Epilepsy, Reflex: A subtype of epilepsy characterized by seizures that are consistently provoked by a certain specific stimulus. Auditory, visual, and somatosensory stimuli as well as the acts of writing, reading, eating, and decision making are examples of events or activities that may induce seizure activity in affected individuals. (From Neurol Clin 1994 Feb;12(1):57-8)Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Myoclonic Epilepsy, Juvenile: A disorder characterized by the onset of myoclonus in adolescence, a marked increase in the incidence of absence seizures (see EPILEPSY, ABSENCE), and generalized major motor seizures (see EPILEPSY, TONIC-CLONIC). The myoclonic episodes tend to occur shortly after awakening. Seizures tend to be aggravated by sleep deprivation and alcohol consumption. Hereditary and sporadic forms have been identified. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p323)Electroencephalography: Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.Myoclonus: Involuntary shock-like contractions, irregular in rhythm and amplitude, followed by relaxation, of a muscle or a group of muscles. This condition may be a feature of some CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES; (e.g., EPILEPSY, MYOCLONIC). Nocturnal myoclonus is the principal feature of the NOCTURNAL MYOCLONUS SYNDROME. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp102-3).Suprachiasmatic Nucleus: An ovoid densely packed collection of small cells of the anterior hypothalamus lying close to the midline in a shallow impression of the OPTIC CHIASM.Occipital Lobe: Posterior portion of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES responsible for processing visual sensory information. It is located posterior to the parieto-occipital sulcus and extends to the preoccipital notch.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Evoked Potentials, Visual: The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.Visual Cortex: Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.Epilepsy: A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Stimulation, Chemical: The increase in a measurable parameter of a PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESS, including cellular, microbial, and plant; immunological, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, urinary, digestive, neural, musculoskeletal, ocular, and skin physiological processes; or METABOLIC PROCESS, including enzymatic and other pharmacological processes, by a drug or other chemical.Deep Brain Stimulation: Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.Physical Stimulation: Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: A technique that involves the use of electrical coils on the head to generate a brief magnetic field which reaches the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is coupled with ELECTROMYOGRAPHY response detection to assess cortical excitability by the threshold required to induce MOTOR EVOKED POTENTIALS. This method is also used for BRAIN MAPPING, to study NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, and as a substitute for ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY for treating DEPRESSION. Induction of SEIZURES limits its clinical usage.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation: The use of specifically placed small electrodes to deliver electrical impulses across the SKIN to relieve PAIN. It is used less frequently to produce ANESTHESIA.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Electrodes, Implanted: Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Phosphorylation: The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.Vagus Nerve: The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).Enzyme Activation: Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Evoked Potentials: Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.Lymphocyte Activation: Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Evoked Potentials, Motor: The electrical response evoked in a muscle or motor nerve by electrical or magnetic stimulation. Common methods of stimulation are by transcranial electrical and TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION. It is often used for monitoring during neurosurgery.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Isoproterenol: Isopropyl analog of EPINEPHRINE; beta-sympathomimetic that acts on the heart, bronchi, skeletal muscle, alimentary tract, etc. It is used mainly as bronchodilator and heart stimulant.Cyclic AMP: An adenine nucleotide containing one phosphate group which is esterified to both the 3'- and 5'-positions of the sugar moiety. It is a second messenger and a key intracellular regulator, functioning as a mediator of activity for a number of hormones, including epinephrine, glucagon, and ACTH.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Reflex: An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.Atropine: An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Synaptic Transmission: The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Motor Cortex: Area of the FRONTAL LOBE concerned with primary motor control located in the dorsal PRECENTRAL GYRUS immediately anterior to the central sulcus. It is comprised of three areas: the primary motor cortex located on the anterior paracentral lobule on the medial surface of the brain; the premotor cortex located anterior to the primary motor cortex; and the supplementary motor area located on the midline surface of the hemisphere anterior to the primary motor cortex.Subthalamic Nucleus: Lens-shaped structure on the inner aspect of the INTERNAL CAPSULE. The SUBTHALAMIC NUCLEUS and pathways traversing this region are concerned with the integration of somatic motor function.Afferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Mice, Inbred C57BLNeural Inhibition: The function of opposing or restraining the excitation of neurons or their target excitable cells.Guinea Pigs: A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.Self Stimulation: Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.

*  CHRONOGRAPHIC AND TOPOGRAPHIC STUDY OF CEREBRAL POTENTIALS EVOKED BY PHOTIC STIMULATION IN MAN AND I
evoked by photic stimulation in man and in cat accession number ... evoked by photic stimulation in man and in cat corporate author ... physiology stimulation physiology vision distribution...
http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=AD0282541
*  Lincomatic's DIY Blog | electronics, 3d printing, hacking, etc
ganzfeld style photic goggles avs lightframes jan ... lightframes for photic brain stimulation â  i was inspired by ... with audio visual stimulation avs mind machines use point source leds...
http://blog.lincomatic.com/?tag=ganzfeld
*  PLOS ONE: Long-Lasting Effects of Sepsis on Circadian Rhythms in the Mouse
advances induced by photic stimulation in the late night phase. ... rhythms to photic stimulation at various times across the circadian ... -septic animals in photic-induced phase advances, with such...
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0047087
*  Impairments of Gestalt perception in the intact hemifield of hemianopic patients are reflected in ga
200 and 400ms after stimulus onset was significantly increased ... / physiology* Photic Stimulation Reaction Time / physiology...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Impairments-Gestalt-perception-in-intact/18996403.html
*  [TB1j] Re: Is flashing light/photic stimulation with sonic stim. to change brain waves a legi
: Is flashing light/photic stimulation with sonic stim. to change ... : Is flashing light/photic stimulation with sonic stim. to change ... : Is flashing light/photic stimulation with sonic stim. to change ... : Is flashing light/photic stimulation with sonic stim. to change...
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/neur-sci/2001-April/045818.html
*  Lincomatic's DIY Blog | electronics, 3d printing, hacking, etc
ganzfeld style photic goggles avs lightframes jan ... lightframes for photic brain stimulation â  i was inspired by ... with audio visual stimulation avs mind machines use point source leds...
http://blog.lincomatic.com/?tag=meditation
*  Lincomatic's DIY Blog | electronics, 3d printing, hacking, etc
Ganzfeld-style Photic Goggles AVS Lightframes Jan 01 2013 ... lightframes for photic brain stimulation. I was inspired by ... , mind machine , photic stimulation...
http://blog.lincomatic.com/?p=993
*  Bespoke Healthcare -
routinely is photic stimulation. Photic lights are known to produce a ... TV screen. Photic stimulation during the EEG will help identify...
http://bespokehealthcare.co.uk/neurophysiology/content/eeg_encephalography
*  The Neurocritic: Snotty or Nice?
that an indiscrete stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system ... to the brain. Overstimulation of the optic nerve triggers the...
http://neurocritic.blogspot.com/2008/12/snotty-or-nice.html
*  Reflex seizure
... s may occur in reflex epilepsy also known as environmental epilepsy they may also occur in other epilepsy syndromes or independently they are seizure s which are the result of sensory stimulation caused by the environment the best known is photosensitive epilepsy reflex epilepsy is also an uncommon form of epilepsy and can be confirmed by eeg and photosensitive testing classification treatment references external links classification there are various types of reflex epilepsy including photosensitive epilepsy reading epilepsy hot water epilepsy music induced seizures generalised seizures particularly myoclonic and tonic clonic are the most common type found in reflex epilepsy though other types of seizures may occur treatment the trigger needs to be identified before prescribing anti epileptics the most commonly prescribed drugs for reflex epilepsy are valproate carbamazepine and clonazepam though lamotrigine levetiracetam are promising references external links medscape reference international league aga...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflex_seizure
*  Reflex Epilepsies | Epilepsy Foundation
Reflex Epilepsies. Epilepsy Foundation. Skip to main content. Epilepsy Foundation. ADVERTISEMENT. Profile. Sign Out. Sign In Sign in with your social profile:. Or fill in your credentials:. Username *. Password *. Keep me logged in. Register. Forgot Password. Find us in your area Find us Choose a State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington Washington DC West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming. or. Donate. Search form Search. Search form Search. Learn. Get Help. Make A Difference. Connect. The Epilepsy Foundation is your unwavering ally... Find Your Local Epilepsy Foundation. Managing Your Epilepsy. Managing My Seizures 101...
https://epilepsy.com/learn/types-epilepsy-syndromes/reflex-epilepsies
*  Genetic reflex epilepsy | Disease | Your Questions Answered | Office of Rare Diseases Research (ORDR
Genetic reflex epilepsy. Disease. Your Questions Answered. Office of Rare Diseases Research ORDR-NCATS. Your browser does not support javascript: Search for gard here, Search for news-and-events here. Skip Navigation. Department of Health Human Services. National Institutes of Health. NCATS. NCATS. Recursos en espa ol ORDR Home Help FAQ Contact Us. Search. Search. ORDR Office of Rare Diseases Research. Diseases. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center GARD. About GARD. Tips for the Undiagnosed. Contact GARD. Feedback for GARD. Enfermedades en espa ol. Search for Genetic Rare Diseases Search. Enfermedades en espa ol Browse Diseases A. View Diseases Categories Browse Diseases with FDA Approved Medical Products. Resources. Organization Search. Rare Diseases Resources. Genetics Resources. Genetic Testing and Treatment. Support for Patients and Families. Recursos en Espa ol. Teaching Resources. Medical and Science Glossaries. Quick Links Evaluating Health Information. Financial Aid Resources. How to Find a Di...
https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/2455/genetic-reflex-epilepsy/your-questions-answered
*  Nimhans traces gene causing hot water epilepsy
... Sunday 04 October 2015 News updated at 12:52 PM IST. News. Metrolife. Business. Supplements. Sunday. Sunday Herald. Economy & Business. Metrolife. Metrolife. Metrolife. Metrolife. Metrolife. Saturday. Metrolife. Videos. Sunday Spotlight. Bengalureans get a taste of rural life... CM's Modi jibe evokes sharp response from BJP. Two juveniles held for Dadri killing. Indrani critical, no trace of drug in stomach wash. Kill cops but don't commit suicide: Hardik tells Patel youth. Rahul meets family of man lynched over rumour of beef eating. BJP promises free petrol for free scooties in Bihar. Sonia slams PM, asks people to reject those dividing society. State Nimhans traces gene causing hot water epilepsy Nimhans traces gene causing hot water epilepsy Bangalore, Jan 8, 2013, DHNS: The National Institute of Mental Health and Neurological Sciences Nimhans has traced a gene responsible for hot water epilepsy. The discovery has helped the Institute develop a medicine said Dr P Satishchandra, Director and Vice-Chan...
http://deccanherald.com/content/303977/nimhans-traces-gene-causing-hot.html
*  Photosensitive epilepsy: Young people on how they cope
... Welcome Register. Community Register. Read Epilepsy Stories. News Articles. Webinars Webinar Archives. Read Epilepsy Stories. Navigation Welcome Register 'Use the U' Giveaway Community Register Login Hello again. News Articles Archives Epilepsy Store Resources Courses Syllabus Parent's Resources Identifying Seizures in Children Games Diastat Training HIPAA Training Faculty Advisors Seizure Tracker ® ADA: Questions & Answers User Tips Training for Bloggers Webinars Webinar Archives Get Involved. Read Epilepsy Stories. Photosensitive epilepsy: Young people on how they cope. Photosensitive epilepsy: Young people on how they cope November 29, 2012. So what is it really like living with photosensitive epilepsy. Some patterns, like stripes or checks, can also trigger seizures for some people Around three in every 100 people with epilepsy have photosensitive epilepsy. It was only when Jane turned 18 and headed off to university that she began to notice her epilepsy have more of an impact. It s not just nightclu...
http://epilepsyu.com/blog/photosensitive-epilepsy-young-people-on-how-they-cope/
*  The Neurocritic: Seizures Triggered by Strawberry Syrup
... Seizures Triggered by Strawberry Syrup. Fig 1A modified from Blauwblomme et al., 2010. Bottom: reflex seizure showing ictal onset in the right insula and secondary spreading in the hippocampus. Reflex epilepsy is a rare neurological condition in which seizures are triggered by a specific type of sensory input Xue Ritaccio, 2006. This region contains gustatory cortex encoding for taste. 1A , seizures began in the anterior inferior portion of the insula with a high-amplitude spike followed by a low-voltage high-frequency discharge with secondary spreading to the hippocampus and then to the temporal neocortex. In the early ictal state, fast gamma band activity 30-120 Hz showed increased power in the anterior inferior portion of the insula, accompanied by decreased power in the hippocampus. Functional MRI was also performed during strawberry syrup intake to map gustatory cortex, and another session recorded simultaneous resting state fMRI/EEG activity. The authors reported three major findings from the fMRI/...
http://neurocritic.blogspot.com/2010/11/seizures-triggered-by-strawberry-syrup.html
*  "Video EEG normal ???": Epilepsy Community - Support Group
Video EEG normal ??. : Epilepsy Community - Support Group. And my symptoms fit perfectly with temporal lobe seizures absence seizures. And my symptoms fit perfectly with temporal lobe seizures absence seizures. I DO remember though, that in my abnormal EEG the one that's only 15-20mins long, is that the abnormal activity was seen in the temporal lobe, as soon as I read your "anterior temporal lobe" part, I immediately remembered that being on my report as well. I DO remember though, that in my abnormal EEG the one that's only 15-20mins long, is that the abnormal activity was seen in the temporal lobe, as soon as I read your "anterior temporal lobe" part, I immediately remembered that being on my report as well. ktexas1026 replied to dancer86442 's response: I thought I posted a reply to your comment Candi, but it disappeared I think. Anywho"026 I will definitely do some reading on reflex epilepsy, I want to know all I can so I don't just have to take what the doc says HOPE I know what's talking about. Anywho"...
http://forums.webmd.com/3/epilepsy-exchange/forum/2414/8
*  Photosensitive epilepsy
... Image:StarWarsPinballEpilepsyWarning.jpg 'Photosensitive epilepsy' 'PSE' is a form of epilepsy in which seizure s are triggered by visual stimuli that form patterns in time or space, such as flashing lights, bold, regular patterns, or regular moving patterns. People with PSE experience epileptiform seizures upon exposure to certain visual stimuli. are examples of patterns in time that can trigger seizures, and these are the most common triggers. Some patients are more affected by patterns of certain colours than by patterns of other colours. The exact spacing of a pattern in time or space is important and varies from one individual to another: a patient may readily experience seizures when exposed to lights that flash seven times per second, but may be unaffected by lights that flash twice per second or twenty times per second. Stimuli perceived with both eyes are usually much more likely to cause seizures than stimuli seen with one eye only which is why covering one eye may allow patients to avoid seizu...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photosensitive_epilepsy
*  The Epilepsy Factor: One in 26...
Our life with Epilepsy, from a caregiver's perspective who has a seizure disorder. My mission is to spread awareness and offer support. Home My Mission Inspiring Epilepsy Blogs The Epilepsy Connection-You're Not Alone National Epilepsy Foundation. One in 26 of all Americans will develop epilepsy in their lifetimes. It is estimated that epilepsy can be expected to develop in 33 percent of people who have had a single, unprovoked seizure. I've also read somewhere that people who have had two unprovoked seizures have an 80% chance of having more. Seizures can happen to ANYBODY. Epilepsy can change a life in an instant. Things like cancer- breast cancer to be specific- receive far more attention and public awareness. Epilepsy is just a prevalent as cancer, and severely under funded. Nobody is stirred to support it, or even yield an Epilepsy Foundation bumper sticker. Email This. epilepsy, seizures, caregiver, medication awareness, epilepsy, funding, seizures, unprovoked seizure. It's now 12 years later, and I...
http://epilepsyfactor.com/2014/03/one-in-26.html
*  R Guerrini
... add/edit. You are here: Scientific Experts Italy. University of Pisa Guerrini R Guerrini. Research Topics anticonvulsants epilepsy genetic counseling fructose cell movement seizures brain diseases cerebral cortex choristoma syndrome point mutation electroencephalography cisterna magna angelman syndrome reflex epilepsy multiple abnormalities tuberous sclerosis lethal genes rna splice sites dna mutational analysis hair follicle pedigree germ line mutation valproic acid neurons myoclonic epilepsies contractile proteins x linked genetic diseases drug monitoring mosaicism. Genomes and Genes PAFAH1B1. products. FLNA. products. MECP2. products. doublecortin. products. Species human. R Guerrini Summary Affiliation: University of Pisa Country: Italy. Publications Influence of dosage, age, and co-medication on plasma topiramate concentrations in children and adults with severe epilepsy and preliminary observations on correlations with clinical response Anna Rita Ferrari IRCCS Stella Maris Foundation, University of...
http://labome.org/expert/italy/university/guerrini/r-guerrini-230762.html
*  reflex camera, reflex cameras- WordWeb dictionary definition
... Skip to definition. WordWeb Online. Dictionary and Thesaurus:. . WordWeb. WordWeb Online. Windows Software. Free Download. iPhone Dictionary. Help Us Improve. Report an error. Missing word/sense. Links. Crossword Software. Crossword Puzzles. . New: WordWeb for Mac OS X ; also try the iPhone/iPad app. Get the FREE one-click dictionary software for Windows or the iPhone/iPad and Android apps. Noun: reflex camera. Camera that allows the photographer to view and focus the exact scene being photographed. Derived forms: reflex cameras Type of: camera, photographic camera Encyclopedia: Reflex camera. Nearest. reflectiveness reflectivity reflectometer reflector reflectorise reflectorize reflex reflex action reflex angle reflex arc reflex camera reflex epilepsy reflex response reflexed reflexion reflexive reflexive pronoun reflexive verb reflexively reflexiveness reflexivity. Copyright. WordWeb Software....
http://wordwebonline.com/en/REFLEXCAMERA
*  Seolist of r, reflux oesophagitis | Dictionary.com
seolist of r reflux oesophagitis dictionary com dictionary thesaurus translate log in sign up introducing a cool new way to learn browse our dictionary alphabetically back to r reflection plane reflection nebula reflection plane reflectional reflectionless reflective reflective power reflectivity reflectometer reflector reflectorise reflectorize reflet reflew reflex reflex act reflex action reflex angle reflex arc reflex camera reflex camerae reflex cough reflex epilepsy reflex inhibition reflex ligament reflex neurogenic bladder reflex ology reflex response reflex sensation reflex symptom reflex act reflex action reflex angle reflex arc reflex camera reflex ology reflexed reflexest reflexibility reflexible reflexion reflexional reflexity reflexiv reflexive reflexive domain reflexive pronoun reflexive transitive closure reflexive verb reflexivise reflexivity reflexivize reflexogenic refl...
http://dictionary.reference.com/list/r/reflux oesophagitis/158
*  Midafotel
... {{Drugbox verifiedrevid = 444504564 IUPAC name = 'R' -4- piperazine- 2-carboxylic acid image = CPPene.svg width = 200. pregnancy category =. CAS number = 137424-80-7 ATC prefix = none ATC suffix =. PubChem = 6437356 UNII Ref = 'Midafotel' 'CPPene'; 'SDZ EAA 494' is a potent, competitive antagonist at the NMDA receptor. Lowe DA, Neijt HC, Aebischer B. D-CPP-ene SDZ EAA 494, a potent and competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate NMDA antagonist: effect on spontaneous activity and NMDA-induced depolarizations in the rat neocortical slice preparation, compared with other CPP derivatives and MK-801. Prolongation of morphine analgesia by competitive NMDA receptor antagonist D-CPPene SDZ EAA 494 in rats. PMID 9721021 It looked very promising in 'in vitro' trials proving to be a potent competitive antagonist at the NMDA without affecting other receptors. The pharmacology of SDZ EAA 494, a competitive NMDA antagonist. Anticonvulsant activity of the NMDA antagonists, D - 4- 3-phosphonopropyl piperazine-2-carboxylic acid D-...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midafotel
*  .. Kanye West's 'All of the Lights' video could trigger seizures in photosensitive epileptics .. P
Kanye West's 'All of the Lights' video could trigger seizures in photosensitive epileptics. at 02:02 PM on Feb 24, 2011. Facebook Twitter Tumblr Reddit Email. Kanye West ‘s flashy new music video for “All of the Lights” is taking heat from Epilepsy Action — a U.K. based charity group that provides information about epilepsy and seizures. The video, which features Rihanna and Kid Cudi, was supposedly removed from YouTube according to E. News, after concerns were voiced about viewers with photosensitive epilepsy. Epilepsy Action reached out to West’s agent and YouTube, as well as other sites that were carrying the video. They worry that the video would trigger seizures in people suffering from the disorder. The organization issued a statement about the video’s removal, saying “For now we are delighted that our fears have been listened to and people with photosensitive epilepsy are no longer at risk.”. The removal was not permanent however, as the video is still available on West’s VEVO page with the following d...
http://zap2it.com/2011/02/kanye-wests-all-of-the-lights-video-could-trigger-seizures-in-photosensitive-epileptics/
*  Harding test
... The term 'Harding Test' is generically understood to mean an automatic test for Photosensitive epilepsy PSE provocative image sequences in television content. This is properly known as a PSE Test since the publication of the Digital Production Partnership DPP technical requirements. 1 and the DPP PSE Devices. The 'HardingFPA Flash and Pattern Analyser' is one proprietary software solution that is used to analyse video content for flashing and stationary patterns which may cause harm to those who suffer from photosensitive epilepsy. It is an implementation of the guidelines set by Ofcom in the UK. It is available in both tape-based and file-based versions, allowing video streams from SDI, Composite, Component, HDMI, and files to all be analysed, in resolutions up to 1080i. There are other manufacturers of similar and different solutions now available which are also approved on the DPP Devices list. Photosensitive epilepsy. Photosensitive epilepsy affects approximately one in four thousand people and is a ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harding_test
*  London 2012 Olympics branding film causes epileptic seizures | 456 Berea Street
London 2012 Olympics branding film causes epileptic seizures. Skip to main content. Search 456bereastreet.com. Archive. Lab. London 2012 Olympics branding film causes epileptic seizures. One thing to keep in mind when introducing any kind of flashing on the Web is the possibility of it causing seizures in people who have photosensitive epilepsy. It's one of the basics of Web accessibility, and the fact that flashing or strobing can trigger epileptic seizures is widely known even among people who do not work in the field of accessibility. I loved using the strobes, but after a girl came up to the DJ booth one night to tell me she'd had an epileptic seizure caused by strobing lights I stopped using them. Strobes are cool, but not when you know they may trigger a seizure in someone on the dance floor. But it seems that knowledge of the connection between strobing or flashing lights and epilepsy attacks is not as widespread as I thought. Recently a movie clip that was published on the official London 2012 Olympic...
http://456bereastreet.com/archive/200706/london_2012_olympics_branding_film_causes_epileptic_seizures/
*  .. Kanye West’s ‘All Of The Lights’ Video Gets Epilepsy Warning
. Music. Kanye West’s ‘All Of The Lights’ Video Gets Epilepsy Warning. A British organization warns that that the Hype Williams-directed video 'may be harmful to some people with photosensitive epilepsy.'. by Jocelyn Vena. 2/25/2011. Kanye West’s new video for “All of the Lights” has a British organization called Epilepsy Action in an uproar over the clip’s use of flashing lights and quick editing. The charitable group, which provides support for people with epilepsy, released a statement calling for the video not to be broadcast or shown online. “Ofcom regulations mean that this video should not be broadcast on U.K. television. However, the Kanye West video is still available online, most notably on YouTube where it has had several million hits, and no such regulations exist for online broadcasting,” the organization shared in a statement on Wednesday about the Hype Williams-directed clip, which also stars Kid Cudi and a scantily clad Rihanna. “Epilepsy Action has contacted Kanye West’s agent, YouTube and ot...
http://mtv.com/news/1658702/kanye-west-all-of-the-lights-music-video/
*  Seizures (Generalized and Partial) Causes
Seizures Generalized and Partial Causes. Symptoms. Health Care Reform. Health A-Z. Cancer. Diabetes. Featured Topics. See what your medical symptoms could mean, and learn about possible conditions. Resources. Second Opinion: Read expert perspectives on popular health topics. Communities: Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. WebMD Pain Coach. Find Information About:. Taking Medications During Pregnancy. WebMD My Medicine Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more. Drug News. Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox. FDA Approves Diet Pill Belviq. WebMD Mobile Drug Information App. Living Healthy. Featured Content. Living Healthy Centers. Diet, Food Fitness. Healthy Beauty. Featured Topics. Family Pregnancy. Featured Content. Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox. Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. Experts ...
http://webmd.com/epilepsy/understanding-seizures-basics?src=rsf_full-1628_pub_none_xlnk
*  File:Pikachu seizure-2.jpg
file pikachu seizure jpg file pikachu seizure jpg summary fair use rationale for fair use rationale for licensing summary an image from the episode of pokémon that caused seizures in japanese viewers this image will be used in an article relating to photosensitive epilepsy and pokémon fair use rationale for photosensitive epilepsy this image should be categorized under fair use in the above mentioned article because it is low resolution depicts subject discussed in article the photo is only being used for informational purposes fair use rationale for pokémon episodes removed from rotation this image should be categorized under fair use in the above mentioned article because it is low resolution it does not limit the copyright owners rights to sell the anime depicts subject discussed in article the photo is only being used for informational purposes licensing pikachu seiz...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pikachu_seizure-2.jpg
*  Flashes Per Minute
... or fpm is simply the number of times a flashing light blinks per minute police and emergency vehicles use warning lights with flashing rates that typically fall in a range from to fpm persons with photosensitive epilepsy may suffer a seizure in response to a specific flashing frequency e g fpm but the exact triggering frequency varies across individuals to minimize the likelihood of an epileptogenic response flashing rates above fpm hz should be avoided harding and jeavons for conversion purposes fpm hz i e a frequency of one per second references harding g f a jeavons p m photosensitive epilepsy london mackeith press category lighting category units of frequency...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flashes_Per_Minute
*  PROREACT X - Sondersysteme - FRINGS - Technologie aus Tradition
3 Frings ALT-F. Industrias ALT-B. Industrias ALT-B. PROREACT Bioreactors. PROREACT X - Sondersysteme PROREACT X SPECIAL FERMENTERS – Special Constructions for special Fermentation and Biocatalysis. In the industrial area, it is common to engineer tailor-made solutions for production plants in close coordination with customers and to integrate these in the context of the system. In addition, FRINGS works with you on very special solutions for the development and optimisation of systems and processes by using continuative technology. These can have a research or prototype character, if the conventional state of technology must be deviated from. Even during the procurement of laboratory and pilot fermenters, simple standardised bioreactors are used in most cases. If, for example, a scale-up is to take place from the small culture scale, if a pilot procedure for an industrial process is pending or even if more complex integrated processes should be automated in the laboratory scale, “custom-made” solutions are ne...
http://frings.com/PROREACT-X-Sondersysteme.129 M53c5ebf2ba1.0.html
*  Susanne Lorenz: Molekulargenetische Identifizierung von Determinanten der Photoparoxysmalen Rea
... ktion. Susanne Lorenz: Molekulargenetische Identifizierung von Determinanten der Photoparoxysmalen Reaktion. Kapitel: Zusammenfassung. Einleitung. Methoden. Ergebnisse. Diskussion Zitierabschnitt: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16. Publikationsliste: 1. Tauer U, Lorenz S, Lenzen KP,Heils A, Muhle H, Gresch M,Neubauer BA, Waltz S, Rudolf G, Mattheisen M,Strauch K, N rnberg P, Schmitz B, Stephani U, Sander T Molecular genetic dissection of photosensitivity and exploration of its relationship to idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Annals of Neurology, 57: 866-873, 2005 IPF: 7.717 2. Taylor KP, Heils A, Lorenz S, Gehrmann A, Prud Homme J, Nabbout R, Dulac O, Rudolf G, Zara F, Bianchi A, Robinson R, Gardiner RM, Covanis A, Lindhout D, Stephani U, Elger CE, N rnberg P, Sander T Exploration of the genetic architecture of idiopathic generalized epilepsies. Epilepsia, submitted, 2006 3. Lorenz S, Heils A, Taylor KP, Gehrmann A, Muhle H, Gresch M, Becker T, Tauer U, Stephani U, Sander T Candidate gene analysis of...
http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/dissertationen/lorenz-susanne-2006-04-28/HTML/N106A6.html
*  F2F Progress from Gregg Vanderheiden on 2006-11-01 (w3c-wai-gl@w3.org from October to December 2006)
F2F Progress from Gregg Vanderheiden on 2006-11-01 w3c-wai-gl@w3.org from October to December 2006. W3C home. Mailing lists. Public. w3c-wai-gl@w3.org. October to December 2006. F2F Progress. This message : Related messages : xml report: outline ">Previous message ]. From : Gregg Vanderheiden gv@. Date : Wed, 1 Nov 2006 16:19:57 -0600 To : w3c-wai-gl@. Message-ID : 004a01c6fe03$dd3eb870$8c17a8c0@NC84301. Below are some of the proposals coming out of the Face to Face meeting These are not yet consensus decisions but are being explored toward that end by the working group. Some of these are re-affirmations to be sure there is consensus. Additional information and proposals will follow on some topics. Comments welcome minutes http://www.w3.org/WAI/GL/2006/10/25-27 ftf-minutes of the Face to Face Meeting. Font scaling Proposal on font scaling issues: 1. if we can find proper wording, there should be at least one SC dealing with font scaling 2. If we can find proper wording, there should be a SC at l...
http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-wai-gl/2006OctDec/0069.html
*  RE: guideline 7.1 about screen flickering (fwd) from Gregg Vanderheiden on 2001-07-25 (w3c-wai-gl@w3
RE: guideline 7.1 about screen flickering fwd from Gregg Vanderheiden on 2001-07-25 w3c-wai-gl@w3.org from July to September 2001. W3C home. Mailing lists. Public. w3c-wai-gl@w3.org. July to September 2001. RE: guideline 7.1 about screen flickering fwd. This message : Related messages :. From : Gregg Vanderheiden gv@. Date : Wed, 25 Jul 2001 07:58:53 -0500 To : 'Charles McCathieNevile'. charles@., GL - WAI Guidelines WG \ GL - WAI Guidelines WG\. w3c-wai-gl@. Message-ID : 002801c11509$8ecbe2a0$b2176880@trace.wisc.edu. Best source is THE source in this type of info Jeavons and Harding. They have written a number many articles on this and a book. Photosensitive Epilepsy Clinics in Developmental Medicine, No 133 by Graham F.A. Harding, Peter M. Jeavons Amazon Price: $59.95 Gregg -- ------------------------------ Gregg C Vanderheiden Ph.D. Professor - Human Factors Dept of Ind. Engr. - U of Wis. Director - Trace R D Center Gv@trace.wisc.edu mailto:Gv@trace.wisc.edu, http://trace.wisc.edu/ FAX 6...
http://lists.w3.org/Archives/Public/w3c-wai-gl/2001JulSep/0131.html
*  Dreamachine
... Image:Dreamachine.jpg thumb|200px|A homemade dreamachine, lit internally The 'Dreamachine' or 'Dream Machine' is a stroboscopic flicker device that produces visual stimuli. Artist Brion Gysin and William S. Burroughs 's "systems adviser" Ian Sommerville created the Dreamachine after reading William Grey Walter 's book, 'The Living Brain'. History Use See also Notes References Further reading External links. History. In its original form, a Dreamachine is made from a cylinder with slits cut in the sides. The cylinder is placed on a record turntable and rotated at 78 or 45 revolutions per minute. A light bulb is suspended in the center of the cylinder and the rotation speed allows the light to come out from the holes at a constant frequency of between 8 and 13 pulses per second. This frequency range corresponds to alpha wave s, electrical oscillation s normally present in the human brain while relaxing. The Dreamachine is the subject of the National Film Board of Canada 2008 feature documentary film ' FLic...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dreamachine
*  Wheelock 100056 (S8-24MCCH) Ceiling Strobe White 115 177 Candella
Wheelock 100056 S8-24MCCH Ceiling Strobe White 115 177 Candella.   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > Locknetics > Software Managed Access Systems > Offline Battery Powered Access Control Systems > Wheelock 100056 S8-24MCCH Ceiling Strobe White 115 177 Candella. Our Price : $78.19. UPC Code: 786697000560 Product Code: 1287605. . Qty:. Description. The Wheelock Series S Speakers and Speaker Strobes are designed for high efficiency sound output, with dual voltage 25/70 VRMS capability and field selectable taps from 1/8 to 8 watts. Th...
http://securitystoreusa.com/Wheelock-100056-p/1287605.htm
*  Wheelock RSS-24MCCR-FR Ceiling-Mount Strobe Round Red
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > Locknetics > Software Managed Access Systems > Offline Hardwired Access Control Systems > Wheelock RSS-24MCCR-FR Ceiling-Mount Strobe Round Red. Our Price : $31.89. UPC Code: 786697231599 Product Code: 499278. . Discontinued. Description. These Wheelock multi-candela strobes provide intensities of 15 cd, 30 cd, 75 cd, 95 cd ceiling-mount, and 110 cd wall-mount. They can be synchronized when used with the SM single and DSM dual Synchronization Modules or a compatible control panel. Synchroni...
http://securitystoreusa.com/Wheelock-RSS-24MCCR-FR-p/499278.htm
*  Wheelock RSS-121575W-NW RSS Strobe 1575 CC 12 DC White
...   . My Account. View Cart. Contact Us. Shop Brands. Shop Products. Specials. Access Control. Audio / Video. Burglar Alarms / Intrusion. CCTV / Surveillance. Fire Alarms. Gadgets & Electronics. Home Automation. Locks. Networking / IP. Phones & Intercoms. Tools & Hardware. Wire & Cable. Shop Brands. DVR. CCTV. CCTV. Shop Brands. Shop Brands. ACT 612 TESTER. ADT PULSE CAMERAS & ACCESSORIES. Glow in the Dark Exit Signs. Honeywell IP Cameras. LYNX Touch 7000. CHROME IBT TESTER. LYNX TOUCH 5200. Home > Shop Brands > Locknetics > Manually Programmable Electronic Access Control Solutions > King Cobra Narrow Style Exit Trim > Wheelock RSS-121575W-NW RSS Strobe 1575 CC 12 DC White. Our Price : $31.44. UPC Code: 786697297779 Product Code: 1875906. . Qty:. Description. These Wheelock fixed-candela strobes provide intensities of 15/75 cd. They can be synchronized when used with the SM single and DSM dual Synchronization Modules or a compatible control panel. Synchronized strobes can eliminate possible restric...
http://securitystoreusa.com/Wheelock-RSS-121575W-NW-p/1875906.htm
*  Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption - Dhamma Wheel
... Theravāda Meditation. Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption. 56 posts. Posts: 112. Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2011 9:03 pm. Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Posts: 464. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 5:45 am twelph wrote: Is there such thing as entering jhana without being absorbed in a single object. Posts: 112. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 6:41 am marc108 wrote: twelph wrote: Is there such thing as entering jhana without being absorbed in a single object. Posts: 537. Joined: Thu Sep 08, 2011 11:49 am Location: Neither Samsara nor Nirvana. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Posts: 112. Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2011 9:03 pm. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 11:19 am mikenz66 wrote: twelph wrote: I suppose my question would be, is there an issue with developing all of these types of concentration at once. Sun Aug 05, 2012 1:48 pm...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?p=199999
*  Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption - Page 2 - Dhamma Wheel
... Theravāda Meditation. Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption. 56 posts. Posts: 112. Joined: Thu Oct 06, 2011 9:03 pm. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 9:29 pm santa100 wrote: twelph wrote: I was just wondering how the monk in the sutta is able to experience this aspect of 4th jhana called the imperturbable while walking Are you sure the monk was walking instead of standing. Posts: 6010. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Posts: 5527. Joined: Mon Jan 31, 2011 6:58 pm. Re: Entering Jhana Without Single Object Absorption Quote. Sun Aug 05, 2012 9:54 pm santa100 wrote: Twelph wrote: Is there such thing as entering jhana without being absorbed in a single object. And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting oneself one protects others. It is in such a way that by protecting oneself one protects others. And how is it, bhikkhus, that by protecting others one protects oneself. It is in such a way that by protecting others one protects one...
http://dhammawheel.com/viewtopic.php?p=200056
*  Bayesian analysis of the stimulus–response curve. - Lancaster EPrints
bayesian analysis of the stimulus response curve lancaster eprints lancaster eprints home search browse by year browse by subject browse by department help login bayesian analysis of the stimulus response curve ridall p g and henderson r h and pettitt a n bayesian analysis of the stimulus response curve in motor unit number estimation mune and quantitative emg elsevier pp isbn full text not available from this repository abstract in this paper we present our bayesian method for carrying out motor unit number estimation mune using stimulus response data collected from surface electrophysiological recordings we formulate and justify our assumptions in ridall et al and base these on available scientific evidence as outlined in the previous paper the object of our methodology is to express the uncertainty about the number of motor units in a muscle in terms of a posterior distribution from studies taken over time th...
http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/34877/
*  TUM - New method reveals how individual nerve cells process visual input
... Direkt zum Inhalt springen. Technische Universität München Headerimage Zeichnung Headerfoto Slogan TUM for english language. You are not logged in. Login. . Support. Help. Documentation. Deutsch English. Advanced search. Spacer Portlet. Links Navigation Home mytum.de Home mytum.de. Mitarbeiter Mitarbeiter. Home mytum.de Home mytum.de. Sitemap MyTUM. Service Service. Sitemap. Media Press releases New method reveals how individual nerve cells process visual input Back to News Board. Browse in News. Watching a living brain in the act of seeing -- with single-synapse resolution New method reveals how individual nerve cells process visual input Dendrites of a nerve cell in brain appear like branches of a tree. Left: A patch clamp pipette injects fluorescent dye into the cell. 28.04.2010, Press releases. Pioneering a novel microscopy method, neuroscientist Arthur Konnerth and colleagues from the Technische Universität München TUM have shown that individual neurons carry out significant aspects of sensory pro...
http://portal.mytum.de/pressestelle/pressemitteilungen/news_article.2010-04-28.2970585700
*  gradient - Merging multiple paths in Illustrator CS6 - Graphic Design Stack Exchange
... Graphic Design. Graphic Design Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Graphic Design Questions. Graphic Design Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Graphic Design professionals, students, and enthusiasts. Merging multiple paths in Illustrator CS6. I've got multiple paths which, together, create a single sprite in Illustrator. Is there any other way to combine multiple paths to make them act as a single object, or apply a gradient to multiple paths as if they were a single object. adobe-illustrator gradient cs6 share. add a comment. Have you tried using compound paths. Select all of your paths that you'd like to combine, and select object - compound path - make. 6 add a comment. Try our newsletter Sign up for our newsletter and get our top new questions delivered to your inbox see an example. up vote -1 down vote. While Flash may help the OP please be advised he asked to do it in Illustrator. Flash doesn't help m...
http://graphicdesign.stackexchange.com/questions/11430/merging-multiple-paths-in-illustrator-cs6?answertab=oldest
*  Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
... Advocacy and Support Organizations. Advocacy and Support Organizations. Condition Specific Organizations Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy" for support, advocacy or research. There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. General Support Organizations Not finding the support you need. Top How do you compare to others with this condition. Advocacy and Support Organizations. Condition Specific Organizations Following organizations serve the condition "Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy" for support, advocacy or research. There are currently no organizations listed in Disease InfoSearch that support this condition. General Support Organizations Not finding the support you need. The terms "Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy" returned 92 free, full-text research articles on human participants. Last Updated: 21 May 2015 Go To URL. This study intended to compare the circadian rhythm and circadian profile between patients with juvenile myoc...
http://diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3937
*  Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
... Select An Article All Subchapter Articles: Epilepsy Seizure Symptoms Types of Epilepsy Types of Seizures Refractory Epilepsy Photosensitive Epilepsy Benign Rolandic Epilepsy Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy Abdominal Epilepsy Absence Seizures Temporal Lobe Seizures Temporal Lobe Seizures Epilepsy and Women Women, Pregnancy, and Epilepsy Birth Control for Women With Epilepsy New Moms With Epilepsy Epilepsy in Children Epilepsy and Teens Caring for a Child with Epilepsy Handling Bad Behavior in a Child With Epilepsy Epilepsy and Your Child's School Your Child, Sports, and Epilepsy. Doctors diagnose juvenile myoclonic epilepsy based on the presence of myoclonic jerks together with other seizure types. Different tests can help make the diagnosis of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy:. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI : this high-resolution scan of the brain is normal in children with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. The key to the diagnosis of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is the additional presence of e...
http://webmd.com/epilepsy/guide/what-is-juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy?page=2
*  Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy | Disease | Overview | Office of Rare Diseases Research (ORDR-NCATS)
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Overview. Office of Rare Diseases Research ORDR-NCATS. Your browser does not support javascript: Search for gard here, Search for news-and-events here. National Institutes of Health. ORDR Office of Rare Diseases Research. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center GARD. About GARD. Contact GARD. Search for Genetic Rare Diseases Search. Rare Diseases Resources. Quick Links Evaluating Health Information. Quick Links Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network RDCRN. News Events. Search for Conferences on Rare Diseases Search. About the Office of Rare Diseases Research ORDR. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is an epilepsy syndrome characterized by myoclonic jerks quick jerks of the arms or legs, generalized tonic-clonic seizures GTCSs, and sometimes, absence seizures. The seizures of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy often occur when people first awaken in the morning, especially if they are sleep-...
https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/6808/resources/resources/1
*  Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy - OMIM - Genetic disorder catalog - Genetics Home Reference
... About Site Map Contact Us. Search Search. A service of the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Home. Conditions. Genes. Chromosomes. Handbook. Glossary. Resources. Conditions. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. . OMIM - Genetic disorder catalog. These resources supplement the information in the Genetics Home Reference condition summary on juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. EPILEPSY, IDIOPATHIC GENERALIZED, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 10. EPILEPSY, IDIOPATHIC GENERALIZED, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 11. EPILEPSY, IDIOPATHIC GENERALIZED, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 13. EPILEPSY, IDIOPATHIC GENERALIZED, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 9. EPILEPSY, JUVENILE MYOCLONIC, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, 9. EPILEPSY, MYOCLONIC JUVENILE. Reviewed : September 2015. Published : September 28, 2015. Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications. U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Department of Health Human Services, USA.gov. Freedom of Information Act. Copyright. Privacy. Accessibility. Indicates a page outside Genetics Home Ref...
http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/juvenile-myoclonic-epilepsy/show/OMIM
*  Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
... Name = Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. }} 'Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy' JME, also known as 'Janz syndrome', is a fairly common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, representing 5-10% of all epilepsy cases. Genetic studies have demonstrated at least 6 loci for JME, 4 with known causative genes. Most of these genes are ion channel s with the one non-ion channel gene having been shown to affect ion channel currents. Other seizure types such as generalized tonic-clonic and absence seizures can also occur. Clusters of myoclonic seizures can lead to absence seizures, and clusters of absence seizures can lead to generalized tonic-clonic seizures. http://www.epilepsy.com/101/ar 1068585523. CACNB4 is a gene encodes that encodes for the calcium channel β subunit protein. There are at least two mutations in the β 4 subunit associated with JME, C104F and R482X. Incorporation of either of the mutant β 4 subunit into channels instead of wild-type subunits produces currents that are larger by 30-40%. Heterozygous expr...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juvenile_myoclonic_epilepsy
*  Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy | The BMJ
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. The BMJ. The BMJ logo Site map Search Search form Search Search. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Practice A Patient’s Journey Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy BMJ 2012 ; 344 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.e360 Published 26 January 2012. Cite this as: BMJ 2012;344:e360. Nicola Morrison, patient 1, Rhys Thomas, clinical lecturer 2, Phil Smith, professor 3. A doctor’s perspective 450 000 people are estimated to have epilepsy within the UK and a further one in twenty people has a seizure in their life time. UK Epilepsy and Pregnancy Register www.epilepsyandpregnancy.co.uk has a free helpline for clinicians and patients to discuss epilepsy drugs in pregnancy., Practice, doi:10.1136/bmj.e345 This is one of a series of occasional articles by patients about their experiences that offer lessons to doctors. Alerts & updates Article alerts Please note: your email address is provided to the journal, which may use this information for marketing purposes. Register for alerts If you have registered ...
http://bmj.com/content/344/bmj.e360?tab=responses
*  Interictal mood and personality disorders in temporal lobe epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.
interictal mood and personality disorders in temporal lobe epilepsy and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy...
http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/61/6/601.long
*  Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy | Disease | News & Events | Office of Rare Diseases Research (ORDR-NCATS
Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. Office of Rare Diseases Research ORDR-NCATS. ORDR Office of Rare Diseases Research. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center GARD. Search for Genetic Rare Diseases Search. Rare Diseases Resources. Search for Conferences on Rare Diseases Search. About the Office of Rare Diseases Research ORDR. ORDR Co-Sponsored Conferences The Spectrum of Caregiving and Palliative Care in Rare Diseases, Tuesday, June 09, 2015 Location: Building 31, 6C, Room 6, Bethesda, MD Description: The findings and recommendations resulting from the Workshop will provide guidance to the extramural community as well as to NINR and other Institutes, Offices e.g., ORDR, and agencies in developing strategies for advancing the science of palliative care and caregiving in rare disease and research programs. /p RDCRN 3rd Conference on Clinical Research for Rare Diseases, Tuesday, October 02, 2012 Location: Hilton Washington DC/Rockville Hotel Executive Meeting Center, Rockville, MD Description: Clinical research i...
https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/gard/6808/resources/resources/4
*  Myoclonic epilepsy
... 'Myoclonic epilepsy' refers to a family of epilepsies that present with myoclonus. When myoclonic jerks are occasionally associated with abnormal brain wave activity, it can be categorized as myoclonic seizure. If the abnormal brain wave activity is persistent and results from ongoing seizures, then a diagnosis of myoclonic epilepsy may be considered. Classification Juvenile. Related disorders. Signs and symptoms Differential diagnosis References. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is responsible for 7% of cases of epilepsy. Epilepsy.com. Progressive myoclonus epilepsy is a disease associated with myoclonus, epileptic seizures, and other problems with walking or speaking. Lafora disease is also known as Lafora progressive myoclonus epelepsy, which is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder involving recurrent seizures and degradation of mental capabilities. 2 Lafora disease usually occurs in late childhood and usually leads to death around 10 years after first signs of the disease. Unverricht-Lundborg disease...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myoclonic_epilepsy
*  EFHC2
... 'EF-hand domain C-terminal containing 2' is a protein that in humans is encoded by the EFHC2 gene. 1 Gene Protein Tissue distribution Clinical significance Conservation in other species References. Gene. 'EFHC2' is located on the negative strand sense strand of the X chromosome at p11.3. 'EFHC2' is also one of a few, select number of genes with in vitro evidence suggesting that it escapes X inactivation. 2 'EFHC2' spans 195,796 base pairs and is neighbored by 'NDP', the gene encoding for Norrie disease protein. 3 The mRNA transcript encoding the EFHC2 protein is 3,269 base pairs. The first ninety base pairs compose the five prime untranslated region and the last 1913 base pairs compose the three prime untranslated region. Protein. thumb|left|The schematic shows key features of the protein encoded by the EFHC2 gene in humans. "DUF" refers to "domain of unknown function." The EFHC2 gene encodes a 749-amino acid protein which contains three DM10 domains and three calcium-binding EF-hand motifs. 4 Relative t...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EFHC2
*  EFHC2 Gene - GeneCards | EFHC2 Protein | EFHC2 Antibody
EFHC2 Gene - GeneCards. EFHC2 Protein. EFHC2 Antibody. Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license. Keywords. Keywords. Symbols. Symbols/Aliases. Symbols/Aliases/Identifiers. Advanced. Home. User Guide. Analysis Tools. GeneAnalytics. VarElect. GeneAlaCart. GenesLikeMe. News And Views. About. Our Publications. Weizmann Institute. LifeMap Sciences Inc. Academic License Agreement. GeneCards Team. Log In /. Sign Up. My Genes. . GCID:. GC0XM044146. GIFtS:. 48. EFHC2. Gene Protein Coding EF-Hand Domain C-Terminal Containing 2. Research Products for EFHC2 Gene Antibodies. Proteins. More... Animal Models. Assays. Clones Epigenetics. In Situ Assays. miRNA PCR Array. Proteins. CRISPR. Antibodies. Cell Lines. Compounds. Flow Cytometry. Inhib. RNA. Primers PCR Panel. Regul. Elements. Show less... Jump to section Aliases. Compounds. Disorders. Domains. Expression. Function. Genomics. Localization. Orthologs. Paralogs. Pathways. Products. Proteins. Publications. Sources. Summaries. Tran...
http://genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=EFHC2
*  Generalised epilepsy
... Name = Generalized epilepsy. ICD10 =. ICD9 = {{ICD9|345.0}}-ICD9|345.1. ICDO =. OMIM =. eMedicineSubj =. eMedicineTopic =. MeshID = D004829. }} 'Generalized epilepsy', also known as 'primary generalized epilepsy' or 'idiopathic epilepsy', is a form of epilepsy characterised by generalised seizures with no apparent cause. http://www.med.nyu.edu/cec/epilepsy/types/primary generalized.html 'Generalized seizures', as opposed to partial seizures, are a type of seizure that impairs consciousness and distorts the electrical activity of the whole or a larger portion of the brain which can be seen, for example, on electroencephalography, EEG. http://www.nervous-system-diseases.com/primary-generalized-epilepsy.html. Generalized epilepsy is 'primary' because the epilepsy is the originally diagnosed condition itself, as opposed to 'secondary' epilepsy, which occurs as a symptom of a diagnosed condition. http://www.pediatricservices.com/prof/prof-05.htm. Manifestation Prognosis Treatment References. Manifestation. Ge...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Generalised_epilepsy
*  Epilepsy Syndromes: 1st edition | Mary Ann Werz and Ignacio L. Pita Garcia | ISBN: 9781416048336 | A
Epilepsy Syndromes: 1st edition. Mary Ann Werz and Ignacio L. Pita Garcia. ANZ Elsevier Health Bookshop. Elsevier Health Science. Nursing Midwifery. Anatomy Physiology for Nurses. General Nursing. Health Care Assisting. Mental Health Nursing. Midwifery. Nursing Communication Skills. Nursing Dictionaries. Nursing Students. Nursing Study Skills. Pediatric Nursing. Surgical Nursing. Book Series. Apps. Medicine Surgery. Anatomy. Behavioral Science. Clinical/General Medicine. Education in Medicine. Emergency Medicine. Medicine Other. Physiology. Primary Care/General Practice. Respiratory Medicine. Surgery. Book Series. Apps. Health Professions. Emergency Medical Services. Health Professions General. Manual Therapy. Pita Garcia Be the first to review this product ISBN : 9781416048336 Publication Date : 15-04-2011 Stock Status : In Stock Learn More Request Inspection Copy. Pita present Epilepsy Syndromes, a unique book with companion DVD that guides you through the difficult diagnostic challenges associated with thi...
http://elsevierhealth.com.au/epilepsy-syndromes-9781416048336.html
*  Myoclonic Epilepsy with Ragged Red Fibers
... redirect merrf syndrome...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myoclonic_Epilepsy_with_Ragged_Red_Fibers
*  Myoclonic epilepsy and ragged-red fibers
myoclonic epilepsy and ragged red fibers myoclonic epilepsy and ragged red fibers redirect merrf syndrome...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myoclonic_epilepsy_and_ragged-red_fibers
*  Myoclonic epilepsy with ragged red fibres
... redirect merrf syndrome...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myoclonic_epilepsy_with_ragged_red_fibres
*  Once-a-day Epilepsy Medication for Treating Partial Seizures – Keppra XR®
... It is used with other medicines to treat partial-onset seizures in patients with epilepsy who are 16 years of age and older. Studies have shown that patients who had already tried many other epilepsy medicines saw improvement when Keppra XR was added to their treatment. Most people take Keppra XR once a day. INDICATIONS KEPPRA XR levetiracetam is a prescription medicine taken by mouth that is used with other medicines to treat partial onset seizures in people 12 years of age and older with epilepsy. KEPPRA levetiracetam is a prescription medicine taken by mouth that is used with other medicines to treat primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures in people 6 years of age and older with certain types of generalized epilepsy, myoclonic seizures in people 12 years of age and older with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, and partial onset seizures in people 1 month of age and older with epilepsy. Common Adverse Reactions In clinical trials, the most common side effects seen with KEPPRA XR and other formulations of K...
http://keppraxr.com/about/about.aspx
*  Lamotrigine
'Lamotrigine', marketed in most of the world as 'Lamictal' by GlaxoSmithKline, is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. 1 but it could have additional actions since it has a broader spectrum of action than other sodium channel antiepileptic drugs such as phenytoin and carbamazepine and is effective in the treatment of the depressed phase of bipolar disorder, whereas other sodium channel blocking antiepileptic drugs are not. Side effects Effects in women. Lamotrigine is approved in the US for the treatment of partial seizure s. It is considered a first-line drug for primary generalised tonic-clonic seizures includes simple partial, complex partial and secondarily generalised seizures, and as an adjuvant therapy in partial seizures focal onset tonic-clonic, atypical absence, myoclonic, and due to Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Lamotrigine is one of a small number of FDA-approved therapies for seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe form of epilepsy. Side eff...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamotrigine
*  Family History of Epilepsy Family History of Epilepsy
Family History of Epilepsy. Family History of Epilepsy. A-Z Topics. Glossary. Tools. Videos. MI CORAZÓN. English. Español. Heart Conditions. Browse all conditions a-z. Tests Learn more about and how to prepare for cardiovascular tests. CardioSmart Patient Fact Sheets. Find over 200 print-friendly fact sheets about heart disease and related health topics. Guidelines Read key points of the guidelines established by the medical community for managing your condition. Heart Disease Statistics. Find Your Heart a Home. Browse By All Topics A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. Risk Factors. Family History of Epilepsy. Topic Overview Adults with epilepsy may wonder if their children will also develop epilepsy. Whether a family history of epilepsy genetics increases a person's risk for the disorder partly depends on what type of epilepsy the family member has had. These include benign focal childhood epilepsy, childhood absence epilepsy, and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, which have no other known cause. ...
https://cardiosmart.org/healthwise/hw10/7764/hw107764
*  Family History of Epilepsy
... Skip Navigation. Topic Contents Topic Overview. Credits. Top of the page. Family History of Epilepsy Skip to the navigation Topic Overview Adults with epilepsy may wonder if their children will also develop epilepsy. Whether a family history of epilepsy genetics increases a person's risk for the disorder partly depends on what type of epilepsy the family member has had. Several types of childhood epilepsy may be passed from parent to child. These include benign focal childhood epilepsy, childhood absence epilepsy, and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, which have no other known cause. If you developed epilepsy as a result of a head injury, stroke, or other clear causes, you probably will not pass the condition on to any children you have. But certain genetic factors may have made you more likely to develop epilepsy after the injury, stroke, or other cause. And you might pass on these genetic factors to your child. A child of a parent with epilepsy may or may not develop the disorder. Family history is a risk f...
http://peacehealth.org/medical-topics/content/special/hw107764.html
*  Savings and Support | VIMPAT® (lacosamide) C-V
Home Understanding Epilepsy Considering Vimpat Taking Vimpat Caring for Someone With Epilepsy Personal Epilepsy Stories Savings and Support Important Safety Information. Vimpat Patient Assistance Program. Patient Assistance Program UCB, the maker of VIMPAT, is committed to helping patients get the treatment they need. VIMPAT Savings Card Eligible patients* may pay as little as $10 for their VIMPAT prescription every month for a year. VIMPAT can cause serious side effects, including: 1. What are the possible side effects of VIMPAT. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have: a skin rash, hives. The most common side effects of VIMPAT include: dizzines. These are not all of the possible side effects of VIMPAT. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may also report side effects to UCB, Inc. Talk to your healthcare provider about other possible side effects with VIMPAT. You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. INDICATION KEPPRA XR levetiracet...
https://vimpat.com/vimpat-advantage-registration.aspx
*  Family History of Epilepsy | UW Health |
Family History of Epilepsy. UW Health. Skip to Content UW Health SMPH. American Family Children's Hospital Home. Online Services. Bill Pay. Classes and Support Groups. Donate. Greeting Cards. e-Newsletters. MyChart. Prescription Refill. Services. Clinics Hospitals. Search. Health Information. Health Information Home. Family History of Epilepsy Skip to the navigation Topic Overview Adults with epilepsy may wonder if their children will also develop epilepsy. Whether a family history of epilepsy genetics increases a person's risk for the disorder partly depends on what type of epilepsy the family member has had. These include benign focal childhood epilepsy, childhood absence epilepsy, and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, which have no other known cause. Family history is a risk factor, but many people with epilepsy have children who never develop it. Related Information Epilepsy. Credits By Healthwise Staff Primary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics Specialist Medical Reviewer Steven C. Author: Healthwise...
http://uwhealth.org/health/topic/special/family-history-of-epilepsy/hw107764.html
*  Switching Seizure Medications: Part I | Epilepsy Foundation of Metropolitan New York
In some instances, specific medications are known to be especially effective for particular seizure types. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy often responds best to valproate, for example. It sometimes happens that the type of seizures or epilepsy an individual has is not entirely clear at the beginning. Later on, when the epilepsy syndrome and type of seizures becomes clear, there may be a clear benefit in changing seizure medication to a medication known to be effective. In most cases, however, most seizure medications are similarly effective, at least when tested in large clinical trials. However, even though medication A and medication B may be similarly effective in a clinical trial involving hundreds or thousands of patients, the two medications may be quite different in any one individual. The catch is that – at least for now – doctors can’t be sure whether any one individual will have that same, better or worse seizure control when trying a new medication. The picture is a little bit clearer when it comes to...
http://efmny.org/blog/2012/08/switching-seizure-medications-part-i/
*  Levetiracetam (Intravenous Route) Before Using - Mayo Clinic
Levetiracetam Intravenous Route Before Using - Mayo Clinic. All Mayo Clinic Topics. Drugs & Supplements A-Z. Patient Online Services. Quality Care Find out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care. About Mayo Clinic. Find Clinical Trials. Research and Clinical Trials See how Mayo Clinic research and clinical trials advance the science of medicine and improve patient care. Mayo Medical School. Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education. Professional Services Explore Mayo Clinic’s many resources and see jobs available for medical professionals. Products & Services. Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Medical Products. Continuing Education for Medical Professionals. Giving to Mayo Clinic. Drugs and Supplements Levetiracetam Intravenous Route. Products and services. Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of levetiracetam injection for the treatment of partial onset seizures in children 1 month to 16 years of age, or for the trea...
http://mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/levetiracetam-intravenous-route/before-using/drg-20069043
*  Rx Product News
Indication: May 22, 2006?Healthpoint announced the launch of a new spray emulsion delivery formulation for its wound-care treatment, Accuzyme as well as Panafil. Indication: August 1, 2006?The FDA approved Actonel 35 mg for treatment to increase bone mass in men with osteoporosis. Actonel 35 mg is also approved for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Actonel 5 mg was approved by the FDA in 2000 for daily use in men and women to prevent and treat certain forms of steroid-induced osteoporosis. Dosage Form: Tablets: 5 mg daily; 35 mg once a week. Indication: June 27, 2006?Novartis Pharmaceuticals announced that the FDA has approved Exelon for the treatment of mild-to-moderate Parkinson's disease dementia, making it the first medication available for the treatment of this condition. Dosage Form: Capsules: 1.5, 3, 4.5, and 6 mg Oral solution: 2 mg/mL. Indication: August 23, 2006?The FDA approved an additional indication for Keppra?as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of myocloni...
http://pharmacytimes.com/publications/issue/2006/2006-10/2006-10-5972
*  Ettore Beghi
... add/edit. You are here: Scientific Experts Italy. Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri Beghi Ettore Beghi. Research Topics epilepsy anticonvulsants amyotrophic lateral sclerosis accidents italy cross cultural comparison wounds and injuries cost benefit analysis registries headache disorders motor neurons europe post traumatic epilepsy incidence juvenile myoclonic epilepsy practice guidelines data collection direct service costs vigabatrin regional health planning great britain absence epilepsy bovine spongiform encephalopathy generalized epilepsy iceland international agencies seizures population empirical research neurosciences. Ettore Beghi Summary Affiliation: Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri Country: Italy. Publications Bovine spongiform encephalopathy and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease: facts and uncertainties underlying the causal link between animal and human diseases E Beghi Mario Negri Institute of Pharmacological Research, Via Eritrea 62, I 20157 Milan, Italy Neurol Sci 25:...
http://labome.org/expert/italy/istituto/beghi/ettore-beghi-261050.html
*  JME
... computing journals medicine music computing java platform micro edition a java platform designed for embedded systems jme molecule editor a molecule editor applet jmonkey engine a java scenegraph api journals journal of management education a journal specializing in the scholarship of teaching and learning sotl in management journal of medical ethics journal of molecular evolution a scientific journal journal of monetary economics a macroeconomics journal medicine juvenile myoclonic epilepsy a relatively common epilepsy syndrome music jme mc an mc from london england...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JME
*  Epilepsy of Janz
... redirect juvenile myoclonic epilepsy...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epilepsy_of_Janz
*  Théodore Herpin
... was a french neurologist who was a native of lyon he studied medicine at the universities of paris and geneva and spent most of his medical career at geneva herpin is remembered for his extensive contributions made in the study of epilepsy he examined hundreds of epileptic patients and noticed that all epileptic episodes whether they be complete or incomplete started the same way and surmised that they originated in the same location in the brain herpin s primary focus of epileptic research was to instruct other physicians to be able to recognize and treat the condition in its early stages his pioneer research predated john hughlings jackson s similar findings of the disorder herpin is also credited for his comprehensive description of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy written works du pronostic et du traitement curatif de l épilepsie des accès incomplets d épilepsie published posthumously in references théodore herpin neglected contributions in the understanding of epilepsy category births category deaths cat...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Théodore_Herpin
*  CHRNA7
... 'Neuronal acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha-7' is a protein that in humans is encoded by the 'CHRNA7' gene. 1 Function Interactions Gene Expression See also References Further reading External links. Function. The nicotinic acetylcholine receptors nAChRs are members of a superfamily of ligand-gated ion channel s that mediate fast signal transmission at synapses. The nAChRs are thought to be hetero-pentamers composed of homologous subunits. The proposed structure for each subunit is a conserved N-terminal extracellular domain followed by three conserved transmembrane domains, a variable cytoplasmic loop, a fourth conserved transmembrane domain, and a short C-terminal extracellular region. The protein encoded by this gene forms a homo-oligomer ic channel, displays marked permeability to calcium ions and is a major component of brain nicotinic receptors that are blocked by, and highly sensitive to, alpha-bungarotoxin. Once this receptor binds acetylcholine, it undergoes an extensive change in conformatio...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CHRNA7
*  CACNB4
cacnb cacnb multiple issues voltage dependent l type calcium channel subunit beta is a protein that in humans is encoded by the cacnb gene function clinical significance interactions see also references further reading external links function this gene encodes a member of the beta subunit family a protein in the voltage dependent calcium channel complex calcium channels mediate the influx of calcium ions into the cell upon membrane polarization and consist of a complex of alpha alpha delta beta and gamma subunits in a ratio various versions of each of these subunits exist either expressed from similar genes or the result of alternative splicing the protein described in this record plays an important role in calcium channel function by modulating g protein inhibition increasing peak calcium current controlling the alpha subunit membrane targeting and shifting the voltage dependence of activation and inactivation alternate transcriptional splice variants of this gene encoding different isoforms have been charac...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CACNB4
*  List of diseases (J)
list of diseases j list of diseases j this is a list of disease s starting with the letter j ja je jackson weiss syndrome jacobsen syndrome jadassohn lewandowsky syndrome jaffer beighton syndrome jalili syndrome jancar syndrome jankovic rivera syndrome jansen type metaphyseal chondrodysplasia jansky bielschowsky disease japanese encephalitis jarcho levin syndrome jejunal atresia jensen syndrome jequier kozlowski skeletal dysplasia jervell and lange nielsen syndrome jeune syndrome situs inversus jeune syndrome jeune asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy jo job syndrome johanson blizzard syndrome johnson hall krous syndrome johnson munson syndrome johnston aarons schelley syndrome jones hersh yusk syndrome jones syndrome jorgenson lenz syndrome joseph disease joubert syndrome bilateral chorioretinal coloboma joubert syndrome ju juberg hayward syndrome juberg marsidi syndrome judge misch wright syndrome jumping frenchmen of maine jung wolff back stahl syndrome juvenile cataract cerebellar atrophy myopathy mental retar...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_diseases_(J)
*  PakMediNet - Authors Index
... Search - Research Guidelines - Journals Index - CPSP Dissertation - Top Discussions - Become our Member - Log In. PakMediNet AUTHORS INDEX. Author: Frood Salehi Salehi F. Brief Details : Department of Pediatrics, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran * Search Other Authors. Articles associated :. 1 Hamid Reza Riasi, Fariba Nakhaei, Kavian Ghandehari, Frood Salehi, Zahra Toraby, Mojtaba Teimoori. Clinical evaluation of 32 patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy in Southern Khorasan Pak J Neurological Sci Jan - Mar 2009;4 1 :4-7. Valie-Asr and Emam Reza hospitals in southern Khorasan, Iran. ------ Options ------- Print Selected Articles Download Selected Articles to Citation Manager Membership Required. Find more about this Author by typing the name here:. If you think, this list is incomplete, then please click the author here to see the articles associated with Salehi F *. This can be a same author or can be a different author. * This information is provided by the Medical Journal. Plea...
http://pakmedinet.com/author/Frood Salehi
*  Common Drugs and Medications to Treat Myoclonic Epilepsy
... . Skip to content. Enter Search Keywords. Use the arrow keys to navigate suggestions. Symptoms. Doctors. Health Care Reform. Health A-Z. Common Conditions View All. ADD/ADHD. Allergies. Arthritis. Cancer. Cold, Flu Cough. Depression. Diabetes. Eye Health. Heart Disease. Heartburn/GERD. Pain Management. Sexual Conditions. Skin Problems. Sleep Disorders Featured Topics Identifying Bugs and Their Bites. Bothered by Yeast Infections. The Worst Shoes for Your Feet. WebMD Symptom Checker Health concern on your mind. See what your medical symptoms could mean, and learn about possible conditions. Get Started. Resources Second Opinion: Read expert perspectives on popular health topics. Communities: Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. Insurance Guide: Get ready for changes to your health care coverage. Physician Directory: Find a doctor in your area. WebMD Pain Coach Track your pain levels, triggers, and treatments. Set goals and get tips with our app for iPhone. Drugs S...
http://dictionary.webmd.com/drugs/condition-1093-Myoclonic Epilepsy.aspx?diseaseid=1093&diseasename=Myoclonic Epilepsy&source=0
*  OriGene - EFHC1 (NR 033327) siRNA
OriGene - EFHC1 NR 033327 siRNA. My Account. Shopping Cart. Home. 中文 Search:. RNAi HuSH-29: 29mer shRNA ExactshRNA: Custom shRNA Trilencer-27: 27mer siRNA miRNA Expression Plasmids 3'-UTR Clones for miRNA MicroRNA qPCR Detection Assay Lentiviral packaging kit. Related Products shRNA vector information TrueMAB Antibody TrueORF: Tagged cDNA clones siRNA Transfection Reagent. shRNA Overview. Useful Links Webinars Application Brochure. siRNA Citations. Home siRNA SR314412. EFHC1 ID 114327 Trilencer-27 Human siRNA. Specifications Citations Related Products Product Documents. Catalog No. Description Price Availability*. SR314412 EFHC1 Human - 3 unique 27mer siRNA duplexes - 2 nmol each Locus ID 114327 Included - SR30004, Trilencer-27 Universal Scrambled Negative Control siRNA Duplex - 2 nmol Included - SR30005, RNAse free siRNA Duplex Resuspension Buffer - 2 ml $390 2 weeks. TT300001 SiTran1.0: Transfection reagent designed for RNAi duplex 0.5 ml $220 In Stock. * These siRNA duplexes were designed to be effective a...
http://origene.com/sirna/SR314412.aspx
*  "No seziures for years then 3 in 7 days": Epilepsy Community - Support Group
No seziures for years then 3 in 7 days : Epilepsy Community - Support Group. Communities: Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. WebMD Pain Coach Track your pain levels, triggers, and treatments. Find or Review a Drug. WebMD Communities Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life. An 250480 posted: Hi, I really need some advice, I have myoclonic Epilepsy and have been fit free for a number of years and am not on any medication now. Share this: No seziures for years then 3 in 7 days Hi, I really need some advice, I have myoclonic Epilepsy and have been fit free for a number of years and am not on any medication now. Share this: No seziures for years then 3 in 7 days Call a Neuro or Epileptologist seizure specialist ASAP. YOu need to see a PCP that can/will referr you to a good neuro toget you back on some meds or me that can help with you szs and get them back under control. Then I will be taking 3 mgs of Klonopin, 600 mgs of Lamictal ...
http://forums.webmd.com/3/epilepsy-exchange/forum/2221/0
*  Genatlas sheet
FLASH GENE DNA RNA EXPRESSION PROTEIN DISORDER ANIMAL & CELL MODELS. Corresponding disease EJM1 myoclonic epilepsy, juvenile, 1 Location 6p12.2 Physical location : 52.284.993 - 52.360.581 Synonym name myoclonin 1. hypothetical protein FLJ10466 Synonym symbol s FLJ10466, EJM, FLJ37290, JAE, dJ304B14.2. DNA. TYPE. Physical map. RNA. expressed in based on citations organ s System Organ level 1 Organ level 2 Organ level 3 Organ level 4 Level Pubmed Species Stage Rna symbol Cardiovascular heart. highly. highly. highly. highly. highly. cells System Cell Pubmed Species Stage Rna symbol Nervous neuron. PROTEIN. C-terminus AAs 403-640, named EFHC1C, comprising the last DM10 domain and the EF-hand motif EFHC1C dimerization blocks Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ binding. ortholog to EFHC1, Pan troglodytes. FAMILY EF-hand-containing calcium binding protein. intracellular. intracellular,cytoplasm,cytoskeleton,microtubule,centrosome. intracellular,cytoplasm,cytoskeleton,microtubule,mitotic spindle text associates with the mitotic spindle ...
http://genatlas.medecine.univ-paris5.fr/fiche.php?symbol=EFHC1
*  MT-TK
mt tk mt tk mitochondrially encoded trna lysine also known as mt tk is a transfer rna which in humans is encoded by the mitochondrial mt tk gene function clinical significance references external links function mt tk is a small nucleotide rna human mitochondrial map position that transfers the amino acid lysine to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosome site of protein synthesis during translation clinical significance mutations in the mt tk gene are associated with myoclonic epilepsy and ragged red fiber disease merrf references external links...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MT-TK
*  hypnic jerk - definition and meaning
hypnic jerk definition and meaning community word of the day random word log in or sign up hypnic jerk love define relate list discuss see hear help wordnik hunt for a million missing words by backing our kickstarter hypnic jerk define relate list discuss see hear un love definitions sorry no definitions found etymologies sorry no etymologies found examples sorry no example sentences found related words log in or sign up to add your own related words wordmap beta word visualization comments log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation it s quick and easy ruzuzu commented on the word hypnic jerk cf moro reflex january whichbe commented on the word hypnic jerk ahaha this word sounds like an asshole at a hippie themed picnic october reesetee commented on the word hypnic jerk see also hypnagogic startle october sarra commented on the word hypnic jerk a type of myoclonic jerk may whichbe commented on the word hypnic jerk also called sleep starts the sensation of falling and then a sudden physical jerk int...
https://wordnik.com/words/hypnic jerk
*  Electroencephalograph
... redirect electroencephalography...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electroencephalograph
*  Quantitative electroencephalography
... 'Quantitative electroencephalography' 'QEEG' is a field concerned with the numerical analysis of electroencephalography data and associated behavioral correlates. Details Fourier analysis of EEG Wavelet analysis of EEG Uses References. Techniques used in digital signal analysis are extended to the analysis of electroencephalography EEG. These include wavelet analysis and Fourier analysis, with new focus on shared activity between rhythms including phase synchrony coherence, phase lag and magnitude synchrony comodulation/correlation, and asymmetry. The analog signal comprises a microvoltage time series of the EEG, sampled digitally and sampling rates adequate to over-sample the signal using the Nyquist principle of exceeding twice the highest frequency being detected. Modern EEG amplifiers use adequate sampling to resolve the EEG across the traditional medical band from DC to 70 or 100 Hz, using sample rates of 250/256, 500/512, to over 1000 samples per second, depending on the intended application. The F...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quantitative_electroencephalography
*  Neural Activations during Visual Sequence Learning Leave a Trace in Post-Training Spontaneous EEG
We conclude that declarative learning is associated with alpha and theta changes in frontal and posterior regions that occur during the task, and with an increase of alpha power in the occipito-parietal region after the task.,,, we found significant changes in alpha power in resting-state EEG. We found that the learning of a spatial sequence order, a type of declarative learning, is accompanied by changes of oscillatory activity in electrodes over frontal and posterior regions and, most importantly, leaves a post-task trace in the spontaneous EEG detected in electrodes over areas involved during the task. The changes in the resting state EEG were positively correlated with the VSEQ-VRAN changes observed 250 ms pre- and post-stimulus in the alpha r = 0.57, p<0.01 and theta ranges r = 0.50, p<0.01; see Figure 5 C and D. Figure 5 Resting state naTop row: Changes in spontaneous resting state EEG after forty-minute sequence learning tasks A. Discussion This is the first study to characterize theta ...
http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3683043/?lang=en-ca
*  EEG sLORETA Functional Imaging During Hypnotic Arm Levitation and Voluntary Arm Lifting (PDF Downloa
EEG sLORETA Functional Imaging During Hypnotic Arm Levitation and Voluntary Arm Lifting PDF Download Available. For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Article EEG sLORETA Functional Imaging During Hypnotic Arm Levitation and Voluntary Arm Lifting. Etzel Cardeña. Etzel Cardeña Lund University Message author. Remove suggestion. D Lehmann. D Lehmann University of Zurich Message author. Remove suggestion. Pascal L Faber. Pascal L Faber University of Zurich Message author. Remove suggestion. Peter Jönsson. Peter Jönsson Kristianstad University Message author. Remove suggestion. Patricia Milz. Patricia Milz University of Zurich Message author. Remove suggestion. Roberto D Pascual-Marqui. Roberto D Pascual-Marqui. Remove suggestion. Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis. Impact Factor: 1.38. 01/2012; 60 1 :31-53. DOI: 10.1080/0020...
http://researchgate.net/publication/51812908_EEG_sLORETA_Functional_Imaging_During_Hypnotic_Arm_Levitation_and_Voluntary_Arm_Lifting
*  Emergence of persistent networks in long-term intracranial EEG recordings. | ALZFORUM
emergence of persistent networks in long term intracranial eeg recordings alzforum jump to the navigation menu login to my alzforum jump to the search form paper tools email share how would you like to share facebook twitter linkedin back to the top kramer ma eden ut lepage kq kolaczyk ed bianchi mt cash ss emergence of persistent networks in long term intracranial eeg recordings j neurosci nov pubmed recommends please login to recommend the paper comments comments on this paper no available comments make a comment to make a comment you must login or register this paper appears in the following news cortical hubs form rich club in human brain nov enter your keywords login home about us newsletter news all news conference coverage webinars all webinars databases alzbiomarker alzpedia alzrisk antibodies brain banks genetics alzgene hex mutations protocols research models therapeutics papers all papers papers of the week milestone alzforum recommends professional resources conference calendar grants jobs member ...
http://alzforum.org/papers/emergence-persistent-networks-long-term-intracranial-eeg-recordings
*  Exploring the Brain and Brain Waves
Neurofeedback Tour. The Basics of Brain Waves. Neurons communicate with each other by electrical changes.We can actually see these electrical changes in the form of brain waves as shown in an EEG electroencephalogram. We also talk about the "frequency" of brain wave activity. The lower the number of Hz, the slower the brain activity or the slower the frequency of the activity. Researchers in the 1930's and 40's identified several different types of brain waves. Traditionally, these fall into 4 types: - Delta waves below 4 hz occur during sleep - Theta waves 4-7 hz are associated with sleep, deep relaxation like hypnotic relaxation, and visualization - Alpha waves 8-13 hz occur when we are relaxed and calm - Beta waves 13-38 hz occur when we are actively thinking, problem-solving, etc. - Gamma brain waves 39-100 hz are involved in higher mental activity and consolidation of information. People tend to talk as if they were producing one type of brain wave e.g., producing "alpha" for meditating. So we don't ever...
http://brainandhealth.com/Brain-Waves.html
*  Electroencephalography functional magnetic resonance imaging
... 'EEG-fMRI' short for 'EEG-correlated fMRI' or ' electroencephalography -correlated functional magnetic resonance imaging ' is a multimodal neuroimaging technique whereby EEG and fMRI data are recorded synchronously for the study of electrical brain activity in correlation with haemodynamic changes in brain during the electrical activity, be it normal function or associated with disorders. Principle Methodology Applications References Further reading. Scalp EEG reflects the brain’s electrical activity, and in particular post- synaptic potentials see Inhibitory postsynaptic current and Excitatory postsynaptic potential in the cerebral cortex, whereas fMRI is capable of detecting haemodynamic changes throughout the brain through the BOLD effect. These are: interleaved acquisitions, in which each acquisition modality is interrupted in turn periodically to allow data of adequate quality to be recorded by the other modality; continuous acquisitions, in which both modalities are able to record data of adequate ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electroencephalography_functional_magnetic_resonance_imaging
*  Ask an Expert: Abnormal EEG without seizures
... NetWellness is a global, community service providing quality, unbiased health information from our partner university faculty. NetWellness is commercial-free and does not accept advertising. Tuesday, October 6, 2015. Home HealthTopics Health Centers Reference Library Research. Join us on Facebook Share on Facebook. Tweet. Share. Search. Advanced. Epilepsy. Abnormal EEG without seizures 05/09/2000. Question: Is a person who does not have any seizure symptoms while showing sub-clinical seizure activity considered epileptic. I tried behavior therapy, neurofeedback and other techniques to manage my intractable complex partial seizures. I have been seizure free since July of 1998 and safely driving since September of 1998. How long need I go without any seizures to no longer be considered epileptic. Thank you. Answer: I assume you mean that your EEG still shows abnormalities but you are seizure-free. There are certain epilepsies that resolve over time. Patients would need to be seizure-free for at least 3 to ...
http://netwellness.uc.edu/question.cfm/14006.htm
*  CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21
... Quick Links: Skip to main page content Skip to Search Skip to Topics Menu Skip to Common Links. U.S. Food Drug Administration. A to Z Index. Follow FDA. En Espa ol. Enter Search terms. Home. Food. Drugs. Medical Devices. Radiation-Emitting Products. Vaccines, Blood Biologics. Animal Veterinary. Cosmetics. Tobacco Products. CFR - Code of Federal Regulations Title 21. FDA Home. Medical Devices. Databases. - The information on this page is current as of April 1 2015. For the most up-to-date version of CFR Title 21, go to the Electronic Code of Federal Regulations eCFR. New Search. Help. More About 21CFR. TITLE 21--FOOD AND DRUGS. CHAPTER I--FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES. SUBCHAPTER H--MEDICAL DEVICES. PART 882 -- NEUROLOGICAL DEVICES Subpart B--Neurological Diagnostic Devices. Sec. 882.1430 Electroencephalograph test signal generator. a Identification. An electroencephalograph test signal generator is a device used to test or calibrate an electroencephalograph. b Class...
http://accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?fr=882.1430
*  Clinical Trials sub-cluster 14
Electroencephalograms EEGs and evoked potentials EPs were studied in 43 patients with mitochondrial myopathies. Moreover, the data of all patients who had seizures during treatment ... Comparisons were made for clinical data and findings of EEG analysis power probability mapping, peak-power frequencies, and alpha/theta power ratios were compared. Clinical and electrographic features were retrospectively studied in 57 patients with midline Fz, Cz, Pz spikes as the only epileptiform activity in their EEG to determine possible predictors of outcome. The frequency of abnormal EEG findings especially epileptiform activity steadily increased until age 12, ... Electroencephalographic and clinical findings are reported for 100 patients with the Lennox-Gastaut LGS triad of slow bilateral spike and wave BSW , retardation and multiple seizures. In patients with partial seizures, asymmetries in EEG background activity were measured by a statistical evaluation of spectral data. Clinical and EEG findings of 36 patients wit...
http://biomedsearch.com/cluster/19/Clinical-Trials/sub-14-p12.html
*  Burst suppression
'Burst suppression' is an electroencephalography EEG pattern that is characterized by periods of high-voltage electrical activity alternating with periods of no activity in the brain. The pattern is found in patients with inactivated brain states, such as from general anesthesia, coma, or hypothermia. In 1952, Henry and Scoville recorded the electrical activity of patients during lobotomy and found the burst suppression pattern present in the recorded electrical activity. in 1996 observed the pattern when the brain was subject to hypothermia and high levels of many sedative and anesthetic agents. Bursts are accompanied by depletion of extracellular cortical calcium ions to levels that inhibit synaptic transmission, which leads to suppression periods. Burst episodes are associated with excitatory activity in cortical neurons. 8 Suppression is caused by the absence of synaptic activity of cortical neurons; however, some thalamocortical neurons exhibit oscillations in the delta frequency range during these perio...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burst_suppression
*  James M Drake - ResearchGate
... For full functionality of ResearchGate it is necessary to enable JavaScript. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. James M Drake. SickKids, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Are you James M Drake. Claim your profile. Publications 282 642.73 Total impact. Article:. Rapid eye movement sleep reveals epileptogenic spikes for resective surgery in children with generalized interictal discharges. Kazuo Okanari. Shiro Baba. Hiroshi Otsubo. Elysa Widjaja. Satoru Sakuma. Cristina Y Go. Kevin C Jones. Kazuki Nishioka. Shimpei Oba. Tasuku Matsui. Makoto Ueno. Shogo Ukitsu. James T Rutka James M Drake. Elizabeth J Donner. Shelly K Weiss. O Carter Snead. Ayako Ochi. ABSTRACT: Epilepsy surgery can be successful in children with extensive congenital or early acquired focal or hemispheric brain lesion on magnetic resonance imaging MRI despite generalized interictal epileptiform discharges IEDs. The aim of this study was to assess if rapid eye movement REM sleep reduced generalized IEDs and revea...
http://researchgate.net/researcher/16335888_James_M_Drake
*  .. Brain Waves
Brain Waves. . The brain’s primary mechanism for information distribution is through neuronal activity. Neuronal activity gives off tiny, but detectable electrical waves. These waves are called brain waves. Brain wave measurements provide information on the state of an individual’s brain. . Brain waves are defined based on their electrical frequency. Brain wave frequencies range from 1 hertz to 30+ hertz. The following is a list of the different brain waves in order of electrical frequency from lowest to highest: Delta, Theta, Schumann, Alpha, and Gamma waves. . Each brain wave has distinct sub-categories, these sub-categories are also defined based on their frequency and organization. The sub-categories are all indicative of distinct brains states. . In addition to electrical frequency, EEG machines also measure electrical amplitude. Electrical amplitude is indicative of the intensity of a brain state. Brain wave neurofeedback teaches individuals to suppress or enhance their brain wave amplitude...
http://biocybernaut.com/brain-waves/
*  Eros, LA Apartments for Rent - Rentals | Trulia
Eros, LA Apartments for Rent - Rentals. Trulia. . Trulia. Buy Eros Homes for Sale. Eros Open Houses. Eros Foreclosures. Eros New Homes. Eros Recently Sold Homes. Veteran Homebuyer Central. More Search Options. FREE List a property. All homes for sale. Sell What's My Home Worth. Rent Eros Apartments for Rent. Eros Homes for Rent. More Search Options. FREE List a property. Rental Fraud FAQs. All apartments for rent. Mortgage Eros Mortgage. Eros Refinance. Get Pre-Approved. Rent vs Buy Calculator. Mortgage Calculators. Find an Agent Eros Real Estate Agents. Eros Real Estate Brokers. Eros Mortgage Brokers or Lenders. Eros Builders/Developers. Eros Property Managers. Agent Directory. More Blog. Insurance Guide. Local Info. Eros Real Estate Overview. Eros Market Trends. Eros Crime. Neighborhood Guides. Trulia Maps. Trulia Mobile. Advice. Eros Q A. Guides. Ask a Question. Help Center. Get Leads by ZIP. Advertising. Seller Leads. Trulia Pro. Submit Listings. For Professionals. Get Leads by ZIP. Advertising. Seller Le...
http://trulia.com/for_rent/Eros,LA/
*  Draft:Electrophysiological techniques for clinical diagnosis
... 'Electrophysiological Techniques for Clinical Diagnosis' are the techniques borrowed from electrophysiology used in the clinical diagnosis of subjects. Role of electrophysiology in clinical medicine. Electrophysiology has a very important role in ensuring a clear clinical diagnosis. Electrophysiological techniques. Electroencephalography EEG. Electroencephalography. Electroencephalography is the measurement of brain activity through the surface of the scalp. Cook,, 'Clinical Electroencephalography', Vol 25, No.4, 1994 Data from evoked potentials can also be used processed in certain ways that can be considered quantitative EEG as well. If QEEG data is mapped then it is a topographic QEEG also known as brain electrical activity mapping or BEAM. Electrocardiography is the measurement of these signals. Electromyography is the measurement and analysis of the electrical activity in skeletal muscles. Evoked potentials. Magnetoencephalography MEG. The measurement of the naturally occurring magnetic fields produ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Draft:Electrophysiological_techniques_for_clinical_diagnosis
*  ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM ANALYSIS APPARATUS, ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM ANALYSIS PROGRAM, AND ELECTROENCEP
7A and 7B are graphs respectively showing the powers of the electroencephalograms slow sleep spindles measured at the measurement regions when a test subject is in a mood disorder state and a normal state; FIGS. 9A and 9B are graphs respectively showing the distribution of the powers of the electroencephalograms fast sleep spindles measured at the measurement regions when the test subject is in the mood disorder state and the normal state; and FIGS. Specifically, the comparison part 113 can compare the integral value of the first electroencephalogram spectrum in the specific frequency band here, greater than or equal to 10.5 Hz and less than or equal to 12.5 Hz with that of the second electroencephalogram spectrum in the specific frequency band. 5B in the specific frequency band greater than or equal to 10.5 Hz and less than or equal to 12.5 Hz, the diagnosis part 114 can diagnose that the test subject is in the mood disorder state. 6B in the specific frequency band greater than or equal to 10.5 Hz and less t...
http://faqs.org/patents/app/20130267866
*  Electrocorticography
The cortical potentials recorded by ECoG were used to identify epileptogenic zones – regions of the cortex that generate epileptic seizure s. Penfield and Jasper also used electrical stimulation during ECoG recordings in patients undergoing epilepsy surgery under local anesthesia. For this reason, the spatial resolution of ECoG is much higher than EEG, a critical imaging advantage for presurgical planning. The ECoG recording is performed from electrodes placed on the exposed cortex. Direct cortical electrical stimulation DCES, also known as cortical stimulation mapping, is frequently performed in concurrence with ECoG recording for functional mapping of the cortex and identification of critical cortical structures. Since its development in the 1950s, ECoG has been used to localize epileptogenic zones during presurgical planning, map out cortical functions, and to predict the success of epileptic surgical resectioning. Can be performed at any stage before, during, and after a surgery Allows for direct electric...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electrocorticography
*  Long-term video-EEG monitoring
long term video eeg monitoring long term video eeg monitoring long term video eeg monitoring also known as video telemetry is a diagnostic technique used in certain patients with epilepsy or seizures it involves the inpatient hospitalization of the patient for a period of time typically days to weeks during which they are continuously monitored and recorded with a video camera and an electroencephalograph the recording is periodically monitored and analyzed by a neurologist typically one trained in clinical neurophysiology the neurologist determines when the monitoring is finished and issues the final report the purposes of long term video eeg monitoring include discovering where in the brain a given person s seizures begin distinguishing epileptic seizure s from psychogenic non epileptic seizures evaluating a person who is a candidate for surgery to treat epilepsy references external links category electroencephalography...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long-term_video-EEG_monitoring
*  Electroencephalography
... FAST Linked Data. FAST Authority File. Search FAST Linked Data. Select Keyword Index: All Headings Topical Headings Geographic Headings Event Headings Personal Name Headings Corporate Name Headings Uniform Title Headings Chronological Headings Form or Genre Headings LC Source Headings. Electroencephalography. Information about the Resource. Schema.org Name s :. http://id.worldcat.org/fast/906445. Identifier:. SKOS Preferred Label:. Electroencephalography. SKOS Alternative Label:. Is In SKOS Scheme:. http://id.worldcat.org/fast/ontology/1.0/#fast. http://id.worldcat.org/fast/ontology/1.0/#facet-Topical. SKOS Related:. Information about the Resource Source. Document:. in Dataset: FAST. Primary Topic: http://id.worldcat.org/fast/906445. Format: application/rdf+xml. Cataloged by agency: OCoLC Transcribed by agency: OCoLC. Title: FAST Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Data. License:. Title: Open Data Commons Attribution License ODC-By v1.0. Comment: This is OCLC's "local copy" of the ODC-By license. ...
http://experimental.worldcat.org/fast/906445/

Photosensitive epilepsy: Photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) is a form of epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by visual stimuli that form patterns in time or space, such as flashing lights, bold, regular patterns, or regular moving patterns.Idiopathic generalized epilepsy: Idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is a group of epileptic disorders that are believed to have a strong underlying genetic basis. Patients with an IGE subtype are typically otherwise normal and have no structural brain abnormalities.Quantitative electroencephalography: Quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) is a field concerned with the numerical analysis of electroencephalography data and associated behavioral correlates.Palatal myoclonusGrow lightEpilepsy Research UK: Epilepsy Research UK is a British medical research charity dedicated to curing epilepsy.Cortical stimulation mapping: Cortical stimulation mapping (often shortened to CSM) is a type of electrocorticography that involves a physically invasive procedure and aims to localize the function of specific brain regions through direct electrical stimulation of the cerebral cortex. It remains one of the earliest methods of analyzing the brain and has allowed researchers to study the relationship between cortical structure and systemic function.Sensory stimulation therapy: Sensory stimulation therapy (SST) is an experimental therapy that aims to utilize neural plasticity mechanisms to aid in the recovery of somatosensory function after stroke or cognitive ageing. Stroke and cognitive ageing are well known sources of cognitive loss, the former by neuronal death, the later by weakening of neural connections.NeurostimulationNeurotechnology: Neurotechnology is any technology that has a fundamental influence on how people understand the brain and various aspects of consciousness, thought, and higher order activities in the brain. It also includes technologies that are designed to improve and repair brain function and allow researchers and clinicians to visualize the brain.Electroanalgesia: Electroanalgesia is a form of analgesia, or pain relief, that uses electricity to ease pain. Electrical devices can be internal or external, at the site of pain (local) or delocalized throughout the whole body.Temporal analysis of products: Temporal Analysis of Products (TAP), (TAP-2), (TAP-3) is an experimental technique for studyingCalcium signaling: Calcium ions are important for cellular signalling, as once they enter the cytosol of the cytoplasm they exert allosteric regulatory effects on many enzymes and proteins. Calcium can act in signal transduction resulting from activation of ion channels or as a second messenger caused by indirect signal transduction pathways such as G protein-coupled receptors.Cats in the United States: Many different species of mammal can be classified as cats (felids) in the United States. These include domestic cat (both house cats and feral), of the species Felis catus; medium-sized wild cats from the genus Lynx; and big cats from the genera Puma and Panthera.Muscle contraction: Muscle contraction is the activation of tension-generating sites within muscle fibers. In physiology, muscle contraction does not mean muscle shortening because muscle tension can be produced without changes in muscle length such as holding a heavy book or a dumbbell at the same position.Ventricular action potentialHyperphosphorylation: Hyperphosphorylation occurs when a biochemical with multiple phosphorylation sites is fully saturated. Hyperphosphorylation is one of the signalling mechanisms used by the cell to regulate mitosis.Cephalic phase: The cephalic phase of gastric secretion occurs even before food enters the stomach, especially while it is being eaten. It results from the sight, smell, thought, or taste of food, and the greater the appetite, the more intense is the stimulation.Concentration effect: In the study of inhaled anesthetics, the concentration effect is the increase in the rate that the Fa(alveolar concentration)/Fi(inspired concentration) ratio rises as the alveolar concentration of that gas is increased. In simple terms, the higher the concentration of gas administered, the faster the alveolar concentration of that gas approaches the inspired concentration.Burst kinetics: Burst kinetics is a form of enzyme kinetics that refers to an initial high velocity of enzymatic turnover when adding enzyme to substrate. This initial period of high velocity product formation is referred to as the "Burst Phase".HSD2 neurons: HSD2 neurons are a small group of neurons in the brainstem which are uniquely sensitive to the mineralocorticosteroid hormone aldosterone, through expression of HSD11B2. They are located within the caudal medulla oblongata, in the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS).Mature messenger RNA: Mature messenger RNA, often abbreviated as mature mRNA is a eukaryotic RNA transcript that has been spliced and processed and is ready for translation in the course of protein synthesis. Unlike the eukaryotic RNA immediately after transcription known as precursor messenger RNA, it consists exclusively of exons, with all introns removed.Crosstalk (biology): Biological crosstalk refers to instances in which one or more components of one signal transduction pathway affects another. This can be achieved through a number of ways with the most common form being crosstalk between proteins of signalling cascades.Withdrawal reflex: The withdrawal reflex (nociceptive or flexor withdrawal reflex) is a spinal reflex intended to protect the body from damaging stimuli. It is polysynaptic, causing stimulation of sensory, association, and motor neurons.Aging movement control: Normal aging movement control in humans is about the changes on the muscles, motor neurons, nerves, sensory functions, gait, fatigue, visual and manual responses, in men and women as they get older but who do not have neurological, muscular (atrophy, dystrophy...) or neuromuscular disorder.Periodic current reversalA. N. Hartley: Annie Norah Hartley (1902 – 1994), usually known simply as Norah Hartley, was a dog breeder and the first female board member of the Kennel Club.PNU-99,194: (maleate) (hydrochloride)

(1/15800) Competitive mechanisms subserve attention in macaque areas V2 and V4.

It is well established that attention modulates visual processing in extrastriate cortex. However, the underlying neural mechanisms are unknown. A consistent observation is that attention has its greatest impact on neuronal responses when multiple stimuli appear together within a cell's receptive field. One way to explain this is to assume that multiple stimuli activate competing populations of neurons and that attention biases this competition in favor of the attended stimulus. In the absence of competing stimuli, there is no competition to be resolved. Accordingly, attention has a more limited effect on the neuronal response to a single stimulus. To test this interpretation, we measured the responses of neurons in macaque areas V2 and V4 using a behavioral paradigm that allowed us to isolate automatic sensory processing mechanisms from attentional effects. First, we measured each cell's response to a single stimulus presented alone inside the receptive field or paired with a second receptive field stimulus, while the monkey attended to a location outside the receptive field. Adding the second stimulus typically caused the neuron's response to move toward the response that was elicited by the second stimulus alone. Then, we directed the monkey's attention to one element of the pair. This drove the neuron's response toward the response elicited when the attended stimulus appeared alone. These findings are consistent with the idea that attention biases competitive interactions among neurons, causing them to respond primarily to the attended stimulus. A quantitative neural model of attention is proposed to account for these results.  (+info)

(2/15800) The neuronal basis of a sensory analyser, the acridid movement detector system. I. Effects of simple incremental and decremental stimuli in light and dark adapted animals.

1. The response of the movement detector (MD) system to proportionally constant incremental and decremental stimuli has been studied at various degrees of light and dark adaptation. Action potentials in the descending contralateral movement detector neurone were taken as the indicator of response. 2. Over a range of at least six log10 units of adapting luminance, the MD system behaves as an ON/OFF unit, giving responses to both incremental and decremental changes in the illumination of a 5 degrees target. 3. With increasing amplitudes of stimuli, both the ON and OFF responses saturate rapidly. Saturation is reached sooner at higher levels of light adaptation. At all levels of light adaptation, the OFF response is greater than the ON. The ratio for saturating stimuli is approximately constant at around 3:2. 4. At the brightest adapting luminances used (20 000 cd/m2) the ON response is reduced but not lost. At the lowest (0-004 cd/m2) the OFF response to a 5 degrees disc fails, but can be regained by increasing the test area to 10 degrees. 5. From what is known of the retina of locusts and other insects, it is thought that light and dark adaptation in the MD system can be adequately explained by events at the retinula cell.  (+info)

(3/15800) MST neuronal responses to heading direction during pursuit eye movements.

As you move through the environment, you see a radial pattern of visual motion with a focus of expansion (FOE) that indicates your heading direction. When self-movement is combined with smooth pursuit eye movements, the turning of the eye distorts the retinal image of the FOE but somehow you still can perceive heading. We studied neurons in the medial superior temporal area (MST) of monkey visual cortex, recording responses to FOE stimuli presented during fixation and smooth pursuit eye movements. Almost all neurons showed significant changes in their FOE selective responses during pursuit eye movements. However, the vector average of all the neuronal responses indicated the direction of the FOE during both fixation and pursuit. Furthermore, the amplitude of the net vector increased with increasing FOE eccentricity. We conclude that neuronal population encoding in MST might contribute to pursuit-tolerant heading perception.  (+info)

(4/15800) Eye movement deficits following ibotenic acid lesions of the nucleus prepositus hypoglossi in monkeys II. Pursuit, vestibular, and optokinetic responses.

The eyes are moved by a combination of neural commands that code eye velocity and eye position. The eye position signal is supposed to be derived from velocity-coded command signals by mathematical integration via a single oculomotor neural integrator. For horizontal eye movements, the neural integrator is thought to reside in the rostral nucleus prepositus hypoglossi (nph) and project directly to the abducens nuclei. In a previous study, permanent, serial ibotenic acid lesions of the nph in three rhesus macaques compromised the neural integrator for fixation but saccades were not affected. In the present study, to determine further whether the nph is the neural substrate for a single oculomotor neural integrator, the effects of those lesions on smooth pursuit, the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR), vestibular nystagmus (VN), and optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) are documented. The lesions were correlated with long-lasting deficits in eye movements, indicated most clearly by the animals' inability to maintain steady gaze in the dark. However, smooth pursuit and sinusoidal VOR in the dark, like the saccades in the previous study, were affected minimally. The gain of horizontal smooth pursuit (eye movement/target movement) decreased slightly (<25%) and phase lead increased slightly for all frequencies (0.3-1.0 Hz, +/-10 degrees target tracking), most noticeably for higher frequencies (0.8-0.7 and approximately 20 degrees for 1.0-Hz tracking). Vertical smooth pursuit was not affected significantly. Surprisingly, horizontal sinusoidal VOR gain and phase also were not affected significantly. Lesions had complex effects on both VN and OKN. The plateau of per- and postrotatory VN was shortened substantially ( approximately 50%), whereas the initial response and the time constant of decay decreased slightly. The initial OKN response also decreased slightly, and the charging phase was prolonged transiently then recovered to below normal levels like the VN time constant. Maximum steady-state, slow eye velocity of OKN decreased progressively by approximately 30% over the course of the lesions. These results support the previous conclusion that the oculomotor neural integrator is not a single neural entity and that the mathematical integrative function for different oculomotor subsystems is most likely distributed among a number of nuclei. They also show that the nph apparently is not involved in integrating smooth pursuit signals and that lesions of the nph can fractionate the VOR and nystagmic responses to adequate stimuli.  (+info)

(5/15800) Light-induced calcium influx into retinal axons is regulated by presynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptor activity in vivo.

Visual activity is thought to be a critical factor in controlling the development of central retinal projections. Neuronal activity increases cytosolic calcium, which was hypothesized to regulate process outgrowth in neurons. We performed an in vivo imaging study in the retinotectal system of albino Xenopus laevis tadpoles with the fluorescent calcium indicator calcium green 1 dextran (CaGD) to test the role of calcium in regulating axon arbor development. We find that visual stimulus to the retina increased CaGD fluorescence intensity in retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axon arbors within the optic tectum and that branch additions to retinotectal axon arbors correlated with a local rise in calcium in the parent branch. We find three types of responses to visual stimulus, which roughly correlate with the ON, OFF, and SUSTAINED response types of RGC reported by physiological criteria. Imaging in bandscan mode indicated that patterns of calcium transients were nonuniform throughout the axons. We tested whether the increase in calcium in the retinotectal axons required synaptic activity in the retina; intraocular application of tetrodotoxin (10 microM) or nifedipine (1 and 10 microM) blocked the stimulus-induced increase in RGC axonal fluorescence. A second series of pharmacological investigations was designed to determine the mechanism of the calcium elevation in the axon terminals within the optic tectum. Injection of bis-(o-aminophenoxy)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid-AM (BAPTA-AM) (20 mM) into the tectal ventricle reduced axonal calcium levels, supporting the idea that visual stimulation increases axonal calcium. Injection of BAPTA (20 mM) into the tectal ventricle to chelate extracellular calcium also attenuated the calcium response to visual stimulation, indicating that calcium enters the axon from the extracellular medium. Caffeine (10 mM) caused a large increase in axonal calcium, indicating that intracellular stores contribute to the calcium signal. Presynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) may play a role in axon arbor development and the formation of the topographic retinotectal projection. Injection of nicotine (10 microM) into the tectal ventricle significantly elevated RGC axonal calcium levels, whereas application of the nAChR antagonist alphaBTX (100 nM) reduced the stimulus-evoked rise in RGC calcium fluorescence. These data suggest that light stimulus to the retina increases calcium in the axon terminal arbors through a mechanism that includes influx through nAChRs and amplification by calcium-induced calcium release from intracellular calcium stores. Such a mechanism may contribute to developmental plasticity of the retinotectal system by influencing both axon arbor elaboration and the strength of synaptic transmission.  (+info)

(6/15800) Correlated firing in rabbit retinal ganglion cells.

A ganglion cell's receptive field is defined as that region on the retinal surface in which a light stimulus will produce a response. While neighboring ganglion cells may respond to the same stimulus in a region where their receptive fields overlap, it generally has been assumed that each cell makes an independent decision about whether to fire. Recent recordings from cat and salamander retina using multiple electrodes have challenged this view of independent firing by showing that neighboring ganglion cells have an increased tendency to fire together within +/-5 ms. However, there is still uncertainty about which types of ganglion cells fire together, the mechanisms that produce coordinated spikes, and the overall function of coordinated firing. To address these issues, the responses of up to 80 rabbit retinal ganglion cells were recorded simultaneously using a multielectrode array. Of the 11 classes of rabbit ganglion cells previously identified, coordinated firing was observed in five. Plots of the spike train cross-correlation function suggested that coordinated firing occurred through two mechanisms. In the first mechanism, a spike in an interneuron diverged to produce simultaneous spikes in two ganglion cells. This mechanism predominated in four of the five classes including the ON brisk transient cells. In the second mechanism, ganglion cells appeared to activate each other reciprocally. This was the predominant pattern of correlated firing in OFF brisk transient cells. By comparing the receptive field profiles of ON and OFF brisk transient cells, a peripheral extension of the OFF brisk transient cell receptive field was identified that might be produced by lateral spike spread. Thus an individual OFF brisk transient cell can respond both to a light stimulus directed at the center of its receptive field and to stimuli that activate neighboring OFF brisk transient cells through their receptive field centers.  (+info)

(7/15800) Evidence for an eye-centered spherical representation of the visuomotor map.

During visually guided movement, visual coordinates of target location must be transformed into coordinates appropriate for movement. To investigate the representation of this visuomotor coordinate transformation, we examined changes in pointing behavior induced by a local visuomotor remapping. The visual feedback of finger position was limited to one location within the workspace, at which a discrepancy was introduced between the actual and visually perceived finger position. This remapping induced a change in pointing that extended over the entire workspace and was best captured by a spherical coordinate system centered near the eyes.  (+info)

(8/15800) Visuomotor processing as reflected in the directional discharge of premotor and primary motor cortex neurons.

Premotor and primary motor cortical neuronal firing was studied in two monkeys during an instructed delay, pursuit tracking task. The task included a premovement "cue period," during which the target was presented at the periphery of the workspace and moved to the center of the workspace along one of eight directions at one of four constant speeds. The "track period" consisted of a visually guided, error-constrained arm movement during which the animal tracked the target as it moved from the central start box along a line to the opposite periphery of the workspace. Behaviorally, the animals tracked the required directions and speeds with highly constrained trajectories. The eye movements consisted of saccades to the target at the onset of the cue period, followed by smooth pursuit intermingled with saccades throughout the cue and track periods. Initially, an analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test for direction and period effects in the firing. Subsequently, a linear regression analysis was used to fit the average firing from the cue and track periods to a cosine model. Directional tuning as determined by a significant fit to the cosine model was a prominent feature of the discharge during both the cue and track periods. However, the directional tuning of the firing of a single cell was not always constant across the cue and track periods. Approximately one-half of the neurons had differences in their preferred directions (PDs) of >45 degrees between cue and track periods. The PD in the cue or track period was not dependent on the target speed. A second linear regression analysis based on calculation of the preferred direction in 20-ms bins (i.e., the PD trajectory) was used to examine on a finer time scale the temporal evolution of this change in directional tuning. The PD trajectories in the cue period were not straight but instead rotated over the workspace to align with the track period PD. Both clockwise and counterclockwise rotations occurred. The PD trajectories were relatively straight during most of the track period. The rotation and eventual convergence of the PD trajectories in the cue period to the preferred direction of the track period may reflect the transformation of visual information into motor commands. The widely dispersed PD trajectories in the cue period would allow targets to be detected over a wide spatial aperture. The convergence of the PD trajectories occurring at the cue-track transition may serve as a "Go" signal to move that was not explicitly supplied by the paradigm. Furthermore, the rotation and convergence of the PD trajectories may provide a mechanism for nonstandard mapping. Standard mapping refers to a sensorimotor transformation in which the stimulus is the object of the reach. Nonstandard mapping is the mapping of an arbitrary stimulus into an arbitrary movement. The shifts in the PD may allow relevant visual information from any direction to be transformed into an appropriate movement direction, providing a neural substrate for nonstandard stimulus-response mappings.  (+info)


what is the difference between electrical stimulation and interferential current ?


Both electrical stimulation and interferential current are used in treating physical therapy patients with pain, I'd like to know the specific difference, so I can use them properly. Thank you.
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Electrical stimulation is a generic term that can be used to describe serveral types of electrical modalities including, NNES, TENS, IFC, galvonic stim, HVPC etc.  However, most people use it to describe NMES or neuromuscular electrical stimulation.  This modality is used to facilitate a contraction of a weakened muscle.  IFC is primarily used at the sensory level to decrease pain by the gate mechanism...lower frequencies, however, can assist in the reduction of edema by gentle muscular fasiculations.


Is it true that nipple stimulation can make your boobs grow?


Someone told me that nipple stimulation releases a hormone that makes your boobs grow. I'm a bit skeptical of it but she made a pretty good case for it.
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It depends on how often and how regular.
Nipple stimulation releass the hormone prolactin which makes the glandsin your breasts grow in prep to make milk. SO you can get a 2 cup size increase. One woman got hers up to 40 DD and wrote book about it.
But the hormone level drops off about every 4 hours so if you only do it twice per day (10 inutes), you can't expect much action. 6 times a day will see tremendous action and growth after only 4 weeks.
The good news is it also prevents breast cancer.


Is the stimulation a good treatment against the incapacity of the cerebral cortex?


My child suffers from the incapacity of the cerebral cortex and the medicine recommended as treatment the stimulation. I wanted to know if it is a check treatment against this disease because my child is at present 4 years old but he does not speak and behaves as an 18-month-old child. Help me I am African and to us it has no specialist for this kind of neither case nor processing center there. If I do not find solution, my child risks beginning the school in 11 years. Thank you for your contributions.
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As difficult as this is to accept, i would have to say that even if you were in the West, Europe or USA etc and had access to medical resources, your child will always have a disparity between physical age and mental development.

There may be a real likelihood of your child developing ADHD as well if this is not already indicating, which may also be why stimulants are being prescribed as well as the need for neurosynaptic amplification in certain areas.

With such a condition, normal levels of neurotransmitters in the cortical and hippocampic regions do need to be amplified with stimulants so communication with centres of higher brain function are adequate and this is a standard treatment in a developing child so young soas to try and bridge that disparity in development as your child matures through to adulthood, without stimulating lower brain function your child's development will steadily become more disparate between physical and mental maturity and what you seem to already know by saying your child will be starting school at 11 years of age would indeed be true.

With this condition, there is no magic pill which will advance mental development to what is normal and the extents of his lack of development can only be assessed as time advances, too many unknown quotients to be sure about anything.

I would agree for your your child to take the recommended stimulants, i do hope though that the doctor prescribing has had your child properly assessed as to what is the appropriate stimulant medication and properly ascertained dosage and regimen.

Hopefully, as your child grows, the gaps in physical and mental development will close and as his brain matures the stimulants achieve near normal neurotransmitter communication between cortical and higher brain functions, this should happen and your son should be able to lead a fairly normal life by the time he's a teenager but will always be a bit less developed than the majority, that is a sad fact i'm sorry.

He will likely have to have medication for ADHD into adulthood as well but i am certain that without stimulants to raise cortical activity, your son will not develop very much at all, the condition he has is serious so listen to the doctors advice, as long as the doctors are properly qualified.

When you know what stimulants are to be prescribed and at what dosages, i would check that out further just to be sure too much or too little is being prescribed, there are a lot of websites which can aid you in that and you can contact health professionals on-line to ask their expert opinions on your sons treatments, it will be wise to do so, many opinions saying the same will give you reassurance.

Your son may make huge breakthroughs and develop fairly normally as time goes on or he may not, that is something only the passage of time will reveal but children and the human brain are resilient, wonders do happen.

I wish you and your son all the best of luck in life.

The goddess guide your path's.


How well does nipple stimulation work for a woman who is 40+ weeks pregnant?


40+ weeks pregnant and wondering about nipple stimulation. Does it actually work or should I just wait for things to happen naturally?
I have been doing the N.S. since I posted this and have started to have some contractions, but nothing too big as of now.
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http://pregnancy.about.com/od/induction/a/nipplestim.htm read about it here :)

Many women report that nipple stimulation can cause you to go into labor. It is often seen as a natural induction technique or as an augmentation to labor. Supposedly this works by releasing the body's natural oxytocin and causing contractions. It works better with a ripe cervix and is not a guarantee of labor.

You can do nipple stimulation with:

breast pump
hands (yours or your partner's)
orally (baby or partner)
warm shower stream directed at nipples


What effect does sympathetic stimulation have on stroke volume if the venous return remains constant?


What effect does sympathetic stimulation have on stroke volume if the venous return remains constant? Dilation of the coronary blood vessels occurs in response to an increased heart rate and stroke volume. Explain the functional advantage of that effect.
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Sympathetic stimulation inceases the force of contraction of the heart and hence the stroke volume. Diltation of coronary vessels is needed to meet the extra oxygen demand of the heart muscle which has to work more.


How would increased vagal stimulation be detected in a routine physical examination of a patient?


Excessive vagal stimulation can be caused by severe clinical depression. How would increased vagal stimulation be detected in a routine physical examination of a patient, particularly with respect to the cardiac system?
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to my knowledge, I don't think there is a way they can tell, unless you were to develop sores, or a lot of tenderness in the area.


How can I ejaculate without direct stimulation?


I have not ejaculated without direct stimulation in a long time. I tried to stop masturbating for a while to see if I can get a wet dream naturally or get stimulation by just watching porn but I couldn't.
I'm currently 21.
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Prostate massage. I'm assuming you mean without penile stimulation.


What can i do to experience orgasm through vaginal stimulation?


I lost my virginity a year ago and i have never experienced an orgasm through vaginal stimulation. I would like to know what that´s like. What can i do???
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Very few women have an orgasm durring intercourse. if she does its because of clitoral stimulation. some women do, some women dont. i say try masterbating and see what you like, then teach your partner. if you dont know what you like how is he supposed to know? guess? men are pretty slow when it comes to that. so help a guy out!