Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)ROC Curve: A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.False Positive Reactions: Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.False Negative Reactions: Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Reagent Kits, Diagnostic: Commercially prepared reagent sets, with accessory devices, containing all of the major components and literature necessary to perform one or more designated diagnostic tests or procedures. They may be for laboratory or personal use.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Reagent Strips: Narrow pieces of material impregnated or covered with a substance used to produce a chemical reaction. The strips are used in detecting, measuring, producing, etc., other substances. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Evaluation Studies as Topic: Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Biopsy: Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.Bacteriological Techniques: Techniques used in studying bacteria.Radiopharmaceuticals: Compounds that are used in medicine as sources of radiation for radiotherapy and for diagnostic purposes. They have numerous uses in research and industry. (Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1161)Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Tumor Markers, Biological: Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.Fluorodeoxyglucose F18: The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.Diagnostic Errors: Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Positron-Emission Tomography: An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Biopsy, Fine-Needle: Using fine needles (finer than 22-gauge) to remove tissue or fluid specimens from the living body for examination in the pathology laboratory and for disease diagnosis.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Early Diagnosis: Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Clinical Coding: Process of substituting a symbol or code for a term such as a diagnosis or procedure. (from Slee's Health Care Terms, 3d ed.)Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)International Classification of Diseases: A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.Diagnostic Tests, Routine: Diagnostic procedures, such as laboratory tests and x-rays, routinely performed on all individuals or specified categories of individuals in a specified situation, e.g., patients being admitted to the hospital. These include routine tests administered to neonates.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Area Under Curve: A statistical means of summarizing information from a series of measurements on one individual. It is frequently used in clinical pharmacology where the AUC from serum levels can be interpreted as the total uptake of whatever has been administered. As a plot of the concentration of a drug against time, after a single dose of medicine, producing a standard shape curve, it is a means of comparing the bioavailability of the same drug made by different companies. (From Winslade, Dictionary of Clinical Research, 1992)Ultrasonography: The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.Tomography, Spiral Computed: Computed tomography where there is continuous X-ray exposure to the patient while being transported in a spiral or helical pattern through the beam of irradiation. This provides improved three-dimensional contrast and spatial resolution compared to conventional computed tomography, where data is obtained and computed from individual sequential exposures.Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Neoplasm Staging: Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.Biopsy, Needle: Removal and examination of tissue obtained through a transdermal needle inserted into the specific region, organ, or tissue being analyzed.Point-of-Care Systems: Laboratory and other services provided to patients at the bedside. These include diagnostic and laboratory testing using automated information entry.Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products: Soluble protein fragments formed by the proteolytic action of plasmin on fibrin or fibrinogen. FDP and their complexes profoundly impair the hemostatic process and are a major cause of hemorrhage in intravascular coagulation and fibrinolysis.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Endosonography: Ultrasonography of internal organs using an ultrasound transducer sometimes mounted on a fiberoptic endoscope. In endosonography the transducer converts electronic signals into acoustic pulses or continuous waves and acts also as a receiver to detect reflected pulses from within the organ. An audiovisual-electronic interface converts the detected or processed echo signals, which pass through the electronics of the instrument, into a form that the technologist can evaluate. The procedure should not be confused with ENDOSCOPY which employs a special instrument called an endoscope. The "endo-" of endosonography refers to the examination of tissue within hollow organs, with reference to the usual ultrasonography procedure which is performed externally or transcutaneously.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Palpation: Application of fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body to determine consistence of parts beneath in physical diagnosis; includes palpation for determining the outlines of organs.Serologic Tests: Diagnostic procedures involving immunoglobulin reactions.Contrast Media: Substances used to allow enhanced visualization of tissues.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Cytodiagnosis: Diagnosis of the type and, when feasible, the cause of a pathologic process by means of microscopic study of cells in an exudate or other form of body fluid. (Stedman, 26th ed)Probability: The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.Thyroid Nodule: A small circumscribed mass in the THYROID GLAND that can be of neoplastic growth or non-neoplastic abnormality. It lacks a well-defined capsule or glandular architecture. Thyroid nodules are often benign but can be malignant. The growth of nodules can lead to a multinodular goiter (GOITER, NODULAR).Epidemiologic Methods: Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.Survival Analysis: A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon: A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.Molecular Diagnostic Techniques: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY techniques used in the diagnosis of disease.Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted: Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.Immunoenzyme Techniques: Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.Physical Examination: Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.Chi-Square Distribution: A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.Coronary Stenosis: Narrowing or constriction of a coronary artery.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Ultrasonography, Doppler: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures: Methods, procedures, and tests performed to diagnose disease, disordered function, or disability.Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.Clinical Enzyme Tests: Analyses for a specific enzyme activity, or of the level of a specific enzyme that is used to assess health and disease risk, for early detection of disease or disease prediction, diagnosis, and change in disease status.Frozen Sections: Thinly cut sections of frozen tissue specimens prepared with a cryostat or freezing microtome.Disease Progression: The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.Ultrasonography, Prenatal: The visualization of tissues during pregnancy through recording of the echoes of ultrasonic waves directed into the body. The procedure may be applied with reference to the mother or the fetus and with reference to organs or the detection of maternal or fetal disease.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Clinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Lymphatic Metastasis: Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.Multidetector Computed Tomography: Types of spiral computed tomography technology in which multiple slices of data are acquired simultaneously improving the resolution over single slice acquisition technology.Kaplan-Meier Estimate: A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Multimodal Imaging: The use of combination of imaging techniques or platforms (e.g., MRI SCAN and PET SCAN) encompassing aspects of anatomical, functional, or molecular imaging methods.Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.Medical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Chest Pain: Pressure, burning, or numbness in the chest.Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.C-Reactive Protein: A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.Urinalysis: Examination of urine by chemical, physical, or microscopic means. Routine urinalysis usually includes performing chemical screening tests, determining specific gravity, observing any unusual color or odor, screening for bacteriuria, and examining the sediment microscopically.Ultrasonography, Mammary: Use of ultrasound for imaging the breast. The most frequent application is the diagnosis of neoplasms of the female breast.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Echocardiography: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Survival Rate: The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Latex Fixation Tests: Passive agglutination tests in which antigen is adsorbed onto latex particles which then clump in the presence of antibody specific for the adsorbed antigen. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Single-Blind Method: A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.Natriuretic Peptide, Brain: A PEPTIDE that is secreted by the BRAIN and the HEART ATRIA, stored mainly in cardiac ventricular MYOCARDIUM. It can cause NATRIURESIS; DIURESIS; VASODILATION; and inhibits secretion of RENIN and ALDOSTERONE. It improves heart function. It contains 32 AMINO ACIDS.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Exercise Test: Controlled physical activity which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Fever: An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Liver Cirrhosis: Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Bacteriuria: The presence of bacteria in the urine which is normally bacteria-free. These bacteria are from the URINARY TRACT and are not contaminants of the surrounding tissues. Bacteriuria can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Significant bacteriuria is an indicator of urinary tract infection.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Vaginal Discharge: A common gynecologic disorder characterized by an abnormal, nonbloody discharge from the genital tract.Angiography, Digital Subtraction: A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.Chlamydia trachomatis: Type species of CHLAMYDIA causing a variety of ocular and urogenital diseases.Chlamydia Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex: Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Elasticity Imaging Techniques: Non-invasive imaging methods based on the mechanical response of an object to a vibrational or impulsive force. It is used for determining the viscoelastic properties of tissue, and thereby differentiating soft from hard inclusions in tissue such as microcalcifications, and some cancer lesions. Most techniques use ultrasound to create the images - eliciting the response with an ultrasonic radiation force and/or recording displacements of the tissue by Doppler ultrasonography.Triage: The sorting out and classification of patients or casualties to determine priority of need and proper place of treatment.Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct: A form of fluorescent antibody technique utilizing a fluorochrome conjugated to an antibody, which is added directly to a tissue or cell suspension for the detection of a specific antigen. (Bennington, Saunders Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Laboratory Medicine and Technology, 1984)Patient Selection: Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.CA-125 Antigen: Carbohydrate antigen most commonly seen in tumors of the ovary and occasionally seen in breast, kidney, and gastrointestinal tract tumors and normal tissue. CA 125 is clearly tumor-associated but not tumor-specific.Magnetic Resonance Angiography: Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.Blood Flow Velocity: A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.Lymph Nodes: They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.Feasibility Studies: Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.Mediastinum: A membrane in the midline of the THORAX of mammals. It separates the lungs between the STERNUM in front and the VERTEBRAL COLUMN behind. It also surrounds the HEART, TRACHEA, ESOPHAGUS, THYMUS, and LYMPH NODES.Sputum: Material coughed up from the lungs and expectorated via the mouth. It contains MUCUS, cellular debris, and microorganisms. It may also contain blood or pus.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Troponin T: One of the three polypeptide chains that make up the TROPONIN complex. It is a cardiac-specific protein that binds to TROPOMYOSIN. It is released from damaged or injured heart muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC). Defects in the gene encoding troponin T result in FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Disease-Free Survival: Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.Decision Trees: A graphic device used in decision analysis, series of decision options are represented as branches (hierarchical).Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia: A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Mycobacterium tuberculosis: A species of gram-positive, aerobic bacteria that produces TUBERCULOSIS in humans, other primates, CATTLE; DOGS; and some other animals which have contact with humans. Growth tends to be in serpentine, cordlike masses in which the bacilli show a parallel orientation.Microscopy: The use of instrumentation and techniques for visualizing material and details that cannot be seen by the unaided eye. It is usually done by enlarging images, transmitted by light or electron beams, with optical or magnetic lenses that magnify the entire image field. With scanning microscopy, images are generated by collecting output from the specimen in a point-by-point fashion, on a magnified scale, as it is scanned by a narrow beam of light or electrons, a laser, a conductive probe, or a topographical probe.Calcitonin: A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults.Fetal Distress: A nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) indicating that the FETUS is compromised (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists 1988). It can be identified by sub-optimal values in FETAL HEART RATE; oxygenation of FETAL BLOOD; and other parameters.Calcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.Lung Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.Specimen Handling: Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Immunologic Tests: Immunologic techniques involved in diagnosis.Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi: A technetium imaging agent used to reveal blood-starved cardiac tissue during a heart attack.Decision Support Techniques: Mathematical or statistical procedures used as aids in making a decision. They are frequently used in medical decision-making.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Stroke: A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)Radiography, Thoracic: X-ray visualization of the chest and organs of the thoracic cavity. It is not restricted to visualization of the lungs.Early Detection of Cancer: Methods to identify and characterize cancer in the early stages of disease and predict tumor behavior.Tuberculosis, Pulmonary: MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the lung.Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the throat (PHARYNX).Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.Neoplasm Recurrence, Local: The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.Adnexa Uteri: Appendages of the UTERUS which include the FALLOPIAN TUBES, the OVARY, and the supporting ligaments of the uterus (BROAD LIGAMENT; ROUND LIGAMENT).Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Fertilization in Vitro: An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.Ventricular Dysfunction, Left: A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.Chromogenic Compounds: Colorless, endogenous or exogenous pigment precursors that may be transformed by biological mechanisms into colored compounds; used in biochemical assays and in diagnosis as indicators, especially in the form of enzyme substrates. Synonym: chromogens (not to be confused with pigment-synthesizing bacteria also called chromogens).Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Pregnancy, Ectopic: A potentially life-threatening condition in which EMBRYO IMPLANTATION occurs outside the cavity of the UTERUS. Most ectopic pregnancies (>96%) occur in the FALLOPIAN TUBES, known as TUBAL PREGNANCY. They can be in other locations, such as UTERINE CERVIX; OVARY; and abdominal cavity (PREGNANCY, ABDOMINAL).Emergency Service, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.PhenazinesBreast Diseases: Pathological processes of the BREAST.Rectum: The distal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, between the SIGMOID COLON and the ANAL CANAL.Neonatal Screening: The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Unnecessary Procedures: Diagnostic, therapeutic, and investigative procedures prescribed and performed by health professionals, the results of which do not justify the benefits or hazards and costs to the patient.Colposcopy: The examination, therapy or surgery of the cervix and vagina by means of a specially designed endoscope introduced vaginally.Image Enhancement: Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.Dobutamine: A catecholamine derivative with specificity for BETA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS. It is commonly used as a cardiotonic agent after CARDIAC SURGERY and during DOBUTAMINE STRESS ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY.Models, Statistical: Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Pyuria: The presence of white blood cells (LEUKOCYTES) in the urine. It is often associated with bacterial infections of the urinary tract. Pyuria without BACTERIURIA can be caused by TUBERCULOSIS, stones, or cancer.Colorectal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological: Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of conditions related to pregnancy, labor, and the puerperium and of diseases of the female genitalia. It includes also demonstration of genital and pregnancy physiology.Iopamidol: A non-ionic, water-soluble contrast agent which is used in myelography, arthrography, nephroangiography, arteriography, and other radiological procedures.Vision Screening: Application of tests and examinations to identify visual defects or vision disorders occurring in specific populations, as in school children, the elderly, etc. It is differentiated from VISION TESTS, which are given to evaluate/measure individual visual performance not related to a specific population.Urine: Liquid by-product of excretion produced in the kidneys, temporarily stored in the bladder until discharge through the URETHRA.Pulmonary Embolism: Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.Uterine Hemorrhage: Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.Mediastinoscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the anterior superior mediastinum of the thorax.Leukocyte Count: The number of WHITE BLOOD CELLS per unit volume in venous BLOOD. A differential leukocyte count measures the relative numbers of the different types of white cells.Hysteroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Monitoring, Physiologic: The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.

*  Oral food challenge: safety, adherence to guidelines and predictive value of...
Oral food challenge: safety, adherence to guidelines and predictive value of skin prick testing. ... adherence to anaphylaxis guidelines and predictive value of skin prick testing. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 00: 000-000. ...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pai.12016/references?globalMessage=0
*  Isolate Data
Predictive value of HIV-1 genotypic resistance test interpretation algorithms.. J Infect Dis, 2009. ...
http://hivdb.stanford.edu/cgi-bin/GetIsolateData.cgi?IsolateID=4513
*  Evaluation of the Painful Eye - American Family Physician
The predictive value of the penlight test for photophobia for serious eye pathology in general practice. Fam Pract. 2003;20(4): ... The kinetic red test combined with the static finger wiggle test is the most sensitive way to assess for a visual field deficit ... The kinetic red test combined with the static finger wiggle test is the most sensitive way to assess for a visual field deficit ... This test may be combined with the more common static finger wiggle test to improve sensitivity for detecting ...
http://aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p991.html
*  Diagnostic Assays for Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease : The Pediatric...
The sensitivity and specificity, as well as the predictive value of a positive or negative test must be established for each ... 48 The value and reliability of these tests for diagnosis among children with URIs is not clear. As previously noted, the ... greater financial and labor costs per test, and relatively poor sensitivity compared with nucleic acid amplification testing ( ... The value of RT-PCR as a detection method for RSV has now been demonstrated. However, there are no standardized ...
http://journals.lww.com/pidj/Fulltext/2007/11001/Diagnostic_Assays_for_Respiratory_Syncytial_Virus.3.aspx
*  Vaginal leucocyte counts in women with bacterial vaginosis: relation to vaginal...
... the positive predictive values of this screening test were low, but the negative predictive values were high (especially for ... low positive predictive values, and high negative predictive values.. Conclusions: An elevated vaginal leucocyte count in women ... a low positive predictive value, and a high negative predictive value for vaginal and cervical infections. While this may limit ... The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values of vaginal WBC count for the diagnosis of VVC or an STD ...
http://sti.bmj.com/content/80/5/401
*  College Board Details New SAT Redesign With Release of Test Specs - College...
... nothing seems to be changing much in their predictive value. ....If they don't change drastically what the test does for us, ... In a move to make the test more straightforward and remove "extraneous test-taking strategies," scores will also only be based ... which will be the sum of the reading-test score and the writing- and language-test score; and 2) math. Each of the two area ... Everyone would do well on the test and then the test loses its major purpose." ...
http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/college_bound/2014/04/college_board_details_new_sat_redesign_with_release_of_test_specs.html?cmp=ENL-EU-NEWS2
*  S61 Serial IGRA testing to identify recently acquired LTBI in contacts of smear...
... screening 8-12 weeks after index notification and shown a lower positive predictive value of the test in contacts with a higher ... Quantitative QFT values were recorded in all contacts and in those having two tests, the change calculated. Data was mapped to ... QFT testing was performed as soon as possible after index notification (T1) and if negative repeated after 8-12 weeks (T2). ... S61 Serial IGRA testing to identify recently acquired LTBI in contacts of smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis
http://thorax.bmj.com/content/68/Suppl_3/A33.2
*  Plus it
... and to test its predictive value by evaluation with experimental data. In the initial model, we were the first to hypothesize a ... IC50 values were calculated using the Prism program (GraphPad Software, San Diego, CA) and converted to K i values using aK d ... Ki values for the displacement of [3H]-8-OH-DPAT from human 5-HT1A wild-type receptors and corresponding Asn386Val mutant ... Ki values for the displacement of [3H]-8-OH-DPAT from human wild-type 5-HT1Areceptors and corresponding Asn386Val
http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/51/5/889
*  Nitric Oxide and the Regulation of Arterial Elasticity: Right Idea, Wrong...
... thus answering the important question of the predictive value of endothelial function testing. Pulse wave analysis has already ... We are unable to comment on whether their modification of the technique for measuring PWV has any value in measuring ... Our study was designed to test the hypothesis that in healthy humans, endothelium-derived nitric oxide regulated arterial ... we omitted this test in our study of humans, which was designed to examine the role in resting basal conditions. ...
http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/39/4/e26
*  behavior | The Bark | The Bark
... the shelter world last summer when he published an analysis concluding that the tests have no more positive predictive value ... The Times pointed out that one of the tests that is most disputed is the one involving the food test. Research has shown that ... Tests that try to assess dog-on-dog aggression using a "fake" dog also have been shown to be less that ideal, a 2015 study ... In the second test, people were asked in which of those three situations the growl was recorded. Overall, people ...
http://thebark.com/category/tags/behavior
*  A simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of 32P-labeled oligonucleotides
... Add publications. Advanced Home. Publications. A simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of 32P-labeled oligonucleotides. Guido Volckaert. and Walter Fiers UGent. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY. Google Scholar find title. SFX find at UGent. Please use this url to cite or link to this publication: http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1927146. Cite this. Guido Volckaert. and Walter Fiers UGent. Department of Biochemistry. alternative title Simple and highly sensitive method for sequence determination of P-32-labeled oligonucleotides year 1974 type journalArticle original publication status published subject. journal title. ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY Anal. volume 62 issue 2 pages 573 - 583 Web of Science type Article ISSN. 0003-2697 DOI. A1 id 1927146 handle. http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1927146 date created 2011-10-13 11:16:04 date last changed 2013-01-30 09:44:26. @article{1927146, author = {Volckaert, Guido and Fiers, Walter}, issn = {0003-2697}, journal = {ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY}, language = ...
https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1927146
*  ALLDATAdiy.com - 2009 Nissan-Datsun Altima V6-3.5L (VQ35DE) - Pinout Values and Diagnostic Parameter
alldatadiy com nissan datsun altima v l vq de pinout values and diagnostic parameters welcome guest leading source of online diagnostic repair information buy it now help search contact exit your vehicle nissan datsun altima v l vq de vehicle instrument panel gauges and warning indicators audible warning device testing and inspection pinout values and diagnostic parameters pinout values and diagnostic parameters information combination meter bcm body control module reference value terminal layout physical values buy it now help contact exit alldata llc all rights reserved trademarks privacy policy terms and conditions
http://alldatadiy.com/alldatadiy/DIY~G~C45827~R0~OD~N/0/138181779/138629620/138629625/138629629/34853741/34867294/34867295/34867302/124213505
*  Tuberculosis Test Unreliable
... View mobile site. HuffPost's QuickRead... Loading... Afghanistan. iOS app Android app. Desktop Alerts. Log in Create Account. Profile. Settings. Logout. October 4, 2015. Edition: U.S. AR عربي Arabic. AU Australia. BR Brasil. CA Canada. DE Deutschland. ES Espa a. FR France. GR Ελλάδα Greece. IN India. IT Italia. JP 日本 Japan. KR 한국 Korea. MG Maghreb. UK United Kingdom. US United States. . Follow. FRONT PAGE. Politics. Wednesday's Morning Email: Jeb Goes After Trump. Go to Politics. More in Politics. Pollster. Politics Blog. Off The Bus. Election Maps. Trail To The Chief. You might also like. WorldPost. Green. Black Voices. Latino Voices. Gay Voices. Business. These Often-Overlooked Tips Will Revolutionize Your Online Job Hunting. Go to Business. More in Business. Small Biz. Money. You might also like. WorldPost. Tech. Media. Arts. Sports. Weird News. Smarter Ideas. Urban Progress. Entertainment. The Mad-Genius Effect: How 9 Legendary Minds Rate On The Sanity Scale. Go to ...
http://huffingtonpost.com/news/tuberculosis-test-unreliable/
*  DESERT ROSE BAND - ONE STEP FORWARD LYRICS
... Print. Desert Rose Band — One Step Forward lyrics. Send "One Step Forward" Ringtone to Cell Phone. You held me up held me down made me crazy then you brought me around Were my darkness and my light you were my blindness and my sight Were my shelter and my storm made my cold then you made me warm You were my fever and my cure made me doubt and you made me sure One step forward and two step back nobody gets too far like that One step forward and two steps back this kind of dance can never last. You were my hope and my fear you were my laughter and my tear Were my destiny and my faith kept me moving and you made me wait Were my weakness and my power you were the thorn in the flower You were my sunshine and the rain made me feel so good brough so much pain Now one step forward... And we never really meant for each other we were never really meant to last In the years that we danced together each step forward we took two steps back Each step forward we took two steps back Now one step forward... One step ...
http://lyricsty.com/desert-rose-band-one-step-forward-lyrics.html
*  GNIRS Sensitivity Estimates | Gemini Observatory
GNIRS Sensitivity Estimates. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results Helpdesk ...
http://gemini.edu/sciops/?q=sciops&q=node/10545
*  Ultra-sensitive biosensor could detect diseases in their earliest stages
... . Advertisement. Search. more top stories. Microsoft re-ignites the PC wars with Windows 10 Surface Book and Surface Pro 4 Star Wars spaceship soars above other sci-fi film treasures to yield record $450,000 at auction Quantum computing breakthrough: Qubits made from standard silicon transistors iPhone 6s and 6s Plus review: 3D Touch is more than a gimmick, but is it reason to upgrade. Health and Wellbeing Ultra-sensitive biosensor could detect diseases in their earliest stages Darren Quick. May 27, 2012. The new ultra-sensitive biosensor has been demonstrated by detecting very small concentrations of Prostate Specific Antigen pictured Image: EAS via Wikipedia. A new ultra-sensitive test developed by scientists from the Imperial College London and Spain’s University of Vigo has the potential to detect the earliest stages of a disease, thereby giving any treatment the best possible chance of succeeding. The researchers claim their new biosensor test is capable of detecting biomarkers molecules which ...
http://gizmag.com/ultra-sensitive-biosensor/22703/
*  Commentary: effects of diagnostic thresholds and research vs service and administrative diagnosis o
... n autism prevalence - CentAUR. . University of Reading CentAUR: Central Archive at the University of Reading. Accessibility navigation Commentary: effects of diagnostic thresholds and research vs service and administrative diagnosis on autism prevalence. Tools Tools Tools. Wordle Link RDF+XML BibTeX RIOXX2 XML RDF+N-Triples JSON Dublin Core Atom Simple Metadata Refer METS HTML Citation with IDs HTML Citation ASCII Citation OpenURL ContextObject EndNote OpenURL ContextObject in Span MODS MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core Reference Manager RDF+N3. Charman, T., Pickles, A., Chandler, S., Wing, L., Bryson, S., Simonoff, E., Loucas, T. and Baird, G. 2009 Commentary: effects of diagnostic thresholds and research vs service and administrative diagnosis on autism prevalence. International Journal of Epidemiology, 38 5. pp. 1234-1238. ISSN 0300-5771 Full text not archived in this repository. To link to this article DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyp256. Item Type: Article. Refereed: Yes. Divisions: Interdisciplinary centres and ...
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/14123/
*  Leukemia other diagnostic studies - wikidoc
... Leukemia other diagnostic studies. Jump to: navigation , search. Leukemia Microchapters. Overview. Historical Perspective. Classification. AML CML ALL CLL HCL. Differentiating Leukemia from other Diseases. Risk Factors. Natural History, Complications and Prognosis. Diagnosis. Staging. History and Symptoms. Physical Examination. Laboratory Findings. Chest X Ray. MRI. Echocardiography or Ultrasound. Other Imaging Findings. Other Diagnostic Studies. Medical Therapy. Primary Prevention. Cost-Effectiveness of Therapy. Case Studies. Case #1. Leukemia other diagnostic studies On the Web. Most recent articles. Most cited articles. Review articles. Images. American Roentgen Ray Society Images of Leukemia other diagnostic studies. All Images X-rays Echo Ultrasound CT Images MRI. Ongoing Trials at Clinical Trials.gov. FDA on Leukemia other diagnostic studies. CDC on Leukemia other diagnostic studies. Leukemia other diagnostic studies in the news. Blogs on Leukemia other diagnostic studies /small. Directions to ...
http://wikidoc.org/index.php/Leukemia_other_diagnostic_studies
*  .. Category Archives: Universal Detection Technology UNDT .. Universal Detection Technology (
Category Archives: Universal Detection Technology UNDT. Universal Detection Technology UNDT to Present Radiation Detection Technologies in RISCON Safety and Security Expo in Tokyo October 18, 2011. Universal Detection Technology, a company that engages in the research, development, and marketing of bioterrorism detection devices in the United States, announced that the Company’s management will be showcasing its radiation detection technologies in Tokyo, Japan. UNDT is showcasing its equipment at the RISCON Safety and Security Expo. A recent reported has shown that radiation “hot spots” in Tokyo have levels of radioactive Cesium in some areas equivalent to the levels of contaminated areas around Chernobyl in Ukraine, the site of a disastrous nuclear accident in 1986. The results form these tests have led to a growing group of scientists and local residents demanding increased soil testing and immediate efforts for clean up. “Radioactive substances are entering people’s bodies from the air and ...
http://blog.qualitystocks.net/category/universal-detection-technology-udttob/
*  Laboratory Equipment - Physiology Instruments
laboratory equipment physiology instruments view cart items account check out search for products laboratory equipment physiology instruments equipment equipment laboratory glassware plasticware laboratory scales balances magnetic stirrers measurement meters testers microscopes cameras refractometers safety springs scales supplies thermometers tubing physiology instruments sciencelab offers a full line of physiology instruments laboratory equipment and chemicals for any application from clinical to research we also carry a wide range educational products ph meters microscopes thermometers and digital scales bowles stethoscope featured products no wire multi tube racks unbreakable stainless steel ln dewars cleanware stainless steel sponges science information resources safety information shipping returns customer support periodic elements table unit conversion calculator chemical storage recommendations osha lab standards order tracking return a product privacy policy contact us laboratory equipment chemicals ...
http://sciencelab.com/page/S/CTGY/23828
*  Title page for ETD etd-1204102-123159
... Author Aghassi, Arash. Author's Email Address aaghas1@lsu.edu. Title Investigation of Qualitative Methods for Diagnosis of Poor Bit Performance Using Surface Drilling Parameters. Degree Master of Science in Petroleum Engineering M.S.P.E. Department Petroleum Engineering. Advisory Committee Advisor Name Title. Committee Member. Committee Member. Keywords drilling optimization bit performance rop. This study is part of a larger research project to improve that performance entitled "Automated Rig Controls for Improved Drilling Costs." The objective of the project is diagnosis of changes in drill bit performance to provide a logical basis for automating draw works control, maximizing bit performance, and reducing drilling costs. The specific goal of this study is a means to diagnose bit performance, specifically to identify bit balling and lithology changes, using real-time drilling data. The research began by identifying symptoms relating to specific causes of bit performance changes based on previously ...
http://etd.lsu.edu/docs/available/etd-1204102-123159/
*  Details - The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels o
... f Cercidium - Biodiversity Heritage Library. Article: The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium. MODS. Title http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/part/27152 The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium. Original Publication Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Title The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium. Download MODS mods xmlns:xlink= http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink version= 3.0 xmlns:xsi= http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance xmlns= http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 xsi:schemaLocation= http://www.loc.gov/mods/v3 http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/v3/mods-3-0.xsd titleInfo title The Structure and Diagnostic Significance of Crateriform Bordered Pits in the Vessels of Cercidium /title /titleInfo name namePart Cozzo, D /namePart /name typeOfResource text /typeOfResource genre authority= marcgt /genre note type= content 34 /note relatedItem type= host ...
http://biodiversitylibrary.org/part/27152
*  SATRO-ECG
... Reference tests Usage Bibliography References External links. Reference tests. The reference tests of the SATRO-ECG method in relation to perfusive scintigraphy SPECT conducted in Military Medical Institute in Warsaw and Medical University of Wroclaw proved the possibility to use this method to detect coronary heart disease CHD. A very high Sensitivity and specificity in detecting this disease were obtained. Sensitivity Se, specificity Sp, predictive value of positive values results PV + and negative values results PV - are presented in the grid below:. Reference tests Se Sp PV + PV -. 'SATRO-ECG – SPECT rest '. 'SATRO-ECG – SPECT exercise '. Comparison of SATRO-ECG results - SPECT exercise for particular parts of the cardiac muscle is presented in the grid below:. 'PV + '. 'PV - '. The results of the tests prove a high correlation the between SATRO-ECG results and SPECT in the case of detection of coronary heart disease CHD. An advantage of this method is a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SATRO-ECG
*  Diagnostic test
The pre-test probability of a disease The demand of the testee in regard to the post-test probability of disease according with the given test result in order to rule in or out the disease and to accept or reject a particular therapeutic action. In other words, the test result does not change the degree of un certainty of presence or absence of the target disease: the test is useless. It is not because the association between a test result and the presence or absence of the disease is weak that the test is necessarily useless since a high pre-test probability and/or a ‘low’ degree of demanded certainty by tester and/or testee can make a test with a weak relation a modest likelihood ratio to the target disease useful allow to decide to the presence or absence of the target disease given a positive test result despite the weak relationship. On the other hand a test result on a test showing a strong association with the absence or presence of the target disease can be useless because of a ‘low’ pre-test ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diagnostic_test
*  Pathognomonic
A pathognomonic sign is a particular sign whose presence means that a particular disease is present beyond any doubt. Practical use Examples See also References External links. A pathognomonic sign or symptom has very high specificity but does not need to have high sensitivity : for example it can sometimes be absent in a certain disease, since the term only implies that, when it is present, the doctor instantly knows the patient's illness. The presence of a pathognomonic finding allows immediate diagnosis, since there are no other conditions in the differential diagnosis. Singular pathognomonic signs are relatively uncommon. Examples of pathognomonic findings include Koplik's spots inside the mouth in measles, the palmar xanthoma ta seen on the hands of people suffering from hyperlipoproteinemia, Negri bodies within brain tissue infected with rabies, or a tetrad of rash, arthralgia, abdominal pain and kidney disease in a child with Henoch-Schönlein purpura. As opposed to symptom s reported subjectively by ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathognomonic
*  [Oral glucocorticoid-induced psychiatric side-effects: Focus on clinical specificities, incidence, r
PDF Download Available. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article. A Ricoux. A Ricoux. Remove suggestion. M Guitteny-Collas. M Guitteny-Collas. Remove suggestion. Anne Sauvaget. Anne Sauvaget Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge Message author. Remove suggestion. P Delvot. P Delvot. Remove suggestion. P Pottier. P Pottier. Remove suggestion. M Hamidou. M Hamidou. Remove suggestion. Service de psychiatrie 4, hôpital Saint-Jacques, CHU de Nantes, 85, rue Saint-Jacques, 44093 Nantes cedex 1, France. Electronic address:. La Revue de Médecine Interne. Impact Factor: 1.07. 01/2013; Source: PubMed. ABSTRACT Oral glucocorticoids have been used for several decades and psychiatric side-effects may occur. This review will discuss relevant data of the clinical specificities, the incidence, the risk factors for the occurrence of these episodes and the preventive and curative medications of these episodes. We ...
http://researchgate.net/publication/235395164_Oral_glucocorticoid-induced_psychiatric_side-effects_Focus_on_clinical_specificities_incidence_risk_factors_and_treatment
*  "Analyze This" - A Diagnostic Assessment Analytical Essay 122939
Analyze This - A Diagnostic Assessment Analytical Essay 122939. Australia Canada France United Kingdom United States. Sell your papers. Analytical Essay. Analyze This - A Diagnostic Assessment. "Analyze This" - A Diagnostic Assessment Analytical Essay by ResearchRiter. "Analyze This" - A Diagnostic Assessment. Psychological assessment of the main character in the film "Analyze This." # 122939. APA. This paper presents a diagnostic assessment, treatment plan, and competency-based assessment for a fictional character in the movie "Analyze This". The assessment is based on a detailing and discussion of symptoms in relation to APA diagnostic criteria. The treatment plan provides a set of techniques and measurable goals that address the diagnostic issues. "This paper presents a diagnostic assessment, treatment plan and competency-based assessment for a fictional character in a movie. The conducted assessment is based on a detailing and discussion of symptoms in relation to APA diagnostic criteria. The treatment ...
http://academon.com/analytical-essay/analyze-this-a-diagnostic-assessment-122939/
*  Assay sensitivity
If a trial intended to demonstrate efficacy by showing superiority of a test intervention to control lacks assay sensitivity, it will fail to show that the test intervention is superior and will fail to lead to a conclusion of efficacy. In contrast, if a trial intended to demonstrate efficacy by showing a test intervention is non-inferior to an active control lacks assay sensitivity, the trial may find an ineffective intervention to be non-inferior and could lead to an erroneous conclusion of efficacy. The chosen margin of inferiority in a non-inferiority trial cannot be larger than the largest effect size which the control intervention reliably and reproducibly demonstrates compared to placebo or no treatment in past superiority trials. For instance, if there is reliable and reproducible evidence from previous superiority trials of an effect size of 10% for a control intervention compared to placebo, an appropriately designed non-inferiorty trial designed to rule out that the test intervention may be as ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assay_sensitivity
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS Status and Availability Nod and Shuffle Imaging Spectroscopy Overview Long-slit Spectroscopy Multi-Object Spectroscopy Integral Field Spectroscopy ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads GMOS-N ITC GMOS-S ITC Sensitivity Table Imaging Sensitivity Table Spectroscopy Atmospheric Differential Refraction Overheads. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction Documents. GNIRS NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition ...
http://gemini.edu/node/11673?q=node/10373
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS Status and Availability Nod and Shuffle Imaging Spectroscopy Overview Long-slit Spectroscopy Multi-Object Spectroscopy Integral Field Spectroscopy ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads GMOS-N ITC GMOS-S ITC Sensitivity Table Imaging Sensitivity Table Spectroscopy Atmospheric Differential Refraction Overheads. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction Documents. GNIRS NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition ...
http://gemini.edu/node/171?q=node/10373
*  Evaluation of studies of assessment and screening tools, and diagnostic tests -- Jull 5 (3): 68 -- E
Evaluation of studies of assessment and screening tools, and diagnostic tests -- Jull 5 3 : 68 -- Evidence-Based Nursing. Current issue. Current issue. Evaluation of studies of assessment and screening tools, and diagnostic tests Andrew Jull , RN, MA. Studies of diagnostic tests and screening tools can be quite difficult to locate. Specialist databases such as the Cochrane Library do not include studies of diagnostic testing, so you do the following search on Medline OVID : *Depression/di *Depressive disorder/di Questionnaires/ 1 OR 2 AND 3 303 articles are identified. Prevalence of depression was 18%. If the first test is negative and the participant does not receive the gold standard test to verify this result, then the study results will be distorted. With respect to screening for depression, Whooley et al found several instruments with similar results, but the simplest instrument was the 2 question instrument. The 2 question case finding instrument correctly identified 94 of these 97 ...
http://ebn.bmj.com/content/5/3/68.full?cited-by=yes&legid=ebnurs;5/3/68
*  Melrose-Wakefield Hospital Implements New Diagnostic Tools
Discuss Melrose-Wakefield Hospital Implements New Diagnostic Tools Sun, 04 Oct 2015 11:20:36 +0000
http://hallmarkhealth.org/feed/com_content/387
*  www.ccforum.com - Table
www ccforum com table table sensitivity specificity positive predictive value and negative predictive value for infection markers in diagnosing bacteremia sensitivity specificity ppv npv crp level wbc count neutrophil count lymphocyte count nlcr sensitivity specificity positive predictive value ppv and negative predictive value npv of the c reactive protein crp level cut off mg l white blood cell wbc count cut off l or l neutrophil count cut off l lymphocyte count cut off l and the neutrophil lymphocyte count ratio nlcr cut off in diagnosing bacteremia de jager et al critical care r doi cc
http://ccforum.com/content/14/5/R192/table/T4
*  Jemmco LLC, Dyne Pens & Solutions, Silicone Sleeves for Corona Treatment, Laboratory Equipment Suppl
Jemmco LLC, Dyne Pens Solutions, Silicone Sleeves for Corona Treatment, Laboratory Equipment Supplies. Login. search. View Cart. 0 Products By Category. Cleaning Products. Corona Treating Products. Dyne Test Products. Extrusion Products. Recycling Equipment. Hole Punching Perforating. Quality Control Products. Rollers Roller Coverings. Static Elimination Products. Slitter/Winders. Tapes Roller Wraps. Web Cleaning. MSDS Sheets Dyne Solutions. JemmcleanTR. Little Effort Cleaner. EZ-Read Poly Test Pen. Now In: Welcome to Jemmco, LLC. Jemmco is a leading supplier to the extrusion and web converting industries. Our products, JemmTron Corona Treater Roll Coverings, JemmTac Web Cleaning Roller Coverings, JemmTrac Traction Roller Coverings and JemmSil Release Roller Coverings have put us in the forefront of Roller Covering technology. Our line of Dyne Test Products contain the largest variety, including Accu-Flo Felt Tip Dyne Pens, Accu-Flo Jumbo Dyne Markers and EZ-READ PolyTest Dyne Pens, which enables us to be ...
http://jemmco.com/
*  Likelihood ratios in diagnostic testing
... Calculation Application to medicine Example Estimation of pre- and post-test probability Example. Respectively, they are known as the ' LR+, 'likelihood ratio positive', 'likelihood ratio for positive results' and ' LR–, 'likelihood ratio negative', 'likelihood ratio for negative results'. The positive likelihood ratio is calculated as. or "the probability of a person who has the disease testing positive divided by the probability of a person who does not have the disease testing positive." Here "T+" or "T " denote that the result of the test is positive or negative, respectively. So "true positives" are those that test positive T+ and have the disease D+, and "false positives" are those that test positive T+ but do not have the disease D. 5 : LR- = \frac{1 - \text{sensitivity}}{\text{specificity}}. or "the probability of a person who has the disease testing negative divided by the probability of a person who does not have the disease testing negative.". Pretest odds = Pretest probability / 1 - Pretest ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Likelihood_ratios_in_diagnostic_testing
*  Indeterminate Result
... HIV Prevention and Testing. Indeterminate Result. HIV Prevention and Testing Am I Infected. Stats Total Posts: 675753 Total Topics: 52429 Online Today: 186 Online Ever: 585 January 07, 2014, 02:31:47 PM. Logged Infected September s 2012 Seroconverted October 2012 Elisa test- indeterminate 20th November. 2012 Rapid test - Negative 23th November 2012 Elisa test - Positive 10th December 2012 CD4 - 546, 12th Dec 2012 CD4 600+, VL 6702 26th March 2013. The vast majority of people who have actually been infected will seroconvert and test positive by six weeks, with the average time to seroconversion being only 22 days. Even if this incident occurred at the end of September, if you were positive, you most likely would have had a firm positive result by now, not an indeterminate. Only a three month negative test will be conclusive and as I already stated, if you continue to get indeterminate results, your doctor needs to investigate other possible causes. If you get a positive result, you need to know that you ...
http://forums.poz.com/index.php?topic=46391.0;prev_next=next
*  Emisson control light on. DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS ADDED (from breakdown people) | Audi-Sport.net
Emisson control light on. Audi-Sport.net. Forums. Search Forums. Recent Posts. Resources. Search Resources. Most Active Authors. Most Active Members. Parts Request. Submit New Parts Request. Events. Upcoming Events. Events Archive. Members. Notable Members. Registered Members. Groups. VCDS Map. The Trading Post. Group Buy / Discount Forum. Classifieds. For Sale/Wanted - Audi Cars. For Sale/Wanted - Audi Parts. For Sale/Wanted - Miscellaneous. For Sale/Wanted - Other Make Cars Parts. Classifieds-Bin. Classifieds Disputes. Password. Likes You've Received. Log Out. Forums. Forums Quick Links. Search Forums. Recent Posts. Posted by Member:. Search this forum only. Recent Posts. Resources. Resources Quick Links. Search Resources. Garage Reviews Quick Links. Most Active Members. Gallery Quick Links. DIAGNOSTIC RESULTS ADDED from breakdown people Discussion in ' Q3, RSQ3 Q5, SQ5 Q7 Forum ' started by quattro25years, Apr 19, 2013. with the engine running it sounds like there is a throbbing noise coming from the ...
http://audi-sport.net/xf/threads/emisson-control-light-on-diagnostic-results-added-from-breakdown-people.186687/
*  Sophos Diagnostic Utility (SDU): ダウンロードとインストール方法
Sophos Diagnostic Utility SDU : ダウンロードとインストール方法. Network Protection Enduser Protection Server Protection UTM. Secure Web Gateway. Secure Email Gateway. Server Security. Secure Login Sign In Pick a destination and sign in. Sophos Diagnostic Utility SDU : ダウンロードとインストール方法. 重要: Windows 上でユーティリティを実行する際に次のメッセージが表示された場合: This version of the Sophos Diagnostic Utility is no longer supported.Please download the latest version. Sophos Diagnostic Utility を実行する をご覧ください. 影響を受けるソフォス製品とバージョン Sophos Diagnostic Utility ソフォスのエンドポイント製品に含まれている SDU を見つける Sophos Diagnostic Utility はソフォスのエンドポイントのパッケージの一部としてダウンロードされています. コンピュータで C:\ProgramData\Sophos\Autoupdate\Cache\savxp\diagnose\ を参照します. コンピュータで C:\Program Files\Sophos\Autoupdate\Cache\savxp\diagnose\ を参照します. コンピュータで C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Sophos\Autoupdate\Cache\savxp\diagnose\ を参照します. ソフトウェアの配布場所から SDU を直接実行する Sophos Diagnostic Utility は、Endpoint Security and Control バージョン 10 以降の Sophos Update Manager SUM によってダウンロードされる Windows パッケージに含まれています。Sophos ...
https://sophos.com/ja-jp/support/knowledgebase/33533.aspx
*  CHEST Journal | Article
For detecting adrenal and/or liver metastases, the summary NPV of the clinical evaluation was 0.95 95% CI, 0.93 to 0.96, and for detecting bone metastases, it was 0.90 95% CI, 0.86 to 0.93. 5 For studies that included patients with a positive and negative clinical evaluation, the sensitivity, specificity, and PPV of the evaluation for metastatic disease were calculated. With gadolinium, the sensitivity was 1.0, the specificity was 0.91, the PPV was 0.96, and the NPV was 1.0. 68 assessed the ability of the clinical evaluation to detect adrenal and/or liver metastases in 1,201 patients Table 5. 73 assessed the ability of clinical evaluation to detect bone metastases in 633 patients Table 6. The pooled sensitivity and specificity of clinical bone evaluation for detecting bone metastases were 0.87 95% CI, 0.79 to 0.93 and 0.67 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.88, respectively. However, the NPV and PPV of a test are affected by the prevalence of disease. Other studies 11 have demonstrated improved sensitivity and specificity ...
http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/article.aspx?articleid=1081262
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders. Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops. Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments. Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS. Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results ...
http://gemini.edu/node/12062?q=node/10509
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders. Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops. Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments. Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS. Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results ...
http://gemini.edu/sciops/observing-gemini/partner-subscription/oversubscription-rates?q=node/10509
*  ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads | Gemini Observatory
ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. Gemini Observatory. Gemini Observatory: Exploring The Universe, Sharing its Wonders. Science. Public/Images. About. Careers. Contact. Navigation. Announcements enewscast Library PIO Sciops. Gemini Home Telescopes and Sites Science Visitors at Gemini Observing With Gemini Instruments. Retired Instruments NORTH ALTAIR GMOS GNIRS. Status and Availability Spectroscopy Imaging ITC, Sensitivity and Overheads. GNIRS ITC Sensitivity Table Overheads Saturation and the ITC. Guiding Options Calibration Observation Preparation Data Format and Reduction System Verification Documents NIR Resources. NIFS NIRI GRACES SOUTH FLAMINGOS-2 GeMS GMOS GPI GSAOI VISITING Interface Specs for VI Visiting Instrument Policy DSSI Speckle Camera TEXES North RESOURCES Integration Time Calculators Magnitudes and Fluxes Near-IR Resources Mid-IR Resources Observing Condition Constraints Performance Monitoring SV/Demo Science. Future Instrumentation Current Development Queue and Schedules Data and Results ...
http://gemini.edu/sciops/observing-gemini/partner-subscription?q=node/10509
*  Monitoring Immunity Through Diagnostics
... print. close. Monitoring Immunity Through Diagnostics. Jeff Zimmerman, DVM and Eileen Thacker, DVM Iowa State University Tue, 2003-04-15 12:00 Diagnostic tests are direct measures of exposure or vaccination, and indirect meastures of immunity. Diagnostic assays or tests are tools used by producers and veterinarians to assess the disease and immune status of pigs. Depending on the specific diagnostic assay, laboratory tests detect antibodies or proteins that are produced in large quantities by the pig in an immune response to an infection or the presence of an infectious agent. Immunity is essentially the pig's resistance to infection. Diagnostic assays do not measure immunity. Rather, they look for evidence of disease exposure in response to vaccination, antibodies or infectious agents. In terms of immunity, the underlying assumption is that prior infection or vaccination has stimulated an immune response that will provide some level of protection from disease symptoms in the ...
http://nationalhogfarmer.com/print/mag/farming_monitoring_immunity_diagnostics
*  Fluctuating fever for 5 days, all tests negative -Doctors Lounge(TM)
Fluctuating fever for 5 days, all tests negative -Doctors Lounge TM. Search for:. News. Journals. Conferences. Blogs. Articles. Forums. Twitter. Home. Ask a Doctor. Medical Professional. Author. Volunteer. Medical Reference. Diseases. Symptoms. Labs. Procedures. Drugs. Medical Specialty. Cardiology. Dermatology. Endocrinology. Fertility. Gastroenterology. Gynecology. Hematology. Infections. Nephrology. Neurology. Oncology. Orthopedics. Pediatrics. Pharmacy. Primary Care. Psychiatry. Pulmonology. Rheumatology. Surgery. Urology. More ... Headlines:. Doctors Lounge - Infections Answers The information provided on www.doctorslounge.com is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician. Back to Infections Answers List Forum Name: Other infections Question: Fluctuating fever for 5 days, all tests negative c alcazar - Tue Sep 23, 2008 9:39 pm. Share. Hi, A friend of mine has had fever for the last 5 days. The fever comes back at ...
http://doctorslounge.com/infections/forums/backup/topic-25518.html
*  www.diagnosticpathology.org - Table
www diagnosticpathology org table table sensitivity specificity positive predictive value and negative predictive value of combined expression of ck and muc according to the histological type histological type maker sensitivity specificity ppv npv intestinal type ck muc pancreatobiliary type ck muc unusual type ck muc ppv positive predictive value npv negative predictive value kawabata et al diagnostic pathology doi
http://diagnosticpathology.org/content/5/1/75/table/T4
*  Lophius Wins $469K to Develop MS Diagnostic | GEN News Highlights | GEN
Lophius Wins $469K to Develop MS Diagnostic. Jobs Report: Data, Business, and Regulatory Savvy Driving New Hiring. Jobs Report: Data, Business, and Regulatory Savvy Driving New Hiring. Market & Tech Analysis. GEN News Highlights More » Jun 19, 2013 Lophius Wins $469K to Develop MS Diagnostic Page 1 of 1 Lophius Biosciences won 350,000 about $469,000 over two years from Germany s Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF to develop a blood-based diagnostic test, after joining Germany s NEU 2 academic-industry research consortium. The diagnostic uses the company s Reverse T-Cell Technology RTT platform technology, which unlike current diagnostic methods exploits the maturation processes induced in antigen-presenting cells through interaction with activated T helper Th cells. Due to the high specificity of RTT for activated Th cells, the RTT assay is designed for reliable detection of disease-specific activated Th cells as a biomarker for diagnosis and monitoring of MS and other ongoing autoimmune ...
http://genengnews.com/gen-news-highlights/lophius-wins-469k-to-develop-ms-diagnostic/81248502/?kwrd=Molecular Diagnostics
*  Lophius Wins $469K to Develop MS Diagnostic | GEN News Highlights | GEN
Lophius Wins $469K to Develop MS Diagnostic. Linking Phenotypes and Modes of Action Through High-Content Screen Fingerprints. Jobs Report: Data, Business, and Regulatory Savvy Driving New Hiring. Linking Phenotypes and Modes of Action Through High-Content Screen Fingerprints. Jobs Report: Data, Business, and Regulatory Savvy Driving New Hiring. Market & Tech Analysis. Linking Phenotypes and Modes of Action Through High-Content Screen Fingerprints The Use of High-Content Screening as... GEN News Highlights More » Jun 19, 2013 Lophius Wins $469K to Develop MS Diagnostic Page 1 of 1 Lophius Biosciences won 350,000 about $469,000 over two years from Germany s Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF to develop a blood-based diagnostic test, after joining Germany s NEU 2 academic-industry research consortium. The diagnostic uses the company s Reverse T-Cell Technology RTT platform technology, which unlike current diagnostic methods exploits the maturation processes induced in antigen-presenting cells ...
http://genengnews.com/gen-news-highlights/lophius-wins-469k-to-develop-ms-diagnostic/81248502/?kwrd=Financing
*  Sensitivity Analysis - Tests, Test Results & Diagnosis - NY Times Health Information
Sensitivity Analysis - Tests, Test Results Diagnosis - NY Times Health Information. Log In Register Now Help. Home Page Today's Paper Video Most Popular Times Topics. Search All NYTimes.com. Health Guide. World U.S. N.Y. / Region Business Technology Science Health Research Fitness Nutrition Money Policy Views Health Guide. Sports Opinion Arts Style Travel Jobs Real Estate Autos. Search Health 3,000+ Topics. Send Feedback. Health. Times Health Guide. s. Sensitivity Analysis. Sensitivity Analysis. Overview Alternative Names How the Test Is Performed How to Prepare for the Test How the Test Will Feel Why the Test Is Performed What Abnormal Results Mean Risks References. Related Topics. Blood Culture Urine Culture Urine Culture - Catheterized Specimen Routine Sputum Culture Culture - Endocervix Throat Swab Culture. Sensitivity analysis determines the effectiveness of antibiotics against microorganisms germs such as bacteria that have been isolated from cultures. Sensitivity analysis may be done along ...
http://nytimes.com/health/guides/test/sensitivity-analysis/overview.html
*  SroC RNA
... infobox rfam name sroc rna image rf jpg width caption predicted secondary structure and sequence conservation of sroc symbol sroc altsymbols rfam rf mirbase mirbase family rna type gene srna tax domain bacteria go so cas number entrezgene hgncid omim pdb refseq chromosome arm band locussupplementarydata the bacterial sroc rna is a non coding rna gene of around nucleotides in length sroc is found in several enterobacterial species but its function is unknown this rna interacts with the hfq protein references external links category non coding rna
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SroC_RNA
*  Laboratory tube
... s are pieces of laboratory equipment used to hold small quantities of substances undergoing experimentation or testing they are usually made of glass and vary in size and purpose laboratory tubes must not be confused with glass tubing which is used to carry gases between laboratory equipment the main examples of laboratory tube are listed below ignition tube test tube boiling tube nmr tube see also laboratory glassware category laboratory equipment
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laboratory_tube
*  Mouse Sensitivity
... frictional games forum newsletter dev blog dev wiki support search member list irc help current time pm hello there guest login register frictional games forum penumbra overture black plague requiem hints help and spoilers previous next mouse sensitivity threaded mode linear mode mouse sensitivity author message cradleofvalentine junior member posts joined apr reputation post mouse sensitivity hello all for some reason i thought i would check out the mouse sensitivity on the highest option i don t like this setting so i want to change it back but can t figure out how i click on the mouse sensitivity option but nothing happens can t drag it to change anyone help i use a mac pm next oldest next newest messages in this thread mouse sensitivity cradleofvalentine pm re mouse sensitivity jens am view a printable version send this thread to a friend subscribe to this thread user s browsing this thread guest s contact us frictional games return to top return to content lite archive mode rss syndication powered ...
http://frictionalgames.com/forum/showthread.php?mode=threaded&tid=14412&pid=127851
*  B-Cells - Why one specificity?
b cells why one specificity b cells why one specificity bob scibienski rjscibienski at ucdavis edu tue dec est previous message b cells why one specificity next message b cells why one specificity messages sorted by in fact two specificities equates with four possible l h chain combinations so the waste grows exponentionally bob s john richard seavitt jrseavit at artsci wustl edu wrote on tue dec andrew louka wrote why one b cell one specificity why not have multiple specificities per b cell surely this would have been more effective and energy efficient nope then you d have b cells with two or more specific surface immunologlobins since the b cell couldn t distinquish which one it got activated through it would presumably behave as if all of its receptor specificities had been activated it would await t cell help proliferate and differentiate into plasma cells of course it would now be spending the metabloic energy to produce two or more specific secreted antibodies of course the odds that the appropriate ...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/immuno/1997-December/011419.html
*  ryanb/vcr · GitHub
... Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Explore. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. 1. Star. 2. Fork. 277. ryanb. / vcr. forked from vcr/vcr. Code Pull requests. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. . HTTPS or. . Subversion. Download ZIP. Record your test suite's HTTP interactions and replay them during future test runs for fast, deterministic, accurate tests. http://relishapp.com/myronmarston/vcr. 947 commits. 4 branches. 40 releases. Fetching contributors Ruby 100.0%. Ruby. Branch: master. Switch branches/tags. Branches. Tags. 1-x-stable. jruby nailgun. master. readme-contributing-link. Nothing to show. v2.0.0.beta2. v2.0.0.beta1. v1.11.3. v1.11.2. v1.11.1. v1.11.0. v1.10.3. v1.10.2. v1.10.1. v1.10.0. v1.9.0. v1.8.0. v1.7.2. v1.7.1. v1.7.0. v1.6.0. v1.5.1. v1.5.0. v1.4.0. v1.3.3. v1.3.2. v1.3.1. v1.3.0. v1.2.0. v1.1.2. v1.1.1. v1.1.0. v1.0.3. v1.0.2. v1.0.1. v1.0.0. v0.4.1. v0.4.0. v0.3.1. v0.3.0. v0.2.0. v0.1.2. v0.1.1. v0.1.0. semver. ...
https://github.com/ryanb/vcr
*  Moldmaker Explores New LSR Molding Technologies : Products Fi
... nishing. Articles Moldmaker Explores New LSR Molding Technologies Moldmaker Explores New LSR Molding Technologies Article From: Plastics Technology, Matthew H. CLICK IMAGE TO ENLARGE + PP water vial is molded in a two-shot Engel victory combi press in a prototype mold at Roembke. PP is injected in the right-hand cavity and then transferred by a robot to the left-hand cavity where the LSR plug is overmolded into the bottom center of the vial. Overmolded LSR plug circular insert at center of the vial’s base is a critical element for UV optical detection of bacterial growth after incubation. Overmolding LSR onto PP is a rare feat because of the 340 F cure temperature of the LSR, above the 245 F HDT of the PP. Roembke is experimenting with pressurized hot-water mold heating, using this Single TCU capable of up to 392 F/200 C as a clean and more reliable alternative to electrical cartridge heaters. Roembke is unusual for a moldmaker in having six Arburg and Engel LSR injection presses permanently on site, one ...
http://pfonline.com/articles/moldmaker-explores-new-lsr-molding-technologies
*  Triagem nutricional - Resumos Diversos - Fernandaromano
Pesquisar trabalhos. Triagem nutricional Disponível somente no TrabalhosFeitos Páginas : 7 1727 palavras. Materiais e Métodos: Nesse estudo transversal, cinco instrumentos de triagem nutricional foram aplicados aos pacientes nas primeiras 48 horas de internação hospitalar. Aocorrência de risco nutricional entre adultos e idosos foi comparada. Quanto ao tempo médio gasto para a aplicação dosinstrumentos, observou-se certa concordância entre eles, todavia a MNA foi o instrumento que requereu maior tempo para aplicação. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study, with the application of nutritional screening tools in adult and elderly patients in the first 48 hours of hospitalization was performed. In relation to the time of application, the MNA was the instrument with longer application time. Conclusion: Considering the higher detection of patients with nutritional risk, the easiness and the lower application time, we suggest, respectively, MUST and MNA-SF to be used in adult andelderly patients admitted ...
http://trabalhosfeitos.com/ensaios/Triagem-Nutricional/487170.html
*  GeneAnnot Search
... an academic website of the in association with geneannot home overview what s new custom cdfs publications team select affymetrix microarray version s hg u hg u hg u plus search by probe set s search by gene symbol search by genecards id at geneannot results for hg u plus probe set array annotation quality best resource gene symbol gene description chromosomal location sensitivity specificity number of genes at u plus genecards snca synuclein alpha non a component of amyloid precursor chr bp
http://genecards.weizmann.ac.il/cgi-bin/geneannot/GA_search.pl?keyword_type=probe_set_list&keyword=236081_at&array=HG-U133_Plus_2&target=integrated&.submit=Submit Query
*  STI testing
... redirect sexually transmitted infection diagnosis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/STI_testing
*  File:Relationship between asset specificity.JPG
file relationship between asset specificity jpg file relationship between asset specificity jpg summary relationship between asset specificity uncertainty and governance structure licensing
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Relationship_between_asset_specificity.JPG
*  Confirmatory diagnosis
... redirect presumptive and confirmatory tests
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confirmatory_diagnosis
*  ..
Testing Confirmation
http://columbiafertility.org/fertility-services/ivf/
*  Newbie - need info on receivers - Audio Video Revolution Forum
... FAQ Forum Rules Groups. Audio Video Revolution Forum. Audio-Video Electronics. Receivers. Newbie - need info on receivers. Remember Me. Receivers Ask your questions on AV receivers ranging from HDMI connectivity to calibration to setup to power ratings and beyond. Page 1 of 3 1 2 3. Thread Tools Display Modes. 10-02-2007 # 1. arbasu Member. Join Date: Oct 2007 Location: USA Posts: 10. Newbie - need info on receivers Looking at setting a home-theater system and need advice on receivers - i'm not into heavy metal, just light instrumental, jazz and classical / pop vocals, moderate sized rooms. But would like to buy good quality and just something that will do ... Looking for sound adivce... Thanks. 10-02-2007 # 2. TheMoose Super Member. Join Date: May 2007 Location: Oklahoma Go Sooners!. Posts: 1,243. Re: Newbie - need info on receivers What is your price range. Is HDMI important to your home theater. If so how many inputs do you need. That's the kind of info we need for starters to give you sound advice. ...
http://avrev.com/forum/receivers/840-newbie-need-info-receivers.html
*  roc auc score no longer accepting Pandas Series for y true · Issue #3390 · scikit-learn/scikit-lea
... rn · GitHub. Skip to content. Sign up Sign in. This repository. Explore. Features. Enterprise. Pricing. Watch. 890. Star. 7,755. Fork. 4,590. scikit-learn. / scikit-learn. Code Issues. Pull requests. Wiki. Pulse Graphs HTTPS clone URL. Subversion checkout URL. You can clone with. HTTPS or. Subversion. Download ZIP. Loading…. New issue roc auc score no longer accepting Pandas Series for y true #3390. Closed. TELSER1 opened this Issue Jul 15, 2014 9 comments. Labels None yet. Milestone 0.15.1. Assignee No one assigned. 4 participants. TELSER1 commented. Jul 15, 2014. As indicated by the title, the roc auc score metric is no longer accepting a Pandas Series as an argument for y true as of .15, although it will accept it at y score: you can replicate this bug as follows: import numpy as np from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier from sklearn.metrics import roc auc score import pandas as pd DF=pd.DataFrame {"A":,"B":,"C": } RF=RandomForestClassifier RF.fit DF ],DF DF =RF.predict proba DF ] roc auc ...
https://github.com/scikit-learn/scikit-learn/issues/3390
*  Data Mining in MATLAB: ROC Curves and AUC
... Data Mining in MATLAB. ROC Curves and AUC. Confusion Matrices Most readers will likely be familiar with concepts like true positives, false positives, etc. Positive cases are those classified as belonging to the target class, whereas negative cases have been classified as belonging to the background class. Notice, too, that this framework recognizes two distinct ways to make an error: false positives, which erroneously flag negative cases as positives, and false negatives, which erroneously flag positive cases as negatives. All such measures, however, require that all predicted cases be divided into predicted positives and predicted negatives. ROC Curves To avoid having to select a single threshold for classification, one may scan through all possible thresholds, and observe the effect on the true positive rate = TP / and the false positive rate = FP /. Some readers will be more familiar with the true positive rate by the term sensitivity, and the false positive rate as 1.0 minus the specificity. Moving ...
http://matlabdatamining.blogspot.com/2007/06/roc-curves-and-auc.html
*  Classifying Weak, and Strong Components using ROC Analysis with Application to Burn-in - Kent Acad
... emic Repository. Classifying Weak, and Strong Components using ROC Analysis with Application to Burn-in. Wu, Shaomin and Xie, Min 2007 Classifying Weak, and Strong Components using ROC Analysis with Application to Burn-in. Abstract Any population of components produced might be composed of two sub-populations: weak components are less reliable, and deteriorate faster whereas strong components are more reliable, and deteriorate slower. When selecting an approach to classifying the two sub-populations, one could build a criterion aiming to minimize the expected mis-classification cost due to mis-classifying weak strong components as strong weak. However, in practice, the unit mis-classification cost, such as the cost of mis-classifying a strong component as weak, cannot be estimated precisely. Minimizing the expected mis-classification cost becomes more difficult. This problem is considered in this paper by using ROC Receiver Operating Characteristic analysis, which is widely used in the medical decision ...
https://kar.kent.ac.uk/31020/
*  Ying Dong, Renji Hospital - ResearchGate
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study is to assess the validity of combined use of fasting plasma glucose FPG and glycated hemoglobin A1c HbA1c as screening tests for diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance IGT in high-risk subjects. Receiver operating characteristic curve ROC curve analysis was used to examine the sensitivity and specificity of FPG and HbA1c for detecting diabetes and IGT, which was defined according to the 1999 World Health Organization WHO criteria. 1 Based on the ROC curve, the optimal cut point of FPG related to diabetes diagnosed by OGTT was 6.1 mmol/l that was associated with a sensitivity and specificity of 81.5 and 81.0%, respectively; The optimal cut point of HbA1c related to diabetes diagnosed by OGTT was 6.1%, which was associated with a sensitivity and specificity of 81.0 and 81.0%, respectively; The screening model using FPG or = 6.1 mmol/l or HbA1c or = 6.1% had sensitivity of 96.5% for detecting undiagnosed diabetes; the screening model using FPG or = 6.1 mmol/l and HbA1c or ...
http://researchgate.net/researcher/15952049_Ying_Dong
*  www.arthritis-research.com - Table
... Table 4. Resistin as independent variable in logistic regressions and test variable in area under ROC curves. Logistic regression with resistin as independent variable a. ROC curve with resistin as test variable b. P value. Area under ROC curve 95% CI. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. 0.001. 0.66 0.58 to 0.75. S-creatinine. 0.19. 0.55 0.46 to 0.65. Z score hip total. 0.2. 0.57 0.46 to 0.67. Z score radius total. 0.13. 0.56 0.46 to 0.66. a Erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESR and S-creatinine were defined as normal or pathological according to standard laboratory normal values. These variables were dependent in logistic conditional forward regression analyses with resistin as independent variable. The same method was used for z score hip total and radius total with the cutoff value of -1 standard deviation SD. b Area under the receiver operating characteristic ROC curve was calculated with ESR normal or not, S-creatinine normal or not, z score hip total, and z score radius total above or below -1 SD as the ...
http://arthritis-research.com/content/10/1/R15/table/T4
*  An Antibody-based Blood Test Utilizing a Panel of Biomarkers as a Ne
... Help. Login to My LA. Need Help. Live Chat. Search. . Journals. Supplements. Author Resources. Peer Reviewers. About Us. News. Sign Up For Alerts. JOURNAL Biomarkers in Cancer. Contents. About. Call for Papers. Editor in Chief. Editorial Board. News. An Antibody-based Blood Test Utilizing a Panel of Biomarkers as a New Method for Improved Breast Cancer Diagnosis Submit a Paper Galit Yahalom, Daria Weiss, Ilya Novikov, Therese B. Bevers, Laszlo G. Radvanyi, Mei Liu, Benjamin Piura, Stefano Iacobelli, Maria T. Sandri, Enrico Cassano, Tanir M. Allweis, Arie Bitterman, Pnina Engelman, Luis M. Vence and Marvin M. Rosenberg Biomarkers in Cancer. 2013:5 71-80 Original Research Published on 19 Nov 2013 DOI: 10.4137/BIC.S13236. Further metadata provided in PDF Download Article PDF. Sign up for email alerts to receive notifications of new articles published in Biomarkers in Cancer. Abstract and Sharing Article Metrics. Discuss. Abstract In order to develop a new tool for diagnosis of breast cancer based on ...
http://la-press.com/an-antibody-based-blood-test-utilizing-a-panel-of-biomarkers-as-a-new--article-a3962
*  .. Going grey for the Roc Sublime Energy launch event .. A little more about the new Roc range .. A
Going grey for the Roc Sublime Energy launch event. You know that I’m in a colourful phase at the moment, but last week I attended the launch of Rocs new range of Sublime Energy creams and the dress code was grey. So I thought it was a good time to wear this old silver grey dress I bought in Australia a looooong time ago. A little more about the new Roc range. Since this is quite a new concept for a cream, I think you will find it interesting to hear about that as well. The new Roc Sublime Energy range features day, night eye creams that, according to Roc, is the world’s first electro-stimulation technology in a cream. About electro stimulation. Unfortunately, as we age, these bio-electric signals between cells diminish, leading to the reduced production of essential proteins such as collagen and elastin, which can lead to fine lines, wrinkles, loss of firmness, uneven skin tone and other signs of aging. Inspired by electro-stimulation technology, RoC Sublime Energy instantly recreates thousands of ...
http://40plusstyle.com/roc-sublime-energy-cream-review/
*  error in calculating AUC
Welcome, Guest . Please login or register . Did you miss your activation email? Home Help Search Login Register RapidMiner RapidMiner Forum » RapidMiner Studio » Problems and Support » error in calculating AUC Pages: [ 1 ] « previous next » Print Author Topic: error in calculating AUC (Read 2317 times) dan Full Member Posts: 114 error in calculating AUC « on: June 19, 2010, 11:30:18 PM » I am not sure how to insert an image - I got a classification model showing an ideal ROC curve so it should have an AUC (area under ROC curve) equal to 1; however RM displays an AUC of 0.5. This seems to be a bug. Regards Dan Logged Sebastian Land Hero Member Posts: 2426 Re: error in calculating AUC « Reply #1 on: June 21, 2010, 08:12:41 AM » Hi Dan, could you post the process generating this data here? Greetings, Sebastian Logged dan Full Member Posts: 114 Re: error in calculating AUC « Reply #2 on: June 21, 2010, 09:27:45 PM » Sebastian, please find the process ...
http://rapid-i.com/rapidforum/index.php?topic=2237.msg8850
*  Receiver advice-Yamaha or Onkyo - Audio Video Revolution Forum
... FAQ Forum Rules Groups. Audio Video Revolution Forum. Audio-Video Electronics. Receivers. Receiver advice-Yamaha or Onkyo. Remember Me. Receivers Ask your questions on AV receivers ranging from HDMI connectivity to calibration to setup to power ratings and beyond. Page 1 of 6 1 2 3 4 5 6. Thread Tools Display Modes. 01-03-2008 # 1. tasdisr Member. Join Date: Jan 2008 Posts: 14. Receiver advice-Yamaha or Onkyo I currently have a Yamaha RX-V750 receiver hooked up to my Toshiba HD-A1 HDDVD and Sony 50 inch SXRD rear projection tv. My speakers consist of the following: Front speakers - Polk RTi6 Center Polk CSi3 Subwoofer Polk SW404 Rear Surround Home Theater Direct Middy's I am considering upgrading my receiver to either a Yamaha RX-v861 or a Onkyo TX-SR805 and was looking for any advice or suggestions. I have done a search and read the threads and reviews on both receivers. The receiver would be going in an enclosed cabinet so I figure I would have to install at least one cooling fan. Any input is ...
http://avrev.com/forum/receivers/1374-receiver-advice-yamaha-onkyo.html
*  Yet another receiver suggestion thread - Audio Video Revolution Forum
... FAQ Forum Rules Groups. Audio Video Revolution Forum. Audio-Video Electronics. Receivers. Yet another receiver suggestion thread. Remember Me. Receivers Ask your questions on AV receivers ranging from HDMI connectivity to calibration to setup to power ratings and beyond. Page 1 of 5 1 2 3 4 5. Thread Tools Display Modes. 10-23-2007 # 1. JerryR Member. Join Date: Oct 2007 Location: Pennsylvania Posts: 8. Yet another receiver suggestion thread I want to upgrade my receiver. Here are my requirements: I want to spend $500-ish or less, maybe some flexibility though. I'm not an audiophile, so I don't need creme de la creme, but it should be good enough for a decent home theater experience and decent CD listening of a wide range of music. I'd be happy to try to quantify this more precisely if necessary. Inputs the receiver needs to support: Slim squeezebox spdif, could be either optical or RCA Set top box hdmi or component video, spdif - I think both optical and RCA are available XM radio output L/R analog Wii ...
http://avrev.com/forum/receivers/932-yet-another-receiver-suggestion-thread.html
*  An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant St
... aphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds - Lancaster EPrints. Lancaster EPrints Home. Search. Browse by Year. Browse by Subject. Browse by Department. Help. Login. An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds. Ormerod, Anthony D. and Shah, Amjad A. J and Li, Hong and Benjamin, Nigel and Ferguson, Gail P. and Leifert, Carlo 2011 An observational prospective study of topical acidified nitrite for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA in contaminated wounds. BMC Research Notes, 4. ISSN 1756-0500 Preview. PDF - Published Version Available under License Creative Commons Attribution. Preview. Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-4-458 Abstract Background Endogenous nitric oxide NO kills bacteria and other organisms as part of the innate immune response. We demonstrated eradication of MRSA carriage from wounds using a topical formulation of citric acid 4.5% and sodium ...
http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/52393/
*  The incidence and lifetime prevalence of neurological disorders in a prospective community-based stu
... dy in the UK. The incidence and lifetime prevalence of neurological disorders in a prospective community-based study in the UK. Health care cost does not interfere with population selection as it is free at the point of access in the UK National Health Service NHS. vi A full search was carried out in all practices at the end of the observation period by examining all the population's 100 230 primary care notes. The neurological disorders ascertained are tabulated giving age- and sex-adjusted incidence rates per 100 000 per annum common conditions in Table 3, intermediate conditions in Table 4, unusual conditions in Table 5, a breakdown of serious CNS infections in Table 6 and single incident diagnoses in Table 7. Lifetime prevalence per 1000 persons is also given common diagnoses in Table 8, less frequent diagnoses of the CNS in Table 9, and the peripheral nervous system in Table 10. Age-specific incidence rates for stroke, epilepsy and Parkinson's disease are given in Table 11. Conditions Lifetime ...
http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/123/4/665.full
*  Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
... National Institutes of Health Example: "Heart attack" AND "Los Angeles" Search for studies:. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery This study has been completed. Sponsor: Tampa Bay Heart Foundation Information provided by: Tampa Bay Heart Foundation. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01182688 First received: August 16, 2010 Last updated: NA Last verified: October 2009 History: No changes posted. PCT supports early diagnosis and clinical decision making.This is a prospective single center study designed to assess the normal change in PCT levels following major surgery and the utilization of PCT regarding the diagnosis of infection and the response to treatment, following major cardiac surgery. Official Title: Prospective Review of Procalcitonin After Cardiac Surgery. Further study details as provided by Tampa Bay Heart Foundation:. Detailed Description: Inclusion Criteria: Elective CABG + / - Aortic / Mitral valve patients Off pump and on pump cases ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01182688
*  Preliminary Results: Prospective Clinical Study to Assess I... : Journal of Computer Assisted To
... mography. . Advertisement. Enter your Email address:. Wolters Kluwer Health may email you for journal alerts and information, but is committed to maintaining your privacy and will not share your personal information without your express consent. For more information, please refer to our Privacy Policy. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography Wolters Kluwer Health Logo. Subscribe. Search Jobs. Saved Searches. Recent Searches. You currently have no recent searches. Login. Register. Activate Subscription. eTOC. Help. All Issues Current Issue Issue Displayed. Advanced Search. Home Currently selected. Current Issue. Previous Issues. Published Ahead-of-Print. Collections. For Authors. Information for Authors. Language Editing Services. Journal Info. About the Journal. Editorial Board. Advertising. Open Access. Subscription Services. Reprints. Rights and Permissions. Mobile. New Features. Home. January/February 2014 - Volume 38 - Issue 1. Preliminary Results: Prospective Clinical Study to Assess I... Previous ...
http://journals.lww.com/jcat/Abstract/2014/01000/Preliminary_Results___Prospective_Clinical_Study.20.aspx
*  Edgar Filing: ACORDA THERAPEUTICS INC - Form 10-Q
We believe that sales of Zanaflex Capsules will constitute a significant portion of our total revenue for the foreseeable future. We recognized revenue from the sale of Zanaflex Capsules and Zanaflex tablets of $10.5 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007, as compared to $7.9 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2006. Research and Development Research and development expenses for the three-month period ended June 30, 2007, were $4.0 million as compared to $3.0 million for the three-month period ended June 30, 2006, an increase of 11. We recognized revenue from the sale of Zanaflex Capsules and Zanaflex tablets of $19.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007, as compared to $11.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006. Other Income Expense Other income was $210,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2007 compared to other expense of $332,000 for the six-month period ended June 30, 2006, an increase of approximately $542,000 or 163%. On December 23, ...
http://thenumbers.marketplace.org/publicradio/action/getedgarwindow?accesscode=110465907061324
*  www.biomedcentral.com - Table
www biomedcentral com table table criteria of high moderate and low study quality mainly according to quadas high small risk of bias prospective study design particular emphasis on the following adequately described patients constituting a representative and clinically relevant sample quadas items the index test should not form part of the reference standard item evaluators should be masked to results of index test and reference test items the tests should be described in sufficient detail to permit replication items sample size diagnostic accuracy presented as sensitivity and specificity moderate moderate risk of bias prospective study design since no prospective studies based on digital mammography could be identified scanned analogue images were accepted otherwise the same criteria as for high quality were required low high risk of selection and or verification bias retrospective study design selected or enriched samples azavedo et al azavedo et al bmc medical imaging doi
http://biomedcentral.com/1471-2342/12/22/table/T1
*  Correlations between clinical activity, endoscopic severity, and biological parameters in colonic or
correlations between clinical activity endoscopic severity and biological parameters in colonic or ileocolonic crohn s disease a prospective multicentre study of cases the groupe d etudes thérapeutiques des affections inflammatoires digestives
http://gut.bmj.com/content/35/2/231.long
*  www.nutritionj.com - Table
... Table 4. Glucose metabolism parameters. NGLCD. LFD. Baseline. 12 months. Mean change. Baseline. 12 months. Mean change. FPG mg/dl. 104.1 ± 27.9. 96.9 ± 19.7. −7.2 ± 11.2. 103.7 ± 29.2. 96.5 ± 19.1. −7.2 ± 13.1*. FPI μU/ml. 14.2 11.5-21.8. 9.1 6.2-16.9. −7.6 ± 11.5*. 12.8 8.7-18.8. 9.15 6.06-17.08. −5.2 ± 9.2*. HOMA-IR. 3.33 2.3-5.9. 1.99 1.45-4.04. −2.4 ± 4.1 *. 3.06 1.93-5.11. 2.04 1.3-4.4. −1.8 ± 3.9*. C Peptide ng/ml. 2.31 2.01-2.8. 2.34 2.08-2.9. −0.03-0.2 **. 2.4 2.07-2.97. 2.41 2.1-3.1. −0.002 ± 0.2***. HbA1c %. 5.7 ± 0.7. 5.6 ± 0.7. −0.11 ± 0.3 *. 5.6 ± 0.5. 5.5 ± 0.5. −0.09 ± 0.2*. Values are means ± SD; for variables abnormally distributed we used median ± interquartile ranges 25th and 75th percentiles. All p 0.05 for difference between groups at baseline and 12 months; *, p 0.05 for mean change baseline, 12 months; **, p = 0.295; ***, p = 0.925. NGLCD normoglucidic low-calorie diet, LFD low-fat diet, FPG fasting plasma glucose, FPI fasting plasma insulin, HOMA-IR homeostasis model assessment ...
http://nutritionj.com/content/12/1/119/table/T4
*  Intersession
... Skip Navigation OU Homepage. Search OU. OU Social Media. The University of Oklahoma. Intersession Home. December Session. August Session. Enroll/Add/Drop. Contact Us. How to Enroll Ozone Desire 2 Learn Back to OU Outreach Home. LOOKING FOR A CHALLENGE A WAY TO EARN CREDIT HOURS. Through Intersession, University Outreach offers a convenient way to obtain college credit through a variety of courses spanning a three to four week period. Our courses compress 16 week courses into a shorter time frame. These intensive, accelerated courses are offered two times per year: December and August. December counts towards Flat-rate tuition August can be used with your banked hours. SAME COST, SAME CLASSES, LESS TIME. Meeting the requirements of Flat Rate Tuition in the Fall OR Using Your Banked Hours In Summer Please contact the Bursar's Office for details. Gaining credit hours to balance your semester work load Free up the majority of your summer for an internship, working or studying abroad. REGISTRATION FOR AUGUST ...
http://ou.edu/outreach/intersession
*  Generalizability theory
... It is used to determine the reliability i.e., reproducibility of measurements under specific conditions. Facets are similar to the “factors” used in analysis of variance, and may include persons, raters, items/forms, time, and settings among other possibilities. These facets are potential sources of error and the purpose of generalizability theory is to quantify the amount of error caused by each facet and interaction of facets. From one rater to a larger number of raters. In most cases, the object of measurement will be the person to whom a number/score is assigned. By employing simulated D studies, it is therefore possible to examine how the generalizability coefficients similar to reliability coefficients in Classical test theory would change under different circumstances, and consequently determine the ideal conditions under which our measurements would be the most reliable. The focus of classical test theory CTT is on determining error of the measurement. Although 'e' could represent many different ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalizability_theory
*  Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown & Sharpe® Coordinate Mea
Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown Sharpe Coordinate Measuring Machine U. View Item. LoboVault Home. Engineering. Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Technical Reports. View Item. LoboVault Home. Engineering. Mechanical Engineering. Mechanical Engineering Technical Reports View Item. Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility Study on a Hemi-shell with a Brown Sharpe Coordinate Measuring Machine U. dc.date.available 2011-08-01T20:19:55Z. dc.description.abstract In engineering at LANL, everything relies on the quality of a product or process. Currently LANL s main processes for dimensional inspection on hemi-shells are conducted on uniquely designed machines - Sheffield or Shell Measuring Machine SMM. Coordinate Measuring Machines CMM are a staple in the manufacturing engineering realm at LANL. A Gauge Repeatability and Reproducibility GR R study is utilized to ensure that the PMM-C LANL currently has in production is measuring correctly by utilizing measured ...
https://repository.unm.edu/handle/1928/12926?show=full
*  Mplus Discussion >> Modeling unreliability of a categorical predictor
Mplus Discussion Modeling unreliability of a categorical predictor. Mplus Home. Topics Last Day Last 3 Days Last Week Tree View. Edit Profile. Search Help. Modeling unreliability of a categoric... Mplus Discussion Categorical Data Modeling. Message/Author. Jim Prisciandaro posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 2:35 am. Hello, I am interested in testing the predictive ability of a categorical diagnosis (i.e., 0 = doesn't have disorder, 1 = has disorder). I would like to incorporate the unreliability of the diagnosis (e.g., inter-rater reliability) into my model. How would I attempt such a thing. Thanks, Jim. Jim Prisciandaro posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 3:38 am. Almost forgot, let's say that my estimate of the diagnostic category's reliability is in the form of kappa (because that's probably what's available in the literature). Jim. bmuthen posted on Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 1:34 pm. That's a tricky one. You could try to work with a binary latent ...
http://statmodel.com/cgi-bin/discus/discus.cgi?pg=prev&topic=23&page=748
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);access:(free)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Walker K. A.);pers:(Jones N.);spr:eng&f=&g=&m=10&p=1&d=swepub&s=r&t=v
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(De Maziere M.);spr:eng;pers:(Duchatelet P.);pers:(Murtagh Donal P. 1959);pers:(Senten C.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Kuttippurath J.);spr:eng;pers:(Senten C.);pers:(Dupuy E.);pers:(Mikuteit S.);pers:(Coffey M.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. Overall the quality of the ACE-FTS v2.2 HNO3 VMR profiles is good from 18 to 35 km. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. For MIPAS and MLS comparisons only, mean relative differences lie within 10% between 10 and 36 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Good agreement was found for the comparisons with the midlatitude Jungfraujoch partial columns for which the mean relative difference is 4.7%. In this study, the quality of the ACE-FTS version 2.2 N2O data is assessed through comparisons with coincident measurements made by other satellite, balloon-borne, aircraft, and ground-based instruments. Between 6 and 30 km, the mean absolute differences for the ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Wolff M.A.);pers:(Tétard C.);spr:eng;pers:(Glatthor N.)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing -- ScienceDaily
... Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing. Date: February 24, 2014 Source: International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer Summary: Routine testing with both fluorescent in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry may enhance the detection of ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer, new research suggests. The findings of a recent study indicate that routine testing with both fluorescent in situ hybridization FISH and immunohistochemistry IHC may enhance the detection of ALK -positive non-small cell lung cancer NSCLC. As such, the use of FISH or IHC alone would have missed approximately 25% of ALK-positive cases. Most discordant results were FISH-positive/IHC-negative 36 cases ; FISH-negative/IHC-positive results were found in 19 cases, and FISH-noncontributive/IHC-positive results were found in 15 cases. International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. "Significant discrepancies between FISH, IHC results for ALK testing." ScienceDaily. International Association ...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/02/140224124117.htm
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
We have compared the CO partial columns with ground-based measurements using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and millimeter wave radiometry, and the volume mixing ratio profiles with airborne both high-altitude balloon flight and airplane observations. The ACE-FTS and MAESTRO NO2 volume mixing ratio VMR profiles agree with the profiles from other satellite data sets to within about 20% between 25 and 40 km, with the exception of MIPAS ESA for ACE-FTS and SAGE II for ACE-FTS sunrise and MAESTRO and suggest a negative bias between 23 and 40 km of about 10%. Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ppbv between 16 and 27 km and less than +0.09 ppbv between 27 and 34 km. Between 6 and 30 km, the ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?r=;pers:(Dupuy E.);lar1:(cth)&d=swepub&q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&f=&g=&t=v
*  1.3.3.26. Scatter Plot
1 Exploratory Data Analysis 1.3. A scatter plot Chambers 1983 reveals relationships or association between two variables. Such relationships manifest themselves by any non-random structure in the plot. Various common types of patterns are demonstrated in the examples. Sample Plot: Linear Relationship Between Variables Y and X. This sample plot reveals a linear relationship between the two variables indicating that a linear regression model might be appropriate. A scatter plot is a plot of the values of Y versus the corresponding values of X : Vertical axis: variable Y --usually the response variable Horizontal axis: variable X --usually some variable we suspect may ber related to the response. Questions Scatter plots can provide answers to the following questions: Are variables X and Y related. Are variables X and Y linearly related. Are variables X and Y non-linearly related. Strong linear positive correlation. Strong linear negative correlation. Exact linear positive correlation. The conditioning plot, ...
http://itl.nist.gov/div898/handbook/eda/section3/scatterp.htm
*  SwePub - sökning: WFRF:(Höpfner M.)
Vertical profiles of NO2 and NO have been obtained from solar occultation measurements by the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment ACE, using an infrared Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS and for NO2 an ultraviolet-visible-near-infrared spectrometer, MAESTRO Measurement of Aerosol Extinction in the Stratosphere and Troposphere Retrieved by Occultation. The ACE-FTS and MAESTRO NO2 volume mixing ratio VMR profiles agree with the profiles from other satellite data sets to within about 20% between 25 and 40 km, with the exception of MIPAS ESA for ACE-FTS and SAGE II for ACE-FTS sunrise and MAESTRO and suggest a negative bias between 23 and 40 km of about 10%. Its two instruments measure vertical profiles of over 30 atmospheric trace gases by analyzing solar occultation spectra in the ultraviolet/visible and infrared wavelength regions. For the statistical satellite comparisons, the mean absolute differences are generally within 1 ppbv 20% from 18 to 35 km. Mean absolute differences are typically within 0.01 ...
http://swepub.kb.se/hitlist?q=WFRF:(Höpfner M.)&r=;pers:(Höpfner M.);pers:(Piccolo C.);pers:(Bernath P. F.);pers:(Catoire V.);pers:(Toohey M.);spr:eng;lar1:(cth)&p=1&f=&g=&s=r&t=v&m=10&d=swepub
*  Ongoing reliability test
... the ongoing reliability test ort is a hardware test process usually used in manufacturing to ensure that quality of the products is still of the same specifications as the day it first went to production or general availability the products currently in the manufacturing line are randomly picked every day with a predefined percentage or numbers and then put in a environmental chamber that provides the stress profile of thermal cycling elevated temperature or combined environmental stresses to induce fatigue damage the profile should stimulate the precipitation of latent defects that may be introduced from the manufacturing process but not remove significant life from the product or introduce flaws to risk failure during its intended mission highly accelerated stress test is a ongoing reliability test that uses the empirical operational limits as the reference for the combined vibration thermal cycling and other stress applied to find latent defects quality of the products is then measured with the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ongoing_reliability_test
*  Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures - Dhamma Wheel
... Unanswered posts. Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures. 43 posts. Posts: 2852. Joined: Sun Mar 01, 2009 11:12 pm. Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Contact with H1N1 is not so much of a problem as proliferation is. Top. Sanghamitta. Posts: 1614. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Sanghamitta. Wed Nov 04, 2009 10:05 am Good advice, follow it AND get the vaccination. Bhikku Bodhi. Top. Site Admin Posts: 17312. Contact:. Contact Ben. Website. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Ben. Top. Sanghamitta. Posts: 1614. Re: Swine Flu prevention - some simple measures Quote. Post by Sanghamitta. Wed Nov 04, 2009 10:42 am Similar advice has been given out officially here in the UK Ben. Bhikku Bodhi. Top. Site Admin Posts: 17312. Wed Nov 04, 2009 8:42 pm Sanghamitta wrote: The advice we are giving out in leaflet form at the NHS Trust in which I work covers most of those points Ben. Wed Nov 04, 2009 9:38 pm catmoon wrote: Sanghamitta ...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?f=31&t=2651&start=0
*  Stochastic measurement procedure
Because of this uncertainty with respect to the future outcome of the measurement process, it is generally impossible to determine the true value of the measurand. Consequently, the measurement process is represented by a variable 'X' which is called a random variable. It is impossible to determine the true value of the measurand by means of the measurement process because of randomness. Such a set constitutes the measurement result and it is called "correct" if it contains the true value of the measurand and wrong if not. A measurement procedure is specified by the measurand given by the deterministic variable 'D', a measurement device that defines the admitted measurement range denoted \mathfrak{D} and the measurement process represented by the random variable 'X', and finally the measurement function C D { \beta } which assigns to each observation \{x\} with respect to the random variable 'X' an measurement result C D { \beta } \{x\}. In traditional metrology, "measurement precision" and "measurement ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stochastic_measurement_procedure
*  New ATA Paper Questions CSA Reliability Scores - TopNews - Drivers - TopNews - TruckingInfo.com
... Trucking Info - The web site of Heavy Duty Trucking magazine. Follow Trucking Info on Twitter. Follow Trucking Info on Google +. Fleet Management. Safety. Drivers. Drivers New ATA Paper Questions CSA Reliability Scores December 09, 2013 SHARING TOOLS. The American Trucking Associations has just issued a white paper on the reliability of scores from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration s Compliance, Safety, Accountability program in evaluating the safety of individual trucking companies. However, data and methodology problems continue to plague the system and the accuracy and reliability of companies scores. In its paper, ATA examined data and research on the connection between CSA scores and crash risk, as well as how problems with the data and methodology produce an imperfect and unreliable measure of a carrier s safety record. It may make sense for FMCSA to use scores in those categories that correlate positively with crash risk to prioritize companies for enforcement review, Graves said. ...
http://truckinginfo.com/channel/drivers/news/story/2013/12/new-ata-paper-questions-csa-reliability-scores.aspx
*  Comparison Between Point of Care Device and Venous Blood International Normalized Ratio Measurements
... - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov. Find Studies. How to Find Results of Studies. How to Read a Study Record. About Clinical Studies. Learn About Clinical Studies. Submit Studies. How to Edit Your Study Record. ClinicalTrials.gov Background. Find Studies Study Record Detail. Comparison Between Point of Care Device and Venous Blood International Normalized Ratio Measurements. insufficient enrollment Sponsor: University of Rochester Information provided by: University of Rochester. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00288808 First received: February 6, 2006 Last updated: April 24, 2015 Last verified: April 2015 History of Changes. How to Read a Study Record. Investigate the validity of Hemosense System in pediatric patients on anticoagulation therapy. Device: Hemosense PT/InR point of care device. Official Title: Comparison Between Point of Care Device and Venous Blood International Normalized Ratio Measurements for Pediatric Patients on Anticoagulation Therapy. Further study details as provided by ...
https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00288808?recr=Open&cond="Blood"&rank=4
*  Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider? - Page 4
Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Forum. New Posts. Mark Forums Read. Today's Posts. Forum. LF Forums. Lenses Lens Accessories. Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Thread: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Bob Salomon. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Join Date Sep 1998 Posts 8,824. Re: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Originally Posted by paulr. Reply With Quote. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Visit Homepage. Join Date Aug 2004 Location brooklyn, nyc Posts 5,777. Re: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. My friend at Schneider told me two years ago that they were the only company making aspherical elements for LF lenses. Reply With Quote. Bob Salomon. View Profile. View Forum Posts. Join Date Sep 1998 Posts 8,824. Re: Any real difference between Rodenstock and Schneider. Originally Posted by paulr. My friend at Schneider told me two years ago that they were the only company making aspherical elements for LF ...
http://largeformatphotography.info/forum/showthread.php?74013-Any-real-difference-between-Rodenstock-and-Schneider/page4
*  .. Correlation Coefficients: Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient .. How to Find Pearson’s
Correlation Coefficients: Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient. Regression Analysis Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. How to Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. How to test a correlation coefficient. How to Find Pearson’s Correlation Coefficients. Correlation coefficients are used in statistics to measure how strong a relationship is between two variables. There are several types of correlation coefficient: Pearson’s correlation or Pearson correlation is a correlation coefficient commonly used in linear regression. Sample question : Find the value of the correlation coefficient from the following table:. Subject Age x Glucose Level y. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Subject Age x Glucose Level y xy x 2 y 2. Our result is 0.5298 or 52.98%, which means the variables have a moderate positive correlation. Sample problem : test the significance of the correlation coefficient r = 0.565 using the critical values ...
http://statisticshowto.com/how-to-compute-pearsons-correlation-coefficients/
*  RePub, Erasmus University Repository: Sustained informal care: The feasibility, constr
... uct validity and test-retest reliability of the CarerQol-instrument to measure the impact of informal care in long-term care. Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg iBMG. Instituut Beleid en Management Gezondheidszorg iBMG /. Aging Mental Health /. Sustained informal care: The feasibility, construct validity and test-retest reliability of the CarerQol-instrument to measure the impact of informal care in long-term care Aging Mental Health, Volume 15 - Issue 8 p. Objectives: This study analyses feasibility, construct validity and test-retest reliability of the Care-related Quality of Life CarerQol -instrument among informal caregivers of long-term care LTC users. The CarerQol measures the impact of informal care by assessing happiness CarerQol-VAS and describing burden dimensions CarerQol-7D. Percentages of complete agreement between CarerQol scores at test and retest, Cohen's kappa coefficients kappa value and Intraclass Correlation Coefficients ICCs were used to assess reliability. The percentage ...
http://repub.eur.nl/pub/31862/

Assay sensitivity: Assay sensitivity is a property of a clinical trial defined as the ability of a trial to distinguish an effective treatment from a less effective or ineffective intervention. Without assay sensitivity, a trial is not internally valid and is not capable of comparing the efficacy of two interventions.Generalizability theory: Generalizability theory, or G Theory, is a statistical framework for conceptualizing, investigating, and designing reliable observations. It is used to determine the reliability (i.Prevalence: Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a population found to have a condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use). It is arrived at by comparing the number of people found to have the condition with the total number of people studied, and is usually expressed as a fraction, as a percentage or as the number of cases per 10,000 or 100,000 people.Biomarkers of aging: Biomarkers of aging are biomarkers that better predict functional capacity at a later age than chronological age. Stated another way, biomarkers of aging would give the true "biological age", which may be different from the chronological age.Bioline Reagents: Bioline Reagents is a primary manufacturer and developerBioline: The PCR Company | Company Profile of a wide range of specialised molecular biology products for the life science industry and research markets. It manufactures reagents including ultra-pure nucleotides, DNA polymerases and mixes, DNA markers, competent cells, products for RNA analysis and other general reagents for molecular biology.Dense artery sign: In medicine, the dense artery sign or hyperdense artery sign is a radiologic sign seen on computer tomography (CT) scans suggestive of early ischemic stroke. In earlier studies of medical imaging in patients with strokes, it was the earliest sign of ischemic stroke in a significant minority of cases.Cancer screeningBeggin' Strips: Beggin' Strips are a brand of dog treats manufactured and sold in North America by Nestlé Purina PetCare division. Beggin' Strips are designed to resemble strips of bacon.QRISK: QRISK2 (the most recent version of QRISK) is a prediction algorithm for cardiovascular disease (CVD) that uses traditional risk factors (age, systolic blood pressure, smoking status and ratio of total serum cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) together with body mass index, ethnicity, measures of deprivation, family history, chronic kidney disease, rheumatoid arthritis, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, and antihypertensive treatment.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingGlobal Risks Report: The Global Risks Report is an annual study published by the World Economic Forum ahead of the Forum’s Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland. Based on the work of the Global Risk Network, the report describes changes occurring in the global risks landscape from year to year and identifies the global risks that could play a critical role in the upcoming year.Brain biopsyReplica plating: 350px|right|thumb|[[Negative selection (artificial selection)|Negative selection through replica plating to screen for ampicillin sensitive colonies]]Avid Radiopharmaceuticals: Avid Radiopharmaceuticals is an American company, founded by Dr. Daniel Skovronsky, and based at the University City Science Center research campus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Prenatal nutrition: Nutrition and weight management before and during :pregnancy has a profound effect on the development of infants. This is a rather critical time for healthy fetal development as infants rely heavily on maternal stores and nutrient for optimal growth and health outcome later in life.Clonal Selection Algorithm: In artificial immune systems, Clonal selection algorithms are a class of algorithms inspired by the clonal selection theory of acquired immunity that explains how B and T lymphocytes improve their response to antigens over time called affinity maturation. These algorithms focus on the Darwinian attributes of the theory where selection is inspired by the affinity of antigen-antibody interactions, reproduction is inspired by cell division, and variation is inspired by somatic hypermutation.Cancer biomarkers: A cancer biomarker refers to a substance or process that is indicative of the presence of cancer in the body. A biomarker may be a molecule secreted by a tumor or a specific response of the body to the presence of cancer.Universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter: A universal asynchronous receiver/transmitter, abbreviated UART , is a computer hardware device that translates data between parallel and serial forms. UARTs are commonly used in conjunction with communication standards such as TIA (formerly EIA) RS-232, RS-422 or RS-485.Prescription cascade: Prescription cascade refers to the process whereby the side effects of drugs are misdiagnosed as symptoms of another problem resulting in further prescriptions and further side effects and unanticipated drug interactions. This may lead to further misdiagnoses and further symptoms.Eva Engvall: Eva Engvall, born 1940, is one of the scientists who invented ELISA in 1971.Eva Engvall, The Scientist 1995, 9(18):8Brain positron emission tomography: Positron emission tomography (PET) measures emissions from radioactively labeled metabolically active chemicals that have been injected into the bloodstream. The emission data are computer-processed to produce multi-dimensional images of the distribution of the chemicals throughout the brain.Fine-needle aspiration: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB, FNA or NAB), or fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), is a diagnostic procedure used to investigate superficial (just under the skin) lumps or masses. In this technique, a thin, hollow needle is inserted into the mass for sampling of cells that, after being stained, will be examined under a microscope.Thermal cyclerInternational Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, usually called by the short-form name International Classification of Diseases (ICD), is the international "standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes". The ICD is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO), the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations System.Intravascular ultrasoundAbdominal ultrasonographySpiral computed tomography: Spiral computed tomography is a computed tomographyAvinash C. Kak and Malcolm Slaney (2001).Breast cancer classification: Breast cancer classification divides breast cancer into categories according to different schemes, each based on different criteria and serving a different purpose. The major categories are the histopathological type, the grade of the tumor, the stage of the tumor, and the expression of proteins and genes.Automated ECG interpretation: Automated ECG interpretation is the use of artificial intelligence and pattern recognition software and knowledge bases to carry out automatically the interpretation, test reporting, and computer-aided diagnosis of electrocardiogram tracings obtained usually from a patient.ABCD rating: ABCD rating, also called the Jewett staging system or the Whitmore-Jewett staging system, is a staging system for prostate cancer that uses the letters A, B, C, and D.Breast biopsyWi, Inc.: Wi, Inc. (pronounced as an initialism, "double-u i.D-dimer: D-dimer (or D dimer) is a fibrin degradation product (or FDP), a small protein fragment present in the blood after a blood clot is degraded by fibrinolysis. It is so named because it contains two crosslinked D fragments of the fibrin protein.Immunoassay: An immunoassay is a biochemical test that measures the presence or concentration of a macromolecule in a solution through the use of an antibody or immunoglobulin. The macromolecule detected by the immunoassay is often referred to as an "analyte" and is in many cases a protein.HyperintensityPalpation: Palpation is the process of using one's hands to examine the body, especially while perceiving/diagnosing a disease or illness.http://dictionary.Schering AGNegative probability: The probability of the outcome of an experiment is never negative, but quasiprobability distributions can be defined that allow a negative probability for some events. These distributions may apply to unobservable events or conditional probabilities.Laser ablation of thyroid nodules: Laser ablation of thyroid nodules is a minimally invasive procedure indicated to treat benign thyroid lesions such as cold nodules or single nodules within a multinodular goiter. The technique consists in the destruction of the tissue by the insertion therein of optical fibers which convey the light energy, causing a complete and not reversible lesions necrosis.Epidemiological method: The science of epidemiology has matured significantly from the times of Hippocrates and John Snow. The techniques for gathering and analyzing epidemiological data vary depending on the type of disease being monitored but each study will have overarching similarities.Ictal-Interictal SPECT Analysis by SPM: ISAS (Ictal-Interictal SPECT Analysis by SPM) is an objective tool for analyzing ictal vs. interictal SPECT scans.GeneXpert MTB/RIFComputer-aided diagnosis: In radiology, computer-aided detection (CADe), also called computer-aided diagnosis (CADx), are procedures in medicine that assist doctors in the interpretation of medical images. Imaging techniques in X-ray, MRI, and Ultrasound diagnostics yield a great deal of information, which the radiologist has to analyze and evaluate comprehensively in a short time.Immunoperoxidase: Immunoperoxidase is a type of immunostain used in molecular biology, medical research, and clinical diagnostics. In particular, immunoperoxidase reactions refer to a sub-class of immunohistochemical or immunocytochemical procedures in which the antibodies are visualized via a peroxidase-catalyzed reaction.Full-body CT scan: A full-body scan is a scan of the patient's entire body as part of the diagnosis or treatment of illnesses. If computed tomography (CAT) scan technology is used, it is known as a full-body CT scan, though many medical imaging technologies can perform full-body scans.Regression dilution: Regression dilution, also known as regression attenuation, is the biasing of the regression slope towards zero (or the underestimation of its absolute value), caused by errors in the independent variable.Reaction Agostini: Reaction Agostini is the name of a simplified examination for the presence of glucose in human urine.Tumor progression: Tumor progression is the third and last phase in tumor development. This phase is characterised by increased growth speed and invasiveness of the tumor cells.Pap testNested case-control study: A nested case control (NCC) study is a variation of a case-control study in which only a subset of controls from the cohort are compared to the incident cases. In a case-cohort study, all incident cases in the cohort are compared to a random subset of participants who do not develop the disease of interest.CADgene: CADgene is a database of genes involved in coronary artery disease (CAD) .Electrocardiography in myocardial infarctionLymphovascular invasionMethyl violetIncidence (epidemiology): Incidence is a measure of the probability of occurrence of a given medical condition in a population within a specified period of time. Although sometimes loosely expressed simply as the number of new cases during some time period, it is better expressed as a proportion or a rate with a denominator.Loader (computing): In computing, a loader is the part of an operating system that is responsible for loading programs and libraries. It is one of the essential stages in the process of starting a program, as it places programs into memory and prepares them for execution.Wooden chest: Wooden chest is a rigidity of the chest following the administration of high doses of opioids during anaesthesia.Urinalysis

(1/30648) Validation of the Rockall risk scoring system in upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

BACKGROUND: Several scoring systems have been developed to predict the risk of rebleeding or death in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). These risk scoring systems have not been validated in a new patient population outside the clinical context of the original study. AIMS: To assess internal and external validity of a simple risk scoring system recently developed by Rockall and coworkers. METHODS: Calibration and discrimination were assessed as measures of validity of the scoring system. Internal validity was assessed using an independent, but similar patient sample studied by Rockall and coworkers, after developing the scoring system (Rockall's validation sample). External validity was assessed using patients admitted to several hospitals in Amsterdam (Vreeburg's validation sample). Calibration was evaluated by a chi2 goodness of fit test, and discrimination was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Calibration indicated a poor fit in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (p<0.0001, Vreeburg; p=0.007, Rockall), but a better fit for the prediction of mortality in both validation samples (p=0.2, Vreeburg; p=0.3, Rockall). The areas under the ROC curves were rather low in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (0.61, Vreeburg; 0.70, Rockall), but higher for the prediction of mortality (0.73, Vreeburg; 0.81, Rockall). CONCLUSIONS: The risk scoring system developed by Rockall and coworkers is a clinically useful scoring system for stratifying patients with acute UGIB into high and low risk categories for mortality. For the prediction of rebleeding, however, the performance of this scoring system was unsatisfactory.  (+info)

(2/30648) Predicting delayed anxiety and depression in patients with gastrointestinal cancer.

The aim of this study was to examine the possibility of predicting anxiety and depression 6 months after a cancer diagnosis on the basis of measures of anxiety, depression, coping and subjective distress associated with the diagnosis and to explore the possibility of identifying individual patients with high levels of delayed anxiety and depression associated with the diagnosis. A consecutive series of 159 patients with gastrointestinal cancer were interviewed in connection with the diagnosis, 3 months (non-cured patients only) and 6 months later. The interviews utilized structured questionnaires assessing anxiety and depression [Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale], coping [Mental Adjustment to Cancer (MAC) scale] and subjective distress [Impact of Event (IES) scale]. Patient anxiety and depression close to the diagnosis were found to explain approximately 35% of the variance in anxiety and depression that was found 6 months later. The addition of coping and subjective distress measures did little to improve that prediction. A model using (standardized) cut-off scores of moderate to high anxiety, depression (HAD) and intrusive thoughts (IES subscale) close to the diagnosis to identify patients at risk for delayed anxiety and depression achieved a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 98%. Levels of anxiety and depression at diagnosis predicted a similar status 6 months later. The results also indicated that the HAD scale in combination with the IES intrusion subscale may be used as a tool for detecting patients at risk of delayed anxiety and depression.  (+info)

(3/30648) Immunocytochemically detected free peritoneal tumour cells (FPTC) are a strong prognostic factor in gastric carcinoma.

We prospectively investigated the prognostic significance of free peritoneal tumour cells (FPTC) in a series of 118 patients with completely resected gastric carcinoma. Immunocytochemistry with the monoclonal antibody Ber-Ep4 was performed on cytospins from intraoperative peritoneal lavage specimens. Twenty-three patients (20%) had FPTC which was significantly correlated with pT and pN categories, stage, tumour size, lymphatic invasion, Lauren and WHO classifications and perigastric adipose tissue metastases. The median survival time for all FPTC positive compared with negative patients was significantly shorter (11 compared with >72 months), with estimated 5-year survival rates of 8% vs. 60%. None of the patients with FPTC had an early gastric cancer. In advanced tumour subgroups without and with serosal invasion (n = 59 and 35), there were 19% and 34% with FPTC. Multivariate survival analysis showed nodal status, FPTC, mesenteric lymphangiosis, and lymph node metastasis to the compartment III to be independent prognostic factors with relative risks of 6.6, 4.5, 2.9 and 2.2 respectively. Recurrent disease occurred in 91% of FPTC-positive and in 38% of FPTC-negative patients. FPTC had a positive predictive value of 91% and a specificity of 97% for tumour recurrence. FPTC is a strong negative, independent prognostic indicator for survival in gastric carcinoma.  (+info)

(4/30648) Profound variation in dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activity in human blood cells: major implications for the detection of partly deficient patients.

Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is responsible for the breakdown of the widely used antineoplastic agent 5-fluorouracil (5FU), thereby limiting the efficacy of the therapy. To identify patients suffering from a complete or partial DPD deficiency, the activity of DPD is usually determined in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBM cells). In this study, we demonstrated that the highest activity of DPD was found in monocytes followed by that of lymphocytes, granulocytes and platelets, whereas no significant activity of DPD could be detected in erythrocytes. The activity of DPD in PBM cells proved to be intermediate compared with the DPD activity observed in monocytes and lymphocytes. The mean percentage of monocytes in the PBM cells obtained from cancer patients proved to be significantly higher than that observed in PBM cells obtained from healthy volunteers. Moreover, a profound positive correlation was observed between the DPD activity of PBM cells and the percentage of monocytes, thus introducing a large inter- and intrapatient variability in the activity of DPD and hindering the detection of patients with a partial DPD deficiency.  (+info)

(5/30648) Prognostic value of myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with high exercise tolerance.

BACKGROUND: Although high exercise tolerance is associated with an excellent prognosis, the significance of abnormal myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with high exercise tolerance has not been established. This study retrospectively compares the utility of MPI and exercise ECG (EECG) in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of 388 consecutive patients who underwent exercise MPI and reached at least Bruce stage IV, 157 (40.5%) had abnormal results and 231 (59.5%) had normal results. Follow-up was performed at 18+/-2.7 months. Adverse events, including revascularization, myocardial infarction, and cardiac death, occurred in 40 patients. Nineteen patients had revascularization related to the MPI results or the patient's condition at the time of MPI and were not included in further analysis. Seventeen patients (12.2%) with abnormal MPI and 4 (1.7%) with normal MPI had adverse cardiac events (P<0.001). Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis showed that MPI was an excellent predictor of cardiac events (global chi2=13.2; P<0.001; relative risk=8; 95% CI=3 to 23) but EECG had no predictive power (global chi2=0.05; P=0.8; relative risk=1; 95% CI=0.4 to 3.0). The addition of Duke's treadmill score risk categories did not improve the predictive power of EECG (global chi2=0.17). The predictive power of the combination of EECG (including Duke score categories) and MPI was no better than that of MPI alone (global chi2=13.5). CONCLUSIONS: Unlike EECG, MPI is an excellent prognostic indicator for adverse cardiac events in patients with known or suspected CAD and high exercise tolerance.  (+info)

(6/30648) Usefulness of fractional flow reserve to predict clinical outcome after balloon angioplasty.

BACKGROUND: After regular coronary balloon angioplasty, it would be helpful to identify those patients who have a low cardiac event rate. Coronary angiography alone is not sensitive enough for that purpose, but it has been suggested that the combination of optimal angiographic and optimal functional results indicates a low restenosis chance. Pressure-derived myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an index of the functional severity of the residual epicardial lesion and could be useful for that purpose. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 60 consecutive patients with single-vessel disease, balloon angioplasty was performed by use of a pressure instead of a regular guide wire. Both quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and measurement of FFR were performed 15 minutes after the procedure. A successful angioplasty result, defined as a residual diameter stenosis (DS) <50%, was achieved in 58 patients. In these patients, DS and FFR, measured 15 minutes after PTCA, were analyzed in relation to clinical outcome. In those 26 patients with both optimal angiographic (residual DS by QCA /=0.90) results, event-free survival rates at 6, 12, and 24 months were 92+/-5%, 92+/-5%, and 88+/-6%, respectively, versus 72+/-8%, 69+/-8%, and 59+/-9%, respectively, in the remaining 32 patients in whom the angiographic or functional result or both were suboptimal (P=0.047, P=0.028, and P=0.014, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with a residual DS /=0.90, clinical outcome up to 2 years is excellent. Therefore, there is a complementary value of coronary angiography and coronary pressure measurement in the evaluation of PTCA result.  (+info)

(7/30648) The clinical utility of CMV surveillance cultures and antigenemia following bone marrow transplantation.

At our institution, the cytomegalovirus (CMV) prophylaxis protocol for allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients who are CMV-seropositive or receive marrow from a CMV-seropositive donor consists of a surveillance bronchoscopy approximately 35 days posttransplant. Patients with a positive surveillance bronchoscopy for CMV receive pre-emptive ganciclovir. In order to determine the utility of other screening methods for CMV, we prospectively performed weekly CMV antigenemia, and blood, urine and throat cultures from time of engraftment to day 120 post-BMT in 126 consecutive patients. Pre-emptive ganciclovir was given to 11/81 patients (13.6%) because of a positive surveillance bronchoscopy for CMV. Results of CMV blood, urine and throat cultures and the antigenemia assay done prior to or at the time of the surveillance bronchoscopy were analyzed for their ability to predict the bronchoscopy result. The antigenemia test had the highest positive and negative predictive values (72% and 96%, respectively). The ability of these tests to predict CMV disease was evaluated in the 70 patients with a negative surveillance bronchoscopy who did not receive pre-emptive ganciclovir. Of 19 cases of active CMV disease, CMV antigenemia was positive in 15 patients (79%) a mean of 34 days preceding symptoms. Blood cultures were positive in 14/19 patients (74%) a mean of 31 days before onset of disease. CMV antigenemia is useful for predicting the surveillance bronchoscopy result, and also predicts the development of CMV disease in the majority of patients missed by the surveillance bronchoscopy.  (+info)

(8/30648) Immunologic proliferation marker Ki-S2 as prognostic indicator for lymph node-negative breast cancer.

BACKGROUND: Proper treatment of lymph node-negative breast cancer depends on an accurate prognosis. To improve prognostic models for this disease, we evaluated whether an immunohistochemical marker for proliferating cells, Ki-S2 (a monoclonal antibody that binds to a 100-kd nuclear protein expressed in S, G2, and M phases of the cell cycle), is an accurate indicator of prognosis. METHODS: We studied 371 Swedish women with lymph node-negative breast cancer; the median follow-up time was 95 months. The fraction of tumor cells in S phase was assessed by flow cytometry, and tumor cell proliferation was measured immunohistochemically with the monoclonal antibodies Ki-S2 and Ki-S5 (directed against the nuclear antigen Ki-67). A combined prognostic index was calculated on the basis of the S-phase fraction, progesterone receptor content, and tumor size. RESULTS: In multivariate analyses that did or did not (263 and 332 observations, respectively) include the S-phase fraction and the combined prognostic index, the Ki-S2 labeling index (percentage of antibody-stained tumor cell nuclei) emerged as the most statistically significant predictor of overall survival, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival (all two-sided P<.0001). In the risk group defined by a Ki-S2 labeling index of 10% or less, life expectancy was not statistically significantly different from that of age-matched women without breast cancer, whereas the group with a high Ki-S2 labeling index had an increased risk of mortality of up to 20-fold. CONCLUSIONS: Cellular proliferation is a major determinant of the biologic behavior of breast cancer. Prognosis is apparently best indicated by the percentage of cells in S through M phases of the cell cycle. Measurement of the Ki-S2 labeling index of a tumor sample may improve a clinician's ability to make an accurate prognosis and to identify patients with a low risk of recurrence who may not need adjuvant therapy.  (+info)


specificity


  • The PSA assay has been demonstrated to have a superior sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value compared to digital rectal exam. (cancernetwork.com)
  • Study investigators demonstrated wide variance in the sensitivity and specificity depending on the value utilized: PSA cutoff points of 1.1, 2.1, 3.1, and 4.1 ng/mL yielded sensitivities and specificities of 83%/39%, 53%/73%, 32%/87%, and 21%/94%, respectively. (cancernetwork.com)
  • It has a high sensitivity (65.1-100%) and negative predictive value (63-100%), with moderate specificity (32-78.5%) and positive predictive value (23.3-93.2%) for the diagnosis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. (wiley.com)
  • It also has moderate to high sensitivity (59.1-89%) and negative predictive value (64.7-91%), but low to moderate specificity (27-78%) and positive predictive value (24-48.6%) for the diagnosis of diabetic cardiac autonomic neuropathy. (wiley.com)
  • however, specificity and predictive values were low for both tests. (blogspot.com)
  • For example, skin test results as well as antigen-specific IgE values should not be used to validate a diagnosis of wheat allergy because their specificity and predictive values are much lower. (blogspot.com)
  • Cialis Prices A positive test, while specificity is the minimal stress that it is Cialis 40mg a family therapist, should be tested in this population. (mdsmeds.com)


skin prick


  • Latex-specific IgE testing and skin prick testing may confirm the suspicion. (aafp.org)
  • Workers in the latex manufacturing industry are also at risk, with one glove manufacturing plant reporting a 3.7 percent prevalence of occupational asthma caused by latex allergy among its employees, based on positive results of skin prick testing and spirometric data. (aafp.org)
  • As with skin prick testing for inhalant allergens, wheal size has diagnostic value for many food allergens. (blogspot.com)
  • Prevalence of wheat allergy in Japan is 0.2% - the assessment was based on questionnaire-based exam, skin prick test, and omega-5 gliadin sIgE ( http://goo.gl/Mp4nW ). (blogspot.com)


sensitivity


  • Prick-to-prick" skin test testing with the fresh food in question can enhance the sensitivity of the skin test ( AAAAI Ask the Expert, 2012 ). (blogspot.com)
  • Tests requiring maximal inhalations to total lung capacity are not recommended because the bronchoprotective effect of a deep breath reduces the sensitivity of the test. (ersjournals.com)


positive


  • In general, as a screening test for vaginal or cervical infections, vaginal leucocyte count had moderate sensitivities and specificities, low positive predictive values, and high negative predictive values. (bmj.com)
  • Introduction We have previously reported prospective data of TB risk in close contacts of tuberculosis with single step interferon gamma release assay (IGRAs) screening 8-12 weeks after index notification and shown a lower positive predictive value of the test in contacts with a higher risk of prior exposure and remote latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). (bmj.com)
  • nocturnal pulse oximetry has a high positive predictive value for polysomnographically-diagnosed obstructive sleep apnea(OSA) and is increasingly used as first screening test. (ersjournals.com)
  • Cost analysis of biomarker testing for mismatch repair deficiency in node-positive colorectal cancer. (openrepository.com)
  • The strongest predictive variable was right-sidedness, with positive and negative predictive values of 0.329 and 0.948 respectively. (openrepository.com)
  • Skin tests with commercial food allergen extracts are much less reliable than skin tests with inhalant allergens, and only a fraction of patients with positive food skin tests will react during a food challenge. (blogspot.com)


pulmonary


  • Up to now, though several interesting candidates are profiling there has not been a single biomarker, which proved to be specific of the disease and predictive of the evolution (decline of pulmonary function test values, risk of acute exacerbation or mortality). (ac.be)


Allergy


  • Thus, these tests should not be used to validate diagnosis of wheat allergy. (blogspot.com)


negative


  • The swinging flashlight test can detect relative afferent pupillary defects in conditions such as optic neuritis, although a negative test does not rule it out. (aafp.org)
  • QFT testing was performed as soon as possible after index notification (T1) and if negative repeated after 8-12 weeks (T2). (bmj.com)
  • The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial (which primarily examined whether finasteride was effective for the prevention of prostate cancer) was unique in that a subset of participants in the control group with negative PSA test results-all less than 4.0 ng/mL-and normal digital rectal exams (2,950 out of 9,459 men) underwent prostatic biopsy at the end of the trial. (cancernetwork.com)


exam


  • The New York City-based nonprofit organization that administers the 88-year-old college-entrance exam unveiled a preview of the test specifications noting, however, that the materials are subject to change before the new SAT is introduced in spring 2016. (edweek.org)
  • But what evidence exists that the exam has predictive value? (edweek.org)
  • The digital rectal exam had for many years been the modality traditionally employed for prostate cancer screening, although rigorous evaluation of the test was largely lacking. (cancernetwork.com)


serum


  • The ultimate utility of the serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) assay as a screening test for reducing prostate cancer mortality has been an area of intense controversy since its introduction. (cancernetwork.com)
  • 2] However, serum PSA testing has important limitations, and it remains unclear whether any benefits of screening outweigh its harms. (cancernetwork.com)
  • The ascitic fluid value is subtracted from the serum value, and a difference of greater than 1.1 g/dL correlates with portal hypertension. (clinicaladvisor.com)


Pulse


  • 10 Therefore, we believe that pulse wave analysis may provide a more suitable means of assessing endothelial function in large numbers of patients, thus answering the important question of the predictive value of endothelial function testing. (ahajournals.org)


diagnostic


  • Effective diagnosis of viral respiratory infections, as well as recognition and understanding of the benefits and limitations of diagnostic laboratory testing, is essential. (lww.com)
  • The present review summarizes current knowledge on this diagnostic test. (wiley.com)
  • The diagnostic ability of this test is based on a colour change from blue to pink at 10 min, with excellent reproducibility, which lends itself to patient self-examination. (wiley.com)


interpretation


  • Predictive value of HIV-1 genotypic resistance test interpretation algorithms. (stanford.edu)
  • Speaking at a mid-year conference, Iowa State Professor of Soil science and Nutrient Management, Dr Antonio Mallarino, reminded the audience that soil test interpretation classes should be understood in terms of probability of response. (allaboutfeed.net)


acute


  • The major goal of the study is test the predictive value of Hsp27 compared to the better established PAPP-A as a biomarker of acute coronary syndrome and overall cardiovascular risk. (grantome.com)


high


  • While not a complete solution, she said the new achievement test is more "clear and open" and intended to more narrowly focus on what is important for students to know in college and better reflect what they are learning in challenging high school coursework. (edweek.org)
  • That's why a different equivalency test called the High School Equivalency Test (HiSET) designed by the non-profit ETS and the University of Iowa may be a better choice in the long run. (edweek.org)
  • It remains to be established whether this test can predict foot ulceration and amputation, thereby contributing to the identification of high-risk patients. (wiley.com)


Screening


  • PSA testing was not initially envisioned as a screening tool, but as a way to evaluate treatment responses in men with prostate cancer. (cancernetwork.com)


mortality


  • The interim results of several randomized clinical trials specifically designed to evaluate the impact of PSA testing on prostate cancer mortality have recently become available, but their incongruent results seem to have added fuel to the debate. (cancernetwork.com)


however


  • However, a growing body of observational evidence began to point to a substantial burden of associated overdiagnosis and overtreatment triggered by PSA testing. (cancernetwork.com)


better


  • The hope is that it will also provide better predictive information in terms of college success. (edweek.org)
  • The new potassium recommendations document from Iowa State notes, "Research has indicated that the moist K test is more reliable than the test based on dried samples and is a better predictor of crop K fertilisation need. (allaboutfeed.net)


assessment


  • A simple non-invasive indicator test (Neuropad ® ) has been developed for the assessment of sweating and, hence, cholinergic innervation in the diabetic foot. (wiley.com)
  • Successful completion of the study would enhance the validity of plasma Hsp27 levels and Hsp27 phosphorylation as simple noninvasive outpatient tests for cardiovascular risk assessment in medically underserved populations. (grantome.com)


measurements


  • Timed walking tests are valid measurements to predict community walking in patients with Parkinson disease, say authors of an article published online in Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine . (apta.org)
  • As post-harvest soil test and fertilisation season begins, growers and ag retailers need to be aware that Iowa State University recently announced changes to potassium (K) fertility guidelines based on moist soil measurements. (allaboutfeed.net)
  • Solum Inc. opened a moist soil measurement facility in Ames Iowa in 2012 to offer this test and other advanced measurements. (allaboutfeed.net)


study


  • One possible explanation for the difference may be that for the current paper, the dogs were tested indoors, but for the 2009 paper, the study took place outside. (thebark.com)


question


  • College Board research found the fifth-answer choice added little to the measurement value of questions and, in some cases, actually detracted from the quality of the question content. (edweek.org)


patients


  • New in the Literature: Predictive Value of Gait Speed in Patients With Parkinson Disease (J Rehabil Med. (apta.org)
  • If 5-FU-based chemotherapy were not administered, potential savings of up to pound 1.2 million per 1000 patients tested could be made. (openrepository.com)


different


  • While other tests are still available for potassium, he noted that they encourage the use of the moist test for K because it has more predictive value and a more consistent meaning across different soils and conditions. (allaboutfeed.net)


function


  • If Cialis Prices function tests such as. (mdsmeds.com)


clinical


  • Objective: To investigate accidental falls and near fall incidents in people with multiple sclerosis with respect to clinical variables and the predictive values of four tests. (diva-portal.org)
  • What Tests Should I Request to Confirm My Clinical Dx? (clinicaladvisor.com)


Results


  • The organization outlined plans for two additional cross-test scores for how students do analyzing history/social studies text and science text, but Schmeiser said the additions are tentative, pending the results of research. (edweek.org)


Scale


  • Main outcome measures: Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go cognitive, Four Square Step Test (FSST) and 12-item Multiple Sclerosis Walking Scale. (diva-portal.org)


exists


  • More importantly, there is no clear cutpoint value at which a man can be assured that he does not harbor prostate cancer: a continuum of risk exists at all PSA values. (cancernetwork.com)


challenge


  • This international task force report updates general considerations for bronchial challenge testing and the performance of the methacholine challenge test. (ersjournals.com)
  • This report focuses on general considerations for bronchial challenge testing, then specifically on the performance of the methacholine challenge test (MCT). (ersjournals.com)
  • The indirect challenge tests will be addressed in a separate paper. (ersjournals.com)


risk


  • Conduct assays of the biochemical state of Hsp27 to test for predictive value of phosphorylation or oligomer size in assessing cardiovascular risk. (grantome.com)


evidence


  • In the reading and writing and language tests, students will receive subscores for: 1) command of evidence, and 2) relevant words in context. (edweek.org)
  • A consistent, good - quality studies No evidence Cialis Prices recom - mended stepwise testing with the latter, there is simil to those seen in cancer, stroke, and renal panel and rheumatoid thritis Long - term ce settings did not respond to a - to - ASAc. (mdsmeds.com)


goal


  • If the goal were to reduce the number of drivers on the road, the written test could be made much harder. (edweek.org)


sensitive


  • The kinetic red test combined with the static finger wiggle test is the most sensitive way to assess for a visual field deficit in the primary care setting. (aafp.org)


levels


  • The amounts of K extracted can differ greatly between moist and dried samples, and the differences change greatly across soil series, the soil-test K levels, and soil conditions related to drainage and moisture content cycles. (allaboutfeed.net)


available


  • In such cases, the bacterial colonies on the solid media would be available earlier for presumptive identification and susceptibility testing. (clinicaladvisor.com)


result


  • Costs would be higher if alternative chemotherapeutic regimens were substituted as a result of testing. (openrepository.com)


reliable


  • With food extracts, prick-puncture tests ("prick-prick") seem to be more reliable. (blogspot.com)


take


  • It is estimated the new test will take three hours, with a 50-minute optional essay section. (edweek.org)
  • In 2013, 540,535 passed, as people rushed to take the test before changes were instituted. (edweek.org)


additional


  • Additional optional tests to perform on ascitic fluid include glucose, lactate dehydrogenase, amylase, and Gram stain. (clinicaladvisor.com)


useful


  • In addition, what follow-up tests might be useful? (clinicaladvisor.com)


control


  • Nearly [40 percent] of the control over the economic value of TNCs in the world is held, via a complicated web of ownership relations, by a group of 147 TNCs in the core, which has almost full control over itself," the authors explain. (blogspot.com)


percent


  • Describing College Board officials as "horrified" that only 43 percent of test-takers meet the minimum benchmark to be considered college ready, the College Board's Schmeiser said in a press call Monday that more needs to be done to help prepare students for college and career. (edweek.org)


change


  • Quantitative QFT values were recorded in all contacts and in those having two tests, the change calculated. (bmj.com)


Why do some people consider predictive genetic testing to be unethical?


  • I know that there are people who hold this view, I would just like to know some specific arguments and/or reasons. Note I am talking about predictive genetic testing for the presence of a particular gene which may lead to a disease/illness, NOT complete DNA profiling.


Does this mean That Neutrogena does user testing once in awile?


  • The following is stated on the Neutrogena FAQ board: The ingredients in Neutrogena products have been proven safe historically, so instead of using laboratory animals to assess the safety of its formulations, Neutrogena performs a number of predictive tests in humans. However, since there is always the possibility of a regulatory requirement due to the discovery of an important new compound that might require expanded safety testing, Neutrogena does not wish to preclude the possibility that it will ever use lab animals in product safety tests. I am still young and unfortunatley cannot understand this type of dialouge. Call me "retarded" or "idioutic" if you wish, but I need to know the question above.
  • It's a gray area. Neutragena can claim they do not condone testing on animals for their products, but there is nothing to keep them from funding someone else that might carry out the testing. This is unfortunately done by many companies that want to preserve their name. Of course, they always have the option of performing animal testing, so they don't want to close off that possibility in case they ever need to. That's why the "no animal testing" tag on products is small and usually on the back. It's not the selling point, but it appeals to the small market that is interested. It's very unfortunate, but true. You are not retarded or idiotic, and I applaud you for your forward thinking. You have shown great maturity by exploring the "legalese" that many corporations use. Excellent question, thank you.


What tests one should undergo after unsafe sex with a stranger?


  • What are medical tests that one should undergo after having unprotected sex with a stranger? Are there any symptoms that a male can look for in his body? What is the standard time when any such symptoms or STDs would surface?
  • Preg test lol, take an std test dude.


What pregnancy tests detect better than others?


  • What are some pregnancy tests that are very sensitive and get an accurate result early. My period is due the 30th of this month. I was wondering how early I can take a test and it come out positive and which ones will pick up very early. Thanks!
  • You can TRY 4-5 days before with Dollar store tests, Answer Early Detection, First Response Early Detection, Walmart's Equate Early tests, and Walgreens early detection tests. They ALL detect 25 mlu of the pregnancy hormone. They ALL work well. I used the Dollar Store tests myself.


What is the name of the test that tests for the cholesterol particles in the blood?


  • What is the name of the test that tests for the cholesterol particles in the blood? It tests to see if the particles are big or small and damaging particles. This is not the same as a standard cholesterol check.
  • Lipid profile test. A coronary risk profile is a group of blood tests used to measure your cholesterol and triglyceride levels. The profile can help determine your risk for heart disease. The five major groups of lipoproteins, which, in order of sizes, largest to smallest, are chylomicrons, VLDL, IDL, LDL, and HDL. Cardiac risk ratio: This is the ratio between total cholesterol & HDL (good). The target values are < 5 for men and < 4.4 for women.


What tests are performed on baby of gestational diabetic mother?


  • Obviously sugar level will be tested. But how is it done? any other tests you know please tell me.
  • They only test the sugar level. They do a heel prick and test the blood. They check it every few hours for the first 24 hours. I had gd and my son's blood sugar was a bit low. As long as you're able to feed the baby right away, it shouldn't be a problem.


What tests are given to diagnose developmental disorders?


  • What tests are given to diagnose different types of developmental disorders and who does the testing?
  • Hi I am in the UK my daughter has just go through a full assessment. these are done by a number of different please. including a paediatric consultant physiotherapist psychologist, speech-therapist a specialist nursery teacher and a few others. I could not really tell that they was doing the tests we went to a play centre (children's development centre) for one afternoon for 5 weeks. They know how to spot things that you would never have thought about. like who a child draws a picture, how they play with toys weather they use their imagination. with the speech therapist its more what they understand. so they play games like put the banana next to the cup then in the cup and under the cup etc etc. they also used a book that she had to pick out the right picture to what the women was asking. hope that this all helps. If you have a child that's going through all of this please don't worry to much they don't notice whats going on to them its just a game. take care good luck


How well do the dollar store pregnancy tests work?


  • Drug store tests can really start to add up at 17 bucks a pop. I see the really cheap tests at the dollar stores but I'm not sure if they're reliable. Thoughts?
  • I used the New Choice tests from Dollar Tree and they worked great. No evaporation lines, and I got my positive 2 days before I expected my period. Good luck!