Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.JapanSurvival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.United StatesConfidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Great BritainAnalysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Cause of Death: Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.NorwayAge Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.SwedenIndiaPostmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.ParisHospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Cerebrovascular Disorders: A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.DenmarkPain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome: A syndrome that is characterized by the triad of severe PEPTIC ULCER, hypersecretion of GASTRIC ACID, and GASTRIN-producing tumors of the PANCREAS or other tissue (GASTRINOMA). This syndrome may be sporadic or be associated with MULTIPLE ENDOCRINE NEOPLASIA TYPE 1.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Abdomen: That portion of the body that lies between the THORAX and the PELVIS.EnglandProbability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2: A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Confounding Factors (Epidemiology): Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.Blood Sedimentation: Measurement of rate of settling of erythrocytes in anticoagulated blood.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Hypertension: Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.FinlandAnti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Nurses: Professionals qualified by graduation from an accredited school of nursing and by passage of a national licensing examination to practice nursing. They provide services to patients requiring assistance in recovering or maintaining their physical or mental health.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Hip Fractures: Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Drug Therapy, Combination: Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Fluorodeoxyglucose F18: The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)Kidney Failure, Chronic: The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.Pregnancy Trimester, First: The beginning third of a human PREGNANCY, from the first day of the last normal menstrual period (MENSTRUATION) through the completion of 14 weeks (98 days) of gestation.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Prostatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Intensive Care Units: Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.Drug Administration Schedule: Time schedule for administration of a drug in order to achieve optimum effectiveness and convenience.Renal Dialysis: Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.Kidney Transplantation: The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.Anxiety: Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Diabetes Mellitus: A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Sepsis: Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.GermanyFood Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Neurologic Examination: Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Decompression, Surgical: A surgical operation for the relief of pressure in a body compartment or on a body part. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Dairy Products: Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.CreatinineMorbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Visual Acuity: Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.Radius FracturesPolymyalgia Rheumatica: A syndrome in the elderly characterized by proximal joint and muscle pain, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a self-limiting course. Pain is usually accompanied by evidence of an inflammatory reaction. Women are affected twice as commonly as men and Caucasians more frequently than other groups. The condition is frequently associated with GIANT CELL ARTERITIS and some theories pose the possibility that the two diseases arise from a single etiology or even that they are the same entity.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Referral and Consultation: The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.ItalyTreatment Failure: A measure of the quality of health care by assessment of unsuccessful results of management and procedures used in combating disease, in individual cases or series.Patient Compliance: Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.ScotlandBrazilPsychiatric Status Rating Scales: Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Respiratory Tract Infections: Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.Trauma Severity Indices: Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.Pregnancy Rate: The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.Sick Leave: An absence from work permitted because of illness or the number of days per year for which an employer agrees to pay employees who are sick. (Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)Liver Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Injury Severity Score: An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.Nurses' Aides: Allied health personnel who assist the professional nurse in routine duties.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Hospitals, University: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.IowaBody Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Accidental Falls: Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Disease-Free Survival: Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Monitoring, Intraoperative: The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).

*  Abstract 1791: Ventriculo - Coronary Connections in Hypoplastic Left Heart: A 4...
No prospective comprehensive series of live cases has been reported. We conducted a prospective study to determine the ... Abstract 1791: Ventriculo - Coronary Connections in Hypoplastic Left Heart: A 4 year Prospective Study. Shyam Sathanandam, Wei ... Abstract 1791: Ventriculo - Coronary Connections in Hypoplastic Left Heart: A 4 year Prospective Study ... Abstract 1791: Ventriculo - Coronary Connections in Hypoplastic Left Heart: A 4 year Prospective Study ...
http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/120/Suppl_18/S556.1
*  Bone turnover markers and prediction of fracture: A prospective follow-up study...
The Malmö Osteoporosis Prospective Risk Assessment (OPRA) study is a population-based cohort of elderly women, all 75 years of ... Markers of bone resorption predict hip fracture in elderly women: the EPIDOS Prospective Study. J Bone Miner Res. 1996; 11: ... Bone turnover markers and prediction of fracture: A prospective follow-up study of 1040 elderly women for a mean of 9 years. ... Does follow-up duration influence the ultrasound and DXA prediction of hip fracture? The EPIDOS prospective study. ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1359/jbmr.091006/full?globalMessage=0
*  A Prospective Study of Meat and Meat Mutagens and Prostate Cancer Risk | Cancer...
A Prospective Study of Meat and Meat Mutagens and Prostate Cancer Risk. Amanda J. Cross, Ulrike Peters, Victoria A. Kirsh, ... A prospective study of dietary fat and risk of prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1993;85:1571-9. ... Prospective study of plasma fatty acids and risk of prostate cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1994;86:281-6. ... In conclusion, the results of this prospective study found that a high intake of very well done meat and a high intake of PhIP ...
http://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/65/24/11779
*  Abstract 017: A Prospective Study of Eating Habits and Incident Coronary Heart...
Abstract 017: A Prospective Study of Eating Habits and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in a Cohort of Male U.S. Health ... Abstract 017: A Prospective Study of Eating Habits and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in a Cohort of Male U.S. Health ... Abstract 017: A Prospective Study of Eating Habits and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in a Cohort of Male U.S. Health ... Abstract 017: A Prospective Study of Eating Habits and Incident Coronary Heart Disease in a Cohort of Male U.S. Health ...
http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/125/Suppl_10/A017
*  Researchers observe an increased risk of cancer in people with history of non...
The study will be published on April 23 2013 in PLOS Medicine ....The researchers analyzed data from two large United States ... Boston MA A prospective study by researchers at Brigham and Women's ...The researchers found that people with a history of non- ... Boston MA A prospective study by researchers at Brigham and Women's ...The researchers found that people with a history of non- ... Boston, MA A prospective study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) observed an association between
http://bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/Researchers-observe-an-increased-risk-of-cancer-in-people-with-history-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-104431-1/
*  Prospective study of bacterial overgrowth syndrome in eight dogs | Veterinary...
Eight dogs with cutaneous lesions, clinical signs and cytological findings compatible with bacterial overgrowth syndrome were compared with four healthy dogs. The affected dogs were treated for 28 days with 30 mg/kg/day cephalexin. The results showed that the syndrome was a superficial cutaneous disorder characterised by marked pruritus, greasy seborrhoea, offensive odour, erythema, lichenification, hyperpigmentation, excoriations and alopecia involving principally the ventral aspect of the ...
http://veterinaryrecord.bmj.com/content/158/13/437
*  BRIEF-Boston Scientific announces positive outcomes from prospective study of...
Boston Scientific announces positive outcomes from prospective study of bronchial thermoplasty * Boston Scientific Corp - data ... BRIEF-Boston Scientific announces positive outcomes from prospective study of bronchial thermoplasty. ... BRIEF-Boston Scientific announces positive outcomes from prospective study of bronchial thermoplasty ...
http://cn.reuters.com/article/brief-boston-scientific-announces-positi-idCNFWN1IQ0K6
*  Influence of twin-twin transfusion syndrome on fetal cardiovascular structure...
Design: Unselected prospective case-control observational study of fetoplacental haemodynamics including echocardiography at a ... Cardiac dysfunction in twin-twin transfusion syndrome: a prospective, longitudinal study. Obstet Gynecol1998;92:557-62. ... Influence of twin-twin transfusion syndrome on fetal cardiovascular structure and function: prospective case-control study of ... Influence of twin-twin transfusion syndrome on fetal cardiovascular structure and function: prospective case-control study
http://heart.bmj.com/content/88/3/271
*  Continued improvement of clinical outcome and cost effectiveness following...
Study design and inclusion criteria. The study was performed as a prospective randomised clinical trial. Male patients ... Objective: To investigate in a prospective randomised study both long term clinical effects and cost effectiveness of ... The data of this prospective, randomised, single centre study showed that IVUS guidance resulted in continued improvement of ... Previous studies. A few randomised studies have previously shown that IVUS guidance reduces the clinically driven target vessel ...
http://heart.bmj.com/content/89/9/1043.full
*  Malformation risks of antiepileptic drugs in pregnancy: a prospective study...
This is a prospective, observational, registration and follow up study which began in December 1996. Ethics approval was ... Malformation risks of antiepileptic drugs in pregnancy: a prospective study from the UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register ... Malformations and minor anomalies in children of epileptic mothers: preliminary results of the prospective Helsinki study. In: ... Malformation risks of antiepileptic drugs in pregnancy: a prospective study from the UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register ...
http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/77/2/193
*  An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant St
... aphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds - Lancaster EPrints. Lancaster EPrints Home. Search. Browse by Year. Browse by Subject. Browse by Department. Help. Login. An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds. Ormerod, Anthony D. and Shah, Amjad A. J and Li, Hong and Benjamin, Nigel and Ferguson, Gail P. and Leifert, Carlo 2011 An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds. BMC Research Notes, 4. ISSN 1756-0500 Preview. PDF - Published Version Available under License Creative Commons Attribution. Preview. Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-458 Abstract Background Endogenous nitric oxide NO kills bacteria and other organisms as part of the innate immune response. We demonstrated eradication of MRSA carriage from wounds using a topical formulation of citric acid 4.5% ...
http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/52393/
*  The incidence and lifetime prevalence of neurological disorders in a prospective community-based stu
... dy in the UK. The incidence and lifetime prevalence of neurological disorders in a prospective community-based study in the UK. Health care cost does not interfere with population selection as it is free at the point of access in the UK National Health Service NHS. vi A full search was carried out in all practices at the end of the observation period by examining all the population's 100 230 primary care notes. The neurological disorders ascertained are tabulated giving age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates per 100 000 per annum common conditions in Table 3, intermediate conditions in Table 4, unusual conditions in Table 5, a breakdown of serious CNS infections in Table 6 and single incident diagnoses in Table 7. Lifetime prevalence per 1000 persons is also given common diagnoses in Table 8, less frequent diagnoses of the CNS in Table 9, and the peripheral nervous system in Table 10. Age-specific incidence rates for stroke, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease are given in Table 11. Conditions ...
http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/123/4/665.full
*  Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... National Institutes of Health Example: "Heart attack" AND "Los Angeles" Search for studies:. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery This study has been completed. Sponsor: Tampa Bay Heart Foundation Information provided by: Tampa Bay Heart Foundation. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01182688 First received: August 16, 2010 Last updated: NA Last verified: October 2009 History: No changes posted. PCT supports early diagnosis and clinical decision making.This is a prospective single center study designed to assess the normal change in PCT levels following major surgery and the utilization of PCT regarding the diagnosis of infection and the response to treatment, following major cardiac surgery. Official Title: Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery. Further study details as provided by Tampa Bay Heart Foundation:. Detailed Description: Inclusion Criteria: Elective CABG + / - Aortic / Mitral valve ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01182688
*  Preliminary Results: Prospective Clinical Study to Assess I... : Journal of Computer Assisted To
... mography. . Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. Home. January/February 2014 - Volume 38 - Issue 1. Preliminary Results: Prospective Clinical Study to Assess I... ...
http://journals.lww.com/jcat/Abstract/2014/01000/Preliminary_Results___Prospective_Clinical_Study.20.aspx
*  Edgar Filing: ACORDA THERAPEUTICS INC - Form 10-Q
We believe that sales of Zanaflex Capsules will constitute a significant portion of our total revenue for the foreseeable future. We recognized revenue from the sale of Zanaflex Capsules and Zanaflex tablets of $10.5 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007, as compared to $7.9 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2006. Research and Development Research and development expenses for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007, were $4.0 million as compared to $3.0 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2006, an increase of 11. We recognized revenue from the sale of Zanaflex Capsules and Zanaflex tablets of $19.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007, as compared to $11.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006. Other Income Expense Other income was $210,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007 compared to other expense of $332,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006, an increase of approximately $542,000 or 163%. On December 23, ...
http://thenumbers.marketplace.org/publicradio/action/getedgarwindow?accesscode=110465907061324
*  www.biomedcentral.com - Table
www biomedcentral com table table criteria of high moderate and low study quality mainly according to quadas high small risk of bias prospective study design particular emphasis on the following adequately described patients constituting a representative and clinically relevant sample quadas items the index test should not form part of the reference standard item evaluators should be masked to results of index test and reference test items the tests should be described in sufficient detail to permit replication items sample size diagnostic accuracy presented as sensitivity and specificity moderate moderate risk of bias prospective study design since no prospective studies based on digital mammography could be identified scanned analogue images were accepted otherwise the same criteria as for high quality were required low high risk of selection and or verification bias retrospective study design selected or enriched samples azavedo et al azavedo et al bmc medical imaging doi
http://biomedcentral.com/1471-2342/12/22/table/T1
*  Correlations between clinical activity, endoscopic severity, and biological parameters in colonic or
correlations between clinical activity endoscopic severity and biological parameters in colonic or ileocolonic crohn s disease a prospective multicentre study of cases the groupe d etudes thérapeutiques des affections inflammatoires digestives
http://gut.bmj.com/content/35/2/231.long
*  www.nutritionj.com - Table
... Table 4. Glucose metabolism parameters. NGLCD. LFD. Baseline. 12 months. Mean change. Baseline. 12 months. Mean change. FPG mg/dl. 104.1 ± 27.9. 96.9 ± 19.7. −7.2 ± 11.2. 103.7 ± 29.2. 96.5 ± 19.1. −7.2 ± 13.1*. FPI μU/ml. 14.2 11.5-21.8. 9.1 6.2-16.9. −7.6 ± 11.5*. 12.8 8.7-18.8. 9.15 6.06-17.08. −5.2 ± 9.2*. HOMA-IR. 3.33 2.3-5.9. 1.99 1.45-4.04. −2.4 ± 4.1 *. 3.06 1.93-5.11. 2.04 1.3-4.4. −1.8 ± 3.9*. C Peptide ng/ml. 2.31 2.01-2.8. 2.34 2.08-2.9. −0.03-0.2 **. 2.4 2.07-2.97. 2.41 2.1-3.1. −0.002 ± 0.2***. HbA1c %. 5.7 ± 0.7. 5.6 ± 0.7. −0.11 ± 0.3 *. 5.6 ± 0.5. 5.5 ± 0.5. −0.09 ± 0.2*. Values are means ± SD; for variables abnormally distributed we used median ± interquartile ranges 25th and 75th percentiles. All p 0.05 for difference between groups at baseline and 12 months; *, p 0.05 for mean change baseline, 12 months; **, p = 0.295; ***, p = 0.925. NGLCD normoglucidic low-calorie diet, LFD low-fat diet, FPG fasting plasma glucose, FPI fasting plasma insulin, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment ...
http://nutritionj.com/content/12/1/119/table/T4
*  Waist Size and Body Mass Index Are Important Risk Factors for Sleep Disordered Breathing in Child
... ren - American Academy of Sleep Medicine AASM. SLEEP 2014. Waist Size and Body Mass Index Are Important Risk Factors for Sleep Disordered Breathing in Children. A study in the June 1 issue of the journal SLEEP found that waist circumference and body mass index BMI are consistent, independent risk factors for all severity levels of sleep disordered breathing SDB in children, suggesting that as with adult SDB, metabolic factors are important risk factors for childhood SDB. Results indicate that BMI and waist circumference, but not neck circumference, were significant and strong predictors of SDB at all severity levels primary snoring, mild SDB and moderate SDB. Nasal anatomic factors such as chronic sinusitis, rhinitis and nasal drain were significant predictors of mild SDB; minority status was associated with primary snoring and mild SDB. Overall, 1.2 percent of children had moderate SDB an apnea/hypopnea index of five or more breathing pauses per hour of sleep, 25 percent had mild SDB AHI of at least one ...
http://aasmnet.org/articles.aspx?id=1296
*  New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered | dailyRx
New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered. dailyRx. New Risk Factor for Dementia Discovered. Alzheimer's disease risk higher for people with high blood levels of ceramide. dailyRx News Looking for biomarkers of Alzheimer s disease AD may lead scientists to new treatments. Recent research discovered a new biomarker for AD ceramides in the blood. High levels of ceramides may mean higher risk of AD. The test looked at levels of ceramide in the blood. Researchers placed the women into categories based on the level of ceramide in their blood test low, middle and high levels of ceramide. Then they followed the women for up to nine years after the initial blood test and looked for how many women developed dementia or AD. Women with low levels of ceramide were eight times less likely to develop AD than those with the middle level of cermide. They were 10 times less likely to develop AD than women with the high level of ceramide. The researchers concluded that this easy, low-cost blood test could help in early ...
http://dailyrx.com/alzheimers-disease-risk-higher-people-high-blood-levels-ceramide
*  JAMA Network | JAMA | Comparison of Novel Risk Markers for Improvement in Cardiovascular Risk Ass
Context Risk markers including coronary artery calcium, carotid intima–media thickness, ankle-brachial index, brachial flow–mediated dilation, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein CRP , and family history of coronary heart disease CHD have been reported to improve on the Framingham Risk Score FRS for prediction of CHD, but there are no direct comparisons of these markers for risk prediction in a single cohort. Objective We compared improvement in prediction of incident CHD/cardiovascular disease CVD of these 6 risk markers within intermediate-risk participants FRS 5%- 20% in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis MESA. Conclusions Coronary artery calcium, ankle-brachial index, high-sensitivity CRP, and family history were independent predictors of incident CHD/CVD in intermediate-risk individuals. Risk markers that have shown promise in improving risk discrimination include carotid intima–media thickness CIMT , coronary artery calcium CAC scores, brachial flow–mediated dilation FMD , ankle-brachial index ...
http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1352110
*  ADIPOGENIX, INC. | SBIR.gov
The STTR Program STTR Mission and Program Goals STTR Participating Agencies Three-Phase Program Competitive Opportunity for Small Business STTR Policy Directive Tibbetts Awards and Hall of Fame. PROGRAM/PHASE AWARD AMOUNT $ NUMBER OF AWARDS SBIR Phase I $499,560.00 6 SBIR Phase II $1,325,815.00 2. SBIR Phase I 1999 Department of Health and Human Services N/A Amount: $99,930.00 N/A. SBIR Phase I 2000 Department of Health and Human Services Anti-obesity drug development using human preadipocytes Amount: $0.00 N/A. SBIR Phase I 2001 Department of Health and Human Services Anti-obesity drug development using human preadipocytes Amount: $602,471.00 N/A. SBIR Phase II 2001 Department of Health and Human Services SECRETED PROTEIN FROM ADIPOCYTES AND PREADIPOCYTES Amount: $99,820.00 DESCRIPTION provided by applicant : Obesity is a well-established risk factor for a number of diseases, including type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease. SBIR Phase I 2002 Department of Health and Human Services New Agents That ...
https://sbir.gov/sbirsearch/detail/72185?quicktabs_award-display-style=1
*  WHO | Biological risk factors and hazards
WHO. Biological risk factors and hazards. Skip to main content. Access Home Alt+0. Navigation Alt+1. Content Alt+2. Search Search the WHO .int site. Submit. Advanced search. Navigation Home. Health topics. Data. Media centre. Publications. Countries. Programmes. Governance. About WHO. Language عربي. 中文. English. Français. Русский. Español. RSS Feed. Youtube. Twitter. Facebook. Google +. iTunes. Play Store. Occupational health. Menu Occupational health. Topics. Activities. Collaborating centres network. Publications. Regions and partners. Links. . Biological risk factors and hazards Related sites Protecting health-care workers - preventing needlestick injuries tool kit. Joint WHO/ILO guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis PEP to prevent HIV infection. HIV/AIDS site. Stop TB. Tuberculosis and HIV. AIRBORNE - A journey into the challenges and solutions to stopping MDR-TB and XDR-TB. SARS site. Injection safety pdf, 81kb. Guiding principles to ensure injection device security pdf, 99kb. Injection safety - SIGN. ...
http://who.int/occupational_health/topics/risks_biological/en/
*  Determining the Role of Subclinical Disease Testing in Patients at Intermediate Risk - NHLBI, NIH
... NHLBI Trials At NIH Clinical Center. Determining the Role of Subclinical Disease Testing in Patients at Intermediate Risk. TABLE OF CONTENTS. Background Review of Previous Recommendations Subclinical CVD and the Framingham Risk Score Subclinical Disease Testing: Study Design Review of Subclinical Disease Measures Clinical Screening Algorithms Population Considerations Interventions Outcomes Recommendations and Remaining Issues References Working Group Roster Planning Group Roster. The objective of the Working Group was to provide advice to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute about research that is currently needed to inform clinical guidelines for the use of subclinical cardiovascular disease testing to identify persons at high risk for CVD and to target intervention. that is, a 10-year risk for coronary heart disease of 6-20%. Back to Table of Contents. Persons at intermediate risk have the greatest likelihood of having their estimated risk altered by subclinical disease testing. Coronary ...
http://nhlbi.nih.gov/research/reports/2004-subclinical
*  The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary hear
... t disease and stroke events - DRO. Home. Library. DRO home. . You are not logged in. Submit research. Contact DRO. DRO. The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events Vartiainen, Erkki, Laatikainen, Tiina, Philpot, Benjamin, Janus, Edward, Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie and Dunbar, James 2011, The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events, Medical journal of Australia, vol. 194, no. 1, pp. 10-15. Attached Files. Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads. Title. The projected impact of population and high-risk strategies for risk-factor control on coronary heart disease and stroke events. Author s. Vartiainen, Erkki Laatikainen, Tiina Philpot, Benjamin Janus, Edward Davis-Lameloise, Nathalie Dunbar, James. Journal name. Medical journal of Australia. Volume number. 194. Issue number. 1. Start page. 10. End page. 15. Publisher. Australasian Medical ...
http://dro.deakin.edu.au/view/DU:30032116
*  .. .. Health Library .. Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases .. Primary risk factors for chronic dis
Health Care Home / Health Information / Library / Diseases Conditions / Adult Health Library /. At the top of the CDC's list of primary risk factors for all chronic diseases are: smoking, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle. Sticking to a heart-healthy diet. Following an appropriate exercise program. Eliminate all tobacco products. As soon as you stop smoking, your body begins to heal itself from the devastating effects of tobacco. Adhere to a heart-healthy diet. One aspect of managing your heart attack risk factors includes eating a heart-healthy diet, including appropriate levels of the following:. The food plate can help you eat a variety of foods while encouraging the right amount of calories and fat. To find more information about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010 and to determine the appropriate dietary recommendations for your age, sex, and physical activity level, visit the Online Resources page for the links to the ChooseMyPlate.gov and 2010 Dietary Guidelines sites. ...
http://healthcare.utah.edu/healthlibrary/library/diseases/adult/doc.php?type=85&id=P00708
*  Other possible heart disease risk factors | womenshealth.gov
Other possible heart disease risk factors. womenshealth.gov. A project of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health Skip Navigation. Skip top navigation Home. A-Z Health Topics. ePublications. News. About Us. Contact Us. Text size. Print. Skip left navigation Heart Health and Stroke. Heart disease and stroke prevention. Heart disease: Know your risk. Heart disease risk factors you can control. Heart disease risk factors you can't control. Other possible heart disease risk factors. Stroke: Know your risk. Signs of a heart attack. Signs of a stroke. Government in action on heart health and stroke. Heart Health and Stroke in Spanish en español. Subscribe to Heart Health and Stroke email updates. Enter email address. Submit. . Home. Heart Health and Stroke. Heart disease: Know your risk Heart Health and Stroke. Other possible heart disease risk factors. Related information Depression fact sheet. Stress and your health fact sheet. Depression, stress, and anxiety. Not enough sleep. ...
http://womenshealth.gov/heart-health-stroke/heart-disease-risk-factors/other-heart-disease-risk-factors.html
*  Psychological risk factors in patients with myocardial infarction
... redirect myocardial infarction risk factors
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_risk_factors_in_patients_with_myocardial_infarction
*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. What are risk factors for heart disease. Learn what conditions and behaviors might put you at risk. The Heart Truth. Posted: 11:16 AM EST Dec 29, 2011. Updated: 11:46 AM EST Jan 13, 2010. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. They can also increase the chances that an existing disease will get worse. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. High blood pressure. High blood cholesterol. Being physically inactive. Having a family history of early heart disease. Age 55 or older for women. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. For women, age becomes a risk factor at 55. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to ...
http://wfmz.com/lifestyle/healthy-heart/What-are-risk-factors-for-heart-disease/7223982?view=print
*  Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in São Paulo, Brazil - Full
Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in S o Paulo, Brazil - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Prevalence Among Bayer's Employees in S o Paulo, Brazil This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02055651 First received: January 24, 2014 Last updated: July 1, 2015 Last verified: July 2015 History of Changes. Objective: Evaluate Bayer employees' cardiovascular health according to the AHA definition and the acceptance to engage in lifestyle change programs. If the employee accepts to participate, after providing a written informed consent, he will be evaluated according to the AHA cardiovascular health metrics. After medical evaluation, employees will receive a printed feedback with their cardiovascular health score and will be referred to indicated lifestyle change programs healthy weight, smoking cessation, diabetes control, high blood pressure control, ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02055651?term="High Blood Pressure"&lup_s=01/29/2014&lup_d=14&show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14
*  Increases in heart disease risk factors may decrease brain function
... News and Press Release Distribution, Since 1995. Deliver Your News to the World. Sign In Create a Free Account. Home. News. How We Work. Compare Services. FAQ. All. WebPost. WebPost PPC. WebRelease. Targeted Media. Wire Service. Increases in heart disease risk factors may decrease brain function. WEBWIRE. Thursday, May 02, 2013 NewMediaWire via Webwire Study Highlights: Increases in heart disease risk factors may decrease brain function. The association between the two was noted in young and middle-age adults as well as the elderly. Smoking and diabetes were especially linked with reduced brain function. EMBARGOED UNTIL 3 p.m. CT/4 p.m. ET, Thursday, May 2, 2013 DALLAS, May 2, 2013 — Brain function in adults as young as 35 may decline as their heart disease risk factors increase, according to new research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke. “Young adults may think the consequences of smoking or being overweight are years down the road, but they aren’t,” said Hanneke Joosten, M.D., lead ...
http://webwire.com/ViewPressRel.asp?aId=174087
*  Heart disease risk factors - Heart - Body & Health
... Body Health Home. What is heart disease. Causes of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease. Heart attack: Know the symptoms. Heart disease risk factors. Heart disease risk factors There are several risk factors that increase the risk of developing heart disease or the risk that heart disease will worsen. Some risk factors are things you can change: they are called modifiable risk factors. Things you can change include: Smoking : Smoking, including exposure to second-hand smoke, plays a role in the buildup of plaque in the arteries, reduces the oxygen in the blood, increases blood pressure, and increases the risk of heart disease. Physical inactivity : Low levels of physical activity are associated with a higher risk of heart disease. High blood pressure : High blood pressure - over 140/90 mm Hg for most people or over 130/80 mm Hg for those with diabetes - is associated with an increased risk for heart disease. High cholesterol : If you do not have cholesterol levels at target especially bad ...
http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/channel_section_details.asp?text_id=5400&channel_id=2104&relation_id=85907
*  Saturated Fat and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: a Fres
... h Look at the Evidence - Springer. Saturated Fat and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke, and Diabetes: a Fresh Look at the Evidence. Keywords Cardiovascular disease Diabetes mellitus Diet Nutrition Saturated fatty acids Fatty acids. CrossRef. PubMed. Am J Clin Nutr 77 5 :1146–1155. PubMed. Eur J Clin Nutr 63 Suppl 2 :S22–S33. CrossRef. PubMed. Micha R, Mozaffarian D 2009 Trans fatty acids: effects on metabolic syndrome, heart disease and diabetes. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. Diabetes Care 27 3 :813–823. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. CrossRef. PubMed. Rasmussen BM et al 2006 Effects of dietary saturated, monounsaturated, and n-3 fatty acids on blood pressure in healthy subjects. Christiansen E et al 1997 Intake of a diet high in trans monounsaturated fatty acids or saturated fatty acids: effects on postprandial insulinemia and glycemia in obese patients with NIDDM. Salmeron J et al 2001 Dietary fat intake and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. ...
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11745-010-3393-4
*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. View full site. Family. Weird News. Sports. SoFlo TASTE. Technology. Traffic. Travel. Submit a Tip. Email Sign-Up. Healthy Heart. What are risk factors for heart disease. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. High blood cholesterol. Having a family history of early heart disease. Age 55 or older for women. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. For women, age becomes a risk factor at 55. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to develop heart disease as women of the same age who have not yet gone through menopause. Another reason for the increasing risk is that middle ...
http://m.local10.com/healthy-heart/What-are-risk-factors-for-heart-disease/7223982
*  .. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke in People with Diabetes?
Emilia.Cure. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease and Stroke in People with Diabetes. stumble. 31. 23. 12. 10. Get New Treatments Alerts:. Sign Up. The risk factors for heart disease and stroke for diabetic people include smoking, hypertension etc. According to the scientific studies, the risk of getting heart disease and stroke is as high as twice for those with diabetes than those without non-diabetics. Statistically, the ratio has been recorded as 2 persons for getting affected with these two ailments in every 3 diabetic patients. So, you can see that the risk is really high. On top of this, there are several other risk factors which aggravate the situation and result into critical consequences. These risk factors can be categorized as modifiable risk factors and non-modifiable risk factors. The modifiable risk factors are the ones, which you can control to enjoy a better health condition, whereas the non-modifiable risk factors are normally out of your control. The non-modifiable risk ...
http://trialx.com/curetalk/2011/01/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-heart-disease-and-stroke-in-people-with-diabetes/
*  What are the risk factors for thymus cancer?
What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Asian Pacific Languages. How can we help you. Learn About Cancer. Stay Healthy. Find Support & Treatment. Find Local ACS. Learn About Cancer. Thymus Cancer. What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Share this Page Close. Push escape to close share window. Share. Save Saved this Article Close Push escape to close saved articles window. My Saved Articles. My ACS. Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention TOPICS Document Topics What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Do we know what causes thymus cancer. Can thymus cancer be prevented. What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. Do we know what causes thymus cancer. Can thymus cancer be prevented. Previous Topic What are the key statistics about thymus cancers. Next Topic Do we know what causes thymus cancer. What are the risk factors for thymus cancer. A risk factor is anything that affects your chance of getting a disease such as cancer. Different cancers have different risk factors. For example, exposing the ...
http://cancer.org/cancer/thymuscancer/detailedguide/thymus-cancer-risk-factors
*  Heart Disease Risk Factors News, Photos and Videos - Livebetteramerica.com
Heart Disease Risk Factors News, Photos and Videos - Livebetteramerica.com. FITNESS. FOOD. RECIPES. RELATIONSHIPS. VIDEO. Heart Disease Risk Factors. 6 Good Reasons To Lose Weight That Most People Never Consider. Posted 02.20.2013. Read More: Preventing Diabetes, Dieting Tips, Weight Loss Success, Preventing Obesity, When to Go on a Diet, Dieting Success, Weight Loss Success Stories, Heart Disease Risk Factors, Diet Inspiration, Video, Dieting, Losing Weight After 50, Obesity Cancer Risks, Diabetes Risks, Weight Loss, Heart Disease, Diabetes, Cancer, Causes of Diabesity, Reasons to Lose Weight, Diabetes Prevention, Losing Weight, Weight Loss Inspiration, Cancer Prevention, Heart Disease Risks, Obesity, Breast Cancer Risks, Diabesity, Preventing Heart Disease, Livebetteramerica-Fitness, Cancer Risks, Diabetes Risk Factors, News. Oh, it feels so good to lose weight. Read Whole Story. Why I Still Smoke. Posted 03.25.2013. Read More: Quitting Smoking Genetics, Cigarette Health Effects, Smoking, Relapse, ...
http://livebetteramerica.aol.com/tag/heart-disease-risk-factors/1
*  Impact of traditional cardiovascular disease risk factors on long-term cardiovascular outcome in adu
... lt survivors of childhood cancer: A report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Oncolink - Cancer Resources. Toggle navigation. Cancer Types. Cancer Types. Bone Cancers. Brain Tumors. Breast Cancer. Carcinoid & Neuroendocrine Tumors. Endocrine System Cancers. Gastrointestinal Cancers. Gynecologic Cancers. Head and Neck Cancers. Leukemia. Lung Cancers. Lymphomas. Metastatic Cancer. Multiple Myeloma. OncoLink Vet. Pediatric Cancers. Penile Cancer. Pheochromocytoma. Prostate Cancer. Sarcomas. Skin Cancers. Testicular Cancer. Thyroid Cancer. Urinary Tract Cancers. Patients. Cancer Treatment. Biologic Therapy. Bone Marrow Transplants. Chemotherapy. Clinical Trials. Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Gene Therapy. Getting Treatment. Start Here. Hormone Therapy. Hospital Helpers. Interventional Radiology. Procedures & Diagnostic Tests. Proton Therapy. Radiation. Surgery. Targeted Therapies. Vaccine Therapies. Risk and Prevention. Diet, Alcohol and Cancer. Environmental Factors UV Exposure, Radon, ...
http://oncolink.org/conferences/article.cfm?c=3&s=67&ss=346&id=2138
*  What are risk factors for heart disease? | Healthy Heart - Home
What are risk factors for heart disease. Healthy Heart - Home. Back To Mobile Site. Back To Mobile Site. Back To Mobile Site. Sign Up for Email Newsletters. RSS. More Local News. Seen on Local 10. Call Christina. Family. Local. › Healthy Heart. What are risk factors for heart disease. Risk factors are conditions or habits that make a person more likely to develop a disease. Important risk factors for heart disease that you can do something about are:. Some risk factors, such as age and family history of early heart disease, can't be changed. After menopause, women are more apt to get heart disease, in part because their body's production of estrogen drops. Women who have gone through early menopause, either naturally or because they have had a hysterectomy, are twice as likely to develop heart disease as women of the same age who have not yet gone through menopause. Another reason for the increasing risk is that middle age is a time when women tend to develop risk factors for heart disease. Family history of ...
http://local10.com/thats-life/healthy-heart/What-are-risk-factors-for-heart-disease/7223982
*  worried about high risk exposure
... ABOUT HIV/AIDS. What is HIV/AIDS. POZ Community Forums. HIV Prevention and Testing. worried about high risk exposure. HIV Prevention and Testing Am I Infected. Stats Total Posts: 675714 Total Topics: 52424 Online Today: 166 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Welcome to the "Am I Infected?" POZ forum. Anyone who needs to post more than three messages in the "Am I Infected?" forum -- including past, present and future POZ Forums members -- will need to subscribe, with secure payments made via PayPal. NOTE: HIV testing questions will still need to be posted in the "Am I Infected?" forum; attempts to post HIV symptoms or testing questions in any other forums will be considered violations of our rules of membership and subject to time-outs and permanent bans. so with that and me having zero symptoms i am aware symptoms or lack there of don t mean much what is the likely i got hiv from the exposure 2 years ago. Re: worried about high risk exposure Reply #1 on: July 04, 2013, 05:41:31 PM. Here s ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=49332.0
*  REASONS FOR INDIA’S GROWING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE EPIDEMIC PINPOINTED IN LARGEST-EVER RISK FACTOR
... STUDY | World Heart Federation. Press contacts REASONS FOR INDIA’S GROWING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE EPIDEMIC PINPOINTED IN LARGEST-EVER RISK FACTOR STUDY 19.04.2012 22:55 REASONS FOR INDIA’S GROWING CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE EPIDEMIC PINPOINTED IN LARGEST-EVER RISK FACTOR STUDY. Dubai 20 April 2012 : The Indian Heart Watch IHW study has revealed the truth behind the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of key risk factors that are driving the country’s growing cardiovascular disease CVD epidemic, in a first-of-a-kind presentation of data at the World Congress of Cardiology today. Seventy-nine per cent of men and 83 per cent of women were found to be physically inactive, while 51 per cent of men and 48 per cent of women were found to have high fat diets. Some 60 per cent of men and 57 per cent of women were found to have a low intake of fruit and vegetables, while 12 per cent of men and 0.5 per cent of women smoke. Overweight and obesity was reported in 41 per cent of men and 45 per cent of ...
http://world-heart-federation.org/press/releases/detail/article/reasons-for-indias-growing-cardiovascular-disease-epidemic-pinpointed-in-largest-ever-risk-factor/
*  Moffitt Cancer Center: Risk Factors
... Cancers We Treat. Find a Doctor. Clinical Trials Research. Patient Family. Cancers. Lung Cancer. Risk Factors. Risk Factors. Clinical Trials. Radiation Therapy. Lung Cancer Screening and Surveillance Program. Insurance Financial Information. Lung Cancer Risk Factors Through dedicated research, scientists have identified several risk factors for lung cancer. While some of these factors, like a patent’s genetics, can’t be changed, others can be diminished through lifestyle adjustments. Smoking is the number one risk factor for lung cancer. Cigarettes contain a number of carcinogens, and smoking introduces those toxins into the lungs. Inhaling another person’s smoke secondhand smoke exposure is also a known risk factor. While a person’s lung cancer risk goes up with the number of cigarettes they smoke per day and the number of years they have smoked, their risk can go down if they are able to stop smoking. Other lung cancer risk factors include: Exposure to radon, air pollution or other environmental ...
https://moffitt.org/cancers/lung-cancer/risk-factors/
*  .. Breast Cancer: Who Is at Risk?
← Join Our 2012 Denton Heart Walk Team. How Diabetes Affects Heart Health →. Breast Cancer: Who Is at Risk. October 8, 2012. Posted by. laicos. Some women are at higher risk for developing breast cancer than others. Anyone can get cancer, but some people have risk factors that may increase their chances. Certain risk factors, such as gender, are out of your control, and they do not necessarily mean you will get the disease. Even so, it is important to understand if you are at risk. According to the American Cancer Society, breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Some of the women had several risk factors but it’s still hard to know just how much they contributed. Risk Factors that are Out of Your Control. Breast cancer risk factors that women cannot change include:. Gender. Women are more likely to develop breast cancer than men. Age. The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. Race / ethnicity. Family history of breast cancer. Age of first period and onset of ...
http://blog.dentonregional.com/2012/10/08/breast-cancer-who-is-at-risk/
*  Phys.org - risk factors(... continued page 15)
Phys.org - risk factors ... Home risk factors. News tagged with risk factors. heart disease · patients · women · heart attack · cardiovascular disease. Patients at risk for complications after coronary artery fistula closure. Mar 23, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Infertile men have an increased risk of developing high grade prostate cancer, which is more likely to grow and spread quickly. Mar 22, 2010 in Cancer. Mar 16, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Mar 15, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Mar 03, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Individuals who were identified as being at increased risk of cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events based on screening for low ankle brachial index, a type of pressure measurement used in the diagnosis of peripheral artery ... Mar 01, 2010 in Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. Nearly 40 different inherited risk factors which predispose to the disease have now been identified. Blacks more likely to have undiagnosed key stroke risk factor, have ...
http://phys.org/tags/risk factors/page15.html
*  Go Red in February — Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camd
Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camdenton, MO. Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. By Jennifer Bethurem. The Lake News Online. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM Lake area. Go Red in February Part 7: Know your family history. Go Red in February Part 5: Controlling blood pressure... Lake Regional forum will address heart attacks, risk factors. There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. Using tobacco increases your risk of heart disease, and the likelihood that you would not survive a heart attack. Stay active, eat ...
http://lakenewsonline.com/article/20130204/LIFESTYLE/130209619/0/ENTERTAINMENTLIFE
*  Go Red in February — Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camd
Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors - Lifestyle - The Lake News Online - Camdenton, MO. newsletter. Go Red in February Part 2: Heart disease risk factors There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. By Jennifer Bethurem. The Lake News Online. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM. By Jennifer Bethurem. 4, 2013 at 1:44 PM Updated Feb 4, 2013 at 1:53 PM Lake area. Go Red in February Part 7: Know your family history. Go Red in February Part 5: Controlling blood pressure... Lake Regional forum will address heart attacks, risk factors. There are some risk factors for heart disease you can't control, such as age, gender and genetics. Having a family history of heart disease is another factor that increases risk. Using tobacco increases your risk of heart disease, and the likelihood that you would not survive a heart attack. Stay ...
http://lakenewsonline.com/article/20130204/LIFESTYLE/130209619/0/Events
*  socioeconomic risk factors: Topics by WorldWideScience.org
Socioeconomic disparities in risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Conclusions Among Korean adults, men and women in lower socioeconomic position, as denoted by education, income, and somewhat less by occupation, experience significantly higher levels of morbidity and lower self-reported health status, even after controlling for standard behavioral risk factors. Science.gov United States Goulden, R; Ibrahim, T; Wolfson, C 2015-06-01 High socioeconomic status SES is generally associated with better health outcomes, but some research has linked it with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis MS. 2015-01-01 Background Socioeconomic inequalities in mortality can be explained by different groups of risk factors. Results Contextual variables associated with CVD risk factors included: remoteness of village with higher blood pressure and fasting blood sugar, high proportion of Yi minority with drinking, high literacy rate with a lower rate of smoking and a lower mean waist-hip ratio, and high average income with ...
http://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/s/socioeconomic risk factors.html
*  NewYork-Presbyterian/Queens - Heart Disease Prevention - Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease
... Heart Center Heart Disease Prevention - Smoking and Cardiovascular Disease According to the American Heart Association AHA, diseases caused by smoking kill more than 440,000 people in the United States each year; of that number, more than 135,000 deaths are cardiovascular related. Smokers not only have increased risk for lung disease, including lung cancer and emphysema, but also have increased risk for heart disease, stroke, and oral cancer. In posing health risks on the body's cardiovascular system, smoking: Causes immediate and long-term increases in blood pressure Causes immediate and long-term increases in heart rate Reduces cardiac output and coronary blood flow Reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the body's tissues Changes the properties of blood vessels and blood cells allowing cholesterol and other fatty substances to build up Contributes to higher blood pressure and increased risk for blood clot formation Damages blood vessels Doubles the risk for ischemic stroke reduced blood flow to ...
http://nyhq.org/diw/content.asp?PageID=P06598&More=EVC&language=Korean
*  Study: 2 in 5 adults at risk for diabetes | WNOR FM99
Study: 2 in 5 adults at risk for diabetes. WNOR FM99. Listen Live. Search. Facebook. Twitter. Instagram. YouTube. RSS. Email. SMS. Tunein. Menu Home Media Photos. Stream FM99. Listen Live. Babe of the Day. Rumble Rumble on Demand. Stupid News. Videos. The Reach Around. Shelley s Puppies. On Air Rumble in the Morning. Shelley s Lunch Box. Eric Afternoons. Nikki Sixx. News Military. Music. Sports. Weird. Viral Videos. National. Entertainment. Events All Events. Helping Hand. Contests See All Contests. Football Challenge. Military Hero. Contest Rules. Connect Contact Us. Facebook. YouTube. Twitter. Text Club. FM99 Emails. Signup. Preferences. About Advertise with us. Contact Us. Jobs at FM99. Christmas Wish. Helping Hand. Home. News. Story. News Study: 2 in 5 adults at risk for diabetes. in National. DIABETES: Heidi Elbarky draws blood from a finger of her son, Omar, 8, to test his sugar level using OneTouch Ping that transfers the sugar level to Omar's insulin pump. More than 29 million people in the United ...
http://fm99.com/news/030030-study-2-in-5-adults-at-risk-for-diabetes/
*  Novel Risk Factors and the Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities
Diabetes care. Page 1 Novel Risk Factors and the Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities ARIC Study L.A. For prediction analyses, we started with a simple or basic prediction model,previouslyvalidatedinARIC 25, that includes age, parental history of di- abetes, race/ethnicity, fasting glucose, fasting triglycerides, systolic blood Table 1dBaseline characteristics mean or percentage of the total ARIC cohort by incident type 2 diabetes status Type 2 diabetes N = 1,457 No type 2 diabetes N = 10,820 P value Basic risk factors Age years Parental history of diabetes % Race African American, % Systolic blood pressure mmHg Waist circumference cm Height cm Fasting triglycerides mg/dL HDL-C mg/dL Fasting glucose mg/dL Novel risk factors WBC count 1,000/mm3 Fibrinogen mg/dL Albumin g/dL vWF % aPTT s Factor VIII % Magnesium mg/dL FEV1 L FVC L Hematocrit % Heart rate bpm Low-frequency-power heart rate variability ms Leg length cm Hip circumference cm Blood viscosity centipoise Genetic ...
http://researchgate.net/publication/230763240_Novel_Risk_Factors_and_the_Prediction_of_Type_2_Diabetes_in_the_Atherosclerosis_Risk_in_Communities_(ARIC)_Study
*  .. What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease? .. Stay Informed! .. Learn Reflexology Free! .. He
What are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease. By. Dee Braun. on February 8, 2013 in. Heart, Blood, Circulatory. There are two types of risk factors for heart disease, those that are controllable and those that you cannot control. The main risk factors for heart disease are being male, becoming older, a family history of heart disease, being a post-menopausal woman, and being African American, American Indian, or being Mexican American. These risk factors are the ones that you cannot control. The risk factors for heart disease that you can control are smoking, having high LDL cholesterol or low HDL cholesterol, whether you are physically active or not, obesity, and having uncontrolled diabetes, or a high C-reactive protein, and also having uncontrolled stress or anger. Heart Disease Risk Factors You Can Control. You can lower your risk for heart disease by making lifestyle changes that will lower those risks that you can control. You can make lifestyle changes that will improve your eating habits or you can ...
http://natural-holistic-health.com/risk-factors-heart-disease/
*  .. Diabetes and risk of cardiovascular disease .. Interesting Times .. About me/this blog .. Rece
“OBJECTIVE—To compare the risk of cardiovascular disease CVD death and the impact of hyperglycemia on the risk of CVD mortality associated with type 1 diabetes to that associated with type 2 diabetes. RESULTS—During an 18-year follow-up, 86 participants with type 1 diabetes, 567 participants with type 2 diabetes, and 252 nondiabetic participants died. CVD mortality rates per 1,000 person-years were 23.1 95% CI 16.9–31.9 in type 1 diabetic, 35.3 30.8–40.4 in type 2 diabetic, and 4.6 3.8–5.7 in nondiabetic participants. CONCLUSIONS—The impact of type 1 and type 2 diabetes on CVD mortality was similar. The effect of increasing hyperglycemia on the risk of CVD mortality was more profound in type 1 than in type 2 diabetic subjects.”. “At baseline type 1 diabetic participants, when compared with nondiabetic participants, were leaner and had higher HDL cholesterol and lower diastolic blood pressure, but they had a slightly higher prevalence of hypertension, higher systolic blood pressure, and higher ...
https://econstudentlog.wordpress.com/2010/08/07/
*  Your Health Information Library: Adults & Kids Health Topics
Browse all Community health services and other services. Awards and honors. Community Heart and Vascular Hospital. Health Services. Community Home Health. Health Information Library. Sports Medicine. Programs. Emergency Medical Services. Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases Primary risk factors for chronic disease: At the top of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC list of primary risk factors for all chronic diseases are: smoking, poor nutrition, and sedentary lifestyle. This includes the following: eliminating all tobacco products adhering to a heart-healthy diet following an appropriate exercise program. Eliminate all tobacco products: You should be aware that all tobacco products are included as risk factors for chronic illness, not just cigarettes. One aspect of managing your heart attack risk factors includes eating a heart-healthy diet, including appropriate levels of the following: calories cholesterol fat fiber sodium. To find more information about the Dietary Guidelines for Americans ...
https://ecommunity.com/health/index.aspx?pageid=P00708
*  Risk Factors Influencing Antibody Responses to Kaposi's Sarc... : JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immun
Text sizing: A. Analysis of HIV-related factors and coinfections based on ANY serostatus revealed a higher seropositivity rate in patients with CD4 T cells/mm 3 less than 200 than greater than 200 53% versus 33%; OR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.37-4.02; P = 0.002, HIV copies/mL greater than 400 than less than 400 42% versus 32%; OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.09-2.65; P = 0.019, with than without syphilis 56% versus 34%; OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.28-4.79; P = 0.007, and with than without hepatitis 47% versus 33%; OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.07-2.90; P = 0.027 Table 1. The results thus far indicated an association of CD4 T cell count, HIV load, or duration of HIV infection with ORF65 but not LANA serostatus. However, detection rate of latent antibodies was lower in those with CD4 T cells/mm 3 less than 200 than greater than 200 35% versus 67%; OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.11-0.61; P = 0.002, CD8 T cells/mm 3 less than 400 than greater than 400 28% versus 64%; OR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.07-0.67; P = 0.007, and duration of HIV infection greater than 15 years than ...
http://journals.lww.com/jaids/Fulltext/2011/01010/Risk_Factors_Influencing_Antibody_Responses_to.13.aspx
*  Heart Attack Prevention Overview: Follow These Tips
Pill Identifier. Kulick received his undergraduate and medical degrees from the University of Southern California, School of Medicine. Louis University School of Medicine, he completed his Internal Medicine residency and Rheumatology fellowship at the University of California, Irvine. What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease. What are the risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart disease. Well-known risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis and heart attacks are: Elevated levels of LDL cholesterol the "bad" cholesterol in the blood; Family history of early coronary heart disease, including a heart attack or sudden death before age 55 in the father or other male first-degree relative, or before age 65 in the mother or other female first-degree relative; Cigarette smoking; Diabetes mellitus; High blood pressure; Low levels of HDL the "good" cholesterol in the blood; and Sedentary lifestyle. Less recognized but just as important risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis ...
http://rxlist.com/heart_attack_and_atherosclerosis_prevention/page6.htm
*  .. Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors .. RELATED CONDITIONS .. WEEKLY NEWSLETT
Type 2 Diabetes Home Type 2 Diabetes Journey Risks, Symptoms, and Tests After Your Diagnosis Doctors and Other Health-Care Support Monitoring Your Blood Sugar Eating Healthy Weight Loss and Exercise Living With Diabetes Non-Insulin Drugs If You Need Insulin Complications of Diabetes. News Headlines. RELATED CONDITIONS. Heart Disease Depression High Cholesterol Men's Sexual Dysfunction Heart Attack. WEEKLY NEWSLETTER Free Healthy Living Email Newsletter Get the latest health, fitness, anti-aging, and nutrition news, plus special offers, insights and updates from Health.com. Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors August 11, 2014. By Dennis Thompson HealthDay Reporter. MONDAY, Aug. 11, 2014 HealthDay News — Chronic diseases that can increase a person’s risk of heart attack or stroke appear to hit women and blacks the hardest, a new population-based study found. Diabetes and high blood pressure in particular, contribute to an ongoing gender and race gap in heart disease risk, researchers report ...
http://news.health.com/2014/08/11/women-blacks-hit-harder-by-heart-disease-risk-factors/
*  Risk Factors for Heart Attack - Kendall Regional Medical Center | Miami, FL
Risk Factors for Heart Attack - Kendall Regional Medical Center. Lawnwood Medical Center & Heart Institute. Women's Health. H2U - health to you. Health Library. It is possible to have a heart attack with or without the risk factors listed below. People who continue to smoke in the presence of established cardiovascular disease are at increased risk for repeated heart attacks and sudden cardiac arrest. It also helps reduce the chance of other heart attack risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Drinking too much alcohol can increase blood pressure and lead to other heart problems. Testosterone Therapy Men aged 65 years and older who are taking testosterone therapy are more likely to have a heart attack. Talk to your doctor about your risk of heart attack if you are taking testosterone therapy medications. If you have hypertension and are not keeping your blood pressure in a specific target range, you have an increased risk of having a heart attack. It also adds to your chances of ...
http://kendallmed.com/your-health/?/20336/Other-Treatments-for-Heart-Attack~Risk-Factors
*  What are the Evidence Based Public Health Interventions for Prevention and Control of NCDs in Relati
... on to India. What are the Evidence Based Public Health Interventions for Prevention and Control of NCDs in Relation to India. Interventions influencing behavioral risk factors like unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol consumption through policy, public education, or a combination of both have been demonstrated to be effective in reducing the NCD risk in populations as well as in individuals. Policy interventions are also effective in reducing the levels of several major biological risk factors linked to NCDs high blood pressure; overweight and obesity; diabetes and abnormal blood cholesterol. In this review, we discuss the evidence for public health interventions in reducing NCD burden from both developed and developing countries and describe how such interventions can be contextualised to the Indian perspective. 4, 5 Since risk factors exert a steadily rising effect on the risk of disease and interact with each other to increase the overall risk, strategies for prevention must ...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3354911/?lang=en-ca
*  Primary care practice structure affects control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among pat
... ients with diabetes. Primary care practice structure affects control of risk factors for cardiovascular disease among patients with diabetes Research Activities, September 2009. Primary care practices that have teams with well-defined leadership and effective teamwork, where the appointment and visit systems are well structured, and where followup and coordination of care after the visit are well planned, seemed to be better at controlling risk factors for cardiovascular CV disease among patients with diabetes, concludes a new study. Kaissi, Ph.D., of Trinity University, found that a primary care practice's community connections and its actual delivery of care during a patient's visit were linked to good control of three CV risk factors among patients with diabetes: glycosylated hemoglobin or A1C a measure of blood-sugar level, blood pressure BP, and low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol. Clinicians in each clinic completed the Assessment of Chronic Illness Care survey about use of the six ...
http://archive.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/research-activities/sep09/0909RA18.html
*  Belly Fat Is Culprit in Stroke Gender Gap
... Symptoms. Health A-Z. See what your medical symptoms could mean, and learn about possible conditions. WebMD Pain Coach Track your pain levels, triggers, and treatments. FDA Approves Diet Pill Belviq. FDA Delays Decision on Blood Thinner Eliquis WebMD Mobile Drug Information App Drug, supplement, and vitamin information on the go. Living Healthy. Diet, Food Fitness Diet Weight Management. Oral Care Living Well Women's Health. Men's Health. Your Birth Control Options. Food Fitness Planner: Personalize Your Weight Loss Plan WebMD Allergy App for iPhone Fight allergies with daily forecasts, local alerts, and personalized tips. Family Pregnancy. Family and Pregnancy Centers Pregnancy. Featured Topics Know the Signs of Early Pregnancy. WebMD Vaccine Tracker: Manage Vaccinations for Your Entire Family WebMD Pregnancy App for iPhone The big day is coming. News Experts. Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox. WebMD Health Experts and Community. WebMD Communities Connect with ...
http://webmd.com/women/news/20100225/belly-fat-culprit-stroke-gender-gap
*  The ageing brain | OUPblog
The Oxford Comment. Do vascular risk factors such as high blood pressure and smoking make us forgetful. Cognitive ageing, such as symptoms of forgetfulness, is increasingly seen as the result of the joint effect of several vascular disease risk factors, including high blood pressure, BMI, cholesterol levels, and smoking. However, the combined influence of these on cognitive decline is less commonly explored among older adults at increased risk of both cardiovascular disease and cognitive decline. In a recent paper, we looked at Framingham stroke and cardiovascular risk scores a measure used to assess an individual’s probability of developing stroke or cardiovascular disease over a 10-years period and investigated their association with cognitive decline in older adults. Participants with the highest risk of future stroke or cardiovascular events, based on their risk factors values, were found to perform more poorly on tests of memory and executive functioning after a four year period. This adds weight to the ...
http://blog.oup.com/2012/12/ageing-high-blood-pressure-forgetfulness/
*  DCCPS: BRP: BBPSB: Key Initiatives
... Key Initiatives. Basic Biobehavioral and Psychological Sciences Branch. Basic Biobehavioral and Psychological Sciences Branch BBPSB Key Initiatives: The Complex Patient and Co-Morbid Conditions. Strategy Text-only description appears below Many risk factors that contribute to disease: biological risks e.g. obesity , behavioral risks e.g. smoking, sedentary lifestyle , psychological risks e.g. These include Sympathetic Nervous System SNS activity, Parasympathetic Nervous System PNS activity, the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal HPA axis, Inflammation and the Immune response. The "complex patient" has a "co-morbid condition," meaning they have two or more physical diseases or they have one chronic disorder and develops another due to common risk factors or iatrogenic effects of treatment for the first. The combination of cancer and cardiovascular disease CVD is a common co-morbid condition. The shared risk factors of Cancer and CVD include smoking, obesity and sedentary lifestyle. There are ...
http://cancercontrol.cancer.gov/brp/bbpsb/complex.html
*  Study identifies 10 risk factors linked to 90% of strokes | News | Nursing Times
Study identifies 10 risk factors linked to 90% of strokes. News. Nursing Times. Skip to main content. Skip to navigation. FAQs. Contact. About. Marketing & Advertising. Events. Group Access. Recruitment. Subscribe. Register. Sign in. By continuing to use the site you agree to our Privacy Cookies policy. Your browser seems to have cookies disabled. For the best experience of this website, please enable cookies in your browser. Close. Accept. 'Nurses key to success of new care models'. Steve Ford, news editor. SPEAK OUT SAFELY CAMPAIGN. Search the site. Home. Nursing Practice. Nursing Times Learning. Opinion. Student Nursing Times. Jobs. Subscribe. Your browser is no longer supported For the best possible experience using our website we recommend you upgrade to a newer version or another browser. Close. Study identifies 10 risk factors linked to 90% of strokes 7 May, 2014. By The Press Association. Ten risk factors are associated with 90% of strokes, according to preliminary findings from a study presented for ...
http://nursingtimes.net/study-identifies-10-risk-factors-linked-to-90-of-strokes/5070601.article
*  Multilevel modeling versus cross-sectional analysis for assessing the longitudinal tracking of cardi
... ovascular risk factors over time. Article Multilevel modeling versus cross-sectional analysis for assessing the longitudinal tracking of cardiovascular risk factors over time. We focus on cardiovascular epidemiological research where investigators are often interested in quantifying the relations between clinical risk factors and outcome measures X and Y, respectively, where X and Y are measured repeatedly over time, for example, using serial observations on participants attending multiple examinations in a longitudinal cohort study. In this tutorial, we describe the application of multilevel modeling to cardiovascular risk factors and outcome data using serial echocardiographic data as an example of an outcome. ABSTRACT: To elucidate the hospital characteristics associated with hospital performance and time trends in acute myocardial infarction AMI care using multilevel multivariable analysis of longitudinal data. The following factors were significantly associated with time trends of improvement in ...
http://researchgate.net/publication/240306579_Multilevel_modeling_versus_cross-sectional_analysis_for_assessing_the_longitudinal_tracking_of_cardiovascular_risk_factors_over_time
*  Low risk for heart attack? Could an ultrasound hold the answer?
Low risk for heart attack. Could an ultrasound hold the answer. Home. Medicine Health. Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes. November 11, 2008 Low risk for heart attack. Could an ultrasound hold the answer. November 11, 2008 By adding the results of an imaging technique to the traditional risk factors for coronary heart disease, doctors at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston found they were able to improve prediction of heart attacks in people previously considered low risk. The findings are being presented today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions in New Orleans. Researchers used ultrasound imaging to view the carotid intima media thickness C-IMT, or thickness of the artery walls. "The ultrasound added another dimension to the risk factor score and showed us that those with thick arteries in the higher end of low risk group actually are at intermediate risk for coronary heart disease," said Dr. Vijay Nambi, assistant professor of medicine - atherosclerosis and vascular medicine at BCM and ...
http://phys.org/news/2008-11-heart-ultrasound.html
*  Protein May Be Heart Risk Factor - NYTimes.com
... campaign: nyt2014 bar1 digihd regi BAU -- 268632, creative: nyt2015 bar1 digihd BAU 4JQ88 4JQ8F 4JQ8J 4JQ8L -- 399712, page: www.nytimes.com/archive/article/us, targetedPage: www.nytimes.com/archive/article/us, position: Bar1. The protein appears to mark a particular risk for white men and women under 65. It is also not known what can or should be done to reduce elevated blood levels of Lp a. However, the association between Lp a and heart disease may help to explain why heart attacks occur in some people who have otherwise low cholesterol levels and who have no other major coronary risk factors. The study, published in the current issue of Circulation, a journal of the American Heart Association, found an increased coronary risk associated with high blood levels of Lp a in women both before and after menopause. Among the 292 women who had heart attacks or angina, blood levels of Lp a averaged 38 percent higher than among 292 healthy women who were otherwise comparable in age and other coronary risk ...
http://nytimes.com/1997/01/29/us/protein-may-be-heart-risk-factor.html?src=pm
*  Incredible Discoveries - Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime with Iampur - Incredible Discoveries
... Oceans 2003 Navigating the Ocean we call business -. Home. About Us. Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime with Iampur. On 03.07.12, In Health, Health and Wellness, Marketing, Media, by IncredibleDiscoveries The following segment aired on Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime Television. Joining Incredible Discoveries was Iampur. to discuss Iampur Relief. Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime Television Guest: Phil Hudson. Incredible Discoveries on Lifetime Television: One out of every three adults has arthritis or joint pain, and it can ruin your daily life. There is a smart, natural solution to deal with this on-going pain problem Iampur- relief. As seen on Incredible Discoveries, Iampur-relief was professionally formulated to provide fast-acting and long-lasting pain relief, so you can enjoy life to the fullest. It s that simple. To relieve your aches, you simply apply Iampur-relief directly to the site of pain, and the natural ingredients will produce an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Iampur-relief ...
http://oceans2003.org/incredible-discoveries-iampur/
*  .. .. Health Library .. Understanding Cancer Statistics .. Cancer facts and figures .. Centers, P
Statistics are often used in cancer to help guide decision-making about identifying people at risk for getting cancer and identifying the best test or treatment. Relative risk. The relative risk compares the risk of people getting a cancer with certain risk factors family history or certain behaviors like smoking with a similar group of people without those risk factors. For example, it was estimated that 604 men and 456 women per 100,000 people in Massachusetts had cancer between 2001 and 2005. For example, 238 men and 166 women per 100,000 people in Massachusetts and 206 men and 151 women per 100,000 in California were estimated to have died of cancer between 2001 and 2005. All of this information can help people make decisions about changing behaviors, taking tests or treatments, and overall outlook. Breast Cancer Overview. Study Refutes Notion That Diabetes Drug Actos Raises Bladder Cancer Risk. Family History of Breast Cancer Doesn't Worsen Patient's Prognosis: Study. Genes Linked to Breast, Ovarian ...
http://healthcare.utah.edu/healthlibrary/related/doc.php?type=34&id=24227-1
*  New study challenges current thinking on risk factors for contrast induced nephrotoxicity
... May 1, 2012 New study challenges current thinking on risk factors for contrast induced nephrotoxicity May 1, 2012 Contrary to current belief, a new study finds that patients with a history of diabetes are not one of the most at risk for contrast induced nephrotoxicity. Instead, the study found that patients with a history of renal disease, hypertension and/or heart disease are more likely to suffer from renal insufficiency, putting them at greater risk for contrast induced nephrotoxicity. The study, done at Northwestern Memorial Hospital-Northwestern University in Chicago, included 2,404 patients. "Since all patients underwent the eGFR test, we had an unusual opportunity to see if the traditional risk factors truly predict reduced renal function, said Vahid Yaghmai, MD, one of the authors of the study. The study found that "patients with history of renal disease, hypertension and heart disease had significantly higher odds of having abnormal eGFR," said Dr. Many facilities ask patients to fill out a ...
http://medicalxpress.com/news/2012-05-current-factors-contrast-nephrotoxicity.html
*  Logos - VCU Massey Cancer Center
VCU Massey Cancer Center. Anatomy Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment. Types of brain tumors Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Long-term outlook. Anatomy of the brain Types of brain tumors Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Long-term outlook. Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment. Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment. Causes, risk factors and prevention Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Long-term outlook. Causes and risk factors Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment Long-term outlook. Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment Other types of liver cancer. Causes, risk factors and prevention Signs and symptoms Diagnosis Treatment. Causes and risk factors Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and staging Treatment Long-term-outlook. Causes and risk factors Signs and symptoms Diagnosis and ...
http://massey.vcu.edu/news/identity/logos/
*  SMW - Swiss Medical Weekly - 21293981
BACKGROUND: The burden of abdominal obesity AO and its association with other cardiovascular risk factors is not known in coronary artery disease CAD patients attending cardiac rehabilitation CR. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the prevalence of AO and differences in cardiovascular risk factors between AO and non-AO patients. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate the prevalence of AO in a large cohort of CAD patients attending CR and to evaluate differences in cardiovascular risk factors in AO and non-AO patients, thus sensitising physicians to this medical entity. The SF-36 is a health survey designed to assess health-related quality of life that is not disease-, treatment- or age-specific. The association of AO with other cardiovascular risk factors is shown in table 2. AO was associated significantly with diabetes p = 0.003 and hypertension p 0.001, whereas BMI equal or higher than 30 kg/m 2 was only associated with diabetes p = 0.036, not shown in the table. In ...
http://smw.ch/content/smw-2011-13153/
*  Women, Blacks Hit Harder by Heart Disease Risk Factors | Newsday
Newsday. Subscribe to Newsday. Newsday Fun Book. Top Stories. Top Stories. Top Stories. Top Stories. Top Stories. Get unlimited digital access $14.99 A MONTH Join Now To continue reading, Newsday subscribers log in To continue reading, Newsday subscribers log in or register. The study evaluated the combined and individual impact of five major risk factors for heart disease -- high cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity and diabetes. The combined risk from all five factors remained the same in blacks over a 10-year period, causing a steady 67 percent increased risk of heart disease. Combined heart disease risk fell for women during the same 10 years, decreasing from 68 percent increased risk to 58 percent. But their risk still remained higher than that of men, whose combined risk decreased from 51 percent to 48 percent during the study period. Diabetes and high blood pressure emerged as the two factors that continue to drive up the risk of heart attack and stroke, particularly in women and blacks. ...
http://newsday.com/news/health/women-blacks-hit-harder-by-heart-disease-risk-factors-1.9030508
*  291 diseases and injuries + 67 risk factors + 1,160 non-fatal complications = 650 million estimates
... of how we age, sicken, and die. 291 diseases and injuries + 67 risk factors + 1,160 non-fatal complications = 650 million estimates of how we age, sicken, and die December 14, 2012 11:08 AM. From the team for the massive Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010. In addition to the data visualizations, the IHME provides GBD 2010 publication summaries : Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Healthy life expectancy for 187 countries, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Age‐specific and sex‐specific mortality in 187 countries, 1970–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global ...
http://metafilter.com/122905/291-diseases-and-injuries-67-risk-factors-1160-nonfatal-complications-650-million-estimates-of-how-we-age-sicken-and-die
*  JAMA Network | JAMA Internal Medicine | "Successful Aging": Effect of Subclinical Cardiovascul
"Successful Aging": Effect of Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease. Previous Article Next Article. The authors have no relevent financial interest in this article. Article. COMMENT. ARTICLE INFORMATION. Figures in this Article. To determine whether subclinical vascular disease and CVD risk factors were associated with more years free of physical and cognitive disability when not combined with the incident CVD outcome, we modeled separately ADL difficulty and a combined physical and cognitive disability, using the predictors identified in the successful aging models, with and without adjustment for intervening CVD. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. Proportion of Men and Women With Successful Aging by Age, Subclinical Cardiovascular Disease CVD, and Selected Risk Factors. View Large | Save Table | Download Slide .ppt | View in Article Context. Within each age group, the participants with subclinical ...
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=216217
*  MO Arthritis: Self-Management
... MO Arthritis. Home. About Arthritis. Find a Class. Course Registration. Arthritis Links. Leader Resources. Partner Resources. Self-Management Toolkit. Sustainability Project. Find a RAC. Contact Us. Self-Management. Did you know that February is American Heart Month. Did you know that February is American Heart Month. Million Hearts ® and The Heart Truth ® are two campaigns that help support American Heart Month here in the United States. Million Hearts® is a national initiative that works to prevent 1 million heart attacks and strokes by 2017, while The Heart Truth® is a 28-day challenge during the month of February that encourages women to take action to lower their risk for heart disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC states that there are three key risk factors tied to heart disease: high blood pressure, high cholesterol LDL, and smoking. 49% of Americans have one or more key risk factors linked back to heart disease. It’s not too late to make the decision to change. If you ...
http://moarthritis.org/self-management/page/4/
*  Risk Factors for Heart Attack | Blake Medical Center | Bradenton, FL
Risk Factors for Heart Attack. Blake Medical Center. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Find A Doctor. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Patients & Visitors. H2U - health to you. Health Info. Health Info Health Info. Health Library. Hospital Affiliation Letters for Medical Center Staff. Find A Doctor. Find A Doctor Doctor of the Year Ballot. Patients & Visitors. Patients & Visitors Classes & Events. H2U - health to you. Blake Medical Center @BlakeMedCenter October is #BreastCancerAwareness Month. It is possible to have a heart attack with or without the risk factors listed below. It also helps reduce the chance of other heart attack risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Talk to your doctor about your risk of heart attack if you are taking testosterone therapy medications. If you have hypertension and are not keeping your blood pressure in a specific target range, you have an increased risk of having a heart attack. It also adds to your chances of developing high blood pressure, ...
http://blakemedicalcenter.com/hl/?/20336/Diagnosis-of-Heart-Attack~Risk-Factors
*  CDC - Podcasts
Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure, is the leading cause of death in the U.S. The audio file can be found at Audio Download. Save This File 6MB. A CUP OF HEALTH WITH CDC Heart Health American Heart Month – February 2014 Recorded: February 25, 2013; posted: February 27, 2013. is caused by cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure; it’s the leading cause of death. Fleetwood Loustalot is a researcher with CDC’s National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. He’s joining us today to discuss ways to prevent cardiovascular disease. Leading risk factors include high blood pressure and cholesterol, diabetes, being overweight or obese, smoking, lack of physical activity, and an unhealthy diet, including consuming too much sodium in your diet. Fleetwood, what ...
http://www2c.cdc.gov/podcasts/player.asp?f=8631495
*  USMLE Step 2 - Cardiovascular Flashcards - Cram.com
Shuffle Toggle On Toggle Off Alphabetize Toggle On Toggle Off Front First Toggle On Toggle Off Both Sides Toggle On Toggle Off Read Toggle On Toggle Off. Leading cause of M M in US Clinically - SOB DOE arrhythmias stable unstable angina MI heart failure sudden death risk factors - age gender hypercholesterolemia DM HTN smoking family Hx. RF = risk factor 0-1 RF - treat: by diet if LDL 160 by meds if LDL 190 2 RFs - treat: by diet if LDL 130 by meds if LDL 160 CHD or MI or angina or DM - treat: by diet if LDL 100 by meds if LDL 130. ■ Admit monitor by EKG/telemetry ■ acute Sxs - O2 sublingual nitroglycerin ASA IV B-blockers Ca2+ channel blockers - if can't tolerate B-blockers ticlopidine or clopidogrel - if allergic to ASA ■ chronic Sxs - nitrates B-blockers ASA risk factors' reduction stress test lipid panel statins ■ pain inc. Vasospasm of coronary vessels happens at rest early morning young women Dx - angiography clean coronary arteries Tx - Ca2+ channel blockers. ■ Lifestyle mod - init Tx for stages 1 2 ■ ...
http://cram.com/flashcards/usmle-step-2-cardiovascular-493218
*  Avoiding risk factors ensures longer survival in men - Nutrition Express Articles
... Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Article Index > Newsletters > 2007 Newsletters > November 2007 Avoiding risk factors ensures longer survival in men by Newsletter Editor Avoiding midlife risk factors ensures longer survival in men. For men, healthy survival has been linked to lifestyle choices. In a 40-year-long study of 5,820 Japanese men, overall survival rates compared to exceptional survival rates were shown to be linked to healthy lifestyle factors and higher education. Out of all the subjects, 58% died before the age of 85, 31% survived to 85 with disease or disability and 11% survived to 85 without 6 major chronic diseases and without cognitive or physical impairment. The probability of exceptional survival was 60% with no risk factors and less than 10% with 6 or more risk factors. Therefore, aiming to reduce multiple risk factors such as being overweight, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, smoking and excessive drinking while maintaining healthy body weight may improve the ...
http://nutritionexpress.com/article index/newsletters/2007 newsletters/november 2007/showarticle.aspx?articleid=876
*  Browsing Epidemiology by Title
... → Browsing Epidemiology by Title. Browsing Epidemiology by Title. Abnormalities of glucose metabolism, such as impaired glucose tolerance and diabetes, have been associated with increased risk of multiple types of cancers. Alcohol intake, viral hepatitis B infection, viral hepatitis C infection, and the risk of primary liver cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis . Accurate estimation of the contribution of major risk factors of liver cancer namely, alcohol intake and viral hepatitis infection, is essential ... Background: Pediatric HIV is associated with an increased risk of neurodevelopmental deficits. In serodiscordant couples, provision of antiretroviral therapy ART to the HIV-infected partner significantly decreases risk of sexual HIV transmission of HIV. Background: Aortic sclerosis is associated with increased ... Area-level socioeconomic status and cancer outcomes: Is there an association and can it be explained by behavior. Increasingly, area-level socioeconomic status SES is recognized ...
https://digital.lib.washington.edu/researchworks/handle/1773/4918/browse?type=title
*  Vytorin Bad, Statins Good? : Disease Proof:
Vytorin Bad, Statins Good. : Disease Proof:. Disease Proof Posted at 8:40 AM on April 1, 2008 by Gerald Pugliese Vytorin Bad, Statins Good. Vytorin is a bust, so, doctors are urging people to turn back to statins. Yeah, great idea. More from the Associated Press : Millions of Americans already take the drug or one of its components, Zetia. But doctors were stunned to learn Vytorin failed to improve heart disease, even though it worked as intended to reduce three key risk factors. People need to turn back to statins, said Yale University cardiologist Dr. We know that statins are good drugs. The study tested whether Vytorin was better than Zocor alone at limiting plaque buildup in the arteries of 720 people with super high cholesterol because of a gene disorder. Fuhrman explains: The known side effects for various statins the most popular and effective medications to lower cholesterol include hepatitis, jaundice, other liver problems, gastrointestinal upsets, muscle problems and a variety of blood ...
http://diseaseproof.com/archives/cardiovascular-disease-vytorin-bad-statins-good-print.html
*  Human Resources News
Obesity Alone Raises Risk of Fatal Heart Attack, Study Finds. Obese men face a dramatically higher risk of dying from a heart attack, regardless of whether or not they have other known risk factors for cardiovascular disease, a new study reveals. The finding stems from an analysis involving roughly 6,000 middle-aged men, and it suggests that there is something about carrying around excess weight that contributes to heart disease independent of risk factors such as high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol and arterial disease. "Obese, middle-aged men have a 60 percent increased risk of dying from a heart attack than non-obese middle-aged men, even after we cancel out any of the effects of cholesterol, blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors," noted study author Jennifer Logue, a clinical lecturer of metabolic medicine with the British Heart Foundation's Cardiovascular Research Centre at the University of Glasgow, in Scotland. What's more, even after also accounting for risk factors such as ...
http://wku.edu/hr/news/index.php?view=article&articleid=814&return=archive
*  Info Center - EMC.org
Guleria : There are certain risk factors that we know are greater than others: total cholesterol that is higher than 240; systolic blood pressure greater than 160 or diastolic pressure greater than 100; if a person smokes or has diabetes, or has a close relative with history of heart attack or cardiovascular disease. There are also established risk scores that patients and doctors can use to help determine their likely risk for a heart attack, including the Reynolds Risk Score for women, and the Framingham Risk Score. Shaver: Another risk factor is the metabolic syndrome. Guleria, tell us about metabolic syndrome. These are the people who have abdominal obesity, high blood pressure, triglycerides greater than 150, low HDL high-density lipoprotein, good cholesterol, fasting blood glucose greater than 100. Shaver: In terms of body fat, is all fat the same when it comes to risk factors. If there is less LDL cholesterol formed in the liver, then the LDL receptor in the liver attracts cholesterol circulating in ...
http://emc.org/info-center/?xyzpdqabc=0&action=detail&dataRef=1509&source=511&issue=554&format=pdf&template=basic
*  .. Know Your Risk
know your risk as a woman the single most important thing you can do to safeguard your heart health is to educate yourself about your unique risk factors studies show that most women in canada donâ t realize that heart disease and stroke is a leading cause of death for women in canada in fact heart disease and stroke kills seven times more women than breast cancer becoming aware of your health profile and learning how to recognize the warning signs of heart disease and stroke will allow you to take preventive action and control your risk factors learn more about heart disease and your risk profile and find your path to heart health by exploring this section of the website what is heart disease and stroke evaluate your risk women heart health warning signs prevention treatment for heart disease stroke living with heart disease stroke questions to ask your doctor
http://thehearttruth.ca/know-your-risk/
*  Whole Health Source: August 2008
... Posted by. Stephan Guyenet. at 1:19 PM. 8 comments:. Email This. BlogThis. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Pinterest. Labels: diabetes, overweight, Pima. Posted by. Stephan Guyenet. 11 comments:. Email This. BlogThis. Share to Twitter. Share to Facebook. Share to Pinterest. Tuesday, August 26, 2008. 69% of their calories come from carbohydrate, 21% from fat and 10% from protein. There are examples of cultures that were/are healthy eating high-fat diets, high-carbohydrate diets and everything in between. Leptin is secreted by adipose fat tissue, and its blood levels are proportional to fat mass. This isn't surprising, since leptin levels track with fat mass and the Kitavans are very lean average male BMI = 20, female BMI = 18. These data show that exercise can not explain Kitavans' low insulin levels. We can guess that total fat, saturated fat and carbohydrate do not cause hyperinsulinemia, based on data from the Inuit, the Masai and the Kitavans, respectively. Judging by these numbers, ...
http://wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2008_08_01_archive.html
*  .. Booster Shots .. Researchers find a way to subtract 12 years from your life .. Oddities, musings
Business. Sports. Entertainment. Health. Travel. Opinion. Booster Shots Oddities, musings and news from the health world. Previous Post. Booster Shots Home. Next Post. Researchers find a way to subtract 12 years from your life April 26, 2010. 1:01 pm You know that smoking is bad for your health. Ditto heavy drinking, a slovenly lifestyle or a preference for chili cheese fries over fruits and vegetables. Epidemiologists have linked each of these behaviors to increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke. Giske Ursin – studied the effect of all four bad behaviors at once. Smokers fill that bill, while nonsmokers and former smokers did not. Men who consumed more than 21 8-gram servings of alcohol and women who drank more than 14 servings of alcohol were considered to have poor drinking behavior. Anyone who got less than 120 minutes of exercise each week was defined as having poor physical activity, and bad diets were those that contained fewer than 3 fruits or vegetables each day. After tracking nearly ...
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/booster_shots/2010/04/risk-of-death-from-drinking-smoking-unhealthy-eating-poor-exercise.html
*  The Mermaid's Tale: Who, me? I don't believe in single-gene causation! (or do I?). Part I. What
I don't believe in single-gene causation. I don't believe in single-gene causation. Ken Weiss. genes 'for' a trait is still on. Single gene causation does exist, at least sometimes doesn't it. There are well-documented single risk factors, genetic and otherwise, that everyone accepts 'cause' some disease in a very meaningful sense. Examples are some alleles variant states of the CFTR gene and Cystic Fibrosis CF , BRCA1 and 2 variants and breast cancer, or smoking and lung cancer. Gene X doesn't cause the disease after all. Or disease and none of the known causal mutations. If you have a dysfunctional BRCA1 genotype, you are at risk of some one breast cell acquiring a set of mutations that don't get detected and repaired. Gene X plus time plus environmental risk factors cause the disease. Though, we all believe it's a single gene, BRCA1 or 2, that causes cancer. The obvious non-genetic instance, smoking and lung cancer, is similar but not exactly the same. The reason the risk is probabilistic -- that is, a ...
http://ecodevoevo.blogspot.com/2013/05/who-me-i-dont-believe-in-single-gene.html
*  Popular Blogs for heart disease | SparkPeople
Join Now for Free. Healthy Cooking. Healthy Heart. Healthy Home. Posted 1/23/2014 12:00:00 AM By: Jen Mueller : 2 comments 15,276 views Read More. Posted 8/5/2013 12:00:00 PM By: SparkPeople Guest Blogger : 7 comments 15,649 views Read More. DailySpark: What are the top lifestyle changes women can make to ensure their hearts stay healthy. Desvigne-Nickens: Most heart disease risk factors are preventable or controllable by making healthy lifestyle changes, including: stopping smoking, being physically active, following a healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy weight. Additional risk factors that you can prevent and control include: high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and high blood sugar or diabetes. High blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and high blood sugar are often treatable with healthy lifestyle but may require medical prescriptions. You can reduce your risk for heart disease by over 80% by controlling risk factors and a healthy lifestyle. Posted 2/22/2013 12:00:00 PM By: Stepfanie Romine ...
http://sparkpeople.com/blog/blog_topics.asp?topic=heart_disease
*  Family history (medicine)
Family history medicine. Family history medicine. In medicine, a 'family history' consists of information about disorders from which the direct blood relatives of the patient have suffered. Genealogy typically includes very little of the medical history of the family, but the medical history could be considered a specific subset of the total history of a family. 1 Accurate knowledge of a patient's family history may identify a predisposition to developing certain illnesses, which can inform clinical decisions and allow effective management or even prevention of conditions. Uses Consequences Definitions References. cardiovascular disease s, autoimmune disorder s, mental disorders, diabetes, cancer to assess whether a person is at risk of developing similar problems. Some medical conditions are carried only by the female line such as X-linked conditions and some Mitochondrial diseases. Tracing female ancestors can be difficult in societies that change the woman's family name when she marries. Death records ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Family_history_(medicine)
*  Rate ratio
... a rate ratio sometimes called an incidence density ratio in epidemiology is a relative difference measure used to compare the incidence rate s of events occurring at any given point in time a common application for this measure in analytic epidemiologic studies is in the search for a causal association between a certain risk factor and an outcome text rate ratio frac text incidence rate text incidence rate http www ctspedia org do view ctspedia rateratio where incidence rate is the occurrence of an event over person time for example person years text incidence rate frac text events text person time note the same time intervals must be used for both incidence rates see also ratio risk ratio odds ratio references category biostatistics category epidemiology category rates
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rate_ratio
*  .. Can You Be Fat and Healthy? Depends Where You Are Fat .. RELATED CONDITIONS .. WEEKLY NEWSLETTE
Heart Disease Home Heart Disease Journey Perspectives On Heart Disease Risks and Symptoms Heart Tests Heart Attack Coronary Artery Disease Arrhythmia Diet and Exercise Depression and Heart Disease Statins and Other Drugs Heart Surgery. Diabetes Type 2 Obesity Cholesterol Heart Failure Depression Stress Management. Can You Be Fat and Healthy. Just like force-fed geese develop fatty livers that are used to make foie gras, excess calories may lead to fat infiltration of the human liver, says Wylie-Rosett, who is a coauthor of the second study in the journal. “We don’t yet know what the longer term risks are, but we assume that it may then lead to scarring, and what we are now talking about is nonalcoholic liver disease,” says Wylie-Rosett. “It’s an area of tremendous concern particularly as younger people are becoming heavier and heavier and appear to be getting some of these fatty infiltrations in the liver.”. They found a cluster of high-risk symptoms—elevated blood pressure, triglycerides, and ...
http://news.health.com/2008/08/11/fat-and-healthy/2/
*  METeOR
... Cardiovascular disease clinical DSS Identifying and definitional attributes. Metadata item type: Data Set Specification. METeOR identifier: 273052. Registration status: Health, Superseded 15/02/2006. DSS type: Data Set Specification DSS. Scope: The collection of cardiovascular data CV-Data in this metadata set is voluntary. The definitions used in CV-Data are designed to underpin the data collected by health professionals in their day-to-day practice. They relate to the realities of a clinical consultation and the ongoing nature of care and relationships that are formed between doctors and patients in clinical practice. The data elements specified in this metadata set provide a framework for: promoting the delivery of high quality cardiovascular disease preventive and management care to patients, facilitating ongoing improvement in the quality of cardiovascular and chronic disease care predominantly in primary care and other community settings in Australia, and supporting general practice and other ...
http://meteor.aihw.gov.au/content/index.phtml/itemId/273052/pageDefinitionItemId/tag.MeteorPrinterFriendlyPage
*  risk - What approaches are there for stress testing a portfolio? - Quantitative Finance Stack Exchan
risk - What approaches are there for stress testing a portfolio. - Quantitative Finance Stack Exchange. Quantitative Finance. Quantitative Finance Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Quantitative Finance beta. Questions. Quantitative Finance Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for finance professionals and academics. Extreme event : hypothesize the portfolio's return given the recurrence of a historical event. Current positions and risk exposures are combined with the historical factor returns. Risk factor shock : shock any factor in the chosen risk model by a user-specified amount. The factor exposures remain unchanged, while the covariance matrix is used to adjust the factor returns based on their correlation with the shocked factor. External factor shock : instead of a risk factor, shock any index, macro-economic series e.g., oil prices, or custom series e.g., exchange rates. risk var stress ...
http://quant.stackexchange.com/questions/174/what-approaches-are-there-for-stress-testing-a-portfolio/179
*  Shows A-Z - to be fat like me on lifetime | TheFutonCritic.com
shows a z to be fat like me on lifetime thefutoncritic com or titles people articles view all related dvds view all related news view all related listings date day time network episode title mo pm lifetime n a to be fat like me lifetime broadcast history status telefilm mini series in the can visit the official web site missed an episode been wanting to catch up this series is also available on description from lifetime s web site everyone knows high school can be tough but when you re an overweight teen it can be the longest few years of your life fortunately for aly a popular and athletic junior she s never had that problem but the teen gets a taste of the flip side when she dons a fat suit and goes undercover at a rival high school you ll be shocked by what her hidden camera reveals in this movie based on a true story principal cast information caroline rhea kaley cuoco crew information allan krasnick as ep doug barr as dir michael givens as ep michael jacobs jr as ep michael shepard as prod michelle ...
http://thefutoncritic.com/moviewatch/to-be-fat-like-me/listings/
*  .. Share this article .. Garey
Previous post I Like Simple Tests When Bad Things Happen Next post. by Garey. in Brain Health, Fish Oil, Heart Health, Latest News, Mind State. W e have been working hard on keeping the higher DHA Omega-3 in stock. This product is not from Calamarine but from South American fish. Each capsule of 1000 mg contains 500 mg of DHA and 250 mg of EPA. Most oils except for Calamarine naturally contain a higher concentration of EPA. So what’s the big deal about which Omega-3 molecule DHA or EPA is higher. DHA is harder to make in the body. It’s 22 carbons compared to 20 carbons in EPA. So for our bodies to take an ALA molecule or a EPA molecule and try to manufacture DHA is very hard to do. To begin with your brain cells are structurally made from DHA. Certain hormones are made in the body from DHA.Â. What happens if you need to make some brain cells and your body’s lacking in DHA molecules. Your body will subsitute other fats and try to make the cell membranes anyway. As you know, not all fats are the same. But ...
http://optimalhealthbridge.com/special-offer-on-omega-3/
*  Estrogel - Uses, Side Effects, Interactions - Drugs - Body & Health
... Medications and your Health. How should I use Estrogel. Who should NOT take Estrogel. What other drugs could interact with Estrogel. When estradiol gel is applied to your skin, it releases estradiol into your blood through your skin. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are being given this medication, speak to your doctor. To obtain a daily dose, press firmly on the pump to dispense the dose of the gel into the palm of your hand. It is recommended to apply the contents of one pump press of the gel to the outside of one arm from wrist to shoulder. The number of times you press the pump will depend on the dose recommended by your doctor. If your dose is two pump presses, then repeat the process and apply the contents of the second press to the other arm. Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and ...
http://bodyandhealth.canada.com/drug_info_details.asp?brand_name_id=1115
*  .. ADHD .. ADHD In Childhood May Feed Obesity In Adults
ADHD. NPR food. ADHD In Childhood May Feed Obesity In Adults. By Nancy Shute. May 20, 2013.
http://ww2.kqed.org/bayareabites/tag/adhd/
*  More than half of all ACL reconstructions could be avoided, five-year follow-up study shows -- Scien
... ceDaily. More than half of all ACL reconstructions could be avoided, five-year follow-up study shows. Now the researchers have published a follow-up study that confirms the results from 2010 and also show that the risk of osteoarthritis and meniscal surgery is no higher for those treated with physiotherapy alone. In the summer of 2010, researchers from Lund University in Sweden reported that 60 per cent of all anterior cruciate ligament ACL reconstructions could be avoided in favour of rehabilitation. Now the researchers have published a follow-up study that confirms the results from 2010 and also show that the risk of osteoarthritis and meniscal surgery is no higher for those treated with physiotherapy alone. In Sweden, over 5 000 people every year suffer an anterior cruciate ligament injury -- mainly young people involved in sport. "More than half of all ACL reconstructions could be avoided, five-year follow-up study shows." ScienceDaily. More than half of all ACL reconstructions could be avoided, ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/01/130130082439.htm
*  RECORD: Rosiglitazone Evaluated for Cardiac Outcomes and Regulation of Glycaemia in Diabetes - Tabul
Number of Participants With the Indicated Type of Neoplasm/Cancer Event Reported as a Serious Adverse Event SAE or Death: Main Study + Observational Follow-up Combined The observational follow-up was designed to collect data concerning cancer and bone fractures in RECORD participants during a 4-year period after the end of the main RECORD study. Number of Participants With an Event of Death Due to a Bone Fracture-related Event: Main Study + Observational Follow-up Combined The observational follow-up was designed to collect data concerning cancer and bone fractures in RECORD participants during a 4-year period after the end of the main RECORD study. Number of Participants With Bone Fracture Events of the Indicated Cause: Main Study + Observational Follow-up Combined The observational follow-up was designed to collect data concerning cancer and bone fractures in RECORD participants during a 4-year period after the end of the main RECORD study. Number of Participants With Bone Fracture Events of the Indicated ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00379769?term=Stroke&lup_s=02/13/2013&lup_d=14&show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14
*  Measuring the progression of osteoarthritis: an eleven year follow up study - UCL Discovery
measuring the progression of osteoarthritis an eleven year follow up study ucl discovery ucl discovery ucl home library services electronic resources ucl discovery enter your search terms advanced search browse by department year ucl theses latest for everyone open access about ucl discovery ucl press statistics faqs for ucl authors deposit your research ucl publications policy ref how to deposit re formatting deposits open access funding funder requirements ucl e theses guidelines contact us bookmark share measuring the progression of osteoarthritis an eleven year follow up study dacre je spector d harris p huskisson ec measuring the progression of osteoarthritis an eleven year follow up study annals of the rheumatic diseases ard full text not available from this repository type article title measuring the progression of osteoarthritis an eleven year follow up study doi ard ucl classification ucl school of life and medical sciences faculty of medical sciences ucl medical school uri http discovery ucl ac uk ...
http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1331959/

QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Incidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingAssay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Closed-ended question: A closed-ended question is a question format that limits respondents with a list of answer choices from which they must choose to answer the question.Dillman D.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Age adjustment: In epidemiology and demography, age adjustment, also called age standardization, is a technique used to allow populations to be compared when the age profiles of the populations are quite different.Nested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.Global Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Budic II of Brittany: Budic II (; or ; ), formerly known as Budick, was a king of Cornouaille in Brittany in the late 5th and early 6th centuries. He was the father of Hoel Mawr and is probably to be identified with the Emyr Llydaw ("Emperor of Brittany") and King Nentres who appear in Arthurian legend.Niigata UniversityDense artery sign: In medicine, the dense artery sign or hyperdense artery sign is a radiologic sign seen on computer tomography (CT) scans suggestive of early ischemic stroke. In earlier studies of medical imaging in patients with strokes, it was the earliest sign of ischemic stroke in a significant minority of cases.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.List of Parliamentary constituencies in Kent: The ceremonial county of Kent,Breast cancer classification: Breast cancer classification divides breast cancer into categories according to different schemes, each based on different criteria and serving a different purpose. The major categories are the histopathological type, the grade of the tumor, the stage of the tumor, and the expression of proteins and genes.HeartScore: HeartScore is a cardiovascular disease risk assessment and management tool developed by the European Society of Cardiology, aimed at supporting clinicians in optimising individual cardiovascular risk reduction.Tumor progression: Tumor progression is the third and last phase in tumor development. This phase is characterised by increased growth speed and invasiveness of the tumor cells.Alcohol and cardiovascular disease: Excessive alcohol intake is associated with an elevated risk of alcoholic liver disease (ALD), heart failure, some cancers, and accidental injury, and is a leading cause of preventable death in industrialized countries. However, extensive research has shown that moderate alcohol intake is associated with health benefits, including less cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, and lower all-cause mortality.Time-trade-off: Time-Trade-Off (TTO) is a tool used in health economics to help determine the quality of life of a patient or group. The individual will be presented with a set of directions such as:List of kanji by stroke count: This Kanji index method groups together the kanji that are written with the same number of strokes. Currently, there are 2,186 individual kanji listed.Abdominal ultrasonographyEpidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.HyperintensityCancer survival rates: Cancer survival rates vary by the type of cancer, stage at diagnosis, treatment given and many other factors, including country. In general survival rates are improving, although more so for some cancers than others.Comorbidity: In medicine, comorbidity is the presence of one or more additional disorders (or diseases) co-occurring with a primary disease or disorder; or the effect of such additional disorders or diseases. The additional disorder may also be a behavioral or mental disorder.Non-communicable disease: Non-communicable disease (NCD) is a medical condition or disease that is non-infectious or non-transmissible. NCDs can refer to chronic diseases which last for long periods of time and progress slowly.Pain scale: A pain scale measures a patient's pain intensity or other features. Pain scales are based on self-report, observational (behavioral), or physiological data.National Cancer Research Institute: The National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) is a UK-wide partnership between cancer research funders, which promotes collaboration in cancer research. Its member organizations work together to maximize the value and benefit of cancer research for the benefit of patients and the public.Gestational age: Gestational age (or menstrual age) is a measure of the age of a pregnancy where the origin is the woman's last normal menstrual period (LMP), or the corresponding age as estimated by other methods. Such methods include adding 14 days to a known duration since fertilization (as is possible in in vitro fertilization), or by obstetric ultrasonography.Vegetable juiceBio Base EuropeHospital of Southern Norway: [[Sørlandet Hospital Arendal, seen from the north.|thumb|200px]]Brain biopsyClimate change in Sweden: The issue of climate change has received significant public and political attention in Sweden and the mitigation of its effects has been high on the agenda of the two latest Governments of Sweden, the previous Cabinet of Göran Persson (-2006) and the current Cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt (2006-). Sweden aims for an energy supply system with zero net atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.Tamil Nadu Dr. M.G.R. Medical UniversityGrand Paris: The Métropole du Grand Paris (, "Metropolis of Greater Paris") is an Établissement public de coopération intercommunale, or public establishment for inter-communal cooperation, an administrative structure for cooperation between the City of Paris and its nearest suburbs. Scheduled to come into existence on January 1, 2016, it includes the City of Paris, plus the communes, or towns of the three departments of the inner suburbs; Hauts-de-Seine, Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne; plus seven communes in the outer suburbs, including Argenteuil in Val d'Oise and Paray-Vieille-Poste in Essonne, which were added to include major airports.Silent strokeWhite coffee: White coffee can refer to any of a number of different kinds of coffees or coffee substitutes worldwide.ABCD rating: ABCD rating, also called the Jewett staging system or the Whitmore-Jewett staging system, is a staging system for prostate cancer that uses the letters A, B, C, and D.Stressor: A stressor is a chemical or biological agent, environmental condition, external stimulus or an event that causes stress to an organism.Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences (Aarhus University): The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences is a faculty of Aarhus University. The Aarhus Faculty of Health Sciences became a reality after Aarhus University was divided into four new main academic areas which came into effect on 1 January 2011.Cancer pain: Pain in cancer may arise from a tumor compressing or infiltrating nearby body parts; from treatments and diagnostic procedures; or from skin, nerve and other changes caused by a hormone imbalance or immune response. Most chronic (long-lasting) pain is caused by the illness and most acute (short-term) pain is caused by treatment or diagnostic procedures.Classification of obesity: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.WHO 2000 p.Endoscopy unit: An endoscopy unit refers to a dedicated area where medical procedures are performed with endoscopes, which are cameras used to visualize structures within the body, such as the digestive tract and genitourinary system. Endoscopy units may be located within a hospital, incorporated within other medical care centres, or may be stand-alone in nature.Feasibility Study (The Outer Limits): "Feasibility Study" is an episode of The Outer Limits television show. It was first broadcast on 11 July 1997, during the third season.Rabbit feverRating scales for depression: A depression rating scale is a psychiatric measuring instrument having descriptive words and phrases that indicate the severity of depression for a time period. When used, an observer may make judgements and rate a person at a specified scale level with respect to identified characteristics.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).

(1/70469) Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for the treatment of severe combined immunodeficiency.

BACKGROUND: Since 1968 it has been known that bone marrow transplantation can ameliorate severe combined immunodeficiency, but data on the long-term efficacy of this treatment are limited. We prospectively studied immunologic function in 89 consecutive infants with severe combined immunodeficiency who received hematopoietic stem-cell transplants at Duke University Medical Center between May 1982 and September 1998. METHODS: Serum immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte phenotypes and function were assessed and genetic analyses performed according to standard methods. Bone marrow was depleted of T cells by agglutination with soybean lectin and by sheep-erythrocyte rosetting before transplantation. RESULTS: Seventy-seven of the infants received T-cell-depleted, HLA-haploidentical parental marrow, and 12 received HLA-identical marrow from a related donor; 3 of the recipients of haploidentical marrow also received placental-blood transplants from unrelated donors. Except for two patients who received placental blood, none of the recipients received chemotherapy before transplantation or prophylaxis against graft-versus-host disease. Of the 89 infants, 72 (81 percent) were still alive 3 months to 16.5 years after transplantation, including all of the 12 who received HLA-identical marrow, 60 of the 77 (78 percent) who were given haploidentical marrow, and 2 of the 3 (67 percent) who received both haploidentical marrow and placental blood. T-cell function became normal within two weeks after transplantation in the patients who received unfractionated HLA-identical marrow but usually not until three to four months after transplantation in those who received T-cell-depleted marrow. At the time of the most recent evaluation, all but 4 of the 72 survivors had normal T-cell function, and all the T cells in their blood were of donor origin. B-cell function remained abnormal in many of the recipients of haploidentical marrow. In 26 children (5 recipients of HLA-identical marrow and 21 recipients of haploidentical marrow) between 2 percent and 100 percent of B cells were of donor origin. Forty-five of the 72 children were receiving intravenous immune globulin. CONCLUSIONS: Transplantation of marrow from a related donor is a life-saving and life-sustaining treatment for patients with any type of severe combined immunodeficiency, even when there is no HLA-identical donor.  (+info)

(2/70469) Chemokine mRNA expression in gastric mucosa is associated with Helicobacter pylori cagA positivity and severity of gastritis.

AIM: To investigate the association between the quantity of gastric chemokine mRNA expression, severity of gastritis, and cagA positivity in Helicobacter pylori associated gastritis. METHODS: In 83 dyspeptic patients, antral and corpus biopsies were taken for semiquantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and histological grading of gastritis. Gastritis was evaluated by visual analogue scales. Quantities of chemokine (IL-8, GRO alpha, ENA-78, RANTES, MCP-1) RT-PCR products were compared with G3PDH products. Each sample was also evaluated for the presence of cagA and ureA mRNA by RT-PCR. RESULTS: mRNA expression of all five chemokines was significantly greater in H pylori positive than in H pylori negative mucosa. In H pylori positive patients, in the antrum C-X-C chemokine mRNA expression was significantly greater in cagA positive patients than in cagA negative patients, but there were no significant differences in C-C chemokine mRNA expression. In H pylori positive patients, chemokine mRNA expression in the corpus was less than in the antrum. In contrast to the antrum, only GRO alpha mRNA expression was significantly greater in cagA positive infection. Polymorphonuclear cell infiltration was correlated with C-X-C chemokine mRNA expression. Significant correlations were also found between bacterial density and C-X-C chemokine mRNA expression. CONCLUSIONS: In H pylori infection, C-X-C chemokines may play a primary role in active gastritis. Infection with cagA positive H pylori induces greater gastric chemokine mRNA expression in the antral mucosa, which may be relevant to the increased mucosal damage associated with cagA positive H pylori infection.  (+info)

(3/70469) Reproductive factors and fatal hip fractures. A Norwegian prospective study of 63,000 women.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of reproductive variables (age at menarche, menopause, first and last birth as well as parity, lactation, and abortions) on hip fracture mortality. DESIGN AND SETTING: A prospective study in Norway with more than 60,000 women followed up for 29 years. A total of 465 deaths as a result of hip fracture were recorded. MAIN RESULTS: Statistically significant linear relations (p < or = 0.02) were found between both age at menarche and length of reproductive period (defined as age at menopause to age at menarche) and the mortality of hip fractures in women aged less than 80. The death rate for women with a late menarche (> or = 17 years) was twice that of the women with relatively early menarche (< or = 13 years). Compared with women with less than 30 years between menopause and menarche, the mortality rate ratio in women with more than 38 reproductive years was 0.5. We also found an inverse relation with age at first birth. CONCLUSIONS: This study supports by hypothesis that an early menarche and a long reproductive period protect against hip fracture mortality. High age at first birth may also be protective.  (+info)

(4/70469) Postoperative tetany in Graves disease: important role of vitamin D metabolites.

OBJECTIVE: To test the authors' hypothesis of the causal mechanism(s) of postoperative tetany in patients with Graves disease. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies by the authors suggested that postoperative tetany in patients with Graves disease occurs during the period of bone restoration and resulted from continuation of a calcium flux into bone concomitant with transient hypoparathyroidism induced by surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective study was carried out to investigate sequential changes in serum levels of intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), calcium and other electrolytes, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D), and bone metabolic markers in 109 consecutive patients with Graves disease who underwent subtotal thyroidectomy. RESULTS: Preoperative serum iPTH levels negatively correlated with ionized calcium levels and positively correlated with 1,25(OH)2D or 1,25(OH)2D/25OHD. After the operation, there was a significant decline in levels of ionized calcium, magnesium, and iPTH. Serum iPTH was not detected in 15 patients after surgery. Four of these 15 patients, and 1 patient whose iPTH level was below normal, developed tetany. Preoperative serum ionized calcium levels were significantly lower, and iPTH levels were higher, in the 5 patients with tetany than in the 11 patients who did not develop tetany despite undetectable iPTH levels. The tetany group had significantly lower serum 25OHD levels and higher 1,25(OH)2D levels, and had increased 1,25(OH)2D/25OHD as an index of the renal 25OHD-1-hydroxylase activity than those in the nontetany group. These results suggest that patients with a high serum level of iPTH as a result of low serum calcium levels (secondary hyperparathyroidism) are susceptible to tetany under conditions of hypoparathyroid function after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative tetany occurs in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism caused by a relative deficiency in calcium and vitamin D because of their increased demand for bone restoration after preoperative medical therapy concomitant with transient hypoparathyroidism after surgery. Calcium and vitamin D supplements may be recommended before and/or after surgery for patients in whom postoperative tetany is expected to develop.  (+info)

(5/70469) HLA-DR expression and soluble HLA-DR levels in septic patients after trauma.

OBJECTIVE: To determine if cellular and soluble HLA-DR molecules may be relevant in severely injured patients for the development of gram-positive or gram-negative sepsis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: HLA-DR molecules play a central role in the specific immune response to infection. The reduced HLA-DR expression on monocytes is considered to correlate with infectious complications and the development of sepsis. Data on the role of HLA-DR expression on T cells and soluble HLA-DR molecules are rare. METHODS: HLA-DR expression on monocytes and T cells was measured by flow cytometry. Plasma levels of soluble HLA-DR were studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: HLA-DR expression on circulating T cells, calculated as mean fluorescence intensity in channels, was reduced at day 1 after admission in 20 patients with subsequent severe sepsis compared with 46 patients without sepsis. The septic patients immediately after trauma had significantly lower soluble HLA-DR plasma levels than the nonseptic patients. At day 2 after admission, HLA-DR expression on monocytes was significantly lower in the severe sepsis group than in the patients without sepsis, and lasted until day 14 after injury. CONCLUSIONS: In severely injured patients, decreased levels of cellular and soluble HLA-DR appear as early indicators of an immune deviation associated with the development of severe sepsis. Moreover, immune alterations of different cell types may promote distinct kinds of septicemia.  (+info)

(6/70469) Serum triglyceride: a possible risk factor for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the relationship between ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and serum concentrations of lipids and apolipoproteins. METHODS: A cohort of 21 520 men, aged 35-64 years, was recruited from men attending the British United Provident Association (BUPA) clinic in London for a routine medical examination in 1975-1982. Smoking habits, weight, height and blood pressure were recorded at entry. Lipids and apolipoproteins were measured in stored serum samples from the 30 men who subsequently died of ruptured AAA and 150 matched controls. RESULTS: Triglyceride was strongly related to risk of ruptured AAA. In univariate analyses the risk in men on the 90th centile of the distribution relative to the risk in men on the 10th (RO10-90) was 12 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 3.8-37) for triglyceride, 5.5 (95% CI: 1.8-17) for apolipoprotein B (apoB) (the protein component of low density lipoprotein [LDL]), 0.15 (95% CI : 0.04-0.56) for apo A1 (the protein component of high density lipoprotein [HDL]), 3.7 (95% CI: 1.4-9.4) for body mass index and 3.0 (95% CI: 1.1-8.5) for systolic blood pressure. Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) was not a significant risk factor (RO10-90 = 1.6, 95% CI: 0.6-3.0). In multivariate analysis triglyceride retained its strong association. CONCLUSION: Triglyceride appears to be a strong risk factor for ruptured AAA, although further studies are required to clarify this. If this and other associations are cause and effect, then changing the distribution of risk factors in the population (by many people stopping smoking and adopting a lower saturated fat diet and by lowering blood pressure) could achieve an important reduction in mortality from ruptured AAA.  (+info)

(7/70469) Respiratory symptoms and long-term risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer and other causes in Swedish men.

BACKGROUND: Depressed respiratory function and respiratory symptoms are associated with impaired survival. The present study was undertaken to assess the relation between respiratory symptoms and mortality from cardiovascular causes, cancer and all causes in a large population of middle-aged men. METHODS: Prospective population study of 6442 men aged 51-59 at baseline, free of clinical angina pectoris and prior myocardial infarction. RESULTS: During 16 years there were 1804 deaths (786 from cardiovascular disease, 608 from cancer, 103 from pulmonary disease and 307 from any other cause). Men with effort-related breathlessness had increased risk of dying from all of the examined diseases. After adjustment for age, smoking habit and other risk factors, the relative risk (RR) associated with breathlessness of dying from coronary disease was 1.43 (95% CI : 1.16-1.77), from stroke 1.77 (95% CI: 1.07-2.93), from any cardiovascular disease 1.48 (95% CI : 1.24-1.76), cancer 1.36 (95% CI : 1.11-1.67) and from any cause 1.62 (95% CI: 1.44-1.81). An independent effect of breathlessness on cardiovascular death, cancer death and mortality from all causes was found in life-time non-smokers, and also if men with chest pain not considered to be angina were excluded. An independent effect was also found if all deaths during the first half of the follow-up were excluded. Men with cough and phlegm, without breathlessness, also had an elevated risk of dying from cardiovascular disease and cancer, but after adjustment for smoking and other risk factors this was no longer significant. However, a slightly elevated independent risk of dying from any cause was found (RR = 1.18 [95% CI: 1.02-1.36]). CONCLUSION: A positive response to a simple question about effort related breathlessness predicted subsequent mortality from several causes during a follow-up period of 16 years, independently of smoking and other risk factors.  (+info)

(8/70469) Cardiovascular disease in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus: similar rates but different risk factors in the US compared with Europe.

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) in insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) has been linked to renal disease. However, little is known concerning international variation in the correlations with hyperglycaemia and standard CVD risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional comparison was made of prevalence rates and risk factor associations in two large studies of IDDM subjects: the Pittsburgh Epidemiology of Diabetes Complications Study (EDC) and the EURODIAB IDDM Complications Study from 31 centres in Europe. Subgroups of each were chosen to be comparable by age and duration of diabetes. The EDC population comprises 286 men (mean duration 20.1 years) and 281 women (mean duration 19.9 years); EURODIAB 608 men (mean duration 18.1 years) and 607 women (mean duration 18.9 years). The mean age of both populations was 28 years. Cardiovascular disease was defined by a past medical history of myocardial infarction, angina, and/or the Minnesota ECG codes (1.1-1.3, 4.1-4.3, 5.1-5.3, 7.1). RESULTS: Overall prevalence of CVD was similar in the two populations (i.e. men 8.6% versus 8.0%, women 7.4% versus 8.5%, EURODIAB versus EDC respectively), although EDC women had a higher prevalence of angina (3.9% versus 0.5%, P < 0.001). Multivariate modelling suggests that glycaemic control (HbA1c) is not related to CVD in men. Age and high density lipoprotein cholesterol predict CVD in EURODIAB, while triglycerides and hypertension predict CVD in EDC. For women in both populations, age and hypertension (or renal disease) are independent predictors. HbA1c is also an independent predictor-inversely in EURODIAB women (P < 0.008) and positively in EDC women (P = 0.03). Renal disease was more strongly linked to CVD in EDC than in EURODIAB. CONCLUSIONS: Despite a similar prevalence of CVD, risk factor associations appear to differ in the two study populations. Glycaemic control (HbA1c) does not show a consistent or strong relationship to CVD.  (+info)


observational study


  • Unselected prospective case-control observational study of fetoplacental haemodynamics including echocardiography at a median of 24 (16.7 to 32.3) weeks, with postnatal confirmation of congenital heart disease or normality. (bmj.com)
  • CRIC is an observational study that to date, 3612 participants have been enrolled in the CRIC cohort. (ucsf.edu)
  • Eligible men and women who consent will be enrolled in this observational study. (ucsf.edu)
  • Electronic Assessment of Quality of Life in Patients With Symptomatic Chemotherapy-induced Anaemia: An International Prospective Observational Study (eAQUA). (springer.com)


Cohort


  • The researchers analyzed data from two large United States cohort studiesthe Health Professionals Follow-up Study and the Nurses' Health Study. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) Study was established to study the consequences of CKD with a particular focus on cardiovascular illness like myocardial infarction (heart attack) and stroke. (ucsf.edu)
  • The Nurses' Health Study is an ongoing prospective cohort study conducted in U.S. registered female nurses. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Methods: It will be an observational analytic prospective cohort study with a follow-up of 9.5 years, performed at Hospital Universitari Doctor Josep Trueta of Girona. (udg.edu)
  • QT interval prolongation and mortality in type 1 diabetic patients: a 5-year cohort prospective study. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first cohort-based prospective study indicating that QTc prolongation is predictive of increased mortality in type 1 diabetic patients. (diabetesjournals.org)


epidemiological studies


  • 3 Prospective epidemiological studies have suggested that elevated adiponectin concentrations are associated with greater insulin sensitivity and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, apparently independent of obesity and other potential confounders. (ahajournals.org)
  • Whether iron intakes modify the association of zinc on risk of type 2 diabetes has not been examined in epidemiological studies. (diabetesjournals.org)


Methods


  • Methods and Results- We measured baseline adiponectin levels in stored serum samples of 589 men with fatal CHD or nonfatal myocardial infarction and in 1231 controls nested within a prospective study of 5661 men (aged 40 to 59 years) recruited during 1978-1980, as well as in paired samples obtained 4 years apart from 221 of these participants. (ahajournals.org)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Dietary intakes of zinc and other nutrients were assessed and updated using a validated food frequency questionnaire from 1980 to 2002 among 82,297 women who were aged 33-60 years at baseline in 1980 and followed up to 2004 in the Nurses' Health Study. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Data on survival after 5 years were obtained from 316 of 379 patients (83.3%) who took part in a study on the prevalence of diabetic neuropathy and QT interval prolongation. (diabetesjournals.org)


epidemiologic studies


  • Kanis and coworkers analyzed a number of epidemiologic studies to identify important clinical risk factors and to determine the effect of adding clinical risk factors to fracture prediction models based on BMD alone. (wiley.com)
  • Meat and fat have generated interest as potential risk factors for this disease, although results from epidemiologic studies have been inconsistent ( 2 ). (aacrjournals.org)


evaluate


  • Therefore, we used the prospective data with repeated measurements of dietary intake from the Nurses' Health Study to evaluate the long-term zinc intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes and to examine the potential iron and zinc interactions. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Multi-center, prospective, controlled, randomized, single-blinded study to evaluate the efficacy of vibrotactile neuro-feedback additionally to intake of Ginkgo biloba special extract EGb 761® for the treament of presby vertigo. (springer.com)


fetal


  • A prospective study of maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes in the se" by Margo S. Harrison, Omrana Pasha et al. (aku.edu)
  • A prospective study of maternal, fetal and neonatal outcomes in the setting of cesarean section in low- and middle-income countries. (aku.edu)


humans


  • The data regarding PhIP and prostate cancer risk in humans are limited to one case-control study of 317 cases, which found no association ( 14 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Despite the evidence from animal studies that zinc intake may have protective effects against type 2 diabetes, few studies in humans have been conducted to examine this relationship. (diabetesjournals.org)


investigate


  • To investigate in a prospective randomised study both long term clinical effects and cost effectiveness of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) with or without intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. (bmj.com)
  • OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to investigate the intake of zinc in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in U.S. women. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • A Prospective, Open Phase I Study to Investigate the Tolerability and Efficacy of Administering Repeated Doses of ALECSAT to Prostate Cancer Patients. (springer.com)


objective


  • Objective and Hypothesis: The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that abnormal eating habits are related to an increased risk of fatal CHD and non-fatal myocardial infarction. (ahajournals.org)
  • Objective: The aim of this study is to analyse whether there is an association between the tumoural vascular pattern obtained by high-resolution gadofosveset-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography, and clinical and radiologic response of the tumour to chemoradiotherapy, in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of hypopharynx and larynx. (udg.edu)
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between QT interval prolongation and mortality in type 1 diabetic patients. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The study objective was to quantify maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with CS compared with vaginal delivery (VD) both within and across sites in low- and middle-income countries. (aku.edu)


outcomes


  • Further studies are necessary to better understand the increase in adverse outcomes with CS in the African sites. (aku.edu)


myocardial infarction


  • In the Health Professionals Study, a doubling of baseline adiponectin level was reported to be associated with a statistically significant 20% reduction in myocardial infarction (MI) risk in multivariate analyses, after adjustment for age, smoking, hypertension history, lipids, glycemic control, and C-reactive protein (CRP). (ahajournals.org)


insulin


  • Since the 1930s when zinc was first demonstrated to be an integral element of the insulin crystalline structure ( 1 ), many studies have been conducted to shed light on the relationship between zinc and insulin action. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Animal studies have shown that zinc is able to not only stabilize and prevent the degradation of insulin hexamers ( 2 ), a storage form of insulin in β-cells, but also improve the binding of insulin to liver receptors and inhibit the degradation by live plasma membranes ( 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)


etiology


  • Biological samples and questionnaire data were collected to study markers of early detection and etiology of cancer ( 16 ). (aacrjournals.org)


quantify


  • It also includes information on repeat measurements made 4 years apart in 221 study participants to quantify and correct for within-individual variations in the measurement of adiponectin levels. (ahajournals.org)


Participants


  • No study treatments or interventions will be given to participants in CRIC. (ucsf.edu)


pregnancy


  • Prospective data collected by the UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register were analysed. (bmj.com)


concentrations


  • A prospective study of endogenous serum hormone concentrations and breast cancer risk in premenopausal women on the island of Guernsey. (ehesp.fr)
  • The associations between serum concentrations of oestradiol, progesterone, testosterone and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) and risk of breast cancer in premenopausal women were investigated in a prospective study of breast cancer on the island of Guernsey. (ehesp.fr)


follow-up study


  • Eating frequency (meals and/or snacks per day), breakfast consumption (yes or no) and eating after going to bed at night (yes or no) were assessed in 1992 in 35,221 men from the prospective Health Professionals Follow-up Study. (ahajournals.org)
  • The researchers followed 46,237 men from June 1986 to June 2008 in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, and 107,339 women from June 1984 to June 2008 in the Nurses' Health Study. (bio-medicine.org)


magnetic


  • High-resolution gadofosveset-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography is an innovative image technique that evaluates the vessels of the body, and recently there are some studies that have started using it in order to analyse the vascularization of carcinomas. (udg.edu)


data


  • We report new data from a prospective study in the context of a meta-analysis of previously published prospective studies. (ahajournals.org)
  • 5,13 To help clarify the evidence, we report new data from the prospective British Regional Heart Study (BRHS), which involves almost 600 incident CHD deaths and events, more than twice as many as in the previous largest study. (ahajournals.org)


incident


  • 12 The results from this study, based on 266 incident MI cases, have suggested that adiponectin is a major mechanistic link ("common soil") between diabetes and increased CHD risk. (ahajournals.org)


population-based study


  • A prospective population-based study including home and facility births in 337 153 women with a VD and 47 308 women with a CS from 2010 to 2015 was performed in Guatemala, India, Kenya, Pakistan, Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo. (aku.edu)


patients


  • In this study, the use of chemoprophylaxis seemed to be safe in patients with spinal trauma at risk for postoperative venous thromboembolic event (VTE). (lww.com)
  • In a prospective setting we compared ten patients with sporadic ALS and 38 age-matched controls. (dlr.de)


women


  • Boston, MA A prospective study by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) observed an association between risk of second primary cancer and history of non-melanoma skin cancer in white men and women. (bio-medicine.org)
  • International, prospective, double-blind, 3-arm comparative, randomized, placebo controlled phase IV study on the effect of counseling and either tranexamic acid or mefenamic acid or placebo, on the management of bleeding/spotting in women using the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (MIRENA) for contraception. (springer.com)


clinical


  • Because our study was observational, these results should be interpreted cautiously and are insufficient evidence to alter current clinical recommendations," said Jiali Han, PhD, Channing Division of Network Medicine, BWH Department of Medicine and BWH Department of Dermatology. (bio-medicine.org)


cases


  • No prospective comprehensive series of live cases has been reported. (ahajournals.org)
  • Studies of twins show that up to 50% of prostate cancer cases may be explained by environmental factors, such as diet ( 1 ). (aacrjournals.org)


results


  • The results of this study suggest that IVUS guidance may be used more liberally in PCI. (bmj.com)


group


  • Neuropathy Study Group of the Italian Society of the Study of Diabetes, Piemonte Affiliate. (diabetesjournals.org)


determine


  • We conducted a prospective study to determine the incidence, effect on survival and echocardiographic features of VCC in HLH. (ahajournals.org)
  • The aims of this study were to determine whether meat intake or meat-related mutagens, particularly PhIP, was associated with increased prostate cancer risk. (aacrjournals.org)


animal studies


  • In addition, this study lends epidemiologic support to the animal studies, which have implicated PhIP as a prostate carcinogen. (aacrjournals.org)


intake


  • However, the hypothesis that dietary zinc intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes has not been examined in a prospective study. (diabetesjournals.org)


previous


  • 18- 21 Most previous studies on IVUS guidance, however, have been performed in high volume centres for PCI. (bmj.com)


important


  • The small difference in oestradiol concentration could be aetiologically important, but larger prospective studies are needed. (ehesp.fr)


Design


  • The study design was described in detail elsewhere ( 14 ). (diabetesjournals.org)


locations


  • Surgeon radiation exposure during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) was measured at 6 anatomic locations in this prospective in vivo radiation exposure study. (lww.com)


Human


  • Several human studies already demonstrated that both inorganic iron and heme iron can inhibit the absorption of zinc ( 13 ). (diabetesjournals.org)


Development


  • The CRIC Study will identify high-risk subgroups of individuals with CRI, informing future treatment trials, and development of preventive therapies. (ucsf.edu)


however


  • 13-15 However, subsequent investigations in similarly sized studies have not reported significant associations between adiponectin levels and CHD risk. (ahajournals.org)


rates


  • CS rates increased across all sites during the study period, but at more pronounced rates in the non-African sites. (aku.edu)


What studies have been done which have confirmed a breast cancer and abortion link?


  • No offense intended, but I am only interested in studies - not opinions or debates. I am specifically interested in studies which regard the link as existent, as I have already found articles disproving the link.
  • The largest, and probably the most reliable study on this topic was done during the 1990s in Denmark, a country with very detailed medical records on all its citizens. In that study, all Danish women born between 1935 and 1978 (a total of 1.5 million women) were linked with the National Registry of Induced Abortions and with the Danish Cancer Registry. So all information about their abortions and their breast cancer came from registries, was very complete, and was not influenced by recall bias. After adjusting for known breast cancer risk factors, the researchers found that induced abortion(s) had no overall effect on the risk of breast cancer. The size of this study and the manner in which it was done provides good evidence that induced abortion does not affect a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. Another large, prospective study was reported on by Harvard researchers in 2007. This study included more than 100,000 women who were between the ages of 29 and 46 at the start of the study in 1993. These women were followed until 2003. Again, because they were asked about childbirths and abortions at the start of the study, recall bias was unlikely to be a problem. After adjusting for known breast cancer risk factors, the researchers found no link between either spontaneous or induced abortions and breast cancer. The California Teachers Study also reported on more than 100,000 women in 2008. Researchers asked the women in 1995 about past induced and spontaneous abortions. While the women were being followed in the study, more than 3,300 developed invasive breast cancer. There was no difference in breast cancer risk between the group who had either spontaneous or induced abortions and those who had not had an abortion. In February 2003, the U.S. National Cancer Institute (NCI) held a workshop of more than 100 of the world's leading experts who study pregnancy and breast cancer risk. The experts reviewed human and animal studies that looked at the link between pregnancy and breast cancer risk, including studies of induced and spontaneous abortions. Some of their findings were: •Breast cancer risk is increased for a short time after a full-term pregnancy (that is, a pregnancy that results in the birth of a living child). •Induced abortion is not linked to an increase in breast cancer risk. •Spontaneous abortion is not linked to an increase in breast cancer risk. The level of scientific evidence for these findings was considered to be "well established" (the highest level). Sorry, we here on the cancer board aren't big into spreading falsehoods and nonsense, especially if we've had cancer ourselves.


Why do they keep telling us saturated fat is bad, when the primary literature does not support this at all?


  • Also Dr. Ronald Krauss ( an AHA and NCEP advisor ) came out recently with an honest meta analysis of the 26 prospective saturated fat studies and concluded: Saturated fat does NOT increase CAD risk. Wrong, Saturn. That is what the media says. I suggest you read the primary literature on this.
  • It's all about the profit sadly. Heart attack was 1 in 100,000 in the last century and people only had access to saturated fat....common sense when you think of it...but truly i didn't lol until i read a study on it. The biggest selling drug is a cholesterol lowering drug. $$$$$ After an 8 year trial there was no decrease in heart attack or stroke rates on those who took the cholesterol lowering drug. Profit over patient safety. Check out homocysteine. Wow~! http://www.squidoo.com/Homocysteine-Information http://www.squidoo.com/homocysteine-hcy


What studies show boys with unisex names are unhappier or have more problems?


  • More than a few times here and on other message boards I've seen people state that "studies" show that boys with unisex names are unhappier, cause more trouble, resent their parents etc. But no one ever points to such "studies". Do they really exist or do people just make it up based on what they believe?
  • I can't imagine there are too many such studies. Back in the late 40's and early 50's some what I consider girls names were very popular for boys and my husband has one of them. I can't say it has affected him at all.


How do studies of physicians, nurse and police help us to study the effects of sleep deprivation?


  • How do studies of physicians, nurse and police help us to study the effects of sleep deprivation?
  • because they work long hours, and sometimes only get a few hours of sleep. if i'm reading this question correctly.


What exactly is the difference between social studies and history?


  • A university that I am looking at requires two years of social studies. I took World History CP freshman year, then US AP 1 and 2 sophomore and junior year. Will those qualify as social studies credits?
  • They're basically the same terms. Those are both social studies credits I'm pretty sure, but we wouldn't know. The only way you could be sure is to look those courses up in your Program of Studies. But I'm pretty sure that those count as history/social studies credits.


Is chiropractic treatment mostly placebo? Are there studies to prove the theory of subluxation?


  • I have seen studies that shown benefits for low back pain. But it seems that it is only marginally better than conventional medicine. So could it be a placebo effect? Also, is the diagnosis of a short leg substantial or of clinical value?
  • Good question, but needs a little bit of refining. Is chiro treatment placebo? Treatment for what? Back pain or something visceral, ie. diabetes, cancer, heart disease? The fact is that chiropractic does work for some things, ie. back pain, neck pain, etc. There is not alot of evidence that it works other conditions. I can refer you to a very recent study that recommends chiropractic for acute back pain over other treatments. CLINICAL GUIDELINES Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain: A Joint Clinical Practice Guideline from the American College of Physicians and the American Pain Society Roger Chou, MD; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; Vincenza Snow, MD; Donald Casey, MD, MPH, MBA; J. Thomas Cross, Jr, MD, MPH; Paul Shekelle, MD, PhD; Douglas K. Owens, MD, MS, for the Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians and the American College of Physicians/American Pain Society Low Back Pain Guidelines Panel* 2 October 2007 | Volume 147 Issue 7 | Pages 478-491 Recommendation #7: ...clinicians should consider the addition of nonpharmacologic therapy with proven benefits—for acute low back pain, spinal manipulation; Spinal manipulation was also recommended for chronic back pain as well. Spinal manipulation is largely done by chiropractors (>90%) and has been shown to be safer than over the counter medication. This study was done by MD's, not DC's (chiropractors) so it is a rather unbiased look at what Dr's should do for back pain based on the research. It is not a study on subluxation however. That is a topic that is very broad and the simple answer to your question about the theory of subluxation is yes and no. There are certainly plenty of very plausible theories and studies as to how the function and global position of the spine affect the nervous system and how the increased sympathetic activity affects the end organs. This type of research is being done and is very promising I believe. Check out the work of Harrison at idealspine.com. He is a DC, PhD, etc. etc. I think he has degrees in math and engineering as well. He is a published author, he has been published in Spine a few times. Spine is the most prestigious peer reviewed journal in this area. Anyway, Harrison does alot of interesting things and shows that there is an Ideal spinal model (published in Spine) and that when the spine is at variance with the normal (just like there are norms for BP, Temp, etc.) there are ill effects on the body such as accelerated arthritis or DDD, pain, and possible even visceral effects (via the effect on the Symp NS). Good luck in your search for the answers, the more you learn the more you dont know and the more you need to find out. Why do you ask btw? ps. Short leg length is very real, despite what your local naysayer may tell you. Lay on a bed and have someone else check for you, check them. Its pretty apprent and you dont have to be scientific to see it. An Xray can also help. If you have a short leg (I do) you may either have a functional problem of the SI joint, an anatomical short leg, either the tibia or the femur may be shorter than the other leg, or some other problem like excessive pronation of the foot. Short legs exist just like short arms, deviated septums, bad teeth, unequal foot or hand size, or unequal breast size. The question is whether or not it is of clincical value. That is a difficult thing to say. If your house was not level would that be important to you? If your tires are out of alignment is that important to you? It all depends by how much and what is causing it. It is a hard thing to say over the internet. You can buy a really cheap heel lift and try it out see if it helps. I have a short leg and it doesnt bother me at all. I may not be sensitive to the effects, who knows. Remember: only beautiful people dont have short legs! Maybe you dont have a short leg, you might just have one long leg.


How can i balance my studies and still be a super mom?


  • I am a single mother who studies medicine. Does anyone have any advice on how i can balance having a toddler and still get time to study?Everyone says pick your fights, but how do i know which ones to pick?
  • I really only study after my 2 1/2 year old is in bed. Sometimes on the weekends I will take him to the park and I will study there if it's nice out. My mom takes him overnight 1 night a week so that helps and then once in a while I will ask my dad to sit with him or we will go sit at his house while I study then I'm still with him but my dad can chase him around for a while which he doesnt mind. I also study during his naps and rather than cooking dinner every night I sometimes cook everything during his nap on either saturday or sunday for the whole week and freeze it. Stuff like that. My son loves to help so i will also go to a disney site on my laptop while I'm studying and let him click buttons even though he doesnt know what he's doing or let him watch an educational tv show. I give my son a lot of choices so there arent too many battles. He always gets to choose between 2 oufits or 2 different dinner options and hes satisfied with that and sometimes it takes him 45 minutes to pick which is just more time for me to do other things.


How do I find out about infertility studies that I can participate in, in my area?


  • Any advice on where and how to find some kind of infertility studies that are for women ttc that I could possibly participate in, in my area? I searched the web, but can't find a thing.
  • http://www.fertilitylifelines.com/paying/clinicalstudies.jsp http://www.havingbabies.com/clinical-studies.html These sites have some information about fertility studies.