Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.Cytochromes b: Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Gene Flow: The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.DNA, Chloroplast: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of CHLOROPLASTS.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.South AmericaEndangered Species: An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.Caves: Geological formations consisting of underground enclosures with access from the surface.Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.Geological Processes: Events and activities of the Earth and its structures.Asia, Central: The geographical area of Asia comprising KAZAKHSTAN; KYRGYZSTAN; TAJIKISTAN; TURKMENISTAN; and UZBEKISTAN. The desert region of Kara Kum (Qara Qum) is largely in Turkmenistan and the desert region of Kyzyl Kum (Kizil Kum or Qizil Qum), is in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p233, 590, 636)Zygophyllaceae: A plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida which is a small family of small trees and shrubs growing in arid and warm regions.Genetic Speciation: The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.Bayes Theorem: A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.Animal Migration: Periodic movements of animals in response to seasonal changes or reproductive instinct. Hormonal changes are the trigger in at least some animals. Most migrations are made for reasons of climatic change, feeding, or breeding.Animal Distribution: A process by which animals in various forms and stages of development are physically distributed through time and space.North AmericaCentral AmericaMicrosatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Otters: Fish-eating carnivores of the family MUSTELIDAE, found on both hemispheres.Mediterranean Islands: Scattered islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The chief islands are the Balearic Islands (belong to Spain; Majorca and Minorca are among these), Corsica (belongs to France), Crete (belongs to Greece), CYPRUS (a republic), the Cyclades, Dodecanese and Ionian Islands (belong to Greece), MALTA (a republic), Sardinia and SICILY (belong to Italy). (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p747)Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.LizardsTibet: An autonomous region located in central Asia, within China.Murinae: A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Saint Lucia: An independent state in the West Indies. Its capital is Castries. It was probably discovered by Columbus in 1502 and first settled by the English in 1605. Contended for by the French and English in the 17th century, it was regarded as neutral in 1748 but changed hands many times in the wars of the 19th century. It became a self-governing state in association with Great Britain in 1967 and achieved independence in 1979. Columbus named it for the day on which he discovered it, the feast of St. Lucy, a Sicilian virgin martyr. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1051 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p477)Pacific OceanIndian Ocean Islands: Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).Genes, Mitochondrial: Genes that are located on the MITOCHONDRIAL DNA. Mitochondrial inheritance is often referred to as maternal inheritance but should be differentiated from maternal inheritance that is transmitted chromosomally.EuropeArbacia: A genus of SEA URCHINS in the family Arbaciidae. They have only one spheridium (stalked body) per ambulacral area (contains tube feet); most sea urchins have several spheridia per area.Perciformes: The most diversified of all fish orders and the largest vertebrate order. It includes many of the commonly known fish such as porgies, croakers, sunfishes, dolphin fish, mackerels, TUNA, etc.Tigers: The species Panthera tigris, a large feline inhabiting Asia. Several subspecies exist including the Siberian tiger and Sumatran tiger.Chromosomes, Human, Y: The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis: The detection of RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISMS by selective PCR amplification of restriction fragments derived from genomic DNA followed by electrophoretic analysis of the amplified restriction fragments.Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Caribbean Region: The area that lies between continental North and South America and comprises the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and the adjacent mainland regions of southern Mexico, Central America, Colombia, and Venezuela.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Northwestern United States: The geographic area of the northwestern region of the United States. The states usually included in this region are Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, and Wyoming.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Triturus: A genus of aquatic newts in the Salamandridae family. During breeding season many Triturus males have a dorsal crest which also serves as an accessory respiratory organ. One of the common Triturus species is Triturus cristatus (crested newt).Siberia: A region, north-central Asia, largely in Russia. It extends from the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and from the Arctic Ocean to central Kazakhstan and the borders of China and Mongolia.Ranidae: The family of true frogs of the order Anura. The family occurs worldwide except in Antarctica.Panicum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).ShrewsIslands: Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Nested Genes: Genes whose entire sequences are contained within other genes.Likelihood Functions: Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.Africa, Northern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ALGERIA; EGYPT; LIBYA; MOROCCO; and TUNISIA. It includes also the vast deserts and oases of the Sahara. It is often referred to as North Africa, French-speaking Africa, or the Maghreb. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p856)AfricaEcosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Atlantic OceanConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Rotifera: A class of minute animals of the phylum Aschelminthes.Snails: Marine, freshwater, or terrestrial mollusks of the class Gastropoda. Most have an enclosing spiral shell, and several genera harbor parasites pathogenic to man.Isopoda: One of the largest orders of mostly marine CRUSTACEA, containing over 10,000 species. Like AMPHIPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Amphipoda, they possess abdominal pleopods (modified as gills) and their bodies are dorsoventrally flattened.Ice Cover: A thick mass of ICE formed over large regions of land; RIVERS; LAKES; ponds; or SEAWATER.Passeriformes: A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.Electron Transport Complex IV: A multisubunit enzyme complex containing CYTOCHROME A GROUP; CYTOCHROME A3; two copper atoms; and 13 different protein subunits. It is the terminal oxidase complex of the RESPIRATORY CHAIN and collects electrons that are transferred from the reduced CYTOCHROME C GROUP and donates them to molecular OXYGEN, which is then reduced to water. The redox reaction is simultaneously coupled to the transport of PROTONS across the inner mitochondrial membrane.Gastropoda: A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of SNAILS and slugs. The former have coiled external shells and the latter usually lack shells.Urodela: An order of the Amphibia class which includes salamanders and newts. They are characterized by usually having slim bodies and tails, four limbs of about equal size (except in Sirenidae), and a reduction in skull bones.Middle East: The region of southwest Asia and northeastern Africa usually considered as extending from Libya on the west to Afghanistan on the east. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Mustelidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.Models, Genetic: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.DNA, Plant: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of plants.Ursidae: The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Indian Ocean: A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)ChileBiodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Cyprinidae: A family of freshwater fish comprising the minnows or CARPS.Ixodidae: A family of hardbacked TICKS, in the subclass ACARI. Genera include DERMACENTOR and IXODES among others.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Cichlids: Common name for perch-like fish of the family Cichlidae, belonging to the suborder Labroidei, order PERCIFORMES.Beetles: INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Chiroptera: Order of mammals whose members are adapted for flight. It includes bats, flying foxes, and fruit bats.Ecology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Genetic Drift: The fluctuation of the ALLELE FREQUENCY from one generation to the next.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Genetic Loci: Specific regions that are mapped within a GENOME. Genetic loci are usually identified with a shorthand notation that indicates the chromosome number and the position of a specific band along the P or Q arm of the chromosome where they are found. For example the locus 6p21 is found within band 21 of the P-arm of CHROMOSOME 6. Many well known genetic loci are also known by common names that are associated with a genetic function or HEREDITARY DISEASE.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.DNA, Ribosomal Spacer: The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).Genetic Markers: A phenotypically recognizable genetic trait which can be used to identify a genetic locus, a linkage group, or a recombination event.

*  .. This Week in PLOS NTDs and PLOS Pathogens: the Crisis in U.S. Science Funding, HIV Superinfectio
Rates in Women, the Phylogeography of JEV, and More By PLOS Neglected ... ← How Access to Life-Saving Antisera is Dwindling Fast, and What to do About it The Long Road to Repair: A U.S. National Post-doc for Science Education and Advocacy →. This Week in PLOS NTDs and PLOS Pathogens: the Crisis in U.S. Science Funding, HIV Superinfection Rates in Women, the Phylogeography of JEV, and More By PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases and PLOS Pathogens Posted: August 29, 2013. The following new articles are publishing this week in PLOS NTDs:. Drs. Little is known about the evolution, geographical distribution and epidemiology of the five JEV genotypes. The World Health Organization recommends at least 3 annual antibiotic mass drug administrations MDA where the prevalence of trachoma is 10% in children ages 1-9 years. Sheila West and colleagues find that the WHO’s recommendation falls short of what is necessary for an MDA to achieve maximum efficacy, even with high coverage rates. The following new articles are publi...
http://blogs.plos.org/speakingofmedicine/2013/08/29/this-week-in-plos-ntds-and-plos-pathogens-the-crisis-in-u-s-science-funding-hiv-superinfection-rates-in-women-the-phylogeography-of-jev-and-more/
*  Polyploidy and the phylogeography of Campanula rotundifolia L. in the British Isles and Ireland -
Polyploidy and the phylogeography of Campanula rotundifolia L. in the ... Polyploidy and the phylogeography of Campanula rotundifolia L. in the ... Polyploidy and the phylogeography of Campanula rotundifolia L. in the ... polyploidy and the phylogeography of campanula rotundifolia l in the british isles and ireland nerc open research archive nerc ac uk help contact us home about browse search statistics nerc staff login polyploidy and the phylogeography of campanula rotundifolia l in the british isles and ireland tools tools tools rdf xml bibtex rdf n triples json refworks dublin core simple metadata refer mets simple metadata ishare html citation ascii citation openurl contextobject endnote dublin core ishare openurl contextobject in span mods mpeg didl ep xml reference manager rdf n multiline csv shepherd jessica rosemary polyploidy and the phylogeography of campanula rotundifolia l in the...
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*  Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: The human settlement in Eurasia: The mountainous Central Asia and the
' Genetics based phylogeography!!. Until you prove me that natural ... ' Genetics based phylogeography!!. As i said, unless you prove me that ... June 09, 2008. Monday, June 09, 2008 11:54:00 a.m. Monday, June 09, 2008 7:03:00 p.m. Maju said... Tuesday, June 10, 2008 12:58:00 a.m. Tuesday, June 10, 2008 12:42:00 p.m. Maju said... Tuesday, June 10, 2008 12:59:00 p.m. Tuesday, June 10, 2008 3:12:00 p.m. Also dear Maju we have no clue when and how natural selection takes place in Y-DNA or mtDNA. We have skeletons and a full paleontological horizon in cases where Neanderthals and Moderns have mixed. Tuesday, June 10, 2008 3:56:00 p.m. Tuesday, June 10, 2008 6:21:00 p.m. Maju said... Also dear Maju we have no clue when and how natural selection takes place in Y-DNA or mtDNA. Third, modern humans from Portugal to Siberia are also extremely likely to give very homogeneous mtDNA: obviously all will be L3, most likely in a small sample all will be N, pretty likely they will be R and even it's very probable they will...
http://dienekes.blogspot.com/2008/06/human-settlement-in-eurasia-mountainous.html?showComment=1213090920000
*  History of anthropometry
traits. Phylogeography, race and human origins Race and brain ... History of anthropometry History of anthropometry. The 'history of anthropometry' includes the use of anthropometry as an early tool of physical anthropology, use for identification, use for the purposes of understanding human physical variation, in paleoanthropology, and in various attempts to correlate physical with racial and psychological traits. Phylogeography, race and human origins Race and brain size. Morton claimed that he could judge intellectual capacity by cranial capacity. Physiognomy claimed a correlation between physical features especially facial features and character traits. Anthropometry was used extensively by anthropologists studying human and racial origins: some attempted racial differentiation and classification, often seeking ways in which certain races were inferior to others. As anthropologists gained access to methods of skull measure they developed racial classification based on skull shape. In some studies, Caucas...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_anthropometry
*  Phylogeography
Phylogeography Phylogeography. 3 Development Phylogeography and ... Comparative phylogeography Human phylogeography Phylogeography of ... viruses Phylogeography of languages See also References. 4 ... Phylogeography Phylogeography. 3 Development Phylogeography and conservation Comparative phylogeography Human phylogeography Phylogeography of viruses Phylogeography of languages See also References. 4 Historical biogeography addresses how historical geological, climatic and ecological conditions influenced the current distribution of species. Phylogeography and conservation. Phylogeographic analyses have also played an important role in defining evolutionary significant unit s ESU, a unit of conservation below the species level that is often defined on unique geographic distribution and mitochondrial genetic patterns. The authors of this study also found that patterns of phylogeographic diversity were more associated with historical rather than modern drainage connections, indicating that major shifts in th...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phylogeography
*  Ana Topf (Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne) on ResearchGate
9. View all. Phylogeography. ×. 57 Questions. 3,390 Followers....
http://researchgate.net/profile/Ana_Topf
*  Browsing IBERS Research papers by Author "Hirai, Hirohisa"
the evolution and phylogeography of the genus Schistosoma . Lawton, ... Browsing IBERS Research papers by Author "Hirai, Hirohisa". English Welsh. Cadair Home. Gwyddorau Biolegol, Amgylcheddol a Gwledig / Biological, Environmental Rural Sciences. IBERS Research papers. → Browsing IBERS Research papers by Author. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Browsing IBERS Research papers by Author "Hirai, Hirohisa". Or enter first few letters:. Sort by: title issue date submit date Order: ascending descending Results: 5 10 20 40 60 80 100. Now showing items 1-3 of 3. Developmentally regulated expression, alternative splicing and distinct sub-groupings in members of the Schistosoma mansoni venom allergen-like SmVAL gene family . ; Schmid, Ralph ; Hirai, Hirohisa ; Hoffmann, Karl Francis 2008-02-23. Background: The Sperm-coating protein/Tpx-1/Ag5/PR-1/Sc7 SCP/TAPS domain is foundacross phyla and is a major structural feature of insect allergens, mammalian sperm proteins andparasitic nematode secreted molecules. ...
http://cadair.aber.ac.uk/dspace/handle/2160/1336/browse?value=Hirai, Hirohisa&type=author
*  Halimeda
ecology, and phylogeography of ''Halimeda''. Bryopsidales '' ... E. Evolution and phylogeography of ''Halimeda'' section ''Halimeda ... Halimeda Halimeda. thumb|Fossilised 'Halimeda' 'Halimeda' is a genus of green macroalgae. The algal body thallus is composed of calcified green segments. Calcium carbonate is deposited in its tissues, making it inedible to most herbivore s. As in other members of the order Bryopsidales, individual organisms are made up of single multi-nucleate cells. Whole meadows may consist of a single individual alga connected by fine threads running through the substrate. 'Halimeda' is responsible for distinctive circular deposits in various parts of the Great Barrier Reef on the north-east coast of Queensland, Australia. 'Halimeda' beds form in the western or lee side of outer shield reefs where flow of nutrient-rich water from the open sea allows them to flourish, and are the most extensive, actively accumulating 'Halimeda' beds in the world. The genus is one of the best studied exampl...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halimeda
*  Hypnea
phylogenetics phylogeography of hypnea valentiae in india...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypnea
*  Kordofan giraffe
for taxonomy phylogeography and conservation of giraffes in west ... kordofan giraffe kordofan giraffe the kordofan giraffe giraffa camelopardalis antiquorum is a subspecies of giraffe found in northern cameroon southern chad central african republic and possibly western sudan hassanin a a ropiquet a l gourmand b chardonnet and j rigoulet mitochondrial dna variability in giraffa camelopardalis consequences for taxonomy phylogeography and conservation of giraffes in west and central africa c r biologies historically some confusion has existed over the exact range limit of this subspecies compared to the west african giraffe with populations in e g northern cameroon formerly assigned to the latter genetic work has also revealed that all west african giraffe in european zoo s are in fact kordofan giraffe compared to most other subspecies the kordofan giraffe has relatively small more irregular spots on the inner legs its english name is a reference to kordofan in sudan references external links category giraff...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kordofan_giraffe
*  phylogeography | SciVee
phylogeography scivee login username password register forget your password click here follow scivee login upload home journals conferences education search all content all content journals conferences education communities sciveecasts videos all content journals conferences education communities sciveecasts videos please enter at least characters the global spread of hepatitis c virus submitted by gkikas magiorkinis this video is a slideshow describing the main findings of our paper the global spread of hepatitis c virus a and b a phylogeographic and phylodynamic analysis published in plos medicine on the th december article solutions products journals conferences teachyou education brochure navigation upload search help partners terms privacy about contact media scivee...
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*  Centre for Geographical Analysis
... home expertise services projects courses contact contact details tel fax projects current projects completed projects wind turbine viewsheds completed automated land cover use mapping for stellenbosch and george completed independant accuracy assessment land cover in the kavango zambezi completed land cover mapping of the berg river catchment western cape completed transfrontier conservation in south africa completed table mountain national park visitor and user survey december to november completed photogrammetry for land cover change detection completed the development of an object oriented technique for land cover change detection completed cape land use expert system clues development completed growth potential of towns in the western cape completed western cape digital elevation model nd edition development completed news new website coming soon read more new short course read more cga short course schedule read more centre for geographical analysis all rights reserved designed by snowball...
http://academic.sun.ac.za/cga/projects/
*  STDistance (geography Data Type)
STDistance geography Data Type. By using this site you agree to the use of cookies for analytics, personalized content and ads. Developer Network Developer Network Developer Sign in MSDN subscriptions. http://www.facebook.com/microsoftdeveloper. Data. Visual Studio. MSDN subscription access. Office resources. SharePoint Server 2013 resources. SQL Server 2014 Express resources. Windows Server 2012 resources. Programs. Startups. Microsoft Imagine. Microsoft Student Partners. Forums. MSDN Subscriptions. Community. Forums. Blogs. Channel 9. Dev centers. geography Transact-SQL. geography Data Type Method Reference. OGC Methods on Geography Instances. OGC Methods on Geography Instances. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. STDistance geography Data Type. Collapse the table of content Expand the table of content. STDistance geography Data Type. SQL Server 2012. SQL Server 2008 R2. SQL Server 2008. Applies To: SQL Server 2014, SQL Server 2016 Preview Returns ...
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*  Bonhams : LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August
... 8, 1967,. Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot Details + -. Auctions. Services. Contact. Connect with us. Lot 90 LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, Sold for US$ 2,250 inc. premium. All lots. Lot Details LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, gelatin silver print mounted, 8 x 14 inches 215 x 360 mm overall, printed caption pasted on verso. View Conditions of Sale. Go to Space History. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services. Buyers' Obligations ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team. Buyers' Premium and C...
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*  Bonhams : LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August
... 8, 1967,. Connect with us Create Account Log In Connect with us. Bonhams. Lot Details + -. Auctions. Services. Contact. Connect with us. Lot 90 LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, Sold for US$ 2,250 inc. premium. All lots. Lot Details LUNAR ORBITER V. Earth from lunar orbit, with diagram of the geographical features, August 8, 1967, gelatin silver print mounted, 8 x 14 inches 215 x 360 mm overall, printed caption pasted on verso. View Conditions of Sale. Go to Space History. If you have queries about lots purchased in this auction, please contact customer services. Buyers' Obligations ALL BIDDERS MUST AGREE THAT THEY HAVE READ AND UNDERSTOOD BONHAMS' CONDITIONS OF SALE AND AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THEM, AND AGREE TO PAY THE BUYER'S PREMIUM AND ANY OTHER CHARGES MENTIONED IN THE NOTICE TO BIDDERS. If you have any complaints or questions about the Conditions of Sale, please contact your nearest customer services team. Buyers' Premium and C...
http://bonhams.com/auctions/20830/lot/90/?page_lots=5
*  Geography | UW-Milwaukee
Geography. UW-Milwaukee. PAWS. Email. Discover UWM. Student Life. For Faculty and Staff. For Alumni. Request Info. Apply. Give to UWM. PAWS. Email. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee College of Letters & Science Geography Powerful Ideas. Undergraduate. Major. Geographical Information Track. Urban Track. Environmental Track. Physical Systems Track. Globalization Development Track. Minor in Geography. Minor in GIS. Apply to UWM. Courses Offered. Undergraduate Advising. Declaration of Major Procedures. Graduate. MA/MS, MA/MLIS, PhD Programs. PhD in Geography. PhD Degrees Awarded by the Department. MA/MS in Geography. MA/MLIS Coordinated Degree Program. Master s Degrees Awarded by the Department. Graduate GIS Certificate. Courses Offered. Application Procedures. Mary Jo Read Awards. Graduate Handbook Forms. Alumni Information. Faculty. Adjunct and Affiliated Faculty. Graduate Students. Physical Geography. Human Geography. GIS/Remote Sensing. American Geographical Society Library. Geography News Student Spotlight: ...
http://uwm.edu/geography/
*  USGS: Science Topics: science programs
... USGS Home Contact USGS Search USGS. Science Topics. Maps, Imagery, and Publications Hazards Newsroom Education Jobs Partnerships Library About USGS Podcasts/RSS. Science programs Broadly organized scientific research and monitoring activities. Citizen science programs 2 items. Interagency programs 47 items. Interdisciplinary programs 6 items. Partnerships 38 items. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program GAM conducts studies about land surface change, environmental and human health, fire and urban ecology, and natural hazards to help decision-makers in land-use planning and land management. Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program current studies. Links to current Geographic Analysis and Monitoring GAM studies. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC wildland fire perimeters, 2008. Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC wildland fire support. Description of the Geospatial Multi-Agency Coordination GeoMAC project, online maps of current wildland fi...
http://usgs.gov/science/science.php?term=1761&b=50&n=10
*  Urban Modelling (Hardback) - Routledge
Geography. Urban Studies. For the Press. Urban Modelling. The history of urban modelling can be seen as the development of submodels which, in more ambitious projects, are then combined into comprehensive models. Rapkin, Urban Traffic: A Function of Land Use Columbia University Press, 1954. J D Carroll, Spatial Interaction and the Urban-Metropolitan Regional Description, Papers, Regional Science Association, 1955, 1, 1 14. A G Wilson, A Statistical Theory of Spatial Distribution Models, Transportation Research, 1967, 1, 253 69. H Stevens, A Model for the Distribution of Residential Activity in an Urban Area, Journal of Regional Science, 1960, 2, 21 36. B Winsten, Studies in the Economics of Transportation Yale University Press, 1956, pp. Mackie, The Calibration of Gravity, Entropy and Related Models of Spatial Interaction, Environment and Planning, 1972, 4, 205 33. G Wilson, Explorations and Syntheses of Linear Programming and Spatial Interaction Models of Residential Location, Geographical Analysis, 1974, 6,...
https://routledge.com/products/9780415694605
*  Health geography
... Image:HAV prevalence 2005.png 'Health geography' is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care. Overview History of health geography Areas of study Geographies of disease and ill health. Geography of health care provision. Mobility and Disease Tracking. Health geographers See also References External links. The study of health geography has been influenced by re positioning of medical geography within the field of social geography due to a shift from a medical model to a social model in healthcare, which advocates for the redefinition of health and health care away from prevention and treatment of illness only to one of promoting well-being in general. Under this model, some previous illnesses e.g., mental ill health are recognized as behavior disturbances only, and other types of medicine e.g., complementary or alternative medicine and traditional medicine are studied by the medicine researchers, sometimes with the aid of healt...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_geography
*  Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. 2012
Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Metadata also available as - - - Frequently anticipated questions:. What does this data set describe. How does the data set represent geographic features. How does the data set describe geographic features. Why was the data set created. How was the data set created. How were the data generated, processed, and modified. How can I download or order the data. Who wrote the metadata. What does this data set describe. Title: Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. Complexities within near-reef waters are likely the norm and we seek to better model the primary controls on near-reef carbonate chemistry. Hendee, James C., 20130808, Turbulent Transfer Velocity within Benthic Boundary Layer of Cheeca AOAT. West Bounding Coordinate: -80.62 East Bounding Coordinate: -80.62 North Bounding Coordinate: 20.9 South Bounding Coordinate: 20.9. How d...
http://coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/faq/aoat_cheeca_rocks_watervelocity_2012.html
*  Amazon's vulnerability to climate change heightened by deforestation and man-made dispersal barrier
... s - Feeley - 2012 - Global Change Biology - Wiley Online Library. Our site uses cookies to improve your experience. You can find out more about our use of cookies in About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described in About Cookies. Remove maintenance message. Skip to main content. Log in / Register. Advertisement. Go to old article view. Advertisement. Global Change Biology Explore this journal. Explore this journal Previous article in issue: Contrasting effects of low and high nitrogen additions on soil CO2 flux components and ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarp production in a boreal forest. Previous article in issue: Contrasting effects of low and high nitrogen additions on soil CO2 flux components and ectomycorrhizal fungal sporocarp production in a boreal forest Next article in issue: Tidal freshwater forest accretion does not keep pace with sea level rise. Next article in issue: Tidal fre...
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12012/abstract?wol1URL=/doi/10.1111/gcb.12012/abstract&globalMessage=0®ionCode=US-VA&identityKey=55457ba5-f3df-41ea-8fe4-b44d50893d8b
*  Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope (delta 13C, delta 18O) Data for 1893 to 1994
Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994. Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994. What does this data set describe. How does the data set represent geographic features. How does the data set describe geographic features. Why was the data set created. How was the data set created. What does this data set describe. Title: Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994 Abstract: 101 year stable isotope record from P. lobata, core 4B, Clipperton Atoll, eastern Pacific. Sampling at annual and 12/year resolution, files clipperton.4B.iso.txt and clipperton.4B.iso.12yr.txt. 25 year stable isotope record, spanning 1994 to 1970, from cores 3C and 2B, Clipperton Atoll, as shown in Linsley et al 1999. Files clipperton.2B.iso.txt and clipperton.3C.iso.txt. Linsley, B.K., Ren, L., Dunbar, R.B., and Howe, S.S., 200009, Clipperton Atoll Core 4B Stable Isotope delta 13C, delta 18O Data for 1893 to 1994: Wo...
http://coris.noaa.gov/metadata/records/faq/paleoclimatology_clipperton_4b_2000.html
*  Population geography
... thumb px map of world population density in population geography is a division of human geography it is the study of the ways in which spatial variations in the distribution composition migration and growth of populations are related to the nature of places population geography involves demography in a geographical perspective it focuses on the characteristics of population distributions that change in a spatial context examples can be shown through population density maps a few types of maps that show the spatial layout of population are choropleth isoline and dot maps population geography studies demographic phenomena natality mortality growth rates etc through both space and time increase or decrease in population numbers the movements and mobility of populations occupational structure the way in which places in turn react to population phenomena e g immigration research topics of other geographic sub disciplines such as settlement geography have also a population geographic dimension grouping of peop...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_geography
*  Make Ganaie Committee report public: Beig - Kashmir Times
... Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Creation of new Administrative Units, a paper exercise. Make Ganaie Committee report public: Beig. JAMMU, Jan 13:Alleging that State Government is hell-bent to create confusion and want to sow the seeds of animosity amoung people with in districts, Peoples Democratic Party Monday said that Cabinet Sub-Committee constituted for examining the creation of new Administrative Units is a mockery and the decisions that would be taken in this regard would be solely ‘paper exercise’. Even the portion of recommendations made by the earlier Biloeria committee should be put in public domain. PDP would want to make it clear that any lopsided, manipulative, injudicious or politically oriented creation of administrative units will not only take away the advantage that the ruling party desires to get out of this last hour poll gimmick, but will also create immense anger among the public who will feel deprived of the ...
http://kashmirtimes.in/newsdet.aspx?q=28293
*  Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences > Geography and Environment" and Year
Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences Geography and Environment" and Year is 2012 - ePrints Soton. Items where Division is "Faculty of Social and Human Sciences Geography and Environment" and Year is 2012. Alegana, Victor, Wright, J.A., Petrina, Uusiku, Noor, Abdisalan, Snow, Robert and Atkinson, Peter M. International Journal of Health Geographics, 11, 6, 6-. doi:10.1186/1476-072X-11-6., Lemey, Philippe, Tatem, Andrew J. doi:10.1093/molbev/msr320. PMID:22319149. doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2011.05.027. Journal of Quaternary Science, 27, 8, 757-770. doi:10.1002/jqs.2561. University of Southampton, Geography, Doctoral Thesis, 398 pp. Battarbee, Richard, Simpson, Gavin, Shilland, Ewan, Flower, Roger, Kreiser, Annette, Yang, Hong and Clarke, Gina. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.10.024. In Press., Tatem, A.J. doi:10.1017/S0950268811002032. PMID:22009033. University of Southampton, Geography, Doctoral Thesis, 487 pp. doi:10.1007/s10640-011-9535-1. doi:10.2747/0272-3638.33.6.796. University of Southamp...
http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/view/divisions/uos2011-F8-WR/2012.html
*  Flashcards about McDougal Littell Voc
... Login with Facebook or... Username. Password. Reset Password Free Sign Up. Query. Search. Free flashcards for serious fun studying. Create your own or use sets shared by other students and teachers. Remove ads Home. Geography. McDougal Littell Voc. Don't know 0 Know 0 remaining cards 0. Save retry show Answer first auto play. fix restart shuffle help Speak Pause 0:01. To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key. To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box. You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box. You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center. Pass complete. "Know" box contains:. Time elapsed:. Retries:. retry the cards in the incorrect box restart all cards. Flashcards. Matching. Hangman. Crossword. Type In. Quiz. Test. StudyStack. Study Table. B...
http://studystack.com/flashcard-904836
*  CH391L/S12/CH391L/S12/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... CH391L/S12/CH391L/S12/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction From OpenWetWare CH391L/S12 Revision as of 15:45, 13 February 2012 by Jared Ellefson Talk. 1 What is Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction. 1.1 Pipeline for Generating Ancestral Genes 1.1.1 Methods of Inferring Ancient Sequences 1.1.2 Gene Synthesis 1.1.3 Testing Ancestral Variants. 1.2 Examples of Ancestral Sequence Reconstructions 1.2.1 Evolution of Coral Pigments 1.2.2 Inferring the Paleoenvironment of ancient Earth. What is Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. Sequence Reconstruction Example. Sequences from extant species of the desired common ancestral gene and outgroup genes are aligned. The ancestral gene is inferred based on evolutionary models typically maximum parsimony or maximum likelihood. Ancestral genes are cloned and tested for function. Methods of Inferring Ancient ...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S12/CH391L/S12/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&oldid=583945
*  CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction refers to the construction of hypothesized protein or DNA sequences belonging to a common ancestor of extant proteins or DNA. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. The method was originally discussed by Pauling and Zuckerkandl in 1963 cite Pauling /cite, almost 30 years before the theory was experimentally tested. Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction refers to the construction of hypothesized protein or DNA sequences belonging to a common ancestor of extant proteins or DNA. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. The method was originally discussed by Pauling and Zuckerkandl in 1963 cite Pauling /cite, almost 30 years before the theory was experimentally tested. ==Pipeline for Generating Ancestral Genes==...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&diff=677463&oldid=677462
*  CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 19:53, 24 February 2013 view source Aurko Dasgupta Talk. contribs → Evolution of Coral Pigments ← Previous diff. Revision as of 19:55, 24 February 2013 view source Aurko Dasgupta Talk. contribs → Evolution of Coral Pigments Next diff →. Line 30:. Line 30:. One example of ancestral sequence reconstruction was done by the Matz group currently residing at the University of Texas at Austin. Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wavelengths corresponding to Cyan, Green, and Red cite #Ugalde /cite. The details of the evolution of fluorescent color in the GFP superfamily was not fully understand. That is, what fluorescent spectra did the common ancestors of the modern corals have. One example of ancestral sequence reconstruction was done by the Matz group currently residing at the University of Texas at Austin. Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wav...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&diff=678933&oldid=678932
*  Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001)
branching order of bacterial phyla gupta branching order of bacterial phyla gupta bacterial phyla there are several models of the branching order of bacterial phyla one of these was proposed in by gupta based on conserved indels or protein termed protein signatures an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels however they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla one feature of the cladogram obtained with this method is the clustering of cell wall morphology with some exceptions from monoderms to transitional diderms to traditional diderms in the cladogram below yellow pseudopeptidoglycan monoderms gram variable red thick peptidoglycan monoderms gram positive blue thin peptidoglycan diderms gram negative green atypical see note in parethesis cladex style width auto bar gold archaea cladex bar crimson firmicutes cladex bar crimson actinobacteria see also branching order of bacterial phyla woese branching order ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Branching_order_of_bacterial_phyla_(Gupta,_2001)
*  CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wavelengths corresponding to Cyan, Green, and Red. That is, what fluorescent spectra did the common ancestors of the modern corals have. Sequences for the common ancestor nodes were synthesized and tested for their activity. The common ancestor to all the superfamily had a green emission peak. The more recent common ancestor of Green/Red had two emission peaks; a strong green peak and a smaller red peak. Fluorescent proteins from related coral species had wavelengths corresponding to Cyan, Green, and Red. That is, what fluorescent spectra did the common ancestors of the modern corals have. Sequences for the common ancestor nodes were synthesized and tested for their activity. The common ancestor to all the superfamily had a green emission peak. The more recent common ancestor of Green/Red had two emission peaks; a strong green peak and a smaller red peak. 1.2 Examples of Ancestral Sequence Reconstructions 1.2.1 Evolution of Coral Pigments 1.2.2 Inferring the...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&diff=678913&oldid=678912
*  The FASTML Server - Server for computing Maximum Likelihood ancestral sequence reconstruction
the fastml server server for computing maximum likelihood ancestral sequence reconstruction home overview gallery source code citing credits old version the fastml server server for computing maximum likelihood ancestral sequence reconstruction type your multiple sequence alignment msa fasta format only or upload your multiple sequence alignment msa file sequences type amino acids nucleotides codons type your phylogenetic tree optional newick format only or upload phylogenetic tree file newick format only model of substitution jtt default lg mtrev for mitochondrial proteins cprev for chloroplasts proteins wag dayhoff jc model jukes and cantor t model tamura hky model hasegawa kishino and yano gtr generalised time reversible yang for codon sequences empiricodon for codon sequences please enter your email address optional your email address will be used to update you the moment the results are ready load an example advanced options phylogenetic tree method maximum likelihood ml neighbor joining optimize branch ...
http://fastml.tau.ac.il/
*  Comparison of Protein Sequences: BLAST searching and Phylogenetic Tree Construction
... Inquiry-based Integrated Instructional Units Comparison of Protein Sequences: BLAST searching and Phylogenetic Tree Construction. It accompanies several weeks of wet lab work in which students clone cDNAs encoding Cytochrome P450 1A CYP1A from animals primarily fish collected locally and exposed to pollution compounds that induce expression of the enzyme. In this exercise, students perform BLAST searches of reported CYP1A sequences and construct phylogenetic trees using CYP1A amino acid sequences from various vertebrate species, especially those with multiple CYP1A paralogs. Thus, evolutionary analysis of CYP1A sequences from many species provides an opportunity to explore the number and timing of gene duplications during vertebrate evolution. Three short readings about gene duplication in evolution and phylogenetic analysis are provided at least one week prior to class. These readings complement earlier readings that specifically concern the cloning and evolutionary analysis of CYP1A genes in fish. Mate...
http://serc.carleton.edu/genomics/units/19100.html
*  Talk:CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction - OpenWetWare
... Talk:CH391L/S13/Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction. From OpenWetWare. Talk:CH391L/S13 Revision as of 00:02, 24 February 2013 by Aurko Dasgupta Talk. contribs. diff ←Older revision. Current revision diff. Newer revision→ diff. Jump to: navigation, search. Gabriel Wu 16:59, 18 February 2013 EST : Remove the cost and methods of gene synthesis or just reference the dna assembly section we've already gone over. Expand the codon optimization section unless this fits better in somewhere else. Gabriel Wu 16:59, 18 February 2013 EST : How does Pauling's proposal for ancestral gene construction relate to the actual discovery of DNA structure. Benjamin Gilman 13:21, 21 February 2013 EST : The Pauling and Zuckerkandl paper came out when the only protein sequence information we had came from limited peptide sequencing methods like Edman degradation N-terminal sequencing. You might add something about the shift to using DNA or RNA sequences to infer protein sequence once techniques like Maxam-Gilbert and Sanger sequenc...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=Talk:CH391L/S13/Ancestral_Sequence_Reconstruction&direction=prev&oldid=678776
*  Ancestral reconstruction
'Ancestral Reconstruction' also known as 'Character Mapping' or 'Character Optimization' is a method in evolutionary biology by which one can attempt to understand the phenotypic and genetic states of organisms that lived millions of years ago. Maximum Parsimony. Maximum likelihood. They are: maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and the Bayesian Inference. Maximum parsimony is the method that came about first. Maximum likelihood accounts for what we know about the likelihood of various events, which is that they are not all equal. Maximum Parsimony. Maximum Parsimony. Maximum likelihood. The main difference between this and maximum parsimony is that the maximum likelihood test accounts for the fact that not all events are equally likely to happen. When this is the case, maximum parsimony may actually be more accurate because it is more willing to make large, unlikely leaps than maximum likelihood is. Maximum likelihood has been shown to be quite reliable in reconstructing character states however it does no...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancestral_reconstruction
*  Viral phylodynamics
... Due to the impact that transmission dynamics and selection can have on viral genetic variation, viral phylogenies can therefore be used to investigate important epidemiological, immunological, and evolutionary processes, such as epidemic spread,. Methods Coalescent theory and phylodynamics. Examples Phylodynamics of Influenza. Phylodynamics of HIV. The clustering of taxa on a viral phylogeny will be affected by host population structure see figure 2 Viruses within similar hosts, such as hosts that reside in the same geographic region, are expected to be more closely related genetically if transmission occurs more commonly between them. For example, an application to HIV sequences within infected hosts showed that viral substitution rates dropped to effectively zero following the initiation of antiretroviral drug therapy. If the population size N t changes over time, the coalescent rate \lambda n t will also be a function of time. derived this rate for a time-varying population size under the assumption o...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viral_phylodynamics
*  Diagnostic characters from Consortium of mx users. - Encyclopedia of Life
... Diagnostic characters. 2011, by Lewis L. Deitz and Matthew S. Wallace. Add to a collection. Diagnostic characters. Distance from eye to base of forewing usually greater than half eye width exceptions: Deiroderes and many Nicomiinae. Pronotum usually produced posteriorly over scutellum exceptions: Endoiastinae, Nicomiinae, Deiroderes, Abelus, and Hemicentrus, often also with anterior, lateral, or dorsal projections. Forewings with vein M fused with Cu basally share common stem; exceptions: some Nicomia and some Smiliinae. Prothoracic trochanter and femur not fused. Male abdominal segment IX usually with lateral plates discrete from pygofer exceptions: fused to pygofer in few members of various tribes; lateral plates absent in Anchistrotus and some Stegaspidini. Female pygofer not strongly produced posteroventrally. Nymph with abdominal tergum IX forming sheath around segment X, anal opening dorsal or posterior. Latest updates. No one has provided updates yet. Learn how to contribute. Add a new comment. Yo...
http://eol.org/data_objects/12685167
*  Browse By Person: Phillips, Matthew | QUT ePrints
Browse By Person: Phillips, Matthew. Browse By Person: Phillips, Matthew Statistics dashboard. Review. Book Chapter Phillips, Matthew J. Penny, David 2010 Mammalian phylogeny., Phillips, Matthew J. PLoS ONE, 10 5, e0125723., Carrano, Matthew T. Systematic Biology. Phillips, Matthew J., Gibb, Gillian C. 2014 Molecular phylogeny, biogeography, and habitat preference evolution of marsupials. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 31 9, pp., Phillips, Matthew J. Phillips, Matthew J., Gibb, Gillian,. Bunce, Michael 2013 Inferring kangaroo phylogeny from incongruent nuclear and mitochondrial genes. PLoS ONE, 8 2, pp. Phillips, Matthew J. Current Biology, 23 14, R603-R605., Phillips, Matthew J. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 59 3, pp., Phillips, Matthew J. 2010 Evolutionary relationships and divergence times among the native rats of Australia. 2009 The evolutionary history of the extinct ratite moa and New Zealand Neogene paleogeography. 2009 Accounting for calibration uncertainty in phylogenetic estimation of evo...
http://eprints.qut.edu.au/view/person/Phillips,_Matthew.html
*  Wiegmann Lab: Current Research
Insect Molecular Systematics at NCSU. phylogenetic relationships and testing hypotheses about the evolution and diversification of insects. A major component of these studies is uncovering patterns and processes of DNA sequence evolution and using these to improve interpretation of morphological and developmental evolutionary pathways. Molecular Phylogenetics of Diptera: FLYTREE - NSF - Assembling the Tree of Life project on Diptera a Collaborative Research Effort in Dipteran Phylogenetics. The need for new, large, comprehensive datasets for Diptera phylogeny motivates our collaborative, National Science Foundation funded, Assembling the Tree of Life ATOL project-- FLYTREE. Within this study, we are assembling multiple phylogenetic data sets to simultaneously assess dipteran phylogenetic relationships and the information content of specific character systems. For example, we will compare large by character data sets 1st tier; 45 taxa; 15-20 genes and mt genomes to those with increased numbers of taxa by taxa ...
http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/users/b/bwiegman/public_html/labweb/currentresearch.html
*  Talk:CH391L/S13/DirectedProteinEvolution - OpenWetWare
Gabriel Wu Talk. *' ] 21:45, 21 February 2013 EST ':It would be nice if you added literature examples of Directed Evolution of Proteins for each approach as done in the Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction or take a similar approach. *' ] 21:45, 21 February 2013 EST ':It would be nice if you added literature examples of Directed Evolution of Proteins for each approach as done in the Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction or take a similar approach. + *' ] 15:33, 2 March 2013 EST ':It would be nice to put some numbers on the typical plasmid screening in 'E. + ****' ] 14:03, 4 March 2013 EST ': This is an interesting point. *' ] 04:13, 27 February 2013 EST ':I thought it'd be nice to have a section explaining fitness landscapes and moving through sequence space. *' ] 04:13, 27 February 2013 EST ':I thought it'd be nice to have a section explaining fitness landscapes and moving through sequence space. It's true that many times the selection will result in being trapped in a local optima, but other times the selection wi...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=Talk:CH391L/S13/DirectedProteinEvolution&diff=680636&oldid=680003
*  Systematics
thumb|400px|A comparison of phylogenetic and phenetic concepts Biological '''systematics''' is the study of the diversification of living forms, both past and present, and the relationships among living things through time. Phylogenetic trees of species and higher taxa are used to study the evolution of traits e.g., anatomical or molecular characteristics and the distribution of organisms biogeography. Systematics, in other words, is used to understand the evolutionary history of life on Earth. Definition and relation with taxonomy Taxonomic characters See also References Notes. Definition and relation with taxonomy. Europeans tend to use the terms "systematics" and "biosystematics" for the field of the study of biodiversity as a whole, whereas North Americans tend to use "taxonomy" more frequently. Taxonomic characters. Molecular characters. Immunological distance Electrophoretic differences Amino acid sequences of proteins DNA hybridization DNA and RNA sequences Restriction endonuclease analyses Other molec...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systematics
*  Difference between revisions of "Molecular Systematics Spring 2014" - EEBedia
Difference between revisions of "Molecular Systematics Spring 2014" From EEBedia. Chris Simon. Chris Simon. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Lab%208.%20Kasey%20Pregler%20MiniPresentation%2012April12.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 8. Kasey Pregler MiniPresentation 12April12.pdf. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Lab%208.%20Kasey%20Pregler%20MiniPresentation%2012April12.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 8. Kasey Pregler MiniPresentation 12April12.pdf. Instructor: Chris Simon, Biopharm 305D, 6-4640, chris.simon@uconn.edu Graduate Assistant: Chris Owen, Biopharm 325A, christopher.l.owen@uconn.edu ; 6-3947. Readings: will be posted as PDF’s. Lectures will examine some of the most serious problems in evolutionary tree construction: nucleotide bias, alignment, homoplasy, among-site rate variation, taxon sampling, long branches, big trees, heterogeneous rates of evolution among branches, covarion shifts. Syllabus Molecular Systematics rev 28 Mar 12.pdf Assignment 1. How molecules evo...
http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/eebedia/index.php?title=Molecular_Systematics_Spring_2012&diff=21831&oldid=21782
*  Molecular phylogenetics
'Molecular phylogenetics ' is the branch of phylogeny that analyses hereditary molecular differences, mainly in DNA sequences, to gain information on an organism's evolutionary relationships. History of molecular phylogenetics Techniques and applications Theoretical background Limitations of molecular systematics See also Notes and references Further reading External links. A comprehensive step-by-step protocol on constructing phylogenetic tree, including DNA/Amino Acid contiguous sequence assembly, multiple sequence alignment, model-test testing best-fitting substitution models and phylogeny reconstruction using Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian Inference, is available at Nature Protocol Bast, F. These have been replaced in recent times largely by DNA sequencing, which produces the exact sequences of nucleotides or 'bases' in either DNA or RNA segments extracted using different techniques. In a molecular systematic analysis, the haplotypes are determined for a defined area of genetic material ; a substantial s...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_phylogenetics
*  CH391L/S13/DNA Computing - OpenWetWare
... CH391L/S13/DNA Computing From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 11:55, 1 April 2013 view source Dwight Tyler Fields Talk. contribs m New page: Hello world. ← Previous diff. Revision as of 12:03, 1 April 2013 view source Dwight Tyler Fields Talk. contribs m Next diff →. Line 1:. Line 1:. - Hello world. + ] ]. + =Introduction=. + Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction refers to the construction of hypothesized protein or DNA sequences belonging to a common ancestor of extant proteins or DNA. It enables scientists to synthesize biomolecules from extinct organisms. Sequence information Nucleic Acid and Protein from extant species can be used to infer the sequences of common ancestor species which can be synthesized and tested in the lab. The method was originally discussed by Pauling and Zuckerkandl in 1963 cite Pauling /cite, almost 30 years before the theory was experimentally tested. + ]. + + ==Pipeline for Generating Ancestral Genes==. + # Sequences from extan...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=CH391L/S13/DNA_Computing&diff=687401&oldid=687389
*  Phylogenetic Classification ( Real World ) | Biology | CK-12 Foundation
Phylogenetic Classification Real World. Help. Help. You are viewing an older version of this Concept. Go to the latest version. Phylogenetic Classification. Practice Phylogenetic Classification Practice. 0% Practice Now. Evolution. Resources. Published. Cows Gone Wild. The "cows" you see are Aurochs Bos primigenius. They are the species of bovine that humans domesticated to form our modern day cows. Looking at the cave paintings of aurochs, you may get the sense that they were a bit different than our domesticated cattle. The characteristics which made aurochs successful in the wild were not the characteristics that humans thought were most useful. For example, packing on lots of meat may be a great trait in a cow for a cattle rancher, but if that meat hampers mobility, then it can make a cow an easy target to predators. This is one of the differences between artificial selection and natural selection. However, it does not take 600 years for noticeable changes to appear in bred species once the artificial sel...
http://ck12.org/biology/Phylogenetic-Classification/rwa/21st-Century-Auroch/r8/
*  Filosofía, especie y sistemática
Host structure of the Phylogeny of West Nile Virus WNV: Does it shape the spatiotemporal structure. Methods Sequence Data: All the available sequences of complete genome of WNV, with collection times, and geographic locations 453 sequences, from 25 countries, and 79 hosts species were retrieved from GenBank. Phylogeny inferred using a Maximum likelihood analysis of 53 sequences. Phylogeny with Host structure for WNV. Just Testudines present a different resutl, where the non-nuclear and nuclear partitions had the lowest values Fig. Estimating Evolutionary Rates and Times to the last Common Ancestor DEV-2, using partitions vs complete coding region. Several studies have been aimed at understanding the epidemiology of DENV, rates and dates of evolution, and selection pressure in its different genes and genotypes Rico-hesse Rico-hesse, 1990; Rico-Hesse et al., 1997; S. The objectives of this study were to infer the time to the Most recent common ancestor MRCA of the DENV2 genotypes, and estimate the evolutionary ...
http://elecsist.blogspot.com/
*  PCA and clustering reveal alternate mtDNA phylogeny of N and M clades. | Broad Institute of MIT and
PCA and clustering reveal alternate mtDNA phylogeny of N and M clades. Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard. Partnerships Philanthropy Careers Contact Us. What is Broad. Our Approach Areas of Focus History Leadership Who is Broad Partner Institutions Artist-in-Residence Media Center. Press Room News from the Broad Photos for Journalists Spotlight: Ebola Spotlight: CRISPR BroadMinded Blog Video Library For the Scientific Community. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Scientific Publications Science Data Software. Home. News & Publications:Scientific Publications PCA and clustering reveal alternate mtDNA phylogeny of N and M clades. Recent Broad Publications Inherited CHST11/MIR3922 deletion is associated with a novel recessive syndrome presenting with skeletal malformation and malignant lymphoproliferative disease. Read More / View Supplemental Materials Ferritinophagy via NCOA4 is required for erythropoiesis and is regulated by iron dependent HERC2-mediated proteolysis. Read More / View Supplemental ...
https://broadinstitute.org/publications/broad3822
*  Phylogenomics
It is a group of techniques within the larger fields of phylogenetics and genomics. Phylogenomics draws information by comparing entire genomes, or at least large portions of genomes. 1 Phylogenetics compares and analyzes the sequences of single genes, or a small number of genes, as well as many other types of data. Prediction of gene function Establishment and clarification of evolutionary relationships Gene family evolution Prediction and retracing lateral gene transfer. Prediction of Gene Function Prediction and Retracing Lateral Gene Transfer Gene family evolution Establishment of Evolutionary Relationships Databases See also References. Before the use of phylogenomic techniques, predicting gene function was done primarily by comparing the gene sequence with the sequences of genes with known functions. 3 This prediction was based on the fact that this organism has a gene for which the sequence is highly similar to genes from other species in the "MutS" gene family which included many known to be involved ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phylogenomics
*  Wikiomics:RNA phylogenetics - OpenWetWare
... Wikiomics:RNA phylogenetics From OpenWetWare Difference between revisions Jump to: navigation, search Revision as of 17:04, 3 March 2008 view source Torsten Waldminghaus Talk. contribs added tags ← Previous diff. Current revision 05:34, 20 October 2009 view source Albert Vilella Talk. contribs adding rnasalsa. One intermediate revision not shown. Line 16:. Line 16:. * Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny. Allows secondary structure models. * Bayesian Inference of Phylogeny. Allows secondary structure models. * Designed specifically for use with RNA sequences that have a conserved secondary structure, e.g., rRNA and tRNA. Substitution models of sequence evolution that consider pairs of sites rather than single sites are implemented in this package along with standard nucleotides substitution models used nowadays. When a RNA molecule with a secondary structure is used in conjunction with a RNA substitution model, PHASE requires a structure-based alignment of the sequences with the consensus secondary structure ...
http://openwetware.org/index.php?title=Wikiomics:RNA_phylogenetics&diff=360520&oldid=189099
*  Polyphyly
Image:Monophyly, paraphyly, polyphyly.png File:Phylogenetic-Groups.svg|thumbnail|300px|Phylogenetic groups: A monophyletic taxon in yellow, the group of "reptiles and birds" contains a common ancestor and all of its descendants. A paraphyletic taxon in cyan, the reptiles contains its most recent common ancestor, but does not contain all the descendants of that ancestor. A polyphyletic in red, the group of all warm-blooded animals taxon does not contain the most recent common ancestor of all its members. A 'polyphyletic' Greek for "of many races" group is characterized by one or more homoplasies : phenotype s which have converged or reverted so as to appear to be the same but which have not been inherited from common ancestors. For example, warm-bloodedness evolved separately in the ancestors of mammals and the ancestors of birds 1. Researchers concerned more with ecology than with systematics may take polyphyletic groups as legitimate subject matter; the similarities in activity within the fungus group ' Alte...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyphyly
*  Difference between revisions of "Molecular Systematics Spring 2014" - EEBedia
Chris Simon. Chris Simon. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/EEB%205350%20Lab%209.%20Minipresentation%20RT-PCR%20Brigette.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 9. Minipresentation RT-PCR Brigette.pdf. :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/EEB%205350%20Lab%209.%20Minipresentation%20RT-PCR%20Brigette.pdf}}EEB 5350 Lab 9. Minipresentation RT-PCR Brigette.pdf. Combining Data/Comparing Trees. + + :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Comparing%20Trees%20Combining%20Data%20Readings%202012.pdf}}Comparing Trees Combining Data Readings 2012.pdf. + + Reading for next week: :{{pdf|http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/courses/molsyst-eeb5350/Simon%2C%20Buckley%2C%20Frati%2C%20Stewart%2C%20Beckenbach%202006%20AREES%20%26%20supplement.pdf}}Simon, Buckley, Frati, Stewart, Beckenbach 2006 AREES supplement.pdf. Lectures will examine some of the most serious problems in evolutionary tree construction: nucleotide bias, alignment, homoplasy, among-site rate variation, ...
http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/eebedia/index.php?title=Molecular_Systematics_Spring_2012&diff=21847&oldid=21846
*  Darwin's Evolutionary Tree 'Annihilated' | The Institute for Creation Research
Darwin s Evolutionary Tree Annihilated. Timely news related to creation and evolution. Life Sciences. Problems with Evolution. Evidence for Creation. Evidence for Truth. Evidence from Science. Apologetics Articles. ICR Store. Darwin's Evolutionary Tree 'Annihilated' by Brian Thomas, M.S. * Resources. Life Sciences Resources. Problems with Evolution. In 1837, Charles Darwin drew his first evolutionary tree in his B notebook, with the words I think scrawled above it, to illustrate his idea that all of today s species arose from a single common ancestor. But the poor fit of gene sequence data is forcing scientists to abandon the tree. A non-Darwinian evolutionary view has been offered, but this proposition is actually just the old Hopeful Monster with a twist. 3 Darwin s tree illustrated a long macroevolutionary past that never happened. 4 Finally, evolutionary biologists seem to be catching up with creation biologists. 5 Michael Syvanen, co-editor of Horizontal Gene Transfer 1998 and a medical biochemist at the...
http://icr.org/articles/view/4404/295/
*  Phylogenetic profiling
... 'Phylogenetic profiling' is a bioinformatics technique in which the joint presence or joint absence of two traits across large numbers of species is used to infer a meaningful biological connection, such as involvement of two different proteins in the same biological pathway. Along with examination of conserved synteny, conserved operon structure, or "Rosetta Stone" domain fusions, comparing phylogenetic profiles is a designated a "post-homology" technique, in that the computation essential to this method begins after it is determined which proteins are homologous to which. A number of these techniques were developed by David Eisenberg and colleagues; phylogenetic profile comparison was introduced in 1999 by Pellegrini, 'et al.' Pellegrini M, Marcotte EM, Thompson MJ, Eisenberg D, Yeates TO. Method Theory Advances and Challenges Notes. For a given protein family, its presence or absence in each genome in the original formulation is represented by 1 present and 0 absent. The large number of complete genom...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phylogenetic_profiling
*  Structural Biochemistry/Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction
... - Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Structural Biochemistry/Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction. 1 Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction. Analyzing protein structure and function using ancestral gene reconstruction. Learning how protein sequence determines structure and function as well as learning the processes that generated the diverse structures and functions of extant proteins requires knowledge of the distribution of structures and functions through the multidimensional space of possible protein sequences. The outcomes of that massive experiment are preserved in the sequences, structures, and functions of modern-day protein families. Evolutionary analysis of these families can provide key insights into the nature of protein sequence space and the determinants of protein structure and function. Horizontal and Vertical Analysis. One way to study protein families is to identify candidate amino acid differences betwe...
https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Structural_Biochemistry/Analyzing_protein_structure_and_function_using_ancestral_gene_reconstruction
*  Patrocladogram
2 " and is used exclusively to determine the amount of divergence of a characteristic from a common ancestor. This means that cladistic and patristic distances are combined to construct a new tree using various phenetic algorithms. 3 The purpose of the patrocladogram in biological classification is to form a hypothesis about which evolutionary processes are actually involved before making a taxonomic decision. 4 Patrocladograms are based on biostatistics that include but are not limited to: parsimony, distance matrix, likelihood method s, and Bayesian probability. Some examples of genomically related data that can be used as inputs for these methods are: molecular sequences, whole genome sequences, gene frequencies, restriction site s, distance matrices, unique characters, mutations such as SNPs, and mitochondrial genome data. Cautions with patrocladogram usage Programs for patrocladogram analysis PATRISTIC. RAMI. Further reading References External links. Cautions with patrocladogram usage. Patrocladograms a...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrocladogram
*  SMART: DUF1866 domain taxonomic distribution
smart duf domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with duf domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing duf domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DUF1866
*  SMART: DUF3700 domain taxonomic distribution
smart duf domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with duf domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing duf domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DUF3700
*  SMART: PTPc motif domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with PTPc motif domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing PTPc motif domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=PTPc_motif
*  SMART: HOX domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with HOX domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing HOX domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=HOX
*  SMART: Citrate ly lig domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with Citrate ly lig domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing Citrate ly lig domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Citrate_ly_lig
*  SMART: Catalase domain taxonomic distribution
smart catalase domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with catalase domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing catalase domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Catalase
*  SMART: LRR RI domain taxonomic distribution
smart lrr ri domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with lrr ri domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing lrr ri domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=LRR_RI
*  SMART: Fib alpha domain taxonomic distribution
smart fib alpha domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with fib alpha domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing fib alpha domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Fib_alpha
*  SMART: Frataxin Cyay domain taxonomic distribution
smart frataxin cyay domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with frataxin cyay domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing frataxin cyay domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Frataxin_Cyay
*  SMART: Integrin B tail domain taxonomic distribution
smart integrin b tail domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with integrin b tail domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing integrin b tail domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Integrin_B_tail
*  SMART: BMC domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with BMC domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing BMC domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=BMC
*  SMART: GA domain taxonomic distribution
smart ga domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with ga domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ga domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=GA
*  SMART: ELK domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with ELK domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ELK domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=ELK
*  SMART: SEC14 domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with SEC14 domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing SEC14 domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=SEC14
*  SMART: CP12 domain taxonomic distribution
smart cp domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with cp domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing cp domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=CP12
*  SMART: NH domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with NH domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing NH domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NH
*  SMART: DM13 domain taxonomic distribution
smart dm domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dm domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dm domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DM13
*  SMART: LY domain taxonomic distribution
smart ly domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with ly domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ly domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=LY
*  SMART: zf-AD domain taxonomic distribution
smart zf ad domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with zf ad domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing zf ad domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=zf-AD
*  SMART: AWS domain taxonomic distribution
smart aws domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with aws domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing aws domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=AWS
*  SMART: Amelin domain taxonomic distribution
smart amelin domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with amelin domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing amelin domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Amelin
*  SMART: Ami 3 domain taxonomic distribution
smart ami domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with ami domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ami domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Ami_3
*  SMART: CLH domain taxonomic distribution
smart clh domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with clh domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing clh domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=CLH
*  SMART: CVNH domain taxonomic distribution
smart cvnh domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with cvnh domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing cvnh domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=CVNH
*  SMART: Cache 2 domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with Cache 2 domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing Cache 2 domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=Cache_2
*  SMART: ChSh domain taxonomic distribution
smart chsh domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with chsh domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing chsh domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=ChSh
*  SMART: DAX domain taxonomic distribution
smart dax domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dax domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dax domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DAX
*  SMART: DEFSN domain taxonomic distribution
smart defsn domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with defsn domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing defsn domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DEFSN
*  SMART: DSHCT domain taxonomic distribution
smart dshct domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dshct domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dshct domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DSHCT
*  SMART: DSPc domain taxonomic distribution
smart dspc domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with dspc domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing dspc domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=DSPc
*  SMART: EPEND domain taxonomic distribution
smart epend domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with epend domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing epend domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=EPEND
*  SMART: GPS domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with GPS domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing GPS domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=GPS
*  SMART: GYR domain taxonomic distribution
smart gyr domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with gyr domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing gyr domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=GYR
*  SMART: HALZ domain taxonomic distribution
smart halz domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with halz domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing halz domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=HALZ
*  SMART: MltA domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with MltA domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing MltA domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=MltA
*  SMART: MutL C domain taxonomic distribution
smart mutl c domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with mutl c domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing mutl c domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=MutL_C
*  SMART: NMU domain taxonomic distribution
smart nmu domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with nmu domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing nmu domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NMU
*  SMART: NRF domain taxonomic distribution
smart nrf domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with nrf domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing nrf domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NRF
*  SMART: NurA domain taxonomic distribution
smart nura domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with nura domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing nura domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=NurA
*  SMART: PA14 domain taxonomic distribution
smart pa domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with pa domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing pa domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=PA14
*  SMART: PMEI domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with PMEI domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing PMEI domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=PMEI
*  SMART: ParB domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with ParB domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing ParB domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=ParB
*  SMART: RPEL domain taxonomic distribution
smart rpel domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with rpel domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing rpel domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=RPEL
*  SMART: RasGAP domain taxonomic distribution
... SMART MODE: NORMAL GENOMIC. Schultz et al. 1998 Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 5857-5864 Letunic et al. 2014 Nucleic Acids Res doi: 10.1093/nar/gku949 HOME. SETUP. FAQ. ABOUT. GLOSSARY. WHAT'S NEW. FEEDBACK. Taxonomic distribution of proteins with RasGAP domain. A species tree will be displayed here if you enable JavaScript in your browser. Click on the protein counts, or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing RasGAP domain in the selected taxonomic class. 2014 EMBL Send comments to Ivica Letunic....
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=RasGAP
*  SMART: VRR NUC domain taxonomic distribution
smart vrr nuc domain taxonomic distribution smart mode normal genomic schultz et al proc natl acad sci usa letunic et al nucleic acids res doi nar gku home setup faq about glossary what s new feedback taxonomic distribution of proteins with vrr nuc domain a species tree will be displayed here if you enable javascript in your browser click on the protein counts or double click on taxonomic names to display all proteins containing vrr nuc domain in the selected taxonomic class embl send comments to ivica letunic...
http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/smart/complete_tree.cgi?ID=VRR_NUC

Phylogeography: Phylogeography is the study of the historical processes that may be responsible for the contemporary geographic distributions of individuals. This is accomplished by considering the geographic distribution of individuals in light of the patterns associated with a gene genealogy.Health geography: Health geography is the application of geographical information, perspectives, and methods to the study of health, disease, and health care.Branching order of bacterial phyla (Gupta, 2001): There are several models of the Branching order of bacterial phyla, one of these was proposed in 2001 by Gupta based on conserved indels or protein, termed "protein signatures", an alternative approach to molecular phylogeny. Some problematic exceptions and conflicts are present to these conserved indels, however, they are in agreement with several groupings of classes and phyla.Haplogroup L0 (mtDNA)Genetic variation: right|thumbPanmixia: Panmixia (or panmixis) means random mating.King C and Stanfield W.DNA sequencer: A DNA sequencer is a scientific instrument used to automate the DNA sequencing process. Given a sample of DNA, a DNA sequencer is used to determine the order of the four bases: G (guanine), C (cytosine), A (adenine) and T (thymine).Utiaritichthys: Utiaritichthys is a genus of serrasalmid found in the Amazon and Orinoco basins in tropical South America.Bungonia Caves: Bungonia Caves is the name given to a series of caves near the city of Goulburn, New South Wales Australia.Molecular evolution: Molecular evolution is a change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations. The field of molecular evolution uses principles of evolutionary biology and population genetics to explain patterns in these changes.Weathering: Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, biota and waters. Weathering occurs in situ, roughly translated to: "with no movement" , and thus should not be confused with erosion, which involves the movement of rocks and minerals by agents such as water, ice, snow, wind, waves and gravity and then being transported and deposited in other locations.MECACAR: Operation MECACAR (currently known as MECACAR New Millennium) is a multi-national immunization program launched in 1995 by the World Health Organization to coordinate polio vaccination efforts (currently it is also used to coordinated measles and rubella vaccination efforts). The name of the operation was derived from the names of the regions participating in the operation: Eastern Mediterranean, Caucasus, Central Asian Republics and Russia.Pax MongolicaHyperparameter: In Bayesian statistics, a hyperparameter is a parameter of a prior distribution; the term is used to distinguish them from parameters of the model for the underlying system under analysis.Geolocation software: In computing, geolocation software is used to deduce the geolocation (geographic location) of another party. For example, on the Internet, one geolocation approach is to identify the subject party's IP address, then determine what country (including down to the city and post/ZIP code level), organization, or user the IP address has been assigned to, and finally, determine that party's location.American Medical Student AssociationAthletics at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean GamesMicrosatellite: A microsatellite is a tract of repetitive DNA in which certain DNA motifs (ranging in length from 2–5 base pairs) are repeated, typically 5-50 times. Microsatellites occur at thousands of locations in the human genome and they are notable for their high mutation rate and high diversity in the population.Lontra, Minas GeraisAgioi Theodoroi (islands)Natural Park of El FondoMatrix population models: Population models are used in population ecology to model the dynamics of wildlife or human populations. Matrix population models are a specific type of population model that uses matrix algebra.Tokay gecko: The tokay gecko (Gekko gecko) is a nocturnal arboreal gecko, ranging from northeast India, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, throughout Southeast Asia, Philippines to Indonesia and western New Guinea. Its native habitat is rainforest trees and cliffs, and it also frequently adapts to rural human habitations, roaming walls and ceilings at night in search of insect prey.In Secret Tibet: In Secret Tibet (In disguise amongst lamas, robbers, and wise men) is a travel book by author Theodore Illion, first published in English in 1937.Rhabdomys: Rhabdomys is a largely Southern African genus of muroid rodents slightly larger than house mice. They are known variously as Striped or Four-Striped mice or rats.Invasion of Guadeloupe (1794): The Invasion of Guadeloupe was a British attempt in 1794 to take and hold the island of Guadeloupe in the West Indies during the French Revolutionary Wars. The British had negotiated with the French planters, Ignace-Joseph-Philippe de Perpignan and Louis de Curt, who wished to gain British protection, as the French Constitutional Assembly was passing a law abolishing slavery.Tourism in Saint LuciaEcosystem of the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre: The North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG) is the largest contiguous ecosystem on earth. In oceanography, a subtropical gyre is a ring-like system of ocean currents rotating clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere caused by the Coriolis Effect.Austrian colonization of Nicobar Islands: Austrian colonization of Nicobar Islands was a short-lived and unsuccessful attempt of Habsburg Monarchy to make Nicobar Islands (an island chain in the eastern Indian Ocean) their colony. The colony was established in 1778.GA²LENPink skunk clownfish: Amphiprion perideraion also known as the pink skunk clownfish or pink anemonefish, is a species of anemonefish from the skunk complex that is widespread from northern Australia through the Malay Archipelago and Melanesia. Like all anemonefishes it forms a symbiotic mutualism with sea anemones and is unaffected by the stinging tentacles of the host anemone.White tiger: The white tiger is a pigmentation variant of the Bengal tiger, which is reported in the wild from time to time in the Indian states of Assam, Bengal, Bihar, Sunderbans and especially in the former State of Rewa.McDougal, C.Salvia nemorosa: Salvia nemorosa (woodland sage, Balkan clary) is a hardy herbaceous perennial plant native to a wide area of central Europe and Western Asia.Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act of 1983Coles PhillipsPhyllodoce empetriformis: Phyllodoce empetriformis, the pink mountain-heather or pink mountain-heath, is found in mountainous regions of western North America in the Northwestern United States and Western Canada. Its southern range includes the Klamath Range in northern California and Oregon.Miss Asia Pacific 2005Green Croft and Langley MoorIndigenous peoples of SiberiaClinotarsus alticola: Clinotarsus alticola is a species of frog in the Ranidae family. Common names for this species include: Assam Hills frog, Annandale's frog, pointed-headed frog, palebrown stream frog, hill frog, point-nosed frog, and high-altitude frog.Panicum coloratum: Panicum coloratum is a species of grass known by the common names kleingrass, blue panicgrassPanicum coloratum. Tropical Forages.Zygodontomys brevicauda: Zygodontomys brevicauda, also known as the short-tailed zygodont,Musser and Carleton, 2005 short-tailed cane mouse,Delgado et al., 2008 or common cane mouse,Duff and Lawson, 2004 is a species of rodent in the genus Zygodontomys of tribe Oryzomyini.Pyrites Island: Pyrites Island () is the largest of three small islands lying northeast of Gam Point and forming the east side of Esther Harbor, off the north coast of King George Island in the South Shetland Islands. In 1913–14, the rocky extremity of Gam Point and the adjoining islands to the northwest and southeast were named Esther, Pyritis (sic) or Pyritic Islands by Scottish geologist David Ferguson, who reported they were composed of pyrites and vein quartz.Timeline of historic inventionsDecoding methods: In coding theory, decoding is the process of translating received messages into codewords of a given code. There have been many common methods of mapping messages to codewords.List of rivers in Western Sahara: This is a list of rivers in Western Sahara. This list is arranged north to south by drainage basin, with respective tributaries indented under each larger stream's name.MIM Pan-African Malaria Conference 2009EcosystemIn Memory of Celtic Frost: In Memory of... Celtic Frost is a Celtic Frost tribute album released in 1996.Meramec Conservation AreaBulloo-Bancannia drainage basin: The Bulloo-Bancannia drainage basin is a drainage basin that covers part of western Queensland and New South Wales. It is adjacent to the much larger Lake Eyre basin.Osmoprotectant: Osmoprotectants or compatible solutes are small molecules that act as osmolytes and help organisms survive extreme osmotic stress. In plants, their accumulation can increase survival under stress e.Planorbella trivolvis: Planorbella trivolvis is a species of freshwater air-breathing snail, an aquatic pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Planorbidae, the ram's horn snails, or planorbids, which all have sinistral or left-coiling shells.Elephantopus scaber: Elephantopus scaber is a tropical species of flowering plant in the sunflower family. It is native to tropical Africa, Eastern Asia, Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia.List of glaciers in the Antarctic: A-H: This is a list of glaciers in the Antarctic with a name starting with the letters A–H. This list does not include ice sheets, ice caps or ice fields, such as the Antarctic ice sheet, but includes glacial features that are defined by their flow, rather than general bodies of ice.Skylark launch tower: A Skylark tower is a tower used for the launch of earlier versions of Skylark rockets. As Skylark rockets have no guidance system and accelerate slowly, they require a safe launch tower with a height of at least 24 metres with a guidance system.Oxidative phosphorylation: Oxidative phosphorylation (or OXPHOS in short) is the metabolic pathway in which the mitochondria in cells use their structure, enzymes, and energy released by the oxidation of nutrients to reform ATP. Although the many forms of life on earth use a range of different nutrients, ATP is the molecule that supplies energy to metabolism.Respiratory system of gastropods: The respiratory system of gastropods varies greatly in form. These variations were once used as a basis for dividing the group into subclasses.Stubb Drainage WindmillWater supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories: Water supply and sanitation in the Palestinian territories are characterized by severe water shortage and are highly influenced by the Israeli occupation. The water resources of Palestine are fully controlled by Israel and the division of groundwater is subject to provisions in the Oslo II Accord.Wolverine and the X-Men (toyline): The Wolverine and the X-Men toyline is a 3¾" action figure line manufactured by Hasbro. It is a tie-in to the Wolverine and the X-Men animated series and was released alongside the Marvel Universe toyline and X-Men Origins: Wolverine toyline as part of Hasbro's new 3¾" figure initiative for Marvel Comics characters, although this line has a much more animated style than the other two lines.Circumpolar Health Bibliographic DatabaseYamaha Grizzly 600: The Yamaha Grizzly is a large utility all-terrain vehicle manufactured by the Yamaha Motor Company. It has a 595cc four-stroke engine from the XT600.Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research: 140px|rightSouth Brother (Chagos Bank): South Brother, also known as Île du Sud, is a 23 ha coral island on the Great Chagos Bank atoll of the Chagos Archipelago in the British Indian Ocean Territory. It is one of the three islands in the Three Brothers group on the western side of the atoll, and forms part of the Chagos Archipelago strict nature reserve.List of tallest buildings in Chile: This is a list of the 10 tallest buildings in Chile including buildings that are under construction.Alliance for Zero Extinction: Formed in 2000 and launched globally in 2005, the Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) comprises 100 non-governmental biodiversity conservation organizations working to prevent species extinctions by identifying and safeguarding sites where species evaluated to be Endangered or Critically Endangered under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) criteria only exist at one location on earth."Zero Extinction - Home.Layout of the Port of Tianjin: The Port of Tianjin is divided into nine areas: the three core (“Tianjin Xingang”) areas of Beijiang, Nanjiang, and Dongjiang around the Xingang fairway; the Haihe area along the river; the Beitang port area around the Beitangkou estuary; the Dagukou port area in the estuary of the Haihe River; and three areas under construction (Hanggu, Gaoshaling, Nangang).List of countries that regulate the immigration of felons: This is a list of countries that regulate the immigration of felons.Climate change in the United Kingdom: Climate change in the United Kingdom has been a subject of protests and controversies, and various policies have been developed to mitigate its effects. It is estimated to demand at least 80-85% emission reductions in the EU during 2008-2050 with reductions as soon as technically possible.Symmetry element: A symmetry element is a point of reference about which symmetry operations can take place. In particular, symmetry elements can be centers of inversion, axes of rotation and mirror planes.Notropis: Notropis is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as eastern shiners.Haemaphysalis longicornis: Haemaphysalis longicornis is a species of tick. Lyme spirochetes and spotted fever group rickettsiae have been detected in H.List of rivers of Brazil: This is a list of rivers in Brazil.Neolamprologus leleupi: Neolamprologus leleupi, also known as Lemon Cichlid, is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Tanganyika where it occurs throughout the lake. It is a recess-dweller, inhabiting cracks and crevices.Adalia bipunctata: Adalia bipunctata, commonly known as the two-spot ladybird, two-spotted ladybug or two-spotted lady beetle, is a carnivorous beetle of the family Coccinellidae that is found throughout the holarctic region. It is very common in western and central Europe.Australian National BL classWater Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area: Water Agriculture and Health in Tropical Area (French, Eau Agriculture Et Sante Et Milieu Tropical (E.A.Horseshoe bat: Horseshoe bats make up the bat family Rhinolophidae. In addition to the single living genus, Rhinolophus, one extinct genus, Palaeonycteris, has been recognized.Spatial ecology: Spatial ecology is a specialization in ecology and geography that is concerned with the identification of spatial patterns and their relationships to ecological phenomena. Ecological events can be explained through the detection of patterns at a given spatial scale: local, regional, or global.Microevolution: Microevolution is the change in allele frequencies that occur over time within a population.Microevolution: What is microevolution?Peat swamp forest: Peat swamp forests are tropical moist forests where waterlogged soil prevents dead leaves and wood from fully decomposing. Over time, this creates a thick layer of acidic peat.

(1/1089) Genetic differentiation between resistance phenotypes in the phytophagous flea beetle, Phyllotreta nemorum.

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(2/1089) Sharp phylogeographic breaks and patterns of genealogical concordance in the brine shrimp Artemia franciscana.

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(3/1089) The diverse applications of cladistic analysis of molecular evolution, with special reference to nested clade analysis.

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(4/1089) Introgression in peripheral populations and colonization shape the genetic structure of the coastal shrub Armeria pungens.

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(5/1089) Seewis virus: phylogeography of a shrew-borne hantavirus in Siberia, Russia.

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(6/1089) Mitochondrial DNA variation in the malaria vector Anopheles minimus across China, Thailand and Vietnam: evolutionary hypothesis, population structure and population history.

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(7/1089) Disentangling phylogeography, polyploid evolution and taxonomy of a woodland herb (Veronica chamaedrys group, Plantaginaceae s.l.) in southeastern Europe.

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(8/1089) Frequency of multiple paternity in the spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias in the western north Atlantic.

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