Phenol: An antiseptic and disinfectant aromatic alcohol.Phenols: Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.Phenolsulfonphthalein: Red dye, pH indicator, and diagnostic aid for determination of renal function. It is used also for studies of the gastrointestinal and other systems.Chlorophenols: Phenols substituted with one or more chlorine atoms in any position.Phenolphthaleins: A family of 3,3-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)phthalides. They are used as CATHARTICS, indicators, and COLORING AGENTS.Arylsulfotransferase: A sulfotransferase that catalyzes the sulfation of a phenol in the presence of 3'-phosphoadenylylsulfate as sulfate donor to yield an aryl sulfate and adenosine 3',5'-bisphosphate. A number of aromatic compounds can act as acceptors; however, organic hydroxylamines are not substrates. Sulfate conjugation by this enzyme is a major pathway for the biotransformation of phenolic and catechol drugs as well as neurotransmitters. EC 2.8.2.1.CresolsCatechols: A group of 1,2-benzenediols that contain the general formula R-C6H5O2.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Parabens: Methyl, propyl, butyl, and ethyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. They have been approved by the FDA as antimicrobial agents for foods and pharmaceuticals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed, p872)Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Mixed Function Oxygenases: Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.Catechol 1,2-Dioxygenase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of catechol to muconic acid with the use of Fe3+ as a cofactor. This enzyme was formerly characterized as EC 1.13.1.1 and EC 1.99.2.2.Thauera: A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria able to anaerobically oxidize and degrade toluene.Catechol 2,3-Dioxygenase: Catalyzes the oxidation of catechol to 2-hydroxymuconate semialdehyde in the carbazole and BENZOATE degradation via HYDROXYLATION pathways. It also catalyzes the conversion of 3-methylcatechol to cis, cis-2-hydroxy-6-oxohept-2,4-dienoate in the TOLUENE and XYLENE degradation pathway. This enzyme was formerly characterized as EC 1.13.1.2.Oxygenases: Oxidases that specifically introduce DIOXYGEN-derived oxygen atoms into a variety of organic molecules.Pentachlorophenol: An insecticide and herbicide that has also been used as a wood preservative. Pentachlorphenol is a widespread environmental pollutant. Both chronic and acute pentachlorophenol poisoning are medical concerns. The range of its biological actions is still being actively explored, but it is clearly a potent enzyme inhibitor and has been used as such as an experimental tool.Tyrosine Phenol-Lyase: An enzyme that catalyzes the cleavage of tyrosine to phenol, pyruvate, and ammonia. It is a pyridoxal phosphate protein. The enzyme also forms pyruvate from D-tyrosine, L-cysteine, S-methyl-L-cysteine, L-serine, and D-serine, although at a slower rate. EC 4.1.99.2.Anisoles: A group of compounds that are derivatives of methoxybenzene and contain the general formula R-C7H7O.Pseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Trichosporon: A mitosporic fungal genus causing opportunistic infections, endocarditis, fungemia, a hypersensitivity pneumonitis (see TRICHOSPORONOSIS) and white PIEDRA.HydroquinonesBenzopyrenes: A class of chemicals that contain an anthracene ring with a naphthalene ring attached to it.Guaiacol: An agent thought to have disinfectant properties and used as an expectorant. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p747)NitrophenolsBenzoic Acid: A fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid.Monophenol Monooxygenase: An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the reaction between L-tyrosine, L-dopa, and oxygen to yield L-dopa, dopaquinone, and water. It is a copper protein that acts also on catechols, catalyzing some of the same reactions as CATECHOL OXIDASE. EC 1.14.18.1.Nails, Ingrown: Excessive lateral nail growth into the nail fold. Because the lateral margin of the nail acts as a foreign body, inflammation and granulation may result. It is caused by improperly fitting shoes and by improper trimming of the nail.

*  China Peg, Nonyl Phenol, Acetonitrile supplier - Zibo Qianle Trade Co., Ltd.
... China Peg, Nonyl Phenol, Acetonitrile supplier - Zibo Qianle Trade Co., Ltd. Join Free. Sign In. Buyer  Search Products Find China Suppliers Supplier .  Inquiry Basket 0. English  Espa ol Portugu s Fran ais. Italiano Deutsch Nederlands. 한국어 日本語. Made in China. Products Suppliers Sourcing Requests. Products . Search. Post Sourcing Request. Your Shortcut to Get Accurate Quotes. Post Sourcing Request. Zibo Qianle Trade Co., Ltd. Peg, Nonyl Phenol, Acetonitrile manufacturers / suppliers in China, offering 2-Furoyl Chloride; Valeryl Chloride, Sodium Nitrite; Sodium Sulphite, Pentaerythritol and so on. Home Company Profile Product List Contact Details Send Inquiry. Company Profile. Zibo Qianle Trade Company, specialized in Surfactant and chemicals, we have our own import and export permit. If you are interested in our company please feel free to contact me. View More. Main Products. Isopropyl Ether. Pentaerythritol. Cyclopropane C...
http://victory09.en.made-in-china.com/
*  Material Safety Data
https://fscimage.fishersci.com/msds/91625.htm
*  Twinlab - Pycnogenol 50 Mg 60 Capsules - Save 45%
... Twinlab - Pycnogenol 50 Mg 60 Capsules - Save 45%. Order 1-800-338-7979 24-hrs. Category > Supplements > Pycnogenol View Larger Image. Twinlab more from Twinlab. Pycnogenol 50 Mg 60 Capsules Item No. 50-304-709 UPC: 027434004343 Retail Price: $64.49 Your Price: $34.99 Save: 45% OFF. Quantity:. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20. Add to Cart. In stock. Label Information. Ingredients. Reviews. Patented Natural Antioxidant Standardized Pine Bark Extract. Well tolerated by most highly allergic individuals. This product is manufactured at our own state of the art facilities with stringent quality control assuring correct potencies and outstanding product freshness. It is packaged in a glass bottle for maximum stability and quality. Ingredients Supplement Facts Serving Size 1 Capsule Servings Per Container 60 Amount Per Serving % Daily Value. Pine Bark Extract Pycnogenol** Standardized for a minimum of 95% Proanthocyanidins, Phenolics and Flavonoids 50 mg †. † Daily Value not established. Other ...
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*  Eheim HOB Hang on Filter Liberty 200
... Eheim HOB Hang on Filter Liberty 200. Aquarium Supplies, LED Aquarium Lights, Marine Aquariums, Coral Reef Tanks, Orange County Aquarium Supplies. Sales home Register/ Log in - out Coupons Help Info OPTIMAXX LED Aquarium Lights Nano Aquariums Aquarium Supplies Aquarium Water Pumps Protein Skimmers Aquarium Chillers Fish Foods Aquarium Heaters Aquarium Magnets. Contact Us About Us Privacy Security Shipping Info Track Order How To Shop Our S.E.R.V.I.C.E. Commitment FAQ's Return Policy Layaway. International Shipping. Email Address. Your Cart. Your shopping cart is empty. Products Categories. PAR38 LED AQUARIUM LIGHTS. OptiMAXX LED LIGHTS. 18K PAR38 LED AQUARIUM LIGHT. 14K PAR38 LED AQUARIUM LIGHT. DIY LED AQUARIUM LIGHT KITS. WIRELESS REMOTE PAR 38. PAR38 REEF CLAMP LAMP. AQUARIUM CHILLERS. COOLWORKS ICE PROBE CHILLERS. AQUARIUM COOLING FANS. AQUAEURO USA. CORALIFE CHILLERS. JBJ CHILLERS. NANO AQUARIUM CHILLERS. AQUARIUM AIR BLOWERS. AQUARIUM FANS. PACIFIC COAST IMPORTS. DROP IN CHILLERS. CURRENT USA INLINE...
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*  Patent US20090061338 - Boron containing photoconductors - Google Patents
... Patent US20090061338 - Boron containing photoconductors - Google Patents. Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive. More. Sign in. Advanced Patent Search. Patents. A photoconductor comprising a supporting substrate, a photogenerating layer, and at least one charge transport layer comprised of at least one charge transport component, and where the photogenerating layer contains a boron containing compound.... http://www.google.com/patents/US20090061338?utm source=gb-gplus-share Patent US20090061338 - Boron containing photoconductors Advanced Patent Search Publication number US20090061338 A1. Publication type Application. Application number US 11/848,439. Publication date Mar 5, 2009. Filing date Aug 31, 2007. Priority date Aug 31, 2007. Also published as US7670738. Publication number 11848439, 848439, US 2009/0061338 A1, US 2009/061338 A1, US 20090061338 A1, US 20090061338A1, US 2009061338 A1, US 2009061338A1, US-A1-20090061338, US-A1-2009061338, US2009/0061338A1, US2009/061338A1, US20090061338 A1,...
http://google.com/patents/US20090061338?ie=ISO-8859-1
*  Medical Aesthetics BooksMedical Aesthetics Face Conference
... Medical Aesthetics FACE Certification. Skin Care Education. Licensed Skin Care Professionals. Acaraya Dermatology Skin Care. ACARAYA Skin Care: Dermatology. These new skin care professionals would include Medical Aestheticians, Clinical Nurse-Aestheticians, Clinical Aestheticians and Beauty Therapists.Each of these identifiable skin care professioanls would work with Plastic Surgeons, Facial Plastic Surgeons, Dermatologists and Doctors of every medical specialty background. She had garnered the facial aesthetics clinical expereince, observed how the Dermatologists worked their skin care program as it related to Facial Aesthetics, documented how Nursing in itself as professional role did not address aesthetics, worked in conjunction with Plastic Surgeons both as a nurse and aesthetician and was able to piece together a conceptual basis for the Development of a New Licensed Skin Care Specialist. Rinehart had taken a bold step to write abount a indentifaible role for future licensed skin care professionals t...
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*  Polypropylene Machining – PEP Connecticut Plastics
... Polypropylene Machining – PEP Connecticut Plastics. Products Solutions. Plastic Machining Process. CNC Plastic Machining Turning. Micro Machining Plastic. Polishing Polycarbonate. Acrylic Polishing. Difficult Plastic Parts. Prototype Rapid Delivery Machining. 5 Axis Machining. Plastic Manifold Machining Assemblies. Plastic Parts and Materials. Acrylic. Polycarbonate. Polypropylene. Eco-Plastics. Semiconductor. Diagnostic Instruments. Plastics for Machining. Machining v. Frequently Asked Questions. General Plastic Fabrication Questions. Plastic Materials Questions. Plastic Polishing Questions. Bonded Manifold Questions. Plastic Part Design Guide. Machinability of Plastics. Tips for Machined Plastic Component Design. Learning Center. An Introduction to Plastics. Plastics in Medicine. Biodegradable Plastics. Quality. Clarity. Customer Order Support. Delivery Terms. Engineering. Feedback from Customers. News. Contact. Inquiry/RFQ Form. Careers. Products Solutions. Plastic Machining Process. Plastic Parts and ...
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*  Philips Research Repository search for: creator:"Krouwels, F.H."
... Philips Research Repository search for: creator: Krouwels, F.H. Repository hosted by TU Delft Library. Search results also available in MS Excel format. 1 Exhaled air molecular profiling in relation to inflammatory subtype and activity in COPD. exhaled breath analysis. We hypothesized that inflammatory subtype in mild and moderately severe COPD can be assessed by exhaled breathmetabolomics. Methods Standardized sampling of exhaled compounds wasperformed using gas-chromatography and mass-spectrometry GC-MS and electronic nose eNose in 28 COPD patients 12/16 GOLD I/II. Differential cell counts, eosinophilic cationic protein and myeloperoxidase were measured in induced sputum. Relationships between compounds, eNose breathprints and sputum inflammatory markers were analyzedand ROC curves were constructed. Results Exhaled compounds were highly associated with sputum cell counts 9 compounds with eosinophils,20 with neutrophils:,p 0.01. Only two compounds phenol, alkylatedbenzene overlapped between eosinophilic ...
http://repository.tudelft.nl/search/philips/?q=creator:"Krouwels, F.H."
*  Nonyl Phenol Markets in China, Trends, Share, Size Research Report
IV.NONYL PHENOL PRODUCTION AND DEMAND Overview Nonyl Phenol Production and Demand Nonyl Phenol Output Nonyl Phenol Demand Nonyl Phenol Capacity Nonyl Phenol Capacity Expansion Nonyl Phenol Import and Export. IV.NONYL PHENOL PRODUCTION AND DEMAND China s Nonyl Phenol Production and Demand China s Nonyl Phenol output by Manufacturer China s Nonyl Phenol Consumption by Markets Nonyl Phenol Capacity by Manufacturers China s Nonyl Phenol Capacity and Expansion by Manufacturer China s Nonyl Phenol Import by Country. IV.NONYL PHENOL PRODUCTION AND DEMAND Worldwide Nonyl Phenol Capacity by Region Nonyl Phenol Output, Capacity and Demand Nonyl Phenol Output Nonyl Phenol Demand China s Nonyl Phenol Consumption by Market Nonyl Phenol Capacity Nonyl Phenol Output and Demand Nonyl Phenol Capacity and Demand Nonyl Phenol Output and Self-Sufficiency Nonyl Phenol Net Import and Self-Sufficiency Nonyl Phenol Import Nonyl Phenol Demand Composition Nonyl Phenol Demand and Self-sufficiency Nonyl Phenol Import by Country. V.NONYL...
http://researchmoz.us/nonyl-phenol-markets-in-china-report.html
*  Is a Phenol Peel Too Drastic for my Issues (Wrinkling, Skin Cancer Scar)? Would Laser Be a Better Ch
Is a Phenol Peel Too Drastic for my Issues Wrinkling, Skin Cancer Scar. Would Laser Be a Better Choice?. Doctor Answers, Tips. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript. For Doctors Join Sign in. Treatments. Find a Doctor. Ask a Doctor. For Doctors. Sign In Join. Treatments. Phenol Peel. Is a Phenol Peel Too... Ask a doctor. Reviews 28. Pictures 40. Videos 1. Forum 1. Cost. Is a Phenol Peel Too Drastic for my Issues Wrinkling, Skin Cancer Scar. Would Laser Be a Better Choice?. The wrinkles that bother me most are: bridge of nose between eyes, wrinkling and laxity under eyes, and slight wrinkling of labial folds I have Radiesse every 1 1/2 to 2 years. Is a phenol or TCA peel, or laser a better choice. Doctor Answers 1 Phenol peel for wrinkling, scar from cancer excision January 19th, 2012 {{ voteCount >= 0. '+' + voteCount + 1 : voteCount + 1 }}. Remember that phenol peels are not all or none as they once were. Any laser, and any chemical peel, is only as good as the doctor who uses it. Every day I see...
http://realself.com/question/phenol-peel-drastic-for-my-issues-wrinklingskin-cancer-scar-laser-choice
*  Phenol extraction
... also is a laboratory process to purify DNA samples. Image:upPhenol C 6 H 5 OH is a water-soluble compound consisting of a phenyl group -C 6 H 5 bonded to a hydroxyl group -OH. In this method, a mixture of TE or Tris - Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and phenol is combined with an equal volume of an aqueous DNA sample. The phenol extraction technique is often used to purify samples of nucleic acids taken from cells. To obtain nucleic acid samples, the cell must be lysed and the nucleic acids separated from all other cell materials. Because nucleic acids are highly polar, they do not dissolve in the presence of phenol. The second is that phenol has a density of 1.07 g/cm 3, which is higher than the density of water 1.00 g/cm 3. Thus, when phenol is added to a cell sample solution the water and phenol remain separate. Two “phases” form when phenol is added to the solution and centrifuged. There is an aqueous, polar phase at the top of the solution containing nucleic acids and water, and an organic phase con...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenol_extraction
*  DrugBank: Phenol (DB03255)
DrugBank: Phenol DB03255. Toggle navigation. Browse. Drug Browse. Category Browse. Geno Browse. Reaction Browse. Pathway Browse. Class Browse. Target Browse. Search. ChemQuery Structure Search. Molecular Weight Search. Interax Interaction Search. Sequence Search. Advanced Search. MS Search. MS/MS Search. GC/MS Search. 1D NMR Search. 2D NMR Search. Downloads. About. About DrugBank. Statistics. Other Databases. Data Sources. News Archive. Wishart Research Group. HMDB. T3DB. SMPDB. FooDB. More Databases. Help. Citing DrugBank. Documentation. FAQ. Searching DrugBank. Tutorial. Contact Us. drugs targets pathways. You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on DrugBank. Identification Taxonomy Pharmacology ADMET Pharmacoeconomics Properties Spectra References Interactions targets 3 Comments. targets 3. Identification Name Phenol. Accession Number DB03255 EXPT01917. Type Small Molecule. Groups Approved, Experimental. Description Phenol is an antisep...
http://drugbank.ca/drugs/DB03255
*  Phenol Peel for Deep Upper Lip Wrinkles? Doctor Answers, Tips
Phenol Peel for Deep Upper Lip Wrinkles. Doctor Answers, Tips. For Doctors Join Sign in. Find a Doctor. Ask a Doctor. For Doctors. Phenol Peel. Phenol Peel for Deep Upper... Ask a doctor. Phenol Peel for Deep Upper Lip Wrinkles. I have very deep lines around my upper lip. Doctor Answers 6 Phenol-Croton Oil Peel is Excellent for Deep Facial Wrinkles July 8th, 2009 {{ voteCount >= 0. '+' + voteCount + 1 : voteCount + 1 }}. The modified Phenol or Phenol-Croton Oil Peel is a great option for resurfacing deep wrinkles in the face. I have found that this peel tends to work best as an overall facial resurfacing agent, rather than trying to do just one area of the face. The best thing about the Phenol-Croton Oil peel results is that they last a very long time and sometimes even improve with time. Hasen, MD Naples Plastic Surgeon 4.5 out of 5 stars. Phenol peels for deep lines May 8th, 2009 {{ voteCount >= 0. '+' + voteCount + 1 : voteCount + 1 }}. There are many options for resurfacing the lines around your mouth and...
http://realself.com/question/phenol-peel-deep-upper-lip-wrinkles
*  Blue Island Phenol will not restart :: Chemical Week
... PEOPLE and BUSINESS. People/Executives Companies Energy and Feedstocks Emerging Companies Corporate Social Responsibility Responsible Care Talent Management Reach Green Issues M A Earnings/Finance. Basic Chemicals Plastics Engineering Plastics Specialty Chemicals Fine Chemicals/Biotech Alternative Fuels Industrial Gases. IHS Chemical. search ADVANCED SEARCH in this issue. BLOG premium services BUSINESS DAILY IHS CHEMICAL events IHS CHEMICAL EVENTS IHS TRAINING AND EDUCATION INDUSTRY EVENTS CALENDAR WEBCASTS online directory BUYERS' GUIDE resources FEATURED REPORTS WHITE PAPERS advertising ADVERTISE CUSTOM PUBLISHING DIRECTORIES AND PROFILES customer care CUSTOMER CARE FAQ. Find related resources at IHS Chemical More Acetone Ineos acquires Axiall's aromatics business, Axiall to close phenol plant Altivia signs agrees to acquire Haverhill's phenol, acetone, AMS, BPA assets Acetone oversupply forces phenol-acetone operating rate cuts Haverhill CEO leaving, fate of company still in the balance Cepsa lifts fo...
http://chemweek.com/markets/basic_chemicals/petrochemicals/acetone/Blue-Island-Phenol-will-not-restart_58742.html
*  UOP Technology Selected for Phenol Project in Korea :: Chemical Week
... Click here... Click here... PEOPLE and BUSINESS. Basic Chemicals Plastics Engineering Plastics Specialty Chemicals Fine Chemicals/Biotech Alternative Fuels Industrial Gases. IHS Chemical. BLOG premium services BUSINESS DAILY IHS CHEMICAL events IHS CHEMICAL EVENTS IHS TRAINING AND EDUCATION INDUSTRY EVENTS CALENDAR WEBCASTS online directory BUYERS' GUIDE resources FEATURED REPORTS WHITE PAPERS advertising ADVERTISE CUSTOM PUBLISHING DIRECTORIES AND PROFILES customer care CUSTOMER CARE FAQ. Find related resources at IHS Chemical More Phenol Ineos acquires Axiall's aromatics business, Axiall to close phenol plant Altivia signs agrees to acquire Haverhill's phenol, acetone, AMS, BPA assets Acetone oversupply forces phenol-acetone operating rate cuts Haverhill CEO leaving, fate of company still in the balance Cepsa lifts force majeure on phenol, acetone at Huelva, Spain Related Stories UOP Technology Selected for Para-Xylene Plant in Korea KBR Awarded Contract for LG Chem s Phenol Plant in Korea Air Products...
http://chemweek.com/markets/basic_chemicals/petrochemicals/phenol/UOP-Technology-Selected-for-Phenol-Project-in-Korea_40371.html
*  Blue Island Phenol ordered to remain offline until investigation completed :: Chemical Week
... PEOPLE and BUSINESS. People/Executives Companies Energy and Feedstocks Emerging Companies Corporate Social Responsibility Responsible Care Talent Management Reach Green Issues M A Earnings/Finance. Basic Chemicals Plastics Engineering Plastics Specialty Chemicals Fine Chemicals/Biotech Alternative Fuels Industrial Gases. SERVICES. IHS Chemical. search ADVANCED SEARCH in this issue. BLOG premium services BUSINESS DAILY IHS CHEMICAL events IHS CHEMICAL EVENTS IHS TRAINING AND EDUCATION INDUSTRY EVENTS CALENDAR WEBCASTS online directory BUYERS' GUIDE resources FEATURED REPORTS WHITE PAPERS advertising ADVERTISE CUSTOM PUBLISHING DIRECTORIES AND PROFILES customer care CUSTOMER CARE FAQ. Find related resources at IHS Chemical More Acetone Ineos acquires Axiall's aromatics business, Axiall to close phenol plant Altivia signs agrees to acquire Haverhill's phenol, acetone, AMS, BPA assets Acetone oversupply forces phenol-acetone operating rate cuts Haverhill CEO leaving, fate of company still in the balance Ceps...
http://chemweek.com/markets/basic_chemicals/petrochemicals/acetone/Blue-Island-Phenol-ordered-to-remain-offline-until-investigation-completed_57719.html
*  Phenol coefficient
The 'Phenol coefficient', is now largely of historical interest, although the principles upon which it is based are still used. 1 It is a measure of the bactericidal activity of a chemical compound in relation to phenol. When listed numerically, the figure expressing the disinfecting power of a substance by relating it to the disinfecting power of phenol may be a function of the standardized test performed. For example, the Rideal–Walker method,. Department of Agriculture method gives a U.S. Department of Agriculture coefficient. To calculate phenol coefficient, the concentration of phenol at which the compound kills the test organism in 10 minutes, but not in 5 minutes, is divided by the concentration of the test compound that kills the organism under the same conditions or, probably more common, dividing the dilution factor at which the tested substance shows activity by the dilution factor at which phenol shows comparable activity. The Rideal–Walker test was widely used, but the test conditions chosen were...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenol_coefficient
*  death - Were the Nazis the first to use phenol as a means of execution? - History Stack Exchange
death - Were the Nazis the first to use phenol as a means of execution. - History Stack Exchange. History. History Meta. more stack exchange communities. Stack Exchange. sign up log in tour. help. Help Center Detailed answers to any questions you might have. Questions. Ask Question. Sign up. History Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for historians and history buffs. Were the Nazis the first to use phenol as a means of execution. up vote 7 down vote favorite. Injections of phenol were used as a means of individual execution by the Nazis during the Second World War. Was this the first known use of phenol to purposefully execute individuals. American Luke 4,996. Luke, why don't ask to him, that is, to whom used phenol to execute persons. user2237 Jul 8 '13 at 20:06. Are you asking why I don't ask the first person to execute someone with phenol. A I don't know who that is and B. American Luke Jul 8 '13 at 20:08. user2237 Jul 8 '13 at 20:15. As in recorded. American Luke Jul 8 '13 at 20:23. ...
http://history.stackexchange.com/questions/5535/were-the-nazis-the-first-to-use-phenol-as-a-means-of-execution?answertab=oldest
*  Synthetic and Natural Phenols | 978-0-444-88164-9 | Elsevier
Synthetic and Natural Phenols. 978-0-444-88164-9. Elsevier. Skip to content Feedback Menu. REST MAGIC. Products - Book. Info/Buy View on ScienceDirect. Synthetic and Natural Phenols By J.H.P. Tyman, Brunel University, Uxbridge, UK The chemistry of phenols tends to be ignored in organic chemical textbooks and to be lost amongst the many classes of functional derivatives. This volume is not intended to provide a textbook approach but rather to give an account of developments in phenol chemistry in the last two decades. Features of this book: Numerous phenolic systems have been covered in detail, e.g. phenolic propanoids. The emphasis throughout has been on synthesis, on what can be achieved by the use of phenolic intermediates and in the construction of phenolic end products. Many chapters enable the reader to refer to the original literature wherever possible. Various chapters provide a fund of tutorial material and problems for undergraduate studies and further, which will encourage perusal of the literature...
http://elsevier.com/books/synthetic-and-natural-phenols/tyman/978-0-444-88164-9
*  Lewcott Phenol Release, 86 Providence Street, Millbury, MA | Removal and Emergency Response Sites |
Lewcott Phenol Release, 86 Providence Street, Millbury, MA. Removal and Emergency Response Sites. Waste Site Cleanup Reuse in New England. US EPA. Jump to main content or area navigation. A-Z Index. Advanced Search. What are you looking for. Search. Learn the Issues. Science Technology. Laws Regulations. About EPA. Contact Us Waste Site Cleanup Reuse in New England. You are here: EPA Home. EPA New England. Cleanup. Removal and Emergency Response Sites Lewcott Phenol Release. Lewcott Phenol Release. In September 2011, a worker was sprayed with a 98 percent mixture of phenol when he removed the thermocouple on the steel tank during routine maintenance of a 12,000 gallon phenol tank. The pH of phenol was about 5-6. Lewcott quickly initiated an on-site gross decontamination of the individual and the co-worker who came to his rescue. They subsequently were transported to the local hospital, and four others also were taken there with possible inhalation exposure. Lewcott Co. took full responsibility for the inciden...
http://www3.epa.gov/region1/removal-sites/LewcottPhenolRelease.html
*  Phenol 2-monooxygenase
phenol monooxygenase phenol monooxygenase in enzymology a phenol monooxygenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction phenol nadph h o rightleftharpoons catechol nadp h o the substrates of this enzyme are phenol nadph h and o whereas its products are catechol nadp and h o this enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductase s specifically those acting on paired donors with o as oxidant and incorporation or reduction of oxygen the oxygen incorporated need not be derived from o with nadh or nadph as one donor and incorporation of one atom o oxygen into the other donor the systematic name of this enzyme class is phenol nadph oxygen oxidoreductase hydroxylating other names in common use include phenol hydroxylase and phenol o hydroxylase this enzyme participates in metabolic pathways gamma hexachlorocyclohexane degradation toluene and xylene degradation and naphthalene and anthracene degradation it employs one cofactor fad structural studies as of late structures have been solved for this class of enzym...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenol_2-monooxygenase
*  Phenol Derivatives and Polyphenols
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenol_Derivatives_and_Polyphenols
*  question 2- What is phenol and where do u get it?
question 2- What is phenol and where do u get it. question 2- What is phenol and where do u get it. Submitted by JJ on 08/23/2002. 209.240.198.63. I am a bird guy that does some gamehead work. What is phenol, as it is used in rehydration of capes. Is there a local place to get it in most areas or do I need to order it from Tim-buk-too. Never heard of it...... Return to Gamehead Taxidermy Category Menu. unnessary. This response submitted by Jim on 08/23/2002. 209.193.81.204. Its bad stuff, you dont need it. Thats why you can only buy it from a pharmacy, if then. forget it. phenol. This response submitted by Bill Haynes on 08/23/2002. 216.130.156.53. Phenol is simply Carbolic Acid. It is probably one of the best bactericides around. At one time it could be bought from Chemical supply houses or as lab supplies. VA Lab Supply in Ashland .VA was the last place I bought it.At That time,When the NTA convention was in Richmond, I drove up to Ashland and bought 4 gallons. I still have at least 2 gallons left.I use it,...
http://taxidermy.net/forums/GameheadArticles/02/h/027D60B66D.html
*  NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR) : Dipole moment studies of H-bonded complexes of phenol
NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY NOPR : Dipole moment studies of H-bonded complexes of phenols and substituted phenols with benzaldehyde in tetrachloromethane. . 07-Oct-2015 08:04:03 IST. Search NOPR. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Publications. Titles. Authors. Keywords. By Date. Sign on to:. Receive email alerts. Login/Register/ My Account authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. CC License. NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY NOPR. NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS. Research Journals. Indian Journal of Chemical Technology IJCT. IJCT Vol.11. IJCT Vol.11 6. Title: Dipole moment studies of H-bonded complexes of phenols and substituted phenols with benzaldehyde in tetrachloromethane. Authors: Mahapatra, U S Roy, G S Maharana, L. Keywords: H-Bonded complex relative permittivity dipolemoment molar polarization. Issue Date: Nov-2004. Publisher: CSIR. IPC Code : C07 C 39/04. Abstract: The dipole moment of 1:1 hydrogen bonded complexes of phenols and substituted phenols with benzaldehyde were determined from dielectric meas...
http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/9556
*  Phenol Peel Effectiveness Doctor Answers, Q&A, Tips - RealSelf
... Warning: You do not have JavaScript enabled. Parts of this website will not display or function properly. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript. For Doctors Join Sign in. . Treatments. Video. Find a Doctor. Ask a Doctor. Write a Review. For Doctors. Sign In. Join. Search. Treatments. Phenol Peel. Q A. Phenol Peel Q A. Ask a doctor. Reviews 28. Pictures 40. Videos 1. Q A 69. Forum 1. Guides. Cost. Effectiveness + Phenol Peel. Narrow 1 question by:. All - Before or After Before After. All - Popular burning face healing pain recovery redness under eyes wrinkles. All - Age age 45-54 age 65-74. Sort by:. Most visited. Recent. Answers. . Is a Phenol Peel Too Drastic for my Issues Wrinkling, Skin Cancer Scar. Would Laser Be a Better Choice?. I am 50 with several skin concerns I would like to get resolved. The wrinkles that bother me most are: bridge of nose between eyes, wrinkling and... READ MORE. 1 answer. . No matching results. Show more questions. . Phenol Peel Pictures. Before afters from docto...
http://realself.com/phenol-peel/answers/effectiveness
*  Category:Phenols
category phenols category phenols phenols are aromatic compounds with a hydroxyl functional group the chemistry of the hydroxyl group in this chemical environment is substantially different than those found in alcohols category hydroxyarenes...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Phenols
*  Substituted phenol-formaldehyde novolac resins containing reduced quantities of 2-functional compone
One aspect of the present invention pertains to the product which results from removing at least about 25, suitably at least about 35, more suitably at least about 50, most suitably at least about 70, weight percent of the 2-functional component from a novolac resin which results from reacting 1 a material having at least one aromatic hydroxyl group per molecule selected from the group consisting of a a substituted phenol wherein the substituent groups are hydroxyl, hydrocarbyl or hydrocarbyloxy groups having from 1 to about 9, suitably from about 1 to about 4, carbon atoms, or a halogen; and b a mixture of said substituted phenol and phenol wherein more than about 50, suitably more than about 60, more suitably more than about 70, most suitably about 85 molar percent of the mixture is a substituted phenol; with 2 an aldehyde. Another aspect of the present invention pertains to a novolac resin which results from reacting 1 a material having at least one aromatic hydroxyl group per molecule selected from the gr...
http://freepatentsonline.com/5151496.html
*  Category:Phenol antioxidants
category phenol antioxidants category phenol antioxidants category phenols category antioxidants...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Phenol_antioxidants
*  Health effects of natural phenols
... redirect health effects of natural phenols and polyphenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_effects_of_natural_phenols
*  Category:Natural phenols
category natural phenols category natural phenols category biomolecules by chemical classification natural phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Natural_phenols
*  help about equilibrate phenol
... Wolfgang Schechinger Wolfgang.Schechinger at med.uni-tuebingen.de. Tue Nov 3 16:22:33 EST 1998. Previous message: Anyone tried to make their own cDNA arrays. Next message: UT-test Messages sorted by:. We use POH, too not *still* but convinced. We buy pre-equilibrated phenol. Cheers, Wo ----- usual disclaimers apply * This message is RNAse free - please don't touch. ----- Wolfgang Schechinger University of Tuebingen, Germany email: wgschech at med.uni-tuebingen.de * wwWait: http://www.medizin.uni-tuebingen.de/~wgschech/start.htm -------. Previous message: Anyone tried to make their own cDNA arrays. Next message: UT-test Messages sorted by:. More information about the Methods mailing list....
http://bio.net/bionet/mm/methods/1998-November/071458.html
*  Natural phenol
... redirect phenols naturally occurring...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_phenol
*  Naturally occurring phenol
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturally_occurring_phenol
*  Naturally occurring phenols
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturally_occurring_phenols
*  Category:Phenol ethers
category phenol ethers category phenol ethers category ethers category aromatic compounds...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Phenol_ethers
*  Phenol, 2,2'-thiobis(4-chloro-6-methyl)-
phenol thiobis chloro methyl phenol thiobis chloro methyl redirect chlorbisan...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenol,_2,2'-thiobis(4-chloro-6-methyl)-
*  Folin's phenol reagent
folin s phenol reagent folin s phenol reagent redirect folin ciocalteu reagent...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Folin's_phenol_reagent
*  Category:Chalconoids
category chalconoids category chalconoids category natural phenols by type category ketones...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Chalconoids
*  Category:Combretastatins
category combretastatins category combretastatins category dihydrostilbenoids category o methylated natural phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Combretastatins
*  Alkylphenol
Image:Chemical structure of the alkylphenol nonylphenol 'Alkylphenols' are a family of organic compounds obtained by the alkylation of phenol s. The term is usually reserved for commercially important propylphenol, butylphenol, amylphenol, heptylphenol, octylphenol, nonylphenol, dodecylphenol and related "long chain alkylphenols" LCAPs. Methylphenols and ethylphenols are also alkylphenols, but they are more commonly referred to by their specific names, cresols and xylenols. Helmut Fiege, Heinz-Werner Voges, Toshikazu Hamamoto, Sumio Umemura, Tadao Iwata, Hisaya Miki, Yasuhiro Fujita, Hans-Josef Buysch, Dorothea Garbe, Wilfried Paulus "Phenol Derivatives" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim.. Production Environmental controversy over nonylphenols Uses of long-chain alkylphenols References. Production. The long-chain alkylphenols are prepared by alkylation of phenol with alkenes : :C 6 H 5 OH + RR'C=CHR" → RR'CH-CHR"-C 6 H 4 OH In this way, about 500M kg/y are produced. E...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkylphenol
*  The model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface - Sheffield
the model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface sheffield hallam university research archive login shura home browse search recent items statistics add your research about shura research data archive research at shu contact us the model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface tools tools tools rdf xml bibtex rdf n triples json refworks dublin core simple metadata refer mets html citation ascii citation openurl contextobject endnote mods openurl contextobject in span mpeg didl ep xml reference manager rdf n multiline csv tsargorodskaya a lishchuk s v and nabok a v the model of alkylphenol micelles bound to respective antibodies on the solid surface colloids and surfaces a physicochemical and engineering aspects full text not available from this repository link to published version j colsurfa abstract the model of binding of micelles of nonylphenol molecules to respective antibodies immobilized on the solid surface is proposed the actual ...
http://shura.shu.ac.uk/1217/
*  2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol
... {{Chembox Verifiedfields = changed Watchedfields = changed verifiedrevid = 477211193 Name =2,4-Dimethyl-6-'tert'-butylphenol ImageFile = 2,4-dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol.png ImageFile2 = 2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol.png ImageSize =. IUPACName =. OtherNames = 2-'tert'-butyl-4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-'tert'-butylphenol, 6-'tert'-butyl-2,4-dimethylphenol, 2- 'tert'-butyl -4,6-dimethylphenol, 2-'tert'-butyl-4,6-dimethyl phenol, 6-'t'-butyl-2,4-xylenol, 2- 1,1-dimethylethyl -4,6-dimethyl-phenol Section1={{Chembox Identifiers ChemSpiderID Ref =. ChemSpiderID = 15097 InChI = 1/C12H18O/c1-8-6-9 2 11 13 10 7-8 12 3,4 5/h6-7,13H,1-5H3 InChIKey = OPLCSTZDXXUYDU-UHFFFAOYAT SMILES1 = Oc1c cc cc1C C C C C C StdInChI Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChI = 1S/C12H18O/c1-8-6-9 2 11 13 10 7-8 12 3,4 5/h6-7,13H,1-5H3 StdInChIKey Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChIKey = OPLCSTZDXXUYDU-UHFFFAOYSA-N CASNo Ref = cascite|changed|?. CASNo = 1879-09-0 PubChem =. SMILES = CC C C c1c O c C cc...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4-Dimethyl-6-tert-butylphenol
*  Bisphenol AF
... chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid imagefile bisphenol af svg imagesize px iupacname phenol othernames biphenol af hexafluorobisphenol a hexafluorodiphenylolpropane bisphenol a hexafluoride hexafluoroisopropylidene diphenol hexafluoroacetone bisphenol a bis hydroxyphenyl hexafluoropropane section chembox identifiers abbreviations bpaf casno ref casno pubchem smiles c cc cc c c c cc c c c o c f f f c f f f o chemspiderid ref chemspidercite correct chemspider chemspiderid inchi c h f o c h h inchikey zfvmwevvkglcij uhfffaoyas stdinchi ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchi s c h f o c h h stdinchikey ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchikey zfvmwevvkglcij uhfffaoysa n section chembox properties c h f o appearance density meltingpt boilingpt solubility section chembox hazards mainhazards flashpt autoignitionpt bisphenol af bpaf is a fluorinated organic compound related to bisphenol a in which the two methyl groups are replaced with trifluoromethyl groups whereas bpa binds with human es...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bisphenol_AF
*  ARS | Publication request: LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a st
Publication request: LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a standard analytical approach for all plants ARS : Research. ARS Office of International Research Programs. Title: LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a standard analytical approach for all plants Authors. LC-MS profiling and quantification of food phenolic components using a standard analytical approach for all plants. Interpretive Summary: This book chapter summarizes research over the past 5 years on the development of an analytical profiling method for glycosylated flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. Because of the overwhelming number of phenolic compounds found in plants, the authors developed a standardized profiling method based on liquid chromatography with diode array and mass spectrometric detection that was used as the first step in the analysis of every material. The standardization of the approach allows the cross comparison of every sample with standards and materials ...
http://ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publications.htm?seq_no_115=224016
*  Bisphenol A
Health effects United States expert panel conclusions. Infants fed with liquid formula are among the most exposed, and those fed formula from polycarbonate bottles can consume up to 13 micrograms of bisphenol A per kg of body weight per day μg/kg/day; see table below. Children may be more susceptible to BPA exposure than adults see health effects. In the United States, the growing concern over BPA exposure in infants in recent years has led the manufacturers of plastic baby bottles to stop using BPA in their bottles. Bisphenol A is an endocrine disruptor that can mimic estrogen and has been shown to cause negative health effects in animal studies. It concluded, "expressed relative to current estimates of general population exposure levels in the U.S." the following: For pregnant women and fetuses the Expert Panel has different levels of concern for the different developmental endpoints that may be susceptible to bisphenol A disruption, as follows: For neural and behavioral effects, the Expert Panel has some c...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bisphenol_A
*  What You and Your Patients Need to Know About Bisphenol A | Physicians News
What You and Your Patients Need to Know About Bisphenol A. Physicians News. Physicians News Health news for doctors and patients. Morning Report Doctor Health Care Jobs CME News Briefs Medical News Patients News. In June of this year, the American Medical Association formally recognized BPA as an endocrine-disrupting agent. Physicians can play an important role in educating their patients about this pervasive environmental contaminant. The first steps are to understand the potential health risks of BPA and how to limit those risks through simple lifestyle changes. Based on the clear effects of BPA exposure on the development of fetuses in animals, similar effects on human development are plausible. Indeed, BPA has been found in the bloodstream, placenta, cord blood, and fetal blood of humans at levels that are within the range studied in many of the animal models. Given the putative adverse health effects of BPA exposure, the U.S. Humans are typically exposed to about 0.001 milligrams of BPA per kilogram of b...
http://physiciansnews.com/2011/11/07/what-you-and-your-patients-need-to-know-about-bisphenol-a/
*  Bisphenol A (BPA) Found In Many Plastics May Cause Heart Disease In Women, Research Shows -- Science
Bisphenol A BPA Found In Many Plastics May Cause Heart Disease In Women, Research Shows -- ScienceDaily. Your source for the latest research news. Mobile. Follow. Subscribe. Breaking News :. Rocks Show First Photosynthesis That Made Oxygen. Understanding Others' Thoughts Helps Kids to Lie. Extremely Light Storage Device as E-Car Battery. Birds Flew Over the Heads of Dinosaurs. Hog-Nose Rat Discovered. Foot Fossil: Evolutionary Messiness of Walking. Migrating Songbirds Can Be Tricked by Magnets. Fossils Intensify Mystery of Odd Toothy Mammal. Predator Survives, but Ecosystem Crashes. Restoring Vision With Stem Cells. Science News from research organizations. Bisphenol A BPA Found In Many Plastics May Cause Heart Disease In Women, Research Shows. Date: June 11, 2009 Source: University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center Summary: New research shows that bisphenol A, found in many commonly used plastics, may be harmful for the heart, particularly in women. Share:. Total shares:. FULL STORY. Bisphenol A BPA, foun...
http://sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090610124417.htm
*  1-Nonyl-4-phenol
nonyl phenol nonyl phenol chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid imagefile n nonylphenol png imagesize iupacname nonylphenol othernames phenol nonyl nonylphenol p nonylphenol para nonylphenol p n nonylphenol n nonylphenol section chembox identifiers casno ref casno chembl ref ebicite correct ebi chembl pubchem chemspiderid ref chemspidercite correct chemspider chemspiderid chebi ref ebicite correct ebi chebi stdinchi ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchi s c h o c h h h h stdinchikey ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchikey igfhqqfpsibgke uhfffaoysa n smiles cccccccccc cc c c c o section chembox properties c h o appearance white crystals density meltingptc to meltingpt notes boilingptc to boilingpt notes solubility section chembox hazards mainhazards flashpt autoignitionpt nonyl phenol is an organic compound consisting of a n nonyl group attached to the position of phenol the related nonylphenol s with branched nonyl groups are commercially important detergent s category alkylphenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1-Nonyl-4-phenol
*  Bisphenol A | GreenMedInfo | Toxic Ingredient | Natural Medicine
If you are already a member, you can sign in by clicking here. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. Sign up. PMID: 21732633 Article Published Date : Aug 15, 2011 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Bisphenol-A Toxicity : CK 80 : AC 21 Problem Substances : Bisphenol A : CK 326 : AC 82. PMID: 21749963 Article Published Date : Jul 11, 2011 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Hypothyroidism : CK 570 : AC 86, Thyroid Diseases : CK 225 : AC 29 Problem Substances : Bisphenol A : CK 326 : AC 82, Phthalates : CK 162 : AC 28 Adverse Pharmacological Actions : Endocrine Disruptor: Thyroid : CK 67 : AC 14. PMID: 21956417 Article Published Date : Sep 28, 2011 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 : CK 1217 : AC 235, Diabetes Mellitus: Type 2 : CK 4292 : AC 359 Problem Substances : Bisphenol A : CK 326 : AC 82. PMID: 23102149 Article Published Date : Nov 04, 2012 Study Type : Human Study Additional Links Diseases : Bisphenol-A Toxici...
http://greenmedinfo.com/toxic-ingredient/bisphenol
*  Patente US5336814 - Method for recovering bis hydroxy aromatic organic values and bis aryl ... - Goo
Method for recovering bis hydroxy aromatic organic values and bis aryl carbonate values from scrap aromatic polycarbonate US 5336814 A Resumen A method is provided for depolymerizing scrap aromatic polycarbonate to salvage component monomers by initially effecting aromatic polycarbonate depolymerization by basic phenolysis to produce a mixture having dihydric phenol, and diarylcarbonate. The mother liquor remaining after separation of the dihydric phenol/phenol adduct from the depolymerization mixture can then be treated with an effective amount by weight of an organic carboxylic acid based on the weight of mixture. An effective amount of organic acid is from 0.001% to 1.0% by weight of organic acid based on the weight of the adduct mother liquor. It consisted of about 79% by weight of phenol, 8.2% by weight of bisphenol-A, 7.8% by weight of diphenylcarbonate, 3.5% by weight of oligomer 1, 0.2% by weight oligomer 2, and the balance traces of oligomer 3 and oligomer 4 which are previously defined. The residue ...
http://google.es/patents/US5336814?dq=flatulence
*  .. The laboratory of phytochemistry R&D .. .. Flavonoids – the most diverse class of plant pheno
The laboratory of phytochemistry R D. The natural compound laboratory. With a special attention on plant phenolic compounds we also study other classes of natural compounds. Welcome to our laboratory. Quality of fruits, berries and vegetables. We follow and promote the quality of food within the horticultural production sections. See Our Products and Services. Innovations from nature. Small enterprises make benefits of research results or get own ideas tested. See Our Services. Flavonoids – the most diverse class of plant phenolics. Phenolics or polyphenols is a ubiquitous group of plant compounds representing an array of biochemical and physical functions. Among these compounds the flavonods represent the largest class of structures with more than 8150 elucidated structures 2006. Read more. Beautiful blooming roses....
http://plantchem.com/
*  EPA Promotes Safer Alternatives to Nonylphenol Ethoxylates :
... Products Finishing. Articles EPA Promotes Safer Alternatives to Nonylphenol Ethoxylates EPA Promotes Safer Alternatives to Nonylphenol Ethoxylates News Item From: Products Finishing,. Environmental Protection Agency has released the final report on alternatives to nonylphenol ethoxylates NPE through the Design for the Environment DfE Alternatives Assessment Program. The report identifies eight safer alternatives to NPE that meet EPA s criteria for safer surfactants. I applaud the product manufacturers who have stopped using NPEs and switched to safer alternatives and the chemical manufacturers who have made the safer alternatives available, said Jim Jones, acting assistant administrator for EPA s Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention OCSPP. This report shows the important strides that have been made to identify safer alternatives and the progress being made to phase out NPEs in detergents and reduce its use in other applications. The report provides information on the availability of safer a...
http://pfonline.com/news/epa-promotes-safer-alternatives-to-nonylphenol-ethoxylates-
*  Naturally occurring phenolic compound
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturally_occurring_phenolic_compound
*  Naturally occurring phenolic compounds
... redirect phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naturally_occurring_phenolic_compounds
*  Phenolsulfonphthalein Test
... redirect phenol red phenolsulfonphthalein test...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenolsulfonphthalein_Test
*  Phenolsulfonphthalein
... redirect phenol red...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenolsulfonphthalein
*  Phenol red
CASNo = 143-74-8 PubChem = 4766 ChEMBL Ref = {{ebicite|correct|EBI}} ChEMBL = 258921 ChemSpiderID Ref = {{chemspidercite|correct|chemspider}} ChemSpiderID = 4602 ChEBI Ref = ebicite|correct|EBI ChEBI = 31991 SMILES = O=S2 =O OC c1ccccc12 c3ccc O cc3 c4ccc O cc4 StdInChI Ref = {{stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChI=1S/C19H14O5S/c20-15-9-5-13 6-10-15 19 14-7-11-16 21 12-8-14 17-3-1-2-4-18 17 25 22,23 24-19/h1-12,20-21H StdInChIKey Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider StdInChIKey = BELBBZDIHDAJOR-UHFFFAOYSA-N }}. Section2={{Chembox Properties C=19. Chemical structure and properties Phenolsulfonphthalein test Indicator for cell cultures Estrogen mimic Use in swimming pool test kits References External links. Chemical structure and properties. A solution of phenol red is used as a pH indicator: its color exhibits a gradual transition from yellow to red over the pH range 6.8 to 8.2. It will change from red to yellow when the pH value decreases. A table of other common chemical indicators is available in the ...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenol_red
*  Milorganite | Red Thread - Cool Season Grass
Milorganite. Red Thread - Cool Season Grass. Contact Us. Homeowners. Using Milorganite. Lawn Care. Gardening. Tools and Resources. Rates and Schedule. Spreader Settings. Store Locator. Videos. Warm Season Grasses. Cool Season Grasses. Common Lawn Diseases. MSDS. Zone Map. Expert Advice. Collateral. Articles. News. Glossary. Links. Salt Index. Milorganite T-shirt. FAQ. Videos. Testimonials. Milorganite. Home Page Tools and Resources Common Lawn Diseases Red Thread - Cool Season Grass. Using Milorganite. Lawn Care. Gardening. Tools and Resources. Rates and Schedule. Spreader Settings. Store Locator. Videos. Warm Season Grasses. Cool Season Grasses. Common Lawn Diseases. MSDS. Zone Map. Expert Advice. Collateral. Articles. News. Glossary. Links. Salt Index. Milorganite T-shirt. FAQ. Videos. Testimonials. Learn More. Red Thread. Turf affected: All species Symptoms: Pinkish red threads that form around the leaf blades and bind them together. Eventually, the affected turf will turn brown. The red threads will be mo...
http://milorganite.com/Tools-and-Resources/~/link.aspx?_id=F4BCF4800483422BA72A6813FE4D99B4&_z=z
*  Red thread disease
... is a fungal infection found on lawns and other turfed areas it is caused by the corticioid fungus laetisaria fuciformis and has two separate stages the stage that gives the infection its name is characterised by very thin red needle like strands extending from the grass blade these are stromata which can remain viable in soil for two years after germinating the stromata infect grass leaf blades through their stomata buczacki s and harris k pests diseases and disorders of garden plants harpercollins p the other stage is visible as small pink cotton wool like mycelium found where the blades meet it is common when both warmth and humidity are high identification treatment references external links with pictures identification the first signs of infection are small irregular patches of brown yellowing grass upon closer inspection either the tiny red needles or the pink fluffy mycelium will be visible as the infection spreads the small patches will join to form large brown areas treatment feeding the lawn wit...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_thread_disease
*  Dulbecco’s MEM (DMEM) Base w/o L-Glutamine, Glucose, Phenol Red, Sodium Pyruvate (Powder) - United
dulbecco s mem dmem base w o l glutamine glucose phenol red sodium pyruvate powder united states biological login email password forgot your password new user remember me home distributors technical about register antibodies biochemicals culture media custom services growth factors bioassay kits lectins molecular biology serum tissues protocols newsletter about us contact you are here home culture media media cell culture dmem dulbecco s mem dmem base w o l glutamine glucose phenol red sodium pyruvate powder dulbecco s mem dmem base w o l glutamine glucose phenol red sodium pyruvate powder pricing for pricing information usa customers sign in outside usa please contact your distributor for pricing specifications dulbecco s mem is the most widely used modification of bme it contains a fold higher concentration of amino acids and vitamins non essential amino acids and certain essential trace elements were added the bicarbonate concentration was increased the standard formula for dmem is with mg ml glucose dmem ...
http://usbio.net/item/D9815
*  Medium 199 w/ Hanks’ w/o L-Glutamine, Phenol Red (Powder, TC 199) - United States Biological
medium w hanks w o l glutamine phenol red powder tc united states biological login email password forgot your password new user remember me home distributors technical about register antibodies biochemicals culture media custom services growth factors bioassay kits lectins molecular biology serum tissues protocols newsletter about us contact you are here home culture media media cell culture medium w hanks w o l glutamine phenol red powder tc medium w hanks w o l glutamine phenol red powder tc pricing for pricing information usa customers sign in outside usa please contact your distributor for pricing specifications catalog m important note this product as supplied is intended for research use only not for use in human therapeutic or diagnostic applications without the expressed written authorization of united states biological questions or comments about this product inquire here download specifications for medium w hanks w o l glutamine phenol red powder tc external links search pubmed search google scholar...
http://usbio.net/item/M2856-01
*  Endothelial Basal Medium MCDB 131 w/o Phenol Red, Cysteine, Methionine (Powder) - United States Biol
endothelial basal medium mcdb w o phenol red cysteine methionine powder united states biological login email password forgot your password new user remember me home distributors technical about register antibodies biochemicals culture media custom services growth factors bioassay kits lectins molecular biology serum tissues protocols newsletter about us contact you are here home culture media media cell culture mcdb endothelial basal medium mcdb w o phenol red cysteine methionine powder endothelial basal medium mcdb w o phenol red cysteine methionine powder pricing for pricing information usa customers sign in outside usa please contact your distributor for pricing specifications mcdb was developed by knedler and ham as a reduced serum supplemented medium for the culture of human microvascular endothelial cells this formulation has been reported to support clonal growth of human omental microvascular cells when supplemented with dialyzed fbs ng ml egf and ug ml hydrocortisone catalog e appearance white to off...
http://usbio.net/item/E3000-01
*  Hanks’ Balanced Salts (10mg/L Phenol Red) (Powder) - United States Biological
hanks balanced salts mg l phenol red powder united states biological login email password forgot your password new user remember me home distributors technical about register antibodies biochemicals culture media custom services growth factors bioassay kits lectins molecular biology serum tissues protocols newsletter about us contact you are here home culture media media cell culture balanced salts hanks balanced salts mg l phenol red powder hanks balanced salts mg l phenol red powder pricing for pricing information usa customers sign in outside usa please contact your distributor for pricing specifications hanks balanced salt solution is designed for use with cells maintained in non co atmospheric conditions hbss requires g l of sodium bicarbonate and ph adjustment prior to filtration it contains g l of glucose catalog h appearance pale orange to pink homogenous free flowing powder solubility yellow clear complete ph as reported endotoxin eu ml important note this product as supplied is intended for research...
http://usbio.net/item/H1802
*  Phenol Red Indicator Powder Pillows - SDS Library - Lakeland College
... Lakeland College. Search Go. Home. About. Quick Facts. Where is Lakeland. Liberal Arts at Lakeland. History of Lakeland. Mission Statement. President's Message. Apply. Lakeland Leadership. Accreditation. Community Service at Lakeland. Traditional Undergraduate. Future Students. Traditional Students. Transfer/Non-Traditional Students. Virtual Tour. Plan A Visit. Admission Requirements. Snapshots of Success. Accepted Students. International Students. International Forms. English Language Institute. Academics. Majors and Minors. Undecided. Honors Program. Pre-Professional. LURE. Registrar's Office. Study Abroad. CAPP. Course and Class Schedules. Academic Calendar. Campus Life. Residence Life. Student Services. Safety and Security. Dining Services. Academic Support Services. Lakeland Performing Arts. Student Employment. Financial Aid. Scholarships. Lakeland College Referral Scholarship. Net Price Calculator. Tuition and Costs. Applying for Financial Aid. Eligibility Requirements. Types of Financial Aid. Fina...
https://lakeland.edu/article/1825-phenol-red-indicator-powder-pillows
*  Air Alert Valve Cap
Cargo Management. Hitch Accessories. Steps. Tonneau Covers. Headache Racks. Bed Liners. Scroll down or click on a letter to view all truck accessories alphabetically: A B C D E F G H I. Bed Caps. Bed Covers. Bed Liners. Bed Mats. Bed Nets. Cargo Nets. Bed Organizers. Bed Steps. Bull Bars. Car or Pickup Covers. Cargo Bars. Cargo Nets. Cell Phone, iPad Accessories. Cranes. Dash Mats. Extend-A-Truck. Floor Liners and Mats. Gift Ideas Under $50. Gift Ideas $50-$100. Grille Guards. Headache Racks. Hitch Covers. Hitch Racks. Hitch Accessories. Hitch Steps. TireCheck Valve Stem Caps Tire Pressure Indicators Tire Pressure Monitoring Valve Stem Caps. TireCheck is a valve cap that indicates tire pressure on virtually all cars, SUVs, light trucks, and motorcycles. Since they replace your existing standard valve caps, you don't have to fumble for a gauge or even bend over to check your tire pressure. One size fits all vehicles and provides accurate readings that will register a pressure loss of 2-3 psi or more. TireCheck...
http://pickupspecialties.com/Air_alert_valve_cap/air_alert_valve_cap.htm
*  Phenol Red Broth Base - SDS Library - Lakeland College
... Lakeland College. Search Go. Home. About. Quick Facts. Where is Lakeland. Liberal Arts at Lakeland. History of Lakeland. Mission Statement. President's Message. Apply. Lakeland Leadership. Accreditation. Community Service at Lakeland. Traditional Undergraduate. Future Students. Traditional Students. Transfer/Non-Traditional Students. Virtual Tour. Plan A Visit. Admission Requirements. Snapshots of Success. Accepted Students. International Students. International Forms. English Language Institute. Academics. Majors and Minors. Undecided. Honors Program. Pre-Professional. LURE. Registrar's Office. Study Abroad. CAPP. Course and Class Schedules. Academic Calendar. Campus Life. Residence Life. Student Services. Safety and Security. Dining Services. Academic Support Services. Lakeland Performing Arts. Student Employment. Financial Aid. Scholarships. Lakeland College Referral Scholarship. Net Price Calculator. Tuition and Costs. Applying for Financial Aid. Eligibility Requirements. Types of Financial Aid. Fina...
https://lakeland.edu/article/1160-phenol-red-broth-base
*  Anyone heard of cells spontaneously fluorescing red?? - Tissue and Cell Culture
Anyone heard of cells spontaneously fluorescing red?. - Tissue and Cell Culture. BioJob BioBlog PubAlert BioTool BioProduct BioForum Protocol Home. Forum Index 1999-2009 Home Forum Index 2009- Home Live Discussion. Top : New Forum Archives 2009- : : Tissue and Cell Culture. Anyone heard of cells spontaneously fluorescing red?. - Sep/17/2010 Visit this topic in live forum Printer Friendly Version I had a very weird experience yesterday. I was running my Raji B cells on the flow cytometer and there was a positive red fluorescent peak in my negative sample. I went back to my flask of cells and ran an aliquot through the flow and they too were positive for red fluorescence. The only explanation I have is that it could be something in the media causing this but I have never seen it before and my cells were washed and resuspended in PBS before I ran them on the flow. -SuMi-. You could try DMEM without phenol red... -laurequillo-. Could it be autofluorescence. -virusfan-. virusfan on Fri Sep 17 15:49:09 2010 said:. ...
http://protocol-online.org/biology-forums-2/posts/17097.html
*  Thoughts on the New EOS-1D X Firmware 1.1.1
... Welcome, Guest. Please login or register. CanonRumors. Forum Home. Help. Search. Login. Register. October 07, 2015, 12:46:08 AM. canon rumors FORUM. Gear Talk. EOS Bodies - For Stills. Thoughts on the New EOS-1D X Firmware 1.1.1. . previous next Print. Pages: 1 2 3. Author Topic: Thoughts on the New EOS-1D X Firmware 1.1.1 Read 16445 times. Speed Power Shot G7X. Posts: 29. . Re: Thoughts on the New EOS-1D X Firmware 1.1.1 Reply #45 on: October 24, 2012, 08:35:36 PM. Quote from: JaxPhotoBuff on October 24, 2012, 11:23:54 AM. Speed, or others, any word back from Canon on the erratic/dimmed blinking of the focus points. You mentioned you sent them an email, and I am experiencing the same thing. Also, anyone else experiencing this phenomenon. Not yet, I ll message them again soon. At the moment for some reason I can t send a message via their support page. Edit: I rang them because their support site is down. Their response was for me to send my camera in to them which is not currently an option for me. Ever...
http://canonrumors.com/forum/index.php?topic=11393.0;prev_next=next
*  ATC code V04CH03
atc code v ch atc code v ch redirect phenol red...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ATC_code_V04CH03
*  Phenolsulfonephthalein
... redirect phenol red...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenolsulfonephthalein
*  Phenolsulfonpthalein
... redirect phenol red...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenolsulfonpthalein
*  Absorption of chlorophenols on granular activated carbon
... mirage Absorption of chlorophenols on granular activated carbon. SA@OSU Home → Electronic Theses and Dissertations → Electronic Theses and Dissertations → View Item. Absorption of chlorophenols on granular activated carbon. Single-component equilibrium adsorption data on the eight compounds in two concentration ranges at pH 7.0 fit the Langmuir equation better than the Freundlich equation. A surface complexation model was proposed to describe the effect of pH on adsorption equilibria of chlorophenols on activated carbon. Batch kinetics studies were conducted of the adsorption of chlorinated phenols on granular activated carbon. The external film diffusion model, linear-driving-force approximation, and surface reaction kinetics model were employed to fit the adsorption kinetics data of chlorophenols. The results show that the surface reaction model best describes both the short-term and long-term kinetics, while the external film diffusion model describes the short-term kinetics data very well a...
http://ir.library.oregonstate.edu/xmlui/handle/1957/9650
*  Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - RightDiagno
... sis.com. About Us Bookmark this page. HOME SYMPTOMS DISEASES DIAGNOSIS VIDEOS TOOLS COMMUNITY MISDIAGNOSIS DOCTORS HOSPITALS DRUGS. Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6 Introduction Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol: Introduction Summary Overview: Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Symptoms Symptoms of Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Diagnosis Diagnostic Tests for Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol Home Diagnostic Testing for Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Signs of Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Causes Causes of Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Treatments Treatments for Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Doctors and Medical Specialists for Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Reference Glossary for Chemical poisoning -- 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol. Assessment Questionnaire. Have a symptom. See what questions a doctor would ask. Choose... Rash Fever Pain Headache Fa...
http://rightdiagnosis.com/c/chemical_poisoning_2_4_6_trichlorophenol/intro.htm
*  Zinc Oxide-Catalysed Photo-Oxidative Degradation of Chlorophenols - Universiti Putra Malaysia Inst
... itutional Repository. Admin Login. Search. Faculty and Institute. Item Type. Admin Login. Zinc Oxide-Catalysed Photo-Oxidative Degradation of Chlorophenols. Gaya, Umar Ibrahim 2009 Zinc Oxide-Catalysed Photo-Oxidative Degradation of Chlorophenols. PhD thesis, Universiti Putra Malaysia. The activity of zinc oxide for pollutant removal by photocatalytic oxidation has been well established. In this work the photocatalytic transformation of 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in irradiated ZnO suspensions at 299 K was studied. For 2,4-dichlorophenol and 2,4,6- trichlorophenol the decomposition was slow at the short irradiation time. It was found that the degradability of chlorophenols increased as the number of ringchlorine increased. Except for 4-chlorophenol it was found that, inorganic anion additives such as SO4 2-, S2O8 2- and Cl- demonstrated inhibition to the decomposition rate of chlorophenol. The study disclosed some hitherto unreported intermediates of photocatalytic decompo...
http://psasir.upm.edu.my/5734/
*  Solubilities of Some Chlorophenols in Supercritical CO2 in the Presence and Absence of Cosolvents
... - ePrints@IISc. Latest Additions. Advanced Search. Contact. Help. Login. Create Account. Solubilities of Some Chlorophenols in Supercritical CO2 in the Presence and Absence of Cosolvents. Garlapati, Chandrasekhar and Madras, Giridhar 2010 Solubilities of Some Chlorophenols in Supercritical CO2 in the Presence and Absence of Cosolvents. In: Journal Of Chemical And Engineering Data, 55 1. PDF 14.pdf - Published Version Restricted to Registered users only Download 273Kb. Request a copy. Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/je900328c Abstract The solubilities of three chlorophenols, namely, 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, and 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, in supercritical carbon dioxide were determined at temperatures from 308 to 3 18 K in the pressure range of 8.8 to 15.6 MPa. The Solubilities were determined both in the absence of cosolvents and in the presence of two cosolvents, methanol and acetone. The solubilities in the absence of cosolvents in mole fraction of 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichloroph...
http://eprints.iisc.ernet.in/25461/
*  Trichlorophenol
... a trichlorophenol is any organochloride of phenol that contains three covalently bonded chlorine atoms trichlorophenols are produced by electrophilic halogenation of phenol with chlorine different isomers of trichlorophenol exist according to which ring positions on the phenol contain chlorine atoms trichlorophenol for example has two chlorine atoms in the ortho positions and one chlorine atom in the para position there are six different isomers trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol see also chlorophenol dichlorophenol pentachlorophenol category chloroarenes category phenols uses this chemical is used in fungicides herbicides insecticides antiseptics defoliants and glue preservatives it is a yellow solid with a strong sweet odour...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trichlorophenol
*  2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
... {{Chembox Verifiedfields = changed Watchedfields = changed verifiedrevid = 477210819 Name = '2,4,6-Trichlorophenol' ImageFile = 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol.svg ImageSize = 120px ImageName = Chemical structure of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol ImageFileL1 = 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol Ball and Stick.png ImageSizeL1 = 120px ImageFileR1 = 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol Space Fill.png ImageSizeR1 = 135px IUPACName = 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol Section1={{Chembox Identifiers ChemSpiderID Ref =. ChemSpiderID = 6648 ChEBI Ref = {{ebicite|changed|EBI}} ChEBI = 28755 CASNo Ref = {{cascite|correct|CAS}} CASNo = 88-06-2 SMILES = OC1=C C=C C=C1Cl Cl Cl RTECS = SN1575000 UNNumber = 2020 EINECS = 604-018-00-5 }}. Section2={{Chembox Properties Appearance = yellow-whitish lumps or powder Formula = C 6 H 2 Cl 3 OH/C 6 H 3 Cl 3 O MolarMass = 197.45 g/mol Density = 1.675 g/cm 3 MeltingPtC = 69 MeltingPt notes =. BoilingPtC = 246 BoilingPt notes = at 28 torr }}. Section7={{Chembox Hazards RPhrases =,,, }}. '2,4,6-Trichlorophenol', also known as 'TCP', 'phenac...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
*  TRICHLOROPHENOLS -- Classes
trichlorophenols classes chemical profiles chemical classes chemical trichlorophenols cas number note that trichlorophenols may be a member of the following classes chlorophenols organochlorine pesticides note that trichlorophenols may include any of the following constituents trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol trichlorophenol home about scorecard what s new faqs glossary forums privacy policy send to a friend personalize copyright goodguide all rights reserved questions or comments email bill goodguide com...
http://scorecard.goodguide.com/chemical-profiles/association-details.tcl?edf_substance_id=25167-82-2
*  Chlorophenol
... image chlorphenol svg a chlorophenol is any organochloride of phenol that contains one or more covalently bonded chlorine atoms chlorophenols are produced by electrophilic halogenation of phenol with chlorine most chlorophenols have a number of different isomer s monochlorophenols have three isomers because there is only one chlorine atom that can occupy one of three ring positions on the phenol molecule chlorophenol for example is the isomer that has a chlorine atom in the ortho position pentachlorophenol by contrast has only one isomer because all five available ring positions on the phenol are fully chlorinated chlorophenols are commonly used as pesticides herbicides and disinfectants see also chlorophenol chlorophenol chlorophenol dichlorophenol trichlorophenol pentachlorophenol category chloroarenes category phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophenol
*  Determination of Chlorophenols and their Degradation Metabolites in Environmental Samples by SPME an
... d on-fibre Silylation with GC MS. Liquid Chromatography LC/HPLC/UHPLC Gas Chromatography GC Mass Spectrometry Sample Prep. LCGC North America EAB LCGC Europe LCGC Asia Pacific EAB. Liquid Chromatography. Determination of Chlorophenols and their Degradation Metabolites in Environmental Samples by SPME and on-fibre Silylation with GC MS. A simple, rapid and sensitive method based on solid-phase microextraction SPME and gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy GC–MS was developed to determine five chlorophenols and their two major metabolites in aqueous samples. Most of them used chromatographic-based instrumentation such as gas chromatography GC 4,10–20 and high performance liquid chromatography HPLC, particularly reversed-phase liquid chromatography RPLC 21–31 in combination with ultraviolet detection UV, 22–25 fluorescence F detection, 26,27 electrochemical EC detection 28 or mass spectrometry MS. 13–20,29,30 Apart from when coupled with fluorescence or an MS detector, HPLC coupled with other detection method...
http://chromatographyonline.com/determination-chlorophenols-and-their-degradation-metabolites-environmental-samples-spme-and-fibre-s
*  Degradation of chlorophenols by ligninolytic fungi - WestminsterResearch
degradation of chlorophenols by ligninolytic fungi westminsterresearch home about browse browse by year browse by research community browse by type browse by people browse by full text advanced search latest additions login repository administrators only statistics degradation of chlorophenols by ligninolytic fungi evans christine s and golovleva ludmila and leontievsky alexey degradation of chlorophenols by ligninolytic fungi project report nato full text not available from this repository item type monograph project report additional information science for peace programme no subjects university of westminster science and technology life sciences school of no longer in use depositing user users not found date deposited dec last modified apr uri http westminsterresearch wmin ac uk id eprint actions login required edit item repository staff only westminsterresearch is powered by eprints which is developed by the school of electronics and computer science at the university of southampton more information and s...
http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/261/
*  Chemical Sampling Information - Trichlorophenol
chemical sampling information trichlorophenol a to z index newsroom contact us faqs about osha osha newsletter rss feeds what s new offices home workers regulations enforcement data statistics training publications newsroom small business anti retaliation back to chemical sampling information chemical sampling information csi search use word s phrase table of contents by name a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z by cas number quick links field label abbreviations descriptions osha occupational chemical database trichlorophenol general description synonyms trichlorophenol trichlorophenol osha imis code number chemical abstracts service cas registry number health factors carcinogenic classification international agency for research on cancer iarc group b possibly carcinogenic to humans chlorophenols trichlorophenol trichlorophenol all trademarks are the property of their respective owners page last updated freedom of information act privacy security statement disclaimers important web site notice...
https://osha.gov/dts/chemicalsampling/data/CH_273170.html
*  Dichlorophenol
... image chemical structure of dichlorophenol dichlorophenols dcps are any of several chemical compounds which are derivatives of phenol containing two chlorine atoms there are six isomer s dichlorophenol dichlorophenol dichlorophenol dichlorophenol dichlorophenol dichlorophenol dichlorophenols are used as intermediates in the manufacture of more complex chemical compounds including the common herbicide dichlorophenoxyacetic acid d see also chlorophenol trichlorophenol pentachlorophenol references category chloroarenes category phenols...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dichlorophenol
*  2,4-Dichlorophenol
dichlorophenol dichlorophenol chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid imagefilel ref imagefilel dichlorophenol png imagenamel skeletal formula imagefiler dichlorophenol d balls b png imagenamer ball and stick model iupacname dichlorophenol othernames section unii r tg smiles clc cc cl c o cc section chembox properties formula c h cl o molarmass g mol molarmass notes appearance white off white crystalline solid odor phenolic density g cm meltingptc to boilingptc to solubility g ml section chembox hazards externalsds euclass mainhazards nfpa h nfpa f nfpa r nfpa s cor rphrases r r r sphrases s s s s rsphrases flashptc autoignitionptc explolimits ld mg kg oral in rats mg kg dermal exposure in mammals pel dichlorophenol dcp is a chlorinated derivative of phenol with the molecular formula c h cl o dcp is used primarily as an intermediate in the preparation of the herbicide dichlorophenoxyacetic acid d annual worldwide production is estimated at million pounds desmurs j ratton s chlorophenols in kirk othmer enc...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4-Dichlorophenol
*  Biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in the presence of volatile organic compounds in soils under di
... fferent vegetation types. Lancaster University. Study. 97% 97% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating. News & Media. Contact & Getting Here. Faculties & Departments. Current Students. Current Staff. Quick Links A-Z index About Us Contact Getting Here Current Staff Current Students Faculties Departments Feedback Job Opportunities My eLearning News Media Sitemap Term Dates The Colleges. Find a course. Publications Outputs. Biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in the pre... Research at Lancaster. Departments Centres. Publications Outputs. Links. volatile organic compounds, monoterpenes, 2, 4-dichlorophenol, biodegradation. Biodegradation of 2,4-dichlorophenol in the presence of volatile organic compounds in soils under different vegetation types. mark Journal publication date /mark 04/2007. mark Journal /mark FEMS Microbiology Letters. mark Original language /mark English. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of biogenic volatile organic compounds VOCs...
http://research.lancs.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/biodegradation-of-24dichlorophenol-in-the-presence-of-volatile-organic-compounds-in-soils-under-different-vegetation-types(6d8fdd67-a305-4528-a6d7-ebfea88b915d).html
*  2,4-dichlorophenol 6-monooxygenase
dichlorophenol monooxygenase dichlorophenol monooxygenase in enzymology a dichlorophenol monooxygenase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction dichlorophenol nadph h o rightleftharpoons dichlorocatechol nadp h o the substrates of this enzyme are dichlorophenol nadph h and o whereas its products are dichlorocatechol nadp and h o this enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductase s specifically those acting on paired donors with o as oxidant and incorporation or reduction of oxygen the oxygen incorporated need not be derived from o with nadh or nadph as one donor and incorporation of one atom o oxygen into the other donor the systematic name of this enzyme class is dichlorophenol nadph oxygen oxidoreductase hydroxylating other names in common use include dichlorophenol hydroxylase and dichlorophenol monooxygenase this enzyme participates in dichlorobenzene degradation it employs one cofactor fad references category ec category nadph dependent enzymes category flavin enzymes category enzymes of unknow...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,4-dichlorophenol_6-monooxygenase
*  2-Chlorophenol
... {{chembox Watchedfields = changed verifiedrevid = 477213052 Name = 2-Chlorophenol Reference = 1. ImageFileL1 = 2-Chlorphenol.svg ImageNameL1 = 2-Chlorophenol ImageFileR1 = 2-chlorophenol.png ImageNameR1 = 2-Chlorophenol IUPACName = 2-Chlorophenol OtherNames = 2-Hydroxychlorobenzene, 'o'-Chlorophenol Section1={{Chembox Identifiers ChEBI Ref =. ChEBI = 47083 DrugBank Ref = {{drugbankcite|correct|drugbank}} DrugBank = DB03110 SMILES = Oc1ccccc1Cl KEGG Ref = {{keggcite|correct|kegg}} KEGG = C14219 InChI = 1/C6H5ClO/c7-5-3-1-2-4-6 5 8/h1-4,8H InChIKey = ISPYQTSUDJAMAB-UHFFFAOYAM ChEMBL Ref = ebicite|correct|EBI ChEMBL = 108877 StdInChI Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider}} StdInChI = 1S/C6H5ClO/c7-5-3-1-2-4-6 5 8/h1-4,8H StdInChIKey Ref = stdinchicite|correct|chemspider StdInChIKey = ISPYQTSUDJAMAB-UHFFFAOYSA-N CASNo Ref = cascite|correct|CAS CASNo = 95-57-8 ChemSpiderID Ref = chemspidercite|correct|chemspider ChemSpiderID = 13837686. Section2={{Chembox Properties Formula = C 6 H 5 ClO MolarMass = 128.56 g/...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2-Chlorophenol
*  2,6-Dichlorophenol
dichlorophenol dichlorophenol chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid reference at sigma aldrich imagefilel dichlorophenol svg imagenamel skeletal formula imagefiler dichlorophenol d balls png imagenamer ball and stick model iupacname dichlorophenol othernames section chembox identifiers chemspiderid ref chemspiderid kegg ref keggcite correct kegg kegg c inchi c h cl o c h h inchikey holhysjjbxslmv uhfffaoyae chembl ref ebicite correct ebi chembl stdinchi ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchi s c h cl o c h h stdinchikey ref stdinchicite correct chemspider stdinchikey holhysjjbxslmv uhfffaoysa n casno ref cascite correct cas casno pubchem chebi ref ebicite correct ebi chebi smiles clc cccc cl c o section chembox properties c h cl o appearance density meltingptc to meltingpt notes boilingptc to boilingpt notes solubility section chembox hazards mainhazards flashpt autoignitionpt dichlorophenol is a compound with formula c h cl oh it is one of the six isomer s of dichlorophenol references category ch...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2,6-Dichlorophenol
*  Chlorophenol red
... chembox watchedfields changed verifiedrevid imagefile chlorophenol red png imagesize px imagealt skeletal formula of chlorophenol red in cyclic form imagefile chlorophenol red cyclic d ball png imagealt ball and stick model of the chlorophenol red molecule in cyclic form iupacname chloro oxathiol yl phenol othernames section chembox identifiers inchi inchikey smiles stdinchi ref stdinchi stdinchikey ref stdinchikey casno ref casno pubchem chemspiderid ref chemspiderid smiles c cc c c c c os o o c cc c c c o cl c cc c c c o cl section chembox properties formula c h cl o s molarmass g mol appearance density meltingpt boilingpt solubility section chembox hazards mainhazards flashpt autoignitionpt chlorophenol red is an indicator dye that changes color from yellow to violet in the ph range to the lambda max is at nm references category triarylmethane dyes category ph indicators category redox indicators category chloroarenes category benzoxathioles category phenol dyes...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophenol_red
*  Chlorophenol O-methyltransferase
chlorophenol o methyltransferase chlorophenol o methyltransferase in enzymology a chlorophenol o methyltransferase is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction s adenosyl l methionine trichlorophenol rightleftharpoons s adenosyl l homocysteine trichloroanisole thus the two substrates of this enzyme are s adenosyl methionine and trichlorophenol whereas its two products are s adenosylhomocysteine and trichloroanisole this enzyme belongs to the family of transferase s specifically those transferring one carbon group methyltransferases the systematic name of this enzyme class is s adenosyl l methionine trichlorophenol o methyltransferase other names in common use include halogenated phenol o methyltransferase trichlorophenol and o methyltransferase references category ec category enzymes of unknown structure...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chlorophenol_O-methyltransferase
*  NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY (NOPR) : Sonochemical degradation of p-chlorophenol in aqueous
NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY NOPR : Sonochemical degradation of p -chlorophenol in aqueous solution using hypervalent iron. 05-Oct-2015 02:31:40 IST. Search NOPR. Advanced Search. Browse. Publications. Authors. Keywords. Sign on to:. Login/Register/ My Account authorized users. CC License. NISCAIR ONLINE PERIODICALS REPOSITORY NOPR. NISCAIR PUBLICATIONS. IJCT Vol.17. IJCT Vol.17 2. Title: Sonochemical degradation of p -chlorophenol in aqueous solution using hypervalent iron. Authors: Dorathi R, Praveena Juliya Palanivelu, K. Keywords: p -Chlorophenol Degradation Potassium ferrate Sonication Sono ferrate. Issue Date: Mar-2010. Abstract: Sonochemical degradation of p -chlorophenol CP by coupling a well-known environmental friendly oxidant – iron VI in the form of potassium ferrate, with the assistance of sonication Sono ferrate was experimented upon in this work. The efficiency of the method was monitored by the degradation and mineralization of p -chlorophenol. The relevant parameters namely p H and f...
http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/7631
*  Adaptation of the white-rot basidiomycete panus tigrinus for transformation of high concentrations
... of chlorophenols - WestminsterResearch. . Home. About. Browse. Browse by Year. Browse by Research Community. Browse by Type. Browse by People. Browse by Full text. Advanced Search. Latest Additions. Login repository administrators only. Statistics. Adaptation of the white-rot basidiomycete panus tigrinus for transformation of high concentrations of chlorophenols. Leontievsky, Alexey and Myasoedova, Nina M. and Golovleva, Ludmila and Sedarati, Mohammad R. and Evans, Christine S. 2002 Adaptation of the white-rot basidiomycete panus tigrinus for transformation of high concentrations of chlorophenols. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 59 4-5. pp. 599-604. ISSN 0175-7598. Full text not available from this repository. Item Type: Article. Additional Information: Online ISSN 1432-0614. Subjects:. University of Westminster Science and Technology Life Sciences, School of No longer in use. Depositing User: Users 4 not found. Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2005. Last Modified: 07 Apr 2008 13:23. URI:. http://westminst...
http://westminsterresearch.wmin.ac.uk/260/
*  Patent US4200712 - Coating polymerization reactors with oligomer coatings derived from reaction ...
Coating polymerization reactors with oligomer coatings derived from reaction products of substituted phenols US 4200712 A Abstract This invention relates to a polymerization reaction vessel having a coating on the inner surfaces thereof resulting from applying thereto a coating composition containing, as a primary ingredient, the reaction product or oligomers of 1 an alkyl or halogen substituted phenol, such as p-chlorophenol and the like, 2 a condensing agent, such as formaldehyde, and the like, and 3 a polyhydric phenol, such as resorcinol, and the like, dissolved in water or an aqueous alkaline solution. 6 A process as defined in claim 1 wherein the coating solution has a pH in the range of about 7.5 to about 9.5. 7 A process as defined in claim 3 wherein the halogen or alkyl substituted phenol is p-chlorophenol. I have now found that when the interior surfaces of a polymerization reactor are coated with an aqueous or aqueous alkaline coating solution containing, as a primary ingredient, the reaction produ...
http://google.com/patents/US4200712?dq=5685792
*  Dichlorophenol-containing pesticides and allergies: results from the US National Health and Nutritio
... n Examination Survey 2005-2006. BioMedSearch. Home. Advanced Search. Tools. Search Tutorial. Login. Create Free Account. Document Detail. Dichlorophenol-containing pesticides and allergies: results from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006. MedLine Citation:. PMID: 23176881 Owner: NLM Status: In-Data-Review. Abstract/OtherAbstract:. BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies support the hypothesis that reduced microbial exposure in westernized societies promotes atopy. Dichlorophenols are widely used as pesticides and for chlorination of water. They have a strong bactericidal effect that could affect microflora in the environment. However, it is unknown whether their use is associated with a higher prevalence of allergies. OBJECTIVE: To test the association between exposure to environmental pesticides represented by dichlorophenols and allergic sensitization measured by allergen-specific serum IgE levels in a US nationally representative sample of 2,211 persons 6 years and older in the...
http://biomedsearch.com/nih/Dichlorophenol-containing-pesticides-allergies-results/23176881.html
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Intravenous and Subcutaneous Toxicity and Absorption Kinetics in Mice a
Molecules. Free Full-Text. Intravenous and Subcutaneous Toxicity and Absorption Kinetics in Mice and Dogs of the Antileishmanial Triterpene Saponin PX-6518. Next Article in Journal Theoretical Analysis on the Kinetic Isotope Effects of Bimolecular Nucleophilic Substitution S N 2 Reactions and Their Temperature Dependence Next Article in Special Issue Triterpenoids of Marine Origin as Anti-Cancer Agents. Previous Article in Journal 1 H-MAS-NMR Chemical Shifts in Hydrogen-Bonded Complexes of Chlorophenols Pentachlorophenol, 2,4,6-Trichlorophenol, 2,6-Dichlorophenol, 3,5-Dichlorophenol, and p -Chlorophenol and Amine, and H/D Isotope Effects on 1 H-MAS-NMR Spectra Previous Article in Special Issue Preparation, Purification and Regioselective Functionalization of Protoescigenin—The Main Aglycone of Escin Complex. Submit to Molecules Login Register. MDPI. Journals A-Z. Information & Guidelines. For Authors. For Reviewers. For Editors. For Librarians. Open Access Policy. About. Editorial Process. Title / Keyword. Jo...
http://mdpi.com/1420-3049/18/4/4803
*  DSpace at IIT Bombay: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. DSpace at IIT Bombay. Browsing by Subject uasb reactor. Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date title issue date In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 1 to 5 of 5. Issue Date Title Author s 2006 Anaerobic biogranulation in a hybrid reactor treating phenolic waste RAMAKRISHNAN, A ; GUPTA, SK. 2010 Effect of Aluminum Al 3+ on Granulation in Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor Treating Low-Strength Synthetic Wastewater SONDHI, A ; GUHA, S ; HARENDRANATH, CS ; SINGH, A. 2008 Effect of carbon sources and shock loading on the removal of chlorophenols in sequential anaerobic-aerobic reactors MAJUMD...
http://dspace.library.iitb.ac.in/jspui/browse?type=subject&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=uasb reactor&starts_with=J
*  DSpace at IIT Bombay: Browsing DSpace
dspace at iit bombay browsing dspace search dspace advanced search home browse communities collections issue date author title subject sign on to receive email updates my dspace authorized users edit profile help about dspace dspace at iit bombay browsing by subject uasb reactor jump to a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z or enter first few letters sort by issue date submit date title in order ascending descending results page authors record all showing results to of issue date title author s anaerobic biogranulation in a hybrid reactor treating phenolic waste ramakrishnan a gupta sk effect of aluminum al on granulation in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating low strength synthetic wastewater sondhi a guha s harendranath cs singh a effect of carbon sources and shock loading on the removal of chlorophenols in sequential anaerobic aerobic reactors majumder ps gupta sk effect of influent ph and alkalinity on the removal of chlorophenols in sequential anaerobic aerobic reactors majumde...
http://dspace.library.iitb.ac.in/jspui/browse?type=subject&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=uasb reactor&starts_with=R
*  DSpace at IIT Bombay: Browsing DSpace
... Search DSpace. Advanced Search. Home. Browse. Communities Collections. Issue Date. Author. Title. Subject. Sign on to:. Receive email updates. My DSpace authorized users. Edit Profile. Help. About DSpace. DSpace at IIT Bombay. Browsing by Subject uasb reactor. Jump to: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z. or enter first few letters:. . Sort by: submit date title issue date In order: Ascending Descending Results/Page 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 Authors/Record: All 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50. Showing results 1 to 5 of 5. Issue Date Title Author s 2006 Anaerobic biogranulation in a hybrid reactor treating phenolic waste RAMAKRISHNAN, A ; GUPTA, SK. 2010 Effect of Aluminum Al 3+ on Granulation in Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket Reactor Treating Low-Strength Synthetic Wastewater SONDHI, A ; GUHA, S ; HARENDRANATH, CS ; SINGH, A. 2008 Effect of carbon sources and shock loading on the removal of chlorophenols in sequential anaerobic-aerobic reactors MAJUMD...
http://dspace.library.iitb.ac.in/jspui/browse?type=subject&sort_by=1&order=ASC&rpp=20&etal=-1&value=uasb reactor&starts_with=U
*  ENZYME entry 2.1.1.136
enzyme entry enzyme home contact enzyme entry ec accepted name chlorophenol o methyltransferase alternative name s halogenated phenol o methyltransferase trichlorophenol o methyltransferase reaction catalysed s adenosyl l methionine trichlorophenol s adenosyl l homocysteine trichloroanisole comment s the enzyme from trichoderma virgatum when cultured in the presence of halogenated phenol also acts on a range of mono di and trichlorophenols cross references brenda ec pdb explorenz priam enzyme specific profiles kegg ligand database for enzyme nomenclature iubmb enzyme nomenclature intenz medline find literature relating to metacyc view entry in original enzyme format view entry in raw text format no links all enzyme uniprotkb swiss prot entries corresponding to all enzyme uniprotkb swiss prot entries corresponding to all enzyme uniprotkb swiss prot entries corresponding to sib swiss institute of bioinformatics disclaimer back to the top...
http://enzyme.expasy.org/EC/2.1.1.136
*  Chlorophenol (?) contamination issue - Home Brew Forums
Home Brew Forums > Home Brewing Beer > Equipment/Sanitation > Chlorophenol (?) contamination issue Go to Page... Thread Tools 03-06-2012, 01:47 AM # 1 MattTheBlack Feedback Score: 0 reviews Recipes Recipes Join Date: Nov 2009 Location: Vancouver, BC Posts: 13 Chlorophenol (?) contamination issue I've been having this contamination issue on and off for several years. Essentially, I get this awful, medicinal scent/aftertaste to the beer. At least that's how I think to describe it, and the guy at my local homebrew store described it that way. I have found it more and less pronounced in different beers. Consistently I've noticed that when this contamination occurs that the krausen takes longer to form than in my clean brews (about 48 hours instead of 24 hours). I'm fairly certain this is some form of yeast contamination, as I don't use chlorine based sanitizers anymore for my plastic primary (one step is my go to). I've done a lot to try to address this, including replacing my plastic primaries, and even ha...
http://homebrewtalk.com/showthread.php?t=310562

Phenol coefficient: The Phenol coefficient, is now largely of historical interest, although the principles upon which it is based are still used. It is a measure of the bactericidal activity of a chemical compound in relation to phenol.AlkylphenolDichlorophenolCresol: Cresols (also hydroxytoluene) are organic compounds which are [[methyl group|methyl]Catechol: Also not to be confused with the taxonomic umbrella-term "Catch-all" of a type or genusBiodegradationButylparabenDewar benzeneClavaminate synthase: Clavaminate synthase (, clavaminate synthase 2, clavaminic acid synthase) is an enzyme with system name deoxyamidinoproclavaminate,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (3-hydroxylating). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionLinoleate 8R-lipoxygenase: Linoleate 8R-lipoxygenase (, linoleic acid 8R-dioxygenase, 5,8-LDS (bifunctional enzyme), 7,8-LDS (bifunctional enzyme), 5,8-linoleate diol synthase (bifunctional enzyme), 7,8-linoleate diol synthase (bifunctional enzyme), PpoA) is an enzyme with system name linoleate:oxygen (8R)-oxidoreductase. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionPentachlorophenol monooxygenase: Pentachlorophenol monooxygenase (, pentachlorophenol dechlorinase, pentachlorophenol dehalogenase, pentachlorophenol 4-monooxygenase, PCP hydroxylase, pentachlorophenol hydroxylase, PcpB, PCB 4-monooxygenase, PCB4MO) is an enzyme with system name pentachlorophenol,NADPH:oxygen oxidoreductase (hydroxylating, dechlorinating). This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reactionAnisolePseudomonas alkanolytica: Pseudomonas alkanolytica is a Gram-negative soil bacterium that produces Coenzyme A. Because this organism is patented,Nakao Y, Kuno M.Trichosporon beigelii: Trichosporon beigelii is a species of fungus in the family Trichosporonaceae. It is a yeast that was formerly considered to be the cause of an unpleasant hair condition called white piedra and also the cause of a more serious severe opportunistic infection (trichosporonosis) in immunocompromised individuals.HydroquinoneRain gutter: A rain gutter (from Latin gutta : drop), also known as a "rain catcher", is a narrow channel, or trough, forming the component of a roof system which collects and diverts rainwater away from the roof edge. It is also known as an eavestrough (especially in Canada), eaves channel, dripster, guttering or simply as a gutter.

(1/4452) The direct spectrophotometric observation of benzo(a)pyrene phenol formation by liver microsomes.

Optical spectral repetitive scan analysis during the oxidative metabolism of benzo(a)pyrene by liver microsomal suspensions reveals the time-dependent formation of an intermediate(s) of which the visible spectra resemble those of several benzo(a)pyrene phenols. Liver microsomes from 3-methylcholanthrene-treated rats showed a greater rate of formation of the phenols than did microsomes from control animals; the rate of formation catalyzed by liver microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated rats was intermediate. When 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene was used as a standard for comparison of activity, the rates of formation of phenols were compared when measured by fluorometric, spectrophotometric, or high-pressure liquid chromatographic analytical techniques. An epoxide hydrase inhibitor, 1,1,1-trichloropropene-2,3-oxide, enhanced phenol formation regardless of the source of liver microsomes, and 7,8-benzoflavone inhibited control and 3-methylcholanthrene-induced microsomal metabolism of benzo(a)pyrene, 7,8-Benzoflavone did not effect benzo(a)pyrene metabolism by liver microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated rats. The effect of inhibitors on the spectrophotometric assay correlates well with the results obtained from benzo(a)pyrene metabolite analysis using high-pressure liquid chromatography.  (+info)

(2/4452) Hierarchical cluster analysis applied to workers' exposures in fiberglass insulation manufacturing.

The objectives of this study were to explore the application of cluster analysis to the characterization of multiple exposures in industrial hygiene practice and to compare exposure groupings based on the result from cluster analysis with that based on non-measurement-based approaches commonly used in epidemiology. Cluster analysis was performed for 37 workers simultaneously exposed to three agents (endotoxin, phenolic compounds and formaldehyde) in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. Different clustering algorithms, including complete-linkage (or farthest-neighbor), single-linkage (or nearest-neighbor), group-average and model-based clustering approaches, were used to construct the tree structures from which clusters can be formed. Differences were observed between the exposure clusters constructed by these different clustering algorithms. When contrasting the exposure classification based on tree structures with that based on non-measurement-based information, the results indicate that the exposure clusters identified from the tree structures had little in common with the classification results from either the traditional exposure zone or the work group classification approach. In terms of the defining homogeneous exposure groups or from the standpoint of health risk, some toxicological normalization in the components of the exposure vector appears to be required in order to form meaningful exposure groupings from cluster analysis. Finally, it remains important to see if the lack of correspondence between exposure groups based on epidemiological classification and measurement data is a peculiarity of the data or a more general problem in multivariate exposure analysis.  (+info)

(3/4452) Complete sequence of a 184-kilobase catabolic plasmid from Sphingomonas aromaticivorans F199.

The complete 184,457-bp sequence of the aromatic catabolic plasmid, pNL1, from Sphingomonas aromaticivorans F199 has been determined. A total of 186 open reading frames (ORFs) are predicted to encode proteins, of which 79 are likely directly associated with catabolism or transport of aromatic compounds. Genes that encode enzymes associated with the degradation of biphenyl, naphthalene, m-xylene, and p-cresol are predicted to be distributed among 15 gene clusters. The unusual coclustering of genes associated with different pathways appears to have evolved in response to similarities in biochemical mechanisms required for the degradation of intermediates in different pathways. A putative efflux pump and several hypothetical membrane-associated proteins were identified and predicted to be involved in the transport of aromatic compounds and/or intermediates in catabolism across the cell wall. Several genes associated with integration and recombination, including two group II intron-associated maturases, were identified in the replication region, suggesting that pNL1 is able to undergo integration and excision events with the chromosome and/or other portions of the plasmid. Conjugative transfer of pNL1 to another Sphingomonas sp. was demonstrated, and genes associated with this function were found in two large clusters. Approximately one-third of the ORFs (59 of them) have no obvious homology to known genes.  (+info)

(4/4452) Isolation from estuarine sediments of a Desulfovibrio strain which can grow on lactate coupled to the reductive dehalogenation of 2,4, 6-tribromophenol.

Strain TBP-1, an anaerobic bacterium capable of reductively dehalogenating 2,4,6-tribromophenol to phenol, was isolated from estuarine sediments of the Arthur Kill in the New York/New Jersey harbor. It is a gram-negative, motile, vibrio-shaped, obligate anaerobe which grows on lactate, pyruvate, hydrogen, and fumarate when provided sulfate as an electron acceptor. The organism accumulates acetate when grown on lactate and sulfate, contains desulfoviridin, and will not grow in the absence of NaCl. It will not utilize acetate, succinate, propionate, or butyrate for growth via sulfate reduction. When supplied with lactate as an electron donor, strain TBP-1 will utilize sulfate, sulfite, sulfur, and thiosulfate for growth but not nitrate, fumarate, or acrylate. This organism debrominates 2-, 4-, 2,4-, 2,6-, and 2,4,6-bromophenol but not 3- or 2,3-bromophenol or monobrominated benzoates. It will not dehalogenate monochlorinated, fluorinated, or iodinated phenols or chlorinated benzoates. Together with its physiological characteristics, its 16S rRNA gene sequence places it in the genus Desulfovibrio. The average growth yield of strain TBP-1 grown on a defined medium supplemented with lactate and 2,4,6-bromophenol is 3.71 mg of protein/mmol of phenol produced, and the yield was 1.42 mg of protein/mmol of phenol produced when 4-bromophenol was the electron acceptor. Average growth yields (milligrams of protein per millimole of electrons utilized) for Desulfovibrio sp. strain TBP-1 grown with 2,4,6-bromophenol, 4-bromophenol, or sulfate are 0.62, 0.71, and 1.07, respectively. Growth did not occur when either lactate or 2,4,6-bromophenol was omitted from the growth medium. These results indicate that Desulfovibrio sp. strain TBP-1 is capable of growth via halorespiration.  (+info)

(5/4452) In vivo demonstration of H3-histaminergic inhibition of cardiac sympathetic stimulation by R-alpha-methyl-histamine and its prodrug BP 2.94 in the dog.

1. The aim of this study was to investigate whether histamine H3-receptor agonists could inhibit the effects of cardiac sympathetic nerve stimulation in the dog. 2. Catecholamine release by the heart and the associated variation of haemodynamic parameters were measured after electrical stimulation of the right cardiac sympathetic nerves (1-4 Hz, 10 V, 10 ms) in the anaesthetized dog treated with R-alpha-methyl-histamine (R-HA) and its prodrug BP 2.94 (BP). 3. Cardiac sympathetic stimulation induced a noradrenaline release into the coronary sinus along with a tachycardia and an increase in left ventricular pressure and contractility without changes in mean arterial pressure. Intravenous administration of H3-receptor agonists significantly decreased noradrenaline release by the heart (R-HA at 2 micromol kg(-1) h(-1): +77 +/- 25 vs +405 +/- 82; BP 2.94 at 1 mg kg(-1): +12 +/- 11 vs +330 +/- 100 pg ml(-1) in control conditions, P < or = 0.05), and increases in heart rate (R-HA at 2 micromol kg(-1) h(-1): +26 +/- 8 vs +65 +/- 10 and BP 2.94 at 1 mg kg(-1): +30 +/- 8 vs 75 +/- 6 beats min(-1), in control conditions P < or = 0.05), left ventricular pressure, and contractility. Treatment with SC 359 (1 mg kg(-1)) a selective H3-antagonist, reversed the effects of H3-receptor agonists. Treatment with R-HA at 2 micromol kg(-1) h(-1) and BP 2.94 at 1 mg kg(-1) tended to decrease, while that with SC 359 significantly increased basal heart rate (from 111 +/- 3 to 130 +/- 5 beats min(-1), P < or = 0.001). 4. Functional H3-receptors are present on sympathetic nerve endings in the dog heart. Their stimulation by R-alpha-methyl-histamine or BP 2.94 can inhibit noradrenaline release by the heart and its associated haemodynamic effects.  (+info)

(6/4452) Antioxidative and chelating activities of phenylpropanoid glycosides from Pedicularis striata.

AIM: To study the antioxidative and iron chelating activities of phenylpropanoid glycosides (PPG) isolated from a Chinese herb Pedicularis striata. METHODS: Antioxidative effects of PPG on lipid peroxidation induced by FeSO4-edetic acid in linoleic acid were measured by thiobarbituric acid method. Chelating activities of PPG for Fe2+ were tested by differential spectrum method. RESULTS: The reaction rates (A532.min-1) of lipid peroxidation were 0.0046 in the control, 0.0021 in verbascoside group, and 0.0008 in isoverbascoside group. The chelating activity of isoverbascoside was 2-fold stronger than that of verbascoside. Permethyl verbascoside showed neither antioxidative nor chelating activities. CONCLUSION: The inhibitory effects of PPG with phenolic hydroxy groups on lipid peroxidation are owing to their chelating properties. Under physiological condition PPG-Fe2+ chelates are sufficiently stable. Thus PPG are able to inhibit the Fe(2+)-dependent lipid peroxidation in vivo through chelating Fe2+ and exhibit their therapeutic potential by the same mechanism in vitro.  (+info)

(7/4452) Developing hypothalamic dopaminergic neurones as potential targets for environmental estrogens.

Environmental chemicals which mimic the actions of estrogen have the potential to affect any estrogen responsive tissue. The aim of the present study was to investigate their potential to mimic the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on developing primary rat hypothalamic dopaminergic (DA) neurones maintained in a chemically defined medium. We now show that both E2 and octylphenol (OP), but not the non-aromatizable androgen, dihydrotestosterone, enhanced the uptake of [3H]DA by the cultured cells, whereas they had no effect on the uptake of [14C]GABA. Although the sensitivity of responses may change with the age of the developing cultures, the dose response curves for E2 and OP were typically 'bell-shaped', with a rise in response followed by a decline to control levels with increasing concentrations. Effects were seen as low as 10(-14) M for E2 and 10(-11) M for OP. Responses to E2 (10(-12) M) and OP (10(-9) M) were reversed in the presence of the antiestrogen, ZM 182780 (10(-5) M). This study thus provides direct evidence, using a mechanistic rather than toxicological end-point, in support of the hypothesis that inappropriate exposure to environmental estrogens at critically sensitive stages of development, could potentially perturb the organisational activities of estrogen on selected neuronal populations in the CNS.  (+info)

(8/4452) Characterization of the pyoluteorin biosynthetic gene cluster of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5.

Ten genes (plt) required for the biosynthesis of pyoluteorin, an antifungal compound composed of a bichlorinated pyrrole linked to a resorcinol moiety, were identified within a 24-kb genomic region of Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5. The deduced amino acid sequences of eight plt genes were similar to the amino acid sequences of genes with known biosynthetic functions, including type I polyketide synthases (pltB, pltC), an acyl coenzyme A (acyl-CoA) dehydrogenase (pltE), an acyl-CoA synthetase (pltF), a thioesterase (pltG), and three halogenases (pltA, pltD, and pltM). Insertions of the transposon Tn5 or Tn3-nice or a kanamycin resistance gene in each of these genes abolished pyoluteorin production by Pf-5. The presumed functions of the eight plt products are consistent with biochemical transformations involved in pyoluteorin biosynthesis from proline and acetate precursors. Isotope labeling studies demonstrated that proline is the primary precursor to the dichloropyrrole moiety of pyoluteorin. The deduced amino acid sequence of the product of another plt gene, pltR, is similar to those of members of the LysR family of transcriptional activators. pltR and pltM are transcribed divergently from the pltLABCDEFG gene cluster, and a sequence with the characteristics of a LysR binding site was identified within the 486-bp intergenic region separating pltRM from pltLABCDEFG. Transcription of the pyoluteorin biosynthesis genes pltB, pltE, and pltF, assessed with transcriptional fusions to an ice nucleation reporter gene, was significantly greater in Pf-5 than in a pltR mutant of Pf-5. Therefore, PltR is proposed to be a transcriptional activator of linked pyoluteorin biosynthesis genes.  (+info)


what is the difference between phenols and alcohols?


a. phenols are alcohols with aromatic rings 
b. phenol has no hydroxyl group 
c. phenols are not alcohols 
d. none of the above
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One thing is the difference in functional group.
Another is their reactivity.
The last major difference and it is related to the above is their physical properties.

O-CHEM the only good chemisty.


In organic chemistry, phenols, sometimes called phenolics, are a class of chemical compounds consisting of a hydroxyl group (-OH) bonded directly to an aromatic hydrocarbon group. The simplest of the class is phenol (C6H5OH).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phenols
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/CliffsReviewTopic/Phenols.topicArticleId-23297,articleId-23262.html
I love this web.
http://www.angelo.edu/faculty/kboudrea/molecule_gallery/06_phenols/00_phenols.htm


This article is about the chemistry term. For the beverage, see Alcoholic beverage. For other uses, see Alcohol (disambiguation).
 
Functional group of an alcohol molecule. The carbon atom is bound to hydrogen atoms and may bind to other carbon atom(s) to form a carbon chain. Methanol, an alcohol with a single carbon atom, is pictured. Ethanol, which is drinking alcohol, has two carbon atoms.In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. The general formula for a simple acyclic alcohol is CnH2n+1OH. In common terms, the word alcohol refers to ethanol, the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcohols
http://www.ucc.ie/academic/chem/dolchem/html/dict/alcohols.html
http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/2organic/alcohols.html
http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/CliffsReviewTopic/Alcohols.topicArticleId-23297,articleId-23270.html


a. phenols are alcohols with aromatic rings


Are tannins and phenols found in tea the same thing?


People normally avoid tannic substances but isn't it true that the antioxidant chemicals found in tea are the same tannins?
How do tannins affect the human body realting to protein absorbtion and nutrition?
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Yes they are the same. A little tannin is good but too much isn't so good. The same tannin is also found in wine.


What foods are high in phenols?Sulfur?Iron?


I'm testing a special diet and I need less phenols, more sulfur and iron. It's for my dark circles. here_nor_there helped me with this!
Check out my other question here for info on why I'm trying this... http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index;_ylt=A9FJuiu_R91EqrUAGQDsy6IX?qid=20060810175829AAp3ed8
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Phenols:  1. BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) - a fat-soluble            antioxidant and food additive
2. Capsaicin - the pungent compound of chilli peppers     
3. Polyphenols like tannins and flavonoids. Tannins are found in tea, wine, unripe bitter tasting fruits or vegetables. Flavonoids includeall citrus fruits, berries, onions, parsley, legumes, green tea, red wine, and dark chocolate. These are really important to have in your diet because they reduce chronic disease risk. They are kind of like 'super foods'. 

Sulfur: High protein foods.

Iron: Organ meats, red meat, poultry, fish, shellfish, legumes, enriched grains, fortified cereals, most dried fruits and green elafy vegetables. Iron is more absorbed from the animal sources. 

I've never heard of a diet that would help with that. I think it is more important for you to have a balanced diet and not go extreme in any direction.


Are phenols the same as phenylephrine?


I am taking a medication that says I can not have phenylephrine or pseudophedrine and there is a tea I would like to take to soothe my throat but it says it contains phenols.
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Entirely different.


Can you put Phenol on skin to keep it from growing?


I have an ingrown toe nail and was wondering if putting Phenol on skin would keep it from growing over the nail.
----------

When it comes to ingrown nails the issue is the growth of the nail into the skin, not the growth of the skin onto the nail.  Regardless of where the skin is, the nail will eventually grow into it.  You should see a physician or remove the nail yourself.  You need to remove as much of the nail as you can tolerate.


I cannot find any reference to raisins in these sources. Other sources say sun drying to form raisins oxidizes?


Anyhow sun drying is said to oxidize the resveratrol and the other phenols in the grape skin. Can anyone give a specific reference that discusses why this is not occurring and where red grape raisins are available in 1 and a half pound quantities like the Thompson seedless raisins most often found in grocery baking shelves.
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http://answersin.frasesde.com.br
A very informative website you can also get much information in website


What about the phenol that in pine shaving that causes respiratory illness and liver disease?





Does tea trea oil contain phenols?


It is also a natural substance found in many foods and plants.  It's high in apples and grapes, for example.  I didn't know if tea tree oil contained any amount of naturally occurring phenols.  My kids don't metabolize phenols well so that's why it's important for me to figure it out.
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No, go to www.atsdr.cdc.gov. It tells you what Phenols is and it cannot be in tea tree oil. Tea Tree oil is not toxic.