Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Reference Standards: A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.Spirometry: Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Clinical Chemistry Tests: Laboratory tests demonstrating the presence of physiologically significant substances in the blood, urine, tissue, and body fluids with application to the diagnosis or therapy of disease.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Hematologic Tests: Tests used in the analysis of the hemic system.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Blood Chemical Analysis: An examination of chemicals in the blood.Chemistry, Clinical: The specialty of ANALYTIC CHEMISTRY applied to assays of physiologically important substances found in blood, urine, tissues, and other biological fluids for the purpose of aiding the physician in making a diagnosis or following therapy.Diagnostic Techniques, Endocrine: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the endocrine glands or demonstration of their physiological processes.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Hydroxycorticosteroids: A group of corticosteroids carrying hydroxy groups, usually in the 11- or 17-positions. They comprise the bulk of the corticosteroids used systemically. As they are relatively insoluble in water, salts of various esterified forms are often used for injections or solutions.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity: The amount of a gas taken up, by the pulmonary capillary blood from the alveolar gas, per minute per unit of average pressure of the gradient of the gas across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.Hemoglobinometry: Measurement of hemoglobin concentration in blood.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Total Lung Capacity: The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Tachypnea: Increased RESPIRATORY RATE.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Vital Capacity: The volume of air that is exhaled by a maximal expiration following a maximal inspiration.Forced Expiratory Volume: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Nephelometry and Turbidimetry: Chemical analysis based on the phenomenon whereby light, passing through a medium with dispersed particles of a different refractive index from that of the medium, is attenuated in intensity by scattering. In turbidimetry, the intensity of light transmitted through the medium, the unscattered light, is measured. In nephelometry, the intensity of the scattered light is measured, usually, but not necessarily, at right angles to the incident light beam.BrazilObserver Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Laboratories: Facilities equipped to carry out investigative procedures.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Respiratory Physiological Phenomena: Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Algeria: A country in northern Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between MOROCCO and TUNISIA. Its capital is Algiers.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Adrenal Cortex Function Tests: Examinations that evaluate and monitor hormone production in the adrenal cortex.Statistics as Topic: The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Hippurates: Salts and esters of hippuric acid.Immunoradiometric Assay: Form of radioimmunoassay in which excess specific labeled antibody is added directly to the test antigen being measured.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed: Echocardiography applying the Doppler effect, with velocity detection combined with range discrimination. Short bursts of ultrasound are transmitted at regular intervals and the echoes are demodulated as they return.SwitzerlandEnvironmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Hematology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with morphology, physiology, and pathology of the blood and blood-forming tissues.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Lung Volume Measurements: Measurement of the amount of air that the lungs may contain at various points in the respiratory cycle.Semen Analysis: The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Calibration: Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.CreatinineAnalysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Population Groups: Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)Cardiac Volume: The volume of the HEART, usually relating to the volume of BLOOD contained within it at various periods of the cardiac cycle. The amount of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat is STROKE VOLUME.Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional: Echocardiography amplified by the addition of depth to the conventional two-dimensional ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY visualizing only the length and width of the heart. Three-dimensional ultrasound imaging was first described in 1961 but its application to echocardiography did not take place until 1974. (Mayo Clin Proc 1993;68:221-40)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Blood Specimen Collection: The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.Hemoglobins: The oxygen-carrying proteins of ERYTHROCYTES. They are found in all vertebrates and some invertebrates. The number of globin subunits in the hemoglobin quaternary structure differs between species. Structures range from monomeric to a variety of multimeric arrangements.Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Colorimetry: Any technique by which an unknown color is evaluated in terms of standard colors. The technique may be visual, photoelectric, or indirect by means of spectrophotometry. It is used in chemistry and physics. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Lung Compliance: The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.JapanBlood Cell Count: The number of LEUKOCYTES and ERYTHROCYTES per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD. A complete blood count (CBC) also includes measurement of the HEMOGLOBIN; HEMATOCRIT; and ERYTHROCYTE INDICES.Airway Resistance: Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Blood Sedimentation: Measurement of rate of settling of erythrocytes in anticoagulated blood.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Crown-Rump Length: In utero measurement corresponding to the sitting height (crown to rump) of the fetus. Length is considered a more accurate criterion of the age of the fetus than is the weight. The average crown-rump length of the fetus at term is 36 cm. (From Williams Obstetrics, 18th ed, p91)Erythrocyte Indices: ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.EuropeIodine: A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Lymphocyte Count: The number of LYMPHOCYTES per unit volume of BLOOD.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Breath Tests: Any tests done on exhaled air.GermanyCalcaneus: The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Urinalysis: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Plasma: The residual portion of BLOOD that is left after removal of BLOOD CELLS by CENTRIFUGATION without prior BLOOD COAGULATION.BelgiumMonitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Data Interpretation, Statistical: Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.Asian Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.ItalyHeart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Erythrocyte Count: The number of RED BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.United StatesRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Sperm Count: A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.Vitamin B 12: A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Exercise Tolerance: The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.Absorptiometry, Photon: A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.PolandImaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Infant, Premature: A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Leukocyte Count: The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Lung Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.Hematocrit: The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.Blood Proteins: Proteins that are present in blood serum, including SERUM ALBUMIN; BLOOD COAGULATION FACTORS; and many other types of proteins.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Human Growth Hormone: A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.CD4-CD8 Ratio: Ratio of T-LYMPHOCYTES that express the CD4 ANTIGEN to those that express the CD8 ANTIGEN. This value is commonly assessed in the diagnosis and staging of diseases affecting the IMMUNE SYSTEM including HIV INFECTIONS.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Peak Expiratory Flow Rate: Measurement of the maximum rate of airflow attained during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination. Common abbreviations are PEFR and PFR.Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.Walking: An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.Bilirubin: A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Echocardiography, Doppler: Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.Radioimmunoassay: Classic quantitative assay for detection of antigen-antibody reactions using a radioactively labeled substance (radioligand) either directly or indirectly to measure the binding of the unlabeled substance to a specific antibody or other receptor system. Non-immunogenic substances (e.g., haptens) can be measured if coupled to larger carrier proteins (e.g., bovine gamma-globulin or human serum albumin) capable of inducing antibody formation.Oscillometry: The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Toluene: A widely used industrial solvent.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Muscle Strength: The amount of force generated by MUSCLE CONTRACTION. Muscle strength can be measured during isometric, isotonic, or isokinetic contraction, either manually or using a device such as a MUSCLE STRENGTH DYNAMOMETER.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Child Development: The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.IranSerum Albumin: A major protein in the BLOOD. It is important in maintaining the colloidal osmotic pressure and transporting large organic molecules.Carbon Monoxide: Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Semen: The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Ventricular Function, Right: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Fetal Blood: Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Systole: Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.Lymphocyte Subsets: A classification of lymphocytes based on structurally or functionally different populations of cells.Folic Acid: A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Mass Spectrometry: An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.FinlandSmoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.

*  jira] Commented: (DERBY-2240) 'VALUES expression' is written 'VALUES statement...
VALUES 1,2,3 , "VALUES expression" is written "VALUES statement" in SelectExpression page of Derby Reference Manual ... jira] Commented: (DERBY-2240) 'VALUES expression' is written 'VALUES statement' in SelectExpression page of Derby Reference ... you use a VALUES statement, not a SelectExpression. , I think VALUES statement is not correct . , It must be VALUES expression ... The SQL standard name for this use of VALUES is ,table value constructor, Note that Derby does have a VALUES statement, e.g. ...
http://mail-archives.apache.org/mod_mbox/db-derby-dev/200710.mbox/<17137364.1192637390670.JavaMail.jira@brutus>
*  Difference Between Call By Value and Call by Reference - Tech Differences
... call by reference' in context to C++ and Java. In call by value the copy of the variable is passed and in call by reference ... The first is "call by value" and the second is "call by reference". Call by value method passes only the value of a variable to ... 10 value of 'a' and 'b' after function call 12 20 Definition of Call By Reference. Call by Reference method passes a reference/ ... value of 'i' which accepts the value of argument 'a' " +i); system.out.println( " value of 'j' which accepts the
http://techdifferences.com/difference-between-call-by-value-and-call-by-reference.html
*  Extended international (IOTF) body mass index cut-offs for thinness, overweight...
Based on data from six countries fitted by the LMS method, they link BMI values at 18 years (16, 17, 18.5, 25 and 30 kg m−2) to ... Unlike other BMI references, e.g. the World Health Organization (WHO) standard, these cut-offs cannot be expressed as centiles ... These new cut-offs were compared with the originals, and with the WHO standard and reference, by measuring their prevalence ... allowing them to be compared with other BMI references. For WHO, median BMI is relatively low in early life and high
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00064.x/full?globalMessage=0
*  Value Investment on Singapore Stock Exchange: A reference for you - My current...
Value Investment on Singapore Stock Exchange The purpose of this blog is to share with you, the fantastic concept of value ... For your kind reference, you might wannna take a peep at my current portfolio as of 07-Mar-07... ...
http://valueinvestmentonsgx.blogspot.com/2007/03/reference-for-you-my-current-portfolio.html
*  A Good Employment Reference Brings Value - The HBCU Career CenterThe HBCU...
A good employment reference can make or break a job search. Get your supporters lined up before graduation. ... Value of a good employment reference!. Everyone knows the value of a good employment reference to help you stand out in a job ... A Good Employment Reference Brings Value. Posted on February 20, 2016 by admin ... A good reference, of course, does not only have to come in the form of a letter, but can be via conversation with a recruiter, ...
http://thehbcucareercenter.com/value-of-a-good-reference/
*  Structural responses to the obesity and non-communicable diseases epidemic: the...
Total sugars: reference values for Chile.. Exceptions to these cutoffs were proposed for foods with intrinsic differences in ... Nutrient reference values (NRV) had to be defined according to Codex Alimentarius principles [14]. ... References. *1. Central Bank of Chile. Publicaciones estadisticas-Publicaciones Periodicas: Anuario Cuentas Nacionales. Cuentas ... more strict values) were considered for food categories specifically targeted to groups considered to be more vulnerable, such ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/obr.12099/full?globalMessage=0
*  SeverityCodeType - API Reference - Trading API
See the Enumeration Index to see exact use of each enumeration value in the API. Copyright © 2005-2017 eBay Inc. All rights ... For example, eBay may have changed a value the user sent in. In this case, eBay returns a normal, successful response and also ... Calls that use one or more values of SeverityCodeType:. AddDispute, AddDisputeResponse, AddFixedPriceItem, AddItem, ...
http://developer.ebay.com/DevZone/xml/docs/Reference/eBay/types/SeverityCodeType.html
*  QuantityAvailableHintCodeType - API Reference - Trading API
See the Enumeration Index to see exact use of each enumeration value in the API. Copyright © 2005-2017 eBay Inc. All rights ... 10 is the value of QuantityThreshold tag based on the seller's preference.. ...
http://developer.ebay.com/Devzone/XML/docs/Reference/ebay/types/QuantityAvailableHintCodeType.html
*  ShippingTypeCodeType - API Reference - Shopping API
Enumeration Values. Value. Description. Calculated. The calculated shipping model: the posted cost of shipping is based on the ... Placeholder value. See token.. Flat. The flat rate shipping model: the seller establishes the cost of shipping and cost of ... See the Enumeration Index to see exact use of each enumeration value in the API. Copyright © 2006-2017 eBay Inc. All rights ... Calls that use one or more values of ShippingTypeCodeType:. FindHalfProducts, FindProducts, GetMultipleItems, ...
http://developer.ebay.com/DevZone/Shopping/docs/CallRef/types/ShippingTypeCodeType.html
*  VeROReportPacketStatusCodeType - API Reference - Trading API
This value is reserved for internal or future use.. InProcess. This value indicates that eBay is in the process of reviewing ... See the Enumeration Index to see exact use of each enumeration value in the API. Copyright © 2005-2017 eBay Inc. All rights ... This value indicates that the VeRO Report packet has been processed by eBay.. ... This value indicates that the VeRO Report packet has been received by eBay.. ...
http://developer.ebay.com/DevZone/XML/docs/Reference/ebay/types/VeROReportPacketStatusCodeType.html
*  A-level Biology/Human Health and Disease/diet - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
... A-level Biology/Human Health and Disease/diet From Wikibooks, open books for an open world A-level Biology. Human Health and Disease Jump to: navigation, search. Contents. 1 Dietary Reference Values 1.1 Uses 1.1.1 Circumstances 1.1.1.1 Pregnancy and lactation 1.1.1.2 Age, gender and activity. 1.1.2 Food Labels. 2 A balanced diet 2.1 Additional information 2.1.1 Proteins 2.1.2 Vitamins 2.1.3 Fats 2.1.4 Fibre 2.1.5 Water. 3 Malnutrition 3.1 Anorexia 3.2 Obesity 3.3 Starvation 3.3.1 Protein energy deficiencies. 3.4 Vitamin A deficiency 3.5 Vitamin D deficiency. Dietary Reference Values. Dietary reference values are just that - they are values that can help you plan your diet and ensure you are receiving everything you need in the right proportions. Dietary reference values are calculated for the following dietary components;. Estimated average requirement energy/nutrients - this is an estimate of the average requirements of a population ...
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/A-level_Biology/Human_Health_and_Disease/diet
*  Dietary Reference Values
... In 1991, the United Kingdom Department of Health published the 'Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom'. This records 'Dietary Reference Values' DRV which recommended nutritional intakes for the UK population. The DRVs can be divided into three types: Dietary Reference Values of Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom Report on Health & Social Subjects. RNI - Reference Nutrient Intake 95% of the population's requirement is met EAR - Estimated Average Requirement 50% of the population's requirement is met LRNI - Lower Recommended Nutritional Intake 5% of the population's requirement is met. The Dietary Reference Values below are specified mainly for adults. Nutrient Population average % of food energy. The guideline salt intake for adults is about 6 grams of salt approximately one teaspoon. The Food Standards Agency estimate the average salt intake is about 8.6 grams/day. Age Target salt intake ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dietary_Reference_Values
*  Z94.2:Anthro Sectn
Dynamic dimensions include link measurements, center of gravity measurements, and body landmark locations. Static and dynamic anthropometry arc also referred to by the names structural and functional anthropometry, terms which more explicitly express the body and its action. Generally, design limits should be based upon a range from the 5th percentile small female to the 95th percentile large male values for critical body dimensions. For any body dimension, the 5th percentile values means that five percent of the population will be equal to or smaller than that value, and 95 percent will be larger; conversely, the 95th percentile value indicates that 95 percent of the population will be equal to or smaller than that value, and 5 percent will be larger Therefore, use of a design range from the 5th percentile female to 95th percentile male values will theoretically provide coverage for 95 percent of the user population for that dimension. The correlation between body size and strength is ...
http://iienet.org/Details.aspx?id=2624
*  Gnu FreeFont: Design notes
FreeSerif FreeSerif is a proportional-width typeface with modulated stroke, descending from URW++ Nimbus Roman No9, which in turn descends from Times. stem width small letters 139. Superscripts and subscripts Superscript and subscript numerals in the U+2070-U+208F range are scaled 60.0% of their regular height and 64.9% of their regular width, while their stroke width is 94 units, or 95/145 64.9% of its regular value. Baseline for superscripts is at 275 units, baseline for subscripts is at -200 units. italic angle oblique -12. stem width regular; capital letters 94. stem width regular; small letters 84. italic angle oblique -12. stem width bold; capital letters 150. stem width bold; small letters 140. Superscripts and subscripts Superscript and subscript numerals in the U+2070-U+208F range are scaled 60.0% of their regular height and 64.3% of their regular width, while their stroke width is 95 units, or 95/140 68% of its regular value. Baseline for superscripts is at 284 units, baseline for subscripts is at ...
http://gnu.org/software/freefont/design-notes.html
*  Straight Into Bed Cakefree and Dried: How Free Range Are Your Eggs?
Straight Into Bed Cakefree and Dried: How Free Range Are Your Eggs. How Free Range Are Your Eggs. Thank you for this image - you can find the original here We kept chickens on the commune where I grew up. I'm not even sure what variety now, just that they were plump, rust feathered birds who laid a mean orange yolked egg - when they felt like it and weren't being chased across the field by a frisky cockerel. I spent hours drawing those birds, aiming to capture their essence as they scratched in the grass, stepped back for a look and then pecked a bit, before doing the whole thing again. They peered at me out of one eye, head cocked, ready to run should I do anything the slightest bit fox-like. Eventually I became part of the scenery and they resumed scratching and looking, clucking an audible record of findings that reached a sustained peak whenever an egg had been laid. They had a little wooden house on stilts that they would shuffle into every night, safe from the fox, warm and cosy in hay filled nest ...
http://milkforthemorningcake.blogspot.co.uk/2009/11/how-free-range-are-your-eggs.html
*  Patent US8100668 - Apparatus and method for controlling operation of a linear compressor using ... -
The apparatus for controlling an operation of a reciprocating compressor includes: a control unit for detecting a phase difference between current and stroke and outputting a frequency inflection point detect signal or a frequency variable signal; and a stroke reference value control unit for determining whether a frequency inflection point has been detected or not according to the frequency inflection point detect signal and outputting a stroke reference value control signal based on the determining result. 8 An apparatus for controlling an operation of a reciprocating compressor comprising: a first control unit for detecting a phase difference between current and stroke and outputting a frequency inflection point detect signal or a frequency variable signal based on the detected phase difference;. To achieve the above object, there is also provided an apparatus for controlling an operation of a reciprocating compressor including: a control unit for detecting a phase difference between current ...
http://google.com/patents/US8100668?dq=6,563,928
*  www.biomedcentral.com - Figure
www biomedcentral com figure resolution standard high figure the normal age variation in left ventricular parameters in males left and females right solid lines represent rational polynomial curve fit and dashed lines the prediction intervals of this fit reference values are listed in table bsa body surface area esv end systolic volume sv stroke volume ef ejection fraction cain et al bmc medical imaging doi download authors original image
http://biomedcentral.com/1471-2342/9/2/figure/F3
*  Il seme dell'uomo
il seme dell uomo il seme dell uomo il seme dell uomo the seed of man is a french italian film directed by marco ferreri a young couple argue about having a child in the days after a global plague wipes out most of earth s population references external links category films category french films category italian films category films directed by marco ferreri
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Il_seme_dell'uomo
*  Seriously considering upgrading my E1
... Welcome, Guest. Please login or register. Did you miss your activation email. October 06, 2015, 11:35:54 PM. Home. Help. Search. Login. Register. Luminous Landscape Home. Luminous Landscape Forum > Equipment & Techniques > Cameras, Lenses and Shooting gear > Seriously considering upgrading my E1. Pages: 1 2 3. Go Down Print. Author Topic: Seriously considering upgrading my E1 Read 16966 times Ray Sr. Member. Online Posts: 9200. . Seriously considering upgrading my E1 Reply #60 on: July 21, 2006, 05:03:04 AM. BJL, Actually, on second thoughts, considering the 'DoF equivalency' varies, depending on which dimension of the sensors is compared, height, width or diagonal, I'll be generous and give you the 1/2 stop advantage of the 4/3rds system with respect to aperture for a given DoF. That leaves the 350D with only a 2/3rds stop advantage as a result of lower noise at high ISO's and less than that at lower ISOs. I didn't realise the E-500 was so close. Well done Olympus!. However, ...
http://forum.luminous-landscape.com/index.php?topic=11376.60
*  Downdraft table
... s or downdraught benches are workstation s with built in ventilation to capture and filter dust smoke and fumes and draw them away from the material being worked on references category workstations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Downdraft_table
*  Fantasy Hockey Brilliance – DobberHockey
Fantasy Hockey Brilliance DobberHockey. Fantasy Hockey Geek Tools. Rankings Fantasy Hockey Rankings. Forum Latest Posts. Looking Ahead. Starting a Keeper League. Line Combos Fantasy Newsfeed. Dobber Sports DobberHockey. Fantasy Hockey Geek. Free App Free App Iphone. Hockey Rambling. October 4 2015. Pens release Gonchar, send Pouliot to AHL; Oilers waive Nikitin, Canes sign Lack, plus more Saturday was a busier day for news than Friday, so let s get into the bigger stories of the day. The Journey. The Journey: Derrick Pouliot. Derrick Pouliot could start paying dividends for fantasy owners as early as this season. In this edition of The Journey, we will look at the fantasy potential of Pittsburgh Penguins defensive prospect Derrick Pouliot. Derrick Pouliot started …. + October 3 2015. + Looking Ahead: October 2015. + Analytics Advantage: It Isn't Easy Being Mike Green. Top 100 Keeper Defensemen - October 2015. The Top 100 defensemen to own in your points-only keeper league - October edition. NHL Line Combos. ...
http://dobberhockey.com/?option=com_mailto&tmpl=component&link=83bd96b07cdbd3fffb0614b4d52d5e0f778dff71
*  Certified reference materials
... 'Certified Reference Materials' 'CRMs' are ‘controls’ or standards used to check the quality and metrological traceability of products, to validate analytical measurement methods, or for the calibration of instruments. The term European reference material ERM is, similarly, a trademarked {{US trademark |75939575 |ERM European Reference Materials}} term referring to CRMs produced by the European Reference Materials consortium. The preparation of certified reference materials is described in general in ISO Guide 34. These are typically produced by homogenization of a naturally occurring material followed by measurement of each analyte. For natural materials, homogenization is often critical; 17 natural materials are rarely homogeneous on the scale of grams so production of a solid natural matrix reference material typically involves processing to a fine powder or paste. {{Gallery |title=Three steps in producing a natural water CRM |align=center |File:Source of a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Certified_reference_materials
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. New Products. Certified Reference Material CRM. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: Certificates of Analysis are available electronically at www.atcc.org, or by hardcopy upon request. Certified Reference Material produced under an ISO Guide 34:2009 accredited process. Alternatively, product can be stored at -20 C or colder, but stability at this temperature has not been tested by the ATCC and is not guaranteed. Certified Reference Material produced under an ISO Guide ...
https://atcc.org/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000566-dynrank-disabled&hasShowAll=1000566|&slp=1
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. New Products. Certified Reference Material CRM. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: Certificates of Analysis are available electronically at www.atcc.org, or by hardcopy upon request. Certified Reference Material produced under an ISO Guide 34:2009 accredited process. Alternatively, product can be stored at -20 C or colder, but stability at this temperature has not been tested by the ATCC and is not guaranteed. Certified Reference Material produced under an ISO Guide 34:2009 accredited ...
http://atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000568&hasShowAll=
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Cells and Microorganisms Disease/Model. Tissue. Ready to Use QC Strains. Cell Lines. Molecular Biology. Primary Cells. Protein and Virus Production. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. Feeder Layer Cells. Media. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Nucleic Acids & Toxins Genomic DNA & RNA. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services Distribution Policy. Deposit Services General Collection Deposit. Type Strain Depository. Patent Depository. Safe Deposit Services. BioEscrow® Deposit. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards ...
http://atcc.org/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000566-dynrank-disabled,N:4294931062&hasShowAll=1000566|
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Cells and Microorganisms Disease/Model. Tissue. Ready to Use QC Strains. Cell Lines. Molecular Biology. Primary Cells. Protein and Virus Production. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. Feeder Layer Cells. Media. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Nucleic Acids & Toxins Genomic DNA & RNA. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services Distribution Policy. Deposit Services General Collection Deposit. Type Strain Depository. Patent Depository. Safe Deposit Services. BioEscrow® Deposit. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards ...
http://atcc.org/en/Standards/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=N:4294931062
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Ready to Use QC Strains. Molecular Biology. Primary Cells. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. By Organization/Company. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services Distribution Policy. Deposit Services General Collection Deposit. Type Strain Depository. Safe Deposit Services. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC ...
http://atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000566-dynrank-disabled,N:4294155911&hasShowAll=1000566|
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Ready to Use QC Strains. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: ...
http://atcc.org/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000566-dynrank-disabled,N:4294955988&hasShowAll=1000566|
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Ready to Use QC Strains. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 ...
http://atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000566-dynrank-disabled,N:4294955968&hasShowAll=1000566|
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Tissue. Cell Lines. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: Certificates of Analysis are available electronically at www.atcc.org, or by hardcopy upon request. Certified ...
http://atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/By_Focus_Area/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: Certificates of Analysis are ...
http://atcc.org/en/Standards/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=N:4294963100
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Create a Profile. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Cells and Microorganisms Disease/Model. Ready to Use QC Strains. Cell Lines. hTERT Immortalized Cell Lines. Molecular Biology. Primary Cells. Protein and Virus Production. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. Cryopreservation Reagents. Dissociation Reagents. Feeder Layer Cells. Hybridoma Development. Media. Transfection Reagents. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Universal Mycoplasma Detection Kit. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. By Instrument. By Organization/Company. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Nucleic Acids & Toxins Genomic DNA & RNA. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services ...
http://atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs.aspx?dsNav=Nrc:id-1000566-dynrank-disabled,N:4294958792&hasShowAll=1000566|
*  Development of Standard Reference Materials for Vitamin D Metabolites
... Skip to main content. NIST Time. NIST Home. About NIST. Contact Us. A-Z Site Index. please enter your search term s. About MML. What We Do. Organization. Divisions. Working with MML. Honors and Awards. Contact Us. Publications. Topic/Subject Areas. Bioscience and Health. Chemistry. Electronics and Telcom. Energy. Environment. International Activities. Materials Science. Measurement Standards. Nanotechnology. Public Safety and Security. Transportation. Products/Services. Chemistry WebBook. Economic Impact Studies. Materials Databases. Recommended Practice Guides. Standard Reference Data. Standard Reference Materials. Thermodynamics Research Center. Workshops & Conferences. News/Multimedia. Events. Programs/Projects. Facilities. NIST Home MML Chemical Sciences Division Organic Chemical Measurement Science Group Development of Standard Reference Materials for Vitamin D Metabolites. * Development of Standard Reference Materials for Vitamin D Metabolites. Summary: The prevalence ...
http://nist.gov/mml/csd/organic/vitamindinserum.cfm
*  About Inorganic Ventures : Certified Reference Materials and Analtyical Standards
... Inorganic standards Custom reference materials 1.800.669.6799. Inorganic Standards. Custom Standards. New Standards ICP ICP-MS Standards Single Element Standards 10 μg/mL Standards. Multi-Element Standards Instrument Cross Reference. Calibration Standards Groups. Standards. USP Compliance Standards. Isotopic Standards Cyanide Standards Speciation Standards High Purity Ionization Buffers EPA Standards ILMO3.0. ILMO4.0. ILMO5.2 ILMO5.3. Custom ICP ICP-MS Standards IC Standards Anion Standards Cation Standards Multi-Ion Standards Eluent Concentrates EPA Standards Methods 300.0 300.1. Custom Ion Chromatography Standards AAS Standards Modifiers Single-Element Standards Multi-Element Standards Modifiers, Buffers Releasing Agents EPA Standards Toxicity Characteristic Leachate Procedure TCLP. Custom Atomic Absorption Standards Water QC Standards Potable Water Standards Wastewater Standards Custom Water QC Standards Wet Chemistry Products Wet Chemical Standards Conductivity Standards. Cyanide ...
http://inorganicventures.com/about-inorganic-ventures
*  .. Primary standards – Criteria, Properties and Examples
Posted on. January 13, 2014 by Avinash Kodoori. Primary standards – Criteria, Properties and Examples Filed under Definitions. What is a Primary Standard. Primary standard is a compound of sufficient purity from which standard solutions of known normalities can be prepared by direct weighing of it and diluting to a defined volume of solution. Examples. Sodium carbonate Na 2 CO 3 Sodium borate Na 2 B 4 O 7 Potassium hydrogen iodate KH IO 3 2 Pure metals and their salts like Zn, Mg, Cu, Mn, Ag, AgNO 3, NaCl, KCl, KBr  – used in Acid base titrations K 2 Cr 2 O 7, KBrO 3, KIO 3, KI IO 3 2, NaC 2 O 4, As 2 O 3, pure iron – used in redox titrations. Eligibility criteria for a primary standard. A primary standard should satisfy the following conditions. primary standard. should be very pure should neither be deliquescent absorbing moisture nor efflorescent losing water should have high molecular weight so that weighing errors can be minimised should be chemically stable shall be readily soluble under given ...
http://pharmawiki.in/primary-standards-criteria-properties-examples/
*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
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*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
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*  Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1
... Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Tissue. Ready to Use QC Strains. Cell Lines. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: Certificates of Analysis are available electronically at www.atcc.org, or by hardcopy upon ...
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*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Safe Deposit Services. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: ...
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*  Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Page 1
Certified Reference Materials CRMs Page 1. Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Protein and Virus Production. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Type Strain Depository. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety Level: 1. Deposited As Aspergillus niger van Tieghem, anamorph Designation: WLRI 034 120 Product Format: freeze-dried. Comments: Certificates of Analysis are ...
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*  Discussion - Biology Online
In search of suitable reference genes for gene expression studies of human renal cell carcinoma by real-time PCR. Discussion Discussion - In search of suitable reference genes for gene expression studies of human renal cell carcinoma by real-time PCR. The essential result of our study evaluating 10 candidate reference genes for normalizing gene expressions of clear cell RCC was that only the two genes PPIA and TBP did not differ in their expression in malignant and in non-malignant tissue pairs. In the following, this conclusion and data will be discussed, taking into account four main aspects of the current study: a the particular study conditions concerning the preanalytical and analytical variables, b the panel of the candidate reference genes studied, c the validation of suitable reference genes, and d the limitations of the study., the preanalytical and analytical design of our study is defined by three characteristics: 1 use of paired malignant and non-malignant ...
http://biology-online.org/articles/search_suitable_reference_genes/discussion.html
*  A solution of the primary standard potassium hydrogen phthalate,
... Sunday October 4, 2015 School Subjects Art. Physical Education. Grade Levels Preschool. Elementary School. 1st Grade. 2nd Grade. 3rd Grade. 4th Grade. 5th Grade. 6th Grade. 7th Grade. 8th Grade. 9th Grade. 10th Grade. 11th Grade. 12th Grade. Homework Help : Chemistry Posted by amanda1012 on Wednesday, October 3, 2012 at 11:30pm. A solution of the primary standard potassium hydrogen phthalate, KHC8H4O4, was prepared by dissolving 0.4877 g of potassium hydrogen phthalate in about 50 mL of water. Titration with a KOH solution required 36.21 mL to reach a phenolphthalein end point. What is the molarity of the KOH solution. I keep getting the wrong answer Chemistry - DrBob222, Wednesday, October 3, 2012 at 11:36pm KHC8H4O4 + KOH == K2C8H4O4 + H2O. mols phthalate - grams/molar mass =. mols KOH = same look at the coefficients in the balanced equation. M KOH = mols KOH/L KOH I get about 0.066 M. Chemistry - amanda1012, Wednesday, October 3, 2012 at 11:41pm Oh I was doing 1:2 ratio instead of 1:1... That is ...
http://jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1349321414
*  In Search of Standard Reference Materials for ASTM E05 Fire Standards
... You are being redirected because this document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. This document is part of your ASTM Compass subscription. STP1541 In Search of Standard Reference Materials for ASTM E05 Fire Standards Published: Feb 2012. PDF 19 $ 25   ADD TO CART. Complete Source PDF 6.8M 19 $59   ADD TO CART. Abstract The first paragraph of E-691, Standard Practice for Conducting an Inter-laboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method states: Tests performed on presumably identical materials in presumably identical circumstances do not, in general, yield identical results. Further in the same paragraph the factors are identified: Many different factors apart from random variations between supposedly identical specimens may contribute to the variability in application of a test method, including: a. calibration of equipment, and d. If, in fact, identical materials were available, one of the variables of testing would be eliminated because the performance of the ...
http://astm.org/DIGITAL_LIBRARY/STP/PAGES/STP154120120008.htm
*  ASTM International - Standard References for ASTM F2870 - 11
astm international standard references for astm f products and services standards publications standards products astm f standard specification for r l radial truck standard reference test tire citing astm standards citation data is made available by participants in crossrefs cited by linking service a comprehensive list of citations to this standard are listed here e standard specification for p r radial standard reference test tire f standard practice for tire testing operations basic concepts and terminology for reference tire use f standard specification for p r s radial standard reference test tire f standard specification for r m radial truck standard reference test tire f standard specification for r c s m s radial light truck standard reference test tire referenced astm standards the documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard d test methods for vulcanized rubber and ...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/STD_REFERENCE/F2870.htm
*  ISO 15195:2003 - Laboratory medicine -- Requirements for reference measurement laboratories
... International Organization for Standardization International Standards for Business, Government and Society Skip to Content Home Français. Русский. Members area. MENU. Standards. About us. Standards Development. News. Store. Go. Standards catalogue. Handbooks and packages. Checklists. ISO Store. Store. Standards catalogue. By TC. ISO/TC 212 Clinical laboratory testing and in vitro diagnostic test systems. ISO 15195:2003 ISO 15195:2003  Subscribe to updates. Laboratory medicine -- Requirements for reference measurement laboratories. Preview ISO 15195:2003 Abstract. ISO 15195:2003 gives the specific requirements for reference measurement laboratories in laboratory medicine. Examinations of properties with results reported on a nominal or ordinal scale are not included. ISO 15195:2003 is not applicable to routine medical laboratories. The general requirements for the competence of calibration laboratories are laid down in ISO/IEC 17025 for testing and calibration laboratories. ISO 15195:2003 ...
http://iso.org/iso/home/store/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=38363
*  Nady CM 100 Reference Measurement Microphone CM 100 B&H Photo
... The Professional's Source Since 1973. FREE NYC STORE PICKUP Ready Within the Hour >> Free Shipping on most orders over $49. 0 My Cart. Wish List. Mobile. Nady CM 100. Nady CM 100 Reference Measurement Microphone B&H # NACM100 MFR # CM 100. Close. Free Expedited Shipping. Product Highlights Ultra Linear Condenser Mic Omnidirectional Polar Pattern Ideal For Measurement or Recording 20Hz to 20kHz Frequency Response Internally Shock Mounted Capsule. 5 Reviews. Add to Cart View Cart Item in Wish List Add to Wish List. Email. In the Box. Reviews. Accessories. The Nady CM 100 Reference Measurement Microphone features a linear frequency response, omnidirectional capsule, high sensitivity and is ideal for room calibration applications or general recording. Sensitivity -40dB 0dB = 1V/Pa. Reviewed by 5 customers Sort by Newest Oldest Highest rating Lowest rating Most helpful Least helpful. Comments about Nady CM 100 Reference Measurement Microphone : I have been a sound engineer for over 20 ...
http://bhphotovideo.com/bnh/controller/home?O=NavBar&A=getItemDetail&Q=&sku=747384&is=REG&si=rev
*  CRM-CCL-119D
... Skip to Content. Quick Order. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Ready to Use QC Strains. Molecular Biology. Primary Cells. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. Feeder Layer Cells. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Nucleic Acids & Toxins Genomic DNA & RNA. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Commercial Use. Close. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services Distribution Policy. Deposit Services General Collection Deposit. Safe Deposit Services. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Close. Privacy Policy. Product ...
http://atcc.org/en/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs/CRM-CCL-119D.aspx
*  ASTM International - Standard References for ASTM E242 - 15
astm international standard references for astm e products and services standards publications standards products astm e standard reference radiographs for appearances of radiographic images as certain parameters are changed citing astm standards citation data is made available by participants in crossrefs cited by linking service a comprehensive list of citations to this standard are listed here e standard reference radiographs for heavy walled to in to mm steel castings e standard reference radiographs for high strength copper base and nickel copper alloy castings e standard reference radiographs for heavy walled to in to mm steel castings e standard reference radiographs for tin bronze castings e standard reference radiographs for steel castings up to in mm in thickness e standard reference radiographs for ductile iron castings e standard test method for radiographic examination of weldments referenced astm standards the documents listed below ...
http://astm.org/DATABASE.CART/STD_REFERENCE/E242.htm
*  Microbial Enumeration Testing Panel Page 1
... Quick Order. Shopping Cart 0 items. Products. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Cells and Microorganisms Disease/Model. Tumor Cell Panels. Microbial Panels. Ready to Use QC Strains. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Type Strain Depository. Safe Deposit Services. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Close. Documents Certificate of Analysis COA. Safety Data Sheets SDS. Product Sheets. Bacillus subtilis Ehrenberg Cohn Strain Designations: NRS 231 Type Strain: no Biosafety ...
http://atcc.org/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/Microbial_Panels/Microbial_Enumeration_Testing_Panel.aspx?dsNav=N:4294955984
*  NIST Releases Two New SRMs for Monitoring Human Exposure to Environmental Toxins
... NIST Time. NIST Home. About NIST. Contact Us. A-Z Site Index. please enter your search term s. About MML. What We Do. Organization. Divisions. Working with MML. Honors and Awards. Contact Us. Publications. Topic/Subject Areas. Bioscience and Health. Chemistry. Electronics and Telcom. Energy. Environment. International Activities. Materials Science. Measurement Standards. Nanotechnology. Public Safety and Security. Transportation. Products/Services. Chemistry WebBook. Economic Impact Studies. Materials Databases. Recommended Practice Guides. Standard Reference Data. Standard Reference Materials. Thermodynamics Research Center. Workshops & Conferences. News/Multimedia. Events. Programs/Projects. Facilities. NIST Home MML Chemical Sciences Division NIST Releases Two New SRMs for Monitoring Human Exposure to Environmental Toxins. NIST Releases Two New SRMs for Monitoring Human Exposure to Environmental Toxins From NIST Tech Beat : January 10, 2012. * Contact: Mark Esser 301-975-8735. The ...
http://nist.gov/mml/csd/toxins.cfm
*  Patent US8164747 - Apparatus, system and method for optical spectroscopic measurements - Google Pate
One embodiment includes a measurement head for optical spectroscopic measurements, the measurement head comprising an illumination source configured to illuminate a sample, a collection optic configured to view the sample, and an internal reference, wherein the internal reference can be illuminated by the illumination source and viewed by the collection optic. A measurement head for optical spectroscopic measurements, the measurement head comprising: an illumination source configured to illuminate a sample; a collection optic configured to view the sample; an internal reference, wherein the internal reference is configured to be illuminated by the illumination source and viewed by the collection optic; a calibration mirror, wherein the calibration mirror is configured to allow the internal reference to be viewed by the collection optic. A system for optical spectroscopic measurements, the system comprising: a measurement head; an illumination source within the measurement ...
http://google.com/patents/US8164747?ie=ISO-8859-1
*  Standards Programs
... Quick Order. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Production and Characterization Nucleic Acids. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Standards Programs The program mission is to strengthen the ATCC leadership position as the premier bioresource center by creating and maintaining biological standards that protect public interests and provide quality reference material, education, accreditation and certification services to the industry. ATCC® Proficiency Standard® Program The goal for the ATCC Proficiency Standard Program is to positively impact the public health, welfare and safety by providing standardized biological materials in line ...
https://atcc.org/en/Standards/Standards_Programs.aspx
*  WHO | WHO International biological reference preparations
WHO. WHO International biological reference preparations. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Biologicals. Menu. Biologicals Vaccines Biotherapeutics Reference preparations Publications About. WHO International biological reference preparations WHO Role. "To define an internationally agreed unit to allow comparison of biological measurements worldwide" WHO provides Biological Reference Materials which serve as reference sources of defined biological activity expressed in an internationally agreed unit. These preparations are the basis of a uniform reporting system, helping physicians and scientists involved in patient care, regulatory authorities ...
http://who.int/biologicals/reference_preparations/en/
*  Escherichia coli (Migula) Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ® CRM-8739&
Escherichia coli Migula Castellani and Chalmers ATCC CRM-8739&. Quick Order. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Ready to Use QC Strains. Primary Cells. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services Distribution Policy. Deposit Services General Collection Deposit. Type Strain Depository. Safe Deposit Services. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Close. Privacy Policy. Strain Designations: Crooks / Type Strain: ...
https://atcc.org/Products/Quality_Control_Strains/By_Instrument/CRM-8739.aspx?slp=1?p=1&rel={0}
*  Escherichia coli (Migula) Castellani and Chalmers ATCC ® CRM-8739&
Escherichia coli Migula Castellani and Chalmers ATCC CRM-8739&. Quick Order. Products. Services. Standards. Customer Support. About ATCC. Close. Ready to Use QC Strains. Primary Cells. Stem Cells. Culture Reagents Antibiotics. New Products. Testing and Characterization Cell Proliferation. Quality Control Strains By Identifier. Certified Reference Material CRM. Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Product Use Policy ATCC Licensing. Close. Testing Services Cell Authentication Testing. Mycoplasma Testing. Biorepository Management Services Distribution Policy. Deposit Services General Collection Deposit. Type Strain Depository. Safe Deposit Services. Close. Standards ATCC Proficiency Standard® Program. ATCC Standards Development Organization. Standards Resources. ATCC Virus Reference Materials. Certified Reference Materials CRMs. Quality Control Strains Proficiency Testing Programs. Ready to Use QC Strains. Close. Privacy Policy. Strain Designations: Crooks / Type Strain: ...
https://atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/By_Focus_Area/Quality_Control_Strains/Certified_Reference_Materials_CRMs/CRM-8739.aspx
*  Environment Information in MML
... NIST Time. NIST Home. About NIST. Contact Us. A-Z Site Index. About MML. Organization. Divisions. Working with MML. Honors and Awards. Contact Us. Topic/Subject Areas. Chemistry. Energy. Environment. International Activities. Materials Science. Measurement Standards. Chemistry WebBook. Standard Reference Data. Standard Reference Materials. Events. NIST Home MML Environment Information in MML. Environment Information in MML Previous 1 2 3 Next ». Activated Carbon and FGD Gypsum Standard Reference Materials. Carbon Mitigation. Carbon Mitigation Measurements. Certification of Three Soil SRMs for Inorganic Environmental Measurements. Development of Standards for the World Meteorological Organization, Global Atmosphere Watch Program. Fossil Fuel Standard Reference Materials. Fundamental Chemical Metrology. Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases. HML Organic Chemical Metrology Program Areas. International Standards on the Properties of Water. Previous 1 2 3 Next ». Credit: image ...
http://nist.gov/mml/environ.cfm
*  USP36 - PrimePCR Assay and Template | Life Science | Bio-Rad
USP36 - PrimePCR Assay and Template. Home > Life Science Research > Products > PCR Amplification > PrimePCR PCR Primers & Assays > Gene: USP36, Human. Use the PrimePCR lookup tool to find assays and panels for your genes of interest. Bio-Rad collaborated with Biogazelle, leaders in real-time PCR research, to design and experimentally validate PCR primers for gene expression assays across the human and mouse transcriptomes. The selected pathways were used to design panels of real-time PCR primers tailored for the top-ranked genes for differential gene expression analysis. PrimePCR Pathway Analysis: Pathway Curation and Real-Time PCR Panel Design Strategy. Reference Gene Assays Reference genes are used in relative gene expression analysis to normalize for variation in the amount of input messenger RNA mRNA among samples. To streamline reference gene selection, we offer PCR primers for a set of commonly used reference genes that can be used individually, easily ...
http://bio-rad.com/en-us/prime-pcr-assays/gene/usp36-human
*  CFTR - PrimePCR Assay and Template | Life Science | Bio-Rad
CFTR - PrimePCR Assay and Template. Home > Life Science Research > Products > PCR Amplification > PrimePCR PCR Primers & Assays > Gene: CFTR, Human. Use the PrimePCR lookup tool to find assays and panels for your genes of interest. Bio-Rad collaborated with Biogazelle, leaders in real-time PCR research, to design and experimentally validate PCR primers for gene expression assays across the human and mouse transcriptomes. The selected pathways were used to design panels of real-time PCR primers tailored for the top-ranked genes for differential gene expression analysis. PrimePCR Pathway Analysis: Pathway Curation and Real-Time PCR Panel Design Strategy. Reference Gene Assays Reference genes are used in relative gene expression analysis to normalize for variation in the amount of input messenger RNA mRNA among samples. To streamline reference gene selection, we offer PCR primers for a set of commonly used reference genes that can be used individually, easily ...
http://bio-rad.com/en-us/prime-pcr-assays/gene/cftr-human
*  GPX1 - PrimePCR Assay and Template | Life Science | Bio-Rad
GPX1 - PrimePCR Assay and Template. Home > Life Science Research > Products > PCR Amplification > PrimePCR PCR Primers & Assays > Gene: GPX1, Human. Use the PrimePCR lookup tool to find assays and panels for your genes of interest. Bio-Rad collaborated with Biogazelle, leaders in real-time PCR research, to design and experimentally validate PCR primers for gene expression assays across the human and mouse transcriptomes. PrimePCR Pathway Analysis: Pathway Curation and Real-Time PCR Panel Design Strategy. Reference Gene Assays Reference genes are used in relative gene expression analysis to normalize for variation in the amount of input messenger RNA mRNA among samples. To streamline reference gene selection, we offer PCR primers for a set of commonly used reference genes that can be used individually, easily screened using our preplated 96-well and 384-well reference panels or added to custom-designed plates. glutathione peroxidase 1 Assay Type: Probe ...
http://bio-rad.com/en-us/prime-pcr-assays/gene/gpx1-human
*  St6gal1 - PrimePCR Assay and Template | Life Science | Bio-Rad
St6gal1 - PrimePCR Assay and Template. Home > Life Science Research > Products > PCR Amplification > PrimePCR PCR Primers & Assays > Gene: St6gal1, Mouse. Use the PrimePCR lookup tool to find assays and panels for your genes of interest. Bio-Rad collaborated with Biogazelle, leaders in real-time PCR research, to design and experimentally validate PCR primers for gene expression assays across the human and mouse transcriptomes. PrimePCR Pathway Analysis: Pathway Curation and Real-Time PCR Panel Design Strategy. Reference Gene Assays Reference genes are used in relative gene expression analysis to normalize for variation in the amount of input messenger RNA mRNA among samples. To streamline reference gene selection, we offer PCR primers for a set of commonly used reference genes that can be used individually, easily screened using our preplated 96-well and 384-well reference panels or added to custom-designed plates. Beta galactoside alpha 2,6 ...
http://bio-rad.com/en-us/prime-pcr-assays/gene/st6gal1-mouse
*  Cerilliant Corporation
... {{Infobox company logo = 120px|Cerilliant logo |name = Cerilliant Corporation |type = Private |location city = 811 Paloma Drive, Suite A Round Rock, Texas |location country = |foundation = incorporated. 'Cerilliant Corporation', located in Round Rock, Texas, is a manufacturer of certified reference standards and certified reference materials providing products and services to forensic / toxicology, diagnostic/clinical, environmental, natural products,. 2 Formerly known as the Analytical Reference Materials Division of Radian International, Cerilliant was founded in 1980 and began producing chemical reference standards to address the needs of the emerging environmental testing industry. 4 ready-to-use reference standards in solution, pioneered DEA-exempt preparations of controlled substances in solution, was the first to offer certified isotope-labeled drug reference standards, and the first to develop critical metabolites, impurities, and degradants of certain ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerilliant_Corporation
*  Molecular reference standards
... 'Molecular/Genomic reference standards' are a class of ‘controls’ or standards used to check the performance of molecular diagnostic assays. Molecular/Genomic Reference Materials RMs are selected or engineered to model a specific genetic biomarker as it occurs in a patient biopsy. Molecular reference materials. These materials range from synthetic DNA oligonucleotide s or patient-derived genomic DNA, to actual patient tissue biopsies with known mutation status. Cell Line Genomic DNA gDNA. Mimics complexity of the whole genome. Mimics complexity of the whole genome. Can control for multiple alleles in a single reactions. isogenic ’ or similar genetic background between different cells in a tumour. Genetically modified cell line gDNA. Mimics complexity of the whole genome. Ability to dilute modified gDNA with unmodified gDNA. Genetically modified cell line mixtures. Mimics complexity of the whole genome. Ability to dilute modified gDNA with unmodified gDNA. Mimics the ‘isogenic’ ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_reference_standards
*  USGS: Science Topics: materials standards
usgs science topics materials standards usgs home contact usgs search usgs science topics maps imagery and publications hazards newsroom education jobs partnerships library about usgs podcasts rss you are here categories product types help materials standards physical materials such as chemicals rocks water or biological materials that are used for reference when carrying out laboratory analysis subtopics none results of listed by similarity standard reference samples for water quality analysis standard reference samples for laboratory quality assurance testing and are available to purchase for internal quality control the majority of samples are prepared with water from colorado streams geochemical reference materials and certificates site to obtain currently available geochemical reference materials certificates for reference materials no longer available reference materials in production and order and processing information some documents in pdf format usgs ...
http://usgs.gov/science/science.php?term=1729&b=0&n=20
*  USGS: Science Topics: materials standards
usgs science topics materials standards usgs home contact usgs search usgs science topics maps imagery and publications hazards newsroom education jobs partnerships library about usgs podcasts rss you are here categories product types help materials standards physical materials such as chemicals rocks water or biological materials that are used for reference when carrying out laboratory analysis subtopics none results of listed by similarity standard reference samples for water quality analysis standard reference samples for laboratory quality assurance testing and are available to purchase for internal quality control the majority of samples are prepared with water from colorado streams geochemical reference materials and certificates site to obtain currently available geochemical reference materials certificates for reference materials no longer available reference materials in production and order and processing information some documents in pdf format usgs ...
http://usgs.gov/science/science.php?thcode=0&term=1729
*  WHO | Second WHO Consultation on the Development of a WHO Reference Panel for the Control of Chagas
Second WHO Consultation on the Development of a WHO Reference Panel for the Control of Chagas Diagnostic Tests. Navigation Alt+1. Search Search the WHO .int site. Health topics. Media centre. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Blood products and related biologicals. Menu Blood products and related biologicals. International reference materials. Second WHO Consultation on the Development of a WHO Reference Panel for the Control of Chagas Diagnostic Tests Other related documents. Agenda pdf, 19kb. Luquetti - Characteristics of a global reference panel for serological testing: what do we need. ppt, 481kb. Dr. Assal - Tests used in blood screening I ppt, 624kb. Dr. Leiby - Tests used in blood screening II ppt, 1.95Mb. Dr. Garate - Experience from a reference laboratory ppt, 4.22Mb. Dr. Nakhasi - Development of Serological Reference Panel for T. cruzi: ppt, 6.03Mb. Dr. Capriotti - Quality Control of Chagas diagnostics immunoassays: Assay ...
http://who.int/bloodproducts/ref_materials/chagas_dev_ref_materials/en/
*  Biomedical and Health in MML
... NIST Time. NIST Home. About NIST. Contact Us. please enter your search term s. About MML. Organization. Divisions. Working with MML. Honors and Awards. Contact Us. Publications. Topic/Subject Areas. Bioscience and Health. Chemistry. Electronics and Telcom. Energy. International Activities. Materials Science. Measurement Standards. Nanotechnology. Public Safety and Security. Transportation. Products/Services. Chemistry WebBook. Economic Impact Studies. Materials Databases. Standard Reference Data. Standard Reference Materials. News/Multimedia. Programs/Projects. NIST Home MML Biomedical and Health in MML. MML Program Area: Biomedical and Health Previous 1 2 3 ... NIST Posts 5-Year Strategic Plan for Measurement Research and Services in Materials, Chemical and Biological Sciences. Tag for ISO/TC 276: Biotechnology. Documentary Standards. Cytomegalovirus Standard Reference Material. ‘Measuring Stick’ Standard for Gene Sequencing Now Available from NIST. Previous 1 2 3 ... The Material ...
http://nist.gov/mml/bio.cfm
*  Pervious Concrete: The Road Less Raveled: 2 posts from May 2012
Also included in C 1747 is a definition for Design Density: design density, n—the mass of a unit volume of pervious concrete based on the theoretical mixture proportions and void content and where the unit volume includes the volume of the solids and the voids. ACI 522R-10 has the definition for Void Content: void content —The ratio of the volume of voids to the total volume expressed as a percentage. The Arrow Shows the Paste Bridge Between Two Adjacent Aggregate Particles Design Void Content, n-the percentage of voids of a unit volume of pervious concrete based on the theoretical mixture proportions and design density and where the unit volume includes the volume of the solids and the voids. calibration, n—of measuring instrument, a process that, under specified conditions and following a standard procedure,establishes metrological traceability by determining: 1 the relationship between the quantity values provided by measurement standards or certified reference materials and the ...
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*  Using Reference Materials - Commonly Encountered Errors and How to Avoid Them | LCGC
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Certified reference materials: Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) are ‘controls’ or standards used to check the quality and metrological traceability of products, to validate analytical measurement methods, or for the calibration of instruments.Spirometer: A spirometer is an apparatus for measuring the volume of air inspired and expired by the lungs. A spirometer measures ventilation, the movement of air into and out of the lungs.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Serum-separating tube: Serum-separating tubes, also known as serum separator tubes or SSTs, are used in medical clinical chemistry tests requiring blood serum.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Waterladder pumpClinical Biochemistry: Clinical Biochemistry is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the analytical and clinical investigation of laboratory tests in humans used for diagnosis, molecular biology and genetics, prognosis, treatment and therapy, and monitoring of disease ; the discipline of clinical biochemistry. It is the official journal of the Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists.Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Gestational age: Gestational age (or menstrual age) is a measure of the age of a pregnancy where the origin is the woman's last normal menstrual period (LMP), or the corresponding age as estimated by other methods. Such methods include adding 14 days to a known duration since fertilization (as is possible in in vitro fertilization), or by obstetric ultrasonography.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Healthy eating pyramid: The healthy eating pyramid is a nutrition guide developed by the Harvard School of Public Health, suggesting quantities of each food category that a human should eat each day. The healthy eating pyramid is intended to provide a superior eating guide than the widespread food guide pyramid created by the USDA.Analytical quality control: Analytical quality control, commonly shortened to AQC refers to all those processes and procedures designed to ensure that the results of laboratory analysis are consistent, comparable, accurate and within specified limits of precision.analytical quality control (AQC) program to ensure the highest level of confidence in reported data Constituents submitted to the analytical laboratory must be accurately described to avoid faulty interpretations, approximations, or incorrect results.Turbidimetry: Turbidimetry (the name being derived from turbidity) is the process of measuring the loss of intensity of transmitted light due to the scattering effect of particles suspended in it. Light is passed through a filter creating a light of known wavelength which is then passed through a cuvette containing a solution.University of CampinasElectron Microscopy Center: The Electron Microscopy Center is a scientific user facility at Argonne National Laboratory. The EMC works to solve materials problems using their unique capabilities for electron beam characterization.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Immunoassay: An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule in a solution through the use of an antibody or immunoglobulin. The macromolecule detected by the immunoassay is often referred to as an "analyte" and is in many cases a protein.List of butterflies of Algeria: This is a list of butterflies of Algeria. About 121 species are known from Algeria.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Regularized canonical correlation analysis: Regularized canonical correlation analysis is a way of using ridge regression to solve the singularity problem in the cross-covariance matrices of canonical correlation analysis. By converting \operatorname{cov}(X, X) and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) into \operatorname{cov}(X, X) + \lambda I_X and \operatorname{cov}(Y, Y) + \lambda I_Y, it ensures that the above matrices will have reliable inverses.Lake MarathonLausanne Marathon: The Lausanne Marathon or Marathon of Lausanne is an annual marathon race held in the Swiss city of Lausanne since 1993. This road running takes place in autumn (October) and the 20 km of Lausanne takes place in spring (April).Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation Research CenterNetherlands national rollball team: Vishwaraj JadejaCalibrationCreatinineOccupational hygiene: Occupational (or "industrial" in the U.S.Superficial velocity: Superficial velocity (or superficial flow velocity), in engineering of multiphase flows and flows in porous media, is a hypothetical (artificial) flow velocity calculated as if the given phase or fluid were the only one flowing or present in a given cross sectional area. Other phases, particles, the skeleton of the porous medium, etc.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingVacutainer: A Vacutainer blood collection tube is a sterile glass or plastic tube with a closure that is evacuated to create a vacuum inside the tube facilitating the draw of a predetermined volume of liquid. Most commonly used to collect blood samples in venipuncture, they are also used as urine collection tubes and as serum separator tubes.Hemoglobin, alpha 2: Hemoglobin, alpha 2 also known as HBA2 is a gene that in humans codes for the alpha globin chain of hemoglobin.Treadmill: A treadmill is a device generally for walking or running while staying in the same place. Treadmills were introduced before the development of powered machines, to harness the power of animals or humans to do work, often a type of mill that was operated by a person or animal treading steps of a treadwheel to grind grain.Lung receptor: Lung receptors sense irritation or inflammation in the bronchi and alveoli.Colorimetry (chemical method): In physical and analytical chemistry, colorimetry or colourimetry is a technique "used to determine the concentration of colored compounds in solution."Niigata UniversityBlood cell: A blood cell, also called a hemocyte, hematocyte, or hematopoietic cell, is a cell produced through hematopoiesis and is normally found in blood. In mammals, these fall into three general categories:High-performance liquid chromatography: High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC; formerly referred to as high-pressure liquid chromatography), is a technique in analytical chemistry used to separate, identify, and quantify each component in a mixture. It relies on pumps to pass a pressurized liquid solvent containing the sample mixture through a column filled with a solid adsorbent material.Trace metal: Trace metals are metals that can be present in animal and plant cells and tissue and are a necessary part of nutrition and physiology. Ingestion of, or exposure to, excessive quantities can be toxic.European Immunization Week: European Immunization Week (EIW) is an annual regional initiative, coordinated by the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe), to promote immunization against vaccine-preventable diseases. EIW activities are carried out by participating WHO/Europe member states.Automated analyser: An automated analyser is a medical laboratory instrument designed to measure different chemicals and other characteristics in a number of biological samples quickly, with minimal human assistance.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Bioline Reagents: Bioline Reagents is a primary manufacturer and developerBioline: The PCR Company | Company Profile of a wide range of specialised molecular biology products for the life science industry and research markets. It manufactures reagents including ultra-pure nucleotides, DNA polymerases and mixes, DNA markers, competent cells, products for RNA analysis and other general reagents for molecular biology.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseRed blood cell distribution width: right|frame|Human red blood cellsAtomic absorption spectroscopy: Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) is a spectroanalytical procedure for the quantitative determination of chemical elements using the absorption of optical radiation (light) by free atoms in the gaseous state.Spermaturia: Spermaturia is a human disease characterized by the presence of sperm in the urine.Pedersen, J.Jakob SegalGA²LENIodine deficiencyFeasibility Study (The Outer Limits): "Feasibility Study" is an episode of The Outer Limits television show. It was first broadcast on 11 July 1997, during the third season.

(1/21969) Abnormal calcium metabolism in normocalcaemic sarcoidosis.

In studies of calcium metabolism in 13 unselected patients with untreated sarcoidosis all were normocalcaemic but five had hypercalcuria. All had normal renal function. Calcium absorption was indexed by a double isotope test. 45Ca hyperabsorption occurred in six patients. Ten kinetic studies were carried out with 47Ca and in six bone turnover was increased. 45Ca absorption correlated well with the calculated bone uptake rate of calcium, and with urine calcium excretion. These results suggest that in sarcoidosis abnormalities in calcium metabolism are fairly common although they rarely result in sustained hypercalcaemia.  (+info)

(2/21969) Urinary lithium: distribution shape, reference values, and evaluation of exposure by inductively coupled plasma argon-emission spectrometry.

Inductively coupled plasma argon-emission spectrometry (ICPAES) was used to evaluate the lithium content of undiluted urine samples. The method can be performed with 1 mL of urine in a single tube using a routine ICPAES analysis for rapid and convenient assessment of lithium exposure in humans. Urine samples obtained from male workers (n = 86) who had not been exposed to lithium were used for the determination of this element by ICPAES. The obtained concentrations were corrected using a specific gravity of 1.024. The particular frequency distribution resulted in a log-normal distribution diagram for anatomical spread. Geometric mean value for urinary lithium in the nonexposed male workers was 23.5 microg/L, and the confidence interval from a log-normal distribution was 11.0 to 50.5 microg/L. Taking into consideration a short biological half-life and the massive urine excretion of lithium, urinary lithium was considered to be a useful index for monitoring of exposure. Calibration curves obtained for lithium standards had good sensitivity and linearity. Good reproducibility was assessed by lithium addition to urine samples. It was concluded that the obtained lithium reference values would be useful for the early diagnosis of lithium intoxication or in the assessment of the degree of exposure to lithium in subjects at risk.  (+info)

(3/21969) Physiological characteristics of capacity constraints in working memory as revealed by functional MRI.

A fundamental characteristic of working memory is that its capacity to handle information is limited. While there have been many brain mapping studies of working memory, the physiological basis of its capacity limitation has not been explained. We identified characteristics of working memory capacity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy subjects. Working memory capacity was studied using a parametric 'n-back' working memory task involving increasing cognitive load and ultimately decreasing task performance. Loci within dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) evinced exclusively an 'inverted-U' shaped neurophysiological response from lowest to highest load, consistent with a capacity-constrained response. Regions outside of DLPFC, in contrast, were more heterogeneous in response and often showed early plateau or continuously increasing responses, which did not reflect capacity constraints. However, sporadic loci, including in the premotor cortex, thalamus and superior parietal lobule, also demonstrated putative capacity-constrained responses, perhaps arising as an upstream effect of DLPFC limitations or as part of a broader network-wide capacity limitation. These results demonstrate that regionally specific nodes within the working memory network are capacity-constrained in the physiological domain, providing a missing link in current explorations of the capacity characteristics of working memory.  (+info)

(4/21969) The functional anatomy of the normal human auditory system: responses to 0.5 and 4.0 kHz tones at varied intensities.

Most functional imaging studies of the auditory system have employed complex stimuli. We used positron emission tomography to map neural responses to 0.5 and 4.0 kHz sine-wave tones presented to the right ear at 30, 50, 70 and 90 dB HL and found activation in a complex neural network of elements traditionally associated with the auditory system as well as non-traditional sites such as the posterior cingulate cortex. Cingulate activity was maximal at low stimulus intensities, suggesting that it may function as a gain control center. In the right temporal lobe, the location of the maximal response varied with the intensity, but not with the frequency of the stimuli. In the left temporal lobe, there was evidence for tonotopic organization: a site lateral to the left primary auditory cortex was activated equally by both tones while a second site in primary auditory cortex was more responsive to the higher frequency. Infratentorial activations were contralateral to the stimulated ear and included the lateral cerebellum, the lateral pontine tegmentum, the midbrain and the medial geniculate. Contrary to predictions based on cochlear membrane mechanics, at each intensity, 4.0 kHz stimuli were more potent activators of the brain than the 0.5 kHz stimuli.  (+info)

(5/21969) A survey of serum and dietary carotenoids in captive wild animals.

Accumulation of carotenoids varies greatly among animal species and is not fully characterized. Circulating carotenoid concentration data in captive wild animals are limited and may be useful for their management. Serum carotenoid concentrations and dietary intakes were surveyed and the extent of accumulation categorized for 76 species of captive wild animals at Brookfield Zoo. Blood samples were obtained opportunistically from 275 individual animals immobilized for a variety of reasons; serum was analyzed for alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein + zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin and canthaxanthin. Total carotenoid content of diets was calculated from tables and chemical analyses of commonly consumed dietary components. Diets were categorized as low, moderate or high in carotenoid content as were total serum carotenoid concentrations. Animals were classified as unknown, high, moderate or low (non-) accumulators of dietary cartenoids. Nonaccumulators had total serum carotenoid concentrations of 0-101 nmol/L, whereas accumulators had concentrations that ranged widely, from 225 to 35,351 nmol/L. Primates were uniquely distinguished by the widest range of type and concentration of carotenoids in their sera. Most were classified as high to moderate accumulators. Felids had high accumulation of beta-carotene regardless of dietary intake, whereas a wide range of exotic birds accumulated only the xanthophylls, lutein + zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin or cryptoxanthin. The exotic ungulates, with the exception of the bovids, had negligible or nondetectable carotenoid serum concentrations despite moderate intakes. Bovids accumulated only beta-carotene despite moderately high lutein + zeaxanthin intakes. Wild captive species demonstrated a wide variety of carotenoid accumulation patterns, which could be exploited to answer remaining questions concerning carotenoid metabolism and function.  (+info)

(6/21969) Sensitivity of [11C]phenylephrine kinetics to monoamine oxidase activity in normal human heart.

Phenylephrine labeled with 11C was developed as a radiotracer for imaging studies of cardiac sympathetic nerves with PET. A structural analog of norepinephrine, (-)-[11C]phenylephrine (PHEN) is transported into cardiac sympathetic nerve varicosities by the neuronal norepinephrine transporter and stored in vesicles. PHEN is also a substrate for monoamine oxidase (MAO). The goal of this study was to assess the importance of neuronal MAO activity on the kinetics of PHEN in the normal human heart. MAO metabolism of PHEN was inhibited at the tracer level by substituting deuterium atoms for the two hydrogen atoms at the alpha-carbon side chain position to yield the MAO-resistant analog D2-PHEN. METHODS: Paired PET studies of PHEN and D2-PHEN were performed in six normal volunteers. Hemodynamic and electrocardiographic responses were monitored. Blood levels of intact radiotracer and radiolabeled metabolites were measured in venous samples taken during the 60 min dynamic PET study. Myocardial retention of the tracers was regionally quantified as a retention index. Tracer efflux between 6 and 50 min after tracer injection was fit to a single exponential process to obtain a washout half-time for all left ventricular regions. RESULTS: Although initial heart uptake of the two tracers was similar, D2-PHEN cleared from the heart 2.6 times more slowly than PHEN (mean half-time 155+/-52 versus 55+/-10 min, respectively; P < 0.01). Correspondingly, heart retention of D2-PHEN at 40-60 min after tracer injection was higher than PHEN (mean retention indices 0.086+/-0.018 versus 0.066+/-0.011 mL blood/ min/mL tissue, respectively; P < 0.003). CONCLUSION: Efflux of radioactivity from normal human heart after uptake of PHEN is primarily due to metabolism of the tracer by neuronal MAO. Related mechanistic studies in the isolated rat heart indicate that vesicular storage of PHEN protects the tracer from rapid metabolism by neuronal MAO, suggesting that MAO metabolism of PHEN leaking from storage vesicles leads to the gradual loss of PHEN from the neurons. Thus, although MAO metabolism influences the rate of clearance of PHEN from the neurons, MAO metabolism is not the rate-determining step in the observed efflux rate under normal conditions. Rather, the rate at which PHEN leaks from storage vesicles is likely to be the rate-limiting step in the observed efflux rate.  (+info)

(7/21969) Anatomic validation of spatial normalization methods for PET.

Spatial normalization methods, which are indispensable for intersubject analysis in current PET studies, have been improved in many aspects. These methods have not necessarily been evaluated as anatomic normalization methods because PET images are functional images. However, in view of the close relation between brain function and morphology, it is very intriguing how precisely normalized brains coincide with each other. In this report, the anatomic precision of spatial normalization is validated with three different methods. METHODS: Four PET centers in Japan participated in this study. In each center, six normal subjects were recruited for both H2(15)O-PET and high-resolution MRI studies. Variations in the location of the anterior commissure (AC) and size and contours of the brain and the courses of major sulci were measured in spatially normalized MR images for each method. Spatial normalization was performed as follows. (a) Linear: The AC-posterior commissure and midsagittal plane were identified on MRI and the size of the brain was adjusted to the Talairach space in each axis using linear parameters. (b) Human brain atlas (HBA): Atlas structures were manually adjusted to MRI to determine linear and nonlinear transformation parameters and then MRI was transformed with the inverse of these parameters. (c) Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) 95: PET images were transformed into the template PET image with linear and nonlinear parameters in a least-squares manner. Then, coregistered MR images were transformed with the same parameters used for the PET transformation. RESULTS: The AC was well registered in all methods. The size of the brain normalized with SPM95 varied to a greater extent than with other approaches. Larger variance in contours was observed with the linear method. Only SPM95 showed significant superiority to the linear method when the courses of major sulci were compared. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that SPM95 is as effective a spatial normalization as HBA, although it does not use anatomic images. Large variance in structures other than the AC and size of the brain in the linear method suggests the necessity of nonlinear transformations for effective spatial normalization. Operator dependency of HBA also must be considered.  (+info)

(8/21969) Energy cost of sport rock climbing in elite performers.

OBJECTIVES: To assess oxygen uptake (VO2), blood lactate concentration ([La(b)]), and heart rate (HR) response during indoor and outdoor sport climbing. METHODS: Seven climbers aged 25 (SE 1) years, with a personal best ascent without preview or fall (on sight) ranging from 6b to 7a were assessed using an indoor vertical treadmill with artificial rock hand/foot holds and a discontinuous protocol with climbing velocity incremented until voluntary fatigue. On a separate occasion the subjects performed a 23.4 m outdoor rock climb graded 5c and taking 7 min 36 s (SE 33 s) to complete. Cardiorespiratory parameters were measured using a telemetry system and [La(b)] collected at rest and after climbing. RESULTS: Indoor climbing elicited a peak oxygen uptake (VO2climb-peak) and peak HR (HRpeak) of 43.8 (SE 2.2) ml/kg/min and 190 (SE 4) bpm, respectively and increased blood lactate concentration [La(b)] from 1.4 (0.1) to 10.2 (0.6) mmol/l (p < 0.05). During outdoor climbing VO2 and HR increased to about 75% and 83% of VO2climb-peak and HRpeak, respectively. [La(b)] increased from 1.3 (0.1) at rest to 4.5 mmol/l (p < 0.05) at 2 min 32 s (8 s) after completion of the climb. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that for elite climbers outdoor sport rock climbs of five to 10 minutes' duration and moderate difficulty require a significant portion of the VO2climb-peak. The higher HR and VO2 for outdoor climbing and the increased [La(b)] could be the result of repeated isometric contractions, particularly from the arm and forearm muscles.  (+info)


What does BE stand for in ABG results?


The reference value for BE stated 0 and the result is 2.  I've googled and yahooed and have come up empty. If anyone knows the info would be greatly appreciated. Also, if you know what ISTAT TROP I is then please share. Thanks!
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BE stands for Base Excess - it is an measurement of the change in bicarbonate concentration from normal (derived from the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation).  For most labs, normal is -3 to +3.

Trononin I is a cardiac enzyme that is released when there is deficient myocardial oxygen delivery (e.g., myocardial ischemia or infarction), so an elevation indicates myocardial injury of some type, while a normal value suggests there is no significant myocardial injury (or that the injury is still very new).


how many weeks pregnant am i if my HCG level is 15 mL?


i got a pregnancy test today and it said my value is 34. and it said 
>> HCG-Qnt: the reference value for pregnancy is 15 mIU/ml.
im wondering how many weeks pregnant i am because the doctor said i for sure am but just barely.
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4 or 5 weeks no more than that


what does the result of my serum hcg means?


hi! I cannot interpret the result of my serum hcg so I am wondering if you can help me..thanks in advance..the result is 0.808 miu/ml and the reference value is 0-1 miu/ml.. am I pregnant or not?
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You are not pregnant. 1 week after conception the serum HCG is typically 15 times above the normal/reference range, and you are well within it.


How do I figure out what the recommended daily values are?


I am trying to figure out what my daily recommended values are for carbs, fat, protein, fiber and sodium. I have looked on the web but I can't find them. I know that I need to consume about 1109 calories a day because I weigh 158 pounds and you multiply you weight by 7. 

Anyone know how to figure out the others?
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well, you have a few misconceptions here, 1109 calories that you mention would be if you were bed ridden and not moving on your own at all, it is the minimum intake for body metabolism, unless you wish to make yourself sick, I'd say you need at least 1400 calories, give or take depending on  your height, which you do not mention here.
As for your daily recommended values, you need to look at the food pyramid, it will tell you in percentages how much of each you need, then you do the math based on your total caloric intake.


What are the nutritional values you can get from kangkong or water spinach?


What are the nutritional values you can get from kangkong or water spinach or Ipomoea Aquatica? Please give a table that gives the contents of the water spinach. tnx. God bless...
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Water spinach:

Nutrition Facts
Serving Size: 3 oz, 84 gm 

Amount per Serving
Calories 30 Calories from Fat 0 
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 0g 0% 
Saturated Fat 0g 0% 
Sodium 35mg 1% 
Total Carbohydrate 5g 2% 
Dietary Fiber 1g 4% 
Protein 2.7g 5%


What are the most important values to teach childreen?


Is there different values for genders? (ie earn income or be a caregiver?)

Please give at least 3 values.
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This is a GREAT question to ask, and it would be beneficial for every person / couple to think thru their family values.  Here's what we decided for our family:
1 - Compassion.  It all begins with love.
2 - Faithfulness.  Toward God and toward others.
3 - Humility.  Admit when you're wrong; confess your sin to God. 
4 - Integrity.  Commit to excellence and be true.
5 - Joyfulness.  Thankful and positive.
6 - Self-Discipline.  Proactive and courageous.
7 - Honesty.  Keep your word, live above reproach.

You have to decide what is most important to you ... and then live by it.  Your children will learn far more by what is "caught" than what is "taught".


Does rainbow trout have the same nutritional values as salmon?


I do adore salmon, and the nutritional values are great but it can get a little costly. Rainbow trout is similar in taste and texture and tends to be a lot cheaper, but where does it stand in terms of nutrition?
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No, rainbow trout does not have as many of the healthy omega-3 fats as salmon does. However, all fish do have some omega-3s, so eating some rather than none is still a good thing!


What are the nutritional values you can get from kangkong or water spinach?


What are the nutritional values you can get from kangkong or water spinach or Ipomoea Aquatica? Please give a table that gives the contents of the water spinach. tnx. God bless...
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http://www.mekarn.org/proprf/lemen.htm

If that doesn't give you everything you wanted to know about water spinach, then I think you're out of luck.  I just know that it's pretty damned tasty.