Polyphenols: A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Flavonoids: A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.Tea: The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.Catechin: An antioxidant flavonoid, occurring especially in woody plants as both (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin (cis) forms.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Biflavonoids: Dimers (homo and hetero) of FLAVONOIDS.Camellia sinensis: Camellia sinensis L. (formerly Thea sinensis) is an evergreen Asiatic shrub of the THEACEAE family. The infusion of leaves of this plant is used as Oriental TEA which contains CAFFEINE; THEOPHYLLINE; and epigallocatechin gallate.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Proanthocyanidins: Dimers and oligomers of flavan-3-ol units (CATECHIN analogs) linked mainly through C4 to C8 bonds to leucoanthocyanidins. They are structurally similar to ANTHOCYANINS but are the result of a different fork in biosynthetic pathways.Gallic Acid: A colorless or slightly yellow crystalline compound obtained from nutgalls. It is used in photography, pharmaceuticals, and as an analytical reagent.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Quercetin: A flavonol widely distributed in plants. It is an antioxidant, like many other phenolic heterocyclic compounds. Glycosylated forms include RUTIN and quercetrin.Vitis: A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.Hydrolyzable Tannins: Polymeric derivatives of GALLIC ACID that are esters of a sugar.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Chlorogenic Acid: A naturally occurring phenolic acid which is a carcinogenic inhibitor. It has also been shown to prevent paraquat-induced oxidative stress in rats. (From J Chromatogr A 1996;741(2):223-31; Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 1996;60(5):765-68).Anticarcinogenic Agents: Agents that reduce the frequency or rate of spontaneous or induced tumors independently of the mechanism involved.Stilbenes: Organic compounds that contain 1,2-diphenylethylene as a functional group.Anthocyanins: A group of FLAVONOIDS derived from FLAVONOLS, which lack the ketone oxygen at the 4-position. They are glycosylated versions of cyanidin, pelargonidin or delphinidin. The conjugated bonds result in blue, red, and purple colors in flowers of plants.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Malus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.Grape Seed Extract: Exudate from seeds of the grape plant Vitis vinifera, composed of oils and secondary plant metabolites (BIOFLAVONOIDS and polyphenols) credited with important medicinal properties.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Ellagic Acid: A fused four ring compound occurring free or combined in galls. Isolated from the kino of Eucalyptus maculata Hook and E. Hemipholia F. Muell. Activates Factor XII of the blood clotting system which also causes kinin release; used in research and as a dye.Rutin: A flavonol glycoside found in many plants, including BUCKWHEAT; TOBACCO; FORSYTHIA; HYDRANGEA; VIOLA, etc. It has been used therapeutically to decrease capillary fragility.Photinia: A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE. The common names of chokeberry or chokecherry are also used for some species of PRUNUS.Pyrogallol: A trihydroxybenzene or dihydroxy phenol that can be prepared by heating GALLIC ACID.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Punicaceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that is a small family with a single genus.Curcumin: A yellow-orange dye obtained from tumeric, the powdered root of CURCUMA longa. It is used in the preparation of curcuma paper and the detection of boron. Curcumin appears to possess a spectrum of pharmacological properties, due primarily to its inhibitory effects on metabolic enzymes.Vaccinium macrocarpon: A plant species of the family VACCINIUM known for the sour fruit which is sometimes used for urinary tract infections.Flavonols: A group of 3-hydroxy-4-keto-FLAVONOIDS.Caffeic Acids: A class of phenolic acids related to chlorogenic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, etc., which are found in plant tissues. It is involved in plant growth regulation.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Hibiscus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.Blueberry Plant: Several plant species of the genus VACCINIUM known for the edible blueberry fruit.Crataegus: A genus in the family ROSACEAE of shrubs and small trees native to the North Temperate Zone. It is best known for a traditional medication for the heart.

*  A Natural Chemical Found in Grape Seeds May Prevent Development or Progression of Alzheimer’s - Ic
found that polyphenols, a natural extract found in grapes, may ... that grape seed polyphenols—a natural antioxidant—may help prevent ... by grape-derived polyphenols holds significant promise." This ... A Natural Chemical Found in Grape Seeds May Prevent Development or Progression of Alzheimer’s - Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. About The School Dean's Office Diversity Quick Facts For Faculty Visiting Us News and Events Alumni Contact Us Media Contacts Hess Center SinaInnovations Academic Affiliates Education Medical Education Graduate School Residencies & Fellowships Continuing Medical Education Student Life and Resources Office of Postdoctoral Affairs Bioethics The Arnhold Global Health Institute Enrollment and Orientation Patient Care Find a Doctor Faculty Practice Research Institutes Centers and Programs Laboratories Grant Application Resource Center How Do I. A Natural Chemical Found in Grape Seeds May Prevent Development or Progression ... Education. A Natural Chemical Found in Grape Seeds...
http://icahn.mssm.edu/research/institutes/friedman-brain-institute/news/press-releases/a-natural-chemical-found-in-grape-seeds-may-prevent-development-or-progression-of-alzheimers
*  Ruminal disappearance of polyunsaturated fatty acids and appea...
relationship to the polyphenols, a class of plant secondary compounds,...
https://mysciencework.com/publication/show/e81cb2da765796de568600c0526e1b1d
*  Buy Organic Green Tea | Best Organic Green Tea | Loose Leaf Green Tea
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of chlorophyll, polyphenols and antioxidants than other tea types ... Buy Organic Green Tea. Best Organic Green Tea. Loose Leaf Green Tea. Teaware. Gifts. 877-268-8327 Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. My Cart. - Artisan Tea Tins - Black Tea - Blooming Teas - Caffeine Free - Chai Tea - Dessert Teas - Exclusive Botanicals - Fall Holiday Teas - Green Tea - Iced Tea - Matcha Powdered Green Tea - New Products - NOA Blends - Oolong Tea - Pu-erh Tea - Black Label Teas - Rooibos - Sampler Sets - Teabag Sachets - Tea Of The Month Program - Wellness Teas Herbs - White Tea - Yerba Matė Guayusa - Sale Teaware. - Accessories Gear - Iced Teaware - On the Go Teaware - Storage Containers - Teacups - Teapots Gifts. - Gift Cards - Gifts Under $25 - Gifts $25 - $50 - Gifts Premium $50-$100+ - Tea of The Month Program Learn. - Tea 101 - Blog About Us. - Story - Experience - Relationship - Sustainability Program - Customized Tea Formula...
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*  Your Article was not found - OpenURL - EBSCOhost
e carotenoids polyphenols vitamin c zinc and selenium source...
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*  Kombucha: An Old Drink Making New Claims - Nutrition Unplugged
, antioxidants and polyphenols. Some bloggers, including Food Renegade...
http://nutritionunplugged.com/2010/01/kombucha-an-old-drink-making-new-claims/
*  Studied Natural Compounds chọn lọc - TaiLieu.VN
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*  .. Potent Suppressive Effect Of Green Tea Polyphenols On Tobacco Induced Mutagenicity .. ENEWS & UP
The polyphenols were also found to inhibit urinary mutagenicity in rats induced by tobacco extract. Green tea polyphenols was also found to inhibit the urinary mutagenicity in rats induced by tobacco extract. Moreover green tea polyphenols were found to inhibit in vitro nitrosation reaction produced by reaction sodium nitrite and methyl urea and further inhibition of mutagenicity indicating that green tea has dual action to bring out a reduction in the mutagenic and carcinogenic potential of tobacco. We also report the inhibition of nitrosation by green tea extract is a major mechanism of action of green tea. 2 ml of molten agar 0.6 g agar and 0.5 g NaCl in 100 ml distilled water containing 0.045 mM histidine/biotin solution held at 45 C, was inoculated with fresh 0.1 ml of Salmonella culture 1-2 X cells/ml and different concentrations of tobacco was overlaid on minimal glucose agar plates. 0.1 ml of fresh bacterial culture 1-2 X cells/ml was mixed with 2 ml of top agar containing histidine and biotin, variou...
http://herbs.org/herbnews/2008/05/potent-suppressive-effect-of-green-tea-polyphenols-on-tobacco-induced-mutagenicity/
*  Phase IIa chemoprevention trial of green tea polyphenols in high-risk individuals of liver cancer: M
... odulation of urinary excretion of green tea polyphenols and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine PDF Download Available. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article Phase IIa chemoprevention trial of green tea polyphenols in high-risk individuals of liver cancer: Modulation of urinary excretion of green tea polyphenols and 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine. Haitao Luo. Haitao Luo Alderson-Broaddus College Message author. Remove suggestion. Lili Tang. Lili Tang University of Georgia Message author. Remove suggestion. Meng Tang. Meng Tang. Remove suggestion. Madhavi Billam. Madhavi Billam. Remove suggestion. Tianren Huang. Tianren Huang. Remove suggestion. Jiahua Yu. Jiahua Yu. Remove suggestion. The Institute of Environmental and Human Health and Department of Environmental Toxicology, Texas Tech University, PO Box 41163, Lubbock, TX 79409-1163, USA. Carcinogenesis. Impact Factor: 5.33. 02/2006; 27 2 :262-8. DOI: 10.1...
http://researchgate.net/publication/7812167_Phase_IIa_chemoprevention_trial_of_green_tea_polyphenols_in_high-risk_individuals_of_liver_cancer_Modulation_of_urinary_excretion_of_green_tea_polyphenols_and_8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine
*  Polyphenols: A Nutraceutical Approach Against Diseases | BenthamScience
Polyphenols: A Nutraceutical Approach Against Diseases. Register. Login. Login. By Title. eBooks. By Title. DIABETES. TYPE 1 INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS. TYPE 2 NON INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES MELLITUS. DRUG and COMPOUNDS. INSULIN. Complications of Diabetes. Types Of Cancer. Treatment of Cancer. Alkylating agents. Immunotherapy for Cancer. Risk factors for cancer. Lymphocytes. T-Lymphocytes. B-lymphocytes. Immunodeficiency Disorders. Autoimmune disorders. Immunospecific Drugs. Hemophilia B. Hemophilia Treatment. Antifibrinolytic drugs. Abstracted/Indexed in Polyphenols: A Nutraceutical Approach Against Diseases. Polyphenols: A Nutraceutical Approach Against Diseases Author s : Andrea P. Ribeiro Affiliation: HEXALAB/UNISANTOS – Catholic University of Santos. Keywords: Atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, functional foods, flavonoids, grape juice. Abstract: Polyphenols are abundant in red grapes and in their derived products, amongst other natural food sources. The present review discusses the actio...
http://eurekaselect.com/118493
*  ARS | Publication request: Effect of polyphenols on oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction i
Publication request: Effect of polyphenols on oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in neuronal death, brain edema, and cell swelling in cerebral ischemia ARS : Research. International Programs. Related Topics Programs and Projects. ARS National Programs. ARS Office of International Research Programs. Antioxidant Polyphenols in Impaired Brain and Heart Functions Associated with Obesity and Metabolic Diseases. Title: Effect of polyphenols on oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in neuronal death, brain edema, and cell swelling in cerebral ischemia Authors. Submitted to: International Journal of Molecular Sciences Publication Type: Review Article Publication Acceptance Date: November 14, 2011 Publication Date: September 18, 2011 Citation: Panickar, K.S., Anderson, R.A. Effect of polyphenols on oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction in neuronal death, brain edema, and cell swelling in cerebral ischemia. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. while there are over 8000 polyphenolic...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=271272
*  ARS | Publication request: Green tea polyphenols improve cardiac muscle mRNA, and protein levels of
ARS. Publication request: Green tea polyphenols improve cardiac muscle mRNA, and protein levels of signal pathways related to insulin and lipid metabolism and inflammation in insulin-resistant rats ARS : Research. Page Banner. United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. ARS Home. About ARS. Contact Us. Search for This. Research. Research Home. National Programs. Research Projects. Scientific Manuscripts. International Programs. Trending Research Topics. Scientific Software/Models. Databases & Datasets. Scientific Collaborations. People Locations. Find a person. Find a location. Find an office at headquarters. Organizational chart. Administrator’s Council. Newsroom. News Home. Latest News. Magazine. Photos. Subscription Lists. Briefing Room. Podcasts. Events. Press Room. Video. Careers. ARS Vacancies at USAJOBS. Careers at ARS Info. Post Doctoral Positions. . Site Map. A-Z Index. Help. . You are here: BELTSVILLE AREA Home / DIET, GENOMICS AND IMMUNOLOGY LABORATORY / Research / Public...
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*  How to Boost Your Intake of Polyphenol Antioxidants: 11 Steps
Edit this Article. Article. Edit Article How to Boost Your Intake of Polyphenol Antioxidants. Polyphenols are antioxidants from plant foods that work in the body to enhance health in complex ways, and as such they are not simply antioxidants. 1 Eat and drink polyphenol-rich foods throughout the day. Eat fresh and cooked plant foods. 4 Drink polyphenol-rich beverages. Tea and coffee are very rich sources certain types of polyphenols. Drink red wine and beer instead of other alcoholic beverages. which essentially initiated the discovery that red wine and other plant foods may be very important to health and prevent chronic disease. Red wine is a very rich source of the famous polyphenol Resveratrol, which is present in high concentrations in the skins of wine grapes. Beer is also a great source of polyphenols, and contains a great variety of polyphenols. Dark malt that is used to make dark beers provides melanoidin antioxidants that actually may help to keep the hop polyphenol antioxidants in the beer during th...
http://wikihow.com/Boost-Your-Intake-of-Polyphenol-Antioxidants
*  Health effects of natural phenols and polyphenols
... Because of the large structural diversity and extensive metabolism of dietary polyphenols, it is difficult to determine their fate in vivo and assert specific health effects. 1 Although many are speculated to be part of the health-promoting effects of consuming fruits and vegetables, no evidence exists to date that dietary polyphenols actually provide health benefits. 2 To what extent effects would apply to entire organisms, and clinical outcomes in human disease in particular, remains an undefined topic in nutrition science and disease prevention. 3 Bioavailability Cardiovascular health Antioxidant activity Neonatal effects Carcinogenicity See also References Further reading. Bioavailability. 4 Cardiovascular health. A review published in 2012 found insufficient consensus for the hypothesis that the specific intake of food and drink containing flavonoids may play a meaningful role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. 5 Antioxidant activity. As interpreted by the Linus Pauling Institute and th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_effects_of_natural_phenols_and_polyphenols
*  Dietary impact on polyphenol bioavailability
Polyphenols. By Sarah Hills Sarah Hills 18-Jun-2014 2014-06-18T00:00:00Z Last updated on 18-Jun-2014 at 10:33 GMT 2014-06-18T10:33:21Z The amount of polyphenols absorbed and used by the body may be greater when taken with other polyphenols, according to a research review of the antioxidants. The review, published in the journal Nutrition Reviews, found that the majority of studies “suggest that polyphenols may have greater bioavailability when they are ingested in combination with other polyphenols than when taken alone, such as in a supplement”. The review concluded that more knowledge is needed so ingredients can be tailored to optimise nutrition and the bioavailability of polyphenols. “The reasons for this discrepancy are not fully understood but include potential differences in dosing, interaction with the food matrix, and differences in polyphenol bioavailability.” Factors impacting bioavailability The review said that polyphenol bioavailability appears to depend on a variety of factors related to diet a...
http://mobile.nutraingredients-usa.com/Research/Dietary-impact-on-polyphenol-bioavailability
*  Foods Rich in Polyphenols Full of Health Benefits | Natural Solutions
Foods Rich in Polyphenols Full of Health Benefits. Natural Solutions. Foods Rich in Polyphenols Full of Health Benefits. -More than 400 researchers and students from around the world gathered last week at the University of Buenos Aires for VI International Conference on Polyphenols and Health. The conference has gained great momentum as polyphenols plant antioxidant compounds commonly found in fruits and vegetables have become the subject of great interest and discussion as evidence of the compounds whole body health benefits continues to grow. The cranberry a fruit with one of the highest polyphenol content among commonly consumed fruits was the focus of significant discussion during the conference. From in vitro to clinical evidence, there is emerging data pointing towards the ability of polyphenol rich fruits like cranberry to support heart health, said Dr. Cesar Fraga, a professor at the University of Buenos Aires and Conference Chair, hosted this year s event and brought the participants new discoveries ...
http://naturalsolutionsmag.com/news-item/foods-rich-polyphenols-full-health-benefits
*  .. Beneficial effects of dietary bioactive peptides and polyphenols on cardiovascular health in hum
Beneficial effects of dietary bioactive peptides and polyphenols on cardiovascular health in humans BACCHUS. 12 December, 2012 Paul Kroon and Paul Finglas from the Institute of Food Research are leading a new collaborative project called BACCHUS, funded by the European Commission, that will help small businesses develop robust scientific evidence to back up health claims for new, innovative food and drink products that will help improve cardiovascular health. In past years, we have seen a growing occurrence of cardiovascular disease CVD, which currently is responsible for 47% of deaths in Europe. As demonstrated by ever growing healthcare costs, which currently total ca. €195 billion £157 bn, measures to reverse this trend are essential. It is essential to focus on developing solutions such as improved dietary habits including increased consumption of foods containing bioactive substances purported to be beneficial for the cardiovascular system. ‘Beneficial effects of dietary bioactive peptides and polyphenol...
http://news.ifr.ac.uk/2012/12/bacchus-launch/comment-page-1/
*  Inhibition of deleterious chronic wound enzymes with plant polyphenols
... Ir al contenido pulsa Retorno. Catal. Castellano. English. Login Register no UPC users Log in no UPC users. Toggle navigation. Contact Us. English. Catal. Castellano. English. Login. Login Register no UPC users Log in no UPC users. Toggle navigation. UPCommons. Portal del coneixement obert de la UPC. 23987 E-prints UPC. View Item. UPCommons home. E-prints. Grups de recerca. GBMI - Grup de Biotecnologia Molecular i Industrial. Articles de revista. View Item. UPCommons home. E-prints. Grups de recerca. GBMI - Grup de Biotecnologia Molecular i Industrial. Articles de revista View Item. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Inhibition of deleterious chronic wound enzymes with plant polyphenols. View/ Open. 10242422.2012.646676-1.pdf 461.3Kb. Share:. View Usage Statistics. Show full item record. D az Gonz lez, Mar a. Rocasalbas Lozano, Guillem. Francesko, Antonio. Touri o Eir n, Sonia. Torres, Josep Lluis. Tzanov, Tzanko. Document type Article. Date issue...
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*  Recovery more polyphenols from tea - ResearchGate
... For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Murugesan Palanivel. UPASI Tea Research Foundation. Recovery more polyphenols from tea Tea having around 30% of polyphenols but at the time of brewing not get full polyphenols so i want to do use edible acid in tea preparation water.please can any one tell me vinegar, ascorbic acid and citric acid performance in tea. Topics Chemistry. × 1,229 Questions 149,939 Followers. Follow. Mar 19, 2012. Share. Facebook. Twitter. LinkedIn. Google+. . 1 / 0. All Answers 4. Antonio OfExova polyphenols are polar... increasingly so as their mass rises, using like dissolves like, these should all be fairly effective, with polarity being Citric ascorbic acetic. Ascorbic and citric are used in tea brewing process in the form of lemon juice plus they add their own antioxidant properties. Vinegar in tea just doesn't sound like a good combo, it may get you more polyphenols..but w...
http://researchgate.net/post/Recovery_more_polyphenols_from_tea
*  Dictionary of natural polyphenols molecular formulas
... redirect dictionary of natural phenols and polyphenols molecular formulas...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dictionary_of_natural_polyphenols_molecular_formulas
*  List of natural polyphenols molecular formulas
... redirect dictionary of natural phenols and polyphenols molecular formulas...
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*  (standardized to 7% (8 mg) total polyphenols)
standardized to mg total polyphenols my account favorites help web vitamins live healthy look healthy free shipping over live chat since brand index a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z all products vitamins supplements targeted formulas health personal care diet nutritional foods exercise teas accessories herbs children s products baby care homeopathy pet products more my favorites sign up for health news and exclusive discounts view all coupons your cart is empty full screen cart customer reviews featured brands nature s way country life thorne ortho molecular products jarrow formulas twinlab herbasway born free nutramedix now foods dr montague s brands standardized to mg total polyphenols products containing standardized to mg total polyphenols order by product name brand name lowest price highest price best rated most reviews off retail erba vita gastro chewable tablets servings shop by brand by category by nutrient about our company our blog security privacy terms conditions shipping affil...
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*  Study Isolates Role of Polyphenols in Isolation from Alcohol
... Page last updated: Friday, June 3, 2005. Study Isolates Role of Polyphenols in Isolation from Alcohol. An new study has isolated an additional role of polyphenols in cardiovascular disease reduction. The study on rats, which assessed the role of an alcohol free red wine on the cholesterol rich diet of the rats proved that the polyphenols had a marked effect on decreased adherence of platelets their stickiness and prolonged clotting time. This protection against clotting occurred whether the red-wine substances were given throughout the 5-month trial or only added for the last month, suggesting that much of the effects are short term.’ The message often reiterated is ‘little and often’. The study suggests that whereas the polyphenols from wine have little effect on lipids, they may have important effects on coagulation. In lay terms this means alcohol-free wine has no effect on high blood cholesterol levels of animals given a very high-cholesterol diet, but markedly decreased the tend...
http://aim-digest.com/gateway/pages/heart/articles/Polyphenols.htm
*  Thothknows: Green Tea Polyphenols
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*  Buy Animal - Animal Cuts Complete Cutting Stacks - 42 Pack(s) at LuckyVitamin.com
Buy Animal - Animal Cuts Complete Cutting Stacks - 42 Pack s at LuckyVitamin.com. Animal - Animal Cuts Complete Cutting Stacks - 42 Pack s By Animal 4. 3 Reviews Item #: 70191 MSRP: $64.95 $34.89 you save 46% Per Serving: $0.83 Serving Size: 1 Packet s free shipping orders over $49. Overview Back to top Animal - Animal Cuts Complete Cutting Stacks - 42 Pack s Item# : 70191 UPC# : 039442030146. Universal Nutrition Animal Pak Animal Cuts Complete Cutting Stacks with Raspberry Ketones 42 Packs Animal Pak Animal Cuts Complete Cutting Stacks is designed specifically with the needs of advanced bodybuilders in mind, Cuts was formulated to produce dramatic changes in an athlete’s physique in a brief period of time. From a metabolic point of view, Animal Cuts, is stacked with only the most potent tea extracts. Metabolic Complex: Green Tea Extract 98% polyphenols/45% EGCG, Oolong Tea Extract 50% polyphenols, Black Tea Extract 60% polyphenols, Coffee Bean Extract 50% polyphenols, White Tea Extract 90% polyphenols 750 mg...
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*  Olive polyphenols play ‘key role’ in learning and memory processes
... Your browser is blocking javascript. This might limit your experience on this website. SUBSCRIBE. FREE NEWSLETTER. Breaking News on Supplements & Nutrition - North America EU edition. News Manufacturers Suppliers Research Markets Regulation People VIEWS. Site Archive October 2015 September 2015 Previous months. Trends NY Attorney General actions Going non-GMO GMPs, QA & QC View from the aisles: Retailer news. Outsourcing Adulteration LATAM Product claims. NDI draft guidance Omega-3. Multimedia Videos Audios Galleries Online Events. Health Allergies & intolerances Beauty from within Blood sugar management Bone & joint health Cancer risk reduction Cardiovascular health Cognitive function. Energy Eye health Gut/digestive health Healthy aging Immune support Inflammation Maternal & infant health. Men's health Oral/gum health Respiratory health Skin health Sports nutrition Weight management Women's health. Resources All Products Supplier Webinars Videos Audio Technical Papers Product Brochures Suppliers. Ingre...
http://nutraingredients-usa.com/Research/Olive-polyphenols-play-key-role-in-learning-and-memory-processes-Animal-data
*  List of antioxidants in food
Polyphenols in foods. In the following discussion, the term "antioxidant" refers mainly to non-nutrient compounds in foods, such as polyphenols, which have 'antioxidant capacity' in vitro and so provide an artificial index of antioxidant strength – the ORAC measurement. Other than for dietary antioxidant vitamins – vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E – no food compounds have been proved with antioxidant efficacy in vivo. Polyphenols in foods. 3 Spices, herbs, and essential oil s are rich in polyphenols in the plant itself and shown with antioxidant potential in vitro. Typical cooked vegetables rich in antioxidants are artichoke s, cabbage, broccoli, asparagus, avocado s, beetroot and spinach. Despite the above discussion implying that ORAC-rich foods with polyphenols may provide antioxidant benefits when in the diet, there remains no physiological evidence that any polyphenols have such actions or that ORAC has any relevance in the human body. 7 The increase in antioxidant capacity of blood seen after the cons...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_antioxidants_in_food
*  Dictionary of natural phenols and polyphenols molecular formulas
... {{Multiple issues. Natural polyphenols molecular formula s are generally formed from C, H and O. 1 The entries are sorted by mass. Formula Example Exact mass Atomic mass unit u. C7H8O. Cresols, others. 108.057515. C7H6O2. 4-Hydroxybenzaldehyde, others. 122.036779. C8H10O. 4-Ethylphenol, others. 122.073164. C7H8O2. Gastrodigenin, others. 124.05243. C6H6O3. Hydroxyquinol, others. 126.031694. C8H8O2. Piceol, others. 136.05243. C7H6O3. 2-Hydroxybenzoic acid, others. 138.031694. C6H6O4. 1,2,3,5-Tetrahydroxybenzene. 142.026608. C9H6O2. Coumarin. 146.036779. C9H8O2. Cinnamic acid. 148.05243. C9H10O2. 2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol, others. 150.06808. C10H14O. Carvacrol. 150.104465. C8H8O3. 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid, others. 152.047344. C9H12O2. 4-Ethylguaiacol. 152.083729. C7H6O4. Protocatechuic acid, others. 154.026608. C8H10O3. Hydroxytyrosol, others. 154.062993. C9H6O3. Umbelliferone, others. 162.031694. C9H8O3. Coumaric acid. 164.047344. C10H12O2. Chavibetol. C9H10O3. Paeonol, others. 166.062994. C8H8O4. 3,4-Dihy...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dictionary_of_natural_phenols_and_polyphenols_molecular_formulas
*  Antioxidant effect of polyphenols
... redirect antioxidant effect of polyphenols and natural phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antioxidant_effect_of_polyphenols
*  Antioxidant effects of polyphenols
... redirect antioxidant effect of polyphenols and natural phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antioxidant_effects_of_polyphenols
*  Skin Soothing Mineral Sunscreen with Olive Polyphenols SPF 40 - Supergoop!
Skin Soothing Mineral Sunscreen with Olive Polyphenols SPF 40 - Supergoop. Shop FOR FACE Defense Refresh Setting Mist Everyday Sunscreen Skin Soothing Mineral City Sunscreen Serum Soft Focus City Serum Tinted CC Cream Eye Cream Fusion Lip Balm Rise and Shine Skincare Set. FOR BODY Everyday Sunscreen Skin Soothing Mineral Forever Young Body Butter Sunscreen Mist Sun Defying Oil Hand Cream. BY FORMAT Cream Lip Balm Lotion Serum Spray Value Sets Kits. NEW ARRIVALS Day to Day Value Set Defense Refresh At-Play Value Set. Skin Soothing Mineral Sunscreen with Olive Polyphenols SPF 40. 1 review for Skin Soothing Mineral Sunscreen with Olive Polyphenols SPF 40. City Sunscreen Serum with Soft Focus Finish SPF 30. Rise and Shine Skincare Set. Defense Refresh Setting Mist SPF 50. City Sunscreen Serum SPF 30. Fusion Lip Balm with SPF 30+. Shop FOR FACE Defense Refresh Setting Mist Everyday Sunscreen Skin Soothing Mineral City Sunscreen Serum Soft Focus City Serum Tinted CC Cream Eye Cream Fusion Lip Balm Rise and Shine Sk...
http://supergoop.com/shop/skin-soothing-mineral-sunscreen-with-olive-polyphenols-spf-40/
*  (standardized to 4% (1mg) polyphenols)
standardized to mg polyphenols my account favorites help web vitamins live healthy look healthy free shipping over live chat since brand index a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z all products vitamins supplements targeted formulas health personal care diet nutritional foods exercise teas accessories herbs children s products baby care homeopathy pet products more my favorites sign up for health news and exclusive discounts view all coupons your cart is empty full screen cart customer reviews featured brands nature s way country life thorne ortho molecular products jarrow formulas twinlab herbasway born free nutramedix now foods dr montague s brands standardized to mg polyphenols products containing standardized to mg polyphenols order by product name brand name lowest price highest price best rated most reviews off retail erba vita propolis evsp soothing syrup ounces servings shop by brand by category by nutrient about our company our blog security privacy terms conditions shipping affiliates ...
http://webvitamins.com/nutrient.aspx?id=18365
*  Health effects of polyphenols
... redirect health effects of natural phenols and polyphenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_effects_of_polyphenols
*  Providing: polyphenols
providing polyphenols my account favorites help web vitamins live healthy look healthy free shipping over live chat since brand index a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z all products vitamins supplements targeted formulas health personal care diet nutritional foods exercise teas accessories herbs children s products baby care homeopathy pet products more my favorites sign up for health news and exclusive discounts view all coupons your cart is empty full screen cart customer reviews featured brands nature s way country life thorne ortho molecular products jarrow formulas twinlab herbasway born free nutramedix now foods dr montague s brands providing polyphenols products containing providing polyphenols order by product name brand name lowest price highest price best rated most reviews off retail natural factors osteomove extra strength joint care caplets servings shop by brand by category by nutrient about our company our blog security privacy terms conditions shipping affiliates customer serv...
http://webvitamins.com/nutrient.aspx?id=12690
*  Acai extract 10% Polyphenols
... My Account. Favorites. Help. web vitamins. Live Healthy. Look Healthy. Free Shipping over $49.*. 1 800 919 9122 Live Chat. Since 1997 Brand Index :. A B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N O P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. All Products. Vitamins. Supplements. Targeted Formulas. Health & Personal Care. Diet, Nutritional Foods & Exercise. Teas & Accessories. Herbs. Children's Products. Baby Care. Homeopathy. Pet Products. More ... My Favorites. Sign up for health news and exclusive discounts. - View All Coupons -. Your cart is empty. - full-screen cart -. Customer Reviews. Featured Brands Nature's Way. Country Life. Thorne. Ortho Molecular Products. Jarrow Formulas. Twinlab. Herbasway. Born Free. Nutramedix. NOW Foods. Dr. Montague's Brands. Acai extract 10% Polyphenols Products containing Acai extract 10% Polyphenols Order By Product Name Brand Name Lowest Price Highest Price Best Rated Most Reviews. 53% off retail $9.95. Nature's Way Acai, Standardized 60 VegiCaps 30 Servings. Shop By Brand. By Category...
http://webvitamins.com/nutrient.aspx?id=7270
*  (standardized to contain 92% polyphenols)
standardized to contain 92% polyphenols. My Account. Favorites. Help. web vitamins. Live Healthy. Look Healthy. Free Shipping over $49.*. 1 800 919 9122 Live Chat. Since 1997 Brand Index :. A B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N O P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y. Z. All Products. Vitamins. Supplements. Targeted Formulas. Health & Personal Care. Diet, Nutritional Foods & Exercise. Teas & Accessories. Herbs. Children's Products. Baby Care. Homeopathy. Pet Products. More ... My Favorites. Sign up for health news and exclusive discounts. - View All Coupons -. Your cart is empty. - full-screen cart -. Customer Reviews. Featured Brands Nature's Way. Country Life. Thorne. Ortho Molecular Products. Jarrow Formulas. Twinlab. Herbasway. Born Free. Nutramedix. NOW Foods. Dr. Montague's Brands. standardized to contain 92% polyphenols Products containing standardized to contain 92% polyphenols Order By Product Name Brand Name Lowest Price Highest Price Best Rated Most Reviews. Shop By Brand. By Category. By Nutrient. About ...
http://webvitamins.com/nutrient.aspx?id=15000
*  Polyphenol Rich Diet To Prevent Cancer And Heart Disease by Nutrition | Fawesome.tv
Polyphenol Rich Diet To Prevent Cancer And Heart Disease by Nutrition. Polyphenol Rich Diet To Prevent Cancer And Heart Disease. Eating For Disease Prevention - Breast Cancer. About Causes of Cancer and Cancer Diet. Reduce Your Risk of Cancer. Red Meat Increases Gastric Cancer Risk. Broccoli Can Help Prevent Stomach Cancer. Soy May Help Prevent Breast Cancer. Eating Red Meat Can Cause Cancer. Fiber Rich Diet May Help Prevent Cancer. Top Six Foods To Prevent Cancer. Top 5 Foods that Fight Cancer. Eating Fish Recommended For Prostate Cancer Patients. Use Dietary Soy To Reduce The Risk Of Breast Cancer. Green Tea Does Not Protect Against Breast Cancer. Top 10 Cancer Fighting Foods. Processed meat can increases the risk of Cancer. Home » Diet » Cancer Diet » Polyphenol Rich Diet To Prevent Cancer And Heart Disease. Polyphenol Rich Diet To Prevent Cancer And Heart Disease. If you want to prevent cancer and heart disease, go for a polyphenol rich diet. Therefore scientists recommend polyphenol rich diet to prevent ...
http://fawesome.ifood.tv/diet/268252-polyphenol-rich-diet-to-prevent-cancer-and-heart-disease
*  Investigations on geometrical features in induced ordering of collagen by small molecules (PDF Downl
Calculated interface surface areas for the binding of polyphenols with collagen-like triple helical peptides vary in the range of 60 210 2 and hydrogen bond lengths vary in the range of 2.7 3.4. Interfacial molecular volumes can be calculated from the solvent inaccessible surface areas and hydrogen bond lengths involved in the binding of polyphenols to collagen. Calculated interface surface areas for the binding of polyphenols with collagen-like triple helical peptides vary in the range of 60–210 Å2 and hydrogen bond lengths vary in the range of 2⋅7–3⋅4 Å. Interfacial molecular volumes can be calculated from the solvent inaccessible surface areas and hydrogen bond lengths involved in the binding of polyphenols to collagen. Correlation of maximum surface pressure with interface molecular areas and energies of binding of four polyphenols to collagen- like triple helical peptides with interfacial molecular volumes is presented. 2.1b Calculation of surface areas: Coordinates of energy-minimised structures of poly...
http://researchgate.net/publication/226397201_Investigations_on_geometrical_features_in_induced_ordering_of_collagen_by_small_molecules
*  Green Tea Polyphenols for the Protection against Renal Damage Caused by Oxidative Stress
N, sham operation; C, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion; E1, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after − -epicatechin 3- O -gallate 10 mg/kg body weight ; E2, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after − -epicatechin 3- O -gallate 20 mg/kg body weight ; EB, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after ebselen 5 mg/kg body weight ; U, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after uric acid 62.5 mg/kg body weight ; SOD, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after CuZnSOD 10,000 U/kg body weight ; NIL, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after L -. N, sham operation; C, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion; E1, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after − -epicatechin 3- O -gallate 10 mg/kg body weight ; E2, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after − -epicatechin 3- O -gallate 20 mg/kg body weight ; EB, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after ebselen 5 mg/kg body weight ; U, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after uric acid 62.5 mg/kg body weight ; SOD, LPS plus ischemia-reperfusion after CuZnSOD 10,000&#...
http://hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2012/845917/
*  Polyphenols in the skin
... redirect phenolic content in wine...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyphenols_in_the_skin
*  Phenols and polyphenols derivative
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenols_and_polyphenols_derivative
*  Polyphenols | Steroidology
Polyphenols. Steroidology. Steroidology Uncover the truth about Anabolic Steroids uses in bodybuilding. Home Articles Steroid Profiles Photo Galleries Discussion Forums Register. Home Articles Steroid Profiles. Photo Galleries Discussion Forums Register. polyphenols. Six Diet Supplements To Enhance Performance and Burn Fat dieting shorts Features Weight Loss. July 17, 2014. Believe it or not, you don’t need to starve yourself or restrict your calories in order to lose weight, as many people do. Starving yourself and restricting your calories may result in quick weight loss, but usually leads to binge eating, which causes you gain back all of the weight you lost, if not more Read more....
http://steroidology.com/tag/polyphenols/
*  Dr Whitaker - Search Results for Omega3
Forward Plus Daily Regimen & Triveratrol Plus VitaKit 30-day supply Item## YFJ $84.99 * Potent, natural fruit extracts, bursting with polyphenols, for serious protection from the free radicals that cause aging * Standardized omega-3 fish oil for advanced heart and brain support * Breakthrough resveratrol for free-radical protection at the cellular level, as well as cardiovascular. Forward Plus and Prostate Health VitaKit 30-day supply Item## YFG $89.99 * Potent, natural fruit extracts, bursting with polyphenols, for serious protection from the free radicals that cause aging * Standardized omega-3 fish oil for advanced heart and brain support * Breakthrough resveratrol for free-radical protection at the cellular level, as well as cardiovascular. Forward Plus Daily Regimen and Vision Essentials VitaKit 30-day supply Item## YFH $84.99 * Potent, natural fruit extracts, bursting with polyphenols, for serious protection from the free radicals that cause aging * Standardized omega-3 fish oil for advanced heart and b...
http://drwhitaker.com/search/go?p=Q&lbc=drwhitaker&sli_id=303804930&ts=custom&w=Omega3&isort=score&method=and&view=list&modaf=daf:1 a:type:blog
*  Polyphenolic antioxidants
... redirect antioxidant effect of polyphenols and natural phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyphenolic_antioxidants
*  RANDOM IN TANDEM
TEA for HEALTH. Posted by cfrank. at 6:28 PM. 6 comments. Links to this post. Posted by cfrank. at 11:27 PM. 3 comments. Links to this post. I had been a coffee drinker for 18 years until a month ago when I discovered matcha tea. Also, it seems that matcha is the healthier choice due to the fact that you consume the entire leaf and receive more of the health benefits that researchers have found in green tea. I encourage anyone looking for an alternative to coffee to try matcha tea. Here are some of the health benefits: Tea and Health Not only is tea soothing and delicious, but, throughout its history, it has been associated with important health benefits. Much of the focus of modern research is on the effects of three ingredients found in tea: * Antioxidants Polyphenols * Nutrients * Caffeine Antioxidants Many of the health benefits of drinking tea come from the fact that tea contains high levels of antioxidants called polyphenols or flavonoids. Posted by cfrank. at 8:00 PM. 6 comments. Links to this post. Po...
http://randomintandem.blogspot.com/
*  Thothknows: Nutritional Polyphenols - Olives, Grapes and Wine Oh My
thothknows nutritional polyphenols olives grapes and wine oh my...
http://usefulmedicinalherbalplants.com/2013/01/nutritional-polyphenols-olives-grapes.html
*  The potential gut health benefits of berries offer fruitful research area
... FREE NEWSLETTER. Men's health Oral/gum health Respiratory health Skin health Sports nutrition Weight management Women's health. Food Jobs - Europe. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter. Related tags: Berries, Proanthocyanidins, Cranberry, Gut health, Microbiota. http://www.nutraingredients-usa.com/Research/The-potential-gut-health-benefits-of-berries-offer-fruitful-research-area. Related news: Mulberry extracts show weight management potential Plant polyphenols may modulate microbiota: In vitro study What is gut health. Subscribe to our FREE newsletter Get FREE access to authoritative breaking news, videos, podcasts, webinars and white papers. Connecting America’s Leaders in Nutrition and Food & Drink Development WRBM - Food Vision. The growing market for cognitive health products William Reed Business Media. Designing cognitive health products for key lifestages William Reed Business Media. FoodNavigator.com Food & Beverage Development - Europe FoodNavigator-USA.com Food & Beverage Development - North Ameri...
http://nutraingredients-usa.com/Research/The-potential-gut-health-benefits-of-berries-offer-fruitful-research-area
*  FibroBoost featuring Seanol Doctor's Best ( - Joint)
FibroBoost featuring Seanol Doctor's Best - Joint. Contact Us. Quick Order. Orders. Sign In. 866-373-2175 Contact Us. Quick Order. Orders. Sign In. FibroBoost featuring Seanol by Doctor's Best Write a review. FibroBoost featuring Seanol supports health and well being from heart to memory to joints and more. As an antioxidant, Seanol helps maintain healthy blood vessels by protecting the vascular epithelium from free radical attack. Seanol also has a favorable influence on the body’s joints by providing a protective effect on the structural integrity of joint cartilage. Please reference your browser help section for enabling Javascript. Other products by Doctor's Best. FibroBoost. Doctor s Best. Featuring Seanol Science-Based Nutrition Unique Marine Polyphenol Complex that supports health and well-being* Vegan. Polyphenol compounds are abundant in plants and their intake is associated with many important health-promoting qualities.* Seanol is a potent, marine-based source of polyphenolic compounds with strong ...
https://valleynaturals.com/ct_detail.html?pgguid=c14c3628-43cf-4a3a-9d50-7fcbd49d40b1
*  Template:User NPP Project
template user npp project template user npp project userbox border c green border s id c white id s id fc info c lightgreen info s info fc id px info this user is a participant of wikiproject natural phenols and polyphenols nocat nocat polyphenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:User_NPP_Project
*  Alkylphenol
Image:Chemical structure of the alkylphenol nonylphenol 'Alkylphenols' are a family of organic compounds obtained by the alkylation of phenol s. The term is usually reserved for commercially important propylphenol, butylphenol, amylphenol, heptylphenol, octylphenol, nonylphenol, dodecylphenol and related "long chain alkylphenols" LCAPs. Methylphenols and ethylphenols are also alkylphenols, but they are more commonly referred to by their specific names, cresols and xylenols. Helmut Fiege, Heinz-Werner Voges, Toshikazu Hamamoto, Sumio Umemura, Tadao Iwata, Hisaya Miki, Yasuhiro Fujita, Hans-Josef Buysch, Dorothea Garbe, Wilfried Paulus "Phenol Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.. Production Environmental controversy over nonylphenols Uses of long-chain alkylphenols References. Production. The long-chain alkylphenols are prepared by alkylation of phenol with alkenes : :C 6 H 5 OH + RR'C=CHR" → RR'CH-CHR"-C 6 H 4 OH In this way, about 500M kg/y are produced. E...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkylphenol
*  The model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface - Sheffield
the model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface sheffield hallam university research archive login shura home browse search recent items statistics add your research about shura research data archive research at shu contact us the model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface tools tools tools rdf xml bibtex rdf n triples json refworks dublin core simple metadata refer mets html citation ascii citation openurl contextobject endnote mods openurl contextobject in span mpeg didl ep xml reference manager rdf n multiline csv tsargorodskaya a lishchuk s v and nabok a v the model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface colloids and surfaces a physicochemical and engineering aspects full text not available from this repository link to published version j colsurfa abstract the model of binding of micelles of nonylphenol molecules to respective antibodies immobilized on the solid surface is proposed the actual ...
http://shura.shu.ac.uk/1217/
*  2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol
... {{Chembox Verifiedfields = changed Watchedfields = changed verifiedrevid = 477211193 Name =2,4-Dimethyl-6-'tert'-butylphenol ImageFile = 2,4-dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol.png ImageFile2 = 2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol.png ImageSize =. IUPACName =. OtherNames = 2-'tert'-butyl-4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-'tert'-butylphenol, 6-'tert'-butyl-2,4-dimethylphenol, 2- 'tert'-butyl -4,6-dimethylphenol, 2-'tert'-butyl-4,6-dimethyl phenol, 6-'t'-butyl-2,4-xylenol, 2- 1,1-dimethylethyl -4,6-dimethyl-phenol Section1={{Chembox Identifiers ChemSpiderID Ref =. ChemSpiderID = 15097 InChI = 1/C12H18O/c1-8-6-9 2 11 13 10 7-8 12 3,4 5/h6-7,13H,1-5H3 InChIKey = OPLCSTZDXXUYDU-UHFFFAOYAT SMILES1 = Oc1c cc cc1C C C C C C StdInChI Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChI = 1S/C12H18O/c1-8-6-9 2 11 13 10 7-8 12 3,4 5/h6-7,13H,1-5H3 StdInChIKey Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChIKey = OPLCSTZDXXUYDU-UHFFFAOYSA-N CASNo Ref = cascite|changed|?. CASNo = 1879-09-0 PubChem =. SMILES = CC C C c1c O c C cc...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol
*  Bisphenol AF
... chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid imagefile bisphenol af svg imagesize px iupacname phenol othernames biphenol af hexafluorobisphenol a hexafluorodiphenylolpropane bisphenol a hexafluoride hexafluoroisopropylidene diphenol hexafluoroacetone bisphenol a bis hydroxyphenyl hexafluoropropane section chembox identifiers abbreviations bpaf casno ref casno pubchem smiles c cc cc c c c cc c c c o c f f f c f f f o chemspiderid ref chemspidercite correct chemspider chemspiderid inchi c h f o c h h inchikey zfvmwevvkglcij uhfffaoyas stdinchi ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchi s c h f o c h h stdinchikey ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchikey zfvmwevvkglcij uhfffaoysa n section chembox properties c h f o appearance density meltingpt boilingpt solubility section chembox hazards mainhazards flashpt autoignitionpt bisphenol af bpaf is a fluorinated organic compound related to bisphenol a in which the two methyl groups are replaced with trifluoromethyl groups whereas bpa binds with human es...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bisphenol_AF
*  ARS | Publication request: LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a st
Publication request: LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a standard analytical approach for all plants ARS : Research. ARS Office of International Research Programs. Title: LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a standard analytical approach for all plants Authors. LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a standard analytical approach for all plants. Interpretive Summary: This book chapter summarizes research over the past 5 years on the development of an analytical profiling method for glycosylated flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. Because of the overwhelming number of phenolic compounds found in plants, the authors developed a standardized profiling method based on liquid chromatography with diode array and mass spectrometric detection that was used as the first step in the analysis of every material. The standardization of the approach allows the cross comparison of every sample with standards and materials ...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=224016
*  Bisphenol A
Health effects United States expert panel conclusions. Infants fed with liquid formula are among the most exposed, and those fed formula from polycarbonate bottles can consume up to 13 micrograms of bisphenol A per kg of body weight per day μg/kg/day; see table below. Children may be more susceptible to BPA exposure than adults see health effects. In the United States, the growing concern over BPA exposure in infants in recent years has led the manufacturers of plastic baby bottles to stop using BPA in their bottles. Bisphenol A is an endocrine disruptor that can mimic estrogen and has been shown to cause negative health effects in animal studies. It concluded, "expressed relative to current estimates of general population exposure levels in the U.S." the following: For pregnant women and fetuses the Expert Panel has different levels of concern for the different developmental endpoints that may be susceptible to bisphenol A disruption, as follows: For neural and behavioral effects, the Expert Panel has some c...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bisphenol_A
*  What You and Your Patients Need to Know About Bisphenol A | Physicians News
What You and Your Patients Need to Know About Bisphenol A. Physicians News. Physicians News Health news for doctors and patients. Morning Report Doctor Health Care Jobs CME News Briefs Medical News Patients News. In June of this year, the American Medical Association formally recognized BPA as an endocrine-disrupting agent. Physicians can play an important role in educating their patients about this pervasive environmental contaminant. The first steps are to understand the potential health risks of BPA and how to limit those risks through simple lifestyle changes. Based on the clear effects of BPA exposure on the development of fetuses in animals, similar effects on human development are plausible. Indeed, BPA has been found in the bloodstream, placenta, cord blood, and fetal blood of humans at levels that are within the range studied in many of the animal models. Given the putative adverse health effects of BPA exposure, the U.S. Humans are typically exposed to about 0.001 milligrams of BPA per kilogram of b...
http://physiciansnews.com/2011/11/07/what-you-and-your-patients-need-to-know-about-bisphenol-a/
*  Bisphenol A (BPA) Found In Many Plastics May Cause Heart Disease In Women, Research Shows -- Science
Bisphenol A BPA Found In Many Plastics May Cause Heart Disease In Women, Research Shows -- ScienceDaily. Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Rocks Show First Photosynthesis That Made Oxygen. Understanding Others' Thoughts Helps Kids to Lie. Extremely Light Storage Device as E-Car Battery. Birds Flew Over the Heads of Dinosaurs. Hog-Nose Rat Discovered. Foot Fossil: Evolutionary Messiness of Walking. Migrating Songbirds Can Be Tricked by Magnets. Fossils Intensify Mystery of Odd Toothy Mammal. Predator Survives, but Ecosystem Crashes. Restoring Vision With Stem Cells. Science News from research organizations. Bisphenol A BPA Found In Many Plastics May Cause Heart Disease In Women, Research Shows. Date: June 11, 2009 Source: University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center Summary: New research shows that bisphenol A, found in many commonly used plastics, may be harmful for the heart, particularly in women. Share:. Total shares:. FULL STORY. Bisphenol A BPA, foun...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090610124417.htm
*  1-Nonyl-4-phenol
nonyl phenol nonyl phenol chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid imagefile n nonylphenol png imagesize iupacname nonylphenol othernames phenol nonyl nonylphenol p nonylphenol para nonylphenol p n nonylphenol n nonylphenol section chembox identifiers casno ref casno chembl ref ebicite correct ebi chembl pubchem chemspiderid ref chemspidercite correct chemspider chemspiderid chebi ref ebicite correct ebi chebi stdinchi ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchi s c h o c h h h h stdinchikey ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchikey igfhqqfpsibgke uhfffaoysa n smiles cccccccccc cc c c c o section chembox properties c h o appearance white crystals density meltingptc to meltingpt notes boilingptc to boilingpt notes solubility section chembox hazards mainhazards flashpt autoignitionpt nonyl phenol is an organic compound consisting of a n nonyl group attached to the position of phenol the related nonylphenol s with branched nonyl groups are commercially important detergent s category alkylphenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1-Nonyl-4-phenol
*  Bisphenol A | GreenMedInfo | Toxic Ingredient | Natural Medicine
If you are already a member, you can sign in by clicking here. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. PMID: 21732633 Article Published Date : Aug 15, 2011 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Bisphenol-A Toxicity : CK 80 : AC 21 Problem Substances : Bisphenol A : CK 326 : AC 82. PMID: 21749963 Article Published Date : Jul 11, 2011 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Hypothyroidism : CK 570 : AC 86, Thyroid Diseases : CK 225 : AC 29 Problem Substances : Bisphenol A : CK 326 : AC 82, Phthalates : CK 162 : AC 28 Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Endocrine Disruptor: Thyroid : CK 67 : AC 14. PMID: 21956417 Article Published Date : Sep 28, 2011 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 : CK 1217 : AC 235, Diabetes Mellitus: Type 2 : CK 4292 : AC 359 Problem Substances : Bisphenol A : CK 326 : AC 82. PMID: 23102149 Article Published Date : Nov 04, 2012 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Bisphenol-A Toxici...
http://greenmedinfo.com/toxic-ingredient/bisphenol
*  Patente US5336814 - Method for recovering bis hydroxy aromatic organic values and bis aryl ... - Goo
Method for recovering bis hydroxy aromatic organic values and bis aryl carbonate values from scrap aromatic polycarbonate US 5336814 A Resumen A method is provided for depolymerizing scrap aromatic polycarbonate to salvage component monomers by initially effecting aromatic polycarbonate depolymerization by basic phenolysis to produce a mixture having dihydric phenol, and diarylcarbonate. The mother liquor remaining after separation of the dihydric phenol/phenol adduct from the depolymerization mixture can then be treated with an effective amount by weight of an organic carboxylic acid based on the weight of mixture. An effective amount of organic acid is from 0.001% to 1.0% by weight of organic acid based on the weight of the adduct mother liquor. It consisted of about 79% by weight of phenol, 8.2% by weight of bisphenol-A, 7.8% by weight of diphenylcarbonate, 3.5% by weight of oligomer 1, 0.2% by weight oligomer 2, and the balance traces of oligomer 3 and oligomer 4 which are previously defined. The residue ...
http://google.es/patents/US5336814?dq=flatulence
*  .. The laboratory of phytochemistry R&D .. .. Flavonoids – the most diverse class of plant pheno
The laboratory of phytochemistry R D. The natural compound laboratory. With a special attention on plant phenolic compounds we also study other classes of natural compounds. Welcome to our laboratory. Quality of fruits, berries and vegetables. We follow and promote the quality of food within the horticultural production sections. See Our Products and Services. Innovations from nature. Small enterprises make benefits of research results or get own ideas tested. See Our Services. Flavonoids – the most diverse class of plant phenolics. Phenolics or polyphenols is a ubiquitous group of plant compounds representing an array of biochemical and physical functions. Among these compounds the flavonods represent the largest class of structures with more than 8150 elucidated structures 2006. Read more. Beautiful blooming roses....
http://plantchem.com/
*  EPA Promotes Safer Alternatives to Nonylphenol Ethoxylates :
... Products Finishing. Articles EPA Promotes Safer Alternatives to Nonylphenol Ethoxylates EPA Promotes Safer Alternatives to Nonylphenol Ethoxylates News Item From: Products Finishing,. Environmental Protection Agency has released the final report on alternatives to nonylphenol ethoxylates NPE through the Design for the Environment DfE Alternatives Assessment Program. The report identifies eight safer alternatives to NPE that meet EPA s criteria for safer surfactants. I applaud the product manufacturers who have stopped using NPEs and switched to safer alternatives and the chemical manufacturers who have made the safer alternatives available, said Jim Jones, acting assistant administrator for EPA s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention OCSPP. This report shows the important strides that have been made to identify safer alternatives and the progress being made to phase out NPEs in detergents and reduce its use in other applications. The report provides information on the availability of safer a...
http://pfonline.com/news/epa-promotes-safer-alternatives-to-nonylphenol-ethoxylates-
*  Naturally occurring phenolic compound
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturally_occurring_phenolic_compound
*  Naturally occurring phenolic compounds
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturally_occurring_phenolic_compounds
*  3-Hydroxyflavone
... {{chembox Watchedfields = changed verifiedrevid = 477218738 Name = 3-Hydroxyflavone ImageFile = Flavonol.svg ImageAlt = Skeletal formula of 3-hydroxyflavone ImageFile1 = 3-Hydroxyflavone-3D-balls.png ImageAlt1 = Ball-and-stick model of the 3-hydroxyflavone molecule IUPACName = 3-hydroxy-2-phenylchromen-4-one OtherNames= 3-Hydroxyflavone Flavon-3-ol 3-HF 3-Hydroxy-2-phenylchromone Section1={{Chembox Identifiers ChemSpiderID Ref =. ChemSpiderID = 10871 KEGG Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}} KEGG = C01495 InChI = 1/C15H10O3/c16-13-11-8-4-5-9-12 11 18-15 14 13 17 10-6-2-1-3-7-10/h1-9,17H InChIKey = HVQAJTFOCKOKIN-UHFFFAOYAX ChEMBL Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}} ChEMBL = 294009 StdInChI Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider StdInChI = 1S/C15H10O3/c16-13-11-8-4-5-9-12 11 18-15 14 13 17 10-6-2-1-3-7-10/h1-9,17H StdInChIKey Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChIKey = HVQAJTFOCKOKIN-UHFFFAOYSA-N CASNo Ref = cascite|correct|CAS CASNo = 577-85-5 PubChem = 11349 ChEBI Ref = ebicite|correct|EBI ChEBI = 5078 SM...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3-Hydroxyflavone
*  Consuming more flavonoid-rich foods could offer protection against Parkinson's - Life Extension Up
Consuming more flavonoid-rich foods could offer protection against Parkinson's - Life Extension Update. View My Cart. Order By Item #. Close. Products. Magazine. Health. News. About Us. Your Healthy Rewards. Shop Products. Back. Shop Health Concerns. Back. Blood Pressure Vascular Support. Bone Health. Brain Health. Cholesterol Management. Digestion Support. Energy Management. Eye Health. Glucose Management. Heart Health. Immune Support. Inflammation Management. Joint Support. Liver Health Detoxification. Longevity Wellness. Men's Health. Mood Stress Management. Kidney Bladder Support. Sleep. Sports Performance. Thyroid Health. Weight Management. Women's Health. Vitamins Minerals. Back. One Per Day. Two Per Day. Capsules. Tablets. Powders. Children. Pets. View All Multivitamins. Vitamin A. Vitamin B. Vitamin C. Vitamin D. Vitamin E. Vitamin K. View All Vitamins. Calcium. Chromium. Iodine. Iron. Magnesium. Selenium. Zinc. View All Minerals. Supplements. Back. Arginine. Carnitine. Carnosine. Glutamin...
http://lifeextension.com/newsletter/2011/2/Flavonoid-Rich-Foods-Could-Offer-Protection-Against-Parkinsons/page-01
*  Flavonoids in Biological News
... Home. Biology. Medicine. Technology. Products. News. Definition. Dictionary. Movies. Links. Tags. Search. RSS Navigation Links Biology News Medicine News Biology Products Medicine Products Biology Definition Medicine Definition Biology Technology Medicine Technology Biology Dictionary Medicine Dictionary. Flavonoids in Biological News. Fruits, vegetables and teas may protect smokers from lung cancer, UCLA researchers report ... ingested high levels of natural chemicals called flavonoids in their diet had a lower risk of developing lung ... was extremely interesting, that several types of flavonoids are associated with a reduced risk of lung cancer ... participants who ate foods containing certain flavonoids seemed to be protected from developing lung ... A stronger heart with flavonoids ... biological and protective activities of various flavonoids have been extensively studied in vitro, on cell- ... difficult to assess precisely the nature of all flavonoids absorbed following consumption of plants prese...
http://bio-medicine.org/q-more/biology-news/Flavonoids/
*  Flavonoid Supplements: Antioxidant Benefits & Side Effects of Flavonoids | Natural Remedies.org
Flavonoid Supplements: Antioxidant Benefits Side Effects of Flavonoids. Examples of Antioxidants. Antioxidants Flavonoids. Blueberries Red beans Cranberries Blackberries Many other types of food also contain flavonoids including red wine, many types of nuts and fruits, and vegetables. Some additional foods containing flavonoids included chocolate and different types of tea. Flavonoid Benefits. So what properties in flavonoids provide all of these healthful benefits to people. Although not considered vitamins, flavonoids have a number of nutritional functions have been described as biological response modifiers; most act as antioxidants, and some have anti-inflammatory properties. Many people are switching to diets that are heavy in fruits, vegetables and nuts. Red wine is also now a popular supplement as a number of studies have shown that a glass or two of red wine a day provides a number of health and longevity benefits for people. There is a large and ever-growing market of consumers who would like to enjo...
http://naturalremedies.org/flavonoids/
*  The impact of flavonoids on spatial memory in rodents: from behaviour to underlying hippocampal mec
... hanisms - CentAUR. University of Reading CentAUR: Central Archive at the University of Reading. Accessibility navigation The impact of flavonoids on spatial memory in rodents: from behaviour to underlying hippocampal mechanisms. Tools Tools Tools. Wordle Link RDF+XML BibTeX RIOXX2 XML RDF+N-Triples JSON Dublin Core Atom Simple Metadata Refer METS HTML Citation with IDs HTML Citation ASCII Citation OpenURL ContextObject EndNote OpenURL ContextObject in Span MODS MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core Reference Manager RDF+N3. M 2009 The impact of flavonoids on spatial memory in rodents: from behaviour to underlying hippocampal mechanisms. Further understanding of how specific behavioural tasks relate to the functioning of hippocampal circuitry during learning processes might be also elucidative of the specific observed memory improvements. The overall goal of this review is to give an overview of how the hippocampal circuitry operates as a memory system during behavioural tasks, which we believe will provide a n...
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/13051/
*  Who knew flavonoids from tea, berries and grapes protect against developing diabetes? - NaturalNews.
Who knew flavonoids from tea, berries and grapes protect against developing diabetes. - NaturalNews.com. About NaturalNews Contact Us Write for NaturalNews Media Info Advertising Info. Who knew flavonoids from tea, berries and grapes protect against developing diabetes. Flavonoids from natural foods lower systemic inflammation to thwart diabetes risk factors The scientists determined that those women consuming the highest levels of flavones had improved levels of a protein called adiponectin, a known regulator of glucose levels and other metabolic mechanisms. Cassidy and his team concluded, " In general, dark chocolate contains more of the powerful bioactive compounds, and addition of a small amount of chocolate to an otherwise healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables could be important for prevention efforts to reduce the risk of heart disease and type II diabetes." Adding three to five daily servings of natural foods that infuse healthy amounts of flavonoids throughout the body while limiting or eliminati...
http://naturalnews.com/043606_flavonoids_diabetes_chocolate.html
*  ARS | Publication request: USDA database for the flavonoid content of selected foods, release 3 Nutr
Publication request: USDA database for the flavonoid content of selected foods, release 3 Nutrient Data : Research. Title: USDA database for the flavonoid content of selected foods, release 3 Authors. USDA database for the flavonoid content of selected foods, release 3. The updated release of the “USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods, Release 2” had more U.S. foods and was made available on the NDL website http://www.ars.usda.gov/nutrientdata in January 2007. New acceptable literature data were combined with the data in the Release 2 of the flavonoids database to compile Release 3. The database is available on NDL’s web site: http://www.ars.usda.gov/nutrientdata. The updated database now contains values for 504 foods, more than doubling the number of foods, in the database since the first release. Other flavonoids such as isoflavones daidzein, genistein and glycitein and proanthocyanidins dimmers, trimers, 4-6mers, 7-10mers and >10 polymers are not included in this database, but were rele...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?SEQ_NO_115=271905&pf=1
*  Health Notes - Health Notes
... Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Can Flavonoid-Rich Foods Protect Your Heart. By. Jane Hart, MD. Risk for heart and vascular disease such as stroke is directly tied to what people eat. Related Topics. Recipes with Strawberries. Raise a Glass to Heart Health. Paint Your Heart Healthy with Flavonoids. Could one or two servings of berries a day help lower your risk for heart disease. A study in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition suggests that people may get some extra heart protection if they eat a lot of foods rich in flavonoids health-promoting compounds found in certain foods. Flavonoids linked to healthier arteries. Risk for heart and vascular disease such as stroke is directly tied to what people eat and how well their arteries function. So it’s important that to eat well for healthy arteries. In this study, researchers looked at the association between the amount of flavonoid-rich foods eaten and artery function. Specifically, 1,898 women ages 18 to 75 years recorded the types of foods they ate in...
http://nutritionexpress.com/hn/feature/can-flavonoid-rich-foods-protect-your-heart/
*  Photochemistry of flavonoids.
... BioMedSearch. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Photochemistry of flavonoids. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 20714295 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. Flavonoids and their photochemical transformations play an important role in biological processes in nature. Synthetic photochemistry allows access to molecules that cannot be obtained via more conventional methods. This review covers all published synthetic photochemical transformations of the different classes of flavonoids. It is first comprehensive review on the photochemistry of flavonoids. Authors:. Miroslav Sisa; Susan L Bonnet; Daneel Ferreira; Jan H Van der Westhuizen. Related Documents :. 21213005 - Extreme hypercomplementemia in the setting of mixed cryoglobulinemia. 24783885 - Aspects of dento/medico-legal report writing. 19602875 - Suggestions for reviewing manuscripts. a case report. 22491725 - Paraquat-induced convulsion and death: a report of five cases. report of three ca......
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Photochemistry-flavonoids/20714295.html
*  The interactions of flavonoids within neuronal signalling pathways - CentAUR
... . University of Reading CentAUR: Central Archive at the University of Reading. Accessibility navigation The interactions of flavonoids within neuronal signalling pathways. Tools Tools Tools. Wordle Link RDF+XML BibTeX RIOXX2 XML RDF+N-Triples JSON Dublin Core Atom Simple Metadata Refer METS HTML Citation with IDs HTML Citation ASCII Citation OpenURL ContextObject EndNote OpenURL ContextObject in Span MODS MPEG-21 DIDL EP3 XML Dublin Core Reference Manager RDF+N3. Spencer, J.P.E. 2007 The interactions of flavonoids within neuronal signalling pathways. Genes and Nutrition, 2 3. pp. 257-273. ISSN 1555-8932 Full text not archived in this repository. To link to this article DOI: 10.1007/s12263-007-0056-z Abstract/Summary Emerging evidence suggests that dietary phytochemicals, in particular flavonoids, may exert beneficial effects in the central nervous system by protecting neurons against stress-induced injury, by suppressing neuroinflammation and by promoting neurocognitive performance, through changes in sy...
http://centaur.reading.ac.uk/12977/
*  Category:O-Methylated flavonoids metabolism
category o methylated flavonoids metabolism category o methylated flavonoids metabolism category o methylated flavonoids category flavonoids metabolism category o methylated phenylpropanoids metabolism...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:O-Methylated_flavonoids_metabolism
*  Category:O-Methylated flavonoids
category o methylated flavonoids category o methylated flavonoids category flavonoids category o methylated phenylpropanoids...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:O-Methylated_flavonoids
*  Biosynthesis of flavonoids
... redirect flavonoid biosynthesis...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosynthesis_of_flavonoids
*  Flavonoids biosynthesis
... redirect flavonoid biosynthesis...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavonoids_biosynthesis
*  Flavonoids
... redirect flavonoid...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavonoids
*  O-methylated flavonoids
o methylated flavonoids o methylated flavonoids redirect o methylated flavonoid...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/O-methylated_flavonoids
*  Category:Flavonoids
category flavonoids category flavonoids category phenylpropanoids category chemopreventive agents...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Flavonoids
*  flavonoids | TasteSpotting
flavonoids tastespotting tastespotting features the delicious life facebook twitter tastespotting want to submit something delicious login or register first browse by date category popularity random tag flavonoids www familyfreshcooking com goodies terms of use...
http://tastespotting.com/tag/flavonoids
*  2', 4, 4'-trihydroxy-3, 3', 5-tris (3-methyl-2-butenyl) chalcone
trihydroxy tris methyl butenyl chalcone trihydroxy tris methyl butenyl chalcone redirect sophoradin...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2',_4,_4'-trihydroxy-3,_3',_5-tris_(3-methyl-2-butenyl)_chalcone
*  Category:Flavans
category flavans category flavans category flavonoids category chromenes...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Flavans
*  Category:Neoflavonoids
category neoflavonoids category neoflavonoids category flavonoids category chromenes...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Neoflavonoids
*  Bai Mu Dan White Tea
... Loading... Please wait... My Account. Order Status. Wish Lists. Gift Certificates. View Cart. Sign in or Create an account. Search. Advanced Search. Search Tips. Black Teas. Black Tea. Decaf Black Tea. Flavored Black Tea. Organic Black Tea. Organic Flavored Black Tea. Black Tea Bags. Black Tea Directory Green Teas. Green Tea. Decaf Green Tea. Flavored Green Tea. Organic Green Tea. Organic Flavored Green Tea. Green Tea Bags. Green Tea Directory Oolong Teas. Oolong Tea. Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Blend. Organic Oolong Tea. Organic Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Bags. Oolong Tea Directory White Teas. White Tea. Flavored White Tea. White Tea Blend. Organic White Tea. Organic Flavored White Tea. White Tea Bags. White Tea Directory Pu-erh Teas. Pu-erh Tea. Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Organic Pu-erh Tea. Organic Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Pu-erh Tea Bags. Pu-erh Tea Directory Rooibos Teas. Rooibos. Flavored Rooibos. Flavored Green Rooibos. Flavored Honeybush. Organic Rooibos. Organic Flavored Rooibos. Organic Flavored...
http://teahaven.com/bai-mu-dan-white-tea/
*  Apple White Tea Bags
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http://teahaven.com/apple-white-tea-bags/
*  Damiana Tea - Damiana Leaf Tea
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http://teahaven.com/damiana-leaf-tea/
*  Motherwort Tea - Motherwort Herb Tea
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http://teahaven.com/motherwort-herb-tea/
*  Black Walnut Leaf Tea - Black Walnut Leaves Tea
... Black Teas. Black Tea. Decaf Black Tea. Flavored Black Tea. Organic Black Tea. Organic Flavored Black Tea. Black Tea Bags. Black Tea Directory Green Teas. Flavored Green Tea. Organic Green Tea. Organic Flavored Green Tea. Green Tea Bags. Green Tea Directory Oolong Teas. Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Blend. Organic Oolong Tea. Organic Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Bags. Oolong Tea Directory White Teas. Flavored White Tea. White Tea Blend. Organic White Tea. Organic Flavored White Tea. White Tea Bags. White Tea Directory Pu-erh Teas. Pu-erh Tea. Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Organic Pu-erh Tea. Organic Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Pu-erh Tea Bags. Pu-erh Tea Directory Rooibos Teas. Flavored Rooibos. Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Rooibos. Organic Flavored Rooibos. Organic Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Flavored Honeybush. Rooibos Tea Bags. Rooibos Tea Directory Yerba Mates. Yerba Mate. Flavored Yerba Mate. Flavored Roasted Yerba Mate. Organic Yerba Mate. Organic Flavored Yerba Mate. Organic Flavored Roasted Yerba Mat...
http://teahaven.com/black-walnut-leaf-tea/
*  Turmeric Tea - Turmeric Root Tea - Curcuma longa
... Black Teas. Decaf Black Tea. Flavored Black Tea. Organic Black Tea. Organic Flavored Black Tea. Black Tea Bags. Black Tea Directory Green Teas. Decaf Green Tea. Flavored Green Tea. Organic Green Tea. Organic Flavored Green Tea. Green Tea Bags. Green Tea Directory Oolong Teas. Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Blend. Organic Oolong Tea. Organic Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Bags. Oolong Tea Directory White Teas. Flavored White Tea. White Tea Blend. Organic White Tea. Organic Flavored White Tea. White Tea Bags. White Tea Directory Pu-erh Teas. Pu-erh Tea. Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Organic Pu-erh Tea. Organic Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Pu-erh Tea Bags. Pu-erh Tea Directory Rooibos Teas. Rooibos. Flavored Rooibos. Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Rooibos. Organic Flavored Rooibos. Organic Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Flavored Honeybush. Rooibos Tea Bags. Rooibos Tea Directory Yerba Mates. Yerba Mate. Flavored Yerba Mate. Flavored Roasted Yerba Mate. Organic Yerba Mate. Organic Flavored Yerba Mate. Organic Flavored Ro...
http://teahaven.com/turmeric-root-tea/
*  Organic Kukicha Tea (Loose Tea)
Organic Kukicha Tea Loose Tea. Gift Certificates. Black Teas. Black Tea. Decaf Black Tea. Flavored Black Tea. Organic Black Tea. Organic Flavored Black Tea. Black Tea Bags. Black Tea Directory Green Teas. Green Tea. Decaf Green Tea. Flavored Green Tea. Organic Green Tea. Organic Flavored Green Tea. Green Tea Bags. Green Tea Directory Oolong Teas. Oolong Tea. Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Blend. Organic Oolong Tea. Organic Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Bags. Oolong Tea Directory White Teas. White Tea. Flavored White Tea. White Tea Blend. Organic White Tea. Organic Flavored White Tea. White Tea Bags. White Tea Directory Pu-erh Teas. Pu-erh Tea. Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Organic Pu-erh Tea. Organic Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Pu-erh Tea Bags. Pu-erh Tea Directory Rooibos Teas. Rooibos. Flavored Rooibos. Flavored Green Rooibos. Flavored Honeybush. Organic Rooibos. Organic Flavored Rooibos. Organic Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Flavored Honeybush. Rooibos Tea Bags. Rooibos Tea Directory Yerba Mates. Yerba Mate. Flavored...
http://teahaven.com/organic-kukicha-tea/
*  Three Root Tea
... Loading... Please wait... My Account. Order Status. Wish Lists. Gift Certificates. View Cart. Sign in or Create an account. Search. Advanced Search. Search Tips. Black Teas. Black Tea. Decaf Black Tea. Flavored Black Tea. Organic Black Tea. Organic Flavored Black Tea. Black Tea Bags. Black Tea Directory Green Teas. Green Tea. Decaf Green Tea. Flavored Green Tea. Organic Green Tea. Organic Flavored Green Tea. Green Tea Bags. Green Tea Directory Oolong Teas. Oolong Tea. Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Blend. Organic Oolong Tea. Organic Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Bags. Oolong Tea Directory White Teas. White Tea. Flavored White Tea. White Tea Blend. Organic White Tea. Organic Flavored White Tea. White Tea Bags. White Tea Directory Pu-erh Teas. Pu-erh Tea. Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Organic Pu-erh Tea. Organic Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Pu-erh Tea Bags. Pu-erh Tea Directory Rooibos Teas. Rooibos. Flavored Rooibos. Flavored Green Rooibos. Flavored Honeybush. Organic Rooibos. Organic Flavored Rooibos. Organic Flavored...
http://teahaven.com/three-root-tea/
*  Thai Tea (Loose Tea)
Thai Tea Loose Tea. Black Teas. Black Tea. Decaf Black Tea. Flavored Black Tea. Organic Black Tea. Organic Flavored Black Tea. Black Tea Bags. Black Tea Directory Green Teas. Decaf Green Tea. Flavored Green Tea. Organic Green Tea. Organic Flavored Green Tea. Green Tea Bags. Green Tea Directory Oolong Teas. Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Blend. Organic Oolong Tea. Organic Flavored Oolong Tea. Oolong Tea Bags. Oolong Tea Directory White Teas. White Tea. Flavored White Tea. White Tea Blend. Organic White Tea. Organic Flavored White Tea. White Tea Bags. White Tea Directory Pu-erh Teas. Pu-erh Tea. Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Organic Pu-erh Tea. Organic Flavored Pu-erh Tea. Pu-erh Tea Bags. Pu-erh Tea Directory Rooibos Teas. Flavored Rooibos. Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Rooibos. Organic Flavored Rooibos. Organic Flavored Green Rooibos. Organic Flavored Honeybush. Rooibos Tea Bags. Rooibos Tea Directory Yerba Mates. Yerba Mate. Flavored Yerba Mate. Flavored Roasted Yerba Mate. Organic Yerba Mate. Organic Flavored Yer...
http://teahaven.com/thai-tea/
*  Chinese White Tea Benefits | Health Benefits of Drinking White Tea - WhiteTea.Com
Health Benefits of Drinking White Tea - WhiteTea.Com. contact about us sitemap. Home White Tea 101 History of White Tea Benefits of White Tea Types of White Tea Buy White Tea Articles. White Tea Articles. Produced from the buds and leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant, white tea is known to maintain most of the natural compounds that are naturally formed during the plants lifetime. For many years, white tea enthusiasts have touted the many health benefits of white tea, with the biggest benefit being the effects of white tea on helping in achieving and maintaining of a healthy weight. One of these chemicals, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, or EGCG, is now being looked at as having an even greater effect on weight loss than previously thought. In fact, the benefits of white tea are more than even the scientist's thought they would find. Health Benefits. Caffeine also increases the body's metabolism to help you lose weight and acts as a diuretic which can lower blood pressure. Restores fluid balance - Because caffe...
http://whitetea.com/benefits-of-white-tea.php
*  Organic White Tea | White Tea Loose Leaf | White Tea Leaves
Organic White Tea. White Tea Loose Leaf. White Tea Leaves. All Tea. Teaware. Gifts. 877-268-8327 Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. My Cart. Home Tea. - Artisan Tea Tins - Black Tea - Blooming Teas - Caffeine Free - Chai Tea - Dessert Teas - Exclusive Botanicals - Fall Holiday Teas - Green Tea - Iced Tea - Matcha Powdered Green Tea - New Products - NOA Blends - Oolong Tea - Pu-erh Tea - Black Label Teas - Rooibos - Sampler Sets - Teabag Sachets - Tea Of The Month Program - Wellness Teas Herbs - White Tea - Yerba Matė Guayusa - Sale Teaware. - Accessories Gear - Iced Teaware - On the Go Teaware - Storage Containers - Teacups - Teapots Gifts. - Gift Cards - Gifts Under $25 - Gifts $25 - $50 - Gifts Premium $50-$100+ - Tea of The Month Program Learn. - Tea 101 - Blog About Us. - Story - Experience - Relationship - Sustainability Program - Customized Tea Formulation - Fair Trade Program - Press Subscription Home. Tea. Bla...
http://artoftea.com/tea/white-tea/l/savory/energizing.html
*  Organic White Tea | White Tea Loose Leaf | White Tea Leaves
Organic White Tea. White Tea Loose Leaf. White Tea Leaves. All Tea. Teaware. Gifts. 877-268-8327 Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. My Cart. Home Tea. - Artisan Tea Tins - Black Tea - Blooming Teas - Caffeine Free - Chai Tea - Dessert Teas - Exclusive Botanicals - Fall Holiday Teas - Green Tea - Iced Tea - Matcha Powdered Green Tea - New Products - NOA Blends - Oolong Tea - Pu-erh Tea - Black Label Teas - Rooibos - Sampler Sets - Teabag Sachets - Tea Of The Month Program - Wellness Teas Herbs - White Tea - Yerba Matė Guayusa - Sale Teaware. - Accessories Gear - Iced Teaware - On the Go Teaware - Storage Containers - Teacups - Teapots Gifts. - Gift Cards - Gifts Under $25 - Gifts $25 - $50 - Gifts Premium $50-$100+ - Tea of The Month Program Learn. - Tea 101 - Blog About Us. - Story - Experience - Relationship - Sustainability Program - Customized Tea Formulation - Fair Trade Program - Press Subscription Home. Tea. Bla...
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Organic White Tea. White Tea Loose Leaf. White Tea Leaves. All Tea. Teaware. Gifts. 877-268-8327 Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. Shopping Cart - $0.00. You have no items in your shopping cart. My Cart. Home Tea. - Artisan Tea Tins - Black Tea - Blooming Teas - Caffeine Free - Chai Tea - Dessert Teas - Exclusive Botanicals - Fall Holiday Teas - Green Tea - Iced Tea - Matcha Powdered Green Tea - New Products - NOA Blends - Oolong Tea - Pu-erh Tea - Black Label Teas - Rooibos - Sampler Sets - Teabag Sachets - Tea Of The Month Program - Wellness Teas Herbs - White Tea - Yerba Matė Guayusa - Sale Teaware. - Accessories Gear - Iced Teaware - On the Go Teaware - Storage Containers - Teacups - Teapots Gifts. - Gift Cards - Gifts Under $25 - Gifts $25 - $50 - Gifts Premium $50-$100+ - Tea of The Month Program Learn. - Tea 101 - Blog About Us. - Story - Experience - Relationship - Sustainability Program - Customized Tea Formulation - Fair Trade Program - Press Subscription Home. Tea. Bla...
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Health effects of natural phenols and polyphenols: Because of the large structural diversity and extensive metabolism of dietary polyphenols, it is difficult to determine their fate in vivo and assert specific health effects. Although many are speculated to be part of the health-promoting effects of consuming fruits and vegetables, no evidence exists to date that dietary polyphenols actually provide health benefits.AlkylphenolGreen tea extractEpigallocatechin gallateRice wineBiflavonoid: Biflavonoids are a type of flavonoids with the general formula scheme (C6-C3-C6)2.Sinecatechins: Sinecatechins (USAN, trade names Veregen and Polyphenon E) is a specific water extract of green tea leaves from Camellia sinensis that is the active ingredient in an ointment approved by the FDA in 2006 as a botanical drug to treat genital warts.Masters KP New Drug Reviews: Sinecatechins (Veregen) for External Genital and Perianal Warts.PhytomedicinePolymer blend: A polymer blend or polymer mixture is a member of a class of materials analogous to metal alloys, in which at least two polymers are blended together to create a new material with different physical properties. Section 3.Cinnamtannin B1Trihydroxybenzoic acid: Trihydroxybenzoic acid may refer to the following phenolic acids :TroloxQuercetinViticulture: Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production, and study of grapes. It deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard.Ellagitannin: The ellagitannins are a diverse class of hydrolyzable tannins, a type of polyphenol formed primarily from the oxidative linkage of galloyl groups in 1,2,3,4,6-pentagalloyl glucose. Ellagitannins differ from gallotannins, in that their galloyl groups are linked through C-C bonds, whereas the galloyl groups in gallotannins are linked by depside bonds.TanninChlorogenic acidVitisin B (stilbenoid): Vitisin B}}Anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase: Anthocyanin 5-O-glucosyltransferase is an enzyme that forms anthocyanin 3,5-O-diglucoside from anthocyanin 3-O-glucoside.White chocolate: White chocolate is a chocolate derivative. It commonly consists of cocoa butter, sugar and milk solids and is characterized by a pale yellow or ivory appearance.Sooty blotch and flyspeck: Sooty blotch and flyspeck (SBFS) or 'apple summer disease' is a plant disease caused by a complex of saprophytic fungi which colonize the epicuticular wax layer of apple (Malus x domestica Borkh.).Grape seed extract: Grape seed extract (GSE) is industrial derivatives from whole grape seeds.First pass effect: The first-pass effect (also known as first-pass metabolism or presystemic metabolism) is a phenomenon of drug metabolism whereby the concentration of a drug is greatly reduced before it reaches the systemic circulation. It is the fraction of drug lost during the process of absorption which is generally related to the liver and gut wall.College of Practitioners of PhytotherapySports drink: Sports drinks are beverages whose stated purpose is to help athletes replace water, electrolytes, and energy after training or competition, though their efficacy for that purpose has been questioned, particularly after exercise which is only moderate.Fruit snack: A fruit snack is a processed food eaten as a snack in the United States. Fruit snacks are very similar to gummi candies.Photinia serratifolia: Photinia serratifolia (syn. Photinia serrulata), commonly called Taiwanese photinia or Chinese photinia is a flowering shrub or tree in the Rosaceae family of flowering plants, found in mixed forests of China, Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, Indonesia, and India.Pelobacter acidigallici: Pelobacter acidigallici is the type species in the bacteria genus Pelobacter.Punicacortein DStephens Cur: The Stephens Cur (aka Stephens' Stock Cur), is a scent hound that belongs to the Cur dog breed. They were originally bred by the Stephens family in southeastern Kentucky.The Cranberries discography: The Cranberries is an Irish rock band formed in Limerick in 1989, originally under the name The Cranberry Saw Us. Although widely associated with alternative rock, the band's sound incorporates post-punk and rock elements.Flavonols: Flavonols are a class of flavonoids that have the 3-hydroxyflavone backbone (IUPAC name : 3-hydroxy-2-phenylchromen-4-one). Their diversity stems from the different positions the phenolic -OH groups.Mayo Clinic Diet: The Mayo Clinic Diet is a diet created by Mayo Clinic. Prior to this, use of that term was generally connected to fad diets which had no association with Mayo Clinic.Roselle (plant): Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of Hibiscus native to West Africa,"Roselle" Encyclopædia Britannica used for the production of bast fibre and as an infusion, in which it may also be known as carcade. It is an annual or perennial herb or woody-based subshrub, growing to tall.Normal as Blueberry Pie – A Tribute to Doris Day: [ Allmusic review]Crataegus × mordenensis: Crataegus × mordenensis, Morden Hawthorn, is a hybrid that arose between two species in the genus Crataegus (Hawthorn), Crataegus laevigata and Crataegus succulenta. This hybrid was first raised at the Agriculture Canada Plant Breeding Station in Morden, Manitoba, in 1935.

(1/1083) Prevention of collagen-induced arthritis in mice by a polyphenolic fraction from green tea.

Identification of common dietary substances capable of affording protection or modulating the onset and severity of arthritis may have important human health implications. An antioxidant-rich polyphenolic fraction isolated from green tea (green tea polyphenols, GTPs) has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties in experimental animals. In this study we determined the effect of oral consumption of GTP on collagen-induced arthritis in mice. In three independent experiments mice given GTP in water exhibited significantly reduced incidence of arthritis (33% to 50%) as compared with mice not given GTP in water (84% to 100%). The arthritis index also was significantly lower in GTP-fed animals. Western blot analysis showed a marked reduction in the expression of inflammatory mediators such as cyclooxygenase 2, IFN-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in arthritic joints of GTP-fed mice. Histologic and immunohistochemical analysis of the arthritic joints in GTP-fed mice demonstrated only marginal joint infiltration by IFN-gamma and tumor necrosis factor alpha-producing cells as opposed to massive cellular infiltration and fully developed pannus in arthritic joints of non-GTP-fed mice. The neutral endopeptidase activity was approximately 7-fold higher in arthritic joints of non-GTP-fed mice in comparison to nonarthritic joints of unimmunized mice whereas it was only 2-fold higher in the arthritic joints of GTP-fed mice. Additionally, total IgG and type II collagen-specific IgG levels were lower in serum and arthritic joints of GTP-fed mice. Taken together our studies suggest that a polyphenolic fraction from green tea that is rich in antioxidants may be useful in the prevention of onset and severity of arthritis.  (+info)

(2/1083) Suppression of extracellular signals and cell proliferation by the black tea polyphenol, theaflavin-3,3'-digallate.

Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that the major green tea polyphenol, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), suppressed autophosphorylation of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor induced by EGF in human A431 epidermoid carcinoma cells. In this study, we examined the inhibitory effects of black tea polyphenols, including theaflavin (TF-1), a mixture (TF-2) of theaflavin-3-gallate (TF-2a) and theaflavin-3'-gallate (TF-2b), theaflavin-3,3'-digallate (TF-3) and the thearubigin fraction on the autophosphorylation of the EGF and PDGF receptors in A431 cells and mouse NIH3T3 fibroblast cells, respectively. First, we examined the effects of these polyphenols on the proliferation of A431 and NIH3T3 cells. Both EGCG and TF-3 strongly inhibited the proliferation of A431 and NIH3T3 cells more than the other theaflavins did. In cultured cells with pre-treatment of tea polyphenol, TF-3 was stronger than EGCG on the reduction of EGF receptor and PDGF receptor autophosphorylation induced by EGF and PDGF, respectively. Other theaflavins slightly reduced the autophosphorylation of the EGF and PDGF receptors; furthermore, TF-3 could reduce autophosphorylation of the EGF receptor (or PDGF receptor) even with co-treatment with EGF (or PDGF) and TF-3, but EGCG was inactive under these conditions. In addition, TF-3 was stronger than EGCG in blocking EGF binding to its receptor. These results suggest that not only the green tea polyphenol, EGCG, but also the black tea polyphenol, TF-3, have an antiproliferative activity on tumor cells, and the molecular mechanisms of antiproliferation may block the growth factor binding to its receptor and thus suppress mitogenic signal transduction.  (+info)

(3/1083) Prostate cancer chemoprevention by green tea: in vitro and in vivo inhibition of testosterone-mediated induction of ornithine decarboxylase.

Recently, we have shown that ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), a rate-controlling enzyme in the polyamine biosynthetic pathway, is overexpressed in prostate cancer (PCA) and prostatic fluid in humans (R. R. Mohan et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 5: 143-147, 1999). ODC is also characterized as an androgen-responsive gene, and the androgenic stimulation regulates the development and growth of both normal and tumorigenic prostate cells. Thus, chemopreventive approaches aimed toward the modulation of ODC could be effective against PCA. Green tea polyphenols (GTPs) possess strong chemopreventive properties against a variety of animal tumor models and in some human epidemiological studies. At least two epidemiological studies have suggested that people who consume tea regularly may have a decreased risk of PCA. In this study, we investigated the effect of GTPs against testosterone-mediated induction of ODC in human prostate carcinoma cells, LNCaP as an in vitro model, and in Cpb:WU rats and C57BL/6 mice as in vivo models. Treatment of LNCaP cells with testosterone resulted in induction of ODC activity in a dose-dependent manner. Pretreatment of the cells with GTPs resulted in a significant inhibition of testosterone-caused induction of ODC activity in a dose-dependent manner. Similar effects of GTPs were observed in anchorage-independent growth assay of LNCaP cells where pretreatment of the cells with GTP was found to result in dose-dependent inhibition of colony formation. Testosterone treatment of the cells resulted in a significant increase in the level of ODC mRNA, and this increase was almost completely abolished by prior treatment of the cells with GTPs. The administration of testosterone (10 mg/kg body weight, i.p.) to sham-operated and castrated Cpb:WU rats resulted in 2- and 38-fold increases in ODC activity, respectively, in the ventral prostate. Oral feeding of 0.2% GTPs in drinking water for 7 days before testosterone administration resulted in 20 and 54% decreases in testosterone-caused induction of ODC activity in sham-operated and castrated rats, respectively. Similar results were obtained with C57BL/6 mice, where testosterone treatment at similar dosage resulted in a 2-fold increase in ODC activity in the ventral prostate and prior oral feeding with 0.2% GTPs resulted in 40% inhibition in this induction.  (+info)

(4/1083) Histological analysis and ancient DNA amplification of human bone remains found in caius iulius polybius house in pompeii.

Thirteen skeletons found in the Caius Iulius Polybius house, which has been the object of intensive study since its discovery in Pompeii 250 years ago, have provided an opportunity to study either bone diagenesis by histological investigation or ancient DNA by polymerase chain reaction analysis. DNA analysis was done by amplifying both X- and Y-chromosomes amelogenin loci and Y-specific alphoid repeat locus. The von Willebrand factor (vWF) microsatellite locus on chromosome 12 was also analyzed for personal identification in two individuals showing alleles with 10/11 and 12/12 TCTA repeats, respectively. Technical problems were the scarcity of DNA content from osteocytes, DNA molecule fragmentation, microbial contamination which change bone structure, contaminating human DNA which results from mishandling, and frequent presence of Taq DNA polymerase inhibiting molecules like polyphenols and heavy metals. The results suggest that the remains contain endogenous human DNA that can be amplified and analyzed. The amplifiability of DNA corresponds to the bone preservation and dynamics of the burial conditions subsequent to the 79 A.D. eruption.  (+info)

(5/1083) Quinol-glutathione conjugate-induced mutation spectra in the supF gene replicated in human AD293 cells and bacterial MBL50 cells.

Hydroquinone is a nephrocarcinogen in rats but generally tests negative in standard mutagenicity assays. However, 2,3,5-tris-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone, a potent nephrotoxic metabolite of hydroquinone, and 2-bromo-bis-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone, another cytotoxic quinol-glutathione (GSH) conjugate, cause extensive single strand breaks in DNA in a manner that is dependent on the formation of reactive oxygen species. We, therefore, investigated whether quinol-GSH conjugates have the potential to behave as genotoxicants. The shuttle vector pSP189, containing the supF gene, was treated with 2,3,5-tris-(glutathion-S-yl)hydroquinone and replicated in both human AD293 cells and Escherichia coli MBL50 cells. The mutation frequency increased 4.6- and 2.6-fold in human AD293 and bacterial MBL50 cells, respectively. Base substitutions were the major type of mutations, and they occurred predominantly at G:C sites in both cell types. A high frequency of deletions (30%), including < 10- and > 10-bp deletions, were observed in AD293-replicated plasmids. The most common types of mutations in AD293 cells were G:C to A:T transitions (33.8%) and G:C to T:A (29.4%) and G:C to C:G (19.1%) transversions. In MBL50 cells, the major mutations were G:C to T:A (33.8%) and G:C to C:G (31.3%) transversions and G:C to A:T transitions (27.5%). The mutation spectra were similar to those reported for *OH-induced mutations, suggesting that *OH generated from polyphenolic-GSH conjugates not only plays a role in cytotoxicity but also provides a basis for their mutagenicity and carcinogenicity.  (+info)

(6/1083) Dietary supplementation of grape polyphenols to rats ameliorates chronic ethanol-induced changes in hepatic morphology without altering changes in hepatic lipids.

Increase in oxidative stress after chronic ethanol consumption can result in hepatic injury. Because polyphenolic compounds can offer antioxidant protection to the cardiovascular system, this study was designed to investigate whether dietary supplementation of polyphenols from grapes may ameliorate hepatic injury resulting from chronic ethanol consumption. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered the following diets for 2 mo: 1) Lieber-DeCarli (L-D) diet with isocaloric amount of maltose instead of ethanol (Basal), 2) the L-D diet with 50g/L ethanol (EtOH); 3) L-D diet with 50 mg/L of grape polyphenols (GP) and 4) ethanol diet with GP (EtOH + GP). Rats given EtOH or EtOH + GP diets had significantly more hepatic triacylglycerols (P < 0.0001) and lipid peroxidation products (P < 0.01) compared with those given the Basal and GP diets. In addition, ethanol ingestion also decreased significantly (P < 0.01) the proportion of 16:0 and increased 18:0 and 18:1 in hepatic phospholipids, suggesting a perturbation of the de novo fatty acid biosynthesis pathways. However, GP supplementation alone and GP added to the ethanol diet did not alter the lipid changes mediated by ethanol except for the levels of 22:6(n-3) which were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in the EtOH + GP group than in the EtOH group. Despite a lack of gross lipid changes, histologic assessment showed significantly (P < 0.05) less hepatic damage in the GP + EtOH group compared with the EtOH group. These results clearly distinguished ethanol-mediated changes in hepatic morphology from the changes in hepatic lipids and further demonstrated the ability of GP to ameliorate hepatic damage resulting from chronic ethanol consumption.  (+info)

(7/1083) Polyphenol tannic acid inhibits hydroxyl radical formation from Fenton reaction by complexing ferrous ions.

Tannic acid (TA), a plant polyphenol, has been described as having antimutagenic, anticarcinogenic and antioxidant activities. Since it is a potent chelator of iron ions, we decided to examine if the antioxidant activity of TA is related to its ability to chelate iron ions. The degradation of 2-deoxyribose induced by 6 microM Fe(II) plus 100 microM H2O2 was inhibited by TA, with an I50 value of 13 microM. Tannic acid was over three orders of magnitude more efficient in protecting against 2-deoxyribose degradation than classical *OH scavengers. The antioxidant potency of TA was inversely proportional to Fe(II) concentration, demonstrating a competition between H2O2 and AT for reaction with Fe(II). On the other hand, the efficiency of TA was nearly unchanged with increasing concentrations of the *OH detector molecule, 2-deoxyribose. These results indicate that the antioxidant activity of TA is mainly due to iron chelation rather than *OH scavenging. TA also inhibited 2-deoxyribose degradation mediated by Fe(III)-EDTA (iron = 50 microM) plus ascorbate. The protective action of TA was significantly higher with 50 microM EDTA than with 500 microM EDTA, suggesting that TA removes Fe(III) from EDTA and forms a complex with iron that cannot induce *OH formation. We also provided evidence that TA forms a stable complex with Fe(II), since excess ferrozine (14 mM) recovered 95-96% of the Fe(II) from 10 microM TA even after a 30-min exposure to 100-500 microM H2O2. Addition of Fe(III) to samples containing TA caused the formation of Fe(II)n-TA, complexes, as determined by ferrozine assays, indicating that TA is also capable of reducing Fe(III) ions. We propose that when Fe(II) is complexed to TA, it is unable to participate in Fenton reactions and mediate *OH formation. The antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic activity of TA, described elsewhere, may be explained (at least in part) by its capacity to prevent Fenton reactions.  (+info)

(8/1083) Red wine inhibits monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression and modestly reduces neointimal hyperplasia after balloon injury in cholesterol-Fed rabbits.

BACKGROUND: Wine consumption decreases the risk of myocardial infarction. Intimal hyperplasia contributes to restenosis after angioplasty. Local ethanol delivery inhibits intimal hyperplasia after balloon injury in rabbit iliac and pig coronary arteries. The effects of wine consumption on intimal response and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) expression were studied in cholesterol-fed rabbits. METHODS AND RESULTS: Male rabbits were fed a 2% cholesterol diet together with red wine (12.5% vol, 5 mL/kg body wt per day; n=7), white wine (13.3% vol, 5 mL/kg body wt per day; n=7), or no wine as a control (n=8) for 6 weeks. A balloon injury of the abdominal aorta was performed at the end of the third week. Abdominal aortas were harvested at the end of 6 weeks. Neointimal hyperplasia was measured morphometrically. MCP-1 expression was determined by Northern blot, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry. Rabbits fed red wine had significantly less neointimal hyperplasia than did control rabbits (intima/media area ratio 0.59+/-0.05 [red wine group] versus 0.79+/-0.07 [control group], P<0.05). However, rabbits fed white wine showed a trend (but not significant) toward less intimal response compared with control rabbits (intima/media area ratio 0.65+/-0.04 [white wine group] versus 0.79+/-0.07 [control group], P=0.165). Both red wine and white wine significantly reduced MCP-1 mRNA and protein expression in the aorta. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term consumption of red wine and white wine inhibits MCP-1 expression, and in the small number of animals studied, red wine modestly reduces neointimal hyperplasia. Since red wine exhibits higher antioxidant capacity than does white wine, the decreased intimal response might be partly attributed to its antioxidant effects.  (+info)