results and yet when I work hard for good results I don't feel any positive emotions at all. How can remain motivated if nothing resulting from my efforts are fulfilling to me? I've also lost interest in almost everything these days and sometimes feel too tired to live (and I'm only 19!). What shall I do?
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"The world ain’t all sunshine and rainbows. It is a very mean and nasty place, and I don’t care how tough you are, it will beat you to your knees and keep you there permanently if you let it. You, me or nobody is going to hit as hard as life. But it ain’t about how hard you hit, it is about how hard you can get hit and keep moving forward, how much you can take and keep moving forward. That’s how winning is done! Now, if you know what you’re worth, then go out and get what you’re worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hit, and not pointing fingers saying you ain’t where you are because of him, or her, or anybody. Cowards do that and that ain’t you. You’re better than that!" Rocky Balboa

you only get results if you stay strong


How long will it take to see results after beginning a workout regimine?


Any specific workouts that yield the most results?I hate dieting so I can't do that. Just exercising.
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If you're so anxious to see results, you're in the wrong track. It's also discouraging to call it a "regime". Make only those changes you can stick to FOR LIFE and forget about results. Easy diet: eat 8 servings of veggies and fruit every day and drink a minimum of 2 liters of water. Easy exercise: walk for 30 to 60 minutes at 5 or 6 km/h.


What abdominal exercises are the best to get great results?


Abdominal Exercises can get fantastic results but the multiple assorted ways to get to the end are complicated. Has anyone completed the steps and can offer support and directions to me so that I can complete the program too.
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The Real Truth About Abs Exercises answers several of the questions you put forward. Each individual will get different results so no one can make any promises but everyone needs to get started and I got acceptable results with this program. 
The URL is:http://www.realtruthaboutabsexercises.us


How long after working out does it take to show results?


I've just started working out and was wondering how long it will take until I see noticible results?  I'm 24 years old. I'm not fat, I just want to lose maybe 10 pounds and mostly just tone up and get definition. I'll be working out 3 days a week (the days I have class so I can use the rec center at college). I'm planning on doing about 60 min cardio and 30 min weight training or 45 min cardio and 45 min weight traning.

How long should I expect to wait in order to see noticible results? I'm rather impatient and don't want to get discouraged after 2 weeks and quit if I don't see results.   Thanks
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they generally say 6-8 weeks for real results to show.  Don't get discouraged, plus, you see yourself every day so you won't notice slight changes day by day.  Take a picture of yourself every couple of days on a disposable camera and line them up after that 6-8 weeks and then see how you've done.


How fast will i see results from rushfit?


I've heard GSP Rushfit is a great workout program and that you'll see results fast. I'm planning on buying the abdominal strength dvd and the explosive strength dvd. How fast will I see results? And should I expect to get ripped or to add mass?
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How fast can you see results with Gsp rushfit? That depends on lots of things like how you eat and what you usually do.  If you've been very inactive, You will probably see great results by week 3, and if you're in great shape already it may take the  whole 8 weeks to notice changes (if this is the case you are probably doing it just to keep things interesting or because you love the challenge). 

Since you are buying 2 rushfit dvd's though, I'm guessing you will combine these workouts with your own  workouts?  I would recommend you combine it with some weightlifting for best results, rushfit will get you lean and if combined with weights you can add mass and get ripped.  All in all, rushfit will not help you gain mass by itself because its more about conditioning and being in shape.